» Earn on-going rewards and help us do more! «

Fiqh us-Seerah #31

share this pageShare Page
Munir Ahmed

Channel: Munir Ahmed

Series:

Episode Notes

The Year Between Badr and Uhud

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:31--> 00:00:32

Salatu was Salam

00:00:37--> 00:00:40

Alaikum you are soft Biggie ngema in

00:00:43--> 00:00:48

the nest Allah Darla and yellow Finland Aruba now you can see attina

00:00:49--> 00:00:50

ness Allahu

00:00:53--> 00:00:56

bl monastic what is going worse? Yeah

00:00:59--> 00:00:59

we're

00:01:01--> 00:01:03

Amarillo solid qabala

00:01:06--> 00:01:07

Alina tawakkol wah

00:01:11--> 00:01:16

wah hoo Wah hacer una. Fernando Mola will never know see,

00:01:17--> 00:01:19

Allah however La quwata illa Allah

00:01:21--> 00:01:24

wa sallahu wa rahmatullah

00:01:25--> 00:01:34

began, I was always praising Allah, He alone is worthy of all praise and sending his son press on his eye on messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

00:01:36--> 00:01:37

asked Allah,

00:01:39--> 00:01:41

to accept promise

00:01:42--> 00:01:47

to forgive us to guidance, ask Allah

00:01:48--> 00:01:59

to give us useful knowledge, wide sustenance, and make use of those who do deeds that are acceptable to Allah.

00:02:00--> 00:02:03

And on him, we utterly depend.

00:02:05--> 00:02:09

And to him is our goal is no power, Mike except not have a law.

00:02:12--> 00:02:18

In anything that we do, of course, we should reflect and think.

00:02:19--> 00:02:31

And especially anything we do, actually people say, knowledge of Dean as though the rest doesn't matter, right? Because we want good deeds from all walks of life. We don't want wasted

00:02:33--> 00:02:47

working, whether we studying, whether we're studying at school, or whether it's University, all of these subjects, I don't accept this division of Islamic subjects and non Islamic. So

00:02:48--> 00:03:07

you mentioned that before? Yes, what we say we don't see Islamic and non Islamic subjects or secular subjects. Because Science, geography all these we don't call them secular subjects, because it is knowledge. And this is also must have in the mix. It was the hub

00:03:08--> 00:03:15

and recommended for us to go into those fields as well, whether it's medicine, science, engineering, and all fields or life, isn't it?

00:03:16--> 00:03:22

So we don't call them that as though. But yeah, when we're talking about learning the Sharia,

00:03:23--> 00:03:32

we will pseudo Deen the sciences of religion, specifically to do with Quran, Hadith Sera, as we study etc.

00:03:33--> 00:03:35

And then, of course,

00:03:37--> 00:04:01

the etiquettes of learning are there for all the other sciences and fields of knowledge as well, especially with this because as we take, as I said, Before, we go to specialists in fields of medicine, we don't go to a quack. Some people call them to go and find out about a bit about your health and medicine.

00:04:03--> 00:04:21

And 90 and so you go to a doctor, and then doctors even have specializations as well. And in regards to the field of engineering, go to a specialist in any field, you go to somebody who is suited to that not some just lay person throwing up as well.

00:04:22--> 00:04:25

When it comes to team, then this has to do with your accuracy.

00:04:27--> 00:04:28

This has to do with your

00:04:29--> 00:04:42

actually to do with this world and Africa because to get to Africa, to have the advice and knowledge of what you're going to do in this world. So is to do with this world and the answer. So it's a very, it's the most serious matter, isn't it?

00:04:44--> 00:04:48

So, in this regard, also look to who you take your knowledge from,

00:04:49--> 00:04:51

who you take it from.

00:04:52--> 00:04:59

More so crucially because you end up being misguided by those who are just guessing and not have not had

00:05:00--> 00:05:04

Background and the learning from Allah and scholarship.

00:05:05--> 00:05:08

So, when we do that also

00:05:09--> 00:05:15

among a number we mentioned that in his mock on demand his introduction to his major work

00:05:19--> 00:05:23

that he did in our in sheffey method

00:05:25--> 00:05:42

and mentions about advocates of the teacher and advocates of the students in learning especially this knowledge. That's a long topic but for us just one of the important things for both students and teacher there are things which are common is making the near.

00:05:44--> 00:05:45

Miss here Collison

00:05:46--> 00:05:48

for Allah swatters.

00:05:49--> 00:05:59

So we come for the purpose to learn. Yeah, is not so we can argue with other people. Not so that we can show off that we know.

00:06:00--> 00:06:03

But the purpose of learning so we can grow closer to Allah subhanho wa Taala.

00:06:05--> 00:06:19

always remind ourselves of that. That's why we met at the beginning. That's why I mentioned his praise at the beginning and send peace and presently final Messier, don't wait, is to remind ourselves and produced humility in ourselves, isn't it?

00:06:20--> 00:06:21

Because

00:06:23--> 00:06:23

you've said

00:06:25--> 00:06:38

no, we mentioned this as well and others have mentioned that Mujahid is set in other settings as well. Which I have is from the Tavi. Student of Avalon bus pantalon Houma and

00:06:39--> 00:06:50

I'm quoting the ambassador mentioning as well, that the one who is full of arrogance, and the one who is over full of humility doesn't learn.

00:06:54--> 00:06:56

To be arrogant we can understand.

00:06:58--> 00:07:02

Yeah, it's pretty obvious because the arrogant ones the I know, it all won't listen to anything.

