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Surah Yusuf #56 – V88-89 – Oppressors Humbled

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Nouman Ali Khan

Channel: Nouman Ali Khan

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Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Are all the wilhemina shaitana Raji

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Phelim

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Cena, Lana bowral yg nabee ba ba team in our own VLAN and Kayla what else what Depo Eileen

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in no more Hijazi motel so DT

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Paula Hello Eileen to file to be useful fella. He

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surely suddenly were Silly me. Dr. Tommy lasagna Oliva hamdulillah salat wa salam, O Allah, Allah Allah Allah He also is mine.

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Once again everyone, Solomonic Amara to light Analytica. So

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today, before I start discussing with you the subject matter of iron number 88, and 89 of solid yussuf, I'd like to talk to you guys a little bit about an outstanding question from the previous iaat. A student of mine name actually sent me that question, and it's in fact check. So him and I had discussed it, but I didn't bring it up in the lecture. So I think it's a good idea to bring it up. You notice in the previous chart when you know jacobellis that I'm actually told his sons Jacob tells his sons to go look for use of and his brother. Right, so I did talk to you last time about why he mentioned use of first, but it's interesting that three sons are missing. And he says look

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for usage and his brother, so two questions arise, why not mention the third son and the other? You don't have to look for Binyamin you know, where he is like, though the look for issue is something related to use of, but it's not related to Binyamin right. So why why mentioned look for or find clues pertaining to use of and his brother? A few answers to that one. Some suggests that Jacob already jacobellis and I'm already kind of felt a hint that these matters are connected to each other. And somehow these will bring about use of and his brother together. So looking for you, Binyamin will actually lead to looking for use of so even though you're looking for or finding out

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about what happened with Binyamin, you'll end up finding out what happened with use of perhaps Well, it seems more plausible is that look for you know, seek out use of and seek out your brother, one that the two have been parallel together to suggest you need to have the same conscience that consciousness like you feel guilty right now that Binyamin is left there and you should be concerned, your concern for use of should have been no different. Like you should have had the same attitude towards both of these. So they've been cobbled together. The third one is not missing. He left on it, he stayed back in Egypt on his own. And his whereabouts probably aren't a mystery. So he

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because he sent them off. So he probably told them where he is. So he's not the one that's being searched for. Plus, they don't they don't have to be told search for your other brother too, because they're the most but they're the ones that call themselves a gang and unbroken gang, right? So you don't have to tell them the obvious. You don't have to tell them look for the you know, the one that you get along with, because that's going to happen anyway, you're going to reunite with him anyway. And this, this is the Qurans way in many places of not stating the obvious, right? So it's kind of side note, but an important side note, a lot of times we don't we assume that the Quran is going to

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spell everything out, or the religion will spell everything out. No, it will spell out the things that are not obvious. And the things that are obvious. Allah expects us to use our intellect. That's just how this religion is. That's why you don't find in the Quran, how to take care of a baby.

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You don't find guidance in the Quran on how to do that. Why not? Because that's something Allah endowed human beings the intellect to do. You know how to feed a child, there's no guidance for that. But and if you if you consider, for example, the marriage and marriage and divorce subject matter in the Quran, when Allah talks about divorce, he talks about it exhaustively because actually, when divorce happens, people don't know what to do. And a lot of wrong happens. So law talks about that. But when he doesn't talk about marriage much he doesn't talk about, here's what you do in a marriage, basic rights responsibilities. Yes. But the day to day and how to carry about

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yourself No, there's general principles that apply to any situation. fairness, honesty, transparency, reliance, trust, fulfillment of responsibility. These are things that belong in any relationship, not just a marital one. The the nature of them is different, but it's not spelled out So specifically, because it's obvious and even in the storytelling in the Quran, you'll find that the obvious isn't mentioned. And if something is apparently obvious, and it is mentioned, then something is being highlighted about it that's not so obvious. So this is actually the kind of the sensitivity and the sophistication with which we need to look at the text of the Quran. Now, the

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other interesting thing about you know, look for Youssef and his brother is look for you some because he's lost, right?

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He's lost in the in the possession of strangers. We don't know what came of him. But even if you know that Binyamin is in prison, Benjamin is in prison, or he's been incarcerated or he's being detained. That doesn't mean you know how he's doing. That doesn't mean, you know, the cell he's in, or who is in the cellmates are or if he's being beaten or tortured, you know nothing. Right. Even nowadays, if somebody is arrested or detained, right, and the family wants to know Well, he's with the he's in the state prison, or he's being held in this you know, penitentiary or he's being held in this government building or whatever the detainment center. You still want to know what's going

