Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Series: Taimiyyah Zubair - Seerah 2015
File Size: 11.07MB
Challenges in Madinah, The Constitution
Episode Transcript ©
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Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu
Have you started working on your project?
So when is the outline due Friday? Okay, if you'd like to discuss it with me before submitting it you're more than welcome to do that inshallah.
inshallah I'll try to make myself available during break time today and tomorrow so inshallah if you want you can discuss with me okay my mother who went to Saudi are allowed to Karim Amma borrowed for Rosa Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim, rubbish Riley slithery were Sidley Emery
melissani of Coco Lee. So, in Sierra, we were learning about when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did Hitler to Medina, what happened? One of the things that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did was that he established a heart meaning brotherhood between the Mahajan and the unsolved. Why? So that the unsolved do not consider the Why do you don't as outsiders, right? And the Mahajan also don't look at unsolved as strangers. When this brotherhood was established, what happened? Each Mohajer viewed the unsolved as brothers. Right? And vice versa. Think about it. If there is a city or if there's a country in which there are many immigrants that come? What happens generally? What happens? Are
there any tensions? Too many? Right? So that, you know, it becomes almost dangerous to even step out of your house sometimes, right? It's as if people are not willing to accept you, right. But we see that because of this brotherhood. And this is not just between Muslims and non Muslims, even in Muslim countries that happens that if there is another Muslim who's from a different country, different background, he's got a different skin color, speaks a different language or has a different accent, he will be treated differently. Right? There is no love No brotherhood. And because of this, even though people are living in the same area in the same place, their hearts are
divided. Instead of focusing on bigger problems, they're focused on beating each other up.
So because of this brotherhood, what happened, there was unity in the Muslims love instead of hatred. Each group welcomed the other, each group embraced the other, there was no division, no division.
And we see that this was a hot was the son of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So each time there were any more headroom that came into Medina, if it was possible, what was done, brotherhood was established between the Sahaba so that they would become one. And the prophets or the loxone would say, the arco Villa he or halloweenie, or halloweenie, become brothers for the sake of Allah. Villa he, you're becoming brothers, for whose sake, Allah sake a Hawaiian akhawayn both of you are brothers. And in general, also the Prophet sallallahu wasallam established this feeling of brotherhood and unity by emphasizing the bond that exists between Muslims by for example, a Muslim,
a whole Muslim, the Muslim is the brother of a Muslim. So don't look at another person as he's from such and such Treiber. He's from such and such city. He's not from my family, no, view him as number one who are Muslim. And we see that the Prophet sallallahu sallam, this heart that he established between the Sahaba does have a welcomed it so much, that for example, one of the most famous stories is a man had been open Saudi Arabia, that how Saudi Arabia welcomed so much so that he said, Take half of my house take half of my property, I have two wives, I'll divorce one, you know, one is offering out of he man and the other is refusing out of even right so I've even said that, no,
where's the soup? The loony lawsuit, tell me where the soup is where the marketplace is. And he just went there. And he started his business and so Pinilla how much butter, countless pounds or less than within his wealth. So Matter of fact, about the Allahu anhu even they were made brothers. And their brotherhood was very beautiful, because both of them were were similar in the sense that they both had zewde. Right? Meaning both were not interested in the things of this world. And there's a very famous story about tonight, a fantasy novel, that'll be low on who, that once a man a little one who went to visit a Buddha's house, and a Buddha was not there and he found his wife, right. And
she was, you know, not, not like how a happy wife is right? And he asked her what, what the issue was, and she said that your brother has no interest in anything. And so he stayed at their house and avoided that when he came home. So nanofibrous he said, each of the that said, I'm fasting is that no break your fast. Break your fast because it was a voluntary fast. So he made him break his fast and he made him
Then what happened the next day in the night? Semmelweis. He's about to sleep over there, that he's not sleeping. Why? Because I'm going to pray in the night. So So Matter of fact, he said that no sleep, and then wake up in the night and then pray for sleep, and then pray. So basically, this happened and that was kind of upset. So he went to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and he told him, what's a man and fantasy had said to him, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam approved of it, right there in La nuptse, collega, Huck, your your body has a right upon you, your family has a right upon you. Right? Everything has a right upon you. So you have to give it its due. Right. So we see that
these brothers in faith, they weren't just using each other financially, all right, or, or, you know, going and staying at their house and consuming their wealth. And no, they were brothers in faith who helped each other remain firm on the deed. And if anyone was, you know, they needed advice. They were the first ones to offer that advice, right.
