Al-Hudaybiyah – The Truce of Victory – Part 7
Channel: Riyadul Haqq
File Size: 41.74MB
The terms of the Truce of al-Hudaybiyah left the Sahabah in a state of shock and grief. The reasons for their state is the main focus of this lesson. The wise and compassionate words of Umm Salama RA are explained and how Rasul Allah SW acted upon her advice
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law firm about a guy named
Dr. Ibrahim Ibrahim
respectively listeners once again, we gather for the
a very long cookie from saleable hearty about Saudi Arabia The truth of the beer
for those who are following
in the original collection of mammal hardy rahula his number is 2731. For those who are following him, Dina Zubeidi vandalia he lays abridgement of evil hardy didgeridoo city, howdy fujinami. So the number is 1192.
We've already covered much of that over the past few weeks today is the seventh lesson of this series.
And we are approaching the end.
A quick summary so far.
profits and a lot right even with some of them
left the holy city of Medina at the beginning of the month of
in the sixth year of hitcher with the intention of performing
the lesser pilgrimage. This was the first time he was heading to the holy city of Mecca, Harrison says his last six years earlier
and he did so with very Express peaceful intentions.
profits in the law it was seldom departed with
a large group of companions numbering 15, approximately 1500 that comes out with a beer sorry, they come to LA for a few months out of the city of Medina. And there they entered into the sacred state of a farm. And from there the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam made his way to Makkah, a number of events to place on that journey which we've covered already. Having arrived at today via and camp there.
Further events took place again, which we've covered. Ultimately, the province and Lala island was
entered into negotiations. This led to the truth of holiday via which we covered in detail last week.
The truce that was negotiated consisted mainly of four articles number one, that the Muslims would not enter the holy city that year.
As was their original intention. Rather, they would return to Medina and only come back the following year to complete their missed camera. When they would return the following year. They would enter the city and be allowed to reside in the city for only three days, during which the arrange wants to vacate the city as they couldn't face the prospect of being in the same city wholly though it was with the Muslims at the same time.
After three days and Muslims were to depart, and they would no longer be able to remain in the holy city.
Furthermore, when they would enter the city the following year within in order to complete that
they would not be allowed to carry any weapons except the casual daily weapons that the arrows would carry on their gems.
This was the first Main article which had a number of sub articles.
The second main article of the treaty was that
who departed from
enjoying the Muslims in Medina.
By virtue of the treaty, the Muslims would be under an obligation to return that person to Makkah.
However, if anyone from Medina
decided to join the camp of the Moroccans and flee to Makkah, then rather lopsidedly, the Moroccans were under no obligation to return that person to the Muslims. That was the second main article of the treaty.
The third main article was that both parties agreed to lay down their weapons for 10 years. So this wasn't actually a permanent treaty. Rather, it was a temporary truce for 10 years. And the both sides would lay down their weapons, and would not engage in any hostile activity or belligerents towards the other.
And this was for a period of 10 years. That was again, the third main article. And the fourth article was that this treaty would be honored by both parties in every way. And whoever wishes to join the Muslims in Alliance as part of this treaty, then they would be allowed to do so similarly, anyone who wish to join the British would be allowed to do so. And whoever the joining allies were all existing and eventual parties will be bound by all the agreements, and all alliances will be honored by both parties. So this was the fourth Article of the treaty. And as a result,
on that occasion, immediately, the tribe of Hazara they seize the opportunity and announced their alliance with the Muslims.
As part of the treaty, and the bundle,
who were their rivals, they again at the same time announced that aligns with
this detail is important that as I mentioned last week, and I will come and talk in a bit more detail further.
So these were the four main articles of the treaty. Now, the Muslims found this extremely difficult to accept, along with the manner in which the treaty was concluded. And we've covered some of that in detail. So this is where we actually left off last week. And the final words were about a third of the Allahu anhu approached the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and
aired his concerns and his reservation.
And then he went to a robocall the alarm and add the same reservation and concerns and both the prophets and the law while he was in them and that will Baccarat the alarm wine, gave him an identical reply. This is where we left off. The alarm then sees others of the Apollo
on did many good works because of this. And in other narrations, the word is a bit more clearer
on whether the alarm per se is because of this IE my objection at the time my expressing my reservation, the manner in which I spoke, both specially to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. He says because of that, I did many good works. I continue to pray, given charity, fast free slaves, all in the hope of compensating for my failure on that day.
On the Emirates continues for the federal government of Vietnam,
he will be sent
in among law with a continuous and uninterrupted chain from meeting a man will Heidi the law with the center till missile the alarm
who both relates ultimately from somebody who says for them for the middle of the story from Mr. McCullough de la pacon who say phenomena photogram in polyethylene kita. Then when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
became free from the affair of the documents, meaning he concluded the writing of the documents. Of course, he never wrote
himself rather he told and either the loved one was a scribe. There's an important point he in some iterations of the heavy is suggested that if you recall, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said,
that have other and even Ramadan Rasulullah This is what Mohammed the Messenger of Allah concludes. So he did not immediately objected, and said, if we had acknowledged you as a messenger, we would have never opposed you. nor would we have prevented you from the house.
