Nadim Bashir – The Inevitable Journey #09

Nadim Bashir
AI: Summary © The history of the month of tetoh-ied-rat is highlighted, including the first month of the Islamic calendar and the importance of fasting during Easter. The importance of fasting during Easter is emphasized, with the use of the ninth of the month ofattila and the 10th of the month ofattila being considered special moments. Visitors should try to fast for two days to take advantage of these moments.
AI: Transcript ©
00:00:00 --> 00:00:30

Was someone that also named Mohammed while early he was a big mine was sitting with this mnemonic Athena cathedral, my boss Subhanak Rosmah in in Lima, Hakim, rubbish Shalini so that he was silly. Only one of them is any of Coco, Liam about. So as I mentioned, that Shala today's talk, we are taking sort of a detour, going in a different direction little today and show us next week again, we'll come back to the subject of piano. But I want to take this opportunity as a reminder for all of us about what exactly is the month of Muharram?

00:00:32 --> 00:01:10

What is what exactly is the month of Muharram? And what are the things that we have to do and what historical significance does it have? The very first thing is that in the Quran, Allah subhanho wa Taala and Surah. Bara are so Toba, Allah says that he has created 12 months in detail show who they are in the law he's now I shall Russia Iran fie kita Billa Yamaha customer where it will all the minhang are brought in Haram. But amongst these 12 months, there are four that are sacred, and amongst the Federation amongst the the time or during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. These were the times when fighting was not allowed. And these are the months of

00:01:11 --> 00:01:57

the Nakada the Hijjah Muharram and Raja de cada the hija Maha ROM. So these three are consecutive. And then there is then there is Raja. So this is something that we find in the hadith of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. In this same idea, Allah subhanho wa Taala says Danika Dino Iam fella totally movie Hidden for a second that do not inflict or do not do volume upon yourselves. Now the problem I have discussed is that what exactly does that mean when Allah says do not do a volume, and do not oppress yourselves? Some say that this is in reference that you should not fight so when you fight and when you take other people's lives you are doing upon others. And in essence, you're doing

00:01:57 --> 00:02:39

bull upon yourself in a battle the Allahu anhu, he says, and once again, he was a very learned sahabi, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he said that, in his opinion, this is in reference to the fact that sins that are committed in these four months are greater than the sins committed in the other eight months, and the rewards or the good deeds that are performed in these four months, they are better than the deeds are performed, and the other eight months, and the same thing, or the same sentiment has been echoed by Qatada in some other Allamah. Now where exactly did this come from that the first month of the year is the month of Muharram. The during during the time of Ramadan,

00:02:39 --> 00:03:18

photography, Allah tonight, and he wants sat down with a Sahaba. And he discussed that what should be the very first month of the Islamic year. Now one thing I do want to mention here, I'm gonna go on a tangent over here and mentioned this, that if you study Islamic history, especially the seed of the Prophet, sallAllahu alayhi, wa sallam, and even the time of obika, Viola at that time, you will see that the dates of many events have many opinions, for example, so in that Raj, there are many opinions as to exactly when did it start in Mirage take place, even during even the other events that took place in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, there is much differences of

00:03:18 --> 00:04:00

opinion regarding them because there was no system. There was no system in Islam, to determine that this has happened in this year and this happened in this year. This is why during the time of the Prophet sallallahu, it was said no more if you remember, in the CEDAW, there is something called the arm will feel. You may you may remember, there's a year called I will feel, I will feel was the year when Abraha came with the intention of destroying the Kaaba. So long time ago, before Islam before the Islamic calendar came into existence, they will remember years based on certain events, like this is the year of the year of the elephants. This is the year this took place. This is the year

00:04:00 --> 00:04:40

they that this took place. And whenever they would refer back to history, they would refer to those names that this that I'm referring to the year when this incident took place. And everyone knew exactly what incident took place when but when on what even know how powerful the alotta on whose time came and he became the Khalifa he saw that Islam was spreading far and wide, and they need to have a systematic order or they need to have a calendar in place. That is when he got the Sahaba together and he asked them that in your opinion, what should be the very first month of the Islamic calendar. Now of course the Sahaba gave their own opinions, some said haram some said Ramadan, some

00:04:40 --> 00:04:59

said that hijab and many people they give their own opinion and they gave their explanation behind that opinion. Eventually what was decided was that they would they would declare Muharram as the very first month of the year because was written in some books is that almost even a hataoka The alotta on who said

00:05:00 --> 00:05:12

When people go for Hajj they go for hygiene the month of the hijab. And when they come back appointed the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam where he says that

00:05:13 --> 00:05:14

when he says that

00:05:18 --> 00:06:01

I don't remember the exact wording of the Hadith, but he says that whoever goes for for hedge fund I'm your fourth wollam You have sock Raja aka Yeoman, Willa to own more the Prophet alayhi salam says that anyone who goes for hajj and they don't engage in any Raafat, or any forsook or any Judah or anything of that type, Raja I can Yamuna Allah that to owe more than they will return back as if they are a brand or you know, they're a you know, a newborn child meaning that they are absolutely sinless. No, no minor sins no major sins are in the Book of Records, they are as if they have just come into this dunya and almond ricotta, have said that when people come from hudge, they need a new

