The Father of the Flame A Tafsir of Surat ‘l Lahab
Channel: Riyadul Haqq
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Surat Lahab is a damnation of Abu Lahab and his family. Being the paternal uncle of the Prophet Muhammad SAW meant that he had a great responsibility to assist and support the Prophet Muhammad SAW. However, when he chose to oppose the Messenger SAW, it was considered so evil by Allah that he and his family have been damned in the Quran for all eternity.
He is the only enemy of the Prophet Muhammad SAW mentioned in the Quran by name. Despite all the wealth he amassed and the children he had, nothing could avail him before the wrath and punishment of Allah and thus he is destined to enter the flaming fire of hell.
Along with his and his family’s traitorous behaviour, some of the core messages of this detailed exegeses is that it is not who you are but what you do that is significant with Allah, even if you are related to a Messenger Muhammad SAW
Along with this message, we learn that no one is responsible for another evil actions and behaviour. The Prophet Muhammad SAW says in a hadith, Whoever deeds keeps him behind, his lineage will not propel him forward.
we'll start in
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respectfulness was last month, on the last Friday of the month, we completed
a brief commentary of sort of relief laughs or
stay as promised, we will read and study
the sewer prior to that.
The batida Aveda
lost count of water and I've saved the
parish the hands of all
the parishes he
might have madhurima gosub
will not surveil him,
and nor what he has
So your salon out of sales gone out on that job. He shall soon enter a fire of flagging
or murder Morocco him
and his wife to
a carrier of five.
Fiji they have Roman mustard on her neck,
a rope of palm fiber.
That's a literal translation of the versus of sort of, sort of the lab.
This is the
fourth super before the end of the
coming just before sort of
sort of the follicle sort of the last.
again, it's one of the most famous sorts of the one that many of us recite regularly in our prayers, both public and private.
The surah has a number of names.
Commonly it's known as sort of
it's also known as sort of the lab
also a sort of sort of a b lab. And there's a there's a fourth name also sort of
taken from the last the last word of the sore Fiji they have muscle
loss, pyramidal dynasties, Perish the hands of Abu lahab and he perished is he he is perished till the end. As you can see the whole surah discusses the family of a Buddha,
the Buddha himself, his wife, and the fact that his wealth and his children will not save him in any way. Well, Marcus, I mean it was acquired IE as well.
I'll do a summary translation of the surah again, and then inshallah we'll discuss the whole background to the revelation of the surah what it actually refers to. So, but the other a be the hub
Perish the hands of Abu lahab ie May he be destroyed, often in the Quran and in in actually in Arabic.
In the Arabic language. Mark in other languages also a part of the body is mentioned that the whole is referred to just like in marriage we say do you accept her hand?
marriage. So, hemmed refers to the purse. And in Arabic This is very common parts of the body is used to refer to the entire body or the person, himself or herself. so here also the but the other,
Perish the hands of Abu lahab.
Meaning May Allah Himself perish May he be destroyed, he's doing
The word is repeated.
And he is perished. So Allah says at the beginning, but the other A B that have been watered, may the hands of Abu lahab perish, or you may he perish, what?
And the word that is repeated again, which means
it doesn't actually mean and make you perish It doesn't say twice. So, the meaning isn't, may a Buddha perish and maybe perish. It's not a simple repetition. Even though the word is actually repeated in Arabic. It's not a simple repetition. The first dub is a prayer.
It's a domination.
It's a curse upon Kabbalah.
And the second word dub is not simply a repetition of that curse. Rather, he actually sees as a statement of fact, that indeed he has perished.
Like in English, one could say
he is dude, may he be doomed? In fact, he is.
And that's exactly what's being said here. But you're not happy with that.
May Allah perish. In fact, he has perished.
Because when Allah subhanho wa Taala curses someone
there's no waiting
for a response.
There's no expectation of when that curse will be accepted when that prayer will be accepted by Allah. Allah subhanho wa Adana himself is personally damning and cursing of all lab. So Allah says the batida Avila have been watered, may Allah perish, what, in fact, he has perished.
will mark us up and what he has acquired,
meaning his children, what he has acquired refers to his children. So, my moto America said his wealth and his children will not avail him either they will not save him, they will not protect him from the curse of the last panel data from perishing from being doomed and down.
from destruction, his wealth will not save him, his children will save his family will not say
say Aslan out on that job. Soon. Very soon, he will enter a fire of flame. Now, of course, all flame all fires have flames.
So why specifically mentioned the word flame here.
The This is actually a subtle play on a hula hoops name.
So Abu lahab was not his actual name that says ganya his technical.
His real name was Abdullah Rosa, the slave of the goddess.
But he was very handsome and he had flaming red cheeks were very radiant complexion and appearance. So his nickname was Abu lahab, the father of the flame
consult last panel who had the honor has
mentioned such words in the surah which are a subtle play on his actual good near his technical in his name. And there's more of this in the whole surah it's only a sort of five verses and yet throughout. That is a subtle play and a comparison to the state of Abu lahab and his wife in the world and what will be their state in the hereafter. So
Soon he will enter a fire offlane
just like his name is Abu lahab the father of the flame because of his flaming red cheeks. But this won't be just a metaphor, he will enter a blazing raging fire full of flames
when Rocco and his wife also not just in business, but also humanity and Hopper, she who is a carrier of firewood, Fiji, they have the muscle on her neck is
a rope or should we say a halter of palm fiber? What does that mean?
Imagine a wood carrier,
they normally have a halter, a kind of sack or similar
cloth which is tied around their necks and holes here on which they in which they fill the firewood or other material. And that is a halt. And now the eat in mccahon its surrounding areas and Arabia, because one of the most famous trees was the palm tree. And they would use every part of the palm tree.
