Tafsir Juz 29 #43 – Al-Insan 3
Channel: Mohammad Qutub
Series: Mohammad Qutub - Tafsir Juz 29
File Size: 27.48MB
a little slow to Earth and with the slim honestly you know your mom you know I leave you know she
is in so much mine I've been passing Mohammed Abdullah either early or softened here with a woman selling Allah subhanaw taala Milena
Hakeem from the reverse silly Emily What's that Emily Sani Kohli. Milena has a harness on the kitty meow hammer Rafi mean, we praise the Lord mighty in recent prayers and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his noble family righteous companions and all those that follow them with the right guidance until the Day of Judgment.
Glory be to You Oh Allah, no knowledge have we accept that what you have taught us Indeed you are the All Knowing the all wise, we ask Allah subhanaw taala to open our brains and our hearts to the Noble Quran. And to make it an argument for us and not against us on the Day of Judgment in sha Allah, my dear brothers and sisters, we continue to sorted and incense.
And we spoke about the relatively brief verses that summarize all of life.
It's very interesting that the verses that we went through, I'm gonna backtrack a little bit and we will summarize at the same time, these first three verses that we went through are a summary of life online. And then you find the
more than 10 verses that follow are all about the
three verses to mention your origin, your creation, guidance, and then leaderboards.
Dunya is something that is passing by very quickly three verses and the rest is all all the verses that we are going to explain inshallah are all concerning.
I need to say a little bit more about verse number three. Okay. Last pantalla says about nationalisms, whenever
was said ina Shirky along
that we guided him to the way be grateful or be ungrateful. What guidance is this?
What type of guidance, the type of guidance is being mentioned here is guidance of
informing the human beings and showing him what is wrong and what is right. Okay. And teaching him that this is wrong. And this is right. And he has given us the ability to distinguish between right and wrong, right. And this is why we're accountable. Therefore, if someone cannot distinguish between right and wrong, because of lack of intellect, or some handicap that they have, that Allah azza wa jal tested them with, are they held accountable? No.
They're not held accountable. And for the same reason,
a boy or a girl dies before the age of puberty is also not held accountable, because they're not held accountable until the age of puberty, okay? Because of the issue of being able to distinguish right from wrong and good from evil.
Not only that, Allah did not leave us
without guidance, right? One may say, well, Allah azza wa jal created us.
By our own wisdom, we should discover what is right and what is wrong and what we should do. No, he didn't leave us that way. He sends us messengers, he sent us books, so that they can guide us so that we can follow that guidance. So we have
not only we have to follow that way, he made it clear. He didn't just say, worship me, and he left us to you or to your own brain or to your own innovation. He told you exactly what to do. He told me what is right and what is wrong and just all you have to do is to follow it.
no guesswork involved. Subhanallah This is the Mercy of Allah. This is the beauty of this religion and the guidance of Allah subhanaw taala.
We guided them to the path we show them the way we show them and we help them so in other words, he gave you your brain with your own intellect you are able to distinguish between right and wrong. But in addition to that, if our brains differ and they will differ, okay? Allah azza wa jal made it perfectly clear in the Quran and the authentic sunnah of Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
So he made it clear for us and therefore we are held accountable so no one can say or
send this message
Just send the messenger
we can say well, Oh Allah, I didn't know that this is what you wanted.
I wasn't sure that this is what was please you and this would displease, you know, it's perfectly clear. And you know, and therefore it will be held accountable for that in the head they now submit. So as they say, This is
who they are.
Okay, this band is making things clear for clarification. All right.
This is not the who does and we, the different types of widower we're speaking about guidance and guidance. This is just showing you the way showing you what is right and what is wrong.
And then he speaks about the Day of Judgment. But then when we say, well, he's talking about being grateful and ungrateful.
What does that have to do with
being grateful or ungrateful.
does not relate to belief.
Does it or not?
Or is it something separate?
