Ramadan 2023 Appeal
35 Tafsir Juz E Amma Surah Al Mutaffifin
Channel: Navaid Aziz
Series: Navaid Aziz - Tafsir of Juz Ama
File Size: 27.76MB
Episode Transcript ©
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In Al Hamdulillah hinomoto and steinhorn stock photo when I was a human surely unforeseen a woman sejati Amina manga de la palma de la la, la de la, la la la la la la sharika was shadow Anna Mohammed Abu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa seldom at the Sleeman kathira bad My dear brothers and sisters salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
This is going to be part two of throttle moto 50 in part two in the sense that attempt number two with the lights on I'm Allah granted tofik and except from us all, without having been said sort of motto 15 Let's start off firstly with is this a monkey or a Madani? Sula, who is your on fight? Oh, sorry, who is admitting troll on Friday night. Go ahead, break it down for me. McKeon Medina Sora. Why?
Go for it?
Fantastic. So this is one of the biggest reasons that when you talk about issues of al Qaeda, predominantly, those are issues that are related to Medina, as I mentioned, as well, the verses are very, very short. A second indicate or third indication that this is McKee as well is that if you look at and this is a very interesting concept to look at how the Mufasa rune made strategy, how the scholars of Tafseer preferred one opinion over another. So they said if you look at these verses, these are talking about business, right? Those that cheat the skills, and who are the businessman? Was it the Quraysh? Or was it the answer? And you look at the correlation with the actual
businessman, the answer, they were busy with agriculture. So this is what's the one of the proofs that they use. The last proof and this is probably perhaps the most significant of them, was the fact that all of the narrations that talk about this being a motherly suitor, particularly the narrations of Eben Ibis, or the love and humor, they're all weak in their narration, there's always either some sort of weakness in the chain. So it's clear indication is that it is from Mecca. And this is what the majority of scholars of tafsir set. So now with that having been said, What is also important to understand is that this was a foretelling of what would take place in the future. So if
you look at what used to happen in Medina, inside of the data markets, in particular, in Medina, they used to cheat the skills. So someone comes to buy something, they gave him less than they actually bought. And when they tried to buy something, they tried to get even more than what they actually paid for. So this is a foretelling that Allah subhanho wa Taala is teaching the people in advance that this is not this cannot take place, this cannot take place. And we'll get into the details of that. Now what's also important to highlight over here, again, is how Allah subhana wa tada is preparing the temperament of the Muslims in terms of their luck. So one of the things that
would differentiate the Muslim from the non Muslim was the way he conducted himself. So if a person was truthful and honest, then inshallah he was from the Muslims. And this is what Allah subhana wa tada is teaching us that when it comes to business transactions, in particular, it is very important to be honest, at that time. There's actually a very nice story of one of the students of Imam Abu hanifa Rahim Allah, by the name of Abu Yusuf abusive was one of the main students of Imam Abu hanifa Rahim Allah and his students came to him, and they asked him or Imam or chef, will you not write us a book on piety? Will you not write us a book on piety? And then he wrote he responded by saying,
I've already written a book for you in one minute. I've already written a book for you in my last one that is dealings and transactions with people. So if you want to see the level of piety in individual highs, look how he is in the way he transacts with other people in the way he interacts with other people. And that is where you will see a person's true piety. It's not about you know how you are when you pray. It's not about how you are when you're in the masjid. It's about how you deal with other people. There's a narration of Imam Muhammad Rahim Allah, where he was asked about, you know, what is good conduct? And one of the students he asked him, he said, Yeah, Imam I was told
that nine tenths of good conduct is the way that you interact with other people. And he said, No, that is not true, but rather 10 tenths of it, meaning all of it is how you interact with people. So if you want to talk about the good of luck, you want to talk about piety and water and taqwa It is about how we interact with one another. The second thing we want to look at is the relationship with this sutra and the sutra before it. So the sooner before it was circled in Fedora, and it sort of
Fatah, Allah subhanho wa Taala he talks about how Allah subhana wa tada created mankind. And he mentioned three things. I led the Kala caca for so Waka fadak. So Allah subhanho wa Taala is the one that created you, he fashioned you. And he created a balance in you he proportion to you. Now, the significance of this verse is when Allah subhanho wa Taala says, He balanced us, it means that as human beings, we're always meant to be in a state of balance. So sometimes you'll wonder why do you have that innate desire, if something is out of place, you need to put it back properly, that desire from the inside is that you will create it to be balanced, you will create it in proportion, and
everything needs to be in its proper place. So in order for someone to be out of place to cheat the scales, he actually has to go against his natural desire on the inside, because his natural desire is to be balanced, and to be proportioned, and will derive some other correlations as we move on to the sword into the sutra. So unless I know what he says in the sutra, why no limit of 15 that whoa to a limit of 15, the term way over here, the scholars have differed over what this will actually mean. And they came to the conclusion that the term whale is an indication of destruction. So when you want something completely destroyed, completely annihilated, you will say well to it, right. So
when something has been bad, you want something destroyed, you want to you know, unless curse upon that thing, then this is when the term whale is used. Some of the scholars of Tafseer, they actually said that way, is a valley from the values of the Hellfire that Allah subhanho wa Taala created for particular people. And this particular people that I know what I was referring to in this sutra is the multifeed. So who are the most officine from a linguistic standpoint, the Moto fifth is the one that cheats the skills. So anyone that tries to cheat the scales, then they are a mataf. Now, Allah subhanaw taala mentioned specific characteristics about them, he goes on to say, and the DNA they
tell you and analyse your cell phone, that those who when they receive by measure from men demand for measure, whether Kalou home or was a new home, your zero. And when they give a wage to other men, they give less than what is due. So let's take an example. Someone goes to the date market, and they're buying dates. Okay? They're bought five kilograms of dates. And the point the person weighs the scales, it comes down to let's just say 4995 grams. So literally five grams are missing. It's not even like the size of that that's what's missing. And he says, No, I'm paying for five grams. I want the full five grams. So we will make the person give him an extra did go over five kilograms,
