Channel: Karim Abuzaid
Series: Karim Abuzaid - The Higher Aim
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salat wa salam ala rasulillah
Mashallah ilaha illallah wa kadavu luxury villa
was shadow a number Hamilton Avenue who wore a pseudo
Allahumma salli wa sallim wa barik ala Sayyidina Muhammad in filoli no Phil or Corinne
or Phil matter in
LA Ahmed in
Surah two, what is the objective tonight? Imagine
surah two Toba, which is chapter number nine.
And the first thing that I would share with you regarding this particular chapter
is the fact that is not separated from an unfair.
I'm assuming that you understand what I'm explaining here.
The Quran has two orders.
The first order the order of revelation.
Yan imagined surah, Toba was revealed the second year after he drew
I'm sorry so apple and fell. I made a mistake here was revealed the second year after he saw to Toba was revealed the 10th year after
our last week if you remember last lecture, we explained what Sora
saw will unfold in a tober.
So there is an order of revelation but an order of the masaf.
Now how they were placed in the most half, there is a wisdom behind it.
And you'll notice something very unique and different to any other chapter that will unfurl and Toba are not separated.
With Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim.
You see you could you could finish surah kill unfair. What's the last piece of it in law had the quilici in alim. You stop like this for a second just to separate the two chapters. Borrow to mean Allahu Allah so don't say Bismillah Maharaj even secret. We know that a lot of the people who decide the Salah in the Salah they don't say Bismillah R Rahman Rahim but you're supposed to say it in secret, even that you don't say it. And we'll explain why.
The interesting thing about the combination of those two sutras sutra, and fal, which is the surah, we explained surah number eight.
came as a commentary on the first battle,
and Islam which is the Battle of what
suatu Toba came as a commentary on the last battle
which is called the Battle of war double.
So, you see there is irrelevant there.
Just for you to get the gist of the surah before even going into these details, which I'm going to share with you.
The bottom line surah Toba
came as a final report
about the Muslim community
when it reaches its peak.
Imagine taboo was about Muslims marching,
to fight with the Romans.
And it was an attack.
It wasn't a defensive like some people claim to know it was an attack. But it was justified. And I will cover this.
So when the community matures,
and reach its peak.
Now, there are different buckets in that community.
You're going to find the hypocrites.
You will not find people with ill intentions and you will not find sincere people.
So this chapter talks about all these segments of
The Muslim community all these buckets,
but Subhan Allah the way that you should understand, because somehow somewhat the surah that chapter disgraces them
imagine one of one of the people who came to the prophets of Salaam in order not to join the battle is it? Or mean whom mania coup de Lima latini. He came to the prophet and he said, I'm sorry, I can go with you in this battle. Because you're going to the Roman and the women are fitna, for me. They have yellow hair. They are blonde.
Yeah, that's the explanation. So this is the type of people we're talking about here.
For inspite of this,
and this is why this is the theme I chose the theme.
A lot named that chapter with his disgracing those people. What name,
what name, the Oba you can always come back.
It's never late.
It's an invitation to all those bad people in the Muslim community to come back to Allah.
You're getting it
and it is true. Yes, Allah disgraced them, Allah revealed who they are revealed the tricks revealed their tactics revealed their bloods. But at the same time, Allah subhana wa Taala is calling upon them, you always have a chance to come back, right here. And that's why we chose that
objective of the surah because of the name of the surah.
I received an email from one of the people who watched this online and he said something very interesting.
He said objective based of see
it should be evidence based if sees.
And it is true. He said now you can remove certain objectives. But you see, when you give an objective to azura that objective must be within the objective of the Quran.
And it must be justified.
I chose the objective tonight. From the name of the soul. What is the name of the surah
Toba that means what is the word what is the meaning of the word you don't something wrong and you could work? Come back to Allah. That's justified, right? Allah is calling and there will be mention of the over over and how to make Toba and how to go about.
And every time by the way, Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about a bucket a segment of the community for he or two will go higher or lower.
And if they repent, it's better for them.
But if they turn away
it's not going to work. You're not going to stop Islam from progressing. And you're going to be in the losing end. For insha Allah This is in brief midnight Allah, I want to warn you
there are five I call them sweeping announcements in this chapter.
Which non Muslims specially the islamophobes use them to attack Islam.
The most famous
by Fox News, kill the infidels, would you find them set for them? snipe them
that versus here.
So us living in the West, I think it is mandatory, every Muslim upon a Muslim was living in the west
to understand the context, the Quranic context
and the historic context of these verses.
Not only to be able to defend Islam because I don't like that concept of apologetic you know, they they have an apologetic that you trying to make. No, we don't do that here. We believe in this stuff. But this stuff has a context. Okay. And also, there are non Muslims we're living amongst they should be feel good about us. You know, it's not fair that somebody should be scared of you because you're a Muslim. Right? Shouldn't you explain to him that this verse means this and this doesn't mean that I can just go and do this right? Hmm Rasul Allah Azza wa sallam says he is not a believer will lie, lie, lie, lie. Lie Lie a man who Java if your neighbor doesn't feel secure about you
He doesn't feel safety from you.
He's anxious about you. That's not, you know, you should assure those people if you're, you know that you're
you're not here to harm nobody. Okay. So understanding these announcements, I think is extremely important in Sharma.
That's a short introduction. I like to take
45 minutes Are you ready? countdown? I haven't started yet. Okay.
Here is our agenda, a little introduction to the store, I think I done that introduction.
And remember, today, we're gonna be finishing the first third of the most half,
one third of the most, the most half has 30 does.
We finished in, we're gonna go into the 10th. Today,
we're actually going to do some of the 11th juice.
And imagine so Pamela, if you look at the forearm, the first third by itself, kind of set you up.
in Albuquerque, again, I'm gonna go over this in Al Baqarah, Allah told you,
you Muslims, are the last oma sent for mankind.
I want you to lead world, I want you to be leaders of this world. I'm sorry, if you guys don't believe that, I believe that.
And you must make your children believe that.
Because like I said before,
leaders of this world now they will give the people this world. But our leadership is different. We give them the world and
the next world.
Right? To look at the one superpower we have in the face of this earth now.
They build their system upon separation between what and what?
and the system
no God, we don't want to hear God we can do things without God, you understand.
We don't need that.
Meanwhile, Allah created us to worship boo.
So Allah subhanaw taala explained to the oma
the foundation of the curriculum. There is a certain curriculum that you have to implement to be good leaders. And he taught us in Surah dakara. How to receive that curriculum. The curriculum has two major parts two main parts unseen believe it
makes us the perfect
commands, say I hear and obey. If you do this, you're going to be successful, successful leaders
then comes in other Emraan
before now, you're not going to be left alone. If you're going to deal with the guidance this way.
People are going to come and make you doubt the unseen Come on, there is no hereafter there is no God.
The world created itself. It came by accident. Oh Mother Nature.
Oh yeah, Georgia, Georgia zombies.
People are gonna come and
meet you doubt the unseen.
There is no punishment in the grave. Go and open the grave. All you see is puncture wounds.
Amman came to this, it manifested in what? In the delegation of Niger on the Christian delegation who came to the beat with the Prophet 120 verses about they want to convince the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that Jesus is the Son of God will either will somehow law the law
and the Prophet is telling him No.
This is false hold
the truth Allah doesn't have children. law doesn't do that.
Look, the second half of Allah Emraan it talks about a battle called offered. What happened in
the Prophet said 250 archers stay on the top of this hill in order to leave your position until I tell you imagine this crystal clear commands
40 of them so that the Muslims were chasing the disbelievers. They said the battle is over. Let's go and pick up what let's go after this world.
Right. The left the post that disbelievers bland Khalid was not a Muslim at the time. He had
The Muslims who behind
so I was telling them what he didn't say sir Nana wattana supposed to be steadfast there
in this air comes in and John's and it tells you a sign of your sound leadership
that you're mindful of the rights of the oppressed in the Muslim community, the women, the orphans, even the non Muslim minority groups living you cannot own them. For a leader. If you're a Muslim leader and you have a Christian or a Jew, living within your community, you have to be just unfair to them, treat them with justice with fitness.
So a sign of successful leadership
in handy when you're
mindful. Loki fly, we read about Omar rhodiola han at night ameerul momineen. Imagine Omar was a leader of an empire that went all the way to address region
and region that's beyond the Iran
an old and at night he would walk at night to see what are the orphans what are the people in remember the story with the orphans when he carried the food
Leadership is not to have a
like they do now.
Then sauce in America which is number four, I'm reviewing the first note of the Quran with you once again and I did this last time and I'd like to do it again Soraka came to turn all these rights
towards Allah which is no hate
towards the Prophet which is obeying the prophets of Allah Salah towards the people
towards the creation into contracts.
That is why Salatu Merida begins with this verse. Yo, yo, Lady Nah, man oh below qu
O ye believe fulfill your contracts.
The contract with the law
was Kuru meetha Camila do.
Worse aka combi
was Karuna Mata la la comida para la de la combi, he is old tome Semyon our upon the covenant with Allah we here and we will be
the covenant with the people.
Then the next chapter, which is Al Anam, the animal the cattles
focuses on the most important covenant contract you have between you and Allah which is what Illa Illa Allah
You must believe in it, you must call people to it.
The heat the most important covenant, and I tell you, I tell you what,
once you violate this covenant, everything else will be violated.
Well, I love those two verses in the room.
A law who led the house holla How come from Morocco come
from Miami to come to my Yoshi come? Allah Subhana Allah is the one who created you.
provides for you, he will cause you to die.
And he will raise you up again. Look at those four.
Look at the question. Helen Shoraka.
Woman mean Sherry, do any of the partners you associate with Allah can do any of these four? What is the answer?
What is the answer?
So why do we take in partners with Allah? Look at the next verse vahagn fossa do feel
cassava but in corruption is all over Earth all over the sea. Because people violating the most obvious clean contract, that Allah is the one who created you and you go and worship others with Allah. Once you violate this corruption you're going to mount if you can violate the right of Allah you can violate the right
and this is by the way, another reason another reason why I believe
should be in charge of this world should be the leaders of this world because they are conscious of who
ever walked up at night to go around because he's afraid of who is not afraid of any authority out there is not. Right now we're
the people they go and they throw the wheat,
the corn in the ocean.
Why? To maintain its price in the stock market when you have people starving
in other parts of the earth.
So for you to keep the rich, the wealthy rich, make sure that they don't lose money on the on the price of wheat and corn. You go and throw it in the ocean because you have you can store it, it's too much. It's too much
so that you can work and meanwhile you have people starving in Africa and other parts of them in Syria and other parts of the Muslim world.
Why? Because if you send it if you release it
Muslims will not do that. believers will not do that.
That's the reason why she should call people to it though. He then comes in
the chapter about okay now you've been explained everything Are you going to make up your mind there is still going to be wishy washy about it. Make up your mind a lot of
make up your mind because you're going to be faced with a lot of challenges. And we know the Muslims were faced with the hijra invaders like you, you're going to be faced with a lot of challenges they will unfurl comes, then Subhan Allah the conclusion of the first third of the most half, as if Allah Subhana Allah is telling you up make Toba now make them come back to Allah.
Come back to Allah
Ya know, this villa
there are almost 15 names of the surah
and all of them are somehow somewhat authentic because they will
attribute it to whether companions or whether breed assessors
but Subhan Allah like I mentioned the one name which stands
Is it over? Because of the objective of the chapters, the higher aim the Quranic and historic context. We're going to go over the five sweeping declarations and I will spend 15 minutes with this just to explain this to you. And then in sha Allah will give you the subjects in connection with the higher aim in sha Allah ready.
It is number 113 x according to the order of revelation.
How many soldiers in numbers have
114 so 113 that tells you this is what the final work. This is the final report.
And a lot of people because of this battle By the way, a lot of delegation started coming to Medina to accept Islam. Look at the Muslims. We are marching to fight Caesar
and that is why either an awful lot he will forget what I ate and NASA toluna.
They said that's the 114
Your mission is complete over
It is Melanie Sora revealed in the ninth year after hijra it is number ninth in the most half.
It has 129 verses.
The Quran Yahuwah is divided into the longest and then the EME there is a classification of the Quran. It is the last of this first seventh. There are seven longest surah in the Muslim. The Toba is the last one.
So the now from now on we're gonna have shorter
in the two hundreds
less than the 200.
It is where the first third of the Quran is concluded and the second third begins.
It is one of the last revealed longer sutras.
It was revealed right after the Battle of the book which is the last battle the prophet SAW Selim led
it listed almost
55 characteristics of the hypocrites.
So if you want to know about hypocrisy, read that chapter. What hypocrisy. hypocrites would do.
It rebuke. Also the sincere Muslims because some of them they are slapped, they actually slapped the slow down.
It praised the sacrifices of the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam and the devout Muslims
listed the different types of Muslims who emerged within the Muslim community after the rise of Islam and towards the completion of the mission of the Prophet sallallahu sallam.
It provided the method by which the Muslim Ummah should deal with the non Muslims with our combatants or non combatants.
The surah invites everyone mentioned in it to make repentance. It tells you all of you have a chance to come back to Allah and that's the nature of the test. Therefore,
Allah anybody as long as you're still alive, regardless of what you've done, you can always come back to Allah Subhana Allah, and that should be the approach by the way, when we deal with people who
are wrong in you wrong in Islam, always give them the chance, you know, always be you can always come back, you know, if Allah does this, we can do that.
The word Toba Of course, means repentance and it was repeated 17 times in this chapter, then the How do you say that the English the most mention
of the word Toba in one chapter is in Seoul October.
I think next is solar Bukhara. I think if I'm not mistaken, 14 times.
So the Toba has the word Toba was mentioned 17 times so that tells you that the higher aim of the surah is to invite everybody up. Come back Come on.
Okay, why no Bismillah
there was some academia here I'm gonna skip it, but I'm going to give you the the three reasons you have to wonder why surah Toba is the only surah in the most half, which does not have Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim before the start of the surah
there are up to three main reasons deduced from the following transmitted accounts.
If you want the reference to these accounts, I'll give them to you.
But I want to jump to save you some time.
To the three reasons.
this will lead Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim, which we call Bismillah By the way, Bismillah
Bismillah was not revealed with Soraka Toba know that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam commanded
the writers of the revelation to write it.
So it was what 30 feet command from the prophet
SAW to toda can be considered as part of the previous surah which is unfair Why? Because this is the suggestion of some of the companions because both of them are very similar. They deal with a war fee.
And they are connected.
The last thing which I really like, the first word of the surah
doesn't indicate mercy.
Because it started with barah
it's like, I don't know you.
I don't know.
So you can say Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim Allah doesn't
you know when I know you.
relevance is not deep, and that is why it was skipped.
Because Bismillah is mercy and safety Sora Toba revealed with the swords for punishment, this association and other
I like what fucker right
Alabama Rosie, I mean, this is one of the things that I like about him He is very intellectual, but he said something very interesting
because the Prophet sallallahu wasallam himself did not dictate it at the beginning of the surah. Therefore, the companions did not brief exits and their successors followed them. This is a further proof of the fact that
the utmost care has been taken to keep the Quran intact, so that it should remain in the complete and original form. So, this is an evidence that the Quran is
Here are some of the names of the surah.
This surah is known by tunings.
it Toba and Bara Bara is the first word a Toba is repentance the second name Bara which is very least
or the act of setting free
of something which we're going to explain there are other names right here so rather
the punishing school for a familiar man called the
Alamo Kasha the sweeper
oh if normal you know what a sweeper Is it sweet swap all the bad people from the community
you know it sweeps all these buckets
I will do the scanning it's can drop the Muslim community you know you will you have a virus scanner you know it's kind of scan the Muslim community okay your your your you have a virus you have to quarantine it or I don't know how they do this the scattering al Mubarak era
by hiring a blue yazeed Mobile era because it did what it scattered the blocks and
became known as the disgraceful. Ignore best because it disgraced a lot of people.
It disclosed almost 55 characteristics of hypocrites.
Alamo Tierra the announcer it announced to the Muslim community the bad people they're
the digger, a dig
I'll have euro because it digs up the secrets of the because some of them are blocking. You know one of them. One of them are the applied novena. So we'll build the machine to block against the Muslims. Right? I don't know what happened there, I hope nothing major. The hammer.
yet Subhan Allah because of the higher aim of the surah is to invite everybody the one name
the surah has other names other than the two famous which I shared. Yet Allah azza wa jal chose it over to be done. Why? In spite of what you're doing, come back to Allah because of that.
So you can always come back to Allah subhana wa Tada.
Right. As long as you don't see the angel of death,
you always have a chance.
Obviously, the surah shares with the oma alarm at large the different segments of the society, which emerged to destroy the community from within
this by that the surah invites them all to make up with Allah subhana wa Tada.
Okay, let's get to the serious part here. The Quranic and the historic context, and then we're going to go into these five sweeping announcements.
The Quranic context, the surah came, you know, at the very end of the first term,
and the first third kind of concluded, like the curriculum and what to do with it, and come on,
but make Toba please, because you're gonna fall short
and the beginning of the second,
as if Allah wants you to begin the mission with making Toba and making Toba is always good.
The historical context one of the last reveal tours
revealed almost towards the completion of the mission
mission is complete again make Toba and that's what Allah said to the Prophet, Elijah and also Allah He will fit
what I ate and NASA toluna Fie de la jolla. Then the
facade behind the Arabica was Stubblefield, who in Nauvoo, Ghana. The weather, when you complete something, makeup
is a serious business.
Which really should be understood.
There are five sweeping declarations in the surah.
Number one, the one, verse five, a famous verse or the famous verse of salt.
They call it the verge of the salt kill the infidels. That's how it is famous.
It's crazy how they take this verse out of context, big time.
And then the second is the bar
on the bagans from entering the Kaaba,
we know that Mecca there is an area mushriks are not supposed to travel there.
Now a lot of people look at as why.
I mean, we can answer by Can I go and pray in the Vatican's? You know, can I do that?
Also, there is no massager in the Vatican. They don't allow any muscles in the Vatican's
another famous verse, which a lot of people use is commanding to find the People of the Book until they surrender and pay the jizya which is verse 29.
And then that huge verse, rebuking the People of the Book, for venerating the scenes or having the culture of scenes.
And then the final announcement is barring the Muslims, to ask Allah to forgive those who died as non Muslims.
You're reading them?
A lot of people say what is the mercy you can even make dua for the people who are there. Yeah, but he died as a non Muslim, there's nothing I can do about it.
I'm going to give you some time, because these are really important for us as Muslims living in the West,
to be able to speak about them.
Don't shy away,
don't become apologetic because they have a historic context.
And they are tied to that historic context, Quranic context and historic context.
And the moment that you take them out of that context,
then you're going to conclude their own conclusions.
Ready to deal with the first one? All right.
A little introduction here, the different groups who campaigned against Islam,
and who are ever keen to dismiss the Quran, as a divine book,
raise these five misconceptions, or other allegations. In almost every occasion, they have to attack Islam.
They normally list these five, one after another in their anti Islamic campaigns.
Therefore, it is very essential to explain each of these
specially us, you know, living in the West amongst non Muslims. I mean, those people are entitled to understand what this means.
So they feel safe about you. Right, they don't think that you're going to kill them. Because if you read this in the Quran, kill the infidels and these guys are not Muslims, then they may assume that you can do that.
You're getting the point. In fairness to them, we should be able to explain that.
First, and I really want you to understand this. It must be understood that Islam came to become a way of life.
For individuals, minorities and state alike.
That is why the Quran was revealed in 23 years.
And within those 23 years, the community evolved from one person to what
to Anoma going to fight another superpower to a superpower.
So there is evolution 23 years
you're getting there.
So the Quran breezes
Different evolving models for individuals and for communities throughout the 23 years I hope you guys understand my mind here you're getting it You understand?
So like somehow Why in the world the Prophet needed to call to Islam for two years just in secret
Let's sneak into the house
on the suburbs out there
don't we have people living in Russia when it was fully communist
that means what you can live Islam but that's
the stage you adopt. You're getting it
now the Prophet giving an example here this is how you live Islam in secret like in China right now we hear about but
those people should be taught how to live Islam and what
in secret and that's why there was a need for what the two years
sneakiness on down Okay, let's return anybody watching us they should do that. You should do that
later on. Okay, you know what let's go after the families let's make it family
should be family thing.
Okay, you're not Hamza accepted Islam and Omar.
What do you think? Yeah, let's go out public Okay, guys.
We're out there with Muslims.
Now, when you do this, you have to be patient
the retribution or their reaction will escalate.
And so Pinilla reached the top of the line imagine the prophets of Salaam was protected for years by his uncle.
His uncle dies, this obatala dies. And guess who takes on the leadership of Winnie Hashem
because the Prophet, Allah one in the prophet to live that stage of what being thrown with rocks,
people wanting to kill him and his patient.
And this is actually the stage we're living now, if you're a funeral, wondering which stage do we belong to that stage we're living?
In you go, no problem.
May Allah guide you don't
worry, you know, I mean, you don't have
Then emigrate then migration to Medina, a state establish. We have a president Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, I'm sorry, I'm using these terms I'm really trying to bring, but we have a president. And you know what, in our, in our Muslim countries are Christian and Jews? How are we going to deal with them? Should we force it? No, no, you can't force them.
You can they can practice the religious freedom. We can force people to accept Islam
as long as they abide by
and then you're getting people attacking you. While you're going to do you gotta defend yourself.
You're getting it. So
when you look
at so October, you're looking at the final work model.
Now, you cannot bring that final model now. And the version is revealed in that final model and apply to work to America 2020, you can do that.
You can do that. Then you're taking things out of
out of context.
You're getting the Point of No, no. So the Quran presented different evolving models for individuals communities throughout the 23 years, in order to guide us until the end of time and implementing the suitable model to our time.
This explains to you why the adjusting the Sierra is a key to understand the problem.
As a matter of fact, the scholars they said that if you don't know that 23 years, Sierra, don't come near the Quran.
Don't because you're not going to be able to understand it, you're going to take things out of context.
The revelation dictated the action and the responses of the Prophet as he progressed.
It dealt with a gradual rise of the Prophet from a rejected messenger
with barely handful of followers in his native town Mecca, where he breached for some 12 years to an immigrant fleeing to Medina.
Finally, the most revealed admired obeyed prophet.
The whole theory of listening to him
so the Quran dealt with.
So this particular chapter deals with work with the final work.
final stage. So you have to understand the verses in it. If you have the final stage you're getting it
Don't be apologetic about the Quran, the total order versus not notes in the Quran. But it deals with with a different scenario than our scenario here.
Publix deal with the first one.
I think the the point here is, is I think it's very important to, to look at the the final policy and hence any attempt to cherry pick its element in isolation, and to judge the whole, on the basis will indeed be making a mockery of the revelation and totally and tenable, you can refute it easily. Let's deal with the first verse, the first, which is the equivalent the swords I have to save. That's called, what verse are we talking about verse number five.
But when the sacred month are passed, kill the infidels. They use the infidels I wrote bagans but he was dead. In Fox News, they use the infidels
wherever the you find them. Imagine this.
I mean, obviously this verse, I mean, if you take it out of context, that's what it means. You can really find another meaning to it, but that but if you take it out of context,
capture them so around them, watch for them in every lockout, but looks upon Allah, if they repent again.
Obviously, if you take this verse in isolation of its historical and Quranic context, you will understand time,
let's understand the historical here.
Who are those new?
We know that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam at one time, two years on the seventh year, he attempted to go and perform ombre,
with few companions.
The people of Makkah told him, No, what was the result of this? At 380, or a true scope for the idea was established.
We're at peace with one another for 10 years.
Now, this verse talks about the people who did not honor the source.
You're getting that.
It's not talking about because in the same verses, as for those who fulfill the covenant,
finished the term finished in years,
and they are beacons through their influence to power some of these tribes after the the crucible for the day they still food the Muslims and they would blocked
they broke the covenants
with the profit with the Muslim state. That's a state that's a United Nation recognized agreement.
Right. United Nation recognized agreement correct. they violated that agreement.
Then and not only this, don't do this right away.
You know what, during the season of height, which is a very famous day in the Arabia,
that if everyone knows about it, send Olive now Vitaly, initially it was Aviva Christian, Natalia and make an announcement in the harem. Okay, guys, this tribe, this tribe, this tribe violated the treaty with us. They have four months.
After that they are at war with us. It's a declared war.
Why sit for them and wherever they slide them. It was that tradition of the Arabs.
If you do something wrong, and you go and sit next to the Kaaba, no one can come near you.
You can kill somebody outside and you can sit next to the harem. No one can deer come near you.
Because that's the sacredness of the Kaaba.
As if the Muslims are asking what if those people go and sit next to the fight them there?
wherever you find them. You're getting there.
That's the historical
context about about the Quranic context. That's right here. Look at this.
Let's look at the preceding and the succeeding verses indicate that it was addressed to those Bagan tribes who were repeatedly breaking the
peace treaty. This is however totally lost in their flat reading, whether in the original Arabic translation, it doesn't show you have to go you have to be aware of the work of the background. You have to be a scholar to be understand to be able to get this
add to this award winning was given on the day of the great hedge. Look at this. Da da
da da da su de la la de la mina al Masri clean the CFO Phil or the robot
and nakoma yamaji la la Hamas zylka theory in
law, he was who he Eleanor's Yamaha, Gil Akbar, and Nala very minimal shrieky no rasuluh.
Clear. Look at the verses 123.
Now, look at the command to five. I think I can explain that. Look at this.
And the evidence for this. However,
the bagans who were honoring the Treaty of peace, not helping anyone against the Muslims were to be given time until the treaty expires which is the 10 years are they be
but that's the evidence.
Did you clarify that
ceremony? Did we clarify that? clear?
So, can you now take this and bring it and apply to America 2020
you can do that.
It's confined to a
But we'll come to the second sweeping declaration.
inshallah Yani we're going to spend like another 10 minutes with this and then we're almost done Yanni Charla
the issue with prohibiting the polytheists to enter into the Kaaba, even though I can actually justify I can tell you, okay, can I go and build a machine in the Vatican?
Can you allow me to build a machine in the Vatican? That's how you should respond to that? The answer is no.
Then you can't, there is no machine in Vatican. But here is the reason why.
When Allah subhanho wa Taala, given the Prophet and the Muslims have permission to complete the term,
to the infidels, to the vegans to the disbelievers who did not violate the covenant.
Then the Muslims assumed that they can continue doing what they are doing with the Kaaba. And we're going to come in a minute what they used to do.
Allah said, No, this does not mean that they come in.
So yes, or no, don't fight them, but they cannot bring their idols they cannot come and do so half naked.
You're getting them and that's also the context. Verse 28.
You believers, the polytheists are spiritually impure. To really digest the nature of the command, let us overview Hajj, Embrey. Islam, and this is how they used to perform Hajj
had in Brea Islamic
times had and the rites of Hajj were ordained by a law in the time Prophet Ibrahim and his man
but Subhan Allah,
it got twisted the stolen look at the idols they used to bring their idols around
And that's why a lot of the people they asked why did the Prophet perform Hajj right away
after he conquered Mecca because the Prophet did not want to come and perform Hajj when they have their work.
boastfulness they would come actually competition in generosity, they would come. Okay, I am from Tamim and I'm gonna slaughter 1000 camels to the zoo, just for me.
Not you know people go to the house of Allah code they leave.
What What do we do when we go to the house of Allah.
If you're a doctor, if you're a janitor,
But these guys, they go out there. Oh, I'm from the stripe. My family is this and they go on a stand around the house of Allah and boastfulness that's what had for them. That's what they used to do.
Whenever Allah subhanaw taala wanted the Muslims to make remembrance of Allah after Hodge VEDA vitamin
K the curriculum at the ACU
like you guys talk about your parents and stuff like that mention Allah as much mentioned Allah Islam as much
as they used to meet off knee kids, and I mean it by naked zeal, men and women together.
And when they were asked, Why do you do this will this close?
We send in it and we're gonna go wearing them and some of them say oh, we're gonna go back like Allah created us. So imagine you want to perform high genesio naked women around you.
But Allah is telling the Muslim No, these guys cannot come and do this anymore. This is the house of Allah.
There'll be a look at lb led by Nicola
labella Sheree Kala Kala back in Alhambra Anya Metallica, luxury khaliq in lashari can come look over while I am. Look, they added this. So you have no power, accept apart know your own head.
But he doesn't own you.
Then I can name anybody. So they added this. So a lot, a lot on the left.
But the left is again, you're getting it.
So they messed up the whole thing. So now sacrifices they used to sacrifice they used to slaughter for the for the gods This is for a lad This is not for Allah subhanho wa Taala.
Obviously, the verse was aimed at bringing the whole of the Arabia into the fold of Islam before the next height festival, when the Prophet was to be no more, and the dual status of the Kaaba would have strengthen the hands of basically, that's how we understand this verse. By the command here is this one is really you have to pay attention. And I know I'm going over my 45 minutes here and five minutes over but we're almost done here. The command to find the people of the book.
It's a famous verse which they use hottie lady in
reverse right here. I think it is 29 for not mistaken. Yep, 29 five those from among the People of the Book, Christian and Jews
until they pay the jizya.
Again, never take this as an open ended declaration of war on every Christian and Jew without adhering to the rules of engagement set by prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam just as a start, we know from the word of the Prophet that the prophet SAW Selim engaged in a peace treaty with Christian and Jews without Whoo.
Right there in the Prophet had Jews living in Medina, that he fired them. They live and they were Christian, and they were Jews.
So how do you understand this verse Then? Sure. fatawa was revealed at the time when Islam had become almost the sole religion in the Arabia. Now we need to realize that the Jewish and the Christian settlement were simply used by the superpowers
by the Romans by the virgins, so they were used to create unrest in the Muslim country in the Muslim state. So now, you have to go to them and tell them you're under us. We're gonna protect you don't worry about those people.
Because there is an end to this conflict. So they want to prevent it was more of a prevention. The book. The book was the reason for this. How did the Romans end up fighting the Muslims because the Romans used the Christian settlement on the border of the Arabia to create unrest
and the Prophet was to go and bring them into
the Islamic rule.
I'm gonna rush through this inshallah. For the mind. I think the point is made clear.
Okay, here's the subject of jizya.
You know, basically, it tells you you go to that this Christian settlement or the Jewish settlement who are on your border,
instead of them being used by your enemy, to create problems for you
go and offer them Islam to the Muslims, if they don't accept, then you tell them, you're under us, and we're gonna protect you. But in return, you pay attacks.
You're getting it. That's all. Because if you don't do that, who's going to use them?
Your enemies are going to use them. And this is what happened. This is why the book was initiated. Because there were so many who were Christian settlement on the border. They killed the messenger of the prophet SAW Salah, the prophet sent somebody they killed him.
But that's the whole day. So what is the jizya is attacks.
Through the Medieval Ages, the western scholarship has ignored the social and political equation and presented jizya as somewhat eventual stacks or eventual eventual community basically. Okay, because we will we will have to be Turks in order to be crushed. No, that's not it.
You're going to pay tax, I'm going to fight for you. If somebody attacks you, I'm going to defend you. You don't have to fight
and look at the writing and I intentionally use this. Here are some historical glimpses extracted from the work of Philip Hickey and Thomas out note these are famous historians they said the terms of surrender of Jerusalem and Damascus to holiday and Calif Omar demonstrate the jizya was collected in lieu of security of life property the churches of the people have to
remember or even after was selected as a kid he refused to prewave
he went out to the country here February here they're gonna come and take it away from
here is something that happened
in the face of the imminent aggression from the Emperor, the Caliph Omar commanded Abu Zubaydah to actually return jizya money so at one stage during the term former the Muslims went to a Christian settlement and said, Okay, we're gonna defend you, but the Muslims became unable to defend them after they collected the jizya the tax Omar said to Abu Zubaydah, take that money back to them until them who cannot defend you You're on your own
you're getting there
that's the whole thing and that is why by the way during that time they used to say Okay, come in and take over us but we're gonna stay Christians
Well, we're gonna pay that tax and you defend us You guys are strong
that's the nature of the whole thing you know, that's the nature of the whole thing. But to initiate this you have to go with an army
you know, you can go somebody okay guys can you come under doesn't go to so you have to go with what
that's how it's done.
And then you take care of
you know, of the of the situation
for you. Let's move on to the next inshallah. Of course, the fourth sweeping announcement is against the People of the Book venerating equality via who door zero no law that they use. They say Ezra is the son of Allah and the Christian say,
Jesus, the son of Allah, may Allah curse them for saying that, of course, Islam came
to establish the warship to Allah subhana wa Tada. Now that culture of scenes which actually developed within the Muslim world, without elaborating on this clearly stated that is that you know, that even though these passages were directed to the Christian and the Jews, but I'm sorry, 1400 years later, Muslims are started doing this.
So why don't Muslims now venerate and give honor to the Christian to the Sufi masters and, and their shapes and the Imams and right so we're doing that for the don't don't Muslims go to the graves and and worship the graves and the people. So this applies to as to why because Islam came to establish, we need to realize that for a Muslim to be a Muslim, he or she must validate their kalama which is Laila Hello, how do you validate that kalama which comprises negation you must you must disbelieve in the existence of any false or erratic deities before you affirm it to Allah subhana wa Tada.
That's the bottom line. The last one the last announcing is barring Muslims from seeking forgiveness and I don't know I mean, if something
Buddy dies. I mean even if you make do i mean what what are you gonna help them with? Like your drive is gonna travel and you're gonna see your dad traveling and see saving them. But really at the end of the day, they are
under the mercy of Allah so just leave it to Allah. Now Allah told you I don't make dua Don't ask me.
So I'm just not going to ask I'm gonna adhere to that it's between them and who and Allah subhanaw taala. By let's come to the final piece here five minutes will be run subject in light of the main aim.
Dealing with the non Muslim community.
We have when we talk about non Muslims, we have the combatant people who are fighting you, you have the right to fight those.
Even the United Nations tells you if you're attacked,
non combat and no, you can do that. And that's verses one to 28 go home and read these verses in that context. Beautiful. I'm gonna rush through this because
Okay, the policies, who broke the terms and I think we talked about that.
These are all verses if you go home and read these verses, it talks about that how to deal with combatant non Muslims and non combatant non Muslims
don't have any alliances with them, you shouldn't do that.
But somehow the life or the beautiful thing all was that call to repent. But if they repent and perform salah and gives the care, they live their way and live their way Verily Allah is forgiving merciful. And any of the mucinex polytheist seeks your protection, give it to them, you know, it's always that invitation to come back to Allah subhanaw taala even though in the midst of the language of who Allah talks about this second chance
of non combatants fulfill your covenant, you came to America
and a green card in a visa and a citizenship.
America deserves security from you. That's a covenant. You have you were born here. That's a covenant you have
Did you do something to harm any Americans? That's what the religion says. That's actually being a Muslim. And that's the beauty about it. As long as they are not combatant
dealing with the people of the combatants The same thing applies 28 to 37 if you need the number of verses 28 or 37
dealing with the non Muslims but now we're talking about the People of the Book not the infidels
again Yes Why? Why this harshness because they want to the extinguish the light of Allah they want to kill Islam they wanna you read una Leone, Nora La
Now, here is the slide before the last
look at these six segments in the Muslim community. You need to take a picture of this please take a picture of this because these are the references, hypocrites. Verses 4296 124 127
and these verses Allah spoke about 55 characteristics of hypocrites.
The Muslims who were sincere but they slacked
they slowed down.
And then Allah spoke about the immigrants and an answer in one verse was said your own word mohajir in our lungs,
one lady in
the sun and Nora de la one humara one. This is verse number 100.
So Pamela there were needy Muslims who wanted to go out with the Prophet but they could not afford it. Allah spoke about them 9192
there are very special three companions obey. What's his name, koubou Malik, the one who narrated the story the story of Kabir while a fella 30 Latina holy fu hottie de Vaca tala, he will have to be Morocco but verses 118 119.
read these verses and OB of Newcastle and read Hadith
cavagna Malik telling his story. Those are sincere Muslims who somehow Allah accepted that elbow. Then the Bedouins the people who live in around Medina. There was a mention of them as well.
Just to show you where in the conclusion,
the last two verses of the Surah
An invitation to everyone to repent, look at this verse. La Khadija Kumara Zhu min
Aziz when Allah he need to hurry Sonali combi meanie Nora ooh for a comeback. I sent you a message from amongst you. He's really keen on your salvation. He wants you.
as easily he managed to hurry soon. alikoum will move me Nina.
Look at this. This is the last two verses of the surah Look at this. Look at this one. I love this one. For interval now. What if you decide to stick to your way?
What if you decide to stick to hypocracy and Miss CEF and all of this feign thought, what if they turn away for in our low for poll
has to be a law.
Ally's gonna take care of this law. ILA who are later our
wahoo our bhullar Sheila, we saw the last two verses.
An invitation to deepen. We can come on, come on, come back. But if you turn away a lot of
this in this world and thereafter.
hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen Rahmani Raheem, Maliki oma de
Yeah, he's merciful. Yeah, he's calling you you have a chance but if you don't
deal with this inshallah we finished sola Toba.
The next session, next one, Wednesday, we're going to be talking about three sewers together, us who use and want to go into this fun source. Because these sources really deals with our condition. They oppress that we the persecuted community, the Muslim community.
We're facing Islamophobia and we need to reflect upon the soldiers in sha Allah.
Allahu Allah Subhana Allah Muhammad Rasul Allah, Allah Allah and test to a well handled problem in Oregon. We did it