Tafseer of Surah Al-Ikhlas

Mohammed Mana

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Channel: Mohammed Mana

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Episode Notes

ICNA-MAS Convention 2018

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AI: Summary © The speakers discuss the importance of the title "soak to assess" in protecting and caring about lineage, as it is crucial for personal identity and ability to live. They stress the importance of reading the title with caution and understanding its value, as it can lead to negative qualities. The speakers also discuss the importance of preserving and caring about lineage, as it is crucial for generations to come after them. They stress the need for oneness in Islam and the importance of affirming one's being on one side. The transcript also discusses cultural definitions of the word "arrem convenience" and the definition of "medulless" in Arabic, as it is impossible to describe the person.
AI: Transcript ©
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Oh

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Mr. Milan Rahman Rahim breed who Allahu Ahad Allahu Samad.

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First and foremost, what is the name of the surah? We often refer to it as sola to efflux. What is the class mean? We don't have any formalities here yet, so we can just shout it out. Yeah.

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If last name sincerity, Okay, anything else?

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Excellence.

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Okay, interesting. Anything else? Devotion? Interesting. Anything else?

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Okay. Anybody here speak like colloquial Arabic?

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Would they say I'm me or just like dialect Arabic? You got a few people? What does it mean in just everyday street Arabic when somebody says when somebody says Call us?

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It means like, finished, right? Something's done. Okay, interesting. So think about that, that actually has basis in the classical Arabic language.

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The root word when we say something is harmonious. And so we say something is harmless. There's a couple of things that we mean by that. Number one, we mean that it is free from anything else. It's pure.

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So sometimes if you go and you want to buy honey, for example, or some kind of jewelry, gold or something, they will tell you, this product is harmless. It's free from any other impurities or anything else added to it. It is 100% only raw, unfiltered pure honey.

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Or it is pure gold. It's not mixed with anything else. It is cloudless. So that's one of the meanings of the word that it is free from anything else that is pure.

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Another important

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implication of this word is the scholar said

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that the way that this definition applies to the surah is the believer who understands Sula total, if Laos internalizes, it has love for the surah lives by it, then they will be hardly assuming a shipwreck, then that person will be free and pure from any disbelief, or any situation of ascribing to Allah that which is not appropriate to ascribe to him.

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Also, that will allow them to reach a class as a result of such sincerity. When we talk about being sincere, it means doing acts of worship acts of devotion, acts of goodness, seeking and hoping reward from Allah exclusively alone.

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If we want some other kind of reward from some other entities, then that's not completely worthless. That's like it lasts plus something or minus something.

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But they say when a believer internalizes the Surah,

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fully believes in it and loves it and understands its meanings, that will allow them to have a class when they devote those actions, actions of worship to Allah. Why? Because this sutra only talks to us about Allah.

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That's all that we have in this chapter.

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The only thing that is discussed in this short chapter of the Quran is Allah,

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Who is Allah and describing Allah.

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And that's actually very valuable, because unfold unfortunately, we don't talk about that as much anymore.

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Which is, which is problematic.

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Sometimes we like to engage in some very philosophical discussions, or maybe some very political discussions, or maybe what we think would be very relevant. There is a topic that is relevant, always across any time and place and situation. And that topic is talking about Allah.

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And when the believers get together, they should talk about God, they should talk about Allah.

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The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was gathered with the sahaba. And he told them, hey, tell them come here. New JD do Eman, Anna.

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Let us renew our amen. Let's sit and talk about Allah for a little bit and strengthen and renew our conviction in Allah.

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And the reason that ordinate is easy the effects the byproduct of us not discussing and learning and talking about Allah enough, is we actually ended up filling that void with a lot of incorrect beliefs about Allah.

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So many times a lot of false conclusions that we come to a lot of misconceptions, a lot of misunderstandings about our religion. It actually stems from

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incorrect perception of who is Allah.

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So when you talk to a lot of people that have very strange misunderstandings about this religion, but when you dig into that a little bit and you search and ask questions and

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follow up on that conversation, you'll see that the perception people have of God of their creator is a being that is malicious, evil,

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angry.

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All kinds of very negative perceptions that have crept into people's psyche, subconscious sometimes that even we realizing it.

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And all of that happened, because we didn't talk about Allah enough.

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We have to always be talking about Allah, and never get tired of that. And always be reminding ourselves and that's actually why this sutra is so special.

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of the virtues of this sutra

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is that the prophets Allah said and correlated between loving the surah and entering Jana.

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How so? Well, there's this

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famous story of a companion. Maybe some of you have heard this, but he was an individual who the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam assigned to be a man of Salah,

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amongst the unsought, amongst a group of unsought. Not everybody lives right next to the masjid of Rasul Allah. Not everybody was able to come and do all five times Salah with the messenger in his masjid, some people lived a little bit further out. And it was difficult for them to come throughout the day, so they would come during Juma or they would come a couple of times in the week. So the Prophet would assign these groups of people an imam who knew the Quran, and who could recite the Quran and who would lead them in Salah. And so there was a group of the unsought and the Prophet assigned one man to be their email. But after a while, as is the case so this isn't anything new

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even at some of the Sahaba people complained about three minutes

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after a while, people started complaining about this guy.

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Why? Because every single prayer every single unit of Salah he would recite Surah Toothless who Allahu Ahad

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and so they got kind of annoyed by that they were like yo, cut it Oh, what is this?

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And sometimes he would recite another song of the Quran ends or to the class.

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So he told them listen, what you see is what you get. If you don't like me, then find another email.

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So they went to the Prophet salallahu salam after some time, and they complained to him sola sola inquired, well, let's hear both sides of the story. We're not gonna make any judgment on anyone until we hear their case. And so when the owner was asked, he said, that this surah

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contains seafair to rugby, it describes to me my Lord.

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And I love to read it because of that. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that Allah has granted you gender because of your love for it.

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Because of your love for this surah

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So having love for the surah is a means of attaining a place in Jannah May Allah subhana wa Tada gather us all in Jannah as he has gathered us here in the highest levels of Jana.