And then we see that because of this help that the unsought offered and the way they welcomed the Mahajan into Medina, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam praised the unsought so much so that his love for them is very evident. And not just the fact that the prophets have a lot of them love them, even Allah soprano tada love them and he praises them in the Quran. So for example, insert the hashtag Ayah nine Allah tada says what? levena taba? What would data? Well, he man I'm in public him. You have bounnam and hajra la la him? Well, I didn't feel so duty him handwritten mimma oh two, when you see lunala and fusi him? Well Oh, can I be him? homosassa woman you are sure NFC for Ola ecohome
will mostly have shown that those who who were settled in Medina and adopted faith before them before who before those who immigrated to them. So basically the answer, right they were settled in Medina from before. And they adopted Islam. They accepted Islam even before the Hydra happened. They love those who immigrated to them. They love those who came into their city into their homes. They love them. And they do not find in their hearts any you can say Hydra mama or to any need for what the mohajir don't have been given meaning they're not envious of the Mahajan. They're not jealous of the Mahajan. No, they willingly give them and when you see lunala and forcing him, they give
preference to the Mahajan over themselves, even though they are in need themselves. Because the answer were not extremely wealthy. They were not extremely well off. They had limited resources, right? And you can imagine that if these were the people who have previously been in many, many battles, right, how much financial loss they must have incurred up until this point, right? So and then so many more hydrogen coming in, that also affected them economically. So you see lunala and fusina? Well, oh, can I be in kasasa even though they are themselves in need, they give preference to the Maha Joon Allah praises them. And he says, well, may you put your hand up sefa Ola, ecohome
lovely home, those who are protected from the stinginess of their soul. They're the ones who are successful. Because you see, show is a combination of greed and stinginess, extreme greed and extreme selfishness, right that a person wants a lot and he wants it all for himself. He doesn't want to give even a little bit to the other. He doesn't want to share even a little bit. And this show is very dangerous. It destroys relationships, right? Because sometimes what happens we're not willing to give up even five minutes of our rest, do in in order to help someone get ready. Right? Or, for instance, we're not willing to even put three dishes away. Why because we want to rest we
want to take a break. This is sure.
But the one who has saved from the shower of his soul, then he is successful. Because only he can sacrifice only he can help only he can give only he can share. And the inside were like that they were protected from the shock of their souls. This is why they welcome the Mahajan in and this is why they shared what they had with them. In a decent body. We learned that they landed injury he said I asked us about the lower on who that tells me about the name I'm sorry, not this name on sod. On thought means what Helpers? Did you call yourselves by? Did you come up with this name? Or did Allah call you by it? And so the lower end who said Allah call this
a lot Allah gave them this title of unsolved because whenever they're mentioned in the Quran, how are they mentioned? unsolved? So this title on saw was gifted
To them by who? Allah soprano thought it was like a badge of honor. I mean, think about it, unsought. Allah is calling them helpers helpers. Who,
what did they help? Who did they help? They help the dean. Right? And they help Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, they helped the Muslims.
Allah honor them with this title. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said the sign of EMA and is to love the unsought.
When a person loves the unsought what is that a proof of that that person has a man and the sign of hypocrisy is to hate the unsought.
In another Hadith we learned in Buhari that once an unsightly woman, she came with her son to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. And the Prophet sallallahu sallam, when he was speaking to her, he said to times, that by him in his hand is my life. You are the most beloved people to me, I love you people. I love your people. I love your nation.
I love your community. You are the most beloved nation to me, the prophets analyzing and saying this to and in Saudi woman and her son,
right that your people meaning the answer, I love your people, most beloved people to me, what do we see over here that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is expressing his love and and his appreciation for the unsought even Allah subhanaw taala praises them in the Quran. So this teaches us that if we love someone, we appreciate their efforts, then what should we do? express it? express it right? Because what does the other person know? how we feel about them? What what we feel towards them? They don't know. Right? Sometimes it's evident through our behavior through our words, but openly expressed love and an appreciation for the praise and efforts of a particular individual or a people. And then
we see that the prophets are a lot of them. He expressed his love for the unsought and he also emphasized that every believer should love the unsolved. Right? Why? Why should we love the unsought think about it? Because loving the inside is a sign of a man. Right? So that means we should love
Why should we love unsought?
