Tafseer Juz E Amma Surah Al Duha
Channel: Navaid Aziz
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him in Alhamdulillah Hina Meadow honesty I know when to stop when out Willa Himanshu Leon fusina woman sejati Amina Maria de la Fernando de la la la la la la la la la la sharika wa shadow Ana Mohammed Abdullah Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa seldom at the Sleeman kathira ama God, my dear brothers and sisters salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
Our suitor for this week was meant to be so total beginner. However, I had a very busy week, there were a lot of things that I was, you know, dealing with, and I didn't get time to perfect the surah. And I thought, rather than give you something that wasn't perfected, let me give you something that is perfected. So we're going to be skipping a few sodas, and we'll be going to sudo to baja today. So generally speaking, sort of what I was meant to come at the end of the month, but we'll be doing it now. And then next week, within the atalla, we'll be doing solo tobyhanna.
So let's pan with Jada. He starts off solo to Doha, by taking an oath. And the oath that almost panatela takes over here is a baja one lady.
And the Doha is the early part of the morning. So if you notice the early part of the morning, this is the time when everyone is waking up, and is getting ready to go to work. And early, you know, Arab time, what it meant was that as soon as the sun rose, that was when everyone went to the market and that was the time when you know it was the busiest time of the day in terms of the hustle and the bustle, and then slowly it would start to slow down after that. And then Allah subhanaw taala swears by one lady in the night when it is sad. Yeah, it means that you don't even hear the wind blowing anymore. And the sounds of the night, they're no longer there, because everything is asleep,
and everything is resting. So let's find what Allah swears by the night when he is resting. Now these are the things that Allah subhanaw taala takes an oath by and this is what I want to give you an introduction to as we talk about why Allah subhana wa tada revealed this surah. So I want you to think about how do we tie in the early morning and the late night in comparison to why Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed the surah that's what I want you to think about the reasons of revelation of the surah. There are actually two reasons of revelation that are mentioned for the sutra. The first reason is that jabril he delayed in bringing revelation to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu
alayhi wa sallam one day, and the wife of Abu Jihad on Gmail, she comes to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and she says, look, even you know, your shade Vaughn has left you referring to jabril, that jabril didn't come down. And she refers to gibreel as the shaytaan, supine Allah. And she says that even your shavon has left you now meaning that though your people left you now, even your shaytan has left you who is going to take care of you now. And then Allah subhanho wa Taala, sent to this surah down according to the first reason of Revelation. The second reason reason of Revelation is that the chorus, they gathered around the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam, at a time when revelation had stopped, meaning there was a period of, you know, six months or so that revelation had not come down. And this would stress the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam out, he would think that you know, what have I done something wrong? is Allah upset with me? He was really worried at this time. And then the courage, we took advantage of this, they took advantage of the emotions of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu wasallam. And they said, even your Lord detests, you know, even your Lord hates, you know, and then Allah subhanho wa Taala, sent it down this surah then Allah subhanaw taala sent down the surah. So those are the two reasons of
revelation that are related to sudo to Doha. Now let's get back to the oath that Allah subhanaw taala takes Allah subhanho wa Taala takes this oath by the Doha and then lay it as a kind of idea that when it is such a now why would Allah subhanho wa Taala tikkun olam by doing these two things, when the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is upset? That is what we want to analyze and assess. So what we want to look at now is when Allah subhana wa tada swears by the law and the lane, what exactly do they represent? What exactly do do these two things represent? And that's what we're going to look at. So the first opinion amongst the scholars in terms of what they represent,
is that the morning and the evening, they're actually a representation of time, because time when it comes to law, time is divided into these two parts. It is either daytime or it is nighttime. So here Allah subhanho wa Taala is taking an oath by time, so all of time is being sworn by taking an oath by the day and taking an oath by the night. That is the first opinion. The second question
In is that here Allah subhanho wa Taala is taking an oath by light, and by darkness, taking an oath by light and by darkness. And this opinion is further divided into two opinions. So the light and darkness, what do they represent? So one group of scholars said that the light that is being represented over here in the Doha is the light of the Koran, it is the light of guidance. And then the darkness that is being represented over here is the darkness of Cofer, and is the darkness of oppression. So that is what the light represents. And that is what the darkness represents. And then the second opinion in terms of the light and the dark, is that Allah subhana wa tada is swearing by
the great gift of light itself, that Allah subhanho wa Taala is reminding the people that look at this great gift of light that Allah subhanaw taala has given you that through it, you're able to achieve what you want. And then when I know that it takes this light away from you, what happens to your life at that time, you're unable to function, you're unable to do anything. So that was opinion number two, that almost no doubt is swearing by the light and by the dark. And then the third and last opinion that we'll share is that Allah subhanaw taala is swearing by this dunya and swearing by the Akira. So this dunya is it represented by the light? Or is it represented by the darkness? That
is the question over here, again, the scholars divided into two based upon their perception. So the scholars that said that this dunya is represented by the light, who can come up with a possible justification. Why would they use the light to represent this dunya and not the darkness? Go ahead.
the opportunity is opportunity. Good guests, guys.
