Objective-based Explanation of Surat Al-Araf

Karim Abuzaid

Channel: Karim Abuzaid

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Wa salatu salam ala rasulillah Mashallah Wanda ilaha illallah wa

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Jalla wa shadow, Mohammed Ali Abu

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Ali Mohammed

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Ibrahim

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Ibrahim Naka, Hamid Majeed.

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Allahumma barik Allah Mohammed,

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Mohammed Kamara tada Ibrahim Ali, Ali Ibrahim in Naka, homido Majeed.

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So we're doing a type of the seed,

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which called objective based on

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the objective base that sees.

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I don't explain every single verse.

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The fact that Allah subhana wa Taala

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divided his book into chapters.

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Logically, each chapter must have an objective a theme.

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Likewise, therefore, when I stand out here on I speak for an hour, and I keep mumbling, right and left, and what are you going to say about me? This guy is not prepared, he didn't prepare his speech, you know?

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What is the point? You know?

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Likewise, when Allah speaks, for sure, he has a main goal, I mean, fee objective for the whole chapter. Otherwise, the Quran would have been one book, there is no need to say this chapter is called this and we have 114 chapters, the fact that Allah divided them into that, that means each each chapter serves what a certain goal.

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So this is the time of the year we were doing, we were basically trying to find

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a higher aim,

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a main objective

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of the whole chapter, and you try to assemble the subjects or the verses in light of this.

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Now, how do you trigger these objectives? How do you come about saying, This is the objective? Like look at this, what is the objective of this chapter,

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make up your mind.

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Don't be wishy washy, don't be in the middle.

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That's the object that's the whole chapter is about this.

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Now, what I'm going to do is I'm going to assemble

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the verses group them up in light of this, you're getting the point now, so you know, what is an objective these steps here now?

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So you're going to end up getting groups of messages

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serving confirming that objective that we came up with Now, how do you come up with an objective it is something that is revealed? No, it is not. And that is why this type of Tafseer is

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relatively new to the Muslims.

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It was included in the older types of FC, FC remoto, eight FC, really, you know, there are other ways to explain the Quran, it was included. But very few scholars 600 700 years ago started giving very much attention to that time of the year because it kills in particular non Muslims.

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Because not being you know, fluent in the Arabic language, it's a barrier, it's an obstacle and so, for you now to recite a whole chapter and this particular objective in your mind.

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So, you should ask me,

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Why did you come up with this

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particular objective? Why?

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From the name of the surah

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What is the name of the soul of the people of the heights?

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We know in the Day of Judgment

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there will be people who are in Hellfire

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people who are in paradise engine.

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And in between, there is elevated land or earth or a wall. Let's call it all I don't know how it looks like.

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button the top of this wall

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There are people who don't belong to hell don't belong to paradise.

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They didn't make up their mind.

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So their good deeds,

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protected them from him.

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And their bad deeds prevented them from entering gender.

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You're getting it.

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But again, remember, they have to believe in who they must have what as a prerequisite to hate. They must believe in Allah subhanaw taala. So that's where I got this theme, because that's the name of the sutra. And that is the story of the Hebrew.

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And also,

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I got this particular objective from the story of the people of the Sabbath, the Sabbath breakers, which is a Jewish tradition,

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a certain place in the Mediterranean.

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God told many Israel in the children of Israel, the Jews that no fishing on Saturday,

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they ended up fishing on Saturday, in a trickery way.

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So the community

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broke into three groups.

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A group that said no to this, Allah is gonna punish us.

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You can do this, this is haram.

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And the group who fished and ate the fish,

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the transgressors.

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Right. Also in that community, there was a group in between.

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Why, why is this not your business, just, you know, be yourself, you're not going to fix the world. You're getting there. And Allah spoke about those in the soul.

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So that's also another place where we get

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this fee. But let's travel through the slides here. And by the way, I'm doing slides intentionally in order to confine

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what I say with the time, because of, you know, if I sit here and talk my mind, over, we're gonna come out with nothing. And that is why I insisted on having a PowerPoint. So this way, I'm limiting my, you know, time looking at the clock, and at the same time, looking at 28 slides that I have to present tonight. So are you ready? So what is the main objective of Sudoku? A lot of

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make up your mind?

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Here is what we're going to cover tonight. You may be the reason.

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And this is a puzzle, you will find out in a minute, what does it mean?

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Also, another way to figure out the objective of a chapter

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is knowing the background of the chapters. The surah, by the way, means the chapter background of the chapter, I cannot go to the gym. Sorry about that. So it's surah way it's the Arabic word for chapter. Yeah. Also, the context of the revelation is a valuable tool.

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When it was revealed, we know that the Quran is different to the previous books, the previous books, whether the Old Testament, the Torah, or the New Testament, which is the Injeel, which was given to Prophet a Salah Salatu was Salam. They were revealed all at one time. One book being done, the Quran was revealed in how many years? How many 23 years and two months

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to be accurate.

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And we know that the stages of Islam and the Muslims went from weakness being oppressed, persecuted, to having their own country state.

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So when was this chapter reveal, that also tells you, it can help you to trigger the objective of the surah? What the surah is addressing what the chapter is dealing with what the chapter is trying? Because remember, the Quran was revealed on people who are going through it.

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So knowing the timing, the circumstances help you understand the soul. And the more confidence or certain about this objective, we decided to have.

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We asked that question, what is the RF which is the name of the surah? The heights, I can answer that, but we'll go over it. What is the meaning of it?

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And we're gonna talk about the higher aim, the main objective of the chapter. And I can also hinted to that but we'll talk about it. And then we're going to assemble the topics

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and their interconnection with the there is a typo there. The V Sorry about that. Nobody's noticing right

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Nobody's reading. There is no typo number six.

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Okay, thank you. So that tells me that you guys paying attention. I mean, I got one with a capital V and one without C, right? So, okay. You may be the reason.

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social graph talks about the people who are completely convinced of the truth, which is monotheism that they must believe in Allah.

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Yet they are hesitant,

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shy away and decided to fully commit themselves to the course. By adopting its way believing the defending it and supporting its course. Why aren't you making up your mind? Your hesitance could be the reason why the truth is not granted victory as of yet.