Did they welcome us in?
Okay, Allah subhanaw taala honor them Wilds.
That's Through their efforts. We have Islam also. Right? If they hadn't welcomed the Muslims in if they hadn't accepted the prophets, Allah laws and them in Medina as their leader, then I mean, the victory that came and the way Islam spread. Definitely, Allah subhanaw taala would have established his religion through some other means, but he used the unsalted, he gave them this honor. Right, so we should also love them. And think about it.
If we love the deen, if we love Allah, if we love Rasulullah, sallAllahu, Salah, then any individual who helps them who supports them, aren't they worthy of being loved?
Don't they deserve that we love them? Right? Think about it, if someone is helping our parents, all right. If there's an individual who comes and helps our parents, how would we appreciate their efforts? Of course we would, right?
Would we love them? Yes, we would. Would we thank them? Definitely, we would. Now think about it. We have to love the suit a lot more than we love our parents, more than we love ourselves. So those who helped Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, why shouldn't we love them? This love is almost natural. It's an extension of the love for but also the loss of a lot of sadness. And anyone who helps the deen of Allah, any individual who helps the deen of Allah who supports the deen of Allah, then what do they deserve from us? Love. Right. So think about it. Do we know of any people who are supporting who are working for the cause of Allah in any capacity
in any capacity? Right? Whether they are answering the phone or they're sending emails or they're organizing, setting up a classroom, anything, any kind of, you know, role that a person is performing in supporting the deen of Allah.
They deserve respect and love. Because sometimes what happens is that in any Islamic organization or an Islamic event, when we come across volunteers, we treat them as if they're nothing. You know, unfortunately, the the kind of hardship that volunteers have to face abuse that they have to face, right because they're asking for example, I need to see your wristband and what happens? They get such a stern look, right? They get yelled at. Someone is standing you know in the parking lot. Do
Parking duty, for example, making sure that everybody's parking at the at the right spot, people can be extremely rude to them. Right? If somebody is ensuring that the fees is being paid on time, again, they're treated so rudely. Remember that any person who is working in order to support help the religion have a line in any capacity, whatever kind of work they're doing, they deserve honor and respect.
Remember, the woman who used to clean the masjid of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, how much honor she got? Why, because she was also amongst the unsought in the sense that she was helping the dean.
So we may have differences with these individuals, we may have disagreements with them, but overlook those differences and those disagreements and just appreciate the fact that they are helping the team love them for the fact that they are helping the team. This is love for the sake of a loss. And so though it was said that one day that will hide you don't came to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. And they said Yasuda, Allah, we have never seen anyone as hospitable and generous than the people of unsought, we have never come across anyone who was as hospitable and as generous than them, they're the most generous people we have ever come across. If they have little, they will include us in it.
And if they have a lot, they will generously spend on us, meaning it doesn't matter how much they have, whatever they have, they will give to us, they have fulfilled our needs. And they have Let us share in their joys, you know, any, any occasion of joy or anything, they make sure that they include us in that. So we worry that perhaps they will take all the reward.
You see the concern of the Mahajan that the ends are getting ahead of us. They're spending money on us. They're they're sharing everything with us. They're welcoming us or so they're too good to us. So we're worried that they're going to take all the edges. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, this will not happen as long as you praise them, and you pray for them to Allah the Exalted.
So what are the two things that you have to do? praise them? Thank them.
Thank them, because the one who does not thank people has not thanked them more.
And secondly, make dua to Allah. for them. This is a hadith and whatnot.
So what do we learn from this, that if ever we come across, you know, a particular individual or group of people who have helped us more than we can pay them back for they have done too much good to us. And really, someone who, you know, for instance, who directs us to the right path, or for example, who helps us study or who helps us gain the knowledge of the dean, how can we pay them back? Can we pay them back?
Can we let me think about it, someone who has taught you something about the Quran, for example, that has helped you understand every eye of the Quran, or has helped you recite the Quran properly? Can we pay them back?