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on? How are they doing? are they eating? Well? Are they sick? How are they being treated? How's their mental health? Can I talk to them? Can I not find out if they're okay? Just because you know, they're there doesn't mean you have access to them and you actually know that they're okay. So the hustle is actually also investigate what actually came of him. Okay, fine. He's been held back. But did he become a slave? Is he being used for hard labor? what's what's his situation now go find that out, too. So that's why the SSM has us women use our fee and not mentioning the brother, because that's all too obvious. Okay. Now, coming to the eye of the day, pretty much the first thing to

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notice, they didn't respond when he said when in the previous ayah. When jacobellis I'm told them, don't lose hope in the in the mercy of Allah, that they assume or Allah, they didn't respond to him, they didn't argue back or fight back. It's kind of like they gave into that a little bit, which was a silent form of confession, they actually admitted that they have done something wrong, and they're not going to get annoyed by the mention of use of the kind of surrender. Now this could mean that they internalize some guilt, and they're actually not going to fight back. Or they gave up on that and say, You know what, I'm not even gonna bother having this conversation. Fine, fine. And they

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left, right. Next scene we find in the Quran, fast forward, they left Ghana on cannon, they traveled all across Egypt, they're in front of use of again. So the next time the ayah we're reading today, they're in the palace, they're in the court. Yusuf is in front of them when you mean and he have already figured things out. And they're okay. They don't see that they only see use of ice around and they're going to speak their piece. Now, what's the expectation? The expectation is what did father send them to do is have to go further has such human useful power he go, then look out for any clues you can find regarding use of and his brother wasn't that the case? And don't lose hope

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and Allah's mercy. Now.

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The next I thought you would expect because they heard father say this if they are obedient sons and concern sons, that they would come back and say, Governor, we know that we tried to get our brother back and put one in his place. But you refuse to let us do that. And we lost all hope that you'll let us do that. But please, our Father is begging you. And some narrations even it's not authenticated. But some narrations even mentioned that there was a letter sent by Jacob to his sons to give to Joseph yaku, sent us sent a letter in the hands of his brothers to give to you suffice. I'm again, not very authenticated, and I'm pretty doubtful of this narration, because of the content

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of it. And here's the content of it. The letter basically says, I'm his father, I'm an old man, I love him, please give him back to me. And if you don't, then your seventh generation is going to be you're going to experience death, or a curse, like there's a curse in it. If you don't comply with my request. Profits don't speak like that. And profits don't issue threats along with dollars. Right? That's, we do that.

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for profit. This is not the way of profits, and it's unbecoming of the character depicted of jacobellis alum in the Quran. Right? So he sends them off to go and get their brothers. Here's what they're gonna say. Now they're in front, this is the scene they're in front of Joseph Yousuf knows that they're his brothers. They don't know. And now they're, they are in this state and what are they going to say? They're gonna say, could you please give us our brother? No, they don't say that. Did they look for Yusuf Ali salam, it all doesn't seem that way. What does it seem to be for them? mahalo, Allah. He then finally when they entered into his company called Lulu, they said,

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You have Aziz Minister? And are you Hi, as you know, it's an NDA. And it's also got a kind of disease in it, you can argue, meaning it's got a kind of dignifying or to criminate. Noble minister. So they're addressing the use of Ali Salaam as Minister. Now it's, it's interesting that there's going to be a duality in the words, like his sense of irony, in the words, when they call him Aziz, which means literally minister or governor, in the etymology sense and the origin of the Arabic language, it means someone who has power that cannot be questioned, someone who can take a decision and cannot be overrun, right, which is literally what they had over him.

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They were acting with him in a state of Iza, doing whatever they wanted with him as they tossed him in a well, they had a multiple choice, whichever one, whichever abuse they want to carry out. So they were the Aziz and he was in a state of he was in a state

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Have humility and powerlessness. Now, as the story's wrapping up, they're coming to the one that was powerless when they were powerful. And they're coming powerless in front of him and saying, you have disease, the one that has the power and might and has the discretion to take whatever decision he wants, without anybody questioning the consequences of his decisions. And as you see the irony, right, and then they don't even know the incredible contrast. They're painting with their own mouths, right. So they say, My son was born.

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You know, harm, harm that comes from poverty, harm that comes from difficult circumstances is called door in Arabic. So door and door in Arabic are actually one of the words for harm. And it's associated with poverty, bankruptcy, famine, war, etc. When you have a situation in which difficulty comes to you because of your surroundings, that's called border. So they say, border, this great difficulty, because of the circumstances has touched us and our family. That's the first thing they say, difficulty has touched us and our family. Now, we'll tie this all together. But let's just take note of the irony as we go along. Right. So it's interesting, you say that our family has been

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afflicted by by difficulty. You're the first ones who brought difficulty to your family. And the one you're saying this to you created harmful circumstances for him. And now you're coming to him. And saying that we the difficult circumstances have touched us. they've they've gotten a hold of us, we're surrounded by them, in a sense, must actually means to be touched. It's a figure of speech in Arabic expression for when someone is overrun by something. When someone's overwhelmed by a situation. They're touched by it. They're touched by it, you could probably the not the literal, but the literary equivalent would be we're flooded with problems. When you're flooded and overlooks the