The fibers of the palm tree were very strong, and they were actually in twine these fibers and make ropes and cords out of them. So even these holders, which they would hang around their neck for carrying purposes, would be made from the palm fiber. So Allah is simply describing a normal wood carrier, as was seen and known to the Arabs, and how would they be someone carrying wood in a holster hung around their neck, and that holster would be made of palm fiber. So a lot of simply sketching and depicting and drawing a picture of a typical wood carrier. And then that image of a wood carrier with a halter around her neck of palm fiber, a lot of scribes to abou labs wife, so one
and his wife to she will enter the fire a flaming fire. She who is a carrier of firewood with a rope or a halter around her neck made of palm fiber. Now that's a slightly elaborated translation of the surah. Now let's consider the actual meaning.
You can see the whole sutra is a curse, a damnation and
a very strong review concentre of a Buddha
who was a Buddha. And why does this surah speak so strongly of hula? Undoubtedly it can be seen that he is
someone who a lot curses and dams and promises eternal damnation to
what brought this about.
And another interesting thing
the shows undoubtedly he was an enemy of the prophets of love, it was one of them. But another interesting thing throughout the Koran One of the unique features of the Quran is that the Quran normally does not go into individual specific details.
That's the unique style of the Quran.
The Quran doesn't read like a normal book.
And as a result of this unique style, many have misunderstood the purpose and the style, as well as the literary style of the aura. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has mentioned very few times by name
considering that he is a messenger of Allah.
The names of women aren't mentioned.
Maria Medina has salons mentioned. But again for a specific reason.
Not a single Companion of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is mentioned with the exception of xid.
The alarm rang the at one time adopted some of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam apart from him, no one else from the family or of the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is mentioned by naming
and when they are the Allah has mentioned, he is mentioned for a specific reason.
The same goes to the enemies of the Prophet salallahu it
the many enemies are referred
to as Masha in a mean
way liquid lomasa lomasa
for our eight minutes
woman and NASA your typical photo hoofing Hey Are they doing Yeah, we should look at
this, these are just some of the verses, which the what a man say refer to specific indirect individuals from the enemies and the hypocrites.
way that I got some from some of them on our own. But throughout the Quran, even when the enemies are being referred to, they are not named.
Sometimes the deeds are mentioned, or some song is mentioned, or their statements and words are simply quoted. But they are not mentioned by name of the enemies of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam
with the exception of Abu lahab
Why was Abu lahab mentioned by name in the slide?
So that's something else to consider.
So who was Abu lahab? Why was mentioned by name with an individual identity
was the uncle of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam
his father Abdullah's half brother,
but the fact that he was a half brother should not
less than or dampen his connection with the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in our view, because
of the grandfather, the grandfather of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had a number of wives and many children, and many of them are from different mothers, so only some of them coincidentally,
he was alone he had no
full brother or sister. He was the only child of his mother. But on the other hand, he's out of the alarm was also the half brother of the prophets of the love. It was father Abdullah he wasn't full brother. So Sophia, the alarm rang her the Auntie of the prophets and the love it was, again, was a half sister to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam hands down Sufi out of the love and Homer were full brothers and sisters, from one mother.
So many of the uncles and arms were all half brothers and half sisters to each other. So the fact that a Buddha wasn't a full uncle shouldn't lessen his relationship with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in our view, according to current understanding, because our understanding is Oh, if someone's only a half brother or half sister, then that connection or relationship with the family is probably not as strong as those waffle brothers and sisters, but mostly Arabs. This was never a case. This was never the case because
on many occasions, most of the family were half most members of the family were half brothers and half sisters to each other. So Abu lahab was the half brother of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his father, but he was one of the blood uncles of the messenger salallahu alayhi wasallam, one of the sons of Abdullah
Abdullah hubbs original name wasn't a Buddha his name was Abdullah was the servant of the goddess
and His gourmia His tekton in the name given to him
as father was father of the flame and as I mentioned, it was a winter his flaming red cheeks and his radiant complexion.
So this was a title of honor actually, the Arabs
This wasn't disparaging or pejorative name, it was actually a name of honor Abu lahab and that's what he was most famous for. Not many people knew him as Abdullah as they refer to him as a Buddha.
And the last parameter with Allah has used the same name in the Quran. But another twist is, Allah has deliberately refrained from using his original name, which is Abdullah Rosa, the slave of Rosa, in order to avoid any connotation of shedding
So I'm going to reserve the servant of the slave of reserve the goddess loves credible data has
ensured that that name is not mentioned at all, even though that was his original name.
despite being an uncle of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
he opposed the messenger alayhi salatu was Salam along with his wife and his wife. Her name was urwa. Her career, her text, her name was Jimmy, and she was more famously known as more Jimmy. So this was Abu lahab and his wife, Jimmy,
and Jimmy was the sister of Abu Sofia.
And these details are important.
Abu lahab was from the family of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and
it was expected of him to help them support the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and not only to help him sports, but to believe in him. But he chose to oppose the messenger some of the linings
and not only disbelieve in him, but oppose him, ridicule him, Harris him and actually join his foes against him.
Being a close family member,
meant that he had a greater responsibility of helping and supporting the profits of the law it was when he chose to oppose him. This was considered so evil by alarming is an assault on the law violation was some of them. That alarm mentioned him by name in the poor and damned in falter. And there isn't there's some background to this.
The Buddha Herbes opposition to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
continued before the revelation of these verses, as well as after
some instances of his opposition are one.
When the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was commanded by Allah, to announce the religion openly, because initially, when in the 14th year of his life, he received the revelation from Allah. And he was he was given Prophet said, Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam only claimed his prophethood and his message to the closest members of the family. And so the ones to believe in him were only in Egypt, Vu ilaha
illa z Mahathir his at that time adopted son, etc, and abubaker or the Allah and one of his close of his best friend, and so on. But short time after that Allah has original commanded him to declare the message openly. And approximately this was about in the third year of prophethood, in the 43rd year of his life, when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was commanded to do so.
