Tafsir Intensive – Surat Al Fathihah #4

share this pageShare Page
Muiz Bukhary

Channel: Muiz Bukhary

Series:

Episode Notes

Story of Shaytan _ Part II

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:00--> 00:00:02

Salam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh

00:00:13--> 00:00:49

Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa sallahu wa sallam Allah Shah Colombia, he will mousseline nebby you know, or Habibi, now karate ioannina Mohammed dibny Abdullah Allahu Allah Allah He was happy he uploaded sala de Botton with asleep and my bat. We begin by praising Allah subhanho wa Taala we ask him, the Lord of all words the exalted for his help, we ask him to open those beneficial knowledge for all of us and we ask him to send his choices of blessings and salutations. Upon the final messenger, our beloved prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his family members, his companions and all those who tread upon his path with utmost sincerity.

00:00:50--> 00:01:35

Under the death Bama media, brothers and sisters, I welcome you to part two of the story of chef on In the previous episode, we discussed the creation of our father at the monastery to Sudan, we discussed in regards to share Khan, who was known as as as evil as per certain reports, he was from the jinn CanAm energyne, as Allah says, In the noble Koran, and we discussed that the jinn they populated Planet Earth way before the creation of mankind. And they were, you know, causing a lot of mischeif a lot of corruption and a lot of chaos on the face of this earth. armies of angels were sent to contain them and amidst them there was this one individual who was worshipping Allah

00:01:35--> 00:02:19

subhanho wa Taala. He was permitted to ascend with the angels up to the heavens, and he starts to worship Allah azza wa jal and he starts to rise in his ranks until the day when Allah subhanho wa Taala proclaim the creation of alpha data Melissa to Sarah, alpha, the Adam is led to Islam was created, the command was issued to the angels and this individual was amidst the assembly of the angels he was amidst the congregation of the angels. The command, a clear cut command was issued, was to duly Adam prostrate unto Adam, all of the angels complied you have the sea of angels coming crashing down in sujood, complying and obeying the commandment of Allah subhanho wa Taala one lone

00:02:19--> 00:02:33

figure standing arrogantly in defiance defying the command of Allah subhanho wa Taala. This obeying the commandment of Eliza Virgil filled with pride. He goes on to compare himself when it was asked as to why

00:02:34--> 00:02:51

did thou not prostrate? He goes on to say and how you don't mean I am better than him. Hello petani mean are you created me out of fire wahala put the home in vain and you created him out of clay. And for this individual. He was,

00:02:52--> 00:03:11

you know, misguided. But he thought of himself there was this superiority complex it was filled with pride and arrogance. He did not want to comply he did not want to obey the commandment of Allah subhanho wa Taala resulting in him crashing from that higher rank that he was upon.

00:03:12--> 00:03:16

He was humiliated and chased away from that assembly.

00:03:19--> 00:03:32

And then from there onwards, so that's basically where we paused In the previous episode, when you go to the story and sort of Baccarat now Allah subhanho wa Taala informs us well, I love the melasma

00:03:33--> 00:03:34

color.

00:03:36--> 00:03:41

We taught at the monastery to Salaam, a Smar akula the names all of it.

00:03:43--> 00:03:44

And that's interesting.

00:03:45--> 00:03:48

You see, when you start teaching a child,

00:03:49--> 00:04:06

how do you go about doing it, you introduce the child to the alphabet. And then you go on to help the child to identify things set up by a very young age. It's basically showing tell you like this is an apple and this is a

00:04:07--> 00:04:13

ball or a bat. And this is a cat and this is the doc

00:04:15--> 00:04:18

so are the Marley's that was lamb was taught by Allah subhanho wa Taala.

00:04:21--> 00:04:36

Eliza Virgil is the teacher. And he is fed and taught all of this knowledge. And it's just not the names. You see with the names come the definition. And he's given a whole lot of knowledge.