Rather, right, Mohammed
Abdullah, Abdullah, Mohammed, the son of Abdullah as is your name
so again, the Muslims were incensed by this objection and Interjection. So,
but so he didn't remember insisted, and even though the your loved one
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was dictating and said, right Bismillahirrahmanirrahim
So, so he objected,
Don't write to us when
we don't recognize our man who's a rock man. I don't know who hears, rather writes bismack Allahumma by your name or in your name, or as you used to write before, so, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told me that the illawarra interact, Mr McCullough. Now it's appears that I did have the alarm and hadn't yet written Bismillahirrahmanirrahim
until the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told him, okay, right beside the law. So I did have the alarm, I wrote the law. Then the next sentence, Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said have ama Allah Alayhi Mohammedan rasulillah this is what the messenger, the Messenger of a lark and includes immediately Sahil? objectid So, Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that I am the messenger of Allah, even though you may deny me,
then he said, right, Mohammed Abdullah, when Swahili Marilyn objected and demanded that they write Mohammed, the Serb Mohammed, Abdullah, Mohammed, the son of Abdullah, which was his name
and remove a pseudo law altogether. So it appears that at this point at either the Ummah and had already written Mohammedan rasulillah
so he actually wrote Rasulullah
so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to him, writes Mohammed, the son of Abdullah, but earlier the alarm had already written rasulillah so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told him strike attacks. So I do have the alarm. I'm declined to do so.
And the reason was
the Sahaba of the alarm were all overcome with emotion.
And they all reacted in different ways. And what about the alarm, being calmer? That's the way he reacted. And the alarm also
declined to strike out the name Rasul Allah.
And the reason it wrote the alarm,
he he was overwhelmed.
And how could he as a simple scribe, in his view,
people object to your loved ones reaction on the day,
people object to the Sahaba of the lover in his reaction on the day.
But then we have to look at it comprehensively. All of the Sahaba of the Allah who were affected on that day, or
even earlier the alarm.
So just as
the alarm rang, reacted and was over combat emotion, the alarm was also over combat emotion and was in a state of shock. And he also when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told him strike my name, meaning strike or sue the love the Messenger of Allah ideal the alarm declined to do so.
And his reasoning once the How could he as a simple scribe,
Cancel and remove the words of a sort of law.
So then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam realized his reservation he also harbored a reservation. And one of the residents had reservations. Ideally your loved one had a reservation, though they manifested themselves in different ways. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam realizing earlier the Allah his reluctance, in fact, his
inability to remove the name of sort of law, he sets earlier the alarm, he demanded the pen.
And then he said, to enable the alarm and show me where it says.
And then the province of the law, I think, was one of them having been shown his name, and the words that are sort of law he himself deleted are sort of law. And then earlier the alarm took the pen and wrote the son of Abdullah.
Some people have suggested as a result of that, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam knew how to write.
And he himself authored the document or parts of it all that he was able to write and read a few words.
this is the reality of what happened on the day, he was merely showing the words that these are the words that say rasulillah, he was actually shown from where to where, and then the province, the law legal system crossed out those words himself, because of the alarm had already written. Otherwise, it's a belief of the person
that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam could not run. And law himself says, and sort of automatically might
mean cuddly human
to be mean, isn't
it? I had to be in Atlanta,
Las Vegas addressing the Prophet sallallahu send them
that before this.
You will not one
who was able to read
The word guitar originally in Arabic simply means documents. So which could refer to a simple page, a single scroll, like here, this is also called the guitar, the document or you can refer to a bound book. But the word guitar in Arabic originally simply means a written thing. So a document. So Allah says, You will not one before this to be able to read any book and minnkota.
So the word signifies the non specific nature of the word Gita, in Arabic refers to anyone who was unable to read any book.
What are the hoopoe be meaning no Were you able to write with your hand? So the plan categorically states that he could not read or are
surprisingly, some people say but the words say before this, that means he managed to learn to read and write after this.
which is surprising. All the urn is trying to say is that before this a before the revelation of the tea,
you will not want who was able to read or write, and that in lies the miracle of the Quran.
That for a whole 40 years the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam could not read or write. Why after the revelation of these verses what he suddenly learned how to read and write. That was the very nature of his miracle. He was unable to recite poetry, in fact, compose poetry. In fact, he was unable to recall poetry. He couldn't cite other people's poetry. He could not recall or cite
his own uncle's poetry about himself about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And yet he produced the Quran.
He could not read or write and yet he produced the coroner. So that was part of his miracle. So the belief of that
is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam could not read or write and he was unlettered.
So, when Rachel says hello, my photo of the Yeti kita so when he concluded the
affair of the document
The writing of the document
either a sort of Lucha Libre equals seldomly, as habit, allows messengers to love it who seldom said
to his companions
rise from heaven
and slaughter your animals.
Then shave your head.
Allah. He says, in fact, this was Ramadan, the alarm blazing
for lahemaa arm in Houma. Rajaram Hector Carlos.
Now let me explain something. When he concluded writing the document not writing himself, as I've explained, but rather dictating the documents and written by me, it'll be a lot more as a scribe, and a number of people are made witnesses to this document. So the signatory on the part of the Muslims was the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, the signatory on behalf of the British ones, so he learned but one of the witnesses on behalf of the ER h was mechanism perhaps the other person who was with him, so he did,
and the witnesses amongst Muslims were abubaker, the alarm, the alarm, the alarm was a scribe, and various of the Sahaba.
the prophet Sall Allahu alayhi wa sallam said to the companions rise and shave your heads and rise, slaughter your animals and shave your heads. What was the significance of this,
they have traveled with the intention of performing Lee.
And they had also brought along with them that had their sacrificial animals. And one of the laws of the rites and rituals of a hygiene aroma was that whoever brings along or drives along with them sacrificial animals to be slaughtered in the presence of maca.
They are unable to become hella
come out of the consecrated state of harm until they have slaughter there. And
so that is a condition
just as those who don't take long sacrificial animals, but
before they can become hollow, they need to complete a number of rites and rituals, and even then,
what marks the eventual coming out from the state of add on into the state of being color.