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water surrounds you, right? You're you're drowning in it. We're drowning in this difficulty. It's interesting that that language is used, because that's literally what they did to use the police around. And they drowned their father in tears, didn't they? They dropped they drowned him in a well they drown their father in tears. But now they're the ones coming and saying, We and our family great affliction has, has hurt us has touched us. Now what could that mean? It could mean times have gotten tougher minister. We know we took food from you, but the food's run out too. And our families are starving. The situation hasn't gotten any better. The drought hasn't gotten any better. feminist

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worse. Crime is worse. security's worse. Are our families worse off than even last year or the last time we came to see you. Okay. Would you not be be locked in was Jonathan there. So the first thing was we were having a lot of problems, right. Second thing would you not be locked in Miss Johnson. And we've come we've brought our goods. We've brought sellable goods that are moosejaw, as gr use G is actually in Arabic Tez Jia is used for a cow. When it's captured on the baby cow, the calf is now moving, and the cow wants it to move. So it uses its head to nudge it a little bit and move it along. That's called test Jia. And when the wings gently nudge the clouds, Allah says use g Sahaba.

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And so he uses that when the when the winds are Tuesday, when they when the winds push the clouds gently. So when you gently push something, or take it, move it along, right, that's actually the original meaning of this gr or his job. They use this word Mozart, which is an idiom of rule for the law for the sellable goods, as if to say, the supplies we you know, because they used to bring whatever they have from home to sell. But this time, the goods that we've brought to sell you are the kinds of goods when people see them, they gently push them away and say No thanks. You know, like the cow pushes the baby and the winds push the clouds. It's like when this when the salesperson

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wants to sell you this hat. Look at this banana, and you could see the worm coming out of his head, you're like No thanks. And you kindly, gently, without embarrassing the seller move along and don't buy what they're selling. We've brought goods that are that are hard to sell and people just pass along. They don't want to buy that stuff. So we know it's no good stuff. Because everybody was nobody had cash, right? They had other silver before. You could you could see that it was small amounts of things like currency like silver because it was placed in their bags, and they didn't even know it was in their bags. Had they brought wood to sell or you know copper or some other

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metals or materials, then they would have noticed bags full. But now it seems they've run out of money. And they brought actual things to barter. And the things they found around the house aren't people things that people want to buy. So we brought these things they may look like trash to you but that's all we got.

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Got now. And he says they say for ofI lenell. Kayla, then thus could you full could you fill the scale for us? What that means is we came we used to come with a certain amount of silver or coin. And you used to fill one camel or one donkey full of meal, right rice or grain or whatever. Right? Now we've brought this like ripped pillow and we brought this old piece of wood and we got this, you know, this stick over here or whatever, you got this stuff. This was just stuff that nobody wants to buy. But could you still fill the camel anyway? For villanelle Kayla?

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So they're in a pretty pathetic state now, right? It's they're pretty desperate economic state. And they're broken. And then could you fill this load for us? And then they add what? carlina? And could you give us some charity on top of that, too?

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Could you give us a thumbs up on top of that? I'll talk to you about the sub dock a little bit later. But let's talk about the irony. Again. These three things I've said so far. So we brought unsellable goods, pathetic goods. Number two, could you give us the full load anyway, even though we brought pathetic goods? And then could you also give us charity? Let's look at the irony in these statements. What they don't realize they may be may be coming out of their mouths. And the epicness of it is not something they're aware of. They're conscious of. First and foremost, long time ago, this child was taken out of the well and turned into Billa as this is a repetition of the same word.

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Well, I saw rubella and they hit him. Remember those people that found him in the well, they hit him as sellable goods.

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They hit him as what sellable goods, and they didn't value him. They valued him less than sellable goods to toss him away. Actually, the biblical version is they sold them off for cheap. That's the biblical version. And the Quranic version. They left them in the well in the Bible version, the man Ross even tries to reconcile the two and says, No, they left him in the well and then they saw the or they were about to and they saw a caravan coming in to make some money out of it. And they you know, they sold him for nothing.

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And so now you come to your brother who you sold or who ended up being sold like worthless goods, who ended up being sold like that. And you come to him with with Ah, the irony of it. You come to him with goods and say, Can you just buy this from us? And then they say, oh, phenol, kale. Alfie means fulfill the scale and this is a figure of speech also open. Kalitta kilton fulfill the skill in the Quran Allah says, whenever you make the skill, fulfill the skill, it's it's a, it's a umbrella expression for being fair. Right? So when you fulfill the scale, that doesn't just mean a pound of weight here and a pound of rice here, or, you know, kilo of grain here and a kilo of weight

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here. And so there's the fulfill the scale, but it also means if you're being paid, do the hours. If you have a contract, fulfill the contract, it's a full on expression for justice, you know, give us exactly what we deserve. Which is ironic that they're saying, could you give us exactly what we deserve?