00:04:39--> 00:04:47

And then somehow the Houma unelma iica because even today, think of it and you want to know about something

00:04:48--> 00:04:58

what happens you would look up the definition of that thing. And interestingly, the eye essays Aleph is while the melasma akula

00:05:01--> 00:05:04

The names, terms and definitions all of it.

00:05:05--> 00:05:19

And interestingly because Kula means everything, every single thing that is to come into existence until the day of karma was taught to other Muslim.

00:05:22--> 00:05:23

Law

00:05:25--> 00:05:32

Thumma arado Humala Malaika, and then he was, and then what happens? Allah subhanho wa Taala. He goes on to

00:05:34--> 00:05:36

test the angels.

00:05:37--> 00:05:43

And they were now asked in regards to these things in regards to certain things, and there were questions posed to them.

00:05:44--> 00:06:02

Now the angels they are obviously a powerful creation of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And their composition is different from ours. They're made of light, then they have certain strengths that we do not have, they can fly they can shape shift, just like the gym, they are made out of fire, they can shape shift they can fly.

00:06:04--> 00:06:11

But in regards to this, look at their response. Paulo Suba harnick. Milena,

00:06:18--> 00:06:29

glory be unto you subhanak La Ilaha Illa I limped Anna there's no knowledge for us except that which you have taught us yeah, Allah. So they were not able to respond.

00:06:30--> 00:06:38

But this knowledge was imparted unto our father at the Midas letter salon. And now, at the Marley's, let wassalam is there

00:06:40--> 00:07:02

but in the infinite wisdom of Allah subhanho wa Taala. He knows that admires that Islam, because the way he has been engineered the way he's been created Adam is that to Islam, he is in need towards a mate he is in need towards a spouse, we human beings have been created as such, that we are in need towards a mate we are in need towards companionship, we are social creatures.

00:07:04--> 00:07:29

So Adam has led to a Salaam as per one particular report and paraphrasing he goes to sleep. Now he wakes up and he sees aroma, the hawala so that was done by him. And the angels were around we're witnessing this powerful spectacle. They, you know, in a friendly way, he wanted to test our father advantage that was set up. So they go on to very curiously and quickly asked him, oh, Adam, who is she?

00:07:30--> 00:07:54

That he's supposed to know the names and definitions of everything, right? A lot of knowledge has been imparted unto him. He looks at her and he responds here how she is how how, as in the term, however, stems from high in the Arabic language, which means living, she's something living because she was created from a living being she was created from our father. The malaise that was set up

00:07:56--> 00:07:59

by the infinite power and we'll have our maker

00:08:02--> 00:08:14

now that our father and our mother have been created as per the NBC, a command is now issued, and sorted Baccarat if you look at the ayat from 35 onwards, Allah says, what

00:08:17--> 00:08:21

the most scorn and done was ojochal jen

00:08:24--> 00:08:27

wakulla mean her or her then hi sushi

00:08:30--> 00:08:30

while

00:08:32--> 00:08:54

he shared Arata fetac una I mean avoiding me in wahconah and we said yeah, Adam O Adam was spoon Anto was our joke who scorn as in from second stay resigned you and was our joke your wife Elgin netta engine now.

00:08:56--> 00:08:57

Now interestingly,

00:09:00--> 00:09:04

a question pops up. Which jenaya is this?

00:09:06--> 00:09:12

Is it the agenda that you and I were familiar with? The genetic be all hope to

00:09:14--> 00:09:18

attain? Now Allah grant us all entry into Jenna. I mean, is it that gender?

00:09:20--> 00:09:31

Or is it another gender? Is it a garden basically on earth? Or some other place? If you closely look at the ayah Allah says

00:09:33--> 00:09:36

ozkan anther was our joke stay you and your wife.

00:09:38--> 00:09:53

Were Elgin. netta the word Jenna. Jenna means garden. There's an Alif lamb that is attached to the word Jenna. Now this Alif lamb in the Arabic language, it makes something that is indefinite definite. That's basically the definite article.

