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Hijrah to Allah #03 – Iman & Ihtisab

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Tahir Wyatt

Channel: Tahir Wyatt

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Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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If you're not going to make hijiri you're not going to leave the land cuckoo far one of the things that you have to do if you're going to be here is learn your religion. Yeah, you have a module mo de una Jetta who is marimekko let

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me continue moving kakuni motema sinkin bewafa visa hollyfield

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100 learn moto. I know when I stopped when I was a villa Matura fusino Sasha Marina Maria de la palma de la la la mejor para de la Chateau La la la y the hula surely Sri Cara shawanna Mohammed and Ando Rasulullah sallallahu It was early he was happy with settlement so Steven Catherine de la Medina and my bag so we have a pack 60 minutes in front of us in shallow tada everybody's got to put their thinking caps on and somehow we're gonna move inshallah Alright, so

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first things first.

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I see

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a soft hard to get your juices flowing this will

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by the end of tonight's lesson, you should be able to answer these questions. What does the word dear I mean what are its main components? What is its opposite so we did start last week with the defining the word bid. But we did not get to the point where we talk about its main components. So we're going to pick up at the end of Page Six beginning of page seven in this book that's what we'll be covering the components of bid What does better consist of and what is its opposite non next sentence should

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define what whose definition does He say is one of the best for taco

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discuss the terms email

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when combined in certain candy and this will be a part we're going to spend some time with him in a

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little bit more than I was expecting to spend last week but I really think that it's important for us to understand these this terminology

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upstairs they can't see the screen

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Okay, it's working. It's coming inshallah not Photoshop are

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the same. What is the relationship between the two? Explain your answer.

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What does inukai him say is the sum total of beneficial knowledge, right. And so even if they can use class we talked about the singleton was the team comprising of what beneficial knowledge and

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righteous actions beneficial knowledge and righteous action. What is the sum total of beneficial knowledge? In other words, what does what can we what's the common denominator? What can it all be reduced to know?

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The boundaries set by law or sometimes halau and other times clarify this meaning and how it relates to taqwa tion.

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Alright, so today inshallah, as we can see, I want you to look at this every week so that we keep those broad themes in mind with this book is about, we're going to be dealing primarily with the definition of beer and tequila inshallah, next week, we'll get to the Mk subrule keytab, which is the reason why even William actually wrote this, which is to talk about the migration to Allah and to the Messenger of Allah Salatu was Sam. But now he wants to talk about the components of bitter and shallow Tada. And we ended up last week talking about the Bedouins who said that they believe in Allah Subhana Allah said to them, what are you told the prophet Isaiah Salatu was salam to say that

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to them what I can now call them to me know what I can call to Islam now. So don't say that you believe right. But say that we have a slum now that we have submitted, right, that we have embraced Islam, but Eman has not yet entered into your hearts right. And so we have no time. So the correct opinion in turn in terms of the interpretation of desire is that these people are not when f 18. They are not hypocrites. But the man has not yet what entered into into their hearts because Islam is of different levels, the deen is of different levels, there's this lamb, and then there's the man which is higher than theirs. So, these people have not yet gone up to that level of actually having

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full Amen. Now, then it says followship a lot, hello comprises the various qualities so Allah combines his the better word to use here. So if you have the book just like cross cross out comprises and put combines

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combines the various qualities of beer in the following manner you can love Charles Albert Lee sell beer one and two or Luigi kibble and Mr. T will never be what I can be a woman M and A belay when you only have one modality what gets everyone to be in what manner will be they will go by what your timer when Misaki when a Seville was in no affinity car or karma salado as a casual move on and behind me there I do was Siberian if you want Bob Wah, you were Hainan Betts he can Edina sada who would go home on takuan time, God, this is on page seven, right? Here is not and is here as well. That's page seven, right there

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is not only that, you turn your faces towards the east notice Okay, the beginning he says what ladies son bill, right righteousness or bid such and such. Look at the very end of the eye. Those are those those are the fulfill these qualities are the truthful and those are the macoun, right. So they're at the beginning of the eye. Toward the end, let's look at what he's saying. It means not full of righteousness, that you turn your faces toward the east or the west in praise. But true righteousness or better is to believe in a law the last day, the angels, the books and the prophets, and to give them as well, despite loving it to the relatives, the orphans, the needy, the stranded

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wayfare to those who seek help, and for freeing slaves, and Bill also is to establish prayers and get Zika to fulfill a covenant once it is made, and to be patient in poverty and hardship and during battle. Those who fulfill these qualities are the truth. They are the truth for losses Lula equal Edina Sadako they are the truth those and basically those alone they are the the truthful solder coo. And that's important because one of the root meanings of bid is siddik. When you look in any Arabic dictionary and you look up the word obiter, it talks about Siddiq, which is being truthful. All right. And truth was not just something that you say off your tongue, that's very important for

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us to understand. being true to something is not just words that you say off your tongue. All right, it's it has to show itself in action. And those and those are them to whom, so the people who have better are the one, the motor Kuhn, they are the people who have Taqwa as an all claims, man explain this a little bit Jelena. Oh, Allah informs us, Allah, Allah informs here, that believing in Him, His angels, his books, his messengers, in the last day are all required acts of beer. These are the five articles of faith without which a man cannot sustain a loss of power with the added indicates that bill also includes the apparent ordained acts of worship, such as performing sullair and giving

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zeca and other forms of mandatory charity and charities cross that output spending.

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Because he says nefa caught and never caught deals with it goes beyond charity. So a mandatory form of spending is like what?

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Right, like a man like a man's spending on his on his family, that's mandatory, but it's not charity. It's not charity in that sense, it's enough a pot that's that's actually your obligations, a mandatory form of spending and that's the word that even will claim use uses No.

