Channel: Mufti Menk
Delivered in Colombo, Sri Lanka
salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato
Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim In the name of Allah subhanho wa Taala Most Gracious, Most Merciful Alhamdulillah help in Allah mean. All praise is indeed due to Allah subhanho wa Taala Lord of the worlds creator nourisher cherishes. sustainer provide a protector cura, the one in whose hands lies absolutely every aspect of creation and control of everything. We send blessings and salutations upon Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his entire household, all his companions May Allah subhanho wa Taala bless them all. And may He bless every single one of us. The beauty is, every time we send blessings and salutations upon Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, we receive blessings
tenfold by the mercy of Allah subhanho wa Taala showing how Beloved Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam is to Allah subhanho wa Taala and the status that Allah subhanho wa Taala has bestowed upon him. If we would like to get any status in the eyes of Allah subhanho wa Taala it would be determined by how close we are in following the footsteps of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam May Allah subhanahu wa taala help us to do that. And may Allah subhanho wa Taala bless us in every single way. When we speak of role models, what is of utmost importance is the fact that we realized that when Allah subhanho wa Taala, the Creator Himself says that such and such a person is the
ultimate role model. We stop there. We understand that this is the creator of creation who is speaking, he is the one who is instructing us who is telling us and therefore every one of us needs to ask ourselves a question. And that question is, how close or far are you from emulating exactly that which Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has brought when Allah says in Surah
la cada kanilang, Coombs, fy
two has to De Lima,
Ghana yo yo la, Mama
la casa de la. Indeed,
in Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is the best, the perfect example to be emulated and push what will happen? And Hasson here referring to the best referring to that which is perfect, the perfect example to be followed in Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam for whom, for those who are looking forward to the meeting with Allah subhanho wa Taala those who want Allah who want to meet Allah who wants to get closer to Allah, that is your example. And that is what you need to follow. And reverse continues to say whoever is looking forward to the last day on that last day you will meet those whom you love. in the hereafter you will meet even with Allah subhanho wa Taala How
amazing is that? It's a gift for the believers. And Allah says, For those who remember Allah often, if you remember Allah often and you are always reminding yourself of Allah. The term Victrola yes it refers to your to Panama and hamdulillah your praise of Allah but over and above that it also refers to or more importantly, it refers to the consciousness of Allah subhanho wa Taala what's the point of a person saying Chapin, Allah and hamdulillah
their deeds are in a valley and the statement added from their mouths in another Valley all together in two different directions. It's important for us to know that if you want to praise Allah subhanho wa Taala Yes, indeed, that will help you. If you want to praise Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam it will indeed help you but unconditioned that you are following his method his way he's example, and your life is not being led totally separately or heading in the other direction. May Allah subhanho wa Taala help us so this is the example prior to Prophethood. Let's take a look at some of the life of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And what we should be asking ourselves, firstly, as
he became or he was adolescent, he was known as a surgical. I mean, I'm sure we all know that I'm sure we all aware of that. What does it mean? It means the truthful, the trustworthy, how many of us are truthful and trustworthy. How many of the youth out here are trustworthy and truthful? That was young age Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Not yet given that new Buddha which he was given at the age of 14, although he was always meant to be the enemy of Allah.
Anahata Indeed, he was created the best of creation, the most noble of all prophets without a doubt, but at the same time, how many of us would be able to follow that example and say, Yes, I am also a truthful person upright and I'm honest, I am trustworthy.
Today our spouses cannot trust us people say well the trust is broken and it's lost. I can't trust my husband anymore. I can't trust my wife anymore. Where is a surgical? I mean, it's no there is no use no point in US keeping on saying oh Masha Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Muhammad peace be upon him was a surgical I mean, I mean, you're telling the whole world you teaching that to the children, you teaching that to everyone else? How did you benefit from it? Talk about that.
Are you known as a surgical? I mean, are you trustworthy? Are you a person who is truthful? May Allah subhanho wa Taala forgive every single one of us? I mean, May Allah forgive us all? I mean, we need to revisit the link with Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Don't just mention his stories. Ask yourself, how far am I from that? Well, ah, he's a reality. A lot of us are guilty of not being trusted by those closest to us. Take a look at Khadija.
When she had sinned, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam upon his agreement to a sham in order to trade when he came back, she praised him so much. This is the most honest businessman ever Subhana Allah when Quraysh had a problem prior to profit? Would they call them this man sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to help them arrive at a conclusion. This is something unique. How many of us would ever be called upon in order to conclude something? Or are we a part of the problem? Very good question. Are we a part of the problem or a part of the solution? Ask yourself that will determine how far or close you are to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam example how much you really consider him a
role model. We all say he's a role model. He's a role model with us. role modeling is something else. You roll on the ground and you model on the stage. That's what it's all about. Allah forgive us.
