Sahih Al Bukhaari #09
Channel: Muiz Bukhary
Series: Muiz Bukhary - Sahih Al Bukhaari
File Size: 49.47MB
The Letter of the Prophet Muhammed ﷺ to Heraclius the Roman Emperor
Episode Transcript ©
Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate and at times crude. We are considering building a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system. No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.
salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa sallahu wa sallam Allah shawfield and via he will move saline a beginner or Habib been our kurata unit, Mohammed bin Abdullah, Allahu Allah, Allah He was happy he have total solidarity with Adam with the slim in my back.
My dear brothers and sisters in Islam, we begin today's class by praising Allah subhanho wa Taala who is no doubt our Creator sustainer and it shall protect and cure. We ask him the almighty the Lord of all worlds the exalted to send his choices, the blessings and salutations upon the final messenger, our beloved prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa ala he was selling his family members, his companions and all those who tread upon his path with that Muslim Saturday until the day of karma.
We pray that Allah subhanho wa Taala opens doors of beneficial knowledge for us that He forgives sins that he accepts our deeds. And just as how he keeps uniting us across these platforms may unite us in his beautiful and lofty garden me.
So today's class is the Sahaba body class. And currently we are dealing with a powerful narration a powerful incident that has been encapsulated in the book of Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah.
And this series Subhana Allah when I think you would recall
during the first few classes we spoke about Emmanuel Buhari the life of Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah and I think you'd recall that we mentioned a dream that Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah He sees, he sees the prophets lie Selim, he saw in a dream that he was standing in front of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa early he was alum, and he was having a fan in his hand. He mumble Buhari was having a fan in his hand, and he was driving away the flies from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So remember Bihari Rahim Allah now he goes on to us certain experts in the interpretation of dreams and they interpreted this dream of his
saying that he will drive away the false hood that has been asserted against the prophets that along with so many brothers and sisters, it is a great task.
You know, the task that Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah set out to accomplish this great task of sifting through the ahaadeeth and differentiating between the forged ones the fabricated ones, and the authentic ones. The authentic ahead. So remember, Buhari, he labored day and night, he strove really hard in terms of compiling this compile ation that we are studying right now. And it is reported that before recording each and every Hadith in his book, he would perform ablution See, it's not like altering or compiling any other book many brothers and sisters today. We have a lot of people altering and compiling books, but he Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah he saw himself as compiling the
words of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. You see today, people when talking about the messenger, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they do so in a very disrespectful manner.
And this was never ever the norm. When you go back to the lives of the companions, with one of my talimogene mine, they help the prophets Allah, Allah, Islam, they held at the prophets, Allah and Islam in very high esteem and as believers, that is our obligation towards the messenger, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
he is the Prophet of Allah, there is no way that you can, today you have books Subhana Allah that have been compiled, and people tend to,
you know, think of these books as fresh perspectives, but at the end of the day,
they plant doubts, and they do more harm than good. So we pray that Allah opens doors of beneficial knowledge for us and that he helps us in a suffice ourselves with that, which is good. I mean, so remember, Bukhari before recording each and every Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he would perform ablution there was this high level of spirituality, he would perform ablution and he would actually offer two units of prayer, two units of prayer before every Hadith. So you have approximately what 7200
bid on a hadith in the book of
Mr. Buhari if you include the repetitions and without the repetitions you have 2000 odd Hadith before every narration. script we are including the repetitions as well then 7000 odd narrations he would perform ablution he would offer two units of prayer, and he would supplicate unto Allah subhanho wa Taala before
compiling the Hadith in his compile ation in his book
and many brothers and sisters,
the scholars have unanimously agreed that the most authentic book after the Koran is the compilation of Imam Al Bukhari, the sohei of Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah. So this is the series that we have been,
you know, busy with it's
Mashallah been a very interesting journey. And in the last class, we spoke about the narration
that encapsulates this encounter between hierarchal
In other words, reckless and Abu Sofia. So we paused we stopped at the point when he correctly is now called Abu Sufyan for AED. And now this day, this conversation that is about to ensue between
this Roman leader
of the Roman Empire at that time, and Abu sufian, and the conversation is about the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So let's see what this
conversation has in store for us. It's an interesting narration and I what I want to do is I want to read the narration, there's obviously a lot to discuss in the in the in the conversation, but so as to avoid losing track of the conversation. I'm going to run through the entire conversation and try out I'll try to do is I'll try to pause here and there and discuss the conversation. And the bulk of it will be done after we, you know, run through the entire conversation in Sharla. So let's grab the Hadith and run through the conversation. Sharla so this is Hadith number seven.
he would add this, or the Allahu ion Houma.