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Another name for this sutra is sutra to tell she'd,

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as you know the chapters in the Quran, by the way.

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Some of them have multiple names. Not all the chapters of the Quran only have one name.

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So this is one of the sources that actually has multiple names. And that tells you the value and the importance of it when something has a lot of names. That means it's special. So in other one of the names is sought to hate.

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Why? Well the subject of Tawheed is a subject of studying Who is Allah,

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understanding who are creators. And because this surah deals with that subject, it earned that name Surah Tito hate. It also has another name as well. So auto Taiji Read

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taggi Read

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I love seeing mashallah the folks that are taking notes that's really really impressive Mashallah. So, to teach, read, and touch read in Arabic means to remove

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certain qualities from something Jola done to remove certain aspects or qualities negative ones. And this sort of earned that name because we have lemmya lead when you will lead with me Kula who who had Allah subhanaw taala in this here in this surah negated certain qualities that people ascribed to God to

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Allah so Allah and this surah set the record straight No no no no let me on it well let me let that didn't happen and we'll go into the details of each word inshallah with me Aquila who co founder head so it is tg read Allah subhanaw taala has removed these qualities from his description.

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Another one of the names is a Samad

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Samad

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and as you guessed that is because of the mention of this name in this surah which is unique.

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And it's not one of the most common or often repeated Names of Allah subhanaw taala. We'll talk about what it means and what it implies.

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Another name that some of the scholars gave to this Surah is Sula to assess

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and assess means the foundation,

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the first building block, that which a structure stands upon, assess or shape the foundation of something. Why? Because this sort of lays down the foundation for this religion, the theology, the belief, you got to start with understanding who is Allah, that's your beginning point. We start with La Ilaha illa Allah, we start with understanding who our Creator is, who we are supposed to be devoting our worship to.

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But we mentioned one virtue of this surah that the Prophet SAW Selim correlated it with having a place in Jannah.

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There are other virtues as well. You heard in the introduction

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that it is often mentioned to be equivalent to a third of the Quran.

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Is that valid?

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The Prophet sallallahu sallam said, do you do Sooloos Al Quran? It is equivalent to a third of the Quran.

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What does that mean? It's equivalent to a third of the Quran.

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Anyone have any ideas? Yes, sir.

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Good. So the brother is saying, Well, this is a discussion of of reward.

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Reward. So if you were to read this surah you get the reward as if you were to read a third of the Quran.

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Okay, and so if a person were to read it three times.

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Absolutely. I mean, just like basic arithmetic here, right? So then that would be equivalent to reading the entire Quran in reward, yes or no?

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Yes, in a sense. So this is our opinion of some of the elements that we're talking about reward.

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But they said,

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equivalency in reward does not take away from the greater reward of actually reading a third of the Quran.

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Let me say that again. equivalency and reward does not take away from the greater reward of actually reading a third of the Quran. Let me give you an example. Anybody here been to Erma? Or hedge? Michela? Quite a good number of folks. So those of you that went I assume you guys went to msgid? In Medina, right. Anybody been to Mr. Cobra, by the way, like most amazing, like toto your spot for the mobile and if you can go there and Ramadan

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there'll be good.

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So if you walked into Mr. Kuba they have like this plaque on the wall outside of the door and it says it's a written there's a hadith record in the book of Deuteronomy The that whoever does the hara and goes to Mr. Obi and prays there they will have the edge of Omaha

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so you were there during that trip so you were like score no need to go to Mecca. We're good

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guys, I got a need to do that whole to tell business.

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No, nobody says that. Because there's a difference between the prophesies and and likening the reward of to actions and something actually carrying the full weight of reward of the deed itself. I hope that makes sense. So di d do this some of the LMS said it is equivalent in terms of agile, but that doesn't take away from the actual value of reading a third of the Quran itself will lower them any other understandings

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so like the,

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the contract that's talked about last week, and so can you summarize a

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good mashallah very, very well said Zachman lokalen. So this is just said, look, it's all about content. As they say content is king, right? It's all about content. Now we have a lot of content creators

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content. What does he mean by that? Well, the rhythm I said, Look, if you were to summarize the whole Quran into themes,

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if you wanted to simplify the themes in the Quran, you can kind of simplify it down to three themes.

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And I'll call it

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come about

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matters that deal with theology

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matters, dealing with rulings, law,

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legal aspects of the religion,

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as

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well, and information that Allah gives us, whether it be of the past, of nations and communities before us, or of the future, or of the Hereafter, but Allah is informing us of events and details and stories. So they said if you can, if you want to just summarize the themes of the Quran, you can summarize it down to these themes, and Surah to the class deals with what it lays the foundation for the Afghan aid for the theology and the beliefs. Henceforth it is as if we are talking about 1/3 of the Quran from a thematic from a content perspective, because it is so abridged it is so concise, yet so comprehensive in the implications of these verses, we have covered 1/3 of the thematic

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content of the Quran.

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And that's a very, very good understanding that many of the scholars leaned towards with regards to what does it mean when we say so let's say the class is equivalent to a third of the Quran.

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Allahu Allah.

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We often read this surah in Salah and most of us, if not all of us, do on a regular basis. And somebody once said, It is probably the most read surah from the Quran.

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After Fatiha would say, but after In fact, I think it's very, very likely. But a man came to the messenger salAllahu alayhi wa sallam and he was speaking about another man

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who used to do the AMA Lane he would pray in the night like what all you guys did last night mashallah Lux up

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when he came to the Messenger of Allah and he said, You have to lay he stands in prayer at night with only the reading of sorts and AirFloss.

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And the Hadith says what can nama Takada?

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The narrator tells us this man that was addressing the prophesy said, it's as if he was belittling from the value like he only reads that guy. He only reads so to the class and all the like, seriously. That's all you're gonna do, man.

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So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam responded to him.

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And he told him, Do you not know that Saul took the last step? Do you know to tell Quran is equivalent to the third of the Quran? So the prophesy Selim kind of reprimanded him and taught him that don't belittle this surah Yes, it is short.

