The Monumental Tafsir #44 Surah At Talaq
Channel: Moutasem al-Hameedy
File Size: 72.18MB
hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Shafi more settings so you didn't have that you know Allah Allah He was happy he Jemaine
hamdulillah bloodmeal we continue now with our Tafseer after we had a break last weekend, so
we are we dealing with salata, Pollack, and I think we reached up until verse number eight. So we're going to read the verses and the the commentary
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Here Allah subhanaw taala tells us about his destruction of the arrogant nations who just believed this believed the messengers. Their numbers and strength did not benefit them in the slightest when the severe Reckoning and painful punishment came to them, for Allah caused them to taste a punishment commensurate with their misdeeds. In addition to the in addition to the punishment of this world, Allah has prepared a severe punishment for them in the hereafter. So fear Allah or people of understanding that is, or people of mature thinking, who understand the verses and exalt and explorations of Allah, and realize the one who destroyed the past nations for their disbelief is
also able to punish their nations.
There is no difference between them and those who come after them. Then Allah mentioned those of his slaves who, who believe in that which He has sent down to them of his book, which he revealed to His messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, in order to bring humankind forth from the darkness of disbelief, ignorance and disobedience to the light of knowledge, faith and obedience.
Among the people are those who believe in Him and those who do not believe in him. Whoever believes in Allah and does righteous deeds, both obligatory and supererogatory. He will admit he will admit him to Gardens through which rivers flow
in which there is eternal blige bliss, such as No eye has seen, no ear has heard, nor has it ever crossed the mind of man to abide the rain forever. Allah will grant them a goodly provision in paradise. That is an whoever does not believe in Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they will be the inhabitants of Hell to abide therein forever
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then Allah tells us that then Allah tells us that he created the seven heavens and all those who are in them, and the seven Earths and all those who are who are in them, and everything between them. And he has sent down his decree, which is the laws and religious rulings that he revealed to His messengers, so as to remind and exhort people, he also sent down His universal degree to decrease by means of which he controls and disposes of the affairs of all of creation. All of that is so that people may know him and know that he his might and His knowledge encompass all things, if they know him by his sublime attributes and beautiful names, and worship Him, love Him and fulfill their duty
towards him. This is the purpose behind the creation and the command to know Allah and worship Him. Those who are guided among the righteous slaves of Allah do that. But the wrongdoer it's what the wrongdoers turn away from it.
Okay, so this is the second part of sort of the prologue, and I believe we
spoke in detail about sort of the prologue, the first part of it, and it led us to talk about the nature of Islamic law, and that it's misunderstood. So let's sort of recap and you know, pull the, the major threads together inshallah.
So, we said, generally speaking, what you will find in the Quran is that Allah talks in general about the rulings, Allah mentions, guidelines, establishes principles, then the details of rulings are generally especially when it comes to
like detailed matters
would be mainly explained by the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu, when he was selling them, his words, his practice, his application, the way the companions or the allowing them acted upon these things. And then the scholars have systemized this they sort of put it in a very organized and systematic way. This is what you find in alpha.
This is what you find in alpha in the books.
And the books that you will find, especially in the MME the former head is pretty much derived from the fact of the companions of the Allah. It is derived from the companions of the Allahu unknown.
But there are certain areas where Allah subhanaw taala speaks in the Quran in detail about certain rulings, you will find this with inheritance, you will find this with marriage and divorce. And so lots of pull up this row of divorce is one of those examples, Allah goes into details, very specific technical details, why? Because this is an area where usually
the grudges can easily blind people or push them towards violating the rights of the other person. These are very difficult times and these are very competitive times. There's a lot of rivalry there's a lot of fights, and everyone would seek to get as much as possible from the other.
So ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada. Again, just to set the the scales straight when it comes to the rights, especially especially a lot of marriages, private life. So bringing when there is divorce and
you know, you need to judge in these issues, there's a lot of private issues. So if it is left to the discretion, if Allah only puts guidelines, general guidelines, and then it's left to the discretion of the judge, that means a lot of the private life is going to be revealed and exposed. So Allah subhanaw taala took it upon himself to put specific rulings as to how divorce is to be done. So that it is very straightforward. The rules are clear, and there is no room
For playing around, and if, okay, let's stay with Islam Islamic law here.
And we said when we tried to understand Islam today, a lot of Muslims and non Muslims as they tried to approach Islamic law, what we are doing, we are actually doing a very unfair comparison.
Islam, this Islamic law, Islamic law, when we see it today, we are seeing it from a paradigm that is inconsistent to that.
From a worldview that is inconsistent with Islamic law, Islamic law functions, within, as we said, an ecosystem that is built primarily of moral standards. So Islam, the Islamic ruling, okay, the Islamic
is designed to function as part of a bigger system. And that bigger system contains for the most part, moral training and moral conditioning of society and the individuals in it. So this is why it's unfair to take something from Islamic ruling and try to understand that in the context that we live in today, and how law is applied, and how society lives. That's not how you this now, this is not how you assess Islamic law, it's unfair, it's completely unfair, because you take it outside of its natural habitat. And you put it somewhere where it doesn't belong. And you're trying to assess it to understand it completely out of context.
It's part of a bigger system. So it has to be understood within the system itself. This is how you can understand Islamic law. So Islamic law, if you won't understand it, you can't separate it from how it was manifested in Islamic history, in the society that Islam builds, because there is there is moral conditioning of a society. There is more moral preparation of a society. And that builds these default, the scaffolding environment of and the perfect environment for Islamic law to apply, when you bring it to today's morality that most of us are, are illiterate when it comes to morality. We don't have proper training. Yes, we do have some principles and some theory about morality. But
it's, it's May it's mainly absent in our day to day life, even in the basic thought process that we have, the way we were trained. From a young age, the things that we were exposed to the influences we were exposed to the kind of education most of us went through
all of that all of that turned the moral muscle within humans dormant.
