Tafseer of Surah Al-Faaq

Mohammed Mana

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Channel: Mohammed Mana

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Episode Notes

ICNA-MAS Convention 2018

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AI: Summary © The speakers discuss the meaning of "strife" in the context of the Bible, with reciting and reciting the word "well" in Arabic as crucial for personal well-being. They also touch on the use of " Volkswagen" in Arabic, its implications for parenting, and the use of evil in the eyes of others. The speakers use examples of the success of Islam and the importance of avoiding accidents, as well as the use of the symbolism of the evil eye in Islam. They also discuss the history of the symbolism and its potential harm to people.
AI: Transcript ©
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Oh

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work.

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So rottefella Consolata nurse these two servers, they are referred to both of them they are referred to as LM, where are we the 10

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lm where are we the 10 and that's because both of them begin with this phrase of

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Ruth who

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will talk about what that means in Sharla. So first we'll start with a little further

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sort of thought is the first of the two in order

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then very quickly, the difference between these two is in surah TL, Fedak

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both of them.

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Actually, let's comment on earlier right now.

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Because both of them start with ooo and means to seek protection and closeness. seek protection with and closeness to Allah. seek protection with Allah from

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dot dot dot, we'll fill in the blank and see closeness, Lu altijd. You.

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So these two swords together are a means of seeking protection from Allah, seeking protection with Allah firm, evil from harm. The difference between them is in surah, TL Philip Allah subhanaw taala addresses, the harms and the evils that are external, that are apparent. And in Surah, to nurse there is discussion of harm and of evil that is hidden,

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that is not necessarily visible, or that is internal.

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And on that note,

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on that note,

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you know, Allah subhanahu, WA Tada created this dunya, with good and with evil.

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But there is nothing that Allahu Allah subhanaw taala created that is pure, 100% evil.

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Nothing of the creation of Allah, even the worst of creation, it bliss is not pure evil.

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And that's something part of our theology. That yes, Allah did create every creation and their actions halacha come when Allah created you, and what you do, he or should he mean Allah. Good, and the evil is both creation of Allah. And the reason for that is this dunya this worldly life that we are in, was never meant to be a rosy,

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paved, smooth, you know, path that has no stones or no challenges or no problems, no evil, no harm. That's gender.

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But the nature of this limited, temporary life that we are in is that there are there are things that are going to we're going to be tested with. And some of them are good, and some of them are evil.

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And the believer is meant to navigate between this

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and to seek protection from the evil and to use the good in a way that is pleasing to Allah.

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The believer seeks protection Allah and stays away from the evil and they use the good in a way that is pleasing to Allah.

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But Allah subhanaw taala didn't create us in this world in this realm of existence that has evil in it that has bad that has harm, and just let us fend for ourselves No,

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but rather Allah subhanaw taala gave us abilities and faculties and agency and tools, physical and most importantly, metaphysical and spiritual to be able to seek protection.

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And these two sources, they were only the Alpha annapurnas They serve as a means of protection.

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We recite when we're supposed to be reciting the sutras very often throughout the day, not just the meridian but even all three sutras that inshallah we're discussing today, but the class of Allah who had

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been asked can you guys help me really quickly when are we supposed to recite these

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I heard morning and evening of God Yes. Anything else

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before going to sleep of God of unknown before going to sleep good. What else?

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After each salah? Yes

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he knows

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insulin Very good. No, really. That's that's very good.

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The Prophet saw I saw

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To the class, we didn't mention a certain class, the pelvis is telling us to live to read it in many different salons amongst them. There's some there before fidget.

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The two rockers after

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you read caffeine and its loss, the two workers of istikhara

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he would read canola head in Serato will moderate the profit loss and would result in a loss in weighted the profit love to read sorted in class in the last

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night prayer. So the idea is if you count the number of times that you're supposed to be reciting these solos, as part of the daily devotionals the car throughout the day, it's more than 10 times more than 10 times in one day, you're reciting the solos.

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Guys, it's not a coincidence.

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Just because we learned something when we were kids, or in Sunday school doesn't mean it's gonna stick with us for the rest of our lives, we might remember the letters and the sounds. But in order for a meaning to be internalized, it needs to be consistently and constantly and regularly repeated and remembered over and over and over again. How do you remember is the song

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stuck on replay?

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Then you just memorize it, then you're walking somewhere. And just wondering, you don't even realize that's how our brains work. That's how our hearts work.

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And Allah subhanaw taala. And His Messenger By Design gave us the source to repeat throughout the day, because we need protection.

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We need protection from that which we can see.

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And from a whole lot more that we don't see.

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One of my teachers used to say, what you don't see is always more than what you do see.

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Pretty obvious, but if you think about it, it manifests in a lot of different ways.

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So certain Fennec addresses these dangers, these evils that are external

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and so as we're reading salted falak let us reflect and think about the evils that are external. And as we read surah to nurse, let us reflect and think about the evils that our internal

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source will fill up.

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Again begins with and we mentioned some of the importance of called whenever a call comes in, in the Quran. It is coming as a response to a question there are five sutras that begin with

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the brother recited four of them in the beginning what's the fifth

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So Rachel Jane

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Jin,

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you want to stump a half and make them read so the gin nobody's gonna get down right?

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No, mashallah maybe some people

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have asked me to buy

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another value of God that I will add in addition to what we said is

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here it shows us the importance of the messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam how so?

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Yes, man.

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You have your hand up over there. No, they just

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how does

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how does this command verb Allah saying to Mohammed see? How does this show us the value of the restroom? Hamilton said Um, yes sir.

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Tell us this important. Good. Allah subhanaw taala is delivering this message to us through the medium of Mohamed Salah Salem, meaning he is the teacher. He is the alum he is the instructor. He is the one coming with this message. And that shows us the importance of the prophets. I send him as a teacher

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and we need to absorb and trust and accept and take from the Messenger of Allah, whatever he said.

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This is actually a really important point. Because nowadays a lot of people treat their messenger

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Pasha May Allah guide us and protect us. A lot of people treat the messenger like a like a postal carrier. Just dropped off a message and move on. But that's not the case. Not only did the Rasul Allah He saw SLM delivered to us why the revelation the Quran, but he also lived it and taught it to us. And that's why it is impossible,

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emphatically to understand the Quran and to live it and to implement it. Devoid of the example of Rasulullah Hassan you cannot separate between the two to separate between the two is making up another religion that's not Islam.

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So shows us the importance and the value of the messenger as an instructor as a teacher

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to deliver and express and show and teach this message.

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You say to them, oh Mohamed, such and such,

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will do Bill Bill falak. So we said, do we know what it means?

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You, I'll tell you

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a loser what I'll tell you I seek protection, I see closeness

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to Allah.

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Who Birotte Bill Phillip,

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who I am seeking protection and closeness, to whom, to the rub of AlFalah.

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In here we have this name of Allah, Rob,

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Rob.

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And a lob

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is used here because it is very relevant

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to the meanings that we are going to derive from the surah. The the implication of this surah Rob in Arabic refers to

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the owner.

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And even the English equivalent is used the same way.

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So in English, we say, Lord.

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And so when you have a

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piece of real estate, the one who is in charge of that real estate is the

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landlord. In Arabic, they used to say, bull bait, or Buddha,

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right, the Euro of this household, they didn't mean it, it to refer to a deity or someone to be worshipped, but they're using Rob in the linguistic term, the love of this household, the robe of this room, the robe of this convention center, right? Someone who is the landlord, someone who is in charge of the affairs, that's what it means linguistically. But there are so many implications of those implications. is, you know, have we heard this word, Tony dia?

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tarbiyah. What is Toby?

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Can you enlighten us? Yes.

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To develop good, I like that. That's a very good, translation, Tobia to develop. Often we use it when we talk about parents raising their children, you will not be to raise this child. What do you do? All you do is just give them food and water. That's it and change their diapers? No, you've got to teach this child. You've got to protect this child.

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A parent that does not protect their child is not doing Tobia.

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You've got to protect you've got to watch over. So it's not just a matter of feeding and allowing them to stay alive. And that's it. I am there are no. So there is creation Kolak. There is sustaining that creation, Eliza.

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And there is also protecting that creation.

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That's part of total BIA. That's part of protection. And so when we seek protection with Allah, we use this name.

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And when you make dua, yeah, I'll be

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because Oh Allah, You created me, you sustain me, you nourish me, you watch over me, you've protected me.

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I need your mercy. I need your guidance, I need your assistance.

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You are in need of your more be of the one that develops and protects and takes care of you. Beyond Alpha.

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Here, Allah subhanaw taala choose to describe himself as the Lord zohrab of alpha luck, very interesting choice of words. One word in the Quran is there just to fill a spot just to complete a word count, we need to get no every word is by divine design. What does that fit up?

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There are many interpretations of the aroma of what Philip refers to, but the vast majority they said sunrise when the sun cracks, the line of of the horizon and the darkness and light basically shines through the sky. That is called further

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and further literally means when something cracks or breaks open. Because the light if you've ever watched sunrise, if you watch the sunrise, that light is coming and it pierces through that darkness and cracks it open.

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It's beautiful. Why sunrise.

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Why morning?

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They heard me they said something beautiful.

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They said

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the way that the human being is surrounded by so many evils and dangers.

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Likewise, it's as if they are engulfed in darkness.

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And how do you get rid of that darkness? One of my teachers he used to always say we Allah preserve him he used to always say an s&m Noodle when conferral of our lamb for either Jaya and nor the hub of Allah. He used to say is

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Light is light, and disbelief is darkness. When you turn the light on the room ceases to be dark.

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So they said just like the human being is engulfed in darkness. And then the light comes through and removes the darkness. Just as soon as the light appears, there's no more darkness. You can't have light and dark at the same time. The room is either dark or it's light, or there's sunlight.

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Reminds me of a little

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tale. Do we have time for a little story?

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Yes.

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Okay. You guys know about the three, the three sons

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that the Father the father tested these three sons who is going to inherit his wealth? You guys know that story?

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No.

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Seriously, okay.

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Listen up. So this father, he has three sons, right? And he tells them,

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I'm going to test you guys. And whoever passes the test is going to inherit all of my wealth and my assets. So they said, okay,

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so he took them into the boardroom.

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And he said, Whoever can use whatever they have to fill up this room, he will pass the test. So the first step is like I got it. He was scared that, you know, he was to always do the chore of chopping the timber. So he goes, and he chops and he chops and he chops and he gets all this wood and until he's exhausted, he gathers every last penny, he hasn't, he goes and buys chopped wood. And he loads it on a

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crate and rolls it into the barn and fills up and it fills it fills, but there's still space at the top

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that says,

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No Pass. So the second guy comes in, he says,

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I should learn from other brother. That was a real smart move what he did what is heavy and takes time, I'll get hey, we've got tons of hay laying around.

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I could fill this thing from roof to from floor to ceiling and hey, so he gets every possible bushel of hay that he can find. And he fills in fills and fills until there's no more hairy hay left. And there's still some room at the top grandfather says

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you know pass

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and then the third son comes

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and he says

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and he gets a candle and a match. And he lights the candle

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and he filled the room with light. And the father said you in

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industry

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you guys are expecting something really exciting

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the moral of the story is

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not when light comes, darkness ceases to exist. Okay, you guys get the point. So

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we're talking about being surrounded by evil, so the light comes so Allah used the rub, the one who causes the sun to rise every single morning.

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That's from the the affairs of ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada Coolio man who are efficient and every day Allah subhanaw taala is directly involved in the affairs of His creation. There's this false theological belief that God created the creation and just set them in a motion and let it be that we don't have that in Islam in surah. Allah said, young men who affection every single day, Allah is directly involved in the affairs of the creation, sunrise, sunset, rain, clouds, heat, sun, wind, everything that happens. Allah is directly involved and aware will matter school to me rocketing that a single leaf falls from any tree anywhere, except that it falls by their permission with the

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knowledge of Allah subhanaw taala.

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So

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you're seeking protection and closeness

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to Allah, Who is the Lord of Daybreak?

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The light this light from the sunrise, what are we seeking protection firm,

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mean firm shell Dima Haluk

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Mishary mo hudec from any evil that Allah subhanaw taala created, and we said, we affirm and we believe that Allah created good and evil,

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good and bad, but nothing that Allah subhanaw taala created is 100% Pure, complete evil with no goodness that could come out of it one way or another.

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Misha show you my clock, so this is a comprehensive verse. They asked a question. They said, knee Shamima hudec is

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comprehensive it includes every evil and bad thing. So, then why is Allah go into more details later on? And then in Surah Tumnus then he said because Misha includes all of the evils that is going to be mentioned later, you know, forthcoming but those evils specific evils are mentioned specifically because of how dangerous they are.

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Machete McCulloch

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now mentioned him or her that includes

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includes ourselves

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shared an email HELOC, we are part of what Hola Hola, yes or no?

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So if we're saying from the evil of everything that Allah created,

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we're part of that.

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Is there evil within us?

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Yes, there is.

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Yes, there is. That's why in the beginning of Joomla, and also in the beginning of a Nika, they have hot bit to Nikka. In the Hamdulillah. Medieval monasteries are still filled with a steady

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oak praise and gratitude belongs to Allah. We praise Him, we thank him, we seek guidance, we seek his assistance, forgiveness, right we've heard this before. When

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he nearshore

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fusina. When in sejati.