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Could you give us full info what we deserve?

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What we you know what we should get? give us what we need, laid on us Don't hold back, give it all

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over the little game. Then they say the other thing I said was Elena, give us charity. Right to South Dakota, you've heard the word South Dakota million times. Right. So the common charity, soccer comes actually from the word said, which is commonly understood to mean truth, one of the Arabic words for truth, and it's the antonym of gossip or give to lie. But Siddiq is actually originally sadoc. And it was used for a straight sword or Roman soldier, or a straight spear, a spear that's perfect. And a spear that won't break like a hard spear. Because what's the what's a good quality of a spear? It's straightness, and its toughness, right? When this when a spear is perfect, and it's

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unbreakable. They call it sub. And when a sword is like that, they call it Southern. And then they say Southern Cal washy, they use the same verb for wild animals, when they charge straight towards their prey and they don't veer they don't even look left and right this, this is Southern washi then they say Southern Nevada when someone looks straight at you and doesn't deviate their eyes, and their eyes don't deviate here and there. That's called Southern Southern Nevada, they say southern Utah, when the when when the person confronts their enemy without dodging at all. Like they're just on the offensive and they don't hold back and they're, they're not even, you know, moving to the

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side for defense. They're just on the attack. That's sad. calepa they say this. The word said, was used in Arabic poetry, pre Islam and other references as a synonym as an alternative for power.

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For intensity. Now think about that. Straight, tough, unbreakable, powerful on the attack is the same word the Arabs use for truth.

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That's the word they use for truth. So what is truth by definition of the ancient Arabs offensive?

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It's straight. It cuts. It's used to attack. This is why I left his job was a call about it, the truth came and the false or dissipated

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a lot literally describes in one eye because there's imagery and doctrine. He describes not the full hackable belted, fire demo, we spear we launched we hurl the Spear of truth against falsehood, and it bashes it's scullin. Like it's the imagery of an enemy graphically being killed by a spear and that's a lot describing the clash between truth and falsehood. Right? Now, it's interesting that this is the word for truth. And by the way, bargain sodic they say burden sodic for a truly cold winter, like it this is what winter really is like the most intense winter they call it burden SATA connection Arabic, Thoreau said, is actually a garment that has all the right qualities, um, person

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who has the best qualities. And what's the what's the best of all the best qualities, they're straight, truthful and honest. Yusuf Ali Salaam has been called acidic. Previously, his the inmate came back and wanted to recover him from the prison to get the dream to be interpreted and said, You have Cindy, remember that?

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Now what that meant is a sincere genuine friend. But it also means someone who committed to the truth No matter what, no matter how hard it is, to tell the truth, they'll tell the truth, no matter whose feelings will get hurt, no matter what kind of trouble they'll get in, they will tell the truth, they won't bend from the truth, they won't consider the political ramifications, the social ramifications of telling the truth, they'll just tell it like it is. And that's it. That's, that's the Siddiq related to it is the word sadaqa. And it's used actually to, you know, some try to make a correlation, it may not be a correlation. But to give sadaqa is actually to give something very

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sincere meaning of charities and being given for sincere reasons, it's actually not even considered sadaqa. But it's interesting that truthfulness, and charity share the same spelling, the same letter origin. So when they say the sub duck, Alena, give us charity, give a sadhaka it shares a root with Now tell us the whole truth, you can reveal the truth to us now. So there's a duality in that statement. Interestingly, embedded not directly but very implicitly. So everything they're saying is a double edged sword. One they're trying to make a request to is pointing back at them. So what the subject Alena and then they say, in a La Jolla, Jean mata sadiki, certainly a lot, he compensates,

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He rewards those who give charity, you weren't very charitable.

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You You couldn't even like let your brother breathe. Now you're going to talk about how Allah gives charity. Now, there's a first problem that he had with trying to understand this ayah There seems to be a break in the previous hire, the father said look for use of and his brother, right? They come to us often say we're looking for use of and our brother. No, they say we're starving.

