Channel: Riyadul Haqq
The Madinan Society: A Tafsir of Surat al-Ḥujurat Part 12/12
Delivered by Shaykh Riyadh ul Haq on Friday 21st October 2016 at Al Kawthar Academy, Leicester (UK)
After the Prophet and his companions emigrated to Medina, Allah revealed laws with which Muslims must abide by so that they may live together peacefully. This Surat serves as a prime example of such intricate laws that detail not just how people should behave with one another, but how they should speak and think about each other.
This final lesson explains the sacrifice the Sahabah had to make in order to remain Muslim and how they attained a deep level of Iman. People may challenge the books of Hadith with regards to the history of the Prophet being referred to as ‘The Book of Expeditions’, however if we look at our own history we will be quick to identify that the most notable events in history surround war.
This lesson concludes by summarising the objectives of this Surah; that we must create a harmonious social environment where everyone is safe from us – be it from our hand or our tongue. We are all born equal in the eyes of Allah, however it is through our actions and deeds that our rank is elevated in His Sight. We are prone, as human beings, to make mistakes to the extent that even the companions of the Messenger had momentary lapses where they were lovingly chastised.
Allah emphasises in this Surah that our social interactions and behaviours are important, to the extent that we must never judge or think ill of another person. This Surah does much to identify our roll in society, what we should avoid and what we must do to ultimately attain the pleasure of Allah.
© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.
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todai Brahim Ebrahimi.
Prospective listeners sit down on a lie.
We gather once again for the continuing of seed commentary of sort of genre.
And today will be the final part
as we have reached the end of the Sora.
Last week we completed verse number 14, in which
last last panel who was reprimanded
certain better when,
who made the claim of faith.
Ally instructed them, that rather than saying, we have faith, we have a man or that we are more than you should say, a slim now we have submitted apparently, we have become Muslim meaning we've only submitted apparently.
And this was in relation to a delegation that came to the profits of the La Liga.
And they had embraced Islam. But they were one of the late comers to the religion. And this was after the conquest of Makkah.
In the ninth year of Hitler,
they said a few things and made a few claims to the prophets and the law while he was on them. And one of them was this that we are, we are believers, we are people of faith. So Allah subhanho wa Taala correct them so if I can just quickly translate the previous verse, other than our German,
the veteran said, we have believed
me say you have not believed what I can do.
Rather than say we have submit, what am I a holy man, you will become an email. Famous faith has not yet entered your hearts into the real law, what a soul allow you to come in.
And if you do obey Allah and His Messenger
he will not reduce
anything of your deeds.
In the law of affordable Rahim Indeed, Allah is most forgiving, Most Merciful. So that was a verse which we completed last week.
Allah then sings and this is where we begin from today in Milan and levena Armin will also be here
for same fees to be de la, la.
La says, those who have believed
sorry, in the middle,
the believers are only those who have believed
and who did not doubt
the believers are only those who have believed in Allah and in this message,
then they did not that
which our head will be unworthy for
and they fought, or they
struggle with their lives and with their wealth in the way of a law.
Would I go home saw the home these are the truthful, or these are the true ones.
this is a continuation of the previous verse
since the betterment
and they were from SF.
As I explained last week, one of the tribes
what they had done is
even though they had the opportunity of embracing Islam from the very early stages, various reasons they didn't, and they only embraced Islam at a much later date after the conquest of Mecca.
In the year of delegations, when more or less the whole of Arabia was now turning to Islam.
And as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had declared law hedger at the back and forth,
that there is no hedger after the conquest
the mark of a person's faith and loyalty was by the hitcher,
and specifically the hijra from Makkah to Medina
and with the conquest of Makkah that had come to an end.
So anyone who embraced Islam in the year of conquest or after the year of conquest in the ninth year of hijra, of course they're embracing of the religion was welcome.
And they were to be commended.
But no one after the eighth year of hedger after the conquest of Makkah, could actually compare with the Mahajan on that group of believers, who had believed in the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, embraced Islam in Makkah,
who had stood with him who had suffered alongside him who had emigrated from Makkah to Medina with him.
And who had been, at aside as almost every trial,
every conflict, every adversity,
none of the later believers even in the tone of the prophets of the law equal some of them could compare with them or hardship.
Or with the unsolved
although the Mahajan to precedence, the group that belonged, or the group that was the most virtuous immediately after them was the unser,
the helpers per se from Medina, and which ones in particular, again, those who embraced Islam from the very beginning, because in fact, some of them embraced Islam even before the
they were the ones who invited the prophets of Allah Heidi.
And then along with the Mahajan on, from the very first day of hygiene, and even before they stood with the prophets in the lobby or something, and supported him, all the way up to the conquest of Makkah. With the conquest of Makkah, things changed, and nothing would ever be the same in Arabia. And this meant that there was also a clear distinction in those people who embraced before the conquest, and those who embraced after the conquest in the eighth year of Hitler. And that included this group, the bundle acid, the tribe of acid, who came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam made a number of claims, one that we are believers. Now, the Quran does not deny that they were
believers, as I've explained in detail,
but the Quran reprimands them
and reminds them that eema
is a much higher grade and is a much greater rank
that can only be realized with devotion
with true faith,
with true struggle with true sacrifice
and none of
have yet been witnessed from you, because you've embraced Islam at a much later stage. So your Islam is not denied.
But realize that Islam is the apparent embracing of the faith, by word, by giving the testimony by verbally testifying that I believe in Allah and His Messenger, some of the law, my legal signature, but whether that verbal testimony is reflected in the faith, of the hot, whether that apparent submission
is reflected in the true submission of the heart, that is another mat.