He did it in the following manner. Now in order to learn standards, understand the scene and the actual incident. Again, a bit of background to the tradition of the Arabs.
When the Arabs wanted to announce or declare something important or even urgent, their manner of doing it was that
normally this was done when they feared an attack. Like in some cultures, some lands of history that would like fires, you would have watched Harris, etc.
to before warned of danger, the way the Arabs war in McKibben warned each other of any impending danger is that they would climb up to one of the hills or the small mountains or the Hilux surrounding the Valley of Makkah. And from there, they would normally take their clothes, they would run their clothes and then wave them and shops continuously from a high vantage point. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did the same. He climbed up the hill of suffer.
The Hinako suffer the one that we do, say and run between. That's another one. So you climbed on the hillock of suffer and being close to the courtyard of the Garda he began shouting.
That operation he began naming different clans of rH albendazole Hashem are one Why do beltaine oben folic
acid and shrimps and so on.
So the cleanse all began together.
As far as his voice would carry, and people heard him, people began to gather in order to listen to him. Because this was only done on rare occasions.
Those who couldn't actually go to the hill of suffer, they sent others that quickly go and check what's going on. A call of emergency is being made, it was actually an emergency call. When the people had gathered in a very large number, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to them, or Quraysh
if I said to you,
that I can see from behind this hill
and approaching army, who will attack you tomorrow morning or evening?
Will you believe and trust me, or will you rely on rejects me?
So in one voice, they said, of course, we will believe you imaginable and
we have never experienced you lying as
we know of no lie ascribed to you.
So the prophets of the love it was and gave them this introduction first, because that's where and when and how calls of emergency or declarations of emergency were being made.
So he got them and he said, Oh, Rajesh, if I announced to you that I can see an approaching army, from behind these hills, which will attack you tomorrow morning or evening. Will you believe me all your rejects me there, so of course, we will believe you. We have never known you to lie. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam then said, in that case, I am warning you of a great punishment that will soon come.
I believe in me.
I'm the Messenger of Allah. Believe in me. If you refuse to do so, then I warn you of a dire punishment and have dire consequences.
No one said anything of all the people, his own uncle Abu lahab spoke up. And he said,
Is this why you have gathered as here?
Is this all the Bella Casa de Leon? May you be doomed and damned all day long.
And then he actually bent down and picked up some pedals to throw out the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam although he didn't actually throw them.
It was after that incidents that last parameter data revealed sort of a b lab.
And again, like I said, the whole of sort of the lab is a subtle plane, and a reflection of the words, the names, the identities and the behavior of Abu lahab and his family in the dunya as reflected in the hereafter. So he said to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, may you be doomed and damned all day long. The last panel with Allah in response said, name, not the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam be doomed or damned, but yet a B lab may abou lab perish may abou libido and then Allah adds whatever, and indeed he has perished.
To give you another example of the opposition of Abu lahab to the prophets in the law it was
we learn from various narrations that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam remember all of this history is I've looked at the mokara.
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would leave no stone unturned, spare no effort in inviting people to the religion of Islam.
As part of that effort, he would visit the market fairs, which were
special occasions when the Arabs would gather from all over Arabia at these huge fairs. And it would only last for a couple of days. And there was great festivity and celebration, feeding and drinking, and poetry and competitions and trade. But there were these fairs would only last for a few days, and there were many of them scattered throughout Arabia, one of the most famous of them was golf. But there were others as well, for instance, was one known as the majaz. So at the fare of the images, this is one incident but of all the profits in the long run he was someone would do this whenever possible, and wherever possible, and a Buddha would not be far behind. But this hadith
actually describes in great detail what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa
them used to do, in the words of a companion, who remember seeing him from that time. And then he related the whole incident in Medina. And the Hadith is well known, led by mama Muslim and by others, the companion or the Allah says, I remember when I was very young, I visited the markets fair of images with my father. And I saw a young man.
Well, a young in the sense, middle aged, and I saw a man
walking amongst the people and amongst the crowds, and telling them, that old people believe in me, you shall be saved, believe in me, you will succeed.
Some would listen to him and then walk away, others would ignore him, some would listen to him attentively. But whenever he would, walk and visit a group of people and address them, not far behind, there would be another man walking, actually throwing pebbles at and when the profits when sorry, when this man would speak to a group of people and say what he had to, and then move on. The other man would come to the same group of people and say to them, ignore him. He's,
he's one of our people is a madman, we have actually tried treating him. But
no medicine, and no cure seem to work for him. So ignore him. He's a shame and an embarrassment to our clan.
And he would actually throw pebbles. So the companion with the alarm says that I remember as a very young man at that time. I said to my father, who is this? And what is he saying, and who is this following. So he said, this is Mohammed, the son of Abdullah, who claims to be a messenger of Allah, and that behind him is his uncle of Allah.
And Allah actually continued to do this at different fairs, even during the Hajj.
So even in Mina, during the Hajj, he would do the same with the prophets and the love it who suddenly,
again, give you another example of his deep opposition to the messenger alayhi salatu was Salam.
In the seventh year of prophethood, in the fourth seventh year, of the prophets and the love it or someone's life, approximately,
decided to boycott the claim of
harsh and brutal harsh
and they declared this boycott.
The whole blue ocean community wants to be isolated, and excommunicated, ostracized. Now, again, in order to understand what this meant, we need a bit of background and history.
in Makkah, as well as throughout Arabia.
There was no law, there was no central authority, there was no government.
There was no security.
Family meant everything.
Once family was one's security, one's police, one's army, one's kin, one's blood, one's clan, one's protection, one's welfare.
There was no concept of a nation per se, there was no concept of a state there was no concept of a nation state.
in today's climates in
today's context, an individual can choose to remain an individual.