00:09:56--> 00:10:00

So here we're talking about I mean, if you were to translate it, we're talking about the general

00:10:00--> 00:10:25

Now, so it's not just any Gemini, it's not some some garden somewhere. It's the garden. So what is the garden, the garden that you and I are familiar with, right? Let me give you an example. Let's say if I were to say, brothers and sisters each day to say errata brothers and sisters, I bought a car, I could have bought any car. You don't even know what I'm talking about. Because I'm not being specific. I'm saying I bought a car, it could be any car.

00:10:26--> 00:10:41

But on the other hand, if I were to say each day to say Yata I bought the car. Now I'm talking about and being specific, I'm talking about a specific car. And I would only do so if you and I knew about the car that I'm talking about.

00:10:43--> 00:11:08

Right? I mean, it's not it would be completely out of the blue for you if I were to say about the car and if you don't even know what car I'm talking about. So here if ally saying Ella Jenna, and if he's expecting us to know which garden he is talking about, then it is de Jenna, that we are all familiar with. That is the agenda that they were asked to stay in and residing. Okay, that's out of the way now.

00:11:10--> 00:11:17

What gulaman Hi, Robert and hi Toma. Now they were permitted to eat and indulge in whatever their heart desires

00:11:18--> 00:11:26

they were permitted to eat and indulge in whatever their heart desired while at the core of the issue

00:11:28--> 00:11:33

but now there's a prohibition do not approach this tree.

00:11:34--> 00:11:55

The specific tree has the shadow on this particular tree do not approach it further cone me no volley me in because if you were to do so you would become from lolly moon you would become from the oppressors May Allah subhanho wa Taala protect us from being oppressed. And may He protect us from becoming oppressors I mean,

00:11:57--> 00:12:09

then sort of Allah goes on to say for as Allah, Masha for as Allah who Masha Cano on her shirt on he made them slip in regards to this

00:12:11--> 00:12:12

in sort of our off

00:12:13--> 00:12:20

Allah mentions for Wes was Allah whom I shared on that shirt on, he whispered.

00:12:21--> 00:12:29

He went about with his tactics. You see these evil whisperings of Chapin it's a hallmark

00:12:30--> 00:12:44

trait of the devil and that is why we seek the protection of Allah subhanho wa Taala in regards to it. Oil obeah Robin Mulligan mannequin.

00:12:45--> 00:13:02

Isla in US militia real Lewis was in one as we seek the protection of Allah from the waswas of a harness May Allah protect us from the worst possible hardness of the devil? I mean?

00:13:04--> 00:13:15

So he goes in and he whispers What does he whisper? Well, Carla, Myrna Kumara bucco man having his shader on in

00:13:17--> 00:13:39

the corner Molokini, oh takuna mineral hornady in he says, You have not been prohibited the two of you have not been prohibited from this tree. Except that if you were to indulge in it, you would become angels, if you were to indulge in it, you will live forever and ever.

00:13:41--> 00:13:41

So,

00:13:43--> 00:13:53

as usual, lies false hood, deceit and treachery. This is what he is all about. May Allah protect us from the traps of Shabbat?

00:13:57--> 00:13:59

And eventually he succeeds.

00:14:00--> 00:14:02

As Allah says in the hold on,

00:14:03--> 00:14:12

for as l lahoma, shaitan unha. The chairperson for asila Houma shirt on that shirt on, he made them slip.

00:14:14--> 00:14:17

So what happens they indulge in the tree.

00:14:19--> 00:14:23

Now, the tree What is this tree all about?

00:14:27--> 00:14:28

The biblical version

00:14:30--> 00:14:36

that a lot of us are familiar with. And some of us even think that that is

00:14:37--> 00:14:43

the tree that the Koran also talks about. The biblical version is that it was an apple tree.

00:14:44--> 00:14:46

Interestingly, the Koran does not specify.

00:14:49--> 00:14:59

It was just a shudra the tree there's no specification of what type of a tree was it an apple tree, a mango tree, an orange tree

00:15:00--> 00:15:20

No mention. Likewise, when you go through the traditions of the Prophet Do you have you don't find anything reported authentically from the Prophet sallallaahu Selim in regards to specifying the tree. So the biblical version states that it was an apple tree, and that the fruit the forbidden fruit that they indulged in was an apple.