So, do not claim that for now suffice with the declaration that you have become Muslim, but do not make claims of faith.
That is a very lofty claim, indeed. Then having corrected them.
And also reminding them that you should say Islam now we have embraced, apparently, we have submitted, but an email has not yet entered your heart. But if you do obey Allah and His Messenger, some of the law it will send them a lower reward you fully,
you will not suffer in the least. And you will not lose that.
Then last panel with Anna as a continuation tells them, so we have to understand the context of these verses. This is a discussion of the burn acid, the tribe of acid who made the claim of faith and Allah correcting them, and then telling them who the real people of faith were, at the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and at the time of the revelation of these verses, so the description that la gives here, is specifically about those Muslims those companions also how about the Allah, one, who believed in the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, and who stood with him, who suffered along with him, and who fought by his side, all the way up to the conquest of Makkah. This
the background to the revelation of this verse is a continuation of the previous verse. So our last panel with Anna tells them that do not make the claim of faith. Rather, you should say of yourselves, we have merely submitted
as for true faith, as for email, as well who are the real believers, as for who are the mean, they are those who largest scribes here, then he says, Allah, the intimate men, all the believers are only
who have believed and who have believed, believed
in Allah His Messenger
filmen amiata, then they did not.
So who is this a description of it's a description of the companions of the Allah,
who believed in the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam in the face of adversity,
braving dangers and hardship, in muckety muck from the very first day.
I was explaining, coincidentally, today in the gym,
I was actually speaking about the significance of hedges.
It's something to note
that we are in the first month of the 1400 and 38th year
from the hedges of our souls and the love it was sending them.
And so how about the alarm collectively
agreed that the Islamic calendar should be calculated
from a momentous event, as almost every nation civilization
has done so.
But what was that momentous event from which the companions of the Prophet some of the love it was send them under the leadership or
your loved one mean? decided to calculate the Islamic calendar
the momentous event that they chose collectively. Wasn't Even the birth of the prophets of the love it.
Even though someone had suggested it, it wasn't even the birth of Islam, even though some had suggested it
Also the beginning of the revelation of God.
Know, the Sahaba of the alarm who ultimately chose the hedger as the most momentous event from which the standard calendar would be tabulated.
And that's saying something.
They regarded the hedges
as being more significant, more momentous, more decisive than even the birth of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and the birth of Islam itself.
And in the words of
the alarm rang, he said, on that occasion that we will mark it from the hedge,
which was the distinction between happened
between truth and falsity.
So, why did the Sahaba of the alarm, attach such significance to the hedger to the emigration?
Why did Allah in the Quran as well in a number of places, distinguish between the Mahajan all those were done for those who had emigrated and those who had
and the unsolved so a lot always mentioned the Mahajan first, and then the answer
and significantly the helpers were those the Mahajan were those who did hedge before the conquest of Mecca and the Maharaja unsolved were those who assisted the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam before the conquest of Mecca.
What made what was the reason for Allah and the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam distinguishing between these two groups and all other Muslims, even during his time.
It's because they passed every test of faith.
They stood with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam from the very beginning when it wasn't worthwhile to be a Muslim.
In fact, if we look at it,
hostile historians have always tried to explain away the
of Islam by
the early Muslims in Mecca.
some of the ideas suggested are
that the early Muslims were all vulnerable people.
Prime ripe for exploitation.
They were desperate.
prophets of Islam gave them a false hope. So they clung on to that how
economic dependence, so their conversion that embracing Islam was for economic reasons. Or it was for social reasons, because they were without status.
So either without wealth, and Islam offered them wealth and riches, or they will without social rank and status, and Islam gave them a social
position and significance.
that they will we can oppressed.
And Islam gave them protection, but talking about Makkah, and Islam gave them protection,
and so on.
None of these claims make any sense whatsoever, because the
political, social, economic climates of Arabia,
throughout the peninsula, and even more so in Mecca,
was such that if anyone was poor,
it was economic suicide to become a Muslim.
If anyone was regarded as being socially inferior, and lacked significance and standing in position and influence, it was social suicide to become a Muslim.
And if anyone was weak and oppressed and lacks strength
Wanted protection and security,
then it was mortal.
It was mortally dangerous and it was fatal.
In that regard to actually become a Muslim and join the band of followers around the prophets of the law it was
none of these claims make any sense.
It was something else that attracted the Muslims.
Furthermore, not all of them were poor.
Below the alarm hubbub of the alarm,
and others, Amar are the alarm were indeed poor.
And there were others too.
they were far better off
economically and financially in their previous position.
When they would have ever been with the profits of the law, it was not speaking from a financial aspect.
But there were a few. So how about the law one more poll, I will back with man.
And many of the others have borrowed the alarm,
siren of NaVi waqas
and many of the senior Mahajan
they weren't impoverished in any way whatsoever.
nor were they
regarded as being socially inferior. They came from the leading clans and families of the average. They were men of standing in position.
Mr. de la one, despite his young age, actually had a seat in what we can call the Moroccan senate without
the house where they would all gather.
So despite his young age that was actually occupied and dominated by the elders of the Rh
been a lot of the alarm despite his young age,
an influential vocal and eloquent member, an active member of that sentiment
and so on. None of these arguments of impoverishment of poverty or financial need of social searching for standing or protection and security none of these arguments hold any water when you regard the political, social and economic climates of Arabia and Makoto makara in particular.