Similar to what he was saying, but good guests, though. Go ahead.
I feel I came before this. I don't even
know I didn't think of that. Allah knows best. Go ahead.
Excellent. So Donnie, as you know, what attracts the people, and then the darkness is like, you know, it's not appealing to the people who wants to go to the darkness. That is a perspective. But that's not the school's mission. But that's very good. Mashallah. And actually, you want to go ahead last guest and go ahead.
Excellent. That's very good, similar to what he was saying. So the dunya is what is appearing in front of you, that's where the light is. And then the darkness is what is not apparent from you. And that is where the darkness is both very good guesses, Mashallah. But generally, what the scholars mentioned over here is that they actually focused on the Doha, the Doha is the very short part of the day. So they said the dunya in terms of its time is very, very short, whereas the night in terms of its length is very, very long, right. So, therefore, the dunya is represented by the light, because it is such a short amount of time, and the accurate is reserved, represented by the night
because it is a longer period of time in comparison to the day. Now, let us look at the opposite. Those that said that the dunya is darkness and the Acura is light. Why would they say that? The dunya is darkness. And the Acura is the light. This was more easier and more apparent.
Why is the dunya darkness and the accurate light? This is the easier one you guys did amazing in the first one. And go ahead.
You guys are too sophisticated. For me. That's a very good answer. That is a very good answer. But that's not what I'm looking for. Go ahead.
Almost you're very close. Someone expand on that. Go ahead.
Explain. So why is that represented by light? Oh, sorry. Yeah. Why is that represented by?
That's what I'm looking for. So the Messenger of Allah, Allah Hi, live sentiment, another Hadith. He talks about how oppression will come as darkness how oppression will come as darkness of Zulu Zulu mud, that darkness or that oppression will come as darkness on the Day of Judgment. So, here they said that this dunya is the abode of oppression because no oppression takes place in the Acura and that is why this life is the land of oppression and the land of darkness. Whereas justice it will take place in the Acura and justice as represented by light. So that was opinion number three, then in terms of the accurate and the dounia. The second opinion of under number three is that this dunya
represents darkness and oppression. And then the color represents light and justice. Now that is how they divided it. Now keeping all of these things in mind, you're getting a greater picture and idea in terms of wireless and wireless taking an oath by this. So the first thing the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is being told is that you know don't be concerned for what the disability
Diversity you because they are the ones that are in darkness, they don't have the guidance. Number two is that in terms of Allah swearing by time, the messenger will also send them is being told indirectly. They don't pay attention to these people, these people are just wasting your time. And in accordance to opinion number three in terms of the dunya and the acara, the Messenger of Allah Azza wa sallam is being reminded that these are the affairs of the dunya that you know your emotions will be played with you will be hurt, because this is what the dunya is all about. But wait for the Acura because the Acura is the abode of happiness. Now, I would like to give my own twist to this.
And this is like an introduction in terms of what we were talking about introducing a tafsir. That doesn't go against the tafsir of our predecessors, but at the same time, it wasn't something mentioned by them as well. And that is if you look at these two verses, the times that Allah subhanaw taala takes an oath by the morning and the night. What is the significance of this is that this is what is composing of your life that your life is composed of the morning and the evening. Now, what do these two represent? The light represents your dunya and your the night represents your Acura. So this is something that Audrey mentioned. And we're just further expanding on this meaning
that here the Messenger of Allah so seldom is revealed the surah in early Makkah, why? To help him deal with his anxiety to help him deal with his sadness and his grief. So when Allah subhanho wa Taala tells him about the morning, what does this represent for him, it represents his worldly life. So Allah subhanho wa Taala, is indirectly telling him that in order for you to chain to attain balance in your life, or in order for you to attain happiness in your life, both your dunya and your Acura, they need to be in balance. Now, generally, when we speak about balance, we think of it being 5050. But in reality, this is not the case when it comes to the venue in Africa. And this is why
Allah subhanaw taala, when he swears by the dunya, he swears by the Doha, there is a short amount of time you work in it, because you're only here for a short amount of time. Whereas Allah subhanaw taala, swears by the author by the elongated period of the night, relative to the amount of time you will spend in the hereafter. Thus, it is much much longer. So thus the Messenger of Allah says Adam is indirectly being told, then in order to find balance in your life, you have to take care of your worldly affairs as well. You have to deal with the problems of the people, you have to take care of your business, you have to take care of you know, whatever is a part of this dunya but at the same
time, the messenger system is further being reminded that don't be deceived by this dunya that your time in it is very short, and make your ultimate focus and priority, the accurate because that is the eternal life, that is the eternal life. So this is a brief introduction in terms of what Allah subhanaw taala has taken an oath by beginning of the surah Allah subhanaw taala takes an oath by these two things, the doctor will later said at the beginning of the Surah Now every time an oath is taken, we have to look at what Allah subhana wa Taala is taking an oath about. So the oldest monitor to the oath by the day in the night, but now what is this all about? What is Allah subhanaw taala