So, if a person wants to move away from their family, they do so without
any serious consequences. They just live their own life,
their food, their drink, their welfare, their well being, their security,
their protection, all of these things are taken care of by different sectors, different departments and different aspects of the nation state.
But in Arabia, there was no concept of central government, central authority, nation states, nation states, nothing, security, Police Force, Army, nothing. Everything depended on the family.
And that's why an individual couldn't survive as an individual.
the way the whole system works, the way that whole society was structured, is that you have the individual who have the immediate family
His brothers, his sister's, his
his parents and his in laws, that was the immediate, immediate family. But the family itself couldn't do anything.
If 10 families got together and attacked a single family that would wipe them out.
So what protection was there for that one family, that protection was the collection of their related families and their clan. And then that clan, each clan would not be able to survive by itself.
But the clan would, the clans would come together as part of a tribe, a small tribe, and then the small tribes would come together
as part of a super tribe.
And that's how they actually lived. So this was the balance of power throughout Makkah, Medina, Medina, the whole of Arabia. These are very important points. The reason being, you can't actually understand the car, or what what happened in Makkah and Medina without understanding these dynamics of a tribal society.
Why were tribes so important? Why were the Arabs so particular about lineage and blood, where everything mattered?
So Well, sort of where the lineage and the name and the blood and the clan and tribe where these things really mattered.
Reason is, for them, the family, the clan, the tribe was everything that was a nation that was their army. That was a security that was that state. That was their law. That was their governments that was the authorized without family kingdom, clan, and individual would be extremely vulnerable, like a lamb in a pack of wolves.
In the fourth seventh year of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his life of rage decided to boycotts but we'll hash. Why?
Again, the reason was Qin clan and family when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam declared profited. And three years later, he announced profits publicly, approximately three years later, and people began began embracing Islam. This also explains a very common question. Surely people ask, as I used to ask myself when I was a child, and I should read the stories of the Sahaba of the Allah, and that persecution and monger
I just always asked myself as a very small child, why didn't the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and Abu Bakar or the loved one? And the more Senior Companions? Why didn't they protect, beloved or the alarm?
of the alarm?
His father, yes, his mother's mania and the others? Why was it that there was a division some of the people in Makkah tortured and even killed, martyred, like so me out of the Allahu angle?
And yet others like the Allahu Allah, they suffered no physical persecution per se, and walked out of the locker room? Or did someone like murder the Allahu Allah did.
And apart from the inconvenience, etc, the profits and the love I'd even send them wasn't attacked per se. But what kind of the alarm was? So
in order to understand the answer this is that the answer lies in the dynamics of the tribal society and relationship.
People wouldn't attack
or persecute or torture some of us Or how about all the law, even though they were individuals simply because an attack on that one individual meant an attack on their family, the family would come together, that family if they came together word and bond meant everything to the Arabs. So if an Arab said to someone, I grant you protection, they would defend the person to whom they had granted protection till they died unless they renounced their protection. So people would actually go around looking for protection. The prophet SAW love it, who sent them in the 15th year of his life and the 10th year have profited three years before Hitler. Why did he go to life? he actually
went to buy to seek the protection of the tribe a thief because his uncle had passed away.
and with the passing away of
protection of burn hashing, no longer existed, because leadership of the new hashing pass from a Buddha Lim, to who of all people.
So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had to go elsewhere to seek protection. And this is the same with Abu Bakar, the Allah and you may recall story where he left MacArthur macabre, and someone maps him on the road and said, Where are you going? And he said, I'm leaving Mecca.
And he said, Well, look, I would be a poorer place without you in every way. So I'm working on the law who said that, who will protect me. So even though the one who met him was a pagan, he said to him, I grant you protection. And he brought him back to Makkah when he announced in the courtyard of the Gabba that I grants protection to abubaker. So if one person granted protection to an individual, that meant they had the protection of that individual, if the one who was protected was attacked, that meant an attack on the protector and the guarantor and attack on the guarantor as an individual meant facing the whole family, and they would rise, they wouldn't, they will not somehow
lay in this day and age everyone's
every person for themselves, but no the Arabs. Regardless, they would rise in protection for each other, the family would stand for one individual, and the clan would then stand for that family, and that the other clans have the same sub tribe would stand for that one plan. Because of this balance of power, each attack would mean an endless series of consequences, a chain reaction, this is why the pagans resisted. It was only because of this balance of power, and these tribal dynamics where a climate was extremely weak or a family was weak, and they never had the protection of other clans. Then, like savages they went, torturing them, murdering them in Makkah.
in the case of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam when he has profited, and he spoke about oneness and thought he the monotheism, the range
they didn't approach the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam directly, of course, they did. But Prophet sallallahu Sallam told them, that these are my beliefs, and this is what I am calling you to. And when they realize that they couldn't turn the messenger later, Salatu was Salam. They couldn't convince him to stop his that Allah and His call. They approached
the chief of his clan, and who was the chief of blue Hashem at that time. The chief Abu Hashim was upon him his uncle
who have been watching again, so very, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his father was Abdullah Abdullah father was Abdullah Abdullah Philip's father was harsh and harsh and his father was abdominal.
And abdomen AF, had a number of sons, four of them were most famous.
one of the sons was hashing. The other son of abdomen was
another son of abdomen f was nofal. And another son of abdomen f was up the sharps. So these were four brothers, Hashim nofal, and AB the sharps
and the children of Hashem. All of the children of Hashem. What actually was only Abdullah Abu Talib was the only son of Hashem Barbuto had many sons, so the whole family of the children and the grandchildren and the great grandchildren of her son when I was little hushing the children grandchildren great grandchildren of Polly well known as the balloon party.
And same for nofal and the same for AB the shops will make the famous and infamous enemy
sorry, Rupa rubia,
Son of the Father of Abu Sufyan, abusive parent herself.
