A Thematic Commentary On The Quran #05

Moutasem al-Hameedy


Channel: Moutasem al-Hameedy

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The transcript discusses the importance of trusting Allah Subhan and not giving too much information. The transcript also highlights the importance of holding onto the truth and not being divided by others, as well as the significance of the "has been rewarded," meaning that people will receive what they truly deserve. The transcript uses various verses in Surah and their significance in various aspects of creation, including the importance of cooperation and mutual consultation among believers, the central verse in the Surah message, and the history of the parody of the title "the Day of Judgment."

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Do you want to turn on the lights? Now just turn on those lights

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yes just

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manual here Rahim.

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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen salatu salam ala sayyidina. Muhammad in whiner early he was happy to be here as you may have seen what I do. So, I believe this is session number four on a thematic commentary on the Quran. And again we are taking a journey through the Quran, where we are

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at the first round, taking every Surah by itself, and then trying to

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identify the main theme, the central idea and the surah. And

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then try to identify the verse that shows off displays and shows the

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this main theme, the central theme, which we called the central verse in the soil. And I believe we went all the way through to solar to the hub. And we stopped by solar to the hub. We stopped by solar to the hub

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so solar to the hub. Anyway, our class, by the way, has two parts. First part we said we're going over the beautiful rules of Tafseer by Imam Sadiq, Rahim Allah Allah. And the second part is when we go when we go over the Quran to identify with each scholar, the central theme or the central verse, but today, I'm going to skip the beautiful rules of of Tafseer because we said in sha Allah will take about five sessions to finish or to go through the first round of the source to identify the central verse in it. So we won't be able to do this unless we sort of

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dedicate the time of the Halacha to this insha Allah maybe this week, and next week this Friday, and next Friday we in the letter Allah, then we'll go back to our normal

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And again, for next week in sha Allah we're going to start the helicopter shift the helicopter often

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will shift the helicopter to after Maverick because now it's I think McRibs drawing is coming early. So it's better to have the helicopter after him or her most likely by next Friday Margaret will be around 825 820 Something like this. So probably start the helicopter round

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10 Tonight around 10 tonight which inshallah shouldn't be a suitable time for for everyone.

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Okay, so let's go on with solar Tiller heads up. There's another technical issue today. And this is

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the we didn't get the other laptop so we can show you this slides. So you're not going to have visuals. This week when sha Allah I'll work on I'll try to work out a permanent solution to this insha Allah Who to Allah so inshallah we have it every week ready.

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Surah Tula has

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looking at assaulted a hazard against his own needs to be put in context, it's a time when or why you should not have fun and many of the other tribes they are surrounded the Muslims in Medina, they tried to annihilate the Muslims. And the Muslim they were the outnumbered the Muslims. They were already

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you know, more equipped than them. And the Muslims had to put their trust in Allah, they did what they could do, which is dig a trench around to the northern borders of Medina

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in order to protect themselves and try to defend it as much as possible. So they just did their best, but they managed to put their trust in Allah subhanahu wa taala. And in the Surah. Throughout the surah. Allah talks about what is the response of the believers, what is the response of the hypocrites, how the believers really trusted a last pantalla although, like materially speaking, everything seemed to suggest the opposite.

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Whereas the hypocrites they fell for you know the trap of the immediate reality and their doubts in Allah subhanaw taala and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, then Allah talks about certain issues Allah addresses the wives of the Prophet salallahu salam ala addresses the Muslims and he deals with certain issues, what we find to be the, the the main so the main verse

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What I find to be the main verse in the Surah to the hub, is when Allah Subhan Allah says in verse number three to the prophets of Allah so num and by extension, everyone who follows the Prophet SAW Salem, what what can Allah Allah He, what Kapha Billahi Akira verse number three, what are what Kal el Allahu Akbar Fabula he will Kira and put your trust in Allah rely on Allah, and Allah is sufficient. Allah subhanaw taala is sufficient. But I had another verse that would compete with this, we would compete with this. Because the surah suggests that things are in the hands of Allah subhanaw taala things.

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things are in the hands of Allah subhanaw taala. So you Muhammad, you don't own anything, and you do not control anything, including your enemies, including your followers, anyone.

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So it is Allah subhanaw taala. Despite the fact that materially speaking, you are at a great disadvantage. Allah has handled because he's the one who takes care of affairs. He's the one in control of everything. He's the one who gave you victory. So it's in the hands of Allah. So you should refer all matters to Allah

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will whether you will do matters, you safety matters, even your religious matters, in the sense of obedience to the legislation of Allah subhanaw taala when Allah says something is permissible, something is impermissible. We should also trust Allah Subhana Allah knowing that he knows best, knowing that what he advises us to do is actually the best.

