World of Spirituality, Tasawwuf, Sufis & Shaykhs
Channel: Muhammad ibn Adam al-Kawthari
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Smilla Rahmanir Rahim
Alhamdulillah Schmidhuber want to start you know we want to start off who want to study
when our older Billahi to Allah Mysuru the unforeseen our Musa Dr Molina Maria de la oferta Mundo la Houma. Ubering for a hottie Allah
a shadow Allah. Allah Allahu Allahu la sharika a shadow Anessa udana Where have you been? I've also done our coffee Dona Mohammed in Abu Rosu
Allahumma salli wa sallim wa barik ala Sayidina Muhammad wa early Healbot even oppo he really was her big marine
Cooley mentor we are hoping to be answered in either Yomi Dean Allahumma aluminum I in fact owner when finally my alum Turner was in our Ultima Subhanak Allahumma. They are in Milena, Elana alum, Tina in Atlanta la came about
structured brothers and sisters.
Once again Alhamdulillah. It's an honor, it's a privilege to be here with you at this masjid.
And I thank the organizers for inviting me and all of you as well. for coming today in sha Allah,
we hope to discuss a very important topic.
As it was introduced that previously over the past year or so,
I started this series of talks, wherein in the beginning I explained that some of the automa This is not in the Hadith or the Quran, but some of the early scholars and the recent scholars the aroma of this ummah. By looking at the various laws and junctions are calm and rules of Islam and Sharia which are found in the Quran in the Hadith.
they categorize these laws into five different categories. If you look at the Quran, you'll find the different various laws, that they are all relating to they all pertain and relate to these five categories. So for example, if you read Surah Al Baqarah, the verses of Surah Baqarah, you will see that Allah talks about matters of the unseen and elemental of Ava and the life hereafter, which is all to do with one's appeal on one's belief. And you will find many verses connected to relating to one's Aqeedah. And then you have verses to do it, how you pray. Like Allah says RP Musala, offer Salah pray to Zeca what a team will hijo Amara, Tallulah so there are loads to do with which and
then Feck we have a brother at worshiping Allah there are laws to do with more Arusha which was category number three, and I mentioned in the beginning that we will not be discussing the first two categories of Aqeedah and Ibadat, worshiping Allah. But we had one whole lecture and a program here on which was titled obligation to the creation of Allah, which means to open a bird and this term, this category has been termed more Parashara which means to live with one another social injunctions. Like if you read surah tilicho gerat, Allah talks about all the laws of how to interact with one another as Muslims as human beings, social etiquettes and then you have verses of the Quran
and many Hadith relating to financial business transaction. So that becomes a category as well, more AMOLED so you have more Parashara and then you have more Armada. So we did a whole talk and a program on Mirage era titled obligation to the creation of Allah. And then we had a discussion on muamalat business dealings in Islam, which was I think, titled, The Dodo deal, the financial transactions in Islam,
and we had a whole talk on that and the fifth category, which can be termed as the category of a HELOC, water skier to club which is to do with the purification of the heart and purification of the soul. And we find many verses of the Quran and many Hadith of the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that deal with this particular area and category category of the laws of the heart.
So, this is the classification and categorization, but what I want to say today before we go on to explain some very important things
is that there is also another classification and categorization. You see because the this categorization and classification is not based on a particular Well, it's not explicitly based on a particular verse of the Quran or Hadith, but this is what the when the Orlova, the scholars, the early Imams, and a set of when they look at the various laws of the Quran and Sunnah they according to the understanding, they say, okay, you can divide them into these categories. You can even divide them into time.
categories if you want to more archery, you can say okay, laws relating to the rights of your family members, one category, laws relating to the health and rights of fellow Muslims another category. So you've made two categories out of one category, laws connected to the rights and interaction with non Muslims another another category. So you can do that it's not a problem. But there is another classification, which I want to explain and this will take us to this fifth category.
The other classification categorization of the various laws of Islam is that Islamic laws injunctions are only divided into three. And this is actually based implicitly on a hadith of the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when we read when we look at the column, the laws when we look at the Quran and Sunnah when we read the verses of the Quran, and when we when we read the Hadith of the messenger of allah sallallahu taala, Allah who were early he was, we were seldom
we see that there are certain texts that deal with again, just like the five classification in the five categories that I mentioned. Likewise here as well. The first category is Akita okay. So, everything a Muslim must believe in and must not believe in, is involved in this category. This is a PETA, the belief system known as Islamic creed, the belief system, many verses, like I said, Surah Baqarah, and numerous verses, and the things that Allah tells us not to believe in the things we must believe in about Allah Who Subhana wa Tada himself, all the attributes of Allah, it's a topic signs on its own. And it's something that we should as Muslims study take time out. In the
beginning, I'll tell you one thing before I carry on in the beginning of Islam in the time of the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and even in the time of the Sahaba, earlier on in the Quran and Gula the early times, there was no classification.
There was no classification. If a Sahabi a companion had a question, or an issue or a problem to do with any matter of his life, and his religion, what would you do? Go to the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi salam and say, Yeah, Rasul Allah, on Messenger of Allah, I have a problem. I need to know the the Islamic ruling about a matter of divorce, I have an issue I need to know about this matter of EDA, is their punishment in the grave for example, I have an issue to do with business transactions. I have an issue and I want to know something about my rights with my wife or my husband, any matter of Islam, they would go and ask the messenger of allah sallallahu and he would
sell him Dean was simple, people were less agent spread far and wide. There were very less few people in the beginning. So there was no classic there was no need for a classification. And everything to do with Islam was termed as D there was only one Tim Dean in Edina and Allah Islam, and another term was also used which was fake.
Fake right now I'll tell you I'll explain later is used in a different way. But in the earlier times and in the Quran and Sunnah the term used was only fake fake means understanding of D. So like for example, Allah says in the Quran Falola forum in Khalifa potty Minh whom party for too late of COVID-19. While you little Alma whom is Raja we are looking at Arun, Allah talks about why is there not a group of people there should be some people who learn the matters of faith and deen and have a good deep understanding of DNA become scholars, they should dedicate their life to studying deen and let the others go in Jihad and in striving and struggling and travel and do whatever they need to
do. And then these people are the scholars and the others will follow them. In other words, Allah is saying in the Quran that they must be a group of people who are the Imams who are the scholars, who are the monster heads, not everybody can become a lawyer, not everyone can become a barrister. Otherwise, all the barristers and lawyers will lose their job. If every one of us is a doctor. You know, we want we want to have a job left. Likewise, only a group of scholars need to be experts in Islamic sciences. The rest follow them and this is what we call deplete them, which is another topic altogether. But
in this verse, Allah is saying they should understand deen the term uses de facto FIP. One term was used in the beginning of Islam. In the hadith of sahih al Bukhari the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he says my unity love will be higher on you, okay? Who Fiddy with whom Allah intends good. He gives him a understanding of Deen. This does not only relate to jurisprudence, it's a comprehensive understanding of the so in the beginning of Islam in the time of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam there was no classification there was only one term used which is the OD D in Islam that
said Islam do these one or two terms, which related to every single Hohokam injection of Islam. This is this is an introduction, which is very important to understand some of the very other important things that I want to talk about. But without understanding this introduction, it will be difficult to understand some things that I want to talk about, and I'm going to be quite frank about some issues, but they need to be set. So in the there's no classification, there was only one one term dnn Sharia or Islam these terms.
