Channel: Moutasem al-Hameedy
Exploring the Evolution of Fiqh. You will learn about the term fiqh, how it was used in the times of Prophet (SAW), times of Khulafa Rashidoon and how the four famous Madhahib evolved, reasons behind difference of opinion. How fiqh evolved to our time. And many other important and relevant topics related to our time.
© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.
hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala nabina, Muhammad Ali, he was a big money and
So this is the fourth session Sharla. On
our class, the story of all the history.
And we spoke about previously redefined the meaning of linguistically and how it was in the early stages of Islam, and then how it developed later on, with the development of into a slightly different meaning or a more specialized kind of meaning. Then we explored the differences between the word Fox and the word shalya. And I believe we've, we've talked,
to a great extent about the differences between them. And what is the benefit of actually being able to differentiate between these two things, something that went through my mind about this is the
you will find sometimes in some books, some 4k books that belong to certain with ABS, some of them actually say that our madhhab omega is the true religion,
even like some of the books have,
one of the and one of them is written that this madhhab is the must have of Rasulullah saw Salah Ramadan. And another book also said that our madhhab is the method according according to which Allah we judge people on the Day of Judgment.
And this is what we call tasks. This is more of a blind following, but it's an aggressive kind of approach to fit and to the method. And we know now that basically the, the fact of the matter of this part of the book. So the Sharia is the truth that came from a lie, it's more of an ideal think Sharia is the ideal thing that we throw our we try to arrive at the Sharia, we try to arrive at the Sharia, rather the Sharia. So there's something visual, actually probably, I'll try to send it to you maybe just make it and send it to you. You can if you can make two circles overlap, two circles overlap. And
one circle is fundamentally affect. And the other circle is fundamentally Sharia. The overlapping area, the overlapping area is where meets Sharia. That's when Philip has really arrived at the correct ruling of our last panel.
Can you visualize it? So we have Philip here we have Sherry, I hear this overlapping area where they overlap, but they don't they're not identical, they don't completely overlap.
So the overlapping area that's where I have a specific person, let's say has arrived at the correct Sharia rulings. Whereas the other part of the fork circle, the other part of it is where the family made he had but he went from he did not arrive with the correct opinion. Who knows this, ultimately Allah knows the differences. But we humans, when someone is qualified, when they study, they study and they study the soul. And they have the tools, they can sometimes based on evidence, they can arrive at a conclusion that this scholar made a mistake here based on all the evidence bringing all the evidence and looking at everything that pertains to this specific ruling. Okay, what about the
circle of Sharia? That does not overlap with what is in there?
So the circle of Sharia, the overlapping? Part of it is okay, the rulings that a scholar or certain scholars or mental health has arrived at that are matching Sharia matching exactly what the last pantalla ones. What about the cycle or circle surely has a part of it that's outside this overlapping area?
Not exactly like squats are the sources of Sharia. But what's the content of that remaining part of this circle?
After either exactly after the
after the block, for example, because these don't fall under the under the what we said the technical term
under the technical term.
One question here.
Do you think that area that's not within the circle
of Sharia that's not overlapping with what we call but this circle of fifths, okay is the fact in general that the the efforts of the Muslims commerce throughout the ages still this, by the way this kind of visual applies, can we say in the area within this circle of shehryar that does not overlap with there is the correct ruling about an issue.
Can we say this?
Which means if we translated into proper language, is there a 50 ruling the law once that none of the Muslim Ummah has arrived at and it remained a mystery?
No one hit the truth about it.
Did you get the question?
So, that's basically within Sharia. Is there a ruling from Allah subhanaw taala, which is a true ruling. But the scholars throughout the ages have tried to arrive at the ruling at this specific thing.
And they tried and they studied the evidence from the Quran, the Sunnah, and they use the tools and they use their knowledge, but no one throughout the history of the Muslim Ummah arrived at the correct ruling about this key issue.
Now ladies and father is not a separate issue when it is there. It's not a family issue. So this is why says has to be a key issue camellia
very good. A very I kind of I didn't think of that that was in my mind something that did not happen. But so let's exclude this is a very good point. But let's exclude this about something happened.
This is by the way out of our class was a good point to keep in mind.
A foot here ruling someone which is needed for the oma, something happened. Must there must be someone in the Muslim Ummah that has arrived at it, there must be there must be and where do we take this from? So if there's a ruling about something that happened throughout the Muslim history, or actually even at a specific time at a specific generation, could it be possible that no one has arrived at this correct ruling at all.
That's an impossibility. That's an impossibility. Because if people did not arrive, or at least someone did not arrive at the correct opinion. That means they have all agreed on something wrong, or some other things that are all wrong. And the prophet SAW Selim said authentic hadith Latisha Tammy rometty lol Bada, my oma will never be upon misguidance anything that's wrong, by the way is considered to be misguidance.
So this is why this headache is used in the usually under the heading of each map, under the heading of each map, and the process of said
lateral album in car a mainly la he because the earth will never be empty of someone who says the truth about something.
So there is always at every generation, there is someone at least one person and usually more than that, who have arrived at the truth at a specific matter. But all of the truth does not is not combined within one person. I hope this is not too complicated.
But this actually follows from our understanding of fifth and Sharia. We said Sharia is the is the ideal thing is the correct room that's with a las panatela based would along with all the principles.
But fifth is the human effort to arrive at Sharia is the human effort to arrive at Sharia.
So the question is will ever be there a 30 metre that has befallen the Muslim Ummah, and no one at all has arrived at the correct like ruling they're impossible according to a consensus of the scholars, they say in the under the GMR. This what they studied was all the truth must be there at least with one person. At least a must be there. Yes.
Which foot is rolling? in that specific matter?
No, because that ruling for us, for us is still
so if someone like let's say a scholar made this opinion, he's the only one let's say a student of knowledge studies. His opinion weighs up the evidence, but he's not convinced it doesn't see that. It's actually
What is intended behind the texts? So he doesn't take his opinion. It's not binding. In that sense. It's not binding, because people don't know. Specifically, like with these like issues, we're only very few people really arrived at the correct conclusion. So how?
I don't know when there is an amount on an issue? That's a different question. If there is an issue map on an issue, it becomes binding. Yeah, this because this is what it's called to say, if there's an issue on something, it becomes almost like an maloom in a DNA bottle. If there is a consensus, by the way, there's something about soccer here. And about the salsa, if there is something where the Muslim scholars have a consensus, complete consensus complete
about a ruling. That's it. That's it, no one can break from it. Regardless, no one can break from it. So it is binding. And this is why some of these causal solfa They say the strongest evidence,
because if it's there, there's no way you can go around it. But if there's a verse you can, you can use sometimes that will, you can come up with a different interpretation. So you can go around it sometimes. But when it comes to edema, and specific about something, one issue, it's binding, you can't go around it. You can't go around it. Yes.
That's a very technical thing. How do you define edema? And this is why
this is why it's important to study of souls at least get a very good taste of it, because each map is different types. How do we get to Jima and there's a difference or disagreement among the scholars as to what is true some of the scholars actually hold that the only practical practically possible is the amount of the Sahaba the companions but in actuality Juma is possible. It is possible because Jamal does not have to be every scholar has to voice their opinion, it has to be that something or an issue a ruling appears, and everyone seems to agree on it and becomes like a rule of thumb. And no one disagrees with that.
No one disagrees with that. Obviously, that's actually gets to the level of each month, and guess the level of each month. But it's it's very technical, and it needs to be and this is actually a call by some of the contemporary scholars, they say we need to actually really make good use of email because it's a powerful tool. And specifically now with means of communication, it becomes easier. Okay.
We, we left you with the homework? Did anyone do the homework?
Who did the homework?
Okay, we are sisters as well. So okay, did you write it down?
Do you have a copy for yourself and copy for me? Or is it the same copy?
Okay, if if you can hand it over to the person next to you then inshallah I will get it. But before that, let me let me get you to show me your answer some of you to show your answers. Let's start with the sisters sister. Yes, please.
What's the example that you found?
Can you speak up a little bit because
Okay, okay. This is something that the Quran did not make a ruling about, but as soon as I came and established a ruling, which is basically donkeys, yeah. The meat of donkeys, that was the day of hyper rain. That was the day of hyper Yes. So the, the Muslim is actually where some people used to eat. They used to eat horses and donkeys. So they were actually cooking them and the professor said and told them to, you know, throw that away, throw that away. And in Arabic, they're called hamal, Li or a hammer and in C, these are the donkeys domestic donkeys, okay. So they are not held either through the Sunni was made by the prophets of Salaam although we don't find it in the Quran.
So that shows the Sunnah also can establish a ruling that is not there at all in the plot. That's not there in the Quran. So the sooner could explain or could construct contextualize or could make exceptions and could also
Create a new ruling about something. Yes Who else wants to share something with us?
In heaven it Komal may teta what Amala made one for you. And Mater which is dead animals
well with them which is blood as well, which is running blood, basically running blood. Yeah.
Excellent. There's a lead from the province of Sodom and Muslims the mamod that basically what the process item says two types of dead animals were made headed for us. And this is fish. And what's gelatin English?
grasshoppers, yeah, grasshoppers and weatherman and two types of blood that means these are things that come from I mean, originate from blood, which is Cabot liver. And what's
interesting, my English out of my comfort zone, these Serbs, perhaps what's the hell in English? But you didn't didn't get the translation, okay?
Is it gallbladder, okay?
Okay, let's take one more example. And we came up with another example. Yes.
It's fine. It's fine. No problem.
Okay, so the, the Quran says apollomon habermasian Allah who made her arm or prohibited the adornment. So the beautification that Allah created for mankind,
then the prophets are seldom
prohibited for males, the wearing of silk, for example, and gold.
Is this a new ruling?
Or is it here more of a making an exception from the general?
Yes, this is the this is an exception is making an exception from a general rule. So in the Quran, Allah, Allah says dormant is as Helen has made her that it's a gift from Allah. But the prophets of Salaam specified that this is not intended in reverse, which is silk for men and gold for men. They do not fall under the rule. So there, there are exceptions. They are to be excluded from the general, this is what's called the please. Okay, good. Very good. Excellent.
Before we move on, as well, do you have any questions?
Any questions? Yes.
I'm a cost. I mean, that has to be a solid, okay, it has to be solid. And cost em means inclusive, very general term that includes almost everything, equity, say an S. Humanity. Everyone. Okay. alhazred is another text that needs to be seen, okay, to influence the general text and make some exemptions or exceptions or exclusions. So it takes some things that seem to be included within the general context and they take them out so they exclude them from the ruling that's in the general one. That's what am and Haas is that but that study sorted? This is a study of students.
So again, we're speaking about Sharia and at the time of the Prophet Salaam Salaam when we said generally speaking that at that time included understanding general understanding of updata of
of what we call today fear of Allah of everything knowledge of the deen proper understanding of the deen was considered to be fair. So this was more of a linguistic
meaning I was there and it was kept more for the religious knowledge for religious knowledge. But as we said later on after that, the term developed into a very specialized area of study, which is a camel Emelia knowledge of the practical rulings that we know today is things that are applicable applications, whether they are a better or more eminent
Whether tomorrow I will not get into like some of the books, they get into the fifth, what is it divided into? We might touch on that when we talk about them a little bit. But generally speaking, we all know that includes topics, generally speaking, it's a bear that acts of worship, more ama that dealings between people, transactions, etc.
A common nikka
camonica, which is on NPR, they call it as well, things have to do with marriage.
Things have to do with marriage and relationships. And some of them include laws of inheritance within this. And the fourth, generally, that's the main division into four categories. The fourth one is the punishments
and the punishments. So these are the general four categories of you'll find them usually, sometimes people go into more details, so they have subcategories, but that's enough inshallah for what we were trying to do.
So again, we said that cherry, or the the, in the meccan period, focused more on building the app data on build focused more on building the arcada.
also the clock, The clock, the the general principles, ethical principles that Muslims were supposed to abide by. There's a beautiful statement from Mr. Michel de Bie, in his book, The wife of God that I wanted to call to you, and it's really beautiful
and powerful, that shows the connection between the meccan period and the meridian period. And what he's talking about.
He's saying basically, they are connected strongly connected. In in McAlester, for example. There were rulings rulings were mentioned. Some specific rulings mentioned. So the generally speaking let's say the content of the fifth in the meccan period that you find in the Quran and the Sunnah of the prophet SAW Selim first you will find matches of arcada
belief in Allah, existence of Allah, the last day,
paradise and Hellfire and you will find the right of Allah to be worshipped and Hello, here we are and some of the names and attributes of Allah. This is the main focus of the Quran and the Sunnah in the meccan period in the first period of Islam.
This is the the main focus.
The second focus, you will find issues of luck. We mentioned that previously as well as luck, the ethical principles, ethical principles. So you'll find honesty, truthfulness,
generosity, you'll find all these principles.
For example, in the La Jolla model Bill agilely. Well guess what he called that when he was named Carrie, welcome. Come to the cone. This is the style of the Koran limited period in Allaha. Indeed a lot yet mortal Allah commands you will add delete with justice. Well, son and goodness
and perfection, what he tells you the quarterback and giving out to those who are related to you helping them out supporting them. Well, it's a little overwhelming, and in fact, it will become a law prohibits you from everything that's evil, every eat evil act. Well mooncup any act that is despicable or the human natural human tastes the football rejects an evil
when a woman will badly and oppression law prohibits you from oppression
Allah advises you and reminds you will Allah come to the Quran so that you may remember that you may remember that cartoon you might be reminded reminded of what that shows that the purpose of the mccain campaign is to awaken the Fatah and bring people back to that football even though I am says you are on the clock. With that cure. You find the Quran describing itself as vehicle right as Likud remembrance describes itself 10th killer kalenna Kira sometimes it's the car where the car not meaning in NEMA. Yet other car the ones who remember similar occurrences what's remember remember what?
Remember what remember your covenant with Allah.
Remember left with Allah, Allah because we all had a covenant with Allah Spanish Allah to worship Him alone. And that's, that's the photo. So they are on in the maturity period focused on this concept of reminding people of their Fatah reminding people have
their covenant with Allah subhana wa Tada. So it awakens them awakens this filter within them, awakens within them and this shows that at
In the early stages of devil we are actually meant to focus on these issues. We are meant to focus on these issues. And remember that it's a lot of the athletes a lot of the work is mainly about reminding people what they already know in their hearts what they know in their gut.
Okay, you will also find some legislation in the Mexican period, some legislation in the Mexican period. Why is this some legislation specific legislations?
What are these?
For example, well in college number one, ba ba, ba, ba, ba, ba, ba ba. Well, if you have 123 co Villa Hema municipal v suparna one Taku Allah Hema China for example, last month Allah says, will in number have run out of
cash My Lord has indeed made prohibited the flower hush all the lewd actions or evil actions mavala but the ones that are apparent and the ones that are hidden antacid
well if man and evil, evil in general evil tendencies and evil intentions, well isn't that what it basically yeah and injustice
without right one to Shinjuku Billa hemella Municipal behavioral partner and that you associated with a law partners that he did not prescribe for you
one to Allah humanity and only that you say something about Allah which you don't have solid knowledge about. Also last panelist, Allah for example, says will attack kurumi melon will carry small LA LA and do not eat from
this is slaughtered animals where the name of Allah was not mentioned upon them.
These verses were revealed in Mecca. And these are rulings for three rulings.
So these verses were revealed in Makkah. So we find these verses talking about specific rulings, you're not allowed to eat this type of meat. You're not allowed to eat for example, pork was made haram at that time. So why did the last patella mention these things? Another ruling
that was mentioned a little bit indirectly what either No Oh, that was so a let's be a little girl that was buried alive was asked on the Day of Judgment. Why were you killed?
So allow me that heroin obviously.
And that specific area, so who can extract from these examples that I gave you? Like a general rule? What kind of fit here specific applications rulings were revealed in Mecca?
On the base of society,
that's actually a very good way to look at it. It's a very good way to look at it. Okay, these Okay, these vices affect society in general, they bring like the damage they bring about is so huge, and, like general so it affects almost everyone. Okay, who has another perspective?
There's probably a way that might like make a perspective that might put these things a bit clearer.
Building a flock? Yes. Yes. So they relate to the basic principles of law and mannerisms and ethical principles.
Building justice you guys are By the way, like, like almost beating around the bush getting very close. Let's get there.
rectify the morality of the people and the individuals still getting there.
Okay, so basically setting the light or separating the Muslims making them stand out from others. So you guys break from the norms, and you send the message that you're not following these gnomes? You're not exactly that would not be a main reason for this might happen like as a byproduct, but not necessarily the same thing. What's the main purpose there?
Who said to hide? Yes.
All of these came later on, it was about to hate. First to hate.
Festo hate. Second thing, these are like you know, we have the mothers of vices, we have the mothers of virtues.
So, like under truthfulness, there were so many things in terms of honesty and speech honesty and transactions. Justice is justice to parents justice to the kids justice to the people in society. So these are the mothers of virtues. And so the main rulings you will find in the Mexican period, first they pretend to hate,
do not eat from the meat upon the name of a law of where the name of a law was not mentioned. That's about to hate, as tomato hate.
the other ones are, these are the mothers of virtues that were shared
avoiding all evil and lewdness. That's it. So in general principles, these are the mothers of all virtues. And all of them are, as they say, in Tripoli, all of these things are built in humans, as the fitrah. These things come natural, this is why they are universal, they are universal. So Islam came to awaken them to affirm them.
And these are the main principles. And this is why I'm trying to see
just the stimulus, sharp A, B, because it's really a very powerful statement about this.
Because we might come up with a little bit later.
Okay, he basically it what he's simply saying, I was trying to quote it verbatim. But
if I don't find it, I'll just
mentioned the general meaning of it on 10th of 100.
Basically, in the meccan period, last month, I laid down the foundations, a lot laid down the foundations for the people to follow. So he established the general principles, just a worship, first of all, to hate and worship of Allah. Second of all, is these basic principles, justice, avoiding lewdness, and evil and virtue in general. So the people got used to these and started embracing them. Then in Medina, last month, Allah gave the detailed manifestations of this. So you will find, for example, under justice, almost all the transactions in Islam follow from this principle.
All of them will follow from repeat transactions that are that they all built upon justice,
justice. That's the general principle. So when you lay down the foundations, it's easier afterwards when people embrace them and accept them and acknowledge them. It's easier later on for you to show them how these play out in specific situations. And that's part of the gradual process in sherea. gradual process of
some of the legislations as well, that you will find in America are prohibition of major since
prohibition of major sins. So Xena was made Helen McCann period murder was made, how long the meccan period
was made one country.
Also what you will find in the meccan period will be methodological issues of
faith and thoughts, methodological issues, what does that mean? That's basically about where you take the truth from. So you will find a lot of arguments against these people who say we follow our forefathers, we follow our forefathers we follow our forefathers will be upon the same way as our parents as our people. So you find a lot in the meccan period from the Quran from the prophets of Salaam, this kind of argument against following the forefathers, where do you find the truth from? Where do you find it? Where do you search for it?
So the alternative was to do two things difficult,
difficult is to contemplate, think about your existence, contemplate where they come from, think about the universe contemplating it, because this awakens the fourth law. And then basically, the other one was contemplating the verses of a loss mentality, the speech of the Prophet Solomon when he was in his speech of the Prophet, which is basically what the Quran narrated and whatever advice he gave him. So this was the alternative methods is that you open up
You see, don't just follow blindly what your forefathers were upon.
And Subhanallah this kind, by the way, like, generally speaking, you will find the Quran talking about generalities, you will find out what I'm talking about generalities.
Rarely does the whole army speak about specific rulings? Rarely does the Quran specifically speaks about specific rulings. And when it does, these are meant to be there, regardless of time, regardless of culture, like laws of inheritance, laws of marriage,
these will always be there, they don't change, they don't change because they put a system and structure for this kind of social structure, or the social makeup of the Muslims or the Muslim community.
But otherwise, Stan would leave things out the Quran would talk about things in general, and then it would leave the clarification for the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam for the Prophet socializer.
So let's move on to the sources of Sharia are the sources of during the meccan period during the meccan period, and this extends as well, to the Millennium period. But let's take it from now. So the first source of Sharia effect was
not the source, or on or on its local law. So
the second source was,
was the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu. And he was saying that these were the sources of Sharia. These were the sources of Sharia was there a third source?
the prophets own he had? Yes, the prophets on he had the profits honesty, and and this will come clear to us when you talk about the money, medium period, and not also the start of the process. But also the he had of this, however, it was a source, but it was either confirmed, or it was changed, either confirmed or changed.
Now, as Muslims moved to Medina, a community was established and almost a state, there was a government, there was a system, there were relationships, there were new issues, like there was dealing with the People of the Scripture, there were the hypocrites. And there were relationships with other governments or the presence of them would send to other tribes, about Islam. And there were also issues like warfare, warfare, because Muslims were prohibited in the meccan period, from engaging in warfare. It was how long it was, how long for them. And basically, we should probably stand a little bit there and take a lesson. Why when the Muslims were persecuted?
Why would a law prohibit them from engaging in warfare?
Muslims were a few and they could be eradicated, they could be eradicated simply and easily. Right? What else?
Exactly could be counterproductive? Because each force cause for an equal force on the opposite side.
Very good. They were built inside, it was time to build DACA it was time to build build belief in Allah. It was time to build the connection and their spirituality. First, because warfare is one of the most difficult and diverse humans humans can engage in. It's murder, it's blood. It's loss of life. loss of loved ones, is challenging the person facing the death.
So this should come. Because if it doesn't come from a man and faith, it will come from other sources. And these other sources would be tribalism.
An American period and the very beginning of the Mediterranean period, as well.
Exxon, that's a very beautiful point. Because probably Allah subhanaw taala knew there were people who were later on to become Muslims. So if there was warfare, these people could have been probably, you know,
killed. It's a good point to reflect on. It's a good point.
On. So it shows that when Muslims also, you know one of the most important things, and this is something that we have to consider focusing on the asset of Sharia the objectives of Sharia.
One of the main objectives of Sharia is to preserve the self. Islam does not want loss of lives at all, Islam would avoid it
as much as possible, actually, at all costs. There's only one time that Islam allows loss of life. That's true, because we need to stress this, we need to stress this, sometimes Muslims are under the impression. And unfortunately, this has been spread by non Muslims media, by orientalists, trying to show that Islam spread by the sword. Well, this is actually it's really a lie. But it's only someone who doesn't investigate and see beyond, you know, General, you know, propaganda, they cannot see the reality. But Islam the opposite of Shia Islam does not allow and Islam avoids the loss of life at all costs, at all costs.
And it gives only one only one exception.
When people's eternal future is at jeopardy.
When people are not allowed to make their choice to paradise, that's when Islam allows the loss of life.
In the sense, you will find the first and most important Maxim of Sharia objective of Sharia is half full at the end have been protect the Dean of the people.
Protect the Dean of the people, people have the right to choose the truth and end up in paradise. Anyone who takes this right from people, this is the only time Islam allows the loss of lives to be possible. Apart from this No.
And you will find this not only in warfare or Jihad rulings, you will find it also in the Hadoop
and the punishments.
And why does this have certain punishments
because the person who committed that kind of crime might end up in hellfire. So Islam gives him an explanation.
That's the only time Allah Islam allows this kind of thing is the capital punishment.
And when people don't feel safe, like in terms of murder, why isn't the murderer being yz exposed to the capital punishment is because when people don't feel safe about their own lives, that means they can't think straight when it comes to matters of religion, people will make the wrong choices. So Islam is not allowed as does not allow. This is why you will find the mass of the Sharia as I'm trying to bring you certain things from about mocassin from solfa. So we see things in context, because we're going to build on this when we come to them. We need to understand and provide a context when we get to the mothership. We know what we're talking about it but also the main
mocassin Islam The first one is the deen Islam, Allah subhanaw taala sent Islam to guarantee that everyone has an equal rights and an open right to their ultimate salvation from the hellfire.
If any Jeopardy is being exercised upon this, right, Islam does not make any concessions does not make any compromises. That's your right to come face to face with the truth and be given the right to choose it.
Islam does not compromise on this right?
doesn't compromise because Islam looks at your life as not, that's a lifespan that ends by death. But it looks at your life your existence as an eternal existence.
So your eternal destiny is your biggest right where you end up. So you will find this is why the scholars as I say the number one maksud or objective or goal of everything about Islam is to preserve the right for people to know the truth without any hindrance without any distortion and without any compulsion without any threats.
So people have the right to come face to face to it and choose it. If this is compromised Islam does not make any compromises. This is the only time the only time stamp allows loss of self
We want to talk about okay let's talk about Medina. Very quickly. The
About the median period, you'll find the median period, as we said, the
rule set of rules of government rules of community brotherhood, you will find transactions started rulings, like the prohibition of
in different things to be consumed.
You'll find the legislation of as I said, warfare issues,
you'll find a lot of Jummah details about the Salah, the prayer, the law, etc, all of these were revealed, transactions were specified, and so on and so forth. Hedge was the zeca as a car, by the way was obligatory in general sense in Mecca.
But there was no specific amounts, there was no specific percentages, it was just any sort of, it was obligatory and so the salah and the care were
legislated in Mecca, but in very general sense. So, the cow was any sort of hot that you give, but in Medina, the amounts of Zika and the uncivil holiness lab was was made specific and all the details were taken care of. So, this is the case of, of the effect in Medina. So, in terms of details, in terms of details, the fifth in Medina was more detailed, more elaborated, and but it all builds on what we have in Mecca.
Now, this is why when it comes to the he had, he had the he had in Medina was much more
his Jihad of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and he had of the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
We mentioned last time certain instances where the prophets of Allah made he had right like the the captives in bed the captives in better the process I'm consulted with
Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu and remarkably low no and the Salam went on with the
with the opinion of Abu Bakr de la northern Allah Spanish Allah sent his own command and soldier sort of reprimanding or not
like showing that this opinion was not the right one was not the right one.
The the companions make history and ask the question, the companions make history and when.