but he won't pardoned over that five grams. Now why is this something significant? We'll get to that in the next verse as well. So then he says the opposite of this as well. Then when he is selling had he been the one that is selling, and someone comes to him, and he says, I want five kilograms of dates, he will give him 4995 grams. And if there's five grams missing, he'll try to convince the other person you'll say it's only five grams rather, we're no brothers in the deen. It's just five grams, let it go. Now that's the way unfortunately how Muslim businessmen are. Then when it comes to buying. They're very, you know, strict and stringent when it comes to selling. They want you to be
merciful there and pardoning with them. Now the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, he puts all of this into constant. He said to me, Allah subhanho wa Taala brighten the face of the individual, some handmade eyebrow was someone that may Allah subhanho wa Taala, you know, illuminate the face of the individual, who is very merciful when buying and very merciful when selling that if there's a little bit missing and let it go for the sake of Allah subhana wa Tada, because Allah subhanaw taala is the one that is going to bless that transaction. Now putting this in the modern day context, you'll notice that, you know, nowadays, business transactions don't really take place like this. Very
seldom Will you actually go to a market and buy something by weight, you know, unless you're buying fruits or vegetables or something like that. So now in our day and age, how would we relate to this, the way that we would relate to it is the individual that is working on an hourly basis, an individual that's working on an hourly basis. So let's just say he gets paid for nine hours a day, he's getting paid $10 per hour, he's managed to get $90 for that day. But in these nine hours of work, he took a break for lunch for one hour. And then he took a break for his ohana and he took some bathroom breaks. And sometime in between he checked his emails, went on to Facebook went on to
Twitter. So altogether he did maybe about seven hours seven and a half hours of work, but he wants his wage for nine hours. He wants his wage for nine hours. Now looking at the scenario straight on as a Muslim is not permissible as a Muslim for you to do this without you charging for nine hours, but you only work seven and a half hours this week.
would not be permissible. So the general case is that the Muslim is meant to fear Allah subhanho wa Taala. And only pay for our own only get paid for that which he worked for, and only get paid for that which he worked for. So now when would this become permissible for Muslim Muslims working on case by case on an hour by hour basis. And, you know, he's only work seven and a half hours, and he's getting paid for nine hours, how would this become permissible, this would become permissible, my dear brothers and sisters, if your boss actually knows what you're doing. So if your boss knows that you look, you're taking a one hour lunch break, he knows he doesn't have a problem with you
checking your emails, he doesn't have a problem with you taking your summer breaks, then this is perfectly fine. It's perfectly fine. As long as your bosses contend with it, he has no complaints, it's fine. But what you see a lot of the times, unfortunately, is that Muslims tried to hide this, they tried to hide the fact that they're going to pray, try to hide the fact that they're taking a prolonged lunch, try to hide the fact that you're checking their emails and their Facebook, if you're trying to hide this from your boss, this is a clear indication that you're doing something wrong. And this should not be done. There's an interesting story that she hasn't told me the other
he was telling me once that his teacher told him about a non Muslim, that he was an auditor, and he was auditing the hours of a consultant that they hired. And this consultant is a very famous shift that he travels around the world, just advising banks, and you know, organizations, how they can make their finances Islamic. So this individual, when he's auditing this consultants, you know, transaction in terms of how much he's charging the company, he notices that every day, he'll deduct an hour, half an hour from his time. So even though he's working for like 10 hours a day, he'll deduct half an hour from his time. So he wondered, you know, why would he do this? So he went to the
consultant. And he asked him that, you know, why is that each day when you give in your hours? I see you here for 10 hours? Why is it that you're deducting half an hour off the times. He said this half an hour I'm deducting is my personal time, I'm not actually working during this time. And the man responds by saying, but that's normal. You know, we all take smoking breaks, we all take breaks to go to the bathroom, this half an hour doesn't do any harm. Why don't you just take the money. And the man responds, he says, I don't feel comfortable for this. Because this is the time that I'm taking to worship My Lord. And I know that he is rewarding me for this. And I don't want any, you
know, compensation from the from the world for this. This is just between me and my Lord, and I don't deserve to get paid for that. And when the man heard this, he started breaking down in tears. And this was one of the reasons that caused him to accept Islam, that he saw the honesty of this businessman. And he said that there has to be something special that you know, why would a person sacrifice free money and I'm talking about praying and worshiping the Lord during the day, this was enough for him to accept Islam. So when it comes to business transactions and the way we conduct ourselves, it is upon the Muslims that we have the highest standards that you know be pardoning when
you give and give more than you actually are, you know, are given that is the way that the Muslim is mentioned to be that the hand that gives is always better than the hand that receives so when it comes to those transactions, particularly when we work with our work, you know, standards of ethics, it has to be of the highest of standards, being the law, he Tada. Now, why is Allah subhanaw taala particularly mentioned this, this is just a symptom, right? The fact that these people are cheating people is just a symptom. And then the last minute, Dan is going to go on to give us two of those causes. And this is what you want to look at that when you're trying to troubleshoot a problem. A
lot of the times we get so focused on, you know, the symptom itself, rather than analyzing what is the root core problem. So let's just say for a brother, he's not growing his beard, right, and you keep telling the brother, brother, you need to grow your beard, Brother, you need to grow your beard, but during the growing need to grow your beard, what you're failing to realize is that this is just a symptom of the problem. There's a greater issue at hand, that perhaps you know, he's not comfortable yet with growing a beard, perhaps he doesn't know about growing the beard, perhaps is a man isn't at that level where he can go to his work while growing a beard. You know, there's so many