Okay. But then, as time passed, more and more people started becoming interested in Islam and they embrace Islam and Islam spread far and wide new issues came into the open there were new issues that face the Muslims. There were people who were coming into Islam with corrupt beliefs. People were being deviated new groups came into existence. So many different sects, like you must have heard of groups like the Marta Zilla and the Hawaii bridge and the jewelry and the Kadri numerous different sects started coming into the Muslim community. Right now, at that time, the Muslims in the time of the top your own and Tabata beans. These are the people after the Sahaba some of the Muslim scholars
they said you know what, it's very important that we actually teach ourselves, our children, our Muslim communities, about the matters of faith as explained by the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the Sahaba the methodology, the manager of the Illumina will Jamar and some scholars, they dedicated their life to this one topic, which is from the Quran and Sunnah. Aqeedah So, you had great scholars of the past, who actually devoted dedicated their whole life, their time, their efforts, and their works to just the science of appeal, they became known for the science of theta, it became a science a topic a subject in of itself, in the time of the messengers of Allah
who said there was no okay you know, there was no such a thing like, we will have a course today on a pizza. You know, nowadays we have course on appeal was the course on appeal and the term of the messenger of allah sallallahu wasallam. Of course not, there's no such thing as RP, the FIP, whatever, all the different categories, it's only one deed, but later on, because of a need, this classification took place. So, the first category, the laws of happiness, the things and these things were discussed, and these things were taught, and they were books are written on it, the things that you must believe in, in terms of Allah subhanaw taala his attributes that are a lot of
things that we must be even, and which means like the hate of Allah subhanaw taala and him not being like anything less that can be cliche and books have been written, as you know, and the things that we must not believe in the things that we must avoid, like schenken associating partners with Allah and many of the things that are attributes of the messengers that we must believe in. There are certain things that are contrary to a person being a messenger, and the matters of the unseen and there are numerous things and like we have books written on this topic, you might want to how Rahim Allah wrote a book by early So Noah Juma are known as an opinion tutor here, which is a very short
brief text, right in the time of Sahaba. Did they read a text less read a book texting app either? No, they would just take the appeal from the Quran and Sunnah but later on books who are being written, so this was the first category of Islamic laws or the injunctions or the outcome of Quran and Sunnah, which is the category of Aqeedah taken from the Quran and Sunnah.
The second category of laws,
the second category of knows all those come and those laws and those injunctions of the Quran and Sunnah, of Sharia, of the Quran and Sunnah not the Bible, or the Torah, there's a Buddha, the Injeel or some other book. These are the laws of the Quran and Sunnah. Right? That deal with the external physical body of the human to external laws.
Like all the laws concerning Bahara purification, how to purify yourself, the laws of purity, all the all the laws found in the Quran and Sunnah to do with who to do with the hostile to do which I am for women for females about menstruation about Hayden the first and postnatal bleeding to moon, wiping on leather socks, etc, etc. And all the laws to do with
worshiping Allah offering Salah and zakat and hajj and down there, we said, Eva, Marcia Miranda, but here, he bothered more, I should have more armor, not all of them have been put into this second category. So those five categories was up either and then you have a brother Marshall Miranda. In other words, what's happening here is that those five have become three in such a way that the first one remains the first same category, the middle, the Ibadat, the Mirage era, and muamalat. The middle three, they become one category and the last one remains the last one which we're going to talk about today, which I'm
Moving on to. So this is how it's happened. All the knows external laws, rules connected to fastings occurred hedge, Amara
Marriage Divorce business transaction financial transactions renting hiring, wills everything to do with the physical body hurting someone and all the all the commands and prohibitions just like in Aqeedah. In the first category, we have what we call our mirror and we have Noah what do we have our mirror Nova which means the do's and don'ts, the commands and the prohibitions.
In the first category, where do we have the do's and don'ts. The do's are the things we must believe in, and the prohibitions are the things we must avoid. Likewise, in this second category, there are commands and prohibitions, commands, Allah says offer prayer, that's a command our pain was salah, or Zika. Do you have to perform and offer your hedge? If you have the means that's a command. The prohibition is later caribou Zina don't even come close to fornication. It's haram was in the Hogan of Russia was a Sevilla, what if Barack Obama do not back bite? Now that's a ruling to do with martial art but it's in the second category of external because you backbite with your normally with
your mouth, you know, it's external, even though the scholars have said there's a backbiting of the mind as well. Really, you know, if you think negatively of people this kind of backbiting, but it's more or less to do with the external body, hitting someone physical abuse, these are all the prohibitions. Just like we have the commands and prohibitions of the first category. We have the commands and prohibitions
Hala, who obey our Hara Mareeba being engaged and involved in usury and interest transactions. It's absolutely haram. It's a physical action, it's an external law. Again, it's a to do with a second category. This second category was termed the category of fear. In the beginning, as I said, one term Feck was used for everything. But now later on Jensen, when I pointed out in the beginning, there was one term which was dean or fetco, Sharia mainly Denon felt used for everything. But now when this classification took place, the first category was known as Aqeedah. A notice appeared that there were different names actually, you know, the first category, not just one name, because
remember, names are not important. It's just what the scholars thought they can turn the first category some of them called it in OSU Dean. Some called it a moto head, the science of the heat because the heat is one of the very important issues discussed in a pizza, some called it l macadam, different names are given to this first category. The second category is, as I said, known as fifth, which now we translate as jurisprudence.
All the laws to do with the external body and that's why there is a definition of the autumn I'll give a definition when they explain their study who will Elmo and it will amellia al mcta suburban agility head of cilia that it's a science that deal with Amman, Amelie external actions, which are derived from its detailed proofs, which are the Quran and Sunnah. So all the laws of the Quran and Sunnah to do with the external body with the external of the human, VA here are ama the VA Hara are they fit into the second category known as the category of effect?
One of the Imams of this OMA Imam Abu Hanifa Rahim Allah Allah the man who he wrote Well, there's a book some say he wrote something it's attributed to him a book called fair called a Cuba
this book has to do with a pita. Now, he was very early on, he was very early on before the classification took place in his time Feck was used for everything like the time of the sahaba. So now how do you distinguish between RP the and FIP so you say RP there is a big effect and the external low salsa club has a lesser degree of luck, and this is why he called his book Alpha called Akbar, which means Aqeedah as opposed to an effect called us over the small effect which deals with Salas aka Hajj, Umrah, marriage, divorce, inheritance, will etc. But after his time, remember what honey for Russian hola was born in 80 Hijiri. He saw some of the Sahaba he made them he was from the
top of their own. And this classification took place after his time in the time in this third century, in the time when people like Imam Al Bukhari and the mama Telemedia and all these other great Imams of this ummah, who own of them came after the time of Imam Abu Hanifa Rahim Allah. So
this second category is known as the category of film and then we have the third category and that's very
voting in our discussion today. The third category of the laws again, these are the laws of the Quran and Sunnah not the Bible, not the Torah noticeable, not the Injeel or not some book that you're going to buy from WH Smith or anywhere. It's the Quran and Sunnah, right? Everybody loves this and we should the Quran and Sunnah laws are injunctions taken out derived from the book of Allah who subhanaw taala and the Hadith and the sayings and traditions of the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that deal with the inner self, the heart, the soul the call, right? Just as we have commands.
And we have prohibitions, we have commands and prohibitions do's and don'ts, Allah Mira Noah he to do with the external body, and Aqeedah just like in the external category of external laws, we had commands like you have to offer Salah and prohibitions like avoid Zina, likewise, we have laws to deal with the heart. Those to the heart, there are commands and prohibitions, commands such as Allah says that we have to have a clause sincerity. We have to have we have to have the vocal reliance upon Allah do with the heart, the heart is inside the heart. Nobody knows the inner part of the heart. You could be offering salah I could be offering Salah and just want to show someone that I'm
offering Salah this is it's real, which is the opposite of of last showing off ostentation. So the don'ts are the opposite of the do's, alas, is a command the prohibit shun is Rhea. ostentation.
The command is the wild or humbleness and humility. The prohibition is the opposite which is arrogance and pride. The command is a class we said that and the command is ethos or giving preference to others and wanting good for others. The opposite of that is Genesee hesed, which is which is the prohibition which is haram. We have the word cool reliance upon our law, sugar gratitude, these are all these very important laws. Right? I'll tell you one thing here that many of us sometimes we forget, just as it is foreign. These are Ferraris, brothers and sisters. These are Ferraris, these are obligations. These are obligations just like we have obligations externally.
There are obligations internally but we live in a time where people sometimes forget to pay the necessary attention on the internal because internal is hidden internal nobody knows external we can everyone can detect it and see that whoa, this person is mashallah he offers Salah comes to the masjid he dresses like a Muslim, he keeps a beard he's going hajis going, Amara so we you know feel like doing them more. But the internal because it's only you and Allah me and Allah we and Allah and nobody else knows your class nobody really knows. So we neglect these internal laws. And these internal laws are no different. And rather According to some scholars even more important, just like
it is farther aim to offer Salah further Iein personally obligatory,
not heard Keifa This is personally obligatory on every Muslim too fast in the month of Ramadan. It is personally obligatory, necessary mandatory upon every Muslim to acquire a class to acquire in himself or herself. The quality of the work could Taqwa the level of Allah, the level of the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and avoid just like It's haram, just like Xena is haram. Backbiting is unlawful. And just like usually an interest is prohibited and a major said just like murdering and killing someone is haram. Likewise jealousy and hatred and enmity and ingratitude towards Allah. All these are major Ihara. These are laws and this third category. What is this third
category known as?