00:06:01 --> 00:06:42

beginning, this is a fresh start for all of them. And therefore, the next month after the hijab is the month of Muharram. So therefore Muharram will be the very first month of the Islamic lunar calendar. Now what about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam? Interestingly enough, many of us we have come to learn that, that this facet of Ashura actually came into existence after the Prophet SAW Selim when he went to Medina, but even 100 Allah Allah Allah, Allah, Allah Allah He was a famous Muhaddith he mentions that there is a Hadith of Aisha of the Allah Tala on her, a sahih Hadith wherein she says that in the times of Jai Helia people were fasting on the day of ashram. In fact,

00:06:42 --> 00:07:20

there are some records that even the Prophet saw some he would fast on the day that I should all while he was even in Macau. However, there are two different Hadith and probably some that we find. The one Hadith says that when the Pavarotti ism came to Medina, he saw the Jews fasting, he asked him, Why are you fasting they said, that this is the day that Musa Allah in the sun was saved. This is the day Allah destroyed for Darwin and Musala ism. He fasted on that on that day, as a way to showing as a way to show his gratitude to Allah subhanho wa taala. And we are simply following the footsteps of Musa alayhis salam to which was was a Allahu alayhi wa sallam he says, I have to be

00:07:20 --> 00:08:02

Musa min confer Sama, who am Robusta. Yami in Buhari has mentioned that not only that the province is something he fast, but he also said that we are more closer than to Musa adding Islam than you and therefore he did order the Muslims too fast. Now, according to another Hadith that is mentioned, it says that when the Prophet alayhi salam came to Medina, he saw that on the 10th of Muharram, the Jews were not fasting, but rather they were having a festival. They were having a festival. And this the Prophet alayhi salam asked the what is the need, or what is the reason behind this festival, they gave the same reason that this is the day that Mussolini son was saved and so forth. And then

00:08:02 --> 00:08:48

the Prophet SAW Allahu Allah, he was setting them according to exhibit 100. He says that the Prophet alayhi salam wanted to be different from the Jews and therefore he ordered the Muslims that on this day we will fast and in fact before the Fabia before the obligation of the fasting of Ramadan came that fasting on the day of Asha was mandatory, when when the month when the fasting of Ramadan came into existence, and it became further upon everyone, then this fasting of the day of our shoot, date was was, was no longer was no longer there. In fact, it was abrogated, but then later on, it was made still a sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Now, historically, also speaking, we

00:08:48 --> 00:09:11

do know and once again we don't fast and we make this very, very clear, we fast on the day or on the 10th of Muharram. And we fast on the day One day before one day after it because this is what was was Allahu Allah, He was someone has told us to do, but some people they believe that we need to fast because in the 61st, year after Hegira,

00:09:12 --> 00:09:57

the the massacre of Hussein Ibn IV Ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib to place it was the massacre of Karbala. It is a very long history there in the people who took the life of the grandson of a Suazo Allahu it was senemo certainly these people are going to be held accountable on the day of judgment before Allah subhanho wa taala. By the same time if anyone is under the impression that we fast on this day because of this, that is not true. We fast because Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he told us too fast. Now this is the only month where in Allah subhanho wa Taala we refer to this month as his month in the Hadith Narrated by Abu Huraira the Allah and the Prophet alayhi salam says of

00:09:57 --> 00:09:59

Volusia me by the Ramadan as

00:10:00 --> 00:10:49

Shall Allah in Muharram that the that the best fasting offered on Lavon is the fasting of the month of Muharram. Now, here's some there's something here interesting, interestingly enough to know that we do know that there's another Hadith of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, wherein we know that the that the month in which Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would fast the most after Ramadan was which one? Show one. Okay, which one was it? I mean, Shaba Shaba Shaba Shaba was the month where in the Prophet alayhi salam, he will fast the most after Ramadan. However, Imam nawawi Rahmatullah Ali. He says, that probably this hadith was mentioned and when the virtues of this month

00:10:49 --> 00:11:32

came to the swasta Allahu alayhi wa sallam, perhaps a came at the end of the life of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the fact that Allah the Prophet sallahu wa salam referred to he said, that this is the month of Allah subhanho wa taala. And it is the best fast some of the owners say that it is very possible that the Prophet SAW Selim, he wanted to fast more in this month, that he was fast in Shaba. But the Allamah they say that perhaps this this hadith was mentioned. Just few months before the Prophet saw some he passed away and therefore we do know so to still till today, that the month where any facet the most, after the mantra Bhavana was the month of Shabbat. Now the

00:11:32 --> 00:12:11

Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he did talk about this day, he says Siyam Yo Ma Shula that he said that the day of the fasting of the day of Ashura in the after Cebu and Allah that I hope that Allah subhanho wa Taala honor, and you can feel certain that the Avila that Allah subhanho wa Taala will accept it as an explanation for the year that was in the past. So the reward of fasting on the day of Ashura is the forgiveness of one year of the or the sins that were committed in the previous year. If you remember, the day of alpha, what was the day of alpha the reward for the day of Ottawa,

