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Heritage #01

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Muhammad West

Channel: Muhammad West

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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other landowners shaytaan rajim Bismillah R Rahman Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa salatu salam ala it should have been more serene Sadie. Now Muhammad Ali he also has remained beloved brothers in Islam. Assalamu aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.

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All praise be Unto Allah subhana wa Tada shadow Allah Allah Allah Allah will be witnessed that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah. And we praise and thank Allah subhanaw taala for granting us this walkthrough of Joomla and we send our greetings and salutations to be loving to be Muhammad sallallahu alayhi salam to His pious and pure family and all those who follow his sunnah until the end of time. And Allah subhanaw taala bless us to be steadfast in the Sunnah of Nabina Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, may we be with him in his sunnah in the Estonia and be with him in the Accra in Ghana? I mean, we ask Allah subhanaw taala to forgive our sins of the last week. And may

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Allah bless us in the week to come with us Jamar May Allah make easy for all those who are going through hardship and difficulty? Allah alleviate the suffering molecule, the sick and grand Rama and macfeather for those who have passed away? I mean, what hamdulillah over the past few weeks or months, actually, we're talking about a long series on the etiquettes of disagreement. And, you know, coming up with new things in series here. I think that's the way that the trend and it's was good, but we pose that series, and inshallah we'll revisit that series. And ultimately we said the idea behind that series was not to talk about the personal differences, even though there's a lot to

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discuss it is to get to the the Islamic differences. Hanafi, Shafi, Sufi Molad Bidda, those kinds of discussions, how do we live with these kinds of differences? So we'll get to that in time in sha Allah. But we taking a break, and it's good to change and Alhamdulillah we'd like to talk about the Monday was heritage day. I know we dealt with the public holiday, sometimes we get these public holidays, we have no idea what the public holiday is all about. We just happy that it's a holiday well hamdulillah and but it's Heritage Day was on Monday, and we wanted to talk a little bit about heritage Mike. And as we compiled the slides, we realize won't be just one. So it's going to be a

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Heritage Series, maybe three, four weeks on this topic. And before I begin, why should we talk about heritage? Why is it is it important for us to talk about this topic? Firstly, understand, Allah references this in the Quran. Allah mentions heritage and culture and race in the Quran in a very beautiful way. Now we have all people know that race is a very sensitive topic. Right in of all countries on Earth, our country is the one that is most sensitive when it comes to race. The way the Quran puts it forward so beautifully. Now 50 years ago, if you had a different color, it was bad or you were to something wrong. 50 years ago in our modern age 1400 years ago, Allah subhanaw taala

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says in a very, very backward time, in a time when people had no you know, the thinking was, was so backwards. Allah says in surah room and of His signs that these and Allah of the ways you know this and Allah is that he created the heavens and the earth because there's a sky and these are ground, you know, there must be someone who made it. And the differences in your languages and your colors. The fact that you see there's a white person, a black person, Malay, Indian, Chinese person, and they all they look different. They have different languages. It goes back to Allah says it's a sign that he's an Allah that He is a master plan and creator. This is a sign for people who have

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understanding and Sudoku giraffe, Allah subhanaw taala says, Remember that he made all of you all of us from one man, one mother, one one man and one lady, one mother, one father, and then he made you into kabbah shoe over meaning races, you may do different races and Koba ill and tribes and nations that are awful so that you may know one another so you can interact that you cannot and then Allah specifically and the idea that I mentioned every week in the cookbook, in Accra Macomb in the law, he called them what is the link so Allah says but the best of you is the one with the most Taqwa Why does Allah link the two because naturally when you have a diverse group of races, you have a white,

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black, Malay Indian, one will try to dominate the other one that's just normal human nature. One family we are the base we are the Abram sir we are the up there or whatever it might be. So Allah then in that same ayah, Allah says, but remember, the one with most, the most honorable one is not the outside, it's the taco on the inside. That is what Allah is looking at. So Allah mentions that we can celebrate from these areas we can see Allah says Be proud of your different color. Be proud of your language doesn't mean you're only Arabic is the only language is the language of the Quran. It will always be a special place, but be proud of your language and your ancestry and your lineage.

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But remember, taqwa comes first. Also, why I want to discuss on this topic,

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too. You know, we only when you speak to scholars from outside of South Africa, do you realize what you have so we were fortunate we actually Asad kadhi that came here and he says really what you guys would we have here in South Africa. We are live

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tears a head of any Muslim minority on Earth. There is no Muslim minority in the world, and especially in the West, that has what the Muslims have here in South Africa.