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comprises the conceal deeds of the heart, which are essence such as patience and the fulfillment of covenants, right. So he says here, so if we look at number one, a long forms here that believing in Him so that is what those are the tenants of, of men. And then Allah also talks about the apparent acts that a person does Salah is a cat spending and so forth. And then beer also those deeds of the heart, right, which are its essence, it here goes back to what bitter? The essence of beer, right is the deeds of the heart because everything else emanates from, from the heart. All right. So which are its essence? Okay, such as sobor patients here it says, In the fulfillment of covenants, and I

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don't even know that is what even a claim wrote. I don't understand that to be a concealed deed of the

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Heart Yani another words of a fabulous Okay, that you that somebody has entrusted you with something and you fulfill that trust

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I mean, like any other action it yeah, it emanates from our even your supply even your supply and the strength of use a lot depends on the strength of your heart. Right?

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what's motivating you to pray it's something from your heart but it but prayer is not a an act of the heart. Right prayer is actually what act of the limbs so fulfilling a contract as well as I don't know exactly why me you know put it in this category no promises included in this fulfilling a promise Yes, that's that's also included.

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So, now follow this the qualities mentioned in this cover all aspects of the deem essential and individuals deeds of the lens and apart as well as the five essential articles of faith Okay, so let us stop here let's look at the

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screen quickly. If we look at the components a bit we have three

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follow up cannot believe in the articles of faith right. And then over our over acts of worship that is prayer zeca mandatories and I just mentioned what I mentioned right so he mentioned salons The Cat and the mandatory spending those are overt acts of worship they clear anybody can look and see them right now conceal actions of the heart that is for example so and so then it'll kind of says does the qualities mentioned in the ayah cover all aspects of the deen essentially originals deeds of the limbs and of the heart as well as the articles of faith. Now then he says at the end of this I have this last

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expression that these very conditions are also the conditions

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Yeah, as it were, okay, so the author I mean the translator cut off the part because then everyone kind of goes on to say as he says, well that he can Latina sodoku that eco home, Alma Turkey, Morocco. They are the ones who aren't the truthful and they are the people of taqwa. So again, here and I just want us to notice that a large region at the end of the eyes and those are the people who have who have chocolate they are the mutton, not just any level of tequila, right remember what we talked about last week? Just because you can cook it doesn't mean that you are a a chef, just because you have some tough one doesn't mean that you are a tepee right. So so last month data says

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they are the tahune who are the those people who have been

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Alright, so it's been tough for the same

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type

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father

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in relation to bitter, defining taqwa and the sad reality is obeying a law with a man and okay if you just memorize that right there that even though even though claim goes on he's gonna give us a definition from Tolkien Habib Rahim Allah Tada.

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But even though clams definition right there, that the essence of tequila, it all boils down to obeying a law with a man and he said, obeying a law with a man and he said, What is a man and what is he said? We're going to spend a few minutes on that don't even worry about it right now. You kind of know what the man is anyway. Right? You should know what he meant. And what does he mean? Hi, last week,

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two words.

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Okay? It Kowloon woman right statement in action and then we broke that down. That's the man and we'll talk about that in a little bit inshallah and then he said it he said, which he says at the bottom is counting on a lot of parameters the reward for a given deed that is you're seeking a lot of hands as reward for a particular deed, but we didn't talk about that in a little bit more detail inshallah Tada. But if you just get this concept in your mind for taqwa, obedience to Allah with a man and 87 Yeah, in regard to his commands and prohibitions. This means obeying laws commands while believing in them, and in His promise rewards for them, and also means avoiding laws, prohibitions,

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believing in them and fearing his retribution for them. This is

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the Taliban Habib allana z. If you look at the bottom of in your footnotes, right, is a Tabby who is known for his knowledge, righteousness and distinguished recitation of the poor and he died before the year 190 hijiri.

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Know who said it tribulations appear among you extinguish them with taqwa when asked what is taught

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reply. And

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so it says if tribulation so here actually they came to talk given Habib and what is known as fitting it in a shot, which I'm not going into, but they asked him how do we avoid this this? How do we repel this pfitzner and he said, he said it foul hair with taqwa. And he repel it with with tequila. Right. Or extinguish it. It flew her in some of the narrations. And then he was asked, What is tequila? What is taqwa? He said, I booked today.

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Okay, are you sharing? Okay? Sharing is caring. I get it. All right.

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And he replied, time will be taught. And

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we'll

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see it. And I know the minima to Harpo katama. taqwa is to act in obedience to a law with light from Allah seeking on was we wanted to avoid disobeying a law with light from a law theory of mass punishment. Right? So that's the definition as you can see, they're talking about Habib and we're gonna talk about that in a minute. inshallah, no problem. This is one of the best definitions of that word. every deed requires an origin and a wall, okay? every deed requires an origin and a goal. In other words, every D requires something that pushes you to do it, that's the origin of the D, right? something that motivates you to do that D. And then it also has a goal. In other words, the

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origin is what is it that bring that brings that deed into existence? Right? And the goal is what do you want out of, of that deed? Well, it's coming inshallah don't worship, keep reading. A deed would not count as an act of obedience that brings one closer to a law unless it originates from in it must emanate from pure email, and not from custom, desire, pursuit of worldly praise or status, and so on. Furthermore, the deeds goals, the deeds goal must be attaining above rewards and acceptance, this is the meaning of deciding what is the meaning of it, he said.

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Because he mentioned two things here, he says it must emanate from pure Amen. And he that is that deed must come from pure Amen. Not from custom.

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It's an example of a deed that might be done customarily

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making will do the whole thing.

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Washing your hands, yes. Just that that part of will do it but going through the whole top to bottom that I don't think anybody would do that just out of custom.

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giving a gift. Okay, giving a gift, somebody might just do it because, you know,

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greetings to you.

