Channel: Muhammad Al Bizry
Series: Muhammad Al Bizry - Quraan
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Gotta make things real easy for you today for your own revision. And that is all you have to know
are the answers to the following questions that I'm going to put on the board.
we can even take a photo if you wish no problem
so for revision of course it's only from term two onwards for the test next week
turned to that we
are yes five I believe completion of the Quran is so study these questions
the compile ation of the Quran.
In particular, you should know
the the errors and time periods in which this happened.
And number two, you should know
types of compilation we're going to go through all of these in a moment. I'm just going to write the questions down and then we'll discuss the answers
so let's think of it as number one I'm number them for you
and how many were scribes?
That's number two.
Know the order
well when it comes to the order of the ads, the verses
and so are chapters of the Quran.
Now the rulings regarding that who put them in order was Allah was it his Was it the messenger was that the the companions
cycle mom how I
will discuss all of these questions in a moment.
Now the definition
of baboons are what?
abrogated versus abrogate everything to the abrogate issues about the the Eman fund correct just rulings of do's and don'ts that's it
it's very important.
Now the definition of makan
Medina could earn
or Medina revelations
know the criteria for Mexico.
No the criteria for making an and maddening plan.
Right? What are those three things that we mentioned? If you see them, you know 100% it's mecca for an O Madden equal n.
Six definition, oops, its definition of Mecca and Medina revelations.
Because it's multiple choice, as long as you have a general idea of the answer, then you will be able to answer. So if you have to memorize every single word of the definition.
So in fact, the revision is actually harder than the test.
Yes, in sha Allah, and the way we've done it is only three or four
most towards the end of the exam, you'll have short answer questions, just around three.
No, it started with that, but as you can see went into New Zealand, Macedonia's, but revision started from compilation of the Quran.
No the wisdom behind abrogation
the cancelling out of verses.
No, at least one opinion
for what the seven out of
we said there were 35.
But I gave you two in class.
Give me an example of
a word or a verse
differently in the plot.
According to the author of the different types of citation
know the wisdom
behind the seven.
last 112 give an example
of an abrogated ruling.
So I ran out of room the
last one give an example of some of that verse for rolling, it's been abrogated.
I example will do but I prefer if you know the verse because the students have knowledge. It's very important that you know daily, you have evidence.
And it's mentioned there i think i think on the first page of that chapter of abrogation, the alcohol three versus one is often madder than aneesa. And then in Bukhara.
Explain what it is what what Yeah, what got abrogated and then put the Delete.
So let's go through them.
If you're not all of these answers, and we'll go through the answers now, then inshallah you'll get 100%.
Sure, take your time. I'll give you a few minutes.
write these down.
Or take a photo as you wish.
And I've got the package.
Laura, would you?
Okay, ready to go? We'll go through the answers.
So firstly, the compile ation of the code. And when did it first begin?
Correct? The time of the Prophet sallallahu. Listen, if you're at the top of Oklahoma, you get a big cross. Many people believe it happened in the time of our bucket. And our motto is man, no, the compilation of the Quran actually occurred in the time of the Prophet and the Quran was complete in the time of the Prophet. So, of course, the time periods were the time of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and then then then off, man, however, what are we looking for is the time of the prophet in your exam.
That's when it first began. What about the types we said, when we talk about general or an, we refer to two things?
Correct? Excellent. First, I'll have the fisto door. And Al Kitab F is suited for memorizing
So the Quran was memorized by the Sahaba. And it was recorded by the Sahaba. What hamdulillah and you don't have that for other scriptures. They don't have that where they've memorized the whole book, the whole scripture from beginning to end, and it's been recorded in its original form, or other scriptures have been lost. What hamdulillah for the blessing of Islam, how many companions memorize the Quran?
Correct. Or the aniseed know Malik said for memorize the Quran. However, he didn't mean only for what's the answer? Many, right many so many we can't count.
To say only for memorize the Quran, that's an injustice to the Sahaba. You know, say for people memorized in Quran and Hadith, the prophet, you have 1000s memorizing it today. So what he meant by full What did he mean by this?