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We we are so integral part of this community, but we've kept our identity. So some communities, they come Muslim communities, they come and they minorities, they either disappear completely. Mohammed becomes Mo Le becomes L. There's no more Islamic attire. There's no harder we don't worry about Halal anymore. In fact, if Islam becomes something ceremonial, you only practice it maybe on any day on eBay, if they even practicing the Farrar in making salah. Well, they'll say I can't come to Jamar I'm working. I can't make my salah. So I make a Tara we hit home. So this is how many Muslim communities have gone. They've disappeared. And as the generations go, it gets listened listening to

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others became very isolated. You have a little Pakistan caliphate in the middle of town where things are in order do we don't integrate you come to the masjid. It's not, it's in the middle of London, but the mass of the football is in order not even English. So we keep sort of keep ourselves cocooned in three of these two extremes isolation and complete assimilation. We as yours, what we have in South Africa, is we have our Islam very clear. And we've part of this culture and we accepted How did we get there? Now this is something a medical understand this is something of a medical across the world. Countries from Australia to Canada, they look at this community,

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especially in Cape Town, Cape Town is even more so how did you guys do it? What did you guys do to get this? And what must you do to keep it the same? discussing our heritage year as a Muslim community? That's very important, because we are the leaders, they said you guys are the leaders. We don't think of ourselves as South Africa as leaders in many things. But as a Muslim community, we should be that leaders in how we Muslim minorities should live. Another point, you know, I part of this Allah ma chat groups across the world. And we're talking about the series integral, I don't know if you heard of it. It's a series on the Ottoman Empire. Okay. So Turkey made it. And now these

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the whole amount of discussing, is it good? Is it bad, because lots of people are watching it? And they finding, you know, is are they finding other in the way the Muslim caliphate and how Islam was honorable at a time when we were strong. So they watching it now the scholars say but you know, this is music in there, these things that are appropriate, but there are some positives. Now the debating, and my discussion is not about whether it's Permissible or impermissible to watch these things. The main thing is, Muslims are watching something that shows Islam in a positive light. And it's like revolutionary. It's like for all our lives, we as generation, we were born knowing that

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Palestine is under occupation, right. And we were born knowing that, that there was no Khalifa that there is no Muslim country that you can look at for leadership. But we are at the bottom, so we are born. With that in mind, we have to go back to realize that we have a very proud history, a long history of honor, a long history of, of not not power, in the sense we had a massive empire, we didn't have that. But instead we were at the forefront of civilization, that being a Muslim counted something today, being a Muslim is sort of like you almost shy in other parts of the world to say, you know, Muslim, Muslim comes with being backwards being a criminal in some countries. That wasn't

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the case. People looked at us to lead the world for me for many, many centuries. And the fact that Muslims are opening up a series and they find in connection with the dean tells us that we as all AMA on teaching properly, there is what it means to c'est la ilaha illa Allah and what we gave to the world in terms of civilization. So our heritage is very important. Heritage is a Muslim, and heritage particularly as a Muslim, South Africa. So I want to talk a little bit of history, and it's gonna be a bit of a history lesson. And in sha Allah, I'll highlight the important parts if you zone out to wake you up. But in sha Allah justice is very important. I found it fascinating, because I

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didn't know much of South African history. And I've learned this now. And I think it's very important.

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So I take you back 1000 years ago, 1000 years, the world is very different. Europe was in the dark ages completely backwards.

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America wasn't discovered yet. And we know we say that inverted commas because they were millions of people living the odd, right these countries were not discovered they were already the meaning they weren't colonized yet. And the world leaders were the Muslims. We had an a, an empire, we had a a community that split from Portugal. And you should know this, that we ruled Spain and Portugal for 800 years from 711. From the year 711. Muslims ruled Spain, Portugal, from Spain and Portugal all the way to the Philippines. Manila, FEMA, FEMA, FEMA, FEMA, Manila, Manila, right the Philippines across the entire world. These were Muslim countries, and we lead the world in

