Mohammad Qutub – Compiling the Quran and Bible 1

Mohammad Qutub
AI: Summary © The Bible is a source of insight and teaching, with its historical and cultural significance, including the intersection of history and authenticity, the title of the seminar, and the controversy surrounding its authenticity. The importance of the Prophet's teachings and the depiction of the culture as a symbol of Islam is emphasized, along with the need for further understanding of its potential for future blessings. The importance of the Prophet's use of the word "has been" in context of the Quran is also discussed, along with the use of media and media platforms to promote the Prophet's teachings. The history and meaning of the Prophet sallavi alayhi wa sallam is also discussed, along with the use of media and media platforms to portray the image of the Prophet.
AI: Transcript ©
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la Rahman Al Rahim Al hamdu lillahi rabbil aalameen was Salah to attend moto Salim other so you didn't know what Imam you know Wahhabi been a bit of Possum humming Medina Abdullah. Allah He was suffering to hear with Tabby or even woman tabby. Sen Ilario me Dean.

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Panic Allah Allah Milena LM LM tena inaccurate until Hollywood Hakeem rubbish Ronnie sundry were silly Emery Hello oculata Melissa and EF McCauley I praise Allah Almighty and I send prayers and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his noble family righteous companions and all those that follow them with the right guidance until the Day of Judgment, Amin glory be to you Oh Allah, no knowledge have we accept that which you have taught us? Indeed you are the All Knowing the all wise. My dear brothers and sisters As Salam alaykum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh.

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sha Allah everybody is doing well. On this fine morning, I asked the last panel Matala to accept from us to increase us in knowledge and in faith, and to make this sincere for his sake in sha Allah.

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The title of the seminar is the Quran and the Bible, a comparison of compilation and historicity and what we're talking about here is to try to understand

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how the Quran and the Bible were compiled. For us we will begin with the Quran and then inshallah we will talk about the Bible. Of course, this is a intensive seminar, there's a lot to cover, when he talks about the compilation of these two holy books.

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The compilation of the Quran is something that maybe a lot of Muslims don't know enough about.

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We love the Quran, we study the Quran, we recite the Quran, we benefit from the Quran, but a lot of times the issue of the history of how it was compiled, is not as well known. And therefore this was a favorite subject

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for many who wanted to cast doubt about the authenticity of the Quran, the historical authenticity of the Quran, this is the meaning of historicity, this the combination of these two terms, just getting, you know,

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playing with the words history and authenticity. So, is the Quran historically authentic? The whether it was orientalists, or enemies of Islam, Islamophobes you name it, this was a favorite subject, because Muslims don't know much about it. And this is the kind of thing they would like to excel at.

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How did this come about? How this this Quran eventually emerged this way? So they want to see,

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what's the history? Was it written down?

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How much later was it compiled? Where are all the errors and the mistakes? What are the Muslims hiding? Right? These are the kinds of things they're going to be looking for. So these are the kinds of things that they will really excel at, looking at the history, talking about seer and you know, things that touch the heart and

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this is not that important for someone who doesn't believe in Islam in the first place, right? It's more looking at the history of things, the history of the Quran, the history of the Quranic text, alright. So, this is why we are going to be talking about the compilation of the Quran, it seems most interesting and beneficial. Then also look at the Bible and how it was compiled.

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Then we do a comparison

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that will help us much better understand the Quran and its compilation and also the Bible and its compilation.

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In sha Allah to Allah, please fasten your seat belts.

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Okay, and inshallah you get a good night's sleep. And you are with me 100%. Speaking of which, I don't see everyone with their notebooks and their notepads. If you think this is the type of, you know, half an hour lecture that you hear, you know, in the masjid, you you know, 75 Or maybe 85% of it, and the rest is you'll you'll remember no, this is not what we're doing

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We're here. Okay, this is more like a course and intensive course. Okay, you're going to be hearing a lot of things. If you do not write it down, you're definitely going to forget and miss out on a lot. Having said that, if you have questions, I can feel the questions

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as we are going if it is relevant, okay, otherwise, then maybe we will leave it in sha Allah

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to the end of that segment, okay, let's let's put it that way.

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You will also want to be writing things down because

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there is a possibility in sha Allah that we will just try to make sure that we

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remember a lot of what was said by asking some questions at the end, maybe like a review. I will not call it a quiz to scare anyone or a test, but rather just maybe something of like a review. So

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I will ask a few questions in sha Allah very easy questions, just to see that we got the most important fundamentals of the talk down in sha Allah.

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Okay, brothers and sisters, without any further ado, let us talk about the compilation of the Noble Quran.

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First of all, we praise Allah subhanaw taala as he taught us to praise him

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for all of his blessings and bounties and one of the most important of his blessings is the blessing of the Noble Quran. Allah subhanaw taala tells us in a surah that many of us possibly recite Friday so that will KEF alongside says about the world we live in a shaytani R rajim Bismillah R Rahman Rahim Alhamdulillah Hilary is Allah Allah the healer kita

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levou Ida Praise be to

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Allah, who sent down

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to his slave servant the book, that book of course being the Quran and made no crookedness there in

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we praise Allah azza wa jal for sending this Quran.

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How blessed are we, that we have the book of Allah subhanho wa taala.

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The genuine speech of Allah subhanaw taala with us,

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in our hands,

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in our minds and our hearts reciting it,

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maybe sometimes every day, well, definitely every day in your Salah. But maybe even more than that.

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This is a blessing in itself that sometimes maybe we take for granted.

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And truly, sometimes you only realize the importance of something when you look at its opposite.