This third category? Where is it known as?
Somebody? Some people are saying to yourself, What is this third category? It doesn't matter? What do you call it? You want to call it green? Call it green.
cellos brothers if you can come
ahead of each other
whatever you want to call this category, it's not a problem. You know, the Arabs they have the same this is the same lamb who Shahada. Phil is Taylor. There's no problem. Don't get too worried with names and terms. It's the concept that matters. You can do Zina Nemeth Nica, he's not going to be company car, he's going to remain Xena, right? You can say it's business. I take a loan from you and then I'll say okay, you tell me, okay, it's a loan. And then I'll say okay, you pay me a loan back. I take
100 And you say to me, pay me 110 back, I said, Okay, I'll pay you 110 back, I'll give you 110 As a loan. And we ask someone asks us what's happening. So I gave him 100 pounds loan, and he's going to give me 110 pounds loan back. So there's interest to know I gave him a loan, he's saying, Are you giving me interest alone? I give you a loan. Is he alone? It's interest. consideration is given to the concept, not the term terms don't matter. You know, we sometimes get too much bogged down with these 10 Just like the first category known as Arpita, or Emoto, hey, there's one column whatever, you know, category or whatever term was used, the owner may use different terms. Likewise, a second
category, you know, the second category, different terms were used, but mainly it was felt another term was used, which was Islam. Right, some of the aroma, this third category, some people they'd like to use the term persona Sufism but it's, it's not necessary. If somebody doesn't want to use that. Not a problem whatsoever. There is no need. There is no need to use it. You don't become less of a Muslim. If you don't use it. You don't become less of a spiritual individual if you don't use it, but neither is it wrong or haram or bizarre or shady or something wrong. If you start using it. It doesn't mean if it was not used in the time of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam then he
can't use it otherwise, he can't use anything. What's this Masjid called?
For his gate? Masjid? Do you have another name? Imams Acadia? Was there a message in the time of the messenger salAllahu alayhi salam called Imams of three I know you. Like for him, you have different categories. You know, there's another you have another science called The Science of now. The science of self Arabic grammar syntax. It's become a Category A science Ooh, solo Feck it's a category Mustafa who Siouxland Hadith, the science where you look into research into the Hadith, whether they are sahih, whether they are Hasson, whether they are the E FF or whether they are fabricated, Mo do or not. And you look at the mutawatir and the matura and the Aziz and Overeem, and
Morrison and the numerous types of Hadith. Was there any categorization in the time of the messenger SallAllahu, ala some Sahaba This is a sahih Hadith. This is a diary of Hadith. Come on, you know, you'll ask the Messenger of Allah, you know, he's speaking himself who made these classifications categorizations later on. It was a scholars in the actually very late time in the fifth sixth century. There's a definition given for a hadith which is Sahai, there's actually a definition a sahih hadith is is a Hadith which comes to us there's five conditions there's interessato Senan, the chain is transmitted it's connected or the Torah we every single narration is sorry, Narita is
upright or Barbet Bhatura we every single Narrator It has the quality of preservation and good memory and then you have Adam who should move which is not not having isolation I mean it's not time to elaborate but then you it doesn't have a little card they have a defect now, the the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam make this definition and me put these five conditions did the Sahaba there was no such a thing if you if you own the time of the Sahaba Hadith, sorry, Hassan, what is all that? Nobody knows? There is no there. Is there a definition mentioned anywhere in the Quran and Hadith. Is there any definition the water sign hadith is later on scholars, they made this
definition. This they made this definition. I remember I mean, this is off topic why I remember this incident once there was a scholar, a huge scholar, actually one of the scholars that I took ijazah from in the subcontinent. He went to his from his past Aranmula he passed away like 10 years ago in 1996. He was in his 90s he
went to Harlem and Maccha once and he somebody came to me said I want to debate with you now he said, Look, I don't do these debates and debates, don't do debates, brothers and sisters. It's not a time to do debate. But he says I want to talk to you about an issue. He had a problem with him about some issue about how to pray soda, whether you should raise your hands or not raise your hands or whatever, all these small petty issues. Anyway, so the scholar said, Look, I don't you know, like debating if you want to know something or a particular something, I'll tell you in sha Allah whatever knowledge I have says no, I want to discuss this particular issue of Salah he was maybe I
don't know what he was maybe about Amin Laude is something which really you don't need to discuss in this hadith, dealing with all these issues and you have numerous types of Hadith of the messenger salAllahu alayhi wa sallam
indicating different things. But he said, Look, I want to have a debate with you. And I want to discuss this particular issue. And he was a fellow of one of the schools of the four schools of thought and he said look in your school, I think, you know, your evidences are all weak and that's why I want to have a proper debate. And I want to discuss these issues in light of the Quran and Sunnah instead. Okay, let's talk inshallah not debatable. Let's talk. So the brother said, before we carry on I have a condition. So what's your condition? So my condition is as we will discuss this matter of Salah affect in light of only verses of the Quran and absolutely rigorously authenticated.
Hadith say that I don't want to know about any other proof you're going to bring from anywhere else that this Imam said this and that Imams had this
proof in light of Quran and Sunnah which is greater hamdulillah but not even just normal he said
that your evidence is we will only discuss in light of Quran and Hadith sahih that's it, nothing else. You understand my point? So the Sheikh said okay, no problem. No problem we'll talk we'll just be verses of the Quran or rigorously authenticated Hadith sahih whether whether they are in say here Behati or Sahih Muslim or so nofima Mahtomedi or the Muslims of Imam Muhammad wherever they are, but a hadith say
that he said Okay, before we carry on then the chef said, Look, I have a condition as well.
No, sorry. He never said he can do he said Okay, before we carry on he said I want to ask you something. said what's that? Said? Can you define me a hadith say what is the definition?
This every child knows well, every student of knowledge who studies those five conditions?
I tried to test me so no, no, I'm not trying to test you. I know you studied and you studied and you have a lot of knowledge of Islam and everything. But the only point here is that so that we are on the same wavelength and we both speak the same language. Let's just you know, just tell me the brief definition of Hadith Sahid you know, whatever you know, so I know that you have the same understanding of Hadith sahih in your mind as I have. So the brothers started saying of course, it's easy, simple, who doesn't know so here are the five condition how do you say the definition is that this when you start is it Wait, wait? Before you carry on I have a condition as well.
Just like your condition, I have a condition my condition is no different to your condition. My condition is given me a definition of Hadith sahih in light of a Quran verse or a hadith say.
You said don't tell me who made these conditions up. It was made in the fifth century. I don't want you don't tell me this Imam made this telling me there's a verse of Surah Baqarah oferty How Bismillah R Rahman Rahim Allah you Hallelujah. Amen. Oh, you believe there's conceptual root five conditions of Felisa universe like that. Imam read in Salah
is there anywhere in the Quran autonomie Hadith. There's a hadith of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said there's five conditions, or Hadith. So he is like this, and I have someone who's like this. You have to go back and say, This Imam and these Imams, and these scholars are the ones who made these conditions.
Right, so the point here, this was besides the point, what I'm trying to say that not anything that was not mentioned by the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam or the term used becomes a bit out or wrong or sinful. So somebody wants to use the soul to Physiol neural problem. And you know, the water so Wolf, which is an Arabic term, which was used later on nobody used in the time of the sahaba. Right? Nobody used it in the time of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam, and nobody has to use it. I personally, I tell you, me personally, this is just a personal inclination. I personally don't like to use the term.