He narrated and other soufiane that Abu sufian had been herb, the son of herb
Bahu, he informed me that
iraklis had sent a messenger to him to Abu Sofia, and whilst he had been accompanying a caravan from the Quraysh
we actually went into a lot of detail in the previous class. And if you missed that episode, if you missed that class, I'll have it linked above and you can go through the incident we spoke about what had taken place before
this particular narration, the fact that the Messenger of Allah Allah, Allah Islam had sent a letter
to Iraq to your Atlas, and this letter had been sent through
the here are the along one digital Kelby we spoke about the here to the Kelby or the Allah one
Companion of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam whom the Prophet generally used, generally used as a messenger, as an ambassador, to go meet different rulers and different leaders with the message of Islam and we also discussed how the prophets that allow us to sell him, he left no stone unturned. He seized every opportunity in terms of inviting the people around him to the deen of Allah subhanho wa Taala
he said a lot while he will, he will seldom
did not rest with the brothers and sisters since the order came down onto him. Yeah, uh, you Hellmuth death fear, or the one enveloped in garments wrapped up in garments, comb for and there since the day he was commanded by Allah subhanho wa Taala to stand up, begin his mission. And one the people, he, he did not rest sallalahu it really was him, he strove very hard to spread the teachings of the deen to spread the message of Islam and like I said, he left no stone unturned in terms of ensuring that the message should reach all these people. So he writes a letter and we're going to get to the letter in Sharla. Very powerful letter to the Roman Empire. And we mentioned in
the previous class that these were the superpowers then the Roman Empire, the Persian Empire, and for them
My dear brothers and sisters, these, these Arab tribes were insignificant.
You know, they were not even in their crosshairs. They were insignificant because they thought of them, as you know, shepherds living in the deserts. They were not concerned about the politics that took place within them or what was going on between between them, and must and as to what was happening, you know, in regards to in regards to their leadership in regards to their clans and their tribes, they were busy locking horns with one another, you had the Romans fighting the Persians versions fighting the Romans, and they were conquering lands and whatnot, and they were busy with all of that they were the superpowers then. So he said a long while he value Islam no
right to the Roman Empire. And we also mentioned that in regards to hierarchal, this ruler
heraclius scholars Nibbana katheer Rahim Allah and if I'm not mistaken, poverty and others, they all right. Very
good. They all right, the good things about this ruler, they all write about him in a very good way, that he was a just ruler.
He was a fair ruler, a ruler who stood up for justice and stood up against oppression. He was a ruler of that sort. So now the prophets Alliance and the rights to this individual. And he sends the letter through the here, I'll kill Viola one, this companion, he goes to
all the maple syrup he gives it to he gives the letter to the governor of Basra because obviously, you know, that was perhaps protocol, you couldn't just approach the umpire, you had to go through intermediaries and people who were in place, or there could have been other reasons, such as logistics and whatnot. So the letter was given to all the members for the governor of Basra to hand over to the ruler. And the letter eventually makes its way to the ruler. And there are certain other incidents that are taken place that I mentioned in the previous class, for example,
one morning, so this was before this encounter with Abu Sufyan directly as he sees a dream. So basically what happens is he wakes up in the morning and his mood is off. So the people around him in terms of his ministers in terms of his visitors and courteous they asked him, they asked him why he was in that mood. And reckless was an individual who believed in astrology, like we mentioned in the previous class, he believed in astrology, he had astrologists around him, fortune tellers around him. So he replied, at night, when I looked up at the stars, I saw.