swearing about? He goes on to say malwa dakara buka wa kala, that your Lord has not abandoned you, nor does your Lord detest you. And you'll notice that here you'll see the next four verses or so that Allah subhana wa tada reminds the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam are the next three verses that he's being told that these are the things that Allah subhanaw taala swears by that have no doubt in the following matters whatsoever. And the first of those things is Mauer dakara buka Makana that your Lord has not abandoned you, nor does your Lord detest you. So you notice that this isn't a direct response to the Quraysh that when they came to the Messenger of Allah Salaam, and
they said that even your Lord detests you now, Allah subhana wa tada responded to this verse directly by saying, Now adakah buko amakhala there ever since your Lord started to love you, your Lord has never hated you, nor has he detested you, nor will he abandon you. And Subhanallah This is such a powerful verse, because again, keep in mind the context. Keep in mind the context that this is at the early stages of NACA, that the trials are going to come things are going to get much, much harder and much, much worse. And usually when the person goes through trials, what is the first thing that shaytaan comes to him with? You're going through these trials, because your Lord hates
you, your Lord wants to punish you. This is you know, the consequences of your actions. Allah subhanho wa Taala got rid of that doubt with this very verse, that the trials that are coming your way are not because Allah subhana wa Taala hates you or they test you, but it is to make you stronger. It is to make your relationship with Allah subhanho wa Taala even firmer, that is what those trials and tribulations come from Allah subhanho wa Taala for and that is one of the significant you know, turning points in the life of the Messenger of Allah.
Send them right early on, that he's being told by Allah that He is loved by Allah subhanho wa Taala and that he will never be abandoned. A second thing over here is that look at the way Allah subhana wa Taala addresses the emotions of an individual. there as a human being. Almost all of our actions revolve around the love. They're either about attaining love, or they're about giving love. So you can think about every single action that an individual does, it is it falls into one of those two categories. And there it is either about giving love, or it is about receiving love, all of your actions. And then here when Allah subhanaw taala tells the Messenger of Allah Sanam that you have
the love of Allah subhanho wa Taala it is reassuring that you will never need the love of anything else. Because the ultimate love that you will ever attain in this dunya and in the accurate as well is the love of Allah subhana wa tada and this is something the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was being guaranteed in this dunya so you can imagine that great gift that imagine in this life, Allah subhanaw taala told you, that whatever happens, Allah subhana wa Taala will always love you, like what greater gift could you want than that? And the Messenger of Allah says Allah was given that gift in this verse, Then Allah subhanaw taala goes on to swear by the second thing, which
is when a hero to her Allah communal Allah, meaning that which is to come is better than that which you have right now. And the scholars different over here, that what is Allah subhana wa Taala referring to in this verse, is Allah subhanho wa Taala referring to the afterlife? Or is Allah subhanaw taala referring to the life of this world, in terms of what is to come, and in reality, these opinions can both be reconciled. So let us look at from the worldly perspective, the life in Mecca was very, very difficult and very, very tough. Whereas when life came to Medina, it became a lot easier. And it was a lot more, I won't say enjoyable, but at least they were not under direct
attack or under persecution. So that is in terms of this worldly life. When Allah subhanaw taala says that that which is to come is better than what you have right now. There is no harm in saying that it is referring in terms of this dunya as well, meaning that the life of Medina was much easier than the life of Makkah. But the vast majority of scholars and Allah subhanaw taala knows best. This is the strong opinion that in reality, it is referring to the afterlife, that meaning the afterlife is better than the life of this world. And you'll find so many verses and so many a hadith referring to this. So when Allah subhanho wa Taala refers to the life of this world, what does he refer to it,
he refers to it as a metallic, meaning a temporary enjoyment, and the messenger will also sell them in various ahaadeeth will share two of them with you be the lights on, he says that had Allah subhanaw taala given even the size of a wing of mosquitoes concern for this dunya then Allah subhanho wa Taala would not have given water to the disbeliever Have you even cared that much with this dunya but Allah subhanaw taala doesn't even have that much concern, and thus even allowed the disbeliever to drink from the drink of this world. That is number one. Number two, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was one day laying down on his bed, and his bed was made out of
palm fiber, palm fiber, if you don't know what it is, if you take the leaves of a tree, and you wrap it up, and then you tie it all together, you make like a very, very thin mattress. For those of you who you know who have lived in the east, you'll notice that even some of the beds, they were made of these palm fighters so they put in a wooden pillars, and then they would tie the palm fibers on the top of the wooden pillars. And that's what you would sleep on. Now the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, he wakes up from this and Abdullah Mr. de la I know, he sees this and he sees the markings on the back of the Messenger of Allah says setup. So he says to me out of sola, you know, please let
me put something soft, so that these marks aren't left on your back. At least you know, you'll have some comfort while you're sleeping. The messenger system responds by saying Maddie wanted to know that you know, What relationship do I have with this dunya accepted that I came into this world as a traveler, I will stay in stay here for a short amount of time, and I will leave. And you'll notice that even at the end of the life of the Messenger of Allah seldom, he was given the option to either stay in this dunya or to go to the accurate so I shadowed Yolanda. She says that every prophet and messenger, they get to choose and decide when they leave this world. And I noticed that at the time,