00:07:04--> 00:07:09

Okay, so the arrogant is stopped from learning, but so is Mustang.

00:07:10--> 00:07:10

Mustang.

00:07:12--> 00:07:16

Mustang. Mustang. He, why they shy person.

00:07:23--> 00:07:27

To Shy Shy doesn't mean they don't have any shy means always shy.

00:07:30--> 00:07:54

The too not too shy to even ask when they're not understood. So the teacher doesn't even know this person on the surface is too timid. Yeah, become too timid. And that's why they said Allah another segment Raka Raka Elmo, or aka Dino, who again the same idea the one who is so timid Yeah, in their,

00:07:55--> 00:08:04

in their manner of manner, then their dreams and their knowledge will also be of timid nature to really be grounded,

00:08:05--> 00:08:05

grounded

00:08:06--> 00:08:07

anyone

00:08:08--> 00:08:13

want to go off onto another topic, just a reminder, for you to

00:08:15--> 00:08:17

remember always mark

00:08:19--> 00:08:34

the pleasure of Allah subhanho wa Taala pleasure of our Lord. And that's what matters to us meltwater through this effort increases in Eman and bring us closer to him and increases in love for Allah and His messenger. A final message of

00:08:35--> 00:08:39

how we start with remember the first intelligence sheet I told you what was the purpose?

00:08:41--> 00:08:42

And I hope

00:08:44--> 00:09:09

as I mentioned before, teaching spirit as I felt in my life, studying Sierra increased my love for soul was awesome. I hope it does that for you. If not, through my talk, certainly from your own reading and things. And we're just tools in a sense, I'm not bringing anything from myself anything I bring is from the bounty of Allah subhanho wa Taala.

00:09:12--> 00:09:12

So,

00:09:14--> 00:09:44

carrying on the topic we left at the end of last time, remember, and after the captains and the situation we said, we mentioned things in Medina about the captives and ransom, etc. And in Mecca, of course, is the opposite, lamenting and wailing. In fact, some reports mentioned I don't know how authentic they really are. Nothing absolutely authentic that some of the leadership like others actually forbade lamenting, they didn't want to lament because they were going to take revenge.

00:09:46--> 00:09:53

So you'll find that in some writings, we don't know what the truth of it is, but it's fine in a historical sense, perhaps that will happen.

00:09:55--> 00:09:57

So and

00:09:59--> 00:09:59

there's a real

00:10:00--> 00:10:10

As well as without lamenting rage because they've been defeated in the hands of a handful of Muslims. Yeah. And the ones who already declared the war.

00:10:11--> 00:10:13

Remember, they are Quraysh.

00:10:14--> 00:10:20

Everybody quicks in the Arabian Peninsula when they hit, and then I saw, how are they going to show face?

00:10:22--> 00:10:39

How are they going to show face to keep that authority, the royalty and the fact you know, they're the operational leaders of, of the Arab and they're the ones who are the guardians of the sanctuary of the Kaaba, etc, etc, you know, when people come. So

00:10:41--> 00:10:42

in that

00:10:44--> 00:10:46

wailing are lamenting and

00:10:47--> 00:10:50

preparations for vengeance because haven't finished with it.

00:10:53--> 00:10:56

One of the stories is that of

00:10:58--> 00:11:02

and this is mentioned in authentic hadith about omega Eben Wahab

00:11:03--> 00:11:04

as sub one in the omega

00:11:05--> 00:11:07

sub one in the Omega, this is

00:11:09--> 00:11:24

his son, and someone in their wish list mushriks. They're in Makkah, and they are having a discussion. And one is saying to the other, really, life is so bitter. Now after this defeat at the hands of those,

00:11:25--> 00:11:30

they don't see them as believers, they're seen as Renegade, they see the ones who have gone off their way.

00:11:32--> 00:11:54

And never, it'll never be the same, you know, because they've lost family and things as well. And someone always says to soften it, was it not for my children, the family burden and the deaths I have, really, you know, I'd go I'm going to kill that Renegade Mohamad with my own hands. So Stefan says to omega, he says,

00:11:55--> 00:12:05

while they disagree, I tell you what, really? Is that what you want to do? I'll take care of your family and children, something happens to your dead cell, like Compton was cleared.

00:12:07--> 00:12:13

So he basically the plot together, how are you going to get to him, I'll take

00:12:14--> 00:12:24

a sword, but I'll take a poison sword. So I only need to jab him up a bit with a puzzle and he'll be dead. So they hatched

00:12:25--> 00:12:27

a plot. Flan

00:12:28--> 00:12:31

and omega have been what has actually

00:12:32--> 00:12:41

I think it's his son, who's been one of the ones who've been captured. So he goes with the pretense of taking the ransom doesn't mean that's what his

00:12:43--> 00:12:47

his path is to get in, to get near the Messenger of Allah.

00:12:48--> 00:12:55

So aware goes to Medina, and nobody else knows about this except them to their pocket, even the grace don't know what's that secret.

00:12:57--> 00:12:57

And

00:12:59--> 00:13:08

he tries to get the hair sold on him. He tries to get to the Messenger of Allah an honor Ravi Alon mean something. Were you going on Muslim?

00:13:10--> 00:13:23

You know, I think you're a suspicious. I've come to he says, I've come. I've come to ransom. But I want to meet Muhammad himself, before I take the give the ransom

00:13:24--> 00:13:31

so that they are and others take him and they say to the prophet SAW somebody is carrying a sword. He says sorry, I bring him to me.

00:13:33--> 00:13:39

So it goes with the sword still, and claims promises and where we come from.