00:15:21--> 00:15:27

But given that we do not have anything authentically reported, why are our sources

00:15:29--> 00:15:47

in the books of history and as per certain scholars have said, they fall back onto Israelite traditions. And their formulated the opinions were some of them have gone on to state that it was a date palm. Some of them some of them are going on to say that the fruit the day indulged in war, grapes, and other fruits.

00:15:49--> 00:15:54

But interestingly, there's one interpretation that stands out. I'm going to mention it.

00:15:55--> 00:16:09

I'm going to mention the interpretation. And I conclude by saying Allah knows best because in the Quran, there's no specification, likewise in the Hadith of the Prophet Elias and we do not find any specification.

00:16:10--> 00:16:27

So I will mention it for the sake of sharing knowledge and discussing it. But as for what is correct and what is the strongest or loudhailer alum Allah knows best. So what is this opinion?

00:16:29--> 00:16:38

Before we get into the opinion, let's just look at what Allah subhanho wa Taala says in sort of an hour off in regards to what happened right after they indulged

00:16:40--> 00:16:44

in the fruit of this tree or indulged in this tree, Allah says

00:16:47--> 00:16:52

for della Houma be a weirdo

00:16:53--> 00:16:57

that he deceived them who [???] on deceived them. Fell em

00:16:59--> 00:17:03

point shadow into bed at home. So to

00:17:04--> 00:17:08

ward off a biopsy for any IRA Hema,

00:17:10--> 00:17:11

Jen.

00:17:14--> 00:17:35

And when they tasted the tree, the forbidden tree as shahdara badet lahoma so Atacama, their private parts became apparent to them. But if you're curious if any, I lay him in water kill Jenna. And they went on to grab at the leaves of Jenna from the trees of Jenna to cover themselves up.

00:17:37--> 00:18:00

Many brothers and sisters, there is one misconception that needs to be, you know, cleared out. Some people think that and that's based on this part of the idea, they think, or they have this assumption that I will find out the militia to Islam and Hawaiians led to Islam were roaming around in Jenna naked until this incident, and that's when they've been taught to cover themselves.

00:18:01--> 00:18:20

And they go on to justify that thought of theirs or that opinion of theirs that assumption of the as by saying that they were so innocent, that they were so pure and innocent, that they were walking around naked until they slipped in this regard and that's when they

00:18:21--> 00:18:24

you know, because of shame and guilt went on to cover themselves up.

00:18:26--> 00:18:30

There is no proof in regards to this and it is against

00:18:32--> 00:18:34

the principles of the dean

00:18:35--> 00:18:43

and like I said we do not have a shred of evidence in this regard from the Quran or the Sunnah. So, this is something that we do not entertain.

00:18:45--> 00:18:47

Now in regards to the tree coming back to that opinion now.

00:18:50--> 00:18:54

The tree is interpreted as a metaphor and not a physical tree.

00:18:56--> 00:19:03

So they go on to interpret it as a metaphor for sexual relations.

00:19:05--> 00:19:08

The Quran is sucker.

00:19:09--> 00:19:12

The Quran is subtle.

00:19:14--> 00:19:17

And the Quran is not lewd.

00:19:18--> 00:19:27

The Quran does not have obscene language and it does not make direct references to these things.

00:19:29--> 00:19:35

Right in terms of sexual relations, so there is this indirect modest way of doing it.

00:19:38--> 00:19:43

So the tree is used in this passage as a metaphor for sexual relations.

00:19:44--> 00:19:59

If you were to go with that opinion, then this part makes sense. Because they indulged in it. Okay. They indulged in sexual relations, and right after indulging in it

00:20:02--> 00:20:22

What happened there private parts became apparent to them. They were filled with shame, they were filled with guilt. And they rushed to cover themselves up, because it was something new. And right after the experience, they felt riddled with shame and guilt and they plucked away at the leaves to cover themselves.

