Fiqh – Understanding the Religion 9/14

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Isam Rajab

Channel: Isam Rajab

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Episode Transcript

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Santa Monica Santa Monica cattle. Welcome to our class. Today inshallah, we will start with the Juma prayer. We already discussed the pillars of the prayer and the preferred acts of the prayer. Now we're moving to another section in the chapter of the prayer which is the Juma prayer.

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We have conditions for the Juma prayer to be obligatory

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if one of these conditions is not fulfilled than Juma prayer is not obligatory.

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We have seven conditions. Again, I'd like to remind you with the importance of the numbers, remember the numbers. We have 11 things that invalidate the prayer. We have 12 pillars or 18 pillars for the prayer, we have 15 preferred acts, now, we have seven

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conditions in order for the the Juma prayer to become obligatory. The first one is entering into Islam,

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the one who performs Zuma, he has to be a Muslim.

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Number two, reaching puberty

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you have to reach the age of puberty.

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Number three, being sane.

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If someone

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does not have the serenity, he doesn't have to pray the Jamaat

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number for being a free man.

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Number five, being male,

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number six, being healthy.

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And number seven, being a resident of the area.

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Let's go back to the conditions. What are the evidences entering into Islam?

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Does the Kaffir have to pray the Juma?

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No. Well he has to pray but it will not be accepted anyway even if he prayed. So Islam is a condition

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reaching the age of puberty why it is a condition? Yes.

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Yes, exactly. The ban has been lifted on three types of people. One of them is the boy

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the young person until they reach the age of puberty. The same thing with sanity. What about being a free man?

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The slave does not have to pray the Juma

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does the slave have to pray the regular prayer or not? He has. So why the German is not

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permission

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from his master. Does he need the permission to pray the regular prayers?

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No, no. So what's the difference?

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Yes, Juma prayer is not like the regular prayer. It takes more time. And he has to leave so he doesn't have to pray the Juma. What about women?

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Why don't they have to pray the Juma?

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Yes.

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It's better for them to pray at home. That's the sooner always the prophet SAW Selim said

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when the woman prays in her house, it is better than praying in the masjid. So she doesn't have to pray in the masjid. Actually, there is a hadith this Allah Marathi Allah Allah Allah Abdi Juma? There is no Juma for the woman and the slave

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being healthy.

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What about being healthy?

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They have to be healthy to pray. in general.

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If you're sick you don't pray at all.

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Yes Juma requires more effort. You have to leave your house you have to come to the masjid. And you may not be able to do that you're sick. So you don't have to attend the Juma. What about residents the same thing if you are traveling,

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you're excused.

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The traveler he doesn't have to pray the Juma. You could pray for her. And he combines between Laura and us. Because if we say he has to pray Juma, then he cannot combine the prayers and he misses one of his rights. So he doesn't have to if he wanted to pray Juma, that's fine, but the traveller he doesn't have to pray Juma. So these are

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The conditions in order for the Juma to be obligatory.

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Now, there are conditions for performing the Juma prayer always try to differ between the two things they are different

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conditions for the Juma

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to become obligatory and conditions for performing the Juma

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just like the prayer we have conditions for the prayer to become obligatory and conditions for the prayer to be accepted. So, the same thing here, we have conditions for performing the Jamaat, how many conditions three,

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the area must be urban or rural.

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And here there is a problem of translation because rural it It refers to smaller place, while actually what we mean here, the area it has to be at least with

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a place for residents. It's not a desert, not a place where people travel.

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How do we consider an area whether it is urban or rural scholars talked about that

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there has to be at least three things

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judge

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market

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and a place for prayer like MSG.

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Because if you don't have a market marketplace that means it is very small area and the Juma is not obligatory.

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And the same thing if you don't have a leader, Mayor or judge for the for that area.

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And it depends other scholars they considered different things.