Is it possible? I mean, when I think about my teachers, especially my mother, I mean, first of all, she's my mother. And secondly, she's my teacher, she taught me the Quran, I always feel like there's definitely nothing that I can do that will make up for the exam that she has done on me. Nothing at all. What can we do by them? gold and jewels and things like that? Will that ever do justice? No, you know, they have reached a level of ersan that we can ever, you know, make up for we can never pay them for what they've done. So what to do, then what to do. Thank them, praise them, appreciate them. And part of that is respecting them also. And secondly, make the offer them make the offer
them that Allah accept their efforts, Allah bless their efforts, Allah reward them abundantly, make their matters easy for them, make the offer them, this is their hook.
This is their hook, that we thank them, and we make to offer them this is why our parents, our teachers, those who have done exam on us, these are individuals whom we must always remember in our doors.
You know, the person who even taught you how to read the Quran. Perhaps there were someone you know, long, long time ago who taught you how to recite elizabeta but had it not been for them? How would our recitation of the Quran be today, right? So it's necessary that even though years have gone by, and even though we we do not know where they are, we we do not speak to them because we're living in a different country still. Remember them in your doors, it is there. Then we see that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in Medina what happened every time Mohammed would come right from Macau or from elsewhere. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam would welcome them in. So for example, one particular
Sahabi when he immigrated to Medina, the prophets of Allah
Adam said, Come close to me. All right, he was far. So that's how we came close to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam put his hand on his hair, you know, on his head. And the words of the Hadith are braid. I mean, that's how we must have had thick hair that he had put them in a braid. So anyway, he, he placed his hand on his hair, and the profits that allows him to wipe his head, and he prayed for him.
So the Mahajan that came into Medina, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam welcomed them comforted them, because this was a huge step that they had taken. So hey Rumi, when he came into Medina, what happened the Prophet sallallahu Sallam congratulated him, right? What did he say? So hey Rumi, when he came, what did the Prophet sallallahu Sallam say to him? Yes, that you have made a good transaction, your trade has been successful. And then the Muslims who were not able to make it to Medina, who were still, you know, trapped in Makkah, or who were not allowed to do hegira. And they were being tortured, abused, persecuted, the prophets that a lot of them would pray for them
regularly. He would perform who need for them to notice is to make law during Salah. Right? So for example, after the ruku or before the record, like for example, you know, Twitter, right. So the prophets are the laws that would make law regularly for those Muslims who were still, you know, oppressed by the machete con. What do we see over here?
What do we learn from the character of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam over here?
That he's in Medina, he is safe. But he has not forgotten those who have not yet reached Medina.
Because sometimes what happens is that if we were in some difficulty, and Allah subhanaw taala takes us out of that and now we're fine.
We forget those who are still in that difficulty. Right? But the prophets of Allah Islam was still very concerned about those who have not made it to Medina yet. Now, how were the Muslims in Medina, especially those who had immigrated to Medina Mahajan? What happened to them? Or in general the answer in the Mahajan What did the Prophet sallallahu Sallam do? You know how these a Muslim diamond we learned? earlier? She said that when the Prophet Allah Lawson arrived in Medina, he asked all the women of the unsought together in one house. Alright, because the men he had met them were in the masjid, in the streets, outside, and then what are what happened? But the women you can imagine even
they must have wanted to meet the Prophet sallallahu sallam. Right? Has it ever happened that there's you know, for example, a class and you know, they're sure you and what happens you can just see all the brothers meeting them greeting them talking to them, and you just stare or look in you know, in hospital. Right? That when will the brothers go so that we can also have a have an opportunity, but what happens by the time you get there? They're so that you are so exhausted, that you feel bad asking a question. I mean, recently when she when it came in, I remember a sister she was she waited for such a long time to ask him a question. And by the time she got to him, she could
see the the tiredness, the fatigue on his face. So she just said Salaam and she said, It's okay. I don't have a question. You know, even though she wanted to ask a question, but she didn't because she knew how tired he was. Right? So anyway, what did the Prophet sallallaahu Selim do? He asked that all the women of the unsolved they gather together in one of the houses
and he went to meet them or model dillo on who went along with him and armadillo and who stood at the door of that house of that place. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he stood up, and he said Cena
and they responded, the women responded to his greeting, or modolo argued and spoke and he said, I have come as a posit meaning as a as a messenger or, you know, supporter for the Prophet sallallahu sallam. And they said, welcome, messenger of Allah, and his password meaning is representative and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he said to the women, Do you promise that you shall not associate partners with Allah?