So there was this incident.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam wanted to punish manipulator after
so some people understood the intention was for them to Eastern to arriva.
So they prayed on their way there. But some other people took it literally not to pray until they get there and they are after sunset.
Exactly. So this is the famous incident where the professor suddenly said to the companions, they are solidly in halloumi como esta la in laughing maniacally but none of you pray us all except in many what I was already almost as of time or just before us. So once they arrived there was already muffling after.
So some of the companions to a word, oh my god. So they they understood the purpose of sentiment, okay, let's just get moving. Now. That's what he meant. So they prayed on the way when the time was was on.
Another group of the companions said, No, they said, don't pray unless you get to benefit over so we're going to pray only when we once we reach multiple others. So they prayed after the advent of Mahara
obviously, it seemed that these two groups did not have access to the prophet SAW Selim, at that specific time, obviously was an army and it's not easy for you to move within the army and find out sometimes the army would move on in groups. So they did not have direct access to the prophets of Allah. So they all made this Jihad and they prayed, based on that, they prayed based on that we don't have integration, as far as I know, that mentioned where the process celebrate
where he's awesome. But both of them presented the case to the messenger seller, because they had some arguments. So they presented it to the process element, and the person approved both of them. He approved, both of them, approved both of them. So that was he had from the companions, but it was approved by the prophet sallallahu. It was,
was approved also by the prophet sallallahu. And he was okay another example.
No worries. Nobody's
Yes, someone he, like he had a cut in his head as they were traveling, and he asked his companions, you know, obviously he woke up and he needed to, to make also. So
so he asked the his friends and he said, You know, I'm wounded and it's cold. So if I use water This might cause an infection and lead to, obviously to serious consequences. They said, No, you have to make this is what the Quran says. You have to make also you have to make it. So you have to make.
So he made Watson, later on, he passed away. So when they told the prophet SAW Selim about this, the messengers of Salim said otterloo khattala harmala. They killed him. May Allah kill them?
helis Aloo Islamia Allah?
Should they ask if they didn't know? They should have asked?
In the matter of Shiva? Yes. You know, the remedy for ignorance is to ask, ask a question about something or someone who knows. So that first shows that these companies did not have proper knowledge, these ones so they were probably younger companions or companions who did not really study like fully about this with the Prophet sallallahu sallam. This also shows this specific incident is very important. Sometimes you might have a verse and you think you have the ruling, right? They told him you know, the Quran says filamentary Duma and the clauses for tassilo. Okay, that's it. If that's something you have to make muscle, you have to make sure you had a wet dream,
you have to make Genova. You have to make hosel. So what did they use? They use the Quran. But that shows knowing Hadith or knowing a verse, and taking a ruling from it is not necessarily correct.
You need to understand something else. What's the other other evidence that you need to bring with that that says when you're in the state of Geneva, you have to make also
is the verse in the Quran where Allah subhanaw taala says, and happens two times in an ISA and they were married. Last month, Allah says, For them, did you go Maha Fatima, and you did not find water. Okay. And part of this, you were unable to use water for the young mammals who make them in the mechanic fee. And it is what the prophecy says it was enough for him to make to him. So that shows sometimes
some of us or someone might come to you and say, you know, you're contradicting this hadith or this verse, I have a verse I have ID, and you don't know, you just come in with opinion.
That's not necessarily the case. And
so I stress these issues, because by the way, like, even this, the main reason we thought we chose this is actually start dealing with this issue, this problem that's bringing a lot of problems in the Muslim community and causing a lot of confusion.
As I said, after markup, sometimes people learn a little bit and they think, no, they know it all. Knowing a ruling or knowing an opinion of one of the scholars, even if you know the evidence behind it doesn't mean that's the only thing. That means it's a fact, there could be another fifth opposite to it.
So you cannot treat the fifth of your teacher as the Sharia of Allah, we do not give the divine qualities divine a fifth is the human attempt to arrive at the Sharia of allowance is divine. So we said the Sharia is the ideal. The fifth is the human attempt to arrive that human attempt to arrive there. So anyone who says My madhhab is the truth. My opinion of my scholar is the truth or the religion, or whatever my scholar says, That's the truth. They're doing injustice, they are trying to put or ascribe divine quality to a human effort that tries to arrive there. But doesn't mean this human effort doesn't have merit. It doesn't have value. It does. Okay, it does have value.
So that was a very good example. Just a couple of other examples of the HTML of companions.
Excellent. Yes, sir. Because the asked for him to make a judgment on him said what judgment would you want? They said
exactly. That was initially hard. So the process of them said, What's your judgment? So the judgment was all there fighting meant to be killed and and
Everything else to be taken as spoils of war so the province of Saddam said how can we how can we lemon focus evasion and once you've made the same judgment that Allah has yes from above seven heavens
so that means the fifth now met the Sharia right at that specific point, the fifth of settlement, which is he had met the Sherry I perfect was compatible with it.
Okay, very good example just
just talking about the she had. So the prophet SAW Selim himself, we found out that he made certain moments or certain incidents of his jihad. And he even allowed his companions to make his Jihad For example, some of some of them you mentioned, something just also went through my mind was
there were two companions traveling together and they didn't find water at the time of prayer.
So one of them made to him mom, and the other one did not pray until time. So the first one, meet a woman prayed
above the meter table and prayed, and later on, they found water.
So this one of them repeated the Salah, the first one did not repeat the Salah.
So they asked the prophet SAW them about their messenger saddam said to the first one, a subject, you have your right, the first one who did not repeat, just prayed once. That's it. For the second one, the professor says like an agile model attempt to model a team, you have the reward
of two prayers.
So the process of selling them acknowledge that he had, there was also more other than Java and
Pablo, the Allahu and Homer, they were among like in a traveling as well. And
they didn't find water. So they were with a group traveling with a group. And they both both of them woke up instead of Geneva.
I was more admiring gentlemen, what he did, in our big camera hobby to rob. He rubbed his whole body in debt and sand. Because he thought of a tan mom to mom, basically, it was purification with sand or with this. So he thought it was just like water. So you get as much sand on your body as possible for him to get the hosel. So basically, he bathed in sand. That's what he did. He tried his best.
So when they came to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, but I'm on top of the not
Bob did not do it. So the so the profits are seldom acknowledged more than he said to him, in the mechanic FICO Wi Fi. And if at a hacker the price of them showed him how to make the world war, basically, to hit the sand with his hands to wipe over them wipe over the face, and that was it. So the process of selling economics. The point here that I want to emphasize, why do you think the President made he had in the presence of the companions? And why did and there's also the famous headache of Milan in general, although it's been disputed by the scholars, and even a famous Hadith of the Prophet Adam sent him to the Yemen and he said be Mexico mafia him, Allah Viki tabula
holophane MTG Kala be Suna philosophy la phenom tagit call esta heydo Emery what
I will say he will throw some Central Java to be sort of a leader in Yemen. So he said to him, how would you rule over them? How would you judge over them? He said I would use the book of allies if What if you don't find the ruling that you're looking for in the book of Allah? He said I will resort to the Sunnah of the Hadith of the prophets of Allah, what have you done find it that he said I would you do my best to arrive at the correct opinion so Jews My mind is jihad. So the prophets Allah says Alhamdulillah Allah Jalla Almighty Mohammed Mithra had handed Praise be to Allah who made in my own mind somebody like them. This is Heidi that's been disputed widely by the scholars of
Hadith, by the way, widely, widely, strongly challenged, the ones who challenge it the most. Well have mercy on him said he says not for he is not somebody who is used widely in the books of but anyway that shows there was he had at the time of the problem the promiseland taught his companions to make he had what was the point where the wisdom behind this so we have the profit source and then we have the coal and we have the sun? Why would people resort to HDR why would the atom allow them that space?
Excellent. Teach them after his passing the problem there would be okay the way that's that would be complete upon would be complete, there'll be no sooner. So what about new issues, new concerns, new situations that arise? And we don't have a direct answer on the on the center. What would people do so the person I was training with
them to do which they had was training them to do is to have and show them the principles through which they can make this he had when it's right when it's wrong yes any other answers you think so?
Generally speaking that was a training them and showing them the way after him. And this is why this close of course will they say no so sumanta hiya
Martina here they say the text release text is like limited in number we know the Quran, Hadith, we know them.
With a Kindle, however, the Salah mattina, here is a very statement, famous statement on solfa alhadeff new issues that arise are endless. Every time there will be new situations, new issues, new occurrences, new situations, etc. So they said this is why the new souls show the principles in texts, religious texts, show the principles and educate people on the principles. And then they use the HD hat and the proper tools to arrive at the correct opinion. So this was the point behind the process of them doing so much damage in the presence of the companions, and also allowing them to do so much they had been commenting on that either correcting them or approving them.