at that time, the eyes of the messenger alasa seller, they fixed upon the skies based upon the skies. And I knew at that time that the messenger will also sell them had made the decision that he chose the afterlife, over the life of this world. So even in the decision of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he chose the life of the hereafter showing that it is greater than the life of this world. Now, this is something obvious that we're not going to be redundant on but this is something to remember that
as an individual, when you have focus in your life, when you start building goals for your ear for your career for, you know your family life, what are your goals oriented towards? Are your goals purely, you know, focused on fulfilling, you know things of this life? Or do your goals help you achieve the hereafter as well. That's something that you want to focus on that when you're thinking about your goals, you know, that at the beginning of every year, they tell, you know, what is your New Year's resolution, when you're thinking of your New Year's resolution, when you're thinking of your goals for the year, how many of those goals are related to this dunya and how many of them are
related to the ACA. That's what this verse is indirectly reminding us of that Allah subhanho wa Taala is taking an oath, that the life of the Hereafter is better than the life of this world. So if you're intelligent, your primary focus of goals will be focused upon the Hereafter, and then you will only take from this dunya what you need from it, because one, it's not as good as the life of the hereafter and to your time in this life is very, very short compared to the life of the hereafter.
Then Allah subhanaw taala goes on to swear by the third and last thing, so the Allah subhanaw taala takes an oath about three things. This is the third and last one that Allah subhanaw taala takes an oath. Why? Well there's so for your ticker buka factor that Allah subhanho wa Taala will give you and He will be pleased Allah subhanaw taala will give you and He will be pleased and tafsir notably our beloved Ambassador de la Houma. He reports from the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that Allah subhanaw taala showed him his place in the Hereafter, that the Messenger of Allah seldom was shown his place in the hereafter. And he gives very specific details. He says that a
bourbon vessel de la Honda says that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was showed an elf cassava, that he was shown 100,000 like mansions or castles. This is what was prepared for the Messenger of Allah. And then with each of these castles was the amount of things that he would need inside in terms of servants in terms of you know, luxuries, everything, you know, anything that a person would want, would be in these castles. So it's not as if one castle was better than the next meaning that you know, there was some sort of fluctuation but know that every single castle was of the top notch, you know, the best that anyone could ever desire, that the messenger system was
shown this, and this is why Allah subhanho wa Taala you know, revealed this verse when I saw your ticker bukata that you sacrificed everything in this dunya so in the Acura, Allah subhanaw taala will give you more than you can desire. And you can desert imagine the onus upon Allah handleless fine without giving you 100,000 just houses, what would you do with 100,000 houses? What could you possibly do with it? And in the Acura is not as if Hey, you know, I don't want this house. Let me put it up for sale. No, the messenger was telling me has this house and it says, and it's for eternity. You know, one night You stay here the next day you stay here 100,000 you know, houses, you
can imagine that we're talking about, you know, 10s of hundreds of years that he's that you could sleep in a different house with different bed with a different luxury that makes Panama so is in relationship to that the amount that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam sacrificed from this dunya that is what Allah subhanaw taala replaced for him in the hereafter as well. Now commenting on this verse as well, Abdullah bin masala Allahu anhu. He commented on this verse, he said, When Allah subhanho wa Taala, sent this verse down, it was a commandment to the family of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, that they were to choose the life of the hereafter
over the life of this world. Because yes, the life of this world would be difficult, but Allah subhanho wa Taala, would give them in the Hereafter, and that would compensate for it. And this is in relationship to one of the incidents that took place in the Sierra. And that was when the wives of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam were complete complaining to the Messenger of Allah. They said, Dr. rasulillah, please increase, you know, the amount of money that you give us for spending that we barely have any good foods to eat. We barely have any of the luxuries of this dunya please increase our stipend. So the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he told
them at this time, that you know, when you married me, you knew the type of situation you were getting to. So either you can, you know, stay in this situation with me and stay through this difficulty. And yes, you may not have the luxuries of this world, but you will be granted the luxuries of the Hereafter, or you can leave and you know, you would be divorced. You can get remarried after that. And in all the wives of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they chose to stay with the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and our beloved Masuda the Allahu anhu. He says that it was due to this verse, that Allah subhanaw taala he made that
promise that your Lord will give you and you will be pleased. So they awaited for the promise of their Lord and he stayed with the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So now Allah subhanho wa Taala after telling us that these are the things he took in all things,