We lost a great deal of our natural functioning as human beings. Why? Because there is there is some kind of we went through some moral sterilization if you like, yes.
And that's what the Prophet SAW Selim called corruption of fitrah. So the Muslim society was mainly built from a young age a child would be built on moral standards, moral behavior, on justice, on respect, on truth, on principles of beauty. These are moral principles, beauty, we're talking about moral beauty here
about Ben benevolence, about generosity, forgiveness was number one.
And it was built on the relationship with Allah subhanaw taala, very rich relationship with Allah subhanaw taala. So individuals were built like that, society was built like that. So relationships among society were built like that. So if someone violated the moral law of Islam, they can't get away with it, from society, from the people around them from their own siblings, their own family, their own tribe, their own neighborhood,
let alone the authorities, we're talking just about society. So society held like members of society held each other accountable. Why? Because that moral structure was so rich, and it governed how people behaved in their private life, private life here, I mean, the inner life, their inner world, their thoughts, their intentions, their plans, and then the relationships.
So that kind of moral structure is the perfect seating for Islamic law, or the perfect foundation for Islamic law to function optimally.
So that's why you will find sometimes people will, or some people who would like to criticize Islam, and they would say, you know, penal law in Islam is is very, what is very
what's the word like? harsh, harsh is very harsh, right?
So you can't just take that part of Islamic law Islamic system, and because by default, by default, we do
A lot of projection, a great part of how we understand how we relate to things
like radical logic, the way we relate to things, the way, you know we understand things is that we do a lot of projection, projection, meaning you project your personal reality, your circumstances, your background on what you're trying to understand. So yes, you get a piece of information about someone, you're trying to understand the behavior of someone, just a personal example, try to understand the behavior of a person. So you study their behavior, but you don't realize that there's a lot of gaps. There's a lot of things about this person, you don't know how do you fill these gaps? You can't think about them in a vacuum, you, you need that background information. You don't have
it? What does your mind do automatically, it reflects your background on them.
You see them through your own eye, through your own circumstances, through your own intentions.
That's the fact we all do projection projection, it fills the gaps in our knowledge, you can't possibly know everything about every situation. So that's why you fill gaps by means of projection. It's a very unconscious process, very automatic process.
This is why cannot be said, either as a federal role model. He said, Well, no, no.
Wasn't the Komagata looming.
If a person engages in evil actions, the actions of a person or evil
set at Illinois thoughts of others are going to be as bad as his own hatchet. That's what we do.
People who lie they think everyone else lies.
People who deceive think everyone else deceives people who hide stuff, they all think everyone else is hiding. So we live in the world by projecting so the same thing. When when people try to think about something from Islamic law, today, you are bringing your contemporary package along with it.
And you put Islam in this foreign environment, or that part of Islam and its foreign environment when it doesn't have this is not its natural, you know,
environment, it doesn't have the connections, it lacks the background, the foundation. So when you understand that you try to understand that you put it exactly where it doesn't belong. It's just like you take a fish, and you put it in air and say, Oh, it can't function. It's outside of its natural habitat. You can't possibly understand Islam by just theorizing about it while you are doing a lot of projection.
So the way semuc law, we said function we talked about this in details was just sort of like
So this is why when people read
these rulings about the law, they sound too many people feel uncomfortable. Why? Because we are seeing them in the light of our circumstances today.
These are built on morality, they function within a system of morality, when you take that when you when you when you disassemble this moral structure, or this moral environment.
You know, the Islamic Islamic law does not function as it should,
does not function as it should. And even in Islamic legislation. This was very well known. We know the famous Hadith from Shelby Alana the famous narration that she said, Had Allah subhanho wa Taala first revealed, do not drink alcohol do not commit Zina do not do this do not do this, they would have said she's talking about who the Arabs who became Muslims, they would have said, No, we're not going to leave this stuff. But the first thing that came was Iman, you need to build that image and that faith along with it, the moral structure.
And that makes we set the base course for Islamic law to really rest. Well, you need the foundation, you can't build the house without a foundation.
So that's why most of our attempts or the attempts, especially by those who are influenced by contemporary thinking, and all of us are that type of person, because that's where we live, but to varying degrees are played their rationalization about Islam is plagued by that. You're going to find, yeah, I find I find, I find it hard to wrap my head around this. Right. Yeah, because you're not doing a fair estimate of it. You don't realize the amount of projection. It's an incomplete case. It's a faulty kind of logic to approach Islam in such a way. Okay, so that's just to clarify why sometimes you would read this and you would find it uncomfortable, or it might seem as you're a
lotto is talking here about the rules of the luck. And why is Allah addressing men here? Automatically, we're going to project you know, the whole thing of domestic violence, patriarchy.
Men manipulating women having power over women then
women's rights, right? We're going to bring all this baggage and force it into understanding Islam. No.
In the history of Islam, when there was proper moral structure in society,
it was almost almost impossible for a man to oppress his wife and take advantage of her, he would get in so much trouble.
Why? Because the whole system around it, there was there was a safety net around it that made it almost impossible. Was there again, the anomalies of these in this inappropriate behavior? Absolutely. Absolutely. And the way to solve this is not by taking against some contemporary
prescriptions, which are actually exacerbating the situation, because they address the problem at one in one at one side, but then they are oblivious to the other, you know, the other damage or the damage in the other areas that is happening, right, they tried to fix a problem to say, of domestic violence. What happens?
You ended up ruining the family altogether, no one wants to get married. No one wants to get the commitment.
No one, no one is willing to go through this whole process and pay for, you know, if it goes wrong, pay for the consequences. So people are what people you'll find a lot of. Most of it is relationships outside of the wedlock, you will find single parents, for the most part, you will find young men, you know, don't want to get married.
A lot of them are just finding it easy to be promiscuous, and not to commit to any serious relationship.