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So the other verse that competes with this would suggest something similar but a little bit at a wider scale, which is verse number 36 and salted Zab where Allah Subhan Allah says woman occasionally more meaning William Minuten either called Allahu wa rasuluh Aman a year Cornella Homolka Yara Emery him

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and the translation of this verse which is number 36. It is not for a believing man or woman when Allah and His Messenger decree a matter to have any other choice, in that matter, whether it's a matter of religion, Permissible or impermissible a matter of belief in something or a matter of, of the world when Allah subhanaw taala gives something no one can hold it back as the Prophet SAW Selim taught us and dua lemma Ania Halima Arbeit, while mot Halima minute, Allah, no one can withhold what you have given, and no one can give what you have withheld.

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So this is sort of a heads up, and I'm leaning more towards verse number 36. And it's not for a believing servant,

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whether male or female, if Allah and His messenger and messenger and messenger decree a matter that people have a choice, it's actually shouldn't be referred to Allah subhanaw Manzar. This takes us then to sort of Sibert

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At the end of and now we're going to see a pattern by the way around this point in the Quran. So now we get the sewers are getting shorter, generally speaking, the sewers are getting shorter, there is a new pattern that emerges, although it's existent in the early sewers, the longest was, but now it's more clear. Now we can see how the sewers are woven together. So where one surah closes Luxottica hijab. So let's say that that comes after it picks on one of these main points and soltana hijab and extends it further. We're going to find this kind of connection very strongly from here to the end of the Quran. So clearly to to a point where some of the scholars and some researchers have

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actually made the claim that

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each Surah leads to the next one, in a sense. So there's a strong connection, the sutras are not separate, the sewers are interconnected in that sequence. So at the end of Surah, the hijab, Allah subhanaw taala

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talks about.

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He talks about the believers and he talks about the disbelievers talks about he talks about the Amarna, those who take the Amana those all

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went to law school to offer the trust to the believers or to humanity to this heavens, the earth and the mountains and they rejected it. And humans took it in Nadelmann M Allah to Allah smell it will only will the bells have been a yummy now watch for them in that incident in the whole kind of a woman Jehovah do the biller who will monitor Tina will mafia caught man took it and he man is ignorant. And

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man has also this kind of tendency to transgression. So Allah saying so that Allah punishes the hypocrites, males and females and the disbelievers males and females were to have Allah ultimate meaning and I will minute and ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada accept

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It's the repentance of the believers, males and females. Now so lots about picks on this. What is it talk about, sort of Saba sort of indicates the punishment and the forgiveness indicates so. So what I believe to be the central verse and solid Saba is the first one verse number one, ALLAH SubhanA. Allah says Alhamdulillah Illa de la homebirth is somehow it wonderful audibly, what I will handle, Phil Filati. Well, we'll Hakeem al Habib

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Alhamdulillah, praise, All praise belongs to Allah. All praise belongs to Allah and praise when we spoke about that briefly previously, but again, let's repeat it here. Praise means the one you're talking about the one you are referring to, is perfect in every sense, and his names and his attributes. He is perfect. He deserves all praise because he is complete in every sense. And everything that comes from Him. All his actions are complete. In that sense, they are perfect.

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So we say All praise is due to Allah, to whom belongs what whatever is in the heavens, and whatever is on the earth. And All praise belongs to him even in the akhira.

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And the next life. Well, who will Hakeem al Habib, he is the all wise, and he is the all knowledgeable and aware of everyone, he knows everything about everyone and about everything. So what sort of so that seems to be saying is that

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the akhira, the next life is inevitable, it's going to happen, for sure. And there will be punishment, and there will be a reward in it.

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And that this springs, from the wisdom of Allah and His knowledge, since Allah is the all wise and the all aware of his creation. This necessitates that there will be a day of judgment, this will be a day of judgment, because he has knowledge about the good ones, his knowledge about the bad ones, that has consequences when he knows criminals, people who do bad things. It is the

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it is the it's inevitable follows from his justice, that he's going to hold them accountable.

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He's going to pay them back those who are good Allah subhanaw taala is going to reward them. This stems from his from his wisdom, and from his knowledge about them. So that necessitates that they should be a reckoning on the Day of Judgment. So this is what solid Saba seems to indicate. So it connects the inevitability of the Day of Judgment, and that this is a must, it's a necessity, because Allah is Al Hakim, Allah, Allah is the most wise and he is the All Knowing, because of that, then there must be a day of judgment for reckoning.

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Then, then, because Allah Subhan, Allah is going to hold people accountable in the Day of Judgment.

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This takes us solid father picks up on this solid father proves and demonstrates Allah's might, and Allah has power and his ability to make this happen.

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So Allah is going to resurrect people on the Day of Judgment, in order to hold them accountable, because he is the most wise the All Knowing, solid father now is going to show that this will happen because Allah is the Almighty, Allah is the Almighty. So let's father 10s sense

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goes on to explain is that Allah subhanaw taala has the complete power.

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So he is able to bring people and all of the creatures back to life again.

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And that he's able to create a life that is everlasting.

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All of this is mentioned in the Surah.