issues that are coming to play. So when you're dealing with troubles with troubles and you're troubleshooting something, try to find out what is the root cause rather than focusing on the symptom itself. So Allah has given us the symptom now that these people cheat. Now, why are they actually doing this? Unless I know what he goes on to say,
No, no, no. No, you don't know that he can homophone that these people do not think that they will be resurrected by Allah subhanho wa Taala. So here unless I know what Allah tells us, one of the effects that the pillars of faith have. So the in the famous hadith of gibreel, Allah subhanho wa Taala. His messengers asked, What are our kind of Eman? What are the articles of faith? And then he goes on to say one of them is to believe in the Day of Judgment. And here we see something very important that our belief in the Day of Judgment is actually meant to change
The way we conduct ourselves that it is meant to remind us how we are meant to interact with other individuals. It is meant to remind us that we will be questioned by Allah subhanho wa Taala for each and everything for each and everything. So the belief is meant to have a manifestation on the limbs itself. And here on this panel what Allah is saying that when a person doesn't believe in the Day of Judgment, it will cause him to do whatever he wants, because without fearing Allah subhanaw taala, without fearing question and being asked, a person will have no sense of responsibility. Then Allah subhanaw taala goes on to say, The Omen of him. And idea of judgment is indeed a great day. Now of
him. It comes from a very interesting root word, that our theme as we know, it is meant to be a day of greatness when something is great. We say this is Shea or Navin, what is the match they come from. If you look at the bones in the human body, or bones in the human body, they're known as Avalon. And you'll notice that the other is the strongest part of the body. So you slap someone, it's not going to have that much of an effect. But when you punch someone with your knuckles, all of a sudden it's giving them a black eye, it's leaving a bruise behind, because that is the hardest part of the body. So when Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about the omen of him is going to be a very
tough day, a very rough day, it's not going to be an easy day. And this is where the term RVM actually comes from. This is where the word or the actually comes from. Yo yo como, NASA, they are have been adamant that that is the day all of mankind will stand in front of Allah subhanaw taala. Now, why is this standing significant? This standing is significant for two reasons. Number one, is that those that denied the obedience of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So let's say I know what Allah told them to pray, and they refuse to pray. So on that day, Allah subhanaw taala will make it mandatory upon them to do whatever unless I know dialysis, that Allah subhanaw taala will truly show them who
is in power. So if you submit to Allah subhanho wa Taala in this dunya, you'll have nothing to fear in the era. But those that didn't submit to Allah subhanaw taala in this dunya, Allah subhanho wa Taala will force them into submission will force them into submission. Now, it's also significant for another reason that the leaders of the corporation particular they loved for the people to stand up for them. So if one of the leaders have the courage walked in, even though you may not have any relation to him shipped to him whatsoever, everyone in this room would have to stand up. And if you didn't stand up, you'd be in a lot of trouble, you would be in a lot of trouble. And this would be
considered a sign of disrespect. And this is why the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he says that the one that loves that the people should stand for him will not enter into paradise, the one that loves that the people should stand for him shall not enter Paradise. So now how do we understand this statement? That let's just say someone you love comes into the room and you're sitting down on the floor? Should you stand up for them? Or should you not stand up for them? We say that this depends on the reason why you're standing up from them. If you're standing up because you love them, then this is something that is completely permissible. So for example, when Fatmata de la
Anna, she used to walk into the room, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used to stand up for her, and he would embrace her, almost on a regular basis or every single time almost, he would stand up and he would embrace her. So this shows if it's done out of love, there's nothing wrong with it. But if it's done out of, you know, fear of an individual, if it's done out of the person's position or a person's authority, then this is something that is not permissible. This is something that is not permissible. That type of standing is meant to be Allah for Allah subhanho wa Taala alone. And that is one of the lessons that the scholars derived from this verse, yo myoko
Manasa they have been adamant that on that day, that standing that is done out of fear and out of you know, position and authority is for Allah subhanho wa Taala alone on that day.
Then Allah subhanho wa Taala goes on to talk about their schools. He says Kenda inequitable for God the Feasts of gene that then Allah subhanaw taala goes on to say Canada and when color is used, it is used to deny something that has preceded it. So what is Allah subhanho wa Taala denying over here, I want you to think about this. When Allah subhanho wa Taala is in Canada. What is Allah subhana wa Taala denying over here, what is he saying? No, this is not true. Go ahead.
Fantastic. Yes, that is what exactly he is denying the belief of the mushrikeen that Allah subhanho wa Taala is saying that this is absolutely not true. This is rejected and holds no basis whatsoever, the belief that mankind will not be resurrected, because not only is this textually true, but even logically this has to be true, that follow that if this world came into creation, there has to be a sense of justice.
In it, and that ultimate sense of justice will be on the Day of Judgment. So now Allah subhanaw taala goes on to say that the books of the fudger are a FISA gene. Now, the books we've been talking about this for the past couple of weeks in the previous Sutras, Allah subhanho, wa Taala, will give each and every person a scroll on that day of judgment, and that scroll will have each and every single thing that they did the good deeds, the bad deeds, the mundane deeds, that had nothing that had no, you know, good or bad to it. All of this is going to be documented. Now here, Allah subhanho wa Taala, saying, Where are these books being stored? And unless I know what Dallas says that the
books of the righteous are in one place, and the books of the unrighteous are in one place, so here, Allah subhanho wa Taala goes on to say that the books of the fudger are in the 16. Now, who are the future? The term for gr is the tour is the plural of the term fagot is the polar of the term fragile. And for those of you that were there on Friday, who remembers where the term fragile comes from? Where does the term fragile come from? Go ahead.