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So for a very long time, as we will see,

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students did not have access to their holy book,

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which they believed was the word of their Lord.

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We know of course that it was adulterated and corrupted. But as it was originally revealed Teresa Alayhis Salam It is the word of Allah azza wa jal

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didn't have access to

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for different reasons, as we will see. So this in itself is one of the greatest blessings and mercies upon this ummah. We say Alhamdulillah Allah the unzila Allah up the hill Kitab This is a great blessing from Allah subhanho wa taala.

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when we talk about the compilation of the Quran, the reason we're doing so, is because we want to further understand

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the worldly means through which

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Allah subhanaw taala preserved this Quran

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Allah azza wa jal told us that he is going to preserve and protect this Quran from any adulteration. And this is a unique aspect of the Quran when compared to the other books.

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When we talk about the other books, the responsibility of its preservation was given to whom

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those who received that book, the scholars who

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were considered the protectors of those books. And it was not preserved

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as opposed to the Quran, where Allah azza wa jal promised to preserve it. Allah subhanaw taala says in an afternoon as del medica our in hula huffy alone

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little hedger course famous Aya

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indeed it is we, who sent down the Likud, the remembrance and a lot of times the Quran is mentioned as a dick

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because it is a reminder and a remembrance.

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Well in Allahu Allah Hafiz goon, and indeed we are, it's preserver. In other words, it is for Allah subhanaw taala to preserve it,

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he will protect it and he

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obligated it to upon himself. And no one obligates Allah subhanho wa taala. No one can obligate Allah except himself.

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He obligated upon Himself that He will protect this Quran and thus it remains protected.

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And this in itself, my brothers and sisters is an aspect we need to also think about.

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If the Quran is protected and preserved,

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this also indirectly

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is evidence

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or something very interesting

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that no other prophets will be sent.

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No other religion or Sharia will Ambergate

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Islam and the Quran because it is still in its pure form as it was revealed. From the day it was revealed or the time it was revealed to the Prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam.

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If hypothetically, this book was also to be corrupted,

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necessarily Allah azza wa jal would have to send another prophet, another message.

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This is what happened in the past, as the message of the Prophet would be corrupted beyond rectification.

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So Allah azza wa jal would send another prophet

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with another book

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completely different of course not all of the fundamentals are still the same. But there may be minor differences as we have said, time and time again.

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But as this is preserved, it makes sense. We have the pure Quran as it was revealed the deen is still pure.

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The Muslims may have

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gone further away

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from the Dean from the proper understanding, that doesn't exist, it exists.

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And there are plenty of people who know it and scholars who teach it it's about going after it and then living by it, but it's there. It's not that

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don't get confused. Someone tells you Oh, well the Muslims are so far away from the Dean. So we need a new message. Of course not. It's still there, it's pure, but we are the ones who need to go after it and implement it in our life.

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When we talk about the

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compilation of the Quran

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usually when we first start talking about the compilation, where does it begin? Brothers and sisters when does the compilation begin?

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Help me out here

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well smug Okay.

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The other opinions

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smart all the Lavon

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definitely smarter Viola Han

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is one of the most important names when it comes to the history and compilation of the Quran.

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But my dear brothers and sisters as we will see

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the compilation started before that.

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Sorry, sister.

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Yep, we may say during the time of bubble Buck

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Another very important name in the compilation of the Quran, Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Allah.

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It actually started before that this is something Muslims

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must know.

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The compilation started during the time of the Prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam

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just This in itself, this point in itself,

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you will run rings

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around and the orientalist or

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someone who wants to try to cast doubt about the Quran

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Yes, rather than

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simply drop from it.

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In particular,

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all of it I will talk about insha Allah will in detail. Yes, exactly. You are correct.

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Absolutely, absolutely. We, we have to define it this way, because this is essentially when it started, okay.

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And technically, we might also say, because this is all part of the preservation of the Quran. It started from the time the Quran was revealed to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

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This is

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this, even though this is not compilation in the sense that this was written compilation.

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This is part of its preservation as well.

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And that is the Prophet alayhi salatu. was salam, learning the Quran? Oh, did he learn the Quran?

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The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam

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had the honor that no other person has.

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And that is learning the

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who else was taught to the Quran? By Allah we might see only one other person

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one other person who's taught by Allah

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who taught the Prophet SAW Salem. There is a medium right to rely they said

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he's not, of course he's a person. So he's a person, absolutely a person,

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the greatest of Allah's creation rather

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than say human being notice

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person, okay.

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the Prophet SAW Selim was taught by Gibreel and

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by extension from Allah subhanahu wa taala.

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Here you have an unlettered man sallallahu alayhi, WA alayhi wa sallam is never read a book or written

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and now he is learning the Quran.

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In fact, he has memorized the whole Quran.

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This is a miracle in itself.

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Teaching an unlettered man

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memorizing this huge Quran.

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Allah subhana wa Taala took it upon himself to teach him

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but the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam

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took the necessary means. Wallahi when you look at all of these things, you think to yourself Subhanallah How did Muslims ever get or reach a level where they just say oh, just depend on Allah.

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And they just throw the means behind their backs take no means. Take the necessary worldly means

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relying on Allah.

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Allah is never in any way contradictory to taking the worldly needs.

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The Prophet has salatu salam took the worldly means to learn the Quran how?

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When Gibreel alayhi salam was teaching the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

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The Prophet SAW Salem was reciting quickly.

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He was afraid that he is going to miss something. He's going to lose part of the Revelation

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he would recite before Jabril

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SNM is finished.

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He doesn't want to forget

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Allah Allah Allah Allah Allah wa Salam is taking the means,

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even though Allah guaranteed it.