about Allah subhanaw taala changes changes the flow of the sutra. So rather than informing now, Allah subhanho wa Taala changes the tone of the surah by asking rhetorical questions, so rhetorical questions or questions that are asked, but an answer is not necessarily required, because the answer is already known to that. So when a rhetorical question is asked,
rhetorical question is not to increase the person in knowledge as a normal question will do, but a torkel question is asked to remind a person of something eriko torkel question is asked to remind a person of something. So now when Allah subhanaw taala is asking the following three questions. That is what you want to keep in mind, that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is now being reminded. Now what is the point of him being reminded, you'll come to see Bismillah hits Allah, that is point number one. Point number two, is that looking at these verses that are coming up in asking these rhetorical questions, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is being
reminded of facts. Right? Now prior to this, the messenger system is being told about theory, that the life of the Hereafter is better than the life of this world, the Messenger of Allah Selim hasn't seen the light of the hereafter. So something he can't relate to. Same thing that you will be given something and you will be pleased. Again, he doesn't know exactly what that is, nor does he have it right now. So it's all theoretical. But now when Allah subhanho wa Taala, comes to these next set of verses, it is actually factual, he's already lived through this. And the reason why Allah subhanho wa Taala uses facts now is to increase the resolve of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu wasallam. In
saying that, just how Allah subhanaw taala got you through the following three situations, and he took care of you and protected you and granted you what you need it, then have faith in Allah subhanho wa Taala, that the previous things that Allah mentioned, in terms of the life of the Hereafter, in terms of what will be given, it will be just as true. So it was to increase the faith of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu wasallam in the words of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So now let us look at these rhetorical questions that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is being asked the first of them he is asked alemi adjudicator tieman for our did Allah subhana wa Taala not
find you as an orphan, and grant you the refuge or the help that you need it. So you look at the life of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, from the very beginning, his father passes away at a very early age, we're talking about either while he was still in the womb of his mother, or in the very first year that he came into this world, that is when his father passed away. Then his mother, Amina, she passes away when he turns six. And then he's put in the care of his grandfather, and he stays with his grandfather for about two to three years. So by the age of eight or nine, even Abdulmutallab passes away, and then he moves on to the care of Abu Talib, and Abu
Talib, he stays with him up until the days of Makkah. But then the calamity strikes is that when he is given Prophethood when he's given Islam, Abu Talib, he doesn't accept Islam. So Allah subhanho wa Taala. He grants him the family that he will need the family through Islam, the brothers and sisters of Islam, the likes of Abu Bakar, the likes of Omar, the likes of our beautiful management of the likes of Abu Zubaydah, all of these companions that came from Mecca, they became the family and the refuge and the support of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So this verse is referring to that, that did Allah subhanaw taala not find you as an orphan, not having anyone that
in each stage of your life, he granted you the support that you need it? So he's been reminded of that one, again, being reminded of the fact that just like this is a fact than the promise of Allah is a fact as well. So treat it as soon. And then number two, is that Allah subhanho wa Taala did this for you. So be grateful to Allah subhanho wa Taala soon as a reminder of gratitude, number seven, verse number seven, he goes on to say, what was the DeKalb bought land for Haida? dataloader Allah subhana wa tada not find you uninformed. Now an important thing to note over here again, is that bar none, it comes from the same source as well a bar lean in on Surah Fatiha, but body the
sort of factor. It means someone who is misguided, right, someone who is a stray. Now this obviously cannot be applied to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, because he was always upon a form of monotheism, that even before Islam was revealed to him. He was upon the way of Ibrahim and Hanif right, the Hanafi. So it was a form of one to theism without the intrinsic details. So when the when Allah subhanaw taala uses the term bar learn over here, it doesn't mean a stray but means it's someone that was not informed that Allah subhanaw taala hadn't written
yield the keytab to him hadn't revealed the shediac to him. So he was uninformed. And then Allah subhanaw taala gave him guidance. Now this is relevant in two ways. Number one, genuinely someone who is unlettered doesn't know how to read and write. You generally presumed that they're not going to become a teacher. They're not going to have a high status in this dunya yet Allah subhana wa Tada. He changes that, you know, concept through this verse, that even though the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was not able to read and write, he made him the greatest of teachers, and he granted him the greatest position of leadership, and that he granted him the most beneficial
of knowledge, which is the knowledge of the deen of Allah subhanho wa Taala and the knowledge that brings him closer to Allah subhana wa Tada. So Allah subhanaw taala he shows over here that even though you are not taught how to read and write Allah subhana wa tada made you an authority over all other authorities. And this is why last minute Allah reminds the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam of this again, same concept that treat it as a fact. And then number two that be grateful to Allah subhanho wa Taala for this. Then in the third and last verse, where Allah subhanho wa Taala reminds the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, what was it that he learned
