Biography of Imam Muslim

Navaid Aziz


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Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim Al hamdu lillahi namah the one Stein who understood futile when there was a bIllahi min Shruti and fusina Ahmed, so yeah Dr. Molina, but you had to hit the hole for Daniel Diletta Who am I usually who for Da da Allah, or shadow under either hate Allahu wa had the holy LA City cada was shadow and Muhammad Abdul Hua Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa early he was so happy he was seldom at the Sleeman Kathira and my blood, my dear brothers and sisters, so that's why they come rahmatullahi wa barakato

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So tonight is the second halacha in our series of the biography of the Imams of Hadith, and the individual that is deserving of being mentioned after Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah is none other than his very student, Imam Muslim none other than his very student, Imam Muslim. Now I noticed something when I was studying at the Islamic University of Medina when we covered the biography of Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah, you know, it took like two or three sessions to cover his biography. Whereas when we covered the life of my Muslim Rahimullah, you know, we covered in covered in like 45 minutes, and I couldn't really understand why, you know, why was it that quick? Why didn't the

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teacher spend more time explaining the biography of Mr. Muslim? And it was only when I myself started to study the leafy mountain most of them, I realized that his life was not as well documented as a life of remarkable quality. So remember, that had been Rahim Allah in the 12th, volume of surah. Allah novella, you know, that's the case history of biographies. Imam Al Bukhari, you know, has like a good like 5060 pages, Imam Muslim, on the other hand, he has like 20 pages, and that's it. So in this Halacha, you'll notice that Mr. Muslims biography is not as detailed, but inshallah we're going to try to extrapolate and extract you know, more lessons from his life

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Bismillah he Tada. So starting off with his name, starting off with his name, his name was doubled for saying Muslim Hajaj, every Muslim, every word, a blue coat shirt, a local shady, and they sell poorly, and they supposedly say Muslims first name, actually was Muslim, right? His first name actually was Muslim. I remember as a young kid, we used to do really silly things. Subhanallah when I was like, you know, in our Halacha, without like this joking, I was email Muslim, actually Muslim, like to make fun of his name. Obviously, my Muslim Rahim Allah was from the Imams of the Muslims.

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So his actual name was Muslim. It's a very unique name, right? And just from the name itself, you learned something very unique about the parents. The name of a child, Ibrahim Rahim Allah, he talks about how the name of a child will have a psychological effect on the child. And that is why it's very important, and from the rights of the child that a good name be chosen for the child. And that is why names like Abdullah Abdul Rahman, the names of the prophets, these are all beloved names to Allah subhanaw taala, and all good names to have, because it teaches a child that look, this is what he's living for. He's living to serve and to worship Allah subhanho wa taala. He's living to be like

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the prophets of Allah subhanaw taala. Now, when the mount Muslims parents chose his name, obviously it's with that inspiration that our son is going to be to grow up to be a dedicated Muslim is going to grow up to be a dedicated Muslim, and this is a very unique name in his time, and even in our times, that you'll find very few people that are named Muslim, but in fact it is a valid Muslim name and says a very beautiful name. It is someone that submits himself to Allah subhanho wa Taala that is what Islam means to submit yourself a Muslim is the one that submits himself to Allah subhana wa Tada. So his actual name was Muslim, his Konya was able for sin was able person and it is mentioned

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that Imam Muslim Rahim Allah actually did marry and did have children. And you'll see you'll notice this comes into play in particular, when we talk about the death of Imam Muslim. How did the man watch them die? There's an interesting story as to what actually happened to what actually happened. In terms of an introduction to Imam Muslim was important to know about Imam Muslim is that after the book of Allah subhanaw taala, after sahih al Bukhari Imam Muslim is the one that authored the Uygurs the second most authentic book after you know Sahel Bukhari and after the Quran, right after sale Bukhari and the Quran, Imam Muslim had the second most authentic book and this is a great privilege

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and an honor for any Muslim to have that you know, when we talk about authentic narrations from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Imam Bukhari His name is there and just along with Imam Al Bukhari is the name of Imam Muslim is the name of Imam Muslim. Something interesting that is mentioned about Imam Muslim that isn't mentioned about the Imam of the book it was his physical description. So with Emmanuel Bukhari there's not much talk about his physical description. Whereas when it came to Imam Muslim Rahim Allah there is actually quite a bit of talk about his physical description. So in terms of the profession of Imam Muslim Rahim Allah, Imam Muslim used to be a

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tradesman by profession. So he obviously his primary focus was on Hadith, but the way that he sustained himself was that he used to sell small items of food. So things like nuts, say things like dates. These are the things that Imam Muslim used to sell things like honey, Imam Muslim, these are the things that Imam Muslim would sell. And, you know, this is how he would make his money and survive to continue teaching his Hadith and he was actually discharged me

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mean that you know a lot of people,

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you know, what's the word I'm looking for disperse, put him down, they put him on Muslim down, because one of the places that he would teach is that hadith is in a place of business. So if someone wanted to come and seek Hadith while he was doing business, Mr. Muslim wouldn't have a problem teaching them. Whereas amongst the early scholars of Hadith, this was a big nono, that if you wanted to teach the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, it has to be in a very noble place, like the masjid or in a school, you would not teach the Hadith of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam in any place. And this is something interesting that if you look at, you know, the

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type of honor and respect that the scholars of the past paid to hadith is completely different to our understanding of it in our times. Just to give you two examples from the scholars of the past, one with Imam was the one with Imam Malik Rahim Allah.

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So in my mind, they call him Allah. He was born in 93, died in 179. Not only was he a scholar of fic, but he was also a scholar of Hadith. And Imam Malik Rahim, Allah when he would go and teach Hadith. He would in fact, dress up in his nicest clothes, put on his breast fragrance. He's like, if I can do this when I'm going to a party. Why can I do this when I'm teaching the noble words of Allah's Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, so you dress up in his nicest clothes to go and teach the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Not only that, there's a very interesting story on how Imam Malik Rahim Allah was one day teaching Hadith. And in the masjid of the Prophet

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sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, a scorpion came and bit him. Not once, not twice, not three times, but close to 30 times and a bit more 30 times in a bit more. An Imam Malik as he's narrating the Hadith, he didn't want to interrupt his class of Hadith. So he let the scorpion keep biting and let the scorpion keep biting him. And when the class finished, they noticed that Imam Malik is getting up and he's limping. And he's cringing like this. So the students asked him Yeah, Imam you know, are you okay? What's wrong? And then in my mind, exactly, he's like, I don't think I can walk. And he like literally collapsed at his knees at that time, they uncovered his shirt. And that's when they

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found the 30 Scorpion bites at that time. Now, you would think this is very, very far fetched, like, you know, a Muslim is not required to do this. And this is the very point that as a Muslim, we're not required to show this level of respect and this level of honor to Islam and to the Quran, and the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but what will distinguish a Mottaki and a martson? From just the average Muslim is the amount of love, love and respect and honor that he shows to, you know, the major shrines of Islam. Right when when you ask them shy Allah when they find him into one club, that, that you know, whoever magnifies and glorifies the shrines of Islam,

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then that is indeed from the taqwa of the hearts. That is from the taqwa of the hearts. Now, Imam getting back to Imam Muslim Rahim Allah. This is one of the things that he was criticized for. And in the narration of Al Hakim was a great scholar of Hadith that came after him. He in the Quran imagenes disagree about about Imam Muslim Rahim Allah and in this, this is where he talks about the description of Imam Muslim he talks about the description of Imam Muslim Rahim Allah. And he mentions four things about him four things about him. Number one, is that Imam Muslims back was very, very straight, that he always kept his chest out, and his back straight and firm. And this is

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like, you know, a sign of confidence. This is a sign of, of, you know, good posture, and, you know, the good health and strength as well that this is the first thing that you noticed about him was that he always kept his back straight. And he always kept, you know, a position of being tall, a position of being tall. The second thing that he mentioned about email Muslim, is that he had white hair. So from like a very, very young age, he gathered he has started to have white hair. And you know, in our day and age, in a white hairs that considered like this big disease, you know, as you turn 20 years old, you start having white hair, you start panicking, you're like I'm getting old, I