All of these were from the
And they had a subdivision called omiya. So all the millions were from the shops. Now. This is important because what actually happened, they were the whole of the operation approached the chief of police
Who will die? And they said to him, Look, stop your son from saying what he says. But we'll find him spoke to the Prophet, some of the lahardee some Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told him that uncle, as this reported, if they were to place, the sun in my right hand and the moon in my left hand,
and burden me with these two bodies, and then say to me, that under the torture and the weight of these two bodies, I should leave my call to Allah, I will still not do
so without realizing the conviction, and the fairness and the steadfastness of his nephew, said to him, oh, my son, do what you have.
No one will harm that meant the protection of his uncle, he was already protected. But despite telling him that I won't assessed his uncuttable diet, except to him, no matter what you do, you have our protection.
Since the prophets of the love, it was almost from the claim of Bernal Hirsch, he had no brothers, no sisters, and there's no fall.
But he had the protection of his uncle who was the chief of the whole clan. That meant that even though the others didn't believe in Him, including parliament, and the children of a party, with the exception of say that I think a lot more in early stage, everyone stood by the member of their family.
So, in fact, we learn from the narrations that over time, his his cousins, some of them who were pagans, would still defend the Prophet, some of the largest sums house.
So when the party was approached, and I will tell it then said, Look, I refuse to stop him, let him continue to do what he does. They repeatedly approached Bartlett. And then finally, in the 47th, year of hijra, sorry, in the fourth 70, of the province of the lice was live. And the seventh year, they approached double bottom again with an ultimatum. And they said to him, we want you to either stop Mohammed, or we want you to renounce your protection. Because you can't have both. You can't say that you won't stop. And at the same time, say to us that he has my protection, so that he can do what he wants, continue to insult our gods. Otherwise, if we attack him, then you will defend
him, and we will have to face you, we can't do we can't have both. So we give you an ultimatum. You either stop Mohammed once and for all, or your announces protection, and then leave him to us and hand him over to us so that we deal with
and if you choose not, if you decide not to hand him over, or stop him, then we the whole of Quraysh will make an enemy of the whole of metal hash.
So that's what they did.
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam refuse to desist from his call, by live continued with the protection of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and because of the whole cannibal Hashem remained with him in protecting the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when they announced their boycotts. They said, no one in Makkah,
will trade with the claim of Hashem that we will not intermarry. We will not protect them. We will not trade with them. We will not exchange gifts with them, we will not help or support them. We will not even provide food and drink for
they will be ostracized they will be excommunicated, isolate. They are not us.
We won't even speak they actually and the clams got together. And they ratified this and created a document which they hung in the gap
as a sacred notes, and the boycott abou Hashem began, it wasn't. It wasn't a small affair. We learn that during that time.
Despite the whales and the cries of children, food would be restricted from reaching but were harsh and and all of them were Hirshman came together in the small ravine or valley of a barn. It wasn't a valley but just a ravine of double barn, where his house was, the whole area became a refugee ground a refugee camp for the whole of blue Hashim. Some of them to quench their thirst and to satiate themselves, or to protect themselves from the pains and the perils of hunger. They would actually chew on leather.
And this continued for over two years, almost three years.
When I will partly realize that my claim has been boycotted. He made an announcement he made an update
Hail to the other commands as would normally happen. So, who did he appeal to fast? Well, this was the kind of Hashem the descendants of Hashem. So he appealed to the brothers of Hashem ie the descendants of the brothers of Hashem. So Hashem his brothers were nofal muttalib. And above the shrimps. Of course, they'd all died long ago, but he appealed to their clans and their descendants. So he appealed to nofal saying, look, you are the
You are the descendants of my grandfather of my grandfather's brother. So supporters and join us.
He approached nofal, the founder of nofal, the clan of nofal. Again, despite being mostly pagan, they sided with brainwashing.
But the other two clans of the brothers, but I'm sorry, not what Oh, no for been joined by no Hashem nofal and the clan of additions refused, and they sided with everyone else. But the important thing is, in all of these clans, the whole plan stuck together.
At that time, the only two plans to remain together, were the kind of believer in the clan of Hashem. In all of that you won't believe what I'm all
about. Being a family member, being a brother of
being one of the claims have been harsh, being a senior, to the extent that when Abu Talib died a few years later, who took over the leadership of the crown on passion, none other than himself. in that environment in that climates, Abu lahab publicly walks out of blue Hershey and joined the lab, the shims and the rest of the brush.
And he actually went over to them and said, I boycott Mohammed and my whole plan. And he actually went to the extent of saying, by doing so, by abandoning my clan, and joining the rest of the race, have I not this day, defended and supported the goddesses Latin Rosa? And they said, yes, you have. And he was honored by the rest of the branch for dishonouring the prophets in LA and he was, he was honored and elevated because he made an enemy of the officer of the law, and he continued to do so amazingly.
Most of the kind of rebellious and kind of, and many of the clamor of passion was still pagans, but because of that Qin clan and blood, they still supported the prophets and the left it was not in his beliefs, but at least they protected him renounces protection of the profits on the law. And this continued for long thereafter, when he became the lead up bill Ohashi. He decided he will no longer give protection to the profits of the law. It was something that the Muslims in blue Hashem continued support, but the others didn't. They said, Well, if our chief and leader renounces the protection that we can't do anything, that's why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had to
travel to five to seek the protection of the tribal thief. And, and he visited others also, Babu labs enmity, and opposition continued for many, many years. He lived until just shortly after the Battle of Baba.