Correct. It was directly from the Prophet. That's what he meant. And he also meant
that, yes, they wrote it down as well. And they were the first to memorize. And the proof that there was more than four was in another narration.
Correct, a Buddha that his name was mentioned. So there's proof that there were more than four.
How many were scribes?
Yeah, actually, more than more than that. Yeah. More than 20. Yeah, not 10 more than 20. Those run those at least 20. For at least.
You can say more than 20 or less. Yeah, as long as you say over 20
over 20 for sure. And I'm not going to ask you about the names but just for revision sake. What were the names?
But it ends at a different.
Zaid? Yes, Asante.
Okay author of the ayat who was done by
Yes, no doubt from the Prophet it was revelation. It was done by the prophet sallahu wa sallam. And as for the order of the sower is difference of opinion, however most correct
from the Prophet as well, it's revelation. So as long as you put here, it's done either by Allah and His messenger or revelation.
That's correct. It's the one
there's many proofs for this, to show that the fact that the gibreel recited it in the order that we have it today is proof and also the fact that the sewer link miraculously one sorta to the next is proof and the fact that even in the time of the Prophet the hadith of
aos even though they were he asked the companions kafer to hezi bounnam Quran How do you split the Quran? He said, he said three then five and seven, the nine remember? So they used to split the cord and according to that any method in the time of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam so they had a set way. They had a set way.
In order Yeah.
Then again, it's via Allah jabril is commanded
Allah and His Messenger, Now don't be diverted. Yeah. So either be for example, by Allah or and His messenger or the companions, for example. So
definition of reasons of Revelation, there's four things remember,
when if we were to consider a surah, or a verse, to be under the topic of reasons for revelation, we will say
Firstly, no, quote an that was revealed during the life of the Prophet
regarding an event or
right, sometimes an event or question would occur in the time of the Prophet and lower velcroed antibody?
for things to remember in the definition,
so, an event or question will occur, and Allah will answer it, or he will give knowledge about it. And first, he will revoke and in regards to that, so Ibis what Allah the Prophet found and turned away, Allah revealed Quran about it. So that was an event during the term of the Prophet and it was called and revealed about it so that was that falls under the heading of Abu Saud, suitor mujer de la the woman asks and complains about her husband to the Prophet, it's an event. And first could animals revealed in the time of the Prophet son lesson.
When we say abrogated verses, what does that include?
Correct. Really, it's just to do with rulings.
That's right. do's and don'ts, commands and prohibitions. That's it.
It doesn't include author either. It doesn't include you know, verses of athletes don't get canceled. stories don't get canceled. You don't have descriptions of Paradise and Hellfire get canceled abrogated. None of those fall under the heading of abrogated verses only do's and don'ts.
Yes, only 70 and only could in medinipur. And not in the beginning early stages are the ones that are also subject to analyze. So, for example, alcohol in the beginning wasn't totally banned. Later on, it was banned completely. So that's the do's and don'ts. The Prophet used to forbid the Sahaba from visiting the graves and the beginning and then afterwards he allowed them Why would he forbid them in the in the beginning?
Correct because I just came out of j Hillier, and they were still accustomed to those ways of J helia. They are still used to them, so you didn't want it to fall into q4. So if I ask you for an example of abrogated versus the convention or something like that, or an example of an abrogated ruling, you can either mention the graves or the alcohol
or the asset to the direction of the tabla that was abrogated that Where did the Muslims used to face Jerusalem and then they faced the Kaaba in Mecca definition of Mecca Quran
correct maddening Quran
so Mexico is before he drew
Matheny after Israel. However, it's good to know the other opinions, although they're incorrect, but it's good to know them so you don't answer them in the exam. So what are the other two opinions that are wrong?
Some say Mexican Quran is
revealed in Mecca. Yes. So when we say that's wrong, why
no good you can use that
What is it
No, I mean, that's that's the second opinion. So the first opinion was that
Mexican Qur'an is revealed in Mecca that's wrong because there's some songs that were revealed outside of Mecca and Medina. So where would you place them? And also the other opinion was Mexican could an A were basically SWAT or a at where the where Allah dresses? The people yeah yohannes whereas Medina Quran is Yeah, you can live in armano but that's also incorrect. Why?