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Number two, the members of the congregation are at least 40 in number, they have to be 40 at least this is again the shaft a school of thought

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if you have less than 40 people is the Juma obligatory

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it is obligatory but you don't, you don't perform it. If you are a male, you are healthy, the Juma is obligatory, but in order for the Juma to become correct, you have to have 40 people. So in this case, you don't perform Juma.

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Just like in the prayer if you are male, and you and you are able to pray, but the time did not come Can you pray before the time? No.

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here actually what's the evidence that they have to be 40

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scholars different

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like in the number because all the ahaadeeth came they did not specify a number, the authentic ahaadeeth they did not specify the number and the Hadith that specify the number they are not authentic. Therefore, we have the different opinions. Humbly school of thought they said it has to be 12 people minimum is 12.

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Now honey, fine said three people is enough.

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It is sufficient to have three people for the drama.

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So in the Shafi school of thought if it's less than 40

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You don't have to create the drama.

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These these people the 40 people,

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what if we have 38 males and two women?

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It has to be 40 males?

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What about 39 adults and one child? Why? Because

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yes, they have to be 40 people

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which the Juma is obligatory on them. That's the condition on the number.

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Number three, the last condition the designated time has not yet elapsed.

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This is the third condition. What do we mean by that? we mean by that there is a time to perform the Juma prayer, let's say

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you are in

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in a city and you waited for the people to come. There were 40 people, but they came late. And now you look at the watch. And it's only four minutes. Can you give a hotline 44 minutes

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you can start the hotel but then the time will be already gone. If you give the hot button when you pray. So what do you do in this case?

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You pray, there has to be a time. If the time is already gone then you don't pray Juma. So these are the three conditions in order to perform the Juma prayer.

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We have seven conditions. In order for the Juma to become obligated and we have three conditions. In order to perform the Juma. Now we have required acts

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for the Juma prayer.

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And also there are three we have three required acts for the Juma prayer.

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One of them is we have you have to have two sermons during which the Imam stands up and between which he sits down.

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You have to have two sermons

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standing and sitting. So you stand up, you give one sermon, you sit, you stand up again, you give the second sermon.

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That's the way you perform it.

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Why? Because that's how the prophet SAW Selim perform it. So they said it is obligatory, this is a pillar and the chef is school of thought if you start in Alhamdulilah don't want to stay you know, and you talk for half an hour. And then you say, Alchemist Salah, while we did not sit down, is the Juma correct?

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No, no. It says here, it's a pillar, what's the meaning of pillar You have to do it.

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Number two performing two units storica.

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They say the two standings.

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They are like to Rakhi and then you perform to Raka.

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Number three, performing the prayer in congregation.

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What do you mean by that? Someone came to the gym and he attended the entire sermon. But then he looked at his watch and he found out that his break is already over. He has to go back to work. And he goes,

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is he considered

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performing the Juma?

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Yes, oh no. No, he has to pray the Torah, without the Torah, in congregation. Remember in congregation, you cannot say I will pray in my work, I attended the Jamaat hamdulillah and I go and pray in my work, you cannot you have to pray in congregation.

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So these are the three required acts of the Juma prayer.

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Now we have preferred x.

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What do you mean by preferred x, just like what we said in the prayer, it's only preferred. Here we don't have to do so.

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In the Juma there is no substitute. So

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we have four preferred acts.

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One of them

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ritual bathing and cleaning the body. It is recommended before you come to the Juma to clean yourself.

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You take a bath.

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In some schools of thought this is mandatory the prophet SAW Selim said how canaliculi Muslim it's the right

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upon each Muslim to perform also before he comes to the Juma prayer.

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Number two wearing white cloth.

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It is recommended also prophet SAW Selim recommended wearing white cloth always

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and

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in particular on Friday, there is no specific Hadith to say Friday in particular is recommended. But because this is a day where people gather and in general you're recommended to wear white cloth so it is the same on Juma prayer.

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Number three trimming the nails

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trimming the nails

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number four wearing perfume.

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All these acts are recommended.

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Now let me ask you this.