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You may be the reason Are you going to make up your mind?

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Right?

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You see, being wishy washy halfway praying for one week and not praying for a whole month.

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Or adopting what you like from the religion and what you don't like you leave it you see that religion is a package deal. You know some people okay, I like this part. I'm gonna take that part of this. No, you gotta make up your mind and make a full commitment to the cause. That's the way it is.

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And the moment Muslims do this, Allah will lift the

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money, the calamities, the inflections, the rest assured of that.

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So you may be the reason why, you know, Islam is not in what shape?

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Because you have not made up your mind yet. Did you make up your mind?

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All right. What is up, man? Did you make up your mind? All right, hamdulillah. I shall until the guy next to you Idris What's his name?

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Oh, you don't know Abdullah or something like that. Abdullah had

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no idea. Okay, next background of the surah. Again, the surah is the chapter.

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According to the order of the Messiah, we know that before you go there

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before you go there, I'm sorry. Okay.

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Okay.

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Like I said, the Quran was revealed in 23 years.

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But the Quran was booting older, when

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the final phase.

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So you may find chapters which were revealed at the very beginning of those 23 years, but yet you will find them were

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at the end of the book. So the older of the revelation is different to the author

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of the book, are you getting that? Can you explain to me what I said now?

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Right.

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Different order. So the must have has an order.

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And the revelation has an order. Why? Because some sources, only one or two verses were revealed, and the rest were revealed what?

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So the completed

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number of verses for each chapter. Were done at the end of time. You're getting that.

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That is why look at here, what I'm saying, according to the order of the must have this is number seven.

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But according to the order of the revelation is number 139.

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So two orders, but Now be careful. Who decided this order?

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Allah subhanho wa Taala the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to us in an authentic hadith is hailed

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as the narration from God bless that the ark Angel Gibran ilaria Sallam used to come and visit me every Ramadan to review the Quran, which I received already. The last Ramadan which is among in the lunar calendar, the last one, he reviewed the Quran with me twice.

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And with that the order of the most half was delivered.

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He said to him, this chapter should come number seven in the order of the revelation.

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It is the longest Mackey What do we mean by Mackey?

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We know that the scholars divided

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The Quran into two types, one time, which was revealed in Mecca the first 13 years.

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And the other type, which was revealed in Medina, which is the last 10 years. What is the difference between the first 13 and the last 10 years?

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Tell me one major difference.

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He should know that you don't know.

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One major difference

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the first 13 years, and the last 10 years.

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Yeah, what is the major difference between the first 13 years Frank and the last 10 years?

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What was the change that happened?

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The first 13 years are like us in America.

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individuals living in America happened to be Muslims in a broad, dominant non Muslim community.

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You're getting that

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the first 13 years like us in America.

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America is not a Muslim country, is it? No, it is not. We're just a few individuals who believe in Islam decided to live here amongst What?

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So that first 13 years the Muslims existed amongst What? But idol worshipers not Christian, not Jews and so forth. So the Muslims had no identity, in the sense of no country.

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No

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entity that represents them

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in the sense of a statewise. But what happened when they moved to the city of Medina?

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An NT was built stablished. Right? A country. This is a Muslim what even though that name is not popular Muslim state, they they kind of defame it. But that's what it means the Muslim was the birth of the Muslim, the first Muslim, identify country, Islamic identity, a country with what would the Islamic identification This is ruled by what Muslims the Prophet became the leader, the president of the time, even though he still had in his

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people who are not Muslims.

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And they will granted freedom to stay the way they want. Correct. So when I say Mackey, so this chapter deals with work

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with people who chose willingly to accept Islam as the religion

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and what and they are living in a blue dominant, non Muslim environment. They don't have control over the system. They are just part of a larger than Muslim community. You're getting them. So this is why we say Mackey.

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It's placed under the capital which was number six. It has 266 verses. If you look at this chapter 206 verses

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it's the longest Maquis surah in the Quran. By the way, the longest a lot of is the longest chapter revealed in Makkah.

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A lot of

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and it was revealed one to two years before the Muslims were commanded to leave Mecca,

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leave the world behind,

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leave their families behind and move to Medina

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to support the course you're getting it

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you're gay, that background also invites to

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assume this objective you're going to make a commitment here you know, you can talk the talk but now you're going to have to work moving is difficult you know when you move from especially your birthplace

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from your hometown is not fun.

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And and we know that they have to flee. They have to leave behind them their money. We know that one of the companions were caught was caught fleeing, who was his name? So I Abuja here

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His name is so high

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they said you're not gonna live with the money where is the money that you made in MCC

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they were in that watch list, you know that the you know that, like the airports now you get a watch list, they check the thing and they say, Okay, this guy is you're not you can go.

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You can go. Yeah.

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So that commitment at the time has to be made. So you got to make up your mind. You're getting there. So the timing is a key.

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Of course, the Sora takes its name from verses 46 and 47, which is the people of the height, which is the people who will be on the top

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of the tool between paradise and Hellfire because imagine they were part of this and part of this at the same time they did not make up

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their mind.

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Even though we know at the end they will go to Jenna out of God's mercy Allah has mercy, but they will have to go through a lot of anxiety. And that's their punishment. By the way. That's the expiation for being with you know, in between.

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Imagine in Islam when you do one good deeds, how many hustlers are written? How many good deeds are written in Islam? By the way, when you do one good deed, it's multiplied automatically to them.

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But when you do one bad deed, it stays What? One?

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That is why our messenger made that statement. He said, woo, woo, is Jani. He's in trouble when you say Woo, he's in trouble alone. Lehman holla but a hairdo who ashati the one who's once will outweigh his 10 he said that

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you know who you are, you can multiply so much. You know, and and yet the work imagine these guys are going to end up what

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city will move into the side of work.

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So this is the background of the surah.

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Here's the condition of the Muslims at the time of the revolution. And also this is by the way, another way to trigger an objective.

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The chapter was revealed towards the end of the Macan period

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by maca maca is the place where the Kobe's were, you know Mohammed Salah Salam was born sola sola, and Islam story, and that's his hometown and that's where they expelled him. They kicked him out from there, they drove him out.

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He had to leave.

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Scholars mean that period that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam spent in Mecca before he migrated to Medina, Medina is the place where they established the government, the Islamic government, the rule of Islam.

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When the Messenger of Allah went public with the message of Islam, calling everyone to it, he faced mounting opposition.

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From insults to boycotting, imagine the Muslims were boycott, no selling and buying with Muslims for two years, three years, something like that two and a half.

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And the opposition against him salatu salam and the Muslims only escalated

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with time.

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Rice tried always to find points to argue with him. salatu salam,

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Allah answered all of these arguments in the previous chapters.

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Remember, the previous chapter was a clear evidence against them, that you should believe in Allah. your lifestyle is not good. Imagine. Imagine I'll just name to you five things they used to do the Arabs number one.

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They were not atheists like the people of our time, by the way, they used to work. They used to believe in Allah by the way. But they somehow somewhat they believed that he cannot go directly to God, you have to go through intermediary. But they created these intermediaries and they serve them.

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They created idol. They said okay, this is the intermediary I believe in God but

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I see God in this rock.

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You're getting it. For me when I serve this what I sort of who I feel like

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no, that's a big no in Islam. And that's something that is also Mosaic, you know, like, just look at the first 10 commandments what what is the first command of the 10 commandment You shall not take up another god before me what is the extension of that? And you shall not make what an image

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you shall not depict God then assault in image and and you worship that

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too

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awful.

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Imagine taking your baby girls and bury them alive. The Arabs used to do this. These to feel shame for having girls.

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Imagine this. They used to kill. There was a war in the Arabia for 40 years. You know how many people died something like four 4000 people were killed in this war. You know what was the reasoning behind this war?

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a camel crossed another tribes land

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and ate from the grass there.

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total ignorance.

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The culture of drinking

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drinking

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alcohol for the Arabs was like coffee of our time. That is why you're noticing that when Allah wanted to make it unlawful for them, it took work

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stages He did not say at once. Give up give it up he kept building them up until Okay that's it. Because for them it was that was the water of the time, wine and alcohol

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Of course adultery

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you know,

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imagine some of them would send their wives to sleep with another man in order to have a DD from this man.

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Top of the line of morality Jani we're worse than but.

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But again, the prophets Allah wa sallam came and of course the top of the line here is his worshipping idols. The Prophet said this is wrong. This is wrong. This is wrong. They didn't like it.

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They like

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Like I said, Yes. What was your imagine? The prophet SAW Selim for 40 years he was amongst them. What was his title?

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What did they call him?

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The trustworthy the truthful.

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Because of what he never told them, stop doing something. You see, as long as you don't tell people this is wrong, and this is bad. The people are gonna like you.

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Bye bye. The moment that you start, imagine the moment that he stood up on this mountain and he said, Okay, guys, you wouldn't have to stop this ama would not to you. If you don't stop that lifestyle. If you don't worship if you don't refrain from polytheism and become monotheistic if you do not stop doing this immediately, liar.

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possessed by gin, you know, demons. You know,

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he is bewitched. He has sorcery. By the way. Why? Because when you start telling people this is like and this is wrong, that's what's gonna that's why you're supposed to be

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patience. Yeah, bhuna masala,

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what mobile maruf, one hanumangarh waspa. When you enjoy and good and forbid, evil, if you do not have patience,

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then you're in trouble.

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So this is the condition of the Muslims building up here. Basically, the call to Islam in Mecca, reached a dead end and got into a deadlock.

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Hell us. The people are not accepting it. They are not liking it.

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Allah is about to command his messengers and the companions to migrate.

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The hijra is the Arabic word for migration, was about to take place. Muslims are to be commanded to take a stand for the coals. And to migrate and leave behind your families and wealth. For the sake of Allah. Only believers who made up their minds will make this commitment I'm telling you.

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And we have an evidence in this, you know, we know that in the Battle of weather, which is the thirst conflict,

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military conflict between the Muslims and non Muslims, which is two years after the migration.

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Some people were killed in better who are Muslims

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who didn't make up their mind.

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And they didn't obey the command to migrate because the command to migration at the time by the way was like the celebrating five times you have no choice migrate. Except if you're a weak or you can do it.

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It was like you have to you don't have an option.

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You're getting that it's not like now you know, well, I don't feel like it. No.

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So there are people actually who stayed behind. And they were Muslims because they were undecided.

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And what happened because they were hiding their beliefs

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when the non Muslims are to go and fight the Muslims they talk these Muslims out

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and of course they have to go otherwise they're going to reveal their what

00:29:22--> 00:29:32

their religion are you guys following me over? I'm in my old planet here. No, you're, you're following me. I make sense. Gemini understanding what we're saying.

00:29:34--> 00:29:36

So only believers will make that commitment.

00:29:39--> 00:29:43

Connecting and I am with a lot of time is the previous chapter.

00:29:45--> 00:29:53

What is the connection between the two and sorrowful and I am Allah built a case against the disbelievers that monotheism is the truth.

00:29:54--> 00:29:57

Remember what we said about this chapter, that

00:29:58--> 00:30:00

that's why it was revealed all

00:30:00--> 00:30:00

ones,

00:30:02--> 00:30:05

Allah subhanho wa Taala established that clear evidence against them

00:30:08--> 00:30:11

surah RF is a continuation of the argument.

00:30:12--> 00:30:17

But Allah Subhana Allah is killing us and telling them

00:30:18--> 00:30:20

to take a look at the past.

00:30:22--> 00:30:24

There are great lessons.

00:30:25--> 00:30:31

So Oracle RF presents the truth of the hate from a historical perspective,

00:30:32--> 00:30:41

it took you or it will take you on a journey along the history of humanity, from the time of Adam, to our time,

00:30:44--> 00:30:50

and how people reacted to the subject of monotheism of the heat.

00:30:51--> 00:30:53

So you're getting the picture now.

00:30:55--> 00:31:09

It describes describe the interactions between the messengers of Allah and their people. And the consequences of these interactions. The interactions produced three types of people, you always find those three types.

00:31:11--> 00:31:17

The first type opponents, people who like it, we don't like that religion, Islam.

00:31:18--> 00:31:19

We don't believe in it.

00:31:22--> 00:31:24

The second supporters.

00:31:25--> 00:31:31

But here's the third type. And this is the subject of the this chapter. This chapter talks about the third time

00:31:32--> 00:31:40

unsure, and I By the way, I want to share Google and I got all of this I'm not like you guys don't think that I took some English classes or something.

00:31:41--> 00:31:51

The other night? I just felt being undecided. What is the synonym synonym and something like that? You know, my daughter told me this, you know, she told me that's what you should do.

00:31:52--> 00:32:04

Unsure, uncertain, doubtful. indecisive. That this one I don't even have idea dubious? I don't know. What is that? From? What doubt? Is it doubt virgins from doubt.

00:32:05--> 00:32:22

And resolved, I like this, being unresolved. That's the group that the surah deals with the chapter wounds mainly, again, is having undecided positions to win both worlds because you trying to make this happy and this happy is not going to work

00:32:24--> 00:32:30

is not going to work. You're gonna try to meet the people who are doing the harm and the people who are saying no to the harm.

00:32:32--> 00:32:34

At the end of the day, you're gonna have to decide what

00:32:35--> 00:32:37

otherwise you're going to end up in that hole.

00:32:38--> 00:32:39

At the end,

00:32:41--> 00:32:54

make up your mind. You're about to sacrifice the land of your birth, family and wealth to give victory to Islam. And this is again in context, not to us, but in context of the immediate revelation

00:32:55--> 00:32:57

that this could apply to us.

00:32:58--> 00:33:00

You're getting that good enough.

00:33:02--> 00:33:30

What is it araku can explain that is a plural of low schoolers, like Mujahid say LR off is a barrier between paradise and hellfire. It is an elevated piece of land between paradise and Hellfire, which house those people whose good and bad deeds are equal their good deeds prevented them from entering hell, while their bad deeds prevented them from entering paradise.

00:33:34--> 00:33:47

A lot of also very interesting eight what is a derivative of a term which allows an office the customer the societal norms, the culture,

00:33:50--> 00:33:51

the tradition,

00:33:52--> 00:33:53

the knowledge,

00:33:55--> 00:34:22

which you gain from society, the way of the father's the way of the ancestors of like Pakistani culture like Egyptian culture, like African culture, like American culture, that's actually the meaning of the word or to a lot of a lot and I will tie this into the objective at the end inshallah, you will see, well, don't go to time, select 25 minutes. Let's rush here.

00:34:23--> 00:34:26

The main objective like I said, Make up your mind.

00:34:27--> 00:34:46

The chapter takes you into a journey along the history of humanity, from the time of Adam to the time of Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam, passing by prophets like Noah, who'd saw a lot, shrine, Moses and Aaron.

00:34:47--> 00:34:48

These are the stories mentioned.

00:34:50--> 00:35:00

The chapter always displays the three types of people who formed around these messengers, which we mentioned earlier. Remember them what are the three types of people

00:35:00--> 00:35:01

Since supporters,

00:35:03--> 00:35:31

wishy washy in between, it's I like it, but I'm not going to do it. You know, that kind of thing, that kind of attitude. That chapter presents also the obstacles which hindered an obstructed time free from making up their minds. A chapter talks about mentioned in details why these people did not make up their mind? What stood in between them and making a commitment?

00:35:32--> 00:35:33

Really?

00:35:35--> 00:35:35

moving?

00:35:37--> 00:35:40

moving forward. Yes. All right. Next,

00:35:41--> 00:35:48

topics and their interconnection with the main objective. I'm sorry, I couldn't do any better with that slide.

00:35:50--> 00:36:07

But through that historical presentation, the following subjects are presented. Nothing every single story, but every story will have one of one of these to the conflict between truth and falsehood is non stop until the day of judgment.

00:36:09--> 00:36:10

That's a lot how Allah didn't

00:36:12--> 00:36:15

have wallbottle until then, it will never stop.

00:36:19--> 00:36:28

Satan is a major instrument in this conflict from the very beginning. And that's why the first story is the story of who Adam and Satan.

00:36:31--> 00:36:32

He is here's an obstacle,

00:36:33--> 00:36:34

your cultural,

00:36:36--> 00:36:53

cultural versus revelation. evils, begin or evil. I don't know if there is a plural for evil, begin as a tradition, then they are attributed to the revelation. That is how the steps that's how,

00:36:54--> 00:37:13

or this is what the I don't know, there's something wrong here how the steps of all previous nations have been. Oh, yeah. So that's correct. Yeah. So this is how, you know things start with people creating things making up things, and then they attribute it to the religion that becomes a religion.

00:37:14--> 00:37:18

And then a messenger will come to change it. No, we're gonna follow out what

00:37:20--> 00:37:21

our fathers and sisters

00:37:24--> 00:37:53

heedlessness forgetfulness, taking this world for amusement, you know, also that's a big hindrance, not understanding the wisdom behind why you're here, you're here actually, to achieve that commitment. And once you do that, you succeeded. By the way, a moment, the fact that we all we all are still alive that we have not done it. That's include everybody here. Because the moment that you're done, your test is over. It's like the test is done. Okay, take time to go.

00:37:55--> 00:38:01

But the fact that you're still here, I'm still here, that means we didn't do very well yet. We're still struggling.

00:38:02--> 00:38:05

So we got to figure it out, you know, we still have to figure it out.

00:38:08--> 00:38:14

That the feet of the truth leads to the spread of corruption, wickedness and morality in earth. That's unfortunate.

00:38:15--> 00:38:37

That's why the people who hold the truth have to be in charge, when you leave the world to the people who do not believe in Allah subhanho wa Taala believe in God, they don't have the consciousness of God. They are not going to feel they are not going to you know, they, they are going to wrong other people. They're going to serve the rich that the segments will support them. It's corruption that the source of wickedness is right here.

00:38:39--> 00:38:51

But Subhan Allah, listen to this, this is always Allah Taiba to lil Mata Ki, as long as from the supporting group, from that group who believes and support the cause. Don't worry about it.

