A Thematic Commentary On The Quran #06
Channel: Moutasem al-Hameedy
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Earlier he was he had a bad deal.
So back again after this break to our class, which is a thematic commentary on the Quran, first apologies for the technical issues, we were meant to do all of that before. But unfortunately, we had to do it after mocap and we lost about half an hour already. So if hamdulillah shallow will have will overcome this next time speaking in that arena.
Okay, so just again, to recap and put you back in context,
the Quran now, and the premise of this whole class is that there is nothing random in the Quran, the Quran is the words of Allah subhanaw taala. And it's perfect in every sense, since these are the words of ALLAH, the meanings, the letters, the words themselves, the structures, the language itself, everything is from Allah and everything that comes from Allah is perfect. And it's a common experience that people would read the Quran, and they sometimes would find some sort of randomness, some people complain that they would say, we don't find or we cannot detect structure in the Quran, we cannot detect some kind of pattern and system, it seems to talk about one topic, then we move on
to talk about another topic, then address something else, then it would be speaking to sometimes in the first person, then it would shift to the third person and so on and so forth. So
we said then we explained that this is the problem with this is our expectation, we are expecting the Quran to
be in a way we expect textbooks to be because we were brought up with textbooks. And now we're placing a demand on the Quran to reveal itself in the same way. So we set the standard for the Quran as if it's supposed to be a textbook, or a book that talks about a specific subject. But that's a pattern or that's a that's,
that's a benchmark or a standard that humans built. It doesn't mean it's perfect, right? Since the Quran is from the is the words of Allah subhanaw taala if you personally your personal experience, have not found structure in it, and order in it and pattern, then it just means that you have not invested enough in the Quran, you have not dug deep enough in the Quran to really find the harmony, the flow of ideas, the structure and the style of the Quran. So in this class Insha Allah we are trying what we're trying to do is to uncover some of the systematic nature of the Quran, trying to make it more accessible, so that we can relate to that and hopefully it will teach us a lesson and
it will help us approach the Quran in a slightly different way more profound way, more appreciative, appreciative way, and also
without expectations because with expectations, you're judgmental. We want to approach the Quran with an open heart and open mind let the Quran lead the way for you know, you lead the way for the Quran. That's how we should approach the Quran. It's from Allah subhanaw taala. So it's perfect. So let me open up to this perfection even if I don't see it first. I'll still try to keep searching for it Inshallah, to Allah and we said, we will go over the Quran sha Allah in two goals. First one first round is the shorter round. We're just mentioning the surah. And we try to detect what we labeled as the central verse and again, central verse, I don't mean, hey, this is like the central
paragraph in a in an essay or in a book. We're just saying this is a verse that seems to reveal or seems to display the central theme in this specific surah
the most among all the other verses in the Surah. That's so that's basically what we mean by the central verse. So that's our first round. And we reached Surratt
Alfetta last Surah we covered was solid prophetic. And we actually we weren't we were planning to finish tonight, like which certainly is that but I doubt we will be able to do this in 4545 minutes. So once we are done with this first round over the Quran, then we will go back again to solid fatty I start again, but we will have a more thoughtful as a slower pace kind of approach, where inshallah every month we'll try to cover one juice. Every month we'll try to cover one gist and we will see how for example in Surah Al Baqarah, how the first
what's the central verse, or what's the central theme? And then we see how the surah goes from one topic to the other to another and how each topic relates to the central theme and how it feeds into it and then how there's a case being built. And again, this is not comprehensive. The Quran is full of treasures is
pool of knowledge. There's just one, I would say one approach one perspective into the flow of the natural flow of the Quran. So, again, let's
pick up from where you left off last time, which was four weeks ago.
We start now with Surratt. And how gerat saw that, and lots, I think we've done
Yes, so that'll help you a lot. All right.
So surah Taha gerat, the central verse in Surah 200 of the verse that reveals the central theme in surah. Al Al Juliet is verse number one, verse number one, yeah, you enter the inner arm in order to continue obeying the law, he will assume he, what Allah in Allah sent me on heading. Or you will believe all believers do not proceed in any matter before a decree from Allah and His messenger. And fear Allah, surely Allah is all hearing, all knowing. From this verse Who can detect the central theme and salted
salted Haji rights just take you through it quickly.
