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Heavenly Order of Surah Sad

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Nouman Ali Khan

Channel: Nouman Ali Khan

Episode Notes

This video about the organization and structure of the Quran will blow your mind.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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alameen wa salatu salam ala l mursaleen. Radha he was happy

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to let him initiate honorable Jean Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim, Saud. Well,

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Belinda, Tina cafaro feel a certain way she

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recently Emily, Emily Sally Coco de manera Vladimir.

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So here's what this talk is about. It's actually about the 38th surah of the Quran, solid, solid, solid solid. It's called solid. Okay, it's a makansutra has 80 something IOD. And it's a very unique, beautiful surah in the Quran. And I'll tell you something that's been making me amazed by the Quran more recently, over the last few, maybe almost a year now. I study different aspects of the Quran. But one of the areas of the study of the Quran that has completely blown my mind is how the Quran is organized, how the Quran is organized, it's absolutely fascinating. And it's one of the areas of the study of the Quran that has gotten very little attention, like some people have done

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work on it. But a lot of people just didn't really give it much attention. One of the pioneers in this subject is a scholar who passed away almost a century ago by the name of hamidou Dean Faraj he, brilliant, absolutely brilliant scholar. And he would actually even give spiritual reasons he would say things like, what if the one who created your fingers and organized every bone in every joint? Why would he not organize his book? You know, he would, he would actually make a spiritual argument about the perfection of the organization of the Quran. Right? So this session, I want to share with you a structural overview, kind of a theme, some of the themes and the structure of solo what I

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forgot what's what I was, what sort of number was that? 83 Very good.

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What was it? Okay, good, you're paying attention. It was my Kia Madani, I forgot the smoking, no smoking,

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smoking, okay, so suicide, it begins and we're not going to go through the entire surah. It's at some art, you know, typically when I give a goodbye, it's about one idea. And then the 30 minutes are done. So we're not going to do that. But we're trying to get to try to capture as many lessons as we can. That's my By the way, that's my first agenda in this talk. My second agenda and hope we get time to do it is to actually go through a small episode from the life of the histogram that's inside this sutra. And that's going to be important because actually my last session is going to be about his son so they might so that's going to be later on so like the we're going to try to cover

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some things about the father in this session, and then get to the sun in the next session. Right so that's that's the idea behind the two. Anyhow, so a lot begin saw well for me the thicker side I swear by the Koran that possesses reminder, the Quran that possesses reminder, Allah swears by the Quran and you need to understand something about when Allah swears by something like when he swears by time what Didi was a do and he swears by the fig in the olive was Shamsi will do Haha, he swears by the sun and will as it comes up and becomes brilliant. So these oaths in the Koran, they have many, many functions. But one of the most amazing functions that they have, is that they are

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actually evidence. Now I want you to remember this when Allah swears by something he makes whatever he swore by he makes it evidence. He makes it evidence. When do you need evidence when you have to prove something? That's when you need evidence. You need evidence in court, don't you? You need evidence to you know, to prove that you did this assignment, nobody else did it. Evidence is used when you are being challenged, something is being held against you. And in order for you to be innocent, you have to prove with your evidence. Similarly, if you want to prove somebody's guilty, you also need what evidence so in order to prove innocence, or in order to prove guilt, you need

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evidence in order to prove something as a fact you need evidence. Now Elia is saying that the evidence here in this sutra is that the Quran possesses what reminder, the Koran is full of reminder, it has the power of reminder, this is less evidence, but what is this evidence for? What is he proving? I mean, now we have the proof. But what is the thesis that he's proving what's remarkable in this sutra, and in some sources of the Quran, is Allah never tells you what the thesis is. To give you an example, to get wrap your head around this, he swears by time he says, well, awesome, I swear by time.

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So now time is evidence, because he swore by time time is what evidence? What is that he what is it that he's proving he's proving intent in Santa Fe? Awesome, no doubt human beings are in loss. And what is the biggest proof that human beings are in loss? What's the biggest evidence that human beings are in loss? It's time because they're always losing time. There's nothing you're

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Never any opportunity for you and me to gain a single second, we're always going to be what? losing it. So the biggest proof of loss is time itself. You understand that one. So now, here he says the Quran is full of reminder, I swear by the Koran that it's full of reminder. In other words, I'm making the Koran that's full of reminder evidence evidence to the fact that even though it is full of reminder, and it's in between the lines, even though it's full of it reminder, huge just don't take advantage. And remember,

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the Quran being full of reminder is actually an evidence against the forgetful

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because the one who refuses to remember, is guilty. And how are they guilty? You need proof against them? What's the proof against them? That the Quran is full of reminder, this Quran will testify on judgment against the one who didn't do the cut from it.

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It will testify and say why didn't you remember? Well, I didn't know if the Quran was worthy of mentioning every day, I didn't know if I should be thinking about it every day. I didn't know if I should be reciting it and pondering it every day. What are you talking about? Why didn't you think these things it is full of the potential of reminder, reminder means something you keep going back to over and over again. Something that doesn't just go away once and it possesses it every single time which suggests not only do you get reminded once you have to be reminded continually throughout your life. And so when you and I abandon that relationship with God on the beginning, I have sort of

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thought or the ultimate evidence against us. scary stuff.

