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Foundations of the Prophetic Sunnah 12/13

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Isam Rajab

Channel: Isam Rajab

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Salam Alaikum Salaam wa Catherine. Welcome to the sciences of the Sunnah class. Today inshallah we'll try to finish the

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first semester with the types of writings and the methods of reception and delivery. We have two more issues to finish in Sharla. The first one, the types of the writings about the men, or the narrator's of the Hadith. We have seven different types. And we started mentioning them yesterday actually. We said the first type of writings is the books of companions.

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And the one that I like you to know is the last one by even hajra Rahim Allah, Allah Saba, if you manifest the Sahaba

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he compiled 12,267 names in this book.

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Then we have the books of generations like avocado Cobra, lemon mint, sad Rahim Allah who died in the year 230. And actually Volume One and two, they are translated to English so you could get them.

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He wrote all the names until his time. So it's a good book.

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The third

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type of writings is the general

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book or the general writings.

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Now we have the books of taba cart, they divided them two generations, we have the books of companions, then we have general books. What do you mean by that?

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They talk about general people, whether they are companions or not, whatever name you have you open and you'll find that there is this general example for this is the grand history. A terrible cabbie who wrote this book, Mr. Bahari, Rama, Manohar. He wrote in every almost every type of Hadith, every science of Hadith, he wrote a useful book. He wrote a terrible Kabir.

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He has 12,345 names of men.

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It's a great book.

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And he started with the name Muhammad.

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To honor the prophet SAW Selim because his name was Mohammed. So he started with all the people, their name is Mohammed, then it is according the alphabetical order. So if someone within an astronaut you'll find it at the beginning, with the names eight, almost in the middle. Yeah, it should be at the end.

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And of course, it was very respectful, very soft. But once he says about someone is happy if he's not accepted, that means it will never be accepted. It was very respectful.

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Then we have another book called improvement and validation. Alger Hata De Lima, Eben Abby hatom arrazi, who died in the year 327. Now, again, this type of writings is about men.

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What do we mean by that you wanted to verify this man, whether he is trustworthy or not. You don't know

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this type of writing.

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It includes men who are trustworthy, and also it includes men who are weak narrators. That's why the name of the book is called improvement and validation as Joshua tidy.

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Okay, that's why number three, we said general books because it could be someone whose companion and the companions are out of question. We don't

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validate or invalidate their credibility. It could include liars, it could include trustworthy and reliable narrators. This is the third type of writings, the fourth type specific books.

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What do you mean by that?

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We have several types. Like regardless if the men have cya

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which means any man he's mentioned inside Buhari or saya Muslim, you have to find that there in this book.

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The author came to the main

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of those sites and he wrote them

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the men have the six books. Again, this is a specific type of writings.

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Any man is mentioned in one of the six books again, what are the six books?

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Bukhari Muslim aboda tell me the NSA about magic. Any man is mentioned there. You will find it in this book.

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Men of the six books

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I'll come out

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First my region

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mm abdulghani Mk the Sierra I'ma holla, who died in the year 600, the Phaedra. He wrote this great book, I will command first marriage and alcohol means perfection in the names of men.

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He gathered all the names of all six books.

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After him,

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a scholar came half of the Museo Rahim Allah and he wrote the heavy bulky man

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that he will command almost 38 volumes now, that he will come on. This is a summary a summary of L command. You could imagine l command was almost 50 volumes. Now that simple command is summarized a little bit that book and it came to almost 38 volumes

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that they will come and then the heavy.

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The heavy will come in for a bit Hazara Hannah and hotjar last Kalani, the interpreter of cycle Buhari, he summarized the Talib.

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And then he wrote another book called the Cree with the heavy

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krivit daddy.

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Again, it was now down the same names. Again, it is the same names.

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It is the same names, what's happening

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in the big volume and the big book, you go there and they tell you everything about that man, you need to know

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his biography, his you, whatever. Now, you don't want all this. You check on the name to see if this man is reliable or not what the scholar said about him.

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And the last book the credit as if it became only in one volume. I used to have it it's not with me now. It's only one while you open the name, he tells you the name of the man so and so and so. And then his degree. So the second wife, that's what you want to know. So it is there. But in the previous books he tells you like his you,

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his students.

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Maybe you need this in some cases you need it but in general, you don't need it. This last one is enough for you.

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But again, we don't have these books in English because there's no use there is no Hadith. study for the snap.

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That's why maybe inshallah you'll take the precedence and you will

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start doing something about it.

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Number five books of

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books of the cut, which means any man in this book is trustworthy is not a companion but he is trustworthy

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as a Catholic enamel,

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enamel allegedly, he came and he compiled all the names of the succoth in one book that he knew it doesn't mean that anyone you don't find him here is not trustworthy, maybe but the Imam did not know about him.

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Also a calculable headband. There is an N missing here. They've been shut down by him Allah. He wrote a book inhibin he has a book called. So I have inhibin. He also wrote a book, a socket,

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a socket only for the trustworthy narrators.

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We have also books of weak narrators.

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Any man who has mentioned there is a weak narrator.

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A Botha al Kabir, the grant week narrators for a moment Buhari.

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Again, he wrote a book about a buffer

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of the Sahara. Also for Mr. Buhari, he wrote a big book and small one.

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Then we have a Botha Walmart rakuen in Amina say, You're not gonna say the one who wrote the sunon.

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He also wrote a book about a Botha, you open the book, you find the name and he tells you he his wife, he used to lie or he is what he used to put the Hadith against the messenger of science Allah or his metrical Hadith, he mentions weird things or he is weak because his chair said that he changes from him or you mentioned every name you will see mentioned there you will find the reason why he is weak.

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We have mizanin delphina region. This is a great book by a man with a heavier harmala.

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So these are don't think that these are all the books we have lots of books

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about men.

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So let's go back. First type of writings, books of companions, second type

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books of public art.

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generation's third type general books

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like a terrific heavier format mojari

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force type specific books, books of Sahih Hadith books of

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the six Sinan or the six

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number five

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books of the court and number six books of lava with generators. And now number seven books according to specific places like Daddy, but that

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the man has a bad daddy. This is a great book how he he, he is telling you the history, but there is an incident and he mentions how it came to him. What happened on that year? Who are the narrators who are of them trustworthiness who are weak generators?

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That is that not a big daddy.

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So these are seven types of writings in

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the books. Remember one thing how did they start documenting the names of the men?

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How did they do that?

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Forgot we just mentioned it yesterday.

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Yeah, but how I said I did not say why they started documenting the names of them and I said how

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I mentioned yesterday, the first thing was the questions from the students to the shoe. So a lot

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Okay, now

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we know how to find the Hadith.

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And we know where to find

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the degree of each narrator.

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How to come to the conclusion

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of a total Hadith whether it is

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or it is bife. What do we do?

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I gave you an example.

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Do not enter the house. If you are traveling in the night.

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What did you want to find the Hadith? Do you want to find whether it is authentic or not what they do?

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Did I mention the name of the companion? Okay. They do? Yes.

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Do not.

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Do not is it

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rare or common?

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Okay, you will look it up according to alphabetical order. What if it was not the beginning of the day? But let's assume it is the beginning of the headache. Okay. Yes. What do we have?

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chapter of traveling very good. This is another method. You may reach the same Hadith through different methods. This is fine. It's possible many times it happens. Fine. We found the Hadith What do we do now?

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It is narrated in Muslims of Mr. Mohammed.

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That's it. What do we do?

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Is every Hadith in the Muslim I mentioned yesterday to 20 828,199 Hadith. Every single one of them is authentic.

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Now we want to know is this hadith authentic or not? What do we do?

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The writers what slip with the notice shakes hands with them? What do we do? narrator's

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research on the narrators, how?

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Exactly. We go to the books of men, each narrator let's say we have a chain of narrators. We have five of them.

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First of all the companion do we check on the companion?

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No.

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How do we start? Do you start from the top or from the bottom

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means from the messenger silom or from the narrator

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from the narrator. We start always from the narrator.

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First we need to see the trustworthiness of the narrator. Okay, we look

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Through their biographies and they are trustworthy. So what do we do? The Hadith is authentic now.

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Hello.

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All the narrators are trustworthy. So the Hadith is authentic.

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Shall another issue accepted or not accepted but now all the narrators are trustworthy.

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I said they are trustworthy. Yes.

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Very good buzzer is it connected or not? This is important thing. It has to be connected.

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So first, we check on the trustworthiness of the narrators are they mentioned inside Buhari of Muslim? That's the advantages of that's the advantage of the books of men of saya they are there that means they are trustworthy, because otherwise Mr. Bahari would not mention them or Muslim?

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If not, do they have any hobbies in the six books? Why do we do that?

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Let's say we heard the name and he already narrated the Hadith in one of the six books.

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What does that help us with?

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If he is mentioned in one of the six books,

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because we could go to the liberal command, where details mentioned about all the narrator's otherwise, we have to do lots of studies if he's not, and most of the ahaadeeth almost 85% of the Hadith of the messenger Salaam are mentioned in the books.

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Do they refer to him by name or nickname again? How you will look up the name

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of a worker

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where do you go to find the name of a worker?

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Hello.

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Elif is his name a worker or his Konya? His nickname? What's his name?

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of the lab enough men have an armored Where do you go? Do you go to iron or Elif?

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If the man is famous with his nickname, most likely he will be mentioned by his nickname just like our workers. Ilan almost no one mentioned him by Abdullah feminine but when you go there to abubaker they will tell you his name is

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Abdullah happiness might have been and so is he mentioned by name or by nickname? Like zuri.

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What do you look up? azuri?

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What's his name?

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Mohammed they've been Muslim eventually have azuri but most of the people know him with what with his family name as zuri.

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Another example I will hasten at hand. Herbalife at hand is one of the companions of the messenger so I sell them.

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Or they mentioned the name like Sophia. But how many scorpions do we have?

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It's not a lot. But do we have more than one or not?

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Yeah, how do you know? Is this Sophia? Or that Sophia? Or Mohammed?

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If they said only from Mohammed from Abdullah bin Othman. How do you know which Mohammed

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you have to go back to see

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the shape

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and the names of his students? How many Mohammed's of his students, and then you go back

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to the students of Mohammed,

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who are his few that starts with the named Mohammed, and the start link, everything. All these pieces have to be put together to come with the conclusion who's Mohammed? Sometimes one Hadith takes from you days,

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five hours a day for

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10 days, just to know exactly the ruling of this hadith. It is so high because all the narrators are trustworthy is all of them hear from each other. And sometimes it takes from you half an hour.

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And many times, you don't even need to do anything because other scholars they did all the job. Whether because it's inside Buhari, or scholars later on, they have

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comments on this book.

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After we find the names and the level of each narrator,

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we need to do we need to know if they are connected or not. That's the important thing.

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Once we did that, then they had a CCIE

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but is it accepted or not? Then that's

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Another issue

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maybe it is.

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Okay.

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I'll give you an example. Just one example to practice.

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In nominal sigh and I chose the Hadith not from Asahi, why? Because if it's in the site do you need to do anything? You know already It is like you just need to find it where it is. Remember, nessa rahimullah set a definite smiley when muscled

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and highly dependent Harith

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and Husayn al maalim.

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And I'm a bit shy been heavy handed the

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call

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and then my father hanabi sallallahu wasallam Makka hapa Baka Ellen.

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When the prophet SAW Selim conquered Mecca, he gave a sermon saying hello Liberace in a theater.

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It is not permissible for a woman to give something without the permission of her husband.

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This Hadith

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we have it in salon si. Now is this hadith authentic or not?

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What do you think?

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Hello.

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It is why guessing

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why it is authentic? Based on what

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what

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he nomina say

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hello

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so what do you think? Is this hadith authentic or not?

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Come on, we don't have time. What do we do?

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Yes, that's what I just mentioned. Check the narrator's Go ahead.

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First of all, where is this hadith mentioned?

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sunon an essay that will make our life much easier Why? We have many books. We have credited for a bit hotjar one volume you go and you will find all these names. Or

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you go to the big book, derivative or the bigger one. taffy will come on.

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First we go. How do we start?

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From a nominal sorry, who took it from he took it from a smile when Massoud

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So again, we go to the crib

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for a bit harder in volume one page 74 he said what thicker? What's the meaning of thicker, reliable and tentative? So do we need to do any further study for this one for this man is the

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next name. Khalid Adnan Harris.

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We go to the McRib again

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look at the name. Here is Smile. Smile starts with what in Arabic with Hamza and if it's not a while Khalid starts with the heart. They are still at the beginning. That's why it is volume one page 74 it's almost the beginning of the book here. It is volume one page 212

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What did he say?

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On Sept 30. Theft means strong.

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Now he gave him one description or two

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to do we need to do anything. He gave him actually extra more than what we need is all what we need is a concept. Are we done with this one?

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Fine. Number three are saying Mr. Lim, what's the meaning of Marlin?

00:24:03--> 00:24:05

Teacher Exactly. Now we have a problem

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for saying the teacher, Mohammed the student who was Mohammed,

00:24:12--> 00:24:28

you need to go to check all the names for saying Andrew was described as a teacher. Not only that, he was described as a teacher and he taught harlot or he took from Ammar this will be will make it easier but it's not as easy as you think.

00:24:30--> 00:24:41

You have his students you have his say you have his first name. If it's Mohammed, you are in trouble because you may have 200 Mohammed's but because there is her sign. It's not that common.

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How many of them were mentioned as teacher, maybe two or three. So it's very easy.

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In the crib, again, what did he say? With minimal

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delusion minimal

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so

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Good news

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now Ohio Ambassador

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so what about him?

00:25:08--> 00:25:10

He's okay still because he said

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yes his is not like 100% but he's still

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you need to know the statements of the scholars

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we go back just to be in the safe side we go back to another book Hola. Hola sa

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been said he is thicker.

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So in order to avoid any confusion like here with minimal you want to be certain you go to another book to see what other scholars mentioned now another scholar said about him What is the console is okay no problem number four I'm being shy

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I'm with Mohammed bin Abdullah bin am Ross that's his full name

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under the pinstripe

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in a crib, he said about him what

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so do

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the terms of the means what is if at all?

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No. is less so he's what

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what Okay, what type of Okay, we need to know so we go to another book and cash if the man is there hubby? What did he say? Ma'am? They're heavy.

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He said if he narrates from thicker than he is thicker.

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So he gave us another

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ruling.

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That's the benefit of knowing all the things of the scholars because the first one he said so don't don't know anything else now. He's saying if he narrates from thicker than his thicker, so we keep him on hold. We see he is narrating from whom he's narrating from shaibu stripe.

00:27:04--> 00:27:13

Is his father schreib is his father because I'm not even sure I am sure I've been Mohammed Shriver when Mohammed bin Abdullah bin amaryllis.

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Again in the McRib, he said what saduak is difficult to do.

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So Duke

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in El Kashif said he's what saduak so now he did not really narrate from Africa he narrated from sadhak so what do we say about Amara being

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weak?

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You don't have whether he is or he is weak.

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So do what's the meaning give me

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a figure or give me like something? Yes.

00:27:52--> 00:28:17

Hasn't Yes, now we're talking about hustle not only hustle but high of hustle and highest levels of hustle and why? Because he says if he narrates from FIFA then he is thicker. So this man could be thicker. But try. They say he is so dope. So the Hadith he still has an actually this chain of narrators Amara betreiben. avi enjoyed the scholars different about it. Many of them said Hassan, some of them said

00:28:19--> 00:28:32

so, again, that's the that's the reason why because sometimes in the rates from FIFA, although he is narrating from his father, they said there are some narrations he did not hear directly from his father. That's why we say he is.

00:28:33--> 00:28:33

Okay.

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Now, Shriver bin Mohammed and JD who is the grandfather of schreiben, Mohammed

00:28:47--> 00:28:51

Abdullah bin Nasser, the Allahumma is what

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companion

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do we check anything about the companion? No. So after this study,

00:29:01--> 00:29:10

by the way, this is very quickly. Sometimes you have like as I said, sometimes you have the named Mohammed or the name Abdullah and you spend.

00:29:11--> 00:29:22

So what's the rolling of this is not? We have three Flipkart and we have two sadhak. What's the rolling of this hadith? What's the degree of it?

00:29:25--> 00:29:29

Hi Hasson. So do we say it's accepted or rejected?

00:29:30--> 00:29:33

accepted? It is accepted.

00:29:35--> 00:29:35

It is Hasson

00:29:39--> 00:29:50

This is very brief example. You see how we do when we try to check on the narrator's but again, we don't want to spend more time because there are no books of ridges really in English.

00:29:55--> 00:30:00

We need another thing now. We said it is Hassan. It should be accepted. How

00:30:00--> 00:30:28

However, what if the text is odd? outlandish? We need to make sure of that right? Because maybe the Hadith, according to the narrator's it is Husson, but it contradicts what we have in the Quran. Or it contradicts an authentic hadith. What do we do in this case? Do we accept it or not? We don't accept it. We say the Hadith the degree of Hadith is Hassan, but we don't accept it.

00:30:30--> 00:30:31

What about the Hadith?

00:30:32--> 00:30:33

It says,

00:30:34--> 00:30:35

a woman

00:30:37--> 00:30:40

should not give a gift without the permission of her husband.

00:30:41--> 00:30:45

Let's go back to the Hadith. So what do you think about it?

00:30:54--> 00:30:58

Your wife gave a gift to her friend, and she did not tell you.

00:31:01--> 00:31:05

Is this permissible or not? What does the Hadith say?

00:31:06--> 00:31:07

It's not permissible.

00:31:09--> 00:31:13

So what do you think? Is there any contradiction with any text?

00:31:24--> 00:31:30

Okay, hold on. You say she is not allowed or she's allowed. She's allowed to give

00:31:31--> 00:31:33

money on his behalf. That's not his money. That's her money.

00:31:36--> 00:31:39

That's what we're saying. That's her money but she is married.

00:31:43--> 00:31:43

Do you think

00:31:48--> 00:31:48

Hello.

00:31:49--> 00:31:50

contradicts what?

00:31:54--> 00:31:55

salsa.

00:32:01--> 00:32:03

That's the opposite.

00:32:05--> 00:32:11

He is using harmonica but now she is using her money. Does she have to tell him or not?

00:32:13--> 00:32:15

He says she cannot do it.

00:32:16--> 00:32:18

Until she tells him and he gives her the permission.

00:32:28--> 00:32:34

Can a woman have money or not? Can she make trade or not? This one is hers or his

00:32:36--> 00:32:39

hers? Does he have any right to take her money?

00:32:40--> 00:32:44

So he cannot take her money? Why then he has to know where she's spending her money.

00:32:47--> 00:32:51

Some scholars said this hadith is shallow. Actually. They did not accept it.

00:32:52--> 00:33:05

They said there is outlandish. It is odd. Other scholars said yes. But again it contradicts one of the rules. If the money is free, if the woman is free to own her own money while you ask her

00:33:07--> 00:33:12

to to seek the permission of the husband I want to give my friend it's not your business. It's my money.

00:33:22--> 00:33:25

Another example in the Muslim the female measurement

00:33:27--> 00:33:32

instead of the result on mama on YouTube or naffaa oligomer

00:33:38--> 00:33:39

Nabi sallallahu Sallam

00:33:42--> 00:33:43

will Iman

00:33:44--> 00:33:45

you call Allahu

00:33:47--> 00:33:57

Akbar Ahmed fatale Adama MacFarlane will now I did not mention the Hadith because again the purpose is what to check on the narrator's What do we do in this hadith?

00:34:02--> 00:34:05

We start from undress, duck. Where do we go?

00:34:09--> 00:34:11

Exactly. It's in the Muslim.

00:34:13--> 00:34:20

It's not in the six books. But that does not mean we will not find this man in the six books because at the resort maybe

00:34:21--> 00:34:25

maybe he narrated the Hadith. So we go but again, who's Abdul Razak?

00:34:28--> 00:34:30

Did we mention his father's name?

00:34:31--> 00:34:34

Well, how many people are named after rezac?

00:34:35--> 00:34:41

Very few, very few. And abdulrazaq is the shake of human.

00:34:43--> 00:34:45

So his very famous actually

00:34:46--> 00:34:52

the result of Bananarama Sinani he is from Yemen. Abdirizak actually he has his own Masonic Masonic fundraiser.

00:34:54--> 00:34:56

So he is famous and he is of course,

00:34:58--> 00:34:59

from Mama, Mama

00:35:00--> 00:35:02

Since we knew this one, this one will become easy.

00:35:03--> 00:35:05

Number whose Mama

00:35:07--> 00:35:09

Mama barrage it again is from Yemen.

00:35:13--> 00:35:17

From our YouTube, we check on a YouTube and NASA, NASA is what?

00:35:19--> 00:35:29

The slave of economics the freed slave of Adama, his famous is the share of Imam Malik. So we have only when we have only problem with you, we need to check on

00:35:30--> 00:35:34

who's are you? Because they you could be many or could be? Not that much.

00:35:35--> 00:35:38

That's how you study this now, Is this clear?

00:35:39--> 00:35:49

Okay. Now, our last topic in this semester in Sharla, and the hottest terminology, which is reception and delivery. It is in the book, page 11.

00:35:54--> 00:36:20

We have eight methods of reception and delivery. What do we mean by reception and delivery? How you get the Hadith, and how you give it to others. Scholars studied even this thing, how you get the Hadith from the chef, because this will affect on the authenticity of the Hadith. Did you hear it directly, or he brought it to you, or it came to you through a third party.

00:36:21--> 00:36:35

They reached that advanced level of documenting the Hadith, how you received the Hadith. And you received it by hearing from the share? Have you gave it to others how the others took it from you recorded written verbally.

00:36:36--> 00:36:43

This is important why to know how the Hadith came to you. Especially when you wanted to compare.

00:36:44--> 00:36:54

Because if the Hadith came to you from a third party is not like when you hear it directly from the shape. This will help choosing if there is contradiction, which one is more authentic.

00:36:57--> 00:37:06

The first method was which is called somehow What's the meaning of some app hearing directly from the shape? Just like now what you're doing with me

00:37:08--> 00:37:12

hearing now the students online are they considered hearing?

00:37:15--> 00:37:22

It is direct. But you could say yes. And you could say no, actually, at the time of the scholars, they had similar thing.

00:37:24--> 00:37:28

Now there were a woman teaching, but they used to have some barrier.

00:37:29--> 00:37:33

The Companions I shadowed Ilana, but they know that she's Ayesha.

00:37:34--> 00:37:40

So if you are certain now it is life, they could see the picture and they could hear the voice. So they are certain

00:37:41--> 00:37:56

that they are taking directly. So it could be the same it's direct hearing. But now let's say they online, they mentioned something and all of you mentioned something else if someone came which one he will take you or them

00:37:57--> 00:38:11

you because you are here directly. Online, maybe there was a problem in connection. Maybe the voice was not clear. See when it helps when you have two different words, two different things.

00:38:12--> 00:38:22

So what what do we mean by some out? Again, the chef is reading or he's talking whether from a book or from his memory and the student is listening.

00:38:23--> 00:38:26

I hear him whether you are writing or not.

00:38:27--> 00:38:31

That's considered in the Hadith the highest level of reception.

00:38:33--> 00:38:35

Why because it is direct. It is from the

00:38:37--> 00:38:38

from the teacher.

00:38:41--> 00:38:48

Now you hear according to this method, what do you say to people? How did you take it? What do you say?

00:38:55--> 00:38:56

Now what do you tell the people?

00:38:57--> 00:38:58

How did you get it from your shave?

00:39:01--> 00:39:05

Had the sun exactly or had the center of Samir to

00:39:06--> 00:39:06

Okay,

00:39:07--> 00:39:09

you say had the Santa I hate

00:39:11--> 00:39:16

had the Santa or had destiny? What's the difference between her destiny or her destiny?

00:39:20--> 00:39:22

I know what's the difference? I heard we heard

00:39:28--> 00:39:32

in this situation, they say her destiny or her destiny in our situation.

00:39:34--> 00:39:39

Had mehsana because there is many. If you are alone you say had definitely

00:39:41--> 00:39:41

Okay.

00:39:43--> 00:39:52

Okay. So it is had definite that's the method of delivery. Since you hate it. You say hard data or submit to

00:39:54--> 00:39:58

the second method is recitation or rehearsal.

00:40:00--> 00:40:01

karate, or

00:40:02--> 00:40:07

it's the opposite. Now I am quiet I am listening and you are

00:40:08--> 00:40:08

breathing.

00:40:10--> 00:40:20

Whether or not I tell you Okay, next, what is this called? rehearsal or karate or our presentation? Now this is the opposite

00:40:21--> 00:40:23

the student is reading to the shape.

00:40:28--> 00:40:33

So what do you think? Is this method accepted in the Hadith or not?

00:40:40--> 00:40:47

If the chef is approving What if the chef is silent is quiet? You are reading? He did not say anything.

00:40:51--> 00:40:55

He's not asleep, what if he was asleep? Or he's talking on the phone?

00:40:57--> 00:41:01

What do you think? Actually, there is difference of opinions.

00:41:02--> 00:41:31

Some scholars said this is actually stronger than the previous one. Why? Because now I may talk to you and you may say Hmm, definitely, but how do I know as a chef that what you are saying for others is correct. Maybe you are sleeping while here the chef is listening to you. So, it is two ways First, he wrote something the students and he is telling you what he wrote. So it is more confirmed. Unless it is wrong, the chef won't say anything. So he doesn't need to tell you.

00:41:32--> 00:41:45

That's why some scholars said it is stronger. Other scholars said it is the same just like hearing it is also okay it is approved. Other scholars said no it is not accepted as a method of reception.

00:41:47--> 00:41:49

Because what if the sheriff

00:41:51--> 00:41:59

did not listen Really? Or he was busy with something else? Or he was thinking of outside did not hear him?

00:42:00--> 00:42:02

So, which opinion do you think is correct?

00:42:08--> 00:42:31

It is at least at least it is the same if not stronger. So it should be accepted no question read what Dr. camellia mentioned about this method in the book. So, this is method number two, how do you deliver if you are the one who is telling the shape and the shape approved or He did not say anything? What do you say now the first one we said at the center here?

00:42:33--> 00:42:34

What do you say

00:42:39--> 00:42:41

to Allah He I read to him or

00:42:42--> 00:42:48

he told us while reading had the Santa Clara de la or the

00:42:49--> 00:43:08

the term is used in Hades terminology and that's what I want you to know about Ana, that's easier. We have had the sun and we have a cabana. When you read in the books of Hadith. What's the difference between her death Anna and the Vajrayana? has definitely Havana. You hear it from the shape of Marana you recite it to the shape it is a burner

00:43:09--> 00:43:10

okay.

00:43:12--> 00:43:14

This is the second method.

00:43:16--> 00:43:20

The third method, which is called ijazah or permission

00:43:25--> 00:43:27

ijazah or permission,

00:43:28--> 00:43:31

I give you permission to narrate from me Sahih Bukhari

00:43:34--> 00:43:37

I am giving you permission to read Sahih Bukhari

00:43:41--> 00:43:46

this jaza is a bit confusing actually. Because it is four types.

00:43:49--> 00:43:54

It has four types permission to a specific person for a specific thing.

00:43:55--> 00:44:05

Come to john and i tell him, I give you permission to teach the book of Aflac that I taught you in this class.

00:44:06--> 00:44:09

What is this called? ijazah.

00:44:10--> 00:44:14

But it is a jaza for a specific person in a specific thing.

00:44:16--> 00:44:17

The second type

00:44:18--> 00:44:29

permission to ask specific for person for a general thing. I tell john, I give you permission to teach everything you learned from this class.

00:44:30--> 00:44:33

With a clap beta paid a bit hard if

00:44:35--> 00:44:40

this is called what permission to a specific person for a general thing.

00:44:43--> 00:44:45

You don't have to write everything it's mentioned in the book.

00:44:48--> 00:44:54

Number three, permission to unspecific persons for a specific subject.

00:44:56--> 00:45:00

I say I'm giving a jaza I'm giving permission

00:45:00--> 00:45:02

To all Houstonians.

00:45:05--> 00:45:14

They may be for millions, they may be five millions, there may become people coming after 10 years, I give them permission to teach the subject of o'clock.

00:45:18--> 00:45:19

This is number three,

00:45:20--> 00:45:21

number four,

00:45:22--> 00:45:26

permission to unspecific persons with an specific subject.

00:45:28--> 00:45:39

I say I give permission to everybody to teach anything on my behalf for me, so they say, from Assam, he told us on so

00:45:43--> 00:45:43

this is

00:45:45--> 00:45:49

what is called a jazza. What do you think? What's the rolling of it?

00:45:50--> 00:45:51

These four types

00:45:54--> 00:45:56

is it accepted or rejected? Or what?

00:45:57--> 00:45:58

Yes.

00:46:00--> 00:46:03

Yeah, types we have first, second, third, fourth that

00:46:09--> 00:46:11

the first two are better than others.

00:46:12--> 00:46:17

But which one is accepted and which one is rejected? That's what we are looking for. Not better or worse.

00:46:23--> 00:46:23

Yes,

00:46:32--> 00:46:37

that's correct. Actually, the first two are accepted. But the last two are not accepted.

00:46:38--> 00:46:45

The first two are accepted. And the first one actually is is very strong. When you give permission to someone,

00:46:47--> 00:46:59

when do we have this? Usually one does it happen even nowadays, with the Quran after the chef hears everything from the student, it gives him the jazza permission with the Quran.

00:47:01--> 00:47:13

So it is a specific thing, it's the Quran it's not everything and according to a specific way for a person let's say someone memorized the entire Quran and he was so excited he said I give a jaza to every Muslim

00:47:15--> 00:47:20

does it make any sense? Every Muslim will come and say I have a jazza in the Quran from that shape.

00:47:21--> 00:47:28

See, that's why number three and four they are not accepted they should not be accepted. But number one and two they are accepted.

00:47:31--> 00:47:33

So what do we say in delivery?

00:47:34--> 00:47:36

Now we said a definite and

00:47:38--> 00:47:42

in delivery here we say and banner and Anna

00:47:45--> 00:47:59

and banner or do you say hi definitely Jonathan. So now we have had Deaf Anna banana and banner, banner ijazah banana rehearsal or recitation how deaf Anna hearing for some ah

00:48:00--> 00:48:01

okay.

00:48:03--> 00:48:07

This is number three. Number four, Muna Allah.

00:48:08--> 00:48:12

Allah literally means to hand out or to

00:48:14--> 00:48:16

give something presentation

00:48:17--> 00:48:20

to hand your own narrations to the student.

00:48:21--> 00:48:23

I gave to him john and I told him

00:48:25--> 00:48:26

These are my

00:48:28--> 00:48:31

my narrations of Hadith from my ship.

00:48:34--> 00:48:39

What do you call this moon Allah because now Allah in Arabic means he gave him or he handed him something.

00:48:42--> 00:48:43

It could be combined with the jazza

00:48:45--> 00:48:55

john This is my narrations I give you permission to narrate it. Or john This is my narrations.

00:48:56--> 00:48:59

So it has two types whether combined with each other or not.

00:49:01--> 00:49:02

Is it accepted or not?

00:49:07--> 00:49:08

Yes. Why

00:49:14--> 00:49:18

he's giving the permission not if he did not give him the permission he just handed it to him.

00:49:21--> 00:49:32

It's not accepted not actually is accepted. If I don't want you to narrate for me, I don't give you from the from the beginning. Or I will tell you don't mention them.

00:49:34--> 00:49:36

So it should be accepted. When Allah

00:49:40--> 00:49:41

What do you say

00:49:42--> 00:49:48

now? Well, Annie, he handed me or a jazza Lehman our Latin or he gave me permission through

00:49:49--> 00:49:50

manava

00:49:52--> 00:49:57

that's what you say in delivery. Now balani or adjani manava latin

00:50:01--> 00:50:03

Number five macatawa

00:50:04--> 00:50:05

correspondence.

00:50:08--> 00:50:11

I am in Houston, some students in Canada.

00:50:13--> 00:50:26

They said we want your narrations from this share whom you met in Middle East. And I wrote the letter, I wrote the narrations and I sent them to them. Can they narrate this ahaadeeth on my behalf

00:50:28--> 00:50:31

to write your own narrations or order someone to write for you.

00:50:33--> 00:50:34

I wrote them to them. Or

00:50:36--> 00:50:41

I don't have time I told john, look, you are with me. Right? All the narrations and send it to them?

00:50:43--> 00:50:46

Can they know right from me through correspondence?

00:50:48--> 00:51:01

And again, I could tell them look, this is my narrations. And I give you permission, anyone in Canada to know that you took it from me? Or I just sent it to them? They asked me and I gave it to them.

00:51:03--> 00:51:05

So is it accepted or not?

00:51:09--> 00:51:12

Is it accepted as method can they say?

00:51:13--> 00:51:14

From

00:51:15--> 00:51:15

I saw?

00:51:20--> 00:51:22

By correspondence Know why?

00:51:24--> 00:51:28

He did not hear it directly? Does? Do they have to hear it directly?

00:51:30--> 00:51:32

What about the jazza? When I gave it to him?

00:51:35--> 00:51:35

Now Allah,

00:51:37--> 00:51:38

what do you think

00:51:39--> 00:51:50

macatawa is accepted. Especially when I give permission. I'm telling you narrate this from me. Even if there is no permission, why I wrote it to you.

00:51:51--> 00:51:53

Unless I tell you please Don't mention it.

00:51:54--> 00:51:55

It should be accepted.

00:51:56--> 00:51:57

But what do we do?

00:52:00--> 00:52:05

How does an Akita button? That's how you deliver it. He told us through correspondence.

00:52:06--> 00:52:14

He told us through correspondence. Now from number five to the end, I don't want to relate to know exactly what's the method of delivery.

00:52:16--> 00:52:25

I care a lot about number one, two and three, because that's what you find most in the books of Hadith. At the center of Marana and banner, what's the meaning of them?

00:52:26--> 00:52:28

What's the method and how do you deliver them?

00:52:32--> 00:52:33

Okay, this is number five.

00:52:35--> 00:52:40

Number six, declaration, or what we call a lamb,

00:52:41--> 00:52:45

a lamb. When the chef tells the student that he heard this hadith

00:52:48--> 00:53:01

you come to me and you tell me there is a hadith and I tell you I hear this hadith from my chef from his say all the way to the Messenger of Allah. Can you go and tell that you hear this hadith from me?

00:53:05--> 00:53:10

When the chef tells the student then that he heard this hadith now, I told you I heard it.

00:53:11--> 00:53:14

But I did not tell you go and narrate it from on my behalf.

00:53:17--> 00:53:19

Is this an accepted method or not?

00:53:23--> 00:53:24

Hello.

00:53:28--> 00:53:28

Why?

00:53:30--> 00:53:31

I did not tell you narrate for me.

00:53:36--> 00:53:39

Yeah, but I did not tell him maybe not intentionally. He asked me and I told him

00:53:48--> 00:53:54

Well, it's still accepted. It's still accepted unless I tell you do not tell anybody.

00:53:56--> 00:54:00

Yes, I hear this but do not tell anybody. Otherwise it should be accepted.

00:54:02--> 00:54:07

What do you say Alemany or Bharani Alamin. He declared to me

00:54:10--> 00:54:11

that's what we call a lamb.

00:54:13--> 00:54:18

Number seven we saya bequest. This is the seventh method,

00:54:19--> 00:54:21

Wi Fi or bequest?

00:54:22--> 00:54:29

how this happens? I am traveling and I tell him Look, these are my narrations or go there and you will find them.

00:54:31--> 00:54:38

Living instructor instructions upon departure for traveling or upon death to transmit a book or narrations on his behalf.

00:54:39--> 00:54:48

I tell you look, I may die today I have operation but there is a book of my collection. It is on that shelf or in that place.

00:54:51--> 00:54:53

Could you go and

00:54:54--> 00:54:59

take these narrations and go to people and tell them I hear

00:55:03--> 00:55:04

Or not?

00:55:09--> 00:55:09

Hello?

00:55:11--> 00:55:13

Yes. Why?

00:55:17--> 00:55:20

What if I did not hear all of them? But they have their Hadith

00:55:26--> 00:55:30

use different term. Go to the book actually that's correct.

00:55:31--> 00:55:34

It should also be accepted otherwise I don't choose you.

00:55:35--> 00:55:36

I don't choose you.

00:55:38--> 00:55:43

Number eight which other? Or what do we call finding? budget to means I found

00:55:45--> 00:55:58

now this is not a request. You are You are digging through my books after I left or after I died. And you found a book of narrations you find there from me from my shelf all the way

00:55:59--> 00:56:00

to find a hadith

00:56:03--> 00:56:06

that's the definition of it to find the Hadith from a chef that he did not hear from.

00:56:15--> 00:56:19

Can you write according to this Hadith, this method?

00:56:22--> 00:56:24

Can you receive the Hadith according to this method?

00:56:27--> 00:56:28

No. Why?

00:56:32--> 00:56:34

What about the books of Hadith nowadays?

00:56:37--> 00:56:38

The book not me.

00:56:40--> 00:56:55

Because I found the book book of Buhari now who doesn't have the book of Buhari, but did we hear it from alcohol directly? Can I say I took it from Al Buhari. Well, you can it is a Bukhari but it's not from you directly.

00:56:56--> 00:57:09

Okay. So these are eight methods of reception and delivery. It is in the book. And with this we reach the conclusion of this subject. The Hadith terminology. Hello, Salam. Salam, Al Hamdulillah