Kamil Ahmad – Lessons from the Seerah 33 Establishing a Military

Kamil Ahmad
AI: Summary © The history and goals of the J Year are discussed in a series of segments covering the importance of protecting the new Muslim community and the use of the Prophet sallavi alayhi wa sallam in various battles. The importance of protecting Islam is emphasized, along with the deification of the Prophet sallavi alayhi wa sallam's military training, which involved physical and financial preparation for fight against enemies. The importance of self defense and balancing conflicting extremes is also emphasized. The negative consequences of war, including suffering and loss of life, and the need for justice and freedom are also discussed.
AI: Transcript ©
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Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim

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Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala terminal A Camilla Ania Allah. Allah He Ultramarine while early he was so happy woman who was standing there be sunnah te la Yomi Deen Allahumma alumina Magan fauna. When Furner Bhima Hallam Turner was in a dilemma, what arena and help the help on what is looking at there I already know about Bella Bella Whelan. aurizona Christina, what Jana Minister Mrunal cola for it to be Aruna Sena. I mean, another had a Salam alaykum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh.

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In the past couple of weeks, we were going through the various

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projects that Rasul Allah, he's Sal, Allahu Allah, he was Sallam had undertaken as soon as he arrived in El Medina.

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And so we mentioned

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the building of the masjid, followed by establishing bonds of brotherhood.

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And then speaking about the Covenant, the pact or the treaty, that would govern the relationship between the various groups within Medina. And finally, one last project that we have left to discuss, and that is the establishment of the army or a military.

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And so last week, we spoke about the third project,

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we spoke about the covenant that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi, wasallam drew up.

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And so today, we move on to

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the fourth and last project, and that is the establishment of a military.

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And so now that the Muslims had established their own state,

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they have arrived in Medina, they have their own community, their own state,

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it was inevitable

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that they would need to protect themselves

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and protect their new newly established state, from their enemies and

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their prime enemy that we encourage,

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who had still posed a very huge threat on the muscles.

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And so an example of this threat.

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As soon as Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had made his right to a Medina Quraysh they sent a letter

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to some who had remained upon cover in El Medina, who had not embraced Islam. At their head was Abdullah bin obey.

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Who would later on go on to become the head of the mafia called the hypocrites.

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So Quraysh sent him a letter

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telling him and the other machinery Kuhn from 1900.

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That you have given sanctuary to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and

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we are giving you the option.

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Either you hand him over,

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you fight him, you kick him out, and you hand them over to us, or Quraysh will send an army

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that will come and kill you and take your wives or leave your wives as widows and your children as orphans.

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And so you can see here how they were threatening

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the people of El Medina

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and in fact, Abdullah bin obey actually,

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he started to prepare for this and so he got the other machinery coming together and they were ready to

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approach Rasul Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and when the prophets of salaam saw what they were doing, he addressed them and he said,

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Look, how Qureshi is dividing you and do not become fools,

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allowing yourselves to be killed and your children and women to become killed.

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Another example

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of the threat that kurage still posed to the Muslims

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is that when

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sad had been won,

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who was

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a leader of El Medina

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when he went to visit Mecca

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he was friends with Omiya even Honnef.

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He was friends with him since the days of Jahai Lee.

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When omega used to come to Medina, he would stay with South when sad would go to Mecca, he would stay with omega. He'd been hunted. And so

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it's all happened outside

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visited Mecca and this was after the Hijrah.

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He went and visited Mecca, and he went to Romania and he asked him

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for a suitable time when he could go and make the off.

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And so

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meaning at a time when there's no one around, so they waited until noon, until it was the hottest time

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and so they went and make me pull off.

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And Abuja Hill, appears

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Abuja Hill saw them and came and asked Mejia who the man with him was. So he said, he was sad even more. And Sarah Gibbon wise was well known. He was, as I said, a leader. He was one of the leaders of a house.

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And so Abuja Hello told omega

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that he does not approve of omega helping this man to make dwarf when his people had given sanctuary to the Muslims.

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He then threatened said it been worth saying that had it not been for Omiya he would not have allowed him to return to Medina safely.

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Sad it'd been Maha then responded.

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And he warned Abuja * that if he prevents him from making Tawaf, or he harmed him in any way, then sad

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will prevent his caravan, the caravan of Abuja, hull of Quraysh from reaching its destination. This was because Quraysh their caravans used to pass by El Medina, on their way to a sham to Syria.

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So once again, this shows us the constant effort by Kurdish against Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the sahaba.

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And so all of this shows us

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the importance of

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a defense system,

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a military that was needed

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to defend the Muslims to protect the new Muslim community.

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Now, before we

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get into

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the establishment of the Army, before we get into the various

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battle battles, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam fought, it's important here to start and talk about the concept of jihad.

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And this is important

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for several reasons. First of all,

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if we look at the 10 years, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam spent in El Molina

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he was in Mecca 13 years, and then he was in Medina for 10 years until he passed away.

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In these 10 years, rasool Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had participated himself

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in 19 battles.

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Besides that, he had sent out 55 expeditions in which he himself did not participate. But he sent out battalions expeditions.

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So you had a reservoir at Barrows, and then you had what are known as saraiya,

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which are expeditions. And we'll get more into that later on.

