Fiqh Of Fasting Part 5

Karim Abuzaid

Channel: Karim Abuzaid

Series:

Topics: Fiqh

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Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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In Al Hamdulillah

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wanna stay you want to stop for

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one hour we let him in show fusina Dr. Molina

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Maria de la foto de la

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sala de la

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was shadow in a la de vous la sharika

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why shadow anessa Donna wanna Vienna Mohammedan la he was will

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we continue today in sha Allah with the fifth lecture lecture number five, from Psalm

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and today we have midnight Allah we want to dedicate or devote the day to a very important subject, which is auto can a song

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in a hole be inilah wabi tofi unequally aniline

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are can

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washoku

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yg bat

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was shown and

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we're at the

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Walmart quillette

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for every deal that we do in the in our religion, there are conditions

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or shanto

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and normally the condition comes before

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the act

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that is why

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they call it in English pre requisites,

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pre requisites

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and, also the deed has pillars.

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One Roku,

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FEMA here to shake

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the pillar is part of the Act,

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one local law UI

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and the deed is invalid without a rock

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without the pillar

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then comes in something that the scholars call wedgie bad

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duties

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and then comes in and the duties sometimes if you skip it out of forgetfulness, or out of

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basically, not knowing the deed is still valid, while each bar will amaru and like for example, in the Salah, the deed can be fixed this will do this. For example,

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if you abandon or forget or unintentionally

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do not make or do not fulfill our job in the Salah for example, you could compensate this by sudo DISA

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and there are recommended deeds that you should do it will increase your rewards.

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And of course there are things that are permissible to do

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while you are doing the deed. And there are things that it's this like to do they are this I mean it's this like to do while you are doing the deed but the deeds still valid.

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You understand this is so important for you to understand that to grasp the concept of a rockin sharp L Word. Because if you do the deed without the rope, the deed is invalid nice.

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But if you do a deed while missing,

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maybe a recommended act that is still valid.

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But you lose the reward

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while doing something that is disliked.

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That is still valid.

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Someone who comes to the masjid with a smoking smell.

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You ask is his Salah valid

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yes or no valid

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but it is this like to come like this.

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But his Salah is valid because he has fulfilled what the requirements according to the Sharia once it comes to the Salah, so inshallah today and we're planning to do tomorrow as well physical. So

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inshallah, we want to talk about the pillars

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The things that invalidate your fasting, the things that you could do while you're fasting, but meanwhile you are fasting is valid,

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the things that you should do because it is recommended therefore your reward increases and in the light I will try to cover this today and tomorrow insha Allah

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first of all,

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we mentioned we defined what is broken today we are talking about our current song, the pillars of fasting. Now who are rockin our rook new Jews own melanin is part of the deed and the deed is invalid without it, if you do not fulfill the our can the pillars of the deed, then you deed is in valid and you cannot do with the ha I am sorry, you cannot do sudo TSA who for example, in the Salah, or you cannot, that is invalid period, that it is invalid. Once it comes to fasting it's very easy and simple. We have two pillars.

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two pillars.

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pillar number one and Nia

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the intention

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and the intention are known equally.

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It is a pillar or at least a prerequisite in every act of worship will do more Allah and Ashok men show the Salah in need.

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Only the jurists, they say it's a prerequisite of the Salah. But once it comes to the fasting, it's broken. It's a pillar

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for you. What is it? Nia what is the definition of India

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linguistically? Now once we define something in our religion, we define it linguistically its origin in the language, and we define it once it comes to its application.

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Once you apply it, that is why they call it the technical definition or Atari fillister law.

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So what is the Nia in the language? l

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which is what objective you're having an objective behind doing the deed alpa.

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dahulu you say, Casa to Shire ainoa, you too shy?

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COSATU,

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I had the objective of doing this deed that means I intended to do to do it. For you, the technical definition of the intention, listen carefully to this, as mole can be

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found in memory.

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Resulting in the heart to do an Act

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allows

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us to be alive.

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And

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supanova this definition, right away,

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takes away the tongue out of the process.

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When we tell brothers and sisters that it is added

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an innovation that you pronounce the intention with your tongue, the inia Amelie. The intention is the act of what the heart Look at, look at it's the technical definition, as

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if

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you resolve you resolve in your heart to do a certain deed

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will will will will we have a telephone Binya be da dee da Nina, that somebody and we hear all Muslims once they stand them in the saliva. Now why are you to an O Suddenly, a Valera? albaraka harderian Fie Masjid Abby buck holofil Imam. so and so.

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We asked ourselves,

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low Corona, high urine, less of a hoonah la.

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If this is something that it would have been good for us. The messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his companions, and our righteous predecessors would have done it. Massena we never heard. We never heard bring me one single evidence that

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They actually pronounced the intention with the tongues we never heard this. Now we'll do the moqtada

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we'll do the monk makabayan a there is a need for it. Yeah, like we said inia is part of every deed. The Colin Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. I mean Hadith, Omar Abu hapa enamel alamelu

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Binya Yani every single Act requires an intention

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rather you reward is going to be according to your what your needs while you couldn't leave money in man now and you're gonna get what you intended.

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There is a need for it. They tell you something very interesting

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hayner

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to do

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one defer eliminate

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fully Jani there is a need to see. And there is nothing that should stop the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam from pronouncing it. If the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would have for example said in front of his companions, Danny with his tongue with his companions rejected that would they have objected that?

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Absolutely not. So Ill moqtada mood the need for it is there because it's part of everyday and at the same time there is nothing and

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there is nothing that stops him from making it from doing it. Yet he did not do it taraka

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He lifted by the way there is a sooner

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once we talk about Lisa lasala sunako Lee

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Suna amellia amarrian action fee there is something called Suna Takia.

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Turkey

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that you leave leaving it is a pseudonym.

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Because the prophet SAW Selim did

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leave it he did not do it. Are you not doing it is what you're following what the following the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam

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insha Allah and he

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Nia, mahalo her alcohol the evidence for rock Nia tinea Philippa sia, polenta Allah Allah subhana wa Taala said one O'Meara Ooh la ilaria de la hare.

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Mo lysene Allahu de

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and they will not command but to worship Allah sincerely the Fini if you had the last theodicy handler Fenian

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What is love the NEA and the scholars normally

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use this verse to prove

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that India is a requirement, whether it is a rock, a pillar of the deed or whether it is a shop a prerequisite of the deed? What is the near here

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meclizine Lf loss pipe Let me ask you a question and I would like you to answer this for me. What is the difference between the Nia and airfloss?

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What is the difference between the intention and sincerity?

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Any Yes.

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Jimmy?

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Jimmy that's the answer. You got the answer? bastiani. wording it Yes.

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No. nefs Yana Colombo sorry for the

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AMA hos head Alcala NEA

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and

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you could have an intention to kill somebody. Right.

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But why are you killing him?

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Let's Let's stay away from killing we should save from killing.

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Okay, you you could have an intention to pray.

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had the intention. But this does not engage sincerity nests.

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Certainly, let me hear you before I give the answer.

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Again.

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There is McCallum ignore Raja

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yahudi he says this Dhaka onea fie qlm Ilana e Ma.

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When the scholars speak of the intention, they normally mean two things. Number one at 10 Meizu Bane Allah Eva,

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you distinguishing between your iPad,

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like when you pray,

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is it?

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Is it also? Is it measuring

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the knees, that you distinguish this Salah, from this Salah?

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Or when you fast?

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Are you fasting Ramadan?

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Or are you fasting are voluntary fast? Or are you fasting the ninth of the hedger yamaraja Tommy's in need when you take a shower?

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When you take a shower, are you doing

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ritual?

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Or are you just cleaning up?

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You understand that you distinguish between what the actions the act had end, our almanor 30 the second meaning that you're singling a law with the Act, or you're singling Allah and someone else, we had a horrendous loss.

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For Nia is an

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A Nia is more general it means a lot of things, but last sincerity that you are doing this deed for what Allah you could pray and your intention

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is you praying for Allah and at the same time you want the people to see you hurry and this is your intention. But if you want to be sincere, then you should pray for who for Allah subhanho wa Taala even a Nia

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min.

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Loss The intention is more

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generic than a loss. We mentioned the second evidence for the intention being a pillar from pillar of fasting howdy Omar on top of the alarm on the sofa hang in there too. So here in MLM Albania, your actions are basically based on your intention.

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Whatever you intended, you will get rewarded or get punished. You will get recommenced.

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Once we're talking about fasting

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there are four conditions that you must have in that intention.

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About

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four conditions for your intention to fast to be valid bauhinia mishmash hambach Aikido philos ne yo collas You must want to have what

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four conditions condition number one l jazz move

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What do you mean by just Yanina? Just

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no doubt you're determined. Tomorrow's Ramadan

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the Nia and fasting tomorrow inshallah Farah life

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You cannot say well let me see how it goes.

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You cannot actually if you do this you already lost your Nia is invalid.

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Then he has invalid

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bee bee bee bee bee

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bee

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The only exception of RCA is that they have dealt Yahushua

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The only exception yo shut down say they have not cited them and tomorrow's the today's the 29th of Chava and they have not tried them

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and you had a very long day working you're so tired, you want to go to sleep

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and you're not gonna wake up but tomorrow

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and now you must have the intention because once we talk about the intention it must be done before

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then you could say this, if tomorrow is Ramadan and fasting.