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But it is heavy when it comes to value and reward and meaning.

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Now, having said that,

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maybe a lot of folks who are accustomed to only reading so to a class like score, I don't have to, I don't have to spend too much effort learning other portions of the Quran know, that attitude will have the adverse effect. If I'm only reading sorta class because I'm too lazy to read anything else in the Quran. That's the problem.

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But reading it with pondering and with reflection and sincerely understanding and internalizing its value that has huge blessing. May Allah make us people of the Quran.

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And by the way, if anybody is like settling for these sources, because they think it's too difficult to memorize the Quran, please don't feel that way. You know, it's really not that difficult. It's challenging. Of course, I'm not gonna sit here and tell you guys Oh, it's a walk in the park. No, that's challenging. And if you've tried that, you know that it's challenging, but it gets easier. Because memorization requires a certain part of your brain and it's like a muscle that you work out. The more you memorize, the easier memorizing gets. And there were people in our class that used to memorize eight 910 12 pages in one day, in one sitting, and that wasn't hard, because it becomes

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very easy and the vocabulary of the Quran is repetitive. So a lot of words, you you become familiar with them, so so please don't please don't feel that it's too difficult. My teacher that I remember is Quran with. He had a student and she finished the Quran shortly before me and she was seven

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years old.

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And she started memorizing when she was 68.

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So, if she can do it, I'm sure you can to

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play it.

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This gives us

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as we set the foundation for theology.

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Theology is based on a phrase, a statement that we say

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La ilaha IL Allah.

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We've heard this phrase before, I assume we understand its implication how important it is. Another element tell us that this phrase is very interesting, from from a retort from a rhetoric perspective, from a language perspective, because it consists of two aspects. And they said, theology affirming who Allah is, all the ways rests upon these two pillars, there is no third and that is nephew and what is that? That is to affirm and to negate.

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Law is a negation there is no one worthy of worship. That's a negation you've just wiped the slate clean in the law. That's an affirmation except exclusively Allah alone.

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So this phrase of law rests upon these pillars of affirmation and negation.

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And

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so to the class follow suit, will who Allahu Ahad Allah Who solid let me lead when I'm you lead while I'm your caller who phoned ahead. The Surah begins with affirmation, this is who Allah is, this is who Allah is, Allah is not this and not that.

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So we see the same pattern of affirming who Allah is and negating qualities that are not appropriate to attribute to Allah subhana wa Tada.

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When was this surah revealed?

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So we know that the scholars of Tafseer They organized the Quran based on time of Revelation. And so they have sources that are MC key and sources that are Medini. And that which was revealed prior to the journey of Angela, they labeled it as Mechon, Mickey solas. And those that were revealed post journey of hijra,

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they considered Madani or Medina and Soros.

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Some of their LMS said, that sort of teleclass was revealed more than once.

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On multiple occasions. This is one opinion of some of the scholars of Tafseer.

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But the majority concluded that it is mucky. Even if we say that it was revealed more than once in some of those times being after the hedge Allah, it still is murky, because it's first and primary revelation was in the second phase prior to the hedge.

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What was the reason for revelation? What was the historical context? What was happening at the time, in the life of the Prophet salAllahu alayhi wasallam? Well, we have this narration that tells us that grayish,

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you know, they were really agitated, and annoyed and bothered by the message of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

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The majority of the people of coloration of Mecca were not happy with what the messenger of Allah came was, even though just before he came to them with this revelation, they loved him.

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He was one of the most loved people in that community, not just loved, but also trusted,

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trusted and believed. And yet when he came with them with this message that revolutionized the theology that they were upon idolatry and pagan rituals, then they flipped a script. Then he went from being beloved to being someone blamed and insulted. And he went from someone being trusted to someone being called a magician and sorcerer, and from being someone who they trusted and believed to being someone they said was a liar, and a false poet.

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So it's interesting how the script flips when it didn't suit their desires.

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So they decided, you know, what,

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we're gonna have a dialogue with with this man Mohammed. So he sent a man by the name of I'm gonna block profile and he went to the Messenger of Allah.

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And he said to the Messenger of Allah, you know, what is it that you want? What are you really after here? What's your agenda?

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Are you looking to be wealthy? If so, we got you covered men will make you the wealthiest amongst us.

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Are you looking to get a lot of attention from women? You want to have a lot of women in your life

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Have we got you covered?

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Or is it that you're sick you're just mental you're you know, you got a mental instability will bring someone to do some exorcism and cure you of your illness.

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What was the prophesy of symptoms agenda? He had an agenda. It was none of those.

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His agenda was as one of the Sahaba said, Harajuku, a bad, a bad demon, a bad activity by de la Tierra been a bad omen leave the dunya LSI tilaka, to extract and remove and guide people from being subservient, and in worship of other creation, to servitude and worship of the Creator of all creation, and to guide and to lead you from the limited and restricted nature of this dunya. To the vast and unlimited nature of Allah. That was the agenda of the Prophet Cyrus.

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And what a great agenda.

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So the man said to the prophesy centum, after insulting and humiliating him with these lowly claims, as if that's all the profit was after he told them.

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He said,

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in siebler, for a book,

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he said, give us the lineage of your Lord.

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Tell us there your Lords of lineage. Describe your Lord to us, what where did it come from,

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as you might have deduced the ancient Arabs and not just the Arabs, but ancient eastern cultures, overall, they really put a lot of value into this aspect of lineage.

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Right? Every time we hear a name of us a hobby or someone we always hear it been so and so the son of so and so daughter of so and so and, and sometimes their name goes on, like, you know, on and on and on. They, they took lineage very seriously. And actually, that's a positive thing. That's actually a good thing. You know, if I can take attention there for a minute, one of the objectives of the Sharia is to preserve lineage is very important for people to know where they came from.