Do you promise that you will not commit indecency, that you will not kill your children, you will not fabricate lies, and you will not disobey the messenger in anything good. And the women said, Yes, we promise. So the prophets Allah some kind of took a bale from them. And it shows that he gave special importance to them.
Now, the Mahajan What happened to them? I should have the low honor she said that when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam came to Medina, Abu Bakar and Bilal, they got sick. They both got fever. So I went to visit both of them who's going to visit them. I shadowed Lorena. She's going to visit Abu Bakar who is Abu Bakar her father, and she's going to visit bill al House Bill and related to her. How is he related to her? Yes. Okay. poco de la no fried Bologna lower Nope. There are many other people
hoom abubaker the lower new headset free, because I show the low RNA is going to visit below the lower right because when I was sick generally we think that only if somebody is your cousin or your uncle or your father or your brother or you know from your in laws or someone related to you only them you go to visit, there was no relationship between Rolando the lower and when I shall have the lower now, except for that of a man. Bilal was one of the early converts. He was the oven. He was Sahabi Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, right? And I showed the lowering her. She went to visit Belladonna, though I knew because he was sick. And this shows to us that when there are people
in the community whom you know, whom you work with whom whom you are familiar with, if they're sick, it is your duty to visit them. It doesn't mean that you go alone, when they are alone. You go with your family, you go when they're not alone, but it is their hack. And there is nothing wrong in that. All right. So anyway, and this isn't Buhari, all right. So I should have the lower earner. She went to her father. She said oh my father, how do you feel? And then she went to Bilal overloud. How do you feel whenever bocadillo and his fever got worse, he would say every man will meet his death once in one morning, while he will be among his family for death is really near to him than his
leather shoelaces. So in other words, the the sickness was prolonged, I should have the lower and I went several times and every time he was more sick, he would say something like this. All right, that death is near. And whenever below below and who was taken she would go to see him. He would say out loud, would that I know whether I shall spend a night in the valley of Makkah in If only I could spend one night in Makkah with the grass the grass of Makkah, he's missing that. And whether I shall drink one day the water of Medina, he's missing the springs of Makkah. And if only I could again see the hills of the field of Shama he's missing the hills of Makkah, so velana below and who in his
sickness What is he remembering? What is he missing? Makkah? Isn't he amazing? He's the man who was abused in Makkah. persecuted in Makkah high and now that he's in Medina, what does he miss? maca? Because home is home. maka is maka right home is woman maca is maka so in Medina that Allah widow and who he used to miss maka a lot. So I should allow her She told the prophets that allows him about that that rally saying things like that he's really missing Monica so the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he made he said Allahumma Habib Elena Medina there have been a Makita Oh a shad. Oh Allah make us love Medina as much as or more than we used to love Mecca and he said was haha what Barrett
Lana feel sorry when would they have Oh Allah make it good for us meaning make Medina good for us healthy for us and bless it's our and mode slot and mode what are the measures one called humor her federal have been Java and Ola takeaway it's fever to Java meaning because the Muslims in Medina they were getting sick again and again. Why because the place is new the climate is new. Food is new. And and when such things happen the first year or so the first few months? They go in sickness right? So the Muslims were getting sick again and again and because of that, perhaps they were missing Morocco or they were missing MCI anyway because that was their home. So the prophets Allah
sent me daughter Oh Allah make us love Medina. In another Hadith in Bukhari, we learned the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said Allahumma JAL will Medina t their fate major LTV maka min and Baraka that Oh Allah bestow on Makkah twice the blessings that you bestowed, sorry bestow on Medina twice the blessings that you bestowed on Makkah. So he made was, and this is the reason why eventually Medina became the most beloved place to the Muslims, the most beloved place to the Prophet sallallahu sallam. In addition to Timothy, we learned that when the people would see the first fruit in Medina, they would bring it to the prophets of the lotus Allah, meaning every time the trees would produce
fruit, they would bring the first of those fruits to the prophets of Allah. And the prophets, Allah Lawson would take it and he would say, Oh Allah, bless for us our fruits, and bless for us, our city. And bless for us our SAR and our mud. Oh Allah. Verily, Ibrahim is your servant and your family and your prophet. And verily, I am your servant and your prophet. And indeed, Ibrahim supplicated to you from Makkah, and I supplicate to you for Medina, Ibrahim and Islam. He did he tried to Makkah right in the sense that he left his family there and he made the law for Makkah. So Allah I'm doing his route to Medina. I have done his route to Medina and I'm making the art you for