In fact, it was the opposite.
Many of us have battled the alarm by embracing Islam by joining the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
and by then doing hedger from Mecca to Medina. They forfeited
their right to family wealth, their right to train a worker of the alarm orange trade suffered when he embraced Islam. So the man with your loved ones trades,
if anything, when the first Hitler from Makkah to Abyssinia took place, see the North man of my family Allah and left along with many of the Sahaba of the alarm.
Everything points in the other direction.
If they wanted peace, security, safety, protection, wealth, social standing prestige, then all of these requirements demanded all of these aspirations demanded that they actually oppose the profits of the law it was go with the flow, join with the rest,
sing the chorus, and not only refused to become Muslim, but become active opponents of the small band of followers around the Prophet Silla and
yet in the face of all of that
this group of believers, men and women, young and old, rich and poor,
have great social standing, or have meager backgrounds. All of them embraced Islam and stood with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam as equals.
So what was it it was something else and that was the ultimate display of him.
So under the
I mean, Allah describes the companions or early companions, and specifically, the Mahajan and the early unsolved.
But the believers are only those
who believed in Allah and His messenger from Adam era
than they did not.
And how did they not allow
and mold me as the alarm, witnessed the martyrdom of his own father and mother.
And his mother was the first martyr of Islam, the first person to be killed, and she was a woman on two men.
And she was taught,
they be held each other's torture.
And yet they did not swear in their faith, below the alarm, Maria.
And many of the others have added the alarm, they did not have a look at a severe call of the alarm
because of a social standing.
They didn't, physically, while they didn't torture him, although he was attacked too, as we know, where once he was brutally set upon,
to the extent that one of them, sat on his chest, and beat him on his face with his sandals until his face became blooded, and he fell into him consciousness
abubaker the alarm, even at the time of marriage,
when they were gleefully seeking an opportunity to ridicule the Prophet sallallahu, Alayhi, wasallam and even abubaker for the alarm, because there were certain that when we confronted with this fancy tale of his friend visiting the heavens, surely Abubakar cannot support him on this occasion. And we will gleefully observe his reaction. And yet when he was confronted, without any doubts, without any hesitation or reservation, it will buckle on the alarm said, If Mohammed Omar Abdullah, is making this claim because he heard it from others. If he is making this claim, then I fully believe
and in fact, it's said that this is when and why he earned the title of the the veracious one
be extremely honest.
Trust were the one the trusting.
So they did not
in the face of ridicule, even under torture,
and Subhana Allah. There are countless stories of men of women,
of former slaves of slaves of rich and poor, young and old, all of whom, in Morocco, Morocco.
We were oppressed, and yet, they embraced Islam they believed in the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and they did not swear in
the Sahaba of the alarm rang him along with the prophets of the law, it was seldom used to pray Salah in secret.
Why would it make any sense they used to
visit one another in secret in order to study the poor. They used to gather in secret to praise Allah in small congregations in homes.
The Sahaba of the Allahu Allah
would guard the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on occasions inside his house.
And they wouldn't open the door. They wouldn't let him open the door, they would open the door first to ensure that no one with a hostile intent came see.
So how about the alarm who lived in isolation, they lived in fear for their lives. And this is why they emigrated in the first wave of hijra from Qatar as a senior. Then in the second wave of hedger from cassava senior then in the 13th. Year of Islam from macadam II.
This was a true test of faith and this is why Allah subhanho wa Taala honored the Mahajan because they passed
many tests of faith. And one of them, probably one of the greatest ones was Hitler was the emigration from gutter Medina. And then after the hedge,
there was still persecute,
but they have some safety and security and in the second year,
hedger in bed
alarm it was seldom when he requested this harbottle the alarm to join him. He did not want to burden the inside.
So he only expected the Mahajan stand with him. But the Ansel also reassured him that our messenger of Allah, we will not leave your son.
And then in the third year of his life we had they had offered. And in the fifth year of hijra, there was
the campaign against Medina, known as 100, the Battle of the trench.
All of these were major events.
And they stood
with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam an interesting question here.
I was teaching mahadi to
the students a few weeks ago,
what we continue to teach, but this question arose a few weeks ago, one of the students asked
because in Wahhabi itself,
in so he grew up,
there is no section known as the book of seed.
And why am I mentioning this? Because what I just said, after the first year of Hitler,
in the second year of Hitler, there was but in the third year of Hitler, there was
in the fifth of Hitler there was hanged up.
So why are we mentioning only the major battles
in the second year,
in the third year of hedra, in the fifth year of Hitler.
This is one of the objections sometimes rains so I'd like to clarify something.
And in order to clarify, let me give you the example of the question raised by one of the students in the class, when I was explaining that in the whole double Hardy, there is no section
about SEO of the profitable alarm, it said no.
But there is something called cadabra masazi.
The Book of Expedition
and these expeditions,
so they mainly deal with these major battles and conflicts.
There is no book known as the book of seal.
So I explained to the students that in reality, this is the book of sila. Traditionally,
the works of sia and the collections of Sierra were all known as molars.
They weren't known as a senior. So the earliest works, I've seen the written works.
stretching back all the way to the second century of Islam.
We see it even notice how
and before him
most of Napa
they were actually known as the mahasi.
So most of Naropa was senior to immunize her. And Buhari actually relies more on the CEO of Muslim Aqua, who died in 14134 narrations related to the seed of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam about the biography of the prophets of Allah it was unknown, but
it's not known as a seed of the Prophet sallallahu. wasallam is known as the mallozzi of the prophets and the love it was seldom the expedition's of the prophets in the law it was even even though it's hard work.
