Friday Halaqat – Tafseer As Sa’idi
Channel: Moutasem al-Hameedy
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Abdullah Emanuel Rahim layer below Alameen
wa Salatu was Salam ala Sayidina Muhammad in rather early he was heavy with Toby, woman to be a homebase son in a yo Medina. We start our halacha for this evening in sha Allah
and we continue with tafsir Lehmann Masada Rahim Allah Allahu taala.
Again, for those who want to read Quran and they don't want to be disturbed by the sound of the speakers, I think they can go on the front prayer hall and inshallah they won't be disturbed there.
So we reach solids, a cola, which is again the first five verses that were revealed from the Quran or the beginning of sola Accra.
All Imams study right Rahim Allahu Allah to seal salatu wa here makiya.
I will do bIllahi min ash shaytani R rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim, a Quran Bismillah because Allah the Holika Holika insane I mean Allah. The Quran Rob Bukal Karim Allah the Anima we'll call them column. I live in Santa Maria Maria alum
Kela in in Santa diabo Ottawa who Severna in you know, because Would you eat a lady and then either Salah Allah ATIA in Ghana eyelid Huda, I'm out I'll be Toccoa our editor in case the router will LME ILM B and aloha era Kilda Illa me into Heelan is less fun being now so yeah, now see it in caddy, but in harpley familia de una the Santa Rosa Burnie Candela to put who was Jude worked at him had he saw a word of Saul Quran yet you know Zulan either rasool Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam for in Hannah zealots la he FEMA bed in Nobu.
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the English translation.
The surah was the first Surah of the Quran to be revealed to the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa salam it was revealed to him at the beginning of his prophethood when he did not know anything about the book or about faith Gibreel Alehissalaam came to him with the message and commanded him to recite, but he refused, saying, I am not recited.
But Gibreel kept urging him until he recited then Allah revealed to him the words recite, commencing with the name of your Lord who created all creation. Then he singled out men and then he singles out man and mentions the beginning of his creation from a clinging clot. The One who created man and cared for him must also care for him by issuing commands and prohibitions, which he did by sending the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to them and sending down the books to them.
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for Allameh Holy Quran where Allah mon hikma Well, I lemma who will call them and let the behavior follow Allume what will the bottle hook what's the corner Roussillon leanness eternal blue mana hippo be him for the law Hill hamdulillah Mina under the anomala EBRD he had the Hindi Amin Latina, Latina in the Runa Allah, Allah Allah Allah, Allah Allah Azza wa ala should call to Mammon Allah him Bill
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Hence, after the command to recite, he mentions his creation of man. Then he says recite, for your Lord is the Most Generous, that is he is possessed of the most sublime attributes, and is very generous and kind. Part of his kindness is that he taught the use of the pen, who taught the use of the pen, taught man what he knew not, for he brought him forth from his mother's womb, not knowing anything, and he gave him hearing sight and intellect, and made available to him the means of acquiring knowledge. So he taught him the Quran, and he taught him wisdom. And he taught him the use of the pen through which knowledge is preserved, and rights and duties are regulated, and messages
are exchanged between people so that they do not have to speak directly to one another. All Praise be to Allah, who has bestowed these blessings upon his sleeves for which they cannot give sufficient thanks. Moreover, he has blessed them with independence of me with independence of means and abundant provision. But because of man's ignorance and wrongdoing, when he thinks that he is independent of means, he transgressors and behaves arrogantly turning away from true guidance, he forgets that he will return to his Lord and He does not fear punishment. Perhaps he may even go so far as to reject guidance himself, and call others to reject it and tell them not to pray, which is
the best act of faith. Allah says to this stubborn and rebellious one.