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And that Allah subhanaw taala is able to create a world which is Janna, whether it's only good things, there's no bad things whatsoever and Allah is able to create a world where there is only evil and there is no good which is the hellfire. So the first verse in solid father again indicates or carries the same central theme in solid Fatah which is to prove and demonstrate the might and power of Allah. The first verse, the last one that says and Hamdulillah he felt that he somehow it will lead you to eliminate Jerusalem holy jihad in math now with hula Oba he has III do feel solid came Ayesha in Allah Allah Khalifa in

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the verse reads, the translation, all praises for Allah, the Originator of the heavens and the earth, who made angels as his messengers with wings, two, three and four. He increases in creation, whatever he will surely Allah is most capable of everything. You see, the Quadra. The mighty the capability of Allah is demonstrated in this verse.

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Allah Subhan Allah is the originator the Creator of the heavens and the earth as his mind. So he brought this whole universe into existence.

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So obviously he is able to bring something similar to it and something even bigger because he says is the difficulty Masha, Allah increases the creation as much as he wants.

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So it's not a big deal that Allah's mantra brings the world again, or Allah creates another world and so on and so forth. He created the angels, and the creation of the angels is far greater than the creation of human beings. The angels are far bigger and far more magnificent than the creation of the human beings. So Allah is referring to the angels to show that even what is less complicated than the angels in terms of creation, Allah is already capable of that, since he's capable of creating angels and other angels have powers that we humans don't have. They have sizes, we don't have Allah subhanaw taala describes some of the angels, that the distance between the earlobe and

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the tip of their shoulder, is that as the distance that could be crossed by someone on their horse, over 400 years, 400 years, that's an angel. That's an angel Jibreel alayhi salam, he blocked the horizon

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for the prophets of Allah and he also Gibreel with the home Lord Jabri lifted with his hand, he lifted the whole village we villages, which is historically speaking nine villages, all the time of loop, he carried them in his hand, he lifted up, lifted them up to the closest heaven, then he threw them, he toppled them and threw them.

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So the creation of the angels is great. So Allah Samantha has mentioning it here to show and demonstrate his mind and his and his power.

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So he says, Who made angels as his messengers with wings, two, three and four, he increases the creation, whatever he was, so increases the creation increases the creation of the angels, if he wants, he can create us another time he can bring us back to life that's increasing the creation. Allah can create another world which is the next life, that's an increase on the creation, which is this world. So just to show Allah that he's demonstrating all his mind and his power. So when someone is reading, solid fatherhood, they should reflect on this. That's the main theme. That's the main message that the heart gets from solid father which is the might of Allah Subhana homodyne.

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Okay, so let's see how sought after father, how it picks on the content of Surah Surah father, so we have Surah Tia seen, saw the unseen.

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Surah seen.

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It picks on the fact

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that the truth, the truth about this world, the truth about Allah and about us,

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is the heart and the soul of existence

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is the heart and the soul of existence. So by the way, Surah is seen, has to do with the heart

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has to do with the heart and essence of everything, the heart and essence of everything. There are weak Hadith where Surah sin is called culpable Quran, the heart of the Quran,

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the heart of the Quran, but the scholars is they make the sea of different officers and they refer to the fact that sort of a scene is quite powerful in terms of it sort of harbors the essence of the message of the Quran. So it has to do with the heart and no wonder why people love it and feel very connected to surah. See, right it's probably one of the most popular sutras and there are many people who know only from the Quran other than Fatiha and the future Surah as they know Surya sin, right.

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Surah seen

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the central verse since it's about the spirit of existence, the truth, which is the soul of existence, the central version it is so as verse number 79,

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verse number 79, what Allah Subhana Allah says, Call you he had lady and SHA one Mr. Ratan, who will be equally hulking Eileen. So the we have the disbelievers of Polish. They said who's going to bring you know, a dead person back to life when their body decomposes, and their soul is gone? Who's going to bring them back to life again? Allah subhanaw taala responds, he says to the Prophet SAW Selim, say oh Prophet, they will be revived by the one who produced them in the first place. The one who brought them to existence is gonna bring them again like well, it's not a big deal. It's obvious.

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For he has perfect knowledge of every created being, is the knowledge of Allah is emphasized. The knowledge of Allah is emphasized. Why because the knowledge of Allah is the truth and the truth is the heart and the spirit of existence. So Surah has seen

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Again, it's about

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showing that the truth that came through revelation from Allah to Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is the spirit of existence and creation because it is the truth. It is the truth and

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a good life, reviving the hearts bringing the person back to life comes through this message through through this revelation will bring which brings about life to humanity

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and also

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Allah subhanaw taala and this is this some sort of I would say from Imam Al Bukhari, which we said is his book is the main or main reference here.

