Sciences of the Quran 14/16
Channel: Isam Rajab
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Salam Alaikum wa barakato Welcome to the class of tafsir. Today inshallah, we will discuss two important issues, the story of the cow and the people before Islam.
Allah Subhana Allah says
in Surah Baqarah verily those
who believe and those who are Jews and Christians in the levena Amanullah Deena How do one nassarawa sabihin whoever believes in Allah
munna munna Minami La Jolla Meenakshi wammie lasallian
Fela Jerome and Arabi Mara Hoffman la mala Mia has no, that's what the law says. Verily those who believe and those who are Jews, and Christians, and sub sabihin soyabeans, whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, and this righteous good deeds, shall have their reward with their Lord, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
This ayah What does it tell you? Or do you understand from beside?
Allah is giving the law tidings to whom?
To the believers, those who believe
and the time of Islam and before Islam.
It doesn't say in the time of Islam, and before Islam, it says, Those who believe Jews, Christians, Sabine, so a Christian will come and say,
I will have my reward with my Lord. And there will be no fear on me. So I'm going to paradise.
According to this is why, you know, it says
Jews and Christians,
Christians, Jews currently.
Okay, you said Kevin Jews, and Christians are not Muslims. We're not saying they are Muslims. They are Christians and Jews. That's what Allah says Allah is not saying the Jews and Christians they are Muslims. He said they are Jews and Christians, so they should get this reward.
Yeah, they believe in Allah and His Messenger, the Jews believe in Allah and musala salam, the Christians believe in Allah and deny Sally's Salah. So what's the big deal?
We are all the same, we will go to Paradise.
They deny the prophet SAW Selim. So
denying one messenger equals denying all of them, but that's not what the is.
And the other is
whoever seeks other than Islam as a religion to not be accepted from
Yeah. Do you have something from the students online?
Yeah, they say the Christians. Yes, I am. The Christians believe in ice and the message he came with that's why they are Christians.
here we go. This is abrogated. Go ahead. That's, yeah, some scholars actually they said, Some scholars said this is abrogated.
But again, in order to abrogate an idea, you need to know which I came later abrogated it.
And when we want to do any tafsir, what do we do again, if we have an idea, we go to other is what was mentioned in general in one idea, it will be mentioned in details in another area. Here. This ayah
is simply telling you that those people, they will have no fear the true believers. But you need to know
what's the context. What's the reason of Revelation, one of the advantages of knowing the reasons of Revelation is to know how to interpret the eye. Now this eye it was noted that salamandre the Allahu Akbar manifests he has the messenger cisilion about the people before Islam what
happened to them. The people at the time of Noosa they believed in musala salam what will happen to them, the people at the time of a salesianum they believed in so what will happen to them? So Allah subhanho wa Taala sent down this ayah because the people at the time of Musa How could they believe in Mohammed Salim and he was not there. So they did their best, therefore they should be rewarded. And that's why Allah subhanaw taala
revealed this ayah
to tell them that those people before
whatever they believed in as long as they followed the religion, they have belief, there is no fear on them. What about the people after Islam nowadays? Does this is a proof what they are doing is desire and evidence for them? No. Why? Because other ayat are saying clearly that whoever this believed in Mohammed Salah Salem he is not a believer. Whoever this believed in one messenger as a fetus believed in all messengers, the Hadith of the Prophet SAW Selim.
When he said, When Levine fcba the healer smile we hadn't been hadn't oh my god and Ronnie, simulate yourself to be healed.
by him in his hands, my soul is whoever, from this nation whether Jews or Christians hear about me here of me and he does not believe me except he is of the dwellers of hellfire.
The other iron woman after Iran, Islamic Deena whoever seeks other than Islam as a religion, it will not be accepted from him.
Many If so, don't take only one ayah because again, the Quran interprets itself. What was mentioned in general, will be mentioned in details in another place. What was mentioned in the Quran, the Sunnah came to clarify it. That's the job of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So there is no evidence in this ayah that the Jews and Christians nowadays they are believers or they will enter Paradise.
Is this clear?
Okay, now, we are moving to the story of the cow.
What's the name of this surah that we are discussing?
Surah Al Baqarah, the surah Of what? The cow? Now
this surah was given this name upon this story. But does this story start from the beginning of the surah until the end of it?
No, it's only a few is selected. Baccarat is very long. Why then it was given this name.
The significance of this story.
Some suitors, they are given the name of a story. But this story starts from the beginning until the end, like surah Yusuf.