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Someone started the hookah in Alhamdulillah. Madonna Stein wants to be live on Audible and Sharon Fossum, Satya Molina. And then he went on in order for all the hotbot

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he sat down then he stood up and then he said,

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optimum Salah is the Juma prayer accepted.

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If you see it happen, does that mean

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it is correct

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it has to be in Arabic. Do it

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Have this is it the pillar of the Jamaat V in Arabic? No, no.

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At least not in the Shafi School of it's not

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what

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Yeah, and vice versa also

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what if someone goes to a place where they give the hotline Arabic and he doesn't understand our

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Arabic is only recommended. It's better actually to give the people what they understand.

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That's the purpose of the hotma

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Yeah, we do it in English to start with with Hadith and that's that's the hook. Well, what's the couplet consists of a hadith and the prayer on the messenger, sallAllahu, wasallam. Whatever comes else is extra. Whether you say it in Arabic, and although in English in any other language.

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Why four or five men because they said this is the minimum 14 men, it has to be

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four minutes, not the length is good. It could be enough four minutes.

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But four minutes speech, and then you have the prayer, the prayer will take more time. So it will not be enough to do both.

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But if you start with the word prayer, even if the time elapse already, still your prayer is correct.

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Okay, now we're moving to another

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section praying in congregation.

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Yes.

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If you stay for more than four days as you become

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becomes obligatory Yeah.

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Yes.

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Yes.

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You could pray with them. But it's not mandatory on you. Because you believe it becomes mandatory when there are 40 people.

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Now, all what we discussed is when you pray alone, now we were talking about praying in congregation we started with the Juma prayer. And now we're moving to the other prayers, congregational prayers and the prayers. congregational and the prayers are established traditions. What do we mean by established traditions Sunnah

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of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam.

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So according to the Shafi school of thought, if a man does not pray in the masjid, what's his punishment?

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Nothing.

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Why?

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It is a sooner because there is a sooner now that does not mean you're encouraged to leave the prayer in congregation but just in case you did not pray. It is only sooner.

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It was refined that congregational prayers, this is another opinion are collectively obligatory. What do you mean by collectively obligatory?

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fortify, fortify. If some did it,

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then it is sufficient. If not did it all the people are sinners? That's what we mean by collectively obligatory.

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So we have two opinions in the Shafi school of thought.

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What's the difference between number one and number two?

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on you as an individual?

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Okay.

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This is number one.

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What's about number two?

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What's the difference? I'm asking between number one and number two.

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It's an individual. If he doesn't go by

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the congregational prayer is not sinning. But the number two, if no one in the community, prays congregational prayer at all.

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That's a collective insanity and everyone and according to number one if no one prayed at all.

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Yes, exactly. That's the difference. Number one, they say, even if nobody prayed.

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No one is sinning. But it's again dislike but it's not a sin. While number two if no one prayed, everybody is committing a sin.

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Because they said it has to be like it has to be a city and Muslims. What makes

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The Muslims, if someone stranger came, he needs to see that people are praying, actually the son of the messenger Salaam whenever they wanted to fight people,

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before they fight them, they wait to see if they are praying or not.

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That's what kind of new leader or their loved one was commanded to do. So these are the two opinions of Imam Shafi Rahim Allah. What's the evidence?

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Because there are many scholars who said it is worship, it is mandatory and the to say it's swagged. Up, it's very strong opinion as well.

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The Juma prayer, the congregational prayer is our job is very strong opinion.

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What's the evidence that it is sooner

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or collectively?

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obligatory, it's not mandatory on everyone.

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You know,

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you don't know why they go to the masjid.

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You would like to or people are doing it. So, yes, you know,

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there is a Hadith of the messenger sallam, he intended to burn the houses of those who don't come to the masjid, right.

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If it's sooner, why would the prophets are sent and burn the house? If it's optional, you should not punish me. So actually, that's an evidence for the other opinion.

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Now we have a problem.

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We need an evidence for this opinion.

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Yeah.

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Yeah.

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Yeah.

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Yeah, that means

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that means you have to do it. That's not for the first nor the second. That's again for the same thing. What's the evidence that it is soon?