And then whatever comes after that, oh, yeah, it's okay to live your life single. It's okay not to have children.
What are the long term consequences of all of this? Right? So again, when you miss when you mess with a condition, very complex condition like humans, based on your own limited view, as a human being, you're going to be lost. Because you are dealing with a very complex system and you can't, it can't attend to all of its details. You can't you can't see the long consequences of what you do the solutions, what seems to be a solution, and it might address a problem on the short term, and might seem to bring about good consequences, you don't realize that you are probably creating 10 other problems that are greater than the problem that you solved. But you can't see the connections
because you're dealing with a very complex system. And this is why Allah subhanaw taala knows that humans if they are left to themselves, they will be lost they will destroy themselves. So Allah sent down revelation as mercy.
Okay, so this is what Allah subhanaw taala talks about in detail about a follow up and what you will find that Allah subhanaw taala throughout this surah again, we reiterate Allah subhanaw taala mentions Taqwa Taqwa that one may yet Aloma Raja, whereas Zuckermann Hydrolat is one way to look at Allah.
When we talk about Allah here during the home in mid May, yet alone in mid Yusor, whoever acts with taqwa, right? He they fear Allah and they obey Allah subhanaw taala. And they stay within the limits, Allah will bring ease to their affairs, or Allah will bring them away out out of every political predicament, and so on and so forth.
And also at the beginning of the surah let me just pull some examples
Yeah, because again, divorce is a very difficult time and people would go through a lot of again, feelings, hard feelings, and a lot of issues, financial issues, disruption in their life. It's divorce is a very difficult situation is a tragedy. Divorce is a tragedy. It's a disruption of the momentum of life. So it comes with a lot of consequences. So Allah subhanaw taala reminds them, woman woman yet to do the life of Kabbalah and if so, whoever transcript transgression is the limits of Allah. And Allah talks specifically here about the limits of what divorce how you should behave, you should behave gracefully. Anyone who crosses the limits what's going to happen? Allah subhanaw
taala says about them for Cogburn, amount of sound this person has oppressed themselves, they have wronged themselves, meaning Allah is going to punish them for that, so don't mess with that. It's not like yes, you might be divorcing going through a divorce. And you might want to avenge yourself, retaliate, harm the other person as much as possible, but you're not dealing with the other person. You're dealing with Allah here. That's what Allah is saying. So don't mess around.
If there's something you can get away with, even legally, you're messing with a lot, you're gonna pay for it. It's not like you're dealing with with one person. So if you get away with something legally you'll find no.
The ultimate authority, the legal system is a tool. The ultimate system of justice is with Allah. So even if you get away with the legal
Part of things, Allah is gonna hold you accountable and you will pay for it.
So, again, you will find again, as we said that our data here binds with
that the way you handle these issues should be based on your Arcadia on your love of Allah, you fear of Allah, your obedience to Allah subhanaw taala. And even if things look to be, seem to be dismal, Allah Subhana Allah is going to bring your way out as long as you abide by by his rules. Okay, so that's in general, we don't want to go into the details of divorce, but we just wanted to frame what was mentioned here. Then interestingly, Allah subhanho wa Taala the way he shifts the conversation,
the way Allah subhanaw taala Shane changes the the topic completely so and so like abruptly
but for a reason.
These kinds of shifts
in the Quran are very interesting. And I think some
some research has been done like some people have done their PhD dissertation on something like this, the change of sudden unexpected change of topics, what does it mean? Very profound meanings. So Allah subhanaw taala talks about Bullock and about divorce. And then Allah subhanaw taala says, what a human creates united and empty behind walls Who here hasn't been i Seven she didn't want other than nohcra And how often there was a people or a town, that this obeyed the commands of Allah subhanaw taala. So we held them accountable. And we give them a severe punishment.
Why is the shift, talking about divorce, marital life, the now you're talking about nations that rejected the Command of Allah subhanaw taala. And thus they were they were destroyed at the low Nomada when she didn't fit the hula hoop. Latina Allah,
that Allah subhanaw taala punished them severely. So fear Allah or people of understanding. Allah has sent to you a reminder, why is this shift. So some of them have a serene, they said the shift is that the rules the moral rules and Islamic rules that govern private life, also govern public life, the public of the life of a society in general. Number two, the connection, the connection between a nation a town here, a town here is more of a nation, a nation and the family life.
The individual life, the connection is very powerful.
Life at home, your personal life, your marital life can only be set straight with obeying the commands of Allah subhanaw taala.
And the commands of Allah again,
we mentioned that and we need to, you know, emphasize it over and over again. So I'm gonna come back to it remind me if I don't talk about this, which is when we say what does it mean to
obey Allah? Or how can I say, Yeah, to follow the commands of Allah, okay, when it comes to marriage.
So if you don't obey Allah subhanaw, taala, and your personal life, your marital life, that's, that's gonna lead to destruction. And if you don't obey Allah, as a nation,
as a nation in general, collectively, the way your society is run, the way your governance is run,
the way your finances are run, the way how life in general is run, that's going to bring the destruction don't you can go from the micro to the macro, the same rules apply.
Because many people think and this is what again, this is something more than that, you know?
Religion is in your private life, but in public life, no, it's the state.
What is it to Allah is what was it
to Caesar is remind me,
the ties the lamb and the lovely basil magpies
for Allah what belongs to Him and for Caesar what belongs to him, meaning governance is for Caesar not for Allah, but for Allah is worship, you worship Him in, you know, in the privacy of your house. That's not true.
That's not true. And the end of the surah is going to actually emphasize this. Okay. So the connection between personal life, marital life, the family, and the life of a nation and society, they are so intertwined. You can't separate them.
You can't separate them. If you mess with public life, you're going to affect private life and marriages. You play around with marital life.
Okay, or even individual life, your own personal choices, that's going to affect society and the nation in general. All of that is interconnected.