So okay, the one report states that he had seen a dream and other reports, states that he saw the stars. And he says that I saw that the leader of those who practice as a composition had appeared. And he had become the conqueror. He had basically conquered our lands. So
I was asked, so he basically puts for the question. He says, Who are these people who practice the composition? Then the people at that time who are around the ruler, they say, we know of no other people apart from the Jews, the Jews who practice circumcision? So why are you in a bad mood, you should not be afraid of the Jews, you know, you have nothing to worry about in terms of
the Jews. So my point is, this, this, this context needs to be mentioned, because all of this was working in the mind of Heraclitus. And he basically had seen as but his knowledge and whatnot. There were these indications that he felt that you know what, my throne is threatened. I'm going to lose my seat, I'm going to lose power. And amidst all of this, the letter from the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasalam comes to him,
inviting him to the deen of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So now coming back to it at best, or the last one who is narration he says that Abu sufian. So this was before Abu sufian had embraced Islam. This was before I was a fan had embraced Islam. And we also mentioned that this was during the context of phobia. This was during the treaty during this peace treaty that had been signed between the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam and the pagans of Makkah. There was ceasefire. There was this treaty that was in place that agreed no fighting, just peace. So the pagans of Makkah, were focusing on trade and commerce and whatnot. Their caravans had set out they were focusing on all of that the
Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam is in Medina and they were peaceful.
Staying in Medina and it was during this time that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam
sends this letter out, because he's now busy with the spreading of the message of Islam, the teachings of the Quran, the teachings of the deen. So he basically sends this letter out to him directly as this was during the peace treaty.
So now, I posted it and he mentioned that iraklis had sent a messenger to him while he had been accompanying a caravan from the Quraysh. And this caravan they were merchants, they were traders, doing business in Sham so when you look at Sham
due to the time of the prophecy 97 it obviously included a number of places. So we're talking about Jordan, we're talking about Luke nine we're talking about Philistine we're talking about Syria. We're talking all about all these places coming in,
in the demographic of Shang.
So, Abu sufian and his companions now they go to he reckless and he rightly is as per the narration see now, the notion states were kind to Geron be Sham, Phil mood the Tila de Cana Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam ma the fee ha Abbas sofiane Baku fara crush. So they were merchants for who were in Sham. And this was during the period
where there was a peace treaty.
There was this truce that had been signed between Abu Sufyan and pagans of the correction of vegans of Makkah. So for those who were who are be aelia. So now they approach they accept this invite of iraklis because he's been summoned. So now they go to meet heraclius, the Roman leader, and they go to meet him at a place called aelia. So raise aelia aelia is basically by democritus in Jerusalem. So the meeting takes place now in Jerusalem for the album fee, Melissa, he will, how will my room
so he correctly has called them into his court and he had all the senior Roman dignitaries around him. All his courtiers his ministers, they were all around him. And Suma Tao, whom would that that Jumana home, so he calls them forward. And he calls for a translator, who's now going to translate between heraclius and boo Sofia.
So now Abu Sufyan puts forth a question and he asks, Who amongst you is closely related to the man who claims to be a prophet? And I think this part of the narration we discussed in the previous class, but I'm running through it as a recap. So who amongst you is closely related to the man who claims to be a prophet Muhammad? sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So Abu sufian he responds to the question, the question was a Yukon acabo NASA when we had the Roger loon, we had a Roger Ellery yes arowana hoonah be who amongst you is the closest in terms of relation to in terms of relations to the man who claims to be a prophet? So Abu sufian for call Abu Sufyan, culto, Anna acabo, whom NASA
Abu Sufyan responds, I am the nearest relative to him from amongst the group. So now directly says bring Abu sufian close to me and make his companions stand behind him. And then I've also Fianna EDS, he says that heraclius told is translated turn my companions that he wanted to put some questions to me regarding the man who claims to be a prophet. And if I were to lie, so I was officially saying this, that correctly is now informs his companions. He basically asks Abu Sufyan to come forward, and he has luciferians companions stand behind him and tells translators to tell Josephine's companions, I'm going to ask Abu Sufyan some questions about the man who claims to be a
prophet, and if he were to lie, I want you all to contradict him to basically say that he's lying. So reckless, being a very intelligent ruler. He wants to get the truth out of a booster fan. And he's also aware that you know what I was a fan might actually you know, lie against the prophets lie so they might say something negative about the Prophet. So he wanted the truth and nothing but the truth. So he had set up the stage in such a way where he had he didn't call Abu sufian privately to have a private discussion with him No, he kept all of his companions as well. So as to get the truth out of him. And now Abu Sofia and he says for what llahi lol higher or min and min and yet futile
while a Kevin Bella condemned to Allah He, he says By Allah, had I not been afraid of my companions labeling me a liar.