Seriously, this is my personal inclination. The better term that I like to use, it's just a personal preference does gear to Calibre is in the Quran, purification of the heart does kiya is a word which is in the Quran called which is in the Quran? But somebody wants to use the templates or with some of the arguments and why did what how did this term become so renowned, they actually looked into the root word, some studies from the word Souf, which means world that you know, some of these scholars would, or some of these Muslims who were dedicating their life to spirituality, they used to go into the like
in the desert, and they used to just wear wool and things like that. That's why they became known as sofas. Some studies from the word safer because safer means a character trait. What did we say this last category of laws are those
what is the last category we said commands and prohibitions in which a Muslim has to avoid all the prohibitions? And these prohibitions are known as blameworthy character traits, known as a rather in in Arabic, we have what the singular is a revealer tune, the Purell is rather ill, blameworthy character traits. And what's necessary is to replace them with for the law and for law in which are the praiseworthy character traits. So these are character traits, traits, qualities, attributes is also known in Arabic as CIFA. Those of you or some of you who know Arabic, the word cifre in Arabic means an attribute. So if somebody has an attribute of a class, an attribute of the word call an
attribute or giving preference to others than that person, because he has a safer case, Sufi V, the one with the attribute,
right? And some other reasons, but it's just it doesn't matter whatever the term they use. So this this category was known as
Signs of the Sabbath. And actually there's a definition who are early on, you're off, we'll be, you're off, we'll be here and we're, and we're all for the ad. Okay, fear to Serbia. While you're off, we'll be here and we're already in it okay for you to be here. It's a topic. It's a category. It's a science in which a person learns the various praiseworthy attributes and character traits and how to acquire them and achieve them and implement them in his life. And
it's a science in which a person learns about the blameworthy character traits rather ill and how to avoid.
Some, some people use the term this third category, also known as El moolah, and that's why we said a cloud as well one of the terms used also does gear to calm I just mentioned that which I personally like to use more than the soul. You can call it whatever you want. And there's actually another term which is a term of the Hadith which is actually very good son,
son, and this is taken from the famous hadith of Gibreel. And this is why I said implicitly, this three category classification is based implicitly on this famous Hadith, of the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam you all know most of you will know the famous Hadith which is in the Sahara for Buhari and elsewhere, so you do not follow the Allahu Anhu he says, We were sitting VEDA manana Julius and Mara Sula, he sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was sat in the company of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
is Tada Elena Raju Suddenly a man arrived in the masjid shady due by all the fear extremely white clothing should he do by all the Salah the Shah extremely black hair the Euro rd so suffer what are you already for whom in the Sahaba desidera Amata Nakata he says he was quite ironic and intriguing and funny because amazing reason being was that nobody recognized him.
Uh, yet he had no effects of travel on him. Medina was small, everybody knew everybody. Right? Not to become nosy. But he knew everybody to help in our communities. We know everything. What's the neighbor doing? What's people in the next every one in our communities? Because we are nosy. Do you know they've got marriage problems? Do you know that person they're doing this? Do you know their business? They know they're working there. They're making the money they're making? Did you see that something's came you know how they earning? Do you know they get benefits? They're doing this all day long, Reba? Reba. Reba. Anyway, that's another topic. Muslims supposed to know one another to
help. And if they don't need help in mind, your own business being nosy in Islam is actually haram.
It's actually a sinful activity. What are digesters within the Quran Surah Surah. Allah says don't become a Jasoos a nosy individual don't go go and investigate and spy on people. It's a haram activity. But they used to know people because to help one another, right. So he said nobody recognized him. So which means that you must have come from somewhere from outside of Medina, but he had no effects of travel on him. His clothes were white. And as you know, there are ways to travel in trains or the underground tube network or on the bus or in the car or you know, four by four. You know really nice BMW that they can keep their clothes nice and neat and clean even nowadays, we
can't keep them you know, you especially with jewelry, jumpers, and long thobes That you know, your iron them and they get creased. You just sit in these cars,
but no effect of travel. So it was quite amazing and intriguing. And then he said he came to the moment you know, this hadith I'm not going to go into the details of the Hadith but he came to the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he asked three questions. While he asked many questions, but three of the questions that I want to just mentioned to you here, Min Iman min Islam, Al Hassan,
what did he say? What is Iman? He said to the message he asked the messenger of allah sallallahu I use and what is Iman?
So the messenger of allah sallallahu Alisyn responded by saying what and don't mean Abdullah he was eager to hear what kotoba he was only HE WILL Yeoman Arthur will Padre Heidi or Shirley, what is Iman, this is the first category. The first category Eema that you believe in Allah you believe in the Messenger of Allah you believe in the final day, you believe in life after death. You believe in destiny order, whether it's good or bad. All of this too is which category, the first category, therefore the first category, you can also turn it as Iman like you turn it as
Aqeedah Islamic creed. You can turn it as Eman. Second question was min Islam What is Islam?
He said the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said unto him, a Salah were taught years ago
It what Asuma Ramadan WHAT THE HELL jailbait in his data in a service that you offer your Salah Salah is to do an external internal
external your activity and you after you you give yourself God you pay yourself god What's that got to do with the heart can you have payments of cut like some people actually do that my heart is painting the cut no seriously one reduction said he said you know I feel very spiritual the card is all from you know spirituality does care. So you know I have you know my heart inshallah a feels United have a lot of concern and feeling for the Muslim ummah. So this is my scars from my heart.
suckered is external internal, its external hedge, some people do hide to the heart as well, you know, they do in the dreams. You know, they go hard on my mocha and they dream about how Gen Ed's done we live in I'm going to talk about some of these issues later on as well. Because there is another side to to solve as well, which is very important. And unfortunately we live in a time where there's extremism in most of the things that we see today with Islam connected Islam, Hyrule Memorial so to have the best of ways is the middle way. Hyrule Memorial sutra we have to always remember
so there's an extreme as well approach to the whole issue of the soul which we need to discuss as well but
Islam he mentioned all these external laws. And then he said many Hassan What is your Hassan This is a high level more common status is to do with the heart and are with Allah hookah another Tara who worship Allah with your heart that you are as you are seeing him. You can't see Allah but it's from the heart. That's why you know the reward for the people who have exon Allah says in the Quran, Leila Lena and Christina was the other tune those people
who have the quality of axon in this life their reward is a Hausner. Which is paradise as explained by the commentators of the Quran, don't receive good was the the tune an extra you know what that extra is?
Anybody know? What's that extra?
The connotations of the Quran and MUFA soon they say the extra zero that and this is unanimously agree is the vision in the sight of Allah in the next life.
Email ignore Raja will humbly Rahim Allah a great Imam and humbly Imam. He explains he says, you know why? This reward is given for axon because in the dunya, the man of axon was seeing Allah with his heart so the reward is in the next life seeing Allah with the eyes. This is why this is so appropriate. This reward of seeing Allah for the people of axon because the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said axon is under our Buddha Allah uneca Tara, this is the response he gave. And Dara Buddha Allah aka Anika, Tara, that you worship Allah as though you are seeing him for a lamp tekun Tara who Fein who Yurok, if you cannot reach that level, that position that MACOM that status,
that you are seeing Allah with your heart, then know that at least you know this much that Allah is Seeing you. So worshiping Allah with a fool who shoe with loss and sincerity with the heart, the messenger of allah sallallahu Sallam described that with Hassan. So this is also a term used. These are three different categories. If you look in the Quran, these three laws connected to these three categories. Sometimes, they mentioned together, and sometimes on different places like different places, you will find the Quran in surah baqarah. You might say something to do it Akiva and Surah Girard, you'll see something to do with
the fake aspects of the external laws. And you might find another verse to do with the internal laws, but sometimes Allah talks about in one surah famous Surah Surah Al Asad Surah Al Azhar in two lines, Allah gives us examples are for actions which deal with all three categories, while acid by time in an internal Fe horsell. Verily mankind is in last What does Allah say after that? He Latina men who accept those people who believe Iman, category number one, what Armello saw the Hardy with a wall. So Bill Hawk, they do Armada Saudi external actions and they advise one another counsel another of Hawk which has to do with the mouth you doing it externally, since from the second
category. And then he says, What are also the southern patients is to do with the inner self, the heart and the soul. In one surah Allah gave us examples of loads of injunctions, which deal with all three categories. So these are three categories. And this third category can be known as Exxon or DeSoto. For the skeleton column. From this explanation, you understand brothers and sisters,
that this key is to call purification of the heart, purification of the soul.
tasawwuf, Ehsaan Sufism whatever you want to call it, whatever you want to term it is, has got nothing to do with the other than Quran and Sunnah it's to do everything to do with the Quran and Sunnah it's from the central teachings of the Quran and Sunnah. And this is something that nobody disagrees upon. And this is really what Sufism is. Everything else is extra. It's on the side, this is the main objective. This is going to understand what is the main objective purpose, aim goal. We live in a time today, there are so many differences, so many problems, disputes, you know what, I'll tell you one thing, most of our differences are issues that are not even important.