00:20:23--> 00:20:42

So I've given you an hour I do have opinions and as students of that observe, it's interesting to go through these opinions, but at the end of the day, we say well, lo Dinah item, Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best in regards to which of these opinions is the strongest and we leave it at that.

00:20:44--> 00:20:45

Moving on now,

00:20:49--> 00:20:52

Allah subhanho wa Taala now

00:20:54--> 00:21:01

commands them and then come back to sort of Bukhara for as Allahumma shape on one half of Raja Houma meme

00:21:03--> 00:21:29

nafi being well Poorna Butoh Babu coolibah dinardo Welcome fill out the most courtroom Amata Oh Nina he in now they were commanded to leave a bit to bado calmly Bowden Otto descend and again this two points out to the fact that they were in Jenna.

00:21:31--> 00:21:35

In general, as in have a higher

00:21:36--> 00:21:53

upon a higher location. And that's why the command is being given to them a bit to descend. If they were on Jenna upon earth, and there is no need to descend. It will be get out of the garden. But here it is descend a bit Oh, but I'll do calmly baldon I do

00:21:55--> 00:22:05

as enemies to one another, as in the myoskeletal salaam and Hawaii has led to Islam mankind versus the shout in

00:22:07--> 00:22:32

welcome fill out. So basically it was a demolish that was solemn however it is that was alum and SharePoint. They were all commanded to descend onto Earth, for the lock for the lock bar Adam O'Meara he Kelly mattes, and now Adam and is that wasallam further Allah for the mere robbing he Kalima adds further by lay in whom

00:22:34--> 00:23:23

he, so many brothers and sisters, there are reports in the books of history that our mother hawala is that she descends, injured. And that I will further add to my list that Islam descended in India, and to be more specific southern India. And there are certain historians who go on to state that he descended in Sri Lanka, which is, you know, my country. But for all of these reports, we don't have strong evidence to back any of it. So what's established in the Quran is that they were asked to descend and they descended and then advised that was Salaam turns to Allah subhanho wa Taala. In sincere Toba seeking the forgiveness of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And interestingly, my dear brothers

00:23:23--> 00:23:27

and sisters, if you look at the story, you see that

00:23:30--> 00:24:16

you see the stark difference between administer to some alpha administer to Islam and Showtime. Otherwise, see the two of them shirt on? He refused to prostrate. he disobeyed Allah subhanho wa Taala. But did he turn to Allah subhanho wa Taala in Toba? Did he seek the forgiveness of Allah subhanho wa Taala? No, he didn't do any of that. Resulting in him incurring the anger of Allah subhanho wa Taala the wrath of allies of origin and in Him being humiliated and disgraced. On the other hand if you were to take our father advice that was Salaam, he true in this regard, he disobeyed Allah subhanho wa Taala as Allah says in the Quran, but did he leave it at that? No, he

00:24:16--> 00:24:59

turns to Allah subhana wa tada Allah in sincere Toba begging for Allah subhana wa ilos forgiveness he turns to Alliance within Toba and Allah says in the in the Quran that Allah accepted his Toba. So this is the this is the beauty of understanding the forgiveness of allies abajo the magnanimous nature of our maker subhanho wa Taala. Where when you turn to him because at the end of the day, you and I we all make mistakes and as human beings we make mistakes, but when you turn to Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah azza wa jal is waiting for you to turn to Him. And Allah subhanho wa Taala will forgive us of our sins because he's the most forgiving, the Most Merciful, as he rightfully

00:24:59--> 00:24:59

deserved.

00:25:00--> 00:25:25

tribes themselves in the noble Koran inala have afforded Rahim Indeed Allah is the most forgiving the Most Merciful. So with that we come to the end of this particular episode. I look forward to talking to you all in the next episode inshallah loudhailer of the Deaf seed intensive series as we continue with the Tafseer of certain Fatiha desert como la who hired off for tuning in was Salam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh