Ramadan Workshop

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Navaid Aziz

Channel: Navaid Aziz

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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In the thumbnail Lila Nakamoto who wants to know who won the stock photo? When will you be the Himanshu Dorian fusina. Woman sejati Anna Lena Maria de la vida Maddalena, woman lilu for la de la What should I do wanna La la la la la sharika wash I don't know Mohammed Abdullah Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa seldom at the Sleeman kathira ama God, my dear brothers and sisters salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.

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So, we're having our pick of Ramadan workshop, getting to know a little bit about the future of Ramadan. And before doing so, I want to share some of the wisdoms behind fasting with you busy nights Allah. So first, let's start off with what is the objective behind fasting what is the objective behind fasting? Allah subhanho wa Taala. If you were to look at the verses 183 to 187, and sort of Bukhara he starts off by saying, Yeah, you have Latina armano quotevalet Kumasi cmoh kamakoti vinylidene, amicably calm, the undercounter chacun. So let's break down this verse over here. Allah subhanaw taala he starts off by saying, are you who believe I showed your love on

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Abdullah Abdullah and how much money they said every single time Allah subhana wa tada starts off with yo yo Han levena Amano, then pay very close attention to it. We are very attentive here to it, because Allah subhanaw taala is about to address you specifically. And he's either going to warn you against something that will create a distance between you and the Hellfire, or he's going to command you with something that will bring you closer to paradise, or he's going to command you with something that will bring you closer to paradise. Then Allah subhanaw taala goes on to say quotevalet camassia, that fasting has been prescribed for you, just like it was prescribed for those

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before you. So from this part of the verse we learned that fasting is something that is throughout the religious that Allah subhanaw taala has revealed. That is why you find it in Christianity, you find it in Judaism, and you find it in other faiths as well. And in fact, if you were to look throughout all of the religions, or the world's recognized religions, you would see the only religion that doesn't have a form of organized fasting is the religion of Sikhism, every other religion and has a form of organized fasting in it. Then Allah subhanaw taala concludes this verse by saying that Allah contacter code, in hopes that you may attain taqwa. Now, this word taqwa is the

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objective of Ramadan is the objective of fasting. And that's why it is very important to understand what the term taqwa actually means. If you notice this word taqwa, Allah subhanho wa Taala is messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he used to use three particular verses and every single Juma whatever, every single Juma whatever the verse in Surah Surah, number one verse one or two, the first verse of certain Nisa, and the verse from certolizumab. And you'll see the first one that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam used to use was, in fact, the most common and the most popular in terms of the frequency. In this verse, Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Yeah, you have levena am an

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otaku? La haka, Ducati. When it Mouton. 11. To Muslim or you believe have Taqwa of Allah subhanho wa Taala, a taqwa that he is most deserving of and do not die except in a state of Islam. Do not die except in a state of Islam. So here Abdullah bin Miss o de la jolla, huhtala. Noma he was asked, What does it mean? Well, it's a cola haka, Ducati, that have a tackle of Allah subhanho wa Taala, a taqwa that his most deserving. He said taqwa of Allah subhanho wa Taala. A taco that he is most deserving of consists of three things. It consists of three things. And this is the goal behind Ramadan. This is the goal behind fasting. He said a taco that was final john is most deserving of is

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number one, to remember Allah subhanho wa Taala so that he is never forgotten. And third quarter la Li k la Yun said it is to remember Allah subhanho wa Taala. So that he is not forgotten. Number two, it is to obey Allah so that he is not disobeyed. And to to Allah Li Kayla your saw that it is to obey Allah subhanaw taala so that he is not disobeyed. And then the third thing he mentioned the third component of taqwa is untouched Corolla decay law you will be that it is to be grateful to Allah subhanho wa Taala. So that no ingratitude is shown to him. It is to be grateful to Allah Subhana Allah so that no ingratitude is shown to him. So this whole month of Ramadan, this concept

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of fasting, it was sent to us in hopes that we may attain these three things. the remembrance of Allah subhanho wa Taala to the degree that he has never forgotten the obedience of Allah subhanho wa Taala so that he is never disobeyed and gratitude to Allah subhanho wa Taala

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So that no ingratitude is actually shown to him. So if you were to look at this act of fasting, you would see how Allah subhanaw taala actualizes. This concept of taqwa the way Allah subhanaw taala actualizes it. So how does Allah subhanaw taala become more remembered in the month of Ramadan? This is something that you will visually see that in the month of Ramadan, people that you've never seen in the masjid Mashallah they start to come people that you've never seen reading Koran. Here they are reading Quran, people that you never see spending a night in the masjid. They're now spending you know making ethical they're there for the last 10 minutes. So less panel dynamic becomes more

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remembered. Likewise in the act of thoroughly, people who didn't pray you know, who struggled with their foreign affairs now Mashallah praying the Torah with the Sunnah and the snaffle prayer and people who didn't recited the Quran, Mashallah, in this month of Ramadan, the reciting the whole Quran, so Allah subhanaw taala becomes more remembered, now the obedience of Allah subhanho wa Taala How does Allah subhanaw taala become obeyed you will see that throughout all of the pillars of Islam as an oma we fall very very short, particularly with the Salah. You know, we try our best but we fall short. That is just the reality of the situation. But when it comes to fasting, you see that

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this is the one pillar in Islam that everyone does no matter what your level of Eman as long as you affiliate yourself with Islam, you're fasting, you could be you know, a drunkard, you could be addicted to drugs, you could be committing Zina left right and center but when it comes to Ramadan, you will fast because it's something that the Muslim does. So here Allah subhanaw taala becomes obeyed. throughout the whole year, if you were to ask someone to give up their drinking and their eating for a whole month, it's impossible. I mean, just trying to get someone to fast Mondays and Thursdays or the 13th 14th and 15th and they're like we can't do it. It's too difficult. But how

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amazing it is for a whole month Mashallah this oma is able to give up their drinking their eating and their desires for the sake of Allah subhana wa Tada. So this is how Allah subhanaw taala becomes obeyed Allah subhanho wa Taala he locks up the shouting in the month of Ramadan, so it becomes easier to focus on our ibadah Now this doesn't mean that we won't be committing any sin, because like we've mentioned in the past sins they incur from two ways either from the spiritual Satan or either from the desires of the knifes. So let's find out what Allah is, has helped you halfway, he's taken away the shouting from you, they're not there to whisper, you have to control the other half

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in controlling your knifes and Allah subhanaw taala helps you control your enough's by sacrificing your eating, drinking and desires. Then the third concept that is mentioned is is to show gratitude to Allah subhana wa tada so that knowing gratitude is shown to him. And you see that through this act of fasting, there's no other act like it, in which we empathize with the rest of the world, up until you travel the world. And you see how poor This world is, you aren't grateful for the blessings that Allah Subhana Allah has given you, you know, the fact that we have food in our fridges for more than two or three days. The fact that we have comfortable beds and we don't have to

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sleep on rocks, the fact that ants and you know, other creatures don't call upon us, the fact that we don't have to be afraid of lizards and you know, other scorpions, the fact that Allah subhanaw taala granted us clean water, which 90% of the world doesn't have, these are all blessings that Allah subhanaw taala particularly gave to us. And in this month of Ramadan, when you sacrifice it for his sake, you learn to empathize with the rest of the world. You learn what great, what a great blessing these things actually are. And there's one story that's Pinilla. It still sticks in my mind, from my very first trip to South Africa. From my very first trip to South Africa. I remember

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meeting a 16 year old sister. And you know, at first, you know, she I knew that she came from an orphanage, but I didn't know how remarkable her story was. Now, I remember going to school being you know, 567 years old. And I remember that every morning, I would come up with a new excuse. I tell Mom, you know, I'm not feeling what did I don't want to go to school. Mom, you know, I have a headache. I don't want to go to school. Mom, you know, the teacher doesn't like me. I don't want to go to school. All those excuses. I remember making is just so I wouldn't have to go to school. But here this 16 year old girl. She walked 12 miles to school and 12 miles back every single day just to

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attend school. And I thought to myself how amazing that is. And then you look at her shoes. There's no shoes, she's walking barefoot, it's parabola. And you know, if you look at her house vanilla, I don't even know how to describe it. It's like you can make it a fraction of this masala. It's not even a fraction. That's how tiny it is. Literally, you put your arms out both ways. And that's how big her house is. And that's where you know, I think seven or eight brothers and sisters live with her, like spinal these are blessings from Allah subhanho wa Taala that opened until you travel the world. You go back to your native countries and see the state of the people there. You do not

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realize what a great blessing you're actually in living in a place that Calgary where the government will provide for you where you know

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Even if you don't have a job, you get some sort of stipend dirty living in luxury compared to the rest of the world. And this is the third objective that you learn to be grateful to Allah subhanho wa Taala for the blessings that Allah subhanaw taala has given you. Now those that is how to find out Allah allows us to attain taqwa. Now from the wisdom of fasting, is the fact that Allah subhanho wa Taala actually allows us to purify the inside of our bodies as well through fasting. So you'll see that this throughout the whole year, you just eating and drinking and your digestive system, it gets overworked because you're constantly doing this. And in the month of Ramadan, Allah subhanaw

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taala allows you to rejuvenate your digestive system, that those weak cells that are in your body, Allah subhanho wa Taala, you know, eliminates them through this fasting, those old blood cells that are in your body, Allah subhanaw taala eliminates them through fasting, from the wisdoms of fasting, is that throughout the whole year, you're giving preference to your physical body and you're ignoring the spiritual needs that you have. But in this month of Ramadan, you ignore your body and you give preference to your spiritual needs. So let's find out Allah gives life to the spirit inside of you that wants to reconnect with Allah subhanaw taala from the wisdoms of fasting is that fasting

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brings the whole community together, that added start time everyone breaks the fast together as the whole time everyone stops eating together. So a lot of time comes everyone prays together, it's time for that always everyone's reciting the Quran. And together, it unites the community. They're fasting with one moon, they're breaking their fast with one moon, it's their turn to unite the community, from the wisdoms of fasting is a clear manifestation of our submission to Allah subhana wa tada that Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us not to eat and drink and does not even tell us what the reward for it is. He does not tell us what the reward of fasting is. But for the sake of Allah

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subhanaw taala we gave up that eating and drinking to manifest our submission for Allah subhanho wa Taala. And these are some of the wisdoms behind fasting. These are some of the wisdoms behind fasting.

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Now in terms of actually getting into the thick of Ramadan, I was thinking about, you know, how can we actually do this. And one of the ways I had brought it down to was one of two ways. Either we could take the Hadith from a hadith book, maybe something like Al Bukhari or a Muslim and go through a chapter of fasting. Or I was thinking that when I was at Islamic University of Medina, one of the books I studied outside was this book, the Delphic and Subhanallah, you know, just like a week ago, this sounds very, it sounds very strange. But one of my teachers from Medina, he actually sent me a message on Facebook. And the reason why it sounds so strange, I'll explain why. When I first got to

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Medina, the internet situation was non existent, pretty much, you know, for the first year, there was no internet, you know, you can imagine, here we are in 2000 2001, as a country that does not have an internet. Finally, when we do get internet, we had to walk something like 25 minutes from the university close to my studio cabinets. And for those of you who have been to Medina, must have completed right over there, there was an internet cafe right across it. And over there, they had six computers that were connected to one dial up connection, and it wasn't 56.6 K, you know, the the higher dial up connection, this was 28.8. And it's being divided by six computers. Remember, we

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would spend one hour our Gmail didn't exist at that time, one hour opening up Hotmail, and after that, it would the internet would disconnect. And you'd have to start over again. So in this one hour, you know, we'd spend reading two or three emails, not more than that. And on top of that, you pay $20 an hour, you're paying $20 an hour, which is like something like eight or $9, back then it was even more than that, maybe 10 $12. So that was the internet situation, that over time it finally got better. And then within this past two or three years, I'm noticing all my teachers from Medina, getting onto Facebook, you know, it was really, really awkward when you see the whole history, how

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you go from not having internet, to having your teachers, you know, from the university being on Facebook, and they're adding us friends. And it's like, why would I add you as a friend, you know, you're gonna get to see everything that I do. And I don't want you to know that. But, you know, I added him as a friend and he sent me a message. And he's like, What are you up to these days, and it brought back all these amazing memories of sitting in the machine sitting on the floor, know, just like you guys are and making notes just as he spoke. So I thought it'd be a good idea to study kuttabul cm from undeterred from steady steady potassium from.

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But then I realized that, you know, I would have to attempt I do have the notes, everything's typed up in English, we could have shared that. But I didn't make preparations for a PowerPoint presentation. So while I'd be reading from the text, you know, it would become very difficult for the audience to follow. So the way that I did decide to go ahead and do this with lightoller is just to take bits and pieces from the book and explain it to you to take bits and pieces from on digital and explain it to you. So the very first thing that you need to learn when reading a text will go through the proper format of reading a text that when you read a text, generally speaking, it is

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The student that reads and it is the teacher that explains. So the student will start off by saying called an LFO or a Haman Allahu ear, that the author says, may Allah have mercy upon him and have mercy upon us. So this is the normal way of doing things that you make dua for the author and you make dua for everyone in the congregation as well. So as they call him or Allah for him and Allah, that Allah have mercy that the author has stated and Allah have mercy upon him and have mercy upon us. Yet you will see Mr. Ramadan adequately Muslim in bed is an appealing call during other Psalm. So it will Kodama Rahim Allah, just explain a little bit about him. He was from the scholars of

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lipids, and he was a scholar that was specialized in physics. And in fact, in the humbling method, he created one of the main curriculums inside the humbling method. So he said that anyone who wants to study humbly folk, he's written four books that as a level that we start off from level one, you go on to level two, level three, and level four. And the very first level that he wrote in the book is the book that we're reading from right now it is underwritten. And what he did on the 12th is that he took the most popular opinion inside the humbling method, and he just stated that opinion, he didn't state anything else. Then the second book that he authored was unlock Nia and unlock Nia

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he mentioned the two most popular opinions inside the humble a Muslim. Then the third book is Al caffrey. And in this book al caffee. He establishes the three most popular opinions inside the mantle of Imam Ahmed and then his encyclopedia or his you know, Magnum magnum opus, if you want to call it that was his book, alimony and in alimony, he mentioned not only the opinion on the multiple women, but in all of them have died. And in fact, not only in all of them have died. But if you ever want to find out what is the opinion of a particular hobby or a particular color Tabby on a particular issue, he combined it together. And that is why for us as students of knowledge, there

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are three very, very important books that a student of knowledge should have. And if a student of knowledge has these three books, he will have pretty much every single opinion in fuck that he ever needs. The first of them is a locally by Eben Kodama. The first of them is a lovely Bible Kodama. The second of them is attempted by even Abdullah or attempted by even Abdullah but from the Maliki scholars. And the third book is so much more by Mr. Mandela. The third book isn't much more by the way, these three books are encyclopedias, and filk. And any single issue that you need an opinion on these three books were granted to you. So this was a curriculum that Kodama created on little filk

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followed by a Laconia, followed by a cafe, followed by alimony that these four books if you study them from beginning to end, you will become a master and the science of filk particularly in the humbling method, particularly in the humbling method. So Bill Kodama, he starts off by you know, this book of fasting and he goes on to tell us, you know, who fasting is compulsory upon, but before we get to get the get to that, let us discuss what fasting actually means, linguistically somaiya so musalman what does it actually mean? sommerso musalman it comes from restraining and withholding. And that is why in the Quran when you see Madame, she says in Nila in Nina Manny sama that I've

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taken a fast for the sake of Allah subhana wa Tada. Now this fast that she took, it wasn't from eating and drinking, but rather it was from speaking it was from speaking. So she did not speak to her people. And this is a form of fasting, it is a form of restraining speech. But when we talk about fasting in the conventional sense, it consists of the following things. It consists of the following things, it is to refrain from eating, drinking, and sexual desires. It is to refrain from eating, drinking, thinking and sexual desires, from sunrise to sunset. So eating drinking sexual desires, from sunrise to sunset. And with this definition of fasting, you actually learn what the

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pillars of fasting or what are the pillars of fasting or the power of pillars of fasting are three, the pillars of fasting are three. Number one, the intention, number one, the intention, number two, it is to refrain from anything that breaks, the fast it is to refrain from anything that breaks the fast. And the third pillar of fasting is to do it within its correct time. It is to do it within its correct time. So now let's briefly discuss these pillars. The first thing we mentioned is the intention. The first thing we mentioned, is the intention. And this is based upon the hadith of Omar, Abdullah Han, who were you said in them and then indeed, all actions are by intentions. But

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what makes fasting so unique and so distinct? Is that every act of a body that you do, you make your intention just before you do that act of a bother so the

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person who puts on his forearm here and he's going for Mr. Hodge, you will say allama, Baker, benhaddou. And Amara, a person who is just about to start select the Lord in His, in his heart, he's making the intention, then I'm about to praise a lot of God. And for every other acts that you do, it's just before the act. But what makes fasting so unique is that it is that one act, we don't have to make your intention just before you're about to do it. And in fact, it is sufficient with a person who is fasting, to make his intention at the beginning of the month, make his intention once at the beginning of the month, that I will fast for the whole month. And this intention will suffice

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him for the whole month till the end of Ramadan, there are some scholars who stipulated that know, each night, he needs to wake up before salata budget, and make a particular intention that he's going to fast upon that today. But the correct opinion, and Allah Subhana, Allah knows best is that if he just makes the intention at the beginning of the month, then this is sufficient for him, if he makes the intention, just at the beginning of the month, then this is sufficient for him. Number two, those things that break the fast, he needs to refrain from those things that break the fast. So what breaks the fast eating breaks the fast, and this is something that is done intentionally. And

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we'll talk about those things that are done unintentionally, later on. When we talk about eating, what does eating actually mean in the context of fasting, eating in the context of fasting, it has three components to it, it has three components to it. Number one, it is something of nutritional value is something of nutritional value. Number two, it is something that will actually reach the stomach. Number two, it is something that will actually reach the stomach. And number three, is that it has to be of a reasonable size, it has to be of a reasonable size, it has to be a reasonable size. And if you can just understand this one definition, this will automatically solve all of the

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issues that people have pertaining to Ramadan, that hey, can I use a miswak? Can I use toothpaste and a toothbrush? What if I want to rinse my mouth in the month of Ramadan? Can I do that? What if I want to go swimming in the month of Ramadan, and water actually goes down while I'm swimming. So if you understand this concept over here, then building the internet will solve all your problems. So we said number one, it has to be of nutritional value, it has to be something that provides nutrition to you. Number two, it is something that actually reaches the stomach, and number three, and has to be of a reasonable size, it has to be of a reasonable size. What else breaks the fast

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drinking, same components apply as to that of eating. Number three sexual desires, and sexual desires. This encompasses everything this includes, you know, having intercourse with one's wife, this includes any form of premeditated ejaculation. It includes other forms of ejaculation as well, this would break the fast if it's done intentionally. This would break the fast if it's done intentionally. What else could possibly break the fast as you'll come to see this act of copying? Does anyone know what does everyone know what copying is? Some people don't know, copying as a medical term it is known as phlebotomy. And in the

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in what it actually is, is that it is a form of medication from the time of deposit system, where basically they will extract blood, usually about a cup. And that's why it's called cupping, usually about a cup from that area that is sick. So for example, someone's having muscle pain on his shoulder, they'll put a cup there, they will create a suction and it will suck out the clot of blood that are in that area. Because usually it is the clots that are causing the problem. So suck out all the clots and and you know hopefully take away the pain by the will of Allah subhanaw taala. So someone who gets cupping done, some of the scholars said that it breaks their Fest, and we'll come

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to this to see between the hits either. And the reason why it's important to understand the suction on cupping is because then if an issue arises, hey, in the month of Ramadan, can I go and give you know, can I go donate blood? What if my doctor asks for a blood sample in the month of Ramadan, be delighted if you understand the section on cupping that will solve all of your issues as well. And the then the last thing that need that will break a person's fast is one's physical state. So a person no longer becomes capable of fasting, then this will break the fast as well. This can be psychologically that he becomes mentally insane. This can be medically that you know he's in a coma

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for the whole month. This can be someone who has a form of sickness where he needs to take medication throughout the day. He needs to take medication throughout the day. This can be someone who's just you know has reached an old age and physically his body cannot handle it physically, his body cannot handle it. So those are the five things that will break the fast and then we reach the correct time then we reach the correct time. And Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us about the Quran.

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time in the quarter on hotair yatabe in a hightide database, titled IBM integrated us with that up and until the white and black threads become distinct from you in the sky. And what this is referring to is the very beginning of fasting that when you start fasting, the white thread should become clear and that is when the time of fasting actually begins. And then as soon as this and then when the sun sets, that is when your fast breaks, that is when your fast breaks, those are the two important times to know each other. So that is a brief introduction to the chapter of fasting from Kodama. Now continuing with what a blue Kodama was saying, he goes on to say that fasting is

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compulsory upon any individual that meets four characteristics. Number one, this person has to be Muslim, this person has to be Muslim, if the person is not Muslim, then fasting is not compulsory upon him. Number two, this person should have reached the age of puberty, if they've not reached the age of puberty, then fasting is not compulsory upon them. Number three, this person needs to be seen, they need to know what they are doing, if they are not fasting is not compulsory upon them. And then the fourth thing he mentioned

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is that this person should be capable of fasting, this person should be capable of fasting. And right after this, he goes on to say, well, your ob ob is a taco, that even the young child, he is commanded to fast if he is able to do so, if he is able to do so. And the reasons why it will Kodama him Allah mentions that even the young child is encouraged to fast is based upon the hadith of my monado de la Juana, where she talks about the facet of Ashura. The first one of our Shura in Muharram, that even the young children in Medina, they were encouraged to fast. And during that time, the child would, you know, find difficulty in fasting. She goes on to mention on the law, that

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we would give them a doll that was stuffed with wool, to distract them from the pangs of, of hunger from the pangs of thirst, that that is doll distracted them in hopes that they are able to complete the fast. And this shows that a child that as soon as, as soon as he's able to make distinction between between right and wrong, usually by 789 years old, the even the child should be encouraged to fast even the child should be encouraged to fast so that the child try one day or two days or three days, as much as the child can, just so that when he gets older, he gets into the habit of fasting, and he knows what fasting actually feels like.

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In terms of the beginning of Ramadan in terms of the beginning of Ramadan. Even Kodama Rahim Allah He goes on to mention that the beginning of Ramadan is recognized by three things, it is recognized by three things. The first of them is the sighting of the moon. The first of them is the sighting of the moon. So if the moon of the new month is seen, then fasting begins on that today. So Allah subhanaw taala says, from shahida minko mushara foliation hope that whoever sees the beginning of the new month whoever sees the crescent, then let him begin fasting, let him begin fasting. The second thing by which Rama at the beginning of Ramadan is known by is that if it is a cloudy night,

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if it is a cloudy night, and you cannot tell, if the President has been seen or not, then you are encouraged to complete 30 days of Shabbat, you're encouraged to complete 30 days of Shabbat, you're encouraged to complete 30 days of Shabbat. And this is based upon the Hadith of the Prophet Salaam, where he says that if you're unable to see the moon, either due to the clouds or due to rain or due to another circumstance, then the Rosa who that you know estimate 30 days of Shabbat estimate 30 days of shotgun. This is the opinion of the majority the opinion of the majority of scholars is that these are the only two ways that the beginning of Ramadan will be known. With the exception and the