Now we come to something very important about the film. And that actually, it was very clear at that stage. And these principles should always be there I shouldn't I think Glenn Phillips talks about five principles, five characteristics of the film, and that specific time,
I'm going to talk about three and they will leave probably others for you as well probably to research and write a paper upon.
So we will talk about Adam and heritage, the lifting of hardship, the lifting of hardship. This is a common characteristic of the theft of ffl Islamic definition of legislation, removing the hardship away from people last month, Allah described the Prophet sallallahu sallam, when he says to the People of the Scripture, where for one home Islam, one lllc cannot Allah him, he lifts away It takes away the burden that was upon them and the chains and the shackles that were holding them down. So the fifth is intended in general in general, to lift hardship, take it away. This is a general characteristic of Islam, lifting the hardship or taking it away. And this is why one of the main
principles in Alcoa added for Korea, the maxims of By the way, we have two sciences we have a solid these are the principles of physics. Okay, these are the tools through which we understand the texts and we bring them together in order to find out the correct opinion the correct is to had, but we have another science that we call ultra wide, alpha k, aka wide our principles, Maxim's How did the scholars arrive at them? They saw there is a huge number of evidence for example, like this one, and how would you use this is one of the main five principles and and how would you use them, hardship is removed should be removed? Why? Because they found in the Quran, Allah Subhana Allah says, you
read the law who become a loser, are you ready to become a Rasul? Allah Subhana Allah says in the Quran allowance is for you. Allah doesn't want hardship. You find the prophet SAW Selim says in a serene Welcome to bathroom I serene
you were sent as people who bring about ease, not hardship. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam says in the hair, the DNA of this religion is ease brings about ease, it's usually easy to find enhance the Prophet sallallahu sallam, for example, everything he was asked about, he said, If Allah Allah, how would you do no harm, no hardship, if there's hardship, no problems, just do it.
So the scholars have taken this principle, they said, this is a consistent pattern in Sharia. Throughout Islam throughout the rulings of faith, you will find the removal of hardship everywhere. It's a very important point. And it's as the scholars say, is one of them apostle of Sharia is one of them concentrating the removal of hardship, it removes removal of hardship, removal of hardship. So this shows anything that is ascribed to Islam that brings about how to put it
is actually not from Islam. This is what this call is talking about hardship There are two types of hardship.
There is normal hardship. Like for example, if you pray, I mean, it's not easy for someone to pray five times a day. This comes with a hardship but this is normal hardship. This is normal hardship, but there's hardship that is overwhelming.
There is overwhelming how to the second level or different level of hardship and this is when with this type of hardship. Even sometimes the head arm is removed. Even the hairline is removed, even an obligation is lessened. So you will find during travel, during travel, usually there is hardship as the person syllabuses as a follow up to that traveling is part of punishment. Like it's hard
It's so hard like there is a sense of punishment in it.
So you could shorten the prayer, actually, you are meant to shorten the prayer during traveling. Why because of ease. If you can't pray while standing, it's extremely hard for you to pray while standing because of an illness because of a weakness because some of this ability, then you're allowed to pray while sitting, you can't pray while seated, you can pray while lying on your back or your side.
So this kind of stuff taken from all of these, and this is quite clear in Islam. So and this brings about the beautiful aspects of Islam that Islam was sent down to bring about bringing about ease to humanity. Islam does not bring hardship, it brings ease. And if we are unable to bring about ease, rather, we making situations more complicated, that shows there is something we're doing wrong. There's something we're doing wrong about Islam, something we're doing wrong about itself. So this is why the presenter was sent as a mercy Here we can see the connection between what we believe as a leader and what we find in the practical,
practical physical of Islam, the applications of Islam. So this is why the scholars say, for example, some of the verses last one Tyler says may you read Allahu dh, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah doesn't want to cause you any kind of hardship or any kind of hardship.
This is why as well like in when it's hard for someone to use water for some kind of illness or some kind of injury, or cold weather, Allah subhanaw taala replaced it with with the table. Or when you have little water that's hardly enough for you to drink for drinking. And you might be different so you have shortage of water, then you don't have to make make rowboat with water, you can make the mo
she can see throughout surely as a consistent pattern. There's always removal of hardship, removal of hardship. And this is why if someone puts upon upon themselves hardship that Allah did not require of them. The prophets of Salaam called this from unluckily, Benson Latif Elisa, meaning, you remember the story of three people came to the province of solemn, they asked about his worship. And they realized like they were doing something great. And they said, you know, the problem has the highest station with the last ones Allah but we need more. So one of them did not marry women. And that's hardship. That's hard. Because the net nature of human beings have a man they need a wife.
They need a person that can relate to a wife, they can relate last month, Allah says, the test schooner ha ha you find with them peace and tranquility, and this kind of intimacy, it's a powerful human need, not to answer this need to bring brings hardship in the life of the person and difficulty. The other person said, I pray all night and never sleep the prophet SAW Selim said, like many Anam suddenly, Oh, God, I pray sometimes sometimes I take my rest. So overburdening the body that's not part of Islam, that's the only these people thought that Islam is about, you know, making it hard for yourself making it difficult for yourself.
The third person said, I fast all days, I never break my fast and any day the problem says, Well, I can only assume often I fast and I break my fast.
Somebody might say, have the question, you know, but the prophet SAW Selim used to pray at night. Long press, long prayers. We hear about you know, the early generations, they used to pray for long nights. And that's hard. The purpose of them like his feet is like his heels would crack the skin would like, open and he would be bleeding. So isn't that hardship?
Who has an answer for this?
So you said Islam was sent down to bring about ease,
and make things easy for people not cause excessive hardship. And the normal hardship that comes with the execution of normal things like praying, like making Mordor and even giving this occur? It's only on rich people have surplus money, right?
Even when you do it is a little bit of physical difficulty, but it's bearable when everyone almost everyone is able to do it.
And even if there is hardship, a person is exempt as the process of asylum, there is a lot of exemptions. You can slaughter an animal for certain things that you can do. You can make Tokyo you can get someone to throw the stones on your behalf, etc. So there are always ways of these. So why did we do we find some times the prophets of Salaam would pray for long added generation some of them would really pray for long anyone can reconcile these
made him feel is that's a very deep answer. And it's a very good one. I'll keep it there who had something else
level best of different people. Right? So different levels. Okay, let me take.
Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. So the so there's personal differences and the prophet SAW Selim himself was given more physical power generally speaking sisters. Sorry.
Ask Yes. But we said like Islam is about
one of the main characteristics about it is to bring about ease, not hardship. So why did the prophets or something like sometimes prayed for so long at night until his feet like his heels cracked? And like even early generations would pray for so long? Some of them would recite the Quran once a day, like the whole Koran, or sometimes two times a day.
Okay, so he was able to find a point of balance in his life. So that ties in a little bit with different people are different. So for for some people might be more physically capable. I mean, these are good answers.
They had mobile will. Yes, that's true. They had more Baraka in the time, but that's not like a defining book, it was still hard for them physically, like hard for them. No.
Okay, it was not on a consistent basis, although like with the prep center was was very common. It will do that often, but it was not like, on a daily basis, right. There was some moderation there.
Okay, competition, competition, good.
Excellent incident ties in with what the first answer was, is, it was easy for him.
It was easy for him. And, and by the way, if you put add to what you have said, the Hadith of the prophets of Salaam, and it has to do with ease.
In the hands of Dina Mateen, this religion is a very, very powerful and profound for all the roofie where if, you know, get into it, like dive into it, bit by bit, slowly, slowly,
when a new shad Deena a hadn't
any one who like charges this religion like head on, like trying to get do everything, get into that level, okay, get him to that level, a level above the religion would overwhelm him. So the process of them said, enter into it slowly.
The level of ease that you would find when you grow spiritually and in worship, the criteria changes. So it becomes easy for you to stand up in prayer. As you said, You grow spiritually, you develop this prayer, you find so much ease that you don't even feel the physical pain of it. And it becomes a source of power and empowerment for you and enlightenment.
That's where the East comes about. So the ease is not one for everyone. It's not one for is like, what's easy formula might not be easy for me, but what's easy for me might be very difficult for him.
And also, like even this, this is very
common with physical development. Like once you start entering a game, any kind of like smet martial arts, or even any kind of
athletic competition. At first, like you get someone who doesn't have a stamina, someone who doesn't exercise, if you get them to say four runs for five miles, they'll be out of breath, they'll take a week to recover.
But get these people to exercise regularly, you'll find them that the end of the year, give them 12 months, they'll be able to run 14 miles and they will take a couple of hours to recover, they would be okay. They never thought never in their wildest dreams that they would like run 30 miles never.
But people can move into different stages.
So be sure whether when the prophets will allow it he was sending them was praying at night he was at ease. He was at ease. He was not pushing himself. He got to that level. The early generations did not also jump into this level right away. It is something that developed with them slowly, naturally without them having to burden themselves they got into that level gradually. Naturally it was an It was a gradual organic net.
Natural ascendance into that high level of worship.
So it wasn't, there was no, there was no hardship for them, it was, it was actually hard for them and hardship would be not to be able to do this, not to be able to do this, that would be the most difficult thing for them. most difficult thing for them.
So, so I hope this shows where this concept how this translates.
something that's easy for you might be difficult for others, maybe if you have developed a lot in terms of your relationship with Allah subhanaw taala you want to do more, but don't overburden other people. And this is why some sometimes I need to you need to be careful with these things. The prophets or some will take it easy and that would take us probably this to the second principle that I wanted to share with you as well about Islam which is the gradual nature, you will find the gradual nature. First it started with the Salah, look at Salah. It was made obligatory upon the Muslims and as I said, Some scholars have different about it in the meccan period. What was Salah
some of them said it was a late night prayer. Some of them said it was tilaka in the as the editor he mentions to look out in the morning to work on the evening. Until the slot and the Mirage when things changed, it became five daily prayers, but prior to that, it was too solid to rock ah.
But then it changed it became five and it was to look at Alexa for mother was three in Medina was made as a forecast. The forecast also forecast Asia but they were too. This is gradual, gradual.
At the beginning, as we said it was revelation of principles first to heat and all the ethical principles that humans agree upon justice,
honesty and truthfulness. These were the general principles. So the way established in the meccan period. Last month, Allah makes he makes her on everything that's evil.
Later on in the Medina, Allah Subhanallah explains what these evils are. So he explains this and that 123 these things that explains them.
So this kind of gradual was gradual is more is there. incremental incremental approach, the very famous story, oval hammer, right, prohibition of intoxicants and alcohol. Allah subhanaw taala. At the beginning, you know mentioned in a very neutral context.
He talks about it in sort of in the hell, as you know,
saccharin. This one hasn't was saccharin. I said it took some of the fruits, some of the things that brings about intoxicants, you can take from them intoxicants a lot, you mentioned anything, I didn't comment on that he left it. Then Allah subhanaw taala said they asked you about
these issues of humble myself. I sat on a couch somebody asked me, well fee management career woman, African nurse, there is negative side to them, the bad consequences for them, and there is some benefit in them. People, you know, buy them, sell them make trade business, and some of it as well, there might be some physical benefits to it to some people, so it's not all evil.
But Allah says the evil side of it is outweighs the negative side. It's It's far bigger than that. Then Allah subhanaw taala said, Do you live in Amman? oleta Obasanjo. sakara Allah provided the believers from engaging in the prayer
while they're intoxicated. So that meant the only time they could drink alcohol was after a shot. That's the only time so Allah limited the number of times because the Arabs were so attached to alcohol. Then the final thing, Allah subhanaw taala made it clear that's how long people were ready. So in terms of our data was built already connection to allow was built and slowly, slowly they were getting detached from it. And the last part I already mentioned that it's evil is far more than it's good. And so on and so forth.
Also the Salah, the Salah was quite easy, like people reforms a lot like let's say you came and the man was in the second locker, you could come by the way in Sala and ask the person you are going to stand next to which truck is this?
Which truck has this and he will tell you second and you just join in the second.
This was the case. People sometimes spoke in the prayer that a lot of the prophets of Salaam said in his Salah embury Fie Hashem and columnists prophets of Salaam later on prohibited the speaking and conversation and Salah, but in the early stages a Muslim could speak like you could strike a conversation with someone while standing on Salah. Hey, Where were you last night? What did you do? People have been talking
Later on that was more about more connection to Allah and no speaking and so on and so forth. So you see a lot of issues were
gradual. And this is also to attain the sometimes the nature of humans, humans don't like so many rules. They're like rules to overtake them. And this shows us well that we would like new Muslims with children as well. What should we do graduate? We should use an incremental approach, bombarding people because we just used Islam, we've been living in Islam all our lives, you don't see how much it is, like overwhelming to other people. So we need to be careful as to sometimes how we give advice you find a new Muslim, someone says it says it says to him, you have to pray this, you have to learn the 31 or you have to make it to me to to learn to do before we do that one says you have
to learn to do or you have to you can't shake hands with women. You have to do this you have to do that the person has so many things to do, right? You can't Islam, doesn't this go with this this part of ease as well. You need to take the person gradually. Give them their time. Slowly, slowly. There are some big examples of the life of the life of the process that really like I don't feel comfortable sharing in a public platform is just because some people might take them wrong. Some people might take them wrong. And as the scholar said, McConville enemy Ember initial like Manisha, but he says, not every truth not every knowledge needs to be, you know, sometimes shared in every
So this is also take humans, you know, understand, tame the nature of human beings slowly, slowly into Islam help it come back to its fertile.
So this was there.
Even something like some of the scholars mentioned,
that even the fact that the Qibla was to be to the back this was Jerusalem has to do with the People of the Scripture is to give them time, gradual. So when the prophets Allah migrated to Medina, the People of the Scripture would see that he is just a continuation of the previous messengers. So the process of them prayed for 16 months and a half to Jerusalem was in Medina. And then afterwards, the Qibla was changed to Mecca.
So that was also a gradual process for the People of the Scripture as well to help them see. So disconnecting from the People of the Scripture was as taken gradual process, because that's the nature of human beings. And this is where the meaning of a riff, or riff has the meaning of being easy taking things easy, and bringing about ease and also incremental approach gradual bit by bit.
Another principle or characteristic, so we have to now removal of ease or lifting a removal of difficulty, or lifting of difficulty. And we have gradual approach incremental approach. And the third principle or characteristic of Islam that you will find specifically clear at that time, is the minimizing obligations and confinements
tequila, tequila, there's something that's been mentioned, as well by a lot of the scholars
and specifically provided
that if you look at Islam, compared to all other previous religions, Islam is the easiest. So that is the easiest, like the amount of obligations that we have to do what Salah you fast once a month,
the prayer you're doing it five times a day.
The rest of your life is all of it flows for Allah Subhanallah you can you can engage in your life when everything in your life is actually for the sake of Allah.
And his wife, Samantha described the Prophet system, as we said previously, where your Farm and Home has, what
it takes away from them, or lifts away from them. The shackles that were holding them down are the the limit the limits and the burden that was upon them and the shackles that were holding them down. So the Prophet Salim brought about ease the prophets of Salaam brought about is to the Sharia of Islam is the easiest, has been the easiest, the with the least amount of obligations with the least amount of obligations. So when people see it as a burden, there's something wrong in the approach
something on the approach, and it seems that
not only in the Muslims have fallen to this or some of the false propaganda against Islam, but it seems as well that we Muslims, sometimes we assume, assume that hardship, that burden is actually this is how you do things right. If you're not suffering you're not doing it right. When in reality is not the case. It's not the case, the prophets or send them oftentimes, like with so many things the person would bring about his enemies as we said, like all these verses that we mentioned all these Hadith, and during Hajj the prophet SAW Selim the companions came in Javelin Abdullah so I am asking the Hadith the famous Hadith about how he says that magia who I had for Carla who shaken me
Allah, Allah, Allah Allah. In the days of Hajj, the professor of anyone who came to me said, That's difficult, that's hard. Professor Samson do it, or like, exempt yourself from it. Take the easy way, no hardship, no issues, no issues.
So this is why one of the main characteristics of Islam is that it brings about ease. So if it doesn't bring about ease in your life, there's something wrong, you're going about it something wrong, you're gonna go out and this is a serious matter. So now we need to put all of this in context, you see that the Arabs lived a life that was full of misguidance, worshipping idols, and this put upon them so many obligations, so many obligations, worship of idols, slaughter of certain animals, certain norms and traditions, they had to follow on, they had to keep up and that put them in so much hardship. There was certain rituals, certain procedures among tribes, etc. All of this
was so much.
Islam came and lifted all of this and brought them a way of life that is dynamic, that is easy to follow, and as practical and as fruitful.
And Islam is supposed to, is supposed to maintain these throughout the times throughout the ages. And this is why we like reading in the books, especially with our old early scholars classical books, you will find oftentimes, when scholars differ, like you will find one of the scholars proving their point after they mentioned the verses and Hadith that substantiate his dance, he would say, and the other opinion puts people in college in hardship and difficulty. And Islam was never meant for college and difficulty. So this shows that that opinion is for is inaccurate.
This is a very common argument among the scholars, by the way.
It's very common argument to show you that Islam does bring about his so if we don't find ease in our approach to Allah, Allah does something wrong we going about it another important lesson that we can learn from the connection between the meccan period and the period immediately.
And this helps us in bringing
up our children and even cultivating ourselves as Muslims spiritually in terms of religiously, and also helping new Muslims and also talking to the Muslims about Islam.
You see the obligations in Mecca were minimal.
were minimal was as we said, either family or too solid. That's it.
There is no and and there was a car as I said, as sort of a normal sort of any sort of car that was a car, no limit. There's no bottom line, there's nothing anything and it's sort of how you give that was second
what else that's it hold on to the hateful into the truth. Learn more about a lot and more about the hereafter awaken your furthermore.
Why is this because you need to build this first. Then these principles that were taught justice, as we said, honesty and truthfulness, love for goodness
and abstaining away from all evil, when Islam build this gentle taste within the self. in Medina, this kind of general character was given away through practical applications, through practical, so the need for sand for goodness and perfection and for helping out others. It was cultivated through for example, as the car was cultivated through helping out people through good character, so as given more pathways or outlets for it to be exercised in very practical terms, you will love for Allah to hate of Allah was given now five times a day, where you perform this a lot in this specific way.
Your dedication for last month, and also was given in the in the shape of fasting. So exercise this in a physical shape. So that shows the way to build human beings is to build first the leader and the ethical principles that are there in the heart. And that's the way to do it. And that's exactly this exactly ties in with what one of the younger companions, Jerry will have the lead virtually, he said he was a kid at the time of the process and he says to eliminate a man from McCallum.
He says we were taught a man, then we were taught to hold on what is on half what we've learned in the meccan period and the Millennium period. So they were taught a man What is a man is there to hate love of Allah, it's already in the football. But the child used to learn this from the attitude of his father of his mother, they went through a hardship that he saw the level of trust in Allah they did not panic. They low in there, he saw when they had a need that is turned away to align all hope and they called upon Allah.
He saw the level of honesty and truthfulness and sincerity and transparency within. So what they said they did
what they said they meant it so they lived within him and they saw a man and their environment is how they learnt it as a normal human experience.
Oftentimes we suck away humanity from Islam. Some people take Islam and they tried to implement implemented as robots.
Jerry rigged Abdullah jelly, jelly, jelly or even Angela jelly as a companion. So
so they learned Islam or the lens a man through seeing everything they saw the love of Allah. So the dedication to Allah they saw the worship of Allah alone in everything in every aspect of life, in the eating in thanking Allah for the food for everything. So Allah was present in almost every situation there. So they saw that love of Allah. So it resonated with them, it was natural, so they had it. So he says, from Metallica on then later on, when we grew up, we started learning the Quran. Now the some of the commentators on this Hadith, they say like they found the Quran a reflection of what they already had of the email.
So it just gave shape to the amount that they had.
So now, what what I see the the, the the deficiency sometimes in our approach is that we focus so much on the children, sticking to certain things that we teach them, you know, say the art of eating before you eat, you eat with the right hand, all these things are good, but the child has no clue what they're doing it, the only clue they have is that you have to do it.
That's exactly the other way around. That's the other way around. But if we teach the kids this food is from Allah, not just lip service, we truly like we say it with the conviction, they feel it resonates with them, that we do not give it to us. Allah created us, Allah made everything come together a lot caused us to be able to work and get food. And we thank Allah for that. So much feel the grace and the gift of a lot.
So if you bring a lot in that kind of sense, not in a fake sense, but you truly feel it. And the child feels it in everything as we're leaving, you know, we traveling, it's going to be probably, you know, with travel comes hardship and some dangerous sometimes. So we will make do out we call upon Allah, we asked him to protect us, and make us you know, safe in this journey, and for a lot of you with us and guide us to the good things. So we do good things.
That's how we teach them the art of traveling. So when they grow up, when they learn it, they already have the spirit of it. That's what it is man, then the answer, they have the spirit of a man inside in their heart. So when they learn, it all resonates. It just helps them express their emotion when it is in the car, which is them the small things, but we so focused on do you think do this that Oh, you learned this? Did you say this? Did you eat with the right hand? Now the kid finds it more of a controlling game.
And when they start associating with it, or it's all about control, I have to do this, I have to do that. If you make a mistake, they don't think about a lot. They think, okay, I made a mistake, I can correct myself think, oh, I don't want to be caught.
What does this lead them to? It leads them to start what hiding their intentions, sometimes lying, they don't want to be caught. Because it's all about control. They don't want to be found out.
Where is the man out of the window. Once the child starts pretending the child start child starts playing games not showing the truth, trying to hide their intentions, trying to avoid being caught. Where is Allah, this is not on their mind.
It's not at all in their hearts. They don't think they're busy thinking about meeting your criteria, your expectations. And that's very difficult. And that's challenging. So sometimes our children I'm not saying all the time, but I said we need to be careful with this. Sometimes our children grow with an empty practice of Islam.
And when they face the like the early tests, they can't survive, because they don't have enough emotion behind it. So a man is not about specific certain things a man is in the heart, they need to see it in everyday life in every encounter and everything, if we live by him, and we talk to them always about a lot, not in a technical sense, in a very human sense. So oftentimes, people take the life out of Islam by turning it into just certain procedures and certain things to do and not to do. And that's it was the spirit of it. What's the purpose behind all of this, all of these are an expression of our faith in Allah. And without this faith, they become empty. Because that's what the
hypocrites used to do, they did all of these things, but without any spirit without any belief behind it without any man behind it. So it is not going to benefit them. It's not going to benefit. So this is why these are lessons we can learn from this kind of development of Sharia. So you see Allah subhanaw taala did not obligate the early Muslims with Okay, alcohols how long this is how long do this no obligations minimizing these specifically in the early stages later on, they increased but they were still bearable is humans can like go through their daily life. They can do whatever they want to do because to live a normal life. All these obligations that are even meant to
empower them. And you can feel it like when you pray fudger
msgid and you you feel the connection to the last month and I didn't powers you throughout the day gives you so much energy, and it keeps you focused and you see everything, you put everything in perspective, it's for you at the end of the day. And the level of hardship is very normal and variable by the average human being. So we need to see our last sponsor that was making Tobia was growing and cultivating these early Muslims, slowly, slowly it is how it happened.
And we are supposed to learn from these. So these are part of the lessons that we can learn by studying the history and the story of
so we should not overburden ourselves. So take these, again, these principles, I think about I mean, every lead Philips mentions about five
it's still in the first 45 pages that we were supposed to read.
As Okay, here are a removal of difficulty. That's the same as what we said. The second one was reduction of religious obligations, exactly the same good
realisation of public welfare. Okay, that's something you can study. So if someone Mashallah one brother already chosen interest, a field of interest in order to do his paper on, by the way, no rush, so you don't have to rush into something now. But it's just keep it in mind so much, although the brother had something there. And he's basically he's talking about what we
are talking about what we're talking about now. Right? Which is a very good thing. A very good thing about the removal of reduction of hardship and removal of difficulty. Excellent. So
So already has a proposal or an outline for the research.
It's a very good choice. Very good choice.
realization, public welfare. That's page 30.
Okay, I spent a long time talking about this
realization of universal justice, but that's within it seems to be within the same thing. Okay. Okay. Anyway, he just elaborated a bit more on this. Now you see what we want to see, we want to take everything we're learning within the context of how we can benefit from it today. What can we learn from it today, because sometimes, these give perspective too. And when we lose this perspective, we start to apply Islam in a way that's out of place. And that is not in line with the McCall side of Sharia, not in line with what Allah wants from us. So start using the tools that Allah gave us to get me closer to him. We're using these to distance ourselves from Allah. These are
the tools Allah gave us to bring about ease to ourselves and to other people. And if we don't realize see them within this context, we'll start using them to bring about hardship to people's lives. And that doesn't bring us closer to Allah. I will close with this one thing. I'm amazed at sometimes how
people usually think that for you to be right and to be correct, you have to choose the most difficult opinion.
Generally speaking, they assume they seem to be intuitive. I'm not I don't think it's intuitive, but it's been programmed in us that if you choose the most difficult choice, you're closer to the truth.
When in reality, the dynamics of Islam are totally the opposite. And you see this is one of the main
Maxim's or principles of
a lotto user are often machaca hardship or difficulty should be removed should be removed and there is a huge number of verses and Hadith and examples about this.
And this is why the scholars say
some scholars said a statement one scholar said
to hurry molehill al Qaeda, Khalid al Hallam is
one of them said, making something head and turning it into heaven declaring it's how long when it's actually Helen is similar to making something that is how I'm saying it's Helen, like you say, Reba is Helen,
for you to make something, Helen turn it into Helen is similar to that in evil.
Some other scholars and this is what happened to me he actually confirmed he said that's the second statement is actually more truthful. He said, the hairy mohalla should do if man mental harm. He said, Take something hard and make it how long
to make it hard for yourself or for others, is more sinful than making something how long into Helen.