And nowadays, you can roll on a Segway as well. You know, those rollerblades, panela. Allah forgive us. That's not what it's all about. a role model is a person you look up to and follow you want to be like, he is the only role model that is supremely in every single aspect of life amazing. Everyone else today you say this man is my role model. This other man is my role model. If it's not Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, you can only take a single aspect or one or two aspects of their lives to follow to emulate when it comes to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam the ultimate role model declared by Allah subhanho wa Taala. So when is your truthfulness here is a woman who
wanted to marry him and Subhana Allah based on the fact that his character was absolutely amazing. His conduct the accountability, the fact that every little portion of wealth was was recorded, and every little portion was accounted for Subhan Allah that was Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, how many of us in business, we are not transparent. We have a problem with our partners with those we actually sell things to and with those we buy from we haven't even clear the accounts. We Are you waiting to
apply it in your life. No point in saying, Oh, I consider him a role model. But you are cheating people in business. You are shortchanging people from prior to profit what you've already learned. You want to follow this man to panela he has had a record that is spotless, spotless, absolutely amazing. totally perfect. So lilavati, USA, look at it. In business. How many of us who panela have a bad reputation, very bad reputation?
Well, let's move further. The example of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. When he came down from the Cave of Hira with Prophethood. The first person he confided in was his wife, how many of us when we have a big problem, we would confide in our own spouses, a lot of us would not do that. A lot of us would hide our issues from our spouses, either because we have a problem or they have a problem or both of us have a problem. But if you're close to Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam and your aim is to please Allah, you will never ever have to hide things from your spouse's. Remember that? Because they would be understanding of what Allah wants from them, and you would be understanding of what
Allah wants from you.
And you know, that I can only become upset when someone is transgressing against Allah subhanho wa Taala for as long as there is no transgression, who am I to become upset? May Allah subhanho wa Taala make it easy for us. That was Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam when his wife comforted him, she gave him a big tight hug. And this goes to show some heinola that a tight hug really helps a big enveloping How would actually help. You know, try this your own children your spouse's eyes.
I have had an uncle who told me ha what hug and married for 45 years I've never hugged my wife. I said Uncle, uncle. I hope she's not getting hugs from someone else.
He looked at me said what I said it is something you need to consider. It is a tsunami. He came down milania milania comica. He was and you know, the two sutras Buddhism is definitely referring to the enveloped one, the one who has had Subhanallah
amazing, even gibreel Allahu salatu wa sallam, it's reported that when he came down, he had actually embraced Muhammad Rasul Allah very tightly. So hon Allah, it's amazing. My brothers and sisters, that is the example. Even in the romantic aspect of life with your own spouse, he was a champion. So Panama, we can speak about that. And we've spoken about it in the past his relationship with Allah and the others, one of his wives, Sophia Beatty.
It's amazing how he used to help her on to the conveyance. And it's amazing how when one of them complained about how slow the camel was, he transferred her to another camel.
Imagine if someone were to complain to you, listen, you know what, you're on your phone while you're driving. You're putting our lives at risk. What do you mean, I can multitask? So Angela? That's the answer we give. We should remember Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam considered what his family members told him. It was not something halal Haram, it was an issue of virtue, you want to do it for them to put a smile on their faces. You want to help them you want to make them feel the sense of goodness and kindness that comes from you. If you're not going to spoil them, who do you expect to spoil them?
And when we say spoil them, we're not talking of something bad just to throw that which is going to harm them towards them. But no, we're talking of that which is good within the limits that which is something that which is beneficial. Take a look at Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam here his wife tells him, Allah Allah, he
may indeed Allah will never ever let you down. Why? Because in Nikola Tesla, right? You are a person who looks after your family members. That's an example of
these family members, the co founder of Quraysh. They were family members of Mohamed Salah Salem from among them, and what did he do? He always was kind towards him, but he gave him the message. He was always good. He never swore never did he use a bad word from his mouth never sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Today we are quick in calling people careful in calling people bad names in calling people and we claim to be followers of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Where did he do that? In his myths, lived hypocrites. Still, he treated them with kindness. Go back and look at the pages of the Sierra how he treated Abdullah hypnobabies who saloon who was the head of the hypocrites. He always
spoke to him with utmost respect, even though he knew this man is the head of the hypocrites.
He knew this man is the head of the hypocrites but he spoke to him with respect. He defended him when some of the Sahaba wanted to attack him. He said don't do that. The people will say Mohammed is attacking his companions. No, don't do that.
May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us a deep understanding. We have divided the Muslim Ummah into small minute groups forgetting that we need to spread the love that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam brought take a look at the words uttered by people if they utter dirty words they are never following the example of Muhammad Sallallahu sallam. That is a simple way of looking at who is following the correct example. When you have a person uttering dirty words. Tell yourself one lie. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam not only never uttered a bad word, but he said, a true believer is never vulgar, never disrespectful, never abusive. He doesn't utter words that are hurtful from his
mouth against someone.
Something simple, take a look at the companions of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam who were the closest in emulation of the example of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam How was that tongue abubaker
the best to treat the earth after the prophets of Allah subhanho wa Taala we don't deny that there is unanimity on that. How was his tongue Subhana Allah beautiful, he spoke the best of words. Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam asks us to utter good words to say good words. Brothers and sisters cut out the swearing cut out the disrespect cut out accusing one another slandering, calling people bad names and so on this one is a caffeine and that one is a facet and this one is a movement does not do that. Your closeness to Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam is determined by how you use your tongue as well. Now Allah subhanho wa Taala help us May he guide us.
Similarly, if we look further into the life of Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam we will find
That Khadija been to Hawaii.
She says, Allah will never let you down, you go out to mend the relationships that may be broken. You make an effort to go and to fix up relations. So when someone is not talking to you, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would go and he would try make an effort to resolve the matter as best as he can without compromising what Allah has brought subhana wa Taala How many of you can say that? When there has been a problem, I have tried my best to resolve the matter. I have tried my best I've gone you may not be able to solve it, but did you try and How hard did you try? And are you prepared to go and try again and again, that is following Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Similarly, the
narration speaks the same narration speaks of how Khadija pentacle Al Queda
was bearing witness that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used to help those in need today. people in need, do we really help them? And if we help them, do we brag about it? Do we make a show about it? Or do we help them for the sake of Allah in a way taught by Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he says, when a charity is given, even the left hand does not know what the right hand is spent, then that is the charity.
How many of us do that we reach out or are we selfish? We want everything for ourselves. Even in our own homes. The opinions are only ours. We pick on everybody else. That's it. We are the ones everything must rotate around me. When are you going to give someone else in your house an opinion? Someone else within your home statement? Every day, it's your way today. Let it be someone else's way. So Pamela, it doesn't mean you're the husband, you're the father. So you're the boss of the home in a way that you can boss people around? No way. That's not Islam. Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the role model used to help in the house he used to milk the goat for the for the milk. He
used to assist in cleaning the home. How many of you do that? I think a lot of us a lot of us would be guilty of not doing enough in that regard.
How many of you would help in the kitchen? How many of you would help washing the clothes? How many of you would help sweep and clean up? How many of you would help when it comes to ironing your clothes? How many of you would help when it comes to going out and perhaps getting some milk or something else today we might not be milking the goat and in some places you may be but you might not be milking it but even to go out to the store to buy it and to bring it back home. That is a good deed in fact, it would be following the suit now Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam to assist in bringing the milk along Allah Akbar it's been made easy for you.
This is Muhammad salatu salam look at every aspect you look at of his life is worth following every single aspect is worth emulating. That's why he is known as an assassin. Allah praises him.
Amazing. He was concerned about the welfare of others.
He used to help people at times of need and so this is the witness of Khadija been to Hawaii.
Let us take a look later on in the life of Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, he was so concerned about the guidance of the rest of the people. So he calls the people of courage. And he called him to mount Safa and he asked him a question. He says, Oh, you people have courage, my family members, kinsmen, and so on. If I were to tell you that there is an army behind this mountain ready to attack you would you believe? They said indeed we would believe you've never told a lie. You are an honest you are known amongst us as a surgical. I mean, as we said earlier, the truthful one, the honest one, the trustworthy one, why would we disbelieve? So he said I am warning you about a punishment that is
about to come to you unless you believe in one Allah the maker alone.
Immediately they are to bad words. Abu lahab says to Bella kya Mohammed destruction be to you Oh, Mohammed, Ali hada Martina Is this why you gathered us.
And verses were revealed later on, mentioning the destruction of Abu lahab his hands, his wealth, nothing will help him he was a wealthy man. Allah says ma Oh, man who America is wealth.
And whatever he has earned, nothing would come to his assistance Not at all. So Allah says, destruction be upon both of the hands of a bola
imagine, but Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself. How did he react to that? Did he swear back? No, he didn't.
Did he say shameful disrespectful words never now will you be luck? May Allah protect us We seek refuge in Allah from that. From even thinking of that he did not utter a single bandwidth. He was quiet. He took it.