Medina, and I supplicate to you, for Medina with the like of that which is obligated to you for Makkah, and the like of it with it meaning double. And then he would call the smallest young child he saw, and he would give him that fruit. And the love for Medina grew so much that whenever the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was returning from a journey, and he would see the walls of Medina, he would make his mount go faster, because he wanted to reach Medina as quickly as possible. And so we see that the Muslims, they fully embraced Medina, and those in Medina also fully embrace them. Because you see, sometimes things happen in life, big changes happen, and they're very difficult to
accept, right? Very big changes to get used to get adjusted to. And unless we accept those changes, we embrace them, we cannot move on. We cannot be happy. Because, you know, for instance, with many people that happens, they come to Canada, right? And they keep thinking about back home, back home. Even though it has been 20 years. They're thinking about back home. Right? And they're complaining about how life in Canada is how the weather is how the people are, and how this isn't how that is, and back home. Everything was nice and perfect. Well, if it was nice and perfect, why did you come? Right? So anyway, now that we're here, we have to accept this place, because unless we accept it, we
cannot do our best right? So we see this acceptance was difficult for some of the companions but eventually they accepted it and this is the reason why they love Medina they stayed in Medina even after the conquest, what happened? The Prophet sallallahu Sallam stayed in Medina. Alright, one more thing that happened when the Prophet salallahu came to Medina was that the Constitution of Medina the alliances and the pacts in Medina now, this is known as the me south of Medina. Right the covenant or the Constitution of Medina, that was made between the different people that lived in Medina. Now, remember that in Medina, when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam came, there were no elders.
There were no chiefs. There were no leaders. Why? I gave you the reason before because of the battles of broth and all those previous battles that had been happening over time, their leadership was destroyed, right? There was no power structure, you could say there were no elite, very few people. So for example, a Bolivian obey was one of the elders of Medina. And remember that before the Prophet sallallahu Sallam arrived in Medina, the people yesterday they were they wanted to get over all these battles, and they wanted to be united. And for that reason, they were considering appointing of the loving obey as their leader as their king. But what happened? The people found
Islam, they found the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and they found that option, much better. So anyway, what happened that with the spread of Islam in Medina, the people came together because of what because of their faith because of their Islam. And when they invited the prophets of Allah Islam into Medina, they didn't just invite him so that he would stay with them in safety and security as a refugee. No. They asked him to come join them, while accepting Him as their leader.
They wanted the prophets of autism to be amongst them so that he could teach them the deen. He could lead them, right. They wanted his guidance, they wanted his leadership after all, he was the Messenger of Allah. Right? Now, when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam came into medium Medina was populated by two main groups, Arabs and Jews. Right? You could say half of the population was of the Arabs, and half of it was of the Jews. So there were two nations, right? Now the Arabs, most of them those in the 100 were the two main tribes, most of them converted to Islam. Right. But there were still some amongst them who had not yet embraced Islam. They were still upon check.
So now you could say there were three groups religiously, there were three groups, Muslims,
Now the prophets on a lot is that um, who was he the leader of the Arabs, the Muslims. All right. And the they were basically the module as well as the answer. The answer was, Raj and Mahajan were the people people who had come from Makkah. Right now, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was the leader of a large group of people. For the first time, people were coming together, not because of their tribes or because of their race because of their lineage. They were coming together because of their faith.
You understand? Now it wasn't your host. I am huzar. Raj. You are from Makkah. I'm from Medina. No. All of them were brothers. All of them were one people oma, right. And what is
In oma a nation, from the word oma is the word home. Right? Who is own mother? So oma is a group of people that are so close together, that are so similar. The bonds between them are so strong that it is as if they had one home.
You understand this, like many children have one mother, who are they one family, just like that oma is one family. So for the first time ever, people were coming together because of their faith. So what happened? Now the prophets, Allah Lawson was a leader.
Right now as a leader, he made clear guidelines for them. Right, clear rules for them, what their rights were, what their responsibilities were.