Why? He says because Allah subhanaw taala says in Matisse, avocado, Bobby, that my mercy has proceeded has come first before my anger. And the one of the general principles, as we said, is the removal of hardship. So this person is going against, usually the one who makes something that makes it how long he's going against this very important principle and general pattern in Islam, whereas the one who makes the Kalam Hillel, he's still in line with ease, although it's it doesn't make any
Good, it's still bad. But it just that's the point of differentiation. So making things how long or difficult on this is not intended? This is not an intention in Sharia. This is not a criteria, that okay, which two opinions, okay, this has evidence, this has evidence, which is more difficult. That's the truth. That's what I will take. Now, that's not, that's not the correct, this is not a, this is not a factor at all, this is not a factor at all. On the contrary, if there were to be a factor is, is actually more likely to be a factor if they were a factor.
And we said the scholars throughout the classical IQ, if you listen to, if you read through alimony by even Kodama or even mohalla, by even hasm, who's actually sometimes considered to be strict, you will find oftentimes, they give preference to one opinion over the other when they see the evidence is quite equal on both sides. So the fact that this opinion is easier, and this is more in line with the patterns of Sharia, so this brings more ease, this is more closer to the truth. And they will adopt this opinion is often found there. And if you read the books of the talk about awide and stuff here, there is this guy Ada are often in Morocco, but
you will find a lot of examples, a lot of examples from this course, this could be a good point of research, by the way, as well, because it has practical, you know, manifestations. Okay, so this wasn't we started, we took about nine minutes, 10 minutes from your time today,
So, but Zakouma health for your patients, but hamdulillah we needed to conclude this with the first stage of fear, which is the time of the Prophet sallallahu and he was setting up Sharla next week, we will get into the time of the companion qualifiable actually, the time of the companions after the death of the prophet SAW Selim, we see how filter developed their time. And if you can guess what is going to grow at this stage,
which is he didn't
he had, he has is going to grow, it will be the biggest factor now that we will focus on and study. And you will By the way, this helps us in our times to see because the times with the companions of the Prophet Adam started changing after his death, more Muslims coming in, etc and so on and so forth. A lot of new situations, new challenges, there is nothing about them in the Quran, like directly speaking to them in the colonization, what should we do to the companions had to do a lot of jihad so we can learn a lot from them how to handle new issues, pressing circumstances, how to deal with them still be upon the Quran and the Sunnah, following the guidance of the prophet SAW
lots of them, so he's not gonna hit on
the question of the sister asked about the pension I,
okay, I gave her already something about this. Since it's, it's not an obligation, she has just about it, the scholars to advise against it. So when I spoke to one of my teachers, he said, as long as she can avoid it, she actually should avoid it. But I'm accepting one case, pension systems that are from the government, they are different pension systems that are from the government, they are different bodies, if it's a private company, no. But if it's a government, then it doesn't fall under the concept of gambling and this and this thing, so it's more of a careful something called the careful. So if it's a government thing, that's fine. If it's an ask the sister was a private
company, so if it's a private company, and you don't have to do it, you can avoid it, then shall avoid it.
But if it's offered by a government, it's open, you can still even proactively approach it. No, no issues with that inshallah. JazakAllah.
If anyone has questions, I'll be here for a few minutes. Sisters questions before he goes to give you priority?
Okay, if not still, as I said, you can send me the email. By the way, there's, the brother has a there's a good really good app called slack. You can download it on your laptop as well, on your desktop. It's quite good and helpful. He already created a group. It's optional, but inshallah like they will. Some brothers will be having notes etc. So they will be sharing them. I'll try my best to share them through emails as well.
So it's good, it's Slack, it's called Slack channel Next week, we'll arrange with the brothers in the media will have a screen and the brother will explain explain the whole interface and the tools there and how to, you know,
all the technicalities. Okay, no questions from the sisters? Yeah.
About what Okay, the research papers simply, you have to choose a topic from what we are going to any subject from what we're covering that has to be relevant that you find yourself interested in. So you want to find out find out a little bit more in more depth. So the research I mean could be from, I'll say around 10 around 10 pages, okay from five to 10 pages, but it cannot be copy paste.
You have to show me You have to show a practical point where you could benefit from something why something relevant to our times? something relevant to our times. Okay. So like the brother is gonna talk about removal of hardship and difficulties, some of these principles. I mean, he would need to see how this at the, at least at the conclusion, one section, how this applies to our times.
Probably, okay. I mean, you can make a mistake here, by the way, as the scholar said, okay, you know, with the, with the teacher, when you are making
basically an assignment or something, you can make no mistake, this is not you talking about Allah without knowledge or speaking religion without knowledge, you are writing something, or making an inquiry or in order for you to be corrected and to learn. So that's fine. That's fine. inshallah. So the paper is about any subject, you find interesting, any of the topics that we cover, you want to study it in a bit more depth, and show the relevance to over time, you will need to come up with practical things. practical things it could be like, as I said, what we just said about, you know, the, the gradual stages of tertiary, and how we can use them to teach our kids write, and to teach
new Muslims, or the issue of,
you know, is how it relates to our time. Sometimes maybe there's one issue for the issue that you find there's difficulty with it. So what does the difficulty come from?
Why do the Muslims young Muslims find it difficult to practice Islam? Is it a legitimate difficulty? Or is it something that they have an issue with? How can we remove this difficulty?
No, you identify 123 you want to give me an outline and help you choose? I can help you choose. But before you go on with research, you have to get the okay.
As you get the okay from because I need to make sure that okay, there's something there. Otherwise, you choose just a point where there's no no benefit. Now want to be a bit practical?
Is that clear?
There's no so far there's no deadline, but generally speaking, let's say in three weeks, you should have a good idea what you want to write about. The deadline would be
would be the first of January 2017.
Yes, so you have plenty of time. Well, what time we're going to finish the thing called class. Well, yeah, by that time would have finished Yes. By the beginning of the new year.
Okay, brothers questions.
Yes, go ahead.
Sharia is found in the Quran and the Sunnah
is found in the Quran and Sunnah. And Sharia. That's the first time you hear a second
first time, okay, okay. So basically what we said Sharia is more like the Constitution, the general principles that you have in the Quran, the sooner the fifth is the human effort to arrive at that Sharia. So, for example, so Sharia is not the actual for aanenson. No, they embody the Sharia. They embody, they contain the Sharia, but the Sharia is more of an as an ideal, as an ideal of what Islam is meant to be. What Allah once
so the way for us to arrive at this is through the Quran and the Sunnah. And through he had, he had his reasoning with the entrepreneur to find out exactly what Allah wants in this specific situation. So that's our,
our understanding of the Sharia. Our understanding and our effort to understand the sherea sherea itself is the ideal principles and teachings of the Quran and the Sunnah.
So for example, for example,
intoxicants are haram forbidden.
would be this specific substance, does it fall under intoxicants? So is it included there or not? That's for
sure. Yeah. For example, originally, every every transaction is heroin Unless Unless there is something Haram in it, some how long elements in it?
A fifth is this specific transaction like the Java for example. All the discussion
have zero mortgages, etc. This kind of system. Okay. Is there anything prohibited there? Is there any process element? Does it fall into this? So passing the judgment on this? That's more of.
Okay. Sherry asked for examples that you have to pray the five daily prayers
and traveling, you can shorten,
what is travel considered to be traveling? So I'm driving from here to Niagara Falls? Is this considered to be dry? traveling or not?
Some folks will tell you were struggling some call center for like Canadians.
Some people go everyday, it's not even a travel. So that kind of reasoning. And the conclusion you arrive at this is
but you so what is considered to be suffering? This is what is considered to be traveling, that's fine. But to shorten, do you like to shorten the prayer? In traveling? That's Sharia has, there's no dispute there's nothing less from Allah has been stated, it's clear that it's not more of a definition thing. By the way, if you remember I said, as we talk about it, you'll understand it more, you'll get more sense of it, you get more done. It's not like clear cut. But by the way, 50 at the time of the professional sentiment included everything, not only for key issues included, upgraded to the the HELOC that's at the time of the process. But later on, it became developed into
a technical use of only what we know today as FX, which is the applications and common
Issues of Sharia of Islam, issues that pertain to Islam.
For us, we might not know exactly
you know what the oma has agreed upon, we might not. But the point in the Hadith is that the truth will always be in the Muslim Ummah, even if it's with one person,
like the whole Ummah will never all of them at one time agree on something that's wrong. All of them impossible.
Oh, that's possible.
No aged man is not is not consensus is sorry, is Matt is not majority majority is called Jim Hall.
It's called jumbo
and consensus. with matters of fact, for example, technical, the consensus there is the is the unanimous agreement of the scholars
of the scholars with technical technical thought, hence the scholars.
If it's a technical issue that needs a person to not sort of flip and have the tools, then it applies only to the scholars in this specific context. Yes, but in terms of like general beliefs about Islam, the truth about Islam that applies to all Muslims.
Okay, don't get so lost.