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honoring your guests. Yeah, some people might do that, just because they, you know, they want to, that's the custom of their tribe and their families to honor the guest and I mean, Arabs did that before slamming they did not seek the face of a lost parents either with that, right. So, when you do something like this, it has to come from if Amen, amen. If you want that deed to be accepted by laws, fantastic. It has to be the the reason or the, what brought that action into existence in the first place had to be based on Amen, not based on custom or desire, or pursuit of worldly praise or status, right, and so on. That's the demand side. Furthermore, the deeds goal, okay. And this is the

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at SAP side must be attaining the laws rewards and acceptance, this is the meaning of 87 Okay, go ahead.

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These two essential requirements for good he that is a man and the sad that often appear together in the Prophet alayhi salaatu wa Salaam Saudis, for example. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Man sama Ramadan masala Medina Eman And what he said, what he said man would Allah who met the man Mendham beat, whoever fast Ramadan was the man. He said, all of his previous sins will be forgiven. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Man Call me later that other Eman And he said that was it.

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Okay, so let's just let's talk about you man and Sam. What does it mean to fast a man and what he said

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We're coming up on Ramadan. So

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So what does that mean?

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Yeah.

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to actually do the act of

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okay, but let's take a step back forget before we do it, amen. What does that mean? Yes

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to again

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so you're fasting because of a lot because of your belief in Allah belief in a lot in his existence of what?

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Ah, okay. So belief that this is actually a command from Allah subhana wa Tada, good. Okay, and then I heard somebody else say reward who said,

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Okay, excellent. So believing in the reward that is associated with, with fasting five, anything else?

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But what does he What does he man here, he man and what

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he,

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that firm belief that Allah Subhana Allah has legislated this act that he's commanded with it, that there's a reward associated with it. Also, that if you leave it, that there's a punishment associated with not fulfilling a loss of habitat is coming. So this is the main part. And this is what this is what starts that motivation to act, play 87

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not just knowing that if you do it, you'll be rewarded for it,

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you believe that you're going to get that reward. So there's a difference between believing that there is a reward and seeking the reward. Okay, because because somebody might fast knowing all of those things that we just talked about, they believe Allah commanded it, they believe that there's, there's a reward associated with it, they believe that there's punishment if you leave at all, but then I fasting that and that might have pushed them in the beginning, but they actually want to be praised by somebody.

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The same thing, so like or otherwise. So there's the demand side, there's the at SAP side, okay, and this is what we'll look at right here in Sharla. Before we go, Okay, and then a prophet is sending us an email commonly that telecabine men and YT seven, movie romance Academy then v whoever stands in prayer on the night of Qatar, which the

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translator says Qatar means honor and distinction the most blessed night of the year and is the night of Qatar It is one of the nights of the month of Ramadan during which allows pantallas mercy descends abundantly, and inshallah tada we'll talk about later till Qatar, in when we finished this book with the lamb, we start dealing with some classes on Ramadan be in the lab, but in any event, so here likewise, Laila till Saturday email service, so you got to believe that one, that there's a thing called Laila tilaka, that allows parents Allah has has specified this night, right to be worth elfie sharp, and so on and so forth in 1000 a month in terms of the deeds that are done more than

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1000 months. So, the point is that there has to be the man side, and there has to be the seeking side. All right. So this chart inshallah will help us be the guy to break it down further, every action.

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Every action must have a beginning B diet and the goal

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via Yeah, a B, Daya. And a and the riot, okay, a beginning and a goal. Right. So what is the beginning of an action? It's it's that bad. It's something that brings the action into existence, without which there would be no action. Right? So there's a catalyst there's that motivation, something that bring that's the beginning. And it has to have a goal of higher and objective. In other words, what do you want as a result from doing that action? Okay, type so if we look at the demand side, the belief affirmation of the legitimacy of an act

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reward associated with it, punishment for leaving it, right. So so so it is that belief, the man side here is that belief or that affirmation, the legitimacy of an act meaning that a lost France Island legislated this particular act, okay. And there's a reward associated with it, even if that reward is not specified, and there is a punishment also associated with leaving it off, even if that is not specified, not

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seeking to gain the benefit associated with the action to repel. All right. So the at SAP is the actual seeking part of something, the Eman side you're asking? It answers the question what right there

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What prompted this action? Okay, that's the email. What is what is it that prompted it? What is sought from this action? What am I trying to get out of it? What result do I want from this action? That's the FTC website. And both of them have to be present if you want those rewards from Allah Subhana who attack okay. Clear type so he man and he said is important. If it's not clear, we're gonna find out because you have to do some, some exercises on that show. Now, further talk the tough one plies, beer

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implies been

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talk statement with like guidance from the law points to the first requirement, ie man, that should be the origin of the deed and the cause for initiating it. And he said statement seeking a large reward points to the second requirement

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which is the purpose and go for doing a D so let's just go back for a second and look at this again, to act in obedience to Allah with light from Allah and he to act in obedience to a law with a man seeking the laws reward with at SAP is right, which is why it is so succinct and and profound. So obey a law with a man and he said that's tequila, Jade. All right. No, no, I'm sure.

00:26:27--> 00:26:41

Yeah. So without doubt comprises all the fundamental, complimentary. Complimentary may be secondary, a subsidiary might make more sense there is no element of man and beer.

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And beer is included. Okay, okay. And beer is included in this meaning. So now, we see what topo means by itself. And we see what bid means by itself and we see how they're actually included. Better is included in taqwa. and tuck was included in bid when they mentioned by itself. In a minute, we're going to talk about what happens when they're coupled. But let's look at mn and Mt sab when attending janessa humanity sab when attending a janaza so the prophet Isaiah Salatu was CIT M. Says in this Hadith, minute tebah janessa, tomo steamin II man and YT Sabha what can matter who had you suddenly alley Nam Hector use Allah Allah what you have for vermin Deaf Neha for inner who your

00:27:35--> 00:27:52

German allegedly bt ra clean for you cool looky rotting Miss Lou odine woman Salalah has Maharajah kubla and to defend for in the who yo j we clear up play. So here the prophet Isaiah salatu salam so you can read us you

00:27:53--> 00:27:54

know,

00:27:56--> 00:27:58

the Messenger of Allah, Allah

00:28:02--> 00:28:03

changes she

00:28:05--> 00:28:29

says copy and paste. The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, I believe in who accompanies the funeral profession of a Muslim out of sincere faith and hoping to attain a large reward and remains with it until the funeral parent is offered and the burial ceremonies are over. He will return with a reward of Tutera it's paid off. It's like the size of the mountain.