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In terms of prosperity, in terms of technology, the kings of Europe, they would send the kids to Spain, Muslim Spain to learn under the Obama first universities in the world in North Africa. Right, we will, and we'll talk more about this golden age of Islamic of Islamic civilization. The Europe was very much backwards. And slowly, we lost our ESA, we started fighting amongst ourselves. We started debating about silly things, we stopped progressing, we started worrying about the dunya. And we started to lose our position. And Europe took our books, they took our knowledge translated into the languages, and they revive themselves, they reform the church, and then we throw Pete of

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Renaissance. Now we talk I'm gonna start with about the colonial period colonialism is when Europe came and dominated and conquered all these countries around the world. How did it begin? You know, it actually began in 1492, the first real colonial power was Spain. The Spanish kingdom was the first colonial empire, what happened in 1492, it coincided when the Muslims were kicked out of Spain. So what happened? The Christians of Spain got their act together, and they kicked the Muslims out once and for all the Muslims were gone. 1492 a very sad year for us that we lost the lost kingdom in Spain gone. And therefore they took our technology, they took our knowledge. In fact, the

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ship that Christopher Columbus took to go to America to discover America was a ship given to him by the Spanish. Now, where did they get that technology from, from the Muslims that they kicked out just a year ago, they took our technology, they enhanced it. And they use that to start dominating the world. So then they conquered North America, South America, we all know the names Vasco de Gama. And all of them, they came around Africa. So because they couldn't travel to India, and Indonesia to get spices because by land, you have to go through North Africa, through Arabia through the Muslim countries. They said we'll just take ships and get them. So they started a maritime empire, right,

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the Spanish with the first and they discovered all these different countries along the way. And of course, they came here to our country as well. This is now and I'm talking about the 15th century or so. When they came here. There's something to understand about our country. Obviously, they didn't discover South Africa, they will people living here, we all know that. And I think people when we talk about land expropriation and all these things, very important to remember that that no one discovered this country, they will people living here, and they will people brought here by force, right? This is something to keep in mind. So our country.

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If you were to look at South Africa, you can really divide in an hour understand in rugby, why you have that very famous north and south Darby Transvaal. I guess I also why why is it between Cape Town and why is it because our country sort of divided into we got the Cape Colony on the one side in the west southwest. And we've got the eastern North and eastern part of South Africa. And in the middle, you've got this desert, the Kuru, basically. So people, you had two distinct groups of people living in South Africa, you had the koi and the sand, people living here in the Cape Colony. And they obviously have the oldest people, you know, from, from a, from a genetic way, race people,

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they have the oldest civilizations in the world. They've been here for 1000s of years. If anyone can claim to own this land, it's those the Bushman people that we talk about, they were the first really inhabitants of this land, went across the Kuru. On the other side, on the eastern side, you had your African kingdoms, black Africans, and they came from other parts of Africa down and I must mention here there are certain elements in the culture and Allah Allah, if they were in contact with Muslim civilization before or even Gambia went to them because we believe that every nation Allah syllabi, so there was a Khoisan, maybe there was a Chinese maybe there was a Mayan Incan ethic maybe it was

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obviously a Nabi that went to the Zulu people, the Bantu people. So stuff like circumcision, which is very unique to our deen on unique to the Abrahamic faith you find in some of the cultures. So you add these to understand you in the West, you've got the Khoisan, and in the east, you have the African kingdoms. And basically, there was harmony and peace in reality. And when you look at the documentation,

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yes, people will say, it was

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often backwards in terms of technologically backwards, yes, very rural, but it was peaceful. People lived and people would, they would say, and I find this amazing that they will say they would let a young boy be in charge of a massive herd of cattle, he would graze them, people would pass no one would attack him, no one would steal. And if there was some fighting, the tribal chiefs would get together and they'll resolve this. That not just technology, you know, sometimes we think civilization is only technology. No civilization is inside. More importantly is humanity. More important in terms of civilization is being a good person. You can have a famous famous quote from

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Martin Luther King

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What's the point in having smart bombs when you don't have smart people? What's the point? Oh guided missiles, but you have misguided leaders. What's the point? So, our nation, as we said before the Colonials dropped here, we basically can see our country split in half. We've got the Khoisan people of the West, and you have the African blacks in the east, okay. And they live basically autonomously. Then we said Europe, revived itself. After they kick the Muslims out in Spain. They took our technology, they took our books, and they went through Renaissance. And they started to find and they use this technology, to uplift the people, but also to exploit many parts of the