00:13:41--> 00:13:51

He said, I've come to pay the ransom to release my son said, well, we're carrying a sword around your neck. Is it not so that you had a meeting with someone?

00:13:53--> 00:14:02

And this is what you said in that meeting of yours. This is what you've plotted to do. is in Shockwave he said because he said nobody knows about this.

00:14:03--> 00:14:04

Only I and Stefan

00:14:07--> 00:14:16

Stefan Romania we only knew about this house he found out so he declared his shot he said the only he must be the Messenger of God

00:14:18--> 00:14:20

because he's How did he find this information?

00:14:21--> 00:14:28

So actually, who made the enemy who comes with a soul round his neck to kill them Israel becomes a believer does the Shahada

00:14:29--> 00:14:35

so hon Allah but he asked permission for the Messenger of Allah to go back to Mecca.

00:14:37--> 00:14:55

At this stage, he has permission to go back to Makkah especial permission remember, as time goes on becomes incumbent for those who are able to from Mecca certainly to go to Medina. That obligation, as I mentioned to you before, for his role wasn't there another senior because many of the people from our senior, even the likes of

00:15:00--> 00:15:04

Java came much later, doesn't come from

00:15:06--> 00:15:10

around. In fact, we'll see around the Battle of

00:15:11--> 00:15:12

hybrid.

00:15:14--> 00:15:16

So you're talking about five or six years old.

00:15:18--> 00:15:32

So but the, but it seems that the hinge role was incumbent on them yet he's asking his permission, basically mission to go back, because he wants to be a singer. So like I've been enlightened, and perhaps I can affect others, including his friend.

00:15:33--> 00:15:40

So it goes back with a view to doing Gower, basically, and spreading the word and see which others he can influence.

00:15:42--> 00:15:47

So that's what we know about the story. He goes back and he does that one, they don't accept him. Of course.

00:15:50--> 00:16:11

In that regard, one of the things that I will Sofia does that it is said in similar writings, it takes a while not to have a bath and not to, you know, wear clean clothes or sent himself etc, until he's taken some revenge on what had happened. And he has to show some leadership now because the big leaders are all gone.

00:16:12--> 00:16:14

So his position becomes

00:16:16--> 00:16:31

heightened unless he shows some leadership than others will vie for that. So there's some politics oil, so he has to show courage and being bold. So what it does, actually, he goes up the head of 200

00:16:33--> 00:16:43

men, cavalry, horseback, but he doesn't go to attack Medina directly, he goes by sculpt by night, and this is called was what was so weak.

00:16:44--> 00:16:54

He goes by stealth by now he tries to get him through his contacts in the Jewish clans, the banana dia, for example.

00:16:57--> 00:17:28

He tries to get to stay at his place in his castle as it were in their castle and he refuses, but somebody else from the banana D from the leadership accepts and they hide then stay there. So he makes an attack in to Medina by by night by stealth, and kills one or two of the believers. in Medina. When this is war going on, he actually goes into the nine kills, and burns some of the orchards and homes and then runs off.

00:17:30--> 00:17:32

runs off back to Mecca.

00:17:33--> 00:17:43

But the prophet SAW some finds out after he's done this while he's still in Medina about it or when he's departed and running away. But this is what's happened to the body starts at the head of

00:17:44--> 00:18:30

some of the military, the believers that chase them out, Medina, they don't manage to catch up with them. Luciana 200, caressa, they come with mushriks escape, to lighten their load, what they came with is something called a week, which is like barley and wheat, it's a food of fodder. And they drop that to lighten the load to escape because they find out that they're being chased to lighten the load. And that is what is why it's called a week as collected by the soldier last lesson under under believers and taken back in Medina cracky on the outskirts of Medina. So this is what was a week, which is an hour Sophia now feels he's

00:18:31--> 00:18:41

by his measure, because he wants to obviously have a bath and clean himself and center himself. So he thinks by this he's taken some vengeance and now you can, you know,

00:18:42--> 00:18:45

he's fulfilled part of it was his promise.

00:18:46--> 00:18:55

But it doesn't end there. Of course, especially with what the caravan that was soufiane escaped with a knowledge good

00:18:56--> 00:19:07

belonging to many of the leaders in Mecca. They want to use that to harness to prepare a military expedition to completely wipe out Medina

00:19:08--> 00:19:09

which is what they're planning.

00:19:11--> 00:19:18

One of the things that happens after bother in the second year of hegira

00:19:20--> 00:19:21

is

00:19:23--> 00:19:27

bunny bunny Piru cop. When you gain

00:19:29--> 00:19:34

a new car or a new car, it's pronounced differently, depending on who's pronouncing it.

00:19:44--> 00:19:46

Remember, this is one of the

00:19:48--> 00:19:50

Jewish tribes settled

00:19:51--> 00:19:55

in the south of Medina, on the outskirts, they have their own

00:19:57--> 00:19:59

fortress, as the others do as well.

00:20:00--> 00:20:05

karbonn Ashraf has his own fortress near the banana deer and have their own

00:20:08--> 00:20:09

day.

00:20:10--> 00:20:21

And all the Jewish tribe don't do it consistently, but they are the first one who are full of so much hatred when the believers and the provinces come back Victoria from Baba.

00:20:22--> 00:20:25

And they don't hide it, they now become open.

00:20:26--> 00:20:36

Yeah, so it's in the marketplaces that comments and they're deriving of the Muslims. And they're supposed to be remembered as a pack. They're supposed to be from the same state and city.

