Channel: Riyadul Haqq
This lesson forms the introduction to the detailed hadith in Saheeh al-Bukhari regarding the Truce of al-Hudaybiyah. The lesson mostly covers the background information including dates, locations and the events leading up to this truce.
This lecture was delivered on 9th October 2015 by Shaykh Riyadh ul Haq at Al Kawthar Academy, Leicester.
© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.
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America found him in a shape on a machine similar
in the law a woman who used to lunarlon the BA
later on Brahim.
a lot about it.
Come about Abdullah Ibrahim. Ibrahim in
respect to listeners
we gather for the
reading of the
of the Treaty of RDB. from Sweden
the Hadeeth number from the original collection and Amanda hardy law for those of you who are following the original
is it through the 2731
for those of you who are following the abridged version of cerebral rowhani by moms in Edina Zubeidi
law, the accurate number is 11.2.
It's a very long heading and allow me to
at least begin the
the with its first few words and the senate chain of narration and then inshallah we'll begin to explain.
We still have the Mutasa limini in an employment
law and the three Abdullah who
are married to those
other Latin American liberal many fathers but in his
or her new newspaper at any mismatch, Alamodome around any mismatch in the macula. There'll be a lot more in marijuana. You saw him in Houma. dfsr hibi Ana Harada Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam semana de ba
released with a continuous and uninterrupted chain from me to the Manoir de la hoces. Abdullah Mohammed related to me that Abdullah Rosa related to us, that Mariner informed us
he said zakhary informed me
that they informed me from Mr. mahama that'll be alarm and Marwan
both of them, each one of them, you said the kukula hidden min
each one of them attesting to the body
and the narration of his companion on that they both said, courage are sort of like some of the long run evals some of them are the via that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam left
at the time of with a beer.
These are just the beginning words.
And undoubtedly, the whole heavy is about the truths of the beer. As late came to be in
the background to the In summary, the truth of who they be to place in the sixth year of HR, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam travels travel to the from the Drina to America with the intention of performing
and then he was prevented from entering the city of Mecca.
So he can't with the companions at a place called davia.
Eventually, after a number of incidents and exchanges with the range of maca
a truce was agreed
with many different conditions.
And one of the conditions was that the Muslims would agree not to entering the city of Mecca and completing their remarks, but rather return to Medina,
immediately turning around from her baby place where they were,
and then they will be given an opportunity to return a year later and completely.
So that was one of the conditions, there were other conditions to the property of the lover and he will send them then
came out of his error in with a beer and sort of this habit will be a lot more and then they will return to Medina Tijuana.
This journey of aroma is known as real to who they be.
And the truths that took place
is known as Saudi Arabia, the truth or they be
the whole journey, their own bank, in most of the original books of
SEO is actually referred to as a husband to baby the expedition of who they be.
So you can call it Angular two, are they be suitable? Could they be hospital? Could they be the expedition? or could they be the truth of who they be the era of who they be? All of these definitions in their own way are correct. And this whole journey took place in the 11th month
of the sixth year of he writes at the beginning, Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam left Medina on Monday,
the very beginning of the month of the Garda
in the 60 of HR.
there's so much related to this one journey, and the famous sort of the sort of
the sort of victory.
sutra of conquest
originally means deliverance.
And as a secondary meaning means conquest and victory. So sort of
this surah has revealed upon the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam return journey from where they began to Medina.
And the verses speak about some of the events before the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam left some of the events that took place on the journey.
And he also refers to the truce of who they be, and some of the events that took place at where they be and stuff.
In call the,
I gave the title for this Hadeeth as the truce of victory.
And the reason is, that although it was a truce and agreement,
kind of peace treaty,
Allah subhanho wa Taala called it a victory.
And I'm on the surface. The treaty actually appeared to be very lopsided in favor of the pagans
to a great disadvantage of a great disadvantage to the Muslims. And this is why initially even the Sahaba of the illawarra who were unable to fan
the articles of the treaty and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam agreement to all of the conditions regardless of what they said.
They were very rude, disrespectful,
exploitative, in their signing of the Treaty,
and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam tolerated that provocations there their verbal abuse
their lopsided conditions advantageous to themselves
by the guidance of a lot spammable with the sort of loss of the lover enable some of them tolerated everything.
For our last panel with Diana had buried
in the apparent disadvantages
apparent disadvantages of this treaty and the apparent victory and consolation of the operation of Makkah. In all of this, a lot of buried deep within a great victory and a door of deliverance, not only for the Muslims of Medina before the whole room, and in fact for the whole creation of the last panel with Allah to the opia
because certain who they via this journey was a turning point it was a watershed in many different ways. And Allah mentions that in sort of confirm that after this last promise you promised you, mahogany
spoils This in itself is a victory.