So the uprightness of the personal life feeds into the, you know, the welfare of society, and the opera
pneus of society in general, feeds into the welfare and the and, and the goodness of the life of the individual. It has to, it has to, it has to apply, or it has to affect it. Okay, the point that I was going to speak about when we say and again, we need to do this because automatically what we what we think about is wrong here. When we say you need to obey the commands of Allah in a marriage, for example, what do people think?
rights and obligations, right. And many people, once they get married, you know, they sit together, they make a list of rights and obligations, husband makes sure you know, my wife, these are your
obligations, they are my rights, gonna hold you accountable. So make a list. Every time you know, you miss any of them, I'm going to remind you, and then the wife, she also has her own list, right?
Their obligations and their rights, these are my rights, they are your obligations, I'll make sure I'll make sure I remind you, and so on and so forth. You can't build a marriage like that.
Because these, these are the backbone, the backbone in the background, and you only call upon them when
when, when things go sour, and you have to go to court. That's when you deal with it in a transactional way like this. Marriage is not based on the marriage is based on grace, and on generosity. And then on forgiveness. So a husband, it's his obligation, for example, to provide for his wife, what is his obligation, that's the problem, you can't go to the to the bottom line, when you decide when you want to build the life, you can't go to the the rules and the obligations, the obligations and the rights. These are the bottom line.
This is when everything you know fails to work. That's what you settle disputes with. So that no one oppresses the other, it becomes a mechanical relationship. It's just make it survive for the rich to make sure no one oppresses the other, but there's no life in it. That's the most desperate situation. That's when you call upon these, these rules.
But a husband is obligated to provide for his wife, what is his? What is he obligated to provide?
food, and clothing?
At what level? The level of their society? Or their segment of society where they live? Which part of the socio what, you know, you know?
Which level of society do they live? Are they in the lower level of society, the working class? Or are they middle upper class? Or are they the rich, right? According to which category they belong? He's supposed to provide for his wife. So let's say, let's say husband has a decent job. And
they come from the working class. And
he provides his wife Exactly. Like the people are random.
But he's able to provide something more. So he says, that's the accommodation. That's the food, how much do you eat every day? He calculates it. Right? And he makes his groceries based on this.
And clothing, right? So how many outfits do you need? And so on and so forth? You will, okay, I'll buy you three every year for every year, right?
And that's a decision, that's my obligation does that make for a good relationship?
If someone talks about someone talks like this, and this is an advice to sisters, if someone brings this up this way, don't marry him. Don't marry him, you're gonna be miserable, you're gonna be miserable. And the same thing. You know, he doesn't want to deal with a wife like this.
Right? Who says them being graceful. This is how you build a life. It's how you build a family. There is love there is compassion, there is generosity, there is forgiveness. There is compromise on both sides. That's how you build a life if you want to go directly to the obligations and the rights, you know, you're actually killing the spirit of the marriage from the outset.
So people misunderstand this people missing they say, Okay, this is what Islam says about it. No, it's not. That's not what Islam says about marriage.
That's not that's that's how you solve disputes in marriage. In most desperate cases, you break you build your marriage on this. You don't you don't fall that's, that's like when you want to be the worst when you want to behave the worst. That's the bottom line that you come
Don't go underneath that this is these are the rules, the obligations and the rights.
So don't build your marital life around them. This is why when we say obey the rules of Allah subhanaw taala. In the marriage, we're not talking about the bottom line, we're talking about you being a good husband, the prophets of salaam says how Eurocom Eurocom Leanna Juana hieracium Lena honey, the best among you are the best to their wife, and I'm the best to my wife.
That's the example of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam the same thing applies to the wife.
She's Oh, Allah didn't say in the Quran that I do this. So I'm not going to do it.
Allah didn't say that I have to take care of the children, for example.
So I'm not going to do this.
What is what is it this relationship just as a husband says, you know, I'm not going to take you on vacation. I'm not going to buy a car. You guys have to walk everywhere. That's fine, because that's how every people around us are. Right? I give you food, I give you clothes, and you live in a house. Don't ask me for anything more than that.
That's going to be a miserable society, miserable marriage, miserable children. And don't don't do this. So that's not what Islam says. So when we say obey Allah subhanaw taala, we're talking about the highest point of being generous, graceful, and being a good human being. Okay. So again, this goes back to the connection, the connection is the private life, the way you handle divorce and marriage, the way you handle these personal affairs is not separate from the way you handle public affairs of a nation.
You can't fix you, you can't compartmentalize the human experience.
Any corruption in any area, in the human life is gonna seep into other areas is going to leak into other areas, and will can't contaminate them eventually.
So there is no compartmentalization there is no separation from private life, public life, professional life sold the same thing. So the same spirit behind so these these barriers that are these lines that we draw are just four, four are going to say, to make it easy for us to understand these different areas and relate to them but not to
but they don't represent a reality. These lines don't represent a reality. These are not separate worlds. They are the same. There are there are different aspects of the same world. Okay, now this takes me to the last verse, which is very important.
Allah Subhana Allah says, hola, hola. Hola. passerby, semi whatton. And here I want you to help me answer this or clarify this. Hola. Hola. The halacha serve as Mr. Watson woman and ultimately one. Your 10 00 Am Rubina Hoon Aleta animo and Allah Allah Quran he can produce when Allah but help I couldn't issue him so I'm going to give a rough translation it is Allah who created seven heavens seven skies and similar number of earth your Xs zero or more obey His command travels between them
His command del amor it's an slo mo baina one liter so that you will know
so that you learn
that Allah is powerful over everything
and that Allah has encompassed everything in knowledge
what is this first talk about
there's a big big, big big secret in this verse.
Anyone can give us a hint
you know maybe get a little snippet about this hint Yeah.
Alka Yes. There's something about adult there. Yes. What exactly I need elaboration
encompassing about knowledge.