from the Messenger of Allah so instead of were you not found poor, that you were found is dependent, you had nothing? And then Allah subhana wa Taala granted us sufficiency. Now what is Allah subhanaw taala referring to in this verse, he's referring to two things over here, number one, getting married to Khadija de la Juana. When the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam got married to Khadija de la Juana. Not only did he get from the wife of Khadija della Juana, but when he became a businessman, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was inspired with a different level of intelligence. So if you remember from the story of the kurush, we said that in the
wintertime, they would travel to Syria or to Yemen, from Mecca with their, you know, whatever merchandise they had, they'd go and sell it in Syria and Yemen, and then they would come back, and then they would do the same thing every year. The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when he used to go on these journeys, he was different from the different businessmen. what he would do is he will take his merchandise from Makkah, go to Syria to Yemen, sell over there. And then with the money he made, he would buy merchandise from there and come back and sell it in Makkah. So while each merchant is making profit, once the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is making
profit twice, and this is something the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam was inspired with, and this is how he gained his riches while he was in Mecca, through this business and through this trait. Now, the second concept that Allah subhanaw taala is referring to in this verse is that of, you know, being content with what Allah has given you. So the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he tells us that the rich individual is not the one that has, you know, plenty of things of this dunya but the rich individual is the one that has content inside of himself, that he's content with whatever Allah subhanho wa Taala has given him, he is though he is the rich one.
And this is why you know, if you look at,
you know, a famous poetry by Imam Shafi or him Allah, He says that Quinta, Calvin Cano, and for Anto Malik dunya. So, he says that if Allah subhanaw taala gave you a heart, where you are content, then you and the individual that possesses everything from this world are equal, because the individual that possesses everything he will be content, because he can desire no more. But as long as you are, you know, content with what you are what you have as well, then you are equal in you being content and that is the important thing over here. So the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, this is what he was actually given. He was given the ability to be content, in every circumstance.
And in every situation, whether rich or poor, whether having the dunya are not the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam was content and this was from the Messenger of Allah sallallahu annual Salah. Now, those are the three facts that were that were revealed to him. Now Allah subhana wa tada concludes this sutra with four action points, that these are the four things you need to do as well. So, he goes on to say, Sorry, the next three points he goes on to say, for Amalia tema for an attacker, that is what the orphan Do not be oppressive towards them. So the orphan child when they used to come in old Arabian times, they would look at this orphan child, almost as if somebody was
diseased, that you know, they had no status in this dunya no value whatsoever, let us just leave them alone. And then the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam comes and all of a sudden he starts to change this perception of the orphan. The orphan is something that is now endeared. The orphan is someone that is now taking care of the someone that is someone the orphan is now someone that is given respect, and that is why you find so many a hadith that talk about the virtue of the orphan. So the Messenger of Allah
milania tells the believers that who ever wants to be like this with me in paradise, that let him be capitalism, let him sponsor an orphan. The Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam also said that whoever wants to soften his heart, then let him rob the head of the orphan child, let him love the head of the orphan child. This is a means of softening the heart. So you notice that when Islam comes, all of a sudden it's given respect to these orphan children. And this was the role of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam. One, he was an orphan himself, so he knows what it's like. And then to it shows you the the societal change, or the social justice that Islam is big is bringing
now that you know, orphans were once a people that were oppressed. And now in this through Islam, we become a people that is honored and is treated well and is taken care of. And it's something that you know, a person is proud of that back in the day, if you were taking care of an orphan child, they're like, what's wrong with you? Why are you wasting your time, but through Islam, who sponsored an orphan child, this is one of the ways that you attain paradise. This is one of the ways that Allah subhanaw taala makes you noble in this dunya that you're able to take care of the orphan children, so that his first action can take care of the orphan child, then Allah subhanaw taala goes
on to say what I must say illa filecenter that as for the one that comes questioning that don't turn them away, either. And this is referring to two things over here. The first type of question is that looking at the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam that he is a prophet that has been given revelation, people will obviously come asking questions about the deen of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And you can imagine how frustrating it is day and night on messenger of Allah. What does this mean? Oh messenger of Allah. Can you teach them how to pray on messenger of Allah? Can you teach them how to give us a cow? Can you teach me how to fast and each and every time the Messenger of Allah
sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is obliged to answer these questions. So here the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is being taught that you have to answer these questions. This is part of you being a prophet. So don't get angry, don't get frustrated. This is part of the position that you're in. And Subhanallah there's one particular Hadith that you know, when I read, it's almost, you know, dumbfounding, that how can a person have this level of patience, and that is the death of undisturbed nomadic or the Allahu anhu, where he says, I counted the white hair on the head of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and I counted 17. And he has another a wire that I
counted the white hair of the messenger la Santa Monica said, and I counted 20, the scholars differentiate that this was in an earlier space, and the 20 was at a lecture face, when now I want you to imagine that someone is sitting there, and all they're doing is counting the white hair on your head, and you can't turn them away, because this becomes a part of the prophetic legacy, that when you open you know the smile of the Messenger of Allah, this is one of the ad that is mentioned, how many whitehair the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi Salaam had mentioning not only how much detail they paid to the life of the Messenger of Allah, but showing and how much detail but Allah
actually preserved the life of the Messenger of Allah. So you can imagine that someone's counting the white hair on their head, and you just have to be patient, you can't tell them to get lost, you know, go find something more important to do, because you're a part of this Deen of Allah subhanaw taala. So that shows you you know, the first part that someone comes to ask you a question, don't turn them away. The second part of this verse is that when someone asks you something for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala. So people would come to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, as their spiritual leader, as the leader of their community. And whenever they had a need, why their
financial, whatever it may be, they came to the Messenger of Allah, people didn't have food, they came to the Messenger of Allah, guests came from out of town, they came to the Messenger of Allah, all of these people that are coming and asking for needs, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is being taught that don't turn these people away, that even if you just have a little bit, then give it to them. And this you see what the you know, US harbor suffer, the disabled suffer the poor people that lived in the house that lived in the mercy of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and one day whatever the Allahu comes in, in the long story, and he asked them for
he asked the Messenger of Allah system for food, he says, We have milk in the house. So the messenger, Allah says, send them the milk that he had for his house that, you know, who knows how long it was supposed to last? He gives it up or whatever. And he says, You know what, go and call us habits. Call this habit. Let us feed all of them today. And he gave the food to us habit so far, and who knows how long this food was meant to last for him and his family. So the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is being taught that you know what, when someone asks you for something, don't feel that stinginess in your heart, but rather give for the sake of Allah. And that is why the
generosity of the Messenger of Allah says Allah is described in such a way that this was a man who didn't fear poverty, that he used to give so much. It was as if he had no fear for poverty whatsoever. And this was what the true you know, attributes of character, the Messenger of Allah Azza wa sallam had and his
We are meant to have as well, that when it comes to this dunya if someone asks you for it, give it to them, because Allah will replace it with something better not only in this life but in the hereafter as well.
And you know thinking about this panel I was reading about the life of Imam Muhammad Rahim Allah, his son Abdullah, he once came to him, and he tells them you know, Oh my dear father, please increase or the stipend for our family. Now, you know, as a mom Akhmad family was a very, very large family. It was mentioned that Mr. Mohammed Ibrahim Allah, He would never keep less than four wives. And this is like one of the funny thing is from his Syrah that once one of his wife passed away, he went and prayed her janessa Lee led the janazah and on the way back from the janessa he got married to another wife, just to keep the for now shows you how large the family remember, mahalo was so his
son says, you know, my father, please increase our statement and he mentioned how much the stipend was. He says it was 17 Durham's for the whole year this is what they had 17 DevOps 17 Durham's is like $500 not even so for this amount that meant to survive the whole year. And then he says then mmm Rahim Allah, he responds to his son by saying that, oh, my dear son, our days in this dunya are very, very few. And you know, good clothing, compared to poor clothing, it is all the same. It just covers your outer at the end of the day, and then good food compared to you know, average food is the exact same thing. At the end of the day. It's just meant to give you energy and to suffice you
in your stomach. So does it make a difference? Really, what type of quality you're getting in these things, be content with seeking the hereafter? And then the story is actually narrated multiple times. How Mr. Mohammed Rahim Allah would always be sufficed, with a little he would always be surprised with a little in honoring the legacy of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu annual Salah. Then the very last verse in the surah, Allah subhanaw taala concludes by saying, Why am I being immature because for Hadith, that as for the favors of your Lord, then proclaim them to the people, the scholars of Tafseer divided this verse into two types again, number one, is the specific
blessing that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was given was the gift of prophethood, meaning that now the Messenger of Allah Azza wa sallam is given this gift or this blessing of prophethood, he is meant to go and make, you know, bulk of it, he's meant to convey it to the people, he's not allowed to hide it. So he's meant to tell the people that I am the messenger of Allah, and I was here to guide I am here to guide you. And here's the guidance for you to accept or to reject. So this is this specific type of blessing that this verse is referring to.