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need to dye my hair. But in reality, from an Islamic perspective, white hair is considered like a site of honor and a site of pride. You know, white terror is that considered a sign of wisdom. There are a lot of Hadith that are mentioned about the virtues of white hair, but the vast majority of them are weak. The vast majority of them are weak, but it's a sign of nobility. It is a sign of respect that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when you study the Shemitah Muhammadiyah this is what you notice about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as well, that from you know, quite not a super young age like in his 20s but in his 40s Like, as soon as Revelation started to come

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down, his hair started to white in a very, very early and he started from the side of his jawline, went into his beard then went to the back of his head. And what's interesting is on Hasib nomadic or the Allahu Anhu he's counting the hair of the Prophet salallahu alayhi salam, as this is happening, the number of Whitehair and this shows us the you know, the level of diligence and how meticulous they were in preserving the Hadith of the prophets of Salaam, particularly his physical appearance as well, particularly his physical appearance as well. The third characteristic he mentions about Imam Muslim is that Imam Muslim Rahim Allah He had a tall a long fluffy white beard, a long fluffy

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white beard. So now when you think of white hair, you think of long fluffy white beard

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You know, who do you think of in our culture? You think of someone like Santa Claus, right? But in my Muslim Rahim Allah with his long fluffy white beard, this was something that again was a sign of honor and pride for him that regularly in his Hadith class, you see him stroking his beard right regularly stroking his beard, when he's busy thinking he's stroking his beard. And this is like a sign of pride and honor for him. Then the third thing that the fourth and last thing that is mentioned about Mr. Muslim, in terms of his physical description, is that Imam Muslim to him, Allah was always seen wearing a turban was always seen wearing a turban. And it was the type of turban

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that had a long tail at the end, that would hang between his two shoulders that would hang between his two shoulders. What's interesting is the mammoth pyramid in his sham Island mohammedia, meaning the physical description of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. This is what he narrates about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, that when the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used to wear his turban, he would let the tail hang and hang between his shoulders, so that when he would be walking, you would see the tail of the turbine, you know, hanging behind him. And what they would use the tail of the turbine for is that when they would get onto a horse, and scientists

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coming their way, or there's something that you know, they need to protect their face from they will take the tail of the turbine and use it to cover their face and use it to cover their face. Now, this leads us into a small discussion. What is the ruling on covering your head? What is the ruling on covering your head? And I don't know if I've told you my funny story about when I visited Pakistan. The I tell you guys the story. I'll tell it tell it again, just because of how funny of a story it is.

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So I was about 1314 years old as well, when I went to visit box and this is like the last time I went, there's like in 1997 SubhanAllah.

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at this young age, I go to the masjid. And I've learned like very basics of the deen. And you know, my prayer has already started to change to a certain degree, meaning I'm no longer praying like your typical Hanafi which is like the predominant month hub. So saying I mean out loud, doing you know, raising of the hands in the masjid. These are big taboo subjects in the masjid. And they're very strict on this. Now, one of the things that I wasn't doing out of like a change in my book, but just because out of like sheer ignorance was that I didn't cover my head. You know, I didn't cover my hair at the age of 1314. If I'm covering my head, it's like I'm wearing like a baseball cap, right?

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I had like this Montreal Expos. And minimal Canadians baseball cap. That's what I would always do in Pakistan. You couldn't really pull that up. They're like, where did this weirdo come from? You know, why is he wearing these clothes? So go to the masjid. My head is completely uncovered. And I'm praying to hated Masjid. Okay? While I'm praying to hated masjid, they have this box in the back of the masjid, where they keep the caps. They're like, you know, head caps that keep these caps over there. And people like, donated them to the masjid. They're never washed, never cleaned. Like the fall foul, foul stuff, man. Like, who knows what's happening with this capsule Heinola. So while I'm

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praying this man with the purest of intentions, like he's like one of the nicest people you'll ever meet Subhanallah he grabs a hat from the back and while I'm in Salah, he puts it on my head. He notices, mashallah, I have a very big head that it doesn't fit.

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He goes and he grabs another hat. And insula is like, you know, let's try to get this one to stick. It's not working, and insula. I'm like, What is this guy doing? You know, why wouldn't you just leave me alone? I'm going down into the core, the man standing there waiting for me to get up to put a hat on my head. I rushed down into such that he can't reach me. Where am I going to get stuck? Where am I going to get stuck is when I'm doing the shout, right? I can't. It's like I'm his hostage at that time. So it's the silent time comes at this time. He's trying to talk to different hats. It's not working. What does he do? He pulls a handkerchief out of his pocket. He's rummaged a lot of

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cookies. And it was like the most fabulous thing I've ever seen smell like he must Well, may Allah have mercy on him, he must have like, blown his nose wiped his sweat off. You know, it's like brown in color. And it's like original shade is yellow. And it's just fall and He's tying it on my head while I'm in this dish out. And on the gala, you know what is going on? So that was like my story. We're in Pakistan over like, you know, headcoverings I learned from that after that, bring your own hat or you will be tortured. You know, learn from my mistake. And from then on, you know, I always go to my head in the masjid. Now, the actual ruling on uncovering the head. A lot of people think

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that you know what it was deposited. Selam was very, very rarely seen, you know, leaving his house with an uncovered head. In fact, very, very few instances are actually married, that the premises are left with his head uncovered and the instances that are mentioned, they talked about how his hair was parted in the middle how the hair of the messenger system was oily and was shiny, and this is what is mentioned. But the vast majority of times the height of the process seldom is actually covered. And it's covered with a you know, a cloth hat that they used to call a cadenza a colored sweater and they used a colored suede cloth hat to fit under a turbine so that the turbine would not

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slide off. So you put this on under a turbine and it will keep the turbine in place it will keep the turbine steady. And this is how the prophesy seven was seen the vast majority of times. Now this

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Scholars have actually discussed this issue. Did the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Wear the turban and cover his head even with a colored sewa as an act of worship? Or was this something that was done due to culture? Now, when you study Arabic culture at that time, you'll notice that it was a sign of respect to cover. The height for the men, even for women, obviously was obligatory in Islam. But even for the men, it was a sign of respect and dignity that they used to cover their head and in fact, leave, you know, show your hair uncovered what's considered improper Marula or improper conduct of chivalry amongst men, right. So this is something that they used to do. Now, from a faith

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perspective, what is the ruling that is developed on this? So some of the scholars said that due to the fact that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself did it, then this is enough to make the covering of the head sooner this is enough to make the covering of the head sooner. Another group of scholars they said no, that this was something that was from the cultural habits of the people of his time, and the cultural habits contain or attain the ruling of something which is neutral, it is not recommended, nor is it disliked, but it is just something neutral. It's up to the person if he wants to do it himself or not. And Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best, but the majority

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of scholars that were sold filk went to this ruling that the cultural habits are the day to day habits of the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam do not take the legal ruling of sunnah, but rather they take the legal ruling of MOBA or something which is permissible to do now, why is it that we still find Imams and teachers still covering their head? Even Abizaid, one of the great Maliki scholars, he has a book called or rissalah. It is called the lecture you know, the treaties. This is the one treaties that you like have to read. And this is a primer in the Maliki method. And in this treatise, he talks about a tradition of the scholars particularly we have the scholars of

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Medina, that it was unknown that any student of Hadith any student of the Quran, any student that was coming to learn Islam, with either learn or teach, except that he would cover his head. And this tradition continued not only from Medina, but all the way till the time of under the still Abdullah burr table has them and all these great scholars, that the teachers were known to cover their head. So we can say from a legal perspective, yes, it's not so not to cover your head. But from a tradition perspective in terms of customs of the students of knowledge than the student of knowledge. And the teachers It is advisable that when they're teaching and when they're studying