Fantastic. So the term budget, it means that the light breaks through the darkness. So similarly, the person over here, he is bound by the laws of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And when he constantly breaks those laws, without any care, that is when he becomes a budget, that is when he becomes a budget, and that is the relationship between the term budget and the term budget. Now, unless my notes Allah says that the books of the future are in the surgeon, and the term surgeon comes from the term surgeon, which is a prison. So now when you think about prison, what do you think about you will think about in a dark place, a very disgusting and filthy place, a very congested place. This
is what unless I know what that is saying. This is where their books are. Now, the scholars of Tafseer the different specifically that you know, where is this gene? Is it in the lowest depths of the Hellfire as it in the lowest of the depths of the earth? Where is it? What they concluded with is that it is a dark, filthy, disgusting place. That is from the lowest of low places, because the opposite is going to come later on when Allah subhana wa tada is talking about the books of the righteous. He says that the books of the righteous are free and lean. And the lean comes from Alou that they're in a high and raised place. So the opposite of it for the unrighteous would be that
they're in a lowly and filthy place, woman, a doc MSG, and what will make you truly realize how low disgusting filthy, congested of a place, this actually is? keytab Omar comb that this book is going to be a registered book. Now when the scholars of Tafseer discussed the term Merkel, they talked about two things. Number one is that it is more common in the sense that it cannot be edited. So that once something is written down in this book, it's not going to be erased. No similarly, how you write in like chalk, you can wipe it off easily, or perhaps you even write by pen, you can just wipe it out. here Allah subhanho wa Taala gives the example that the books are more calm. And Morocco is
like when you engrave something into stone, that once it is set in stone, there's no taking it off, no matter what you try to do. The second understanding of the term Merkel was that it's actually numbered. So you know how you'll have like a receipt of items, you'll have like item number one, item number two, item number three here unless I know what that is saying that all of our deeds, particularly the bad ones for the fudger, they're going to be numbered, and they will see how many bad deeds they actually did that all of them are going to be numbered one by one. So there's a very detailed account of what is being done. There's a very detailed account of what is being done while
on Yama, even named Marquez Debian. So on that day, the the people that denied the day of judgment that denied standing in front of Allah subhanho wa Taala, they will be completely destroyed, they will be completely destroyed. Now what's interesting over here is where the term deny comes from. So the term deny comes from Tech leap, and its original term is kettlebell, you can double check the bun and caliber with a shadow on it. This is what it actually means to deny something. So when you deny that you've done something, this is known as tech deep. Now, the original form of this is Kevin and Kevin it means to tell a lie candidate means to tell a lie. So the original form of denying
something is to lie about something. So here Allah subhanho wa Taala is saying and then both of these could be understood in the same way that the destruction of Allah subhanho wa Taala is upon those people that deny but also those people that perpetually live and the greatest of lies that you can tell
That you don't believe in Allah or that you will not stand in front of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And that is how the term that VB is such a comprehensive term that is come in call it encompasses the greatest of lies and encompasses those that deny as well. And that is the relationship between the two
allatheena. You can see buena beyond Medina, then Allah subhanaw taala goes on to specifically mentioned what it is that they're denying that they denied the Day of Judgment. Now, this becomes significant because we mentioned that this is one of the root causes. So one of the causes of people being unjust and being oppressive, is that they denied the Day of Judgment. Now, this denial of the Day of Judgment. It's not just in the form of belief that someone will say I don't believe in the Day of Judgment, but more importantly, it comes in the form of action. So if your actions don't represent your belief in the Day of Judgment, it's as if you're denying it, it's as if you're
denied. So its presence is as good as its absence. So someone will claim to have belief in the Day of Judgment, but you see that they're cheating everyone, you see that they're constantly like, so where is this belief in the Day of Judgment, if it's not being manifest in on the limbs? Now, this is the first root cause. Allah subhanaw taala will go on to tell us a second root cause as well. Then Allah subhanaw taala goes on to say, Well, now you can the Buddha he in Coloma uttered in a theme, and no one denies the Day of Judgment, except for the one that transgresses and is a theme. So I know that it uses two attributes over here for the transgressors. Number one is more sudden and
more interesting comes from eta, which means to go over the limits that Allah subhana wa tada has set. So unless I know that I set limits on halal and haram, the person that breaks those boundaries of halal and goes into the Haram. He is known as Morton, and a theme. It comes from the term Islam. It comes from the term Islam. Now this is an interesting discussion. And this is for you, Mohammed, that yBnL claim, Rahim Allah, he breaks down every single sin that can be done into 15 terms, he breaks them down into 15 terms. And the smaller since they're generally known as itherm. They're known as the norb. They're known as siet. These are usually the smaller since and the biggest sense
by consensus, are the sins of Cofer shark and the *, these are the three biggest sins. And then you'll have all the sins in between, which are sins like Fiske sins like you know, following the path of other than the believers, it has to be the guidance of meaning. And speaking without knowledge, all of those sins will fall in between and these are specific sins that are near specific titles that are given to sin. And it will claim Rahim Allah He enumerates 15 of them in the Quran. So there are 15 ways that Allah subhanho wa Taala defines sins in the Quran, and actually look them up if you want them in English later on inshallah. So we'll share that later on busy nights Allah.
