Channel: Kamal El-Mekki
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Bismillah R Rahman hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah Meanwhile, earlier he was happy
about So, last week Khalid spoke about
the entitlement MKI and its virtues and some of its history. Today inshallah we're doing the the virtues in some of the history of haram al Madani. And of course,
there was a lot of information about the city of Medina, the first inhabitants and where they came from, where they went, their origins, all kinds of things, a breakdown of all the tribes there, there's a lot of the history of the city itself. But we wanted to focus on the history of the masjid and messy the note number we specifically and even then it goes into, there's a lot of history there also. So we have to choose what we're going to do within this hour.
And I made some decisions, maybe inshallah, we'll agree with some of them. One of them is I skipped the later expansions, they just get boring. He put this much granite and this much marble and, and conditioning and I think it gets boring at this point who agrees? Yeah, it's like the stuff that we can just you know, not just look up but some of us have seen physically been and seen the last expansion and the one before and it's not as exciting. So,
a little bit first about the founding of Medina and its first inhabitants. As you know, before the process, I'm renamed it to Medina, it used to be known as yesterday. And the scholars say that yesterday was the name of a man who was from the descendants of no Holly Sam. And he founded the city and therefore they named it after him yesterday. The first inhabitants they say, the earliest three inhabitants, the first word the America and in English it's, they're known as the Amalekites. So same word in Arabic been anglicised a little bit the Amalekites, the Amanda, m Lok and Arabic means giant. So there were people that were huge that were large in size, and they were Arabs, and
the scholars have no doubt about the fact that they were Arabs, the spoke Arabic, a mama who largely says that the ancestor of Allah Malika his name was emilich. He claims that he was the first person to speak the Arabic language. Now, sometimes when you say something like that people are like, what, what about other men? What didn't they speak Arabic and a gentleman? is an Arabic going to be the final language and agenda. As much as people try to say that there is no evidence that people spoke Arabic Adam alayhis salam and Howard spoke Arabic in agenda. The people say we're a large region does the length the back and forth, right in the Quran? Allah tells you what Adam said to his Lord
Allah said to Adam, and it's all in Arabic. No, it's all in Arabic because Allah is explaining it in Arabic. Anyone Allah Subhana Allah says, mu says that this differ on their own set this back to him. We have it in the Quran in Arabic, but does that mean they spoken Arabic to each other? No. bridges that sometimes and especially the Arabs, they take Arabic a little bit too far like it
Use the language of agenda, and it will be the language of gender in the future. I personally don't care what language you speak in agenda, as long as we get in there, right? I don't care. We speak Tagalog. We speak Cantonese, Vietnamese just we get there. I'll be like Niihau. And it's fine with me. Right?
But the point really isn't that we can't be curious. The point is that we don't have firm evidence to say that people spoke Arabic before, or will speak Arabic later on after the Day of Judgment. And so
I think that was the first person to speak the Arabic language, then so we've got the Mr. Lockhart, then we've got the Jews. The Jews came to Medina, a very long time ago, also, and the scholars believed that they were descendants of immigrants from Palestine. So they would leave Philistine. And there are a number of times when they left Philistine and they're primarily in the end, it's due to persecution. And this is a known very known issue. Historically, anytime the Jews were persecuted in Europe persecuted in Christian lands, they immediately went to the Muslim labs, because they know they're not going to be stopped and not going to they can build their synagogues and worship and
nobody would bother them.
The earliest of the Jewish tribes that came to the city of Medina were by no karela, the scholars say and Burnaby. These two are of the earliest Jewish tribes. Then the third group of the early inhabitants of the city were the hosts and the Hutterites the famous tribes will also know has Raj and there are two tribes from spawn that were originally from Yemen. And, of course, until the time of the poster lamb these two tribes were still there. So these are some of the earliest inhabitants the person who was named after now, we've got the names of the city. And the process them changed its name from yesterday, we said, the founder, perhaps from the descendants of not understand the
problem change the name from year three to Medina. And he's not just going to do that or sell them for no reason whatsoever. And the scholars speculate as to why they give some explanations, they say because in Arabic, so yes, rip. Three in Arabic means to blame. And we see this in the Quran in surah. Yusuf called layer three but on a chameleon, there is no blame upon you today. But the three was blamed. It also linguistically means to corrupt or to adulterate something. So you can see doesn't have a very good connotation if it's blame. It's not a good name for a city. I mean, if that's the route and if it's
too corrupt, it's not the good name for the city of the Prophet tilos. That is true. So the problem then changes name to Medina. This also has other names there's Baba and the Hadith and Al Bukhari for Salaam said Indeed Allah the Almighty, the powerful named it, Baba. And the scholars say that Baba Baba, also named playbar are all from the Ube. And why this name because it has been purified from schicke. And anything that's pure and impure thing is known as play Eve anyways, so Baba Baba, because it was purified from shark. And so that's one of the names of the city. Now, with regards to some of the virtues to some of the virtues, first of all, it's the location of the hero of the
Prophet sallallahu sallam. And then
the process of setting sail Buhari and also it's a Muslim, that the President said that I've been enjoined to go to a city that supersedes all other cities, superior to all other cities. They say yes trip but it is Medina. And then the president described something about it that it purifies people as the bellows eliminates the impurities of iron any, you know, the bellow. It's this what you use to push a lot of air towards iron, so you're melting iron, and to get the impurities off. So it says the same way that the city of Medina purifies people. And another Hadith describes how that every time that whatever wicked type of person comes to the city, they leave it and Allah replaces
them with a better person. This is towards the end of time until the best of people are living in in Medina.
Just a side story. There was someone studying in Medina, and he said one of theirs, one of the students, their mother came to visit them in this city, and she was really uncomfortable and she couldn't wait to get back. And the other students used to say it's just like the Heidi I need that. But I don't think the Hadith applies in that way. They're just I think they're being harsh on the guy's mother. All right. So
another one of its amazing things is that the digital cannot enter the city of Medina. So he will just come camp outside of and Medina Medina, and then he will stand on like a small hill, and he will point to it and he will say that. Do you see that white
Tell us over there. The Hadith says he will say to his companions, the Antichrist of the jet. Do you see that white palace over there, and he will tell them that is the masjid of Ahmed. That is the mystery.
And it's such a beautiful Hadith because this hadith at this time, the mystery of the porcelain was brown Earth tone and color. And only a genuine Prophet would know the color of his Masjid in the distant future. And today, we look at an image of the Nebo he just physically or an aerial shot or even a satellite shot, and what's the color, white, bright white, white marble everywhere, even the roof white, so that the gel tells MDC that white palace that is the mission of ambit, he's not able to enter the city of Medina every time. At every gate, there's an angel with the sword drawn out. And so the gel will not be able to enter it, but it needs to get the evil people out of it. So he
was the earth,
the earth will be meaning the land the ground will shake three times violently. And every hypocrite male or female would leave out and join the digital but him entering physically he will not be able to Mecca and Medina he cannot.
Beta knuckle this he cannot enter but he can enter the city. But he can't intubate. They can enter the city itself he can. So that's one of the other virtues and that's why anyone did the gel comes out. property value will go up in
the real estate agent will show you around so that gel proof also add another perk.
And of course, there's some other things that only the president said also inside Bukhari and Muslim that no one plots against the people of Medina, except that allow will cause him to dissolve as salt dissolves in water and it lets protecting the people of the city from whoever tries to plot against them. Now, sorry, I want to go back to the hadith of Medina superseding all the cities being better than all the cities. So immediately think what about Mecca? Right? So if Medina is best of all the cities, what about Mecca? We know Mecca is better. Number one, so even when no even other scholars explained it, they said that it can supersede them in another way. Can we agree that for example,
the conquering of Mecca the army that left and the people that left to conquer Mecca Where did they leave from?
Medina in that sense, isn't superior, that it's the city from which all other cities will be conquered. So they said in that sense, not in the sense of its its actual virtues and and placing in front of a large audience. But we do know the process of setting the Hadith that the prayer in, in this Masjid or in my Masjid prayer in the midst of the nabawi is better than 1000 prayers in any other Masjid except for Al Masjid al Haram. So a prayer in the midst of the Naboo is better than 1000 prayers in any other Masjid except for a little Haram in Mecca. So this just a little bit of the virtues of a message of the Navy and the Ottoman number itself and its sanctuary. So invested in
Abu Dhabi was the second msgid that was built in the first year of the hedgerow. The first one was the masjid of Koba, and it was the first question and it was on the way to Medina. So the problem started Koba built this message and then continued on his way to the city of Medina. And when he entered Medina, the unsur started to take the reins of the she camel of the NACA of the Prophet Salim so he would be their guests so one person would grab the reins, you're my guest, Dr. sola, you stay at my home, the other person would grab the range of the camel, and then the prostate lump. Told them Hello sebelah in Mora basically leaves the camel alone, it is commanded meaning it's
commanded by Allah to go to a specific place. So everybody let go of the camel. And it kept walking until it's settled. It kneeled down near the home of about a human Ansari, it kneeled in that place. And the hilum said elmen Zulu insha Allah. So this is the place in sha Allah.
So the second day, so the camel chose this place, the second day, the problem comes and he asked, Who does this long belong to? Who does this land belong to? And what they described is that it was a flatland where they had where they used to dry dates. So after the harvest days, they put them out there in this land to dry. And there were a few neglected palm trees, some of them dead and very neglected, and a few old graves of some pagans, just a few graves, and just piles and rebels of sand here and there. So the person asked who, to whom does this land belong? And they said it belongs to two orphans from benina junk. And
in a hadith proselect says, Yeah, but in a jar, Sammy nguni open in a jar, give me a price and I want to buy the land. So the 200
And boys actually offered to give the land for free. And they said your solo will give it as a gift to you. We donated, especially the mustard is going to be built here. But the prophet SAW Selim refused, he refused to take it as a gift. And he insisted on giving them a price. It's some of the clear lessons. One, there are orphans, they don't have any other source of income. And the problem was orphaned himself. So he always knows about the orphan and fields for the orphan. So he refused to take it because they have no other source of income. They're young boys, that and then the second thing also, it doesn't allow anyone any room to say, Look, he took it from the orphans or took
advantage of their situation. No, it's bought and paid for no one has any, nothing to say about it. So
the abubaker paid the amount so 10 Gold dinar is what they bought the land for. And I will work for the law and who paid it and it's bought. So the porcelain as the companions now to prep this area for construction of a Masjid. And
east of the masjid, there was a place known as berthier, Alibaba, Alibaba. And it was a place where they decided they decided to basically this is where they're going to build all the bricks for the construction of the machine. So it's almost like a brick factory now to the east of the machine, they'll build all the bricks there and lay them out to dry. Then when they're ready, they bring them to the machine. And it's close enough. They don't have to like travel a far distance. Something about the word book here. And many people, when we hear a book here, we think of the cemetery where the companions and the mothers of the believers are buried. So that's what they understand his book.
Yeah, but but here actually, linguists, and it refers to any flat land that has no rocks, so it's not Rocky. And so and there were many in in Medina, there was the clear l file, there was a Zubair, these different names of areas that had the same description, flatland, not many rocks.
And it was typically used to as a cemetery. And there's some good explanation. What's a good explanation? Why use this land for cemeteries?
Not because it's flat, but because
no rocks. Yeah. Like, you don't want to be digging hundreds of graves in an area just full of boulders and rocks always coming in your way. So any booklet would have been a good idea, a good place for a cemetery. But today, we're just It's famous for the book to the cemetery. And that's why we always think a booklet is that booklet, well, book has any flat land with no rocks in it. And they had different names, but today's popular as, as that cemetery.
so they started then to prep this area. And we're going to look at some of the numbers and some of the procedures for building them.
One of the things the column marked on the ground, the size of this machine, so it's going to be 35 meters by 35 meters. Does everyone understand meters here? Yeah. So you're either a scientist or someone who studied overseas. Yeah.
Okay, good. Because meters are smart metric system is smart. The other what they call standard, it's not very smart. Right? So 35 meters by 35 meters. And the tip low is towards beta muchness. At this point, the table is towards the north, because at this point, still, they were praying north, not towards Mecca, not yet. That's 16 months later, they started to pray towards Mecca. So the porcelain built it, we said 35 meters by 35 meters marked down the there were three doors, one door in this south, one door in the West, it is known as Barber, Rama, and then one door in the east. And this is the one that porcelain would use frequently. And we said, because the Qibla was in the north, there
was no door there. And they would they would build it with bricks, and the porcelain himself would be taking part in the building. So he didn't just sit and tell people you do this, you move faster, but he himself and he would put the bricks on his garment. And when the companion saw that, they start to do the same, they would pick they were big bricks, they would put them on their garment and bring them to the place of or the location of the building. What they did was
the they made first a foundation of only rocks, one and a half meters deep, so just rocks. And then they went up a little bit. And then on top of this foundation of rocks that this is all around like this square foundation of rocks going deep in the ground. And then on top of the rocks, they put the bricks and the bricks were like three fourths of a meter thick. So they're quite thick, big these and we're calling them bricks. We don't imagine this little brick that we have now in our houses. That's why when they're talking about how a modern yes we're doing the building of the masjid or the porcelain holding their huge like this, and a model would have to that's no joke and that's why the
porcelain commented how everyone's carrying one and you can
too, there were big ones not like little ones like that.
Then they, they put the pin on the pillars inside the masjid, like these pillars here, they were made from trunks of palm trees, standing them, you know, clean them up, so they're not too rough. And they would be standing inside, and the roof they made from. So the they've got like long wooden pieces for the roof. Then they put the
it was made from Jared and who's Jared are the palm stocks. So if you look at a palm tree, you've got the long part that has the leaves at the end, the green part, this long part, that's the jetty remove the leaves from that you've got these almost like long stick like pieces. So they set those up top like that. And then the host or the leafy parts, the leaves of the palm tree, they put that on top, and then they put a layer of mud on top. And the mud was to stop the rain from seeping through. But it wasn't all covered. And I have to say, you will find if you go on YouTube, you will find a number of let's say, like kind of 3d images. Some of them, you will not find a lot of
pictures, but you'll find some videos with 3d explaining what it looked like. And some of them pretty good and
but no pictures that's it's kind of like really sad what's out there, like not enough good material. There's some very good models that show all the different expansions and everything. But they're only videos of these models. And they're no like interactive models where you can go in and flip it 360 just we're, it's kind of poor, like you'll be kind of disappointed when you look up what what we have, as far as I felt very nice models, but you only find videos taken by cell phones of those models. So just we need to work on that anyways.
So the ceiling they described was comet in San comet in Sun is like almost like almost the height of a human being. So they say it was about two meters tall, two meters high, the ceiling itself and the ceiling was a meter shorter than the walls, the walls were three meters tall, and the ceiling was bring down one meter, and that's the ceiling. So
and it was an old covered, front part was covered. And then the majority of it was open and then the back part was covered again. So there's a covering in the back part. And that was the that area was where the people over suffer the poor and would say I will hoard arugula and one of the famous ones, the poor people would stay in that area of this Masjid.
It took some narration say one month to build the masjid. Others say seven months. And the longest narration says it took a year to fully complete building the masjid Willa Harlem, which one which one it was. So this was now the mystery of the pasta lab completed. That's it sighs that's what it looks like roughly.
So one more time 35 meters by 35. We've got the base made of stone. And then we've got mud bricks, dried mud bricks going up top to two meters up. And that's the ceiling. So for tall people, they're very close to the ceiling. But it's not all covered. Like we imagined it to be like our massages. So if it was in this room, up to that fan would be covered. You would have pillows in this area up to this fan. And up to this area is covered and the rest of the room was all open all open areas. And then the end of the masjid there's another covered area as well that's where the people of sofa would stay.
This was what it looked like in the beginning when the porcelain built the masjid. Then we come to the first expansion in the first expansion was during the time of the prophet SAW Selim, in the seventh year after the hedgerow after the conquering of haber. And now there were more and more people coming to Islam and the population was getting bigger and the machine was getting too small and too tight. So the people asked the mausoleum to expand the masjid and abyssal Salaam complied and agreed next to the masjid was this empty space of land. And so the pasilla wanted the Astor's companions to purchase it with not enough fun, don't be alone, I know he went and he bought it all
of the land and he donated it to the message. So he expanded the first expansion with moto Delano completely paid for the land, give it to the masjid
and in this expansion they expanded Actually, let me let me switch to Qibla first. So after 16 months, after the porcelain built the masjid after 16 months, the Qibla was changed. And when the Qibla was changed, the following changes happened to the masjid. So first the Qibla was towards the north, right? And Medina is or Mecca is south of Medina. So now the Qibla is changing from towards the north, to the south. And he didn't have to like change the the angle of the walls or anything. Everything is just straight from up here, back this way. Now, one of the things used to bother the Muslims. The Jews used to talk the Muslims and they used to tell them
If we were not upon the truth, you wouldn't be facing our Qibla needs to bother them. But were they going to do change? They can't do that. And the person I'm also wanted, and in his heart, he wanted the Qibla to change. And then the verses came down. And the Qibla changed. So exactly the opposite. So the changes that were made, was that the the door in the south, there was a door in the south, remember, that door was closed off, because now we're praying that way. And they opened another door in the north, where the where the Qibla used to be the back of the masjid now. And then they moved a new sofa, their area from the front to the back. This is the front now. And William, everything is
reversed. Does that make it easier? All right, everything was reversed. And
that was that was this was just the changes that were made, just the doors opening and everything being reversed, people are moving. And that's about it. So now we're going back to the first expansion on earth man bought the land. And the land then expanded it. So to the north and south, from the north to the south southern tip of the masjid is 50 meters now. So the increased 15 meters extra. And remember, it was 35 meters wide is now 45 meters wide. So 10 meters wider. So not a huge
expansion, right. But again, if things were simple, like we would imagine that well, since we're expanding it, let's make a double. And it wasn't like that. And it wasn't like there was the you know, the resources and wealth. It wasn't like that, where we just think let's make the 10 times bigger, like urban planning and all the the way we think of things now.
skyscrapers all that fancy. Yeah.
So then they had
three covered areas, a number of covered areas like that. So not the whole thing was, it was a covered, not the whole thing was covered, just parts of it were covered. And each covered area had about nine pillars, and we said they're made of the palm trunks. And at night, they would like the masjid with with branches of palm trees. So they were like torches, just like a torch. So I dried part of this palm tree. And they would put it into the wall or hang it and insert it into a wall or into a pillar and it will be burning at the end like that. And that's how the light would be in the masjid. But then the companion to me with Daddy, and if you remember to me, is very famous for
something to name a daddy. Yeah, the famous Hadith of the journalist, a Muslim. He's the one from who came from Philistine and then he got lost on the boat. And then he met the jug face to face spoke to him to the jail, ask them about the prophet SAW Selim. So after that, you have only one option. And if you meet something like that, the judge and the dab but the hairy beast, and then they speak to you about the process of lamb. Where's your next journey?
Straight to the process of take Shahada right, you're not gonna need more proof after that. So he came in, he took Shahada in the process of them in the lung hadn't explained what he saw and when he went through the remainder of the loan and who he brings a condition which is like a kind of land Lantern, he brings these lanterns and ropes and oil and he hung up these lanterns in the masjid and lit up lit them up with with the oil now. So now the mustard was illuminated in a much better way. And it was much brighter than than before. And the porcelain was so pleased with that and he tells him know what that mess didn't need. You illuminated our Masjid know what Allahu Allah May Allah
bring light for you. And in your days in your affairs in your in your life. Some historians said it was Omar Abdullah and who was the first to illuminate the masjid. But others reconcile they say it could be that Amaro Dylan was the first one to use like proper lanterns and increase the number and really illuminate the mystery. So even at this point is not that bright. But Amara, it was very noticeable at the time of oma and that's why some say he was the first to illuminate the message but it was to me Medina would love to honor
some some of the other interesting things the process used to so now we know that the the covered area and the Qibla area were was was covered. And they had these pillars. The Pillars we said were made of
palm trunks, right?
So the foster lamb didn't have a member back then. So he would stand next to one of these palm trunks, and he would lean on it and he would speak to the companions from them. And then the standing was give him a hard time. So he asked different narrations when he asked the companions to build some kind of member for him. Another explanation is that he wanted the unsightly woman her son was a carpenter. So he told her to have her son build something for him. And there's another that says one of the freed slaves is one of the companies
He built, he was a carpenter as well. And he built this member and it was three steps. So so one to the third step was the seat where the problem could sit as well. And the process then started to give the everyone knows his famous story, he started to give the the speech from the member and the palm tree he used to lead lien upon, and it's not a living palm tree, but the the trunk of it, the pillar started to to make a sound like the crying of of a camera, like a small camera when it loses its mother. So and like is this event, many competitors were were in the masjid. And everyone knew where the sound was coming from. It's not like someone was where's that from some people next to it
knew it was this big. Everybody knew was that palm trunk.
But what is beautiful is that one of the narration says that it was so sad that the companions became sad.
That's beautiful. Yeah, it was so sad that they became sad for this palm tree, they just felt bad for it the way it was crying, because in abuse, a lot of sadness wasn't leaning on it anymore with his blistered body. So the problem, then, if you can just see him, he gets off the member. And he goes to console, this inanimate object, what you think is this dead palm trunk. And he talks to it. And he tells it that if you wish, I can make draw for you. And greenery will return you will become green again. Because it's a dead trunk at this point. But I'll make to offer you a new become green, and you can live again. Or if you wish, and if you stay quiet, I will make the offer you to become
one of the trees have an agenda. And the trunk became quiet, don't make any more noise after that. And there are some that say that nourishing journey that when later on became too old, they actually buried it. In the after the members of the member were here behind it in the direction of the Qibla that way, deep in the ground and buried it there. But the person hugged it and spoke to it. Yeah. If you you know and that's why companion seeing these things. And what does that do to you seeing the process of them speaking to this inanimate object that was making such a loud sound that people even became saddened that how sad it was, then the person I'm hugs it speaks to it and gets back on
remember continues to hopper? Just like nothing happened, right? Yeah, imagine.
Okay, forget, you get the idea.
You can't just casually come back on the minbari. What was I saying? No, no, wait a minute. What do you just do here? is not possible. Right.
Are we on time?
Okay, no, no, no, as soon as 917 Okay.
All right. That was the second expansion. That at the time of the process, no expansion at mo obaku at the time of the law and who numbers increased also, they asked Omar to enlarge and to rebuild the masjid. And there was land nearby belong to civil the answer. So it was bought from some of them, some of them donated it for the masjid and some of them and it basically, ownership was taken from them because this was something or just kind of like eminent domain, right. And this time, it's 70 meters long. And, and, and made wider as well. And now the meet the ceiling was made much higher. It was five meters. So this is quite high now almost any more than double what it used to be at the top
of the hill, very tight. Very, like I said, told people were having a rough time. And now it's more than doubled five meters to the ceiling. And then they put soft pebbles, or like small pebbles all over this was the the carpeting that they had back then. And this was any there was a place called where the athlete, so it's a volunteer by the head this, this fine pebbles, and they put them all over the masjid. And that's why also nowadays to enter the Michigan with their sandals with their shoes. And growing up we used to always see young men who would enter the masjid with their shoes. Like this kind of question into their shoes. And you tell me how you take your shoes off in the
machine the person and did they come in with the shoes or not? Yes, they did. Okay, then don't talk to me. Okay, but they walked on pebbles. Yeah. And this is expensive carpeting that came from I don't know where and
has designs on it. So this is what we're saying. Anyways, so
yeah, and they added doors, they added more doors to it. This was during the reign of Rama, then during the reign of earthman. The the fourth expansion Now, the third slot, first, second, and then third year. There's a ton of man in the fourth year, so four years, he's the halifa then the people started asking him again the machine is too tight. Please make it bigger. So 80 meters long.
50 meters wide, but so it's so not really much. And he only added 10 meters to the length, and 10 meters to or so to the width. But what was really unique about this expansion is that
it's not alone. And we had the walls built out of rock. So all the walls now were rock, solid rock. And the pillars were made of rock as well. And some of them had iron as reinforcement. And the interesting thing now, the wolves became white, they made the walls white, they didn't have paint, but they use plaster. And some of you who've traveled overseas, you've seen in our day and age, they use plaster to make molds white, who's seen that?
Yeah, just me.
Okay, I've seen places where instead of white paint, they just use plaster, which is very White and bright in color. And they just put that over the walls and you've got a white wall. And of course, the downside there and if you if you're wearing let's say a dark garment, you rub against that plastic, it's on you. So some of you know what I'm talking about, but you didn't want to put your hands up that's fine.
So, what is this I just find it interesting that at that point is when it started to become white had white walls. Now then other expansions
and these are the interesting ones like I said,
but during the time of virtually the other one and Malik This is the 88th year after the hedgerow and this expansion will continue until it will finish on the year 91 after the hedgerow. So the year 88 after the hedger really did not did Malik. He asked his governor in charge in Medina, the governor was Omar Abdel Aziz, who will later on become the halifa himself. He asked, he actually sent him a letter, he tells them expand the mustard of the Prophet sauce, and incorporate the rooms of the wives of the Prophet SAW Selim into the masjid. So so this is the mystery of the prostate lamb, the house of Arusha, the first two homes were built for the pasilla house of Russia, right
against the wall or right against the masjid. And then the house or, and when we say house here, we're talking literally six feet by six feet. That's it. Really, really small, six feet by six feet, it's a room basically some of us have walk in closets bigger than this. And it was against an X next next to the message. So the problem they had two doors, one door leading outside to the street, one door leading you straight into the machine. Right next to it was the wall of the room of we can call the house but it's the room of soda into them at that point. And as the processor married, more and more
the went in a straight line like this.
And others now there's a little bit of a difference here. Some said they went so this is the masjid.
Okay, this is the masjid and the house of ISIS here also so this here, and they kept going in a line like this. Others argued that it went like this. The lines were the homes were alongside the message like that.
The letter says so worried about the medic, he sends the letter to honorable Abdulaziz. He said include the rooms of the wives of the LM into the masjid. So we're going to expand it a lot. And that is also now when you include the room of Ayesha into the masjid. The grave of the pasta lamp because he's buried in the room of Ayesha is going to be inside the masjid as well. So we've got these issues, one, incorporating the grave of the problem into the masjid two, we're going to destroy all the homes of the of the mothers of the believers. And
that's the first issue. When that the letter came to Omar Abdullah Aziz, he gathered all the nobles and he gathered all the scholars, and he read it to them. And everyone was displeased. Nope. Satan will say one of the great scholars from a tambourine. He said no, and he was against it, he was afraid that the grave of the Prosser lamb would eventually be worshipped by people. That's why he was against it. And others were against the destruction of the homes of the mothers of the believers.
Six feet by six feet, and there's just nothing in them and Russia did her whole life was inside that room, this tiny little space, her whole life and all the knowledge that she disseminated to the from this little room. So that's okay, let me get before I get to the exciting part. So
I'm gonna, just writes back to him saying,
I consulted with people and everything and everybody's against it. We don't like this idea. So believe it or not the Malik writes him back, just do what you commanded. Call us so now he's got no choice doing.
So they tear down the the rooms of the wives of the process.
It's very, very emotional day. They said people who are alive at that time they said that people cried in Medina, as loud as the one the day when the lamb died. That's how sad
was for them. People were sitting crying in the masjid, saying we wish we could leave it. So people and visitors, and they're not talking about our generation, they're talking from their times. So visitors from different parts of the world, any judge and everything could come and see what sufficed the process element has wives with simple life they had how small it was, how there was nothing of value or of substance inside, they wanted to leave it so that you can encourage people to have good and to not want so much of the materialism and of this dunya. So they were saddened and crying as these homes were being destroyed.
So we want the new expansion now is going to include the homes and the wives of the porcelain. They're going to build walls around a lot of Lorca is the house of Ayesha, the room of Ayesha where the problem is buried. They're going to build
walls around it with rocks. And there'll be no doors going into this room. So it's solid walls, no doors, no openings, and then they're gonna buy them and next to it and for this expansion, and then
Abdullah's is built minarets in every corner. So the four corners, four minutes and they were square shaped, not rounded, like we have today. square shaped minarets, four of them on all four corners. And then the the member was already raised. So the member was raised at the time of Mario de la and who by his governor at the time, marijuana Bill accom. He actually remember that was three steps. He added six more so the member now became longer and you would see you'll be seated at the ninth step. So this is when members start to get long.
what's what's probably a good guess as to why members got taller or longer.
Yeah, more people now it's a bigger more people now can see that the machine is bigger, the audience is bigger. So the higher you are the more they can see.
now but the whole for though the room with Ruslan was buried the room of Ayesha. So it's just a regular room of four walls, right? But the but out of that, as he's built another wall around it, there's some very nice models of this, he built another wall with a very obscure shape around it like a hexagon. Well, if you want to be very precise, it's six sides. But it looks like five sides, one side is very, very short, and has a very obscure shape to it. And for a number of reasons. One,
the area near the Qibla he wanted to have these two diagonally, pointed out walls, so nobody could face it. And you couldn't face the Qibla. Now a face the grave. And the tabla, you'd have to turn his angle and you will be missing the ability to worship the grave to prevent the worship of the grave. The second thing is that
he didn't want it to look like the Kaaba. He didn't want another box room that's completely closed. And people have there's something special in it and eventually people, you know, you leave an opening and there'll be power for Mashallah and right. People will be creative.
Maybe some of you have seen that video. There is in Jeddah, one of the big circles what they call the British called the roundabouts, you know, on the streets intersection is a big circle in the middle is an art piece. There's a huge bicycle, very, very big bicycle. And there's a cab driver who brings poor people there, and they pay him like 50 rails or something and he tells them this is the bicycle of Adam alysha
because it's a very, very big bicycle and people pray to God and he takes videos of them now he's just praying to God and then making the art under the bicycle of Adam and his son
who will stop
in 10 minutes let's, let's cover the some of the more
interesting things. Okay. So anyways, it's very important to mention, because sometimes people try to say Oh, I missed you the number one has a grave inside it so we can have graves also inside massage.
And the problem instructed if there is the massage in graves don't mix and even janaza prayer we don't bow we don't prostrate. Why? Because it's typically held at the cemetery and they're dead people down there so we don't bow we don't do anything because of what's down there. So it doesn't mix. And if there is a grave in a Masjid, we see which was first if the grave was first then the masjid is destroyed. And if the the masjid was first and the grave entered later than the grave is exempt, we don't mix the two. But some people now try to use it as an excuse or a reason to to basically put graves and massage the scholars say a number of things. Number one, the Sahaba did not
bury the pasilla minimum in his Masjid, they buried him in his home.
Then during the time of the medical marijuana, he he ordered that the expansion of the masjid includes the the master degree of the process. The scholars of the time objected to it. And they didn't agree and until today, they say what was wrong to do that, but it happened. That's one, then the other thing is that it is not directly in front of the Qibla or it's not in front of the of the muzzle lien. And then the other thing is that the truth is it is not being worshipped, even though some people know and then try to worship. But in general, if you look at Ahmed Mohammed, Salah Salem, and you look at all the things that are worshipped and all the graves that are worshipped. In
one study said in one Muslim country alone, we don't want to mention it Egypt
5000 5000 graves are worshipped 5000 graves worship just one country. So you look at all the kinds of things that are worshipped. If you consider any that what's really happening with the mercy of the porcelain, it's really not being worshipped by people. And that was the dawn of the lamp on his deathbed that his grave would not be something that would be worship. So
some of the interesting things in the year 160 after the hegira and Maddie not that Maddie and Maddie the halifa he visited Medina and ordered another expansion but only from the north. So they bought some land around it. And the expansion started in the year 161. After the hedgerows continued for five years they added they have a total now of 24 doors, eight over here, four over here, four over here, eight over here. And then we got to two burnings in this year 654 after the hijra in the first of Ramadan, this is during the time of the Mamelukes the the masjid burnt, and the ceiling
of the masjid many parts of the ceilings collapsed. And even inside this the room of the prophets are seldom. But just repairs were done at this point not rebuilding. But the second burning was in the year 886 after the hedgerows. There's a long time later, but at this point it burned completely.
Some lightning struck one of the minarets and it burnt and the rest of the mustard caught on fire. They said everything I need the pillars the member the dome, and
everything except the only thing that survived is the dome inside the home. So this room where the profits are settlement Abu Bakr and Omar are buried. There is actually a small dome on top of him like inside this room. And on top of so now keep going up to the ceiling to the roof. Now the green dome is actually the thing about the green dome and the mystery nabawi is that it's the dome right above the small white dome that's inside the agera where the problem is, is buried. So if you ever look at a mustard number, you want to know where which part the problem is in look for the green dome right underneath it. There's the Hydra inside it there's another white dome, everything burned
except for that white white dome basically. And so at this point completely
built. Now some of the interesting stories before we pray, nurudeen zenki. So one of the leaders of the Muslims during the crusades, he had a dream. And his dream the porcelain came to him and he said, Give me, Manhattan, save me from these two people. And then he showed him to blonde people in this dream. So he got up he made will do he prayed that night he fell back asleep. So the exact same dream problem comes James has saved me from these two people, these two and he sees them. exactly two blind men knows exactly what they look like. he consults someone and the person says What are you waiting for? Go to Medina right now.
He gets on his ride and he goes to Medina and he arrives in Medina, the governor tells people know Dean Zink is coming to visit and Medina. And he's bringing gifts for everyone. So everybody get gathered gather to come to the gathering. So they gathered, and this is the majority of the inhabitants of the city gave everyone gifts. Did anyone not show up to receive gifts? Yes. There are two people who didn't show up. Now he's interested in them. So who are these two people, they said, They're two people who are very generous. They recently moved to the city, from Alma Caribbean, in the western part of the Empire. And they're very generous. They visit Albert here every single day.
They're always giving, and they and so he says, Okay, I want to meet those two people. He sees them and they're the exact two people from the dream, he exact same people. Okay, so he starts to ask them, What's your story? Well, we just came from an immigrant. And we want to live near the Hydra the room of the prophets of Salaam. And
he goes into their home.
And, and then everyone thinks they're righteous because they should show signs of righteousness and generosity, and they're very wealthy. So there is nothing in the room of except, like ischl versioni, like, what do you call a thing made of palm leaves, they're all intertwined like that. And it's like a map of like a map, right? It will look astronomer chakra, he moves it, and there's a tunnel. And they're right next to the Hydra, they their house is right next to the agenda. They've been tunneling underground to steal the body of the Prophet solo center. And that's why I kept coming to him in the dream saying, save me from these two. So and, and the the people from a
negative back then they should have these huge leather pouches. So nobody thought of them as suspicious, they would put the sand from the digging in these pouches, and then go dump it in a bucket. That's why they're visiting a book every day with dumping the sand from the digging the excavation. And they actually got very close to entering any and got near to the to the basically to the grave of the porcelain. That night when they got close, there was like thunder, you know, striking in the city. And that's the same night that notre Dean arrived. And so he actually he beat them. He had them beaten until they admit, they said we're Christians, because remember, this is
crusades time. So we're Christians that were sent by the Christians of well, Margaret, and we were basically to steal the body of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and he basically had them executed. But then nurudeen began to cry a lot. He cried so much, why? Because the porcelain chose him from all the people in the oma and there are other leaders with Salatin and governance, but he chose him. He said, save me and help me, protect me from these two people. And that's why he cried so much, because what an honor the porcelain chose him. And so that was one of those incidents. That was
a big deal. They were let's see which one because we have little time.
Three minutes. Okay. Here's another interesting one. They say that, well, first of all, the 100 are now the people who go and clean that area. They're not janitors today, they're not janitors, they're actually, like high ranking individuals in big shots and officials and they go and clean it. Why? Because they want it to contain the nonsense. So in the old days, when janitors would be in charge of those areas, they would sell dust to people. Then look, I'm a janitor. I work on Harmon Madani and I cleaned the hedgerow This is dust from the 100 of the profits of selling out sell to those people pay hundreds of reals for does the guy picked up from his shoes somewhere, is just tricking
them. So they closed the door to this now. So I have a series of old Islamic magazines from the night from 1994 93 and they were doing an in depth series on the the podra. And but what is interesting is that the they were described discussing all the different theories on the grave of the problem in the in the relation to the grave. Oh, Booker and Omar some had them like this 123 some had them like pyramids to Brazil on top others had the problem like this to hear all these theories, but not long ago. And he basically the Saudi government, there was so many nonsensical stories that they said look, they started doing models and and videos and pictures and
Explaining, so that to kill all the nonsense and all the stories and in the in the 80s, there was a story of that a pigeon went in and died inside the pigeon, how's this pigeon going through this wall, I don't know. But a pigeon died and the smell came and he wanted someone very pure to go get it. The truth is very righteous young boy, he went in there, he brought out the pigeon, but he could never speak a word until then for the rest of his life, all these stories and nonsense and
maybe maybe have blonde hair. The point is that
so basically the kind of opened it up. And so now we know like it's the grave the porcelain like this book are a little bit slanted over this way. And like that. And yes, there is space for one,
one person to be buried there or even to and many speculate that he sided Salaam when he returns will be buried there. But you can't say for sure, you can see for sure.
The last thing I want to see very quickly, and then we pray that the last person to enter the Hydra is actually this was during in 1881.
So remember that it is built a hexagonal or Pentagon shaped wall outside. One of those was felt collapsed. Because this is hundreds of years later it collapsed. And when they looked they saw one of the digital worlds leaning over like this also. So now we've got to rebuild both. And they had a committee put together and they reconstructed both worlds. So now when of course they're going to enter the Hydra or at least be able to see it. One of the people who saw it wasn't a nobody. This was a scholar and historian, historian.
What is it?
None. He wrote a book called Wolfram Alpha. He is nurudeen, a banally Assam hoody. And that's what anytime you look at the history of Medina, or the huddle, you will always see the name of some hoody. So he was part of the committee for repairing the inside wall of the hoodrat. So he entered and he saw it and he described it and measured it. So he measured it. And it's basically somewhere like three and a half feet by like four and a half feet. That was how big it was, which was originally or the smaller part of the room of Ayesha later on. And he said it was put the COVID with red sand that very like red fine red sand. And the ground level inside the hedgerow was like 60
centimeters lower than outside of it. So it's even lower than the rest of them. Probably over the years have piled up and what have you. But this even lower, and he says that the three graves you can barely see them and above the ground, the almost level with the ground 1000 for a long time, 1800 years now. And the highest one is a little bit was what he perceived to be the grave of Omar or the Allahu anhu. And
so this was the last person to enter and given eyewitness account and it also happens to be a historian who wrote a book and basically what factor and he basically preserved all this information for us. The last story I'll tell you, is like questionable but they say perhaps during the the Ottoman time, this slave he said he's going to go and look at the look at the grave of the prophets of Salaam. So the green dome has a window in it. He went in from that window when no one could see him and then went in from the other window of the smaller minaret inside the smaller dome inside. And they say that he looked in and saw the guy with a prostate limb and that one week later, he
he became blind. Well I know but then that narration but there are other more authentic ones of armed groups coming to try to steal the body of the prophets of Salaam and they got destroyed
by natural disaster on the way to the on the way to getting to Medina. So Allah subhanaw taala the scholars cite how a larger instance will lovely our symbol come in a nest and Allah will protect you from people this verse during life and during death. Obviously you can gather that there's tons and tons more especially the boring expansions also the granite and the marble and the air conditioning. But this is just a little bit a little bit of the history of
and Mr. De Nebo is up in the head for coming and talking to her for attentive listening. Solo hornbach on camera to cerametallic mattala hovorka