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It's very important, not not as a source of bragging rights, not as a means of look at me I am so instead of so and so. From such and such tribe, and everywhere, that's not what we're talking about here. We're talking about understanding and knowing where a person's roots are from, the more a person is aware and acute, of where they come from, and what led to them being here on this earth right now, because a lot, a lot happened for you to be here right now. A lot of people had to come together, generation, one after another after another, a lot of marriages had to happen, a lot of caretaking and, and work to wait into into play for you to be here right now. Breathing and kicking

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and living. And that's why lineage is important. Because all of those people carried pains and weight and sacrificed for us to be here right now. So we need to be grateful to all of those generations before us that were a cause of our existence today. So the idea of preserving and caring about lineage, it's important.

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So because they had this that was really deeply rooted in their culture, they thought they can apply the same terms to the Creator.

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And that's where they went wrong. Allah subhanaw taala has no lineage. Because just like how we talked about while he is important for us, you see how we are indebted.

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See how we are in need of our lineage. That's what led to us being able to be here today communicating and sitting with each other. So if we were to associate that with Allah, that means that Allah was Pasha. That was a need

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at some point or another, and a God who has a need of other entities ceases to be a god.

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Where's the perfection in that? Where is the completion where's the might, if you have to be in need? And that's the distinctive difference between creation and creator. Allah was never is never and will never be in need of any other being or entity.

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And that's one of the implications of Gould who Allahu Ahad

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so they said, Sif, pensive, Lana clawback, describe to us your Lord, give us the lineage of your Lord. So God came down revealing the surah to Mohammed

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say, oh, Muhammad, that's why the salah starts with God. Say, and by the way it is. Goff a very, very, very, very, very cool

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Common mistake when we read it really fast and we don't pay attention is people say, can you guys hear the difference between those two?

00:30:08--> 00:30:09

No.

00:30:13--> 00:30:13

Versus

00:30:15--> 00:30:18

that Did you guys hear that Miguel was I'm sure he found you guys right now.

00:30:21--> 00:30:27

Two different letters. One is from the back of the tongue the other is from the further back in the tongue closer to the throat.

00:30:30--> 00:30:35

So Michelle heavily sounds as though love him. But the love of to read in so many people's hearts.

00:30:37--> 00:31:07

Cool, cool means to eat. Like it's commanding someone to eat. So it's inappropriate to make that mistake here with that word, so just wanted to mention that so we be careful. Step one to fixing a pronunciation mistake is to be able to hear it. If you can't hear your mistake, you won't be able to fix it. So just spend time listening. Before you recite, listen to a lot of listening and sit with a teacher inshallah Tada, if that's something that you need help with.

00:31:08--> 00:31:27

Who Allahu Ahad say, Who is this command, directed to? It's directed to Muhammad wa salam in response to this claim and question that the people came to him with. And it is also by extension, a command to all of us. Say, say what? Allah Who ahead,

00:31:29--> 00:31:30

proclaim,

00:31:31--> 00:31:52

and knows who your Creator is. Don't be ashamed about carrying that belief. Don't hide that or hold that back. Proclaim it. Who Allahu Ahad that was a command to Mohamed Salah Salem and by extension to his alma this OMA has to say Who is Allah? Is that for me? Is that good? lowfield

00:31:55--> 00:31:56

is fuel right here?

00:32:00--> 00:32:01

Offer Hello?

00:32:05--> 00:32:19

Who Allahu Ahad say He is Allah ahead, Allah. So right off the right from the top we have this name of Allah. And we might have heard before that Allah has many names.

00:32:20--> 00:32:21

company names does Allah have

00:32:33--> 00:32:34

Yes, in the back,

00:32:35--> 00:32:36

only Allah knows.

00:32:39--> 00:32:44

Yes, so the prophesy Salam said, in Melilla, he does it and what is

00:32:45--> 00:32:52

that to Allah is 99 names better. And I said, that does not mean those are the only Names of Allah.

00:32:54--> 00:33:06

But these are the ones that Allah informed us of and that we know about. So how many names is Allah have an infinite number of names, because Allah is the creator of these estimates to begin with? Well, Allah,

00:33:07--> 00:33:19

Allah is the One who created Adam and taught him the names and the words of all things. So this is what has reached us. And these are names of perfection and beauty, just not beautiful names.

00:33:21--> 00:33:32

This is the most repeated Name of Allah, and it is Allah. Now, I don't want to get into too many details about what this name means.

00:33:33--> 00:33:48

Because there are other men have many opinions about what it means. Many, many opinions, we'll just mention a couple. A dominant opinion that many scholars affirmed is that it means the Supreme

00:33:49--> 00:33:53

entity who deserves to be worshipped.

00:33:55--> 00:34:02

But there's one other meaning that is less popular, but I want to mention it because every time I reflect on it, it amazes me.

00:34:05--> 00:34:08

Some of the scholars they said, Allah,

00:34:09--> 00:34:15

it comes from the root word in Arabic. Well, you have

00:34:17--> 00:34:18

to

00:34:20--> 00:34:22

be in a state of loss

00:34:23--> 00:34:39

to be in a state of loss. And actually, the ancient Arabs used to use this word to describe a mother, a woman who lost her child in infancy the child died.

00:34:40--> 00:34:41

They would say more or less.

00:34:44--> 00:34:44

Why?

00:34:47--> 00:34:59

If May Allah subhanaw taala preserve all of you and preserve all of your children, for those of you that are parents and if you are parents to be in sha Allah, may Allah grant you children that are healthy, and you see

00:35:00--> 00:35:00

If

00:35:01--> 00:35:13

you see them come and reach, fruition and maturity. But if you have ever heard of or spoken to a parent, specifically a mother who has lost their child,

00:35:14--> 00:35:16

especially in infancy or miscarriage,

00:35:18--> 00:35:24

it is an extremely overwhelming and depressing experience. And rightfully so.

00:35:25--> 00:35:49

As a matter of fact, many, many mothers who suffer the experience of a miscarriage actually fall into major depression. And it's important that if anybody experiences that, that they get the necessary help in therapy, that they need a grief therapy so that they can be able to continue living a fulfilling life and process that experience.

00:35:51--> 00:35:53

How is this related to Allah?

00:35:54--> 00:35:58

They said, because the one who does not know Allah

00:35:59--> 00:36:02

will have that void and that emptiness.

00:36:03--> 00:36:13

And nothing can fill that empty, just like if you go to that mother who lost her child to infancy, nothing will fill that void that she feels except having that child

00:36:14--> 00:36:29

that child has passed. So likewise, the implication of this linguistic meaning to the name Allah, the One who does not know Allah will have a void and an emptiness that nothing can fill, except knowing and being connected to Allah.

00:36:31--> 00:36:32

Allah.

00:36:34--> 00:36:45

Not only is he the one supremely deserving of our worship, but he is the one that we need to know and be connected to. And if not, then there will be an emptiness in our hearts and in our lives.

00:36:48--> 00:36:51

May Allah make us of those who know Allah and who are close to him?

00:36:53--> 00:36:55

Who Allah who had okay.

00:36:57--> 00:36:59

How do you say one in Arabic?

00:37:01--> 00:37:02

Wow, ahead.

00:37:04--> 00:37:07

So how can we don't have here? One who Allah who

00:37:10--> 00:37:14

we have here Kulu Allahu Ahad. Yes.

00:37:15--> 00:37:18

indicates this other similar way.

00:37:19--> 00:37:20

Interesting.

00:37:22--> 00:37:22

Yes.

00:37:25--> 00:37:27

There's more than one. I can

00:37:30--> 00:37:32

say that again? Why head implies that?

00:37:36--> 00:37:37

There is no right.

00:37:39--> 00:37:41

I think I see where you're going with that. Okay.

00:37:42--> 00:37:57

So basically, both answers kind of are similar in the sense that they're implying Whitehead leaves room for others. But ahead is more eloquent in expressing oneness. And that is true.

00:38:00--> 00:38:02

That is correct. I had

00:38:03--> 00:38:06

the scholars they said, I didn't feel that he

00:38:07--> 00:38:09

was he didn't feel so fit.

00:38:11--> 00:38:13

The scholars they said he is ahead.

00:38:17--> 00:38:18

In his essence,

00:38:19--> 00:38:22

in the being of Allah in and of himself.

00:38:23--> 00:38:50

And the essence of who Allah is, is something almost impossible for the not almost is impossible for the human imagination to fathom and capture. But they said, Well, he didn't feel physically fat. Why should when it comes to the attributes, because there are many attributes, each attribute applies to the same entity to the same Allah.

00:38:51--> 00:39:02

They said, because an attribute, you can have multiple attributes that refer to the same entity. Some philosophers don't want to get too complicated on you guys. I think it's still early.

00:39:03--> 00:39:19

You can start philosophizing, after 10am, not before, some philosophers, they said, if there are multiple attributes to something, then that means that what is being described, also has multiple beings.

00:39:20--> 00:39:49

And this is actually incorrect. Philosophically, it's, it's something that is debunked. And also mathematically as well, you can have multiple descriptions, referring to the same entity. And so they said, How do you feel that and I heard, as the brothers were alluding to, is more comprehensive, and more eloquent, and more rare in usage in the Arabic language to refer to the singular.

00:39:51--> 00:39:59

So it's a much stronger way in Arabic of expressing oneness. Yes, you could say well ahead, as we say in the number like when we count

00:40:01--> 00:40:16

But when you say ahead, it is more eloquent and a stronger way of affirming that oneness in the being fi that he in that being an essence of who Allah is who Allah who I had.

00:40:18--> 00:40:23

Also when it comes to the attributes they said why don't firstly fat

00:40:24--> 00:40:37

they said Allah is one in his attributes but they ECUs do I have not had why? Because they said someone else could have the same attributes as Allah, but they don't manifest in the same way.

00:40:38--> 00:40:40

How so? Well

00:40:42--> 00:40:45

you're on the live right everyone here live.

00:40:46--> 00:40:49

Oh, man, I heard like five people that's the problem.

00:40:51--> 00:40:54

Is this Johor Chanda? Hola, hola, como

00:40:58--> 00:40:58

Bismillah

00:41:00--> 00:41:01

Allahu magentas Shafi?

00:41:09--> 00:41:13

My dad truly honestly believes that your Chanda will cure any sickness

00:41:16--> 00:41:21

of course, Allah is the cure but you know what I mean? He has got a little complicated here. So you guys are alive huh?

00:41:22--> 00:41:30

Okay, good. Have the attributes of Allah is Hey at life. Allah is Al hate.

00:41:31--> 00:41:33

Allah Who Allahu La Ilaha

00:41:34--> 00:41:35

L. A U?

00:41:37--> 00:41:40

Is Allah is life, like your life?

00:41:44--> 00:41:44

Yes or No?

00:41:45--> 00:41:47

No. Why?

00:41:48--> 00:41:49

Because your life

00:41:50--> 00:41:52

didn't exist at one point.

00:41:54--> 00:41:57

So first you were not alive and then you became alive.

00:41:59--> 00:42:02

But Allah subhanaw taala did not have a starting or beginning point.

00:42:03--> 00:42:10

Allah subhanaw taala was not bound by the limitations of time during we are there was no beginning and no end.

00:42:12--> 00:42:13

So there was no starting point.

00:42:14--> 00:42:21

Your life is eventually going to come to an end. Anybody has trouble grappling with that or believing it?

00:42:22--> 00:42:34

Sorry. It's just a reality. Allahu Subhana wa Tada. Why? Because we want to because in January, Allah subhanaw taala will never expire never come to an end, his life will never cease to exist.

00:42:35--> 00:42:41

So Allah has the attribute of hat, you all here have the attributes of Hyatt

00:42:42--> 00:42:47

same attribute, totally different in the way that they manifest.