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world. So they took the chips, and they went across the world. And we started colonizing murder, you know, subhanAllah, taking murdering millions and millions of people. And it must be said, you know, people find it, we shouldn't talk so much. You go to Australia, for example, the indigenous peoples, we're the Aboriginal people. Almost gone. What happened here? You go to North America, when they were millions of Native Americans, were they now what happened to these millions of people, it must be understood what happened. Okay. And as Spain dominated in Spain, we said was the first because they benefited the most from the Muslim technology. And they colonized, they colonized the

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Philippines and Indonesia, they basically had a monopoly on the spices, all of this was about money dunya. And they use that to further everything. Masala masala, basically, is the story of this whole thing, right? They dominated because of spices. The other European countries in particular, the Dutch didn't like this. They they couldn't travel by land, through the Muslim countries to Indonesia, India to get the spices and the Spain Spanish had the dominance on the shipping lines. So this the Dutch people came up with a very, very smart idea. They started the first public listed company on Earth, the VOC. And I, you know, I'd be struggling to memorize this thing more than I had

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for the enter the Wooster in the sea.

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Basically, the United East Indian company, the VOC that's what BOC stands for the United East in the brothers objectifying me in Africa and my Africans not that good. Right. So the first public company in the world, basically what happened, a group of business people, they said, you know, what, let's put our money together, we clubbed together, we're gonna buy chips, and we're gonna go ourselves and fix the spices from Indonesia. And they put their money together and they develop, they started this company. So for the first time, now, they told the public you can all put your money with will buy the ship together. It's the first we call a public listed company in the whole world. And obviously,

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this is a huge success. Now everyone can even if you're a farmer, even if you're a laborer, you can put your five cents in and you can own part of that enterprise. So this took off was the first major corporation multinational in the world. So this company, the VOC,

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they sailed across the world. And we see them on a network and they come and they, you know, again, this wasn't just business, they came to Indonesia, discovered Indonesia, of course, Muslim, Indonesia, Islam was the and they basically conquered it and colonized it. And they made its people slaves, and they used production, they took the spices and whatever they had, and they send it back to the Dutch into Ireland, and they sold it, they made huge profits along the way. And they said, obviously, to secure the lines, they need to have ports. And that's how when they came across Cape Town, they said, Okay, going all the way from Holland, all the way down to Indonesia, around Africa

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is a very long journey. So we need to find a halfway stop. And that's how they arrived here at our cape of Gouda, our Cape Town, right, so this is now 652. Okay, so 350 years ago, 652 the Dutch the VOC Kamya. Obviously, they were already people here, the Queen the San people, but they could offer not much resistance to a very small superior technological nation. And within a few years, basically, the entire Cape Colony was under the control of the Dutch, the Khoisan people became a servant nation, a servant race to a more superior, superior in inverted commas, of course, white colonial power, and within as it was, in 20 years, the descemet many, many, much of the population

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here obviously suffered from that. Also, because Cape Town was literally the end of the world. It's still the bottom of the world, right? So it was a very convenient place to dump all your prisoners. So obviously, as the Dutch the VOC was conquering different countries and lands, to people that fought back, like in Indonesia, most prominently, and again, who is fighting back against him. These are all these our Mujahideen, the same kind of people fighting in Palestine for liberation, the same kind of people that are fighting for, for the same principles of human rights that you just took our land by force. These were the people fighting the colonizers, of course they lost. Allah did not

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declare them success, so they lost so many of them were brought here as slaves.

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as political prisoners, as you know, and they were dumped on Robben Island, long before the ANC long before anyone else were prisoners on Robben Island. It was our only earth that were the first, but also fighting oppression, the and then 50 years ago. And so as time would go, the Dutch will bring more and more people from the colonies from India. And we always forget that it's not just Malay, when we say Malaysia immediately Indonesia, it wasn't just Malaysia, Indonesia that came here. It was from Bangladesh. From India, when I say India, it means Pakistan as well, from Sri Lanka, from Madagascar, from East Africa, many out And Alhamdulillah in the Mahara match that we had, which was

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very successful hamdulillah for your support, you would find our kids celebrated the other founders of our community.