00:28:30--> 00:28:57

He who offers the funeral prayer only however, and returns before the burial will return with reward of one only time so here the Prophet alayhi salatu salam said whoever accompanies the funeral procession the janessa Muslim Eman and YT seven sincere faith and hoping to attain allows reward seeking to attain allows me what why do you think specifically

00:28:58--> 00:29:00

for the janessa This has been mentioned?

00:29:03--> 00:29:04

or What what?

00:29:07--> 00:29:15

What do you think is is one of the reasons why the privacy Sonam is emphasizing email and what he said when it comes to janessa. Yeah.

00:29:24--> 00:29:35

Okay, so so let's move on. I don't want to focus on attending the janessa as in What benefits do we get from attending a genetic because that's for sure. But

00:29:37--> 00:29:38

But what?

00:29:39--> 00:29:41

Okay, let me rephrase this.

00:29:42--> 00:29:47

Is it possible that somebody goes to a janazah without a man and it said,

00:29:49--> 00:29:49

For what?

00:29:52--> 00:29:57

Because they know the person so they loved the person who died. Tell you what else

00:30:00--> 00:30:03

To meet friends at the janessa Wow, yeah, that's

00:30:04--> 00:30:05

very interesting.

00:30:07--> 00:30:12

Because he knows everybody's gonna be there. Uh huh. And so he doesn't want to be.

00:30:14--> 00:30:18

He doesn't want to be left out. He doesn't want people to say Where were you?

00:30:19--> 00:30:20

What else?

00:30:22--> 00:30:23

for cultural reasons, right.

00:30:25--> 00:30:26

So, sorry.

00:30:28--> 00:30:35

Money relations. Yeah. I mean, there's a whole host of reasons why a person may go they he might be

00:30:37--> 00:30:48

he might be ashamed of the person's relatives, if he doesn't show up and the relative say, you know, you know, he ain't even come You know, when to the genetic whatever. Right. So what's so So?

00:30:50--> 00:31:11

So what's pushing him is that he man and St. Sam land. So the Prophet it is select with Sam is telling us here, you want that reward for the janessa. There has to be with a man. And he said, the thing that's pushing you, you got to believe that there's that reward there. And you got to seek that reward. Right? He man and he said,

00:31:12--> 00:31:24

You see how, but how tough one is to do what to obey Allah with with a minute. He said, otherwise not tough one. Right. Otherwise it's not taqwa. All right.

00:31:26--> 00:31:37

Work with a partner. Uh huh. All right, that that that means I should have put some masks up there. So you can see like, and then like make them six feet apart.

00:31:38--> 00:31:40

So you still gonna work with a partner.

00:31:42--> 00:31:48

But what I want you to do, we're not going to read a Heidi together. This Heidi does what go ahead read it.

00:31:50--> 00:32:09

This head D that's not mentioned Eman. And is that are the meaning of these two words captured in this ID itself? What words in the ID are used to convey the same meanings? Explain your answer. Okay. You have two minutes. You have two minutes to read the Hadith and answer the question between la

00:32:12--> 00:32:20

531. All right. So the prophet Isaiah Salatu was Sadam

00:32:21--> 00:32:37

was approached the hadith of Abu Mohammed Al Baghdadi says color geology La Nina Nabi sallallahu wasallam con la aetiological en Raza yellow, Tammy Sol, Edward Vick, okay, so this man, he says that

00:32:38--> 00:33:03

making to the prophet Isaiah Salatu was Sudan and he said, What do you say about somebody a man who rather and he Okay, so he's fighting in a battle. Alright? Yell temi soldier, he wants to reward from Allah. Okay, there's sort of we understand maybe they didn't come out seeking reward anything he wants, from Allah. What Vicki?

00:33:04--> 00:33:19

And he wants to be mentioned by the people he wants people to say that he is courageous, madame. You know me, all of the things that people say about somebody that goes to a battle and you know, does damage.

00:33:21--> 00:33:24

mela, who? And what will he have

00:33:25--> 00:34:14

for Kala Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam lashay Allah. He gets nothing. And in other words, he might get mentioned me but he won't have he won't have any reward with the loss of habitat of allies or just doesn't add let's see and other net assured Okay, and it should Minami dominant Ashoka fee may return up to shipka who I am the one least in need of a partner a lot of times it says I have no need for a part. So wherever it doesn't action, Ash McAfee heemeyer. Really, he does that action associating with me other than me, meaning he does it for me and he does it for something else. Not just that it's for something else as for law and for something else that and see

00:34:14--> 00:34:22

that's the part as we understood, I hope you take away from this Heidi, if it's for a law and for something else, it's just for the other thing a lot doesn't want to

00:34:24--> 00:34:57

talk to who was should go I'll leave him in his shake. So let's say Allah, he gets nothing for either hasta la toma right? He repeated the to the prophecy sell them three times. He's like, Am I hearing this right? Because I'm saying the man is doing it for love, but he also wants to be men. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that she Allah, Allah does not know. He says that he has nothing. And then he says to my colleagues in the La La Yakubu minelab family in lemme can la hoo ha The sun

00:34:58--> 00:34:59

will truly be here.

00:35:00--> 00:35:33

Watch who Allah does not accept any deed except that which is pure harmless except that which is purely purely for a loss fantana done seeking his face and this honey is collected by the government to say hey mahalo tada and it's a hadith that is hesson according to Roger when Hassan and others and chicken Benny Rahim Allah said it's hassanal so he usually have a van he says has an altar here means that this net is hasin. But the Hadith the meaning of it is, is so he like

00:35:35--> 00:35:35

mercy.