00:42:48--> 00:43:23

They are completely different. And that's why they said Well, firstly fat, because other creations of Allah can have the same attributes, but they are not the same in the way that they exist. That's why Allah subhanho wa Taala Can you give us a principle in the Quran? Lisa can with me he che? Absolutely nothing is similar to Allah. There isn't anything that you know of and that what you don't know of that is similar to Allah, laser chemically he shaped well who are semi robustly

00:43:24--> 00:43:25

but he is the

00:43:27--> 00:43:28

old hearing and all seeing

00:43:30--> 00:43:37

and the NMS that Allah concluded the verse with these two attributes, which are attributes that his creation has as well.

00:43:38--> 00:44:00

Human beings and other creatures of Allah, they see and they hear, but they're seeing and their hearing is completely different and is not similar or comparable to the vision and the hearing of Allah subhanho wa taala. One is dramatically limited, and the other is completely unlimited, not bound by any limitations of time or space or any other dimension.

00:44:02--> 00:44:06

I don't feel that he was I don't physically fatty, called who Allah Who?

00:44:08--> 00:44:15

Can we pause here for a moment and ask the question and think, what is the importance of oneness?

00:44:17--> 00:44:22

What is the importance of oneness? Why is this such a whenever people introduce Islam?

00:44:24--> 00:44:36

To those that don't know about it, they always begin with this idea. The fundamental idea of Islam is to affirm that Allah is one and he alone is deserving of our worship.

00:44:38--> 00:44:39

We hear that a lot, right?

00:44:40--> 00:44:46

That's correct. That's good. Why is it so important? Somebody might come and say what's the big deal?

00:44:48--> 00:44:49

Yes.

00:44:55--> 00:45:00

Good. And so this is something that Allah tells us in the Quran, Allah says no

00:45:00--> 00:45:29

Okay intervene early to allow all FSI that Allah said, if in this universe in the heavens and the earth was any other a law other than Allah, the two would have destroyed, collided and been destroyed. Why? Because that's the nature of that's that's the natural progression, the natural process, when you have to, you know, strong entities or powers, there will be some competition between the two.

00:45:30--> 00:45:50

And so if there was another deity other than Allah, there would have been conflict, and that would have led to destruction. So in essence, Allah Allah subhana, WA Tada has laid the success and the continuty of this universe, upon the fact that he is the only Supreme Creator.

00:45:51--> 00:45:54

This universe is able to continue

00:45:55--> 00:46:06

and it exist, because Allah subhanaw taala is a one single Supreme Creator with no one else meddling, you know, into the affairs of this universe and

00:46:08--> 00:46:15

causing that level of corruption destruction. Although we as creation of Allah, we cause corruption destruction

00:46:16--> 00:46:25

on a micro level, and when you add up all of that, it becomes a macro level, but it does not interfere with the plan of Allah, Allah subhanaw taala all of that is part of Allah subhanaw taala his plan.

00:46:26--> 00:46:50

Even in the human being, there is an aspect of oneness House of Allah says in surah hisab Murgia Allah Allah Julio Julian call brainy fie JioFi Allah said, we did not make any human being, we did not make mankind, this man with two hearts in their chest.

00:46:53--> 00:47:09

Imagine if somebody had two hearts. And we don't only mean here, physical hearts beating, because somebody might come and say, well, there was a, you know, somebody was born with some kind of medical deformity or something like that. That's not what we're talking about. But we're talking about here meaning the central

00:47:11--> 00:47:18

processing unit of feelings and emotions and decisions and choices that a human being makes

00:47:19--> 00:47:33

anything human being had to have those hearts to have those places where emotions are, they would never be able to move forward or move back, or go up or go down or left or right. It would constantly be confusion, Halo.

00:47:34--> 00:47:43

I mean, even with one heart, even if one collection of emotions, and we so easily get confused. Imagine if there were two sets of

00:47:45--> 00:47:48

a pair, we'd never get anything done.

00:47:49--> 00:47:52

So this idea of oneness is very important.

00:47:53--> 00:47:55

How is it really relevant to us today?

00:47:56--> 00:47:58

I was thinking about this.

00:47:59--> 00:48:00

And

00:48:02--> 00:48:03

if you think about it,

00:48:06--> 00:48:11

it's very important to have a singular source

00:48:13--> 00:48:18

for moral and ethical code of conduct.

00:48:20--> 00:48:28

There needs to be one singular source that defines ultimately, what is good and what is evil.

00:48:31--> 00:48:32

And if there isn't,

00:48:34--> 00:48:35

the implication of that

00:48:36--> 00:48:44

is the boundaries and parameters and definition of what is good and what is bad, will constantly be changing.

00:48:48--> 00:48:59

That's a very theoretical way of explaining it. But that's exactly what we are witnessing in our day and age. Something that was abominable 20 years ago, is praiseworthy today.

00:49:00--> 00:49:12

And something that is praiseworthy today, could very well in 10, or 15, or 20, or however number of years become one of the most heinous of crimes.

00:49:14--> 00:49:21

Unless the human being aligns himself with one singular source of code.

00:49:24--> 00:49:53

Code of Conduct ethical and moral code, otherwise, they will constantly be flip flopping. They will constantly be wishy washy. And that's why those that refuse and reject accept Allah as that source. As that deciding entity that decides what is ultimately good and what is ultimately evil. They will constantly have fluctuations and changes. And I'm not just talking about interactions or dealings, I'm talking about ethics and morals.

00:49:55--> 00:49:59

The very core of what is good and what is evil

00:50:00--> 00:50:02

And when that is constantly changing,

00:50:04--> 00:50:07

that's what destroys society.

00:50:08--> 00:50:46

That's what leads to a very unhealthy society and community. So this idea of oneness is actually extremely liberating. It's extremely liberating. And I can't tell you how many times I have heard from people that accepted Islam, people that came from a background where they weren't practicing Islam, and then they embrace this faith, I can't count to the number of times I hear them speak about how liberating it was to affirm one singular creator, that they would devote their heart and their worship and their servitude and their obedience to

00:50:48--> 00:50:51

because it frees you from being tied to any other

00:50:53--> 00:50:55

entity that will tell you

00:50:56--> 00:50:58

who to worship and how.