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And thus Allah subhanaw taala revealed Surah filthy Yama. Learn to hallelujah it could be Healy Sana Colita jalebi

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in Aileen jinma who

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is our caller now HuFa Tibbett Khurana

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in La Nina

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said learn to Halleck be Healy sir Nick Kelly ta Jollibee don't move your tongue quickly with it.

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reciting the Quran

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Lita Jollibee in haste

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in Elena Gemma who up for an

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indeed it is upon us

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to do two things.

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Jana who will Khurana

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what is Gemma who will Khurana

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anybody speak Arabic here or knows a little bit of Arabic?

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Little bit of Arabic ticket ticket

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Yeah, profile pro flows. Jenna, the word Jana

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what does it mean?

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The idea

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to collect together alone. You guys are Arabic experts, Masha Allah, masha Allah very good

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to bring together to collect together absolutely Gemma

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but what does it mean now in the context of the Quran, in the Elena Gemma who

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it is upon us to collect it.

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Some may understand from this, that this is the collection of the Quran, this is the compilation, it is upon Allah subhanaw taala we know that it is upon Allah subhanaw taala to preserve it. And we said art of this preservation

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is this compilation that we are going to learn about now.

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That's part of how again, the necessary worldly means not just by some miracle Allah protected it no through the actions of men as well.

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There was protection of the Quran and preservation of it

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in Alina Gemma, but here what scholars have said about Gemma who

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it is for us to collect it in your heart, oh Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

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In other words, you will memorize it

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by the power of Allah subhanaw taala you will learn it. We are going to collect it in your heart allow a Cuba who else can claim this honor

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in the Halina Gemma who are Khurana

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the gentle collecting it in the heart of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

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And furthermore,

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Arabs will use this term in that context for the Quran. So if someone tells you Jana Atul Quran,

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I collected the Quran he means in his heart, he means he memorized the Quran.

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So it is upon Allah to teach the prophets of Allah, third source such that he will memorize it, so he's comforting him. No need to recite it quickly. Don't fear.

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Again, look, the Prophet SAW Selim is doing his part.

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Not just oh yeah, Allah will teach me if it was us. This is the way we will talk up. I'm the final prophet.

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I'm gonna receive the book Allah will teach me no need to do anything. That's very recent. Unfortunately. No, he's trying. And Allah tells him Don't worry, no needs that he doesn't need to worry anymore. Right? In the Elena Gemma who work or Anna Okay, so this is Jim now. What about what Khurana who?

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Quran brothers and sisters? Yes, we refer to the Quran as the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala right. In the hyena Gemma who were Purana will en actually

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comes from the verb Cara.

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This is a must have this sister you know Muslim Alhamdulillah

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so Cara,

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here are 10 hora de

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And then

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this is the know that we extract from the verb power to read. So a reading for us is a reading or a recitation.

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In arlena, Gemma who work for

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it is upon Allah to what? The Quran the recitation of it, the reading of it.

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One possible opinion is indeed its recitation is upon Allah, meaning the prophets of our Salah is not only going to learn it and memorize it, but he is going to know how to recite it.

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My dear brothers and sisters, as you will know, the Quran is the word of Allah

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is not an article you're reading on the internet

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or in the newspaper

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or something else.

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There is a way to read the Quran.

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I have had some students have the law not many

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will read it as if

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you cannot even understand what he's saying.

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Much less reading it perfectly as the Quran is to be recited. You know how sometimes when you converse, you swallow the word here a letter there. He's reading the Quran like this. Something almost happened to me I almost lost my mind.

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conversation wise I don't understand what you're saying. Now we're talking about the Quran. This is how you recite

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Allah arthropods wasallam how to recite the Quran

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This is what we do now with the science of Tajweed.

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When we learn how to recite the Quran, in order to recite it the way the Prophet salallahu Salam recited as he was taught to recite

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in Alina, Gemma Hua Khurana there is a way to recite what the new Quran a term tila.

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We need to recite the Quran. And this also the prophets of salaam was taught otherwise,

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how would he know?

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Not in terms of the theory of Tajweed but the implementation of Tajweed so the way he was reciting it is did tweet.

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He wouldn't recite it in this way in Alena Gemma who are poor

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Another opinion

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as professed by an imam Qatada

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is that Purana who here means that leave her who?

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Lisa who

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are our Arabic experts now? That leaf

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What about leaf? Have you heard the word leaf? No. Unless you only feel that leaf lethal? No. So ask an Arab on the street. What does that leave mean? He will say the author something authorship.

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That leaf and that's why an author is called a leaf.

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Okay, in the Alina, Gemma Hua Kurata. So remember Tata that says Purana who here is that leaf

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but here he doesn't mean the authorship because we know ultimately, that the Quran is the word of Allah subhanaw taala. What he means by the leaf here is putting the verses together.

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This is tech leaf.

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My dear brothers and sisters, you will know

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that the Quran

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is constituted of many Suris 814 turas

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ordered as they are in the Noble Quran.

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Within each surah you have versus ordered are as they are.

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The or there is a consensus among scholars that the verses in the Eat Surah are ordered, in a way mandated by Allah subhanahu wa taala.

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Despite the fact that they were not necessarily revealed that way.

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We know they were not revealed that way.

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So those were revealed. All at once. Yes.

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Rattle and Hum are working on

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26 pages or so all at once.

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But this is an exception.