So Allah encompasses everything in knowledge, so he knew everything. That's all cuddle. Okay, cool. But the secret this main secret goes deeper.
Any anyone else sisters?
Versus repeat the verse Okay. In Arabic, by Allah who led the Hello passive SML. What in one minute. Ultimately, Allah is Allah Who created seven skies, and a similar number of Earth's seven.
eternus is the ruler Moreover, Robaina Hoonah
the Command of Allah dissents or travels between them
skies and the earth. The Talmud
so that you learn and Allahu Allah quilici And that Allah is Able to do all things is capable Allah is powerful over everything what an Allah for the health of equalization in any manner that Allah and then that Allah has encompassed everything in knowledge
I'll give you a hint sisters for the event okay. The secret is in one letter Li.
Li titled and
we translate this letter in English so that
Li RAM Italia Okay? tells you why this is the Lamb of why
Allah says He created seven skies seven F's and between them the Command of Allah travels li Tattler Mu y. So that you learn you know
the secret is in this letter Lee lamb Italian
lamb of causation
Why did Allah create this and why does Allah what is the command of Allah travel between them the heavens and the earth? So that you would know you so that you learn the power the mind of Allah and the knowledge encompassing knowledge of Allah What is the secret
put your hand up please
there is in the background there's there is a tiller Allah yes it's testing but there is something else
something else in this first what can you it's a it's a big thing for everyone
so we we have to sort of accept whatever Allah does, but where is this in the verse? Because lamb Lee so that you know
where is the Rebbe? Where is it? This limb there Where is sort of submission and acceptance.
Okay, yeah, that's a dog. That Kadar and with adultery slim there is acceptance but we're saying li danam so Allah is saying Let me paraphrase Allah created the heavens and the earth and he sends the command between them so that you know that Allah has powerful and knowledgeable
Okay, good start. So Allah the purpose why Allah created the heavens and the earth and
good start when finish off in good terms
try to find them that way. Because the decision between them okay, there's a purpose to that. There's your purpose perfect good stuff.
What is it in the verse
The sister says for a bed, where is it and the verse Allah says little lamb, so that you know so that you learn
to the purpose of our existence to know Allah to the creation so the brother says I'm just I'm gonna stand
in the middle grounds and not making a judgment. So the brother is saying here that the purpose of all creation is that we know Allah that's what you saying.
We know Allah, what
is fulfilling our purpose?
Okay, so Allah created all of this so that we know him because knowing Allah leads to fulfilling the purpose of worshiping Allah have a better okay. So I think this sister when she said that he brothers, she was pretty much talking about this. Good. These are pieces of the puzzle, we're going to put them together.
When I put them together, I don't want to give you an answer, but we can arrive at that because that's a good exercise on how we can read the Quran. Okay.
So what is Allah talking about? Allah is saying he's the one who created the heavens
and the earth.
Seven Heavens seven Earths.
So this is a Hulk.
So there are there again, other than Allah or sorry, there are two things that Allah refers to a Hulk. Well, Amma, what's the difference?
And so lots of Allah says Allah Allah who will Hello
Well I'm going to Allah belong the creation to Allah belong the legislation of the command
these to govern our the relationship between us and Allah creation is the father of Allah everything he created
that includes your creation, the creation of the heavens and the earth circumstances event people everything that's creation, huge category.
The visible the invisible, the physical, the non physical.
Okay, so that the creation the command ln Oh hello, well, um, the command belongs to what's the command
what is the command?
Legislation? Do don't do this is good this is bad this is truth. This is falsehood,
and Amel, which is the guidance from Allah subhanaw taala. This is an AMA the Command of Allah. Allah no Hello, Columbo, the creation is from him. The command is from him as well. Some modern
thinkers, Muslim thinkers, they bring it closer to the modern mind they say to him, from him comes this the hardware and the software if you like, again, it's not exactly correct. But okay, it's just makes it easy for us to understand the Hello World, hello world. Okay. But um, what you have to understand armor is two things there is the legislation, which is do don't do what's good. What's evil, truth falsehood, right, the legislation guidance, a vicar remark reminder remembrance. That's one. But another command is the coder of Allah, through which he creates the creation.
That's the father of Allah, because things happen by his permission by his command. And then he creates them. So first is the command and then the creation of formal Hulk.
Okay, now Allah subhanaw taala is saying he's the one who created seven heavens seven Earths. Don't focus on the numbers that are mentioned for another reason here.
Yet, and that's the rule. I'm Rubina, Hana the Command of Allah travels or descends between them, which is basically the legislation and the command, how long do you live? That's a command. It's going to turn into a creation. First, it's a command, right? How long are you going to live? What are you going to eat? What's your provision? What's going to happen to you your other first is a command then it materializes into creation. That's one command that descends. Another command is the legislation.
establish the prayer. Pay these occur, don't drink alcohol, that's another command.
So there is creation and there is command. So Allah says, Allah created the heavens and the earth, and the command travels travels between them.
Why is all of this this whole thing? Why is it there? Lita Alamo so that you learn that Allah is all powerful and mighty. And Allah is all knowing
what is the secret behind this
when you know Allah that will lead to Taqwa. So
we want a complete picture, these are pieces of the puzzle, I want the full picture.
So use this command.
Everything alive, told us in front the all the rules and stuff to deal with the creation.
Everyone around us to deal with them in a way that set the guidelines for us in order to achieve a very good point. It's another piece of the puzzle. So the creation How do you handle the creation properly? With the command
with the command?
It's a prescription for how to deal with the question. Okay, why is all of this
so what if you know what if you know Allah knows everything and Allah is powerful over everything?
So what if you don't have like Allah created the heavens and the earth so you don't have a doubt?
So what's the big thing if you have a doubt or not? What's so important about your opinion whether there's accurate or not? The Allah creates the heavens and the earth.