Shaving one's head,
the help or clipping one's hair. But for those who drive sacrificial animals,
to the holy sites.
Another condition for them becoming harder is that they have to slaughter their animals first before they can become harder.
Now, since the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wa sallam and the Sahaba of the Enlightenment brought along with them.
A number of animals from many narrations, we learned that there were 7070, large animals, so
and in each large animal, the Sahaba of the love.
Not all of them, but many of them. They were they all had a share each. So there were seven shares in large and in each large animal. So approximately one third of the whole group of pilgrims
had made the intention of sacrificing
animals and brought them along with them. So
there were 70 animals. And
in each animal, seven of them have this habit of the law had to share each So ultimately, that makes about one third of the whole group of pilgrims.
So since they had the sacrificial animals, they could only be compelled by slaughtering the animals there and then and also shaving their heads. But there were a number of issues here first of all, one of the laws of sacrificing the animals which even the Arabs before Islam recognize them on. Is that the whole idea of the sacrificial animal the heavy is that it has led to the precincts of electrical haraam maka, Amina and slaughter there
and you can't
slaughter these animals before they reach them hit
their station, and the station is Mugu and the presence of Mecca including Mina, but they were in Davie, they have been prevented from entering the holy city. So that means they have driven the animals all the way till here. How could they slaughter the animals here, before the animals have reached the destination, their destination, ie the presence of Mecca. That was one issue. Number two,
a person only becomes Halla.
From the state of
once they have completed their
or their hedge their pilgrimage. Now the Sahaba of the Ummah and who had traveled all the way from Medina
undertakes undertaken such a long and arduous and hazardous journey with many pitfalls, many events, many dangers, they had braved all these dangers. And now a few miles out of Makkah, they were stopped, and they were forced to turn back without seeing the garba without reaching the holy city and forming the right so
how could they become
a few miles out of Mecca without forming.
This bore down heavily on
but by virtue of the treaty,
they have to turn back but there's an interesting question here.
And again, in order to understand this, there is a muscle.
The muscle has this
a person should only enter into the state of
once they've made their intention for armor or for how
they must do it before the station, though they can do it well before.
And this is why when people are traveling from here, they may
put on their arm and enter there's a difference as I keep on saying the word it
consecration it's actually an adverb. Well, it's actually an adverb.
A nominal verb which meaning that it refers to the action of entering into the state of.
its journey, and it refers to the action of entering into a hot arm state
over the years through usage.
For some reason, we now refer to her arm as being a two pieces of cloth. But that was never the original meaning. The two pieces of cloth were always just referred to as two pieces of cloth.
They weren't, they weren't really referred to as
a home refers to the state. And even before the State Farm refers to the action of entering into the state of being harassed.
So there's a clear difference between the two, you can put on the two pieces of cloth
or the clothing that you intend to wear during the state of being harassed.
But putting those two pieces of platform does not
consecrate the state of harm.
Rather, to enter this harm states,
you have to make the intention
and then you have to ratify the intention by pronouncing the delvia. So in according to other orlimar, the intention is sufficient. But according in the Hanafi school effect, that is actually a two factor process.
There are two stages to entering into the state of
making the intention according to the Hanafi is not sufficient.
So you have to there are two stages to many stages. One, you have to make the intention.
And then once you've made that intention of entering into the state of a home, you have to ratify that intention by saying there'll be a bake, llama bake. That's the second factor. With these two stages of these two factors. A person then enters into a harm state, regardless of when they actually put on the two pieces of cloth.
So you could put on the two pieces of cloth here at home in Leicester, for instance. And then make the intention at the airport
and enter into the state there. Or you could do it just before you arrive at
You can delay the wearing of the two pieces of cloth all the way till just before.
Or you could actually put on the two pieces of cloth and enter into the state of harm by pronouncing your intention and your delivery and a bake alarm and a bake at home.
Regardless of where you that all of these are permissible, but you cannot do it beyond the mere bar you must have it's before the Mediapart the station. However, once you enter into the state of Iran, or rather unknown, Masada has this, you can actually remain in the state of harm for as long as you need.
So imagine if you entered into the state of harm
and you traveled
and at some stage, you were prevented from continuing your journey.
for any reason, once your progress is impeded, your path is obstructed.
You are someone known as masa.
masa means the impeded obstructed one.
Once you become a master, it could be anywhere it could be here.
It could be just before you arrive, it could be just before you enter the city of Mecca, it doesn't matter. at any stage of your journey. Once you have entered into the home state, and you are unable to compete, you're complete your journey all the way to Makkah, wherever you are stopped and your advances impeded, your continuation is obstructed, then you become a master. Once you become a master, there are new laws that apply. And this is what happened with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the Sahaba de la, they were obstructed. They all became masa.
So one of the rules of Masada is that you don't have to break your arm, you can actually return home.
So imagine you were traveling and for some reason you were unable to continue. And you're actually told that you would be allowed to continue next year. So go back and come back next year, you have two choices. One of them is
abiding by the laws of the Masada, you break your heart,
and you become harder. And you do what the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam did. The other option is you go back and you remain in your home for one whole year.
So the you don't, there is no limit to the home.
So you can actually be roaming around less than the state of hell.
You could do it for a whole year if need be.
I'd like you to understand that before you before we continue with daddy.
So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Now that he had agreed to return to Medina, he himself could have done any one of the two things. One option was to break from there and become Hannah.
As for the ad,
and the other option was to return to Medina with the companions with all of them remaining in our home state
and waiting in
the state of our arm for a whole year before returning in
for returning the next year, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam decided to do the former which is to break the home and to return in a hallowed state and to return to Medina and then come back the following year with a new state of error.