So if there is one of the sins that almost no other refers to, and when a person perpetually does Islam, he becomes a theme. Now what is Islam within of itself, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam an authentic hadith, he says that if m is McAfee satiric, that Islam is that sin that bothers you inside of yourself. So when you see something happening, you're doing something, and you feel some sort of uncomfort in your heart. This is a sign of Islam, right? This is a sign of Islam. So here the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is telling us that the concept of a thumb has a close relationship with the heart. So when a person perpetually does sin, that
indication that you're doing wrong, it will disappear. So what Allah subhanaw taala is saying here is that what causes these people to become transgressors. And what causes these people to deny the day of judgment was because they didn't monitor there's the state of their hearts. And unless I know that goes under, to emphasize this concept, later on, when he says, in Atlanta him is called a selfie on a warning, that if our Verses are recited to these people, then they say that these are the tails of the ancient. So this is one of the first indications that a person has a diseased heart, that he doesn't pay any attention to the text of Revelation. Now, one of the distinguishing
characteristics of Islam the distinguishing characteristics of our listener, well, Gemma is the way that they uphold the texts. So, the difference between the sects, you will see a wide variety of things. So you take a group like the mortality law, the group like the mortality law, they paid a lot of emphasis to human rationale and intellect. But when it came to the text, they said this is completely open to interpretation. Then in fact, you know, this may not even be you know, a real text because this is not this is something that is created. It's not something that is you know, from Allah subhana wa Tada, right, so they didn't match
In the text, and that is why when you look into the books of Akita into the books of theology of Muslim Sunni theology, you will see that one of the points is that they do Tao vimana Seuss and Tao Lima gnosis means that they magnify and glorify the text of the Quran and the Sunnah. So one of the first indications of a diseased heart is that when someone narrates a hadith or an ayah, to you, you say that this is insignificant, this error irrelevant he had, you know, it's not something up to you that is relevant in our times. So this is a clear sign of a diseased heart. And this is what I know what the other says about the people of the past that they used to say that this is nothing except a
South theater and within that this is nothing except stories of the people that came before us. It's not relevant. Then Allah subhanho wa Taala goes on to give the second reason the second root cause Allah subhanho wa Taala goes on to say Kela, Ben, Ron Anna kulu be mechanical keyboard, that Nay, it is their hearts that have become rusted due to the sins that they used to commit. So here unless I know what that again is negating this concept that the Quran is a South Iran opening that is irrelevant in our times. Allah denies that. And then he says, the reason why you have this belief is because you've done so much sin, that you can no longer distinguish between right and wrong. And
this is the in the Hadith of the Allahu anhu as he reported in the center of the mammoth telemovie, that when the slave of Allah subhanho wa Taala commits a sin, Allah subhanho wa Taala places a black doc on their heart, and a person will continue to do these sins, excuse me, until their heart is completely closed off, it is completely black. Now what happens when the heart becomes completely black? I want you to think about this. When you have tinted windows, what happens when you have tinted windows, when you have tinted windows, that light no longer penetrates through? Right? it repels that light away from you. Similarly, when an individual has a black heart guidance is
repelled, it doesn't seep into his heart. And until a person repents for each of those sins, those dots will not be removed. And this shows us the significance of repentance and making Toba there, if you want to see why you're perpetually singing was sinning and why you're, you know, constantly making bad decisions. Look at how many sins you committed, and then look at how many times did you repent for those sins. And you'll notice that there will be a correlation there, that because you will not repenting from Allah subhanho wa Taala. Then Allah subhanho wa Taala stopped guidance to coming from your heart. And this is one of the clearest signs that in our day and age, when you look
at, you know, why is it that people aren't focusing on greater things in their life, and we're talking about the average disbeliever you know, who's in college and university, a bit older than that, their primary focus is just working, and on the weekends getting completely wasted, right? They will work during the week, and during the weekends, it's just about getting so plastered that you don't even remember what you did. Right? This goes back to the issue of sin. You know, they continue intoxicating themselves, to the degree that they no longer focus on the greater priorities in life. So let them stop sinning first. And then you will notice that they'll start asking those
questions that they should be asking that, you know, why was I created? What is my purpose in this life? They need to be able to think and to reason, but if you're always being distracted with you know, drugs and alcohol and other things, then when will you actually come to terms with it? When will you actually come to terms with it? So here are Listen, I know Donna, he teaches everyone a very important lesson, that one of the major effects of sins is that Allah subhanaw taala takes guidance away. And Allah subhanho wa Taala doesn't just snatch guidance away from people, but rather it's when people continue to sin against Allah subhanho wa Taala and they don't repent, then Allah
subhanaw taala bit by bit, takes that guidance away. So much so that even if you were to recite verses of the Quran to those people, it would have no effect on them. They would be like, who cares about it, it's just a verse of the Quran, as if it had no value whatsoever due to the sins that they committed and due to them not paying attention to their hearts. And this is why Allah subhanho wa Taala he tells us that
yo my giant family whenever noon lm and atoma because been selling that on that day, once wealth and once children will have no effect, except for the one that came to Allah subhanho wa Taala with a pure heart except for the one that came to Allah subhanho wa Taala with a pure heart. So that is focused on purifying our hearts so that Allah subhanaw taala can accept our deeds. Then Allah subhanaw taala goes on to say, Canada in the home era became Yama a dilemma a Jew born that may Allah subhanho wa Taala on that Day, will avail himself from them seeing him. So one of the greatest delights of Paradise is the fact that the believers will get to see their Lord that created the Lord
that was so generous to them. The Lord
That was so merciful to them, that this is one of the greatest pleasures and honors that Allah subhanaw taala will give to his creation, and then the disbelievers Allah subhanho wa Taala will veil them from this. And again, this goes back to the belief of Allison that will Gemma that the believers, in fact, we'll get to see Allah subhanho wa Taala on the Day of Judgment, that the companions were sitting with the Messenger of Allah, and he said the art of Salalah will we see Allah subhanho wa Taala in the hereafter. And he said, yes, you will see Allah subhanho wa Taala. Just like you see the moon laylat and butter, just like you saw the moon when it's in its full
glowing effect. That is the way you will see Allah subhanho wa Taala without any barrier. So one of the beliefs of understandable Gemma is that they will see Allah subhana wa tada in the hereafter. And this is the most greatest of blessings that the believers will have. And I pray that Allah subhanaw taala makes us from them.
Then Allah subhanaw taala goes on to say, some in the homeless Allah Jane, and then these people will be thrown into a blame into a blazing fire. So the fires will be lit and they these people will be thrown into the fire somewhere you call your head and let the quantum be to catch the ball, then it will be said to them, that this is a result of what you used to deny, or this is what you used to deny both is this verse can be interpreted in both ways that this is a result of what you used to deny, mean that these to deny the Day of Judgment. And Allah subhanaw taala has thrown them in the Hellfire or this can be understood in that this is the result of what you used to deny. So the
result of you belying and denying the Day of Judgment. Now Allah subhanaw taala has thrown you into the Hellfire, somebody you call who has and then goes on to say, can the inequitable abroad the fee. Now Allah subhanho wa Taala goes on to talk about the righteous, he goes on to talk about the righteous.