00:20:37--> 00:20:41

So they're openly declaring their treason

00:20:43--> 00:20:45

openly challenging and declaring their treason

00:20:46--> 00:20:58

and this is what's going on and their hatred is coming out, hopefully not hidden, but openly which will affect the the citizens of Medina Of course, open trees and being shown live that

00:21:01--> 00:21:38

see that many of the CRA convention which is not authentic about in their marketplaces that we can serve a business merchants like all the Jewish tribes were that one of them attack and remove some clothing of from a Muslim woman and as a consequence, a Muslim kills the Jews etc. and that causes causes a big feud and they refuse to pay the the blood money. This is not an authentic report, but what we know authentically is the declaration of treason and their hatred coming out.

00:21:39--> 00:21:54

So this carried on for some time until the prophet SAW some finally decides because he doesn't want because he knows that the war with Mecca hasn't finished he doesn't want enemies within the most dangerous area now.

00:21:55--> 00:22:11

You already got monastics and now you've got somebody one of the tribes who met a treaty to be part of you know and be trustworthy and to be true as citizens to Medina now openly breaking a speaking against that

00:22:13--> 00:22:19

so the prophet SAW slum goes to them gathers them in the marketplace it which is mentioned in authentic hadith

00:22:21--> 00:22:22

and

00:22:24--> 00:22:31

and and urges them to to submit to the treaty and pack they've already made

00:22:34--> 00:22:36

to renew it as it were the pledge

00:22:39--> 00:22:42

and some reports is mentioned many uses the word

00:22:44--> 00:22:54

that he's telling them to Aslam, Aslam, some people translate it as is telling them to become Muslim. It's not saying that Islam means to submit.

00:22:55--> 00:23:07

Okay, so in this context, some people mistakenly think and Oriental is play on it as well. Oh, look, he's forcing them to come Muslim, or else? No, he didn't say that.

00:23:08--> 00:23:24

No, as he forced anybody to become Muslim, but to submit to the treaty and a pack that already been arranged, and not show open trees and turned like they were doing their hatred for the people of Medina and supporting the enemy.

00:23:25--> 00:23:35

Supporting the enemy. Yeah. So when the prophet SAW some, ask them warn them and asked them to submit and keep that contract.

00:23:36--> 00:23:38

They responded negatively instead.

00:23:39--> 00:23:41

And it is mentioned by Mr. hajat.

00:23:42--> 00:23:44

Who says it is

00:23:45--> 00:23:49

good report hassane report. They said

00:23:52--> 00:24:06

because of their attitude, so publicized, some said, Dude, or otherwise you faces the fate of the grace. Because if you're declaring treason, then we'll have to have a fight with you because that means settling before we face the enemy from outside.

00:24:07--> 00:24:09

So they say, Oh, the Qureshi?

00:24:11--> 00:24:25

They were unexperienced buffoons, they will gullible you'll find out when you meet us. Yeah, you realize that we're not like them, that we are, you know, hardened and experienced in battle.

00:24:28--> 00:24:37

The likes of you never faced before. So actually, they're becoming even more offensive, and making their declaration of war.

00:24:38--> 00:24:52

They're challenging the Messenger of Allah. They're challenging the state, the government. And when you say the Messenger of Allah, you represent, he didn't recognize him as that, but they're challenging the state the authority to the metapack with the government, you can say

00:24:53--> 00:24:54

so because of that,

00:24:56--> 00:24:59

that the response to profits awesome. They didn't actually

00:25:00--> 00:25:03

renew their Treaty, they actually

00:25:04--> 00:25:16

showed enmity instead and challenged. So the prophet SAW Selim, as mentioned, went with the believers, the army and there was a siege

00:25:17--> 00:25:22

for 15 nights of their fortress. The wars been declared basically.

00:25:23--> 00:25:36

So siege means in the end, the the prophets are unbelievers who would have overcome and killed them because it's war that they're declared as well. They've said you won't find those like them. You see what how you find those.

00:25:39--> 00:25:46

But it was after 15 Knights who interceded on behalf of the bunny, bunny

00:25:47--> 00:25:52

kind of walk was applied may obey Him.

00:25:54--> 00:25:57

He now recently become a believer,

00:25:59--> 00:26:02

or declared Shahada certainly declared Shahada

00:26:03--> 00:26:09

in an open sense, but everybody knows he was monastic from beginning to the end, through what he we know of course.

00:26:10--> 00:26:15

So he pleaded with the Messenger of Allah because he's leadership that

00:26:17--> 00:26:42

lift the seeds and he'd gone in between, I know because he already had relationship with kinda harsh words and a treaty a pact from Alia with konoka. So he was going to and fro and he said, made an agreement for the not to be harmed and killed if they surrendered, that they were surrendered to the decision of the Messenger of Allah, the state basically. And a decision for that.

00:26:48--> 00:27:24

And here, Oba, even sommet who was also from the hundreds who was a believer not monolithic. He broke his allegiance with the final cloud because of that behavior. And a blend is still kept his allegiance to try and get benefit from them anyway mention of a law listen to him and allowed them therefore they were the decision was that they were going to be exiled. They couldn't be trusted because you know, you got enemies behind that didn't change that position.

00:27:25--> 00:27:52

It could have said, Yeah, okay, we'll keep the tree feed No. So the decision was for them to be exiled and they were exiled and went off into the area of Syria Sham and were later on they disappeared. We don't know what happened to the actual tribe, but they left they were there are various reports they left some of their weaponry and some of their wealth and took their women and children etc. away. So that's been

00:27:53--> 00:28:00

the first of the three types that were dealt with because of the trees and again

00:28:01--> 00:28:05

now another thing that happens after butter is something called

00:28:06--> 00:28:08

carbon natural foods we have to clarify

00:28:10--> 00:28:16

carbon national and the gas to been banned. Okay, no car. Let's mention something the Quran mentions.