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Most of the Quran was not revealed that

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segments were revealed and sometimes one before another

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then those segments were ordered

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in a way mandated by Allah subhanaw taala

00:30:39 --> 00:30:45

this is something we say we call it te fi, LT fi means it is from Allah subhanaw taala

00:30:47 --> 00:30:50

the way the verses were ordered within each Surah

00:30:52 --> 00:31:15

Are we clear? There is no confusion about this, right? How did that happen to ya? Revelation Gibreel Alayhis Salam would tell the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam what this verse or this section or segment of verses here or there or in this Surah or that Surah

00:31:18 --> 00:31:23

it is through the wind through the revelation of Allah subhanho wa Taala okay

00:31:26 --> 00:31:29

the order of the surah is on the other hand

00:31:31 --> 00:31:33

as they exist in the most have today

00:31:34 --> 00:31:36

this is an issue of debate.

00:31:39 --> 00:31:42

Is this though TV is this mandated by Allah?

00:31:43 --> 00:31:50

That it starts with Al Fatiha and then Al Baqarah and then earlier Imran then Lisa Marie the arm and so on?

00:31:53 --> 00:31:55

Was the order different?

00:31:56 --> 00:32:05

Was it not mandated by Allah but rather it is through the HT had through the opinion of the Sahaba of the Allahu Anhu

00:32:06 --> 00:32:07


00:32:08 --> 00:32:11

And each group has its

00:32:12 --> 00:32:18

evidence and proofs. Okay. This is something interesting that

00:32:20 --> 00:32:21

we will not get into right now.

00:32:25 --> 00:32:32

So the leaf that Imam cada Kata is telling us about Khurana you have a question, sister. Oh, you're just

00:32:35 --> 00:32:45

the leaf that he's talking about is this bringing together of the verses in a way mandated by Allah subhanaw taala This is from Allah.

00:32:46 --> 00:33:05

This is further proof. We take this tafsir or Parana, who that Leafa who bringing the verses the segments that were revealed at different times and at different places, bringing that together to constitute a surah. This is upon Allah this is for Anna who

00:33:07 --> 00:33:11

according to Imam is this clear? The verses within each surah

00:33:14 --> 00:33:19

Allah Allah Allah Allah insha Allah ina Jana who work or

00:33:21 --> 00:33:30

in this way, over the course of 23 years, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam received the revelation and memorized it.

00:33:33 --> 00:33:34


00:33:35 --> 00:33:44

this memorization, my brothers and sisters, is very important. Because ultimately, the Quran

00:33:46 --> 00:33:53

was always started out and continues until today, an oral tradition

00:33:56 --> 00:33:58

that is received verbally

00:34:01 --> 00:34:10

we will get to the writing part. But right now we want to focus on the oral tradition, because this is vitally important

00:34:12 --> 00:34:14

and even those who want to cast doubt,

00:34:15 --> 00:34:17

might try to

00:34:18 --> 00:34:24

make the accusation that oh the Quran is earlier an oral tradition.

00:34:26 --> 00:34:44

And therefore, there were many mistakes and so on, when it was later compiled and this is false and we will get into that and shop but furthermore, do not denigrate in any way or underestimate the importance of the oral tradition of the Quran

00:34:48 --> 00:34:55

for several reasons. Number one, as we said the owner of Mohamed Salah Salem was an unlettered OMA

00:34:56 --> 00:34:56


00:34:57 --> 00:34:59

now Omiya did not use

00:35:00 --> 00:35:00

to read or write.

00:35:01 --> 00:35:07

Some of them did, but was literacy commonplace everyone?

00:35:09 --> 00:35:16

And by the way, there's still illiteracy in the world of today, right? Over 14 Centuries later.

00:35:18 --> 00:35:19


00:35:21 --> 00:35:30

they depended on their memory. And they used to do no less than miracles with their memory.

00:35:31 --> 00:35:33

You hear about things today.

00:35:36 --> 00:35:52

Here's one of the things authentic tears of what they used to do with their memories and music. No, no, no, that's not possible. Of course, it's not possible. Because we can barely calculate, you know, What's five times 14? We'd have to put it in a calculator.

00:35:54 --> 00:35:55

We hear

00:35:56 --> 00:36:01

five statements, and we won't be able to memorize it all. We'll have to write it down.

00:36:03 --> 00:36:04

No, they depended on their memory.

00:36:06 --> 00:36:28

And therefore, the Prophet SAW Salem memorize the Quran. And many of the Sahaba also memorize the whole for us. And the way the Sahaba would receive the Quran from the prophets of Salaam is through recitation. So they would be learning the Quran hearing it from the prophets of Salaam and

00:36:29 --> 00:36:35

reading it and reciting it. Then, sometimes also reciting it to each other.

00:36:36 --> 00:36:47

The Prophet SAW Selim to as a hobby and as a hobby to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam with the Quran yes has always been an oral tradition. And it continues until today.

00:36:50 --> 00:36:57

When students nowadays learn the Quran, do you think it's enough to just open a Quran and start reading

00:36:59 --> 00:37:04

students of the Quran want to learn it and become certified in the Quran.

00:37:06 --> 00:37:16

I have to just read it from the book. They have to hear it from the sheikh, from the current from the Imam, they have to receive it from them.

00:37:18 --> 00:37:20

This is if they want to be certified in the Quran.

00:37:22 --> 00:37:25

So people would memorize it and then they will teach it to

00:37:27 --> 00:37:32

my brothers and sisters. Have you heard of something called a Quranic ijazah

00:37:35 --> 00:37:38

Quranic license or certification.

00:37:40 --> 00:37:42

This is very important.

00:37:43 --> 00:37:46

And this is an owner only this owner can claim

00:37:48 --> 00:37:53

such Ejaz as in the Quran, and also in the Hadith.