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And we'll talk about the various expeditions that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam had sent out.

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But the point here is,

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if you add

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if you add those together those numbers together, you find

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70 armed conflicts

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within a span

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of 10 years.

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This means

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On average, we're looking at seven armed conflicts

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every year,

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approximately seven armed conflicts, whether they are battles,

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all wars, or expeditions.

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these battles these expeditions, they take time to prepare.

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You have to finance you have to mobilize and organize an army.

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And then in those days, you needed time to reach your destination.

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And then you need a time to come back.

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And so

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what we can see is that it was

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a huge burden on the Islamic State. The question is, why did rasool Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam devote so much time and energy to it?

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Another reason why this needs to be discussed

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is that this issue has become a very hot topic today. Event a very controversial subject.

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And so there is a major misconception

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on what Jihad really means.

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And it's not only a misconception among non Muslims, but even Unfortunately, many Muslims do not understand what it means and wanting to respond to

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the accusations of the enemies of Islam. Sometimes, we end up watering down the deen

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and we end up

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trying to give a picture of something that is a part of the deen that is distorted.

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And so

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there's a misconception of what Jihad means. And what is the objective of jihad? And what is the wisdom behind it

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it's the word itself Jihad means struggle.

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And it comes from a droid which means to exert effort.

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And so the linguistic meaning of it, is to exert effort or to struggle.

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this term has been used in the Quran

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referring to the linguistic meaning of struggling, for example, Allah subhanahu Attallah says, well, lady in a Jahad Rufina, Leonard, the unknown Subala those who struggle in our way, we will guide them to the various ways

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and also mangia in the manga. He's the one who struggles he only struggles for his own self.

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later on this term,

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it carried a specific Islamic meaning.

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And so there are words in the Arabic language that have a linguistic meaning.

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But then Islam came and gave it a new specific meaning.

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And so, when we talk about these terms, we have to always

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refer to the Islamic meaning.

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So for example, Salah, it means dua

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to supplicate.

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However, Islam gave you a new definition and that is when you say salah, immediately your mind goes to a specific way of praying.

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Likewise, jihad, it has its linguistic meaning however

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when it is mentioned in the Quran and Sunnah.

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When it is mentioned in the Quran, and Sunnah unless there's, you know, some kind of evidence to prove otherwise, it means one thing

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and that is to fight the enemies of Allah.

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A physical struggle

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to fight the enemies of Allah who object to his Deen.

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This is the meaning and this is agreed upon by all the scholars of Islam.

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All for metal hubs. All the scholars of Islam agree that this is the meaning of energy had in Islam.

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The proof

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So jihad

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is to basically free the people

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from slavery to one another, and to become slaves of Allah. And so

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it is much better to be a slave of the Creator rather than a slave of creations, whether they are rocks, idols, human beings, etc.

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And it is also to bring the people under the blessing rule of Islam,

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whether they become Muslim or not, because in Islam, we cannot force anyone to become Muslim. However, we have an obligation to

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allow the people to come into the fold of Islam. And that will not be possible

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unless we open up plans, and we conquer them and we rule them.

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Otherwise, there will be people and nations that won't have access and their chiefs

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and their elite will prevent them continuously prevent them from accepting Islam.

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And so there is an increased chance of more people coming to Islam if they were living under Islamic rule.

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And that's why rasool Allah is Allahu alayhi wa sallam says, in the Hadith, that

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Allah subhanahu Attallah is amazed by people who are dragged into Jannah in chains.

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How basically, these people are dragged into Islam, even though they don't want to.

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And that is after Islam came and opened up their lands and ruled and gave them an opportunity to see Islam for what it is. And so they ended up accepting Islam because they were subjugated.

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And so that becomes their reason for entering into Islam.

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And the reason for entering into Jain

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so in general, most people they're not interested in hearing about religion.

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If you were to announce to

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non Muslims that there will be electron Islam, how many would respond?

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rarely anyone would.

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And so,

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the point here is

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that when the Sahaba or the Allahu Anhu fought FISA villa,

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and they brought the people under the rule of Islam, that is when the people started to listen.

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Think about it, think about

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various phases of the Dawa when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was in Mecca,

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and he was giving Dawa.

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Only a few people responded

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from the people of NACA

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and even more a few responded from those outside of Mecca.

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We talked about the stories of people who had accepted Islam, but how many were they? Very, very few.

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But then, when the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam now established an Islamic state, the people, the tribes and even other nations and civilization started to listen.

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And they started to take it seriously.

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And so that is when when the Prophet Olson was in Medina, that is when people started accepting Islam more.

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And so from a few 100, the Muslim population rose to the 1000s.

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And then by the end of

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by the by the time the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam entered Mecca, the conquest of Mecca, he had an army of 12,000

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or 10,000.

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And then,

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when he went for hegemony without the final farewell hedge, he went with 90,000 people.

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So after FATCA

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all these people started accepting Islam.