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We didn't bring much, but this is what we got. Could you give us the brother come up? No. So this led us into question, how come they didn't follow the instructions? There are different answers to that. One answer is well, they probably did. It's obvious that they did that. But they were desperate also. So the Quran didn't mention it. But they must have done that they must have looked for him. And then they were also desperate. And they, you know, asked for this food and this charity and this assistance. This is economic assistance. Another explanation is like your mamarazzi suggests they were testing the waters. Basically, they were gonna come to us and say we're starving,

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and our families just in such difficulty. This is all we have left. Could you please give us a full load even though we have no worth sellable goods, but still give us the full load of food for our families to survive and be charitable on top of that for us? Could you give us charity on top of that, and if we see that he's being charitable, he's in a good mood. Maybe we can slip into requests for Binyamin also. But let's just see how he responds first. So some say that he was they weren't being genuine in this demonstration. They were just kind of gauging where they stand with

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use of

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my personal reading doesn't afford them as much credit. Allahu taala and then these are all possibilities. my reading of it is as follows and you are absolutely not inclined not obligated to follow my reading of this but I have shared that possibility and despite

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Ability has been mentioned in tafsir under L'Aquila. So I It has been said, so I, I floated this opinion to shift sohaib and are like let's see if we find this tradition. And I'm I will see him Allah actually mentioned exactly what I'm going to say to you now, but it said under not this person said it said it has been said. So someone in history that I don't know, shares this opinion, this thought process, I have the shared opinion with them, and will reward them and hopefully they're a normal person, and I can beat them. And we can talk about hey, I had the same opinion. And they're gonna be like, you copied me, right? No, no, I read it first. Mm hmm. That's how I play it out in my

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head anyway. So what is that opinion? Well, that opinion is as follows. Dad says, Go look for yourself. And here's what they do.

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You know, those roll of the eyes. Some of your kids give you the roll of the eyes. They roll them so hard, they could fall off their socket and roll off the ground like marbles. The roll of the eyes means like, you know, what's that roll of the eyes? What does it mean? Here we go again. Oh, there you go. is one of those one of those use of lectures again? Huh? Yeah, inshallah? Yeah, yeah, of course. Of course. Yeah. Mm hmm. Look for us. Yeah. Yeah, we will. Man, didn't we explain to him that Binyamin has been taken by the governor, then we tell him we begged them to let him go, and he's not letting him go. Doesn't he understand that it's impossible. And he's gonna give us a whole

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lecture about Don't lose hope and go look.

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Yes, that of course. Of course. Yes. That's why we're going Listen, we got to feed our families. Let's just go. We got lucky, we got lucky. But come on, let's just not argue with him anymore. He's not worth the argument. In other words, they dismissed what father said. And the only real concern like the first trip was what feeding themselves. So they go with whatever they can get. And when they present themselves before use of they don't make a case for their brother.

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The only case they make is what food

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and use of Alan salami sitting in front of them, listening to this display.

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And he says he thinks to himself, perhaps so many years ago, you abandoned me without a second thought. Right.

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And now you come back.

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And the word Binyamin doesn't even come out of your mouth.

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The only thing you ever said about Binyamin is he's probably is a thief.

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And you asked me to give him to you I said no. And that was it. You give up on him. Now your hopes lie with food

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he's done with you know, you don't want to bring that up again.

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So Yusuf Alayhi. Salam is experiencing two things as he's listening to this. First of all, I can't believe you're not even concerned about anything else. That's one observation. Another observation Yusuf Ali Sam is making as he's listening to them is I'm pretty sure father didn't send you here to make this case. I'm pretty sure father sent you with some other instruction. There's no way because he now knows. He knows he remembers dad from back in the day, and he has a more update account of updated account of dad from Binyamin. So he knows father wouldn't have sent us for just food. There's there's no way you're ignoring what father said. You're ignoring it.

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And on top of all of that, now he sees those same brothers that were bullies that are powerful, that were so strong and who can touch us in a color who will not notice we are a band unbroken a wolf will get him please wasn't that their pride back then? And now that same prideful group has come in front of him, and they're saying, harm has touched us. We've been beat down by the circumstances. We've been humbled, we've been broken. We have nothing left. Here's the stuff from around our house with lots of pathetic things we know. And he could you please just be generous and give us a full load? And

00:28:58--> 00:29:35

yeah, and you know, you haven't answered if you will or not, but even if you do, please can you give us some more extra charity now they're begging for charity? Isn't that the most humbling place a human being can be you know, for anybody who's worked with their own hands and earned and provided for their own family. To be in a position where you have to beg for food is the most degrading, humiliating position you can be in even for someone to borrow money sometimes feels like death. If they have integrity the ones people lose that self respect, then can I can I borrow 20 bucks bro is no problem. But for some people borrowing money feels like suffocating.

00:29:36--> 00:30:00

Like even for I'd rather be hungry than borrow. You know, and Milla not put any of you in that position and for those of you who are in that position, understand that allows origin describes people that are that are in debt, with the words were federally calm those who are in with a chain around their neck, because borrowing feels like a chokehold when you're doing it and feels like a chokehold constantly because it's looming

00:30:00--> 00:30:34

over you like tugging at your neck, you're not free, you know is one of the people that we have to help his people that are filled up. So now he sees himself in a position to give us a friendly slam, he is in more position to give than anyone else. And he's Allah Aziz. And these brothers have his that in the last conversation called him a thief are now calling him a disease. And the last conversation, they dismissed him and dismissed his family, and now talking about how family has hurt them. And he realizes it's not just them, it's their wives and kids that are hurting too.