When in the Battle of but
he he didn't actually take part, but he said someone else. Instead, someone lost a bet with him. So he owed him money. So if you want to repay your debt, you got my behalf to fight in the Battle of weather, and
decided to remain behind in Makkah. When news reached him of the defeat of the brain,
and the falling of so many of his fellow chieftains in the Battle of whether he was seized by grief to such an extent, that seven days after the Battle of whether he actually died. But before he died, he Boyle's broke out all over his body, and the anaerobes they had a special name for this particular disease. And they feared this disease of Boyle's breaking out over the book all over the body as much as they feared the plague. So Abu lahab, who was actually very handsome, very rich, wealthy, he was honored when balls broke out all over his body of all they abandoned,
and he died in misery and loneliness. In fact, his body remained inside the house decomposing for three days. Nobody approached him out of fear of contagion. And then after three days, fearing spread of further disease, they actually took his
Using polls and they dug a pit and flung his body into the pit, and then buried him in that manner by throwing rocks and stones over.
Indeed, that's how he perished.
It wasn't just this kind of opposition. He heard the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in his family,
Abu lahab being the uncle of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he had a number of sons and daughters. He had three sons in total, one was called Ortega was the old one, or two, or Deva, and Martin
yeltsin, he was actually betrothed
to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his daughter will be Allah.
So, Allah Allah was married to
and the younger daughter
or the alarm half the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was married to a Bula hubbs second son.
we're both married to
the two daughters of the Prophet son of the law, it was simpler and more consumed. So, in essence, the two daughters have married their father's first cousins.
Because they were the cousin brothers of the prophets on the line. Now, although the marriage had taken place, the marriages hadn't been consummate, but the marriages have taken place.
When the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam announced his prophethood and not just amounts as profitable later when a Buddha began his opposition especially after a couple of years, into Prophethood, Abu lahab and his wife Alma Jamil both summon their two sons.
And they said to them,
we demand that you divorce the two daughters
and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam when he realized how things were, he himself told his daughters to request a divorce from their husbands.
divorced or PR of the alarm.
the alarm was then married by the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, to us, man, love your loved one, and your loved one and we'll be out of the law. Her and her. were one of the first people who emigrated in the 45th year of the Prophet similar love it his son's life, and the fifth year of prophethood to Abyssinia in that blessed Hmm. Both husband and wife went together.
The second son,
he was a bit more violent. Be careful about what your loved one had the oldest son. He actually embraced Islam later in the eighth year of hijab conquest.
And so did the third son miked up somewhat dibben, viola and Puma are both companions of the Prophet, some of the love it was, and they both embraced Islam, and they fought alongside the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in the Battle of remain in the ATL of hedra. And not only that, but if you recall a couple of weeks ago when we discuss the Battle of her name in the commentary of Sahil Mohali, I mentioned that
there are only two battles again, the Quran is unique. Despite the so many battles, only two battles are mentioned by name in the
So in perlane, where Allah remains the believers of how, despite the huge numbers, they initially suffered a setback. As part of that setback, everyone dispersed and fled to the rear and retreated. Only a few people remained around the province of the law, and even some of them, and some of those few people who remained with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam steadfast, were the two sons of Abu lahab.
So be very careful. One One shouldn't speak without knowledge, especially about
topics as sensitive as this. Are they better the second son, who was married to a consumer of the alarm, he was a bit more belligerent and violent. And he followed in his father's footsteps. So when his father said to him and mother that divorce,
the second daughter, the prophet, son, the law, meaning the third daughter, as a member of the alarm and how was the eldest then there'll be a fool, but the second of the two daughters in the marriage in their household, but they both said, of course, I will divorce but he didn't just do that. He went to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he declared to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. That's all Mohammed
I just believe in your revelation. I just believe in what you say. And when he quoted one measurement
that I believe I just believe in one legend.
And I just believe in than alpha delta for gamma cavaco say no, I just believe in Him, ie the angel Jabri, and I believe in your revelation, and then he said, I'm going to divorce your daughter or my concern, and then he spat on the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and according to one report, he actually attacked the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam ripping his shirt. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam then prayed, Allahumma sunlit Allah, He called them in choleric Allah, empower a dog of your dogs of him. Shortly thereafter, he divorced, divorced shortly thereafter. But Eva along with his father,
Abu lahab, traveled north to
the region of Syria, for sure, not Syria, but Sham, portrayed as wasn't famous, they would travel up north and south for their training. So they traveled from Makkah passing by Medina, that was their route their trade routes, all the way up to the cities of Gaza. boster known as Muslim in English, for Gaza, and Damascus, and another.
So a Buddha and his seminal paper traveled up north for trade events as part of a large caravan. They were carried out, which is a modern day Jordan, you've probably heard the names of
their accounts in that region in
a monk, when he saw their camp, he said to them, that,
oh, Arabs, why you can't tear.
Don't you know, this is a region inhabited by lions, they roam here just like goats and sheep run.
So the error is fearing for themselves they broke camp, and the monk invited them to the monastery. So a Buddha have actually said to everyone, look, I fear my nephew's curse on my son.
So everyone gather and go inside the monastery. So they all came inside the monastery. And when they rested at night, what they did is that they used all their luggage from the caravan of camels, and they built a border and a fence around their sleeping quarters inside the monastery. So he made up the baggage and the luggage quite high. And then in between, they placed a table right in the middle, and he was surrounded by the rest of the Arabs in a huge caravan and the sleeping travelers were all surrounded by their luggage and baggage packed up quite high as offense at night.
Elian Kane jumped over the luggage and the fence smelled all the different Arabs and he actually approached or Deva and ripping him carry them away and talking to pieces
of Allah have said, I told you I feared my nephew's curse for my son. So what they bought was the one who was married to consume and he was ripped to pieces by a lion because of the loss and the law and he sold them a lot and suddenly to any government or law, empower a dog of your dogs overpaid. But are they by his older brother. And David's younger brother Mark did these two look back and mark them are the actual companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam embraced Islam, and then stood steadfast with the messenger. Some of them are hiding or some of them. These were just some of the reasons for the opposition of Allah. And the thing is, he had many enemies the Prophet
sallallahu wasallam. But Abu lahab was his blood uncle. It was his father's blood brother, Hoffman, but still blood.