00:35:36--> 00:35:37

So

00:35:38--> 00:35:53

the word the words he meant and he said we're not used in this Hadeeth are the meanings capture this Heidi? Okay, everybody says Yes, a lot about mommy. Okay. So what words in the headings used to convey the same meanings?

00:35:55--> 00:35:56

In the bad guy? Yeah.

00:36:07--> 00:36:26

Okay, so which which words right do you mean amen? purely for him that's the man part right? and seeking His face is the same as that sad sad part. Okay, Zach hamdulillah I just want to make sure we have this concept of he man and sad sad because it means so much in our deep, right?

00:36:27--> 00:36:31

constant you know, constant reminders of humanity. So I'd like to move on to page 10. inshallah.

00:36:35--> 00:36:41

Yeah, Father Bismillah, scalping, clear and taqwa means and goals. When these two terms

00:36:43--> 00:37:23

are coupled as in one another in bitter and taqwa the difference between them is a difference between a means and a goal. Beer is short for its own applications, the integrity and excellence of a human being, one cannot take any virtue without it. as was discussed earlier. taqwa on the other hand, is the means and way leading to beer. The root of the word in Arabic means protection. A person practices that wow. Yeah, that part is important. That tough one tough one. The root of the word for tequila in Arabic means protection. Okay.

00:37:24--> 00:37:50

No, a person who practices stopwatch protects himself from the fire protection is not saw itself as much as to prevent harm. Consequently, the relationship between better and taqwa is similar to that between well being which is a purpose and medical care, which is a means to attain Okay, so So this I'm going to read translate inshallah you'll see it here.

00:37:51--> 00:38:01

So you see where it says a person who practices taqwa protects himself from the fire. Okay, so read here, the one who has tough one.

00:38:03--> 00:38:55

So everybody look on page 10 2467 lines down where it says a person who practice is tougher. Everybody see that? Okay, I want you to read here because this is actually closer to what the author is saying here, right? The one who the one who has taqwa puts a shield between himself and the fire. Hence, protection is from the angle of preventing harm, whereas beer is the attainment of benefit. Consequently, taqwa is akin to a strict diet, whereas beer is akin to good health. And well being this is actually one of an old time says where he says that tequila killed him. Yeah. Okay. And beer is like apphia and say, Okay, so we understand that part, it'll make the make the first part easier

00:38:55--> 00:39:11

to understand it tough. What is the means? Beer is the goal. Okay, a strict diet. Does anybody do a strict diet for itself just because it's a strict diet? No, why do they have a strict diet so that they can

00:39:13--> 00:39:24

not necessarily lose weight there's a lot of people who are have you know, their their ideal weight, but they still keep a strict diet for health reasons, not for weight reasons right

00:39:25--> 00:39:42

to maintain it okay. Or there may be other things that they may if they eat certain thing has nothing to do with their weight if they eat certain things, it may cause other things high blood pressure or otherwise right. So, the strict diet is is there for what purpose

00:39:46--> 00:39:54

it to lead to what though but right to lead to good health and well being. So the diet is the means and

00:39:55--> 00:39:59

and the good health and the well being is the is the goal type.

00:40:01--> 00:40:42

But you're not going to get to that goal without without those means, right? so tough what is like the means? bitter is actually the goal. And and that's derived just from understanding what the two words actually mean. Right? So tough one. So as we can see here, it says bid as the golden tuck was a means to go. Tough. What is derived from Wikipedia. taqwa is derived from with higher babies studying Arabic Now to see that's that's Handsworth stuff like safeguarding shielding something that serves as a protection of precaution prevention. All of that is the word that those words tequila. Okay.

00:40:43--> 00:40:45

Bitter as we said before means what?

00:40:50--> 00:41:08

No, let's go back to its roots. Were we talking about the excellent Stetson something, write something that is good something that is the excellence in it, right? So these when the words are coupled, right, then bitter refers to and I'm going to read you something a

00:41:10--> 00:41:28

single document but NASA says you know him Allah says in his excellent book Collider, he's saying we shake hands he was teaching. What do you remember? shake hand if I'm saying but what what number Did you get to which car did did you get to shave 11 Okay, by you. I don't know which one this is. This might be 17

00:41:33--> 00:41:35

your kulu

00:41:37--> 00:41:38

Just give me one second.

00:41:43--> 00:41:43

Yeah.

00:41:44--> 00:41:47

Serbia I shot the 17th Clyde.

00:41:48--> 00:41:54

Under the 17th card. He talks about bitter and taqwa. And?

00:41:56--> 00:42:29

Yeah. With Gemma being a bit of a temperamental colita arrowtown a bit of a tough one. A bit. For your coconut Bureau. Essman Jamie and Nicola, you hibou La Jolla la mina appvalley will file a viral bouncing over Canada tough What is man Jamie and yet to now we'll talk to Jamie and Mohamed. Right. So in other words, when bitter and tough will come together. Bid refers to acts of obedience, and tough will refers to leaving off disobedience.

00:42:31--> 00:42:37

Leaving often will have romact whereas bid refers to all acts of good whether those acts are

00:42:38--> 00:42:40

overt or concealed.

00:42:41--> 00:42:41

Tell you

00:42:43--> 00:42:44

all right, um, the law.

00:42:45--> 00:42:57

beneficial knowledge. Now, the ability. All right, so we got to move now, this part right here, page 10. Down at the middle where it says beneficial knowledge

00:42:59--> 00:43:05

put in parentheses next to beneficial knowledge, the importance of understanding Quranic terminology.

00:43:08--> 00:43:13

Alright, so on page 10 in the middle, the importance of understanding Quranic terminology.