You know, if you see if you take a package of the soul of Sufism, the main objective is purification of the heart of the soul. 80% 20% some extra things here and there that helps them agree, some disagree. You can carry on agree and disagree until you know you leave this world, you'll never come to a conclusion, but the 80% the main heart, everybody agrees upon. And that's really what the self is about. And that is the real central obligations of the soul. It's to do with the heart. That's key it will call purification of the heart there are numerous verses and Hadith that talk about purification of the heart. And one of the objectives of the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam coming to this world Allah Allah mentions this in the Quran, he says we were living by Arthur Philomena Rasul Amina and fusi him, it is Allah who sent a messenger from amongst them from the humans. And what is his job description? What are the objectives and primary objectives of the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he said
yet no idea Hey Maria to hear well, your Allah Mohammed Kitab will help tomato is the key him there are four primary objectives of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he recites the book on them. The Quran He teaches, he taught the Sahaba the Sahaba told their followers, the book of Allah, he teaches them
you are live yet Lu and then he, he writes, teaches them how to recite the book and then you unnameable Kitab he teaches them the meanings of the book, second job description. This is the reason why Allah sent a messenger of allah sallallahu Sallam and then you aluminum will Hikmah he teaches them wisdom which comes through his sunnah.
And then he said, we'll use the key him.
He teaches them how to spiritually purify them from the diseases of the heart. This is in the Quran. But a Fleur Herman de vaca de Hoberman, de ser, the one who purified his soul his heart, he has indeed achieved success and salvation further, and the one who corrupted his soul has indeed, become become a loser. Hub. He's he's in Los, he's in a las cumilla and farmer water balloon. Allah tells us in another place, on the Day of Judgment, nothing will be of benefit. Nothing man will ever know no wealth, no money, no children, on the Day of Judgment, Allah says Ellerman at Allah be convinced believe only that person will be in benefit is the one who comes to Allah with a full blown saline
saline in Arabic means sound purified, someone who comes to Allah with a sound heart, and this is an obligation. We today, brother and sisters, we all day long, argue about issues that are not going to benefit us at all in the least. And a central obligation. We overlook it. There is no benefit. There are people arguing about peripheral issues to do with yourself. And the same people. When they argue they neglect all the loans connected to the skeletal content. There's jealousy, there's hatred, there's enmity, there's pride, there's arrogance, me we are group, this group, that group. The whole reason why the soul wolf was prescribed was to purify the heart and the soul. That's the central
obligation. It's part and parcel of the teachings of Islam, there is no other objective. Everything else is a means to this objective. Everything else. Everything else is some people living to sell what spirituality has to do with the objective is not to, you know, it's not to see dreams. If somebody wants to become a Sufi to see dreams and just keep seeing dreams in a different way. You don't need to become it's nothing to do with seeing a dream. You might want you might Allah might bless you with a dream fine. It's got nothing to do with seeing dreams. You don't have some spiritual healing powers. It's got nothing to do with amulets. It's got nothing to
Do that you don't need someone doesn't become a Sufi to start healing and doing this and having miracles. You can't Allah Kangra somebody with a miracle, or a problem. Marchesa is a miracle given to the Prophets. Quran is a miracle given to any Muslim. Allah can choose anybody any one of us can have a Quran, it can happen, you might already had happened to you and you haven't probably even noticed. Sometimes you might think this was amazing, just so lucky. This is wish Kurama you know Kurama some people again, you know what karamba means in Arabic? Allah zona de that's it no big deal Allah Sana do.
Allah honors people in different ways. That's what Corolla means. Kurama is not some really, you know, hidden some sacred Holy Word that it basically means ALLAH has honored you. Sometimes you hamdulillah today, you know, I was just wishing this and this happened. How many times happened to us? Any Muslim Allah can honor so this can happen. It's not a problem. But the objective of the solver is not karama. It's not some amulets it's not spiritual healing powers. It's not to do with any of that. Even you know the different types of liquor and people do that's not the objective. The Quran itself is an objective like Allah says in the Quran, yeah, you Alina Amana, the Corolla, they
couldn't cathedra but when the some of the people connected to to solve, they do certain types of rigor, that's not the objective. It's not it's not running around behind a spiritual guide and that's not the objective.
We unfortunately live in a time that that these all means means have become an objective and the objective is overlooked.
The means people think to solve is I've got to share. I am a Sufi far from each is going to you you someone can be a Sufi with Russia, and someone can be a complete totally opposite of being a Sufi and Salah Masha
it's not that's not the objective. It's a means it is a means to an objective. The main objective is this what's mentioned in the Quran, use a key him where Allah Muhammad Kitab al hikmah. Qaddafi the Hammonds that, and the Hadith of Gibreel Ehsaan, the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, what did he say? i The NFL just said the medulla.
Beware, let it be known. Phil Jessa. The medulla in the body, there's a piece of flesh, there's a part there's an organ. Allah NFL just at the modern era solo Han Solo ha Jessa dokolo. Why the first edit faster, they're just a local. If there is sound, the whole body sorry, if that's corrupt, everything else becomes corrupt. He said earlier where he called, let it be known. It's the heart, this heart, you know, we're talking about the heart. We're not talking about the physical heart. This is the spiritual heart we're talking about. It's the spiritual heart. You know, it's not the it's not the heart that a surgeon, you have a heart surgery or a heart bypass operation or whatever,
not that heart. It's the spiritual heart. This is what Allah is talking about. It's an amazing part. This is what mentioned the Hadith. And the ALMA have actually discussed the differences. And I don't have the time to go into the difference between the rule and the heart and appel and the column and the rule, the spirit books I've written on that for another term used for the heart. But it's the spiritual heart which Allah has blessed, every one of us and even the spiritual heart is connected to the physical heart. Right? It is, and therefore, it's the spirituality of that heart, which is on the, you know, the left hand side of every human. And some of the earlier mother said, everything we
do in this life is to impact the heart. Even the non Muslims know how important the heart is. Everything we do externally is connected to our heart. Even our expressions are based on our heart.
You know, someone who is a harsh hearted person, warm hearted person, cold hearted individual. My heart skipped a beat.
Yeah, it happens.
This guy's got a heart like a rock.
Some of the elements said that even the reason why the Arabic language and Hebrew as well, it starts from the right is even writing and reading the Quran, everything start from the right, you should impact the heart goes to the left. It's not a hadith, it's just some Dollarama they, they see the wisdom
that everything in Islam, even reading the Quran, you're reading from the right you go to the left, and you're impacting the heart. It's the central part because the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa sahbihi wa sallam What did he say? He said Allah in a villager said the medulla in a silo. Hmm, if that heart is sound, everything else is sound and if this is corrupt, everything was corrupt. So this is a central objective. This is the central objective Moxa aim, purpose and goal
which is does gear to recall, purification of the heart. And the opposite of that is having a diseased heart,
a diseased heart, Adam with a skeleton. The objective is to have a purified spiritual heart. And the objective is to acquire all the praiseworthy character traits one by one, every single one of them and remove well before acquiring you need to remove. If you have a wall that's really dirty, we need to first clean the wall. That's why the Scholars, this is a term this is a proverb or a saying some of the early scholars they said Talia Cobla Talia taglia means removing empty and cleaning data is a daunting so if you've got all the diseases like pride and arrogance and hatred, remove all of them first clean your heart, the wall of your heart, and then start doing that hot with all the good
praiseworthy character traits. But they go hand in hand as soon as you remove the pride. Instantly, you'll get the and you acquire the quality of the attribute the praiseworthy character trait of the Waldo and humbleness humility. Now, just like all the others, just like the other two sciences,
the first signs of a pizza, no Muslim, nobody can
learn the signs of a pizza on their own candy. No, nothing in this world. Can you become a doctor by yourself on your own? Or learn English and I'll pick up I'll go to the medical science department in the library. I read all the books of medical science. They're written in English that are in Chinese. I know English. I'm a professor of the English language. I'll read the books in on the topic of medical science. Can I become a doctor? No, no government no one will allow me how to play with people's lives. Can you become a practicing barrister lawyer just by reading books on law? No, let alone all these complicated
subjects and sciences, the basic art of cooking as well. Nobody can cook by just reading the ingredients in those ingredients box. Try it especially if you're a husband, man, you never continue. I've tried to
get those Indian delights. You know that the Indian delights? Well, I don't know. Some people have made Bangladeshi delights. But there's a book they have these books. Try it. Or you see for yourself what you what you make. Nobody can every woman who learns how to cook learns how to cook by her mother or an auntie or a grandmother. A qualified chef becomes you know, these programs have on cooking and all of that people learn even the basic art of cooking. That's how Allah has created us. Every science when you teach us the size of our credo we need a teacher. It became a topic you know the science of appealing the time of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. There was no signs
of data later on it became a science a topic a subject. Books are written I told you a moment to hurry wrote a book, Imam Ghazali wrote books, and many other scholars wrote books on the science of Aqeedah it became a science you need a teacher to teach you otherwise you people will be deviated. Likewise a second category Feck the laws of the external laws Sarasa God hedge fasting, business trade, marriage, divorce, inheritance, all of these things, they require a teacher, it became a science. That's where we have these four schools of thought that came into existence because it became a science and more and more issues came into existence. Scholars, just like some older men,
they devoted their life to the first category. Some scholars dedicated their life to the second category they are known as for AHA.