Many other suitors they are giving the name for one idea or one incident in this story, and this surah. Why? Because it has significance. So this tells you this surah
this story is important in this sort of because we have many other stories, we have the creation of Adam, but the surah was not named upon the creation of father. We have the stories of the children of Israel with fear around with masala ceram many, but it was not given the name. At the end of the surah we have ayatul kursi we have the ayah of Medina, the transactions. But again, this surah was given the name of this story. That's why we need to go in details with this story. Now, remember we are talking about the children of Israel we started then that was this ayah the eye of the people before Islam and now going back to Musa alayhis salam with his people. And remember why it's called
mo Salah for me in Allaha morrocan bajo Baqarah
Hong Kong. And remember when Moosa said to his people, Verily Allah commands you that you slaughter a cow.
Now, this happened suddenly or there is something before happened. So musala salam told them
Verily Allah commands you that you slaughter a cow.
Did masala Sam come out of the Southern who told them? You have to slaughter a cow?
There is something What is it?
Yeah, besides the worship the calf.
They killed a man.
A man was killed. He was murdered. And they wanted to know who killed him.
So they asked musala Salam musala salaam
ask Allah subhanaw taala and Allah told Musa to tell his people to slaughter a cow.
So that was the beginning of this story. What do we have it we have it after this story with attentiveness and forgotten fear. Allah Maha Juma quantum moon
so why the story is not going from the beginning again, that's the beauty of the Quran. It gives you just like if you are watching a movie,
and you don't start from
day one, you start from day 10 and they tell you after half an hour, they go back with you five days earlier what happened just like that. Koran is giving you the the beauty of the story what happened
at the time of masala salon, one man was killed, and they wanted to know who killed him.
So they asked me salesa
so musala salam, Allah subhanaw taala. And that's what a lot of the verily Moosa is telling his people Verily, Allah commands you that you slaughter a cow.
They said, Who are they?
The Jewish people of Musa, do you make fun of us?
He said, I take a lot of refuge from being among the ignorant, Allah Oh, the villa he and akuna minal jehlen. Now look at what happened here.
musala ceram is telling his people, Allah commands you. Was it his own desires that his commanding them or it was a last command?
It was Alaska man based on what?
based on their request, again, not Moosa initiating this they asked him to find out the killer. So he taught them a lack of energy to slaughter a cow. What did they tell him?
They make fun of us, what do you learn from this?
What do you learn from this?
How rude they are with their messenger. Now you asked me to find out the solution.
I'm telling you, it is from Allah not from me. Yet you say Are you making fun of us? If I tell this to a messenger
to a prophet of Allah.
So, again, I want you to understand this how this is happening.
How we study is talking is taking place
killed a man or the man was killed what the cow has to do with his killing. That's what they are saying.
A man was killed and in order to find out you want us to start to slaughter a cow.
They said call upon your Lord. After he told them how to be liked and according to Jalen, I take a loss of huge from being of the ignorant.
They said call upon your Lord for us that he may make plain to us what it is called Alana, Rebecca up Nana he.
We want to know what what is it here
refers to what? The cow? why it was the last pronoun mentioned earlier the last name mentioned earlier.
They said call upon your Lord. Again, read the ayah call upon your Lord, what do you learn from this?
Is he your Lord?
Or his Lord?
His Lord, so he is not your Lord, because they are telling you call upon your Lord. What is this?
Those people again those people, and when this happened, this happened after they were saved from from after they were given many things yet they are still rebellious.
And Allah subhanho wa Taala
was forgiving them. And he was showing them His mercy.
So they said call upon your Lord, they did not say call upon our Lord. They said call upon your Lord. See how rude they were for us that he may make plain to us what it is. He said. He says Verily, it is a cow. Neither too old nor too young, but between the two conditions. So do what you are commanded.
What do you understand from this?
He's giving them a science at the end of the ayah What did he say?
Do what you are commanded.
What do you understand from this?
Don't ask any more questions. Do not ask too many questions. That's one of the main lessons from this surah from this story in this surah don't ask many questions.
We will know what will happen later on.
They said, Now he gave them description, and he taught them, do what you are commanded. They said call upon your Lord for us again call upon your Lord is not our Lord, He is your Lord,
to make plain to us its color. Now, its description was not enough. They need its color. He said, he says it is a yellow cow, bright in its color, pleasing the beholders.
Was this sufficient for them?
No. They said, Call upon your Lord for us to make plain to us what it is verily to us all cows are alike. What do you learn from this?
They could have
called any, but they are asking for details. So they have stupids. Basically, if you say all cows are the same, why you want description? Why you are asking for more details if all cows are the same? Yes.
Exactly. They thought that when they make it harder and harder, they will not have to do it. But it's the opposite. They had to do it. And they had to do it in the hardware. Many times you could have the choice.
Easy way or hard way and you choose the hardware. That's exactly what they did.
First, they asked what to do. Masai Sam told them that Allah it's not me, it's from Allah. slaughter a cow. They said we want its description, the description was given, we want its color, the color was given, we want its description. And then
the description was given, but very early to us all cows are alike and surely if Allah wills we will be guided. Well in insha, Allah Allah martyrdom, if Allah wills, we will be guided, because they said that
they were guided Otherwise, they would never be guided.
He said, he says, it's a cow, neither trained to tell the earth nor water, the fields sound, having no blemish in it. They said, Now you have brought the truth.
Now, this means earlier, you did not bring the truth.
disrespect to their messenger.
That's why the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam whenever he had a difficulty he used to say, may Allah have mercy on most Alexander. He was troubled with more than this and he persevered.
So now, they meant by your broad the truth, they knew what cow they should slaughter. At the beginning.
Was it sufficient or it was not sufficient for them to slaughter any cow?
It was any cow was sufficient. But they made it harder, and the matter was harder on them. Until only one cow met that description.
At the beginning, they asked masala Salaam to find the solution. They wanted to know who is the murderer.
So it was enough for them to kill any cow. But
after they give, they were given the description and only one cow met that description. The owner of that cow refused to give it for free. He knew that this is the only cow. So what happened? They had to pay lots of money for it. And there are narrations, but again, did Allah mention these details? Now so we don't have to go to these details because we are not sure whether it's true or not. But it's definitely more difficult.
When I know that everybody will come to me everybody needs me.
Once I take advantage of this. This is the human nature.
I have the only thing that everybody needs. But if nobody needs it, I will try to offer it. Come on take it.
they made it so hard on themselves until
the description fit only one cow
and they slaughtered it. So they slaughtered it though they were near to not doing it again, another thing
They were about not doing it. So it shows you how Allah subhanaw taala was so patient with those people was so merciful to them
once they slaughtered it, what happened?
Yeah, what if catella nevsun for Dara confy her ma la Maharaja my quantum tech to moon. Allah is telling them now I did not mention the rest of the if you go back I mentioned only the area that we want to focus on but all the if you need to go back to them in their book, book of urban cafe, Allah is reminding them remember when you killed a soul? Now did everybody kill the soul? Or only one murderer?
One person, why Allah is telling everybody you killed
once you participate
in a crime, even if you did not do it yourself, you are criminal. You are criminalized. That's why because they wanted to conceal it. They wanted to hide the criminal. So they are considered all partners in this crime. Allah said for every boo hoo Baba, we said, strike the dead man with
part of it. What part of the cow? This man was struck struck with?
Does it tell in the in the story? Allah did not mention, but in the books you will find some people said it's it still. Other people said it's like, we don't know. It doesn't matter. Part of the cow. The the the person was struck with it and he was alive again. What are the lessons from this story? What do we learn?
This is one one lesson that Allah subhanaw taala is able to raise up the date after they die. Because this man was dead and the last minute Allah brought him back to life. So Allah is able to resurrect everybody on the Day of Judgment. Very good. This is one thing What else?
This person to revive.
Revive and yes why Allah subhanaw taala asked the children of Israel to go through all this process. Why? The same thing?
Yes, you want something? pay for it? Do something. Yes, you trust in Allah you rely on a lot but do do something. things do not happen automatically. You need to know that.
Yes, this is another lesson What else?
It means more now.
Yes. What else?
very stubborn people. Yes, that's true.
Yes, we have something from students of mine.
Yes, many times. Many times. As I said many times we make things difficult on ourselves. Don't ask.
Don't make it difficult. That's why the prophet SAW Selim said the worst criminal in the sight of Allah is a man who asked about question, and the matter became prohibited because of his question.
Prophet SAW Selim was telling the companions Allah
made Hajj obligatory, so perform Hajj. A man asked Is it every year? Allah the prophet SAW Selim is telling you how does obligatory this Did he say every year? He did not. While you are asking. He asked Is it every year the officer did not say anything? The man asked again. Is it every year? The third time the person said no. And I said yes, it would have become obligatory and if it became obligatory, you will not be able to do it.
So many times you ask questions. There is no need for
the people that have to travel so far.
What else do we learn from this story? Again, there are many lessons.
Why they were asked to slaughter a cow. Why not the chicken
why not a bird. Why account
Hmm, cost it costs more.
Well, let's go back a little bit. What did they worship in the absence of masala Salah?
What's the calf,
the child of the cow. So to remove any remainings of their shift of what they did, now you are ordered to slaughter the mother of the thing that you worship early.
One of the scholars mentioned this lesson and it's it's true also you could accept it as an advantage as a lesson from this story.
Yeah mo Salah salam, the patience and the perseverance of the messengers of Allah subhanaw taala.
And we have to be like them if we say we follow the prophets. We know the nature that's the nature of people.
You tell them there is exam how many questions Is it difficult? Is it easy? What do you study? Do not ask too many questions.
Next, going again
to another thing from is 74 until I 88.
Then after that after what? from Microsoft Colaba coming back, after what?
After this incident after the story of the cow.
Again, this is another miracle.
The story of the cow is a miracle from Allah subhanaw taala to masala then after that your hearts were hardened and became as stones or even worse in hardness.
And indeed, there are stones out of which reverse gush forth.
Sometimes the heart of the human is harder than the stone.
Does that mean
if you extract the heart, it will become like Iraq. No, it's not physical. But you could see the physical outcome from the spiritual thing. If your heart is hard.
show mercy to people, you will not worship Allah subhanaw taala you will not be good to others. So this the physical outcome could be shown based on the hardness of the heart. Yes.
Yes, Allah is associating intelligence with the heart.
What is the intelligence here?
And indeed, there are stones out of which reverse Gosforth This is
the greatness of philosophy Nadella and his creation, that he could produce water from
stones and indeed, there are of them, which split asunder so that water flows from them. And indeed, there are of them, which fall down for fear of Allah subhanho wa Taala.
So when you hear a stone falling, do not say it's earthquake or
it fell. Remember this always try to tie
the natural things with
last creation with the last power in this universe.
So I always to relate, remember this i? some stones fall from the fear of Allah Spano tala, as Allah says in Surah Al hacer lo and Xena huggle Quran Allah joven
the writer Harshad Mehta, Satya minha Shatila.
will be humble
will be fearful
from Allah subhanaw taala.
And Allah is not unaware of what you do on Allah we are feeling
again, after all,
what the children of Israel were given, they still
disobey Allah subhanaw taala their hearts instead of being softer, they became what?
What do you learn from this?
You are giving one sign instead of being better, you are getting worse.
This tells you
guidance is difficult. You have to hold on it.
You have to ask Allah subhanaw taala always guidance and protection. Because if you may learn if you may not learn, then you will be worse and worse just like what happened to the children of Israel. They were given one sign one
Favorite one blessing, then the other one, and then the other one, and they kept on disobeying Allah subhanaw taala.
Do not belittle any sin, because it may block your heart from guidance.
effort, my honor, and you know, like, how do you convert that they will believe in your religion, in spite of the fact that the party of them? Do you COVID? Do you? Who are you here? Allah is telling, who do you covet that they will believe in your religion?
Do you cover the Muslims covered? That's what we say, then
the Muslims covered?
Yeah, Muslims are the companions, because this is at the time of the messenger sell them that they Who are they?
The Jews? Why? Because they were just mentioned earlier, the ayah before that, they will believe in your religion, in spite of the fact that the party of them used to hate the word of Allah, then they used to change it knowingly after they understood it.
What do we learn from this?
Yeah, they understood and they changed. So what Allah is telling us here,
what does Allah want from us? Does it does this ayah mean? We should not invite the Jews to Islam, they will never respond to it.
It will be hard, it will be hard. But this is talking about the time of the messenger Salim? Why do you COVID
he converted to Islam?
Yes, it will be it will become great help, that's for sure. But what else?
Now, when the prophet SAW Selim is inviting them
several times, and they keep rejecting the message of Islam.
Prophet SAW Selim will not be happy with that, right. So this is just like a reminder, counseling the messenger science Allah,
that do not be distressed.
Because that's what they did to musala Salah. And that's what they are doing. They changed the word of Allah unknowingly. So if they did not this if they did not believe,
don't feel bad, because it's expected. That does not mean you don't invite them, or ignore them. It is hard for them to believe because that's what they did.
So this also exposes what the Jews did at the time of the messenger Solomon before that. And when they meet those who believe they say, we believe
that when they meet one another, in private, they say, shall you tell them what Allah has revealed to you? That you may argue with you about it before you load?
I want your input.
What's happening here?
What does the law telling the messenger salamander companions
when they meet those who believe they say we believe?
What does that mean? What What does that mean? We believe Yes.
Similar to the hypocrites, but is this is talking about the hypocrites? No. Did the Jews believe in the prophet SAW Salem?
Okay, so that's what they are saying. When they meet the Muslims. They say we believe you say who you want us to believe we believe we believe in the message, but not in this massive messenger. We believe in the message.
Yes, that's what they mean by we believe. But when they meet one another in private, they say shall you tell them what Allah has revealed to you? That you may argue with you about before about it before you Lord? What does that mean?
When they used to tell the companions that there is a messenger, but he's not him. They used to give them the description of the messenger, which fits the prophet SAW Selim. So one I never used to tell. They used to tell each other why you are giving them these details because this is against us.
So what does that tell you as well?
It tells you that the Jews themselves knew who was the messenger of size Allah knew that he is a prophet, but they rejected him out of arrogance.
when the left
is that the Prophet he said yes he said what are you going to do about his enemy?
Yeah, even though he knew that that was the Prophet, yeah, he knew he is the Prophet but he chose to be the enemy even Abuja.
Abuja knew that the prophet SAW sent him as a messenger of Allah Mati rejected that he did not want someone to surpass him, and courage and the honor
now that you know that Allah knows what they can see and what they reveal. Now again, would that help you if you tell each other in seclusion in private, that do not tell them
and try to hide it? What are you trying to do? Don't you know that Allah knows everything?
Allah Allah Muna know and Allahu Allah Manu Serrano maialino
minimum Muna, and there are among them unlettered people who know not the book, but they trust upon false desires, and they bought gifts. They alone and kita Illa Amani,
and there are among them unlettered people who know not the book, but they thrust upon false desires, and they but guess
what does that tell you?
They just follow the rabbi's.
So following the rabbi's.
Is this considered knowledge?
You have to find out for yourself. That's why scholars said the knowledgeable person is the person who's able to derive the ruling, not the one who asks, When you ask about something, you have the knowledge of it from someone else. So you are not you don't have the knowledge. That's why they say a tech lead. Copying other is not knowledge. It's just copying other following others.
Guess guessing is guessing knowledge when you get something?
No, it's not knowledge.
is it knowledge? No. So don't start wishing and hoping. I am better than this. I am better than that scholar I am by wishes only. It will not give you knowledge. through knowledge is when you know the halal and haram when you strive when you work hard for it.
Then go to those who write the book with their own hands. And they say this is from Allah to purchase with it a little price war to them for what their hands have written and wrote to them for that they earned thereby.
Again, allies telling you that part of them they used to write the book with their own hands and they used to attribute it to Allah subhanaw taala just like the slides we showed you yesterday about the Bible what happened, how it was compiled. Some people they used to write it and they say this is from Allah why
personal gains again, people will follow me I'm giving myself
status I'm giving myself extra things. I'll get money. But what does the law say? Little price remember this always No matter how much you are getting? It is little price compared to what you'll get in the hereafter.
Whoa to them. What is whoa? Why lamb? why
some interpreters said it is a valley in Hellfire and Hellfire there is a valley that's what so they will be there.
Or it is a punishment for them great punishment for
Well to them for what their hands have written and wrote to them for that they earned thereby. So don't think that whoever wrote something, it is correct. Or is gonna benefit from it.
And they say the fire shall not touch us, but for a few number of days.
We'll call uilleann Thomason and narrow illa yamamah dude. Now how they said this, how they said the fire shall not touch us, but
for a few number of days.
they knew that they sinned and they knew that they will be punished.
Were they given the promise that they will be there for a few days?
No. Say Have you taken a covenant from Allah so that Allah will not break his covenant? Or is it that you say of Allah what you know not all at the highest among the land and filling up for lava and the Quran, Allah Allah, Allah tala. Now let's say you have promised that you will be only for a couple of days in hellfire.
Would you take the risk?
No. Well, unfortunately most of the people they are you tell them why you do this? Well, Allah is Forgiving even if I am punished. I will end up eventually Where? paradise? So why why don't you burn your finger on the burn your finger for a couple of minutes? Can you do that?
Some days, some days? What do we mean by some days? One day thereafter is equal to one 1000 views Can you be in Hellfire for 1000 views?
Do not belittle the sins again because you don't know what will happen.
Each day is 1000 years and you say it's few days it's only it's not like our days. It's not like the fire that we have.
So you ask Allah Subhana Allah always forgiveness. Do not say that which you don't know.
With this inshallah we will stop here.
Other salam, Salam and hamadryad I'm Sam is mine.