Although later he came to be known as a seeder. Mainly it was referred to as the mallozzi of even though it's hard the collections of ignite his heart in relation to the mallozzi meaningly expeditions.
So one of the students asked that why is it
in the earliest days
The works of Sierra were all called masazi.
Does that not
justify some people's concern?
And does that not corroborate since some people's objection
that the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was merely a tribal leader who engaged in conflict and led military expeditions.
And that's all he was. Because our history right at the beginning, or the books of Sierra rights at the beginning, were more known as Mahara.
And this is a constant discussion. Like even now I'm speaking about the second year of Hydra but and the third year of hedger and the fifth year of the hospital. And so I said to the student, he was a spontaneous question. I gave him a spontaneous answer, but it will help others as well. I said to him, there's a reason for it, is because in the nation of every history story in the history of every nation and civilization, things are marked. milestones are marked and remembered by momentous events.
But what are the momentous events, people rarely discuss daily life. So in those days,
there was very little writing, the Arabs were a people of oral history, rather than written history.
It would hardly run some wood, yes, but they were a nation who relied on oral tradition rather than written tradition.
Forget, 14 centuries ago, I said to the students, now, over the past 100 years, over the past 120 years or so at least,
part of this century and the whole of the last century, we've had the benefits of recording every moment of history,
with writing, with photography,
with moving images, right at the beginning of the previous century,
and then with black and white cameras, and then color cameras.
And then computers, and towards the end with the internet.
So we have the benefits 14 centuries on of remembering every almost every single day of the past century.
But I'm going to give you a quick test. And I said to the students and I'll give you the same as well.
Tell me momentous events from the first decade of the last century. Quickly, quickly, first decade,
the students in the flash So tell me, no one could answer the second decade, everyone said Second World War was 41st world,
third decade, nothing.
In the first decade, nobody remembered the invention of the of the plane, the discovery of flight, various other things. second century.
First World War, third, third, sorry, second decade, First World War, third decade, the depression, various other things, nothing. The era of prohibition, nothing.
1930s second world war
40s end of the Second World War, nothing else.
The creation of the United Nations, and the independence of many of the former colonial countries, no 6050s blank 60s 50s. One person said Cold War
60s, nothing 70s 80s and
90s Gulf War
at the turn of the decade.
And, and so I said so.
Over the past century, we've had TV, we've had computers, we've had photography, we've had the internet, almost we enjoy almost 99.99% literacy
and yet, even for the past century, what does everyone recall these are the milestones of any nation.
of, of history of civilization, people always these are the things that are etched in people's memories because these are watersheds.
These are the major shifts. These are the sudden and dramatic changes.
These are the sudden transitions from one condition to the next. And this is what people remember, not the mundane daily details of life.
So I said if,
if you've just done that, almost every history,
the history of every civilization, Han nation has done that. That's also true for the earliest arrows. This is why they refer to the Maha Zee of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, not because that was the focus later, if people turn to Europe, and said, the whole of the 20th 20th Well, the whole of the century, late centuries, which is marked by war, so all we know about
the 20th century is
war, war war. Is that all the evidence?
Going back to what I was saying, This is what marked the changes.
Why is he remembered because of the wall
in many ways, as a historical fact, in terms of politics.
He wasn't great. He remembered for his policies or for his politics, because he, he switched parties as well.
What was he remembered for, for the wall?
in terms of policies, and politics,
and social progress, and other political domestic achievements, he ranked far greater, much higher than Churchill. But he was regarded as a failure because of the war.
So it's war that made or broke men. It's war that made or destroyed reputations.
And it was always about conflict, that at that, at the critical juncture of a conflict, how did people stand? What did people do? When loyalty was demanded, when loyalty was need?
How people stood them. And this has been the case with Apple. And so even with the profits of the love, it was seldom and the Sahaba of the alarm on Google around.
When they did, they arrived in a new place, they settled, they devoted themselves to their faith.
But because of this ongoing conflict with
the Moroccan state,
it's inevitably led
to a battle in the second year of HR.
And that's what made the difference.
Again, in the third year of hedgerow with Orford, and then again, there were also intervening skirmishes, but again in the fifth year of hedger with the campaign of the trench.
So this is why we refer to these important events and these milestones, because this is what was etched in people's memory. And not only that, but collectively, we're not just talking about individual incidents. But collectively, this was a real test of loyalty. And these were major watch.
Dramatic incident, and radical shifts from one state to the other. This is why people remembered them, and this is why we mentioned them in that manner. So our last panel with Allah says here, that the believers are only those who believed in Allah and His Messenger through millimeter, then they did not,
which will be a one in one four same, and who fought with their lives and with their wealth. And this is a reference to the history of the early companions, from the time of their emigration from Makkah to the conquest of Mecca for eight years.
And this was a reminder to those people have the acid try who claimed faith and who claimed deeper email. The last panel with Allah tells them, yes, say that you are Muslim, say that you've submitted apparently, but do not claim higher in a faith. That is, if you really want to see why is Allah saying that he man has not yet entered your heart? It's not because they were hypocrites. It's not because they were
They hadn't believed at all, is because they had embraced Islam, but only relatively recently, and only in peacetime. And only after the struggles had ended. So last panel with the data tells them that the true believers are these meaning the companions, the Mahajan and the Ansel of the early years, till the eighth year of hintikka. Look at them. They are the ones who have believed in Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they have not doubted, or swerved or wavered in the least.