I would not have spoken the truth about the prophets Elias This is sufferance.
This after he had, you know, embraced Islam. So he is now telling you but our best are the one who made that. If it were not for the fact that I was I was afraid of my companions labeling me as a liar, I would not have spoken the truth about the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So from this, we actually gleaned this lesson in the previous class, we did use the fact that even before the
embracing of Islam,
looked down upon falsehood.
And for them, the truth mattered. There were these principles that they held on to very firmly
they would not give in to false hood, they held on to the truth. And as you can see very clearly
busulfan had no reason to say good things about the prophet or speak the truth about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
But it was looked down upon, it was something that was looked down upon to lie. And he valued his reputation and the image that he had with his companions, and the fact that they looked up to him as being a truthful individual. So he did not give into he did not stoop to lying against the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And we went on to remind ourselves, many brothers and sisters, that if you were to take a fleeting glance at today's landscape, at the community, the community today sapan Allah as Muslims, as believers, as slaves of Allah, the followers of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam look at
how lightly we look at the concept of the
look at how lightly we've taken the truth. Look at how likely we have taken falsehood, we tend to fall sword without even batting an eyelid Subhana Allah
you know, you're being asked as to whether you are on your way.
You woke up late, perhaps you're running late, your meetings are spilling onto one another. And maybe you're supposed to meet someone for breakfast, you're supposed to meet someone for a meal, you're supposed to meet someone for an important meeting. And you're just stepping into the shower, but without batting an eyelid. And at times, this is something that we tell even people who are very close to us, you know, our own friends. And this shows that we, you know, false hood has become the norm. But we don't even think twice. We're like, you know what, I'm just around the corner. I'm just five minutes away. I'm just 10 minutes away whilst you're just fully now hitting the shower, or
you're just stuffing your face with breakfast and you know, that you're not around the corner and you know that you're not it's not going to take you 10 minutes you need at least 30 minutes away. Why not speak the truth? Why not just say you know what, I woke up late. I need another hour or 30 minutes. I'm just about to hit the shower, give me 30 minutes. I mean, my meetings are spitting on to one another, why not be postponed? Why not be appreciative? Why turn to falsehoods panela. So it starts off with these lies and then these lies snowball, because with every lie you have to you know, put out so many more lies to cover up that line. And it just becomes this colossal mountain of
lies panela it seeps into your trade it seeps into your relationships, it steep it slowly creeps into every single aspect eventually of your life so panela but you keep lying one lie after the other.
And this is not something that we must allow our tongues to become accustomed to. As you can see, look, before the advent of Islam before the embracing of Islam, look at how they looked at falsehood look at how much they valued the truth. Many brothers and sisters, so we as Muslims, the Quran has permeated into our lives, yes or no, the teachings of the Prophet said a long while he really wanted to be claimed to love the Prophet, we claim to follow the Prophet, then you know that the prophets of Allah Islam was acidic, you know that he was an amine. So how can we then turn to falsehood? May Allah protect our tongues? May Allah protect us from falling into this sticky web of lies, I mean,
so now coming back to the Hadith, all of this was established now The stage was step set. And now the conversation begins. The first question
he asked me that I was a fan and saying the first question he asked me about him was, what is his family status amongst you? So I was a fan he replies he belongs to a noble family from amongst us, then directly is now goes on to ask Has anybody else amongst you ever claimed the same IE to be a prophet before his claim? Abu sufian replies, no law. Then he asks was anybody if
amongst his ancestors, was anybody from amongst his ancestors a king? Was anybody from his ancestors a Malik a king to reach Abu sufian replies la No. Then directly is asks Do the nobles
or the poor follow him in terms of his following? Do you have the nobles? Do you have the rich, the powerful the elite?
Or are we having the poor? following him? I was a fan he responds, it is the it is the poor who follow Him,
then directly is now asks, in terms of his followers, are they increasing or decreasing day by day? So soufiane responds, they are increasing.
He then asks directly, as now asks, does anybody from amongst those who embrace his religion become displeased and renounce the rage? And afterwards, Abu Sufyan replies, no, no, we don't have such cases. He reckless then says, Have you then asks, have you ever accused him of telling lies? Have you ever accused him of false hood before his claim to be a prophet? To which Abu sufian response No, directly is then asks, Does he ever
betray? Does he ever for hell? Yes. Does he ever betray or prove treacherous to his covenants to his word to his promises to which was a fear response? No. And along with that, he says we're not no mean huffy mood, the thin Landry ma Hua file on V Ha.