So this is why he told us about the alarm. Boom, rise
rise and then slaughter your animals then shave your head and with that they would have become her.
Father He says for liking
my farm in Houma Rajan.
By Allah, not one man amongst them stood up.
Even though he said rise, not one person stood up I
had the honor that Lika thalassa miroir until he said this three times.
So he told them boom
from huddle. ROMs slaughter your animals, then shave your hands. No one said a word no one stood up.
Then he said it's again. Rise.
Slaughter you animals shave your heads. No one stood up.
And he said it a third time, rise, shave, slaughter your animals and shave your heads. Not one person amongst them stood up again. Some people object that why were the Sahaba of the alarm. So disobedience.
Before the question was only about the alarm. Now what what's about Abubakar an aroma?
None of them stood up.
Well, that included the leader of the alarm or neither did he stand up, or the other Sahaba of the alarm.
Not one of them stood up.
Well, Mr have explained this in different ways. One of the key reasons was, as I've told you before,
that the Sahaba of the alarm who were in an in a state of absolute shock.
This was something they had never experienced before. Never.
They were unfazed by anything before this.
300 of them likes we are lightly equipped.
They were unfazed.
When they had to face, an army in the Battle of better three times their size, fully armed,
covered in our they were unfazed. They defeat
at every junction, whenever the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said rise with me bleed with me march with me. They all stood with him.
Because they were a warrior nation.
They reveled in warfare.
They relished adventure.
And that's what many of their poems were about.
The Arabs were a tribal warrior like nation, they had
a code of chivalry.
So these were warriors from the desert.
And this is why, as I've said before, the Arabia was never conquered. It was never conquered by the massive sasani Persian Empire. That was hugely powerful. It was never conquered by the Byzantine Roman Empire. With their Roman legions and their organization and their military discipline, and their experience of warfare. And both these two superpowers, a sunny Persian Empire, the Byzantine Roman Empire had spent years and years honing their military skills and engaged in warfare against the other.
They were battle hardened. And yet, in all of these years, over centuries, none of these armies ever conquered
Arabian subjugated Arabia or vanquished Arabia. It's because the Arabs were they will, people regarded they regarded them as being wild.
They regarded them as being wild Bedouin absolutely fears hardened warriors
And this is why what did the sonnets do? They created a buffer zone between them and the rest of the Arabs, using the left mid Arab legions, who were the
vassals of the society Persians, and they were towards the north east of the northeast of Arabia, they acted as a buffer zone, between the remaining rest of the Arabs and the sustaining Persian Empire, and towards the north and the Northwest. Well towards the north, the
Byzantines, they employed the sun in the blue Hassan as an Arab buffer zone.
And the mentality of both superpowers was that these Arabs are too difficult to control. So it's best if we leave it to the their fellow Arabs to control.
So the society needs us the mids and the Byzantines. They use the silence
Now when you think of that, this is how the Arabs were.
They were a fierce warrior like nation.
And they were hardened warriors. They lived in the desert.
Nothing faze them.
This kind of treat that they had just signed
with the province of the law highly who's in between the province of the love it was in the range. This was something that was unknown to them. They were in a state of absolute shock and consternation. It's almost like they have given up everything they came to do camera they can't do. It wants to return to the house of a lot. They couldn't visit the house or they wanted to return to their home city, they could not return to their home city, they were prepared for battle, there was no battle.
if anyone wish to join them,
they could not join them, they had to be forcibly returned. If anyone fled from them, they could not hold them back, they were under an obligation to let them go.
So all of this seemed to be so lopsided. And at the same time, they, from their normal human perspective, witnessed what they regarded as an absolute humiliation.
Even in the writing of the treaty, they had to exclude the name of a rock man.
They had to exclude the title, the pseudo law for the province of the law, it wasn't on the Messenger of Allah.
And the grace did all of this not because they would get gain anything material out of this, the only thing they would gain is that by preventing the Muslims from entering the city this year, but delaying it only by a year, they would say face, and this was something unheard of unprecedented. So the Sahaba of the Allahu anhu were in a state of absolute shock. Also, we may not attach much significance to this, but for them, the rites and rituals of Arima, the state of being hard on the sacrificial animals that they had brought along with them. These were all very dear to them. They were very devoted to all of these rites and rituals and the sacrificial animals, and they could not
complete their journey and now they had to sacrifice their animals there and then, before they had reached their destination in the holy precincts, so all of this put together collectively bogged down heavily on them, and put them in an in a shot state in the state of consternation. They were unable to respond. Those who did respond, they were stunned into silence. Those who did respond, were unable to
control their response. Like oh my god, Allah, they were unable to regulate their response, like Amaro the alarm. Even earlier, the alarm, he declined
to strike off the name or Salalah. The province alarm it was sent him had to do it himself.
So the Sahaba of the alarm, we're in a state of absolute shock, not one of them stood up.
That's the main reason. Another reason is that the weatherman explained is that the what what I've just explained? That's my explanation. The weatherman have offered other explanations. One of the explanations is that
so how about the lover who was still hopeful
that they would receive some revelation, some revelation would come to the sort of laughs of the law while a person either negating the treaty
or articles of the treaty,
introducing some change that would allow them to continue with their remarks.
And this is another explanation. They were hoping that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would at least do
they thought, remember the two options I mentioned? The first option is that you break your arm and you become Halla.
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam didn't tell them that I am going to become healer.