There's a clear answer.
Why don't we adopt that opinion?
Yeah, you can ask for Mexican Karanja Halloween avenue for Madden and
so that will cover sort of the newest sort of the last What do you notice?
Whenever either they don't have Yeah, evenness. Oh yeah, you have a nominal. So where would you place them?
Also there are some songs that contain both like SoTL bacara and has yeah evenness and has a denominator so where would you place with the macula? So makin Quran conclusive answer is Mexican Quran before he draw met Medina and Quran after he drew
now what are the criteria for Mexican Quran we said if you see these three things, then you know it's Mexican Quran good, what color if you find the word callala it's mechi or an oath, Allah starts an oath starter solo with an oath such as, like, what Dini was a tuna with excetera and the individual capabilities. So those three things so mechon Quran if you find the word color, or if you find the last starting a soda with an oath. That was number two.
Or number three, Allah beginning a soda with an individual colored letter, like hammy, or yacine or Taha, then you know, it's Mexican Korean. However, there's an exception for those kind of letters.
Correct? Those two suwan su trabajo en la Milan, although they start with individual characters, they're not Mexican code, and they are maddening for them. That's the only exception.
And why why does Allah azza wa jal begin some sort with the characters?
Correct to two wisdoms we gave, we said one is to challenge the people of Mecca. That saying, look, this Arabic Quran is made up of the same Arabic letters that you have. So what are you going to produce something like if you claim it from the Prophet Mohammed? That's the first reason there's wisdom behind that to challenge them. And secondly, it to draw their attention, or you just see someone just starting to recite letters. And it's going to grab your attention. So that was the second wisdom behind that.
So that was my second. That's the criteria for mequoda. What about meta Nikola?
If correct, if you have a mentioning of the hypocrites, or an obligation is make CLI
or a fixed punishment correct? Or mentioning of a fixed punishment. So those three things again, if there's a mentioning of the hypocrites,
or there's a mentioning of the fixed punishment,
or the an obligation is made clear,
because sometimes obligations mentioned, but they're not clean. Like for some back behind the Arabic apalachee. Well, God, that's actually a lot telling the believers to pray in early stage of Mecca. So that's not considered clean. But where he says quotevalet camassia medically, fasting has been prescribed appointment.
When you know when it's made clear, then it's maddening.
But if it's not clean, we can't say too many. It can or cannot be
so maddening was those three things mentioning of the hypocrites mentioning of fixed punishment or an obligation is medically. So we've done that what hamdulillah wisdom behind abrogation
correct is to not overwhelm the believers, step by step process. You can imagine a person just accept Islam or a revert, and to overburden them with all of his obligations overnight. It's too difficult. You have to memorize Al Baqarah. And you have to start fasting every second day. If the pretium Elaine wants to circumcise you tonight is too difficult. They're going to want to leave the den as happened with one brother. As I told I told you the story where he came, he entered into Islam. So brother said to him, Look, we have to circumcise you tonight. He has I'm out of this religion. He has archive of the cut off your head. Right. So he goes I entered it.
Dean and you slice me and I exited in your slice v. So other brothers said Please brother go far away from here, get out of here. And let's talk to him and he didn't leave Islam.
There's many wisdoms behind that too step by step to make them stronger.
Correct. To protect the man that's another as another wisdom to protect their faith. So they don't fall into go for, like, you know, like to visit the graves. But now you are. That's a second wisdom.
Yes, correct. Now to protect their faith, no. So could to make them stronger as well. So also to make things easier, but it can also come to make things harder, for example, leaving of alcohol, it got harder as time went on, to as a test of their faith. So there's wisdom is behind that. And other wisdom behind it was to test their adherence to the sooner
to test the believers adherence to the sooner because some ayat were abrogated in re citation only.
But they weren't abrogated in legislation. Like the stoning of the adults around the adulterous that ruling still applies you find in the sooner you don't find an A in the Quran about it. So the research station was abrogated only
why Allah wants to test who's gonna follow the sooner who's not as great wisdoms behind abrogation. So we said
step by step process.
Why did you say that? You had a good answer. He says, step by step process.