He says, No, he has never betrayed, he has never proven to be treacherous in terms of his covenants in terms of his oaths and promises. We are at truce with him right now. We but but we do not know what he will do in it.
And then Abu Sufyan goes on to say, and this is informing even our best with your landline Homer.
Welcome to Kinney Kelly mettam. Who the Hello fi hi Shay and later Hi, the hill kenema.
I could not find an opportunity to say anything negative anything against the Messenger of Allah, Allah Islam except that word. And directly is posed the question asking him, but he asked him?
Has he ever betrayed you? Or has he ever proven himself treacherous in terms of covenants in terms of oaths and promises? To which I was a fan had to speak the truth? He says, No. But he quickly inserts a sentence and he's like, no. And we are, we are in a truce with him. And we really don't know Landry mahoe file and we have we don't know what he may do in it, you know what he might just know betray us? We never know. And he goes on to say that was the only negative thing that was the only thing that I you know, could say against the Messenger of Allah Salah Listen, directly as quickly goes on. Have you ever had a fight with him? In other words, have you had fights? Have you
fought with him? Have there been
skirmishes battles waged? To which I replied, Yes, then directly is poses the question What was the outcome of your battles with him, to which I was a fan says, I replied, The fighting between us and him was undecided, and victory was shared between us and him by turns. So, I was a fan did not obviously want to, you know, given to defeat and in a way, it was the truth that he said, because in terms of the battles that have taken place, victory was once with the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam and once with the pagans. So, you what he basically was trying to say was one time their side one and the other time we won. So we crea was undecided, and the victory has been shared between us.
So here it is, now goes on to ask him. What does he order you to do?
So at this point, now,
Abu sufian response, he tells us to worship a lot alone, and not to worship anything along with him and to renounce all that which our
ancestors had said, and he orders us to pray. He orders us to speak the acidic, he orders us to be chaste and to keep good relations with our kit and kit.
So this is basically what he orders us to do.
Or Buddha Allahu Allah was the who Allah to Sri Cuba what ruku Maya coo coo coo mana
Salatu was set up. Well, I thought he was Sarah.
Now, he wreckless asked the translator to convey to me the following the ones that had gotten all these answers from Abu Sophia. Now iraklis asks the translator to basically convey what he's saying. So now directly is is saying this, I asked you about his family. And your reply was that he belongs to a noble family from amongst you all. In fact, and now directly it goes on to say, by the way, he reckless was a, it was an informed individual. He was an educated individual, a well read individual, so he knew about the scriptures. He knew about the prophets of the past.
He knew about the scriptures of the past. So now he goes on to say, in fact, all the messengers come from noble families amongst their respective peoples. And then he goes on to say, I questioned you, whether anybody else from amongst you claimed such a thing, and your reply was in the negative? If the answer had been in the affirmative, I would have thought that this man was following the previous man's statement, but no one had made such a claim before him. He's the first in regards to making a claim
towards Prophethood. Then I asked you whether any one of his ancestors was a king. Your reply again, was in the negative, and if it had been in the affirmative, I would have thought that the man wanted to take back his ancestral kingdom. I further asked whether he was ever accused of lying.
Before he said, what he said in terms of his claim towards prophet who, then your reply was in the negative, so I wondered how a person who does not lie about others could ever lie about God could ever lie about a lot. I then asked you whether the rich followed him or the poor, you replied that it was the poor who followed him. And in fact,
the poor are the ones who always follow the messengers. Then I asked you whether his followers were increasing or decreasing, you replied that they were increasing and in fact, this is the way of true faith.
This is the way of true faith is the doula man kasun for that character? And now Who is he doing? Okay, Delica, unruly man Hata Yatim and this is the,
the way of true faith, amen, till it is complete, in all respects, keeps increasing. I further asked you whether there was anybody who after embracing his religion became displeased was out took a year to do I hadn't gotten you can read that a softer than or softer than limini bada and yet hola fi. I asked you whether there was anybody who after embracing his religion became displeased and discarded the religion to which your reply was in the negative. And in fact,
we're canaliculi man hanaa you Harley to bash otaku lube.