He said to them, you rise, you slaughter your animals and you shave your hands. This was no nothing to do with himself. So how about the alarm rang? One explanation is they actually thought that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself personally was going to act on the other option, which is the
He was not going to break as he was going to he was not going to become Heller. Rather, he was going to return to Medina in our home state and remain in the state of a home for a whole year and return the following year and completers are up with the same.
And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had demonstrated that where he himself would fast but tell everyone else don't fast,
where he would choose the harder option and encourage this harbottle the Allahu to take and the sheen, the lighter option, but they in their resilience, they want to do exactly what the property law it which is, if he was going to go back in a state of harm, why they did not want to break their arm. They wanted to go back in the home state along with him. This is another explanation and this is actually supported by what this explanation and what I said at the beginning
about them being in a state of shock both of these explanations are supported by some words of the heady actually the explanation or the advice of almost cinema
all so he says hola Hema amin whom Roger de la Motta single men amongst him stood up had that honor that like I said Arthur Murat until he said this three times, for the man in the middle.
So then when not one of them stood up, the Allah Allah.
Allah, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam visited more cinema in her
cinema, the alarm company, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on this journey.
And he went to her 10
for the Corolla, Hamada feminine.
So he, he mentioned to her
what he had faced from the people
that I told them to rise and slaughter their animals and shave their heads and become Hannah.
And not one of them stood up. I told him three times, not one of them stood up
so he complained to almost set them ahead of the alarm on what he had just experienced.
For called Masada how the law has almost cinema it'll be a lot more than her said, you're gonna be a law
are you desirous of this? Meaning? Are you desirous of seeing the companion shave their heads, slaughter their animals and become Hannah?
In that case,
we'll send them ahead of the alarm hacer go
through mulatto condom admin who can
then do not speak a single word to anyone?
Don't say anything.
Until you slaughter slaughter your sacrificial animals. Wooden. Wooden is Jim Abaddon.
What did the other hand
and you call your
then he should shave your head for lunch. So the problem is in the law
firm you can imagine the men whom he did not speak to anyone who had their violence that he completed this.
He slaughtered his sacrificial animals without Hanukkah. And he called his barber according some narrations who was his barber.
It's the same Sahabi who was sent to Iraq should not Amelia for the alarm. And remember I said they sent two companions to Mecca. The first one was
omiya, who was mistreated but ultimately released and allowed to come back and the second one was a marathon with the loved one who was detained which led to the debate.
So that's how we who went Russian Romania howdy Allah and he was actually the prophets of the love. It was Bob
Feller. So karasuma hora de la when he shaved the profits in the lab it was limbs head
firmado that so when they saw this they rose from that
they slaughtered their animals, which are the bamboo jacoba. And then some of them began shaving the heads off one another.
The bamboo, yocto robanda mahama. Until some until some of them were close to killing each other, out of sorrow, meaning, when they were shaving one another's heads, they were doing it rather harshly in their sorrow and in their suppressed anger, when they were shaving their heads, it's almost as though they were about to cut off each other's necks.
But still such ferocity and anger,
not anger, sorrow.
obviously, when they saw that the province the love Eileen, who sort of had come out,
and he did this himself, that means he chose the former option of becoming healer, and that he wasn't going to stay in a home state.
So then, they should now do the same. That was one thing. Furthermore, all of a sudden, the alarm rang her also it's not mentioned in this notation, but in other narrations.
She said to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, or prophets of Allah
did not rebuke the companions and do not blame them. Her words were Do not blame them.
For you have seen
what has befallen their hearts and minds of the gravity of this whole affair.
This whole episode
of how they be the treaty, the articles of the troops, the conditions have had to accept that being obstructed from entering the city. Almost Senator McConnell the alarm explained to the province of the law, it was more profitable law to not blame them.
For you have seen the enormity and the gravity of what they have experienced of this treaty and its conditions and the events. Then she said they are a source of love, go out and do this. It's remarkable.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
This shows that the relationship he had with his wives,
He likes and is lonely, he likes and does burden.
He confided in them.
He shared a sorrow.
And not only that, but he also consulted.
But then again, the wives of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
they also viewed him in a certain way. And the first words of this head Eve are Yana bl,
They saw him as a messenger of Allah, not just as a husband.
And therefore it was a relationship full of deference, and respect, and all
and of obedience.
So she said, Yeah, maybe
then the advice or cinema it'll be a lot more in her gave was priceless. Because it was on that basis, the Prophet sallallahu wasallam actually acted on her advance
these accusations or some of the fancy stories that are thrown around about Muslims and sometimes by Muslims themselves.
That Oh, you should ask your wife
for advice and then do the opposite.
never consult your wives
All of these suggestions are unfair.
They have no basis. And the supreme example is this.
On a critical occasion, in a critical situation such as this, on such a sensitive time.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam visited almost Southern mahalo Lila
And he shared his sorrow with her, he told her of his experience. All of a sudden mahalo Viola offered her advice. And lo and behold, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam immediately without hesitation, saw
the validity and the wisdom of her advice, and he went out and he acted on it. And true to her word. The Sahaba of the Allahu anhu did exactly what she expected them to.
Almost cinema hold the alarm weinhaus
When the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam proposed to her husband when he passed away, it was Sonoma huddling in LA.
During his lifetime,
he had heard a lot of laughs and a lot of them
that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said,
that whoever is struck by a calamity,
then they should read the following
a long journey if he will see that he will literally hire men.
grants me a reward
in man's fortune
and cause to come after this calamity. Some good for me
after the calamity bring about some good for me. So all cinema have the alarm
about cinema have the alarm came home and at some stage he related this heavy to
that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam gave this advance that when
someone is struck by a calamity misfortune they should read this learn. When cinema huddle the alarm passed away.