00:51:00--> 00:51:13

So the simply the, the simplicity of it is actually extremely profound. And it's something that we can contemplate and think about, for a very long time. God who Allah who had

00:51:15--> 00:51:17

Hulu Allahu Ahad,

00:51:18--> 00:51:19

it's extremely profound.

00:51:24--> 00:51:28

And when the believer internalizes this concept

00:51:31--> 00:51:49

and it is deeply rooted within their heart, the attachment to Allah subhanaw taala singularly himself alone exclusively, then they will be able to be sincere, then they will find it flawless. And that's something we have to continuously grapple in our hearts with.

00:51:52--> 00:51:53

A head

00:51:55--> 00:51:59

Golu Allahu Ahad Allahu Samad, let's move on. I think we

00:52:01--> 00:52:26

are over our time. Allahu Samad. Again, Allah repeats his name Allah because of its importance and because of its value, a Samad what is a former demean, then we can talk about a solid all day, the MF seed have so many understandings of what a summit is, actually it reached almost 16 different linguistic opinions of the meaning of this one word.

00:52:28--> 00:52:51

And somebody might hear that and, and be bothered by it. But actually, that's amazing. Why? Well, number one, it tells you how amazing the language of Arabic is, as a language. We're not talking about a culture or a superiority of a people were talking about the strength and the linguistic value of the language and that's why Allah chose it to be the vessel and the medium of the Quran.

00:52:52--> 00:53:09

But also it is very impressive at the Scholastic breadth and achievement of the scholars of this ummah, that they didn't take any single word in the Quran lightly. And they dissected every single word there let's talk about this for a second.

00:53:11--> 00:53:18

The differences the different opinions and different interpretations in the Quran are of two types.

00:53:21--> 00:53:26

One is called if Tila fu to No word

00:53:28--> 00:53:30

if delightful, if T Rafa tele word.

00:53:32--> 00:53:35

And the other is called if theta if, tada.

00:53:37--> 00:53:41

There's first one is it enough to know where a difference of opinion

00:53:42--> 00:53:43

that is,

00:53:45--> 00:53:49

all of the different opinions can coexist simultaneously.

00:53:50--> 00:53:52

They do not contradict each other.

00:53:53--> 00:54:06

The second type is FTF, toward where you have multiple opinions, and you cannot affirm both or all of them simultaneously. One or the other needs to be the one that is affirmed.

00:54:07--> 00:54:15

And the vast majority of differences, difference differences of opinion in the Quran of the first type and not the second.

00:54:16--> 00:54:24

And so we see here when we say here that Al Samad there in acid 16 or more different opinions for what it means this is empty life with turnover.

00:54:25--> 00:54:43

So what are some of these opinions? Some of the NMSS are from it. And the majority of the early early generations affirmed this definition. They said and this is going to be a little bit tricky, so bear with me here. They said a Samad a levy law Jo fella

00:54:46--> 00:54:51

they said a summit is the one that has no empty cavity

00:54:52--> 00:54:53

inside it.

00:54:56--> 00:54:57

Anybody confused?

00:54:58--> 00:54:59

Okay, let's try it one more time.

00:55:00--> 00:55:05

a GIF is an empty hollow space in the middle of something.

00:55:08--> 00:55:11

So the human being has a job.

00:55:12--> 00:55:13

You have your your chest,

00:55:14--> 00:55:27

and a space, there is an empty cavity inside. And there's organs in there that are filling that space. And then you need actually some room so the lungs of the diaphragm can expand and contract and all that good stuff. There are pockets of empty space.

00:55:29--> 00:55:37

That's called Joseph. Something that has an aspect of hollowness. There's an emptiness inside of it.

00:55:40--> 00:55:48

So the set a summit the linguistic meaning of Summit is a B that has no joke, there is no empty space inside of it.

00:55:53--> 00:56:26

That's something to think about for a couple of minutes. Allah who are Samad? How does that apply to Allah? We don't affirm any images or any shapes to Allah subhanaw taala. He is far above that. Let's keep listening to the other definitions, as we said they're complementary. And the puzzle pieces will start to come together. By the way on a linguistic tangent, if anybody here studied morphology subject, anybody took sort of class morphology, Arabic morphology, okay, one guy, so and one girl. So

00:56:27--> 00:56:35

if you remember there's a word that is a gf. A word that is edgecliff is one that has a vowel letter in the middle.

00:56:37--> 00:56:51

Like for example, the word Bala off Elif lOn. But Elif is a vowel. If a word has a vowel in the middle. It's known as a Edie you have a word that has some hollowness because of our unlike a consonant is

00:56:52--> 00:56:57

it comes from the joke, it comes from the hollow, man, I'm getting real with cemetry funny you guys are now

00:56:59--> 00:57:00

like

00:57:02--> 00:57:06

they would suck made sad mean Dan has no vowel.

00:57:08--> 00:57:15

So from a linguistic from a morphology perspective, even the word itself the construct of the letters is not a dwarf. There is no vowel.

00:57:16--> 00:57:27

That's pretty amazing. Right let's keep listening to the other definitions. They said a summit is the one that everyone turns to for their needs. Yes, Madhu E Lee Hill Hello.

00:57:28--> 00:57:59

All creation turns to Allah for their needs. What else? They said a solid is the one who has reached perfection and completion in each of their individual attributes. And Sayed Al middle FISA de al Jawad, Al CAMI Rufiji, already the most generous, not just but the one who has reached completion and perfection in their generosity, completion and perfection in their authority, completion and perfection in their mind.

00:58:00--> 00:58:02

What else they said a salad

00:58:04--> 00:58:11

is the one who never eats or drinks Ulladulla Kuruvilla shop never eats never drinks.

00:58:14--> 00:58:20

Some said our salad is defined by the next verse. Let me welcome you lead.

00:58:21--> 00:58:24

They said let me read well immunity is the definition of a summit

00:58:27--> 00:58:31

no children, no parents, no offspring didn't was not born.

00:58:32--> 00:58:35

From anyone that did not give birth to anyone.