It does really, right? Actually, it's possible that the reason Allah azza wa jal mentioned those two things, is that those are two very important components and factors that factor into faith and disbelief. We also summarize someone who's faithful, you might say, I'm grateful to Allah azza wa jal, and that's why he's faithful. And that's why he believes and that's why he worship. It's an indication of his gratitude to Allah subhanaw taala. Alka for the ungrateful is this is the ultimate in this belief that this believer will necessarily be ungrateful to Allah subhanaw taala. No matter what he does, as long as he's associating partners with Allah and not worshiping Him alone, he is
ungrateful to Allah subhanaw taala. It shows you the importance of gratitude, and being ungrateful to Imam because we know a man is so many different factors, right? And this is a very important one of them.
And that's why when you talk about ungratefulness, that actually comes from the root word of coffin, which is
right, when Allah says,
For the one who does righteous good deeds
is total ingratitude. And it is coming from the word.
It is like a man
when Allah azza wa jal gave him what he gave him, okay of the throne of wealth is coming so quickly. He said, This is a test from Allah, to see if I will be grateful or ungrateful. gratefulness and ingratitude are very much connected to Iman and Kufa, belief and disbelief and therefore I sent in my Shakeela in Makkah fora, Allah He started speaking about the Day of Judgment.
Therefore, these three verses, again, if a disbeliever reads these three verses, he finds a summary of all of life, I didn't exist, then I was created from what from?
Right, from a sperm, sperm mixture. This is what I was created from. Absolutely. So what are you being arrogant about? What are you boasting about? You came from this as when the
when one when Abdullah when he was asked by one of the kings or the leaders,
who was boasting and haughty and looking at himself as if he was something
when no public reminded him of Allah, He said, Don't you know who I am? They said, I knew
you came from a sperm drop.
And you will end up as a corpse. And between that you are carrying
in your body
you are going to release in the washroom Excuse me? Of course, you might say, well, what's the relation between all of this? And Arabic is right? Okay.
Nope. And then dzifa hubiera. And then in between that you are holding a ladder. So the idea is that this is where you came from. In between this, you're carrying this in your body, right? That's which is disgusting to most people. And in the end, you will be a corpse. So what are you boasting about? What are you being haughty about? So Allah says, Okay, that's from the sperm mixture. And then what? He showed us the way and some people follow the way and others didn't, and therefore they will be held accountable and they will be rewarded or punished on the Day of Judgment.
such a short summaries of how to look for a complicated life
okay, and then we spoke about the about the Pious One drinking from
a cup of wine whose mixture is of cat food right. And we said cat food is what?
commonly translated in English as cancer and in Tamil as car Purim similar to the
Arabic word for we said that there are several possibilities, either indeed they are drinking a cup of wine where there is a little bit of caffeine. Okay, so it's actually in the drink one possibility.
A small mixture from the water of this spring, we set it as a spring right? Or we didn't get there yet. California is a spring in paradise.
How do we know
how do we know only two possibilities for honors? Oh no. Right.
No, read the next verse.
The next verse I in and Yeshua will be I have Adela right canon.
Yeshua will be it's a spring guffawed as a spring in paradise, all right. So it's possible that the water of this spring is mixed in a small quantity with the cup of wine. The other possibility is just used for use for its fragrance, right? Because also, camphor is used for its fragrance right and we talked about It's medicinal
manifests being used in vix and other things were usually meant for this use. The other possibility is that it is there to give that cooling soothing effect that cooling effect that you get, you will get it in the cup of wine okay. And this is the only what you will find maybe in many of the differences and I believe
it goes back to the Tesira even Sulayman. And we said that the mcarthurglen Suleiman or at least the the the some of the narrations of mcarthurglen Suleiman are weak, right, the scholars said that it is weak but
in such a situation, it's not
inconceivable, as he said that the cup of wine will have the birth, the cooling of the CAFO right, and the taste of venger bill of ginger which will come in which will come in the future verses and the smell of misc or of mosque.
So, this is another possibility of why the customer comes in. But there's something very important that we need to remember my dear brothers and sisters, and that is the Hadith the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam where he said laser laser Phil Jana shake minima dunya.
This is all just
to make it closer to our minds. Otherwise, there's nothing that you can truly understand or Fathom or imagine of what is in Elgin.
It's just been named the protocol Selim says there's nothing in Jannah of what you have here, except the name. Okay, it's just the name. It may be similar to it, but it is completely different and it is something way above.