Basically today for us. How would we take someone who criticizes us
Would we get up and say the same vulgar words as they say? Or would we be sensible about the whole thing? Yes, you have every right to react, but your reaction must be normal. From your reaction. People must be able to pick up that this is prophetic. It is normal. It is the teaching of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, it is sensible. It is something that a sane, mature human being who's a movement who has believed who wants to emulate the example of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam would do.
You don't just react and retaliate like a hooligan. If they were hooligans don't drop yourself to become a hooligan. If they lied about you, you don't need to lie about them. When people lie about you, in order to drop you, it's a sign of success. That's what happened to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam take a look at what occurred in Mecca. They went to him and told him they started spreading rumors, saying he's a magician. He's after power. He's after
wealth, he's after women. He's after this and he's after that he wants to be the leader. That's all he seeking attention.
Never ever did. He accused them of the same not once he remains silent. He knows that I am working for Allah. Allah is my boss, supreme allies, the creator, maker, nourishes, cherishes sustainer allies.
So immediately he knew that the best way to deal with these people is to listen to what they have to say, and respond in the best manner as for Allah's instruction, and remain silent thereafter. Pray for them. They need your prayers. Today with our enemies they say something against you or against me immediately. A lot of us would just raise our hands and say Allah destroy this person or Allah break them all up, finish them up. When if that was the case, the whole world would be finished up because you are praying for my destruction. I am praying for your destruction. That's not prophetic.
How many of us have raised our hands and said, Oh Allah help him or like guide them. These people don't know. Take a look at the pipe when Mohammed Salalah alayhi wa sallam went to die if you and I know what happened, then how did he react? That is the role model. That is the ultimate role model sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he says, Allahu
Allahu Allah. He told me if I know my Allah, Allah guide my people, because indeed they don't know when the angels came and offered to destroy the whole lot of them. By bringing the two mounts together. He said No way. I have been sent as a mercy. And I've been sent as a mercy to the world's not as a means of that destruction. If they don't accept perhaps their children will accept amazing look at how Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam used to think he prayed for their children today, our enemies, why don't we pray for their children in a similar way. The reason is, we only say Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam is a role model. But we don't follow that we don't emulate we stop at the
My brothers and sisters, it's not good enough to stop and that statement. Let's do more in our lives. today. We've given so many examples, how many of us are ready to follow these examples. How many of us are prepared to look at Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his entire life? Take a look at the Treaty of davia. What did he do? He spoke to the kuffaar he tried to strike with them a treaty and he struck it even though they suggested some things that were considered unacceptable by some of the companions but Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam said no problem. If that is going to bring about peace, we will sign it.
Meaning we will agree upon it.
How many of us we don't even make peace in our own homes, within our own communities within the Muslim oma, we don't want to make peace. We want to create War Within the oma Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he
was making peace with his enemies, those who came out to
fight him, those who drove him away from his own home, those who drove him his and his companions away those who killed some of his companions and who were keen on doing the same to him. But it was the protection of Allah subhanho wa Taala. against the signing with them a treaty if there's going to be peace, let there be peace, Allah will guide us, Allah will protect us.
When it came to the wars that took place, he made it very clear. You don't harm a female you don't harm a child. You don't harm an elderly person. You do not break trees, you do not destroy infrastructure. Today people are doing all of those things in the name of the same Islam. Where are they? Where is the following of Muhammad? sallallahu alayhi wasallam they say times have changed. If times have changed then you are trying to say the deen does not apply anymore. Is that the insult that you have dish against Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam you have given in that direction, unacceptable. We believe it is correct and it is absolutely perfect in terms of integration.
of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, up to the end of time, right up to the end of time when he said do not fight those who put their weapons down, you're not even supposed to fight them as they put their weapons down and they say we don't want to fight those who enter their homes and close the doors. The reason I'm making mention of this is there are deviant groups who happen to massacre innocent women, children, they destroy infrastructure, they cause harm, they create chaos, they cause problems for the Muslim woman to begin with. And then the others in the name of Islam, in your name in mind, they utter the term Allahu Akbar, they say this, that Allah is the Greatest, we all
say the statement so many times in the day because your Salah and your five daily prayers not only commences with it, but every time you make a movement, almost all of those movements, you've got to declare the greatness of Allah. So it's a it's a statement that I repeat, they will not perpetrate injustice and killing with the same statement, not in my name, not in the name of Allah subhanho wa Taala This is not the example of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was the role model of compassion, like he says, I was sent as a mercy and Allah declares that in the pond, Alma o Center in
Miami, we have not sent you except as a means of mercy to the whole worlds. The plural of the term world is used because you have the world, the animal world, the the you have, for example, the insect world you have flora and fauna you have, you know, the human beings, the gene kind and so many different species that have created by Allah subhanho wa Taala. So let's understand this, my brothers and sisters, if he was sent as a mercy, we need to be merciful as well. We need to understand Islam will spread when we spread this love and this mercy and the peace and we educate people as to how we are meant to be coexisting Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam struck a deal
with the people in Madina munawwara who were not even Muslim. They were people of the book, and some of them were idol worshippers.