It fell upon Abu lahab even if he didn't believe, like so many of the others in the clan, have passion to at least protect and defend the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Instead, he broke his daughter's marriage. He forcibly had his daughters divorced. He pelted him with stones, he cursed in public, he will follow him hurling pebbles at him and declaring him a madman and a soothsayer, and one who could not be treated or cured of his madness
and Alma Julian has
wife, she would actually lay forms in the path of Rasulullah. Halle Salatu was Salam. And she was also responsible for much opposition fully supporting her husband.
These were just some of the reasons for that family, opposing a sort of livelihood. So that was around the father and the mother and one son or Deva. However, because of that, Allah publicly shamed him. And Allah named him in the Quran, as opposed to any of the other enemies of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. This is just some of the background to the revelation of the sort of hula hub. Now, one to further things, let me translate the sort of again, the batida
Perish the hands of Abu lahab and he is perished.
my alma mater, who Mr. Carson, his wealth, will not save him will not avail him and know what he has acquired. What's the meaning of that?
When he heard that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam threatened him with the last punishment of Allah have actually declared because he was very wealthy, noble, honored, respected
by everyone a powerful figure, he actually said, If Mama's words are true, if my nephew's words are true, then I will ensure that I will pay sufficient compensation with my wealth, and I will save myself from the punishment of words got through my children and my power and wealth. So last a matter of an animal model former customer his wealth, and what he has acquired, meaning his children will not avail.
Say a salon album that he will soon enter, not enter the roast. Yes, that actually means to roast so say a salon on, he will assume a roast in a fire of flames. He and his wife
and the flame is a play on his name of the father of the flame, one Morocco harmonica. Now, what's the meaning and the significance of the final section? Why does Allah refer to his wife, as a wood carrier with
a strap of palm fiber around her neck, VG they hadn't.
She wasn't actually a wood carrier, because she was red, she was wealthy, she have powerful and she was one of the novel women of the range from the clown she herself was Abu sufian sister. So she was from the climate of Romania, and further up from the claim of abductions. So she, she was one of the noble women of the brave, she wasn't a good carrier, but she was responsible for one thing she would stream forms and would, in the path of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and being from her husband being a little harsh, and she was one of the immediate neighbors of the Prophet salallahu it or something, but she would inconvenience and all the time. But another thing she was responsible
for is that she was a tail carrier, a bearer of tape,
listen to something here, planting it there, listening, hearing something here, conveying it there. So she was Kamala to happen in the sense that just like wood is carried and would ignite very quickly. You kindled and Stoke a fire with dry wood and hot tub.
The Arabs would say hey, man up and help him or her model, they would actually refer to gossip can only hearsay and slender, as hot up as firewood, because just as firewood can ignite, and burn a lot, we may not understand it in this climate, especially after yesterday's rain. But in dry climates in the bush in the desert, even now in Colorado, a 1000s of square miles
are raging with fire in Australia in the savanna in Africa regularly 1000s of hundreds and 1000s of square miles burn without consuming everything in their path, simply because of crackling dry wood and dry grass. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself has used this word hotplug in various places. In fact, in the context of envy,
envy consumes good deeds, just as fire consumes dry what
will happen, so half of the Arabs would use half of it firewood or dry wood to refer to slam the calumny, and hearsay and gossip, meaning gossip, hearsay, etc, are not innocence. They are very dangerous, and they ignites fitna strife, discord, and disunity and disharmony in families and communities with the speed
The ferocity of fire. So
would you mean his wife will do the same she was a famous tale carry a tale bearer. Always hearing something from here planting it they're listening to something here, sewing it they're conveying it here convenient there. And the prophets of Allah Allah who was someone has warned us against the Mima, gossip and hearsay. We may think of it as being very innocent. In a having played by Mahatma Muslim. This habit of the alarm, Abdullah, bustle, the alarm says, We're walking with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when suddenly, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam heard the sound of two humans being punished in their graves. So the prophets of the love it proceeded to the
graves. And while we were standing over the graves, he pointed at them. And he said, in the Havana lay of the land on either Banfield Cubby, indeed, these two occupants of the graves are being punished and they're not being punished for something major.
Have a home African young children Amina, what Amala analyze them.
As one of them, he would carry tales of gossip and hearsay. And I saw the other he wouldn't protect himself from the splashes and the effects of you. So why did he say they weren't being punished for something great. The reason is, indeed, these two sins are great. That's why there was this punishment, which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself here, but they aren't considered great, but normally by people, we consider them to be trivial, and inconsequential and insignificant. But the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, they are both being punished, and they are not being punished for something major, a major in everyone's view. In reality, these two sins are
grave, and the two sins were one failure to protect oneself from the effects of urine. But the first one prophets in the love it was seldom said Africa and EMC Dyneema you would carry tables, gossip, hearsay. And that's why in the in the introduction of a Muslim, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says
it's a sufficient for a man to be alive, that he relates and conveys everything that he hears. For a person to be a liar. He doesn't have to intentionally lie. If his habits is simply to repeat everything he hears, He will eventually be a lie. Because in any given day, we hear 100 things. 20 of them are 30 of them are true. 30 of them are misleading and exaggerations and 40 of them are outright lies. So if we end up repeating everything we hear, we will end up repeating and conveying and relaying to others, truths, half truths, exaggerations, and outright lies. And in the words of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that is sufficient for a person to be deemed a liar. And then another
Hadith later by Muslim in his say, Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Now is a third in one duration, the man a tail carrier will not antigen
so harmonica Bula his wife Alma Jamil, this is one thing she would sort of last panel Donna describes her position in the dunya with what will happen in the hereafter. Furthermore, because they would abuse the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Allah satirizes that
the Arabs were very conscious of image as everyone is. But you see, there was no media at the time of the Arabs. Their media was poetry
and poetry stung through poetry, they would elevate people. And through poetry, they would debase people and humiliate them. They would eulogize or satirize, they would elevate or lampoon. And forgive me for drawing a comparison but many don't seem to understand this unless you compare it to rap.