Yes, to not overwhelm,
overwhelm the believers.
We said secondly,
to protect the email. Excellent.
And to test the adherence to the sooner
and some people question how can I do this, but it's quite easy to answer. Firstly, Allah does what he wants. He'll Wait a question. Hello, question us. On the Dev, Jasmine, we went question him.
Secondly, a lot of agenda mentioned in the Quran and SoTL Baccarat. Thirdly, we even understand this in worldly terms. He told your kids when the young I don't want you going outside at night, or when they get older, you allow it. Why? Because they're stronger. So in the beginning, you may forbid them from certain things. I don't want you to eat lollies and chocolates. But when they get older, you kind of you can you know, abrogate your own rules of the house. Why? Because they used to, right or there may be strong enough to handle it. What is that system?
There you go. There you go.
Even in Australian law, there you go. Yeah. So if your question by non Muslim tell them this is actually in. In Australian law, this happens. So it's part of law, part of law. And it's it makes logical sense. When you think of, you know, these points, there is a lot of wisdom behind it.
correct. Correct. Now, first things first to submit it or hate the data and then later on the ayah to come.
Also as a mercy Believe it or not, because if the first ah revealed word, don't drink alcohol, and don't kill me, Xena. Would the people say? No way we're going to leave off Xena nalco. So yeah.
So, but that will actually make them disobey the air disobey the command. They're not with you, and they'll fire. So it's actually a mercy for them that Allah didn't send these commands in the beginning, as a mercy to them. And I reminds me of once of a story where the Prophet sallallahu wasallam he wants to imagine sleeping
in the masjid or sleeping and it was time for prayer. So I told her, I Li go and wake him up. And Ollie went and did so. And then I Lee thought to himself, but this was a good day and usually the profit is the first do good did why would he get me to do it? He asked the Prophet, you're also lighter. This is a good day. Why don't you take the opportunity? So he said if I woke him up, and he refused, he would have disobeyed me. But if you woke him up and he refused, he would have disobeyed you and what's worse, to disobey the Prophet. So look at the Rama that the Prophet had. He didn't want the man to disobey Him salon SLM. So you got to do you know when you have a slave and someone's
trying to wake you up to like, get out of here, and you might even curse. So he didn't want that to happen with the man. That was the prophets mercy sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wasn't looking for a reason to get people into trouble.
I know at least one opinion of what the seven we gave to
correct. One was the Arabic dialects.
Right? Because yes, although the Arabs knew Arabic and the tribes knew Arabic, however, they had differences, just like in English, you have the, you know, for example, even in England where English originated, go figure, you have Scottish, Irish, British, they speak differently in the Wales. And then you have you got further to the you know, America you have Bermuda and you have Canada, North America and you got further across the oceans, you have Australia, it although English is different ways of speaking. So as they expanded further out into the into Arabia, they spoke differently to polish. So what was the wisdom behind it?
To accommodate and facilitate is correct when it comes to the wisdom behind the seven growth? Among the wisdoms you could say is is
there are many more, we'll mention them in a moment.
What's another opinion what the seven?
Correct? There are seven words or seven ways sorry, and categories in which a word can change.
That was that was the seven Arabic dialects
or not tribes or said dialects because you could have multiple tribes speaking one dialect.
And the second opinion was that there are seven ways in which a word can change. Sometimes a word can change via
the research question of the Hamza like nebby own Abbey.
And the fat and the word and the world, instead of wha this fat instead of fat, there's synonyms good, different word same meaning, like felted and harlot that both mean creator. Both mean.
Yeah, there are seven ways in which a word can change in the Quran.