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And then when he passed away, those who prayed his gelato janazah were numbered, approximately 114,000

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And so what we can see here is

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that when Islam has the upper hand, and when Islam is ruling

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that gives an opportunity

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to give Dawa at another another level at a level that is not possible when you don't have the authority and the rule

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now, what are the various stages that

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Jihad went through? And so

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Jihad visa vie Rila as we know it

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did not become legislated upon the Muslims in one go,

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go fight all the kuffar. No, that's not how it was. And so

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if you look at him, he mentioned that there were

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generally four stages that

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Jihad went through, in its legislation. He mentioned this in that Allah Muhammad.

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And so he mentioned in the beginning it was

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the ruling of fighting was haram. It was not permissible. And this was in Makkah.

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And there are many examples of this, of how the Companions would come to the Prophet SAW Selim and ask him, Why can't we fight back? Yeah, Rasul Allah, let us fight back. You know, they were being persecuted.

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And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to them, no, I have not been commanded to do that. So this stage was the stage of patience.

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Now is a time for patients.

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You're being persecuted, you're being tortured. They're patient.

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They're a patient. And so it was not allowed.

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And so, after that, the second stage was when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

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Moved to Medina

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and this stage was the permission to fight

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the permission.

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It was not a command.

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But rather it was simply permitted.

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So if you want to fight back, but you don't have to

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and this is when Allah subhanahu Attallah said the source will hedge only in Adelaide you know you caught Luna be unknown Lulu in Allah Allah. Nasri. Hemlock added permission to fight back is now granted to those being fought

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for they have been wronged. And Allah is most capable of helping them prevail and granting them victory. So here permission was given to them.

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The following stage

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is now that they are now commanded to fight.

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This third stage is to fight those who fight you

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to fight those who fight you.

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this is when Allah subhanaw taala revealed in Surah Baqarah we'll call it Luffy sebelah Hilarion and your quality Luna calm while I title in the Lucha Libre have been martyred in fight in the Cause of Allah against those who fight you, but do not exceed the limits. Allah does not like those who exceed the limits. So here the command came from Allah to fight against those who transgress against you.

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And this was a kind of

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the final stage in which the final law

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was revealed by Allah for the entire ummah. Ibaka yam says

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about the stage that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was now instructed to fight everyone, meaning to fight all of the kuffar and emotionally cool, and the enemies of Islam.

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And this is where a loss of parenthood to Allah says in surah toga, we're called to emotionally Kena calf 10 Can you call it Luna CONCACAF

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de la

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creme and fight against the kuffaar against the disbelievers collectively, all together, all of you must

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sums together, come together

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collectively, and fight against all of them as they come together against you collectively to fight against you, and know that Allah is with those who fear.

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So these were the four stages in which Jihad was prescribed and legislated, as we can see here, like many of the difficult

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legislations in in Islam,

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care and consideration was given to

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legislate it in a gradual way.

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So that it's easy for the Muslims to adapt.

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And so imagine if

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something like this was to be made compulsory upon all the Muslims in one go.

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Likewise, many other legislations in Islam they came down in a gradual way.

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Now, what are the objectives of jihad?

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And so when we look at

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the ayat in the Quran that talk about jihad, we find that

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there are many objectives and reasons why Allah legislated. Let's go through some of these objectives, first and foremost, for the deen of Allah to prevail

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for the deen of Allah to be above and to prevail over the land.

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And so this means that

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Jihad was legislated to grant freedom of religion.

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Not in the sense that, you know, the West speaks about where for them, it is to grant freedom to some as opposed to others.

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And what they actually mean is when they say freedom

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is to grant freedom to cover

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and to allow cover to spread

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in Muslim Societies.

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So what we mean is the freedom to preach and give dower

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without any hindrance

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to allow the deen of Allah the message of Islam to reach every single soul and every single human being and for people to practice Islam freely.

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So Allah subhanahu antalet says in this regard what quality loom had led to Hakuna fitna while your Coonan Dino kulula fight against them until there is no more fitna meaning there is no more cover

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and the deen of Allah

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will be entirely for a lot. So this shows us that one of the main objectives of fighting is to allow the deen of Allah to prevail.

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And when it is prevalent, and when the deen of Allah is ruling over the land,

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people have access to the deen of Allah. Because in the end of the day, Allah subhanahu wa Tada sent this deal not for only me and you not for only a group of human beings, but rather for every single human being on Earth.

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And this message will not reach certain people because

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there is a hindrance.

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There are people coming in the way and they are the enemies of Islam.

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And so, this hindrance need needs to be removed and for this Jihad was legislated.

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And this is often referred to as offensive jihad. So even if the even if you are not being attacked, you go out and you

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wage jihad, FISA Barilla

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opening lands where there is resistance. And so when the Muslims when the Muslim armies used to come to a non Muslim land, they would present itself to them they wouldn't immediately come in invade

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and kill no. They would say we have come to bring you out of darkness into light.

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For the message of Islam to be presented to you, this is what we have to offer.

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Allow this message to reach your people.

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And we won't have to fight.

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But what would happen

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those people would refuse it

00:30:00 --> 00:30:02

And so the only option was to fight.

00:30:04 --> 00:30:32

Also among the objectives of jihad being legislated, was for the protection of rituals and places of worship. Allah subhanahu Attallah says who DINELLI Latina ukata Luna be anomaly mu. We're in Allahu Hyla Nasri him naka de permission to fight back has been granted to those being fought, for they have been wronged and Allah is most capable of helping them to prevail. Then what does Allah say?