And in fact, this is the sign of true faith when its delight, enters the heart and mixes with them completely. I asked you whether he had ever betrayed you replied in the negative and likewise the messengers never betray the prophets of Allah never betray
the brothers and sisters, there's more to go but look, look at you know, the deductions made by this ruler
was well versed with the scriptures and look at look at the respect he had towards the prophets of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And this is why I started off by saying that there are people today who disrespect the prophets of Allah.
We must be very careful
to avoid becoming from that camp must avoid disrespecting the messengers of Allah, the prophets of Allah.
They are the prophets of Allah.
He must respect them and we must have this this attitude of respect of honor towards them. Allah Masato Sara so now heraclius goes on. I asked you what he ordered you to do. And you told me and Jolla moto komen taboo de la and Abu lahab
what to stick with Russia.
Welcome bisola was Sudoku laptop and if you look at these things, my dear brothers and sisters are talking about the worship of Allah, Allah ypad which is our objective at the end of the isando Mahalo to genuinely and sincerely Abu Dune if you look at the purpose of life, it is to worship Allah subhanho wa Taala
and that a Salah, which is from the pillars of Deen, this this beautiful link that we enjoy with our homemade
Because of Hana, Hana with no intermediary whatsoever, no stepping stone whatsoever, you have this direct divine link with Allah subhanho wa Taala. And then a sort of truthfulness. And this is something that we have been emphasizing throughout something that we all need to work on, in terms of upping our levels of
truthfulness and avoiding falsehood and atharv. chastity, purity, living pure lives, living pure and chaste lives. So these are the things that he was commanding them and you know, extorting them to do so directly is now says, so these are the things that he is commanding you to do. And if now, this is the important part, he says, For incana, mata kulu hochkar. If what you have said is true
for sayem, Li qu Mo, the akademija hotton.
He will very soon occupy this place, which is underneath my feet right now.
And I knew it from the scriptures that he was going to appear, but I did not know that he would be from amongst you. And if I am sure to reach him.
And look at this statement, my dear brothers and sisters, he says,
If I am sure to reach him, I would go immediately. Let's just show them to live. I would go immediately to meet him and he didn't. And the statement with that he went on to say well Oh cool, hello can turn the Who? La Sol to uncut me.
I would immediately go to meet him and if I were with him, I would certainly wash his feet.
Allahu Akbar, who is saying this, the leader of a superpower at the time, the Roman Empire, he reckless reckless is saying this.
I would immediately go to meet him and I would certainly wash his feet. Now directly is to mudarabah kitabi Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam led by to be here to allow the Busan for the for our hula hirako for Cora who. Now he likely has now asks for the letter that was sent to him by the Messenger of Allah which was delivered by the head of the alarm line to the governor of Busan, who forwarded who forwarded it to iraklis to eight. Now, he rarely takes the letter and he reads Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim In the Name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful the Especially Merciful.
Min Mohammed bin Abdullah he was a suli era Illa Huracan are the mailroom
from this letter is from Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the slave of Allah and His messenger to heraclius, the ruler, the Roman ruler,
Now, look at the letter, my dear brothers and sisters, the prophets lie Selim was addressing him with respect with honor. And this is what we learned from the teachings of the prophets lie Selim, you're supposed to speak to your audience. Hippo is supposed to address them appropriately.
And this is basically how you are going to be heard.
You give respect and you take respect, and he said allow it really was and it was very beautifully doing this. It starts off the letter Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem, In the name of Allah is a you recall, a slim analysis that whistling writing in the home until a man but in the whole Bismillah R Rahman in elements of a man we're in the whole Bismillah he writes in the name of Allah basically. So here the prophets lie Selim Bismillah R Rahman Al Rahim In the Name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, especially merciful, min Mohammed, this letter is from Mohammed he starts off.