Jana, as Prophet Muhammad wa salam said if there's anything where you start to have a little bit of confusion or doubt, you go back to the Hadith of Prophet Muhammad wa salam where he said that in Jannah are things that no I have seen
and no ear has heard and nothing that anyone can imagine something just beyond imagination, this is just to kind of bring it a little bit closer.
Then Allah was Ty says
I in a short movie,
he will do Runa deal a spring so Carrefour is a spring right and it was mixture of care for a spring of which the righteous servants of Allah will drink they will make it gush forth enforce an abundance and abundance
the first I mentioned an umbrella here he called them a bad law.
The abroad are themselves a bad luck.
Bad luck are different people than abroad.
Abroad the pious and this is the opinion of Evan Casey
If he differentiates between the two, he says that the pious and they are drinking from a cup of coffee. Right? So they're getting a little bit of liquor for from the spring with their cup of wine, he says,
who he puts on a higher pedestal than Abrar
not only drink an ever small quantity of the of that spring, but rather, they drink from it completely from the spring itself. It's not that they're taking a little bit and putting it as a mixture in the cup of wine.
He says, A spring of which the rise of Allah was drink, they drink straight from the fountain itself, okay, without any mixture, they are drinking of alcohol, and this may be
a possibility. The other possibility is a by the law are themselves abroad. And Allah azza wa jal is praising them, because the best thing and the highest status of any individual is to call him a servant of Allah.
The more servitude one has to Allah subhanaw taala, the higher status he is, and for that reason, Allah subhanaw taala, called Prophet Muhammad, in many situations, he called them What do
you may say? Well, there are so many,
so many of our brothers are called Abdullah. No, no, he's saying, Allah.
Allah, when Allah says he is the servant of Allah,
this is something this is a lot of is bearing witness, that he is the highest and most perfect in service to Allah subhanaw taala. So he called them Abdullah, and he called them
via a bad Allah. It means these were so pious, and they rose in status in the sight of Allah, because of their servitude to Allah subhanaw taala. The complete servitude to Allah subhanaw taala is me, they were servants and slaves of Allah and not anything else in this dunya and especially their own desires, their desires in control them they control this
there were servants of Allah, they
left this complete obedience for the one and only Allah subhanaw taala
these are eyes that Allah
Yeshua will be Allah they are drinking you can imagine Salah they're drinking from this beautiful spring in Paradise is there is that the only spring in paradise? And Carrefour there are others such as
No those are rivers Be careful
and don't say on beings This is what the Quran says okay the Quran and Hadith and he called the others they are different and the river is different than the spring you and the dunya also right? Those are rivers whether honey and water and milk and so on.
These are spring cell service which we'll come to and there's another one okay, so springs are different than rivers
who's Arabic here who's where the laser eye?
Do you usually say Yeshua will be how do you say Yeshua
said it right? Not me.
So usually you say I've been dressed right? I didn't drink with the translation says
I will drink
they don't say technically
of which they drink of it okay.
usually translated as with
color said this is to give it another beautiful meaning and this is not only the drinking, this is to give the meaning of
when you say
if you want to say that I was I quench my thirst. In Arabic you would say to me, the preposition that is used is with me.
So when he says
not only when they drink, they drink and they completely punch there was nothing left of the thirst after they drank from the spring of CAFO rain and Yashraj booty has a bad Allah you
It means for all practical purposes, what does your
okay? This means they can make it spring up wherever they want.
They are not restricted to the location, they don't have to go to the specific location wherever they want. They cause it to gush forth
inside the house, outside the house, on the outside with their friends, wherever they are, they can cause it to gush for you.
They can cause it to gush forth how Allah
paradise beyond imagination remember, beyond explanation also, you find your own artist Gina wherever they feel like it or they want to have of it, they cause it to spring May Allah subhanaw taala make you and me of those. And this is the opinion of Mujahid and Qatada and many others. They take it wherever they want, and they cause it to gush forth wherever they want.
And this is usually the verb that is using the Quran for
bringing about the spring right like when the
Euro Lana, are we right? So if you find Jonah is giving us that meaning?
You phone up via phone a woman
they are those who fulfill their vows and fear a Day who's evil will be widespread. Who are these spiders? Oh Allah tell us about them? And what are their characteristics? You funa be nuts.
Okay, what is nothing? They fulfill their vows. What nouns are.
here, we're talking about nuts.
You see, this is where the English can confuse. Right? Because you are correct. When you think of it as a vow. You think of what happened between all humanity and Allah as a vow? Right? As an oath. But that is that's different. Here we're talking about
what is never at least tell me what is not from an Islamic point of view, not from a general point of view from an Islamic point of view.
No, one does not
you have described the specific type of method, but the general ledger yes is to make something obligatory upon oneself.
I made this vow that I will perform the following this
specific type of bow is to say, I will do that if this happens.
This is called
quid pro quo. If
Allah azza wa jal healed, my daughter, I will do this and this, right? If Allah subhanaw taala helps me to get the job I want. I'm going to this day or two days or whatever it may be, and so on and so forth. Right. This is nothing but never in general is to obligate upon oneself something not to fall. Okay, whatever it may be.
the man that explains it.
As General NASM he says, kind of you
know, Paula was a coward, that they used to obligate upon themselves, such worship, such as prayer and zakat and hajj and umrah and other
such deep and whatever Allah subhanaw taala may have obligated upon them. So they make it obligatory upon themselves, that they will do it, maybe in a certain fashion maybe in a certain time, and so on and so forth. And therefore Allah doesn't call them abroad. Even Cassie mentions an interesting opinion. He says,
that you feel that the Nether is praising them for the fact that they are worshipping Allah subhanaw taala concerning that which he made an obligation upon them.
In addition to that, concerning that which they made an obligation upon themselves,
is that clear? Two types of obligations, Allah knows and obligated things upon them, and therefore they
fulfill them and they also fulfill things they need obligatory upon themselves
okay this is you funa
of course when someone makes
something obligatory upon themselves and they are true to that vow, most probably they should also be true to the vows and that which Allah made obligatory upon them, right? If I make something obligatory upon myself, Should I not then be more fulfilling of what Allah made obligatory upon me, I should be right. So Allah azza wa jal is praising those people, you follow. Okay? And it can also only hold the meaning that when you when you talk about what, this is not something simple, okay? It's not someone who just, you know,
completed the deeds or performed the deeds in any other way. They fulfilled it. When Allah azza wa jal praises Ibrahim Ali Salam in the Quran, what does he say? He says, Whatever humility, What?
Concerning what Oh, Allah, you didn't see Ibrahim Alinea, what he kept in general to show you
the Brahim fulfill, fulfill everything that the lovely gazing upon
When you keep in general, it's more of a trace. If I say that, you fulfilled and I mentioned what you fulfill, is less of present when I say you are fulfilled meaning you have fulfilled everything
fulfills his duties to Allah subhanaw taala. So here he says you full day fulfill their vows something very good. Now, if they are vows
general vows like what Imam Qatada explained,
this is fine.
But the other
two actually make a vow that I will do something.
Prophet Muhammad, Allah, for me
why, and this is where we have to try to understand that there is a problem for Baildon whilst Allah azza wa jal praising it in the Quran, because we're talking about two different types of this type that we just mentioned in the general.
And by the way, Allah subhanaw taala is just telling you that these are people who are true to their vows, if they make their vows the truth to them, he didn't say make vows and be true to them, right? You see the difference? He's telling you,
they are true to them, okay. But in general scholars,
the verdict of scholars on leather is that it is mcru The majority of themselves, neither is mcru. And some of them said It is haram.
and the amount of course, will be explained
and elaborates upon the Hadith, where Prophet SAW Selim for bein vows, he said, this seems to be in relation to
the type of leather where I say I, Allah subhanaw taala were to do this or if so, and so, happens for me in the dunya of material benefits, I will then go and worship or I will do this and that or I will donate and charity or I will sacrifice or I will do whatever I may do. One of the reasons for this cover here is that you are waiting for a material benefits
to perform an act of worship.
Clear and you should not equate that to number two.