See how rap rappers they use a rap for competition for honor for dignity, for declaring their progress for boasting for that pride and as well as to diss others. So this dissing this disparaging this lampooning and satirizing? The Arabs would do it in through poetry, but there's no comparison between a rapping and poetry. The Arabs were born poets, their children could spontaneously impromptu, rattle off couplets, 6070 couplets each one of them with a perfect rhythm and rhyme.
And that's how they were. So if you look at the sort of Abu lahab
another thing in with Jamil, the wife of Abu lahab, she was a
she was a poet, and we love was a poet. In fact,
Imam shabby to La La one of the
Everything he says
that's not just the claim of hardship. Remember what I told you, who was a great grandfather Adam and Adam and I've had sons Hashem nofollow on him and add the shrimps.
mm shabby rotten line he says, out of all the descendants of Abdullah Nath include including all the descendants of Hashem, all the descendants of nofal, all the descendants of William and all the descendants of AB the chumps, which included a moose of young father son, or Miyahara via hynd A which included one which means his wife, basically all the descendants of abdomen Earth. Every single one of them was a poet, except one, the prophet Mohammed Salah
with the exception of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, every single Arab member from these clones and descendants are abdom enough for all poets and natural poets, with the exception of one as essays or my novel Shatta Wale named Lila, when we have not taught him ie the prophets poetry, and nor does it befits him.
Name this either or an is an is an admonition from Allah. And a clear so who loves wife, Jimmy and she was a practice and she would like to satirize a prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in verse and in rhythm sort of laughs paranormal without a pseudo answer, but the other
man, Ma Ma, Ma Kasam se Aslan out on that lab, or Morocco Hamada hubub Fiji they have limited so when she heard that she was shaken, she came straight to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam looking for him carrying stones in her hand to Pelton with that Mohammed desta satirize me, indeed these word shocker. So when she arrived, this was a mugger.
aboubaker The Allah was sitting there next to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam so we walk into the locker and saw Jimmy coming, angry, rushing towards them with stones in our hand, Abubakar of the alarm, said O Messenger of Allah, it would be wise if you moved aside. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Don't worry, she won't be able to see me. Indeed she came and stood right in front of the prophets of Allah it was alum, and all Jamila said to aboubaker ways, raise your companion Mohammed.
He dares to satirize me, how dare he lampoon me with these verses, I have heard that this is what he says. And then she recited sort of the lab.
So then she went off the prophets on the lows from tolerable bucket of the alarm that I told you, Allah will allow me to be hidden from her at this time. So she was a carrier and a bearer of Tales, and a lots of panel more than I wanted to show her in the most in the worst light possible. And on that occasion, she said to abubaker the alarm
that Oh, even though you have your companion that says of me, that I'm a wood carrier, the whole of the Quraysh knows that I'm one of the inaugural women. I'm the wood carrier, so she wasn't a word carrier. But Allah subhanho wa Taala is merely describing her as a wood carrier with a hole Turner strapped around her neck full of wood, wood of what firewood of calumny, allegations, hearsay, and gossip. But in the UK, she will have a strap of iron around her, and she will feed wood into the fire that will Stoke and ignite the fire further beneath a bola.
This brings us to the end of the story last Chronicle data enable us to understand we are lawmakers amongst those who understand the meaning and the message of the holy book. One very important message from the sorta is that in a heavy is laid by Muslim Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, woman but what a big hammer a lot of them use today between us and whoever's deeds keep them behind. Their lineage will not propel them forward. ie with Allah, what matters is not who you are or what you do, even if you are related to a messenger of Allah.
And on the other hand, this also shows that no one is to be held responsible for anyone else's behavior, good or bad. throughout the program, Have you not seen lots of more diagnoses and sort of thought of a lot better Linda vena cava?
Canada danamon Abaddon asahina for hamata ma. For the mutiny m Amina Maharishi, your work needed on a narrow ceiling. Allah gives examples of two wives, the wife of the Prophet route, and the wife of the Prophet nor even though they were in the household
In the marriages, and in the family of two of LA's most pious servants, when they disbelieved in a law and in and they were guilty of gross misdeeds, and they did not support their prophets husbands, the fact that their husbands were the prophets of Allah. Allah says, For them you have in your own home in a lighter shade. These two is a new route, Allah Salatu was Salam did not save their wives or protect them or avail them in any way with Allah. And he was said to both of them the wives of Luther more, and he was Salam and to the fire.
Similarly with Abu lahab the fact that he was the uncle and the political saw, luckily he stood out was the lamb did not save. On the other hand, no one is responsible for anyone else's behavior, did not know how to his Salaam have a son
and a wife. last panel dialogue declared to be unfit to be members of the family did not ask for the lack of fit our own as a husband. No one can blame us here, but the allowing her or holder to account for what her husband did, even though he was fair, did not Abraham alayhis salam have his father as
and so on? What the Quran tells us clearly, what the Hadees tell us clearly, is that no one is responsible for anyone else's behavior. And no one can benefit from anyone else's behavior, not in the broad sense. Of course, we all benefit from each other's behavior, but in terms of salvation, if our deeds mean damnation, then our lineage or blood or relationship with someone will not simply mean salvation, unless a lot of grants shafa and permission to intercede, which is a different matter. But as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said very clearly, he hammered with a minister in the inner circle, where his deeds keep him back. his lineage will not take him forward.
And that's one of the important lesson from this sorta of all his enemies. The only person to mention by name is actually his uncle, the last panel that enabled us to understand what's the last symptom and after he was sworn in to be in employment, while he was in panic along with the push of one that
was the federal governor to me like
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