00:43:20--> 00:43:32

mushy yellow falesha the ability of distinguishing the ability to distinguish between the meanings of couple of pairs of words is a noble form of knowledge.

00:43:34--> 00:43:34

Okay,

00:43:35--> 00:43:36

so

00:43:39--> 00:43:40

actually,

00:43:41--> 00:43:44

so again, what happens in any book?

00:43:45--> 00:43:51

There's always pronouns, right? So the, the translator

00:43:53--> 00:43:54

happy the Hola.

00:43:55--> 00:43:56

I don't think that

00:43:58--> 00:44:38

he translated the the pronoun here correctly, because he said between the meanings of a couple pairs, and will claim is just saying, but we'll find we'll head right basically understanding this. So the translator is trying to make it easy for us because if he just won't understand and this would be very hard to grasp, but actually what it will came is is referring to here and the last pants out of those best, he's saying understanding Quranic phrases and terminology in general, not just the issue of the couple pairs, okay, but understanding that terminology in general, as is made clear when he goes further into the text in a minute, inshallah no problem is extremely valuable in

00:44:38--> 00:44:47

understanding some expressions and implications in the end, and in knowing the boundaries of the ruling that allows the power of what the atom revealed to His Messenger.

00:44:50--> 00:44:59

In his book, a loss of power with the added blames those who do not know the boundaries of that which he revealed to His Messenger and so that was so lacking this knowledge

00:45:00--> 00:45:34

leads to two great harms one the first time is that one would include under a given term and unintended meaning. Thus, one would treat equally matters that a law has made distinct to. The other harm is that one would exclude from a term some meanings applicable to it. This would lead to changing some regulations and separating between matters. matters that law has joined. Wow, was that a mouthful? Okay, so let's break it down.

00:45:36--> 00:45:41

Alright, basically it will claim by him Oh, lol tada says, Allah azza wa jal has

00:45:43--> 00:45:52

criticized those has found them to be blameworthy. Those people who do not understand who dude madonsela Allah, what are Whoa, dude.

00:45:55--> 00:45:59

The boundaries, it's also used. Interestingly enough,

00:46:00--> 00:46:41

the term head is used for definition. Why do you think that is when you define something? What do you do? You you limit it, right? You put a boundary around it, you put boundaries around it to say this is that thing and everything outside of it is not that thing. Right? So basically, what he's saying is very important for us to understand the whoa dude of Allah subhanaw taala. Not the punishments, right, but the limits that are lost with him what data has said and the understanding of the meanings of the words that Allah Subhana Allah has used Otherwise, we'll be blameworthy, just like those people who have disbelieved. Now, he says, not understanding that, right, not

00:46:41--> 00:46:58

understanding Quranic phraseology, and the words that Allah Subhana Allah is using has two very harmful consequences. The first is that you may include an unintended meaning in a term that has been used by loss of habitat, which we'll talk about in a minute.

00:46:59--> 00:47:03

So Eliza gel says, a particular term, he says the word kneecap,

00:47:04--> 00:47:53

okay, kneecap means what marriage, we may include, in that terminology, something that is not intended by Allah subhanahu wa, tada, like today, same sex marriage, right? That's not included in the marriage from a shuttering standpoint, even though it's called marriage and even in the translation is called the cat. Right. But it's not the Nikesh, the last minutes Allah talks about in the Quran. So if we don't understand the terms of the Quran, and what they mean that we may include something in them in that terminology, that is unintended, and therefore give it the same ruling, because it's called the same thing. Likewise, we may exclude and intended meaning from a term that

00:47:53--> 00:48:03

has been used by loss of habitat and if we don't understand it, so we'll exclude that meaning from the turn and therefore give it a different ruling.

00:48:05--> 00:48:08

So just because they call certain things spirits,

00:48:09--> 00:48:11

doesn't mean that it is not common.

00:48:14--> 00:48:27

And if we just we look at it because it's two different terms, and we say that doesn't take the same ruling as as that which we'll talk about and show like function, wise persons. So here, even though it's not translated as such,

00:48:28--> 00:48:47

he says, Here's a look at look at the second, okay, under beneficial knowledge, the second sentence sentence where it says it is extremely valuable. Do you see that? It is extremely valuable and understanding some expression implicational chorion and in knowing the boundaries of the rulings that Allah revealed to His Messenger,

00:48:48--> 00:49:07

and then he did not translate this even though came says for inna, who who will Elmo nerfed for in the who, who will Elmo nerfed it will claim says this is the sum total of beneficial knowledge you see right there on the board. What is he saying? What is he talking about when he says this?

00:49:09--> 00:49:11

Understanding the Koran

00:49:13--> 00:49:13

period

00:49:15--> 00:49:20

that is the sum total of beneficial knowledge. Some of the profit it is supplied to Sudan

00:49:22--> 00:49:26

is sought in and of itself. And one of the primary functions of the pseudoknot is to

00:49:27--> 00:49:28

explain the Quran

00:49:30--> 00:49:41

and we learned the Arabic language in detail so that we can understand the Quran not so that we can show off about you know, how we can do Arabic very long sentences, right.

00:49:45--> 00:49:59

The knowledge that we learn, Gani, the purpose of this knowledge is to understand the core idea. That is the sum total of beneficial knowledge and will lie people will spend years decades

00:50:00--> 00:50:06

Doing things that don't have anything to do maybe I mean remotely it has something to do with the crime but not studying the crime.