What was the deal struck, peaceful coexistence in a nutshell, you respect I respect we have this mutual respect you fulfill and you will we will fulfill Subhan Allah May Allah subhanho wa Taala help us understand this beautiful example of the most noble of all prophets, the highest of all creation, sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
If you hear his name, and you do not utter the term Salalah alayhi wa sallam or you do not say peace be upon him, you have disrespected him, did you know that?
He says that himself. You cannot just say the term Mohammed without saying sallallahu alayhi wa sallam if you believe in Allah, and you consider him sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as the final messenger May peace be upon him.
There is a curse upon a person who just artists that name disrespectfully on its own, may Allah subhanho wa Taala help us May Allah subhanho wa Taala guide us We are fortunate.
People have tried to tarnish the image of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, no way they will not manage Allah subhanho wa Taala says in the Quran, in cafe.
De, indeed, we have protected you against those who want to scoff who want to mock who want to joke about you. This would include anyone up to the end of time, we have protected your reputation, we have protected who you are, they can say whatever they want, while law he the more they see the more that people are entering the fold of Islam, the more others are beginning to love the fake, they can do what they want to extinguish that powerful example they will never be able to do that. May Allah help us promote love, promote mercy, promote kindness, May Allah help us to solve our matters between us so that we can live as an oma?
This is Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the most noble of all let's take a look at mseb Medical your loved one and I will end with this example. Where he was a young boy when Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam came into Madina munawwara his mother came rushing to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam Oh messenger Peace be upon you. Do you know all the people are coming with gifts for you? I don't have much to give you but I have a son. This young son is an us He is the son of Malik and I want to give him in your Hitman in your service. Let him serve you as a servant. He will do your chores he will do whatever is required. Literally a servant. I'm giving you this young boy of mine.
That's my donation. So
imagine the sun being given to Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam to look after the needs or to look after to try to help
So, what an honor and he accepted sallallahu alayhi wa sallam later on.
Do you know what he says? Subhan Allah.
This is a reason.
He says khadim to Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam ash Rossini, la he, I served the messenger May peace be upon him for 10 whole years. Imagine 10 years, I served Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And what does he say? For Mark Kalia ofin
in Santa Monica Sonata, he has never ever told me a single hurtful word. And I was working for him. Not one off. He didn't even make a gesture or a noise a sound that was derogatory or negative. Never did he say to me, never did he say for anything that I did. Why did you do this? If I did something wrong, he would corrected himself with a smile. How many of us those who work for us, we are so bad to them. We are rude to them. We treat them like they are not human beings. We abused them in whatever way we don't pay them. We shortchange them, we treat them like their animals, and we claim to be muslimeen people don't want to work for the Muslim sometimes because some of them are
considered as the worst of employers. They don't pay on time they abuse they scream and yell and shout, this could be at the home or even wherever else, your factory or your business, your shop, whatever it is. Remember, you want to follow the example here is a man testifying. I worked for 10 whole years will lie he never told me one word that hurt my feelings. And there are so many examples of his own life. And
he makes mention of deep examples. We don't have the time to go into that, but it's our duty to go and research. And
you know what else he says? He says, Well ah he and this we are saying it in honor of Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam the following, I am saying it in honor of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the best of creation, the most perfect of all. And the Sydney medical Viola who says Walla
Walla de bergeon, voila, herriman
la, la La,
la he I have never touched any silk, any type of silk or soft material softer than the blessing hand of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam
which means when he touched the hand of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he is declaring that it was the softest thing ever. It was unique. It was something that was out of this world. I cannot even describe it, he says and you know what? He continues to say something even greater. He says Willa Hema shaman to mysskin wala
amin Araki Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he says well, la he I have never smelled any amber or musk. Any perfume that smells better than the sweat, the blessing sweat of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam his perspiration smells better than all those perfumes sallallahu alayhi wa sallam melas peace and blessings be upon the best of creation for sallallahu wasallam Obara, kala and Amina Mohammed Subhan Allah Subhana Allah Houma
La Ilaha Illa De Luca Juana to boudic.