In the same studies were published for bein NASM he said in July or who do say
it will not drive anything away. Now the words of evil. What
I was trying to say is that people may see
the conviction may arise. If I make never
the following will happen. If I make another then maybe indeed my son or daughter will be cured.
possibly this conviction may even come to the status of proof of disbelief how? If you think that when you do that, you are obligating upon Allah
To cure your child.
Yeah, it's almost as if you are you think you are forcing him. Now, the mother is saying
that the scholars who says it is haram to make this Nether, probably it is because if this conviction occurs where you think you are obligated upon Allah to do that material to give you the material benefit, which you will then worship Him for or donate or whatever it may be.
Or you may just think that you're not obligating upon Allah, but Allah says and will cure your child because you may
also look through both ideas that you should not have and this is why Mousehole Salam said in
doesn't drive any evil away, nor does it bring on any benefit. When you make this method if Allah azza wa jal chooses to cure the cure, if Allah chooses to give you some good he wants regardless of making another or not, this is why
the rest of the Hadith, he said what
we mean is
that this is the way to take money from the greedy one house for exchange
will not just give you money when you give him he'll give you so this hadith seems to be referring to this type of Nether.
If Allah gives me this, I will give him this okay.
So this is what is forbidden by Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
of course not mention it, if it's Inshallah, if it is authentic, I don't know and then someone can correct me inshallah.
That's why also, when you make Nether you should fulfill
because Allah says praise those who fulfill their grounds if you made a first another but it is better to avoid it.
What if you made another to
then you're stuck.
I don't fulfill. I haven't fulfilled my vow. And if I fulfill my vow and disobeying Allah, in most cases on disobeying Allah, what do you do?
You got a new you made another to disobey Allah God forbid.
ever do that?
Should you fulfill it or not? No, you do not fulfill no matter what. You seek forgiveness of Allah for doing that. But you do not fulfill some
there's a cassava for it. This is like to follow the Amin and others said otherwise that there is no explanation for it. Prophet Muhammad Salim said, whoever made to obey Allah let him obey Him. And if you made never to disobey Him, you should not
You fully been?
Allah azza wa jal is praising those people who obligate upon themselves.
Things that Allah azza wa jal obligated upon them, you full of in every way as a foreigner Hillman. So not only are they fulfilling their house, they fear they fear what were hopeful Nyoman can
they fulfill their vows, and they fear a Day who's even will be widespread.
It is very important. When a Muslim obeys Allah and performs righteous deeds, that one of the reasons for performing those righteous good deeds is to do it out of fear of Allah and out of fear of the Day of Judgment
and seeking His reward, and seeking His mercy.
This is the meaning of doing it for Allah subhanaw taala as we'll come to see in sha Allah ufone I've been everywhere half moon are human. So they fulfill their vows and they make obligatory upon themselves. All of this they're doing out of fear of Allah subhanaw taala
in stark contrast to the disbelievers
who maybe never feared Allah subhanaw taala never gave a thought to the situation to the fact of whether they are worshipping or not. The believer is always conscious of the Day of Judgment in front of them. Thinking about this day a day which Allah azza wa jal has threatened us in the Quran. Beware of this day when this date
Sometimes you forget everything. You will forget all of this and we are talking about my brothers and sisters. This is something else who's evil will be widespread Allah azza wa jal calls it evil. Someone may say no,
we shouldn't call it evil.
Who's evil is widespread Ganesha homeless stuff. Indeed there will be people who, for them, it will be the worst day of their life. For others it will be the best day even for the good doors. We know Allah, Allah will make it easy in sha Allah, but are you sure do you have some confirmation will guarantee from Allah that you will be those who will be closed while the others will be naked? Or are or that you will be of those who will find that short while the others will find that the length of 50,000 years
you don't have any confirmation or guarantee this day makes you forget everything
they are afraid of this day, when they're doing the righteous good deeds, they are afraid of Allah subhanaw taala they're afraid of this day, they're afraid of the punishment of Allah subhanaw taala In fact, it is a good idea when you perform a righteous buddy
to make dua afterwards.
before Allah protects me from hellfire like when you
like when you
protect yourself from fire even if you are donating a fraction of a day. So when you do donate anything slowly
it's a good idea to make dua afterwards between you and Allah subhanaw taala Oh Allah protect me from hellfire. I'm doing this because I fear this day who's even will be widespread Kela Shambo who was Sofia?