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that their heads should be covered. This is just like a sign of respect. It is just a sign of respect. Now the question arises, fine, it's not so not to cover your head. But what if someone does this act? Because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used to do it so frequently? And he wants to be like the Prophet sallallahu and they will stand up, will he still be rewarded for this? And the answer is yes. Anything that you do with the intention of pleasing Allah subhanaw taala and following the example of the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam you will be rewarded for, but we should draw that fine line right? If someone's praying in the masjid without his hat,

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don't come and put a hat on them let him pray inshallah his question Salah is more important. So that was the fourth thing that he mentioned about Imam Muslim Rahim Allah is that he was known to always wear a turban that he would never be seen anywhere except that he was wearing a turban. Now, how did the story of Imam Muslim begin? How did the story of Imam Muslim begin and here you will find some similarities between the story of Imam Al Bukhari and the story of Imam Muslim? Imam Muslim he narrates about himself as you didn't tell you when the Muslim was born. Imam Muslim was born in the year 206. He was born in the year 206. So how many years younger than the mama Bukhari

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was he? Who remembers

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12 Fantastic, very good. It is o'clock I'm glad you remember that. semana Makati born 196 Imam Muslim 194 Imam Muslim was born in 206. He was born in 206. In terms of the birth of Imam Muslim, there's actually a difference of opinion. Was he born in 204? Or was he born in 206? Interestingly enough, the vast majority of scholars from them have no hijab from them as a hobby. They mentioned that Imam Muslim Rahim Allah was born in the year 204. But we have a very explicit narration from Al Hakim, a great scholar that came after him and bucatini Imam Muslim, that Imam Muslim, he lives to be 55 years old. And he died with consensus, and you're 261 So consensus on his death to 61. And

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it's pretty much agreed upon that he was 55 years old. So if he's 55 years old, and he died in 261, then therefore he must have been born into oh six, so Allah knows best a stronger opinion. And from the you know, shake Michelle Hudson, who did quite a thorough research on Mr. Muslim. He says that this is a stronger opinion. The Muslim was born in 206 and not in 204. And as we mentioned, he died in the year 261. So now going back to his beginning, how did Imam Muslim get inspired with Hadith? His father, her judge was a scholar of Hadith as well. Now again, just like a Muslim, not know not much was known about her judge, except that her judge inspired his son, Muslim to study

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Hadith he's the inspiring son to study Hadith. A second commonality with Imam Al Bukhari is at a very, very young age. His parents took him for Hajj and Umrah, a very very young age his parents took him for Hajj and Umrah so in the year 220 That is when Imam Muslim went for his first trip for Hajj went for his first trip for Hajj, he's 14 years old at this time, and when he is in Makkah, and when he's in Medina, he's seeing all of these great Halaqaat. He's meeting all of these great scholars. And he says to himself, you know what, I need to study with these people. These are the people that I want to be like, and these are like two valuable lessons over here. Number one, is

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that where do you take your children for vacation? In our day and age that, you know, due to the commercialization and due to like heavy marketing, when we think family vacation, it's like, you know what, I'm going to take my children to Disney World, or I'm going to take my children to Hawaii, or I'm going to take my children, you know, to some other place. Word we don't think about is hey, why don't we take our children for umbra? Why don't you take our children for Hajj, Hajj, I mean, I understand it's quite difficult, but at the very least for Amara, that even if you were to look at our prices, they're quite reasonable. The average family when they go to like Disney World,

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they end up spending like 2000 2500 per person anyways, that's what Omar is going to cost you can go for like 2700 2800 and take your family for camera and get your children to witness the Kaaba see the cabin see that people in a worshipping Allah subhanaw taala get them to hear the voices of the famous Imams like shakes with a shaker shoreline. And other than them, get them to go and see the masjid or the process of getting them to go see Islamic history, show them the Battle of Brother show them the Battle of art, show them you know, the wealth of man, show them that, you know, can duck you know, subhanAllah when I lived in Medina, I didn't live far from the conduct area. My the

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area I actually lived in was called Haile hudec. Right? And this is I call history Subhan Allah. So when you bring your children up, you know, valuing these things, rather than talking about you know, frozen, and particularly, you guys have daughters, your daughters are like probably addicted to frozen. Does anyone know what Frozen is? You know, it's crazy Sinaloa, like if you look at the scientific studies behind frozen, and that one song that is in it, and has become like more addictive then like chocolate and candy SubhanAllah. So now, rather than being you know, taking these as examples, they start thinking about the Sahaba they start thinking about the profit center,

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they start thinking about you know, other things instead. So take your children from or don't be focused on going to like beaches, don't be focused on going to Disney World. There's nothing wrong with going to those places. That's not what I'm saying. But I'm saying if you're going to go to spend that much money, take them for for take them for Umrah, number two, is bringing them to Halaqaat of knowledge, bringing them to Halaqaat of knowledge and showing your children of how virtuous it is to be in the Halaqaat of vicar and to be in the Halaqaat of knowledge. You know, in the Shemitah Muhammadiyah there is a Hadith where a young companion by the name of Abdullah have

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started to sell at the Allahu Anhu he's wandering around in the masjid. Literally he's running around in the masjid. And they're sitting in the Halacha. Literally, they're in a circle. And the young boys are sitting away from this halacha and the young boys, they're all talking. They're all whispering to one another. And one of them tells them that the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he has a seal he has a stamp on his back. And Abdullah the surgeon says, like, you know what, that can't be true. This can't be real. You guys are making it up, you know, just making, you know, trying to make me look stupid. And they're like, no, no, no, trust us, you know, the other a

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seal on his back. So abdominal surgery. This is the process of them is giving his halacha he comes and he starts being to offer on the Halacha is like looking at the back of the process. So that means that can I steal a look? You know, one time he's coming to pick up a book one time he's trying to do something else, always trying to find a look to look at the back of the Messenger of Allah. So Allah Hi, Leo, Sanam, by the third or fourth time, the Abdullah suggests is doing this. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi salam realizes that he wants to see you know, cut them in the bow he wants to see you see the CEO of Prophethood on the back of the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So

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at that time the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam uncovered his back because the you know, they weren't wearing shirts they they used to have a leader it's very easy to put on and off. So he uncovers his back so that Abdullah bin suggests that the Allah I know can see the seal of prophethood and he's like seven years old at this time. I've done the surgeries he sees the seal of prophethood and it's like three little dots that's what it is right? You deposit some covers up his back. He has some love and start just Are you happy in content? What is a wilderness strategist seven year old kids say to the process Allah, may Allah forgive you. That's what he says is the

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process of the process. I was like perplexed, you know, why is he telling me that, you know, may Allah forgive you? And there was a certain response by saying, May Allah subhanho wa Taala forgive you as well May Allah forgive you, as well. And in this one Hadith, there's so many lessons that the scholars have extracted one of having children in the masjid two of bringing them to the Halaqaat and not excluding them three showing them special attention for answering their questions. Five, you know, showing them love and care six in ocean responding to a dua with a dua that is equal or better. Now, Hydra, Hema Allah he comments on this hadith is a book report in Bukhari

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If I'm not mistaken he responds by saying that why did I believe this so just say May Allah forgive you because they're you know made it out of the will suggest that the process seven had like this amazing like tattoo or something on his back like a dragon and he comes in he finds these three dots he's like what is this? You know, I was expecting something bigger, may Allah forgive you. That's one simplistic explanation. A better explanation that of the hydraulic Mala provides is that he wanted to get the dua of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And he knew that when you made dua for the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he would always respond with an equal or

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better draft for you. And as a young child, he is taught by his parents, that the best thing that you can attain in this life, it's forgiveness from Allah subhanho wa taala. The best person that can make dua for you is the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, here's an ideal opportunity the Messenger of Allah is asking, Are you happy? Is it let me take it a step further and say, May Allah forgive you so that he will end up making dua for me as well. So he will end up making dua for me as well so that he could get the dua of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So again, this is like when you inspire your children with things like this, you're planting the seeds of