It talks about some of the etiquettes in dealing with the Prophet SAW Selim specifically raising the voice there was some of the Bedouins came to see the Prophet salAllahu alayhi wasallam. And they were waiting for him outside of his house. But when they thought he took too long, they started calling out his name, yah, Mohammed, Mohammed, raising the voice trying to get it to get him to come out early. So Allah subhanaw taala was teaching these believers or these they were new believers at the time, the etiquettes of dealing with the prophets of Allah Islam and that you should revere and respect the prophets of Salaam in a way that you do not even raise your voice, you should speak with
humility, and calm in the presence of the Prophet sallallahu right to us and we should address him with so much respect.
He's not like anyone else. And then Allah subhanaw taala talks about
some other etiquettes in Surah 200. So
a lot talks about verifying news when they come to us. Then Allah talks about the believers when two believers or two groups of believers get into a fight among each other, how to bring about reconciliation, among them. And then Allah Subhanallah warns against some of the negative traits or practices like mockery, backbiting and making fun of other people and also having evil thoughts or evil suspicion about others jumping to conclusions about others. And then Allah subhanaw taala addresses humanity in general that Allah made them into tribes and nations so they get to know one another than Allah addresses some of the Bedouins, some of the Bedouins, they arrived at the time of
the Prophet some who claim to be believers, not Muslims, but believers, which is that they have faith. And this is a form of praising oneself. It's a form of a fiscal year. And some of these were hypocrites, usually when Allah appears in the Quran, like unsalted Toba and here in surah Taha gerat It doesn't only mean the Bedouins but it means usually refers to some of the hypocrites who come from the Nomad areas. Okay, so it's not talking about all the Bedouins it's not talking about. And again, some people use this by the way to put down the Arabs. They say the Arabs are the Arab and they are the worst type of before. Again, this is just another form of racism, which is all of it
against any race, any ethnicity is unacceptable in Islam. And Rob is actually talks about a group from the moon Africa and who usually used to come from the nomadic Bedouin areas.
okay, so Allah teaches them a lesson about not praising themselves and claiming faith to themselves. So
anyone can infer what is the central theme with the other sources? I'm gonna go quickly, but I will just want to get you involved a little bit. What do you think the central theme which is presented in the first verse, yeah, you're living in a home and all that to Kadeem obey the law he was only he was a law in the law. Simeone Are you believe Do not you know put forth your decision or your opinion before the command or the decree of Allah and His messenger? Indeed, Allah is all here here are all sealed.
communication, no, really?
I mean, good try, but specifically here No.
Okay, basically what it does.
Look at the profound nature of the central theme, Allah subhanaw taala instructs the believers
to treat the prophets or Sanlam with respect and treat the decision of the Prophet SAW Selim and the decree
We have Allah put it first and foremost for anything else. This reveals itself in the form of etiquettes, how you treat the prophets of Salaam, and how you receive the commands from Allah, whether you put them first or you start trying to reason with them and try to try to find loopholes or seek means around them. Again, this is not putting them first this is seeking means wrong things. And
and the last one does is trying to get the believers to put Allah and His messenger first.
First, not only in etiquettes, but also in their attitude in their faith.
In their faith, put the decision of Allah first put the, the instructions of the prophets of salaam first before us give it precedence over us. This manifests itself in obedience to Allah and his messenger salaam, and it manifests itself further in how you treat Allah and His Messenger, how you treat Allah Subhan Allah and His Messenger in your in your daily behavior. Okay, so that's there's more Inshallah, that we will say in the second round, but now we'll just go a little bit more quicker. So let's move to solid off the central theme of the central verse in Surah Kahf. Again, sort of off is not an easy sort to sort of pinpoint, there was a few verses for me that were
competing over, which would be the, the central verse For me, the one that really stood out was verse number 45, which is no no Ireland will be my opponent, and image above for the cable Qurani Mejia off wide the end of it. So the end sort of summarizes the whole surah and the meaning of the verse is we know best what they say on Allah is addressing the Prophet sauce and then we know best what they say those who disbelieve and you owe profit are not there to compel them to believe. So remind them with the Quran only.
Remind them of the Quran only those who fear my warning. So you give warning to those who will accept it those who will benefit from it, these are your target. So you give the warning and the ones who will benefit from it are the ones who will actually end up listening to you and accepting.
accepting your call. Now, if you look at this verse, there is there is a subtle threat and warning from Allah Subhan Allah Allah, Allah says to the prophet for the curable Quran, me you have a wait. So remind with the book, those who fear my warning,
all of Surah off is about what is about the signs of Allah in His creation, his mind his power, how he put everything together in the creation. That's first page, second page, Allah subhanaw taala talks about the moment of death, then the moment we return to Allah subhanaw taala and what happens on the Day of Judgment, when you know,
Allah brings people to account. So you will find a Corinne which is okay, the gene that is assigned to you will abandon responsibility, try to run away from responsibility, and even the angel that is sort of say, guarding you or writing your deeds as well. They would say we're not responsible for his good bad deeds as his bad deeds. And then Allah subhanaw taala ultimately shows the bad end of the disbelievers. And Allah says, Yo, man up already Johanna Hallym talathi What are all 100 mercy? When we say to jahannam to the hellfire, are you full? And it says is there more I want more? That's the pinnacle of warning and Saurons cough so Allah establishes His might, then he talks about his
punishment. So this whole sort of is a threat is a threat to those who do not accept the message from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and we'll move on to Surah two there yet.
Salted data yet is actually about again, verse number four and five, Oxford is number five, but number four completes the context. In number two, I do another sodic in the dean and our
indeed what you are promised is true, and the judgment will certainly come to pass. So salted data yet is about the certainty of the judgment on the last day. That's what sort of various it's about. And if for those who were here last time, if you remember we said when the shore when the sources get shorter, the shorter sources, we can see that they form clusters, the short sources, shorter source form, clusters, meaning you will find there's a sequence from one source to the other. So insalata gerat. For example, Allah subhanho wa Taala
warns against putting your desires and your thoughts before the before the decree of Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and Allah Allah cuckoo
It specifically with the reality of faith about those about those who claim faith, right?
But then, in Surah, Allah Allah subhanaw taala warns or punishment. So this serves as a warning to the people who are referred to in surah Taha for people who pretend to be of faith, but they don't have real faith. So sawed off is more of a warning to them. In that sequence, it's more general, but it's in that sequence, that's the sequence between the source and on solid cough, Allah says, Allah says, There is a warning from Allah, and that Allah is Mighty. And there will be accounts and there will be reckoning on the day of judgment and there will be punishment, there will be the hellfire, now sorted there yet emphasizes this by saying in number two, I do another sada COVID-19. And,
indeed, what you are promised is true. And the judgment or here even could be the punishment from Allah is definitely going to happen. So it sort of emphasizes what is in sort of that sort of there yet. Move on to sort of tour
and solo tour. Again, it's more of an emphasis is when it takes, you know, what sort of
what sort of data yet talks about it takes it a step further, by not only emphasizing that the judgment is going to happen, but more specific about the judgment of Allah is the punishment of Allah, the punishment of Allah so the judgment of Allah is true. It's gonna happen on the Day of Judgment.
More specifically, the punishment for those who refuse the truth is going to happen. This is what Allah says in surah, in verse number seven, in the Barbican, indeed, the punishment of your Lord will come to pass. So sort of the tour is more about the punishment of Allah subhanaw taala and is why you find in Surah, to talk there's an argument,
Imam Bukhari in his book that we named as a reference to the main reference to this book, which is
love McDonald feet and it was so
he refers to something about how in Surah Torre Allah subhanaw taala gives an evidence to those who deny the existence of Allah would deny or deny the fact that Allah created the universe.
And this might be a clue to people who deal with atheists today and agnostics
Allah Subhan Allah mentions, I'm Holly Coronavirus, che and I'm homall harder on that. By the way, that's a very profound argument. It's one verse, it's a profound argument.
Were they created out of nothing? Or were they themselves the creatives?
Allah says there's no other option. It's either Allah or you have two other possibilities. Either you came into existence out of nothing, or you yourselves humans were the creators because everything else in the universe
as we know it, humans that we have access to it either Misha had the seen world, we are the most intelligent, were the most resourceful. So our existence, it either we came out of nothingness,
out of nothingness, which science seems to espouse today, although it's not science, but scientists seems seem to espouse today's a theory, they say something happened in the world, Big Bang or anything else. And existence just started.