Almost cinema huddle the alarm would recite in that alert who went nightly during a lovely journey if he will see that you are
that or LA in that in that regard, you know, Allah grants me a reward in my misfortune. And cause to cause some good to come to me following this calamity. And she she says, I used to think I used to pray the door I but I used to think How can any other good come to me after I've all said
How can any good come to me after all cinema?
Can there be anyone better than abou cinema?
So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
sent word to her sometime later, proposing to her. So all of a sudden, the alarm had actually declined. What she didn't decline? She didn't say no outright. She sent her reasons for her reservation not declined, but she sent her reasons for her reservation. And she said, Yeah, number
I'm not young.
I have children.
And I do not wish for them to become a burden on you or to trouble you in any way, since he would have to look after them. And number three,
I'm a woman of intense jealousy, jealousy more intense than most women.
So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam sent back a reply of three things. First, he said you say you are old.
While the one proposing to you is no younger.
To your children,
alone, they won't trouble me and allow me to take care of them they will not be a burden on me. And three,
as for your as for your intense jealousy. Allah subhanho wa Taala will remove.
She accepted then she herself say
that by Allah. Allah removed my jealousy to such an extent that it's almost as though it was never
almost Sonoma Don't be alarmed and how it's very wise, and intelligent and wise. And here as well. She demonstrated her wisdom
high intelligence, and she advised the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on such an occasion
he rasulillah acted on her advice. And based on her advice, the Sahaba of the alarm whom responded to her advice more than they responded to his words.
And if men pray that Allah grants them wives, who follow in the footsteps of almost sanoma, it'll be a lot more
than surely the women will also pray that Allah grandson husbands will follow in the footsteps of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, you can't have one, but not the other.
with the beauty of marbles,
the grace, the name and the fame of stars,
the culinary skills of professional chefs.
At the same time, the piety of the Sahaba there'll be a loved one
you can get
just wait till you die, but
the men want this yet they themselves
what are their context, their character, their
their piety, their behavior.
And vice versa.
and I won't go into the description.
But they want men
who fulfill all the ambitions and the dreams and the hopes and the aspirations of the world.
Cutts model chiseled,
handsome, rich, intelligent, wealthy, whether that's at the top of the list.
And at the same time, they wanted to be
a paragon of virtue.
And someone wanted the way to the Sahaba of the alarm, and undoubtedly the patience of a prophet.
And yet they themselves what do they bring?
to this we should look in the mirror,
both the physical mirror and the metaphorical mirror and ask ourselves in all honesty and sincerity just between ourselves, the mirror and Allah
What do I deserve?
Who do I deserve?
looking the physical mirror and the metaphorical mirror,
look at oneself, the appearance as well as one's character.
one's very big.
And as everything that will knows about oneself, and then ask a sincere question, Who and What do I actually deserve?
It doesn't mean we have to sell ourselves short.
Nor does it mean that we have to indulge in bouts of self loathing navel gazing and self flagellation.
But it means to be balanced and to be realistic.
Not to sell ourselves short.
But also not to oversell ourselves.
advise the prophets of Allah. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam acted on the advice of so how about all the love? Who did what the prophet sallallahu Sallam did? As explained here?
The next part of the heavy
is a sudden shift to some of the events that took place.
Once the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam returned to Medina,
so I won't discuss this now, because there's a sudden shift because all the words are thermadata wholeness with mynap. Then believing women came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. This is not as for the VA or anywhere near me, this is after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam returned to Medina.
Now, in between that period, a lot happened. So the province of the law
of the land became hollow, and they turn back from a holiday visa, and the grace returned to Makkah, because they were camped outside a large contingent of them on the journey from kurama to Medina.
A few other things happen. One of them is the famous incident about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the Sahaba of the Allah oversleeping as such.
rode and traveled late into the night. Then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said who will guard is during the night Bulava. The alarm said I will.
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in this habit of the Allah who slept
below the alarm fell asleep.
in the morning,
when the sun had risen,
the warm rays of the sun fell on
the alarm and he leaped up, woke up below the alarm room and they woke up with some
profits and alarm it was an unwelcome he didn't blame anyone
for Allah subhanho In fact, he recognized and acknowledged that Allah had caused this so that it could be a lesson to people
and the benefits for people afterwards so that he could demonstrate what people should do. So somehow I'm not even the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had his sunnah of law because he overslept.
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam rose he told us how about the alarm to pack and then he moved on. He didn't pray fudger Salah there, he moved on went a bit further.
He told he can't
did what he told us. How about the alarm to do will do and then in jamara, collectively in congregation they prayed for Jesus Allah. And according to wonder at Why did they do
according to one narration
because of the effect and the influence of shavon at the other place. This is why that will Mr. Say, one of the things to do with Dolby
is that if you truly want to repent, repent means you change, you come back from where you were.
Because there were two one of the meanings of failure to Butoh button is to return.
So wherever you have gone out, to a place where you shouldn't have been where you shouldn't have gone out, you come back from there, that's that's a return to your pure state.
Which means that boulder is not just verbal, you don't just repent verbally,
you have to make all the necessary changes.
And repentance has many R's.
As I keep saying, repentance can only be true. If you repent, how you repent, you have remorse, you refrain from the sin. At that time during the period of repentance, you have resolve never to return to the sin again.
You reform not just yourself, but you reform and you repair any damages you have caused, you repair any damage you have made to yourself to others.
Another are is to remove yourself
from the place the environment and the company
in which he committed sins
from that company without removal from that environment without removal
from that place, there's always a danger
that you will return not from the sin but to the sin.