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righteousness and you're super inspiring them with you know, this is what you need to be you need to be in the masjid you need to be in the Halaqaat you know, it's okay to play sports okay to have play games from time to time, but your heart should be attached to the masjid and this is what Allah subhanho wa Taala has messenger sorry, Southern southern Allah Hi there, sometimes us sub Antonio de la mala houfy Vinda Hiyama love the law. The law shall buena Shafi Badatz Allah He to either that there that on the Day of Judgment, there's going to be no shade other than the shade of Allah subhanho wa taala. And the first category of people that is mentioned that will achieve this shade

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is the young individual, the young child that is raised up in the worshipping of Allah subhanho wa Taala that is raised up in the worshipping of Allah subhanho wa taala. So his parents took him for Hajj they introduced him to the scholars and Imam Muslim decides to stay back and start learning Hadith at that time start learning Hadith at that time. Now unlike Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah, Imam Muslim didn't start authoring at a very young age, in fact that he was quite later in his age, you know, close to his mid 20s closer to his 30s That is when the Muslim Rahim Allah started authoring books started authoring books. Now what we want to know from the books of Imam Muslim is that Imam

00:27:13--> 00:27:50

Muslim Rahim Allah He had quite a few books like Imam Al Bukhari as well. But we want to comment on four books within the heater Allah. Number one is Sahih Muslim itself and so a Muslim we're actually going to leave at the end, because we're going to have a comparison between Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim or what makes them distinct and unique. A second book that Imam Muslim Rahim Allah wrote, was questions that he had asked to Imam Muhammad Salah to the Imam Muhammad questions that he had posed and put forward to Imam Muhammad. Now, this is very valuable for us. This is very valuable for us. This teaches us quite a few things. Number one, is that one of the best ways to learn is to ask

00:27:50--> 00:28:27

questions. And of course, it should not feel shy to ask questions. This is a command from Allah subhanaw taala first 100 Vickery Incoterm, Natalia moon, that ask questions, if you don't know, number two, is the preserving of tradition. That, you know, in this day and age, we have videos, we have audio recordings, there's other ways to document things back in that day, people used to write down what was said, and it was considered honorable and praiseworthy, to pass on tradition. So you learned something, you wrote it down. And this was part of the legacy that you left behind, you left this apart as a part of your inheritance to your children, that to your family, to your students,

00:28:27--> 00:28:58

that they continue to learn from this. And this is something that I believe, needs to be brought back, you know, with, you know, in the age of technology, where everything is digitally recorded, we become extremely lazy, extremely lazy. And this doesn't harm. You know, the teacher, it harms the students, because now when the teacher is asking questions to the students, every student thinks to himself, you know what, this halacha is being recorded, it's going to be on YouTube, I can go and watch it later. What ends up happening, you come on to YouTube, you want to look for videos, and YouTube is recommended, you know, why don't you watch this cat video? Or why don't you watch this

00:28:58--> 00:29:28

comedy video? Or why don't you watch this prank video, right? It's not going to show you videos of Halaqaat it's going to show you every other possible type of video that is going to waste your time. Lo and behold, two hours are gone. All your time is finished, and you didn't get to watch the Halacha. This is like a trap of shaytaan. So if you're not documenting, if you're not writing things down, trust me, it's very easy to forget things very, very easy to forget things. And I know the Friday that HELOC has generally they're very easy going there is not as intense as the ones that HELOC has. But it doesn't mean that we shouldn't try to preserve what we learned. Like I said, this

00:29:28--> 00:29:58

is the legacy that we leave behind. We want to show our children we want to show our grandchildren that yes, we had an affiliation with knowledge. And this is what we're passing on. So that when they grow up, they're like, wow, you know, my grandfather wrote this, these notes, and what did he learned? And, you know, this is what I learned from him. And this is the type of tradition we want to leave behind. So that was the first book one of the first books that he wrote was the questions that he proposed to Imam Muhammad questions that he proposed to Imam Ahmed. And then Imam Muslim Rahim Allah one of the other books that he wrote was

00:30:00--> 00:30:39

A book about, you know, actually not just one book, but quite a few books dedicated to the names of narrators. 22 books narrated about the names of narrators. So the malleability he had written you know a Tarik Kabir well outside what was still here, right? These three books these three different sections about history. What do you Malibu ca what Imam Muslim Ramallah did was he chose individual topics about men and narrators of Hadith. And that is what he compiled them with. So one of the examples of narrators that he uses is, oh, Allah, the Sahaba, you know, the children of the sahaba. So he documents all the children of the Sahaba that were known, so that when they married Hadith,

00:30:39--> 00:31:15

you're able to figure out who was a child of who another you know, book that Imam Muslim Rahim Allah wrote about narrators of Hadith was called a tuber caught, meaning the different levels of Hadith, the different levels of Hadith. And you notice that the tuber cards are the levels of Hadith are very important when you do criticism of men. So one of the things that the fabricators of Hadith would like to do is they would say that such and such an important dividual let's just say Abdullah, he narrated this narrated this Hadith from Mohammed. Now one of the easy ways to figure out is it possible that Abdullah narrated the Hadith from Muhammad, is look at their times of births and their

00:31:15--> 00:31:51

time of deaths. If there is no possible have no possibility of that meeting, then you can clearly see that this hadith was fabricated. Another thing that you want to look at is, did they frequent the same areas? Many maybe Mohammed never wants to Makkah and Medina and Abdullah only narrated Hadith and Makkah and Medina. So if this was the case, it's not possible that Muhammad could have narrated the Hadith from Abdullah because he never went to Mecca and Medina and he only narrated Hadith in Makkah, and Medina. So these forms of double quotes are important to decipher which Hadith are authentic and which ones are weak. So that was a second book that Imam Al Bukhari sorry that

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Imam Muslim wrote. A third book that Imam Muslim wrote related to the science of hadith is a Leyland and alien is the defects that are found in hadith is the defects that are found in Hadith. Now, can anyone tell me what are the criterion for an authentic hadith when we say a hadith is what are the criteria that needs to be met in order for a hadith to be safe? Who can tell me

00:32:18--> 00:32:20

Go ahead, go back to somebody who was

00:32:21--> 00:32:53

fantastic. So it has to have a continuous chain of narration it the salah Senate, this is what we call it, the salah Senate, a continuous chain of narration, meaning going back all the way to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and there can't be anyone that is left out in between. So you'll notice from the prophets of Salaam, you are the generation of the Sahaba, the generation of the tabula and after them, the generation of the antibiotics are behind. And that is when most of the writing of Hadith actually started to take place. That is when most of the Hadith actually started to take place. So you have a genetic connected chain of narration. What else do we need in

00:32:53--> 00:32:55

Hadith for to be authentic? Go ahead.

00:32:56--> 00:33:33

Fantastic, trustworthy narrators. Dr. Rawat. So these narrators, they need to be trustworthy. So all of the Sahaba are the Allahu Anhu they are trustworthy, right? But after the generation of the Sahaba, not all the of the narrators were trustworthy. By trustworthy. What exactly do they mean? What exactly do they mean? Number one is that they're not known for lying. Lying was the biggest nono. Right, not only lying in their personal lives, but even lying when it came to matters of the deal. That was the big verse, big thing that would disqualify them. A second thing that would disqualify them as if they were known to be openly committing sins. So if someone was openly known

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to, you know, drink alcohol or to do something haram, or he wasn't known to pray in the masjid, right, these are big, no no's and this would, again, take away from his trustworthiness. A third thing that will take away from his trustworthiness is innovation. So if it was known that this individual had major innovated beliefs, some minor innovations, you know, the scholars that passed by, but major innovations, they wouldn't allow, right? They wouldn't allow us if it was known that he had an innovation, then it wouldn't be accepted from him. So these are the three things that used to look at in terms of trustworthiness. What is the third category criterion for Hadith? So you have

00:34:11--> 00:34:18

connected chain of narration, all these people are trustworthy. What do we need to look at now? What's the third thing we need to look at? Go ahead?