00:37:55 --> 00:37:57

And sometimes also in

00:37:58 --> 00:38:01

some of the traditional books of Islam as well.

00:38:03 --> 00:38:06

The ijazah certifies

00:38:08 --> 00:38:14

that you have received the Quran, heard the Quran being recited

00:38:15 --> 00:38:18

from your Sheikh, you're caught it

00:38:20 --> 00:38:33

and that you're caught or she received it from his face, and his shake, his shift and so on, in an uninterrupted incredible chain all the way back to

00:38:35 --> 00:38:37

the Prophet salallahu Salam,

00:38:38 --> 00:38:42

even more so back to Jibreel Allah He said I'm

00:38:44 --> 00:38:47

Gibreel Ali Salam is mentioned in the Jazza

00:38:49 --> 00:38:54

in that segment, that you get Gibreel is mentioned

00:38:55 --> 00:38:56


00:38:57 --> 00:39:00

because ultimately it came from Allah subhanaw taala

00:39:02 --> 00:39:05

you go back shake, to shake to shake

00:39:06 --> 00:39:13

the table even to the Sahaba to the prophets, to Gibreel to Allah, La watchman

00:39:15 --> 00:39:17

who can claim this honor

00:39:19 --> 00:39:22

other than the soma and those who have this Aegis

00:39:25 --> 00:39:26

so now I ask you

00:39:28 --> 00:39:31

how many generations Do you think there are

00:39:32 --> 00:39:40

in such a license between this person who has this ijazah and between the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

00:39:44 --> 00:39:46

In other words, if you look at the snad

00:39:47 --> 00:39:55

how many names are there between the person who has this Jaza today and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

00:39:57 --> 00:39:59

About 30 Okay, Mashallah. That's a good guess.

00:40:00 --> 00:40:05

Did you just calculate it or you know this or you estimated it

00:40:08 --> 00:40:10

you might have heard it from me.

00:40:11 --> 00:40:14

Lesson I might have mentioned that Yes.

00:40:16 --> 00:40:20

Ah chef Korean Korean Raja Koreans scholar

00:40:22 --> 00:40:23

Cobra Imam Al Qura.

00:40:25 --> 00:40:27

About 32 Very good guests.

00:40:29 --> 00:40:31

Does that seem like a lot? Or a little?

00:40:33 --> 00:40:35

between us and the prophets of Salaam?

00:40:37 --> 00:40:45

Right? Especially if you calculate it if you take the average lifespan of a human being between 60 and 70 years or so.

00:40:47 --> 00:40:47


00:40:49 --> 00:40:51

One of the highest standards

00:40:53 --> 00:40:53


00:40:56 --> 00:40:58

existed in the world

00:40:59 --> 00:41:11

hemma hola shift back Rita rubbishy famous Syrian scholar and caught it. He was 26 people away from the puppet or sell only 26. Yeah.

00:41:12 --> 00:41:29

I don't know if there are still there may still be people who have that highest Senate we call it this is what we call a high internet. High meaning high number of people, no low number of people you want to reduce the number of people between you and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

00:41:30 --> 00:41:46

This may exist today, amongst others. Otherwise you'll find that it's about 20 720-829-3031 Yeah, okay, depending around that, okay, in our age today,

00:41:47 --> 00:42:06

but this is the ijazah My dear brothers and sisters, this ummah has always been an ummah, that has had the Quran as an oral tradition. We mentioned that by way of honoring it, mentioning it as something positive and not the other way around.

00:42:07 --> 00:42:18

You will have 1000s upon 1000s of people who have memorized the Quran over the ages, you will probably have millions of people who have the Quran memorized now in the ummah.

00:42:21 --> 00:42:21


00:42:22 --> 00:42:27

you have children, my brothers and sisters who have memorized the whole Quran,

00:42:28 --> 00:42:29

lower command.

00:42:32 --> 00:42:36

If we start comparing with others or with other books,

00:42:37 --> 00:42:41

you will realize what an honor this is.

00:42:42 --> 00:43:01

And it continues and it will continue until the day of judgment and as more and more people come to the deed, more and more people will memorize the Quran. And this will continue this ijazah this teaching of the Quran, it's an oral tradition and it will continue and this is part of the preservation of the Quran.

00:43:08 --> 00:43:13

As the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam learned it from his Sheikh.

00:43:15 --> 00:43:20

Sheikh was Jabril alayhi salam he would recite it to him.

00:43:22 --> 00:43:24

And Gibreel would recite it back to him.

00:43:26 --> 00:43:31

Mutual recitation something that we call more out of law.

00:43:32 --> 00:43:33

More out Oba

00:43:35 --> 00:43:50

Otto bell when used in our age today, usually, Arab will immediately translated as opposition. But here what we mean by Maraba is a mutual presenting you're presenting

00:43:51 --> 00:43:52

their art

00:43:54 --> 00:43:59

the Prophet SAW Selim would recite it to gbgv Recite it back, when would they do that? There was a specific time

00:44:02 --> 00:44:04

Ramadan exactly when in Ramadan

00:44:07 --> 00:44:09

during the time of Attica, if

00:44:10 --> 00:44:15

so, later, it was in during the last 10 days of Ramadan.

00:44:17 --> 00:44:22

So, they would have this more Arada reciting to each other, and

00:44:24 --> 00:44:33

some of the Companions would witness this Maha Radha this mutual recitation. Lo Akiva, can you imagine such a gathering? Right?

00:44:39 --> 00:44:41

One of the years

00:44:43 --> 00:44:52

Gibreel and the province of Salem during this model, they actually went through the whole Quran not once, but twice

00:44:55 --> 00:44:56

you know, this year

00:45:00 --> 00:45:00


00:45:01 --> 00:45:04

Does it have significance? Yes it does.