I'm gonna Okay, I'm gonna come here to the sisters. Just one. So there's the Hulk, and everything else between between the between the skies and God knows everything. Maybe it's for us to sleep, to sleep to what God wants us to do. And
like live life according to the way God wants us to live. Like, he knows everything. He knows what is going to happen, what didn't happen, what will happen. Okay. So for us to be a true mother
Okay, so Allah created all of this for taslim. So what is so special about Islam? It's not like what you're saying is correct. But we want to, we want to bring the most sense to our minds about this. So such a magnificent creation, the heavens, the earth, the command, all of this has been happening, the universe was created, all of these things that have been happening, all of the revelations that were sent all of the nations that were destroyed, all of the other that Allah wrote 50,000 years before the creation of the heavens in the earth, all of this command, all of this magnificence. All of this is for what?
This is an mocha demo, right? This is the first step it should lead to something
that is what that is even greater than this.
That is more compelling than the first. This is why you when you tell me, okay, so that we believe in the Asherah. You so it's not incorrect. But give me a compelling, make it at least equal on both sides. So that's the magnificent, everything that has been happening. Everything that has been happening, such great things have been happening not only on Earth, in the heavens, amazing things happen every day. There is a lot of things that are happening in Surah
Rahman, Coolio women who have vision, every moment, Allah is dealing with things and handling things and managing the creation. There's a lot of things happening.
Why is all of this magnificent creation, all of these lives, billions of lives, stories people live and people die for that nations arise and nations are destroyed. Right? And people go through whatever they go through all the drama, all the pain and all of this. This is such a rich, you know, thing to exist in so many details.
That's a huge list. Let me put it this. This is such a tremendous project. Why was it put together?
You need to give me something as compelling at least that's what Allah is saying here.
But it's again, the trap that we we have more than conditioning. You know, when we read
Lita Alamo and Allah Allah coalition Quran Allah for the Hitomi coalition and so that you know that Allah has power over everything and Allah knows everything. For us it's just like I thought there was something bigger coming about right yeah, there's nothing wrong with the verse is something that with our understanding of the verse, maybe
Okay, I promise this this this come back Yeah, go ahead.
probably should put some kind of a penalty on wrong answers. So you guys take it seriously.
So Allah loves His creation. Where is this
because so Allah loves His creation
okay, I'm making it hard for you, by the way, because you're, you're getting close. So, okay, oh, that quickly.
aligns with the extension shouldn't be the right way the creation should function like that. Like doesn't it doesn't make me feel like you see, it's not as compelling like, I want something to knock me out as I hear it.
Good, good. Try. It's not It's like again, it's not incorrect. But again, we want to match the magnificence of the first part. So the second part really shows what's going on
just one molecule
you you know you are not
not incorrect, but the same thing. Same thing.
The challenge so the, you know, the Oneness of Allah. One Step Closer,
one step closer, that would be a very by the way at the time of the companions, if you just say this word.
It would literally like get them to think. But you know, also that you know, the Oneness of Allah. Okay, so one.
By the way, I might not have a compelling answer, I promise you. I might not have. Yes, like I'm challenging you because I myself am challenged. I don't think like a lot
And I can again put it for you in such a compelling way. You know, because we struggle we struggle from the same thing is that we don't appreciate the truths about the Quran. Okay, so bear with me I want to exhaust everything you have, maybe I can, you know, steal something from you and claim it to myself
constant state of
constant constant state of the bar
it's not incorrect. It's done incorrectly bad. Anything under a bar. That is correct. Yeah, but I want to change the language. So hopefully we get some freshness. Yeah.
total submission, which is again, worship Yeah.
Later to half wallet, Okay, final final two shots.
I already gave them one big letter. lamb with ideal such this is such a big, big hint.
So you know that there's purpose so that you can go
Okay, so that you know, there's purpose. So, okay.
That leads to appreciating,
appreciating the greatness of Allah subhanaw taala.
Okay, we're getting closer. We're getting closer. I have to give this sisters a fair opportunity. So there's one shot left. So it could be with the sisters?
Who thinks they have a really a good answer. So
so we can give them that choice?
I haven't heard anything but put your hand up. Yeah.
Sister, there seems to be sister horseback to the world. Please go ahead.
Try and sleep. Reading.
Good, good attempt, again, is same thing. We're talking about aspects of worship aspects. So and as I said, None of this is incorrect. So
I'm going to take my chance now. Similar.
I promised so I have to stick to it.
Because we've been dealing with this for more than 15 minutes, by the way, so bear with me.
So Allah subhanaw taala
is basically clarifying to us, that you see this whole story, this whole thing that has been put together. Again, this whole project, as we said, we're using the word loosely, this whole project that is tremendous that is going for what 1000s and 1000s of years, this magnificent creation, everything that was put in it that were invested that was invested in it. Right, seven heavens. And we don't know even the vastness we can't even fathom the vastness right, seven apps. And not only that, the rich command that travels between them, there is nothing that happens in this life, except that it is pre written by Allah, everything, even the details, the details, you can talk about every
level, you can talk about the level of what planets, you can talk about galaxies, or you can talk about the most micro level you could ever think about atoms, you know, even seven, subatomic particles, neutrons, quarks, for example, what is happening to those for each one, there is something written, there's no randomness, there's no randomness in this creation of Allah. So that attention to all details, everything is taken care of everything is pre planned. And everything plays out according to plan, all of this greatness and all of the things that happen and all of the levels of experience that are happening all of this rich existence, why is this? Allah subhanaw
taala says, it gives us clue about it. The reason Allah put all of this together and Allah is wise, and he doesn't do anything without a purpose and without a worthy purpose.
Why did Allah Subhana Allah put all of this together and made it unfold in such a way?
That first first and foremost it shows that you as human beings because Allah says Lita animals, so it has to do with you. So that's you. So it has to do with us, you have to realize that what you were created for was something great, something tremendous.
This whole universe was created with everything that was happening for 1000s of years. That was happening and you were at the center of this project.