00:30:35--> 00:30:46

And even if they've done me a lot of wrong, they don't deserve that. They don't deserve any of that. So Yusuf Ali Salam now sees that there's no reason to keep the secret a secret anymore.

00:30:47--> 00:30:52

It's time to let them know what's what's up. It's time to confront them.

00:30:53--> 00:31:30

And you know, I told you before, he was hoping for signs of humility, right? And there's two readings. One reading is every action he did humble them little by little by little by little by little until he saw they're humble enough to break that right. my reading of it is he tried various things to humble them. And even though they were humbling experiences, even this last comment suggests that even though economically they were humbled, conscience wise, they weren't yet humble, the wrong did not seem wrong to them. The dismissal of father's instruction didn't seem like a dismissal to them. ignoring what they did with their brother didn't seem like a big deal to them.

00:31:31--> 00:31:44

So what is use of honey said, I'm saying I am number 89. Today's job is I 88 and 89. So this is what the brothers have said now, and Allah rewards those who give charity, Allah, He said hello to my family, we use with our E.

00:31:46--> 00:31:53

I literally translate. Did you know what you did to Yusuf and his brother

00:31:54--> 00:32:01

is Anton jehlen. When you were completely outraged, out of control,

00:32:03--> 00:32:14

when you had no control over your rage, when you had no control over your jealousy Jehan in Arabic, is to have a lack of control. It's the opposite. They say Joel is the opposite of element helm,

00:32:15--> 00:32:29

which means it's the opposite of knowledge, ignorance. So when you were acting ignorantly, one meaning Helm means forbearance, holding yourself back having composure, when you people had no composure, you had no control over your negative emotions, and you let them run over you.

00:32:30--> 00:32:38

Alcohol, this, it's the opposite of alcohol. Alcohol means to be able to think after restraining yourself when you act in a way that has no restraints, you're called ajayan.

00:32:39--> 00:32:48

Whatever impulse comes you do, whenever it comes in your mouth, you say, wherever your hands want to go, they go wherever your eyes want to go. They go, that's a giant.

00:32:49--> 00:32:54

He says, Did you did you know what you did to us? and his brother,

00:32:55--> 00:32:56

when you were giant,

00:32:57--> 00:33:02

when you had no control over your, your impulses, when you acted so outrageously?

00:33:03--> 00:33:07

When you're in that state? Did you know how? What does that mean? Did you know?

00:33:08--> 00:33:24

First of all, one layer of this is did you even realize what you were doing? Because when someone is consumed by hate when someone is consumed by rage, when someone's consumed by jealousy, when someone's consumed by one of those whispers of the devil,

00:33:25--> 00:33:28

then it's like they don't know even if they do know.

00:33:30--> 00:33:52

You could know and not know, you could know a lot. You could know the day of judgment. You could know the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, you could know the Quran, you could know all of it, and step all over all over their instructions and not even think twice about it. Because all of that has been overrun by the by your child.

00:33:53--> 00:33:58

So what we're learning in the statement is something very powerful. Did you actually know what you were doing?

00:34:00--> 00:34:06

Did you know? And this is this is his ironic way of saying people who act like that do know.

00:34:08--> 00:34:51

It's as if, as if he's saying Didn't you know, now can you hear the pain in use of honey salaams words, when he says this, he's in a position to do so much to them. And there's so much pent up for so many years. And if that wasn't enough, his brother came to him and cried out to him and he became the comforting arm of his brother. And now they've abandoned his brother too. And it's the amazing quality of use of any salon that when his brother came to him separate note but please make note of this. When his brother came to him and said this is what they've been doing to me use of Elisa didn't say, by the way, or you call that trauma. Let me tell you trauma boy, I was thrown in a well,

00:34:51--> 00:34:54

they made me a slave. I was put in jail.

00:34:55--> 00:34:57

In other words, there was no trauma contest.

00:34:59--> 00:35:00

One comes to you with this

00:35:00--> 00:35:01

pain you say, Oh, you call that pain.

00:35:03--> 00:35:10

Let me tell you pain, can my pain bigger than your pain? I get, you know, 100 points, you get 45.

00:35:11--> 00:35:16

You know what that means? We want others to know what we feel

00:35:17--> 00:35:18

at the expense of what they feel.

00:35:19--> 00:35:36

I don't want to acknowledge what you feel. But look at user facing he's gone through. You can argue taking a step back what Yusuf has gone through is way worse than what Binyamin went through with his brothers way worse. But when use of spoke out, he didn't just speak up for himself.

00:35:37--> 00:35:59

He says, Did you know what you did with Yusuf and his brother? As if your crime is the same, but it's not the same? You didn't try to kill Binyamin? Well, one thing is the same. You abandoned both of us. And do you think after you left me in the dark and did away with me? The abuses you did to Binyamin are any less

00:36:00--> 00:36:24

you think your sins were over when you were done with me and you were good after that? Because you told yourself what the Unum embody here koban Saudi hain, you told yourself after you you're done with him, you'll be good people. That what you call being good How you been with Binyamin. He doesn't just feel his own pain, whose pain does he feel? And he means this was the time for his redemption. This was the timeframe for him to say, do you know what you did to me?

00:36:25--> 00:36:50

This was his time. This was his moment. It was about him? No, it wasn't. It was about him and his brother. And this is the heart of use of racism. This is the genuineness of use of Allison. This is the love of use of honey, Sam, he felt the pain for himself. And he felt it felt the pain for his brother. And he put them as one what you did with Youssef and his brother has

00:36:52--> 00:36:59

had a lymphoma to make use of our he isn't to die. Now the the word use of are coming out of his mouth.

00:37:01--> 00:37:03

Wait, we never told you his name is useful.

00:37:04--> 00:37:09

We said he used to have a brother that stole we didn't even dignify mentioning his name.

00:37:12--> 00:37:12

When

00:37:14--> 00:37:46

he threw it out, didn't mean he let it be known. And when he said these words to you, you have to appreciate in hell alimentum. Did you know it also means you know some some have interpreted this as Did you remember? Or did you realize that you come to terms with the fact it also suggests in this immediate case, that even means, here you are asking for help. Asking as if you harm has touched you. And you have no knowledge of the harm you caused.

00:37:48--> 00:38:09

You have very good awareness that you're in trouble, those you love are in trouble. But others that you were supposed to love that you caused harm to the thought doesn't even occur to you did you don't know, what you end the file on could be similar. Or it could mean what you did and what you had been doing. What you did to use it and what you continue to do with his brother

00:38:10--> 00:38:50

is unknown guy Hello. And when you were giant now some have tried to give the brothers benefit of the doubt that's a valid interpretation. I don't say that it's incorrect. I'm just not as convinced of it. And that interpretation is his anthem jehlen is morphia suggesting you used to be bad. Do you know what you did with your use of when his brother when you used to be bad because I see your good now. So you're not as bad anymore. But um, you know, but so it's kind of exonerating them. Because you have to understand in classical tafsir there was an opinion again, without solid basis and opinion floated that hill, all of the brothers are profits. That's an opinion floated the problem is

00:38:50--> 00:38:52

no profits ever described like this, ever.

00:38:53--> 00:39:25

And because the opinion now is that they are prophets, then all of the interpretations, were trying to put a positive spin on everything in the surah that comes up about them to convince the audience that they're not that bad, because after all their profits, and we don't want people to think that profits are bad, you understand. So once you come once you hold on to an opinion, it starts casting a shade on all the interpretation you have. My problem with that is the text should cast shade on all opinion.

00:39:26--> 00:39:50

And, you know, if I have an opinion, it should be in light of the text. But the what I see Allahu Allah is not that. That makes less sense. Even if I were to try to agree with it, it makes less sense. Why? Because it's not becoming of use of an Islam. If he sees that they are reformed, and they've changed, then it's not the time to bring up I see that you've changed but do you know that you're really bad?

00:39:51--> 00:39:59

That doesn't seem to come from a profit to bring up past mistakes if you see that somebody has been reformed. However, when someone hasn't been reformed

00:40:00--> 00:40:31

Once someone's still up to no good and oblivious about what they've done, then maybe they need to get called out. And that seems very much in line with prophetic teaching, which is why I don't believe that they were prophets. And I also believe that they're not on their way to reform yet they've been humbled by circumstance. But there's a difference between humbled, economically humbled socially, but humbling the heart to your own sins hasn't happened yet. You see, this is an important distinction, because somebody could live a humble lifestyle, they could have no means they could live in a meager apartment, dirty old clothes, but still have the arrogance of the Pharaoh.

00:40:33--> 00:40:41

Pride. And arrogance doesn't have to do with the things you possess. You could be a billionaire and humble, and I've met people like that.

00:40:42--> 00:41:12

And you could be you could have almost nothing that you should ever be proud of. And you're the most arrogant human being walking around. That could be the case, you know, so. And here's what we're learning. They have been humbled by circumstance. But that doesn't mean the character has been humbled. But now that he sees that they're broken, their pride is broken, at least, because now they're coming in begging for charity. Now it's time to let them know Did you know what you did with Yusuf and his brother? is unknown J. And you know, he didn't say, do you know what you did to your two brothers?

00:41:14--> 00:41:19

Because the expression should be be a honeycomb. Do you know what you did to your two brothers?

00:41:20--> 00:41:21

He didn't say that.