00:34:22--> 00:34:59

Good so we'll jump on to number four, we need to come back to number three, we will jump to number four is my shoot. That text should not contradict with and of itself, as you know that the Quran is revealed and promoted by Allah subhanaw taala even hadith is revealed by Allah subhanho wa taala. So when the source of Revelation is the same, there should be no apparent contradiction, not between one Hadith and another or nor between the Hadith and the Quran itself. So there should be no contradiction. Now there's two criterion left number three and number five. Number three is like the easy one. When you're looking at a narrator after we've established his trustworthy, you need to

00:34:59--> 00:35:00


00:35:00--> 00:35:23

average the second point. What's the second thing you'll look at? He's trustworthy. But can he? What memorize exactly can they narrate Hadith as he hears them? So when it comes to preservation, he needs to have time adopt absolute complete perfect precision, right in a lot of the time someone tells another story and he says you know what? I went to

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Target to go shopping and I bought a pink shirt and you know black shoes Okay, the person that hears this story now he's like, Yeah, this person went to the store completely left out all the details convert this left the store's name, what was what everything is left out. This is not what we will call time adopt. This is actually being very lackadaisical very lazy, when it comes to narrating. So time adopt is perfect and creepy, complete precision. And the scholars of Hadith like a Bukhari and Muslim that had the condition of narrating sahih Hadith only, they put this condition that they would have to be very, very strict on their memories, perfect precision and narrating everything as

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they heard it everything as they heard it. So that was kind of criteria number three, and we mentioned four already is that there shouldn't be any contradictions the fifth and last one this is what ties us into Imam Muslim Rahim Allah and and so Adam why Latin cardia that there shouldn't be any hidden defects. In the Hadith, there shouldn't be any hidden defects in the Hadith. What do we consider a defect in the Hadith? And one is a defect non cons not considered harmful when is a defect not considered harmful? So one of the famous scholars of Hadith he is known as Ibnu dinar His name is ignored Dena now how many Ibnu dinars Were there many there's Abdullah have no dinar.

00:36:45--> 00:37:23

There's Amrok new dinar. There's other ignore dinars, right. However, what's interesting about Ibnu dinar is that all of them are great Imams of Hadith. They're all great scholars. So if someone confuses one Abdul dinars name for another avenue dinar, the fact that they're all trustworthy. This is a defect in the Hadith. But it's not harmful to the Hadith. It's not harmful to the Hadith at all, because all of the Ibnu dinars are trustworthy narrators, what is something that is harmful to the Hadith? What is something that is harmful to the Hadith? That is when either a person's name is changed, or and when one of them is not trustworthy? Or a wording in the middle in the Hadith has

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changed, which a lot of people don't pick out. So coming back to the Hadith, that seven people are shaded under the shade of Allah subhanho wa Taala the day that there is no shade other than his shade, the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned seven categories. One of those categories is about sadaqa who remembers the wording about giving sadaqa from this hadith? Who remembers the wording go ahead

00:37:51--> 00:38:01

this is not Tamil dots, Carla's Yama Johanna no longer authentic Salah so remember specifically what the Hadith says even in English translation we don't need the Arabic

00:38:05--> 00:38:08

behind their back, this is like

00:38:10--> 00:38:53

your like, semi modular right now. The exact wording is illogical into sadaqa sadaqa Tifa Hatter lotta mushy man to whom I don't feel for me know that an individual that gives charity so secretly, and so privately that his left hand does not know what his right hand gave that his left hand does not know what his right hand gave him our Muslim Rahimullah when he narrates this hadith about the seven individuals or the seven categories of individuals. He narrates it as the exact opposite. He says Roger Lord sada kabisa Latifah Hatton, Mad Hatter Natalia mo Yamina Houma tune Fukushima Lupo that so that he did it so secretly, that his right hand does not know what his left hand to give.

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Now obviously, this is a big change in the Hadith, because this shows that that should we begin Serato with our right hands or with their left hands, and this hadith is authentic, this clearly shows us that you can give sadaqa with your left hand with this who will oppose the vast majority of other texts I shall not the Allahu Anhu saying that the prophets are uncertain enough to do everything with his right hand. The Sahaba the Allahu Allah when they gave in sadaqa it was known that they gave it with the right hand. Now Imam Muslim Rahim Allah when he showed in when he narrates this hadith, he shows us that this is a defect in the Hadith it is a hidden defect in the

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Hadith, which this is how it had been narrated, right. So when he when he points out the defect, that this is how it should it be narrated. And now how should it be narrated? And the second thing that Imam Muslim Rahim Allah is doing over here is showing us that just because one portion of the Hadith has a defect in it, it does not mean you will completely disregard the whole Hadith altogether, but it is only the part that has the hidden defect in it that you will disregard. It is only the part that has the hidden defect in it, that you will dis regard. So that was the book of aliens. That was the book of alien, and then we'll talk about his Saif at the end of the Halacha

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00:40:00--> 00:40:36

So either the teachers of Imam Muslim, the teachers, even my Muslim, the greatest teacher and influence that Imam Muslim Rahim Allah had without a shadow of a doubt was Imam Al Bukhari. He accompanied him for a long time. He learned a lot from him. From Imam Al Bukhari, he also learned something very, very valuable, and that is to have the shortest is not possible. Meaning you want to eliminate as many men or narrator's between you and the Prophet salallahu alayhi salam as possible, and that is why you will come to see Imam Muslim even though he accompany the man and Bukhari for such a long time. He didn't actually narrate any Hadith from Imam Al Bukhari and people started to

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wonder why Imam Muslim dedicated student lived through him the with the Pfitzner why is it that he wouldn't read Hadith from him Al Bukhari inshallah with knights Allah we'll get to that later on. But Imam Bukhari you taught him have as few people in your snide as possible. Now who remembers what was the shortest isnaad? Between Imam Bukhari in the previous set of what was the shortest isn't that who remembers three fantastic that was the shortest is not an imam Muslim Rahim Allah achieved the exact same thing. So even though he's a student of Imam Al Bukhari, the fact that Imam Al Bukhari taught him this, he jumped him out because he skipped the Malibu Korea a lot of the times

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and went and got the same teachers and learn to Hadith from them and learn to Hadith from them. And that's one of the reasons why Muslim didn't narrate Hadith from him didn't narrate a Hadith from him. So from his teachers was Imam Al Bukhari from his teachers was haka Raha away from his teachers was Imam Ahmed from his teachers was kotoba blue side, whom members could table and recite what was unique about him kotoba blue side Why is he unique? Someone told me

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I was able to say it was unique, because he was one of the one of the few teachers that are taught all of the six Imams that taught all of the six Imams and that is why his praise of Imam Bukhari was very unique, because he had taught all of the six Imams, yet he still praised him Allah Bukhari like he didn't praise any of the other individuals, right. So Catania will say there was from his teachers, there was a teacher by the name of and Bondar Mohammed Abu Bashar, he is another individual that taught all six of the Imams right Mohammed Bin was shot also known as Buddha taught all six of the Imams he was from the teachers of Imam Muslim. So these are some of the great

00:42:11--> 00:42:53

teachers of Imam Muslim. Now from the students of Imam Muslim, similar to Imam Al Bukhari, he taught a very similar batch of people email material, maybe even ABI Shaybah you know, Zima or from the students of Imam Imam Muslim Rahim Allah. Now, let us get into two particular aspects. How did Imam Muslim Rahim Allah actually get involved into the fitna of the in the life of Imam Al Bukhari? So you mentioned that Muhammad Ali and Imam Al Bukhari they got into a dispute Muhammad wa is the holy he got jealous of the process among college you got jealous of Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah and he started doing some pretty bad things. So one day while the Imam Muslim is sitting in the Halacha of

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Mohammed Abu Yahya, the holy Muhammad Abdul yeah, here the holy he says that whoever says that the recitation of the Quran is created. Let him leave this halacha let him leave this halacha and obviously, he's pinpointing Imam Muslim right now he's basically calling him out because he knows that Imam Muslim is a student and companion of Imam Al Bukhari. So at that time, Imam Muslim, he gets very, very upset. He's like, why are you calling me out like this? You're calling me out like this, wait and see what I do. Wait and see what I do. What does the man Muslim do? He goes back home. nine volumes of hadith is narrated from Muhammad Ali, puts them on a camera sends them back to