get straight to the point. This letter is from Mohammed Abdullah he was solely from the slave of Allah and the Messenger of Allah, Allah hirako to iraklis the Roman Emperor, Salah Muna Allah Manitoba alhuda
the Prophet now says, peace be upon the one who follows the right path. Look at the way the Prophet is addressing him peace be upon the one who follows the right path. And then he goes on to say, and my back for me at the Roca be the ideal Islam, Muslim Islam. You can love a George Martin for into late for in I like a smell or a scene. So the process that I listen and he says
invite you to Islam. And if you accept you will be safe and Allah will double your vote. And if you reject this invitation, you will be committing a sin by misguiding your rec when the time is seen can be defined as farmers, peasants, basically your followers, because if you look at farmers basically people who cultivate the ground people who inherit the earth and cultivate the ground till the ground, and like I said, a broad definition to it would be your followers. There's your subjects, basically those who come under you,
because you are the leader, and if you leave them and guide them, they will follow you accordingly. And then the Prophet of Allah goes on to
mention the idea in the Noble Quran in surah Allah imraan ayah number 64. Yeah. Glennon kita Amita along, Kenny Mateen. So,
him benina wobba he netcom learner Buddha in Lomong how Allah and machinery cabin he she
will say the bow Luna bow
mean dooney lang but in Taiwan lo Vokoun OSHA Don't be
Muslim move on Yeah, no. keytab Oh, people have to Scripture ie the Jews and the Christians that Allah will actually Martin so server in Benin, Albania Come come to a word that is just between us and you. Allah Buddha Illa Allah that we worship none but Allah, wa wa no shreeka be ha ha and that we associate no partners unto him, while at the head about Luna Baba, while at the bell, Donna Bowden, our birbhum Indonesia, and that none of us shall take others as Lords besides a lot for interval low. Then if they turn away for poor Lucia, do Vietnam Muslim own bear witness then say, bear witness that we are Muslims.
And the letter ends there.
But soufiane goes on to add.
When heraclius had finished his speech and had read had read the letter, there was a commotion, pandemonium, basically a great hue and cry in the Royal Court. And I was a fan and his companions were immediately turned out of the court. And then at that point, I was appearances I told my companions, that the question of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam has become so prominent that even the king of bennell esfera. In other words, the king of the Romans is now afraid of him salallahu alayhi wasallam and then Abu sufian goes on to say, from that point onwards, I became sure that he the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would be the Conqueror in the near future, to lay
embraced Islam, because what did the Roman Empire Emperor say? He was like, What do you tell about Sophia? If what you're saying is the truth the death man is going to take the place that is below my feet.
and right after that in relation, my dear brothers and sisters,
the sub narrator of the narration,
he goes on to add that
you know, he went on to mention he goes on to mention.
Okay, so basically, once Abu Sufyan had mentioned this,
he didn't know
who was Sahiba aelia, the governor of aelia, which is Jerusalem.
He basically you had this and hirako Hina Kadima, aelia, as perhaps,
he goes on to mention that he directly is
when visiting aliens so now we basically have the governor now the sub narrate of the narration, he goes on to mention that this individual was the governor of aelia his name was Urban annatto. he narrates that he rattlers when visiting aelia. He got up one morning and he was in a bad mood. And this is what I mentioned at the beginning of the narration, and then his courtiers and ministers go on to ask him why why are you upset? And then he mentioned that, you know, when I looked up at the stars, I saw that the leader of those who that this was before the the meeting with that was Sophia and this was when he arrived in Jerusalem. He wakes up one morning with a, you know, bad
temperament, if you will. And then he goes on to mention that this is what I was able to read through the styles that basically the leader of those who practice comes in
is going to conquer us and you know, they will be they will take hold of our lens.
So, then he also goes on to mention that,
you know, he was in a way a saw pattern is that each time a messenger would come from somewhere. And this is mentioned in this narration as well there was a messenger sent by the king of by a certain ruler, certain King to convey the news of Allah messenger sallallahu Sallam to heraclius. So, when hearing the new news, he
ordered his people to see whether the messenger was circumcised. And the people after seeing him told directly us that he was indeed circumcised. And then he regularly is asked him about the Arabs and the messenger replies, yes, the Arabs because he initially when he was discussing with his courtiers, they said that we only know of the Jews who practice circumcision, and you have nothing to worry about in terms of the Jews. But now he finds out that the Adams this messenger, it was, it was,
you know, based on his initial command, that they find out that the messenger was circumcised and then the messenger goes on to say that yes, the Arabs also practice circumcision. So after hearing that, now directly is remarked that the sovereignty of this nation the Arabs had appeared this, the rule of the Arabs is about to appear and it's about to emerge. And Muhammad sallallahu alayhi
wa alayhi wa sallam.