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It's it said and Allah, Allah, scientifically, that we are the most diverse city on Earth. I'm gonna look at the faces here. You wouldn't know how to categorize us where you come from. All over the world, Allah brought people here into this Brioni Yeah, in this place at the bottom of Africa. And under extreme, difficult situations. What came out of it is this deinstall survived. And it is going to be a sad story. But what the one positive I take from it. Spanish empires gone, Dutch empires gone, voc is gone. But the Muslim community still Yeah, La ilaha illa. Allah remains, they try to extinguish it in Indonesia didn't work, brought it here to Cape Town and it survived. It's something

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that shouldn't logically survive. But that's the story of us as a community here in the cape. So they brought all these people from around the world to us to this place here in Cape Town. And Islam was at that time, a banned religion. So the Dutch were very strict against Islam, because they fought the Muslims in Indonesia. They had a special dislike to Islam also, the Dutch were very at that point in time. They were very strict conservative Christians. So Religion was a very strong it was a very so issue for them. And therefore Islam was forbidden. You couldn't practice your deen openly. They were no Masjid allowed. So even though shift usage was here 690 only 100 years later

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7092 You have almost 400 years now Masjid. Why? Because they weren't allowed to set up a Muslim. What did they do? They would give Juma outside And subhanAllah a testament to these great oh no other words to describe and Allah knows best his friends and Olia what they did to keep and maintain a community under such difficult situation, difficult. persecution. So this, this community of Islam, brought from all over the world came here. And they started back started from scratch and started develop over the next 100 years. And they you know, subhanAllah they did this. They simply they took the most you said the rejected class.

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At that time, you clearly had a hierarchy, the colonial power Masters on top, then you had servants, you had slaves, you were illiterate, you are a laborer, your life was meaningless. And now you had a group of people educated scholars Alama yes, that lost some of them royalty, even losing their position. And they came in they said we are the same. In fact, we and the masters are the same. And out and this this teaching of Allah is universal. And that's why people flocked to this Deen to give someone is again, that your your destiny is not based on the color of your skin, or what tribe you're born from. Your destiny is in your own hands. And based on your relationship with Allah,

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that's what counts. And that's why people started to obviously, flock to the car, your dean, and you had your small Muslim community growing. And of course, more and more, more and more Europeans came to this land. So still, the Dutch were confined to the cape, and they didn't really venture into the East. They weren't so interested in the East 100 We skip now 100 years. And during that 100 years, basically, a free concert becomes a language I think they say it's the old it's the newest language of the world is Africans, the youngest of the world's language, free consequence, the unique language. It's not this. So the people that the Europeans that came here, they ended up staying

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here. So I initially they came here for work, they were going to do a you know, spin tin, whatever, five years, 10 years to do a job and then go back and they decided to stay here not go back to Ireland. And the integral. I mean, they mixed with the local people, they got married, they married or they had offspring, and you had now Afrikaans is a language on its own and you had a race sensitive issue. But you had a

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mixed race year as a unique kind of community.

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Europe, things changes in Europe. So while the Dutch are ruling things, you're in Cape Town, things are changing in Europe. You have revolution in France, you have Napoleon. And basically Long story short, the British start to become dominant the British Empire now starts to eclipse the Dutch empire and within a few years

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So after 100 years or so that Britain completely overpowers the Dutch and controls takes its its colonies, including Cape Town. So Cape Town goes down to the British and the British start to rule here in Cape Town. And because of the British coming into Cape Town,

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a couple of things. Number one, they were a little bit better when it came to slavery than the Dutch, the British were more open. And in fact, the British were the first people to ban slavery completely. Right? So and they gave rights, Islamic rights, they made Islam permissible, it became a religion that was free to be practiced. And that's why shift to nguru Rahimullah could open Allah Masood, because the British allowed him to open a masjid now that they ruled. But because of these, these changes, because of this, the Afrikaners here in Cape Town. They didn't like what they saw in the change of power. They didn't like what they saw in terms of a new, they wanted to preserve their

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own language, not not English anymore, we try to preserve because obviously, when, when this is what the colonizer does, when he comes, he brings you his language, he brings you his culture Subhanallah he even changes your name. I think how sad it must be.