00:45:06 --> 00:45:08

As soon as

00:45:09 --> 00:45:16

they went through it, or they started going through it a second time, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam understood,

00:45:17 --> 00:45:28

he told his wife, this is a premonition of my passing, it means that he is going to pass away soon,

00:45:29 --> 00:45:38

because this would be the last time possibly, that they were going to recite to each other. So it happened twice.

00:45:43 --> 00:45:45

My dear brothers and sisters

00:45:47 --> 00:45:54

so, a very important part of the preservation of the Quran, we said is the memorization

00:45:55 --> 00:46:01

and the mutual recitation, the study of the Quran and the way that we mentioned.

00:46:03 --> 00:46:10

Then also we add to that the next layer, which is just as important which is the writing of the Quran.

00:46:12 --> 00:46:20

This writing of the Quran, happened during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

00:46:22 --> 00:46:29

So, let no one tell you Oh, it was an unlettered ummah. So nobody was writing.

00:46:30 --> 00:46:33

Garbage. This is rubbish.

00:46:35 --> 00:46:39

As the Prophet SAW, Selim is reciting, and one is writing.

00:46:43 --> 00:46:46

And someone is learning and memorizing.

00:46:49 --> 00:46:51

There's always someone writing

00:46:53 --> 00:46:55

because the Prophet SAW Selim had scribes

00:46:59 --> 00:47:00

maybe not that many,

00:47:02 --> 00:47:09

relative to the numbers of the Sahaba because we said they were unlettered OMA, but there were enough.

00:47:10 --> 00:47:10


00:47:12 --> 00:47:21

How many scribes? Did he have sal Allahu Allahu alayhi wa salam. ALA is different about that. From said somewhere between 37 and 40 tribes.

00:47:23 --> 00:47:29

And others may say that actually the number may be as high as 65.

00:47:31 --> 00:47:40

Notice now, these scribes are what they are contemporaneous scribes, my brothers and sisters,

00:47:41 --> 00:47:42


00:47:44 --> 00:47:47

Everyone knows during the same time that Hello, hello.

00:47:48 --> 00:47:53

This is crucially important you're like, Well, you know, obviously no, not obviously.

00:47:55 --> 00:48:07

Because someone might say this person wrote the Quran after the time of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. But his own memory, no, he's writing it and he's listening to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and he's transcribing

00:48:09 --> 00:48:14

his contemporaneous he's in the same gathering, he's listening to it and he's writing

00:48:17 --> 00:48:18

who are some of the scribes

00:48:22 --> 00:48:23

you have to know some

00:48:25 --> 00:48:26

one at least.

00:48:28 --> 00:48:29

Rather, it

00:48:32 --> 00:48:38

wouldn't mean later on he's described earlier there. Absolutely. Absolutely. Was.

00:48:42 --> 00:48:51

Yes, the forklift has Abu Bakr. Omar was not an ally. Well, the Allah who are scribes of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

00:48:53 --> 00:48:55

one of the most famous scribes,

00:48:57 --> 00:48:59

they have been sabot

00:49:00 --> 00:49:04

although Allah azza wa jal is someone that

00:49:07 --> 00:49:09

people without much knowledge

00:49:11 --> 00:49:14

might level criticisms at

00:49:17 --> 00:49:23

no one is infallible of course, but again because of certain misconceptions,

00:49:24 --> 00:49:28

or how we handle the Allah Han is a scribe of the prophets of Allah values.

00:49:31 --> 00:49:32

And then the others

00:49:34 --> 00:49:38

may even count their great name.

00:49:40 --> 00:49:41

This is obeys

00:49:42 --> 00:49:44

the ephah Allah,

00:49:46 --> 00:49:48

Allah, Allah admithub, Rami,

00:49:49 --> 00:49:59

and others. There were all scribes of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam contemporaneous scribes, listening to him, hearing him with their own ears.

00:50:00 --> 00:50:02

Is and writing down what he is saying

00:50:04 --> 00:50:06

sallallahu alayhi wa alayhi wa sallam

00:50:09 --> 00:50:09

yes rather

00:50:13 --> 00:50:20

different opinions some said 37 to 40 Some said maybe even as high as 65

00:50:22 --> 00:50:24

and more research may

00:50:27 --> 00:50:28

on Earth

00:50:29 --> 00:50:33

more information as well Allah Allah. Yes, well, you see,

00:50:35 --> 00:50:41

they were using whatever media they have at their disposal, as we will see now in the Hadith I will mention

00:50:44 --> 00:50:44

of course,

00:50:46 --> 00:50:56

in the famous Hadith Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that there are four people you should take the Quran from

00:50:57 --> 00:51:07

titles accolade given by the prophets of salaam Okay, the famous scholars famous for the famous for is that like

00:51:08 --> 00:51:11

something Marvel or heroes

00:51:12 --> 00:51:15

Okay Who are they the he one name of the for?

00:51:20 --> 00:51:20


00:51:24 --> 00:51:28

for the Prophet SAW Selim was saying take the Quran from them.

00:51:31 --> 00:51:38

Thank you, Abdullah bin Massoud the Allahu Allahu Allah. Then Imola Abu Hanifa.

00:51:42 --> 00:51:43

La mola abiqua Eva

00:51:45 --> 00:51:49

will be even camed you will hear this name over and over.