00:58:36--> 00:58:53

And some said and this one is very interesting. And this one I think summarizes all of the definitions and meanings and brings them full circle. They said as Samad this goes back to the word in the Arabic That means castled that which is sight.

00:58:55--> 00:58:58

He actually do alienness I'm in trouble.

00:59:00--> 00:59:00

Thank you.

00:59:02--> 00:59:02

Okay.

00:59:04--> 00:59:04

You actually do

00:59:06--> 00:59:08

that other creations seek and go towards

00:59:10--> 00:59:10

Allah.

00:59:12--> 00:59:13

Allah Who Summit.

00:59:14--> 00:59:16

We need to seek ALLAH.

00:59:17--> 00:59:25

We have to go to Allah. Allah said in the Quran to fill you in Allah, race, rush, hasten to Allah.

00:59:28--> 00:59:45

Go move to Allah. Don't be stagnant. What does that mean? Don't be stagnant in your obedience. When Musa alayhis salam had an appointment with Allah He said who I choose to either you cannot be returned BA. I hasten to my appointment with you Allah so you will be pleased with me.

00:59:47--> 00:59:59

When it comes to fulfilling what is pleasing to Allah, he can't just sit back and relax and just so eventually seek Allah Allah who ascended one way or another, every single creation

01:00:00--> 01:00:01

Well seek ALLAH.

01:00:02--> 01:00:06

In Surah Maryam Allah said in Kulu, Manaphy, Simone it will be

01:00:08--> 01:00:23

many Abda every single creation of Allah eventually will be a will be in need of Allah, even the ones that don't want to admit it and affirm it, even the ones who say there is no Allah. Can you stop yourself from pooping?

01:00:26--> 01:00:27

No.

01:00:28--> 01:00:34

You can't even stop yourself from deprecating and you can affirm that you are in need of Allah.

01:00:37--> 01:00:42

How great is a creation that can even prevent themselves from defecating and urinating?

01:00:45--> 01:00:52

How great is a creation? That can't even stop themselves from falling asleep? How long? Can you stay awake?

01:00:53--> 01:00:58

Take all the caffeine that you want, eventually, you're going to crash.

01:01:01--> 01:01:03

Later holy, we've seen a ton. Well, I know.

01:01:05--> 01:01:09

Allah subhanaw taala has never afflicted by any fatigue or any sleep.

01:01:10--> 01:01:15

One way or another. Every creation of Allah will turn to Allah in need.

01:01:17--> 01:01:18

Whether they admit it or not.

01:01:19--> 01:01:21

Allah Who a summit.

01:01:23--> 01:01:29

So we would be doing ourselves a justice to seek and turn to Allah.

01:01:30--> 01:01:40

Let me lead, why don't you lead. And this negates the claims, the many claims that were made, that Allah had children,

01:01:41--> 01:01:44

or that Allah was a child of someone else.

01:01:45--> 01:01:58

And these are the biggest lies that the history of humanity has ever witnessed. Allah subhanaw taala and sort of committee I'm said to call do similar to will get

01:02:02--> 01:02:04

what a shock, what a federal zhiban, who had done

01:02:08--> 01:02:11

the skies are going to crack open.

01:02:14--> 01:02:25

And mountains will crumble down from what from this claim, and out of Romania WELEDA. From this claim that Allah has offspring has a child.

01:02:27--> 01:02:42

The human beings just utter this statement as if there is no bearing to it. What if the, if the mountains, if we could witness the impact of such a phrase, on the skies and on the mountains, they would crumble and they would be destroyed?

01:02:44--> 01:02:48

Caught me Akula, who Khufu and I had

01:02:52--> 01:02:55

and there is absolutely no one

01:02:56--> 01:03:03

that is equivalent, equal on equal standing similar to Allah in any way.

01:03:05--> 01:03:08

And in this final verse is actually a beautiful

01:03:09--> 01:03:10

linguistic point here.

01:03:12--> 01:03:16

Usually in the Arabic language, if you wanted to make the statement, you would say,

01:03:18--> 01:03:21

well, Aamir Khan hadn't come for one.

01:03:24--> 01:03:29

You had mentioned the object first. Let me I could I don't go for one.

01:03:31--> 01:03:34

There isn't any one that is cufon for Allah.

01:03:36--> 01:03:38

But the order was reversed with me Aquila, who

01:03:40--> 01:03:47

said, There is no one equivalent, there's no one covered there is no one similar on equal standing anyone.

01:03:50--> 01:03:50

Why is that?

01:03:52--> 01:04:02

In the Quran, oftentimes and Allah is addressing himself, there is a certain pattern that is used and that is that Allah Who Subhana wa Atana

01:04:05--> 01:04:06

mentions

01:04:07--> 01:04:19

himself before, the object of the verb with the object of the noun dimensions the left legit data first like for example, insulted Fatiha

01:04:20--> 01:04:22

yaka, marabou Do

01:04:25--> 01:04:28

you alone, we worship?

01:04:29--> 01:04:34

Usually, the way that that phrase would happen in the language will be

01:04:35--> 01:04:36

that we do

01:04:38--> 01:04:52

we worship you. But Allah Allah subhanaw taala mentioned IACA mentioned his name first, or the pronoun referring to Allah subhanaw taala first, why, in Arabic, this is something we call hustle

01:04:54--> 01:04:55

exclusivity

01:04:56--> 01:04:57

while Am

01:04:59--> 01:04:59

I

01:05:00--> 01:05:00

that

01:05:01--> 01:05:09

it removes any, any potential for this to ever occur. And then Allah mentions the name

01:05:10--> 01:05:17

to give that exclusivity that exclusivity to Allah subhanaw taala for this standing in this position

01:05:19--> 01:05:30

that nobody else has that status and that rink alongside or besides or with ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada.

01:05:31--> 01:05:33

I had done ahead.

01:05:34--> 01:05:42

These are some of the meetings and some of the implications of this short Surah May Allah subhanaw taala make us of those who internalize it and understand it