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He takes this further and he says, Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is the is the center of humanity is the best among humanity is the elite in that sense of humanity, and Quraysh and men Ben Hashem Benoit did not pull up his, his sort of family is the best among men who Hashem and among their tribe, and,

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again, Ben Hashim, are the sort of bigger clan within the tribe are the best among the tribe of polish and always is the best among the Arabs in that sense, because the prophets of Sodom says in Hadith in Allaha, stuffer

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industry analyst of Oberoi, Ibrahim Al Al Amin, Allah subhanaw taala chose Ibrahim over the the of the Creation then was tough. I mean, in reality Ibrahim

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many is made from the children was made Allah favored the children of izmi. And from the children who is if it's May Allah subhanaw taala fever polish

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from bunny Allah from Quraysh Allah subhanaw taala favored brainwash him from Bhanu Hashem Allah favored by Nora Abdul Muttalib from Bernardo matava, LeFevre Muhammad SAW lives.

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So he's, he's the chosen from the chosen. So

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it's always seen suggests that Allah gave the heart

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and the core of existence which is the truth to the heart of humanity and thus Mohammed sauce to the Chosen of the chosen among among humanity. Okay. So that's what sorts your scene

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talks about. Let's move on to sort of the Sofitel emphasize again, here's something we said at the beginning, since some of you just recently came.

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We're going to find here towards as from this section on that,

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almost always a surah, picks on whatever the other Surah leaves off. How one surah concludes like so racing concludes, you're going to have a soft fat after it, it usually picks on the same point, and takes it further, usually, for the most part. So there is this very strong sequence. It was there before but it's not as clear is not as clear as it is here. So we're going to notice this insha Allah.

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And by the way, another thing as well to keep in mind as we are, as we move to shorter sorrows, it will become harder to identify the central verse, it just becomes tough. The reason is, we'll find more than one verse displays the central theme.

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And in some sorrows, actually, almost every verse could be the central verse.

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Like Surah Nicholas, although Allahu Ahad na verse COVID Ubik could be the central verse, because it talks about specifically one thing. All right, so let's uh sofort.

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Since in Surah, Yaseen at the end, ALLAH SubhanA, Allah praises himself.

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Surah two sofort is about praising Allah subhana wa taala. And

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lifting his mentioned above the doubts about the doubts that humans have about Allah subhanaw taala that's why in Surah to Salford Allah starts with mentioning the creation, his great creation, who are the angels, or suffer to suffer, and how Allah protects the heavens from the devils who would go demons who try to listen.

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And then Allah subhanaw taala goes on to talk about prophets and messengers,

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and how every time Allah makes the truth prevail,

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and then towards the end of the Surah, Allah is clearly especially in the two last two pages, ALLAH SubhanA choleric, clearly talks about himself that he's perfect in every sense, then there is a culmination of this and that's what I believe to be the central verse in Surah sulfat which is almost before the end,

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which is x second last, verse insalata sofar, which is number 180 180, which is super

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not to become a big city, man, you'll see fortune, which is glorified as your Lord, the Lord of honour and power above what they claim. That's what sort of sulfat is about. So after sort of sulfat, we have solid solid the see how it connects to solid or soft fat.

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So sought outside.

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Since Allah Samantha show showed and sort of soft fat, how he helped and supported his prophets and messengers, and he gave them victory at the end, and he destroyed the disbelievers. Surah. Assad is going to emphasize this, and is going to be primarily about this.

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That basically, Allah subhanaw taala is going to give victory and dominance to those who follow the truth. That's the central theme, and sort of solid and throughout the surah. Allah shows this and demonstrates this and solid, solid. And

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and the last one that explains actually through solid side that first people of the truth will be weak, will not be given power, will be at a disadvantage. But ultimately, Allah shows through the surah that ultimately, victory and dominance is going to be given to the people of the truth.

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Victor, so the verse that shows this, and saw that

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a Safa fat, there were two verses competing. So I give preference to verse number 88 which says whether to Alamo NABBA who bad he in?

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Which is the end? Yeah, it's the last verse. Because the last one says well helpful hochkar will help will help will help all the truth and I only tell the truth that Allah is the sort of well Attalla Munna neighbor who by the head and you shall know its interpretation, its manifestation of this, of this dominance from Allah have the support from Allah after a while. So there is this specific demon sought outside, that the believers might not have power and might and they might be subjugated, and they might go through trials, but ultimately what how the truth transpires later on over time, is that people with the truth shall be dominant. So that's why Allah says Allah, Allah ma

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neighbor, who by the hand and you shall see it's true interpretation manifestation, after a while, even after a while, it happens after a while. And that shows one of the we call a Sunil cornea, how things usually unfold which are how

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is that the truth usually does not start strong.

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It goes through trials, but ultimately, it becomes strong through the help of ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada. And this is what the Imam Shafi was asked about, he was asked a you Homer hire and you will make candidate model and Nutella which is better for the person. They are given dominance and they are established on the earth, or they are they go through trials. He says, Well, hell you can head type tele. So if he exclaims, he says, Does a person is a person given dominance and establishment on the earth without going through trials? They have to go through trials, so they go hand in hand. So that's what solid side is about the second verse that competed with it. What's the first verse Well,

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last one that says sidewall Qurani, the vicar.

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So let me translate the verse number 88. And you shall or you will surely know the truth of its information after a time

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isn't she you shall see its manifestation after a time after a while, which is the dominance that Allah will give at Allah and sorted

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and sorted the hijab also know what the Lord wants you to know why the Lord letting me know Minko Mohammed of Saudi Hertie they just don't even know and fill out the chemistry of life I live in them and probably Allah has promised those who have believed and done righteous deeds, that Allah shall give them dominance over the earth.

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Allah gives them dominance over the earth. So the verse that competes is verse number one which is sidewall Qurani, the vicar, which is side by the Quran containing reminder, all of this translation is a bit loose here, a Quran a vicar,

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vicar here what is it meant? Because they could could be remembrance translators remembrance, but they could could be a mention.

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And Allah subhanaw taala says another sola or in hula, the Quran Lakdawala coulombic was offered to Salone and it will be mentioned it will be a reputation it will be a status for you and for you people and you will be asked about it. So Quraysh is given dominance

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and is given the status because of

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The truth of the Quran

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Allah promised them if they believe and ultimately they ended up believing. And this follows oh this applies to everyone that follows this. So anyone who accepts the truth and follows it ultimately they shall be given dominance. They shall be given mentioned they shall become known.

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Okay unrecognized. Okay, so that's what sort of side

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is about. And so what is Zoom? Zoom follows. So what is zoom or

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indicates that this promise from Allah subhanaw taala is true.

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This promise from Allah, which is in surah. Assad is true and will be fulfilled in that Allah subhanaw taala is truthful in giving dominance to the people of the truth. So do not be hasty. Do not be hasty. So what is the verse that actually shows this? It's verse number two, verse number two in the Surah. In Zina, illegal Kitab will have paid for Abu the lamb. Okay, so now again, We have sent down the book on to you with the truth.

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Part of this truth is the Promise of Allah have dominance and success in the hereafter. So you've been given this promise. So we have sent down the book to you containing this truth. So what you should do, you should really focus should be on worshiping Allah subhanaw taala with sincerity. And so let's zoom out there's so much about sincerity. There's so much about if loss, even the parable Allah gives a parable of

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over over slave that is owned by two masters.

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A person can this person cannot satisfy both of them can I be sincere with both of them at the same time because there's conflicting interests. So Allah Subhan Allah is saying sorta Zoomer that,

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that sincerity. Sincerity is the way to get Allah's promise of dominance and success in the here after another verse that competes with this and so that Zuma as well is is The Last of Us. Verse number 75 was number two, I was wondering, this is where he fulfills the promise in, in full, what's all Mullah eager to have fina and how did you see behind the behind the ROB, be him? Cool? Do you have a known Bill hackday Joaquin at hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen. I would recommend today you go and read the last two pages of solipsism, I

00:32:31--> 00:32:40

definitely recommend you do that. Because it really gives you a clearer view of how the world is going to end and how things are going to take the final shape.

00:32:41--> 00:33:26

Literally as if you are you're like you're visualizing or you're seeing a movie playing out in front of you. So in this verse, Allah subhanaw taala says, and you will see the angels revolving around the Throne of Allah, as after everything has been settled. People in paradise are in paradise, the hellfire and the hellfire. That's it, all disputes have been settled, everything has been finalized, the world has come to a point of complete imperfect balance. So you see the angels worshiping Allah revolving around his throne, and they glorify the praises of Allah subhanaw taala and all issues have been settled, people have been judged completely with the truth. And it is said Alhamdulillah

00:33:26--> 00:33:30

hillbilly Alameen all praises due to Allah is perfect in everything he has done.

00:33:31--> 00:33:41

That's it. It's it's complete, beautiful closure. And it shows that this Promise of Allah is going to be real The believers will get the victory completely on the Day of Judgment

00:33:47--> 00:33:54

could be the angels and it could be Allah and it's the believers as well. Yeah, because Allah says Alhamdulillah Hello behind him. Yeah, no worries.

00:33:56--> 00:33:57


00:33:59--> 00:34:00

Surah Darfur

00:34:06--> 00:34:13

is going to take one point from solat. Zuma and expound on it in the sense

00:34:15--> 00:34:20

because in solid Zuma towards the end, Allah subhanaw taala divides people into two.

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The believers those who have believed and the disbelievers

00:34:26--> 00:34:34

will see a Colombian attack or a bomb in agenda tomorrow. Those who have the poor people of taqwa, people will leave. They've been taken to paradise and groups

00:34:36--> 00:34:54

will see Alladhina Cafaro Elijah Hannah Xiomara and the disbelievers have been brought to jahannam to the Hellfire also in groups. So these are the two types of people. So in Surah, Darfur, which is named of author so what is Zuma? Zuma means the groups, groups,

00:34:55--> 00:34:56

groups of people

00:34:58--> 00:35:00

so that the author is one of the names

00:35:00--> 00:35:09

Allah, one of the descriptions of Allah that He forgives one of the descriptions. One of the attributes of Allah coffee though them is the one who forgives sins.