00:50:08--> 00:50:12

And so understanding this is very important to Panama and and I you know,

00:50:13--> 00:50:23

as it will claim safer in the who who will and will never I mean that he basically reduced all of beneficial knowledge to that point right there which is understanding they'll

00:50:24--> 00:50:24

tell you

00:50:26--> 00:50:54

so, now that we got this part page 10 is clear. Alright, so let's move to page 11 a wise person, a wise person would comprehend this and other similar rules and we realize that many deviations have been caused by neglect. He didn't use the term deviations he says that many now cross out deviations and right above like make an arrow to the top. He says that many if not most,

00:50:57--> 00:50:58

of the deferring

00:51:02--> 00:51:14

has been caused by neglecting this isn't caused by neglecting this that's there the the part has been caused by neglect and this is already there. So we read it again it says a wise person will comprehend this and other similar rules

00:51:16--> 00:51:38

and would realize that many if not most of the deferring has been caused by neglecting this that is not properly understanding the terminology like Shaykh was saying when Samia Rahim Allah tada says TDF a little color. Oh, he said at Thoreau flf a local min Jihad LHD rocky Phil estimate

00:51:39--> 00:51:44

and he that the majority of the difference amongst sensible people

00:51:45--> 00:51:49

amongst sensible people is because of equivocal terms

00:51:50--> 00:51:55

what's equivocal term shapes that's that's your field those terms that seem to be

00:51:56--> 00:52:02

similar in meaning meaning or in spelling or in how you hear them

00:52:04--> 00:52:18

alright, so discussing this matter in detail cannot fully be uncompressed cannot be fully treated even in a large volume type folder, look at Russia. Examples, examples here, an example of this

00:52:19--> 00:52:24

is the general term for into all intoxicants, or intoxicants.

00:52:25--> 00:53:02

What one may not exclude some intoxicants and remove a prohibition from them. Yeah, so everything that is in toxic intoxicated is common. Right now that he's bringing this because there are, there's a subset of the scholars who say that comedy is only that which is derived from grapes and dates, or beer, for example, is not common, according to that definition. But that doesn't mean that they say beers. halaal is a whole different story, but they don't include it under the definition of common time man.

00:53:04--> 00:53:20

The same argument, the same argument applies to the prohibition of various forms of masonry, right because for for some of them may see it as only games of chance. Right wagering, wagering on games of chance, whereas

00:53:22--> 00:53:36

horse racing, yeah, like horse racing, for example. Right? But may see it as much broader than that, right? So we look here real quick. For the wiscon just, we'll read together.

00:53:37--> 00:53:56

The prophet Isaiah Salatu was saying if you look under comma, the prophet it is selected as Sam said, kolomoisky rain hammer, will kulu musky rain Haram, every intoxicant is common and every intoxicant is prohibited. So the Prophet sallallahu wasallam was the one who said what that every mosquito is hammer pie.

00:54:00--> 00:54:12

What do you think about using the term liquor I'm almost positive somewhere in this book, each liquor liquor was used for commerce, what do you say is that a good translation for hummock?

00:54:16--> 00:54:19

No, because it's a lot of other things time.

00:54:20--> 00:54:24

Time is, is wine liquor.

00:54:26--> 00:54:27

You know too much.

00:54:31--> 00:54:34

No, wine is not liquor, and wine and wine is definitely coming.

00:54:35--> 00:54:59

Right? liquor is is distilled and fermented drinks like beer and wine and not they're not considered to be liquor. Right. So, but a lot of people translate and that's the that's the thing when we talk about the words of the Quran and Sunnah. It is important for us to study. In fact, in fact, I mean, many of the scholars of Islam

00:55:00--> 00:55:06

would hold it it is actually haram to live here in America if you don't study period.

00:55:08--> 00:55:36

If Why is that? Because in order for you to protect your deen, right, if you're not going to make history, you're not going to leave the land of Kufa, one of the things that you have to do if you're going to be here is learn your religion. So the point is it, if Allah Subhana, Allah is using the word karma, if allies we're just using the word Mason and the pariah, we need to learn the Quran, we need to learn his terminology, we need to understand what it means the broad sense of what it means okay.

00:55:38--> 00:55:39

So,

00:55:40--> 00:56:08

the point is everything that in toxic case is considered to be committed any of those and then narcotics also all will fall under that same category, either by definition or by PS. We look at Mason, Mason is the acquisition of wealth by chance, not by not by effort, another definition, receipt of money or benefit at the cost of others having entitlement to that money of benefit by resorting to chance by

00:56:10--> 00:56:17

the majority of the scholars of Islam prohibit conventional forms of insurance because of mesaj.

00:56:18--> 00:56:25

Because the insurance company has rigged the entire system you have never heard of insurance company going bankrupt.

00:56:27--> 00:56:46

They bring in the big wigs I mean, because basically, once you if you bring in actuarial sciences, that can look at the large scale picture and can figure out what to charge people, right? You're always maybe not you, but as a community, you will always pay more to the company than they give back.

00:56:48--> 00:56:48

Period.

00:56:49--> 00:57:12

Right? So they're getting money. By chance. They might say, Well, no, we study in the numbers crunching the numbers or whatever the situation may be. But the reality is, is that you may pay car insurance for 10 years. Okay? for 10 years, you've given that you've given that company $30,000 How much did you get back? Zero because you'd have accident.

00:57:14--> 00:57:15

that fair?

00:57:22--> 00:57:26

I'm not getting into that shape. I'm not doing photography. I'm just explaining the situation type.

00:57:28--> 00:57:29

Masha, keep going. It applies to

00:57:31--> 00:57:32

it applies to any guy.

00:57:33--> 00:57:45

lawful marriage, when may not include in its meaning some unlawful forms. The Prophet is allowed to sit and do the law with China and who who does she claim to follow? Huh?

00:57:46--> 00:58:18

He says nanosatellite some Aloha. It was cinnamon and matcha tea I'm a favor. He says that the Prophet it is slightly Sudan for Bay mootai which is the even though we translate is temporary marriage, right? a matar is a marriage contract that has an expiration date. Right. So basically, it's it's always a verbal contract. So, yeah. So they say okay, you know, they run the contract, and it's for two days, three days a week, Max, Sandy like that, boom.