00:38:52--> 00:38:57

The good n belongs to you to the pious to the righteous.

00:38:59--> 00:39:00

What's happening

00:39:02--> 00:39:12

to the pious to the righteous, if not in this world, you may lose this world, you may not get it in this world, but for sure the hereafter Allah will compensate you.

00:39:14--> 00:39:19

The surah again presented the three types of people during the conflicts

00:39:20--> 00:39:28

with more emphasis on the passive and decided the negative group to invite them to do what

00:39:30--> 00:39:31

to make up

00:39:32--> 00:39:33

their minds.

00:39:34--> 00:39:39

The obstacles are presented like in throughout the chapters, other obstacles.

00:39:41--> 00:39:42

We're almost done here.

00:39:43--> 00:39:44

I still have another

00:39:45--> 00:39:46

15 minutes right.

00:39:49--> 00:39:52

Here is the historical journey in this chapter.

00:39:53--> 00:39:59

story of Adam, Eve, Satan. A famous story even in the Bible,

00:40:00--> 00:40:02

But we have our own version of it.

00:40:04--> 00:40:08

Look at verses 11 to 58. The longest story mentioned.

00:40:10--> 00:40:11

So from 11 to 58.

00:40:20--> 00:40:32

This conflicts carried on it's ongoing story of Noah story of story of sammut flu. These are the people mentioned and there is a conclusion at the end.

00:40:34--> 00:40:35

But the whole thing started with

00:40:36--> 00:40:39

an introduction to the chapter from verses one to 10.

00:40:41--> 00:40:49

Like I said, the name of the chapter is a lot of the people of the heights. But again, remember what I told you that Aleph also is

00:40:50--> 00:40:58

an Islamic term referring to culture, customs, traditions, social norms, knowledge of a given society.

00:41:00--> 00:41:14

You notice that the first 10 verses talks about the significance of the revelation for the revelation, don't follow the culture. Don't follow up that people say, follow the divine revelation.

00:41:15--> 00:41:23

Because the moment that you start following people, you're gonna miss guidance, you're gonna go astray. Look at the verse number two.

00:41:24--> 00:41:38

This is the book which is the Quran sitting down to you, oh, Mohammed, so let not your breasts your chest tianni be narrow they are from because some people shy away to speak out the revelation. The Revelation says this. What are you doing?

00:41:39--> 00:41:42

It's against the revelation, it's against the law. It's against the Quran and Sunnah.

00:41:43--> 00:41:46

Don't shy away from it. Right?

00:41:47--> 00:41:49

Follow what has been sent down to you.

00:41:52--> 00:41:53

Don't follow other ways.

00:41:54--> 00:42:09

And in that first part of the chapter, which is the first 10 verses, the Quran warns mankind against the consequences of not following the book, meaning that do as you please in this world, but there will be a day of judgment.

00:42:12--> 00:42:15

Let's go into the story of Adam and Eve and Satan.

00:42:16--> 00:42:24

It's 11 I meant 11 to 58. By the way, there is a typo there, because one on one to 10 talks about the book so 11 to 58. Correct.

00:42:27--> 00:42:31

For what is the story of Adam and according to the Islamic tradition.

00:42:33--> 00:42:40

We know that Allah Subhana, Allah to Allah created a race before the race of the human.

00:42:41--> 00:42:42

What is the name of this race?

00:42:44--> 00:42:45

Jin

00:42:48--> 00:42:48

Jin.

00:42:50--> 00:42:51

Jin

00:42:52--> 00:42:53

is

00:42:54--> 00:43:00

a name of something which you do not see. Because they are they are with us right now as we speak, but we don't see them.

00:43:02--> 00:43:03

We just don't see them.

00:43:05--> 00:43:08

spirits, they call them spirits, demons.

00:43:10--> 00:43:11

Right? jinn

00:43:13--> 00:43:16

Satan was part of that race.

00:43:17--> 00:43:23

And that's the big difference between the Old Testament Jim and peran. That revelation.

00:43:25--> 00:43:28

In Christianity, they assume Satan to be a fallen angel.

00:43:30--> 00:43:50

Satan was never an angel, because we believe angels worship God and willingly, they don't have a choice. God created them in a state of do do. They don't think in the sense of they don't deliberate the command they would like to aces only they get to think, consider human engine.

00:43:53--> 00:43:57

So Satan was a genie, but he was the best of them.

00:43:59--> 00:44:04

He was the best of his race, by the way. He was very pious and righteous.

00:44:07--> 00:44:11

As a result of this, God's elevated him He said, You come and sit with the angels

00:44:13--> 00:44:18

because you achieve piety and righteousness, even though you had a choice.

00:44:20--> 00:44:30

But unfortunately, arrogance and pride may come to you from that window and that's why you have to be really careful. Oh, I'm pious. Be careful. You have to always work.

00:44:32--> 00:44:34

God knew what's in his heart.

00:44:36--> 00:44:39

That he developed what bright.

00:44:40--> 00:44:41

He felt his special.

00:44:43--> 00:44:48

Then Allah subhanaw taala decided decree that he would create our father Adam.

00:44:51--> 00:44:53

Adam, by the way, was not born.

00:44:54--> 00:44:59

Adam machines up Allah shaped him with his own hands in a way that suits

00:45:00--> 00:45:00

Sam sapan.

00:45:02--> 00:45:05

Right? Who was watching all of this develop Satan.

00:45:08--> 00:45:13

He's seeing that Allah is giving so much interest now attention to

00:45:14--> 00:45:15

that new creation.

00:45:17--> 00:45:19

He started envying us already.

00:45:20--> 00:45:24

It's like I was a special one. Now, it looks like what

00:45:26--> 00:45:28

someone else is taking.

00:45:30--> 00:45:32

So he will seed it with the angels.

00:45:33--> 00:45:40

Because angels are doing a lot of work for us. I don't know if you know this or not. They are following us wherever we go.

00:45:42--> 00:45:48

You know, there was a long time ago, I remember this very well. I was in Maryland, and I used to watch it and enjoy it.

00:45:51--> 00:45:54

What do you call this soap operas? Or something like that? Or

00:45:55--> 00:46:08

touched by angels? Do you remember something like that? The past touched by angels. Were they you know, the angels of doing certain things for you. And you actually could see the angels and all of that. I mean, it's a non Muslim stuff.

00:46:09--> 00:46:11

Of course, we do not see the angels.

00:46:12--> 00:46:22

But again, God commanded the angels to bow down to Adam in a way that you're going to be serving the trees, you're going to be doing service for the trees, not to worship Allah.

00:46:23--> 00:46:25

Who was seated there

00:46:26--> 00:46:27

with the angels

00:46:28--> 00:46:33

seat. So all the angels because they didn't have a choice, what did they do?

00:46:35--> 00:46:36

But Satan refused.

00:46:38--> 00:46:39

So God asked him

00:46:41--> 00:46:44

why didn't you bow down? Like everyone else?

00:46:46--> 00:46:54

What was in his chest came out. And that's why we're Be careful what you have in your heart because Allah is gonna test you based on that.

00:46:55--> 00:47:05

So Allah got the inside out, he said, I shouldn't be bowing down to this guy, I'm better than him. I'm created from that. Why do you prefer him over me?

00:47:07--> 00:47:08

Right?

00:47:11--> 00:47:17

Then, Allah said to him now as I elevated you because of your obedience, now your walk,

00:47:19--> 00:47:19

get down,

00:47:21--> 00:47:30

go down. That's why they say he's a fallen angel. I mean, there is a place for that. But he was not an angel as a creation wise.

00:47:32--> 00:47:41

So what happened? He came back begin, can you please repeat brief be very brief me Give me more time to live.

00:47:43--> 00:47:47

Anyone with that? Assume that you need time to live in order to do work, to repent?

00:47:48--> 00:47:53

But he said no, I want to show you that this race doesn't deserve that.

00:47:55--> 00:48:01

Allow me to live until the day of judgment to prove to you that Adam and his children are what?

00:48:04--> 00:48:08

Or not deserving that status which you've given them, you prefer them over me.

00:48:12--> 00:48:18

Now, Allah subhana wa Tada. After he created Adam, he wanted to add them to go through an experiment.

00:48:20--> 00:48:21

So he placed him in this garden.

00:48:22--> 00:48:28

This is all mentioned in the photo by the way. And these verses I'm explaining 58 verses for you right now.

00:48:31--> 00:48:33

So we placed him in this garden and he said to him, what

00:48:34--> 00:48:38

eat from any way you want. Except one, three.

00:48:39--> 00:48:40

Don't come near it.

00:48:41--> 00:48:53

And be careful because there is a guy out there who doesn't like you who's gonna be around you trying to deceive you, which the Christians or the Jews they refuse to buy the serpents, right, the snake.

00:48:55--> 00:48:56

But that's Satan.

00:48:57--> 00:49:02

And Islam we say oh, by the way that his race normally

00:49:04--> 00:49:10

more into taking the shape of snakes, like there are a lot of snakes which are gym.

00:49:12--> 00:49:15

Because the gym go inside their body. In any rate,

00:49:17--> 00:49:18

here is what happened.

00:49:20--> 00:49:36

The story presented the beginning of the conflict. It started by telling us how Satan made our ancestors, Adam and Eve to leave the heaven the paradise. The three of them came down to earth. And from that point, Satan became

00:49:38--> 00:49:47

the number one enemy for humanity. And how he asked him to keep him alive to show him the, you're gonna have to say that words

00:49:49--> 00:49:55

vulnerable vulnerability of this new creature, the human being.

00:49:56--> 00:49:59

The story presented the complex final outcome with abuse.

00:50:00--> 00:50:04

Graphics seen a conversation between the three types of people.

00:50:06--> 00:50:08

The whole story ended with what

00:50:10--> 00:50:17

Adam and ended with the people in general. And the people in Hill are talking to one another. And there are people in the middle, the three groups again.

00:50:19--> 00:50:28

And this is all in these verses. We read these verses with that understanding Beautiful, beautiful, man, when you read the Quran with that understanding,

00:50:30--> 00:50:35

you feel empowered, that you're able to comprehend the words of Allah subhanaw taala.

00:50:39--> 00:50:41

Okay, let me finish up the story here.

00:50:43--> 00:50:46

So imagine this, Adam and his wife who decided

00:50:48--> 00:50:49

they were decided

00:50:51--> 00:50:55

we're not going to eat from the tree. They actually did this for a while.

00:50:57--> 00:51:03

They only ate from that which they are supposed to eat, who came to them and made them undecided?

00:51:08--> 00:51:09

Who got them?

00:51:11--> 00:51:12

shavon

00:51:13--> 00:51:27

chef and by the way, did not tell them go and eat from the tree. If you read carefully the text. No, he didn't say that. He said, What? Oh, Adam, you know that there is a tree out there in this garden. If you eat from it, you will not become immortal, meaning you will never die.

00:51:31--> 00:51:41

And look what he said. You know, they tell you the reason why Adam believed Satan because Satan said by Allah wa cos I'm a human by Allah. I'm telling you the truth.

00:51:42--> 00:51:51

Adam said there is no way there is somebody who's gonna say who's gonna Swee are using the name of Allah in vain. He actually he didn't. He had a good

00:51:52--> 00:51:57

good intention. He didn't think bad about the guy that you know, just like

00:51:58--> 00:52:04

so. Well, let's look at the third federal Houma Bureau. He needs them and decided

00:52:06--> 00:52:11

and at the end, he didn't say to him Come and eat from it. He said, Well, I just want to show to you.

00:52:12--> 00:52:14

Just look at it, you don't have to eat from it.

00:52:17--> 00:52:23

And remember what Allah said to him, Allah said to him Do not eat or Do not come near it.

00:52:24--> 00:52:28

Do not come near it, don't even see it. Stay away from it.

00:52:30--> 00:52:41

Likewise, a lot of commands in the Quran like Don't come near alcohol. If you don't want to drink, don't have alcohol around you don't be in the in the vicinity of people who drink that's not going to help you.

00:52:42--> 00:52:48

Adultery as well Don't come near those people, you know stay away from what can take all

00:52:49--> 00:52:51

that desire to do something.

00:52:55--> 00:53:11

So the first thing that we get from the story for calls to us look at this. For calls to this the children of Adam, look at the first one. Yeah, Bernie dhammapada and

00:53:14--> 00:53:19

D So, T co mauritia. whatever suits

00:53:22--> 00:53:23

the

00:53:26--> 00:53:27

Lumia.

00:53:30--> 00:53:35

Remember, as long as Adam was following the command, he did not see his work

00:53:37--> 00:53:38

is broken bright pots.

00:53:40--> 00:53:47

Actually, he was not waiting anything but he did not this didn't bother him as long as his work. But the moment that he ate from the tree What happened?

00:53:49--> 00:53:53

Likewise, if you want to have the righteousness and piety, be obedient.

00:53:55--> 00:53:59

Look at the second one for coals. Yeah, Bernie

00:54:01--> 00:54:15

tienen aku mushy porn. Gamma alpha Raja ye meenal janati Anzio on Huma, Huma Leonia, Huma,

00:54:16--> 00:54:17

Huma

00:54:19--> 00:54:20

Huma

00:54:21--> 00:54:22

tema,

00:54:23--> 00:54:55

oh Children of Adam look at 27 let Satan deceive you as he got your parents Adam and Eve out of the paradise stripping them of their Raymond's to show them their private parts. Surely, he sees you and his kind. While you don't see them. They are with us right now I tell you and our lecture tonight is an invitation to them to become Muslims because they can some of them become Muslims. But some of them serve shaitan serve the agenda of Satan.

00:54:56--> 00:54:58

So they see us while we don't see them

00:55:00--> 00:55:03

The third goal, don't be extravagant.

00:55:04--> 00:55:05

Don't be wasteful.

00:55:08--> 00:55:13

The last and the most important call, I'm going to send messengers to you, from time to time

00:55:15--> 00:55:24

showing you the verses, which should invite you to believe in me. If you do that, you're not going to be in trouble.

00:55:26--> 00:55:34

Yeah, Benny, Adam Emirati and Nakamura, Salome. kumiko soon it is effeminate, Taka was La La, la him.

00:55:38--> 00:55:40

Look at the final outcome of this conflict.

00:55:43--> 00:55:46

So Adam ate from the tree him and his wife.

00:55:48--> 00:55:49

Right.

00:55:50--> 00:55:51

So pay attention here.

00:55:53--> 00:55:54

Satan disobeyed.

00:55:55--> 00:55:56

Adam, this Obi?

00:55:58--> 00:55:59

Both of them disobeyed, right.

00:56:01--> 00:56:07

But yet, Adam and us and his kids were given a second chance and second did not.

00:56:11--> 00:56:12

Why?

00:56:14--> 00:56:22

When Allah subhanho wa Taala, when God asked Adam and his wife, why did you do this having I warn you against this? What did they say?

00:56:24--> 00:56:25

What did they say?

00:56:27--> 00:56:28

I'm sorry.

00:56:29--> 00:56:30

I made a mistake.

00:56:32--> 00:56:35

That's all a lot want to see from us, by the way in this world.

00:56:37--> 00:56:40

They said, We made a mistake, you know, we

00:56:41--> 00:56:54

were weak and this guy got us in trouble. Please forgive us, can you give us a chance again, God given them the chance again. And that's the test the nerf. And if we manage that test, we'll go back to heaven again.

00:56:55--> 00:56:57

But why Satan was not accepted.

00:57:00--> 00:57:03

Because He justified this in his you know, he,

00:57:04--> 00:57:08

he found that he's in. You don't do this with God.

00:57:11--> 00:57:12

You get a break.

00:57:13--> 00:57:29

You know, and that's how you come back. That's how he accepts you again. Again, very important, the concept of repentance versus the original sin. We you know, Christians, for example, they promoted the original sin we believe, actually that Adam repented and God accepted his repentance. But Adam had to pay

00:57:30--> 00:57:34

and expiation, and the expiation is to go through the test again.

00:57:35--> 00:57:35

In Earth,

00:57:36--> 00:57:45

with more restrictions, not just the three, don't commit adultery, don't fall naked, don't steal, don't lie more than what

00:57:46--> 00:57:51

and you have to earn your money. Now you have to earn your living in Paradise, he used to have food.

00:57:52--> 00:57:56

It was easy. But here in this world, it's more difficult.

00:57:58--> 00:58:07

And Satan also came down with us the same guy who was there. And that's why I was telling us Do not allow him to do the same thing he was doing to who who did to

00:58:08--> 00:58:09

your father.

00:58:11--> 00:58:26

Of course, the conflict final outcome and the hereafter. So the final outcome in this world, Satan was given a second chance Why? I'm sorry, Adam was and his offspring were given a second chance. Why? Because they did what? they repented.

00:58:27--> 00:58:38

And the key to repent. Repentance is to regret what you have done. Satan did not because he was arrogant. He justified his sin. Why did you do this?

00:58:39--> 00:58:43

Why shouldn't I? You know, that kind of attitude. You can do this with God.

00:58:45--> 00:59:09

The final outcome in the hereafter that seen at the very end of those 58 chapters. What are the people agenda and the people of Hill are talking to one another? The people of general telling people Phil, did you guys find what you were warned against? Yeah. What about you? Yeah, we have water and food here. Can you give us some food and in between the people on the top of that mountain and the look here and they look here.

00:59:10--> 00:59:12

That's the final outcome.

00:59:13--> 00:59:18

Through a conversation between the three groups, it's beautiful. Just read these verses of our of his world.

00:59:20--> 00:59:53

how Satan made our father undecided, I think I can say that. It tells us that the tricks of Satan used to turn our ancestor from being decided to being undecided and consequently eat from the tree. See the following verses. That's what I was telling you that he took an oath and he said that to them, and he convinced them that Come on, think about it. See the one that he tries not thinking about it. collapse, it's over. Okay, I'm gonna have glass here. I'm enjoying it. I don't know if you guys are but I think I'm already over my time, five minutes. So

00:59:54--> 00:59:57

the way of the ancestors can be an obstacle, I

00:59:58--> 00:59:59

guess

01:00:00--> 01:00:02

That is mentioned

01:00:03--> 01:00:16

in that and those 58 verses By the way, heedlessness and forgetfulness, and taking this world for amusement look at these verses within the 58 verses can be an obstacle like I mentioned at the very beginning.

01:00:18--> 01:00:49

Look at this is a company and that pillars of fire will call upon the dwellers of Paradise Can you pull up on us some water or anything that Allah has provided you with, they will say both water and provision Allah has forbidden to the disbelievers Who are those who took the religion as an amusement and play and the life of this world received them so this day we shall forgive them as they forgotten their meeting with Allah and as they used to reject our proofs evidences versus

01:00:51--> 01:00:55

that's a conversation between the two it's actually in this chapter, beautiful beautiful

01:00:59--> 01:01:11

number three and I will gonna rush through this inshallah the ongoing conflict So, Adam repented he came down to the ground, he left for 1000 years, Mashallah he went back to Jana hamdulillah.

01:01:12--> 01:01:17

But Satan stayed Satan stayed with us until the Day of Judgment without with his kids.

01:01:18--> 01:01:32

And the surah starts killing us by how Satan misled 1000s of population over time and give us examples of some prophets who suffered in order to guide their loss companions. Notice that he will have Noah.

01:01:35--> 01:01:36

Each nation

01:01:37--> 01:02:07

harbored a moral, social financial disease beside the major violation of monotheism. But the people who flocked what was the issue, and it's such a subject that, you know, homosexuality, America now unfortunately is hitting that trial is equal, equal sex or something, they call it, same sex, something gender, oh, that was why Allah destroyed them. I got this right them. The people of Hawaii, they were cheaters. They used to cheat

01:02:08--> 01:02:14

the people, the Pharaoh, he was arrogant. The people who fired they felt that they are

01:02:15--> 01:02:25

superior, they have superiority, they have a super nationalism, whatever it is, you know, beside the three groups who are present in each story, you will notice this.

01:02:27--> 01:02:34

Look at the story of note. Oh, again, I'm gonna have to rush through this. But these are the verses 59 to 64.

01:02:36--> 01:02:42

The story of fire 65 to 72 I'm gonna have to give you the numbers. Now. You have to do that in your own.

01:02:44--> 01:02:57

against each nation, they violated the main principle which is what the hate La ilaha illAllah they worship other besides Allah and another Sushil Morrow,

01:02:58--> 01:03:05

diseases, whether it is financial or money, whether it is cheating, whether it is morality, whatever it is,

01:03:07--> 01:03:09

that people have someones they

01:03:11--> 01:03:18

the people of Bermuda like us now, I think, more like us, they they they were very comfortable with this world a lot giving them a lot of

01:03:19--> 01:03:21

they had a very comfortable life.

01:03:23--> 01:03:25

You know, when you have a comfortable life, you don't want to come out have

01:03:26--> 01:03:30

to do the work. You don't want to come and pray five times a day.

01:03:33--> 01:03:40

Here's the problem with the people flute lot is is Sodom and Gomorrah. That's what the biblical term

01:03:45--> 01:03:48

story if madeon they were cheaters, they used to cheat.

01:03:50--> 01:03:52

You know, 8594

01:03:54--> 01:03:56

He is the longest story now.

01:03:57--> 01:04:11

So the story of Adam and Satan, this one measured from 103 to 171, almost third of the church, the children of Israel, the Jews in Egypt with Moses and Aaron,

01:04:12--> 01:04:23

story of Moses and Aaron and the pharaoh who ruled Egypt, he was a tyrant who oppress the children of Israel. He has every means to demean them and disgrace them.

01:04:25--> 01:04:29

Notice the passiveness of the children of Israel they will not decide it

01:04:32--> 01:04:49

you know when Prophet Musa went to his meaning what they did they ended up worshiping what the calf the Sabbath, the people of the Sabbath, the Sabbath breakers imagine off of the across the desert they found people worshipping idols and said can we have an idol like those guys so they will not work?

01:04:51--> 01:04:59

They will not be hilgers and when Allah said to Prophet Musa go to Jerusalem, the promised land they said what? No giants are living there. We can go with you.

01:05:00--> 01:05:03

You know and just go you on your load, figure it out and we'll

01:05:04--> 01:05:11

You know, that's, that's the passiveness that's being undecided they, they are not committed to the course.

01:05:13--> 01:05:14

Conclusion

01:05:15--> 01:05:17

How can you make up your mind yet?

01:05:18--> 01:05:27

When your intuition calls upon you look at this versus 72 172 174 reminds us with a promise we made a long time ago,

01:05:29--> 01:05:31

desires the story of Milan,

01:05:32--> 01:05:33

loving this world.

01:05:35--> 01:05:45

seek protection from a law with Allah from Satan because he's the only one who can help you. salvation in that revelations of Han Allah, this chapter

01:05:46--> 01:05:48

finishes with the first session.

01:05:49--> 01:05:52

I said, Now make that such that would work.

01:05:54--> 01:05:55

And all decided,

01:05:56--> 01:06:11

says there is a prostration a certain sign I think there are 15 of them in the Koran. When you recite that verse, regardless of what you're doing, you have to go down and prostration in the ground, you have to place your forehead in the ground. So the last verse two, six,

01:06:13--> 01:06:16

is one of those the first one actually in the revelation from

01:06:18--> 01:06:21

and remember at the very beginning, who was asked to prostrate

01:06:23--> 01:06:24

and who said no Satan

01:06:25--> 01:06:41

and that is why the Prophet said to us that when we do that says that Satan actually boots and on his head he says I was asked to prostrate and I refused and I got myself in trouble. And here is the children of Adam. They are asked to prostrating the revolution like this and they do it

01:06:43--> 01:06:54

that's why it bothers him to do that. But imagine when you make that says that with the resolute you know, okay, Oh Allah, I'm decided. I'm decided I decided to make up my mind.

01:06:56--> 01:06:57

That's it.