A floppy is a jurist or a move to a jury story floppy, someone who is a special who has a specialization in this external laws.
Likewise, you have people who are specialized in the first category. And you need teachers. Likewise, the third category of laws. You need a teacher seriously, you need a teacher somebody might think why do I need you? Who needs to tell me that I you know, this is pride? Do I need to learn? Of course, first and foremost,
no one will think they've got pride of the word pride. You need someone else to tell you. That's for starters.
If I have pride, whatever think a proud person is proud anyways, you're gonna think is proud.
Imagine a proud person and arrogant individual. He's arrogant anyway. Of course. No, no, I'm proud not arrogant. You think that pride? Of course not. You. For a starter you need someone else to tell you.
These are internal hidden, there's more of a leader of a teacher to detect and to help you.
You might you might make your wife your chef, make, you know, tell her to detect you no problem, but you need someone at least just tell your husband you know, every time if if you think I've got a spiritual disease
is like pride or arrogance or too much love of the dunya you know, there's really good if your wife makes you share every time she wants to buy a handbag or shoes that you love of dunya
you come by this you go to wish love of the world. Right? But
you need someone and then that's someone, you're not going to make sure you tap on that person because he won't tell you. Right? So you will definitely make someone who's a Muslim. You're not going to tell some non Muslim coffee. I'll tell you Do you know why, you know? Can you tell me you know about my spiritual diseases? And you know, of course not what is you know, are you going to tell any Muslim? So, now you need a Muslim? Are you going to tell someone who's pumping and clubbing? You know what? I want you to tell me? Who are the my spiritual diseases?
Of course not you want to practice in Muslim? Then do you want to practice a Muslim who doesn't have no knowledge of Islam, just some random practicing individual? No, you want the best, which means that you will look for someone who himself is a very spiritual person who has actually worked on his heart. He's gone through the process. He knows the ins and outs, you want to buy a car you won't go to the grocery man, you go to the mechanic right you if you want to buy groceries and go to the mechanic, you go to the expert this person knows the industry.
He knows the industry. He knows the area he knows the field and also he has knowledge of Islam he's a scholar, very important condition you kind of Joe Hills, absolute ignorant people to start telling others because I am is a prerequisite knowledge is a prerequisite for anyone being a spiritual guide.
Lm is definitely necessary. I'm not saying you have to be like someone who studied eight years nine years whatever but knowledge of Islam is a must.
Knowledge of Islam without you can't be that's why, you know Imam Shafi or the Allahu Anhu he said in one of his poetry, Imam Shafi use the word Sufi, you know Imam Shafi, one of the great Imams of this ummah. He has he was a poet as well he has a book called The One the one only mama Chava he said in their puppy Her name was Sophia and Falcon lace our hidden for any be happy now he can sow furtherly Carcassonne, Amira, Al boo token, WA the Jaya Hulan okay for them Julius Lau said for P Han was Sufian for Khoon laser Wahida Don't be just a fapy and don't be just a Sufi. In other words, don't be a man of just the second category. And don't be a man just have the third category. Don't
be someone who just deals with external laws
and just acts upon Islam without knowledge and only just be a spiritual individual who thinks you know what I know I'm a very spiritual individual but has no knowledge of Islam
Don't be one of the to be both at the same time, have knowledge as well as spirituality. He said you know why? He said for a newbie, happy law he can answer by Allah give you sincere counsel. He said further legal costs in the former one that one the first one which one?
What did you say first for Bo Sophie, for tea, the former one the one who knows all the dry laws of Islam. He is causing he has a hard heart cassava lamb Yellow Pearl boohoo token he has never tasted taco and the love of Allah and his heart he knows all the laws Halal haram Halal haram Is this allowed not allowed all about dry loose? This is allowed it's not allowed like this like that. How was it? How's the cow? Allah says you know, tobacco baccarat what kind of car this is just dry information.
And then he said the other the latter one, the Sufi who doesn't have the knowledge had a Jew in this guy's an ignorant individual forgivable Generally yes. How can a person of ignorance be a person of Salah of piety of righteousness and how can you guide others? For some people if you feel good that Islam remember Islam is not about feeling good. Islam is about waking up in the morning when you have to wake up facades of furniture and it's difficult. It's not about feeling good. Actually. The hadith says Buju Bertil Jana to build a mockery. Entering Jana is veiled by difficult things. It's not about how you feel. Otherwise people will start saying you know what, I get a buzz in a
nightclub as well. Here people sometimes they can go to that extent. It's not about how we feel you can't prove anything how you feel. It's not about the feeling. It's about first and foremost, what's allowed and what's not allowed. It's based on the laws and then after that you can do whatever you want if it's legitimate. So anyway,
this is what Mr. Musharraf, the Allahu Allah He said. He said, so I was saying you need a teacher you need someone to detect. This is a science to so wolf Hassan was a science that was taught is still taught books were written, just like you have a course on the flip of Salah course on the flip of pride and arrogance.
On the laws of pride Americans, we should have courses. This is why why? Because we live in a time we'll do courses on marriage, on divorce on business transactions on our pleader. One day course on the laws of pride and arrogance and humility.
We need to learn because there are things to learn about. I'll tell you, I'll give you an example. You might say, what do you do to pry them and is this rocky times? What do you need to learn about?
You know, I'll give you just an example. There's something called kibra
It's which is pride and arrogance. And there's something else called iser, to enough's. self respect, or daddy's been Nirma. Allah says in the Quran in surah, Taha barrier Madeira Baker for Hadith, if Allah blesses you with the Norma sate in the hadith of Buhari in Allah you have bought a Euro Arthur Renea I'm here 30 Allah loves to see his the effect of his Nerima bounty on his slave
Allah likes dress well look good you know have respect about your own self. Okay, this is the two knifes have your own respect. Don't be a foolish individual and don't joke to an extent in the community that people lose respect for you this actually wrong.
There are levels and there are limits for everything.
That's why to preserve self respect, that doesn't mean you become aggressive and pride in it. Now this is this is the this is the issue is a fine line. Where is it is that enough's? And then where does it go? It's borderline, it's going into pride and arrogance. It's something you need to learn about. Someone else will tell you, someone who's qualified and somebody who's a spiritual individual, he will tell you the look, you know what, you're crossing the border here, you're crossing the limit. Until now you had self respect. And now you've
trespassed, you've gone into the category of pride and arrogance, move back a step. This is this is a different you have to learn this as an issue. This is one issue. Likewise toward humbleness, humility is required. Allah, Hadith the messengers of Allah and he was said and what did he say Mantova. Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, the One who is humble, and has humility, Allah will elevate him. Now, the Waldo is required from us, but at the same time to grade oneself to an extent that everybody loses respect for you. And you don't even respect your own self that's actually sinful and wrong. It's wrong to say, you know, I'm going to be I'm so humble. And that says, you know,
everybody walk over me and you know, that's it, hit me on the head and pull my hair and I'm just, you know, that's actually sinful.