00:30:33 --> 00:30:46

Ladies and gentlemen the area be lady helping ILA and your Kulu Prabhu Nola, those who have been expelled from their homes for no other reason than saying our Lord is Allah

00:30:49 --> 00:31:02

while I will defer Allah He NASA bow to whom be Ballwin LaHood Dima Sawa Swami Rubia Arun was on our way to in one eye surgery Do you the kernel fee has Mala he Cathy Ron

00:31:04 --> 00:31:07

had Allah not repelled

00:31:09 --> 00:31:17

the aggression of some people by means of others than destruction would have surely claimed monasteries,

00:31:19 --> 00:31:36

churches, synagogues and masajid in which Allah's name is often mentioned, what am surah Allah Who Manial surah in Allahu Allah Kalyan Aziz and Allah will certainly help those who stand up for him. And Allah is truly all powerful almighty.

00:31:38 --> 00:31:47

Notice here, how Allah is saying, we're not that Allah repels some people by means of others meaning

00:31:49 --> 00:31:52

if it was not for the fact that some people have had to fight another,

00:31:54 --> 00:31:55

then what would have happened?

00:31:58 --> 00:32:00

places of worship would become demolished.

00:32:01 --> 00:32:02

And notice here

00:32:04 --> 00:32:07

Allah mentions churches, synagogues.

00:32:09 --> 00:32:11

Why? Because

00:32:12 --> 00:32:14

our owner was not the first one

00:32:16 --> 00:32:17

to be ordered to fight.

00:32:19 --> 00:32:23

The first owner to be ordered to fight was Benny Israel

00:32:26 --> 00:32:28

for the previous nations before that,

00:32:29 --> 00:32:33

how did Allah deal with his enemies by wiping them out?

00:32:35 --> 00:32:43

The people of New had the mood and so on. They were destroyed when they would not listen.

00:32:44 --> 00:32:48

But it was Benny is Rocky, who are watching who had to order them to fight.

00:32:50 --> 00:32:51

And so

00:32:58 --> 00:33:04

what we see here is Allah subhanahu Attallah mentioning synagogues and churches for that reason.

00:33:06 --> 00:33:09

And Allah also mentions massage. So the point here is

00:33:10 --> 00:33:13

that Jihad was legislated to protect the places of worship.

00:33:14 --> 00:33:20

Because the transgressors they will destroy and demolish these places if you don't stand up to protect.

00:33:21 --> 00:33:25

Also, among the objectives of legislating Jihad

00:33:26 --> 00:33:29

was to protect the world from corruption

00:33:30 --> 00:33:31

and disaster.

00:33:33 --> 00:33:39

And so when you fight Jihad feasable Allah, it is not destruction.

00:33:41 --> 00:33:42


00:33:43 --> 00:33:48

you know, the enemies of Assam want us to believe it as the media portrays it,

00:33:49 --> 00:33:54

but rather the opposite. Jihad was legislated to actually protect the world

00:33:55 --> 00:33:57

to bring peace to the world.

00:33:58 --> 00:34:02

And so, look at what Allah subhanahu Attallah mentions.

00:34:04 --> 00:34:06

In Surah Baqarah, Walla Walla,

00:34:08 --> 00:34:13

differ Allah He nursed bow to him be Baldon Lefay said that till on

00:34:14 --> 00:34:16

when I came to LA to felt good in Ireland, Ireland.

00:34:17 --> 00:34:27

Allah mentioned this right after he mentioned the story of Dawood, alayhis. Salaam, and dilute Goliath

00:34:29 --> 00:34:44

and how that will that Islam was victorious over his enemy. Right after that Allah says this, what does Allah say here? Had Allah not repelled one group of people by the might of another corruption would have dominated Earth

00:34:45 --> 00:34:52

but Allah is gracious to all. So what we learn from this is that Jihad and filing fees are real Allah was legislated

00:34:53 --> 00:34:55

to bring peace to the world

00:34:56 --> 00:34:58

to prevent corruption

00:34:59 --> 00:34:59

and destroy

00:35:00 --> 00:35:01

Chin from prevailing in the world

00:35:04 --> 00:35:06

and that is exactly what tyrants do.

00:35:07 --> 00:35:09

And so they need to be brought,

00:35:10 --> 00:35:11

they need to be brought to a stop.

00:35:14 --> 00:35:22

If no one stands up to oppose them and fight them back, then tyranny will become widespread on Earth.

00:35:24 --> 00:35:28

Also among the objectives of legislating Jihad was to test people.

00:35:31 --> 00:35:37

Our entire existence here in this dunya is a test from Allah to test our ima

00:35:40 --> 00:35:46

and Allah legislative Jihad also to test us as Allah subhanahu wa Tada says,

00:35:47 --> 00:35:48

In surah Muhammad

00:35:50 --> 00:35:52

which is also known as Surah Al Kitab.