00:35:10--> 00:35:15

So what sort of refers indicates is that Allah subhanaw taala

00:35:16--> 00:35:18

both forgives

00:35:19--> 00:35:20

and punishes.

00:35:22--> 00:35:32

Offer them be shady delay cop. That's where the Solo says. Life rhythm he's the Forgiver of since shady did a cob and his punishment is severe

00:35:33--> 00:35:40

cobbly Toby Shalida club posibility Toby Shanita he's the one who accepts repentance, and his punishment is severe.

00:35:42--> 00:36:01

So, so what sort of if it actually indicates that Allah subhanaw taala that's his justice. So he picks on the classification of people in the day of judgment of the believers and disbelievers. And Allah is gonna treat each one of them with justice. That's what sort of the Prophet is about.

00:36:03--> 00:36:18

So the surah starts and so actually the verse number three in the Surah, seems to show this clearly offering them be workability Toby Shadi de la kabhi, you totally La ilaha illa Huwa era you must say, so Allah is the Forgiver of

00:36:24--> 00:36:45

okay, he's the forgiveness of sins, the acceptable repentance, the severe and punishment, and infinite in bounty, there is no God worthy of worship except him. To him alone is the final return. Again, that search sort of echoes what the end of solids, as Umar was talking about.

00:36:48--> 00:36:52

Solid facilite after coffee solid facilite

00:36:54--> 00:37:02

indicates that Allah subhanaw taala The reason he punishes and he forgives, punishes and rewards

00:37:03--> 00:37:28

is that and with justice is because he's the one who knows because of his knowledge, because he knows who deserves punishment. He knows who deserves reward, he knows who deserves forgiveness. So he gives everyone what they truly deserve. That's through his knowledge. And his knowledge is perfect in every sense. And that's what solid facility is about. It's about the knowledge of Allah and this knowledge of Allah

00:37:29--> 00:37:35

is given to us. Or part of it is given to us in the Quran, in the Quran.

00:37:37--> 00:38:03

So whatever Allah subhanaw taala, revealed in the Quran to His Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is the is the perfect knowledge of Allah is the truth is the light. So that's what sort of facility is about. And that's why it starts at the beginning, which is sort of in verse number three, and that's the main verse in the solar clearly Kitab and facilite. To Quran and Arabic when they call me you may know a book, whose verses

00:38:05--> 00:38:18

whose verses are perfectly explained, perfectly explained so the truth from Allah has been explained through the book through the Quran, Quran in Arabic for people who know

00:38:19--> 00:38:30

so that's what sort of sort of facility is about it's about the knowledge of Allah and that it is the truth and if you want to find the truth, all you need to do is just internalize this book and what he suggests

00:38:42--> 00:38:43

Okay, so let's Assura

00:38:45--> 00:38:46

Surah to Shura.

00:38:50--> 00:38:59

It highlights a very important aspect of the people who take the truth, which is in the Quran, solid facilite

00:39:01--> 00:39:06

shares the truth from Allah subhanaw taala in very clear manner, it's obvious in a very clear manner.

00:39:10--> 00:39:11


00:39:14--> 00:39:26

and Surah Shura Allah's mantra shows a trait or a description of the people who hold on to this truth is that they are usually united, they usually united.

00:39:28--> 00:39:36

They are united, and that faith and belief in the Truth brings them closer rather than a pot of one spreading them apart.

00:39:37--> 00:39:58

That's what this sort of suggests. So the main verse here, where Allah Samantha describes the believers in Surah In verse number 38, well Lilina study Abu Dhabi him or ACARA masala, our amerihome Shula Bina Huami Melrose home Yun Fiocco. So Allah says he's as he's describing the believers in about three verses very beautifully. And Allah says

00:40:00--> 00:40:09

about them who respond to the Lord, establish the prayer, conduct their affairs by mutual consultation and donate from what We have provided for them.

00:40:11--> 00:40:24

And that shows that by the way, this fact was first presented in the Quran in surah, Allah Himalayan salt and emmalin Allah subhanaw taala says, When I tell see more be heavily Lehi, Jamie and Walter for Rocco

00:40:25--> 00:40:32

and hold on to the rope of Allah all together and do not be divided. So holding on to the rope of Allah brings the believers together.

00:40:34--> 00:40:36

It does not split them apart.

00:40:38--> 00:40:58

Of they hold on to the truth, it does not split. If they hold on to the rope of Allah, it brings them closer. So and this is what if you remember sort of LM Ron, we said this, there is this central theme, which has two ingredients to it. And it does seem to be heavily laid all that effort to hold on to the rope of Allah and do not be divided.

00:41:00--> 00:41:15

So hold on to the rope of Allah, hold on to the truth, obey Allah worship Allah, and with regards to your social life, do not be divided. And you, you can only arrive at the state of being united by holding on to the truth.

00:41:17--> 00:41:37

And if you hold on to the truth, you should not be you should not be disunited. They go hand in hand. This echoes the same thing, but it highlights the concept of being united together, and how they organize their affairs. So Allah subhanaw taala talks about here talks about how the believers conduct their public affairs by way of consultation, mutual consultation.