We are not required by Islam to be as humbled to the extent that we lose our respect totally in the community. Now, when is it the world? Or when is it the letter knifes degrading one's own self? Are you really you thinking you might be humbled that you might be degrading yourself? And you might be degrading yourself thinking it's the Waldo these are things to learn. These are just two examples of
these are and then I told you, I mentioned the look, we need someone else to tell us. So this is where in the science of the soul and spirituality.
We need someone a teacher, a guide. And now here again, don't worry about terms. You want to quote him, you know, you know the clock, put in a clock, don't call in a clock. You Some people say What's this B roll, it is a matter, Column B didn't change, change the you know, whatever you want to call, call him, my teacher.
No problem. These are just terms, spiritual guide. Some people you'd like to use the term che che literally means an old man. linguistically, literally chef means an old man. That's what it means. Really, if you look, you look in the dictionary. Chef is an older man. It's an a Quran Allah uses in that sense, I
call him che. A more shade more shade is from the word Arusha, the Euro shadow your shadow and in Arabic, which means to guide someone more should means to guide someone.
Right, it means to guide someone.
And so you can use the mortar sheet as well. You know, there was I just remembered something one of my friends is from the Arab world. I think he thinks from Morocco, he was one saying that in the Arab world, you know, you know, these navigations that you have,
you know, there's navigation sometimes everybody has them now on the phone.
He said, I said what would you call them in Arabic? And I mean, in Arabic is a new item, some a new thing.
What do you call it in Arabic? He said, Well, it depends who you are.
If you're a Salafi, you call it the real, the real indicator.
just indicating if you're a Sufi you call Margit guide.
Anyway, I don't know if you understood that joke or not, but
I'm more shade means a guide.
You want to call him che or Maura shin or whatever, teacher. Now this teacher doesn't become your God. This teacher just like you want someone to teach you the rules of Salah, does it become your God? Does he become a prophet? Does it become a messenger? Is he a prophet of Allah? No is teaching you the rules of Salah
Is he some supernatural individual that has existed and come from Pluto or the Mars? He's a human being know his as normal as you. He is just a human being he has more knowledge than you maybe of Islam, maybe more pious and righteous than you. So that's why he's helping you. And we don't exaggerate. People should not exaggerate in their veterans of the teachers. We should We should definitely have respect for anything connected to Islam, whether it's Allah is messenger, the Quran, the house of Allah, you know, we should respect anything the books, the Quran, everything and anything related to Allah, a small child who has memorized the verse of the Quran we respect him
because he has the words of Allah in his heart. Anything I mean, this is in the Hadith. There's a hadith of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said Lisa Mina Mala Mia Hamza Leona, whenever you walk there can be Aruna wallum Yachty flee or alumina haka sound, sound authenticated, Sahih. Hadith.
The one I think it's in the Muslim the female Muhammad but I'm not too sure I can check the reference up for you later on. If you somebody needs to reference the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, the one who does not respect our elders, parents and aunts and uncles and grandparents, and generally our elderly people, anyone older the New Age, the one does not respect the elderly, and does not show compassion and mercy to the young ones. And the one who does not recognize the right of our scholars is not from us. This is a sound Hadith. I'm not saying this that because you start respecting me because I'm not a scholar, by the way. I'm just a student, but this is a Hadith
of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Yeah, definitely early Mina haka, who imagined so you respect him, of course, you will respect him.
This is not veneration to an extent that you make him manage God or anything like that. He is not super natural human being. He is a slave of Allah. He is a pious, righteous, knowledgeable individual who's helping you like you have a teacher and actually this happens in the Arab world. You know, I used to meet friends down in the Arab world, don't use the term che for different these are different shapes, like I said to one, you know, one of my friends I said to him, who is your shirt? He said, Well, if you asking me a che Hoonah effect, he is such and such my shirt. In fact, such and such, my shaker in hadith is such and such, my shaking now is such and such in grammar,
mache him, spirituality to solve is such and such not a problem. There's just different teachers. And that's why sometimes another extreme we find in some of us is that one person, everything that said, Nobody, nobody else counts at all. There's also a bit of extremism, he has to be set. You know, that's it. Nobody else exists in the world that says you don't respect anybody else. I'm going to mention some of those things. But the point here, I just want to finish this point. So there's nothing is there any objection of having a spiritual guide or a chef, it's just a teacher?
Then the question might come finally, the last question in this sequence, is that,
um, what is this? Because you see, normally that the objective is spiritually purifying yourself. And it's difficult to do that on your own. So you need a teacher? What is this thing called? By?
You know, people ask, pledge.
First and foremost, as a completely peripheral issue. You could live a life or not know what that is, you could be a person entering Jannah you don't even need to know. It's a such a peripheral issue on the side. It's not even this, this is not that, as I am explaining, continuously, it's not the central obligation or the central essence of the solar roof. But we don't know that we think the sun will shake back straightaway.
Seriously, this is what we think. It's got nothing to do with the central essence of the sofa. And Sufism and Asana does guitar but it's something on the side, to the point that there are scholars today.
Today, who are masters in the science of the skater Kalibata Hassan, who don't who who say, You know what, this is just a side issue.
Like no one shall.
Somebody asked him, I want to give pledge to you and do bear with you all in the signs of the Sabbath. He said, You know what we'll do that I don't have time right now, I don't know. We'll see. But start the work job. This is not about just, you know, getting part of a culture, a group and my crew and it's sort of a cult, this is not a cult business. This is a work you have to do. And also then he said that look, this does not mean that as soon as you give by or that said, You're somehow blessed, and that's it. It's effort. The effort is on the individual. Of course the chef can make dua for you. No problem. You know, shall they stay in the company of right people good people, it's
in the Quran. Yo, yo, Alladhina amanu taco Allah will Kuma Asada pain, oh, you believe, fear Allah remain in the company of the righteous pious.
There's numerous Sahaba will call Sahara because they remain in the companionship of the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Allah O Allah Delia. He Hadith says a man is on the deen of his brother. And I mean, we know this that we can we influence one another. So staying in his company, you might be affected, you might be affected from the share, because you stayed in his company, you might be affected, because maybe he's taught you something you might be influenced and you might come onto the right path. Because you see his ways you see him or the way somebody came to speak to him. And the way he responded out of absolute talaga humidity you learning from his
individual action, how he implements the Sunnah. But he's not going to just touch you on your face or your heart and that's it. supernaturally, you are completely transformed. That's it, you're done forever. That's not the objective of the soul. You have to work hard. They are is not the end is just the beginning. And I will tell you this evidence is on the way as well. It's just the beginning. In other words, it's just a pledge. It's just a pledge. You know what it is? It's a promise. And you know what to promise means? It's like, basically, you have a teacher and a student. When a student goes into a madrasa, what does he do?
He makes the pledge that you know what, I will constantly come to the madrasa you go many of your attending universities, you sign on the forms, I will not skydive, I will not break the laws, I will not violate the laws. I will not go against the ethos and the principles of this university. You take you go to another country, you have a visa on your passport, what is that I will obey the laws of the land. So basically, you're doing eBay, I pledge to assure it's just a promise, you don't have to put your hands you can touch his head if you want to, or you can just say verbally, there's no specific way seriously, is just a pledge that look both it's both party pledges, it's a mutual
pledge, the Shenton saying that inshallah I am taking on this job now, this is I am promising you that from my precious time that I need to spend for my with my own family, my wife, my children, my work my home, my 100 and other activities and duties. From there, I promise you, I don't want to deceive you that I tell you that you know what, I'll help you and then every time you want to see me that I don't have time for you, I am taking on this responsibility. I promise you as a individual, that anything any guide you want Shala I will help you and he's saying that I will implement all the laws and everything you teach me, I will implement and this is the objective of the soul. And this
is where it is this is what the soul is. And ber itself is not followed. It's not worship. Maybe you can say the most it's so now there's evidences like in the Quran, Allah said that female companions would come to the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he the minute you buy Yanaka Allah Allah usually reckonable Allah He che and what are your syrup? Now? What is Nina what are the Hoonah? What is Tina people who are telling you after you know by the ad hinda or Judy Hina that O Messenger of Allah when these females women come to you to give their pledge, and they come to pledge, they will not associate partners with Allah. This was not the pledge of Islam. They will
already Muslims, that they will offer establish prayer. They will give zakat they will not steal, it is repugnant. What is needed, they will not phony Kate, what they will not kill the children. They will not falsely accuse people have others in the city of Milan Muslim Jellybean Abdullah he says there are two Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam I gave br to the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. I gave him a pledge on what? On jihad? No. on being a Muslim. No on you being Amirul mumineen and I'm going gr No. on our economy. Salah Eater is one news Haleakala Muslim, I pledge within the Messenger of Allah I will offer my prayers from today. I will give us a call from
today. I will provide advice and counsel to every Muslim.