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Muhammad Ali telling him Look, I do not need your Hadith and he didn't narrate a single Hadith from Muhammad Musa here. The hadith skipped him out all together. And this how Imam Muslim Rahim Allah actually got involved in the fitna of Imam Al Bukhari that you know, Imam Muslim was defending him. He didn't have a personal problem with Mohammed Abdullah he allegedly until Mohammed Abdullah has already called him out in his Holika. Now the scholars commentate comment on Mr. Muslim, that he had a very strict personality a very rough, a very, you know, sharp personality. That's the actual word that he was a very sharp personality mean that if you crossed email Muslim to him, Allah, he was

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going to cut you off. He wanted nothing to do with you. He wanted nothing to do with you. And this is another thing that happened. Scholars are assuming that a conflict happened between Imam Al Bukhari and Imam Muslim after this fitna, and that is why Imam Muslim didn't married Hadith from him. And the reason why they're assuming this is because in the introduction to say Muslim, Imam Muslim actually gives an introduction in terms of the type of narrator's that you can narrate from an imam Bukhari being very strict. Not only did he say that they had to have lived at the same time, but you had to have proven that they actually met that they actually met Imam Muslim said that this

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condition is ridiculous. You know, why would you stipulate such a condition? So you had this personal conflict with Elon Musk with the Malla book, it will just presume there's no evidence to actually prove that this conflict actually happened. But they presume that Imam Muslim wrote this in his introduction

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Shin about demountable karate and that is the second reason why most of them didn't narrate from Imam Al Bukhari A second reason why Muslim didn't narrate from Imam Al Bukhari due to his sharp, you know, character personality. They said that a Muslim had cut off Imam Al Bukhari because of this difference of opinion, this difference of opinion.

00:45:19--> 00:45:20

So now,

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what was the actual point I was talking about? What was I talking about? Do you remember?

00:45:27--> 00:45:28

Why did I get into this?

00:45:29--> 00:45:33

I got into this. We were talking about the teachers, right.

00:45:35--> 00:46:11

So we're talking Muhammad Ali from the teachers, Imam, Muslim as well. We talked about the students, then how do you remain Muslim get involved in the Pfitzner. And that's what happened. So my Muslim no longer considered Muhammad Ali. Yeah, he had only one of his teachers. And a second fitna that is presumed that happened was between Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim right. So this is another conflict that happened. Now, let me just mention one of the phrases that is mentioned for Mr. Mister Mister understand the context of this. So you mentioned al Bondar. His name was Mohammed Abu Bashar. And he had taught all of the six Imams of Hadith as well. And he mentioned that the Imams of Hadith, the

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Hogfather of Hadith, the people that had preserved and protected the Hadith, there are only four of them. The only four people that are given this title of a father and Hadith and he mentioned four of them, call them Muhammad Abdul mashallah father dunya Arba absorb after a while most of them been a support what Abdullah Adeyemi mean some rockin when Muhammad Abdul Ismail Min bukata Min bukata. So he says that the Hava Hadith are four and he mentions that the four are Abu Zahra from inland called Orion who is also in the teachers of Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim. And then you have Imam Muslim who was from Nisa poor also pronounced as the Nisha poor. Then you have who is from South

00:46:49--> 00:47:28

Africa and that's where Imam Al Bukhari passed away. And then you have from Bukhara Mohammed bin is made. These are the four Imams of Hadith. So the fact that you know, Mohammed Abu Bashar who taught all the sixth grade scholars, he considers only two of them to be from the greater father of Hadith Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim. So this again was a big praise that the teachers had for him he a big praise that the teachers had for him. Now let us get into the death of Imam Muslim Rahim Allah and then we can talk about comparison between Bukhari and Muslim. So I told you that Imam Muslim had a very unique death. His unique death was as follows that one day he was asked a question about a

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hadith and he absolutely had no idea what that person was speaking about. This person said I heard such and such Hadith from such and such Narrator With such and such text, and Imam Muslim is like flabbergasted he has like no idea what is happening like why, you know, where is this hadith coming from? Why is it such a big surprise? Imam Muslim Rahim Allah? Actually, let me just briefly comment on Bukhari, Imam Bukola Rahim Allah He wrote Suhail Bukhari in 16 years from approximately 600,000, Hadith 16 years from 600,000. Hadith, Imam Muslim, he compiled Sahih Muslim, which has between 3033 Hadith to 4000 Hadith in it, depending on how you're counting it. He took this from 300,000 Hadith.

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So when you go through 300,000, Hadith, and of course, it brings you an authentic hadith that you've never heard of, and you're like, the greatest squatter of Hadith of your time, you're going to be perplexed you like where did this hadith come from? How come I've never heard of it? This is what happened to Imam Muslim. So in my Muslim, he goes home, and he tells his wife, look, I'm here to lock up my library. I want no one to disturb me. Not you, not the children, no visitors. Nothing. And the wife being all loving and caring. She's like, you're going to get hungry. You know, what are you going to eat? And subhanAllah this is like such a huge lesson over here. So your mom was seems

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like you know what, you're right. I should get something to eat. So his wife gives him a huge cauldron of dates. Like, I want you to think about the biggest patina the biggest pot you have in your house, and think about like something twice or three times that size. It's filled with dates. He received it as a gift. She gives us the email Muslim, Imam Muslim, he starts opening up all his manuscripts of Hadith. They're all over the place. And as he's reading Hadith each time, he reads a hadith. He eats a date. He reads the Hadith. He eats the date. He reads the Hadith. He eats the date takes the pets out, and slowly but surely one page after another. You have a mountain building up

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next day Muslim and Imam Muslim Rahim Allah. He died with his face in the manuscripts of his Hadith, looking for this hadith. And they say that the reason why Imam Muslim Rahim Allah died was that he had overdosed on dates. He had overdosed on dates. Now I know that sounds very funny and comical. So it's okay if you want to laugh. But you know, that's the actual interesting story of how he mom was slim to him. Allah passed away, right? That he kept on eating Hadith and there was like a technological thing. Sorry, a scientific reasoning that too much potassium

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That is what it actually killed because that's what it's found in dates. I don't remember the exact reasoning behind it. But that is how he man was Abraham Allah passed away. Now I know it's not the grandiose ending that Imam Al Bukhari had in terms of making dua and dying at the end of Ramadan. But this is still a noble ending Subhanallah like when you dedicate your whole life to Hadith, and this is like the way that you die in researching Hadith, you know, it's still a noble way to die, that's still a noble way to die. Now, let us briefly talk about a Muslim and then we'll do a comparison between the two in sha Allah Samus them as you mentioned, when Muhammad floodable Bucky

00:50:35--> 00:50:40

and that's the name that you should know he's a modern discarded for that was from Egypt died very recently.

00:50:42--> 00:51:22

He had done fit them out of Hadith in terms of counting the number and counting the numbers of Hadith. So when you think when someone says, you know, narrated by Al Bukhari 5620 that standardized number of all of the Makati additions having 5620 was done by Muhammad phi W. Bucky. So he standardize the numbering. He did this for Buhari, he did this for Muslim and he did this for many other major collections of Hadith. So when he collect counted the Hadith incites a Muslim that have a complete chain of narration, and not opinions of not statements of companions, and not there's a hadith that have no chains of narrations with them. He counted 3033 and other individual that did a

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lot of Hitman to say Muslim was Imam and now we Rahim Allah Huhtala Imam Minogue Rahim Allah Huzzah. Imam nawawi he talks to a Muslim and he wrote an explanation for Sahih Muslim he wrote the explanation of cyberspace called elmen. Hajj, it comes in roughly about 12 volumes. The big hikma that Imam and nobody Rahim Allah did for Sahih Muslim was he put the chapter headings for the books inside, say Muslim, say Muslim, he did a fantastic phenomenal job with compiling the Hadith, you know, putting them in their proper categories, but he didn't give the chapter headings so if you want to look up a hadith, you will literally have to read all of the Hamish them to find that hadith