00:41:38--> 00:41:47

Again, so this is against dictatorship, right? This against one man show, the believers are opened last mantra says to the prophets, Allah is

00:41:51--> 00:41:52

shall we room fill

00:41:53--> 00:42:13

and consult with your companions with regards to the important affairs? Consult with the promiseland demonstrated this in his life? Clearly, he would consult with his companions. Okay, here's the situation, what do you think we should do? And the solutions? What do you think of this option of that option? Right, and the person would consult with them, he would ask

00:42:15--> 00:42:18

him or her the ones who have with knowledge and experience among them.

00:42:20--> 00:42:45

So and this, this should be an example for all of us to do so Allah describes the believers as people who conduct their affairs, in general by consultation, this should happen at the level of government should happen at the level of organizations and businesses should happen at the level of a family, and should also have an interpersonal level that a person a wise person, there would consult with others, if you're about to do something you would actually Ask and inquire and get a second opinion. Right?

00:42:46--> 00:43:13

It doesn't mean you take every advice that is given to you. I mean, people are free to give advice, but you're not bound to, you know, do what people tell you. You take their input, you and you sort of analyze it, and see if it works for you or not. So Allah subhanaw taala. And this Surah it is there's many descriptions of the believers, but this one is highlighted, which is that they they conduct their affairs, their public affairs, generally speaking by mutual consultation.

00:43:18--> 00:43:21

Okay, then we'll move on to sorta Zahav which comes after it.

00:43:22--> 00:43:30

And sort of shows that because the believers, they have this kind of cooperation and mutual consultation amongst them,

00:43:31--> 00:43:40

one of this, Allah subhanaw taala is going to favor them upon the rest of creation, by means of two things,

00:43:41--> 00:43:42

by means of wisdom

00:43:43--> 00:43:47

and by means of knowledge, that is the excellence of this

00:43:48--> 00:43:53

wisdom, by wisdom and knowledge. And here

00:43:54--> 00:44:10

we have two verses that really display this clearly in Surah two of verse number three where Allah Subhan Allah says, in Nerja, Allah Who Quran and Arabic And Allah contact liloan We have made it a Quran that is in clear Arabic so that you may understand that you may

00:44:12--> 00:44:59

and you may take heed, so you may reach a level of understanding. Okay, and the second verse is verse number 66, where Allah spawns and assists to the prophets of salaam we know that the Quran like already homie Kosova, just alone. Again, this sort of echoes, solid, solid, solid, but here we say. It's about all of the believers, those who follow the truth that it will hear it's going to give the believers a status, a status and a mention. So let's see what the translation says. Surely this Quran is a glory for you and your people, and you will all be questioned about it. So the Quran the truth in it is a source of glory for the people who hold on to it. It will bring about

00:45:00--> 00:45:05

glory by means of the wisdom and the knowledge that are contained in it.

00:45:08--> 00:45:18

66 So it's between verse number three or verse number 66 Number 66 Whenever liquid liquid is the hallmark was overthrown is it there?

00:45:19--> 00:45:19

What is it

00:45:22--> 00:45:27

okay then oh my might have gotten the can you give it to me? Let me just check it. Yes

00:45:30--> 00:45:32

I might have just lapsed from one solo to the other

00:45:44--> 00:45:51

okay have to figure this out. It might be a lapse of in my as I was writing down the notes, no problem financial.

00:45:52--> 00:45:58

No, it's okay. Yeah, I'm mistaken. Verse number 44. Good to have two notes.

00:46:00--> 00:46:01

Can you go to 44?

00:46:02--> 00:46:03

So it is

00:46:06--> 00:46:14

when I will let it connect our economy Kosovo, it's good that you ask the question is 44 Yeah, 44. So I should take note of this time.

00:46:17--> 00:46:18


00:46:19--> 00:46:31

we'll move on to Surah to dokkan. I'll try to move a little bit more quickly because I'll have to mention I have to finish we have to finish next Friday with this with the dimension of the central verse in every Surah

00:46:33--> 00:46:34

Surah Doohan

00:46:36--> 00:46:37

says that

00:46:38--> 00:47:16

since the sort of those who believe in the Quran, they will be given those who believe in the Quran, they will be given this mansion and this glory. Those who disbelieve in the Quran that we'll get the punishment in this world. And in the next, there's so many forms and shapes, you know, for the punishment in this world. And then we have the ultimate punishment on the Day of Judgment. The central verse is actually sort of its two verses together because now again with a shorter sort of the, the verses get smaller, sometimes the central theme is visible only in two verses or three because you will find two verses or three make one sentence. So sometimes we have to bring that

00:47:16--> 00:47:23

bunch of verses for verse number 10 and 11, photocopy all Matatus and that will be the honey movie in action. NASA.