And this is why
when we talk about
the Arabic language it is as it has been translated, it gives the meaning of being spread.
Okay, and that's why they said whose evil is widespread? Something more was superior animal. Okay, something that is spread out. So who's evil is widespread? Okay, he's trying to show you the extent of evil of this day. Of course, in the end, the only when you hear it was stopped. It is different than what you are reading in the English language, the Arabic Subhan Allah
gives us a different flavor. We must fear Allah subhanaw taala and must fear the punishment of Allah and Allah azza wa jal praises those people, none of the Quran, as when he says, in the Lavina, whom in Hashem,
those who fear their Lord, and he talks about and I believe we've spoken about that before in the other I will.
And those who are fearful of the punishment of the Lord, may Allah protect you and me, and this is why
Ronnie said the famous statement, he said that the foundation of every good in dunya and akhira is fearing Allah subhanahu wa taala very important, and
more importantly to perform this consciously fearing Allah and fearing the day of judgment and the punishment of Allah, Allah and these people who fulfill their vows are fulfilling their vows and Allah azza wa jal praises them again to say you fool them in every way a halfmoon a young man can shallow homeless and they fear a dangerous evil will be widespread.
While you're buying Munna
be Myskina team and
and they give food in spite of love for
to the needy, the orphan and the captive.
So not only do they fulfill their vows, they give food
they donate. Not only do they fulfill the rights of Allah subhanaw taala they fulfill the rights of the slave servants of Allah subhanaw taala they're fulfilling the rights of the Creator, as well as the rights of the creation. And we said that in many places in the Quran, Allah azza wa jal juxtaposes those two very important and especially nowadays, because Subhanallah there seems to be a real disconnect between fulfilling the rights of Allah and fulfilling the rights of
the servants of Allah subhanaw taala you will find multitudes of people who fulfill the rights of Allah, Allah, who are good with their prayers with those who fulfill maybe their vows. Anything with regards to Allah, Tala, but then you look on the other side. He's cheating his brother. His cheat
The sister is lying is backbiting all kinds of violations concerning Evangelia, the slave service of Allah. Therefore in many places in the Quran, he will always mentioned both worshiping Allah, and at the same time being good to his creatures.
What's going on? Why should they be disconnected? In every form of worship? You find in one way or another, Allah subhanaw taala has spoken about the importance of manners.
In every form of worship,
takes prayer, for instance.
What does prayer have to do with manners? What does prayer have to do with
refining my character?
The Quran Allah asking for real, I'm not just asking for opinions, we can talk forever. If you pray, you shouldn't be a good person and you should be good to people. We're talking about
the prayer indeed, should forbidding you from fascia from all kinds of evil, these
things which people themselves regard as
disliked or repulsive, and so on. And
so if you find someone who was doing all kinds of evil to the slaves of Allah, yes, they pray
20 or 30, because
there's something wrong with that prayer.
If it is not forbidding them, from those types of evil deeds, that means either the prayers
or he's not concentrating or focusing on it, it's just a bunch of mechanical movements right. Similarly, when.
When you give this occur, you should give it to the poor person, and you need to tell him this is the cup. You will need not make them feel discomforted. You will give it to them and you don't tell them that.
And when you are giving the test, what are you doing, you are disciplining yourself, you are disciplining your soul, right? You are purifying your money.
Similarly with fasting
in the famous Hadith,
whoever does not leave evil speech, and acting upon it, there's no reason and Allah azza wa jal is in no need of you leaving your food and your drink. So here he is his fasting, yet he's still chasing, he's still insulting you still backbiting? Subhanallah Chiara, you left that which is permissible, which is for them. And now you're committing, that's what you're saying permissible. There's no reason if you are fasting, it will refine your manner. And similarly when
you find when.
Right, he promised that Allah azza wa jal will forgive the sins of the person who does what? He does not
commit the precursors of physical relations with his wife.