But at the same time, in Medina, there were bouchercon. Right? So as Muslims, what is it that they were agreeing with them was pretty cool, because if they wanted to live peacefully in the same society, they have to come to some terms, right to the Prophet, Allah Islam also made some agreements with the machico.
Now, at the same time, there were Jews in Medina, who were a different people altogether. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam had to make some agreements with them also. So all of these agreements that were made, this is known as the misac of Medina.
You understand the south of Medina. So with respect to the Muslims, whether they were from the old or the hazaragi, Quraysh, whoever they were, Mohammed, you don't answer. What was it at the Prophet sallallahu Sallam decided for them, first of all, that they are all one oma.
And all of these clauses they are written in your book, right? I'm just gonna summarize them over here or highlight the important ones over here. So for the Muslims, what was made clear that they were all one oma one nation. Now, they're not going to view each other as Mahajan on Sati. You know, from the O's or from the husbands, no one oma. And that means that no Muslim will betray another. But at the same time, every tribe takes care of his own.
Right at the same time, every tribe takes care of his own. Right, just because we are now brothers and faith doesn't mean that if someone is your brother, through through tribal relations relationship, you don't consider that No, those relationships also matter. And also, it was made clear that every Muslim has a right to give them meaning protection to anyone, any Muslim gives protection to someone that will be acceptable with respect to the machete cone, the main thing that was agreed was that the mushrik the mushy cone will not offer support to the crush of maca, right, to the people of Makkah.
Because you see, the people of maca, they were mushrik and the mushy cone and Medina from the Olsen cottage. They were also wishek. Right? So what was common between them schilke, right. But the mushy cone of Medina, they were told that look, you are people of Medina, you are not going to go join hands with the people of Makkah, and invite them to fight against your own people, you stay up on your religion, you're not going to be forced to leave it you have your religious independence, but you're not going to betray the people of Medina. All right. Then we see that the Jews with respect to the Jews, what was agreed upon that the Jews are an oma, they are a community, a nation. They
have their religion. They have you know, the freedom to practice their religion, and they take care of their own matters. You know, any disputes, any crime that has been committed, you deal with it, it's your problem, right? It's decided by your judges your rulers, unless it has something to do with the Muslims. So if there is a conflict, if there is a dispute between a Jew and a Muslim, then what has to happen. The case has to be brought to the leader of the Muslims. And who is he? Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. All right, and one more important thing that was decided with the Jews was that no one leaves Medina, meaning no one moves away from Medina, except with not necessarily
approval, but you have to clearly inform the people of Medina that you're leaving Medina All right, because leaving Medina meant that you're going somewhere else. Alright, and if you if you don't let it be known, then you come back and people think that you are you're still from from the Medina, but your alliances and your loyalties maybe with somebody else and because of that the people of Medina might be in danger. So if you wish to leave Medina, let it be known. Let it be known, you have to do it on clear terms. All right.
And then the other one Medina in general, the people of Medina in general, what was the understanding that financial obligations related to external matters
are the same, meaning the people of Medina, all right? People of Medina, regardless of their religion, whether they're Muslim, Jewish or Muslim, if there is an external matter, meaning something to do with, let's say, the people of Makkah. All right, then all the people of Medina come together they share the obligation.
Right? So for example, if there is a battle, Medina is under attack, everybody has to come together. You can't say owner this this has something to do with the, with the Mahajan. They deal with it, no, the whole city is under attack, the whole city has to stand up in defense, all right. Likewise, if there is an accidental murder, and the blood money has to be paid by the people of Medina, then each community will have a share in that this is why many times the prophets Allah laws and and went to the yahood also and demanded that they contribute in the blood money. All right. So what do we see over here? Generally, the understanding was that each community functions on its own, you have your
independence when it comes to religion, all right. But when it comes to dealing with outsiders, then we are one
then we are one.
Isn't this beautiful? All right, that living in the same city,
each person has religious freedom.
But when Medina when the city is being attacked, then everybody comes together,
regardless of religion, and this means that if the prophets Allah laws, and him did that, this is his. This is absolutely
absolutely permissible. Right. And this teaching is a very important lesson that the profits or losses, when he went to Medina, he acknowledged the different groups that lived in Medina.