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humbling method, the humbler method is only one that had this exception is they said that there's actually a third way by which the beginning of Ramadan will be known. And that is the fasting of your moshiach. So and opinion number two, or the second way that we knew the meaning of Ramadan, we said that you on that day of doubt, you count 30 days and was 30 days of Shabana over then you start fasting Ramadan, the next day. So that is the day of doubt where you are doubtful that it is today, the the 30th or today, the first in the humble the month up on that 30th day, you're actually supposed to fast you're actually supposed to fast. And this actually goes in opposition of the

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Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam actually goes in, in opposition of the Hadith of the prophets of Salaam, where he said do not fast the day of shock for indeed the one who does so has disobeyed the one who does so as disobeyed our cos. And for those of you who study filk you'll notice that there are multiple women, my daughter in law, it sticks very rigidly to the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and this is one of the cases where Mr. Muhammad Rahim Allah

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The ones went against the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the scholars of the Month Club. they analyze this. And they said that the reason why Muhammad Rahim Allah did so was the fact that this hadith did not reach him, this hadith did not reach him and that is why he encouraged the people to fast on Yama shuck, but in reality as Muslims we should not do so, if you're doubtful did Ramadan begin or not estimate 30 days and once 30 days are over the next day Ramadan begins. This leads us to the discussion is that when you're citing the moon, is it sufficient to have globalized sighting is sufficient to have local setting is sufficient to have sightings in the same

00:30:40--> 00:31:23

time zone. And then how about calculated beginnings and endings of Ramadan? Let's begin backwards over here. One thing that is for sure is that calculations are not allowed calculations as a primary source of knowing did fasting begin or not, is something that is not allowed from the consensus of the scholars of the past, they did not allow the usage of calculations to say when the Ramadan will begin or act, then it leaves us the other three opinions and leaves us the other three opinions from amongst them or that have the majority of mazahub all four of them. In fact, they went towards opinion number one, opinion number one, and that is that a globalized citing is sufficient. A

00:31:23--> 00:32:04

globalized stating is sufficient that if anyone in the world sees the crescent, then the whole oma is to start fasting. This is the opinion of the humbling method of the Maliki method, the Shafi method and the Hanafi method and the Hanafi madhhab. Then your opinion number two this is the opinion of Abdullah bin Abdullah Abdullah Juan Toma. This is the opinion of the Libyan Ambassador the Allahu anhu ma and this is attributed to Imam Malik. It is attributed to Amanda Malick, even though it is not actually proven that a mathematical formula may have actually said so. And that is that each community each local community is to say to their own mind. So for example, in the City of

00:32:04--> 00:32:44

Calgary, we are community at the ISC. The ISC has to have its own citing someone who's living in, let's just say in Airdrie. There are separate community, they need to have their own local citing someone who's living in Edmonton, they need to have their own setting. So this is an opinion of Abdullah Ibn Abbas or the Allahu anhu oma and it is an opinion that was attributed to Imam Malik. Now, what is this opinion actually based on? Actually, let me give you the third opinion and then we can go into their points of view. The third opinion is attributed to Imam Shafi. The third opinion is attributed to Imam Shafi Rahim Allah and Imam Shafi Rahim Allah, He said that it is sufficient

00:32:45--> 00:33:26

for those people who live in a similar sighting area in a similar sighting area. What does this actually mean? We'll host this example I can give to you as people who live in the same time zone. So those people live in the same time zone, then one citing is sufficient for them, one sighting is sufficient for them. Now, let us take a look at their proofs. Let us take a look at their proofs. The first group of scholars who said globalized citing, they said from the generality of the verse, Allah subhanaw taala says, from an shahida minko mushara folio Sumo, that whoever from amongst you sees the crescent, then let him begin fasting. So the EU over here is encompassing of the whole oma

00:33:26--> 00:33:32

that anyone from the whole oma, if he sees the crescent, then the whole oma is to begin fasting.

00:33:33--> 00:34:17

opening number two, they said that you should look for it locally. Their proofs are two, they said the same thing. They looked at the generality of the verse, and they said from an shahida minko, that whoever from amongst you, meaning not the whole oma, but rather the community at large, rather the community at large, so each community, they should cite their own mode, and that is when Ramadan will begin. Then the second proof is the statement of Abdullah busca de la Noma, that during the khilafah Mallya, a man had come from a sham, a man had come from a sham area. And he asked absorbing Abbas, he said, we started fasting on Friday. When did you guys begin fasting? He goes on to say I

00:34:17--> 00:34:57

believe that vessel della Noma, we started on Saturday, we started on Saturday. So the man said, Are you not obliged to follow a meal? Meaning, are you not obliged to follow what we did? In the Sham under the Hilah family, Allah de la vida, Abdullah, Ambassador de la Anima. He said, No, you guys have your fasting, and we have our fasting, you guys have your fasting, and we have our fasting, meaning that you guys have to set your own moon and we have to set our own moon. You guys saw the moon, we didn't. So we estimated 30 days and that is why we began a day later. That is why we began a day later, and that was their opinion. Then the opinion of the mama Shafi or Rahim Allah was the

00:34:57--> 00:34:59

fact that you look at the distance

00:35:00--> 00:35:38

time zones, and people who are in a similar area where the moon can be seen, then those people should have their localized sighting in that area, their localized sighting in that area, in terms of what was the specific proof for that he didn't really mention any shot a proofs, but rather he just mentioned logical proofs that these people have the same ability to set the moon, and they live in a similar part of the world. So it is only logical that they would fast together and break their fast together. Really related to this issue of moon sighting, how many people actually needs to see the moon, in order for it to be valid in order for it to be valid. There's a long left on this issue

00:35:38--> 00:36:13

of break it down to what is the correct opinion. And this particular issue for the beginning of the month of Ramadan, you just need one person to see the moon and it is sufficient one person to see the moon and it is sufficient. This is based upon the hadith of Abdullah bin Ahmad adiala, Juan Toma, that he came to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam he said Jada sumela I have seen in the moon. So the passive messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, he announced in the community that we are to begin fasting, he announced in the community that we are to begin fasting. And when it comes to the end of the month, when it comes to the end of the month, then you should have two people

00:36:13--> 00:36:51

setting the moon, you should have two people setting the moon. So the month of show was the recognition of the day of aid, it is recommended that you have two people it is recommended that you have two people. Now, something that is important to understand is that like we mentioned this month of Ramadan, it has objectives and from those objectives of Ramadan is to bring the people together not to dis unique to them. So something that usually ends up happening is that you have a family that the Son he's doing, you know, the localized setting, or sorry, he's doing the globalized setting, you know, he's fresh into the dean. And he's been told we have to follow Saudi. So he

00:36:51--> 00:37:24

follows Saudi, then you have, you know, another sister who has been studying in the same family, and she's like, you know, what, we are going to follow localized siding, so they fast on a separate day. And then you have the parents and the parents are like, you know, we're not bothered too much. We have this calendar from a certain organization, where for the next five years, they've told us when this Ramadan is going to begin and end, we're going to, you know, end up following that, since one particular family, you'll end up having, you know, like three different opinions and three different times or when they're going to start fasting when they want to break them fast. And you can imagine

00:37:24--> 00:37:57

the chaos that will cause that, you know, the day that someone was celebrating eight, the other person is still fasting to make up, you know, a date. And that's absolute chaos. So what should a person do in such a situation? What should a person do in such a situation? Now that you've come to understand that the Ramadan from the objectives of Ramadan is to unite the community, this is what should be done. Number one, you should learn to unite your family first learn to unite your family first. So the family should learn and have a discussion in terms of which opinion they're going to follow. And as long as they're following a valid opinion, then the household the head of the

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household should be obeyed the head of the household, I can be the father or someone the Father has appointed to be the head of the household, he is the one that should be followed. So he says, you know, we're going to follow you know, globally setting, default global setting for local setting, they follow local setting, but it is the height of the household that should be obeyed. Then after unite the family, it is to unite the community that we should try to get all the people of the community together. So all of the community in Calgary, or sorry, the IRC, we try to unite them together. Once we've succeeded in that we try to unite the people of the whole city. So everyone in