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If it is the 30th of Chabad then

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Not firstly yeah just what they said it's okay now

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we're coming to NFL way The intention is a very important it's a very interesting subject and inshallah I'm I'm really digging deep I'm going to this just hang in there for you

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well harder for me to just show you that it's not me yaku

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Casa de nada de cerca de filosofia Yama Shek

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only

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acts but any other day of Ramadan you must have no doubt about your intention

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you must

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you cannot say I will see tomorrow how it goes

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her the near real Sahaja Yoga the first condition I'm gonna quiz you about this because this is so important stuff a lot of Muslims do not notice. The first condition for the intention to fast is what Allah has moved meaning what you will determine

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you have no doubt tomorrow I'm fasting

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if Emma life you could place this India, in sha Allah if Amma life

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and if I'm not the only you don't need to go into these details, but I'll just do this is number one.

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Number two, at

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pointing out fasting What? What are you fasting tomorrow?

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Ramadan

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you cannot leave it unrestricted. You cannot say tomorrow I'm fasting.

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Your first thing What? But all of this again, we're not what we're not saying and all of this is the act of what? Of the heart, all of this. That is why your heart must be engaged.

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Your heart must be engaged. Once you see your intention, it's really a sign

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of

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imperfection once it comes to your knowledge of Allah.

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Because we know Allah subhanaw taala knows what's in what

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in your heart.

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Can you see it as if Allah does not know what you're thinking about?

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What you are resolving in your heart. When you say it, as if you're informing Allah for your deed.

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Allah knows what you don't already know what you will do already before you do it. Allah subhanaw taala

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for all of this is the act of what the act of the heart at 13 so the first one is being determined. The second one is what

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defining which fasting are you doing? comes in number three which is a very, very important at that be

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Yani

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the intention must be done between

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the sunset and finish.

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And minute after fragile, too late.

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Too late.

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Lana Shai Howdy. Abnormal above the alarm on Houma and hafsa.

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She said

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the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said

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melomania jamaah

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australiana

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have been hublin surgery fell off.

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If you do not have an intention to fast before

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your fasting is invalid.

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Nausea

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Jani back Bobby Oliver hardy Sophia Howdy, Jani. I knew who will follow and know who your sophomoric cufon Allah hafsa

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tirmidhi was Sunil Cobra Lim Mm hmm. And NASA he was an avid avid shaker any authenticated this Hadith, but a lot of the scholars of the other scholars of the Hadith they said this statement of Houma Kufa, Hala hafsa

00:24:43--> 00:24:59

attributed to who have said no to the Prophet, but here's the response to this half so I cannot make that statement on her own Linda hokum shaarei impossible. While he Derek, even if we're gonna deal with it as now poof as a statement of half size

00:25:00--> 00:25:02

Fela Hochuli a rough

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yet it has to be attribute because of the nature of the statement concerning the Sahaba who a Sahaba who will Omaha mini lay at 120

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min Kalani they never like ns una una

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una una de hecho de la because this is how a person did it. They never speak like this, like a companion of for the mother of the believers have sought to make that statement impossible to utter that statement from from her own self didn't have that luxury. This is a ruling. This is a mela Miyajima actually Anna koblin February Fela sama the soul the soul when a Sufi Neff is muddy. By default, any negation nephew lommel, our nephew so happy

00:26:02--> 00:26:25

that you're negating the need or negating the correctness of the deed and have an answer. When you hear that sticker la sama la sala de la la jolla when you hear that nephew nephew had a sloppy nasty and then fuqaha rufinus nephew

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illness that is that an official la

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de

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la salette alleman la

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hora de la

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la sala without the who you're saying what no sala de Sala is not valid period or there is nothing in the Sharia called the Salah called Salah without what without you making model for hafsa to make that statement is impossible.

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But I want to remind you that the shuttle Alberni Rahim Allah authenticated this Hadith, but the majority of humanity they have mentioned that it is chain of narration saying that it is a statement of hafsa but we say even if it is a statement of hafsa yet hafsa will not utter that statement on her own.

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We said number three so what was number one? I'll just move

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that a B to an A to D Coolio, Allah Allah for

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that you must have an intention for each day.

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But the issue is when the beaded

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Oh Roger McCallum lll

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Jani.

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The some of the scholars Lima,

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LL Hannah Avila, they said one intention for Ramadan is sufficient

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for the whole month for the month of Ramadan is sufficient.

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But the majority of the jurists Abu hanifa will share for a while Malik they see an intention for each day, we're told

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and the view of the jurist the majority of the jurist is more

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to the right, why, why, look what

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look through all of the things that they said.

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They said this

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okay. If you want to tell me that an intention is sufficient for the whole of Ramadan

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will this person who fasts

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Hebrew breaks his fast when

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at the sunset?

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Fair yet he Bhima huruma Allah He,

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he saw me He begins doing something that what he could not do with that intention. So he he changed the intention to work.

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Eating

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Fela Buddha and he knew the Fannia he must come with a new intention, the new day to change the condition.

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You understand? Here's something more very interesting that Elena Shafi mentioned himself he said this publicly asked you this question. You will not tell me that when intention is good for the whole of Ramadan. What happens if he breaks his fast one day in Ramadan?

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Will the whole month of Ramadan When will the rest of the days be invalid?

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One intention for what

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If he breaks fast one day he got sick.

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That means the whole fast thing is invalid.

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Well, the more you're saying one day for the whole month now if you break your fast one day, you're going to have to make a new name so no one name is not sufficient for the whole month. so awkward, the most authentic that you must make any for each day. Coolio I'm in a bad mood tequila had a whole chef a while I have Toby to facade Oba hooba dooba de Viva Yan if you spoil your fasting one day it will not affect the fasting the rest of the days fellow f set a saw mo cm a young min min am Ramadan for her that you've seen Omar sama whom in Russia, our mass, I assume inertia

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Why would you?

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Why would you boo that beat in me? Luckily a woman who account Abu hanifa was Shafi. What will Monday wha hoo boo Kodama de alimony. This is the view of Abu hanifa sheffey alamanda. I think I mistakenly said Malik. And allegedly I don't know. I don't know. I haven't.

00:31:24--> 00:31:31

He also said, but I think I don't know. So I have to go back to my source, either. No.

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Do you know what Malik said?

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Anthony makalah Malik.

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Malik, Allah.

00:31:42--> 00:31:43

Hi, Dr. Malik.

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I'm asking anybody knows the beautiful Mr. Mulligan this issue

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that I had for you.

00:31:59--> 00:32:01

So you have two benefits here quickly.

00:32:02--> 00:32:03

alpha e that will

00:32:06--> 00:32:09

listen carefully this not nia.

00:32:12--> 00:32:13

f net a Sony.

00:32:15--> 00:32:20

You see the soma? Why ilam tettey BMC. That assault.

00:32:22--> 00:32:23

Another kerravala.

00:32:24--> 00:32:26

During the course of the day,

00:32:27--> 00:32:32

got really hot. You're so thirsty.

00:32:33--> 00:32:38

inside you. You said I'm going to drink holla you're fasting is invalid.

00:32:40--> 00:32:41

Even if you do not drink

00:32:45--> 00:32:47

and now who have been happy.

00:32:49--> 00:33:00

I know some of you will be tackled by this. But this is something that is there. Because he came with the contrary of the pillar, which is the opposite of India.

00:33:02--> 00:33:02

For the

00:33:12--> 00:33:22

law, they are not talking about hardiness. We're not we're not talking about the whispers of shaitan here we're talking about remember once we talked about llll at Nia Eliza

00:33:24--> 00:34:02

we're not talking about shaitan trying to whisper to your ear saying break your fast we're not talking about that hard enough Sue was was the shape and we are not talking about we're talking about something in your heart that you actually determined to break that what we're talking about. We're not talking about this inshallah. The second benefit here is that the hacker could name the saw me based on the conditions that I mentioned. The Nia the intention to fast will be fulfilled by waking up for so who at night

00:34:03--> 00:34:14

but you if you don't want to go through all that stuff. If you don't want to bother about all of this that's a how fair enough is a hoary Baraka

00:34:15--> 00:34:16

because Subhan Allah

00:34:18--> 00:34:20

Subhana Allah was meant for the

00:34:22--> 00:34:38

the person who are sitting and what we're talking about this a lot of tons of Muslims millions of Muslims do not know that stuff. But yet the shot I've given them what something that worked, substitute that sitting and learning and and having this you wake up for support at night.

00:34:40--> 00:34:42

You have fulfilled all of the requirements of the

00:34:43--> 00:34:47

palace. It's over. You're waking up we were lucky Oh, shoot.

00:34:50--> 00:34:59

Tata Haku Nia Tula, Sonia alleluias, filmoteca de Mille, Korea, Melissa who wattana will upon mushara fi walked in

00:35:00--> 00:35:04

mean allayed lesi yava ilam jaquan had them in the eye that he

00:35:06--> 00:35:17

you fulfill all the requirements for the Nia by waking up at night and eating saho

00:35:19--> 00:35:24

and Subhanallah and Nabi sallallahu alayhi salam once we talked about before he said even if

00:35:25--> 00:35:31

a drink of food, even if it is a date, and he said Baraka have inherited normal

00:35:33--> 00:35:40

blood loss or the Allahumma he said first sluicey Amina mille CME Al Khattab, la

00:35:43--> 00:35:51

the the one thing that distinguishes our fasting from the fasting of the People of the Book is what the soul that you eat,

00:35:54--> 00:36:03

for you waken up for this, you don't have to go through all of this you have fulfilled and it is sufficient specially if the person

00:36:05--> 00:36:06

is not used to doing so,

00:36:08--> 00:36:09

we come to your issue.

00:36:11--> 00:36:13

Someone nephila

00:36:14--> 00:36:25

the voluntary fast, we said fasting whether it is mandatory, whether it is what voluntary, we said that the intention

00:36:27--> 00:36:28

before

00:36:30--> 00:36:43

is the requirement is a pillar for the mandatory fast and we give him the evidence for this. What about voluntary fast

00:36:45--> 00:36:54

What about the voluntary fast? Is it a requirement? Is it a pillar or not?

00:36:55--> 00:36:58

No hallas Hall lost

00:37:00--> 00:37:01

that is my holiday they

00:37:03--> 00:37:04

you said no easy like this?

00:37:06--> 00:37:06

Are you

00:37:07--> 00:37:08

understand this?

00:37:09--> 00:37:15

We have two Hadith regarding the issue. Alhaji through Takashi Murakami headsman

00:37:17--> 00:37:21

hacer la mela Miyajima

00:37:22--> 00:37:26

RCM Kabul el fecha de falla Saudi sama

00:37:27--> 00:37:38

this hadith does not talk about voluntary or mandatory right? The CM colloseum correct. This this hadith does not indicate that it's Ramadan fasting or not, does it?

00:37:40--> 00:37:46

The Prophet said whoever does not have an intention for the fasting.

00:37:47--> 00:37:48

Any fasting

00:37:49--> 00:37:53

mandatory or voluntary before fudger?

00:37:55--> 00:37:57

Then his fasting is what

00:37:58--> 00:37:59

is invalid.

00:38:00--> 00:38:19

So Hello, hello, hello. We have another howdy howdy. Aisha radiallahu anha. Muslim. What is the Hadith Carla Ayesha I saw a loved one who said the Hala Allah Yun Vu sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that a a woman.

00:38:20--> 00:38:35

The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam entered into my house one day for Paul he said sallallahu alayhi wa sallam held in the coming che Do you have something to eat? thokku

00:38:37--> 00:38:38

I said no.

00:38:40--> 00:38:43

Imagine this the house of the Brazilian doesn't have any food.

00:38:46--> 00:38:49

Yeah, there's a parallel life with the Hata in adonia

00:38:50--> 00:38:59

bled into the house of a Muslim now. At least three cupboards a mansion cereals

00:39:00--> 00:39:11

old tide snacks. Levison salad min Shea Highlander calm. Hey, mean Michelle and I highly recommend

00:39:12--> 00:39:15

Shea in your car Lula Hussein.

00:39:16--> 00:39:19

We have anything law.

00:39:20--> 00:39:23

Did he get upset? Did he get angry?

00:39:24--> 00:39:30

Salalah Holly Salah Macedo in the event saw I will fast.

00:39:31--> 00:39:33

submarine officer Heidi.

00:39:35--> 00:39:36

Allison masala

00:39:38--> 00:39:49

as the Hubble after he shall destroy some athenee Oh man, Aha. There is a completion to this Howdy. Then he came to me one another day.

00:39:50--> 00:39:59

For Karla Hakuna rasulillah I said to her faculty are rasulillah I said to him O Messenger of Allah. Allah

00:40:00--> 00:40:25

Dr. Lennon leiomyoma hasten hice type of food somebody's giving us something type of food howdy Yelena Nebula? Lee. The Prophet does not accept what Sahaba would accept what Hadees so she said what? We were given a gift today. type of food, gold highs are higher soon.

00:40:27--> 00:40:31

For color, so he he said to her Salallahu alaihe salam,

00:40:32--> 00:40:36

show it to me. Follow us back to saw

00:40:38--> 00:40:43

today. I intended to fast for a founder.

00:40:45--> 00:40:46

Then he broke his fast

00:40:48--> 00:40:51

you see the issue he said no yes right.

00:40:54--> 00:40:54

maravilla

00:40:56--> 00:40:57

Villa, they go.

00:40:59--> 00:41:00

Head to head. Be Sarah Adams

00:41:02--> 00:41:07

hafsa della Hadid, haapsalu Kofi Ramadan if the hadith of hafsa Ramadan was mentioned in the story.

00:41:09--> 00:41:16

In the story, gem Avenida de Fei heard a song Will Ferrell sarila sama, nephila colosse

00:41:17--> 00:41:34

to reconcile the two howdy hafsa deals with the fast thing that is mandatory howdy fi he deals with the fast thing that is what voluntary if you're fasting a mandatory fast you cannot break which is Ramadan, you cannot break your fast if you're fasting a voluntary fast, you can

00:41:35--> 00:41:36

break your fast

00:41:38--> 00:41:43

now we have two groups. The first group dealt with the two Hadith this way

00:41:45--> 00:41:46

Salah can

00:41:49--> 00:42:29

yonder, the majority of the jurist they actually said you could have an ear and intention during the day for the after fudger for the voluntary fast, Seroquel Jim who the majority of the Joris mess lactogen binal had Ethan they basically Hamon howdy hafsa the hadith of hafsa dealt with the mandatory sama Ramadan Hadith Ayesha dealt with the voluntary which is any other fasting and they supported their view

00:42:30--> 00:42:34

because a lot of the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam

00:42:35--> 00:42:45

understood that you had it this way. Amongst them his eponymous route was not a best what what are you still answering? What Abu Dhabi

00:42:46--> 00:42:48

Abu talha

00:42:49--> 00:43:12

others are other names there that they actually ensure they said this Sabbath and it was authenticated that they started voluntary fast during the day during the course of the day and shadow Soma totowa or Nia song toto Minh and during the course of the day,

00:43:14--> 00:43:14

but the other

00:43:16--> 00:43:17

basically view

00:43:19--> 00:43:20

amongst them Is it normal

00:43:21--> 00:43:29

of the life normal and abnormal is the the narrator of Hallett house. If you look at the children eration abnormal Ron Huff's

00:43:30--> 00:43:39

he's the narrator of a Melania ignacia and a couple faculty fellow sama la he's the one who narrated this ad. We have also a

00:43:40--> 00:43:50

will mmm show Kenny where that would allow Harry? When was Annie O'Shea who's any chef he is from the School of chef

00:43:51--> 00:43:58

and they built with Heidi Huff's they said howdy hafsa is sufficient

00:44:01--> 00:44:09

by what is in howdy tough solder is sufficient that you must have an intention for voluntary fast before

00:44:10--> 00:44:11

what's in this hadith

00:44:15--> 00:44:17

no one knows what's in this hadith.

00:44:21--> 00:44:21

What

00:44:23--> 00:44:29

what's in this what's in this hadith half saw that states that you must have an intention for voluntary fast.

00:44:30--> 00:44:33

does not distinguish voluntary from mandatory

00:44:34--> 00:44:35

but there is something there.

00:44:44--> 00:44:46

Where what is the what is the efficiencies

00:44:51--> 00:44:52

is my Heidi

00:44:53--> 00:44:56

angle fuqaha I will also lead

00:44:58--> 00:44:59

and neck era

00:45:01--> 00:45:03

feces in

00:45:04--> 00:45:05

the feed will

00:45:07--> 00:45:07

wash.

00:45:10--> 00:45:11

If there is a noun,

00:45:12--> 00:45:15

that is neck, your neck or it will indeed

00:45:17--> 00:45:20

indefinite definite Nakheel.

00:45:21--> 00:45:25

indifference and definitely does not have the

00:45:26--> 00:45:29

V and RB which is L.

00:45:31--> 00:45:38

If you negate it, indefinite noun negated that means everything.

00:45:39--> 00:45:58

Nabi sallallahu Sallam said men Lamia, Jima RC Anna koblin fecha de falla, Juana la enough Psalm, a psalm here definite or indefinite and definite Salah of sound money. That means what? Any fasting

00:46:00--> 00:46:00

for him

00:46:01--> 00:46:04

he understood why they fell. So, for the

00:46:06--> 00:46:07

last 10 years,

00:46:08--> 00:46:15

Elijah Neff, balloon unaffectionate la, mela, miasma, US Li Na

00:46:17--> 00:46:19

sia Yami

00:46:20--> 00:46:23

Yami Fela Soma

00:46:25--> 00:46:35

the word song here being indefinite and it is negated. That means any fasting and based on this, they built their view.

00:46:36--> 00:46:45

Sahib Fulkerson, he says this, what killall Madhavi tamiu Taraji Lu doodle.

00:46:46--> 00:46:51

And both of both views are supported while working.

00:46:53--> 00:47:01

And to be in the safe side, you try to have an intention before fetish. But

00:47:02--> 00:47:13

if you end up with fasting a voluntary fast while you initiated the intention during the course of the day, you're fasting is valid.

00:47:15--> 00:47:17

But when asked what to be in the safe side,

00:47:18--> 00:47:19

you should do it.

00:47:21--> 00:47:32

Another issue here because I'm just looking at the watch Mashallah the time run away so quickly. Halle Zhu Zhu Li manda Hala Fiesta yummy Papa wa alpha

00:47:34--> 00:47:38

someone who said today's Monday I want to fast Monday voluntary.

00:47:39--> 00:47:46

And then at noon. You know what? I'm going to break first Can he do this?

00:47:47--> 00:48:11

Huh? Yes or no. But meanwhile Mr. Hubby, it is recommended. If a person initiates a fast that you complete. His fastening was talking about voluntary fast that he completes his fasting. But he if he breaks his fasting, let if Molly there is no sin on this person will be he called a chef.

00:48:13--> 00:48:18

And this is the view of Liam mhfa. And what they do

00:48:19--> 00:48:20

beheaded behzadi

00:48:21--> 00:48:22

avodat

00:48:23--> 00:48:24

Solomon

00:48:27--> 00:48:40

and Solomon Rasul Allah wa sallam put them together. And a Buddha that used to fast walk every day, to the extent that his wife was complaining because of his fasting is not taking care of her

00:48:41--> 00:48:53

sadness, and men are only allowed one. One day he said to him, can I eat? So he got him food? And he asked him, Well, how do you feel Buhari, he asked him why you're not eating.

00:48:55--> 00:49:26

He said, because I'm fasting. He said, Could you eat with me? I would do that. Because Solomon insisted he ate with him. And then later on, they reported the whole method to the Prophet sallallahu sallam. And Solomon said to him in Nevada Nicola Huck, we're in La La gallega Jani. Your family has arrived upon you, your body has arrived upon you. And then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam later on said to sell man said to

00:49:28--> 00:49:29

sell nano.

00:49:30--> 00:49:37

Africa human cell man has more than you here is a shed while I'm moving to Cabo.

00:49:38--> 00:49:41

And he did not ask him to make up the day.

00:49:43--> 00:49:45

We had dinner soon fija was in

00:49:47--> 00:50:00

the car. And this Hadeeth is sufficient to simply prove that a person who initiated a voluntary fast he could break his fast you

00:50:00--> 00:50:47

During the course of the day, without having to make up the days, what he color Wakata had an enormous problem as roadwatch either be needing Saha and there is more than one account about Jabir ibn Abdullah Abdullah Abdullah bass doing this in both muslin abdulrazaq was sooner in Lima will be happy, but here it is where they have Abu hanifa one Alec, Abu hanifa and Malik they actually have a different view. They said whoever initiate a voluntary fast and then he breaks his fast there is no synonym, but he has to do what he has to wake it up. Whether it

00:50:49--> 00:51:08

be Maria and Ayesha but they used a week Howdy, howdy fi southern Indiana tirmidhi. oneness, a cobra, basically, who we are and Ayesha Anna de la Vela hafsa. The prophets Allah wa sallam said to her and to have some lamb couldn't

00:51:09--> 00:51:25

land mecanica simultaneous when they were fasting for Aqa letter and they eat he said to them, it could be a woman harana can make up a day instead of this day, like in handle honey, it is a week Hadeeth

00:51:27--> 00:51:30

the last issue regarding voluntary fast,

00:51:31--> 00:51:33

a wife cannot

00:51:35--> 00:52:32

observe voluntary, fast while her husband is present with her without the permission of her husband. And we have Howdy, hi, hi Debbie Herrera rhodiola Juan Carlos Allah Allah wa sallam lead of Sunil Morocco Wada aloha shahidan 11 evening, a wife cannot fast while her husband is at home with her without his permission. For in Canada we do have our either if her husband is absent for salamu ha so he and she fasts, her fasting is valid while there is an permissible Bella healer without any dispute regarding the issue, because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has sauce, the prophet Salah Salem basically

00:52:33--> 00:52:47

placed a particular condition which is the husband is what is prison that means if the house of the husband is prison if the husband is absent hallas we had a file and now you are AHIMA hola filmer

00:52:49--> 00:52:51

so that's pillar number one.

00:52:53--> 00:53:02

Very quickly inshallah just Gianni without going into details, the types of the voluntary fast, the six days of chawan

00:53:03--> 00:53:15

fasting in the month of Muharram, as many days as you want, and for sure, the ninth and the 10th because these are the days of Ashura fasting as many days as possible in the month of Chava.

00:53:16--> 00:53:23

But you singling out the 15th of chabanne with a fasting is a bit that

00:53:24--> 00:54:01

you should not fast two days before Ramadan at the end of the month of Chabad unless if this is something that you'd use to do but for sure, it is not permissible to fast that they have doubt the ninth of the ledger, which is the day of arafah, fasting Mondays and Thursdays, fasting three days out of the month in general, any three days out of the month, in particular, the three days the 13th, the 14th and 15th. All of these are voluntary fast. The last one is the fasting prophet the Wu Dali Salah

00:54:02--> 00:54:03

which is what

00:54:04--> 00:54:12

off on CME we'll walk you through you fast one day and you break fast one day, we'll head off Volusia cannot fall under.

00:54:14--> 00:54:32

The best of fasting is the fasting of Prophet Muhammad Ali Salam used to fast one day and break fast another day, the days that we are not allowed to fast a young man he wants to Yamuna, the days of eight, the two days of the days of tertiary

00:54:33--> 00:54:59

the 11th the 12th or 13th of what of the hedger fasting Friday in particular you singling out Friday with a fast unless if it falls in the 13th or 14th or 15th or you fast one day and when they aren't unless if you use it but you come and say okay, I'm fasting Friday. There is a burning fasting the days of the day of doubt. In shaba fasting

00:55:00--> 00:55:03

Continuously so yamaga Hurry, fasting, Roger.

00:55:05--> 00:55:12

A lot of Muslims, they think that you should fast there is a blessing in fasting the month of Roger. And I had

00:55:14--> 00:55:17

Elijah boom Elijah, while lcmv

00:55:19--> 00:55:57

will be there, I got encrypted into the savings while I was young. Yeah, and for them, Sam, is what is granted. But there is nothing that says that you should fast the month of Rajab or you should increase in fasting and that nothing whatsoever. But if you're used to fasting Mondays and Thursdays helaas in the month of Rajab, you could do this. If you're used to fasting the 13th or 14th or 15th helaas. You could you could fast this, it is also. But Amalfi another regarding fasting Saturdays, there is this like that you single out Saturday with fasting, because this is a day of the

00:56:01--> 00:56:13

the second pillar of fasting is abstaining from the things that will invalidate your fast that includes eating, drinking,

00:56:14--> 00:56:17

while you are aware,

00:56:20--> 00:56:22

remembering and wanting to

00:56:23--> 00:57:07

this is important, these are three restrictions. a clue was sugarboo wajima mal elmy. One year errata whadda melanesian. Because whoever eats out of forgetfulness, mat now you've said some, but you knowing that you're eating, you're remembering that you're eating, and you're you're wanting to eat, somebody opens your mouth and places food in your head that this does not invalidate your fast. So with the intention, wanting to eat wanting to drink, knowing that this invalidates your fast and also not being forgetful.

00:57:09--> 00:57:25

Of course, this has to happen occurs from February till the sun sets. Yes, what there is nothing in our Sharia that says what to lift or walk to sack.

00:57:26--> 00:57:34

All these things had to be on a female citizen and attacker, I remember that family photo, and we would not eat until work

00:57:35--> 00:57:48

was longer metadata, the canon of accounting, you know, and then everybody can eat my maphis sobre la Bruh, Billy Bishop's you see the sunsetting you eat

00:57:50--> 00:58:22

a lot of people they have to hear what happened. Then he goes someplace and to hear what the event in order for him to break the fast lap and a bra the whoosh missions when the sun sets, then you break your fast. You don't have to here or there if you are for example in the desert. And there is no machine around you. Nobody is calling here that they have to wait until you hit the ATM to eat line. In fact, by the by the you see the sun setting helaas yo yo there is no need for this.

00:58:23--> 00:58:44

If a person eats drinks, thinking that the sun has set, and later on, he discovered that the sun did not set and this issue actually happened at the time of Omar atop of the last one and also at the time of the Prophet sallallahu sallam.

00:58:45--> 00:58:50

Yeah, and he The issue is debatable between the schoolers while I cannot watch

00:58:52--> 00:59:12

any other school or said this person makes up the day he's not sinful. He's not at fault, but he makes up the day. But Roger the most or the closest to the truth. The closest to the the right thing here is the person does not have to make up this day. And we have

00:59:15--> 00:59:47

an upper and they didn't know what Rahim Allah, I believe the assessor FEMA, FEMA significant Abby shava he said after unnatural fees and Daniel Ahmadinejad the people broke the fast at the time of the law during the reign of oma ricotta above the law one and they basically said no more broad than food out of the house of hafsa that they fishery boo and by all the sudden the sun came out. They saw the sun coming out.

00:59:48--> 00:59:59

They thought there was a cloud and they thought the sun what has said the sun came down FACA and Nevada cachaca aliveness that people feel so bad about it for call the

01:00:00--> 01:00:28

Said knuckles we had an young we will make up this day for color photography alone he said Why? One law he met that Jan Neff Nelly if mean, we did not intend to violate our fast. And again the issue. A lot of the scholars they said the person is not sinful. But he has to make up this day. We had an ad in the lobby but Robin had an affair

01:00:29--> 01:00:38

or the alarm on that this person should make up the day after words. One last thing, somebody who's flying

01:00:40--> 01:00:41

in the air

01:00:42--> 01:01:32

he cannot say okay, I'm flying over Denver and the sunsets in Denver at this time. He breaks his fast if he's fasting when he sees what the sun setting alebrije missions, not by the time of Denver. With this inshallah we have covered the pillars of fasting, which is the two pillars and ni, one m sec. Tomorrow, inshallah, we're going to have a lecture about the console instead of the Salah. So what we can finish inshallah, we want to talk about the manners of fasting, we want to talk about the things that invalidate your fasting. The things that this like to do when you're fasting, the things that you're permitted to do while you're fasting we want to cover those four issues tomorrow

01:01:32--> 01:01:40

insha Allah Subhana Allah morbihan Nick shadow Allah Allah Helen istockphoto to Lake wa Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh