Ashraful ambiya’i wal mursaleen, wa alaa Aalihi wa as’haabihi wa atbaa’ihi bil ihsaani, ilaa yaumiddin. Amma ba’ad.
We are continuing with the lecture of last Jumu’ah about the last Khutba of Rasoolullah (ﷺ) which you know as Khutbatul wadaa’ or farewell khutba. Last Jumu’ah I very briefly give us the background of what was happening, what was happening from the time of the blessed birth of Rasoolulah (ﷺ) and the events that happened thereafter and the beginning of the revelation, the beginning of wahi which started with the first 5 aayats of Surah Iqra. I also mentioned to you the sunnah of Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) with respect to his ambiya and his sunnah with respect of any who wants to work towards the deen where Allah cuts off the connections from the world and joins the connection with him. For the ambiya, Allah does Himself, but for others who wish to do the work of deen, this is left to us. As long as we have ghairullah in our hearts, we can never do the work of deen. To do the work of deen, the Sharth, the condition is that the heart should be clean from all signs of ghairullah, from all signs of makhlooq in terms of our reliance on the makhlooq. Then we have reliance only on Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى). Then only Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) accepts that person in his path. After the beginning of revelation came thirteen years of opposition in makkah, thirteen years of violence and torture, thirteen years of people opposing Nabi (ﷺ) and the only reason for opposition was Ash’hadu an laa ilaaha illallah wa ash’hadu anna Muhamadur Rasoolullah i.e, there is no god worthy of worship other than Allah and that Muhammad (ﷺ) is His Nabi and His last Messenger and Rasool.
This was for the period from the age of 40 to 53 when he suffered all sorts of violence because of his preaching against polytheism and idolatry; that idolatry and polytheism was wrong and the only form of worship was for Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) alone without any partners and associates and without anyone as the shareholders in the khudrat of Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى), to have tawakkul on Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) alone.
Finally, during this period also was the whole event of Isra and Mir’aj, finally this period of persecution ended with the migration to madinah. The oasis city of this people, the Banu Najjar, this migration to Madinah is known as the Hijrah and interestingly, this is the starting point of Muslim calendar. Very interesting story on how this happened, at the time of Umar (رضى الله عنه), a man came to him with a dispute and he said that so and so has an agreement with me and he is supposed to return to me whatever he was and he hasn’t returned it. So Umar (رضى الله عنه) read the agreement and shawwal and this was the issue with the Arabs that they did not have a formal calendar of their own, some used to follow their own calendar, some other calendars, the months were important, months were known, sacred months were known, but the years were not known. Now what they would do is that depending on some significant or the other, they would make particular year and then they would start counting from that year onward. For example, the year of birth of nabi was called aamul feel, the year of the elephant and it is called because that was the year in which Abraha attached Makkah and his army was of elephants and we know the story of army of Abraha and so on. Because that was a significant and major event in the history of people of Makkah and Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) sent the ababeel and destroyed the army of Abraha, this happened without any intervention from the people of makkah, but happened purely due to the divine intervention, so that year was remembered and it was called amul feel and this aamul feel was the year in which rasoolullah was born. So then people would count from that aamul feel year onward. Like two years from the aamul feel and five years from the aamul feel and so on. Abu Bakr (رضى الله عنه) was born two yars after the aamul feel, so Rasoolullah (ﷺ) was two years younger than Abu Bakr (رضى الله عنه). So, there was no calendar as such. Even though the months were known, when this man came and asked to settle the dispute, Umar (رضى الله عنه) said how do we settle the dispute becaue we don’t know which year. So he gathered the sahabah together and said, let us create a calendar for the ummah. Somebody said, let us adopt the Roman calendar.. and so on, Ali said let us count the calendar from the time Rasoolullah (ﷺ) moved from the place of shirk to the place of tawheed. The place of shirk was makkah. He said let us count the calendar from time Rasoolullah (ﷺ) moved from Makkah, out from the place of shirk, darul shirk and this was considered to be a very good piece of advise and people accepted it and Umar (رضى الله عنه) counted and therefore the islamic calendar begins with an action, not with the birth day of Rasoolullah (ﷺ) or with the day of passing of Rasoolullah (ﷺ). And the birthday day of rasoolullah again because of this calendar business, exact date is not known, we know it is the month of rabiul awwal, but we do not know the exact date. But the day of death of Rasoolulah was known because they were of same generation, they knew when he died. They could have begun the calendar from the day of passing of Rasoolullah (ﷺ), but they did not do that. They began the calendar from the significant event of Islam which was the hijrah to the place of tawheed and madinah became madinatul munawwarah when it became madinatur rasool. When Rasoolullah (ﷺ) migrated and came to madinah, the city of madinah became enlightened with the light of Iman and tawheed and the city of darul islaam. It became the center for spreading the knowledge of Islam across the world. Islam did not spread from makkah, did not start from baitul haram, but from madinatul munawwarah because the dawah started from madinatul munawwarah. Just think about this. A little oasis, a little village, that is what madinah was, it was not a city by any stretch of imagination. That little village, with a masjid that had a floor of sand and it had a roof of date palm thatch, that is the beginning of Islam. And from that kind of village, that kind of Masjid, the noor of Islam spread to every corner of the known world. My brothers and sisters, it’s very difficult to imagine that from that little village in the desert came the call that told the world that a new age had begun. Many accepted that call, some didn’t. But, nobody could claim that they had not heard this call. And that is the reason why rasoolullah (ﷺ) said that after my coming, if any Jewish person or Christian person dies on his own aqeedah, without accepting Islam, he will be in fire. Sometimes, people argue and ask, what about someone born in a Hindu family or in a non-Muslim family, after all they did not have the opportunity to become Muslim, the answer is, if they do not accept Islam, they will be in hell-fire forever and the argument that they did not have the opportunity to accept Islam is a factious argument, it is not a correct argument because if you look at it, those born in an Indian Hindu family, their mother tongue was not English, so they did not have the opportunity to learn English in their world. But did they learn English or not. If they were born in a regular middle class family, they were not born with wealth, they did not have the opportunity to sit at home and gain wealth. But, did they not become wealthy? If they were born in the family, depending upon the kind of education they had, if they were a doctor, an engineer or whatever it was, they did not get the opportunity just sitting at home. Didn’t they get it or not? And the answer is, for anything that we need, we have to make the effort. Much more so, for the benefit of our spiritual well-being; for the hereafter. So, just as we make the effort to learn a new language, or we make the effort to get the education that we want or to start a business, we also have to make an effort to know who is Allah. Because, we know, even though if we are born in a Hindu or a christian family, we know that there is something called Islam. We know that somebody called Muhammad (ﷺ) came to the world. We know that Allah is the Creator of the Universe and we know that there are people in the world who worship Allah. So, it is incumbent upon us to go and find out. It is certainly important and fardh on the Muslims to take this message to the poeple, no doubt about that. But, irrespective of whether a Muslim brought the message to you or not, it is your job to look for the message just as you went looking for an education in the duniya, just as you went looking for new languages, for sources of well-being for your life, it is your job and responsibility to to looking for information about your creator and information on what will happen to you in the hereafter. And if you do not do that, then there are consequences to pay and that consequences is tht if you die on that aqeedah which is other than Ashadu an lailaaha illah , then you will end up in the hell-fire forever.
The cause that rasoolullah raised transcended not only the boundaries of space to reach far away; Rome and Persia and in the same generation caused to reach all the way to India and China and reached out across the centuries and entered the hearts of those people who had never heard his voice and who had never seen his face, but yet to believe in it; unseen and unheard, and to love him more than they loved their parents, and their brothers and sisters, and their own children and their own selves. Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) said in Surah Aal-e Imran,
“Our Lord, indeed we have heard a caller calling to faith, [saying], ‘Believe in your Lord,’ and we have believed. Our Lord, so forgive us our sins and remove from us our misdeeds and cause us to die with the righteous. Our Lord, and grant us what You promised us through Your messengers and do not disgrace us on the Day of Resurrection. Indeed, You do not fail in [Your] promise.” (Qur’an 3:193-194)
Allah taught Muslims to make this dua’ and made this statement on behalf of the Muslims and then Allah replied this dua’, He answered this dua’ in Qur’an where He said:
“And their Lord responded to them, “Never will I allow to be lost the work of [any] worker among you, whether male or female; you are of one another. So those who emigrated or were evicted from their homes or were harmed in My cause or fought or were killed – I will surely remove from them their misdeeds, and I will surely admit them to gardens beneath which rivers flow as reward from Allah, and Allah has with Him the best reward.” (Qur’an 3:195)
We ask Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) to include us among those mentioned in these Aayah of the Qur’an. And it is about those people who believed in him (ﷺ) without seeing and without hearing his voice, as he said in a hadith,
“On the day of Judgment, I will be with my brothers. Sahabah said, we are your brothers Rasoolullah (ﷺ). He said, no, you are my Sahabah, my brothers are those who will come after you and will believe in me without having seen me.”
May Allah be our witness that we believe in Muhammad (ﷺ) and in his message of tawheed “ashadu an laa ilaaha illallah…”. After all these 23 years, the time has now come for Rasoolullah (ﷺ) to see the results of his labour of 23 years. He is in the maidaan of Arafat during his Hajj, try to feel that, what must he have felt looking at the success of his mission; 23 years of struggle by way of suffering, torture, people dying, being killed, hardship etc, looking at it one way 23 long years, looking at it another way, how much will 23 years change the world, there is no parallel in history where a man had such a lofty goal, yet such small means, so little support, where he was so alone, yet someone who had single mindedness of purpose, such boundless patience, energy, perseverance, such unbelievable forgiveness, such an ability to focus on the goal with exclusion to every hardship and difficulty in his way and who achieved such astounding results in just 23 years. Now he was victorious and his people are with him, it is time for him to give his final message, his final nasiha, his final guidance because his mission is coming to a close, that is why this Khutbah is called Khutbatul Wadaa’; the farewell Khutbah. More than 125,000 people listened to him, a far cry from less than 100 people who first answered his first call in Makkah. Imagine the scene, Rasoolullah (ﷺ) is mounted on his camel, in the plain of Arafah, according to various estimates, 125,000 people made Hajj with Rasoolullah (ﷺ). Those people who had the blessing of Allah, who Allah had decreed that they would make the Hajj with Rasoolullah (ﷺ), but see the mercy of Allah, see the mercy of Rasoolullah (ﷺ), Rasoolullah (ﷺ) said that the one who makes Umrah during Ramadan is equal to making Hajj, Subhanallah. May Allah give us towfeeq and the ability to make Umrah and Ramadan again and again and see the mercy of Allah, He said, whoever makes Umrah in Ramadan, He did not say in the last ten days of Ramadan, but, any time in Ramadan, will have reward equal to making the Hajj with Rasoolullah (ﷺ). Don’t even have to go through the hardship of going to Makkah, to Haram at the time of big crowd. So the day is 9th of Dhul Hijjah, 10th Hijri into the Jumu’ah and the place is valley of Mount Arafah in Makkah, Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) revealed on that day,
“…This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion…” (Qur’an 5:3)
During the Caliphate of Umar bin Khattab (رضى الله عنه), a Jewish man came to him and said, O Ameerul Mu’mineen, if this ayah had been revealed to us, we would have made this a day of celebration. Umar (رضى الله عنه) said, I know when this ayah was revealed, it was in Arafah and it was a Friday, so we have two reasons to celebrate. One Jumu’ah which is Eidul Mu’mineen and second is the nuzool of this Ayah itself. So we have two reasons to celebrate. This Khutbah is mentioned in all the books of Hadith. The most detailed and complete version is in the Book of Imam Ahmed bin Hambal – Musnad of Imam Ahmed. I will just read for you the Khutbah and next week we will look at the analysis of this Khutbah and meaning of whole message of Rasoolullah (ﷺ). After praising and thanking Allah, Rasoolullah (ﷺ) said, which meaning is as follows,
“O People, do you know on which day of which month and on which land you are in. This was the methodology of speaking of Rasoolullah (ﷺ) by asking a question to draw their attention. They replied, in a sacred day, in a sacred month and a sacred land. He said, Rasoolullah (ﷺ), your blood, your possessions and your honor are sacred for you as in this your day, as in this your month and in this your land. Until you meet Allah, listen to me and you will live. Do not do wrong, do not do wrong, do not do wrong. He then said, the property of a Muslim is not permitted for you except by his wish. All blood money and deeds done in the the time of Jahiliyyah, I crush beneath my feet until the day of Judgment. The first blood to be forgiven is that of Ibn Rabee’ah, Ibn al-Harith, Ibn al-Abdul Muttalib who was the son of Rasoolullah’s (ﷺ) cousin. He was fostered by Banu Sa’ad and Huzair and Rasoolullah (ﷺ) forgave that.
He said, all the interest charges of the Jahiliyyah are abolished. Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) has decreed that the first interest charges to be abolished are that of al-Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib, the uncle of Rasoolullah (ﷺ). He said, your capital is your own. No wrong should be done to you and you should not wrong anyone. He declared clearly that interest is haraam. then he then said, time has evolved as it was fashioned the day Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) created the Heavens and the Earth. Do not revert after me towards disbelief striking the necks of one another; killing one another. Shaytan has despaired of you worshiping him. However, he is present in the dissension, ikhtilaf amongst yourself i.e., Muslims.
He then said, O people, it is true that you have certain rights with regards to your wives, but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives only under Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) trust and with His permission. If they abide by your rights, then it is their right to be fed and clothed in kindness. He said, do treat your women well and be kind to them. For, they are your partners and committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not make friends with anyone whom you do not approve as well as never to be unchaste.
O people, listen to me in earnest. Worship Allah and perform and establish your five daily Salaah. Fast during the month of Ramadan, give your Zakaah and perform Hajj, if you can afford it. All mankind is from Adam and Hawwa (عَلَيْهُمآ السَّلاَمُ) and Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor does any non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab. A white man has no superiority over a black man nor a black person has any superiority over a white except by piety and good action as Allah says in Qur’an,
“…Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you…” (Qur’an 49:13)
Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing is legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Therefore, do not do injustice to yourselves. Remember, one day you will appear before Allah and you will answer for your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone.
O people, no prophet or messenger will come after me and no new faith will be born. We declare that anyone who claims to be prophet or messenger of Allah, anyone declares to be getting wahi from Allah, is a liar and we deny him and we remit him to the hell-fire forever if he dies in that state without making taubah, repentance.
And Rasoolullah (ﷺ) said, no prophet or messenger will come after me. Therefore reason well O people and understand the word which I convey to you. I leave behind two things. Listen and listen well. Especially those who want to deny the hadith of Rasoolullah (ﷺ). I leave behind two thing: the Qur’an and my Sunnah. And if you follow these two, you will never go astray. May Allah give us towfeeq to follow the Qur’an and to follow the Sunnah of Muhammadur Rasoolullah (ﷺ) without any tarmeem and without any tarteeb and without any tashbeeh and without any ta’deel and without any ta’weel. We ask Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) to give us the towfeeq to follow the Sunnah of Rasoolullah (ﷺ) as he gave it to us, without making any changes, without any additions and subtractions, without any explanations which breed doubts because that is the only route to success. Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) said very clearly in the Qur’an, take whatever my nabi gives you and leave whatever he tells you to leave.
“…And whatever the Messenger has given you – take; and what he has forbidden you – refrain from…” (Qur’an 59:7)
Note: Audio not clear from 32.01 to 32:18
Read the Qur’an. The Qur’an will grab you by the scruff of your neck and bring you to the feet of Muhammad (ﷺ). Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) said, whatever he gives you, take it. Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) didn’t just say, grab it, He said, take it and hold onto it. If Rasoolullah (ﷺ) says, get up early in the morning 6 a.m. and hang yourselves from the ceiling, go hang yourself. Don’t question. Don’t say, it doesn’t make any sense. If it doesn’t make any sense, then you have no sense. Whatever the messenger gives you, take it and hold onto it. “…Wa maa aatakumurrasoolu fa khuzoohu, wa maa nahaakum anhu, fantahoo…” Whatever he stops you from doing, stop! Don’t ask questions! Don’t ask questions! If nabi (ﷺ) says, shaving your beard is wrong, stop shaving! Allah is my witness on the Day of Judgment, I will stand and say, I conveyed your message and I conveyed the message without fearing the fact that I will become unpopular; I don’t care. Because If I look for popularity, then Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) will cut off my neck. Whatever the nabi said to do, do! Whatever the nabi said to stop, stop! And what the nabi (ﷺ) said is called the hadith. What the nabi said is called the Sunnah. You can deny the Sunnah if you want. But you cannot say that you denied the sunnah out of ignorance. Rasoolullah (ﷺ) said, no new prophet will come after me and no new faith will be born. Therefore, reason well and understand the word which I conveyed to you. I leave behind me two things, the Qur’an and the Sunnah. And if you follow these, you will never go astray. All those who listened to me should pass it on to those others, and those others to others again and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listened to me directly. O Allah, be my witness that I have conveyed your message to your people. As part of this khubah, Rasoolullah (ﷺ) also recited the Ayah that Allah had revealed and which he had just received of Surah Ma’idah,
“…This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion…” (Qur’an: 5:3)
This religion is complete, it is perfect, it does not need any additions and subtractions from anybody, and that is why including things into the deen is Bid’ah; it is haraam. This deen is complete; it does not need you or me to fill any blanks, this is what Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) Himself says.
Towards the end of the khutbah, Rasoolullah (ﷺ) asked to people, O people, have I faithfully delivered unto you my message, this is the Nabi of Allah (ﷺ) speaking after receiving the revelation, in front of 125,000 people; the Sahabas (RA) who were there and Rasoolullah (ﷺ) is saying, have I conveyed the message, the writers of the hadith say, there was a roar and they said, Allahumma Na’am, Allahumma Na’am, Allahumma Na’am – O Allah, yes – O Allah, yes – O Allah, yes. And Rasoolullah (ﷺ) raised his finger and said, be my witness O Allah that I have conveyed your message to your people. Subhanallah, Subhanallah. What must have been that message, what must have been that scene. Those people who talk today and say that Rasoolullah (ﷺ) had given a general message to people and then gave a secret message to somebody, who is who, then handed it down from that generation to next generation, and therefore that is my Murshad and when I go and make sujood to my Murshad, he is giving me that secret message which came.
The secret message that Murshad received is from Shaytaan because the message which Rasoolullah (ﷺ) gave was a public message which he made Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) and 125,000 Sahabas witness. To say that Nabi (ﷺ) gave a secret message to somebody is to cast buhtan on Rasoolullah (ﷺ), on the integrity of the Prophet (ﷺ). To claim that Rasoolullah (ﷺ) was a liar when he made Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) witness, Laa haula walaa quwwata illah billah, this is Jaahiliyyah, just plain ignorance. Please remember that ignorance is not a defence in law. It is our job to go and find out, to ask for proof, it’s our job to give dalaa’il and in shaa’ Allah, if anyone asks me, I will give dalaa’il, in shaa’ Allah. You can go and ask anyone you like, but find out the truth and don’t sit around with false aqaa’ids because if we die with those aqaa’id’s, then we have no one to help us.
May Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) grant that we live our lives with full of blessings and in obedience to Him.
Next week, we will talk about the seven points in the Khutbah of Rasoolullah (ﷺ) and analyse those points and we will see what lessons there are in it for us, in shaa’ Allah.
May Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) give us towfeeq to do what is pleasing to Him and prevent us from doing what is displeasing to Him and May Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) make our lives full of khayr and our death full of khayr.
Subhanaka Allahumma wa bihamdik, nash’hadu an laa-ilaaha illaa ant, nastagfiruk, wa natoobu ilayk.