And they stood with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when he bled, they bled with him. When he fought, they stood alongside, and they sacrifice their lives and their wealth, in the way of Allah. Allah than ends reverse by saying, Allah go home, sorry, boom, these are the truth.
So do not misunderstand the context. This is in reference to the early companions, that are the allies and allies, comparing them with the claimants of the US a tribe, who had just embraced Islam. And yet we're claiming higher faith and deeper email. Allah then continues by saying, to the moon, Allah, we didn't say to you,
I wouldn't use the words teach Allah your thing, or the literally that's what it means.
say do you apprise Allah of your faith?
Do you make Allah aware
of your thing?
Lovely and amorphous, somehow earthy or mouthfeel? When Allah knows all that is in the heavens and in the earth, Allah.
And Allah has all knowing of all things. This is in reference to the previous verse. Not just the one we've just completed, but the one before that one, which we did last week, when they said,
Arlington RR wireman, the veteran said, we have believed
we have faith we have
sort of lost would their honor tells them here on the moon, Allah be the nickel. What do you make Allah aware of what's in your hands,
that you claim to have true faith and religion.
And you say it in such a manner, as though you are informing a lot and telling him of what your hearts contain.
When Allah is the one who knows all that isn't the heavens and the earth and the lies all knowing of all things. What this means is,
do not be mistake. Alone, that was the reality of your faith of your piety. And this is
clarified by another verse of the Quran in which our last panel with Anna says
he is more knowing and aware of you.
He knew more often
with an agenda to feeble Tony Mahathir when you were fetuses in the wombs of your mothers, for that was a coup and full circle.
Therefore do not declare yourselves to be pure,
who are alone with him in his car he ally is more knowing and more aware of one who is more conscious and wary of a loss.
So do not fall out as a one.
Do not declare yourselves to appeal. So here as well, Allah tells a better in that what do you really
try to make a law aware of what's in your hands by claiming that you have email?
Email has not yet entered your hearts? Yes, you're Muslim, you've embraced apparently.
But do not regard yourself as belonging in the same category as the true believers who have proven their faith with the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam for the past eight years from the time of the Hydra, till the conquest of Makkah.
In the penultimate verse of the surah last panel with Allah says, You will nomadic and
boast of their faith to that they have embraced Islam.
Do not boast of your favor. To me of your Islam.
Bonilla Amano la caminhada Camilla Imani in quantum sada P. Rather, Allah boasts of his favor to you
that he guided you to faith. If you are true, again, it's a reference to the lesson
I said earlier on that they made a number of claims.
One of them was, we are not meant we are believers.
The other claim that they made was that they told the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam or messenger of Allah, we have believed in you,
without ever having fought against. So unlike some of the other tribes, who opposed you, and who fought against you,
we have never been in conflict with you.
So, yes, we've come to embrace now we've embraced Islam now. But even before we never fought you, we never opposed you. unlike some of the other tribes, who have embraced but they have a history of conflicts with
sort of last panel with Allah tells them that you will nomadic and that a messenger of Allah, they boast of their favor to you of that embracing Islam, that the manner in which they have embraced
by never opposing you by never engaging in conflict with you.
So say to them, our messenger of Allah, do not post of your Islam to me,
do not boast of your favorite to me,
that you have done me no favors by refraining from opposing me or engaging in conflicts with me.
One, you cannot compare yourself to the true believers, the companions, who are with the profits of the law,
and the fact that you remain neutral
before it's now and that you speak of that neutrality in such terms, is unbefitting.
Because that's almost like you are boasting of your favor to the Prophet.
don't boast of your favor. If anyone should boast, it should be Allah subhanho wa Taala who tells you, that you the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam should not be thankful to you that you never opposed him and that you embraced now without having a history of conflicts with him. Rather, if anyone should be thankful it's not the Messenger of Allah, it's you, you should be thankful that lack of guidance
if you are true
so they boast of their favor to
have that Islam
that they have embrace say to them do not boast of your Islam to me rather love boasts of his favor to you.
But he guided you to a man to faith in quantum sadly if you are if you are true
in the law he Adam aveva summer worth you will have a lot Have a seat on the mat darman. Indeed, Allah knows all that is sorry, Indeed, Allah knows the unseen of the heavens and the earth. And Allah is watchful of watching it.
This brings us to the end.
The meaning of this final verse is self evident. And this brings us to the end of sort of your job. Now before we conclude, I would just like to go through a quick summary and wrap up the theme of the surah.
As I mentioned, right at the beginning, the theme of the sutra is the Society of Medina.
The teachings of Islam shaped the society.
And it was an egalitarian, equal, just fair, social,
community and society.
And this theme runs through the entire source
from the very beginning.
So right at the beginning, we'll learn about p
recognizing their boundaries and their limits.
And showing respect.
A lot of respect is to do with recognizing one's boundaries.
So when people recognize their boundaries with Allah, first of all, how can a person
recognize their boundaries and their limits?
With creation, when they fail to stop at the limits, and when they fail to recognize the boundaries with their Creator?
If someone is disrespectful to their Creator,
how can they be respectful to the creation?
If someone violates the boundaries, with Allah, the creator, what prevents them from violating boundaries with creation.
So love begins the sutra by setting the boundaries and reminding the believers that do not overstep the mark.
Do not try to surpass Allah and His Messenger some of the lie. Why the messenger because he is a represents.