00:28:29--> 00:28:34

Conan O'Brien, good report, which is the situation of revelation to do with

00:28:36--> 00:28:39

Ubuntu kanuka and also to do with Abdullah

00:28:40--> 00:28:48

Awad, I even saw Ahmed who broke his allegiance with them and blindness salute kept his allegiance with them.

00:28:49--> 00:28:52

So Allah I mentioned in that regard

00:28:55--> 00:29:00

in Surah, Allah Eva verse 51, and 52 Allah says,

00:29:03--> 00:29:05

Yeah, Lena and Ola

00:29:08--> 00:29:09

Sora

00:29:12--> 00:29:13

Babu whom?

00:29:15--> 00:29:16

boom, pow.

00:29:21--> 00:29:29

Boom Holla Holla Yeah, deal. Oh, Wally me, para la Vina de colo be in.

00:29:30--> 00:29:34

Use your own Effie him mavado

00:29:36--> 00:29:38

una una

00:29:40--> 00:29:41

semana

00:29:42--> 00:29:44

de la sala

00:29:49--> 00:29:50

de the

00:29:51--> 00:29:58

agreement in the BIOS be hawala sub roofie.

00:29:59--> 00:29:59

The

00:30:00--> 00:30:00

mean,

00:30:01--> 00:30:15

what smoker says here, oh, you who believe do not take Jews and Christians as your allies. Now this translated as your friends remember, I covered this topic before. You see what context it comes in, is talking about Abdullah?

00:30:17--> 00:30:41

Who kept them as allies while they were enemies, not because they were Jews and Christians, because the Alliance was kept with banana deal. And with bonagura this is just for them. So context now tells you what it's talking about. Not talking about all Jews and Christians, but those who are showing enmity and war and treason actually.

00:30:42--> 00:30:52

So do not take in that context. Now. That's why I mentioned this because now it's telling you the suburban resume the reason for revelation for this is is this, what's going on?

00:30:53--> 00:31:00

And who's keeping the Alliance is a bit of blindness saluda Moravec amorphic so with him,

00:31:02--> 00:31:11

there are they are allies of each other. And among you, He who takes them for allies shall be regarded as one of them.

00:31:13--> 00:31:19

Allah does not guide the wrongdoers. Indeed, you see those afflicted with a disease of hypocrisy.

00:31:20--> 00:31:21

They're the ones

00:31:22--> 00:31:24

talking about hypocrites.

00:31:25--> 00:32:02

Not the other believers. They raise towards them saying we fear less some misfortune over taxes. So what we understand from this is that the monastics from the who claiming to be believers are hedging their bets both ways they claiming to be believers openly with the Muslim camp, while secretly they're also keeping their alliances warm with the enemy, not with the Jews and Christians generally but with the enemy Jews and Christians and with the enemies from the Christ.

00:32:03--> 00:32:25

I already mentioned of the Lebanon obey obey and his ongoings with the corporation his dealings with them. Yeah. So this is that kind of alliances going on when affix hedging their bets, saying, Yeah, we fear some misfortune over taxes. So keeping them warm, they in case they see the believers losing, then they can sell with you rarely.

00:32:26--> 00:32:30

Yeah, while apparently the same to the believers were with you.

00:32:31--> 00:32:36

So this is easy. And that then explains the context. And so now to take these

00:32:38--> 00:32:58

Yeah, and say, oh, Muslims, living in England, you know, a lot of friends for Christians and Jews. That's what it's saying. It's not you understand how dangerous it is not understanding the background, having not even understanding what all year means, in that context. So let's just remind you of that.

00:33:00--> 00:33:08

Now, Calvin, Ashraf, if you look at most senior writings, Calvin extrafill, say, the murder of Calvin Ashraf

00:33:10--> 00:33:17

and with a bit more sense, it might say killing of Calvin, but most of the serial writings in English I see says the murder

00:33:18--> 00:33:30

and of course then the Orient, please come and say Oh, look at Mohammed is murdering people who doesn't like so let's look at the context of the story of cotton, cotton, Ashraf is

00:33:31--> 00:33:36

is it a Jewish leader has his own fortress, very rich. He's a poet.

00:33:37--> 00:33:41

He's a poet. So his words. I like the media.

00:33:42--> 00:33:45

His words, I like the media of today.

00:33:47--> 00:33:49

As Donald Trump is criticizing the media,

00:33:52--> 00:34:02

I probably got some truth in what he's saying there anyway. I was really laughing, chuckling to myself when he stopped the BBC and CNN going into is

00:34:05--> 00:34:41

so good to see that wrangling going on. But let's see what happened. But anyway, the media and the power of the media Well, this is the man of the media in Medina. Media, nose days were poets and for some time to come after as well. The poet could lift and raise a person's stature and respect and they could also throw it into the dirt. So everybody's going Latin Latin on this line on that person. Yeah, that's how it how it works. So he had that powerful ability of poetry. His father was Arab. And his mother was from the banana deal.

00:34:42--> 00:34:50

And on the Wii and their hands his ties with the banana v was strong. Yeah, and he was Jewish, Jewish, obviously in Jewish family.

00:34:52--> 00:34:53

And well to do as well.

00:34:56--> 00:34:58

He, it is

00:35:05--> 00:35:06

After bother

00:35:10--> 00:35:14

that, he, he hated the Messenger of Allah.

00:35:16--> 00:35:19

And after bother his anger became

00:35:20--> 00:35:23

a very acute life that have been kanoko.

00:35:25--> 00:35:32

And it is mentioned in a report that he visits in this anger state visits Mecca.

00:35:34--> 00:35:36

And there is a discussion

00:35:38--> 00:35:48

between him and Abu sufian. When he visits Mecca, he went to Mecca, to meet the leadership of Mecca, to wail and lament with them at their loss.

00:35:50--> 00:35:50

Yeah.

00:35:52--> 00:35:57

And show his hatred to the enemy, from his own place with the inner

00:35:59--> 00:36:07

and, and encourage the grace to rise up against the Vina where he comes from. What's that called?

00:36:09--> 00:36:11

high treason, isn't it

00:36:12--> 00:36:22

not just over there like buying a new car, he actually travels at a max pack over there and encourages and yeah, with his poetry

00:36:24--> 00:36:32

with his poetry against prophet SAW some and the believers in Medina and making the blood boil of the enemy.

00:36:33--> 00:36:36

So they can stand up enough points can do that.

00:36:38--> 00:36:41

And that's what he did. That's what he did.

00:36:42--> 00:37:17

And the Prophet seisen knew about it and found out about it. Yeah, and he was showing his enmity in Medina anyway, because he was arrogant. He wasn't afraid of his own fortress. So he said, Madrid was coming out in his words of treason, and his poetry of hatred for the Messenger of Allah. Now, it's not the hatred, the Messenger of Allah, some cedar writers and some allamah came from us this story even even came here, and even the likes of Adi IOV. Who wrote the famous book, Shiva.

00:37:19--> 00:37:20

Yeah, which I mentioned to you. And

00:37:22--> 00:37:27

they use this story to say sending anybody who insults the Messenger of Allah should be killed

00:37:29--> 00:37:51

is a common idea out out there isn't it? to do with cartoons and things and those people sitting in the East nothing Muslim or non Muslim, though we should go and kill them? And actually, that's not the reason and that's in that's in my opinion, not this in my opinion, others opinion and abuse of the story of calorie management. The price Arsalan

00:37:53--> 00:37:57

the killing of carbon, so wasn't because of insulting the Prophet.

00:38:00--> 00:38:03

But when you're showing your hatred

00:38:05--> 00:38:07

to the Messenger of Allah as the state,

00:38:09--> 00:38:14

and you're uttering words of treason, of the land, the obey was doing it all the time.

00:38:16--> 00:38:24

Who was openly try and try to show that it was Muslim, but it was monomorphic. It was insulting the messenger, but not to the extent of government stuff, of course.

00:38:25--> 00:38:36

But he was actually questioning and uttering words, through his poetry of treason against the state against the prophet SAW salah and the believers.

00:38:38--> 00:38:42

So his words were treason, his actions were treason going to

00:38:43--> 00:38:44

become what he did.

00:38:45--> 00:38:46

Yeah.

00:38:48--> 00:38:51

And then, and this Abou soufiane

00:38:52--> 00:38:53

also asks him

00:39:01--> 00:39:22

that which is a better religion? So most of you are saying, because you see you guys you're learning in religion? Should we follow him? What is he coming with? Is it you know, it seems to be similar? What he's suggesting, seems to be a similar religion to you. Yeah. Is his religion better than ours? Or is ours better?

00:39:25--> 00:39:27

What should the sincere Jewson

00:39:28--> 00:39:32

should really say something was similar to them because they're in idol worship,

00:39:33--> 00:39:45

living in ignorance, when he says, No, no, no, follow the religion your forefathers shook that is better than what he's brought. That's what he said. So, in this regard,

00:39:46--> 00:39:48

Allah said,

00:39:49--> 00:39:50

the ayah

00:39:52--> 00:39:54

in 51, in Surah, four,

00:39:55--> 00:39:58

so that undeserved Allah smart Allah says

00:40:04--> 00:40:04

lm

00:40:06--> 00:40:07

una

00:40:10--> 00:40:10

una

00:40:12--> 00:40:16

Babu una de la Vina cafaro

00:40:17--> 00:40:23

moolah Amina levina man Mousavi Allah.

00:40:24--> 00:40:28

Allah, Allah. Allah Allahu Allahu

00:40:30--> 00:40:34

Allah who Fallon toda la una de la.

00:40:35--> 00:40:39

Have you not seen those who have been given a portion of the book,

00:40:40--> 00:40:45

whom a portion of the Book was given talking about Jews and Christians, in this case the Jews.

00:40:46--> 00:40:56

They believe in baseless superstitions and false deities, and say about the unbelievers that they are better guided than those who believe.

00:40:58--> 00:41:02

This is the Quran saying they say that they are better guided than those who believe.

00:41:04--> 00:41:26

Such as the ones whom Allah has cursed and whom Allah curses has non come non to come to his aid or help. So this is in regards to that this is his issue. So he's not only committed high treason, but is continuing and he's in what you say in bed with the enemy.

00:41:28--> 00:41:37

So the punishment of High Street and he's still living in Medina. He's not been announced he's got a fortress in Medina. Yeah, so he's

00:41:39--> 00:41:46

igniting and the flame of enmity to the enemy to come and attack Medina while he's sitting in Medina.

00:41:47--> 00:42:28

committing treason as a consequence. It is not absolutely clear, but it seems like it the prophet SAW Salem, I suggested to Mohammed Abner muslimah sorry, that he suggests in various ahadeeth who will deal with cabinet reform. Now this is not personal vengeance. Garvin stuff is being dealt with by the government by the state he's been given the punishment of high treason which is execution. So it is not a murder of Captain Ashraf, you can say it is the execution of Korean nationals by the muddiman state. in political terms, that's what's going on.