00:35:53 --> 00:36:11

The Surah fading Allah subhanho wa Taala says Valley Caledonia sha Allah lentil Surah Minho, while I kill Leah beluga bow, the Combi bow, well, Adina kuti, Luisa de la, he's telling you, Bella Armando Had Allah willed, He Himself could have

00:36:12 --> 00:36:20

inflicted punishment on them, meaning the kuffaar Had Allah willed, He could have punished him like he did with previous nations.

00:36:21 --> 00:36:23

But he does this

00:36:24 --> 00:36:31

while I kill Leah believe about DocumentDB. But he does this only to test some of you by means of others.

00:36:32 --> 00:37:03

And those who are murdered in the Cause of Allah, Allah will never allow their deeds to go to waste. And so armed struggle is a test for the believers. It is also a test for the kuffaar. And so Allah is testing the patience of the believers, and whether they will sacrifice their souls for him or not. And so the biggest sacrifice that a believer can make is to give up his life and his wealth for Allah subhanho wa taala.

00:37:06 --> 00:37:12

It is also a test to see are you going to be afraid of the Creation instead of being afraid of Allah.

00:37:15 --> 00:37:19

And so there are so many tests here. It's also a test for the heart

00:37:23 --> 00:37:25

and how much the heart is attached to the dunya.

00:37:27 --> 00:37:30

And so, when the call comes to fight,

00:37:31 --> 00:37:35

people, they back down, they don't want to give up their dunya

00:37:37 --> 00:37:39

and then it's also a test for the hypocrites as we're going to see.

00:37:42 --> 00:37:46

And so Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions how the hypocrites were exposed

00:37:50 --> 00:37:52

when When were they exposed

00:37:53 --> 00:37:54

at the time of battle

00:37:58 --> 00:38:00

so Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions

00:38:03 --> 00:38:42

are When are your own and know whom you've turned on? Frequently am in my rotten own routine. So malaria taboo in our home yet the Quran. Allah mentioned this at the end of Surah, a Toba, which is all about exposing the munafo canta hypocrites. Allah says do Do they not see that they are tested once or twice every year? Yet they neither repent, nor do they learn a lesson, the average battles of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam were approximately one or two per year. And every time that wouldn't feel cool, it was a test for them.

00:38:44 --> 00:38:51

Because they're not believers. Why would they join the Muslim forces to go and give up their lives

00:38:53 --> 00:38:55

when they are attached to this dunya

00:38:58 --> 00:39:11

the fifth objective is to expose them when I feel good. As Allah subhanahu Attallah says, Now Karen Allahu Leah, Mina, Alana and Tamala he had diabetes and Kabita Amina by hip

00:39:12 --> 00:39:17

Allah would not leave the believers in the condition in which you are currently in.

00:39:18 --> 00:39:26

This was in El Medina, when they were living with the munafo code. And the Manasa code had not yet been exposed.

00:39:27 --> 00:39:29

their true colors had not come out.

00:39:30 --> 00:39:38

Allah says Allah will not leave the believers in the condition in which you're in until he has distinguished the good from the evil among you.

00:39:42 --> 00:39:52

And so the way you can separate evil from good is by fighting FISA. vilella. And so this idea is in surah, Allah and Ron

00:39:55 --> 00:39:59

among the ayat that talked about the Battle of Oakland

00:40:00 --> 00:40:02

because in the Battle of 100,

00:40:04 --> 00:40:05

the head of the mafia

00:40:07 --> 00:40:08

Abdullah ibn obey,

00:40:09 --> 00:40:11

he withdrew.

00:40:12 --> 00:40:13

Initially he went out

00:40:15 --> 00:40:23

to show that, you know, he's with the Muslims, but then he withdrew his troops, which formed approximately a third of the Muslim bar.

00:40:25 --> 00:40:26

And so we'll look at how,

00:40:27 --> 00:40:30

when Allah legislates Jihad it exposes

00:40:31 --> 00:40:36

it exposes the evil in the ranks of the Muslims then when Africa

00:40:38 --> 00:40:59

also, Jihad was legislated to punish and humiliate the enemies of Allah as Allah subhanahu wa Tada says, or to whom you ad lib to whom Allah will be add come or you see him while you're on Surah, Kamali him, when it should be sudo rakonin mean? Find them, and Allah will punish them at your hands or believers,

00:41:00 --> 00:41:09

Allah will put them to shame. And Allah will help you to overcome them. And Allah will soothe the hearts of the believers.

00:41:10 --> 00:41:17

He'll soothe your hearts when you're able to go and fight. Because until then, your hearts are burning in range

00:41:19 --> 00:41:21

at what they're doing to you.

00:41:22 --> 00:41:30

And so all of this shows us that among the objectives of jihad, is to punish the disbelievers to humiliate them

00:41:32 --> 00:41:34

and to disgrace them.

00:41:35 --> 00:41:40

Finally, among the objectives of Allah legislating, Jihad feasability, Allah

00:41:41 --> 00:41:46

is to defend against the aggression of the enemies of Allah.

00:41:48 --> 00:41:51

And so these enemies are either

00:41:52 --> 00:41:54

actively transgressing against Muslims.

00:41:56 --> 00:41:59

And so we need to stand up in self defense

00:42:00 --> 00:42:02

or they plan to transgress against it.

00:42:03 --> 00:42:11

And so, something needs to be put in place to repel that aggression or potential aggression.

00:42:12 --> 00:43:02

And it has to be in the form of self defense. And this is what the LMI referred to as the defensive jihad. So there are basically two kinds of jihad, authentic Jihad that we spoke about, and defensive jihad. Allah subhana wa Tada says about this defensive jihad in Surah, Nisa, for or till feasterville Allahu Allah to color, that to kill left with a line of sight will hurry you will mean so fight in the Cause of Allah, O Messenger. You are accountable for none but yourself and motivate the believers, energize the believers to fight so that perhaps Allah is Allah Who and your cooktop XL Adina kuffaar Allah who should do bad sandwich I do Tenkiller so that Perhaps Allah will curb the

00:43:02 --> 00:43:06

might of the disbelievers. Allah will repel

00:43:07 --> 00:43:12

the might of the disbelievers and Allah is far more superior in light and in punishment.

00:43:13 --> 00:43:19

So these are among the objectives of Allah legislating for those who asked why.

00:43:20 --> 00:43:22

And this is a common question nowadays.

00:43:23 --> 00:43:27

You know, in this era in which we live in, in where, where,

00:43:28 --> 00:43:35

you know, everyone is calling for peaceful coexistence, there should be no aggression, there should be no fighting

00:43:37 --> 00:43:52

will get into the various kinds of fighting. But right now we say these are among the reasons for why Allah legislated jihad for his cause. Now, in

00:43:53 --> 00:44:02

the believers were not allowed to fight back, even though Quraysh had used all forms of aggression against the Muslims.

00:44:04 --> 00:44:11

And we have to understand it wasn't easy for the Arabs to restrain themselves.

00:44:12 --> 00:44:15

You know, we're talking about the Muslims here. They were tribesmen

00:44:18 --> 00:44:20

and tribal people.

00:44:23 --> 00:44:28

They did not have that kind of anti war background, that we find people nowadays.

00:44:30 --> 00:44:31

They were warriors.

00:44:33 --> 00:44:36

You know, you come and fight them, they're gonna fight back.

00:44:37 --> 00:44:45

There were no peace activists in those days, like Martin Luther King like Gandhi. Generally, if you fight against such people,

00:44:47 --> 00:44:48

they would fight back.

00:44:49 --> 00:44:53

So for them to restrain themselves from fighting was very difficult.

00:44:55 --> 00:44:59

But it was a test of their patience. It was a test of their patience.

00:45:00 --> 00:45:08

It was a test of their submission. Are you going to listen to the commandments of Allah or not? All of this was training. And that's why

00:45:10 --> 00:45:15

the period of time in Mecca was all a training period

00:45:17 --> 00:45:22

to build the Eman of the believers so that when the time comes

00:45:24 --> 00:45:24

to fight,

00:45:25 --> 00:45:27

they'll have that strength of EMA.

00:45:28 --> 00:45:30

So when the permission finally came to fight,

00:45:32 --> 00:45:36

Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Allah, He says that I knew there was going to be fighting.

00:45:37 --> 00:45:46

Ultimate, ultimately, we will have to fight, there is no way that we can get out of this situation that we're in, except by fighting in the hands of Allah.

00:45:47 --> 00:45:56

And so the Permission was given, as we mentioned, either in the early days of Medina, or some say it was given before the Hijra.

00:45:57 --> 00:46:03

But they only took part in fighting once they had migrated to and Medina.

00:46:05 --> 00:46:07

And so this shows us

00:46:08 --> 00:46:16

that this was one of the first things that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, started to focus on when he arrived in El Medina.

00:46:17 --> 00:46:19

And so to fight against

00:46:20 --> 00:46:21

an opponent.

00:46:23 --> 00:46:25

It requires preparation.

00:46:26 --> 00:46:29

And that is why Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam started training

00:46:30 --> 00:46:34

the Muslims to fight and this training took two forms.

00:46:36 --> 00:46:40

One was the spiritual training, and the other was physical training.

00:46:42 --> 00:46:47

And so you had many as revealed, encouraging them some stuff like

00:46:48 --> 00:46:50

mentioning the huge reward for

00:46:52 --> 00:46:55

at the same time, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

00:46:57 --> 00:47:04

would encourage the believers by mentioning many, many different kinds of virtues of fighting in the Cause of Allah.

00:47:06 --> 00:47:23

The reward for the one who dies, fighting for the cause of Allah, and so on and so forth. So all of this was, all of this was to prepare them spiritually. Then came the physical preparation.

00:47:25 --> 00:47:29

And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had to prepare them physically now.

00:47:31 --> 00:47:32

When we talk about

00:47:35 --> 00:47:39

physically preparing them, it meant, basically military training.

00:47:41 --> 00:47:41

And so

00:47:42 --> 00:47:54

everyone who fulfilled five requirements was expected to join to join the army of the Muslims.

00:47:55 --> 00:47:56


00:47:57 --> 00:48:00

having reached adulthood, or puberty,

00:48:01 --> 00:48:03

be being mentally sane,

00:48:05 --> 00:48:16

to be free from faults and defects that would prevent you from fighting, for example, being ill, or disabled. And the fifth was financial ability.

00:48:17 --> 00:48:38

financial ability, because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did not have the resources, and the ability to sponsor every fighter. And so everyone had to finance themselves. Now, how did Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam train the Sahaba physically? Did he tell them to go jogging or lift weights? No.

00:48:39 --> 00:49:00

And that's because their lifestyle was already very active. And so there was no need to tell them to get physically fit, unlike a city. And so it wouldn't make sense to tell a farmer who leaves every morning and after fajr to his farm, and he's working in his in his field.

00:49:01 --> 00:49:07

until evening, it doesn't make sense to tell him go for a jog, lift some weights. However,

00:49:09 --> 00:49:19

in the areas where the Muslims were lacking, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did give instructions for specific training. And so for example,

00:49:20 --> 00:49:32

he told them to swim and to learn how to swim. Why because the Arabs of Mecca and Medina did not live near any kind of see where they knew how to swim.

00:49:34 --> 00:49:41

And swimming is a very important skill to have for someone who is going to go and fight.

00:49:43 --> 00:49:45

Also the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam train them

00:49:47 --> 00:49:51

for target shooting what is known as a Rahman

00:49:52 --> 00:49:59

and so Allah subhanho wa Taala says in Surah TL and fan what I do love whom, Mr. Todd Quwata

00:50:00 --> 00:50:11

Let me read out Belhaj prepare against them. Again so far what you can have Goolwa of strength of power and cavalry.

00:50:13 --> 00:50:25

The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam explain what is meant by Kuba. Here, strength he said Allah in. In Quwata Rami, he started three times that strength is in,

00:50:27 --> 00:50:30

in archery or target shooting.

00:50:32 --> 00:50:41

And in another Hadith the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned, the virtues and the importance of learning how to shoot.

00:50:43 --> 00:50:52

And so this is how the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would train the companions in certain areas that

00:50:53 --> 00:51:04

a certain skill was required for specifically for being able to fight against the enemy. And so from these teachings, we can notice that

00:51:06 --> 00:51:24

the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam made it a point when he migrated to Medina, to establish a military. And this was one of the projects, a huge project that he started on, right away as soon as he migrated. And we looked at the reasons for that.

00:51:25 --> 00:51:36

And so we'll quickly mentioned some of the lessons that we learned from this episode in the Sierra are the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. The first lesson that we learned

00:51:37 --> 00:51:46

is that jihad is not only a part of Islam, but it is one of the most important parts of Islam.

00:51:47 --> 00:51:49

In fact, the scholars

00:51:51 --> 00:51:52


00:51:54 --> 00:51:54

we find that

00:51:56 --> 00:52:10

they would many times mentioned jihad, FISA be the law, along with an armor Bill malroux For Nahanni mukha, commanding the good and forbidding the evil, they would mention this as the sixth pillar of Islam

00:52:11 --> 00:52:16

to show how it is a fundamental part of Islam.

00:52:17 --> 00:52:25

And so, the efforts of some, to try to remove this aspect of Islam is futile.

00:52:27 --> 00:52:44

Yes, there are certain rules that need to be followed when engaging in jihad. And there could be situations when jihad is not to be waged, but that does not mean that we rule it out. And we try to brush it to the side.

00:52:45 --> 00:53:08

Especially when we are being pressured to do so. Like in this day and age in which we live in the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, showing us how this part of Islam will never become abolished, but rather it will remain until the day of judgment. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, There will always be a group from my ummah.

00:53:10 --> 00:53:25

There will always be a group from my own, that is fighting upon the truth and prevailing until the day of judgment. So what does that tell us? It tells us that there will never be a time in which there is no Jihad happening on the face of this earth.

00:53:27 --> 00:53:35

And so this shows us the importance of this aspect of Islam. The second lesson that we learned is

00:53:36 --> 00:53:43

that the legislation's of Islam are always balanced between opposing extremes.

00:53:46 --> 00:53:48

And so when it comes to self defense and fighting,

00:53:49 --> 00:53:52

Islam is opposed to the Christian way

00:53:54 --> 00:53:55

of turning the other cheek

00:53:57 --> 00:54:01

when one is to respond to insult and injury by

00:54:02 --> 00:54:03


00:54:05 --> 00:54:07

you know, allowing more insult and injury.

00:54:10 --> 00:54:11

On the other hand,

00:54:12 --> 00:54:32

Islam took into consideration when to fight and when not to fight. So it's not all a war, fight in any way you want. Nor is it to completely put down our weapons No. We see how Islam is moderate, and balanced between these various extremes.

00:54:33 --> 00:54:35

The third lesson that we learn

00:54:36 --> 00:54:37


00:54:38 --> 00:54:44

that every single war is an act of injustice, and is evil.

00:54:47 --> 00:54:52

With the exception of fighting in the Wrath of Allah, war involves suffering.

00:54:54 --> 00:54:58

It involves bloodshed. It involves a loss of life

00:54:59 --> 00:54:59


00:55:00 --> 00:55:01

of which is evil without a doubt

00:55:04 --> 00:55:10

and every single kind of war is evil and unjust with this exception

00:55:11 --> 00:55:15

with this exception that it is in the path of Allah

00:55:17 --> 00:55:40

and the evidence for this Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Allah Dina M and you can't you don't have ECB Lila those who believe they fight in the plant of Allah. Well Latina kifaru, you cardi Rafi Surya toeholds and those who disbelieve, they fight in the part of the hood. For RT Lu Alia, shaytaan, indicator, shaytani turnover Eva

00:55:43 --> 00:55:54

and the disbelievers they fight in the part of childhood. So fight against shaitan allies. Indeed, the schemes and the plots of shaitan are ever with here.

00:55:55 --> 00:56:00

Allah subhanho wa Taala is saying that there are two kinds of war.

00:56:01 --> 00:56:15

One type is fought for Allah by the believers. And the second type of war is for tahu which is fought for which is fought by the disbelievers. And so Tahu is anything that is worship

00:56:16 --> 00:56:17

besides Allah.

00:56:18 --> 00:56:25

And so if the believers fight for the sake of Allah, then that is a rewarding act.

00:56:26 --> 00:56:31

If you don't fight for the sake of Allah, then you are fighting for other than Allah.

00:56:32 --> 00:56:37

And so even if they say that we are fighting for the sake of freedom,

00:56:39 --> 00:56:44

to spread justice, to spread to spread freedom,

00:56:45 --> 00:56:52

it is still evil, because it is not for Allah, but rather it is freedom, according to them,

00:56:53 --> 00:56:56

and justice, according to their worldview.

00:56:58 --> 00:56:58


00:56:59 --> 00:57:14

if there is a war that is fought under the banner of la ilaha illallah, then this is the only kind which is just unjustified. Why because Islam is against all kinds of oppression,

00:57:15 --> 00:57:16

and aggression.

00:57:19 --> 00:57:26

And who defines justice for us? None other than Allah subhanho wa Taala finally, the last lesson that we learned

00:57:27 --> 00:57:31

is the grave consequences of abandoning,

00:57:32 --> 00:57:40

fighting in the path of Allah. If the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and his companions had not established a military

00:57:43 --> 00:57:48

if they did not establish an army, if they did not wage jihad

00:57:51 --> 00:57:55

as Allah subhanaw taala prescribed it, then

00:57:56 --> 00:57:59

Islam would have been wiped out.

00:58:01 --> 00:58:02

And Islam would not have reached us.

00:58:04 --> 00:58:08

Insulin abita would the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says,

00:58:09 --> 00:58:13

When you enter into Bay Elena, a kind of

00:58:16 --> 00:58:20

impermissible haram kind of transaction, which is river based,

00:58:21 --> 00:58:26

and you hold on to the tails of cows, and you are pleased with agriculture

00:58:29 --> 00:58:54

and you give up fighting jihad, then Allah will allow disgrace to prevail over you. And he will not take it away until you return to your original Diem. And so we can safely say that this refers to our current state as an owner unfortunately, and we can also see the reason for it.

00:58:55 --> 00:58:58

We can also see the reason for his love for the dunya

00:58:59 --> 00:59:02

and not wanting to give it up.

00:59:04 --> 00:59:08

And this is why Allah subhanho wa Taala criticizes

00:59:09 --> 00:59:22

those who do not respond to the call of jihad. Allah subhanahu Attallah says you Halina and Malecon either Theale Allah kumin fie roofie surbey Rila culto il

00:59:23 --> 00:59:31

O you who believe what is the matter with you, that when you are asked to march forward in the Cause of Allah

00:59:33 --> 00:59:36

that you hold on to the ground, meaning

00:59:37 --> 00:59:39

you remain seated, you don't get up.

00:59:41 --> 00:59:52

You don't mobilize yourself to go and march out in jihad. Instead you hold on to the ground meaning you hold on to this dunya of yours. Are we Tom Bill hayati dunya, Amina era

00:59:54 --> 00:59:59

Do you prefer the life of this world over the hereafter? Tonight metalhead

01:00:00 --> 01:00:03

dunya Irati Illa Khalil,

01:00:04 --> 01:00:08

the enjoyment of this worldly life is small.

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It is insignificant compared to that, of that.

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So this shows us the grave consequences of abandoning this fundamental aspect of Islam that was upheld by not only the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, but by his companions after him,

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and not only his companions, but generation after generation of Muslims, continued waging Jihad feasability Allah until only

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a century ago when the Muslim

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ummah became divided, and that one state that was holding them together, collapsed. And so now you don't have a state who's going to wage that jihad. Whether it be as we said, the two kinds of jihad, whether it be a defensive or an offensive jihad.

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And so what does all this show us? That it was something that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam started and it continued for generations and centuries.

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Until we are in the current situation, which we are in, and we mentioned the reason for that. And this Hadith also tells us what the solution for that is to go back to the deen of Allah Subhanallah when we ask Allah subhana wa Tada to allow them sins, to come back to their senses and to allow them to come back to redeem. We ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to grant Muslims around the world who are suffering, to grant them victory over their enemies. Without we come to the end of this session of the spirit of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Subhan Allah who will be handed to Allah ilaha illa Anta so Furukawa to break wa sallahu wa salam ala Nabina Muhammad, while early he also can be

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urged Marian was salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.

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