And that's illustrated by
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Subhan Allah He was a messenger of Allah.
when they woke up the place where they missed their Sunnah, he told all of them moved from here. And they traveled. And they only made it for federal salam, they delayed it longer, but they only performed it and they made up for it at a distance from the original location where they miss Tesla
because of the effects on the influence of shape on that place.
when it comes to sins, one has to do proper hygiene.
And that's why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, what a good omen hijra man holla and the true Mahajan. The true emigrant is the one who abandons and shims, the prohibitions of Allah. And as I explained in the commentary of hedgerows.
What does hedgerows originally mean? The meaning the meaning of hedgerow his emigration, but the original meaning of hedger. This is a secondary or tertiary meaning. The original meaning of hedger is to abandon to shun. Yeah, you
Cabeza de Vaca. Papa, what Rue de jure Allah says addressing the Messenger of Allah, it was one of the earliest verses ever to be revealed to him, a one wrapped in a mental rise and wall and your Lord glorify and your clothes purify,
water, woods, evangel and impurity, shun abandon.
And there are so we'll say on the day of gentlemen,
Surya Robin Tomita, who has an Anima Judah, Milo and the messenger will say, Oh, my lord, this people of mine have
left this arm majula meaning abandoned,
So the meaning of hidrive, to shun to abandon to leave. So we have to do the hidden from our sins and the hidrive takes all forms, not only do you shun the sin, you physically do hedger and remove yourself and you physically emigrate from the place of sin to another place.
So this is one of the things that happened on that day. Sorry, on that part of the journey back to Medina from Makkah, at the time of Abia is that they missed their Salah, and the prophets of Allah, it was part of the alarm to make up for their Salah later. Now there's an interesting note here is that if you look, actually in some of the narrations, there are three places or three times that are mentioned for these for this incident, one and somehow these are returned return from the adea. In other hobbies, it's a return in the seventh year from Haven and in other hobbies. It's a return from the book in the ninth year of hedge law. So which of the three is correct? The only explanation that
I have given is that in fact, all three of them are correct. And this means that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam actually missed his salah and overslept with the Sahaba of the Allah, not just in the sixth year of hedger
traveling from Mecca to Medina at the time of her baby. But he also missed it a year later, traveling from haber to the north of Medina, back to Medina. And he also missed it in the ninth year of hedra. traveling from
the book back south to Medina. So it happened actually on three occasions. That's one of the incidents that took place on his return to Medina from a via
another incident, which are referred to right at the beginning.
And I said I will comment on it in some detail while I mentioned it later, which is
no return journey. At one stage. How about the alarm who stopped.
they approach the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and they said to him,
we are hungry, food is running out or food has run.
So some of the companions have additional camels
that they aren't trying to spare camels.
So please instruct them to slaughter these candles and share the food so that when they eat
something that'll be a lot more than sad. You're sort of law this
wouldn't be a good idea.
It's better for us that we do have some spare counts. So the profits and the love it will send them set to this habit of the alarm. Indeed, don't slaughter the camels. Rather, make an announcement, spread your leather mats,
and your cloaks. So, spread your clothes and your leather mats
and bring any of the dry foods that you
saw on his food that they could cook meat etc. Otherwise, bring your dry foods massage these nuts and raisins and
etc. So, how about the alarm roll?
And they entered whatever they had.
And he wasn't much all of them brought what they could and he was left in a small pile, your 1500 to have out of the library.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did something with the food and then blessed it prayed on it told us about the alarm and whom to eat from it, all of the Sahaba of the alarm.
Then shortly later, it was a sort of salata.
And the Sahaba of the alarm, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was there in the desert,
preparing for us all summer. He had he had a water skin in front of him. And he was doing well due from the water skin. Some of us How about the alarm, I approached him and said the law the water has one. We don't even have water
to drink, let alone to do.
So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam then did something miraculous, and this is a famous authentic
the skin of water that he had.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam placed his noble hand there in.
out of the alarm, I witnessed water bubbling
and rising and then actually flowing from between his fingers.
Jabu de la de la Marina, who says,
well, the Sahaba of the lover who say that we all drank to our film, we filled our water bags and skins.
And we also did with that water jabiru magdala Viola and when he narrates the story, his his students said to him, oh, Giada How many of you were there? He said, If there had been 100,000 of us, the water would have been sufficient for us. But we were only 1500.
So this was, in fact, this similar similar miracle occurred on other occasions as well, but we don't have time to go into it. But if you recall, much earlier on, I mentioned that adds to the idea. So how about Have you ran out of water and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam displayed the miracle of water on that occasion. This is different because then there was the well, but there was hardly any water left because he had all been taken out. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam spat, he washed his noble face and hands and he spat into the water. The water was then poured back into the well. Then he took an arrow and gave it to one of the companions, and the Prophet
sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his arrow was stuck into the ground into the base of the well by one of the companions, and then the water started bubbling. So that was a completely different sense. And this incident is completely different. This wasn't a Well, this was on the return journey to Medina. And prior to the miracle of water earlier on,
was the miracle of feeding the whole 1500 group of pilgrims
using just dry ice foodstuffs. And then the miracle of this water, there was no Well, it was the water was bubbling with from the hands of sort of law, some of the law while he was in the water back. So this was another miraculous incident that actually took place on the return journey, and the Sahaba of the law and the same incident, or similar incident or similar miracle occurred on other occasions. So this room will incent the profit net profits and Lola Heidi who was sort of in this habit of the unlock experience on their return journey to Medina. Finally, one more thing that happened is that
It was on this leg of the whole journey from Mecca to Medina, after the truth of who they be, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam received the revelation of sort of
an omen of the alarm and explains it beautifully. He says, because of what happened with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam earlier on, that he approached the Messenger of Allah. And he spoke to him as we covered in the youth last week, and he approached abubaker on the line, he had already began regretting it. So he says, that I was traveling with the province and the law might even send them on the return journey from Philadelphia and I approached him and I attempted to speak to him.
Messenger of Allah, prophets of Allah Almighty, who will send them remain silence. I spoke to him again. He remained silent.
I repeated this the third time, and I tried to speak to him again. Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam remain silent, or the alarm will say that grief seized me and addressing himself, he said, Oh,
thrive and she persisted, and have hurt the Messenger of Allah, but he did not reply to you. And he said, I fear that some more and maybe revealed about me because he was regretting the manner in which he spoke to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam earlier on.
So he said, I moved away, and he was fear.
And he said, I went ahead to the front part of the
group of Muslims, so he was riding ahead, this meant that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wasn't necessarily at the front always. Rather, they were in a large group, caravans and sometimes a prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam will be traveling in one small subgroup, and the other Sahaba would be in front. So here, I'm going to be your lover and says, I rode away from him and joined the group at the front of the caravan. And whilst I was riding there, seized by grief, he says, I heard someone call out my name saying Allah, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam seminary. So I instantly feared that Allah has revealed verses or an about me.
So I wrote up to him, and then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said to him or Allah.
Allah has revealed to me a surah
which is more beloved to me than anything else on earth.
And then he was cited enough for to be later felucca love them at the mokona we a two minute, break away.
When Soraka love Muslim Ezeiza till the next verse, that's enough attention or lack of attention will be indeed we have
scored a great victory what we are literally indeed we have opened up a great deliverance for you.
deliverance, so that allow me forgive you your sins past and future. And so that allow me completers favor upon you. And the address is singular only to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam not to all of them. So the airfit aleca not Leah,
Leah Farah McCullough. So that allow me forgive you your sins or messenger of Allah, past and future. And so that alarming completes his favor upon you, O Messenger of Allah, where they said, often subpoena and so that allow me to guide you, or messenger of Allah set out the Lima along the straight path.
So this How about are the Allahu and then what are the love on her this prophets the love it was to inform the other Sahaba of the Allah.
So some of them said, Oh prophets of Allah, because the beginning verses are exclusively about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So how about the alarm and who said honey and Marie and lucky Allah so Allah, congratulations
to you or messenger of Allah
felicitations to you Congratulations to you. And may this be blessed for you?
What's in it for us?
They actually said, What's in it for us? So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam recited to them the next versus the minima will mean outage and nothing dream. In fact,
we have got for me who say
So that alarming enter the believing men and believing women
into gardens beneath which were the sureflap.
actually Holly Dena Fie her wherein they shall reside forever. We have suffered and who say yes to Him, and so that allow me remove their ills Are you forgiven their sins.
So, these verses were then about the Sahaba the alarm, but the whole sort of was revealed. And in fact, the entire surah was revealed. On the return journey, the whole have sort of been fed from the province alarm It was then departing from from Cordelia to Medina. Now there are many parts of the surah we don't have time, but maybe in Sharla next week, you can actually comment on some of those verses that are directly the whole sort of wants to do with her baby. So I made comments on some of the verses upon the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam his arrival in Medina.
A few more incidents took place that are mentioned here, in the upcoming part of the Hadith number one, the story of the believing women who traveled from Mecca to Medina, as muhajir art as emigrants following the Treaty of hood, Avi
and the first one to travel amongst the women, was all consumed by enteropathogenic. Remind.
she was a young lady,
never been married before.
And alone, she traveled from Makkah,
even though part of the treaty was that anyone who traveled to Medina would have to be returned.
So amaku Winterbottom, she traveled
to Medina from Ghana,
and markedly. This is how Islam affected people then, you know, whose daughter she was.
unexplained more about in show, we don't have time, if I start now, it'd be quite late. But I'll comment on this on that occasion.
So quite a lot happened with women who travelled from Mecca to Medina, Allah reveal verses about them. And they were excluded from the article of the treaty. That was one thing that directly relates to her they be the second thing that's mentioned in the upcoming part of the heading on which we will conclude is the story of overseer of the alarm, and it will gender, the son of suhaila murmur, the alarm
and what happened with them, again, that was directly related to the Treaty of Arabia because following their incident, and their story, that brace themselves as the property of the love and equals and to remove this article from the treaty, and consider the Muslims exempt from that condition.
So there are three or four parts left to the story of her day via the whole headache. And inshallah I'll cover them next week and possibly the week after to. One is the revelation of the whole disorder. And I made comments on some of the verses related to the whole incident that won't take too long. The second part is the story of the women traveling to Medina as emigrants from McGahan the exclusion, eventually, from the treaty, then the story of overseed and agenda and that others have added the alarm and eventually their exclusion from the articles of the treaty. And finally, the lessons from the whole story of who they be, and also the reason why this was a victory.
And we call the series on the heavy the truce our victory. That apparently was a humiliation. It was a wisdom of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the command of Allah, that this apparent abject humiliation and disgrace.
The world realized within two years,
that it was a victory of a grand scale, and not just the momentary victory, resulting in the conquest of Makkah, but a victory for all times. So inshallah I'll comment on these four things in the next lesson and possibly, one after that. May Allah subhanho wa Taala enable us to understand what sort of luck was in them and that he would have suited to be unemployed rather early. He was vdh main tremec a lot more
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