The general type of blessing is inspiring happiness into the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, you'll notice that an individual will become happy, once he starts to recognize the blessings of Allah subhanaw taala. And before you can convey these blessings to the people, you have to recognize them yourself first. So now if you look at the objective behind this surah, it is to increase the morale of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to take him out of grief, into happiness. And here Allah subhanaw taala concludes the sutra by telling him how to do that, then recognize the blessings of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And convey these blessings to the people,
inspire hope into them, remind them that Allah subhanaw taala has favored them amongst the rest of the people. So now you can look at yourselves as a primary example, that you know the problems and difficulties that you go through in your life. Yes, they will bog you down, perhaps you know, you got divorced, perhaps you lost your job, perhaps someone you know, died in your family. Now these are all great, you know, trials that an individual will go through. But now compare them to other trials that people go through. So for example, someone loses a limb, someone dies, someone loses their eyesight, all of these are greater trials, right? Then take it a level higher, take it a level
higher in terms of how Allah subhanaw taala has blessed you over these people. You know, the fact that we live in North America, we are 95 automatically living in North America where 95% richer than the rest of the world, you know, compared to Africa compared to Southeast Asia, compared to you know, even East Asia, we're much richer than than these people. This by living in this very light. The fact that we are able to eat three times a day makes us more richer than you know, the same amount of people where people survive off one meal a day. The fact that we have clean water to drink that comes out of our taps. We don't have to walk, you know, 612 15 miles to go get water like they
do in Africa, like they do in you know, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, like they do in Cambodia. Now, these are all blessings from Allah subhanho wa Taala. That when you start to truly recognize them, you realize how blessed you truly are, and then conclude all of these blessings, with one fundamental question that for those of us that were born into Islam, what did we do to attain our Islam
You know, what was this great act that we did that I know what Allah decided to bless us with the religion that will take us to paradise. It wasn't something we had to search wasn't something we had to struggle to discover. But Allah, you know, spoon fed it to us. We were born into this faith, what greater blessing is there than that. And this is what Allah subhanaw taala is referring to over here, that as to the blessings of Allah subhanho wa Taala recognize them, and convey them to the people that no matter whatever your trial is, you're still more blessed than 95% of the population. And the very fact that you are alive is a blessing that Allah has given you another opportunity to
repent and get closer in comparison to the one that is dead, who has no hope whatsoever, and he's died upon his date. All of these are blessings from Allah subhanaw taala that we need to recognize and be grateful for. And this is what the Messenger of Allah says on them is being taught that if you recognize the blessings of Allah subhanho wa Taala, then this is what will truly make you happy, because the blessings of Allah subhanho wa Taala upon us are so so many that they don't even compare to the trials and tribulations that we go through. And with that, we conclude Allah hotel Anima Salalah Hamas and the Vatican and Amina Mohammed Juana and he also be Santa will take three
questions with a light Allah and then we'll go for Salah Felicia, go ahead.
among most best, this narration was reported by mammoth debris by Abdullah bin Albus sobre, la busca de la Noma, he says that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was showing his houses in Paradise, but it doesn't mention when that happened. So Allah knows best.
Question number two, question number two.
So the postal system didn't have an organized religion that he was a part of. So it wasn't an organized religion. But it was an unorganized way of monotheism. And these are what we call the NFL. So the NFL are people that existed from after the time of Isa he sat down till the coming of the Messenger of Allah, so send them with Islam, and then they didn't have an organized religion that they were a part of. However, they didn't fall into polytheism they didn't commit shift. So they didn't know how to practice their hate, but they didn't fall into shirk, either. They always believed in one Lord, and Allah subhanaw taala knows best last question
we built up
time. So this will also save the time. For the time being.
Me finally look at this, the whole book, the whole Quran was revealed in 23 years right? Now Allah subhanaw taala tells us why he did it over a period of 23 years, the new submitter before the to make firm the heart of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So there is wisdom in in Allah subhanho wa Taala delaying versus some time. One is so that, you know the Muslims will have an opportunity to memorize, to implement and to understand and then the next set of verses are revealed to them. And then number two, is that Allah subhanaw taala would reveal verses when they became relevant to them. So had almost no data revealed the Medina verses and Makkah, imagine if they
weren't allowed to do Iman upon them yet, you know, what was the point of revealing those verses? So in the gradual progression of the life of the Messenger of Allah, the gradual progression of the deen of Allah subhanho wa Taala that is when the verses came down. Now in terms of how many suitors there are, that came down after a delayed period of time, Allah knows best, but it seems that there would be quite a few because at times, you know, large chunks of revelation came down and then at times, very short amounts of Quran came down along those best Allahu taala Allah Subhana Allah homo behind the shadows and stuff like