And the verses begin with the words
enough for them will be
Leah ferulic Allahumma Tottenham in them because no matter where you think minute little who are Laker where they are
when Soraka la Muslim azeez
hula de unzila Sakina defeat Ruben Meneely is that we Ilana mera Imani
law says verily
we have scored
a very clear victory for you
so that allow me forgive you your sins
and the future
and so that allow me complete his favor on you referring specifically sort of saw the law some of the law already was and so that um law may guide you to the straight path.
And so that law may assist you.
And assistance of strength.
It is He Allah who sent down 16, tranquility and serenity in the hearts of the believers, so that they may increase in faith with their faith.
Until law belongs the
armies of the heavens and the earth.
And barely Allah is all knowing, all wise.
It's narrated in Narrator And the subtitle the alarm heard these verses.
How about the lover and who said the house or the law? Is this the victory? So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said yes.
And then when he recited these verses, so this How about all the love and who said to him yada Sula, this is all for you. So what's whereas, since the whole address is only for the message, to love it yourself.
So then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam recited the next verses, the Medina one what are the gymnasts dreaming of and how Holly Deena fee.
So that law may enter the believers, the believing men and the believing women
in gardens beneath which river shall flow there, and they shall reside forever. And the verses continue. So Allah subhanho wa Taala, called this truce of Arabia, despite its apparent disadvantages, to the Muslims, a clear victory, a clear conquest. And this is why many Sahaba have the luxury of not just one, Abdullah him and Mr. Lu that are the Allahu and others, they would actually say to the successes and their students, they would say, you all consider the conquest of Makkah to be the victory. Whereas we, we actually consider the truce or the via to be the victory.
And not once have been many, how about the alarm? I would repeat this, they would say that you addressing the students and successes that are being they would say you all consider and view the conquest of Makkah and the eighth theme of Hitler to be the fifth, the victory, whereas we, they wouldn't deny that it's a victory. They would say that, of course, it's a victory, but the true victory, we actually regard as being the truth of who they be.
So this habit of the alarm, who considered it a truce of victory, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam considered it a truce of victory. And most importantly, Allah revealed an entire surah to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam announcing that this treaty, this truce is a
Clear victory which Allah has bestowed upon the messengers of the law it was.
And the reason is it led to so many different things, so many different things.
Just one of them. There are so many just one of them all Sophia,
the leader of the brain, after the Battle of birth,
all the way till the conquest of Makkah.
After the truth of who they via
he traveled with the caravans up north for trade, and
the beginning of this year, we
completed the reading of the heavy youth of heraclius.
Also, film was the main character in there, he was the main narrator of the Hadees. So I'm delighted my boss of the alarm,
and he was narrating his whole experience when he wasn't Muslim.
And in this period of troops after the sixth year of Hydra sandwich was achieved the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam dispatched letters to so many different rulers and emperors. He entered into alliances and treaties with other tribes. The trade routes was once again opened up from Mecca to Sham and taken advantage of that also, Yan traveled with his companions in a very large trade caravan range. There he was summoned by heraclius, interrogated in the Royal Palace in Jerusalem, and then
have also found himself says
engagement with heraclius heraclius is piercing in precise questions, and is very accurate analysis of the answers of all Sofia opened up a new world for Abu Sofia. And he says at the end of the heavy youth, that
in this way, Islam was opened up for him, and Islam first entered his heart.
And it continued to
take hold of his heart until the conquest of Makkah.
In fact, he felt compelled to believe. And this was the chieftain of the Quraysh, not any member of the arrangement, the chieftain of the Polish, and it was after the truce of Arabia, that so much happened, some of the leaders of the orangish all eventually embraced Islam. Even harder to believe there'll be a lot more and it was after the truth of who they be, that he traveled with his friend. He traveled, the others gradually traveled to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. With this truce and the laying down of arms, people were able to meet with each other.
Those until now the arrange,
had a stranglehold on public opinion,
because they controlled
the perception of the people in relation to the Muslims. But after the truce of her the idea, people were free to meet one another to engage. People saw the Muslims for what they were. And this open indeed, it was a it was an opening, he opened up people's hearts and minds. And what the grace smugly thought of as a victory for themselves with a truce or they via within 10 months, they realized that it was a disaster
within 10 minutes.
And nobody could see this. In fact, the Sahaba of the Allahu anhu was so grieved was so upset, and they were so overcome by shock.
That when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told them to rise, and shave their heads and break their arm, none of them stood up.
Because they weren't in such a state of shock. They were so overwhelmed by the grief.
But lots panelboard Allah had buried within this apparent defeat and these apparent disadvantages, a clear victory for sort of law. Some of them it was not just for him. It was a watershed for not only the Muslims of Medina, or the Arab nation of the peninsula, but the whole world. It was a watershed history changed after that. History changed with the hedger
and then after the hidrive this was the main event.
And the conquest of Makkah, was a direct result of the truce of her the idea.
Now, what was the background to the this journey that Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam undertook, before I continue to keep using the word davia. As I mentioned, you can refer to this journey as a husband or a via the expedition of davia. You can refer to it as a via the adea.
Because the prophets of Allah, some of them,
he completed one hedge and 14 robbers
in the sixth year of hijra, this was his first camera after the Hitler. This is known as they be
the second camera who was in the seventh year of Hitler, one year after as, as per the troops, they were to return and completely incomplete unraveled the year before. This is known as
the law of completion of making up for the missed Angler of the Year before. Then in the eighth year of hedra. After the conquest of Mecca, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam put on her arm for Roma from Iran, which is to the north east of Makkah, and prophets of Allah alayhi wa sallam performed from there, this was his third.
And then the final remark was with the one hedge that he did, in the 10th year of hitch, that along with his hedge, so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam after the hedge are completed one hedge and four hours, and this was actually the first of them.
And it's known as for the idea because, as I said, the place the place where the idea wasn't placed from before known to the Arabs. As for the BIA, it's a few miles to the west of Macedonia.
And in fact, over time, the area was called for the via, but as often happens, another name has overtaken would they be so gradually, not now. But in fact, a few centuries ago, a village
grew up there while there was a village that became inhabited and it grew in size. And eventually the name with a via was overwhelmed by the new name of the village. And that's continued till today, it's actually known as a sham ec. So, even today, some of the buildings and
structures and features in that area are referred to not so much as a B, but rather a sham AC. So, if if ever you need to search, the area is known as a sham EC, and originally it was known as what ABA is just a few miles to the west of Mecca.
Now, the pronunciation of what ABA is, you can say both you can say who they be
without the speed on the air or you can say who they be with the speed. So who they be, or who they be.
And these are all famous names just like Giana you can say Jerry, Iran or Jana. So, put adea we can say who they be both translations are correct, will they be his marks the edge of the helm?
So, we have a
sometimes when you use the word How do you know generically just means a century. So, in Macedonia, Kerala, people say and Herman McKee meaning the Moroccan century, and what they normally mean by a harem, a monkey or the heroin, the heroin. In today's language, mainly most people just assume it to refer to and mischievous.
But Originally, the word Haram, with it meaning sanctuary, refers not just to administer that Haram, but to the whole area, which Allah Han is a salsa la heiling has Selim have declared to be sacred and a century of a last round of water and that whole area is quite wide and the via marks the edge of the Heron
to the west.
as I explained in
my commentary of the
hedge many years ago, you can consider the regions to be as follows. You have Zone A,
Zone A is the sanctuary the
the area which is forbidden
The area which is declared sacred By Allah, and is that a source of the law.
There are many laws particular and peculiar to this problem and sanctuary.
One of them is that anyone who well, even if you are in the harem, either as a visitor or in the resident as a resident, if you wish to do Umrah or Hajj, you can't just start from there. If you wish to do all right, you can't just start from there, you have to actually go out of the harem into the area known as the hill, the lawful area, not the forbidden area, and you have to enter into the state of harm from the look of the lawful area. Now, where do people normally do that most often, people go to the E, which is marked by Mr. Darren shahidul the alarm. And it's not as much as the mean. The reason is that the marine marks the edge of the Heron to the north of mccurtain mokara.
jenama marks the edge of the harem to the north east. In fact, it's a bit further, but it's true that that's where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, entered into the state of Islam in order to do after the conquest of Makkah, and davia marks the edge of the harem, to the west of Mecca.
So it's actually on the edge, so much so that when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was coming in with a beer,
and for many days at the time of this treaty,
his tent was in the halaal area in the hill, but he would regularly pray his Salah away from the tent in the harem in the sacred area.
So his tent was pitched just outside the edge of the harem in one area. This is why would they be a part of it isn't the heroine part of it is out it's on the edges on the boundary. So those who wish to end do ombre, even if they are residents or visitors in muckety muck around, they have to go out into the halaal area known as the hill. And that's my marks by more than him to the north or the area to the west. So, if you mentioned the zone Zone A is the heaven the sacred area, zone B outwards is what's known as the hill the halaal area.
So, if you look at the mahkamah, you have to go out on Zone A into zone B and zone B, the region of zone B the whole zone is marked off by what we call mala beads, the plural of me
and these are stations stations of hatch.
So, these stations, if you imagine a whole zone, this is known as zone B the hill, which means that if you are in muckety muck around in the harbor, and you wish to perform Rudra you go only to the Hill to zone B, and then you enter the harem in a state of harmony Can't you must enter in a state of crown from outside that head on from the head from zone B. But if you are traveling for Hajj or Umrah from outside them or be from outside zone B which is applicable to most of the world, then you can't pass the stations of them are at the stations have zone B ie the rest of the world is Zone C for all of those who are in Zone C, they can't proceed to the Hara, without entering into the state
of a home, not even in zone B but actually in Zone C but they can't even enter zone B without being in a state of Iran. So three zones the central zone is a harem of around Makkah and when we say Haram, we're not just referring to as much of the Haram rather we're referring to the wider region known as the Great century of muckety muck aroma a zone a zone B is a region between Zone A and Zone C known as the halaal area, but the whole of the hill is within the bollati the stations of headjam Amara and zone B and then beyond that for the rest of the world is zoned c most people aren't in Zone C
when we travel from here normally it's an attribute to be trapped because from the west we travel to Jeddah which is also pronounced.
People often raise objections that
isn't Egypt lol is Judah Judah Mina Muna not many words
It's an Arabic You can pronounce them with a llama or the kasara
of Ghana looking for your suit in law who will slipped on the fastener? For those of you who understand that there are, in fact, this is the
most of the other art is autumn hasta la Canada looking for your sword in the center. So it's worth more now Amina Jodeci.
Since we traveled towards gender, normally we are told that before you entered there, from the from the air, you have to enter the state of Iran, that's fine. Just that we get marks the beginning of zone B, and we aren't in Zone C, before we enter zone b we must enter into the state of
idea is that the edge of the hub
and that's why the province of the law my neighbor, somebody pitched his tent there. Remarkably, his tent was in the hill, the halaal area zone B, but he would actually go forward and pray the Salawat in Zone A in the house.
Now, what was the background to the expedition of Arabia in the 16th of
a year before?
What six years before Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam did Hitler and a year ago,
I commented in detail on the Hadeeth of hedger. But we aren't sure it'll be a lot more info from so.
We did that in seven parts so.
the new history year begins in the next few days. Next Friday, we will be in the 1400 and 37th year of
the month of the ledger comes to an end in a few days, and the month of
beginning, marking the beginning of the new 1400 and 37th your pitch begins. So
six years before province of the law it was a limited hedge. And then from the hedge, many things changed.
You can have powerful labor, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had to leave muckety muck aroma in secrets with a vehicle of the alarm. And this habit of the alarm many of them had left before those who could otherwise.
And they did so in great secrecy with the fear of murder, torture and persecution hanging over there.
In the second year of digital, we have the Battle of bed
in which the Muslim scored a decisive victory against the Rh to avenge their defeat and the Battle of
the Grinch. A year later, in the third year of Hitler marched towards muckety muck
with 3000 soldiers.
In battle, they were only
a year later in
The Battle of word
was a kind of stalemates in the sense that the Muslims initially scored a victory. But then because of a strategic error, they suffered huge losses. Towards the end of the battle,
and arrange were gloating in their nominal victory and in the wounds they had inflicted on the Muslims. But still, they were unable to achieve their goal which is unable to uproot Muslims from Medina. They were unable to silence the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and eliminate Islam from the city as they had wanted to.
And they were weak. So we can that although the Battle of orange took place on the outskirts of Medina, if they wanted, they could have, as was the original thought of some people invaded the city. But they were weakened at the end of the battle. So instead, they returned. So in a way the battle to Makkah, in a way the battle didn't go well for the British either. And because of a strategic error, the Muslim suffered huge losses towards the end.
Then, two years, a few other battles took place, but two years later in the fifth year of hijra, a year before the Treaty of Arabia
wanted to eliminate Islam once and for all. And so
They marched on Medina not alone, not just with 3000 soldiers not with 1000 maiken but or 3000, like in the third year of interacting awkward, but this time they established alliances with many different tribes. And at least 10,000 soldiers from around Makkah and Medina marched on Medina, with the specific intention of destroying the stronghold of the Muslims once and for all. This led to the siege of Medina, also known as a husband that will handle the Battle of the trench. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam took defensive measures by digging a trench, and much of this is covered in the soil that sort of
I won't go into any of the details here. But there wasn't the Triton because the Muslims were able to adopt this defensive measure of the trench, and the range along with their allies were unable to invade the city.
As a result of which they can't upside the laid siege to the city, he was bitterly cold, lots of water and I sent those people to assist us all laughs and alarm it was some strife from discord was sown in the camp of the enemy disagreements arose between them. And eventually without achieving any of their aims, none whatsoever.
The rage, and their allies disagreed amongst themselves, broke camp, and they all return to their respective regions and the operation went back to Mecca dhamaka.
He was on that occasion, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to the Sahaba of the lava,
that from this day onwards, they will never march against us again. Rather, we shall march against them.
after a few months, there was a husband who study which are spoken of in detail in the commentary of heavy lift of machinery shuttle the alarm, again, which we covered in seven parts.
And then a year later from the
bottom of the trench.
Prophet sallallahu wasallam announces intention to go to market and walk around
not with any intention of fighting, but only to perform.
And this was the announcements was preceded by a dream that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam saw
and the law refers to that in sort of perfect.
La Casa de la hora Sula, who wrote
that the minister that haram insha Allah, Armenian and Latina will also Kumamoto, Sinhala coffee.
Verily Allah has made true
to his messenger,
what Allah will make true to his messenger history
that all of you will surely interested in.
If Allah will.
insha Allah, if loions
Tino sakumo, serene shaving your heads and clipping your hair. in such a state that last half, you will not fear
the meaning of insha Allah here is
If a human being says,
if a subject says that, if the If His Majesty wishes,
then this will happen, referring to the king. If the king himself says that if I wish, when he says if I wish, he's not making the consequence conditional. It's a way of announcing his power and majesty, that if I wish, meaning who can stop me? And that's what a normal King
when it comes to medical model, the King of kings are sovereign of sovereigns. Allah subhanho wa Taala. When he says insha Allah, it's an announcement and a declaration of his power, that his will is not contingent on anything, but he works in different ways.
So you will surely enter a machine
if Allah wills
And for those of you who are in Standard Arabic, it's what we call insha Allah. And
so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam sought a dream. And most likely This wasn't an Medina from menorah because I'm an African American law. He relates these. And in that it has mentioned that when the Muslims left, they were convinced that they would enter Makkah through karma and complete their own route because of the dream of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in Medina, he announced to the Sahaba of the law, that I will be traveling to Makkah tomoka Rama to perform
the Sahaba of the law with delight,
filled with glee.
Now before I continue this, we need to understand some of
their relationship with muckety muck.
Why did this dream mean so much to them?
Why did the hedger mean so much?
Why were they so delighted, overwhelmed with joy and glory
in having the opportunity to go to market
in a way one could have thought that
they suffered so much at the hands of the Quraysh they had to flee the city they had to abandon. Now they made a new life in Medina, this was their new home. So in a way they should have or they would have forgotten and left behind.
And made an intention of not returning there again.
pushed it out of their hearts and minds.
the relationship of the Sahaba of the love with Makoto Corona In fact, the relationship of the Arabs in general, with maka Toma Corona needs to be understood to realize the full impact of this dream of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And this habit of the alarm.
The carrabba have lots of water and the city of Kerala meant so much to the Arabs.
Their hearts were bonded with the house of
They weren't a mighty tribe. They were rich, they were famous.
They were very diplomatic. They were extremely influential, disproportionately,
but militarily, and numerically. They weren't a huge or a powerful tribes that were far more numerous and profitable, militarily powerful tribes around
and in the whole of Arabia.
Why was orange so prominent?
They drew their fame, their name, their power, their wealth, their influence their prestige,
because of one thing and one thing alone, they drew all of this from the fact that they were the custodians of the house of Allah.
They were the custodians of the garbage. They control the supplier, the watering of the pilgrims'. They control the father and the feeding of the pilgrims.
They call they control the savanna, the custody custodianship of the gardener. And because of this, the rest of the tribes of Arabia accorded them a great status. They gave them preferential treatment in alliances and treaties in trade. They drew great respect from this one facts alone.
And a law refers to that in the Koran as well.
Please arrange enough to ship your sling
for the apple who are up behind and late into the room in June.
As I explained in that the seat are sort of feeling sort of Quraysh a last panel with Anna boasts of his favor to the Quraysh and these favors included the fact that they were able to travel far and wide as traders as merchants,
but they enjoyed the custodianship of the garba and that they enjoyed safety.
So much so that last panel with Anna says
that Have We not made
Hurrem century for them.
We have the finance man howling. At a time when people were being snatched all around them. It wasn't safe place. There was no law.
It was a tribal society and it was a lawless society, but the orange only because of their custodianship of the gala that enjoyed great prestige. So that was all of the Arabs held the Gabba Avalon and the admission of that harm in great esteem, because of that attachment to the house on the last panel or data and indeed, with Django on the beat on the third button in NASA. And verily we have made the house a place to have off return. As I mentioned, what's the meaning of offer return, even for those who visit the garba they go, and their hearts become attached to the garba of Allah. When they return. Their bodies may go home but their hearts are left behind with the garba.
And that's for a visitor. As for those who were born around the gamba, who grew up around the Gabba, you mentioned the Sahaba of the love. For them their love of muck, of course, partly it was to do with the fact that that's where they were born, that was their home city. That's where they grew up. That's where their homes were, and their families were, but far more importantly and over and above all of this. It was because of the house of Allah subhanho wa Taala This is why I saw the law. So the law it was Selim facing muckety muck Khurana, even though he was leaving from Medina, and in moderation, he said this again later, after coming back from Medina, he faced karma. And he said, of
omaka of all the places on earth on Earth, you are the most beloved to me, and had it not been for the fact that your people drove me out, I would have never left.
So when this harbor the alarm heard that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam had seen a dream, in which they were all returning to administer the hub arm forming EMA and doing the pull off of the house of the last panel with the other. One cannot imagine the joy that filled them. And they all began making preparations.
pots alarm or anything who send them on this occasion, even invited some of the neighboring tribes to join him. One of the reasons was that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he went with peaceful intentions. But he did not and could not trust the
the Quraysh having done everything and having left no stone unturned in the past, many many years, including launching full scale invasions towards Medina.
Having done so much how could they be trusted not to harm the messenger Salalah Holly who was selling them
in their own home ground. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam took precautionary measures. And part of those precautionary measures was that he invited some of the tribes around the arena of the Bedouin, who still respected Makoto macaron
to join him on this expedition of the arena,
just as support.
Eventually the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam left the surrounding tribes, they refuse to join him.
They were hypocritical.
So they didn't say to him
this is suicidal. That's what they thought.
in our league in Alberta,
was the University of Montana know so last Chronicle data says addressing these tribes, that you both volunteer, you actually thought that the messenger sallallahu, Alayhi, wasallam, and the believers with him, they will never be able to return to their families if they go to Makkah on this trip of the IMA. So they thought it's a suicidal mission. And they actually said amongst themselves, that
only a year ago the British came with 10,000 soldiers and we're about to invade the city of Medina. And now a year later Mohammed wishes to travel with his companions to Medina. This he will be killed, he and his companions will be killed. They are going straight into the jaws of death. So and He's inviting us to join him. No, thank you. That's what they said amongst themselves, but hypocritically when they came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And he invoked when he invited them their response was
shala, Mr. Luna, Finland. They said
We are quite busy with our families and our work and our wealth for Finland. So seek last forgiveness on our behalf.
So let's say you're a bit unscented to him or Lisa for you. They say with their tongues that which isn't in their heart. So this is hypocrisy in the extreme in their hearts. This is what they actually believed about the prophets in love. It was these they thought he was mad. They thought he was suicidal.
In a way, they were gleeful because they thought that he's never going to return, neither he or his companions, and that he was heading straight into the jaws of death. So in his heart, in their hearts, they thought, he is mad, he is finished, he is defeated. He is dead
by the end of this journey,
but with their tongue, and their smiles, they were saying, pray for us.
That's a height of hypocrisy. So Allah says they say that which isn't in their hearts, look at the difference in the contrast between the feelings and emotions of their hearts and the statements of their tongues. So the province of the Long Island Muslim was grieved by their response, but he left how many so how about the law, the province of the law was to leave with approximately 1500, however, of the law, and remember, they went only with the intention of law, but to ensure that they would be safe and they wouldn't be attacked. They did carry weapons with them. One Another thing is that saw this whole battle the alarm, traveled not on foot, or even on camels, but actually on
horseback as cavalry mounted armed cavalry.
And this was for the protection although it wasn't much. It was a little and that that's the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam left with 1400 to have on the law. Sorry, 1500 approximately 1500. So how about the alarm from muckety muck aroma, and some of the narrations, even in mahadi itself, the wording is clear that we were 1400. That's the most famous figure given but the reality is that there are many, many narrations and the authentic narrations all show 1400 to 1500. So it's quite simple.
It was a number in between it was more than 1400.
But to round it off, some of the narrator said some of us have out of the unlock even themselves said 1400 whereas the other said 1500, so approximately 1500 to harbor or the alarm, left Medina with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on Monday, at the beginning of the Behringer, in the sixth year of hitch, and they also took heavy with heavy are those animals that are gifted to the house of Allah subhanho wa Taala in order to be slaughtered and sacrificed in the harem of Allah.
So these are the had. Now traditionally, it's not very common. Now most of us when we go for, for Hajj we go with that. But Traditionally, the Arab especially they would draw their sacrificial animals with them from their homes all the way across the desert. That's what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam did. He did it on this occasion. In the 60s, this was his first pilgrimage minor or major after the Hydra, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam took along with him sacrificial animals, he and the other Sahaba of the law. And amongst them there was just 70 large animals. So cows or cameras 70 large animals, were driven by the prophets of Allah and even Solomon the Sahaba
of the Allah from from Medina, to Makkah to be sacrificed in the harem of Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah Rasool Ullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would
be very mindful of this, so much so that in the ninth year of hedger, he didn't go for Hajj. But he sent abubaker civico Viola Han as the Emir of Hajj. But
although he didn't go for Hajj himself, with such dedication,
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave the Sahaba of the alarm a large number of animals in his name as his body to be sacrificed on his behalf in the harem of Allah.
The devotion of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was truly astounding. Although he didn't go for Hajj himself in the manfield Hydra. He still sent
means those sacrificial animals, which are driven by the people in the state of Iran along with them to the sacrifice in the sanctuary of Allah subhanho wa Taala in and around Makkah all sent even if they don't go themselves they are sent with them. So on this occasion the province of the love it was left with 50 and hundreds How about all the law and 70 large animals as sacrificial animals to be slaughtered and sacrifice at the end of their era in the harem of a Lost Planet without this was a Monday, the beginning of the Barracuda in the 11 in the sixth year of hitcher.
Then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam left Medina and where did he go, he left the central part of Medina where his mustard is, and then he went to the relief.
relief is just on the outskirts of Medina.
I believe in this day and age is called a br ad. And it's just on the outskirts of Medina. That was the famous place where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would travel for pilgrimage and also return and stop on the way back to Medina and it's known as relief and for those who are traveling to do Umrah, or Hajj
and they come from Northern routes from Sham Syria,
Jordan, the Levant, that whole area, all they come from Medina, then that is a place for them to
enter into the state of Iran because that's where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would do it from at.
So he left the Medina and then he can't briefly relief and just in the outskirts a few miles from the center of the city. And there he prayed salado and after sought out of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam along with this habit of the law, he marks the animals and a sharp walk a little head.
Meaning is the property of the love it marks the animals, how would he mark the animals, some of the animals were marked by
slightly grazing the humps of the animals or the side so that a little blood trickled and that blood was was then it because it was smudged was smeared and the area becomes smashed. It was a mark, the there was a reason for doing this is simply means out alone meaning to mark something so that people know, because it was a lot of tribal society, many of the tribes, if you are traveling through the desert, many of the tribes and this was even before the time of Rasulullah sallallahu. And even some of them, many of the times they would look for any opportunity to carry out raids. And in fact, raiding was a kind of chivalrous sport. It may sound strange to us, but they had all these rules.
you can carry out a raid and when you do a raid, you can do this, you can do that you can do this, you can do that. But you can't do this. So the Arabs had this strange, chivalrous cold, where they believed in the sport of raiding, so that should raid one another. And they'd carry off livestock and wealth and weapons and armor. And they knew that today we've scored a goal. But tomorrow, someone else can score a goal against theirs and all is fair in love and war. And that's what they used to believe. So
to ensure that the livestock wasn't carried off by any raiding tribes, they would mark all the animals This was even before Islam and the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam when they would travel to the heaven, because that sanctuary remember, as I said, the Arabs held the Kava of Allah hadn't great steam, so much so that in the sacred months that and asuran home, and the garden was one of the sacred months, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam distrusted the relish of Makkah to such a degree that he didn't trust them, not to attack him in the Muslims, even though it was a sacred month of little Canada and in the sanctuary of a last panel with Allah. And this is
what this is one of the reasons why the Muslims were so bitter towards what Ah, as I will explain, when we study the idea,
they had this code that even arrive on enemy tribe when it came to the sacred months, four months throughout the year.
So while bad Hector, and Roger
in the sacred months,
the arrows, they had a code that any rival tribe, even if they were at war with each other, they would lay down their arms and they could all come to the sanctuary of Allah visit and
perform the rights of hedging. And no one would be barred from.
So much so that they say the Arabs, the Arabs are such that if someone took someone else's life, they would not settle for anything except blood retaliation.
And this is why they will always engage in internecine warfare, killing off one another. But in the month of in the sacred month, in the form of a last panel with Allah.
Even if someone met another man from another tribe who had killed his father, they would not touch one another. They would even spare a
father's killer, because of the fact that they were in the sacred months, they were in the sacred house of a loss of water and oil.
And all of the Arabs throughout Arabia knew this. And this is why the British well respected and all of them had this custom. But their blind hatred of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam was such that when it came to the civil law, civil law, it was send them and the Muslims, or conventions, or laws, or customs, or traditions or rules were thrown out of the window. And this is why the prophets of the law it was and did not trust the Grange not to harm him. And the Muslims, even though they were traveling only with the intention of Iran, and it was going to be in the sacred months. He didn't trust them. This is why he took precautionary measures. And some of us have this habit of the alarm
Alliance the armed and in fact, there was even a contingent of cavalry amongst them. And in this way, the province of the love it was to the left and arriving at the belief, he marked the animals so that in the tradition of the Arabs so that people would know that these are the animals destined for the house of Allah, just as before the Arabs would not harm them, or touch them. These animals were consecrated. And in this way, the prophets of the law it was in a mark the animal's head, which means that this reading is not in this hadith that we are reading but it's an another narration of McCarty to do with the same incident. Under the Hadith, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
garland did the animals. The meaning of garlanding the animals is that the animals would be given a pillar, a pillar that is a necklace, a necklace of what?
A garden. So what the Arabs would do is that to mark the sacrificial animals, they would hang Garland's of dry leaves, you may have seen in some, even on some doors, in some traditions, they have a string with a cluster of dry leaves, that's a garden.
So the Arabs would use a similar string filled with dry leaves as a garden, that wouldn't always be fresh flowers or leaves. And they would hang these around the sacrificial animals, and not just dry leaves, but even bark of wood, wood bark, bark of trees, even sandals. In fact, one of the sacrificial animals of a soldier last in the line, he was sending me an anti Chateau de la and she put some old slippers around the, so they will put leather strips, strings, whatever they will put, these will be gone. And the Garland's would be placed over the
necks of the animals and they will be gone in this way, all of them so that this there will be marked as sacrificial animals for the house of Allah.
And we may scoff at this, but last crown hall with Anna says
that oh believers, law, Sharia law who would have shot on her arm or what to do with
that, oh believers do not consider law for the symbols of Allah, and neither sacred month, one and neither the sacrificial animals, one or the other, and neither the gods and I keep on mentioning that this is the teaching of respect to Islam. We aren't just told to respect religion,
the symbols of religion. We aren't just told to respect those who are senior to us in age in authority in learning and knowledge in piety. We are
I'm just told to respect our older brothers and sisters and our parents. Our last panel with Allah has commanded us to even respect the gardens, around the necks of the sacrificial animals, cattle, cows and camels that are headed to the house of Allah.