00:42:30--> 00:42:37

You understand you follow me? That's what's happened here. So in Syria writing should actually say in the title,

00:42:39--> 00:42:43

execution of carbon Ashraf by the state

00:42:44--> 00:42:45

now,

00:42:47--> 00:43:05

the prophet SAW Salem decides to do it the way he decides perhaps to reduce bloodshed if the believers went with a military to go and attack attack him. Yeah, and openly declare and kill him, it would lead to more bloodshed of believers because he was in a fortress himself.

00:43:06--> 00:43:20

So the prophet SAW Selim as Mohammed muslimah who was volunteered for this to deal with it. And Mohammed must not say yeah, so like, Can I use trickery to deal with it?

00:43:21--> 00:43:33

tricky to deal with it, which is what happens in the story which is mentioned in one of the reports in Buhari that he's friends with him from before Islam bombed in the Muslim is one of his friends.

00:43:35--> 00:43:38

So he arranges a meeting with him

00:43:39--> 00:43:42

to say that he wants to

00:43:49--> 00:43:58

so he says negative things about the prophet SAW so I'm not specifically but saying Oh, look, you know, all this warfare we need

00:44:00--> 00:44:02

we need armor

00:44:04--> 00:44:09

for the military expedition because ever since he's come You know, we've been burdened with this

00:44:11--> 00:44:23

military campaigns and warfare, etc. So Cobb, of course now brings out his trees and when he's been teased a bit, yeah, and he starts I told you this would happen when

00:44:25--> 00:44:47

also confirmation confirmation through doing that, uh, what is really about? Yeah. And he says, Well, yeah, I can give you the answer, but you love to run some or give me assets, your women and your children for me to keep this is what the Jews used to do sometimes used to keep the women and children as

00:44:49--> 00:44:59

as asset to get the money back as it were, for them to borrow money and money for military expedition etc. and

00:45:00--> 00:45:00

And

00:45:02--> 00:45:13

the story goes on about, among them, the Muslim are saying no, no, you're handsome and everything and how can we give our women to you, you know, they'll never get them back, etc. But

00:45:15--> 00:45:23

we'll let you have such and such, etc. So anyway, what they managed to do with that meeting, he managed to arrange a meeting with him

00:45:25--> 00:45:39

at his fortress to get entrance to his fortress, and to get him to come down, out of the fortress to meet. And when Muhammad did when the Muslim I goes the second time, it is a nighttime, I mean, goes with two or three other companions.

00:45:41--> 00:46:01

And, and he's wearing armor because he also is is some of the stories mentioned his wife saying to him, don't go down what you're going down this time and I finally said, This is my friend from I know from years that he's wearing a helmet and monitoring the muscle man says, Oh, that's a nice perfume, what you've got on I like to smell it.

00:46:02--> 00:46:13

And Benny talks further, just making him feel good. We'll take your helmet off, I'd like to smell the perfume more closely. And when he takes her off, they can execute.

00:46:14--> 00:46:15

So that is

00:46:19--> 00:46:37

the story of carbon, Ashraf, and why he was executed after the execution is a bit of a Harare in Medina, especially from banana D, who found out that he's been killed. What's going on here, it's been clarified that it was because of his treason, and also that you need to

00:46:39--> 00:46:48

freshen refreshing your pledge. And they do but normally at this stage, they keep that pledge with Russell the last lesson understood in Medina.

00:46:50--> 00:47:02

But as we'll see, it's not for long, because most authentic thing is after loss what have offered in the third year Phaedra berners Lee do a turn as well. And we'll see what happens.

00:47:03--> 00:47:31

Next is really was one of them. And before that, there are little things that are going on one of the prophet SAW some of the companions are still making it difficult for the grace in regards the business trip, they haven't given up on Simon Medina and said, Oh, it's alright. Now we've had a victory. Yeah, we still carrying on with the economic sanction trying to make this difficult, because there's still a war with the courage.

00:47:33--> 00:47:49

And the obviously with them to try and call the get the courage to call the war off of our trade, it'll be fine. But they're not in a treaty. So they're obviously going to make it difficult for their business channels. And one of the things that is mentioned

00:47:52--> 00:48:14

is virtual polka dot, which is hard and even a solid mention, although it doesn't have any shame of authenticity. But perhaps it happened. That's the word we can say that the Quran try and take routes to Iraq from the other side, instead of Sham. They tried to go to Iraq, the other side, one of the tricks was at the helm of

00:48:15--> 00:48:24

Abu sufian again, and he's carrying lots of silver on this trip. And the province Iceland's sends zabe niharika

00:48:25--> 00:48:27

with at the head of 100

00:48:28--> 00:48:30

men to

00:48:31--> 00:48:50

to meet and to intercept this business trip. And that was the the ones who are with him, they all run off the silver. According to this report, eliminare sock is taken back as booty to Medina. But there's no particular authenticity as a historical thing.

00:48:53--> 00:49:11

a camel Amari on these kinds of reports he says the kind of history we have, I mean if you look at British history of or going back a few 100 years they never had changed and things the kind of stuff you read as though it was fact it's all hearsay matter we don't know what's really authentic to it.

00:49:13--> 00:49:27

So I've always said if you can accept all those historical facts nevermind British history, but World History depending on who's written them whose report No, we have no idea we just learned in school and everybody takes it as if it was fact

00:49:28--> 00:49:43

he said if you have those kind of reports then you could accept these kinds of reports as well. Yeah, perhaps something like that happened. You know if you want to put it on par, but when you come to Hardee's then it's a different ballgame. You know you're getting really authentic material as to what happened.