Allah is saying, okay, that's one possibility you have to come up with. But again, speaking logically, that doesn't make any sense. Because nothingness does not bring existence. Or you yourself, yourselves were the creators. And humans today don't claim this today. Although we claim that partially, we claim that partially, so people say
people claim that,
oh, we conquered
the sea, the ocean, we conquered the air, with aviation now, and we're conquering space. So it's basically humans who are coming up with these inventions, these ideas out of nothing, right? That's partially espousing this kind of proposal is that we are the creators. We are the creators and now with artificial intelligence was gonna take this further, as long as you're gonna say, we created this, we've done this, we originated this, but again, the thing is, and by the way, sometimes
children ask this question.
Children asked this question is humans need cars, human made airplanes, as if humans came up with these ideas?
is from nowhere. The thing is Allah created us and our ideas. What do you think human ideas come from?
Again, sometimes when we think about the creation, we only limit that to the physical creation tangible objects, think that's what the creation is. Ideas have existence of their own right?
We humans do not originate ideas just like that. That's a form of creation, by the way, but just happens through us ideas, thoughts are from Allah. They are from Allah. So don't think as a human being, you can originate anything, even what you call a novel thing. Creativity is not like, Oh, it's my own merit, my own excellence.
That's all from Allah subhanaw taala, I am from Allah. Right? I'm the creation of Allah, my mind is the creator, my capacity to think, is from Allah. And even the content of this thinking is from Allah, the ideas, the thoughts are from Allah. And that's what we call inspiration. So when humans Yes, I mean, you can earn inspiration by thinking by learning that's true. But don't you don't own these ideas, these inventions are part of the creation of Allah again.
The prophets are seldom when rain fell, the prophets of salaam would go out and he would allow you would take some of the rain and rub it over his hair and head and he would even let the rain he would drop the rain over his neck and shoulder. And when he was asked about this, he said in no Hadith, Dimbleby, he said, This is just recently come from Allah, like it was just created. This is the rain was just created by Allah.
I mean, again, someone says, Well, we just came from the clouds, right? It got condensed
at straw in this gas format. It was just condensed and it just fell down as in the form of drops. We think yeah, it was just created by Allah and how does Allah create Allah create through His creation,
Allah creates through His creation, that's how Allah creates. Now we mixing the mechanism with the source of the creation, that's the problem. When we talk about the clouds, that's the mechanism.
Clouds do not create, and the whole process of evaporation and, and now the clouds form and that's not that's not creation, that's, that's the mechanism. That's the mechanism, the same thing, our thought process our ideas or inventions, this is how Allah creates into the world.
So we should not be arrogant. We don't own these inventions. We don't they're just happening through us their inspiration from Allah subhanaw taala. Okay. So again, this was more of a digression but solidor it has, because it wants there's a warning to the people who disbelieve and there's a profound argument that Allah subhanaw taala is is presenting here in Salt. Update, okay, move on to solar.
So it's a nudge of
sorts and najem
is about the
truthfulness of the prophets of Allah Himself. Which is verse the verse that shows this is verse number two MALBA Lhasa Hey welcome one hour Allah addresses people of Quraysh disbelievers at the time your companion meaning the prophets Allah wa salam has not strayed nor has he heard
Bala, our VLAN and rewire Okay, we will talk in detail about what's the LAN and what's rewire later on going astray or making mistake on purpose on purpose. Okay.
Four and five.
And sort of the najem
When did you meet them over the last time we're all went out in Hawaii lower who knew? It was definitely echoes that in definitely echoes that? Yes. Yes. But again, as I said, this is all he had.
I tried my best to see the verse that really displays the central theme. So so this seemed to be the strongest to me. Okay, then move on to Surah total comma.
Okay, I prefer to keep the questions at the end. At the moment. Khalida, she told me she had dinner
Okay, so let's Kumar is the first verse Katara Betsa, to One
to One Shakalaka. The Hour has drawn near and the moon was split. Again, it's about the nearness of, of the Day of Judgment. And Allah talks about the difference prophets different
prophets and messengers, how they came a sequence, and that the prophets of salaam came as the seal of the prophets close to the Day of Judgment, the person said, with the WhatsApp or Serato.
I was sent with the hour the last day like this, the scholar said, meaning, the difference between me and the hour is very short. It's very small. So the Prophet Psalm was one of the first signs of the nearness of the Day of Judgment sort of moved on to sorta Roman sort of man is clear and straightforward, is the first verse of man it's about the Mercy of Allah subhanaw taala look at these all verses, starting from Surah
So more from cough there's more emphasis on the Day of Judgment with Surah till off with solid cough. Actually, Elmo fossil starts according to the strongest opinion and well first of all, is the last part of the Quran.
Allah Mufasa from Surat cough to Surah to NAS is called an amorphous solid.
The explained in detail the broken down sort of concept as well amorphous solid facilite of a sun, meaning very well explained. And
Shri Krishna and Tamia Rama Lata Allah, He said
all of the Quran was summarized and the gist of it was put in a Mufasa
was put in an Mufasa and the the whole summary over my first son was put in salted Fatiha
so my first cell from cough to the end of the Quran, so rottenness, this is a summary of the whole Quran.
So, alright man is about mercy. So we started off about the Day of Judgment, what's going to happen, then?
Again, you find solid,
a tool, sorry, there yet.
Again, it's about the judgment on the Day of Judgment, that we have sort of
a poor it's about the emphasis that the punishment is going to happen on the day of judgment. And now Jim is about the authenticity of the of the Prophet SAW Salem and the truthfulness of his of his message. Then, the Kumar is about the prophets of salaam connecting the prophesy them to the Day of Judgment, this the messenger ship of the prophets of Salaam, to the newness of the hour, then Allah subhana, Allah emphasizes his name a man, he talks more in salt Oklahoman about the people of paradise. So he talks about his signs in the creation, how we made the creation, and this is sign of His mercy that he takes care of his creation. Then Allah talks about the three types of people on
the day of judgment. He mentioned the two levels in paradise, as Hubballi Amin was servicon Subliminal, the general masses of the believers who will enter paradise this is the base level,
or the base model of paradise.
no, no, this was sort of ramen and work as well, the same thing but Allah talks.
Sort of Yeah, you're right. Sort of like Malala talks about the Jana team. The two levels, you're right, the two levels. So the
US Hubballi Amin
and a Sadiq Khan, two levels of paradise, Saba Khan are the minority, they are the best of the believers, the elite of the believers. So ALLAH SubhanA, Allah shows his mercy in this life and in the Hereafter, then this leads us to social worker, which is it takes takes us further, it sort of takes a wider shot, where yes, we have these two levels of believers, the general masses of the believers Hubballi, Amin and Acerbi on the highest level. And also we have a third type, which is the people in the Hellfire people in the hellfire, and it talks about
talks about the three of them. But the general the central theme and solitary warfare, which is carried in its name, and walk, I mean, it's absolutely happening. Like as if it happened already. Like it's so that was so short about it as if it already happened, and what they're either waka waka laserable Katya, Kathy, Baja, filata, and raffia. Number three, verse number three is the central one. But you have to put it here in a context again with with shorter soldiers that have shorter verses. You can't take a verse out of its context. So you have to provide sometimes a few verses before and after sometimes. So verse number three is the central verse.
Because verse number one either walk it to work there, when the inevitable event takes place, they have judgment. There is at its occurrence, no denial. Again, this was already mentioned this theme was over
dimensioned and salted data yet and in Serato, right
what is special about Salatin Walker is half you got to drive your head it will debase will lower some people and it will elevate others. The fact
what sorts of work is about the fact that people
will split and the divide between people will will will get bigger the believers on the one hand and the disbelievers on the other hand, what quantum has why gentileza
by so that's sort of the worker
then sought al Hadid and this is concluded with Surah Al Hadid. And
it gave me how time so the Hadith gave me a hard time but for me is verse number 25. Is this carries the central theme. Arsalan narrow sadhana will begin at once and Mr. Holman Kitab I will miss Anna Leah Coleman. NASA will test one Zen Hadid Fe Herbertson she didn't want mana if your holiness well yeah Adam Allahumma Yun solo who also the who live in the La Jolla as he's What does soften Hadid.
Salah did he do it takes
the inevitability of the Day of Judgment with the message of the prophets.
Specifically Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa salam, and that Allah subhanaw taala made this worldly life a battlefield,
a battlefield with good and evil. And that's why there is iron. Again, we'll read the translation we have all Allah says we have already sent Our Messengers with clear evidences sent down with them. We sit down with them the Scripture, the Scripture and the balance, that the people may maintain the refers injustice, And We send down iron wherein there is great military might and benefits for the people. And so that Allah may make evident those who support him and his messenger.
Unseen meaning without saying Allah subhanaw taala Indeed, Allah is powerful and Exalted in Might. So this basically puts a context for everything that was mentioned before. Allah says We have sent our prophets and messengers, warning them about the Day of Judgment, warning people about the day of judgment, but the punishment, and also about the reward for people who follow the truth. And in this world, they will we give people resources,
we give people resources, in the form of iron and, and military power and access to different resources. So Allah subhanaw taala, shall make clear those who follow the truth and champion it, defend it, and those who will fight against it, or those who will resist it. Amazon hear the balance score, the scores of Tafseer have so many opinions about it. But
one of them that stands out for me is the filter Allah, Allah gave Allah sent down.
A balance inside of people are recognition of the truth. And they're supposed to hold on to this, which guides them to the revelation of Allah subhanaw taala. So that means all humans have access, we have an intuitive recognition of the truth. So when we see the revelation from Allah, when we see the truth, we are we recognize it at some level. That's the museum. That's the museum. There are other tifosi of the museum, but this is one of them. And it's the most relevant in this context. Okay, so we'll move on now to sort of the majority law
sort of majority that again, talks about many topics, and it could be confusing, especially because it starts with an incident that happened with the Prophet salallahu Salam, that the wife of one of the companions of the Allahu Anhu she came to the Prophet salallahu Salam, and she complained that her husband said you are to me like my mother, like the back of my mother, scold
of over half.
And she was complaining, because it was considered some sort of divorce and eternal divorce and the terms of Jaya Helia.
And, but alas, Mata, he does not necessarily talk about this specific incident by Allah talks about his might and His power that he could hear that conversation even though I actually allow and I was in the same room which was a very small room, tiny room, and she could not hear the conversation. And Allah heard it. So this Surah Al Mogera, did all of it. The theme that really puts all the verses have it really in beautiful order. And you can find the connection, if you read carefully, is the might of Allah is the mind of Allah and that's why Allah Subhan Allah says in verse number 20
In the Ludhiana your head don't Allah Allah rasool Allah, Allah. Allah establishes his mind and his dominance, that you cannot mess with Allah you cannot go against Allah you will be on the losing end, if you are against Allah subhanaw taala. As for those who defy Allah and His Messenger, they will definitely be among the most debased are the ones the ones that are lowered. Then after this is Surratt, and Heschel sorted, hasher serves as a case in point as an example of the mind and the power and the dominance of Allah subhanaw taala because it talks about people of the book in Medina, People of the Scripture who went against the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and it talks also about the
hypocrites who supported them, how Allah subhanaw taala gave how Allah led them to humility, because of their deception because of their conspiracies. Eventually, they thought they were winning, but eventually they were the losing ones. These people have the Scripture and the people and the hypocrites or the mafia reign, who tried to support them and help them out. So
all of the verses are found all the verses in the Surah are very specific. So I had to go to the first there's general that short of sort of gets everything together Subhanallah him if he somehow it won't fly out of the water well as usual, Hakeem, whatever is in the heavens and the earth. And whatever it is on the earth glorifies Allah, for He is the Almighty, the all wise, meaning everything in this universe glorifies Allah and recognizes the might and power of Allah. Indeed, Allah is Allah Aziz Almighty is the dominant and he's the always, Hakeem here is always valid. Hakeem has two meanings wisdom.
Hakim hikma vacuum and Hakka hakim from Atlanta is also might and strength and dominance complete control.
So this is what sort of hasher is about and it talks about the victory that Allah subhanaw taala gave to the Muslims. And then Allah and saw that next following Surah Surah, three Montana, Allah subhanaw taala
tells the believers since Allah is the dominant, do not side, even if slightly with the people who are against Allah subhanaw taala
and assaulted them to Hannah, because we know about the story of how to do not be able to handle the Allahu Anhu when the prophets of salaam was getting ready to take over Mecca. And he kept it he kept everything secret, but how to not be able to, he needed something from the people of Makkah protection for his family. So he taught he sent the news to them, for the profit center managed to capture the woman who was carrying the message. And again in the law warned him and Allah warned the believers do not, you know, try to sort of give a favor to those who are against the law, try to win their hearts or win their support or win their help. It's the first verse quite long. I'm not going
to read it if you want to read it. I mean, you can do that on your own. It's basically yeah, you already know him and all that stuff we do I do we want to welcome our Lea to Kona in Indianola
or you who believe, do not take my enemies and yours Your enemies as well as trusted allies, showing them affection, even though they deny what has come to you from the truth etcetera.
So meaning do not support Allah is dominant. So do not
support people who are against or would decide against the loss of Hannah, with the IRA, then we have Surah Surah SFX is actually is very clear, very straightforward. It's about encouraging the believers to engage in legitimate justified warfare.
Legitimate justified warfare, the beginning is clear about this. And the middle holds the,
the central verse on this
was actually number four.
But it could be also there's a verse that competes with it, which is
verse number 11. But I thought verse number four was so much to the point in Allah, your Hebrew lady named Battilana. feasibility is a function of ammonia source. Surely Allah loves those who fight in his cause in solid ranks, as if they were one concrete structure and warfare has its place in Islam. But it's not like what we see today. And it's not like what you hear in the media. Okay. There is a system there's a very profound system, and it's full of wisdom and it's full of mercy. And it's full of decisiveness. It addresses the human condition.
Well, Warfarin Islam addresses the human condition. Islam does not
as one of its basic tenets or maintenance
But in Islam, what you find the logic of warfare, which is jihad is basically it's a recognition from the Creator of the heavens and the earth that humans will always engage in Injustice and in warfare. So what basically Islamic warfare says, If you are not strong you will just be eaten. Simple as that. If you're not strong if you're, if the truth that you have you cannot defend the truth that you have, you will be eaten and the truth will be subjugated.
So, it's not about Islam does not spread by the sword and you cannot force anyone to be a Muslim. Anyway, Inshallah, when we come to the Surah, later on, we will talk about this in detail.
Following is similar to Joomla, so to Joomla.
The central verse in it is the verse that talks about Salat, and Juma which is verse number nine. Yeah, you already know and with no deal is solitary Yeoman Giamatti, Fussa Illa decree law he was ruled by nearly completed on a common contempt Alamo are you who believe when the call to the prayer is made on Friday, then proceed diligently to the remembrance of Allah and leave off your business that is best for you, if only you know. So this is about how the believers sort of talks about how the believers when they engage in warfare they are together
can humble Neander muscles they are very solid structure.
And there is a resemblance of of this. And so in the congregational prayer, it's a lot of drama. So the believers build this bond, not only when wolf when the when the when the call goes out. This powerful bond between the believers is built on a daily basis, on a daily basis, and at least on a weekly basis on salads, and drama and it shows that our devotion to Allah is not only individual because there are some religions that for them religiosity or spirituality is between you and Allah. This is already in Islam. But since human beings are social, humans are social beings.
So our worship our devotion to Allah, part of it is individual and part of it is congregational collective.
Praying in congregation is not like praying individually, you should pray some prayers individually, specifically your voluntary prayers, your family, the obligatory ones, we are highly recommended and
obligated in many cases to pray them in congregation
because you do not achieve the full or the full version of the fruit and the benefit of these obligations unless they are done in congregation.
So Islam is not only between you and Allah
part of it is communal communal part of it is congregational.
And so let them jump out here talks about this is what's emphasized.
Then we go talk to Solomon everyone hypocrites and diverse central verse here is the first number one either Jack I'm gonna if you're gonna shadow indicado rasool Allah, Allahu Nicoletta Sula, who along we should do in them on Africa, in Africa, the bone when they hypocrites come to you or prophet. They say, We bear witness that you are certainly the Messenger of Allah. And surely Allah knows that you are His Messenger, but Allah bears witness that the hypocrites are truly liars
shows that the connection between congregational prayer specifically on Juma and
hypocrisy the prophets of salaam says Mantella Katha Juma Hatha Mala Khuddam Allahu Allah will be a person who fails to pray with three Juma majority of scholars, they say consecutively three consecutive Juma without a valid excuse, then Allah would seal their hearts.
And there is a reference from the prophets of Salaam, a few references from the prophets I send them that we used to recognize the hypocrites by their lazy or lackadaisical approach to the congregational prayer in general, specifically federal and Asia. So there's a connection here, there's a connection, so Allah here exposes
the hypocrites, and that they are all about show. They're all about show. Okay.
We're gonna take Sora to harbor and stop the Cha. So let's it's Robin
Surah Turabian. Again, it talks actually takes the whole notion of the hypocrites who think that they are doing well and they think they're getting by with whatever they they're doing. But they end up fooling themselves.
jobs, and they only knew it know it when it's too late. That's what a turbine is a turbine is that you think you're smart, you think you're doing very well, you think you outsmart everyone else, only to find out the end. There actually, you've been fooling yourself all the all the time. That's what the Robin is. That's what Robin is, again, like you, you avoid taxes, you you, you mess around with your box, or you do something illegal, you keep doing it, and you're getting by year after year, you managed to get away with it. But when you're caught,
you're going to pay for everything. And the more on top of it. And then you realize how how much of a fool you have been just thinking you can, you know, just fool the system or something like this. Again, imagine you're trying to do that with Allah subhanaw taala.
