The Madinan Society: A Tafsir of Surat al-Ḥujurat Part 12/12
Delivered by Shaykh Riyadh ul Haq on Friday 21st October 2016 at Al Kawthar Academy, Leicester (UK)
After the Prophet and his companions emigrated to Medina, Allah revealed laws with which Muslims must abide by so that they may live together peacefully. This Surat serves as a prime example of such intricate laws that detail not just how people should behave with one another, but how they should speak and think about each other.
This final lesson explains the sacrifice the Sahabah had to make in order to remain Muslim and how they attained a deep level of Iman. People may challenge the books of Hadith with regards to the history of the Prophet being referred to as ‘The Book of Expeditions’, however if we look at our own history we will be quick to identify that the most notable events in history surround war.
This lesson concludes by summarising the objectives of this Surah; that we must create a harmonious social environment where everyone is safe from us – be it from our hand or our tongue. We are all born equal in the eyes of Allah, however it is through our actions and deeds that our rank is elevated in His Sight. We are prone, as human beings, to make mistakes to the extent that even the companions of the Messenger had momentary lapses where they were lovingly chastised.
Allah emphasises in this Surah that our social interactions and behaviours are important, to the extent that we must never judge or think ill of another person. This Surah does much to identify our roll in society, what we should avoid and what we must do to ultimately attain the pleasure of Allah.