00:58:19--> 00:58:33

Then the end, we get married, and they have you know, you can do the whole everything else will be in a minute and all that other stuff. But it has an expiration date. That's the motor, the profit side. Some of them have Rama has Cigna, I know I'm a high bar one was the year of high

00:58:35--> 00:58:38

seven, the year seven mojarra.

00:58:39--> 00:58:48

Seven, the seventh year after the hegemon type, many other things are called kneecap anybody's Xena, Xena, it's not UK.

00:58:50--> 00:58:51

No.

00:58:52--> 00:58:53

falesha

00:58:55--> 00:59:25

usually based transactions may not be excluded from prohibition, nor may transactions without usury be included. In other words, yeah, I mean, there's some things that may be called rabbet and the and not and there are other things that are rebadged, but they're not called Riba. Right. So you have to be careful that you have to know, right? That's the important thing. So even when we reboot, if we look at what it means literally it means excess means addition, it means increase, right?

00:59:26--> 00:59:29

But not all interest is rabbet.

00:59:31--> 00:59:42

At the same time, Rebecca's broader than the term interest. So there are certain things that are called interest, or excuse me, there are certain things that are really bad, but they're not called interest risers. So for example,

00:59:45--> 00:59:47

not all interest is rabbet. Anybody have an example?

00:59:51--> 00:59:55

All right. You want to go buy a car $30,000 All right.

00:59:57--> 00:59:59

They say you got 30,000 cash you

01:00:00--> 01:00:00

Say No.

01:00:01--> 01:00:16

So, okay, we'll sell it to you over five years. 5% APR. Okay. And at the end, you're going to have to pay $34,000 for example, after five years, so you want to pay him $4,000 in

01:00:17--> 01:00:19

interest. That's interest.

01:00:20--> 01:00:36

That's interest. Okay, excellent. Somebody comes, you go to somebody and you say I like that car. It's $30,000. So you got 30,000 cash, say no. So okay, here's what I sell it to you for 34,000.

01:00:37--> 01:00:41

I'll sell it solid 34,000 and pay me over 16 months.

01:00:43--> 01:00:46

payment was 16 months. That Reba

01:00:51--> 01:00:54

Hello, hello. Well, hello, mareeba

01:00:55--> 01:00:56

Hello, lobby.

01:00:58--> 01:00:58

Huh?

01:00:59--> 01:01:24

That's it. That's a sale within installments. SSL agreement, I've agreed to buy the car from you for $34,000 over five years, and you have a right to the $34,000. Even if I come into some money, somebody in the family died and I came into a whole bunch of money and I can actually give you 230 4006 months, I owe you what 34,000.

01:01:25--> 01:01:35

The other agreement up and down. If I wind up paying it off in six months, I'm going to wind up paying 31,000 or whatever the situation may be. That doesn't have a fixed price.

01:01:36--> 01:01:41

When we agreed, we agreed on a fixed price. It's not the same thing. It's not the same thing.

01:01:43--> 01:01:55

Even though they calculated that I want you to pay me 34,000 based off of an interest rate. So they calculated it. So for them is interest. For me. It's a sale.

01:01:56--> 01:01:57

Clear.

01:02:00--> 01:02:09

So So even though even though some may call it interest, let baby succeed. We have the Hello, Dr. Murphy, Ah, come at all when it comes to that.

01:02:11--> 01:02:23

So I mean, there's obviously there's, you know, some intricacies and things like that. But the whole point is raising the price for a deferred sale is allowed.

01:02:24--> 01:02:35

So if you can't buy this computer off me for 400 right now, I want to sell it to you for 606 months, and I want you to pay me 100 every month, that's hella we agreed that you buy this off me for 600.

01:02:36--> 01:02:38

That's the end up. All right.

01:02:41--> 01:02:44

No, I'm not saying simple interest versus compound interest.

01:02:47--> 01:03:02

led LED, not necessarily, it doesn't really matter, if you put a compound interest on it, and you come up with a different number at the end, and you give me that number, as long as we agree on a sale price, then that's what it is.

01:03:03--> 01:03:04

That's not interest.

01:03:11--> 01:03:55

But it's not rabbet. So, so regardless, but but rebate rebate is brought it in the term interest because if you try to sell gold for gold, for example. And it's even though this one is you know, the nice behind any, you know, jewelry or whatever the situation is, and that's just the bar, right? And you try to sell gold for gold and it's not the same weight or it's not hand hand to hand, then that's considered rebound. From an Islamic standpoint, even though it's not interest, you know, when we use determine English, right, the point is, the point is that the point is learning the terminology of the Quran. Knowing the intent of those words that we use by lost parents, Allah is

01:03:55--> 01:04:15

very important for our understanding of the deen. All right, tell you, we're just going to finish this and we're gonna conclude inshallah, it also applies to other terms in justice, and justice, and goodness and Moon God, evil and many other terms that are beyond our income.

01:04:16--> 01:04:20

Beyond our capacity, right? Yes. Beyond our capacity to deal with here.

01:04:21--> 01:04:27

Yeah, let's see. All right, so I really thought we were gonna get like, way past here.

01:04:32--> 01:04:34

llama Stan along with Stan.

01:04:38--> 01:04:42

Okay, what we do, inshallah, we'll stop here. And

01:04:44--> 01:05:00

the intro, this is still the introduction, even though it's called chapter one. This is still the introduction, right? Page 15 is where the book really starts. Okay. So inshallah we'll definitely be in the lab with finished, you know, at least the introduction next week, and hopefully get into

01:05:00--> 01:05:03

Some of the actual meat of the book and Charlotte Tyler but you know,

01:05:04--> 01:05:31

this is important for us to understand hopefully it reinforces, you know, the class that she kind of is doing on on short swords of the Quran and the tipsy because all of this still revolves around understanding the book of Allah. Understanding the depth of the meanings of the speech of Allah subhana wa tada We ask Allah subhana wa tada to increase us and of his Deen was allowed some of Avada canon Amina Mohammed subhanak along the shadow and eyeliner and sock reports.