That that's what a turban is, is that you think hypocrites think that they're outsmarting Allah subhanaw taala. And the believers, and they are just way too smart. And then they just realize that they were the biggest fools in this world. That's what it's about. One is so. So that's the connection between solar thermal African solar at the robin central versus Robins, verse number nine, which is clear. Allah says your major mockingly homage me daddy K or Boone, when Allah gathers you to,
to the day of judgment or for the day of judgment of gathering, and that's the deal of mutual loss or mutual loss is not really a good translation, it's difficult to translate it to a couple I like I couldn't come up with a good word in English. So if someone comes up with something that would be great.
So try one, as I said, Do you think you're outsmarting everyone, only to find that you've actually you've been the biggest fall in this. That's really what it
means. And then everything is sorted. The problem is actually sort of refers to this because if you don't believe in Allah, then you've just again, you fooled yourself through this life.
And Allah warns at the end of the Surah, about how your wealth, your possessions, and your children are a trial for you. Again, you don't want we don't want to be fooled with regards to anything with regards to your relationship with Allah subhanho wa Taala Okay, so we will stop here. I'll take a couple of questions. I'll take one question.
And inshallah next week, hopefully inshallah next week we'll be able to reach Surah NAS, salami slicing them from when he was happy, he will send them Swannack was Elmo Gulaba?
so sol, sol Jade jobling, Elysium Alif. Khalifa toy type the question was, why does Allah say Oh, you who believe when the the call goes out for the prayer of Friday, respond to it? Why doesn't Allah say all Muslims, why does Allah say, are you who believe throughout the Quran? Allah subhanaw taala does when when he gives commands he says yeah, you are Latina. Because his obedience is a result of ima.
Obedience is a result of iman. Now Islam, Islam is the external deeds. So Allah is calling upon the believers based on their faith. Allah says, if you meaning your lady in Amman, if you truly believe her Contempo Mina, if you truly believe, if you truly believe, Do this,
do this but Islam everyone can claim to be Muslim.
Everyone can claim to be Muslim. That's why in Islam, we have for basic level Islam. A higher level is Iman highest level is now every Muslim at the base level has Iman, but he did not reach a level of Eman that's outstanding command and EMA, a perfect level of EMA. So he has a man but he still needs to work on it. But when he works on it and he reaches a higher level than his Eman stands out, his faith in His heart is more valuable to Allah than just the external leads. That's why we call him a believer movement. And when the person's connection to Allah stands out because a man becomes so strong, Allah calls the elder prophets of salaam called a hit.
He calls it he
Yes and that's the highest level of Eman which is your worship Allah is if you use your level of Yaqeen basically as if you see Allah Subhan Allah so Allah says yo Latina nominal basically because it's a was it's a description Allah saying faith leads to obedience that's the point
yeah you will Adina.
We're going to sorry, we're gonna delay Salah Salacia two minutes just because that's an important thing the brother is saying and I think many people have this issue. The brother is saying I'm a Muslim, but I don't necessarily have this level of Amen.
Okay, you cannot be truly Muslim unless you have a man
in your heart.
If you don't have a man in your heart, you're gonna
have a drone and Robin whare hubba
Nafi muscular Cofman Allah as though Jin
Mao Hoffman Allah is Allah fearing the loss Manchanda is a sign of faith in the Masha Allah has anybody heard of Allah ma?
Every Muslim, true Muslim, every true Muslim. They have the faith. They have the Eman they have the Eman but now what we want to do is with more obedience, we want more knowledge we grow this inner. That's the point. That's where all of us are in this. Now Muslim doesn't mean you don't have a man because if you don't have a man, you're a hypocrite. If you have the external deeds and you don't have faith, you're a hypocrite. We're not talking about hypocrisy. So when Allah says yo Lydian a hammer no even if you have the slightest level of Eman, you are included in this simple by Baraka laughing This is a very like straightforward answer by American law here we'll pray shops a lot, Mr.
Mohammed when he was out he was selling them and we'll carry on inshallah next week.