We are not to spit in the direction of the Qibla.
If we can avoid it, we are not to answer the call of nature
facing the direction of or placing the dribbler behind us, of course, there are difference, there's a difference of opinion as to in what circumstances this rule applies. And whether it's inside the building out of the building, etc. That's the theological, or I'll say a 15 discussion, which I won't go into. I've explained it in thorough detail before in the common chair, many, many years ago. But the principle is that you show respect even to the direction of the people, you show respect to the symbols of a large religion. And the symbols of a large religion include sacrificial animals and gardens around the necks. This is what respect is in Islam. It's not just about
one or two things and perspectives about all of these things. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he marked the sacrificial animals, Garland to them and then entering into the state of Iran, he and the Sahaba the alarm or even left from the belief? No, I'll end here.
inshallah, we will continue with the rest of the Hadees next week. It's a very long heavy, I would request you not continue coming. Encourage others to come do not become frustrated, exasperated with some of the details that I've discussed so far.
This is the story of resort and laughs some of the larger names. This is part of his beautiful scene.
We shouldn't be here for entertainment.
But even if part of our hearts and mind seeks thrill
malarkey, that is no story. No fable, no legend, no narrative, more beautiful, more captivating, more inspiring, and more thrilling. And the story in the Sierra saga last aligning
now we may be discussing garlands around the necks of cattle and sacrificial animals.
Before a believer who loves us all last a lot
and wishes to learn and come to know everything about them.
Every detail matters. Every detail. And we will learn later. We're lucky we can't understand who the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was
a great leader
from the city of Fife originally.
He visited the messenger Salalah items, you will come across it later.
When he went back to the court, he said to them, I listened
because he was a great man.
He was so great that some of the grace used to say
that if Allah wanted to communicate with
then why did he choose Maria Abdullah
Julie middle Korea taneous Lee, they said one wasn't this program revealed
to a great man
from one of the two cities and the two cities were Makkah all five in Makkah, the dominant tribe was the Quraysh in part if the dominant tribe was one of the teeth
and many of them are fussing say that who the orange and the people were referring to that why wasn't the poor and reveal to one of two great men have to someone of the amount of these two great cities they were referring to either will either be Maria, the father of holly Dublin will lead in
Makkah, was one of the greatest chieftains of the British, possibly the oldest chieftain amongst them at the time, or the McCarthy from life. So he was a man who has held in greatest thing, a noble, a leader, wise intelligent, and he was a diplomat. As a result, he had to travel the world.
So he went to meet the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as part of the negotiations for the visa. When he came back, he said to this range, he said creationist,
I have been to the Royal Court
of Byzantine wrong.
I have been to the Royal Court of Persia.
I have been to the Royal Court of Najafi and ever since
I have been to the Royal Courts have rulers and emperors and kings. But I have never seen any group of people, any group of subjects any populace, revering and respecting and treating their king, as I have seen the companions of Muhammad treated,
leave him be.
And then he went on to describe
why am I saying this? We were discussing about the Garland's around the sacrificial around the necks of the sacrificial animals, we may think nothing of it. So how about the long run this is how a great diplomat and a politician and a wise leader describe the Sahaba he says, when he speaks, they rush to fulfill his command. When he spits. They rush to catch his spirit and they anoint their faces and their bodies.
When he performs a will do an ablution. They jostle with one another to catch the drops that fall from his limbs.
That's how this habit of the alarm
because they saw the profits of the lahardee.
For them, it wasn't just his iba. It wasn't just his connection with Allah. He wasn't just his wife. He wasn't just as
this How about the alarm, the water that dropped from his little limbs, or even the saliva that came from his mouth was worth its weight in gold. For that for as someone who loves another.
When a simple mortal of the world loves another mortal, they love everything about them. They want to know everything about them.
If someone loves a celebrity, they read every magazine, every article, they want to follow their style, their clothing, their hairstyle, their dietary choices, that colors, even their religious choices.
They wish to follow in their footsteps, they are captivated by everything about the celebrity.
The star, whose friends they are, they want to know everything about them every little bit of titillating gossip,
what they are doing every bits about them. These are this is the relationship between someone who loves another mortal, another cynical person or the dunya. For a believer who truly loves and should love the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam more than he or she lives himself or herself or even their parents, every little detail of the life of the law, some of the law legal system should be worth gold.
And so there is no story, no narrative
that is as thrilling as captivating, as inspiring as a story of a sort of loss and the law hiding from them as part of a scene. And if you want to learn the secret of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, you will find it in the most authentic books.
And this is why I'm going through this
very long video. And I request you to bear with me Do not let any one section or any particular detail, bore you, distract you, but immerse yourself in the details about the property and the love and equal some of them. I pray that last panel with Allah enables us to understand what's the law what's in them and after he was sued in the Vietnam humid while he was in school, a lot more to learn. Now he learned