00:51:51 --> 00:51:55

Anwar bin Jebel Ali Allah on in Jamia

00:51:58 --> 00:52:02

these names my brothers and sisters you will find in the EJ the

00:52:05 --> 00:52:13

one of the greatest of the tambourine when it came to the teaching of the Quran, we're Abdur Rahman is salami

00:52:14 --> 00:52:31

about the Ramayana tsunami he recited the Quran to Abdullah bin Massoud and overthrow them with our friend and ally. We call him and obey even CAD and they didn't have it of the Allah knowledge marine and they all recited to the Prophet sallallahu himself

00:52:37 --> 00:52:38


00:52:41 --> 00:52:46

Abdullah bin Massoud said selling mobula lbfo eva

00:52:48 --> 00:52:51

now Willa mobula lbfo deja

00:52:53 --> 00:52:55

vu be even calm.

00:52:57 --> 00:53:00

And was it been Jevon?

00:53:04 --> 00:53:09

How long have we been going good brothers and sisters? Anyone have the time like exactly

00:53:12 --> 00:53:13

we've been going for one hour.

00:53:15 --> 00:53:16

We did

00:53:18 --> 00:53:22

this let me give me just a few minutes and then we'll we'll take a small break

00:53:24 --> 00:53:25

and enable Buhari narrates

00:53:27 --> 00:53:34

that when the washi was revealed the tire of certain Lisa

00:53:37 --> 00:53:42

Lane Lester we'll call it a goon I mean, they'll move mean in a year earlier Barari

00:53:45 --> 00:53:46

when Mujahid when a few sebelah.

00:53:49 --> 00:53:57

The idea continues. The bows of the believers who sit meaning at home. Okay.

00:53:59 --> 00:54:01

This area was

00:54:03 --> 00:54:06

saying that there is no comparison between those who sit at home

00:54:08 --> 00:54:12

and those who go out in jihad for the sake of Allah subhanahu wa

00:54:15 --> 00:54:25

so when this was revealed the Prophet alayhi salatu salam sent for they didn't have it. Amen, they didn't have it.

00:54:27 --> 00:54:27

The scribe

00:54:30 --> 00:54:34

who came with what a shoulder blade

00:54:36 --> 00:54:40

there you go Prof. A shoulder blade of an animal.

00:54:42 --> 00:54:50

This is one of the things they would be able to relate to right on on the bones. On bones. This is one of the media they would write on.

00:54:51 --> 00:54:54

Who came with a shoulder blade and he wrote on it.

00:54:57 --> 00:54:59

Then Maktoum

00:55:00 --> 00:55:07

The famous blind man during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam complained about his blindness.

00:55:09 --> 00:55:10

And that

00:55:11 --> 00:55:13

the revelation then

00:55:14 --> 00:55:25

read, Not equal are those believers who sit at home when the qualification except those with a disability

00:55:28 --> 00:55:32

because a bill Maktoum says I cannot go out and rehab

00:55:33 --> 00:55:44

and the IRS saying they are not equal. The exception is there, like you're only a borrower except those who have a disability and therefore obviously have a valid excuse.

00:55:45 --> 00:55:56

And those who strive hard and fight in the way of Allah subhanaw taala with their wealth and their lives, so, they are not equals right except if a person has this excuse.

00:55:57 --> 00:56:09

So say the month habit is writing. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is saying on a shoulder blade. You can even tell you this area is waiting on a shoulder blade.

00:56:10 --> 00:56:17

That's how precise we can talk about the compilation of the Quran.

00:56:20 --> 00:56:29

In another narration, Sahel had been sad, a sad ad, narrates that Marwan Ibn Al hakam said

00:56:31 --> 00:56:32

when he saw him sitting in the mosque,

00:56:34 --> 00:56:50

he said that Zaid even thought of it. This is concerning the same narration but it gives us a little bit more. He said that they they've been Sabbath had told him the Messenger of Allah subhanaw taala dictated to him this verse that we just mentioned.

00:56:52 --> 00:56:58

Zaid said that Mn O Maktoum came to the prophets, Allah Salam, while he was dictating to me,

00:56:59 --> 00:57:03

that very verse, and this is when Obon who Maktoum

00:57:04 --> 00:57:13

mentioned this maybe as a way of a light objection. So he said, O Allah's Messenger, if I had power, I would surely take part in jihad.

00:57:15 --> 00:57:18

But he cannot, because he was a blind man.

00:57:19 --> 00:57:30

So then Allah sent down this revelation, with this exception, even habit mentions that

00:57:33 --> 00:57:40

the thigh of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they were sitting so close, that his thigh was on his.

00:57:43 --> 00:57:48

So the Zaidan fair bit can actually is in contact

00:57:49 --> 00:57:54

with his thigh with the thigh of the Prophet SAW Salem, ze them and thermit said,

00:57:56 --> 00:58:05

I felt that my thigh was about to be broken under the weight of the fire of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam why,

00:58:07 --> 00:58:07


00:58:10 --> 00:58:15

Why my brothers and sisters, that revelation, this is no easy matter.

00:58:16 --> 00:58:20

And this shows us that this is not just something mental,

00:58:22 --> 00:58:26

or spiritual. It is deeply physical.

00:58:28 --> 00:58:40

is affecting the prophets I send them physically, they they've been severed says I fed my thigh was going to break this is the heaviness of the Quran. In Santa Clara alayka colons Akela,

00:58:42 --> 00:58:45

we will indeed, send to you

00:58:46 --> 00:58:50

a very heavy speech, it is heavy physically as well.

00:58:53 --> 00:58:54

Upon a job.

00:58:55 --> 00:59:03

This has happened in several locations, the prophets Allah said Allah, this was something that he had to be strong and resist.

00:59:04 --> 00:59:07

This is not something easy, he would sweat

00:59:09 --> 00:59:10

in the middle of winter.