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You come to school your name is Ahmed, your name is Fatima. This is you know, we don't know these names you are, you are mark, and you are Samantha because those are the names we're going to call you on. It's part of taking away your humanity. Part of taking away of who you are, that your language, your culture, your name is mean your religion. So what was done by the Dutch was done to them by the British. And because of this, basically the Africans left Cape Town in what we call the great trick. I'm learning these things. I find it interesting. This is South African history. And they basically now venture into the eastern parts of South Africa into the African areas that they

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hadn't gone before. This is about 150 years ago, 200 years ago. And they set up the caliphate in Pretoria, okay, at the expense of the African people that were living the bloody battles, people killing people dying. And so now you basically had a South Africa, you had a Cape Town community ruled by the British, you have your slaves, you have your colors, and you have the Afrikaners. That's why you have the the monument day in Pretoria, that was the first country really away from the British set up in the orange free segment at all. And now you have and that's why I said our rugby, the cape versus natal because now you had the British and the Dutch competing in certain

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areas. And this is how it was for for a number of years.

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Then something happened that was completely unexpected. This country of ours was always a backward country, a farming community. In fact, the British would say that this country, this colony of Cape Town was the most state aisle, the most useless colony that they had in the Old Kingdom of the British, from India to Australia, to America to this one in Cape Town is the worst of all, is nothing they

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then they discovered diamonds and gold

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in the north 90% of the world's diamonds in this country 40% of the world's gold in Johannesburg. And while that

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fortunes changed for some very good for the rich, not so good. Because with that came a new influx of fighting in this land in the 19 1850s and 18 150. Basically, the Gold Rush started. And this in that time, that area with gold and diamonds were discovered was in the Dutch controlled, not the British powerhouse. And that's why the British needed to force themselves further and further inland to take over and that's why you're the Anglo Dutch Anglo boudoir why? Why is the English in the Dutch fighting because they found gold. So just as one group of people pushed another group, the Dutch, the Dutch found themselves being pushed further and further by the British.

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And this, this tremendous competition for resources for the gold for what was in this the land of this country. Now how many people died and the in the native people ultimately pay that expense that price? So now that you have all this, diamonds and gold, so it's just something to think about? Within 20 years, how quickly things have changed in this country. Within we were one of the most backward countries in the world. Within 20 years, we became the most industrialized country in Africa. Within 20 years, they brought all the technology from Europe to build up this industry.

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Right. So you brought the civil you brought the technology, but how much of civilized what happened to civilization? Just something to think about? to mine, that golden diamond who's going to do it? You need the locals. And that's why many of the African indigenous people living on the eastern side of South Africa. They will take in the men were taken basically to mine. For months on in fathers sons were taken under the earth. Mother's women had nowhere to go so they went to become domestic workers, cheap laborers, kids, so entire communities. were lost.

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A community that was mostly peaceful, that was mostly subsist, they lived on the land and they interacted peacefully now, they were forced into like a pipeline to mine, this Golden's diamonds, when all went back to Europe, all those wealth and all the riches went back to Europe, we don't even Subhanallah that the British royal jewels the crown jewels brought from from our land is on the on the the head of the Queen SubhanAllah. And this is really how this land was exploited and this community was exploited over time. So this continues through the late 1850s all the way until the end, this tension between the Afrikaners and the British trying to continuously push him further and

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further. Of course, it resulted in a number of wars, no one really want ultimately, they agreed to a unified South Africa, like the Union of South Africa, right? The Republic, the First Republic of South Africa. Also it's in this point in time, as mentioned. So how did our Indian brothers from Durban and Johannesburg get here, something amazing to think about the fact that the British, the British now took over this country.

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And they use the African labor force to mine the diamonds, who's going to do the farming, who's gonna do the business who's gonna you know, who's gonna be the working class, you have to they brought people from another part of the kingdom. Obviously, it wasn't forced labor. But now you had from India, which is another colony of the British Empire, they brought laborers in. Now imagine if you need to bring extra labor force to mind or to farm the fields, ways, the native people there in the minds. So because your color was you were darker, you were less of a person, you got the worst job.

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Because you were not that dark, you got to work on the farm, because you were slightly above that you get to work now as an administrator. And of course, if you are the ruling class, because of your color, you got to own things and own people. So that's how when the gold is discovered, and the African community is shifted to the mines, we have in this time, our brothers and sisters from India, Pakistan, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, coming to Durban and Johannesburg, and we have a different that's why we have the mix. Why of this? Shafi Hanafi buzz, because our brothers from India, of course, come from a Hanafi background, it's how Islam came to India, from Indonesia, they, Islam

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came through via a Shafi method, and they were brought to Cape Town. So you have your chef easier in Cape Town, and you Hanafis more in the East. And that's why you have a difference of these slight differences of opinion.