Don't take that lightly, you are at the center of the project. And this has to do with what Lita Alemu and Allah
had a condition so that you know Allah
you know Allah, in his names and attributes and you know Allah as he is
powerful, mighty, and all knowing, and the rest.
What is so special about you knowing Allah what is so special about you? And what is so special about you knowing Allah?
How does this match this magnificent creation?
That is the question.
I tell you why we go wrong, because we don't understand knowledge, because shaytan knows that Allah is powerful over everything right or wrong.
shaytaan knows that Allah knows everything right or wrong. So what is so special here?
What is so special about this? shaytaan already knows the angel is already No.
No, no, no.
What is the difference between this knowledge that Allah is talking about here in this verse and the knowledge that she upon has, just to show you how much secularized we are? And we try to understand Islam through the lens of secularism.
And that's why we read but it doesn't make so much sense to us.
No, no shaytaan we brought him just to serve a one idea, okay, kick him out. Kick him out. We live in a shadow and regime, as we said, you know, a blow three times.
Okay, we don't want share, but
it's not about shaytaan. It's not about okay, there is something greater here. something greater. So there is something so special. There is something so special, okay, about you, humans. And about you knowing knowing here is not knowing learning as you learned in school.
This is knowledge as you learn in your heart. And that's what we call a man
that's what we call a man. Bear with me, we're gonna go through a series so that we get we try to, you know, figure out, you know, what Allah here is talking about. So we are talking here about a man, a man is not mere information. Allah is not an idea in your head. No, Eman is not you knowing. This is called acknowledgement. This is not called knowledge in Islam.
This is not called knowledge. Because if a man was knowledge, knowing and acknowledging that Allah is one and Allah is worthy of worship, and Allah has the most beautiful names and attributes shaitan would be a believer. Right? She taught new shaytaan knows that better than us.
He knows that but at the most because he's seen most of that.
So what is the knowledge that Allah talking about?
Allah is talking about Eman. So what is this thing called a man and what is so special about it? Especially with regards to you as a human being?
I'm not asking question. This is not a question of seeking answers. This is a figurative question.
So you humans are at the center of a very big
Very big project Allah before. He had angels he created them. There were angels. And there were other creatures.
And they worshipped Allah. And they obeyed Allah Spano Tata. And they, they fulfill the commands of Allah. They asked when Allah humma humma humma if they don't disobey Allah wherever he commands them, and they only do what Allah commands them.
So why did Allah create humans?
Why does Allah create in the first place? Because it's al Bukhari, from Eben Abbasali Allahu anima. Can Allah what Aamir Khan Sheikh.
Another narration can Allah Allah mcconchie on now?
There was there was at some point Allah and there was nothing else with him.
Why did Allah create worship?
Why did Allah create? What is the point about worshiping Allah?
So Allah is self sufficient and Allah is Almighty Allah is all knowing and Allah is all great. Why does Allah create
to be an all the love because if we is that
Okay, I'm gonna I'm gonna steal that word Audyssey. Okay.
Yes, that's not incorrect. But again, we're just trying to capture as much as possible of the, the, the spirit of that thing behind it.
We this is why we fail to understand the names and attributes of Allah subhanaw taala. Allah is. I'll give you an example Allah is Allah Haluk right one of the names of Allah is Allah Haluk.
So if ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada as inside Bukhari, at some point, there was only Allah.
Allah is Allah Haluk. So Allah is complete, imperfect in himself and in His attributes and His abilities and capacities. perfect in every sense, perfection. Allah loves perfection and Allah loves his perfection. And this is what Allah loves his praise. When When humans read this, they project their human reality on something, oh, loving, praise is not good. You're not talking about a creature. You're talking about Allah. Everything about Allah is good and Allah loves good.
And Allah loves good to be abundant. And Allah Allah loves good to be them to reach the maximum abundance and good is with Allah. So Allah is the Creator. And if he's the creator, He's the Creator Himself. He doesn't need to prove his creation. But there is a difference between a creator who has the potential to create and the creator who actually creates, who turns his capacity into a reality. So Allah, this is one reason why Allah created
because the nature of creation is that it's dynamic, the ability to create, it's dynamic. So if it's if it does not exercise, that dynamism, there is deficiency. So Allah subhanaw taala, there's no deficiency about him, there's always perfection. And part of the perfection of Allah being the creator is that he creates and that's why he creates.
Allah is all knowing, and that requires, what, it doesn't require anything on behalf of Allah, but for knowledge, and the ability to know to reach its full potential, then there is something there must be something to be known.
There must be something to be known.
That's part of why Allah creates.
Allah is merciful. Mercy and being merciful is the attribute of Allah subhanaw taala. But when there is a recipient of that mercy, this mercy is reaching its perfection.
So the nature of Allah's names and attributes, it's that they are expressive. That's their natural goodness.
That's the natural flow, creator, the knower, the All Knowing, the all wise, the Merciful, the forgiver, the oft forgiving, if there is no sin, ALLAH is forgiving by himself. He doesn't need to forgive anyone, but that attribute, its expressive nature to play out fully outward.
There must be sin, and come and someone to commit that sin to be forgiven. Otherwise, it would remain as a personal attribute but it is not acted out. And that diminishes from its beauty.
So Allah subhanaw taala, created all of these creatures.
And they have all of them are, what are outcomes of his beauty of His perfection of his goodness, of his excellence. All of that these are his attributes, His natural goodness, his inherent goodness, you know, expressing itself outward, and bringing about its outcomes in the sense of creation.
So Allah created everything and there was one thing about Allah, which is the name of Allah himself.
That is, that is the, the master of all of the names of Allah say you do this man.
This is the best name of Allah subhanaw taala Allah.
Allah Himself, what does it mean?
The only one who deserves worship and devotion.