00:12:12 --> 00:12:55

one year before one day, one year after, okay, one year before one year after, and then this is, this is one year before and now there's a hadith that was also Allahu Allah he was setting them that in Sahih Muslim we're in he says that if I am alive next year, this is part of a longer Hadith, but he says if I'm alive next year, then I will fast on the ninth and I will fight on the 10th and these two days are called Das who are that's who and I shoot all the you will find these in the books. That one is the ninth of the ninth of Muharram and then the 10th of Muharram. And this is why the Allamah they will say that because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he mentioned the ninth in

00:12:55 --> 00:13:36

particular that's why it is better to focus on the ninth and the 10th however, there is a another Hadith found in Sahih Zima and this is also a an authentic hadith where in the work, excuse me, wearing the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that fast one day before it or one day after it, so there are more a hadith wherein he mentioned the knife. But there is also a hadith where you mentioned the one day before a one day after, and their alma have said that there is no harm in fasting one day before one day after, because we because at the end day, this opposes the practices of the Jews. And so this is what the Prophet sallallahu ala he was sending him he mentioned. In

00:13:36 --> 00:14:20

fact, I also found that even 100 Allah's Fulani, Muhammad, Allah YALI, once again, a very famous Muhaddith he says that, according to him, the best fast is too fast on the ninth, the 10th and the 11th. This is his own personal opinion, this is not a hadith of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but this is his own personal opinion. Now the next thing that is generally discussed is that can a person fast let's just say a person has many facets of the mantra Marwan he has not completed them, or she has not made them up yet can they fast on the day of Ashura, then the fulcrum behind that is there is a difference of opinion, the most email humbler from Deloitte Ali, he says it is

00:14:20 --> 00:14:59

forbidden, it is forbidden for a person to fast on the 10th of Muharram. If there are so some pending fast from the month of Ramadan, the most flexible opinion is the opinion of Jambo Hanifa he says it is absolutely permissible because Allah subhanaw taala has given permission to us to make it up and we can make it up at any time. But when these kinds of days they come and they have some special significance to those days, then there is no harm in fasting on these days even if you have not completed your fasting of the month of Ramadan. Now one last thing I do want to mention is that there are some some differences of opinion regarding some prac

00:15:00 --> 00:15:40

This is that take place that take place now. For example, there's one Hadith narrated by Ali Northey, Allah Tala and we're in the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he says that if you wish to fast after the month of Ramadan, then fasten haram for indeed is the month of Allah is in this month it is a day where Allah subhanho wa Taala he accepts the repentance of a nation and in which he will accept the repent repentance of other people now, Imam Timothy Rahmatullah Urla. He has declared this hadith as a hadith Hassan, there are other scholars who say that this is a Hadith of life. Once again, whenever you study Hadith, I will make this very, very clear because I've heard people saying

00:15:40 --> 00:16:23

this, if one Hadith is the if it is unnecessarily true that every single scholar says that this hadith this hadith is live, some people they come and they say, this scholar said that it is live. Well, that's fine. And but if you study history of Hadith, and if you study Hadith in depth, you will learn that one Hadith can have multiple opinions regarding this. Likewise, there's another there's another difference difference of opinion regarding a Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, wherein he mentioned that anyone who is open or anyone who spends a lot on their family, on the day of Ashura, Allah subhanho wa Taala will put baraka and Allah subhanho will give him more

00:16:23 --> 00:17:01

once again, this is also another debatable Hadith. Some say that this is the if some say this is, this is absolutely fine. Well, Allahu Allah, the scholars have debated about this. But what we do know as well, we do know for sure, these are debatable matters, matters, but what we do know is that anyone who does fast on the day of Ashura, Allah will forgive their past your sins. And what we also do know is that you should try to fast either on the ninth of the 10th, or first on the 10th or the 11th. Now, I do want to share this too, that Schakel Islam ma Miramont, Allah Allah, he has mentioned he has mentioned and once again, this is not in a hadith, but this is his own personal,

00:17:02 --> 00:17:46

you know, his own flippy opinion, I will say that he says that if anyone fast if anyone fast only on the 10th of Muharram. Anyone who has only on the 10th of Muharram. First of all is that it is not it is not preferable, but he said that there is no Kafala either, there is no Farah, but there is no sin either. It is not preferable because the Prophet SAW Allah some says to oppose them. However, what we do know is that and wishing for some said in what they mean he said that there is no sin, but there is no cathedra either if a person does fast only for one day, but at the same time we do know that it is not preferable so we should try to fast for two days. I asked Allah subhanho wa

00:17:46 --> 00:18:12

Taala to give us the ability to act on has been sent her to me Allah subhana wa Taala give us the ability to to recognize these times. These are special times that come from Allah subhanho wa Taala will also give us the ability to recognize them and appreciate these times and take the maximum benefit from these times are given to us by Allah subhanho wa Taala Dr. Mala Hey Subhanak Allah who will be handing that should to Allah in the Illa enter their stuff. Look, I want to relate exactly Malachite, Salam aleykum. I have to live with our country.

Share Page

Related Episodes