So the surah begins by laying the boundaries, and reminding the believers that recognize your boundaries and your limits with a law and respect. Respect the Creator, respect the boundaries.
And part of that respect, is not just to observe the limits of the law is not just to observe the letter of the law, rather than the very second verse speaks about respect. The first one is about recognizing the boundary. The second one is about social respect, etiquette.
And that means it's not just about do's and don'ts Hello, and how long
was someone rigidly inflexibly adheres to the law
and is very careful,
but socially inept,
lacking etiquette, and manners
and behavior. Now,
along with recognizing the boundaries, one has to show genuine respect.
And part of that respect is etiquette, compassion,
And then obviously the last panel with Allah that instructs the believers first of all to be respectful to Allah to the messenger, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And then
if someone is disrespectful to Allah and His Messenger Salalah, it was sort of them, how can they be respectful to us.
And then following on from the laying of the boundaries and instructing the believers to be respectful which even means being mindful of how to speak with the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and that includes about that includes speech and conversation with each other, how we speak to each other, how we address each, how we engage with each other.
Then the last panel with the other speaks of the incident in which the Bedouin arrived, and disturb the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam by calling out to him in a very unrefined and rough manner.
So that last panel with Allah teaches them etiquettes of
even visiting how to visit people.
showing respect that you needed the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was resting, you should have waited until he came out. That was disrespectful to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but in general, that's how they were, since they had the Bedouin have failed to
develop this refinement. That meant that that's how they spoke. And that's how they behaved with everyone, the Messenger of love each other.
So even the way we speak to each other is part of that other part of that etiquette, part of that respect.
Respecting people's privacy, people's needs. Here. It's so simple in the Lavine and ironic I mean, what are you
If someone's resting you let them rest. This is why in Islam
no one has a right to disturb the other. You're not thrice
there's no answer.
There may be busy, even though you know they're in the hands.
They may be busy,
they may be indisposed.
They may have many reasons for not opening the door.
they genuinely may be not in a mental emotional state to see and you should respect
loss easier your levina an earth flute and redouble your destiny. So what suddenly mohalla
Oh believers do not enter any homes other than your homes, until you seek leave and permission. And until you do not greet the occupants.
These are all parts of the etiquettes of social behavior.
This is good for them good for us.
the phone is included in this.
We have made the phone intrusive.
We knock on people's doors, so how about the 11 they were in the house but they didn't want to open the door they will know that
people would leave
and no one should feel bad about.
These are minor things but they're all part of that etiquette that other that respect.
And then the last panel where there are mentions something far more serious, speak about boundaries limits, respect other an etiquette law speaks about how we form judgments of each other, what we think of each.
So that respect those limits are not just limited to and confined to one speech or one's behavior, we have to recognize those limits and respect those boundaries even in the deepest recesses of our minds and hearts, that without uttering a single word, we should not violate the boundaries in our hearts and minds in relation to us. That means do not judge us do not condemn them in your hearts
do not decide about them Do not judge them do not label does not believe anything about without proof without evidence
did not reach any judgment about.
And then law mentions that all of these law all of these restrictions are not meant to shackle you or to suppress you or to bed.
Rather last panel more data says that wireless Wi Fi comm rasulillah that know that amongst you that is a messenger of Allah, when he teaches you these things, he is no mere mortal. He is the Messenger of Allah. And therefore you should do what he says, rather than expecting him to do what you see why luthier config feed him and I learned that if he was to obey you in what you want, you would suffer first.
And it's true, we should not try to shape the teachings of a lion is that also the lie it was and mold them
to suit our whims and desires.
Rather, we should try to mold ourselves to conform with the teachings of Allah and his noble messengers.
Even during the time of the operation Mecca,
they said to him,
that brings us a plan other than this or change this. So the Quraysh actually said to him, now Mohamed, do you know what we would believe in you, we would follow you we would listen to you. But you know the plan that you thought we don't like this. So replace this with another port
entirely. And if you can't replace that or an entirely change this one.
So last panel with Allah told the prophets Allah it was saved
all my accordingly and all the data or mental are in a in a tibial Lama you have in a that saves for messenger of Allah
that it is not possible for me
It is not permissible for me, that I change the arm of my own accord. In fact, even I in a dilemma you have a, I only follow that which is revealed.
So if the Messenger of Allah could not change the color
so this demand that the Quran be replaced or it be changed, that's as old as Islam itself, it's as old as the Quran itself.
So rather than expect,
the teachings of allowing the teachings of His Messenger sallallahu alayhi, wasallam, to conform to our desires and wishes to our whims and fancies,
we should be trying to mold ourselves to conform to the words of ALLAH is a source of allottee
who is in need of molding and shaping and repairing and reforming who we are that
we are the words are the messengers of the law it
if we went down that path,
we'd have a billion
we'd have a billion
or a billion interpretations of it.
And if we
embark on that journey, and if we adopt that path,
even in our daily lives,
because of our own shifting, changing attitudes, mentality and opinions,
we will take the call and the head even the words of Allah, and the words of Israel salsa, Lola Holly was on a merry go round and on and on a roller coaster ride on an American journey with us.
As we change,
we change the words of alarm is a source of love.
And there is no stability, no conformity, no uniformity, no steadfastness.
Indeed, religion becomes a joke.
What is the last day of the Sahaba of the Allahu
Allah Vina Armin biller who was solely from Adam Yata. Those who believed in Allah and His messenger and then they did not they did not swear they did not waive
in another this in the levina part one Allah
that Allah Allah, Allah,
continue to Adam,
but those who have believed
or those who have said, Allah is our Lord,
through Mr. Kong, then they were steadfast. What happens with them that then asila la Mala Mala?
The angels gradually and continuously descend upon
reassuring them and saying to them, alert half, do not fear, what are and do not grieve
and receive the glad tidings of that Jimena, which you were promised.
for the dunya
We are your guardians, we are your friends, in the worldly life and in the afterlife.
That's because of that is the OG that steadfastness.
A man came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and said to him, Yasuda law advisement. Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to him, amen to the law saying I believe in Allah for him, then remain steadfast.
And duck, duck, why is
that the person remains steadfast. That's the meaning of sub. One of the greatest misunderstandings of the term sub is that we think sub means patience as an English
and we've restricted it to the meaning of a patient
or a patient person.
So we've restricted the meaning of support to patients in English. ie
forbearance and patience, that's all.
But in Arabic sub
doesn't just mean patience. Sub actually means steadfastness. Which means that no change comes over you even in adversity, even in strife, and even in difficulty.
So there is no sudden reaction, no sudden change. Now sudden transformation. That's the meaning of sub. So in English, several should actually be perseverance rather than patience. and patience comes as a secondary,
and that steadfastness.
So we demand rather than as demanding that we,
that the words of Allah and the words of his
ecosystem conform to our wishes and desires.
It should be the other way around, we should be the ones who should remain soft, meaning perseverance, and patient and steadfast and consistent.
observing the words of ALLAH is also in the law, it will
change, let's change ourselves might change the words of alertness, what sorts of the law it was. And that's what Allah mentions here. In the next part, then law speaks about
disagreements and conflict, which is a fact of life, but how should that be resolved.
So even if two groups of believers engage in conflict, there is a way that is a manner of resolving that with justice, with fairness.
then Allah reminds us about brotherhood,
that believers are only brothers amongst themselves.
Therefore, even when you do disagree, even when you do differ, confine that disagreements.
And do not let it spill over, contain it.
And reconcile ourselves. Then speaking of brotherhood, remember this theme of an equal, egalitarian, fair, just compassionate
Allah subhanho wa Taala speaks about brotherhood
that Allah mentions individual constituents components of brotherhood, the Brotherhood can't be realized by mere slogans. But you must avoid things you must do things you must instill things in your character and in society.
And those things I mentioned, the last spot, do not mock one another, do not engage in the sins of the tongue against each other. So earlier on, do not engage in the sins of the mind and heart against each other, then do not engage in the sins of the tongue against each other labeling, name calling, taunting, mocking, and then again, do not engage in suspicion, or spying, or defamation, character assassination backbite.
Now, we may not think much of this, but this is all in keeping with the theme of the sword.
This is what destroys society. In fact, it destroys families.
And then last Anahata, Allah speaks off. Again, something else that's in keeping with this theme.
And that is your Gala. terian. Equality, true equality. Allah in a very powerful and profound verse declares that all mankind we have created you from one man and
you are all equal.
Your color, your complexion, your ethnicity, your racial background, your ethnic background, your language, your nationality, your identity, your kin, your clan, your family, your surname, your titles, none of these confer any special privileges.
All of you are from Adam and Adam was created from the dust of the earth.
this egalitarianism, this brotherhood work, realized during the time of the prophets and the law it was
and then having
concluded that what we covered over the last two weeks was the meaning of true faith.
These are all the things that make
a good community, a good society that lead to that brotherhood, that compassion, that equality, the respecting of those boundaries, those limits the observing of these advocates, which is not mere slogans. But true inner faith, true inner spirituality. And a lot gives the example of the Bedouin, who were late comers to Islam, we embraced,
who boasted of their favor of having embraced Islam without ever opposing the messengers of Allah it was, who felt all sorry, whose words suggested that they were doing someone else a favor by embracing and that others should be thankful for that embracing in that manner, rather than last panel with Allah reminds them, Allah, you should be thankful to Allah that He guide you.
And as a last season that in general, the people of Jimena who will say 111, Lady Madonna and her alma mater, the Alola and Donna LA, the All Praise be to allow letters and guided us to this.
And we will not such that we would have ever found guidance if a law had not guided us.
So we should be thankful to
and that Islam is
is ultimately a parent's mission.
But interfaith is something else, all of these topics come together to create that individual.
First of all, the individual who has true belief in Allah, who submits apparently to Allah, who acts according to the teachings of religion, apparently, but that apparent submission is reflected within with deep inner faith with profound faith
that leads him to speaking, thinking, feeling and behaving in the manner that a lot describes. In though in that manner, which is conducive to achieving brotherhood, creating love and compassion and harmony with others.
Someone who respects limits and boundaries, the boundaries and limits between him and Allah, the creator, between him and the Messenger of Allah
and between him in creation,
when an individual is rounded and grounded in this manner, he or she is merely one individual in a whole community of like minded, similar characterized individuals who make up that society and community
and this is no dream.
This is no fancy.
The community, the society, the individuals have such loft mindedness or such lofty character,
have such profound faith
and brilliant behavior, such as society was realized was seen was observed and witnessed in Medina in the city of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. This is how the Sahaba of the allowing
in the few verses where they were criticized, and where they were reprimanded, we should remember that they were merely they are these are examples being used to educate the rest of the the rest of creation. Otherwise, these were minor lapses which were corrected. In fact, a lark react corrected. Even the profits of the love it was the limit in the Quran, and the live tomorrow the alarm, he was blind, and
you can see the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the orange chieftains of the orange since Abdullah, tomorrow, the alarm was poor, not highly regarded. The Quraysh demanded of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that do not surround yourself with this riff raff, and with this rebel, and we agreed to sit with you and speak to you. We don't want to be seen with them. So one occasion he was seated with one of the chieftains of the Quraysh and Abdullah mimaki. Tomorrow the alarm came, and since he was blind, he spoke to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was engaged with the with someone else, and he hoped that by engaging with him and
speaking to him, I would be able to draw him to religion and win him over as far as the lie of not only McBroom he is already as
See, I believe, so.
I can attend to him afterwards. So the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam declined to entertain him didn't grant him an audience and didn't listen to him at that time. So I'm delighted no matter what of the alarm went away, and then whatever the pressing need was, he came back. So the proper sort of alarm it was sent him again he told him, and continued with the oration. But on this occasion, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam was mildly annoyed and irritated. So he frowned in disapproval of the law on the mock tomorrow de la hora, and obviously didn't see the frown.
But Allah did.
And Abdullah Amato de la I'm left and he was hurt of heart.
A blind, sincere belief
who was regarded as being grossly inferior to the extent that they did not want to sit in his company ie the rash.
His hearts was hurt. And he left last panel where there are no reveal the vs. Ebersole with the will and who will app will my unique Allah Allah whom is that
the amendment is still gonna go to Santa Monica is what Amanda is our worship and Tango de la.
Allah said, speaking in the third person, he didn't even say you did. He said, either. So what he found, he found and turned away
and jack will erema because a blind woman came.
What do you know, oh prophet of Allah. Maybe he wishes to seek purity or be admonished. And then the admonition benefits.
As for one
who regards himself, independence and needless funding.
So you pursue him?
Well, Malaika Allah is aka even though it is not your GT that he seeks purity.
And as for one who comes to you, yes, in haste rushing, Russia was fear. A lot testified to the duck while van de la
Fernando de la. So from him, you turn away
from insha ne This is an admonition meaning.
So whoever wishes he will be reminded thereof. ie last panel without I told the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, you do not need to employ these strategies in order to win their hearts. You do your duty you do what you have to do. This admonition is clear. Whoever wants to believe will believe. Whoever wants to be admonished will be admonished. But in the process of profitable law, in order to attract others do not hurt the believers.
Allah said that to the prophets of Allah.
That in your zeal, in your eagerness, your enthusiasm to when others
do not hurt those who are already your own.
That was Abdullah McAdams, a lot reprimanded even the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and then later it's mentioned and narrated. That when Abdullah who normally mcdon would come to see him, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would honor him and say,
welcome a one regarding who even law reprimanded me.
A welcome a one regarding whom Allah.
So Allah subhanho wa Taala correct and even the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in the Koran, even the wives of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in the Quran, even more of the law, the beginning of the surah, even the other Sahaba of the Allahu anhu and even the Bedouin, because that is the coroner. In fact, in Chateau de la Han has says of a verse of the Quran, that if the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was an imposter, who was the author of the Quran, he would have never included that verse in the Quran. This is about another verse
regarding his marriage to Xena been to Joshua the alarm
the alarm lines, the story she said he would have never included that verse in the Quran if he was an imposter.
So but why does
Law correct the Sahaba the law, even the Shane will buck at an angle, even the wives of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and Allah even corrected my mind the unliving
Allah cherishing Li chastise the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
this is the book,
which is a guide, and in that guide in order to teach the creation and the love and even correct his message,
Allah will correct the most senior Sahaba allowable, correct says household
alone, correct the companion, some of them are all lower correct is creation.
So, in the UK, this was the ideal society that was realized at the time. And even though Allah corrects them in here, this correction is a lesson for us. Otherwise, even those veteran who fail to observe the correct etiquettes towards a sort of loss and the law it or some of them, and law said they understand very little, of course, after this reprimand, they were correct. And even the bundle acid
we embraced and who made some of these claims that law correct here.
Even they, they became the most sincere and the firmest of believers.
And despite these instances in which they were corrected,
the collective deeds of the room cannot match a moment that they spend with a sort of loss of the law. It wasn't that we're uniquely
So apart from these corrections, this was indeed a society a community that was based on these teachings of sort of,
I pray that Allah subhanho wa Taala enable us to stand may lawmakers amongst those who fought who truly believe in Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam who follow in the footsteps of the noble companions of the Allah. May Allah enablers to observe the Beatle advocates that are expanded in the surah May Allah makers amongst those who recognize and observe the limits and boundaries, set in the surah in relation to our in relation to our Creator, and in relation to the creation, Muslim, almost male lawmakers about those who
observe these who respect and observe these limits and these boundaries, not just indeed, and not just in speech, but even in mind and even in hearts, maybe not judging one another, towards one another backbite one another slander one another, label one another.
And they are law makers amongst those who who realize or and always remain conscious of our origin, that we all belong to the same family. We are ultimately brothers and sisters,
that we are all descendants of one parent, one set of parents of Adam and Eve Muslim, Muslim or non Muslim, we are still all of one
and that there is no one who is better than the other by virtue of race, ethnicity, background,
color, complexion language, rather, the only defining characteristic, the only distinguishing feature
by law is the consciousness of a law.
Nothing else it's the
male lawmakers amongst those whose outer deeds and outer submission is reflected in interface. Male lawmakers amongst those why not just Muslim in the Muslim and motmot will have that email in our hearts was a lot worse than the man after he was sorted into being. While he was sad to hear
that the Federal corner