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So,

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the Indian community now starts to develop and also in that time, some some of you I find this amazing, you know, something strange, one of those people that actually came to South Africa at the time smartemail Gandhi,

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Mahatma Gandhi, the very famous man that you know, we all brought brought in so India was a colony of the of England, that brought India out of British occupation was Mothma Gandhi, but he was in South Africa first, how did he get here? So he was a newly qualified lawyer, you studied in England qualified the young man and is working in in India, when a businessman here in South Africa, an Indian businessman, he was had a court case, and obviously, he knew the rules, it was between him and a white person. So he was worried that the system is gonna, not gonna be fair. So he contacted this young lawyer, Gandhi in India, can you come and help me so that we came here for a job about

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six month contract to a year contract to try the case. And when he got here, he saw how the laws work. He saw how people were exploited, how even the road, if you have a certain color, you can walk on the throne. And there's many stories of how he was pushed out of the train. And he was beaten up. And because of that, he felt that the level of the level of inhumanity in this country, the level of exploitation. And I mean, he only really saw what was happening to the Indian people, what was happening to the black peoples exponentially was. So he stayed here. And that's when he started to formulate his ideas, formulate his resistance to colonialization non violence and with time, he

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actually went back to India, and he used that to bring India out of occupation. So he was really inspired, if you could call it that by the injustice that was done in our land. And he went back and that's how India became became, you know, independent. we fast forward now quickly, we'll end up on this point. So now in the night, the 20th century 1900s What happened

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basically Britain is ruling most of South Africa, but in the World War One World War Two breaks out. And with obviously, because of that the British Empire is not the British Empire it once was, it loses its power. It can't control its colonies like it wants to. So basically its colonies start to rule themselves. So even though the British are technically ruling South Africa, the locals here decide what to do. And as the colonial

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Power is losing what's the fear? The fear is the laws that they made. So they made the law that we will have a republic, you can vote, excellent democracy beautiful, but sorry only for white people. Your vote doesn't count 20% of the population controlled 90% of the land and it hasn't changed much since then. Economically, everything still belong to a ruling class. Now, when the imperial power colonial power is losing out what they fear, the natives are coming, that after 200 or 300 years of subjugating a people now that we can't control them with a gun, something is going to happen. And we started hearing rhetoric rhetoric that you hear now in Europe Subhanallah, it's repeating, they're

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coming to take your land. They're coming to take your jobs, they come into into your communities and change the ways of your forefathers. You had a nationalistic, the National Party, a white Afrikaner fearful people scared that these outsiders are going to come in the same rhetoric you hear in Europe today. These Muslim migrants are going to come in and we need to stop them and they are criminals and they are backwards and uncivilized. And they will take over our that's why you find even like Nazi parties are rising up again in Europe. The same thinking happened here and utter fear of the fear. The National Party will bring apartheid, they won the elections and we'll talk about what

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happened they after next week insha Allah so just a few announcements

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will continue to sit on this lecture. There's a few announcements.

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There is a next week inshallah the Islamic Relief in partnership with the

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the BBS the habia orphanage, they are having a shooter from the Edo shooting for the archery club at OBEDIA. They are having a at Islamia College on the sixth, a fundraiser and then monies for orphans. So if you'd like to support what you do is you can buy an arrow and people will shoot arrows and you know, part of that's how money will be raised. Or you can go yourself and shoot an arrow if you'd like to do so. So that's next week, inshallah it's going to be at Islamia College for the orphans. Then in sha Allah also on the sixth and I don't think our slide is up also on the sixth inshallah the evening we will have our Nightmare on Elm Street so we have this annual lecture Nightmare on Elm

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Street the poster will come up it's going to be the night of the dead so it's often Isha here at

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Bronto but I will center off to a shy it's an outdoor lecture with a permitted inshallah we will have a night of the date we'll talk everything about the bizarre about what happens in the cupboard, a journey that it was going to take something which everyone what happens the day you die, what happens in the cupboard, what happens can can spirits come back afterwards? can we influence your dreams? So we're going to have our nightmare Tuesday that's off to Asia next week, or the sixth that's next week Saturday of the show inshallah and then of course we ask all those who'd like to be part of our what Islam series the women around the messenger, part 15 and 16, I think is our bot 17

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Actually, that's our next episode. We're talking about the Prophet Salam and his wives. So if you'd like to be part of that, or wait for ripple to 13 out with any questions concerns with [email protected] Start with a high SNR Monokuma libretto