Yep, so meaning all kinds of sins, or backbiting, can you imagine someone you know, hitting
his companion or someone close to him or something or shouting at another person and insulting him? We've seen it to ally we've seen it but does not prevent you from doing these things, then what good is the hunch? So in all situations, the worship of Allah refines our soul refines our character, it should. And if it doesn't know very well, there's something wrong with that person's worship. And we see this a lot today. May Allah azza wa jal forgive us and find our manners. But seldom was the testimony of worship and character together. You.
They give food
and they donate.
Or they filthy rich, necessarily allows us and is praising those who give food in spite of love for it, they love it. This is gonna have different meanings.
Meaning they love it, meaning they want it, right.
Meaning, possibly that they needed. When
we said what meaning they love it, they liked it.
They don't want to give it away.
They needed they are in need of it. Maybe they're more needed than the person who was coming and asking for it. Maybe a poor person who's coming and he's asking from someone who's poor than him and he
No, no. And that person gives it to him. This is where you're gonna be. This is similar to the other Iowa study, which is
Welcome to begin cosafa, right.
They prefer others over themselves, even though they themselves are in need. And we mentioned the famous story where the poor person came
to some of the Sahaba and his family, and they were eating, and a poor person came, and they invited him to dinner, even though it was very strong. And they had him eat all of the foods, and they didn't eat anything themselves. They closed the light, so he cannot see they made.
They made it seem that they were eating with him. He hates all of the food, even the children would love to sleep hungry. So Allah azza wa jal praise them.
While cannot make him cassava, they mean it and they require the food, but they gave it
to someone else. Similarly, I want to
be, they give that food in spite of love for it, and Allah, Allah says lantana will belong
most of us nowadays
either to the refrigerator, or to our closet, pick out the worst food we have. And the worst clothing we have. And we've donated well
you should donate of that which is most beloved to you. That which is best to you. I may have told you the story before of a friend, I remember who when he immediately connected that to his own situation, he acted upon it. He was wearing a leather jacket. And he used to wear it everywhere and all the time. Anytime you see his brother, he's wearing this nice leather jacket and it got close.
And instant when we were just standing and talking. He made the connection he hadn't made it before. We were talking about this Ilm. And then he thought the most relevant things to me is this and there was a clothing drive at the time, he took off his leather jacket, and he donated it
donate that's what you love.
Donate that's what you need most. If one day you discovered you really love something, try and give it away.
So that you can be in some of those we'll
be in spite of love
this can mean in need of it. And this is why Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam said when a man asked him what is the best charity he said the best charity is to give charity when you are healthy, right?
Let's say close fisted or stingy meaning
not at the end of your life or when you are sick and you are feeling that you are not going to be able to benefit from that money. When you are healthy and you are building your fortune and you are trying to become rich and self sufficient. And you want that money donate that time. Don't wait till the end, this is the best charity. Okay, and this happens to panela a person who may have a small salary and maybe not a lot of money you'll find him giving me a figure Oh, I'm already in a in a poor state I might as well donate but the other person who's doing fairly well and is building
a little bit illogical but
he's building his fortune is becoming rich and so on. The richer he becomes the Sindri he becomes because he wants to build a fortune and he wants to
he wants to see his treasures increase and so on. You find they are becoming stingy you know that time this is the best charity
This is the best time to give charity that melon Rena what a half
way up I'm gonna
that some scholars mentioned is that I'll be he doesn't go back to
meaning not loving the food
but rather going back to Allah. Allah Billa
We'll find out
meaning out of or in spite of love, that's why in spite wouldn't work anymore, if I want to follow
that they feed they feed or they give food
for Allah, Allah, because of the love of Allah subhanaw taala
and love of fulfilling His commandments, they are giving food
even though one of the scholars
said this is probably
further away and less
possible than the previous meaning for the following reason, that the next area mentions giving food and feeding for the countenance of Allah in the middle of the watch. So, that meaning is already there of giving it for Allah and for the sake of Allah right.
And we said before that the there is a rule concerning the seal and concerning and so on at this minute he
meaning establishing or offering a new meaning
making the meaning start
one more time,
when you have the possibility, when you have two possible meanings,
giving an added meaning
is more worthy and acceptable
then just confirming that same meanings. So, if we say hola hola Vicky is
the next is giving the same approximate meaning in the manual.