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Next time the whole debate starts and you're like,

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hold on, we seek refuge in Allah, me surely a fusina from the evil within us. Women say it, Marlena. And from the evil consequences of our actions. Is there evil within us? Yes, there is.

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Allahu Subhana. Allah to Allah created us, as beings, that have intellect, that can process information, can process revelation can discern and distinguish right from wrong, and Allah placed within us the potential to do good or to do bad, you can do bad if you want, you could do a lot of evil. Do you have the faculties to do so

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you're not supposed to. You shouldn't you will be held accountable if you do, but you can.

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And that propensity that potential, the the a lot of traits that are within the human being, Allah subhanaw taala put it in there in us as a test so that we live this life to combat that potential.

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A lot of the what we call diseases of the heart that stems from a potential to want to do something evil, he's got to fight that.

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That's part of what that's part of the wisdom of our creation, to fight some of those magnetic reactions that we have in ourselves to that which is unhealthy, unethical, impure.

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You've got to resist that. Otherwise, if we just give him we will be lower than animals and women that could have been who they are like livestock Actually, no, they're lower than livestock. Because livestock, they eat sleep and poop and that's what they were created to do. But you and I were not created to eat sleep and poop.

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Misha remeha

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And also, Michel rehearse you can either walk up and also from the evil of loss you can is our club. What is the classic thing is the majority of earner, they said the house is clean here refers to the darkness of nightfall.

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Why are we seeking refuge in Allah from the evil of when the darkness of nightfall overcomes and overtakes and the darkness engulfs and envelops everyone in everything? Why is that something to seek refuge in Allah from the evil of it? Why? You know Subhanallah something very interesting think about this.

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Most sinful and evil actions that human beings do. They do it at night.

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Anybody ever noticed that?

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Not always. But oftentimes, most of the time.

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inappropriate.

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unethical, unhealthy, sinful, criminal behavior takes place at night.

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is interesting. And people that are evil people that are criminals, they love to do their work at night.

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They always choose night.

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There's something interesting about that. Also, a lot of harmful creatures

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come in are active at night.

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Anybody ever go camping?

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or backpacking?

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You should come over to California. We got some great backpacking places.

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You see snakes and scorpions, and a lot of harmful creatures that come out to play at night.

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There's something about that the shell team, the devils, they like to come out at night. That's where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he encouraged us to protect our children at nighttime. Now, some parents, they get a little excited about that. And it becomes like law, like you can never do anything after a loved

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one or one second, you know, yes, it is encouraged that we retreat back to our homes and massage it and the dwellings and the places at nighttime, we shouldn't just be out and about playing. But if somebody is, you know, in a safe environment or the group or under proper supervision, then it is not haram, this is an encouragement, it shouldn't become habitual, that the kids are just always playing out. That's not healthy. Nor is it safe. I think everyone would agree with that. So Allah subhanaw taala says, it teaches us here to seek refuge from the evil all of these evil things, because a lot of evil happens at nighttime. And that potential, that magnetic reaction that we

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talked about, it seems to get intensified in the human being at nighttime.

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Because I believe there is a little bit more Fritos, ooh, what do I do, can do this.

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So that propensity increases at nighttime. That's why That's why the acts are very bad at nighttime, are so much more valuable, because the fight is stronger, and the need to resist is intensified. That's why the emulator is so valuable. That's why making dua in the last hour of the night is guaranteed to be answered by Allah. Because that's a time when the devil has come up to play. The Jinn devils and the human devils. And if the believer can restrain themself at that time when everyone is out, partying and acting a fool and the believer stays in a position of worship, man.

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It's one thing to stop yourself from acting a criminal for it's another thing to take it a step further and being a bother to Allah Allahu Akbar. And that's why the reward is multiplied as well. And July Nakajima Chaka reward is multiplied when effort has to be increased.

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Let me show you how you can either work up, I will mentioned to you a hadith that was a little confusing for some people. And it's almost time for us to transition the prophesies that I was sitting with at Isha, okay.

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And it was nighttime and it was the moon was out. And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he pointed with his finger. And he said, seek refuge from this. And he pointed with his finger in the direction of the moon. And he said seek refuge from this loss you can either walk up

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so some people said that, alas, you can either walk up is the moon when it comes out and is apparent. But what is the evil of the moon? So the aroma they said no, the meaning is not the moon. But the prophesy said and pointed to it because the moon only comes out at night. It's clearly associated with nighttime. So what the Prophet was referring to was the night

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you know, sometimes you refer to a part to refer you, you you you use a part to refer to a hole, right? Like in an analogy. So the prophesy centum was painting and the meaning is not the evil of the moon, but the meaning is nighttime and night. One of the aspects of light is the moon comes out at night. So they need our cover the night when it's darkness overcomes women to shed it in the first 30 filler open

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and from the evil of those that blow your nuts. The fourth that the owner said here, it's it linguistically it's in the feminine form. So they said is it referring to females? Or is it referring to nefs the enforce that does blowing that so that individual that does blowing. They have different opinions. Some of them said it is specifically the female sorcerers. Why? They said the meaning of this verse

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applies to male sorcerers and magicians who do acts of sorcery, but they said that the evil that came from the female sorcerers was more intense.

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Am Rahim Allah He said it's in the feminine form because it refers to knifes and knifes is in the plural and first use use a feminine linguistic form to refer to it

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So he said he applies to any nerfs that blows. And this was the choice of the majority of scholars of Tafseer.

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Who's blowing what is North.

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North is to blow without spilling, without saliva.

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So you blow,

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and there's some moisture. But it is not like a spit. Spit in Arabic we call it tough it definitely. And if there is blowing without any moisture, it's called NEFA.

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But when you

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that's called

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Neff.

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And this is an action that sorcerers and magicians used to do. When they wanted to afflict evil upon other people, they would take certain positions of theirs, they would tie them into knots, they would do some sorcery and some magic and they would grow into it. And oftentimes, there would be associated with this as well, evil collaboration with the sheltering in with Vijay. And we ask Allah subhanaw taala to protect us.

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So this is an evil action. And it affects people and it harms people. So we seek refuge in Allah from that evil and from that home.

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When he says he has he didn't either hazard. And this is the last one that is mentioned. And it is one of the most evil from the evil of the hassad to one who does hazard envy, either has said when they cast their hazard

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hazard is not like just jealousy. But the definition of hazard is

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that not only is a person jealous of what someone else has, Sokoloff, thank you. But they are also wishing for that person to lose access to that which they have.

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And that is very evil.

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But notice here that Allah said Hasidim, Eva has said, the evil of the hazard when they cast their hazard. Why? Because the owner said again, we have a potential, we have a propensity to move towards hazard, thank you to move towards hazard.

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But if a person dwells on it, then that's when they become hazard. That's when they're casting that hazard. Because someone might get a fleeting thought, and why do they have to.

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But you have to quickly overcome and pass it, don't dwell on it. And it's from the Mercy of Allah that he didn't stop. And he didn't say, let me show you how he didn't period. Because then we would have been all messed up.

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Because which one of us is not affected by these fleeting thoughts, from time to time. This is something that comes upon the hearts and minds. But again, you've got to resist, you've got to fight the evil, whether it's outside of you or within you.

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And so to dwell on that thought, and then even worse, to take certain actions. So some people actually start taking actions to fulfill their hazard to remove that blessing that that person has, and that's the epitome of evil.

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We seek refuge in Allah, we seek protection Allah from that has it?

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What are the ways quickly to combat hazard if you get these feelings?

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If you notice that you have this feeling about someone man white

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and it's biting and gnawing at you. Immediately what you do is you make dua for that person to have been okay and what they have been given.

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And if you want it to make their Allah make dua to Allah to go into to you as well. But what difference is it going to make for you if they lose it?

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Some people are competitive, they want to be unique. They want to have it and nobody else they don't want anyone else. If that's fine, ask them off for better than what they have. You know, keep it

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keep it. Somebody has something that you really want. May Allah put Baraka in, in what they have, may Allah grant me better?

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What do you do to set yourself cut yourself short and only one that you can get it out?

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So ask Allah for Allah can what that person has make dua for them, and you will notice that making dua for someone extinguishes ill feelings because the two can't You can't hate someone who know Allah forgive them.

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He can't do it. It just doesn't work.

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You know, so one's got it, beat the other. So resist. You see someone that you have these feelings to?

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Oh ALLAH forgive them. Oh Allah grant them the best of this life and the best of the hereafter. Oh Allah grant me the best of what you have granted them and even better Oh ALLAH. Oh Allah you are not limited. Oh Allah your bounties and your gifts are not limited by any limitation of Allah and grant me the

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I just have this life and the best of the Hereafter grabbed me the best of whatever the messenger of Allah asked for. Well, you got to sell yourself short. So has that is not only evil, but it's also selling yourself short.

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When he said he has it in either has said, notice that here we sought refuge in one attribute of Allah from how many things

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beyond will fill up the world attribute of Allah Michel. Michel is our system omission in Nephi 30 filler or omission he has it in either hazard.

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We mentioned everything and three things in particular