00:59:12 --> 00:59:17

If the receiving the words of ALLAH it's just like this, as if it's nothing.

00:59:19 --> 00:59:22

Say the month habit of the Allahu unfelt it.

00:59:23 --> 00:59:27

And then that state that the Prophet SAW Selim was in

00:59:28 --> 00:59:29


00:59:31 --> 00:59:33

the revelation was over.

00:59:35 --> 00:59:36

Was there more

00:59:39 --> 00:59:51

other narrations tell us that the scribe would read what he wrote back to the Prophet SAW itself? Another level off, preservation and protection.

00:59:53 --> 01:00:00

So he says Zaytoven Thabeet that I used to write down the revelation from the Prophet sallallahu Sallam so I

01:00:00 --> 01:00:08

I would write as he recites, if I am finished then he will tell me recite it to me. Let me hear it

01:00:09 --> 01:00:11

that any teacher would do.

01:00:12 --> 01:00:25

Okay. So if there was any mistake, if there was a mistake then he would obviously correct it and then I would go out with what I have written of the Quran to the people.

01:00:26 --> 01:00:30

Hey, this is authentic and this is narrated by

01:00:31 --> 01:00:35

Imam Bharani in an MMA gym, Al Kabir.

01:00:37 --> 01:00:38


01:00:39 --> 01:00:44

Imam Ibn Hajer in his famous book is saba.

01:00:49 --> 01:01:02

When he's talking about where he's talking about the history of the companions, Allah be pleased with them all. He mentioned there that Zubaydah urban Baca

01:01:04 --> 01:01:10

mentions the famous Ansari from the unsought, Rafa ibn Malik,

01:01:11 --> 01:01:14

Rafa ibn Malik Ansari

01:01:17 --> 01:01:29

who happens to be from Benny Zurich. Rafa ibn Malik met the Prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam in Mecca in the first acaba pledge.

01:01:31 --> 01:01:33

In the first acaba pledge

01:01:34 --> 01:01:37

he met Rafa Eben Matic

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when he did the Prophet alayhi salatu salam

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gave him notice gave him everything that was revealed to him in the last 10 years.

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How did he give it to him? I didn't know

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gave him what was written.

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Prophet SAW Salem gave Russia ibn Malik everything that was revealed to him and the last 10 years. Then Rafa went to El Medina and recited it to the people.

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These are things a lot of

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Muslims may not know about. This is we are still talking about what the title of the Prophet SAW Selim, we have not gotten to the type of work right. This is compilation happening at the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Writing of the Quran at the time of the Prophet SAW Selim and I purposely emphasize this period, because ultimately this is what we care about. We weren't writing at his time

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as he's not polishing his time, when his mouth hearing him directly, Allah Allah Allah alayhi wa sallam

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Zubaydah been the car mentions this an even harder is the one who mentions this in his book Al is Saba

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and years of what the prophets are seldom revealed was revealed to him in Makkah. He gave it to Rafa ibn Malik in the first acaba pledge where the unsolved pain to Mecca gave the br to the Prophet SAW Salem and then went back to Medina and started telling the people he went back to Medina with what the prophets of salaam gave him. Yes, of course, absolutely. And he went back with this to

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the his people in Medina and he recited to them. So the answer already had heard. A lot of the Quran that was revealed to the Prophet SAW Salem in Makkah.

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As you can see, my dear brothers and sisters, the Quran

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has always been an oral tradition and when will continue to be such. But as early as the time of the Prophet SAW Selim as well it was a written tradition, it was written

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from the mouth of the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

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And the scribes would write it in his presence, and they would recite it back and he would make sure that it is written properly.

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And we know that for a long time, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would tell them do not write anything that the Quran

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didn't allow them yet to write the Hadith

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so that there will not be any confusion the emphasis was on the Quran later on he gave them that permission.

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But yes in the beginning it was that permission was right the Quran only.

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And in one authentic narration he tells the sahabi

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right or nothing will come out of this mouth except Except truth. Go ahead and write

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so it is an oral tradition. It is also a written tradition as early as the time of the Prophet salAllahu alayhi wasallam we'll stop there we take a small break

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Are there any questions or comments before we go to the break?

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Yeah, that's quite unfortunate. Yeah, so So this is saying you said the Wi Fi is very heavy but unfortunately today we read it and we don't feel anything. May Allah forgive us? May Allah guide us

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this is definitely part of the problem is definitely part of the problem. Where is the Quran in our lives? What does the Quran mean? And we go back to the way also you know, sometimes people recite it fine, you can recite it a little bit quickly if you are memorizing and reviewing and so on. But if that's all you do when you recite it,

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you know not gonna feel that these are the words of Allah subhanaw taala I'm not asking you to recite it so slowly either that, you know, one word takes, you know, 10 seconds, but

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there's a way to recite it and to feel it and to try to understand it. We are negligent of the Quran in many ways. May Allah forgive us? Absolutely.

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When the Quran was being revealed in the heavens,

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the angels could feel it mentioned in the Quran as well.

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But definitely

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we cards hard hearts

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many reasons why it doesn't have the same heaviness

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that it does but in sha Allah when we remember these kinds of things, when you start to understand more when we start to understand the Quran more as well understand that step sees it starts to have a different effect as well and then we feel we start also hopefully feeling that indeed this is something heavy this is not something that you just recite, or you just

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pass on or say it in such a way that it doesn't give it its due right

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now Harlem

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Baraka Luffy come

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we'll just take a short break inshallah we'll come back.

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Okay, I'm coming now. I'll get up anyway.

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