So it is better to give the other added meaning which is
in need of that fool and out of luck for the next one we are giving for the sake of Allah. So giving an extra an added acceptable meaning of course not added meaning out of nowhere as long as it is an acceptable possibility. Having an added meaning is more acceptable. Right? Then confirming yes
then it would have been right.
It's referring it's a singular pronouns
okay, they give food to whom? Which categories are they giving food to
and Miskin the needy.
The needy is the very poor, some scholars said he is lower, they are different, who is lower instead of as superior or as miskeen. Right? With different
Some scholars said that miskeen is even lower than alpha and miskeen, the needy, the orphan Alia team, and as he is the captain, who is the orphan.
without them, not related to the mother.
Even if they don't have a mother, but they have a father, they're not considered a team. Your team, from an Islamic point of view is someone who lost a father before the age of puberty, right. This is probably how Selim said youth.
There is no uten or
being an orphan except after puberty.
One loses their father, before the age of puberty, they are considered the A team
because the father is the one who was obligated Islamically to spend on that child. Right.
They're obligated to spend on the child and to care for them, and so on.
So they are giving food to whom, to these three needy categories and the scheme, the poor one and the needy one and your team the orphan
Subhanallah even a seed
and assists the captive the prisoner of war. The person was just fighting me was about to kill me.
whose goal was to destroy me and to destroy the Muslims.
sees them of what feeds them what you feed the dogs, as they do in the presence of the cafe,
or feed of the good food that you have
is praising those who feel as
though they're a prisoner of war.
And here we go with the propaganda.
All of the the mass media nowadays against Islam and Muslims, oh, that was close look at the way they treat their captives and so on. They're killing them, they're torturing them, they're not feeding them.
This is your these are your ideas. These are your human rights. Our human rights are very different. We are the ones who brought human rights to the world. The Quran is what is bringing human rights to the world, we'll find one a bomb on the skin and we as humans,
even the captive,
they are to be fed and they are to be fed well, and they are to be cared for, and they are not to be harmed or to be placed in discomfort even though that person may have been coming to kill us. And scores
of corpses in the history of Islam, converted to Islam, because of seeing this type of treatment. And number one is to manage
the famous for Harvey, who was captured by property and tied to one of the pillars of the masjid, right? In the famous story.
On a daily basis, Prophet Muhammad Al Salam would talk to him and ask him and so on. And he was basically say, if you kill me, you deserve to kill me because I was fighting you. But if you let me go, then this is you know, your your good manners and your
chivalry and things of that nature. And the next day, he would say the same thing. And the third day, eventually
let him go. He went, he made the hosel. And he came back and he said, a shadow Allah ilaha illallah wa shadow and Muhammad Yunus. Why, because of the treatment of Prophet Muhammad wa salam and the companions for him, he became Muslim. Not only that, he is the leader.
And one of the originators of the idea of economically boycotting the enemy.
Because when his own people his own tribe, after he became Muslim, started asking for help in terms of food and grains and sending them basically sending them food and things that they were leaving, he says, You will not get a single grain until the opponent approves of it. Allah hooks let's look at the switch SubhanAllah. This week, they they became the enemy now.
They're enemies of the Muslims. So he said you will not get anything until
all of this after what because of the good treatment. Not only that, when he became Muslim, he's also
all messenger of Allah.
Before there was no face on the face of the earth, that was more abhorrence to me than your face. Now your face is more beloved to me than any other face in this world. Allahu Akbar.
This is a good treatment of the captive that Allah subhanaw taala has ordered. We hope it will not be miskeen and we're a team. And
there's an interesting essay that I found for major Thomas is an intelligence officer in the US Army, praising
the Islamic treatment of prisoners of war.
From the way he speaks, you might think that he is a Muslim.
And he's comparing it and saying that actually, it is even better than what they are talking about of the Geneva Conventions today, and things of that nature. This is the treatment of Islam. And this is what we are taught and this is what we will implement no matter what people say. May Allah subhanaw taala guide us and forgive us and accept from us insha Allah