00:47:25--> 00:47:50

alim. So wait, then our profit for the day when the sky will be veiled in haze, clearly visible. This happened at the time of Quraysh where there was a state of famine, and they could see only haze in the horizon. And there is a mention that this actually refers to the beginning of the punishment on the day of judgment, but it's most likely as Loomis wrote said, it happened in Macau. Okay, so Surah jatheon.

00:47:55--> 00:48:25

Surah Jaffe essence, assaulted Han warns or threatens with a punishment from Allah subhanaw taala. So little jatiya establishes the power of Allah, the might of Allah that he's capable of subduing all of His creation. And that's what happens. That's actually what really sort of verse sorta jatheon Generally speaking, talks about, and the verse that shows this is verse number 28. What Allah subhanaw taala says,

00:48:26--> 00:49:04

what I call lomatin jatheon Kulu Mateen to the Illa, two kilometer into the Illa Kitabi haoma, to zona contemptor Milone. The surah is called the jatiya. And the translation of this verse is that and you will see every nation kneeling, out of fear, kneeling on the Day of Judgment, out of fear of Allah and the punishment of Allah, every nation will be called to its record, and told today, you will be recompensed for what you used to do. So that's, that's actually the central verse 28. Then saw a lot of

00:49:08--> 00:49:13

I couldn't link it strongly to sort of the jatheon But basically, the central verse is,

00:49:15--> 00:49:26

is verse number 19. Although there's a couple of other competitive competing verses, but 19 displease clearly, I think, yes, 19

00:49:29--> 00:49:58

What Allah says, well, he couldn't indulge a two minute while you were Thea home, America home home like over the moon, and for all means for everybody. There are degrees of reward and punishment for what they have done. And it is so that he may Allah may fully compensate them for their deeds, and they will not be wronged. So meaning Allah subhanaw taala has the dominance now has the might. And we could also

00:49:59--> 00:49:59


00:50:01--> 00:50:01


00:50:04--> 00:50:15

Yeah, so basically this is about the day of judgment, and that everyone will be given what they truly deserve. That's it, everyone will be given what they truly deserve. Then we come to Surah to Mohammed.

00:50:17--> 00:50:27

And surah Muhammad is also cultural capital. So we're all fighting, sort of fighting. So the central verse here is about defending the truth.

00:50:28--> 00:50:45

When military power is needed and championing the truth when military power is needed, the central versus verse number four, what Allah subhanaw taala says for either lucky to Molina Cafaro Fedora but required we had a death hunt to move I should do to attack for Mmm hmm. And number two, we're in Mafia and

00:50:46--> 00:51:31

headed to Valhalla Zara, to the end of the verse. So what it says, When the Muslims were in a state of warfare with the disbelievers, we're trying to, as we said, annihilate the Muslims law says so when you meet the disbelievers in the battle, strike their necks until you have thoroughly subdued them, then bind them firmly. And so on and so forth till the end of the verse, verse number four. And again, just because there's a lot of misconceptions about this verse, it doesn't talk about any disbeliever in Islam, if someone is a non Muslim, okay, that's not a reason to fight them at all. It's not a reason to fight them at all. Muslims only fight for certain reasons. When warfare is

00:51:31--> 00:51:31


00:51:33--> 00:51:35

That's it, but because someone

00:51:37--> 00:52:06

is a disbeliever We don't fight them. In Islam, there's nothing that suggests you fight disbelieve it just because they are disbelievers, not at all. So any kind of quote from the Quran you hear from anyone who suggests here the Quran says, you know, fight the disbelievers. Now there is a context for this verse, it talks about a state of war where the Muslims were with and it also applies to any state of war when Muslims are fighting against this believers. It doesn't mean you know your target disbelievers not at all there's nothing in Islam about this.

00:52:09--> 00:52:10

Then we have sorted

00:52:12--> 00:52:51

and sorted in fact, the first verse has strongly connected to sort of Mohammed almost actually some of Assyrian they consider the source to be almost this almost similar source almost the same Surah inevitable Malika had Han will be in Las Vegas says indeed we have granted you a clear triumph and victory or profit. And this refers to for social for the Obeah this was revealed about her her debut a treat to have her debut in about Fatima Mecca, and about every victory and every triumph Allah gives the believers and the connection between this and so on Muhammad, is that as long as you are able to defend yourselves and able to you know, stand up for yourselves.

00:52:52--> 00:53:07

And then Allah Subhana Allah will give you eventually victory is going to be tough is going to be hard. But Allah will eventually give in a victory to the truth. So have to stop here because it's more than Maghrib

00:53:08--> 00:53:53

and then sha Allah next week, the Halaqa will be after. So we'll start having the Halacha after mother so we have good time between like a diminisher. again next week, we will not have a karate he's on the beautiful rules of Tafseer we'll just go over the central verse in every in every surah and by then inshallah hopefully it will be like six sessions and we have gone through jolla by then over all of the sources so that we have the second goal which is more in detail. We will spend about a month or four weeks talking about every bit of Nila to highlight here and for your attendance and your attention also Allahu wa salam ala Sayidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa salam