So this is it's established. But for you know, it's very important that even though it's established don't make this the aim purpose goal objective of the so often the skater call. Somebody wants
To do that fine somebody doesn't want to No problem objective is does get to recall. Unfortunately we are living in a time where we'll spend 10 hours debating whether this br is you should have a share or not. And the whole objective is like 10 I was eating ice cream and the main food you're avoiding it.
We argue that ice cream no brother ice cream as far as I know, it's not it's not fun. You should have ice cream after after food. No, you should have you know, just some nice cake or something. You're talking about the you know, just the peripheral issues,
the dessert and the starters. And the main food you just don't want to eat for care about the starters and the desserts and people can argue somebody does a one to somebody doesn't want to fight. But the central obligation is what this is what it is. Basically every single character trait take every individual and coming to an end every individual character trait one by one. Look at hazard. It's further if upon every one of us, that we remove this disastrous dangerous disease of jealousy from insurer hazard in the hazard. The messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam What did he say let the hazard do do not do not have jealousy and hatred towards one another.
Do not have jealousy and hatred towards one another.
Here Kamal Hassan has a hadith of sunnah. Remember widowed? Beware of jealousy. Final Hasidim, Khalil Hassan Kamata, Coronado Hatton jealous eats away all your good deeds like fire into a wood now, this is an objective to be a spiritual person. You need to see do I have jealousy, work for years for months for days, on removing this blameworthy character trait, find somebody who will help you and guide you if you want. And if you don't want to, that's up to you. But at least do this for the aim basic removal of this dangerous, disastrous destroying disease.
If you have the disease and you have a few you have the disease in your heart, you have 10 million shapes, you're not a Sufi and you don't have the disease and you don't have no shape Euro Sufi.
Unfortunately, this is a problem because we have our focus in the soul in this day and age is all on what they are sufi share, this cult that group this study that if our group we are distinguished from them, we will dress older, you know we all have wear the same type of hat. So we will look similar, we will wear the same color we will try to same same cars is become a cult. Green is become a cult in some places. That's not the objective. This disease is the reason why the soul came into existence that really the main thing is not found in the people of the soul. Some not all I'm saying so.
There's jealousy, my share your share of jealousy between two groups. The whole objective for you to come into the signs of the sofa is not to have jealousy. Yes. Now like one of my friends was saying is a chef, famous chef. He says I think the most spiritual diseases on the people of the soul in this day and age. I don't know if it's true or not, but it's found. And sometimes you might find some normal individual who has nothing to do with no Sufi group order. And he has a keen heart like you can never imagine.
His emotions if you're that person who's got going to all these different groups with his shell. This individual, Allah loves these kinds of people. Rajul Asha Alba, the Hadith the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam What did he say? Roger and Asha ahava lo aksumite Hola Hola. Bara. There are sometimes people who are just shown to shove clothing, hair, clean hearted people. They are such that if they were to take an oath or Allah, Allah would make that happen. Sometimes we take these kinds of people for granted you know some man who comes to the mosque and he just puts the chairs in a corner nobody gives him any importance is just, you know, just a simple, clean hearted
individual. This is what I call it a Sufi.
Seriously, these are the type of people Allah loves them far more than some of us who we think we are clever and sharp,
clean hearted people who have concern for everybody. There's a hadith in the masjid of Imam Ahmed Rahim Allah famous. The messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was one sitting with his companions. And he said, You know, I think I mentioned this before you have to earn Alikum Raja luminaria agenda, a man the next man soon to appear will be a man of paradise.
So the Sahaba looked at so that saddled will be what cost has entered. The second day the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam same remark your earner or eco Morocco mineral Jana, the man soon to enter the masjid will be a man of paradise there so it's against I don't know we will cause same story the next day. One of the other companions Abdullah have normative laws that are the Allahu Anhu he said
After three days, I ran behind him and I said to him, Well, I kind of tricked him. But I said to him that look, I have some issues at home. I just want to stay with you a few days. I didn't tell you why, but I want you to know and see and know for myself. What was he doing at home, so unique that the Messenger of Allah salAllahu Alaihe Salam described him as a man of Jannah he probably is offering Tahajjud prayer all night long and doing this and doing that. I stayed with him for three nights. He said, I saw him do nothing. He praised the Orisha which goes to sleep. In the middle of the night, he might wake up, he might stretch his hands and just say like, Hey, Lola wanted to go
back to sleep, not even Tahajjud prayer. That doesn't mean we shouldn't we should pray. But at that time, he wasn't praying and he said
offering Tahajjud prayer. And he carried on and he said he would wake up Fajr Salah and go to sleep after fajr he will go to sleep but he wouldn't do any no way but I didn't see anything major with him.
Nothing major with him.
So, after three days, he said I couldn't resist but ask him. Look, the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam called you a man of gender what is what is that? You know, quality that actually that's something that you're doing? He said Maha Allama right? This is a Hadith sahih and the Muslims of Imam Muhammad Maha Allama right. Whatever you see, this is what I have. I don't do nothing. Allah and nila ergy Do vehicle barely had a middle Muslimeen English what I say to other Hayden outdoor hula who say no I hadn't and are hiding our Pahala who Yahoo and another rewire he said what a Oh, Hello Mother Jerry what is called the remote only I hadn't been on muslimin I sleep
at night. He says I can only think of one thing every night when I take my bed when I go to sleep. I sleep in a state that I have nothing negative towards any Muslim.
This is where you go to sushi. No matter how much big vicar a person is doing and how much Sufi gathering is going to end up resentment, animosity, hatred in the heart got nothing, nothing you don't you're not even close to the Sabbath. Not even you haven't even tasted the flavor of it.
This is what you call a Sufi this is what you call the skater calm. The Companions were the highest level of the skater calm. And this is why some people said earlier on the in the earlier times the cell phone was a reality. Sufism was a reality without a name. Now it's a name with a reality.
In the earlier times, it was a reality that lived in every single Muslim without a name. Now we everybody wants to make a big deal out of it, but the reality very few people have it.
So this is what's important. Every single spiritual disease jealousy combated if you have a share, what do you do? You take his counsel, you take his advice you take him as a teacher guy. And that's why the Scholars say that look, you inform you try to get the solutions, and then you obey and command and obey the command and follow those solutions. If you have a spiritual disease of lust, lust for nature, you know, you can preserve your eyesight every time your eye gaze is wandering around and local things you teach you speak to the shape the spiritual God or the teacher, whoever it is, and say, Look, I have this Tommy something from the Quran and Sunnah. What are the remedies?
What are the ways you know how how, I mean, if you've combated that illness that you How did you combat it? Can you teach me this is this is this is what you call yourself, and then acting upon it. It's a process. It's a system. It's a cause that carries on all day long. And I was saying that I know some chefs, they don't even do this bear issue. Pledge. I know one student who went to a show and he said, Look, I want to give away I said forget but I will do it. He doesn't have a problem with it. So we'll think about it. That's not really the real essence and objective of the self is to start work. Right? He was in another country he said he said don't worry when other time maybe
whenever we'll do the better don't worry that's but the real objective is to start work from today. Write everything down how much Salah you've missed, how much backbiting how much this that started working on yourself. If you are jealous, if you've broken ties with people, your family members, relatives, one by one, start going seeking forgiveness, start the work start the job. This is what his office and he asked him after six months before the chef forgot about. Obey, I won't get time to do it. He told me this brother. He's a chef himself that he was about 12 years and Chef still hadn't been given no better and he was he was he was he became the chef gave me ijazah into taking by air
from others, but he never gave
it when there was no pledge because that's if you've got time hamdulillah If not, don't worry about it's not a big deal. real objective is to start working on the HUD. That's why this is what we call this law and this is what we call so and this is called the skeleton column and the brothers are moving and they want me to I think finish