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Calgary, we tried to get them to fast all together. And this is you know, from the blessings of Allah subhanaw taala that I really wasn't too sure what was going to happen in Calgary, you know, is it going to have their own sighting is the MCC gonna have their own siding? Are we going to end up fighting what's going to happen? But hamdulillah You know, one of the things I learned right away is that at least when it comes to Ramadan, Alhamdulillah is called this concept of mutual cooperation, that the organization's will fast together. So that focus on unity is there. And that focus on unity needs to start with the families First, the family should learn to submit to the head of the

00:39:04--> 00:39:46

household, and the head of the household should research this issue to make sure that he's making an appropriate decision for his family. So the head of the household should be obeyed, followed by you know, the community at large followed by the city at large, then hopefully get the country together. And eventually you get a united as well. Eventually you get a united oma as well. So the beginning of Ramadan, it only needs one person, the end of Ramadan. It needs two people the end of Ramadan, it needs two people. So now, who are those people that are exempt from fasting, who are those people that are exempt from fasting, exempt from fasting. The first type is the person who is sick, the

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person who is sick, this type of sickness, it can be a temporary sickness or it can be a permanent sickness, a temporary sickness or a permanent sickness. So if this person is temporarily sick,

00:40:00--> 00:40:23

Then this person will not fast on that day, and he makes up this fast. after Ramadan he makes up this fast after Ramadan. As for the person who has an elongated sickness, or he is permanently sick, then for this individual for each day that he misses, he feeds one person for each day that he misses, he feeds one per person.

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Number two, the second type of category of people that are exempted from fasting is the woman who is menstruating or going through postpartum bleeding the woman who was menstruating or going through postpartum bleeding. When it comes to menstruation and postpartum bleeding, the same ruling applies that she is to break her fast. And then for each day that she misses, she is to make that up after the month of Ramadan, she is to make that up after the month of Ramadan. And the timeframe she has to do so is up until the next Ramadan. So as long as she does so before the next Ramadan, then be the lights on she's not sinful at all. She's not sinful at all. But if she doesn't make it up by the

00:41:06--> 00:41:44

next Ramadan, then she can be considered sinful she can be considered sinful in the sight of Allah subhana wa Tada. Now what is the key distinction between category number one and category number two, in category number one, if the person is able to fast, it is better for them to sue to actually do so. Allah subhana wa tada says, want to Sumo her under that category number one, the people who are sick temporarily. If they're able to fast even though it might be a struggle, if they're able to fast, it is better for them to fast with the community and be the lights Allah the fastest accepted. But in category number two, the sister who is going through menstruation or through postpartum

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bleeding, which is the bleeding she has, for approximately 40 days after delivering a child in this situation. If she was too fast, she would actually be sinful in the sight of Allah subhanho wa Taala she would be committing a sin. If she was too fast. In this situation, she is obliged she is forced to break her fast and then make it up after the month of Ramadan.

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The third person who is exempted from fasting, the third person who is exempted from fasting is the person who is traveling the person who is traveling and the person who is traveling, he has to meet all the conditions of combining his prayer in order for him to get the concession to break his fast. So let's just say a person says you know what? I'm going from here till What's something like on the outskirts of Calgary but inside Calgary stir? Airdrie is Airdrie considered part of Calgary? No, give me something that's considered inside Calgary,

00:42:42--> 00:43:17

Chester, okay, so person goes to Chester, and the person's like, you know, Chester, so far it's on the outskirts of Calgary, this person and he will not be allowed to, to have the concession of fasting, because by consensus, the people of Calgary will, will say, and understand that this person isn't considered a traveler. Yes, it may be a far distance from a certain point in Calgary, but he still doesn't reach the level of traveling, because a person who goes to Chester, he doesn't combine his prayers, he doesn't shorten his prayers. So, therefore, it would not be allowed for him to you know, have the concession of breaking his fast. So, in order to have the concession of breaking your

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fast, you have to reach the level of travel. And what it means to reach a level of travel is that it is customarily understood that the person who goes to such and such area, he is considered a traveler, that a person goes to such and such area is considered a traveler. So someone who goes to Edmonton, even if it's just for a day, it is understood that this person is a traveler, and this is allowed to combine and shorten. And thus, he can make up one of the days that he misses as well, he can make up one of the days that he misses as well, after the month of Ramadan, after the month of Ramadan.

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The next category is category number four, and that is the person who is old in age, the person who has old an age and is unable to fast forward in age and unable to fast. This is not because of sickness, but rather just because they've reached an old age where they're unable to fast anymore, it's extremely difficult for them. This individual again, he will feed one person for each day that he misses. And this is sufficient for him. He feeds one person for each day that he misses, and this is sufficient for him. Category number five, there are two people in category number five, and this is the pregnant woman and the woman who is breastfeeding, the pregnant woman and the woman who is

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breastfeeding. The scholars differed in her situation, what should this woman actually do? So this woman actually tried to make up her face after her pregnancy or breastfeeding is over? Or should she give fadia for each today that you know she's pregnant? Or breastfeeding, or is it a combination of the two? Or is it a combination of the two? Now putting the stuff aside, Allah Subhana Allah knows best with the opinion that it

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in this situation is a combination of the two, that the woman who was pregnant and is fasting is pregnant and is breastfeeding. If she ends up missing more than 30 days, if she ends up missing more than 30 days, then in such a situation, she should just get a fifth year, she's just gonna feed one poor person for each day, and this will be sufficient for her. So you will notice that a woman becomes pregnant one of Ramadan, the next Ramadan, she's pregnant, she can enter a show breastfeeding, she can end up missing a total of 60 days, if not more than that. And this would be an extreme form of hardship upon the woman. And as we know in Islam, that every time a hardship

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arises, Islam brings an ease as well. So if she misses more than one Ramadan, she misses more than one hola Ramadan in such a situation for each day, she pays for dia and this is sufficient for her. But if she misses less than one Ramadan, so she misses 29 days or less, in such a situation, she should try to make up the fast throughout the year in such a situation, she tried to make up the fast throughout the year. And that is the best thing to do. And that is the best thing to do.

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So now the question arises, we know that we have to do make up our fasting before the next Ramadan. So anyone who was sick, who was traveling who had an excuse, they have to do so by the next Ramadan. But what if they're unable to do so by the next Ramadan? So let's just say they forgot, and they remembered only after the next Ramadan was over. Or let's just say literally, it was too difficult for them to do. So what should they do in such a situation? The form of the hype are pretty much in agreement that a person who goes past one Ramadan, then he should give feed one poor person for each day of fasting that he missed. So for example, let me give you an example over here. We have

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brother, let's come up with a name. Someone give me a Muslim name is Niall. Do we have any smile over here? anyone named smile? Okay, we don't have a smile over here. Excellent. So it's my, it's my email, he was traveling, he went to Montreal, let's just say you know, he went to Montreal, this man went to Montreal for two days. And he comes back Ramadan is over. And he celebrates he then he completely forgets that he missed those two days in Ramadan. While he was traveling one day going and one day coming back, he completely forgot that he broke his fast. So the next Ramadan comes and he realizes, oh, no Ramadan is here. And he didn't make up my fast from last year. So he has to wait

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now until that Ramadan is over. And then after that Ramadan is over, he has to make up two fasts, he has to make up too fast. Not only does he have to make up too fast, but he should also feed one poor person for each day of fasting that he missed for each day of fasting that he missed. This feeding of a poor person is not something that is compulsory, but rather the Medina they encouraged this, to make up for the deficiency in forgetting for makeup for the for, for the deficiency in the fasting in terms of its delink. So it's not something that's compulsory. But this is something that the rather encouraged, this is something that they're either encouraged and this is based upon the whole

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concept of faith or that you know that at the end of the month, each and every person he has to give the cattle fitter he has to give the cattle fitter, and from the reasons behind the cattle fitter is that if you had any deficiencies in your fasting, then the filter that you give it is to compensate for the deficiencies in your fasting that hopefully Allah subhanaw taala will make up those deficiencies through the filter that you give that is what it is based upon they based upon that concept. The second issue over here is that if a person has to make up fasts, can he combined fasting, can he combined his fast? So for example, a Monday and a Thursday comes and he regularly

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fasts Mondays and Thursdays anyways, but he has to make up by fast of Ramadan, or a better example is the six of show was the problem. So I said them tells us that whoever fast the six days of chawan he gets the fasting for one year. So Can he make up his Miss festival Ramadan and combine them with another form of fasting and the answer to this is no it is not permissible, it is not permissible to come up with something which is fraught with something which is sooner it is not permissible to combine something which is fraught with something which is so not almost the hub, but rather the each have to be done individually. So the fasting of Ramadan has to be done individually. And the

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fasting of Chahal has to be done individually as well. The fasting of Sha one or Monday and Thursday are 13th 14th and 15th. has to be done at his proper time as well. So those are the people who are exempted from fasting those are the people who are exempted from fasting.

00:49:42--> 00:49:59

Then let us now discuss what are the things that actually break the fast? What are the things that actually break the fast from the things that actually break the fast are the following. Number one, eating, drinking or anything that goes

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To the stomach, through his nostrils, eating, drinking, or anything that goes through the stomach through the nostrils. So this is some really hypothetical situation. You have a brother, his smile over here, someone gives him a deer, someone tells them you know what, I dare you to take, you know, a kind of Fanta, and drink it through your nose. So this brother is smile as stupid as he may be. He he does this, you know, he drinks the cat. And he's like, you know what, I didn't take it through my mouth. So it doesn't nullify my fast. We say no, that's not the case. That even though he took it through your nose, if it reaches your stomach, it nullifies your fast, even if you took it through

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your nose, it nullifies your first, a second thing that Abel Kodama mentions, and it's not relevant in our times, but I mentioning it, for the sake of knowing this is that if even if it reaches the stomach through any other way, even if it reaches the stomach, through any other way, and back in the day, the way it was relevant was that when they used to go to the bathroom out in the desert, in the outskirts of the city, you never knew what insects were there, you never knew what type of you know, other animals may have been. So if something went into his body while he was going to the bathroom, and it reached his stomach, then this would invalidate the fastest one, this would

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invalidate the first as well. I know it sounds disgusting, but it's the reality of the situation, that if even you know if that happened, this would invalidate the first because it was something which is nutritional, and something which reaches the stomach and something which is of a reasonable size. In our situation, the way it does become relevant is a person who takes an injection. So this person he's not eating or drinking, but rather it's being you know, induced into his bloodline, and the nutrition will reach his stomach, the you know, the substance that is there will reach the stomach, and that is how it is actually applied. That is how it is actually applied. The third thing

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that nullifies once fast, is intentionally fasting, so unintentionally vomiting, intentionally vomiting. So if a person intentionally vomits, this will break his fast. This can either be because of believe me that you know he they don't want to gain weight. So they intentionally vomit, this will break their fast. This can be the individual who is feeling nauseous, that you know he feels a little bit sick, and after you vomit usually feel a lot better. If he intentionally vomits, that he puts his fingers down his throat or he does something of that nature, intentionally vomiting. This will nullify his fest. This will nullify his first D. The fourth thing that is mentioned is a person

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who masturbates a person who masturbates. A person who masturbates in Ramadan, this will nullify his fest. This is something that he does by himself or something that is done by someone else to him by his wife, or other than that, this will nullify his Fest, this will nullify his fest. Number five, is that something that led to ejaculation so for example, he is you know, caressing his wife, where he's kissing his wife, he belt comes around and ejaculates This will break the fast as well. This will break the fast as well. The sixth and last thing that is mentioned is the topic of hegemony is the topic of hegemony. And this is where we'll go into a bit of discussion. We have two ideas when

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it comes to the issue of hijama. The issue of copying, the first Hadith is the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam saying that the person who does hijama and has hijama performed under who does the gentleman, the person who was hegemon performed to them, then they have broken their fasts. They have broken their fasts, the second Hadees we have is found in Sahih Muslim, where the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was on his way to Hajj in a state of Iran. And he was fasting on that day. And he was fasting on that day. And he had he Jama done, and the physician continued fasting, and it continued to be in a state of Iran, and you continue to be in a state of hell. So one group of

00:53:58--> 00:54:05

scholars they said, and this is the opinion that seems correct, and Allah knows best is that the prohibition of doing hijama of copying

00:54:06--> 00:54:45

was in the early stages of Islam, when it was feared that a person would get too weak. So this person will hide the JAMA done, he would break his fast as for the person who was doing Hey, Gemma, it was feared that hijama would be in taken by him. And that's why his fast was broken. But it was it seems that this was in the early stage of his stages of Islam. And later on, it became permissible later on, it became permissible. So this ties into the whole concept of donating blood and giving blood samples that the prohibition in hijama It seems it is based upon becoming weak. So if a person is going to become so weak that he's unable to continue fasting, then it would break his

00:54:45--> 00:55:00

fast, whereas a regular blood sample alone was best. You know, that's not going to make you so weak that you have to break your fast unless it's an exceptional case. Same thing with donating blood. It will make you weak because you are taking some blood out of you, but most of the time

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It will not be to the degree where it will break your fast so a person is even allowed to donate blood. In such a situation a person is even allowed to donate blood in such a situation. Now the question arises, what is the expiation of a person who intentionally breaks his fest? What is the explanation for a person who intentionally breaks his fast. So the individual, this is one of the consensus of course, the individual who has intercourse with his wife, during the day of Ramadan, then for this person, there are three steps of exhibition, three steps of exhibition. Number one, he has to free a slave, he has to free a slave. If he's unable to free a slave, then he has to fast for

00:55:43--> 00:56:25

60 days, not including the fast of Ramadan, so 60 consecutive days, not including the fast of Ramadan. Number three, if he's unable to fast for 60 consecutive days, then for each day, he has to feed a poor person for each day, he has to feed a poor person and report was to do this twice in the month of Ramadan. He has a second exhibition that is due upon him as well a second exhibition that is due upon him as well. And for each time he, you know, did this he would have to give an explanation, he would have to give an explanation. So that is by consensus for the person who has intercourse with his wife during the day of Ramadan. Now, how about other than that, how about a

00:56:25--> 00:57:08

person who eats or drinks? Is there explanation upon them? And the Hanafi madhhab? They said, yes, there is explanation. Because the processor didn't mention that there is no explanation. So they made clear, they use analytical deduction for saying that the one who had intercourse with his wife is just like the one who ate or drank and this exhibition will do will be due upon him as well. But the other Medina, the Malik is the chef is, and Hannah Bella. They said no, that this exhibition is only for the person who broke his fast through intercourse if he didn't do so through interesting course. Then there is no exhibition upon him, except for repenting to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And

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for making up that fast, and for making up that fast, so if a person did that, through eating or drinking, or he intentionally vomited, then such a person, he just has to make up his first after the month of Ramadan, and that is sufficient for him. He does not have to give expiation. Now the issue of eating forget fully the East person of who eats, forget fully. So for example, during the day of Ramadan, he's in school, he's walking by he smells some fried chicken in the cafeteria. And he's like, Man at fried chicken smells good. He gets in line, he orders the fried chicken, and he starts eating, and then all of a sudden, all the Muslims start staring at this guy. What is this guy

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doing? And he's like, Oh, no, what did I just do? I was supposed to be fasting. At that time, whatever is in his mouth, he takes it out. He doesn't have to vomit. But if something's in his mouth, he takes it out. And is fast is still valid is fast, is still valid, because he did this in a state of forgetfulness, and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he tells us that this is a list that Allah has won what Allah has provided for this person, this is a risk that Allah subhana wa tada has provided for this person. So he doesn't need to make up the past. There's no explanation for him. So anything that he may have done in a state of forgetfulness, it will not

00:58:25--> 00:58:29

invalidate his fast. Now, let me give you another scenario. And this scenario,

00:58:30--> 00:59:02

this person, he wakes up, he looks at his clock, and he realizes, hey, it's three, no 11 and fasting starts at 315. So he takes us in water next time, he opens up the bottle, he starts to drink. But then when he goes to the bathroom, and he raises the blinds, he comes out, it's actually 315 in the afternoon. It's not 315 forger time on this person, will he have to make up his fast? Or is he fused? Because he was negligent? What do you guys think?

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And does he have to make up this fast? Or does Allah subhanaw taala pardon and forgive this guy? Just like the one who forgot?

00:59:11--> 00:59:28

He has to make up his fist. Okay, so let's raise your hands if you think he has to make a pitch fest. Raise your hands. Okay, so we have like five people. Okay, if you say that he doesn't have to make up his first Raise your hands? That seems like the majority. Wow. And the majority is actually incorrect in this situation. Allah Subhana Allah.

00:59:29--> 01:00:00

Allah subhanaw taala He forgives forgetfulness, but he does not forgive the mistake. He forgives forgetfulness, but does not forgive the mistake. So over here a person he performed in HD hide, which was incorrect. So the person is not sinful in the sight of Allah subhanaw taala he hasn't incurred any sin. However, in the sight of Allah subhanho wa Taala he is not fulfilled the requirements of fasting and that is why he will have to make up the fast. So this happens in two situations. Situation number one is at first your time, where the time for budget has already

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DND began, but he still continues to eat. So he'll have to make up his fast but there's no Singaporean situation number two is that it's a really cloudy and rainy day outside. So he thinks that, you know, the fast has ended. But in reality, there's still like another hour or so before the fast, you know, comes to an end, and he eats and drinks at that time. Again, it's by mistake, there's no Singapore in him, but he still has to make up that fast. He still has to make up that fast. And those are mistakes that are performed. Those are mistakes that are performed while fasting. And that in conclusion is what it will Kodama Rahim Allah, he mentioned from the book of

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fasting, there just a couple of other things I want to discuss.

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When it comes to fasting, a couple of other things I want to discuss when it comes to fasting. Number one is what are the recommended acts to do while fasting? What are the recommended apps to do while fasting. So the first app that is recommended to do is to actually actually have the support actually wake up for support.

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The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he tells us that indeed in support there is Baraka and he tells us another Hadith, that Allah subhanaw taala and his angels, they send their Salah upon the person who has their soul, he says there's a lump on the person who has their support, the general time for support, he should leave enough time between the time he stops eating

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till the time of actual fudger enough time that he should be able to recite 50 verses of the Quran says you should leave enough time between the time he stops eating till the time he starts fasting, the enough time to recite 50 verses of the Quran. So roughly about 10 minutes, 15 minutes or so, that is the time you should stop eating and drinking. And then you know, wait for him to begin his fest until the event goes off. Now, sometimes you will wake up late you will wake up a minute before. In such a situation, you are allowed to grab whatever you want at that time. And whatever is in your hand at that time, you can finish at that time. But this needs to be understood in its

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proper context, who tried to break his fast with fresh dates. If he was unable to find fresh dates, then he would use dry dates meaning dates that weren't fresh. And if he was unable to find any form of dates, then the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would break his fast with water break his fast with water. Now let's just say you're in a situation where you're driving, you're stuck in traffic, you have no dates, you have no water. What do you do in that situation? Should you break your fast when you get to your place, or your house or the third party or wherever you're going? Or should you break your fast at that time, with your intention, and what the correct thing

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to do is you break your fast at that time with your intention. So even though you may not have eaten or drink drunk anything, you break your fast with the intention, and that is the better thing to do. That you haste in your fast hasted in breaking your fast

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and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. He says from the virtues of breaking the fast early. He says that this oma will not cease to remain upon goodness, as long as they hastin and breaking their fast as long as they hastin in breaking their fast. Number three, the importance of making the art while fasting. And while breaking the fast. The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he tells us that every fasting person has to do is that is answered. And the message of a loss alarm system tells us that when a person is breaking their fast, there is a DA that is answered. So the importance of making dua and this is something important to realize even from now

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that you'll notice that when the time for if thought comes our minds just go blank, you know, we can focus on the food, eating and drinking and we're like we'll make a lot later when we're stuffed. But the reality of the situation is break your fast have one or two or three dates, have some water and then dedicate that time to making the law and one of the tips that works really really well is that we live in a generation of smartphones, we live in a generation of smartphones. So for the whole month of Ramadan, set an alarm clock for the time when if thought is and leave a message of the thing that you want to make block for So in the first day of Ramadan and wondering why that Allah

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get me married the second day of Ramadan Allah you know, let me pay off my debts third day of Ramadan. Oh Allah you know, please let me be a righteous child to my parents for the devil Ramadan, Allah make me for the people have heard those. So for each day, you have a list of 30 things that you want to make dua for and at each start time your phone is telling you Hey, not only is it a third time, but it's time for you to make dua to Allah subhana wa tada as well. So make sure you take advantage of that, while you're fasting. Take advantage of that while you're fasting. Another act which is recommended in the month of Ramadan is the completion of the Quran is the completion of

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the Quran, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam each Ramadan, he would finish whatever he had of the Quran. So as we know it took 23 years to reveal the whole Quran. But whatever is revealed to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam for since fasting became an obligation till the end

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The Messenger of Allah sentiment finished the Koran at least once inside of Ramadan. And in the year that he passed away, he completed the Quran twice, he completed the Quran twice. Now what ends up happening with us is that we are very, very, very motivated at the beginning of Ramadan. So you can sprint through the first five days of Ramadan, you read a choice each day, and you know, Mashallah you're on pace to finish the Quran. The sixth, seventh day come, you're like down to half a juice, the eighth and ninth day come, you're down to a quarter of a juice, the 10th 11th to probably till the 20th of Ramadan, you're like the last inshallah next to it. That is, you know, when people who

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sprint they get burnt out that throughout the whole year, there's no relationship with the Koran, and it's good you're trying to reconnect with the Koran, but don't do so in a way that it overburdens you do it in a simple manner. And here's a simple technique that you know, is very, very easy to do. You take four pages of the Quran, and you do an after every Salah four pages of the Quran, dude after every Salah if you just do that you will finish the Quran once in Ramadan four pages after every Salah you finish the Quran once if you can do four pages before every Salah four pages after every Salah you finish the Quran twice. And this is what I would actually suggest that

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in the beginning when you have that high motivation, read eight pages of the Quran for before before after. So when those middle stages come what you did at the beginning of Ramadan, it will make up for your laziness wake up for your procrastination, wake up for your being burnt out. Then when the last 10 nights come again, you know you can just continue from where you left off. And with the lights Allah you'll finish the completion of the core art, from the recommended apps of Ramadan is praying taraweeh in congregation praying for a week in congregation.

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And a lot of the times when it comes to praying per week, I honestly believe we get too focused on the number itself. We get too focused on the number itself. So you have a group of brothers that are that will say you know the center of the party setup. It was to pray a lot guys. And if the mom is praying more than eight, I'm just going to pray with him and I'm going to walk out you have another group of brothers who are like no we have to pray 20 that from the time of Omar until you our time today the whole oma has been praying 20 even in Mecca Medina they pray 20 so if the man is praying eight after the man finishes, we're going to start our own congregation and we're going to continue

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praying. Both of these opinions are wrong. Both of these opinions are wrong. Firstly, how did the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam address the concept of pmla? He said keyamo daily messenger messenger that the night prayer is to lock eyes by two lockers. I shall have the Allahu Allah narrates that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would not pray more than 11 or 13 there are guys inside of Ramadan, or outside of Ramadan. But that was the term that was the way he prayed in terms of the number of records. But let us not forget how long these lockers were. Abdullah bin Ambassador de la Juan Omar, he said I prayed with the Messenger of Allah sorry holiday

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from the demand. He said I prayed with the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and in the first indica he read Surah Al Baqarah Surah Nisa surah lm Ron, can you imagine how long that is? We're talking about five Jews of the Quran. In the very first record, that is how long the prayer of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam also tells us that the person who prays with the Imam from the beginning of the Salah, till the end of the Salah, meaning from the very first Kabir till the last year, he will have the reward of praying the whole night, he will have the reward of praying the whole night. So a person who

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prays with this amount from the beginning of the night till the end of the night, you get the reward of praying the whole night. The last two things I want to comment on pertaining to Torah week is that a lot of people talk about the narration of the law, one that Amerigo cadabra, delanco, Hondo he appointed obey of no cab to lead the people in prayer. He appointed the people he appointed obey Him to cub to lead the people in prayer and unite them in for a week. And then the different how many records did Amara de la who actually commanded obey to lead the people in? There's one there are a few narrations that talk about eight, a few narrations that talk about 20. The reality of the

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situation is that if you were to look at this from a hadith perspective, both of these narrations are weak, the head narration of 20 and the narration of eight The only thing we know for sure is that Omar commanded obey to lead the people in congregation. So it is from the sunlight to pray in congregation, but we do not know how many records they actually prayed how many records they actually prayed. So in concluding this discussion, I will say it is incumbent upon the individual, that if you've come to the masjid, then pray with your email, if he's praying at pray at the spring 20 pray 20 never ever think that one is more preferred than the other one is not more preferred than

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the other, but both of them are allowed. And let me you know conclude with this one last

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point that once two companions, they prayed for God where they were. And then they came to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the Messenger of Allah Salaam and his congregation. They're praying a lot of budget. And these two men are just sitting in the back of the masjid. When the Salah was over the Messenger of Allah says to them, he asked these two men to come to him and he asked them, Why did you not join us in Salatu, budget, Yama kala, these two men, they said, We had prayed for God before we came, we had prayed fudger before we came, so the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he said, even if you prayed for God before you came, then join us. And

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this will be enough enough for you join us and this will be enough enough for you. Why does this become such an important Hadith? It becomes an important Hadith, because when you study the fabric of prayer, you know that once you've prayed the for the prayer for fudger, there is no Salah after it. You're not allowed to pray any Salah except for the student as a physician, with a difference of opinion, after you've prayed your fourth Salah, but here the Messenger of Allah Azza wa sallam is saying, pray with us anyways, and it will be enough for you. So you hear you realize that once you're a part of a congregation, you have to be you have to stay with that congregation from

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beginning to end. And in the sight of Islam, a person who walks away from a congregation without a valid excuse. This is something that is frowned upon. The people who walk out after eight if the mom is praying 20 this is something that is frowned upon, or the people that continue to pray even after the Imam has finished. This is something that is frowned upon, but rather stick to the congregation of the masjid and that is best for you. And that is why the Messenger of Allah wa sallam tells us that we're pleased with the man from the beginning till the end, he gets the reward of praying the whole night, he gets the reward of praying the whole night. The second the last section, I want to

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discuss his acts which are disliked apps which are disliked.

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Number one, heavy intake of water, heavy intake of water. So while you're fasting, you're allowed gargling your mouth, you're allowed in taking water through your nose, but do not do so excessively, do not do so excessively, do not do so excessively that is disliked. Number two, anything that will lead to arousal, stay away from those things, anything that will lead to arousal is disliked in the sight of Islam. And number three, anything that will diminish a person's reward, anything that will diminish a person's reward. So this can be, you know, partaking in something that is permissible, but doing it excessively. So for example, playing video games, Allah Subhana Allah knows best and

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playing video games is something which is permissible as long as you know, it's a good type of video game, not something like Grand Theft Auto or something like that. You know, as long as it's like a sports game or something like the Jaden cleat, you're allowed to play video games, not a problem. But you'll notice that in month in the month of Ramadan, that you know, from tarawih time all the way until Soho, this bot is still playing video games, he plays a lot of budget, he goes back, he's playing his video game, and he goes to sleep at 1011 o'clock. And he doesn't wake up again to like a third time, you know, he's done something permissible, but it's excessive, and this diminishes a

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person's reward. So you should stay away from that. Likewise, an individual who may do other things like he spends too much time with his friends, or does other things which diminish from his reward. Those things are disliked and is obviously not even talking about the act of sin. You should definitely be trying to stay away from all of these things. Definitely trying to stay away from all of these things. So now, I have a couple of questions for you. And I want you to tell me what the ruling on this is. What is the ruling on taking eyedrops in Ramadan? Taking eyedrops in Ramadan? So if you think it's permissible to take this eyedrops, raise your hand it's permissible to take

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eyedrops. Okay, excellent. So majority of you're correct it is permissible to take those eyedrops. What is the ruling on the asthma pump. You have asthma. You know, everyone knows what an asthma pump is. Okay, so you have asthma, persons fasting, you know, he climbed up some stairs, all of a sudden he has asthma, he takes that pump. Does that nullify his fast or not? So how many people think you are allowed to take the asthma pump? Raise your hand?

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Beautiful, few less people, but he's still a majority. You are allowed to take the asthma pump. It's completely fine. It's completely fine. Okay, the ruling on taking a vaccination that has glucose inside of it. For those of you who don't know, glucose is a type of sugar. Glucose is a type of sugar. So you come to the doctor the doctor says hey, we have this new, you know, flu that's come become an epidemic in the in the community. To protect yourself, you have to take this vaccination. So you ask the doctor Okay, you know, are there any nutritious ingredients inside this vaccination? The doctor says yes, you have glucose inside this vaccination. What is the ruling on taking this

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vaccination? How many of you believe you can take this vaccination in your fastest still valid?

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One person two people, three people and minority is incorrect. You're not allowed to take a vaccination.

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Because it has glucose in it, because it will provide energy for you. It is a form of nutrition it is a form. Sorry.

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Usually the amount is sufficient. And it's not like a milligram or, or fraction of a milligram. It's a decent amount. And as long as

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Yeah, so we spoke about hijama. When we spoke about copying, we said that the extraction of blood does not nullify the fast extraction of blood does not nullify the fast unless it weakens a person completely, then that would nullify his fast. But as long as he's still able to continue fasting, it won't nullify his first and the last panel, which Allah knows best. Okay,

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a question for the families over here. If you do, how many people are married here? Can you raise your hands?

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Not to too many people. So this question is still relevant for the majority. What is the ruling on the wife tasting her food? While she's fasting? Go ahead.

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She has said it is okay. The processor told us the exact same thing. It's

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the foster system it is narrated in the center of a Buddha owed, that divorce isn't allowed for a woman to taste the broth that she is cooking, as long as it's just a small amount. So she puts a small amount on her tongue just to get a taste. And it will not nullify her fast it will not nullify her fast. And this is where we get the principle from that it has to be something which is a seasonal, reasonable size, something new Patricia's and suddenly it has to reach the stomach. And it is only then that the festival become nullified. They got this from this had they got it from this hadith. Is there anything else? Let's see what else can I trick you guys with

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brushing your teeth with toothpaste, and you won't have an issue with that you have an issue with it.

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Okay, we'll take questions in a second. But brushing your teeth with toothpaste as long as you're not like a four year old kid that eats toothpaste. And Charlotte's perfectly fine. Same thing with rinsing the mouth with mouthwash. You know, you can rinse the mouth with mouthwash just don't intake it. So what nullifies the fastest actually nutritional value going inside, not the taste that is left over in your mouth. And this has proven from the fact that the processor that he used to use his miswak no matter what type of miswak we use, is always going to leave a taste at the Messenger of Allah Salaam did not

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prevent people from using a miswak In fact, he encouraged it in fact, he encouraged it as well. So you can brush your teeth with toothbrush and toothpaste and it's not a problem at all. And this directly relates can a good person go to the dentist while fasting? And the answer to this depends on it depends on what you're going for. So if you're getting like a major surgery done, a lot of blood is going to come out. You may take some of it or you may take water than such a situation. It would nullify your fast but if you're just getting your teeth cleaned, you're not ingesting anything. Then Midnight's either your fast is still protected, and there's nothing to make pick up.

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And with that we will conclude with Allahumma salli ala nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa sallam