Now directly is after that writes a letter to a friend of his in Rome, who was as good as iraklis in knowledge, and then Irakli is he left to
he left aelia he left Jerusalem and he stayed somewhere during his journey waiting for a response from
his friend and many received the reply of his friend who basically agreed with him in his opinion in his opinion about the emergence of the prophets of Allah Islam and the fact that he is indeed a prophet of Allah once he had received concrete information in regards to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he reckless now this is an interesting point as well iraklis basically invites all the heads of the Roman Empire to assemble in his palace at homes.
And then, once they had assembled he ordered that all of the doors of his palace be closed, and then he comes out and he addresses them.
He addresses them and he says, Yeah, Mashallah room, all Romans, hell come fill. fella, Hayward Rushdie, he says if success is your desire, and if you seek right guidance, and if you want your empire, if you want the Roman Empire to remain, then pledge allegiance to this prophet and embrace his religion. This is a powerful statement, many brothers and sisters, he gathers all the dignitaries, the Roman heads, he addresses them now Yeah, I'm actually or Rome or Romans, or leaders or dignitaries or notables. If success is your desire, and if you see Christ guidance, and if you want your empire, the Roman Empire to remain, then I advise you to give to basically pledge
allegiance to give a pledge allegiance to this prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and embraces religion.
On hearing this, the people
there were enraged, and they ran towards the gates of the palace, but found the doors closed.
Now he rattlers realized, at this point, they are hatred towards Islam.
And, in a he saw, basically, you know, if this were to go on, there's going to be a revolution.
And he basically lost all hope
of the of the people embracing Islam, and he ordered bring them all back to me.
Now they returned to him, angry with a lot of hatred in their eyes. And then he tells them, what I said a while ago, was just to say, it was just to test the strength of your conviction. And I have seen it, it was just to see how strong you are in your belief as to whether you just accept what I say there
or as to whether you would hold on to your faith. And I've seen it
The minute he said that the people prostrated before him.
Once again became pleased with him. And this many brothers and sisters, is the end of the story of Heraclitus.
as per this particular issue, so as you can see,
the narration teaches us many, many things, in terms of the fact that he actually is actually knew the truth. But then again,
and his desire for his seat for the throne
and to keep his subjects happy and whatnot, blinded him distorted the lines.
But they knew what the truth was. They knew the truth of the message of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
And this was something that they knew through their scriptures, they knew through their teachings, they knew it deep down, they knew it.
And there was this element of respect that they had towards the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, and you all know from their own words, Allah subhanho wa Taala it says in the noble and Elif let me moho Liberty room. The Romans have been overpowered, they've been conquered.
And you know what happened afterwards? In terms of how Islam reigned.
How these superpowers were toppled by Allah subhanho wa Tada. So with that this interesting narration comes to an end, and in sha Allah, Allah, in the next class, we are going to be entering Kitab eemaan. So this was headed number seven that we discussed and Kitab why the book of Revelation? Now we're moving on to the double e man, the book of a man the book of belief, the book of faith, and we're going to be starting off with the Hadith of the prophets of Allah Islam Babu Kohli Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam brunette Islam Allah humps that Islam is based upon five pillars. It's a foundational Hadith Hadith that talks about the principles the pillars of the deen
we're gonna we're going to be discussing them in detail inshallah Allah so I look forward to talking to you all
in the next class in sha Allah tala. Last week, we couldn't have a class because
I'd lost my voice. I think it strained my vocal cords and I'm still sounding a bit hoarse. But I was really determined that there was so many people reaching out to me, asking me about the class and I apologize for not being able to you know, put up the videos and meet your expectations. But hamdulillah we are back on track with the help of Allah. My voice is on the mend. Like I said, I still sound a bit hoarse, but inshallah
I'm going to be okay with the help of Allah. And yes, so we'll be having the CIT intensive episodes being uploaded as well and I look forward to talking to you all in the next session in sha Allah, Allah discectomy la hora for tuning in. And as usual, please do share the video around so that others can benefit and so that this community of learning online increases our little community with the help of Allah.
Whether we conclude We ask Allah Subhana Allah to forgive us of our sins, to accept our good deeds and this is how he keeps uniting us across these platforms making unite us in his beautiful garden. I mean, I mean waka Min hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen Hara salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.