00:52:03--> 00:52:28

because there's no chapter headings, there's no way to specify what you're looking for. So you might know him Allah as he's doing writing the explanation of Sahih Muslim, he's the one that's actually doing that, that we've he's the one that's actually writing the chapter headings. So when you open up Sahih Muslim and it has, you know, kita butterhead then gets Kitab which I hate this title was actually geared by Imam and no he and not by Imam Muslim. So that was something unique from Sahih Muslim,

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comparing, say Muslim to say Al Bukhari, it has certain things for it and certain things against it. Let us talk about certain things that are for Sahih Muslim number one is in terms of can they were having a condensed version in the mammal bukata him Allah, He will narrate the same Hadith multiple times all over Sahale Buhari. Sometimes they'll just take the wording that he needs and skip the rest of the Hadith. So when you're looking for a complete version of the hadith is a lot more difficult to find the Sahel Bukhari then it is it's a Muslim, and because it's repeated so much, whereas repeated Hadith in Sahih Muslim there are not as many there are not as many. Number two. In

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terms of more Allah caught more Allah caught are those narrations with a chain of narration is not mentioned. Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah He needs his eyes filled with mylar cards and this is like some of the scholars particularly Heiser when he criticized sahih al Bukhari This is one of his you know, contentions with it that this mandala caught we don't know if they're authentic or not. And some of them even though they were authentic, because they didn't he didn't present in it's not a monument of hycm Ramallah made the Hadith Bife was Imam Muslim Rahim Allah, He has very, very few more alacarte In fact, he has roughly about 10 of them altogether there are 10 Hadith only that

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don't have any snide with them. A third thing that has that is good for Imam Muslim. Is that Imam Muslim Rahim Allah, he had already categorized the Hadith in a proper order already in the proper order already. Imam Bukhari he put the chapter headings and then when searching for the Hadith, right, he put the chapter headings and then when searching for the Hadith, whereas the Imam Muslim, he did a more rigorous process, gathering all the Hadith together, categorizing them and then putting them in order of need and usage. The only thing he didn't do was actually put the chapter headings, even when only Rahim Allah He has was the one with the my Muslim and he says the reason

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why Imam Muslim didn't put the chapter headings is because he didn't want to use up more space in his sahih to you know, make it too heavy for his students. So you took out the chapter headings because they weren't as relevant as the actual Hadith itself. They weren't as relevant as the actual Hadith itself. Number four, if I'm not mistaken, that is a Muslim has which Sahil Bukhari doesn't is an introduction to the site itself CML and vocoded. him Allah, he just went straight into say very first Hadith in the Malama. Lubin yet Imam Muslim Rahim Allah, he actually puts an introduction to Sai Saha which is a very, very, very, very

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A very, very valuable introduction for the student of Hadith, because he talks about conditions for Hadith. He talks about methodology of studying Hadith. He talks about, you know, the conditions of dispersion and criticizing narrators, all very, very relevant stuff for the student of Hadith. He mentioned in his introduction, one of the beautiful things that Imam Muslim Rahim Allah mentions is the importance of you know, taking from your teachers and being very careful of whom you allow to teach you right in the huddle. Dina Aleman. fundo Rahman, taqwa Dina come then indeed this deen is knowledge. So be very, very careful of whom you take your deen from. Right? So it says that don't

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take your deen from everyone, but from everyone and everything but scrutinize who you accept your religion from because it's a very heavy thing. So this is from the introduction of saying Muslim, Which Imam Al Bukhari didn't have. Now let's talk about the things that are against Imam Muslim. So we mentioned briefly last week that Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah Allah so He was criticized to have weak Hadith in them. It was criticized to have weak Hadith in them. I didn't mention this particular story. I've mentioned it now. When emailed Bukhari completed his Sahaba he presented it to Imam Muhammad Yahya bloomer, I am no married. I live in old Medina and it's hachimura Hawaii combined all

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of these great scholars, they only contested for Hadith with the with him, only contested for Hadith with him. And the mountain Bukhari says, I was able to prove my position right as to why these Hadith were authentic. So that was the criticism for from those great scholars for style Buhari. Now, coming much later on Imam adatta cottony he criticizes Imam Al Bukhari for 32 a hadith for 32 a hadith Abel no hija Rahim Allah He spends his time in his introduction to a vital body responding to this that all the Hadith insights to help because you are authentic, and this hadith here, they have no right to be criticized. When a doctor Kootenay criticize, say, Muslim, how many Hadith did he

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find in there? 200 of them 200 So that's like seven times almost the amount that he found this al Bukhari Now what was the reason for this? That email a Muslim Rahim Allah was a lot more easygoing in his conditions for his narrators, then Imam Al Bukhari was was a lot more easygoing than Imam Al Bukhari was, and sometimes Imam Muslim Rahim Allah. He did narrate from narrators that were not of the highest caliber of Hadith from narrators that will not have the highest caliber of Hadith. And based upon this a Muslim was criticized, so Imam Al Bukhari he was a lot more strict and had Allah higher level of authenticity for his say, Which Imam Muslim didn't tie Which Imam Muslim didn't

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have. A second thing that Imam Al Bukhari had, Which Imam Muslim didn't have was a via a wider variety of narrations. So Mama Bukhari he paid a lot of attention to statements of the companions, statements of the Thai being a Muslim, he didn't offer that much variety there are certain narrations of the of the companion certain narrations of the successors, but not as many, not as many so there isn't as much variety. So this is just a brief comparison between the two. But what we need to understand is that we have Salah one of the great scholars of Hadith that came after them 600 years after almost sorry 400 years after them almost, he said, all the Hadith found in Bukhari

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and Muslim that are more for many have a chain of narration. Going back to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam are authentic by Iijima are authentic by consensus. So any Hadith that you find in Bukhari, any Hadith that you find in Muslim, what do you need to understand from them is that these are authentic hadith that you should accept that you should accept and that you should not question and it's you know, in our day and age, we live in an age where we we've opened up the scrutinize ation and analysis of everything that we have no no shyness in questioning God in questioning his revelation and questioning the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. You know, this is something that

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we understand that as Muslims, we don't question the Quran we don't question the Sahel Bukhari we don't question it's a Muslim, because the scholars of Islam have already done this any modern day criticism that has been brought up, the scholars of the past already dealt with. So as Muslims, you should have certainty that our scholars did such a due diligence to religious text, that we can feel safe and we can feel comfortable that whatever we read of the Quran, whenever we read of Sal Bukhari, whatever we read of Hebrews that these are actually authentic words that have been married to us from the messenger of allah sallallahu ala he was sent off.

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Now I know that was a quite a technical Deus compared to the last two weeks, but inshallah I hope you guys found it beneficial. Next week with Allahu taala. We will be studying the life of Imam Tirmidhi we will be studying the life of Imam autonomy. The one thing I promised you guys which I didn't could do and I'll do right now, is that why did Imam Muslim, not married Hadith from Imam Bukhari? I mentioned two reasons already. Who remembers what they were? What were the two reasons that Imam was summed up married from the mount Bukhari? Go ahead, give me one of them.

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Yeah So Imam was similar him Allah went straight to the teachers of Imam Al Bukhari. And that's why he was able to cut out the mama Bacardi from that chain of narration. What was the second reason that we mentioned?

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What was the second reason that we mentioned? Go ahead.

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That's what he just said he minimized the chain of narrators. There was a second reason we mentioned that scholars presumed but wasn't actually authentic. It wasn't a real reason.