He didn't say, now the Jews must leave, they must be exiled, or you will be killed. No, they inhabited that land, this was their home. Right? So the prophet SAW the last time acknowledge them. But at the same time, he made some terms and conditions and promises, you know, some clarity of responsibilities and rights, so that everybody's on the same page. Right.
And we see that at this time, there was no hostility from the Jews. Right on the prophets, a lot of them initially came into Medina, there was no hostility from the Jews. The Jews also silently accepted the prophets, Allah loves him, they welcomed him in. And indirectly, we see that everyone accepted him as a leader in directly
how Muslims of course, they accepted him as a leader.
But now when the dues are making, you know, a promise with the profits of a lot is alone. What does that mean? They're accepting his authority as well, not necessarily over them, but at least over the Muslims. Right then which deikun also, they're accepting the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So it was clear that the prophets of the Law Center was now the leader, even though it was not openly said that the Prophet sallallahu was going to decide every affair of Medina, but it was kind of like, you know, clear understanding, but not necessarily an openly made statement, right? And the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he continued with his Dawa. All right, even in Medina, what would he do? He would
go and visit the people in their gatherings, whether they were Muslims, or shikun, or the Jews, he would go visit them, he would go speak to them, and he would invite them to the worship of Allah subhanaw taala alone. And this is beautiful, because in Makkah, the prophets of Allah, Sam did it when things were tough. And in Medina, the prophets that allows him is still doing it when things are easy, right? Because some things are a part of life. We don't leave them whether we are sick, or we're healthy, whether we are rich, or we are poor.
Right? Like, for example, my mother, she always says, you know, for instance, if you know if a woman has a child or is, you know, she's pregnant or something, and she's, like, I can't bring my son knows, I can't read Quran. I can't continue with this. It's too hard. So she says, do you stop eating when you have a child? Do you stop eating when you have a child?
Do you stop shopping when you have a child? Do you stop talking on the phone when you're pregnant? No, you don't. Right? These things continue. Why? Why do they carry on
their part of life? You can't do without them. So just like that, our heart also it needs some food and nutrition. Just like the body needs nutrition. The heart also needs nutrition and what is that? The Quran? Allah, the Quran Allah. So okay, the way you do it might change slightly, but you cannot completely abandon it. You cannot leave it regardless of how things are in life regardless of how the circumstances are. This is part of life.
We see this in the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, that in Makkah he did Dawa in Medina he's doing that, right. And then the next major thing that happened was the change of Qibla, which happened about 15 or 16 months after the huge law. All right. And this was the first time that ruling was abrogated. And this brought up a lot of, you can say opposition, or not necessarily opposition, but surprise and, and propaganda from many groups of people. Right. And this is mentioned in sort of Baccarat say, Apolo, super hot woman, and as a super hot refers to the hood, as well as the moon, African, and so much deikun also, because they criticize the Prophet sallallahu
sallam, that How come he is not satisfied with the color of the hood? If he is a prophet from the same God, right, then How come he's not upon the same Kibler anymore. And others said that what kind of a prophet is he that one day he faces one Qibla and the other day he faces, another Kibler.
But you see, things are good for some time, right? But Allah subhanaw taala tests people,
a lot. So people that when this happens, how do you react? And in these is what do we call that this was a clear thing that showed who would follow the messenger and who will turn back on his heels. So we see that at this point, the animosity of the hood, it really became clear, because for the first 1516 months, things were good.
Things were good and the prophets, Allah Lawson was optimistic that perhaps they would embrace Islam and this is one sort of Baccarat was revealed, because what will occur is one of the first suitors that were revealed in Medina. All right, and this is why we see all the major, major outcome in it. All right, with regards to fasting and, and hygiene, so on and so forth.
And also we see that in sort of the abakada there's a special power to the yahood.
Right, so for the first 1516 months, when things were good that you who did not accept Islam, and then what happened with the change of gibbler it became clear evident that they are not with the Muslims and this is when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam instructed the Muslims do everything contrary to the truth right even when it comes to the parting of the hair that you who do it this way is you have to do it that way. Right? The hood do not pray with their shoes on you can pray with your shoes on the hood face this dibbler our Qibla is the exact opposite right that we are not with them. We are not upon their religion. There's a huge difference between the who and the Muslims and inshallah
we will learn the details later on. So Chronicle long will be having the conditional La ilaha illa Anta Mr. heruka wanna to be like Santa Monica De La Habra, Catalan