Now the term that Allah subhanho wa Taala uses for righteous is abroad. And we talked about this two weeks ago on on Friday, who remembers where the term abroad comes from? Who can tell me where the term abroad comes from God
fantastic essence perfect. So the term bear comes from bar and bar is the term that is used for land in opposition to the bar, which is ocean, so the ocean is constantly wavy and is not stagnant. And you know, it's not stable, whereas the bar, it always stays stagnant, it is very stable, and this is what righteousness brings that when a person is righteous, this will bring stability into his life, whereas when a person loses that righteousness, then he will become unstable. One of the things that the scholars have mentioned over here is that the term abroad is Jomo Kenyatta, that it is a plural, it shows that only a small group of people will be from the abroad. Now, last minute Allah goes on
to say that the books of the abroad are fee that they are in highness. Now when you think about highness, what do you actually think about you think about the skies you think about something that is very vast, as opposed to something which is very constraint. And this is where Allah subhana wa tada has kept the books of the righteous people, that they're in a place which is very beautiful. Some of them said that it is where the cigarettes, the highest. Some of them said it is in the highest levels of gender. But it just generally means that it is in a place of highness and a place of beauty and a place of openness and not in a place of restriction. This is where Allah subhanho wa
Taala has kept the books of the righteous woman aka man Leone. And what will make you know, what is this place known as Indian Kitab Omar calm, the Kitab Omar calm again that it is well written and documented account to be changed and as well as their good deeds are numbered, one after another. Yes, how the hell makara born, that those who are nearest have witnessed those days those are that are nearest have witnessed those deeds. So here unless I know what Donna is saying that the righteous people, they will always have people testify for them. The righteous people will always have people testify for them. Whereas that is never the case with the unrighteous people that no one
will ever testify for them. But here unless I know what that is saying when a person is righteous people will testify to the righteousness and this is what the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that when Allah subhanho wa Taala loves an individual, he tells gibreel to love this individual and the angels to love this individual until this person is loved by everyone. And he has COBOL and doneness and he has acceptance with the people. So this is a sign of righteousness.
I said when he has acceptance with the people, then be the lights honor, this is a clear indication of His righteousness. Then Allah subhanho wa Taala goes on to say, in a burrata the fee name in the abroad the fee name. Now this is the same verse that Allah subhanho wa Taala used in serotonin photography. So let's find out Anna is repeating that verse over here, that this concept of that the people of righteousness, they will be in delight. Now this delight, as we mentioned, is not only in the Hereafter, but it's in this dunya as well, that it is the cause of people being happy in this life, your righteousness will be a cause of happiness for you in this life, it'll be a cause of
serenity and satisfaction. And every good emotion that you can think of will be a cause will be due to the righteousness that you did in this life and an IRA, vote on that Allah subhanho wa Taala he will place thrones for these individuals in the Hereafter, in which they will, you know, look over all of paradise. And this is like one of the most beautiful things, then whenever you stay in the hotel. Usually when they have like elite guests in the hotel, they'll always put them on a higher floor. What is the wisdom behind that? The wisdom behind that is when you're on the higher floor, it gives you a more beautiful, you know, vision of your surroundings, you're on a higher floor, you can
see everything that is around you. So here Allah subhana wa tada is saying that in Paradise, Allah subhanaw taala will prepare these thrones for all the righteous people, and you sit on that throne. And as far as the eye can see, you're just seeing the blessings of gender. And one of the most beautiful things about it is that you're seeing everyone have a good time. So whatever a person wants to do, and is content with, you know, they'll be doing it. Someone may be farming someone maybe fishing, someone is out with a family in the park, someone is swimming, you know, in the rivers of agenda, and this is what you're seeing from your throne. And this is what Allah subhanaw
taala is promising the abroad, that they'll be on their throne, just reclining and enjoying the view that Allah subhanaw taala has prepared for them, Saudi fulfilled yo he him not allowed to name that you will see on their face the delight of rightness. Now this again, is both in the dunya and akhira. That one of the signs of righteousness in this dunya is that Allah subhanaw taala will give a brightness to your face. And that brightness will be further increased in the hereafter. Now, this is one of the blessings of Jenga, that in this life, as you get older, you know your eyes start to wrinkle, you get these bags over your eyes. And as you get older. I mean, it's not to say that, you
know you become ugly, but you're not as beautiful as he wants us to be right. That is the the Nate natural case scenario. No one gets more beautiful with h as a general case rule. Whereas in Jenna, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he tells us that the blood of the righteous people, the inhabitants of gender, every Friday, they will go to the marketplace, every Friday, they'll all gather in the marketplace. And this shows us panela that, you know, on the day of Juma in this dunya, we used to gather in the massage it and in Paradise, Allah subhanaw taala, you know, gathers us in the marketplace. So in this dunya, the most blessed of people, the most most blessing
of places is the masjid. And the most versatile places there is the marketplaces. And unless I know what Allah gives us the marketplace in the Hereafter, where you can have everything that you desire, and there's no concept of payment, you know, you want like, you know, the ps4 is coming out, or actually ps4 already came out, you want a ps4, it's free agenda, you don't have to pay for it. So you go to the marketplace agenda. And not only will you get what you want for absolutely for free, but then when you come back, your family actually tells you, you came back more beautiful than when you left. So with age, the people of Paradise, they're becoming more beautiful over time.
SubhanAllah and that you know, as a as a spouse, if you want to hear that from you know, hearing that from your wife is like something great. Like when Does your wife tell you you've come home or beautiful today?
you know, they're, they'll tell you, you know, you put on weight, you look old, you know, all this you're getting gray hair, but the fact that you come home and they tell you that you look more beautiful than you left you know this shows that the beauty that unless I know that little place and over time, they will continually get more beautiful spinal, you scan the mirror he came up to him and they will be given drink from a Hagen moto. Now, moto is means something that is sealed off, it is something that is Macedon is something that is sealed. Now what is the term actually mean? So some of people said that it is you know the purest form of juice. So when you look at, you know,
fruits like peaches, when you have the purest form of that juice, they call
This juice and nectar right? And that is why the sila book is called the seals nectar. That's where it comes from. Another interpretation of this pure liquid is that when Allah subhanaw taala says use go in the middle, he could not do that it is the sealed bottles of alcohol that do not intoxicated of alcohol that is not intoxicated, to those people that didn't drink alcohol and this dunya Allah subhanaw taala gives them those bottles of pure drink in the hereafter. And it's beautiful, you know the way that these drinks are described that it will claim Rahim Allah, you know, particularly when he talks about the the co author, he says that the co author that is given to the Messenger of Allah
solo setup, which he will give with his own hands to the believers, mela makers from them, that each person will drink what he desires the most at that time. So for example, you know, Ibrahim, he wants chocolate milk, Colossus is going to taste like chocolate milk, you know, as someone else wants Coke or Pepsi, they'll have Coke or Pepsi, someone else wants water, they'll have water, someone else wants juice, that liquid will change according to the desire that you have. You know, this is the beauty of Paradise, when Allah subhanho wa Taala says that they will have everything that they desire. It's not a lie, it's not an exaggeration, you will have each and every single thing that you
desire, in a way that your mind can't even ponder that how can one drink satisfy the desire of everyone, when each person will have a different desire? This is the coda of Allah subhanho wa Taala kitayama who misc will feed that decaffeinated efficent with an emphasis on that the last you know, sip that you have of it will be its finest sip kitamura misc, then it will have the most the greatest of fragrances, the greatest of tastes, will feed Danica for the utter Nathanson with a nappy stone. So then Allah subhanaw taala says, and it is for these reasons for these causes that let the believers race with one another compete with one another. Where does the term 10 Alpha come
from? When an individual breathes, this is known as xR force. This is known as to take a breath, right. And the breath is something that goes in and out in and out, back and forth, back and forth. And a race, Mona Lisa, is a race which goes back and forth. You know, between number one and two, they're always changing spots between one and two. So here Allah subhanaw taala is saying that let the believers compete with one another for these thrones in paradise for these drinks in paradise for you know that the brightness of the face in this life and the hereafter, the believers are meant to compete with one another. And this is like one of the beautiful things that when it comes to the
matters of the dunya. You know, we naturally have this competition, you see someone with a nice car, you wish that I wish I had that car, I wish I had that house. I wish you know, I had these technological devices. But when it comes to that the answer, unfortunately, that desire isn't there. So you see someone doing an act of righteousness, it doesn't build that desire in you that I wish I was just as righteous as him. But here Allah subhana wa tada is telling us that let a person beat you in the dunya, it doesn't matter this dunya it's used as his few talents, you're only in here for 6070 years, even if that but the acuras in eternity. So someone's beating you in their dunya then
make sure you destroy him in the Agra, not in the sense that you don't want them to go the agenda, but in the sense that you have a higher level of that agenda. That's what you're aiming for. Right. So when this is like, you know,
I guess one of the ways that we always console ourselves that, you know, every time I meet my extended family members, one of the first question that comes up is have you bought a house yet? Right? That's like the biggest concern for them. Have you bought a house yet? And then every single time like No, I haven't bought a house yet then the whole issue of why don't you just take a loan? Why don't you just take a mortgage and all of this and at that time I get really frustrated? And then you know, they'll be talking about how they just bought like their second house or the third house or whatever. And I'll be like in my head Look, that's your dunya inshallah we'll see what
happens in the afternoon. Not to say that I you know, I'm better than any of them that's not what I'm trying to say. I'm just trying to say is that my competition with them is not in this dunya you want a fourth house in this dunya by all means go ahead. And the accurate I would like to have you know many plenty of houses, that's what we should be aiming for Bismillah hits Allah that is what we should be aiming for within the hit Tada. So let's find out Allah says is that the believers will should compete with one another what is alika for the hnf a sentiment analysis on what do you mean tasneem
and the drink that they will have, it is mixed with tasneem. The scholars default What is this term this name actually mean? The said and what seems to be the majority opinion is that it is a river and paradise that has its own liquid. So this liquid tasneem will be filled in with the other drinks that they have. And this is what will give it everlasting taste that you know what will make its delights taste lasts for a very long time and will continue
Your thirst for a very long time is because when it's mixed with this liquid from the river of destiny, that is what will cause it. Amen Yeshua boo behind makara born that it is spring where of drink those nearest to Allah subhanho wa Taala will drink from. So let's find out Allah clearly tells us that that this name is a river that Allah subhanaw taala has prepared those who are closest to Allah subhanho wa Taala. Then Allah subhanaw taala goes on to change the discussion a little bit. Now let's find out Allah goes on to say in the levina ajinomoto can amin and Edina M and o Jaco that rarely those who committed crimes used to laugh at those who believed so the people who are
transgressors against Allah subhanho wa Taala in they used to laugh at the people of righteousness. They used to say that you're spending your whole lives worshiping Allah subhanho wa Taala you wake up in the middle of the night to worship your Lord, you know, you're not striving to earn more wealth, do you still laugh at these people? So here unless I know what Allah is saying that history will repeat itself. Now throughout the times the transgressors, they will always mock the righteous people, they will always mock the righteous people in every agent every time this is the Sunnah that Allah subhanaw taala created, but that's not where the story ends. That's just where the story
begins. with Mr. Ruby him yet the karma zone and whenever the righteous people used to walk by the transgressors, they used to make it justice to them say that you can look at this person, look at how poor they are, look at how you know backwards, they are looking at how they're not focusing on getting, you know, good worldly life. They used to make eye gestures with one another. This is what alarmism means they used to make gestures with their eyes, almost when someone's like winking at them, not in a good way, but in a in a bad way, with encodable illa him and cada boo fokin. And that when they used to return back to their families, they used to turn back in the state of you know
pleasure and of joy. So here unless I know what data is given three characteristics for the transgressors, and for whose hearts are sealed, that they used to mock the believers, they always used to point the believers out in terms of how backwards they were, with their gestures of their eyes. And then when they used to return back to their families, they used to turn back into a state of pleasure and state of happiness in a state of delusion that they used to think that you know, this is good and happy place, that you should return back into a state of happiness.
Then Allah subhanho wa Taala he goes on to say, what are often called in the house, Allah, Allah born, and that when they used to see the the people of of evil and wickedness, they would say that as well when they used to see the people when the wicked people used to see the people of righteousness, they will say that these are the people that are astray. These are the people that are astray, because they have no concern for the dunya they've gone astray. Well, mercy lolly him. halfling but these disbelievers were not sent as watchers over the righteous people, meaning that Allah subhanaw taala is telling us in this verse, this is a very significant verse, while mercy
Ronnie him Have you seen that these sinners these transgressors, they were not sent as protectors or they're not sent as watchers over you. So now this is another relevant verse. Because in certainly in Fatah, when Allah subhanaw taala talks about the half even who is Allah subhanaw taala referring to, he says that the half moon are the angels that they document and witness each and every single thing that you do. Those are the ones who are the half that will protect you. And these sinners and transgressors, as powerful as you may see them to be as mighty As you may see them to be as wealthy as you may see them to be, they are not going to be able to do anything for you. They can't protect
you. They're not even watching everything that you do, and they will be of no avail to you in the hereafter. So here as if Allah subhanho wa Taala is telling us that ignore the critics, someone is saying bad stuff about you just let it be. It's not worth anything in the sight of Allah subhanho wa Taala and who the true half have been or are the angels for Leo Monday the for the for the Omen, Edina M and o minako. Ferrari Jaco that on this day on the Day of Judgment, it is the believers who will be laughing over the disbelievers. And this is where the story concludes that in this dunya let them laugh. Let them make fun of the believers that didn't make one of those that submit let it make
fun of the ones that don't want to drink, don't want to you know, touch the opposite gender, call us all of these names, because at the end it is going to be the believers who are laughing. It is going to be the believers who are laughing they are going to have the last say that they will have the last laugh on the day of judgment and are at Enron that Allah subhanaw taala says that they will be the ones who are on the throne looking down into the Hellfire at the disbelievers that this is what you put forth in this dunya Allah gave you what you strive for. And Allah gave us what we strived for as well. And this is why we're reclining on these on these thrones has oui oui. Oui, belcaro
McCann we have known and then Allah subhanho wa Taala concludes the surah and are the distance
Believers not paid in full for what they used to do. So here listen, I know attalla is like taking like a jab at them, like just how used to cheat the people in the dunya. Because you are from the Moto 15 then on this day, Allah subhanaw taala is showing you what true justice is that the sins that you committed unless compensating them in full measure, there is no cheating the skills today, you will have a full measure of what you paid for in this dunya. That's how I know tala concludes the surah. Now the surah is actually one of my one of my favorite soldiers in just ama, just because of all the delightful things about paradise, but even the ending is so powerful. You know, it's like
Allah subhanho wa Taala has like put you through a movie, like your life is a movie, that you go through all these trials where people will mock you, they will make fun of your faith, they'll make fun of your Islam. And unless finally shows us the conclusion of the movie, that on the Day of Judgment, it's the people that were like mocked and made fun of they are the victorious ones. They're the ones that are, you know, enjoying paradise, and everyone else is suffering in the hellfire. So this shows us, you know, the glad tidings that I know that gives to the believers, and the misfortunate news that the disbelievers will have in the hereafter. So now the point over here
is not that a person should wish the Hellfire for anyone, obviously we want everyone to go to Paradise, we can guide someone to paradise, that is what we should be doing. But at the end of the day, if they choose if choose to refuse to enter Paradise, unless I know that has made it clear what their end result will be, we pray that Allah subhanho wa Taala mixes from those people who are good in their conduct, do not cheat the people. And then let's find out other mixes from the abroad and mix of those whose books are in the NBA, and make use of those that have not a lot to name and I will do here we will do him and make use of those that are from the era ecodan Allah Mohammed, and
that He grants us the tofik to see the beautiful face of Allah subhanho wa Taala in the hereafter. I mean, Allahu taala, Adam was a lot more cinematic and then the Vienna Muhammad Ali, he was he was send them, we will take three questions with a lighter, good
So, so abroad is the plural for bar, or bar, and bar and bar are terms that are used when someone is righteousness. So when Allah subhanaw taala talks about righteousness that should be shown to our parents were meant to show better towards them. And what this means towards our parents, at the very least, is that we show them obedience with love. So for example, your parents tell you to take out the garbage, you can take out the garbage, but you're upset on the inside, this wouldn't be considered Bear Bear would be that they tell you to take out the garbage and you're happy to do something in their service. This is what to build actually means. So bear is that unconditional
obedience that is filled with love for Allah subhana wa Tada. This is when the person becomes from the abroad. And that is why there are so few of them, that even most of us when we do acts of righteousness, it's because we just want to get it done and over with or we just want the reward is not purely done out of the love of Allah subhanaw taala Allah, Allah hotelplanner question number two, go ahead.
Sorry, it is the same book that
yes, that's what it seems like that the books that the half is on our writing that is.
Exactly and that's where it's stored until it's given to you on the Day of Judgment. Last question midnight on Go ahead.
Right. So, he was talking about where these books are stored till they are given to them, he's not talking about where the abroad will be in the
in the day.
Right. So this is goes back to the point what we mentioned previously, that entering gender is purely based upon the mercy of Allah subhanaw taala. So no one can do a good deed that will enter them into paradise. But what will distinguish a person who is in the lowest of gender into the highest of gender is the deeds that they used to do, right. So the deeds that they that you do, the more deeds you do the higher in general you will be or laputa Allah Allah