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The prophets I send them said in Hadith, both Sahih al Bukhari

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Salatu Raja refill Masjid Dora Allah salatu

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salam ala slotted for the soldering machine, the Raja be sitting watching the Raja

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or becomes in Washington, when you pray in congregation, it is better 25 times then you pray in your house. Now, they said

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to prefer or to favor one over the other that means the other one is also permissible. Otherwise, there is no

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comparison between the two.

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Because you would say from the beginning, it is not permissible to pray at home. But the prophet SAW Selim is simply telling you it is better 25 times that means it is still permissible to pray at home.

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Make your house graves. Yeah, this supports again the other opinion.

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So this is the essential evidence for the Shafi school of thought and Maliki school of thought. Whoever said there is sooner or sooner marquetta that you don't have to do it.

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Now we're moving to an important issue, which is the timings for prayers.

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And I believe this is something you don't have in the book. So bear with me.

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First,

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prayer is the word prayer.

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This is the first prayer

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is it the bar or the prayer?

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Why? I was told it was the first prayer was the

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prayer

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is this correct? It's the first prayer of the day.

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Because you pray before the sun comes up.

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Does that make it the first prayer?

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No one does the day start?

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According to

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according to light and dark

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islamically can you start your day by by eating until the sun comes?

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Because you have too fast the day right you don't fast the night

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cannot take this.

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So what do you think we don't want spend more time quickly is

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doors of prayer.

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Command.

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What's the first prayer on the day?

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No.

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Yes.

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February is not sunrise. Again, you are mixing two things. February is not sunrise. February is the dawn.

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It's the federal.

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No, actually, look.

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It's the first. It's the first prayer. Why? Yes.

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Why? Why basil?

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It seems logical. We need evidence. jabril Allah Salam on he came to the messenger Salaam. When the prayer was ordain, the first time he came. It was under prayer.

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So that's it's the first prayer. Yes.

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Yeah, so we already we already started our day. In that case,

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anyway, well, prayer is the first prayer. Why because you realize Salam on the prayer was ordained, he came the first time on the third prayer, it starts

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from visual

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zywall means when the sun is moving from the center, from the Meridian, that's the

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beginning of the lower time, until the shade of everything becomes equal to the length to the length of it after the shade of meridian.

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What do you mean by that?

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You are one, you are six foot. Okay? This is your

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hate

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the end of the water prayer until you have the shade of six foot

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after you add, everything has a shade, even when the sun is

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it straight up vertical.

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There is like maybe one or two centimeters, more or less.

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You add the six foot to this.

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And then that's the end of our prayer. It's beginning time when the sun starts going down.

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Not when it's up 90 degrees in the horizon. No, that's still the time where you cannot pray. The third time starts. That's why we call in our example, what's the meaning of Zara. Zara linguistically means removed, because the sun is already moving, it's moved from the zenith from the Meridian, it's moving.

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So that's when the time of war starts. It starts after the sun has already moved.

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After the sun has already moved.

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That's the time of war.

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Until,

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until the shade of everything is equal to its length. plus,

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plus the shade of itself when there is the sun is horizon.

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It's vertical on the thing.

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Even if this is let's imagine this light is the sun and you have this card here

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you will have a slight shade.

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The slight shade, maybe it's like one 10th of the length or less. You add this to its length,

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the sun is moving and the shade is coming

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until it becomes equal.

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Nowadays, the time remains from like 120 until

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five o'clock, maybe four hours more or less or three hours and half. That's the time of the

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by that when you have six foot 10 centimeters, then what starts the the answer time. The answer time starts from this until

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until when the sunset

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until the shade is twice the length.

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Not until one does the answer time ends. When does it end the answer time

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when the sun

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on the color on the sun color is orange.

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What about demonic why it doesn't end at the moment of time.

00:30:01--> 00:30:06

Yeah before that time Don't you pray answer can you pray answer

00:30:08--> 00:30:09

No. Why

00:30:12--> 00:30:13

before the sun is setting

00:30:15--> 00:30:17

after your shade is twice your length

00:30:18--> 00:30:23

Can't you pray also because there is time there is like half an hour or so

00:30:27--> 00:30:28

what do you think?

00:30:32--> 00:30:33

If you miss it

00:30:35--> 00:30:37

not on a regular basis

00:30:47--> 00:30:48

it is forbidden to pray

00:30:50--> 00:30:56

okay we'll discuss it now I'll clarify it let's move to the matter of time. When does the matter of time start?

00:31:00--> 00:31:01

When the sun goes down

00:31:04--> 00:31:08

when the sun is completely down seems we have a problem here let's see.

00:31:16--> 00:31:17

This is the C level

00:31:19--> 00:31:20

you are here

00:31:23--> 00:31:23

okay

00:31:25--> 00:31:29

tell me when can you pray Missouri

00:31:32--> 00:31:34

The sun is what

00:31:36--> 00:31:37

is setting

00:31:54--> 00:31:57

when can you start praying Margaret

00:32:01--> 00:32:01

which number

00:32:04--> 00:32:05

for

00:32:07--> 00:32:07

online

00:32:12--> 00:32:13

Yes, when can you start praying Mary

00:32:18--> 00:32:21

I'm asking you what do you think?

00:32:23--> 00:32:24

When does it start?

00:32:27--> 00:32:32

Which number tell me which number Don't tell me when the sun I gave you a chart

00:32:33--> 00:32:37

not the best of drawing but I think it's clear

00:32:45--> 00:32:46

is this way

00:32:47--> 00:32:49

because you look there that's the worst

00:32:54--> 00:32:55

Yes.

00:32:57--> 00:33:03

Yes is number two Why not? Number one. When the sun is equally setting, half of it

00:33:04--> 00:33:08

is down and half of it is up. What do you think Tell me here What do you think?

00:33:10--> 00:33:15

Number four, when you when you still when you're able to see the rays of the sun

00:33:21--> 00:33:24

Yeah, it's not not again you can see the rays of the sun.

00:33:28--> 00:33:34

If the disk of the Sun is gone, you can pray that's what you look for the disk of the Sun.

00:33:36--> 00:33:38

So it is number four here.

00:33:39--> 00:33:46

It is number four. As long as you could see part of the sun itself this the sun itself then you cannot pray

00:33:47--> 00:33:54

remember, that's the sunset because now it's already said you can break your fast you can pray also.

00:34:02--> 00:34:06

Num number for the Russia as a prayer. When does it start?

00:34:08--> 00:34:14

When it's completely dark, be more accurate when the red Twilight ends.

00:34:16--> 00:34:26

Now after the sun is setting what happens? There is still some kind of flight and it takes some time. When it's totally

00:34:27--> 00:34:33

dark. There is red Twilight when it's gone, then that's the beginning of the extra time. Until when

00:34:39--> 00:34:41

one third of the night not until the dawn.

00:34:43--> 00:34:44

midnight.

00:34:48--> 00:34:51

Why it's the first third they say midnight.

00:34:52--> 00:34:54

What's the midnight 12am

00:34:55--> 00:34:56

midnight

00:34:58--> 00:34:59

is 10pm

00:35:02--> 00:35:03

It will come around, and

00:35:05--> 00:35:08

it will come about midnight. But sometimes the day is a lot longer.

00:35:09--> 00:35:12

So it's not always 12am. Are you sure?

00:35:15--> 00:35:16

Yes.

00:35:23--> 00:35:28

So we calculate the night from the time until budget time.

00:35:29--> 00:35:30

Wrong

00:35:31--> 00:35:42

from time from the sunset until the dawn. So nowadays, like today, the sunset is almost 822.

00:35:45--> 00:35:49

And the sub the dawn is five.

00:35:52--> 00:35:55

No, there is five, maybe 14 or 15.

00:35:58--> 00:35:59

Let's say 516.

00:36:01--> 00:36:02

How much time do we have?

00:36:07--> 00:36:07

almost

00:36:10--> 00:36:15

nine hours, let's say nine hours. Even. Okay, let's just assume nine hours.

00:36:16--> 00:36:24

If you say half the night, then you add you divide this by two, which means four and a half.

00:36:25--> 00:36:30

Four and a half you add it to 829. The Midnight is when

00:36:31--> 00:36:40

is 11 1159 it's exactly 12am. midnight.

00:36:42--> 00:36:44

Why? Because it's only nine hours.

00:36:45--> 00:36:55

And 1259. Yeah, I'm sorry. 1259. Yeah, it's almost exactly 1am 1am.

00:36:58--> 00:37:07

But that's not according to the sharpest school of thought, according to the Shafi school of thought three divided by three, and the first third only so you add three instead of four.

00:37:09--> 00:37:12

You add three. So you have until

00:37:14--> 00:37:21

1159 1111 29 I'm sorry

00:37:22--> 00:37:23

1129

00:37:25--> 00:37:27

that's the maximum.

00:37:28--> 00:37:39

You should wait until you pray the extra time. According to the Shafi school of thought, why because there is a hadith prophets are seldom said the time of the show until one third of the night is gone.

00:37:42--> 00:37:51

Okay, let me ask you this. What about the time between 1129 until 515 or 516?

00:37:54--> 00:37:55

Can someone pressure that time?

00:38:05--> 00:38:08

Okay, let's let's finish the last one, which is the sub sprayer.

00:38:09--> 00:38:11

When does the sub sprayer start?

00:38:14--> 00:38:15

When does it start?

00:38:17--> 00:38:18

before sunrise.

00:38:20--> 00:38:23

Four hours before sunrise two hours before sun. When does it start?

00:38:24--> 00:38:25

From the dawn?

00:38:27--> 00:38:29

From the dawn? Not the first light?

00:38:35--> 00:38:35

Yes.

00:38:39--> 00:38:39

The dim

00:38:41--> 00:38:41

glow?

00:38:42--> 00:38:43

Yes.

00:38:46--> 00:38:57

Yes, there is two dogs. That's correct. Federal cabinet and federal sodic the lying down and the true dawn the lying down it comes vertical

00:38:58--> 00:39:02

prophets I seldom give the example like the tail of the Fox

00:39:03--> 00:39:07

and the true dawn when the light starts and the horizon

00:39:09--> 00:39:17

that's the true dawn. That's the beginning of the subsidized federal sadhak they don't until when

00:39:19--> 00:39:22

until it's far What's the meaning of is far?

00:39:27--> 00:39:28

Yeah.

00:39:30--> 00:39:33

Sunrise is the as far sunrise.

00:39:43--> 00:39:45

As far What's the meaning of is far

00:39:46--> 00:39:46

as far

00:39:49--> 00:39:54

means when you're able to distinguish the things by the natural light.

00:39:55--> 00:39:59

Now remember the sun did not raise it did not rise it

00:40:00--> 00:40:12

But you could see the rays of the sun. That's this far, when you could see that he is wearing a black shirt or white shirt. Of course, nowadays, you could do that easily because of the light.

00:40:13--> 00:40:24

But without lights only with the sunlight, the natural light once you're able to distinguish the things, that's the end of the time, it is like half an hour before the sunrise.

00:40:26--> 00:40:29

It is half an hour before before sunrise.

00:40:31--> 00:40:33

What about these timings then?

00:40:34--> 00:40:39

From is far until the sunrise. Can you pray?

00:40:43--> 00:40:44

Yeah.

00:40:45--> 00:40:48

You can pray the surface go forth if they say no.

00:40:50--> 00:40:53

from as far to sunrise?

00:40:55--> 00:40:56

Yes.

00:41:00--> 00:41:02

In order to understand the timings

00:41:04--> 00:41:07

you need to remember that we have three types

00:41:08--> 00:41:09

of timings.

00:41:39--> 00:41:44

We have virtuous time, we have permissible time, and we have

00:41:45--> 00:41:46

necessity time.

00:41:49--> 00:41:57

In order to understand the timings of the prayer, you have to understand that the prayer is divided to three timings.

00:42:00--> 00:42:01

Word prayer or

00:42:03--> 00:42:03

a short prayer.

00:42:05--> 00:42:06

Let's say a short prayer.

00:42:08--> 00:42:09

When does it start?

00:42:13--> 00:42:15

We just said when the red Twilight is gone.

00:42:22--> 00:42:23

Until when

00:42:26--> 00:42:27

one third of the night is gone.

00:42:34--> 00:42:35

That's

00:42:38--> 00:42:40

number two, permissible time.

00:42:44--> 00:42:48

What's the evidence that each prayer is divided into three types?

00:42:50--> 00:42:52

The prophets I seldom when he was asked

00:42:54--> 00:42:56

what's the best deeds? He said,

00:42:57--> 00:42:58

praying a solid to Allah.

00:43:00--> 00:43:05

And another narration of Salah to lay out when he was praying at the beginning of the time.

00:43:06--> 00:43:12

This is he's referring to the virtuous time. It's always better to pray when

00:43:14--> 00:43:15

at the beginning of the time,

00:43:16--> 00:43:23

this is in general, but in our cases if you're if you're supposed to you should go to the masjid then what's when is the virtuous time?

00:43:25--> 00:43:46

When you pray with the congregation, that's the original virtuous time always when you pray with the congregation. Let's say you did not pray with the congregation. You were busy when you could still catch the second type, which is permissible time. And we just said the time ends at 11:29am

00:43:52--> 00:43:54

Pm I'm sorry, pm.

00:43:55--> 00:43:57

pm. Right?

00:43:59--> 00:44:04

What if someone slept at 9pm?

00:44:05--> 00:44:10

Before the extra time, and he woke up at 2am?

00:44:11--> 00:44:14

What do you tell him? You cannot pray anymore?

00:44:16--> 00:44:23

This is the third category, necessity time. So the Asia time is still available until

00:44:25--> 00:44:33

until the dawn until the beginning of the second prayer if the second prayer started. He cannot pray anymore he can make make it up on me.

00:44:35--> 00:44:53

Why? Because he had an excuse he could pray. But if someone is sitting, watching TV playing, talking, and it came, it's past this time. It cannot just come and say I'm praying on its time is considered missing the prayer and he's considered making it the same thing for us or prayer

00:45:02--> 00:45:04

When does after prayer start?

00:45:07--> 00:45:09

It starts when the shade

00:45:12--> 00:45:16

is equal to the person plus remember always

00:45:17--> 00:45:19

plus the, the original

00:45:25--> 00:45:30

shade, there will be always, if this is the sun, even if there is

00:45:33--> 00:45:38

something very small, even if it's one meter, you will have a shade.

00:45:40--> 00:45:41

Like two centimeters.

00:45:42--> 00:45:47

So when the sun is moving, the shade is going until it is.

00:45:48--> 00:45:56

One, two, that's when the answer starts. When does it end when the shade becomes

00:45:57--> 00:45:58

two meters twice?

00:46:01--> 00:46:03

Again, that's the time of what

00:46:05--> 00:46:21

permissible time, permissible time, the virtuous time we already said at the beginning of the time, unless you have congregation, you don't say, Oh, it's better to pray at the beginning of the time. So I will miss the congregational prayer. It's always recommended to pray with congregation What if

00:46:23--> 00:46:24

it became

00:46:25--> 00:46:28

6:30pm

00:46:30--> 00:46:32

and the sun became very yellow,

00:46:34--> 00:46:35

but it is still

00:46:39--> 00:46:40

here is the sun.

00:46:41--> 00:46:47

It started what setting it started setting. Can you pray at this time?

00:46:49--> 00:47:04

Can you pray at this time? in regular cases? No, you cannot. You cannot fear sitting and wasting your time you cannot but if you slept or you forgot, and you remember, we don't tell you no it's already over. We tell you this is necessity time.