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Then what's even more remarkable in the sutra as you go through the sutra, one of the things you may learn from me maybe some other other researchers input on studies is that every surah it has some words that keep coming up. Some words in a sutra keep coming up. I like to call them anchors. That's my own terminology I made it made that up. I like to call them anchors inside a salon. Okay. And the anchor inside the salon, no surprise is actually thicker.

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multiple times in this surah Allah will talk about so you can remember, this is a reminder that Allah come to the cartoon so you can make an effort to remember, you know, in

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the car, it's powerful reminder, was good. Remember our sleep reminder reminder reminder until the very end of the surah. At the very last of the surah Allah azza wa jal says Allahu Allah, the Quran is nothing but a reminder for all nations, you know, in Hawaii logically.

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It is nothing but a reminder. So it began with reminder. And it actually ends with reminder as well. That's the first thing I wanted to get across to you guys. Now, I want to share the second anchor with you because these two are the most powerful things if you understand them, you will understand the theme of this was really cool. The first anchor is what

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reminder to remember to make an effort to remember Okay, the second anchor is actually in the next ayah Belinda, Tina cafaro is that in worship, ah, those who just believed are lost, and they are immersed inside Islam. Now is that as a complicated word to translate, is that you can say you can translate it to two things at the same time. If you use one word in English, it's not enough. So we're going to use two words for the word Islam is that will be on the one hand, dignity, dignity, and the other hand, it will also be authority, dignity and authority. Let's understand those words before we move on. Sometimes people have a lot of dignity, like a teacher has dignity. An old man

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has dignity or she has dignity, right? But these these people, sometimes they have dignity, but they don't have what

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they don't have authority. There is a very dignified old man, but he's a retired professor or something. He doesn't have authority over anything anymore. Right? So he possesses dignity but no authority. Sometimes you have people that have a lot of authority.

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And too often they don't have anyone.

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They don't have any dignity. Right? So they may have they may possess authority, but they don't possess dignity when somebody has Iza then what do they have dignity and authority. Now, Allah says that disbelievers instead of taking advantage of Allah's reminder,

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they are lost in their own sense of dignity and authority.

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They think that they're too Noble. They don't need nobility from anywhere else. They're already super respectable, their status in society, what they think of themselves, what they want others to think of them is enough for them. And on top of that, why would they turn to the Quran as an authority because they think of themselves already as the ultimate authority? Why do they need to turn the Koran so Allah says this idea of, you know, self absorbed dignity and authority. This is what's keeping people from taking advantage of the Quran As a reminder, I don't need it. You know, it's a very telling analysis from the Quran that there are people when they read the Quran, it

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embarrasses them. It

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It highlights what they're not doing, and highlights some of their flaws. And that's embarrassing. And it takes away your sense of dignity. So they walk away from it, they don't want to deal with it. Sometimes these reciting the Koran and you want it to do things this way. But alas book wants you to do things that way. And it challenges your right to do things the way you wanted. It challenges your authority. These people don't want to let go of their authority. They don't want to let go. That's why they don't want to remember the photo and it's annoying to them every time they hear it. It reminds them of how the other direction they're going in. So let's have

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a photo here is that in Chicago? Now, Chicago also, by the way, a schism meaning they're cracked away, they're stubborn, they're stuck in the way they are, they're not gonna budge. Now that I've given you this introduction to the sutra, the two major anchors of the sutra are what now

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reminder and is right as is easy because it's made up of two words one of those two words again.

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dignity and authority right those are the two words okay. You will find that keeps coming up and it was name alone say what do you think you'll have enough? That's why in the first passage, a level mentioned one of his names and it's going to be an Aziz and Wahab is going to mention his own name and Aziz but what do you think you get dignity and authority from the one who possesses all dignity and all authority is and azeez Allah Himself that's a lie himself. Now that I've given you these two anchors now the fun begins this is where you have to remember stuff. But before I ask you to remember stuff, let me see what you remember already. What's the what are we studying?

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So number

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It begins with an oath. What's the purpose of an oath of an oath is supposed to be Oh, not bad evidence. Three Sisters know the answer. Thank you people in the back. I'm hope you having a good nap this morning.

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Okay, a little too much Nasi Lemak this morning, what's going on? Okay.

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So now

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this, um, by the way, two anchors, what are the two anchors,

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reminder, and, and as they're gonna keep playing a role throughout the slot. Now we get to the fun part. This surah is broken up into six parts.

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These at some IR are broken up into six parts. And I will give you six words to remember each part. Okay, I'll give you six words to remember each part. You don't have to remember sentences. Just six words in that order. Here are those words. First word coresh.

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First word is called a second word

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is nations.

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nation loads the first word. second word.

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Third word profits.

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Okay, I'm going to ask you, one.

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Let's wake up and do that again. 123. Great. For heaven.

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Four is what? heaven? You know, Jenna.

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Take a guess what five is? A good guess hell.

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Let's start over 12345 who's got it? 1234.

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Heaven five. Okay, last one's weird. Last one is say just the word say? Say? How many points in the surah six parts, six parts. Now I want you to remember these six parts and in order for you to remember you're gonna have to repeat them one more time to me.

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No, no, no, no, no, you are not synchronized. I will I will organize you number one.

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God

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two nations three, prophets for heaven five and six. Let me walk you through this. The first section of the surah is made up of biotic which Allah describes how stubborn the Quraysh are. They are lost and is that in Chicago? Remember that? These are this is a commentary on the courage and they cannot understand why they should accept the Quran. They call the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a magician a liar? How could he take all of our gods and turn them into one guy da da da, da da da da, da da, da, da. Job. It's such a weird thing that he's saying they start criticizing the profits of the longer seven one Telekom in Hong

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Kong. And then they say, you know what, not only do we not believe Let's become more aggressive. They march forward and they tell people march ahead become aggressive. You know, when you reject something and say I don't want to accept it, you're defending yourself against it. But they don't just want to be on the defense. They want to be on the offense against Islam. So they're asking their people to get fired up against the Muslims an issue and then aggressively protect your gods and it had to come commit yourselves to your gods. They make they give sermons about how awesome each idol is. They want to fire people up about staying committed to their [???]. That's what they

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do. They give not

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They're not just giving advice about how bad Islam is. Now they're gonna give talks about how awesome their chickens, you know, on the on the negative in the hydrolysate, one euro, then they're gonna incite people and say this is exactly what is wanted of you. If you want to be a loyal citizen of Croatia, this is what you should be doing. This is the first section of the surah. And they'll say, first of all, they'll incite people to want to commit themselves to shift. And then they'll criticize the Prophet and the Quran and they say must be hada philomela de la hora.

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We never heard anything like this before. What is this whole meetup

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if no other nation before, you know our previous ancestry never brought anything like this up. This is also weird. This cron business that he talks about. This is all completely created by him. It's just a creative exercise of this man who claims to be a profit. They go on the attack against the profit slice of them. When Zilla hit the Caribbean by Nina. Oh, he's gonna get Okay, fine. Maybe there is a vicar what is the convene again? See the anchor coming back? You know, he said, they said oh, this reminder comes to him while it is there, no one else more qualified. We have a few more wealthy millionaires. We have people with a lot more political status, if they were already

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influential, why would it come to an orphan? Nobody listens to orphans anyway.

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You know, wish it should have come to somebody more politically influential, socially influential. Somebody who has business indignity, by the way, this is the idea of enzyme ship all over again. Because we have is we have authority, dignity and respect. That's why if there was going to be a prophet, it should have been us, Why him? Why even him? The entire passage is dedicated to what kinds of things these people say, to reject a song. So the entire first passage is about the commitment of kurush. Correct. That's one, what's two

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nations.

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Allah says, You're not the first ones to be stubborn.

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I mean, you're very committed and critical of what the Prophet is saying. But I've seen this before.

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There were many people, many nations more powerful than you that came and did the same thing.

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And they were taken care of. So now the correlation is being compared to what previous nations Godzilla tabla, Hong Kong, mono.

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warfare,

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Komodo,

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you recognize these names? Allah is making reference to me, Prophet, nations, after nations that were what happened to those nations. They were destroyed. Or he is going down the same path that so many other nations have gone down, why aren't they learning their lesson from history? How are they so obnoxious? They say, we've never heard of anything like this. You haven't heard of these nations? In the first passage, you said, we never heard anything like this. Now, let's say What do you mean, you haven't heard anything like this? Haven't you heard enough about these previous nations that were destroyed? And then No, the only thing all of those nations have had in common in Canadian

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elections.

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every last one of them all they did was deny call the prophets a liar, call the messengers, liars. And that's why they deserve vengeance. They deserved my vengeance and lessons and my retribution, they ended up in punishment. No, it took nothing but one giant explosion and they were done with now, this passage, is immediately followed by a commentary about what there's one was put h2 was nations, there was a three.

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Very good, but the way these profits come up is amazing. Allah turns his attention to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, and he says, look, Croatia, really stubborn. That's been established in section one, one, and Croatia doing exactly the same thing that who did previous nations, which is established in Section two, at this point, the profit is going to be depressed.

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Well, if they're going to do the same thing that previous nations did, what's the point of preaching to them? They're hopeless.

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I won't, I won't get anywhere with them. What am I supposed to do? When people are when profits are charged with an impossible task, they need inspiration.

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Our Prophet himself Salallahu alaihe salam also needs to look up to people that came before him and take inspiration from them. So Allah turns his attention to his messengers, and he will send them so beautifully. And he says to him, what could you make mention of our slave, you know, what's better

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than the ad is so beautiful, you know, just be patient over whatever that you need to be patient, over whatever they say. Don't let that get to you. And you what you should do is you keep remembering By the way, remembering is an anchor from where for an possesses reminder, now we're learning. Quran doesn't just have reminder of Allah. Allah has reminder of role models. God has reminder of history.

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Ron has reminded me of legacies, inspiration. It's not just one kind of reminder is different kinds of reminder. So he says, Why don't you make mention of our slave? I've done a download. Why don't you remember those? in particular that

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I'm interested in this now, you know why? Because those are, every prophet has dignity. You know that right? every prophet has What? But not every prophet enjoyed what

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authority. There were prophets that nobody listened to. They had no authority. The first example Allah gives Avi messenger is actually a prophet who enjoyed dignity and authority and used it in the right way. See the Quraysh use their dignity and authority to reject the truth. But the messenger Allah Sato Salaam is dignified. And even though right now in Makkah, because this is a Moroccan surah, he's not in control, so he doesn't have a lot of authority. Don't worry, I'm giving you the inspirational story of Tao owed, who possessed great minds and aid and letting you know that because I'm giving you him as a role model, you're gonna have power pretty soon.

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take lessons from him.

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Take him as inspiration. So that was a service mentioned. Now we've entered the third section, what is that section called?

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profits. I'm gonna skip quickly to give you the overview, but a lot of talks about doubt, either he said, um, who was, by the way, one of the only profits in the Koran, or there's only one more, we'll get to him at the end, who's called the halifa.

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He's called the halifa, he's left he's gonna leave a legacy behind on the earth, he's going to be given great authority on the earth. And this is something given to the elderly Salaam and now the first inspiration to the Prophet Alayhi Salaam in this surah is delta and epsilon to let him know that dignity and authority in the form of khilafah will be coming to who the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, this is not just an accident that this, this messenger is being mentioned. But by the way, even if the Prophet gets authority, even if the prophets lie, Selim is inspired, and he gets victory over the Quran. That doesn't mean that the goodness of Islam will last because you

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know, when prophets die, what happens soon after, you know the history right? When profits die, what happens soon after she comes back, nations deteriorate, doesn't it? So Allah gives him not only the story of Tao, he says he was he was able to carry his legacy forward with his son. So the man, the next prophet mentioned his son, a man and through it, it's actually an embedded lesson to the prophets, I saw them that what you will be given will be passed down, just like that wood was able to pass it down to who, so they may or may not be in the form of a sign, but you will be granted much better than signs, you'll be granted an entire own life that will carry your legacy. And we're

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actually part of that we're part of the inheritance of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, you know, what big shoes to fill. So now the story of a man at a salon, which has given a lot of attention in the sutra, it's actually far more detailed than other stories.

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And then at the end of it, as as we get through the story of silibinin, he said, we're still in this section, what's what's the section called? profits. And inshallah, in my last session, I'll share with you that is a unique prophet mentioned right after Solomon, Allah talks about are you?

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Are you anybody know what happened with you? But Was this the unique challenge of a human nature around?

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sickness, right, and sickness, which is going to be interesting to study? Why is there a prophet that was tested with sickness mentioned immediately after that, oh, that's when a man which are the exact opposite power, ability capability, and now a prophet was not even in control of his own body. He doesn't even have charge over his own physical be right. So there's this contrast that's mentioned immediately the legacy of a UVA his salon very briefly. And after that, you have added his Salam. Allah says, and by the way, you should remember Ibrahim is happy aku will ad with absord. Now I'm not going to translate those names Ibrahim, is Huck yaku. And then he mentioned a little bit

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further is my age and Elisa lists of prophets, you don't have inspiration to the from one, you have inspirations to take from many, many, many, many, many. This is a summary of section one.

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Section three. Okay. Let's go back over section one.

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Section two

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visions for section three. Why are the profits being talked about? Do you remember? Because there the mention of profits is there to inspire Who?

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The messenger or the santosa there are those profits are a an inspiration to our messenger. So the law horizon got it. This is going to be very important later on. Now we're done with three sections. I forgot what the fourth section was of such bad memory.

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Huh? Oh, for heaven's sake, it's okay. So

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the next section is having

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a cron

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job. This is a reminder, the section on genda begins. This is a reminder Oh, I'm reminded by reminder that tokelauan is full of what reminder the anchor returns. And then he says people have Taqwa meaning these products

00:25:00--> 00:25:25

If that were described in all those who followed him, they're going to have the best place to go back to, they're going to have gardens and Eden where the doors are being held wide open, and lahoma. On a side note, I will tell you something about the gates of heaven and the gates of hell. It's not part of this sutra. That's another study. It's a study of when pseudos are compared to each other. When this was compared to the next level, you'll find something you'll find that the gates of jahannam are closed.

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Gates of Hell are wide closed, and when somebody is dragged to hell, then when they get to the gate, then it's opened.

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And they're letting

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but when the gates of heaven are described in this surah, Allah says that and they have been forcefully held wide open, waiting for them, like already the gates of Jen are open. That's the mercy of Allah subhanaw taala that's just on a side note about the beauty of how Allah describes Jenna, as opposed to in his mercy as opposed to the Hellfire anyway, so the agenda is described, they're going to be chillin on couches, they're going to be calling for whatever kind of fruits they want. faqih has been kathira phakisa, by the way, is a fruit that when you chew into it, it makes you smile, like a mangosteen and not a durian. Right.

00:26:15--> 00:26:30

was shot up and they get all kinds of drinks. We're in the Hong Kong salado, talofa tribe, they're gonna have beautiful spouses that don't make you don't even make eye contact. They're so shy to look at them. And there's this this is described don't get sisters I know relax, okay.

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This is what you've been promised on the day of accounting. And this is a kind of provision, Marla whom in the fog, it's never gonna run out. This is the description of what now? heaven. Okay, now we've done a review of how many sections, four sections, how many sections are left.

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What are the two sections left?

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Okay, okay. Okay. Now we're going to talk a little bit about how

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this has our

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little Hina Shama, Shama. Johanna, Maja Sneha, semi hard hada Dooku honeymoon, la casa, what they're going to taste, what kind of horrible drinks they're going to be given. And then you know, there's going to be different forms of punishment thrown on onto them. And then the law will say, interestingly, there's a unique description of hell in this surah he says how that folgen maka Hickman Malcolm Lama

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in the home Selena Kahlua, and Tom llama have me come and took a dump to moulana. For me, Sankara, Allah describes that people are in heaven in hell. And there's another group that's being thrown on top of them. And the people inside the prison of hell are saying there is no space. What are you doing?

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We don't want these people here. And by the way, you don't want other people because people are fuel for hell. Which means the more you feed a fire, the more enraging it gets so they know when people are coming in the fire is going to get what it's gonna get hotter. We don't want more fuel. Don't throw more wood in here.

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We're not welcome here. There's no space for that not happened doesn't just mean welcome. Like we say our Hawaiian, right. But not haben also means from Robin space, there's no space for them here. And those guys say, well, you were here first. So Excuse me.

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You know, you you were thrown in first year worse people than us.

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And so they get thrown in and they're talking, they're talking trash to each other, you know, and who Mancha da da da

00:28:25--> 00:28:43

da they say whoever came before us, whoever had reserved seat in hell before we got here. Y'all like give him double punishment. And they start hating on each other even in hellfire. And then Allah says, you know, that they're, they're in hell and they're hating on each other. And they forget there's some other people they used to hate Indonesia. Who did the disbelievers hate Indonesia.

00:28:45--> 00:28:45

Believers, they say,

00:28:47--> 00:28:48

What's wrong here? There's something wrong here.

00:28:50--> 00:29:29

lager Ali Jalla Naruto, Hakuna domina law. We don't see the people we used to count among the evil ones. Who did the disbelieving nations considered evil, you know, they're considered evil prophets. They consider them the big troublemakers in their nations. These are the people that are destroying your heritage of culture. They're coming and telling you your ancestors were wrong. And you shouldn't be doing this or that or the other. Who are these people? They're the evil of society. And now these guys are in hell. They're saying we're those bad guys. You know, the ones we used to consider bad to have now I'm sorry and Syrian? We used to take them as a joke remember? Amazon? Or

00:29:29--> 00:29:32

is it because it's so dark in hell, we can't see them.

00:29:33--> 00:29:41

That's what they're saying. And by the way, this is another kind of cool clue. The people in hell are having a conversation and who do they miss?

00:29:42--> 00:29:59

The profits and where are the profits and have it in the previous surah there are people in heaven talking and saying hey, my best friend is in here. Where's he at? And you find out he's in hell. So the contrast picture is given in the previous surah. This pseudo ties itself to the next one and

00:30:00--> 00:30:06

to the previous one beautifully. Anyhow, this section was a small glimpse of what's going on where?

00:30:07--> 00:30:10

What's going on in Hellfire Allah protect us all from the hellfire.

00:30:12--> 00:30:13

What's that last section called?

00:30:14--> 00:30:18

God See, I call it save because in this final section of the surah

00:30:19--> 00:30:49

Allah does something very unique. He tells the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Well, now that I've told you that Quraysh are stubborn, and I've told you, they're going down the same path as those who came before. And I've already told you that you should take inspiration from the previous prophets who are going to be destined to go into heaven, and those who disbelieve in them are going to end up in hell. Well, here's what you need to do. Now, now that I've given you this sermon, here's what you need to put into practice. Why don't you go back to that nation? And go talk to them, say this to them?

00:30:50--> 00:31:30

Talk with your people and talk to who by the way talk to what I call, say, in Iran, I am just here to warn I'm my only job is to warn to be a wonder. Well, Mama Nila Illa, Allah, Allah alcohol, there's nobody to worship or obey in any way, shape or form except on love. The only one the dominant one, the master of the skies in the earth, Allah Aziz the ultimate authority that is to be respected and as easy as an anchor from where he is. Right? I will have found the one who continually forgives who I know. But when I tell them it is a huge bit of news that's coming hell, Heaven and Hell are not small things. Destruction of nations are not small things. This is a huge

00:31:30--> 00:31:38

bit of news that I'm giving you. And don't worry, don't listen to this carefully. This is an anchor, you'll tell me what this is an anchor for. You are ignoring it.

00:31:39--> 00:31:40

You are ignoring it.

00:31:41--> 00:31:42

Exactly.

00:31:43--> 00:32:21

When the reminder is an anchor than not remembering is what ignoring, you're not remembering you're ignoring. And so ignoring is also part of that anchor. It's not up to me to discuss, you know what arguments are happening among the angels, even the angels are confused about what's going to happen with the people of the earth. Which is another interesting story. I'll tell you about that later if we got time. So the prophets lifetime is given this, tell them this, tell them this, tell them this, but all of a sudden, something amazing happens. Allah says no more tell them tell Qureshi you're only a prophet. You're there to give a message I've been given to instruct I've only been given

00:32:21--> 00:33:00

inspiration and I'm just someone to give you clear warning. All of a sudden in the middle of it all is Carlota Buchanan muda Makati in the Harlequin Bashara main theme for is also a way to have an apostrophe Marie sakala, who saw God, when he when Allah said when we said to the angels, when your master said to the angels, I am creating a human being me, you know, skin based creature that is made of dirt when I morph him and I fashion him and I balance him and I blow into him from my own room then fall into such depth before him then all of the angels made such that before him accepted leaves he was from those who rejected Wait, that's that that's a different story with where's that

00:33:00--> 00:33:11

section was that you said the section is called what? Say there should have been another section called story of Adam. No, no, I disagree with you. Keep listening.

00:33:12--> 00:33:25

At least said what he said to me, please. Oh, he said, Oh, at least what what prevented you from doing such that you created me from fire? You know, you know the story already, don't you? This entire passage seems like it's came out of nowhere.

00:33:26--> 00:33:28

And by the way, we already had a section called what

00:33:29--> 00:33:42

prophets and other salami say, Well, you could just fit it over there. Why is it over here? And then when this passage is done, by the way coil, say, I'm not asking you for any compensation.

00:33:43--> 00:33:59

Meaning this section began with say this, this, this, this this, in the middle what came the story of Adam, and at the end of it again, say I'm not asking you for compensation. I'm not forcing this on myself. I'm not making this stuff up. This is just a reminder

00:34:00--> 00:34:35

for all nations and all peoples, what is this doing here? In order to understand what's happening here? Now we're gonna put everything together then you'll understand what's happening at the end. The first section was Qureshi. Remember this, and Qureshi are extremely stubborn. Do you remember that? At the end of all that inspiration and insight, the Providence told to go back and deal with who God is. And when he deals with Qureshi supposed to tell them his only job is there to warn, did previous prophets have the same responsibility? Yes, except our profit is different. Our profit is different because what he has to do, he has to do is directly related to what happened with Adam and

00:34:35--> 00:34:59

his Salaam and the police and Allah, it bleeds challenged Allah saying he will misguide all of humanity and the final answer from Allah that He will not be able to miss guide that he will Allah will offer guidance that will last until the day of judgment. The final weapon against the attacks of Iblees is what is given to the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam not just for courage, but for who all of humanity is

00:35:00--> 00:35:14

Often remember, when you're talking to college, you're not just dealing with what age you're at, you actually have the fate of all of humanity for the until the day of judgment in your hands. So I need to remind you that you are now going to finish what was started with Adam alayhis salam.

00:35:15--> 00:35:39

That's why it's in the middle. So before you even finished talking to Qureshi understand, you're not just dealing with some village in the desert, you're dealing with the fate of the entire planet, all of humanity, you understand what that's in the heart of it? SubhanAllah. Now, how many sections were there? I know you're tired. I know you're tired of it. It's okay. This one's gonna be different. What was the first section?

00:35:40--> 00:35:46

Check this out. The first section was correct. What is the sixth section?

00:35:47--> 00:35:48

Say to who?

00:35:49--> 00:35:55

Correct. The first section, and the last section complete each other. Don't pay.

00:35:56--> 00:36:13

It is actually the last section that is responding in its entirety to the demands placed in the first section. If they are so stubborn. How do you deal with them? You deal with them with the lessons you've learned in the last section. So section one and section six are directly tied to each other. Okay, what section two

00:36:15--> 00:36:22

nations previous nations that were what, what happened to them? Okay, what is the fifth section?

00:36:24--> 00:36:33

Okay, so you have the past of disbelieving nations in section two. And then you have the future of disbelieving nations in

00:36:34--> 00:36:36

our two in five related to each other.

00:36:38--> 00:36:49

So the first one and the last one are tied to each other. And the second one and the second last one are tied to each other. And by the way, when in the second section, it'll talk about one nation or many nations.

00:36:50--> 00:37:10

Remember, he talks about many nations. And when he described how what did he describe one group will be there, another will come and say, Hey, guys, we're here to and another one will come in another one will come. In other words, it perfectly corresponds to what was described in Section two, because nation after nation historically disbelieved, and now those nations after nations are being piled into hell. So

00:37:12--> 00:37:14

the third section is what?

00:37:15--> 00:37:17

Which is the history of good people.

00:37:19--> 00:37:29

We should conclude, section three should be tied to one section, I'm running out of sections, because I already tied one to six and already tied to two, five. So I should tie three to one.

00:37:30--> 00:37:34

And how did you see any connection between three and four? I don't seem to see it.

00:37:36--> 00:37:38

I don't see it's not obvious to me. What is it?

00:37:40--> 00:37:41

provids.

00:37:42--> 00:37:43

Having?

00:37:44--> 00:37:56

How cool is that, guys? This entire solar is a perfect thematic symmetry. Everything ties together. Let's start with the series. Did you read this from I didn't read this into DC I made it up.

00:37:57--> 00:38:13

I just have you know, I study structure of solar in Nevada. And that's what I do. That's what I'm amazed by. And then I study each passage has its own you know how there's a symmetry here you see the symmetry? Guys? Do you see the symmetry or no? You see it right? Each passage has its own symmetry. We won't get into that now.

00:38:14--> 00:38:20

But each section has a symmetry of its own has a structure of its own, which is your law. How do you do that?

00:38:21--> 00:38:58

That's what I'm left with when I study this stuff. So the Quran is full of and possesses what what did I What do you remember? reminder? Now the thing is, there are things that are said about the prophets especially download and so they man and he Mr. Rahman, among others. They are not the prophets that were introduced to us only in Islam given in the Koran. These prophets were told we were they were talked about in the Bible, they were talked about in the Old Testament, these are prophets of the Israelites, right? But the things that are said about these prophets in their books are not worth remembering. As a matter of fact, they're better forgotten. Why because terrible,

00:38:58--> 00:39:23

terrible things are sad about these wonderful profits. One of the jobs of the Quran is actually to restore the dignity of biblical prophets. The Bible speaks of them in very bad ways. Unfortunately, after the alteration made by human beings, and the Quran comes and restores their dignity. And one of the this last piece that's not connected to the structure of the surah it's just about that just restoring the dignity of doubt.

00:39:24--> 00:39:44

Doubt Allah Salaam from the Bible's perspective. Let me tell you something about him. First. They call him David, you guys know that? Okay. They call them David. And when he became king, once he became king, he was actually very obsessed with his power, according to them, and he wanted to marry 99 wives and he had 99 wives according to that, not according to us, and he said, I need 101

00:39:46--> 00:39:59

and so he sees this woman in a balcony. From he looks out of his castle, he sees this lady in the balcony says number 100 except she's married and she's married to one of the generals that is in his army.

00:40:00--> 00:40:06

So he commands that general to go into war, where he knows he's gonna get killed.

00:40:07--> 00:40:22

And so he sends him there gets killed, and he marries the woman. And that's how he gets his life. This is the biblical version. Keep this version, this is not true at all. Not true at all. Keep this in mind as we read this passage. Okay, now,

00:40:24--> 00:40:26

what Allah talkin about, we'll have some if

00:40:28--> 00:40:40

I will, I'll translate without explanation. First, did the news of the argumentative group come to you? Did anybody ever tell you about the argumentative group that scaled the giant wall and entered the prayer quarters of

00:40:41--> 00:40:56

man, Rob, is that where you pray? So you have you know, this castle is got a giant outside wall and these this group, the whole group scale, the entire wall, jumped over and entered into this place where he's supposed to privately pray his own backdrop. If the hawala

00:40:57--> 00:41:00

when they came in and entered into that woods, private space,

00:41:01--> 00:41:30

for fuzzy, I'm going home, and he was terrified of them to the point where he was about to lose his mind. fuzzer is actually used when you're so afraid, you can think straight anymore. So he was scared out of his mind when he saw them, called ataka have this or no, don't be scared. We're not here to kill you. I mean, usually when people scale a castle wall and break into a, you know, Kings private quarters, and look very aggressive than you would think they're there to kill him. They say, No, no, relax. We're not here to kill you. We made all this effort because we wanted to discuss an issue with you.

00:41:32--> 00:41:34

We just had a question. What's that?

00:41:35--> 00:42:11

You know? So they jump in and ask a question. And what's the question? has money? Bah, bah, bah, bah. There are two groups that are arguing one has done wrong against the other fact john bainer. Bill, Huck, why don't you make a fair decision among us? You are the ruler after all, why don't you make a fair decision? Just decision we're not touched it and don't be biased and don't use falsehood. Don't be inclined towards the wrong side? Why deny it? So why is it not a lot and guide us to the most even path to tell us what to do? Whatever verdict you give, we're gonna follow it and not have a hidden one of them speaks and says, This is my brother, the who discern what is owner

00:42:11--> 00:42:18

Ninja, he's got 99 sheep. My brother owns how many 99 sheep? does that remind you of anything from the Bible story?

00:42:22--> 00:42:24

Well, either john wahida. And I only have one sheep

00:42:27--> 00:42:56

for Karla rockfill Neha, so he said, Why don't you give me custody of your sheep as well as any fancy Bob? And he uses his dignity and authority and imposes it on me when he talks to me he intimidates me with his dignity and his authority. Wait, is that an anchor? Taking the authority from where? From the very beginning, remember? So it comes up again. Anyway, so he speaks to me intimidates me when he talks to me and he says, Give me that one cheat. What are you going to do with it? I have 99 I could use 100 you know,

00:42:58--> 00:43:37

kala lokhandwala maka de su Alina jetty Kalani Haji angiology. So that was Allison said he's done wrong to you. By asking you to add your one sheep to his. He shouldn't have done that. Well, in that kathira minako la isla de bah bah, bah bah and a lot of partners who mix with each other and a lot of family members will mix with each other a lot of people that are close to each other, they end up doing a lot of wrong to each other very profound statement. People who do a lot of wrong to you or very close to you. Very deep statement. It's not just business partners. qualifiers is anybody who mixes in this in this case, brothers are doing horrible wrong to each other. Right? So he says a lot

00:43:37--> 00:43:49

of times people that are close to each other and mingle with each other, they do the most wrong to each other. Ella Latina Amina Amina Sally hard worker Lila mom, except those who believe and do good deeds and very few of those are meaning it's very hard to do good deeds with people that are close to you.

00:43:50--> 00:43:59

Very few people are able to do that you can give sadaqa to some guy on the street and go but your cousin to have you much harder

00:44:01--> 00:44:44

kalita mom and then doubt realize the check this out. So they he gave this verdict will no doubt realize it came to the realization and now no matter now, we were only testing him because these people poof they disappeared. They just disappeared. He's like what just happened? And he realized that he was testing him for for istockphoto. Then he asked us forgiveness for karate and we fell into Roku and he you know, he repented? Now from this some have interpreted or must be the biblical story of the 99 wives and he realized I shouldn't have been going after 100 because that 99 sheep must have been about my 99 wives. You see what I'm saying? And I use my authority to get number 100

00:44:45--> 00:44:56

but actually the answer is in the Quran itself. It's so beautiful. It's so beautiful. Let's go back and understand. Now that a salon is in the prayer quarters, and is

00:44:57--> 00:44:59

this group that came came upon him

00:45:00--> 00:45:39

So water, so water comes from the word surah. So that means a gigantic wall, a wall that is impossible to scale. Actually, the purpose of a surah is so it cannot be scaled. These are the outer walls of a fort or a city. So the fact that they climbed like 50 feet to get into his castle, and there's a group of them is extremely shocking. So he's off his feet fuzzy I'm in home, so much so and is doubt autism. He's killed Goliath before he's killed. Jonathan before he's been on the battlefield. It's not like he's a scared human being. But you know, there are times where you get startled. He's not expecting that in the in his in his castle. So they break into him. And they show

00:45:39--> 00:45:53

up there. And then they say we have a case. And the case is, I this is my brother, he has how many sheep remember. So the guy who's talking has how many sheep. And by the way, doubt Allah He Salaam used to be a very poor shepherd.

00:45:54--> 00:46:08

Now it used to be a very poor Shepherd before he became an authority. You know, that's how he ended up killing jello because he was a shepherd. And he used to, you know, use a slingshot to kill the wolf and things like that. So who does that? Are they some relate with you think?

00:46:09--> 00:46:11

The guy who has one or the guy who has 99.

00:46:13--> 00:46:34

And so immediately, he says, I only have one, and he's using his authority to take my one sheep. And he's a judge now that Islam is a judge. And he says that's wrong. They shouldn't do that. Anybody who has authority just takes authority. And by the way, that's an amazing sentiment to have from a king because kings and authorities usually favor the wealthy.

00:46:35--> 00:46:48

Because they will need the favors from the wealthy later. Right. For a king to favor the poor is a noble quality. But the problem here is because he's a judge. He's supposed to listen to both sides.

00:46:50--> 00:47:27

Whether or not you agree with the guy with 99 or not, he never defended himself did he? The guy with 99, she'd never defended himself, simply the guy with one sheep spoke. The other insulin was already rattled, shaken up. And he immediately gave the verdict that he shouldn't be doing that because a lot of times they wronged each other. And they disappeared and doubt RSM realized that in my rush to judgment, I didn't hear what, both sides. And that's not right. He also realized that when a judge is terrified, overwhelmed with any emotion, they shouldn't be sitting in the judges chair.

00:47:28--> 00:47:51

It's very profound. He said, He's the judge over in this nation. He's the ruler, but a ruler needs to be emotionally stable to be able to pass judgments. If he's shocked, was he shocked in the beginning of the story? If a judge is shocked, terrified, scared, can you think straight? Is it possible he may rush to judgment or make an incorrect judgment as possible. And for example, a guy went through a divorce and he's a divorce court judge.

00:47:54--> 00:47:57

Those ladies don't have a chance in his courtroom.

00:47:58--> 00:48:13

Because he's gonna see his that you see what I'm saying? If they have if they have baggage, they're not going to be able to pass judgment. So he realizes there's baggage here. So he immediately recognizes his fault, and turns to a line repents. And that's why Allah says, so we forgive him that

00:48:14--> 00:48:31

we forgive that meaning this small, you know, for a moment he forgot what he's supposed to do. I think it can go away when you are in shock. But immediately as soon as you come back to your sentence, sensor senses, Vicar comes back, it also sound is being taught, there are moments where you will be overwhelmed.

00:48:32--> 00:49:08

But as soon as that overwhelming feeling is gone, you have to remember your master immediately. This is actually an inspiration of victory that that Alison has given I wanted to share this with you because if you don't know the Korans narrative, it's like you have this twisted biblical version that takes away so much dignity from these amazing prophets. Okay, so those were my two item agenda is and shout out Allah for this talk with you. One was to share with you the beautiful organization of suicide, and the other was to share with you just something about the dignity of doubt. And what an amazing judge he was supposed to be. What I'm really excited about though, is the last session

00:49:08--> 00:49:47

which is about Solomon Salaam, and this really unique on there's no door I like it in the Quran. Well, I think there's no doubt like it's so unique. And it's, it's very difficult to understand I struggled with it a lot this door. That's one of the reasons I said this amazed by the Quran, I'm going to do the opposite of myself, because I didn't understand it. So I forced myself to study it and keep asking questions and like bothering scholars all over the world, so that I could share some stuff with you. And I really do think what I found was pretty amazing. So inshallah tada Have a good day. I hope you enjoyed your nap. I'm very happy for you. 100 Allah as I leave you might as well

00:49:47--> 00:49:59

bother you one last time, how many sections in the sutra? What are the what is what sections are related to each other? One in six what is one in six called correlation and say is related.

00:50:00--> 00:50:01

What's the what else is related?

00:50:03--> 00:50:10

To in five, what are two and five? What are they? nations in Hellfire and then what else is related?

00:50:11--> 00:50:19

So now when you go home you're going to enjoy reciting sort of sides and you're gonna find those sections yourself. It's going to be so much fun barakallahu li walakum Somali conducted by Ricardo