Have you Amen. We continue with the Arabic
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So, have you or man who tells someone not to pray considered? How about if he namely the slave of Allah who is praying is indeed following through guidance by knowing the truth and acting upon it and enjoying righteousness upon others? Is it appropriate to try to stop someone who is like this? Is it not the case that trying to stop him is one of the worst forms of present of, of opposition towards Allah and towards the truth. Such a thing cannot be done except by someone who himself is drifting away from guidance or he tells others to do things that are contrary to piety
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How about if the one who tells someone not to pray, this believes and turns away from the truth? Does he not fear Allah and His punishment? Does he not realize that Allah sees all
doesn t realize that Allah sees all that he does
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Then Allah warns him if he persists in his ways, nay, if he does not desist and give up what he is seeing and doing, we will surely drag him by his forelock. That is, we will surely seize him violently by his forelock, and he deserves that for it is a lying sinful for Locke, that is, he is lying and in what he says and sitting in what he does, familia de roja the lady Haqqani he recalled the WHO MHDC he was had a who woman How do you know who Allah mana Celebi? He Santa Rosa Ania has energy Johanna the FDA were Okwu Betty fully on board or you will find me at Huawei. So had he had to now he want to either be human or Kuba. Well, I'm gonna hand it to him and he for Mr. Allahu
Allah usually either has a now he Wallah young cordially nahi for call Candela to put home a in the hola Maru Ellerbee Murthy. Hasakah to deline was good the aerobic work 30 Min houfy sudo. They were really human and what apparati Well, robot for inocula to the niemand Dubois what to call reboot. Minho, what are the Armand Nikolina and Anil hiree? Woman Hagen and who were in Canada New Zealand fish any who hadn't Hina Allah so Allah Allahu Allah, Allah who already he was sending the man in solidarity wherever they be he who met were in line.
So let him namely this person who deserves that that punishment call his associates, that is his companions and friends, and the people around him to help him deal with that, what has befallen Him, we will call the angels of punishment, that is the keepers of hell to seize Him and punish him. Then let him see which of the two groups is stronger and more capable. That is the situation of the one who tells someone not to pray. And this is the punishment of which he is warned. As for the one who is told not to pray, Allah commands him not to listen to this person who tells him not to pray, and to pay no attention to him as he says, nay, pay no heed to him, for he is not enjoying anything but
that which leads to loss in this world and the Hereafter, prostrate in prayer to your Lord, and draw near to Allah in frustration and in other acts of worship, for they all bring one closer to attaining his pleasure and bring one nearer to him. This is general in meaning and applies to everyone who tells one ought to do acts of worship, even though it was originally revealed concerning Abuja hell, when he told the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam not to pray, and try to disturb him and warn him and harm him as
Okay, so so let's get
the first five verses were the first verses ever revealed from this blessing book, the Quran.
And the story is well known that the Prophet SAW Selim was in cave headlock, and the prophets of salaam Kenyatta hadn't
had a handle. And the handle of in the Arabic language has many meanings.
It could mean purification,
purification, and it could mean prayer. And it could mean worship in general. So what was the prophets Allah salaam, doing? The messengers of Salah was contemplating?
Not meditation as today? So people tried to seek, say that meditation is Islamic, or they take it from Buddhism, from Hinduism, from Taoism, and then from modern psychology, they have meditation, right as a practice of relaxation. And then you have some Muslim saying, Oh, you see, it's in the life of the prophet saw Salem, before he received revelation he used to do meditation. Well, we know the word meditation contemplation, reflection, like, sort of conflated in the English in the usage of the English language, right? But the word meditation today, as stood out for a practice, for a practice that is religious and Eastern religions, and that has become a common practice today among
the New Age spirituality, right? So it's a religious practice. But, you know, that's not what it's about silencing the mind for them. Just stop your thoughts and sit still. Don't do anything. Observe. That's not what the Prophet SAW Selim used to do. Actually, Schaefer, Islam, even Tamia and he stood at the millennium. They actually addressed this
because this was a non practice from the east, from the old days, it was known.
And some mystics who ascribed themselves to Islam, some of the Sufi sects was ascribed themselves to Islam. They invented, they took that and they said, there is Islamic meditation.
But the Prophet SAW Selim wasn't doing that the person was reflecting on life, what it means he was engaging with the bigger questions of life. Right? So that's what he was doing. He was searching for the truth.
He was he was he wasn't just sitting in silence. He was contemplating what is this world is about what is this life about? What is luck? You know, what am I doing here? What am I supposed to do? And these are the questions of the fitrah. He is engaging with the quest of the fitrah. But the Prophet SAW Selim did not receive had not received revelation up until that moment. So he didn't receive revelation. He didn't know. This is what Allah says, Matt contacted the email Kitab, who will email you didn't know what the book was revelation. What an email you didn't know what faith was, and matters of the unseen.
So Julian came to the Prophet SAW Salem, and it was in the month of Ramadan. And some scholars say it was in the Laylatul Qadr.
degree came to the Prophet SAW Salem, and obviously said to him, it cannot read and the person said, I don't know how to read. I'm not a recital. I don't read. So Gibreel held them very tight. They let him loose. He said the cloth three times, and the price of them was petrified. Gibreel finally gave him the reveal to him these first five verses he
read, and that's a sign that
you know, the path to Allah subhanaw taala starts with knowledge, with education.
Not with tradition, not with culture. Not with assumptions, not with whims, desires, thoughts, no, it starts with reading a crop weed in the Name of your Lord who created a crop this neuron became the HELOC. So you have this is a very intense message, first read and look, try to put the word in the context like it looks out of context read, like in this very scary situation, the problem is completely shaken. And he says read like what does reading have to do with anything? Right? It bismi in the name of the autoload dropbox so there is load now Lord in the Arabic language Rob means creator. It means someone who takes care of you. He answers all of your needs. He has given you
everything there's another word for that in Arabic language Willie you Nana
you know the provider and the owner of everything you have.
Okay, so that's, that's all automatic understood by the Arabs when you said the rob a corrupt Bismillah because it's understood. So it's a very profound word. So it takes you into a completely different world. So the prophets of Saddam was looking for what is the point behind life? What are we doing here? Did the prophets of salaam know Allah?
Let's get you engaged. Did the problem know Allah before revelation?
Did you know Allah?
Did he know Allah didn't know ALLAH existed? Allah is the Creator of the heavens in the air.
Force of existence.
Those a force that existed, a force existed. Okay, so did they know No, did he know Allah and that Allah is perfect, complete. He's above the heavens. He is the Creator of the heavens and the earth and his name is Allah. Did he know that?
Yes, the Arabs knew Allah. Their name was Abdullah. His father's name is Abdullah. So then you Allah was they knew and they knew that these idols were not Allah but they took them as what?
As media carries with Allah so He knew Allah He knew Allah was the creator of the heavens and the earth he knew. It's not like he was searching, like there was no God. And is there a God or not? No, is there a God or not? This is an answered question. When you're born, you know it. When you were born, you know it. So this is why atheism is an anomaly is a departure from human nature. complete departure from a human is a dumbing down of humanity. But they built around it, they scaffolded it with a lot of sophistication and a lot of terms and a lot of philosophy, stuff like that. But it's a futile idea. It has this way in solid Ibrahim, Allah talks about the messengers who were sent that
they say to their people, if Allah He check, he's like Tao like they were shocked. You're doubting Allah.
Now it's about worshiping Allah. That's what the message is about. But to get to the point where is there Allah like, are you really doubting Allah? So for them
It's like it's unthinkable
right? So the promise that I'm new Alaba book now there's a connection Rob Book Your Lord the one who takes care of you cut up this metal because the Haluk he created and he created here created everything is an open close here. A HELOC I'll insert I mean I'll credit man for my hanging clot your collarbone broken column, your Lord now is the most generous, the most noble, the most honorable.
Under the unnamable column who taught with the pen, now the pen here it means right? It means writing and it means dependents. Well, somebody might say no, now we type, right we don't we use keyboards, but that's still dependent. That's all writing the whole concept of writing, coding knowledge into language into letters into words into sentences. That's all called column
elimite Insert amalgam Yalom he taught man that which he did not know and we are born we don't know anything.
We don't know anything. Allahu Akbar Raja Camembert, only Omaha, Chico, Lata Ala Moana, she and Sultan. Allah brought you forth from the wombs of your mother's knowing nothing, you don't know anything, which Allah como somehow will absorb all of ADA. And he provided you with hearing sight and hearts.
We know with our hearts. But
then Allah subhanaw taala teaches about now these are the first verses that were revealed. The rest of it was revealed later on, and most likely years later.
And it speaks at all were sent on the occasion of
Abuja, hell, resisting the prophets of Allah when he was selling and trying to stop him from prayer. Many times Abuja had said the embody to Muhammad and his Judo endl Kybella on our own rupee upon our own alcohol. If I see Muhammad praying by the Kaaba, I shall put my feet my foot on his on his back on his head, on the back of his neck.
And he actually tried but the angels angels pushed him away.
And he said, Well, Allah He locked her up to pay their own moolah, on the process that Allah Hila will tell about their own mudra that the hot puppet will Mala aka to rub one on one had he came to me just by an inch.
The angels would have taken him piece by piece taking him apart.
So that's Abuja, Han Allah subhanaw taala talks about him but that's the general concept. And this is something that is known in Islam that's very important. There is something called the principal and also has called a lebrato be a mommy left Leila because also seven, meaning the meaning of the verse
signals a general rule and is not limited to the specific case here.
Many rulings are fickle like this, for example, in hedge when a person is in a state of haram and they say the person needs to shave before the time for shaving.
So there was a companion at the time of the Prophet SAW Selim, who was with him, and he had a lot of issues in his head. He had lice and he had problems and a lot of itching.
So he needed to shave. So he approached the prophesy Salaam and Allah revealed the verse that a person who has harm or illness or an issue with his head, they can shave, right, but they should slaughter an animal,
instead of that. So when this was revealed, the man asked the Prophet Solomon said Alia a Healy ha. So Emily, Emily, Emily Muslim in the prophets of sunset bill Helium cyminum. The man said, Is it only for me? Or is it for all the Muslims, the prophecy and said for all the Muslims, everyone in this situation, it applies to them.
So this really talks about a human condition, Allah says, can learn that in Santa Leia per man transgressors, with arrogance, aggression against others. So man has this in him.
Every human being has this in him, anyone who thinks he's free from that, then he doesn't know himself or she doesn't know herself.
People have this potential, and it's latent in them. And when the opportunity presents itself, this expression this expresses itself out this tendency expresses itself out. This is why power any sort of power is extremely dangerous, extremely dangerous. So Allah subhanaw taala says kill innocent and Ayatollah Barbara who sterner man transgressors.
When he finds himself when he sees himself, that he is rich that he possesses that he has
authority has wealth, he has power. Man tends to abuse that. And by the way, this is like this is even known. There has been some experiments, I think it's called the Prison Experiment was it in the 60s.
They actually brought people to just act out a scenario, that there are prisoners.
And there are prison wardens and guards. And they put them in a prison. And I think it's
it's an Italian, an American Italian American psychologist who did that from the University of California.
Professor Zimbardo, they had to stop the experiment in the middle.
So they put them for extended period of time for I don't know, a couple of weeks in prison. Some people took the role of
prison guards, and some were prisoners. And they were told to act as if it was a real situation. And you know what, and they filmed them, and they observed them.
The prison guards abused in a sadistic way, and they inflicted real harm. This is an experiment. This is an act
inflicted real harm on the prisoners, to the point that it became extremely dangerous and unethical. And at that time, the ethics for no scientific experiments we're not we're not that strong, we're very loose, but they had to put an end to this. Look it up. It's very famous, that tells you humans, it's very dangerous to give man power. Simple. This is why I'm almost automatically Allahu Anhu said to Africa who plan to sell Where do you know learn educate yourself and develop to hold their time was not only knowledge, theoretical knowledge, it was proper, you know, treatment of the self knowledge and you implement it and you purify your heart and you grow with it to be right. So
educate yourself and cultivate yourself before you assume positions of leadership or authority or power. And this applies by the way as well to parents.
If a parent is not cultivated, it's easy to get frustrated with a child and really, you know, cause harm to them.
Okay, Kyla and Alison Aloha, who Severna in Elan beaker Raja, Allah, what a beautiful verse This is in in our home because the return is back to your Lord.
This for a believer is a very sweet verse for a disbeliever it's a it's a tremendous threat
in in Iraq because Raja USIA you will return will be to Allah, you know, all this life that you live, all the details that you do want, go and enjoy and the dreams that you have, all of that is going to come to an end. And all of that is going to, you know, take you back to Allah, the return is to your Lord. That's what this is what this is the gist of life. The return of is to your Lord. So everyone is going to be held accountable as everyone is going to meet Allah eventually
allow you to let the you know Did you see the person in her who prohibits someone else from praying? Again, Abuja had acting against the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam.
He's saying, You know what the Prophet of Islam is upon the truth, and he's doing something good. And you are preventing him. So this is a person in yen her, you know, like Nike and in mooncup, right? Yen her from Nike and among Kurama models, Nike and monka.
So Bucha had had authority and he had wealth. And he, he felt this kind of transgression towards the Prophet Muhammad Rasul Allah, and he felt entitled to it. That's a form of power, a form of transgression, entitlement, which is very common today. And it's taught to kids as well.
It's taught this disease is taught to kids under the name of human rights.
So, so Bucha Hill felt entitled that he could prevent profits, isolate them from praying from calling people to Islam. So he tried to prevent the Prophet SAW Selim, Allah says, what what if he was upon the truth? What if what he was doing was actually good? You prevent what's good?
Do you see the absurdity of that?
Or at and can alHuda Allah with Taqwa? Right?
Then Allah subhanaw taala
LM says LM LM be an ally, Allah doesn't he know that Allah sees and watches everything.
And again, this is referring to the state of Zen, that every person should strive to live their life being aware that Allah is watching them, that Allah knows them.
And he's the one who's going to hold them accountable. Allah says the Linden Allah gives a warning that if you
He did not does not because again Bucha Hill took power in his people and his supporters in his team. Allah says, you know who's your team compared to the angels? Who are the gods of the Hellfire. The God led him to unreliable and she that Allah describes them as very rough and violence. They love when she dead.
So again, the surah
is actually a reminder that we can take from that is that in our times, there's a lot of prohibition of good
people, you know, become Muslim people practice their religion, people pray. Just the other day, you know, the guy who was praying in the Ottawa via train station, you know, the clip that went viral. And then this
this officer or this guy from the security guy, from the train station says you can't pre hear, right? He approached him after he's done with the prayer. Okay, that's Chapin.
Provoking game is impatient to see someone worshipping Allah subhanaw taala.
So, there's a lot of prohibition and sometimes it's not so direct. Sometimes it's calling you know, whoever like practices, or they are extremists, things like that. There are extremists Yes. But again, to use it with everyone who practices their religion. And that is the point by the way behind it anyways, it was invented originally for that, anyways, the whole concept of extremism and terrorism and all that stuff.
Or sometimes Oh, you're backward, right? That's tradition. That's old school. You know, embrace modernity civilization. Right? Naked this
and everything all the stuff along style. We have time for more Surah
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You're done. And then 4642 42 Bye bye think we can read? Yeah, we can read inshallah.
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Salatin Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim by the fig and the olive Allah swears by these two well known trees because of the many benefits of the trees and their fruits. And because they are prevalent in the land of Hashem, which was the location of the prophethood of Raisa even Maria Marie so then what would he seen in a YouTube ad say in the Helene whoo what he Musa Salallahu it he was sitting them wow, that ability I mean, why not get one more cup warmer. Mahalo nobody Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the oximeter Allah behind the hill, my mother in Makkah, and let him tell how tarath I mean of the noble Well, it was a Shabbat
and by Mount Sinai, which was the location of the prophethood of Musa alayhis salam, and by the secure city Makkah, which was the location of the prophethood of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Allah subhanho wa Taala swears by these holy places which he chose, and from which he sent the best and noblest of his prophets. Well, MCSA Murali HCA will the whole locker the harlequin and in Santa Fe I set it up when I turned middle Halti mattina Sybil Montasio Bill calm that may have paid me may I tagged you in a vote here on Oberlin and she when I heard him now I'm in Lima ality in Berryman haltia movie Shukria, the actor will help him or her the fauna and Shoukry the Mon ami
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What is attested to is the words, Verity, we have created man in the best of conditions. That is we create him in the best of ways with limbs in proportion and an upright stance, and he is not lacking in anything that he needs either inwardly or outwardly. Yet despite these great blessings of which things should be given, most people fail to give thanks to the restore of these blessings, for they are distracted by amusement and play, and are content with the most trivial and insignificant of matters. So Allah will reduce them to the lowest of the low, namely, the lowest part of hell, which is a place for sinners who rebel against their Lord, except for those whom Allah blesses with faith,
righteous deeds and a sublime good attitude. There there's will be a never ending reward, that is they will attain high status thereby and unceasing reward rather they will have constantly available pleasures dois coming one after another, and blessings in abundance, eternal bliss that will never end is food is perpetual, and so is it shade feminine you can debo Cabana, Adobe Dean au che in UK dibuka Johan insane Obioma Jezza man 8am In Area Tila and Cathy allottee maybe yes Well luckily again, when we nearly Hema ug bodycare under attack for rubbishy in Baraka de la sallahu be akademin Herky mean, for health after the Hikmah to one year to Kochalka Sudha la Morona whether you want to
know whether he was born or whether you were baboon emila the Halacha in Santa Eduardo on bad doubt while also add him in and he will tell you he will be remind you sooner who will Bellomo Tarbiat al Hassan Daniel either home in our dad in his room or via to whom Allah to Allah Yuxi don't wanna ha your own to met with Allah and
then after this, what makes you oh man deny the judgment. That is what makes you old man deny the Day of Requital for deeds. When you have seen when you have seen many of the signs of Allah that should make you certain and you have seen the blessings of Allah that should make you not disbelieve in anything that he has told you. Is not Allah, the wisest of the wise, does Allah's wisdom dictate that he shouldn't leave humankind without purpose, with no commands or prohibitions never to be rewarded or punished? Or will the One who created them in stages and bestowed upon them innumerable blessings and fate favors and took good care of them inevitably bring them back to their final and
ultimate abode to which they are headed and there they will end up?
Okay, so this thought would, what it does.
There's a few
subtle indications there, but we're not going to address them, necessarily. They were mentioned here in the, in the Tafseer. That teen was a to refer to a sham to the CNN is Sinai will have the ability I mean, Matt can these are the areas where prophets were? Prophet Ibrahim alayhi salam was in all these areas. Musa Ali Salam was in Taurus, Ina. Why? Majority of the prophets were in a sham Prophet Muhammad wa salam was in inability, I mean, Maccha right, these are lands where revelation was sent, and people were educated about Allah subhanaw taala. Then Allah says that we have created man in the best shape.
Complete in that sense in the sense of creation. Everything is right in place, there is no
again, there's no extra pieces in a human being. There's no waste in a human being, everything is fine, fine tune everything about the humans. And that's outward and inward. We're speaking about the physiology, but we can also speak about this spiritually, and the psychology and all of that, Allah created man in the best shape that is suitable best shape suitable for the purpose of this life.
And such a grand and beautiful creation in, you know, the Bellagio in all these lands, which are a sample of the earth and the creation of the human the creation of the earth and the creation of the humans. This beautiful intricacy, this wonderful system.
you think all of that was figured out right? But the purpose of humans was not figured out.
So Allah Santa provided man with creation, but not with guidance and revelation. Allah He gave humans life and did not tell them what to do with life.
and they go hand in hand. Allah gave man his creation. And Allah subhanaw taala gave man the revelation, creation and the revelation and hello while Omro.
So, Allah guided you even to your food, his he got to you to the fruit of your stomach, do you think he's not going to guide you to the fruit of your heart?
Allah showed you the purpose of your eyes of your ears of your hands, the purpose of the things around you of the trees, of wood of iron and so on and so forth. You think your overall purpose was neglected?
So Allah subhanaw taala says, Man debasis himself man brings himself down. How?
By acting ungratefully to Allah subhanaw taala, in denial to Allah subhanaw taala and choosing the path of disbelief.
Allah created you at a level higher than all other animals that you see on the earth. You and you, humans insist to put themselves even below why because you are given a faculty that animals were not given. But you insist to live at the same level as them. So they have an advantage here because they were not given that level of consciousness, the column they will not taught, as you were taught,
is why say Allah says, full Mara that now as far as Stephanie, and then we send man to the lowest levels, by their own actions by their own deeds, their own choice.
Right. So this is what the surah is really about, who is the exception to this kind of, you know, low level that humans end end up in? are the ones who stay true and loyal to the purpose of their creation, to Allah subhanaw taala to his revelation, as they accept His creation, they accept His revelation. At the same time. We ask Allah subhanaw taala to open our hearts to the Quran and teach us more of it and let it Illuminate our hearts and chests was that Allah wa salam ala Sayidina Muhammad wa Ernie was a big name it's time to make dua now to make dua for yourself your brothers Muslim brothers and sisters around the world