00:41:22--> 00:41:37

And then he said use of and he didn't mentioned when you mean by name, he mentioned himself by name, but didn't mention when you mean by name, he said use of and his brother, why not mention his name, because you never thought of him by name, you hurt him because he was my brother.

00:41:38--> 00:41:42

You hated him, because of his association to me.

00:41:43--> 00:41:52

That's why you did what you did to him. That's what he gives you use of and his brother, because every time you saw him, you saw a reflection of me. So you abused him.

00:41:53--> 00:41:54

That's what you did, isn't it.

00:41:55--> 00:42:17

So now they're in this completely humbled state. And these words have come like an avalanche and hit them. And use of honey Sam can, we can one can only imagine the tears, he must have had to hold back to say what he said. Sometimes even if you're in a position of power, when you have to confront the one that abused you, even though there are no position to abuse you anymore.

00:42:18--> 00:42:21

There are some people that were abused as children.

00:42:22--> 00:42:43

And the people who abused them were in the family. And they're much older. Now the guy has had a heart to heart attacks and surgeries, and he's on a cane and he can barely stand up, and you're completely adult and strong and capable and independent. They can't even stand up so much as harm you. But you remember what they did when you were a child. And when you're standing in front of them, you start shaking.

00:42:45--> 00:42:46

Because you confronted them, you're just

00:42:47--> 00:42:49

I know what you did. Do you know what you did?

00:42:50--> 00:42:56

And even though you feel like you have the strength to confront them now, part of you is still rattled by what they did.

00:42:57--> 00:42:59

That's what he's experiencing.

00:43:00--> 00:43:07

And that's cuz you know, these conversations happen in the abused mind all the time. Do you know what you did to me?

00:43:08--> 00:43:09

Do you know how much that hurt me?

00:43:11--> 00:43:12

Do you realize

00:43:13--> 00:43:24

this is what you did? Do you have any? Does it ever bother your conscience? People that have been hurt, they are abused like that oppressed like that. They have these imaginary conversations with their oppressor.

00:43:26--> 00:43:27

I just want to know what you have to say.

00:43:28--> 00:43:33

And for some people, they run back to their abuser to see if they'll get a reasonable response.

00:43:34--> 00:43:38

And they go back and they try to get a reasonable response, only to end up getting abused again.

00:43:40--> 00:43:44

And then making things worse for themselves. That's what happens.

00:43:45--> 00:43:48

But now they are not in a position to answer back are they?

00:43:49--> 00:43:59

there they're that position that they used to be in where they used to say in barnala fever Allah when data is so lost. Data is confused.

00:44:00--> 00:44:06

When father would mention user's name they get angry remember that not too long ago. They get mad by his mention of his name.

00:44:08--> 00:44:24

And now you just called him a disease. Mighty minister. The authority the respectable authority minister. We've been hit by harm and our families give us full measure meaning deal with us right did you deal with you so right?

00:44:26--> 00:44:35

We brought pathetic goods. You brought these goods like you one time you treated use of has nothing but useless goods. Get rid of him.

00:44:37--> 00:44:50

The SATA palena give us charity. Is this the sadaqa you've been giving me your brother and your dad in the law. hogzilla Masada clean certainly Allah gives those a lot of compensates those who give charity.

00:44:51--> 00:44:59

That's a really good lecture Allah gives those who give charity. How come you don't hear that for yourself? Why couldn't you be charitable with even a smile?

00:45:00--> 00:45:05

Why couldn't you be charitable with respect to your father? charity is not just about money.

00:45:06--> 00:45:29

You can give sadaqa you know, to God, if he was here he casada smiling in the face of your brothers sadaqa you couldn't do give that to Binyamin. You couldn't give that to use. What was that soccer didn't cost you much when ironically in a lie, I mean, what do you find that people that are oppressive, like that can also quote God.

00:45:32--> 00:45:44

They can also quote the sacred word. They can also talk about rewards just like hello haven. Thank you so much. May Allah reward you? Yes. Yes. Allah does reward that doesn't take away.

00:45:45--> 00:45:49

I mean, I'm glad you have faith in Allah. It's really good. But

00:45:51--> 00:46:07

you need to come you need to come to terms of what you did. I need to hear from yourself. What? What do you what do you have to say for yourselves? What do you have to say for yourselves? This confrontation has now taken place, the earth from beneath their feet has been pulled out.

00:46:08--> 00:46:11

As if they weren't broken by circumstance already.

00:46:12--> 00:46:24

Everything their dad's been telling them is probably flashing in front of their eyes, ringing their ears. What are we doing now? And in the next aisle, they're gonna take a good look at use of space.

00:46:27--> 00:46:28

And then they're gonna say,

00:46:29--> 00:46:34

I'll tell you tomorrow barakallahu li walakum Field Hockey when I finally when he

00:46:35--> 00:46:38

came. Gotcha Yeah.