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He had a dispute with Imam Al Bukhari. So this dispute is presumed and he said due to the sharp personality of a Muslim imam Muslim actually cut off email Bacardi from their eating from him, due to this dispute that you know the conditions of the narrator's due to this dispute with it. Obviously, this is not a valid criticism or not a valid reasoning as to why email Muslim did not narrate from email Bukhari. A third reason why Muslim did not narrate from Al Bukhari and along with you know, minimizing the chain of narrations. This is another opinion that is very, very strong. Is that Imam Muslim? He didn't want to repeat what he mount Bukhari had already did, right? You don't

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want to reinvent the wheel, you don't want to reinvent the wheel. So that is why even though there are some Hadith that are repeated in Makati and Muslim this is what we call Mustafa Khan highly. Imam Muslims primary intention was he didn't want to repeat what Imam Al Bukhari had already did. So that is why Imam Muslim didn't want to narrate the same Hadith and because we had already married so we narrow it inside al Bukhari already a Muslim didn't want to repeat it, he didn't want to repeat it. Now what I want to conclude with and inshallah This is the last thing before the than in the karma for salata, Alicia, is how do we recognize authenticity of Hadith? Meaning that there are

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seven categories of Hadith in terms of how we recognize this authenticity, so you recognize what are the conditions? Now let's look at the categories. So the most authentic hadith that you will find, are both Bukhari and Muslim agreed upon them right. Both Bukhari and Muslim agreed upon them. Then the second most strongest form of hadith is that which is narrated by Bukhari, but not narrated by Muslim this the second most authentic category. The third most authentic category is that which is narrated by Muslim, but it's not narrated by Al Bukhari narrated by Muslim but not narrated by Al Bukhari. The fourth category are those that hadith that meet the conditions of both Eman al Bukhari

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and Imam Muslim, but was not narrated by them. So it meets both the conditions of Imam Bukhari and Muslim but it was not narrated by them. Number five, that which was met the condition of Al Bukhari, but not narrated by him number six, that which met the conditions of Imam Muslim but not narrated by him. And then number seven, was that which is authentic, and did not meet the conditions of both Imam Al Bukhari and Imam Muslim that which is authentic, but we did not meet the conditions of Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim. And these are the seven categories of authentic hadith. So the one of you know, we have the conditions. This is what's looked at in terms of conditions of authentic hadith.

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Now uncategories What is the most authentic, that Which Imam Bukhari and Mr. Muslim agreed upon? What is the least authentic? Is that which meets the conditions of authenticity? But does it meet the conditions that Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim had set? So that is just one last thing that they want to conclude with? Inshallah? We'll take three questions, then we'll have the event and the karma for a sha Allah Who Tada Allah was ALLAH who sent them an article in the b&o Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa sallam, I will take three questions inshallah.

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Go ahead.

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01:03:38--> 01:03:42

what is the difference between the trial that Imam Musa Imam Bukhari and Imam Muhammad went through?

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Fantastic. So let me give you a brief background. So the trial that Imam Muhammad in the humbles time was this simply is the Quran created, right? That is what the big trial was. The Mataji law said that the Quran is created. This was their opinion, and they're shoving it down the throats of all of the scholars. Right. And I'll tell you something funny. They even some of the teachers of Imam Al Bukhari, if I'm not mistaken, this is Ali Abdullah Medina, when the Khalifa came to him and he said that, you know, is the Quran created or not? And and even in Medina, he knew that if he said, No, the Quran is not created, he would be lost and he will be put in prison. So what does

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Olivenhain Medina do? He says, the Quran, the torah, the Injeel, and there's abour. All four of these are created. You see how he got out of it? He's talking about his fingers when he's just throwing out the names, right? That's how he got out of it. So that's just a unique point of benefit to know. So the fifth at that time is the Quran created or not? After Imam Muhammad took his stance, 100 sunnah had a great victory, the Khilafah is overthrown. And you know the main predominance in the opinion that the Quran is not created, that becomes known again, but people are still cycling.

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equally affected from this fitna, like I fit tonight psychologically affects people. Now this transcended into the generation of Imam Al Bukhari. Now they couldn't repeat the same fitna again because everyone agreed that the Quran was the speech of Allah and is not created. But how did they bring the fitna about to this time our recitation of the Quran? Is that created or not? Now, when you understand this question, is our recitation of the Quran created? Or not? There's two ways of understanding it. One, what is actually being recited meaning the actual wording of the Quran or two? Is it our voices, our pronounciation and announced stations are those created? Now this

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question wouldn't have itself we considered an integrated question. This question should not be asked because it opens up the door for fitna. Now those schools that did ask this question, they wanted to cause fitna as we saw from the time of Muhammad, who has already so when someone who would answer and they would say my recitation of the Quran has created, they're referring to not the speech of Allah the Quran, but they're referring to the speech of the human being the pronounciation, the enunciation, that is what is created. So they took this general statement that this individual said, and said that this person is an innovator, he is a heretic, he is a deviant.

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And that is why you shouldn't study with them. So does that make sense inshallah? Fantastic. Two more questions. Go ahead.

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Yes, isn't that conditions?

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Fantastic. Very, very good question. So one of the conditions of site is that you have to have it the salah Senate, a continuous chain of narration. Now, the question over here arises, are we allowed to narrate the Hadith without the chains of narration without the chains of narration? And the answer to this is that as long as the scholar has done his due diligence, and finding out this hadith is authentic or not, then yes, you are allowed to narrate that hadith without the chain of narration. And that is what Imam Al Bukhari actually did. So when the Malibu quarry is doing his Mala cot, you know, he's done his thorough research, and that's why that's why he's mentioning these

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Hadith. What's important to understand is his conditions for them Walcot were not like the conditions for the motorcyclists not right, he was a lot more lacks with them Walcott than he was with the Hadith that have the snad. And the Imam Al Bukhari, he was the one that caught in the photo and not in your suit. What we mean by that is that when a man nobody wants to prove a point, he's using the Morpho Hadith with a two sided Senate, when he wants to prove a secondary point or a point that is not as important or you as a secondary form of evidence to prove his point. That's when he'll use the market. And that is why he was a lot more lacks with this. So the one that got from Al

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Bukhari, they are actually authentic. And I mentioned the brief point over here. This is Hadith in Sahih. Al Bukhari that towards the end of time, people will will consider musical instruments Hala, they will consider alcohol halal, and they'll consider another thing halal. This hadith is mentioned in Warlock form. So when an Imam Abu Hassan Rahim Allah is talking about the issue of music, he actually comes out straight and he says there is no authentic hadith that prohibits the music. And he goes through Hadith by Hadith. And he mentions the Hadith in Bukhari, he says, What hadn't Hadith and what I look now at that time I was referred to but it was it written, who hasn't done his

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thorough research and this Mullah got to prove the authenticity of this hadith. Now he comes along, he proves his criticism wrong both of Abraham's Amanda Daugherty improving all the Hadith, they criticize that look, you guys are wrong. Imam Bukhari was right, these Walcot they are authentic. So for someone to say that there is no authentic hadith that prohibits the listening of music, we say that this hadith in Bukhari, even though it is my luck Imam over the hijab he presents the snide for it which is an authentic isnaad which is acceptable so that's just an FYI that for your or their last question for the Nigella.

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Okay, so when you're reading Hadith, how do you know if it's an authentic hadith or weak Hadith? The average beginner student of knowledge shouldn't busy himself with this, and that is why you should always rely upon the analysis of previous scholars. So if she reading Sahih Bukhari Sahih Muslim, you don't have to worry about that at all because those Hadith definitely are authentic. When you're reading from Abu Dhabi, tell me the NSA have no merger or other collections of Hadith. You want to find another scholar that commented is Hadith authentic or not a great scholar they did a lot of good meta Hadith from our times was shaken Daniel Rahim Allah to Allah, He went through these four

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collections of sunnah and gave a ruling on all of the Hadith that are in it. So you'll find the demand of Sheikh Khalid banya Rahim Allah. He has a son and Abby doubt, what do I for certain and Abby doubt that these are the authentic hadith in Abu Dhabi. The week had this in Abu Dhabi, and he did this with all the fortunate. So as the beginning of student of knowledge, you should rely upon someone else's analysis. When you get more advanced, and you learn about the different ways of narrating, you learn about the conditions of Hadith. What are the conditions of acceptable Hadith, not just the condition of authenticity, then you can get to that stage where you can make analysis

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yourself but again that is very, very advanced stuff that takes a very very long time. I think inshallah next week's halacha will talk about the conditions for Joshua deed of how do you even look at you know when you can criticize an accepted narrators when they studied in the life of a man metonymy will bring those benefits at that time inshallah third will conclude with that Subhanallah humblebee Hamrick Chateau de la land a structural stockbroker with like