00:49:47--> 00:49:50

We'll finish in five minutes we'll have to finish I thought would get through

00:49:53--> 00:49:59

the preparations now because of butter and because they've been tied in for

00:50:00--> 00:50:27

Business strips. Yeah. And because they've already vowed vengeance themselves. Yeah. And that these districts are there to try and bolster the military expedition to Medina. But they're there they have enough already. So they're already planning and preparing an attack on Medina that was very clear. That was very clear. And the prophet SAW slum

00:50:37--> 00:50:45

knows about his informed the market in the third year of his era. So it's a year on from bother. And this is now in

00:50:47--> 00:51:01

a shower. So, butter was 17th. Ramadan. Chahal is a two factor, isn't it? So after Ramadan, so it's literally a year. It's in the middle of the year and a month, you could say

00:51:02--> 00:51:20

that the grace decided to set out and they set out the head of 3000 this time, by the 1000. Last time now they 1000 came quickly to see if God cannot become well equipped at the head of 3000

00:51:21--> 00:51:44

publicize some finds out about it. And now the prophesised decides as he had done before to take sugar. Remember, he took Shura, and there was all debate of the detects euro with them outside with the no inside. And we said the most authentic was inside. So Shura here again, I'll finish here by just mentioning that

00:51:46--> 00:51:47

this is the mount of

00:51:49--> 00:51:51

Medina is actually down here.

00:51:53--> 00:51:57

Right, but it's surrounded by lava tracks and mountains and all sides.

00:51:58--> 00:52:05

The access to Medina was not from the south, you're coming from Mecca, you go from the north and come to Medina

00:52:07--> 00:52:12

from this valley, with odd mountain there, right.

00:52:13--> 00:52:14

And

00:52:15--> 00:52:25

so this is the entrance. So this is where the the grays come, they come up this way to try and get to Medina from this direction, this is a way they can get in not from the sides because it's all mountainous.

00:52:27--> 00:52:28

And Auckland is there.

00:52:29--> 00:52:58

There's a small hillock here, which is called La named, which is very important and to do with the arches, and the position of the arches of the believers. So we'll see next time what happens in sha Allah in the guest who was not allowed to take a session, definitely for us to do was offered, because there's quite a lot of detail in it. And a lot of, of course, bravery and Shahada, etc. to do.

00:53:00--> 00:53:02

And lessons, many lessons and

00:53:03--> 00:53:05

any questions that we've covered so far today.

00:53:08--> 00:53:09

Question about why we're

00:53:10--> 00:53:11

so against the

00:53:13--> 00:53:15

trade issues that they lost.

00:53:17--> 00:53:20

We don't have details, but

00:53:21--> 00:53:23

historians say that

00:53:26--> 00:53:40

it's historian said about all the tribes there was a discomfiture all the time. Yeah. Because they certainly had not just with the grace, they had a very strong economy, economic Holden, Medina,

00:53:41--> 00:54:04

the Jewish tribes remember I mentioned that much earlier on. And the provinces are some encourage the believers to set up their own market so they weren't dependent on that socio economic competition. So it's partly economic, but also hatred, because remember, the promises some calling them to Islam? He's mentioning the prophets they also Yeah, so once they decided is an imposter,

00:54:05--> 00:54:16

as they did when he saw Islam, you know, what they tried to do there as well what little information we have, once they decide that imposter? It's not just like you said, hate religious hatred as well.

00:54:18--> 00:54:23

Yeah, religious hatred to get rid of the imposter. Yeah. And,

00:54:25--> 00:54:30

and, and, and partly economic and also political.

00:54:33--> 00:54:52

These are some of the reasons. The rest we don't know. And the thing is that those dates, people behave as a tribe. You have you have Jews, or individually broke off from the tribes, and we know the names as well. Some of them not all of them, who remain they did go off with the tribe.

00:54:53--> 00:54:59

But things worked in that in that community in those time very much tribes, the extended family, if the leadership of tribes

00:55:00--> 00:55:32

decide that they are going to go against and they are going to be ousted. We're all going to go because in most children, aunts, uncles, everybody's related in the tribe business. So you think to yourself, why is the whole tribe there must be some there? Who was the feminine and we don't agree with you. But they're not in a position in a tribal sense to do that. But some did. They broke from the trials. Yeah. And they embraced Islam, the Jews who converted to Islam, and then they tried to reach out to the others who rejected them as well. So we do have examples of those who embraced Islam as well.

00:55:34--> 00:55:44

And those who encourage them to keep the treaty as well, even as Jews, so they'll have kept out of that. Those who agreed with the tribal leadership will be now straight

00:55:48--> 00:55:54

away for a few weeks. So it'll be off for three weeks. Three weeks

00:55:56--> 00:55:56

I'm sorry.

00:55:58--> 00:56:01

But I'm going to be I can't I don't want to do it over Skype.

00:56:03--> 00:56:06

But inshallah we will recomend then after that,

00:56:08--> 00:56:09

which was what was

00:56:10--> 00:56:14

the date for that will be what exactly if they fell off three weeks? exactly four weeks.

00:56:17--> 00:56:24

So please make a note of that. When I get back, I'm going abroad or remind and if we can send out word

00:56:25--> 00:56:26

to others as well.

00:56:27--> 00:56:32

So that people know that we're back on again. What have you got one and the family like I'll be like, I mean,