Like for example, one way one way is the whole word completely as a synonym is used. And a synonym is a different word, but same meaning like big and large. So for example, some as you have Harlock, and other other is to be read, same, same as its faulted and faulted meatwad so it's a different word, same meaning. Or you say tal and Hallam and UK bill. Right, they all mean to come. So that's one way the ayat can be read differently. This is a big topic, we took it in class. Yeah, maybe you can listen to the recording. And but basically, you find that there are multiple ways of reciting a out and words. And what's miraculous about all of it
is no contradiction in the meaning ever. You know, if I told you this one book here, there is no contradiction from cover to cover. That's amazing. And there's no contradiction in any single word or, or sentence or chapter. Imagine if I said, there are seven different ways of reciting this one book. Yet there's still no contradictions in the meanings that's even more miraculous. So among the wisdoms behind that is, it's easiest for the Arab tribes, but it's also to add to the miracle, that's another wisdom behind the growth and adds to the miracle.
there are, of course, other wisdoms, and as I said, we'll get to that in a moment. So those are the two opinions. We mentioned in class. I mentioned one of them. Well, at least no one.
now we mentioned to Yeah, we mentioned to
10. Give an example of a word verse recited differently, according to that of
Mashallah, that's right. The wife of Allah is what she said, we'll call it, hate Allah hydrolock wirkkala hydralic wacol. It hit two lakh, wirkkala anila. Others are different ways of what she said to him. She said, I'm yours take me. I'm prepared for you. I'm ready. All of these different ways of saying it basically. That's how much she wanted us to Felisa.
Another example would be so it's effector molecule, Medina molecule, and you can mention that. So if I asked you give me an example, x amalickiah, madein, molecule madein. That's an example of a word rusada differently.
There's hardly a consult that you could say in the footer.
There's one I have to cover
Follow your heart as well and for both are acceptable.
injure a confessor koombana vein fatter and fatter. But there's another example. There's many, I just mentioned one of them.
Maliki and Maliki is the easiest example I'm sure you're probably choose. Yes.
Yeah, yes. And felted correct.
As for the wisdom behind the seminar off, there is a whole page dedicated to that in your notes. Among them was, of course, the wisdoms to facilitate is, as we said, add to the miracle of the Quran is another
to add eloquence, correct. It shows the eloquence of the Quran, no other book is like this. It shows the uniqueness of this book. Correct.
So it's another wisdom behind the seven
prevents stagnation. Right? If, you know if I if I came into class, and I always spoke in a monotone, okay, Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. Today we're going to learn about the 700 often it's a very interesting topic in Danish. All right, it's quite boring. It's quite boring. Right? Interesting. Now I'd fall asleep in a minute. But when you go up and down and different styles of speaking, then it
draws attention and prevents stagnation. That's why you can ever fall asleep and share phases classes. Because the medicalize up and down and he's whispering in like that, and then he just explodes. So it prevents stagnation.
And another wisdom behind it. Is it shows
Yeah, we've added that
we add we said that was one more it shows the superiority of the Quran over all other books, because we mentioned the Hadith where each book was revealed from one door in general
but the Quran was revealed why seven doors
seven agraphia amazing.
actually preparing a whole talk about the Quran since it's a month of the Quran coming up. I'll be giving it a shot as soon as a hook but but things like this that
interesting about the author often what makes a good answer amazing, the shallow toddler
and finally an example of abrogated ruling you could mention
we're here we're done with them behind abrogation, this is with them behind the seven
we're after 12 now.
So an example of an aggregate ruling would be we said the alcohol or the visiting the graves and things like this. You can mention one of those does that come low and this What is it?
What about Yeah, you can you can mention the fact that the the adulterer and adulterous the ruling that was abrogated, sorry the the recitation is abrogated only you can mention that because that actually falls under the heading of abrogation.
So the resort ation of stoning the adulterer and the adulterous only the re citation is abrogated.
The ruling is not we still don't
know it can be could never get sooner or sooner register code and no problem. Any example. Any example of an aggregated ruling at all I want.
Does that come low? Can I make things easy on yourself? Choose the easy answer.
If you try to impress me, but get it all wrong, you actually ended up getting a incorrect mark. So you don't want that you want to get correct marks to Charlotte. Does that come along?
Yeah, just no one any ruling, any ruling? Why I'm getting I chose these questions because these are common questions that you'll come across when you're dour and non Muslims will ask you and it's important to know and if you know evidences as well that's even better, where you can quote the sort of number and the verses Yes, you
can use the verse the original verse that was abrogated or do they have to give what was abrogated?
I want all the others fun Norris. Zack Hello. Hey, that's a political Hello, I'm digna shadow in La Ilaha Illa