And what that is simple means simple terms. What does that mean?
and then love you have to choose. I love this. I choose this. You can't be coerced. You can't be programmed to love that's not love. Love is choice.
The angels Allah didn't give them choice. They obey Allah. They worship Allah by their nature by default.
They can't be otherwise.
The angels don't have resistance to obey, obeying Allah. They don't have anything to compete with it that
That's what they do naturally effortlessly. That's how it goes.
So Allah subhanaw taala chose humans for this greatest attribute, most attribute central attribute of his, which is
an ALA, the only one who truly deserves to be sought for himself loved for himself
and pursued for his own sake, above all else, and despite everything else.
And for this attribute, which is perfect and complete in Allah, but for its manifestation, its natural, expressive nature, to to shine outward.
Okay? Allah subhanaw taala wanted a real manifestation for that to be in the creation. So he created humans, to love him.
And that love to turn into a lifestyle and to turn into a struggle against all odds, because that's when it's the purest.
And how can this is a bad
so when we say bad, that's the whole that's, that's not the whole thing that's a little bit of glimpse behind what we call a better but again, today we it's like a very deaf word, a bad worship. So what? Well pray fast, Fine, let's do this, you know, get it over with and this move to do something else. But no, no love, a bad that is life. A better is what life was created for. It is the purpose you will create as the whole Odyssey was for that.
And that's the most beloved to Allah subhanaw taala that Allah is chosen by a creature who is able to choose
that you choose Allah above all else, that you love Allah above all else, that you live your life as a manifestation of the love of Allah subhanaw taala without Allah forcing you to love him, or programming you to love him, you have to choose you have to make that choice. And to help you do this, you will need a man and faith and knowledge. And that's why the Talmud and Allah Allah coalition in Kadir one Allah for the health of the coalition, so that you know, that you know who Allah is because when you know who Allah is, your nature reacts to that by loving Allah choosing him above all else, so you pursue him in your life, your life becomes merely and fully about Allah
So that's, that's what Allah is saying, Allah is explaining to us, why is there a creation rather than nothing? Why is the heavens and earth rather than nothing? Why are there humans rather than nothing? Why were you created?
Why was their adult? Why was there command and legislation and guidance from Allah subhanaw taala.
Because you were chosen, for the most beloved mission
to Allah subhanaw taala.
And the aspect that he appreciates the most about himself to be worshipped, to be chosen, to be loved for his own sake, and to be chosen above all else, he created you for that.
And Allah rewards abundantly because of that. So everything in the universe was created for this project.
And you are the center of that project. And this is why when this project is over, you know, the creation falls apart.
It's done his job.
That chapter is over.
So that's why Allah subhanaw taala is seeing us is telling us the secret of existence. This is the secret. It's the secret of existence. Why is there something rather than nothing? Why are there skies and earth, sky and earth? Why is there a command? Why is everything in your life? So this is the ultimate answer. If you ask a question about your life, why did this thing happen in my life, big or small? The ultimate answer is this.
Why was I born? Why do I look the way I look?
Why was I born into this family? Why was I born in this country?
Why did I meet the people that I'm that I met in my life? Why did I do the things that I did in my life? Why did the things that happen in my life happen?
Yeah, why did that specific incident happen?
It's part of that. It's part of you worshiping Allah. Why did I miss the bus this morning? Because of that.
Everything in this life when Allah says we created I created everything according to a precise measure. Every detail in this life, in your personal life in other people's lives in the lives as we said of the microscopic creatures, every move everything
Part of that big project, and it feeds into it.
That is the point that captures everything in reality and everything in existence. So this is what Allah is telling us here the secret of existence, the secret secret of why he created all of this, why He created you? And why is there suffering in the world? Why is there happiness in the world? Why is there opportunity? Why is there?
Why Yeah, why do you go through the things that you go on, so on and so forth, all of that boils down to one thing, the Talamo and Elia and aqualisa in Kadir when Allah could equally say in so that, you know, Allah is you get to know him intimately.
When you know Allah and timidly you're worshiping,
when it's when Allah is not just an idea, but a reality, living reality in your heart.
He becomes the closest to you, you live your life with him, in connection to him, in love with him, aware of him in his companionship. Life is the journey is a trip is a journey. And we say endure, suffer alojamento Sahiba Oh Allah, you are the companion
in my journey, and the journey of life is the same.
That's what Allah created you.
So fulfill that. That's what goodness means. This is what a good person is
not any of the other details that you think about not any of the social parameters and the modern parameters of what good and what evil are. That's what ultimate good is. And this is where every good
draws its value from.
That's why we are here. This is why we came to this mystery. This is why we're reading this today.
It all feeds into this.
So I hope by this we have managed to probe this. It's a magnificent secret. It's you can spend your life just, you know, pondering on it, marveling at it, digging deeper into it and this is what you should and this is really the thing when I lost Rotella says in the moment meaning one in Ludhiana either I don't care Allah Who would you like to call a bomb? The true believers are the ones that when the name of Allah has mentioned their hearts tremble, there'll be something inside them that awakens that that shakes and awakens comes to life. That's it. That's what Allah created you for.
You turn that into a lifestyle and you stay committed to it, you fall you fall off, right and you slip but you put yourself back on track. That's it. That's where you are created for. Don't think it's a simple thing. This is this is the
this is the most important aspect of existence. And it was you were entrusted with it. And this is why they are a poet said but hey yo coleambally No, no footprint Allahu Phurba BNF Sica and Tara, Hannah and Emily, you were created for something tremendous.
Don't let yourself you know, graze or lose your way with the headless. So ask Allah Subhana Allah to help us appreciate this reflect upon this And subhanAllah it's at the end of Surah Talaaq.
At the end of salata, Tala again, there could be many could make many connections about this, but we ask Allah subhanaw taala to accept from us and to guide us and enlighten our hearts. So Allah is the machine 101 early he was having a huge range. And sha Allah, see you next Friday be the Latin