00:47:06--> 00:47:07

You could pray

00:47:09--> 00:47:10

depending on your case.

00:47:12--> 00:47:18

So again, every prayer is divided to how many timings three timings

00:47:31--> 00:47:31

Yeah.

00:47:36--> 00:47:40

Always when you go to a Masjid, even if you already prayed you pray with them.

00:47:42--> 00:47:42

every prayer?

00:47:49--> 00:48:01

Maybe there is reason when it's dislike to pray after answer because of that, but the sooner always if you come to the masjid and you even if you already prayed you pray with them. Otherwise they will think that you don't pray.

00:48:04--> 00:48:06

Is the timings of the prayer clear.

00:48:10--> 00:48:12

When it is not permissible to pray?

00:48:15--> 00:48:18

Is there a time that you cannot pray? Yes.

00:48:19--> 00:48:20

When

00:48:21--> 00:48:24

the sun rises until it's

00:48:25--> 00:48:26

away from

00:48:29--> 00:48:29

home

00:48:32--> 00:48:33

Do you know any

00:48:37--> 00:48:43

sunrise sunset and when it is at the zenith? That's it so we have three timings

00:48:45--> 00:48:45

Yes.

00:48:48--> 00:48:49

Yeah, she just said

00:48:51--> 00:48:52

between us

00:48:54--> 00:48:55

in general they are free.

00:48:57--> 00:48:58

In details they are five

00:49:00--> 00:49:02

five timings in details.

00:49:10--> 00:49:11

The first time

00:49:12--> 00:49:13

is after the sub prayer

00:49:15--> 00:49:16

until the sun

00:49:19--> 00:49:21

rises, one spear

00:49:23--> 00:49:25

over the earth over the sea level.

00:49:33--> 00:49:34

Or you could say

00:49:35--> 00:49:36

it is two times

00:49:37--> 00:49:40

after such prayer and

00:49:42--> 00:49:44

between that time until the sun

00:49:47--> 00:49:48

is up

00:49:49--> 00:49:52

over that space which is one spear.

00:49:55--> 00:49:58

Then when the sun is at the zenith This is the second time

00:50:01--> 00:50:04

The third time is after us.

00:50:08--> 00:50:09

Or you could say

00:50:10--> 00:50:11

between us

00:50:13--> 00:50:26

and when the sun is setting, so these are five times in details and three timings in general, between acid and nalip. Between the sunrise and when the sun is at the zenith

00:50:28--> 00:50:29

you had something

00:50:35--> 00:50:43

after the sub sprayer until the sunrise is the first time at the sunrise until it's up

00:50:46--> 00:50:47

when the sun becomes up

00:50:48--> 00:50:52

at that level higher than one spear

00:50:55--> 00:50:57

How long does it take?

00:50:59--> 00:51:05

Some scholar said 15 minutes other said it's much less than that. It's almost four minutes, five minutes.

00:51:11--> 00:51:15

Number three before the wall when it's midday, at the dinner

00:51:18--> 00:51:24

number four after after until the sunset, and number five at the sunset until the sun is totally gone.

00:51:26--> 00:51:36

Do you have to wait after the sun is gone until the rays of the sun are gone? No. Unlike the Soviet prayer, you wait until the sun is up.

00:51:39--> 00:51:41

What's the evidence that you don't pray at this time?

00:51:51--> 00:51:52

What's the evidence?

00:51:55--> 00:52:08

The messenger sallallahu Sallam in one Hadith he forbade praying at this time the companion said Salah society three timings the prophet SAW Selim forbade us from praying at them. These are the timings

00:52:15--> 00:52:17

is it totally forbidden to pray at these times.

00:52:24--> 00:52:25

Yeah.

00:52:27--> 00:52:30

What do we mean by that? This is an example of someone entered the masjid.

00:52:38--> 00:52:39

Do you pray or you don't pray?

00:52:43--> 00:52:45

What if you enter the message after us?

00:52:51--> 00:52:52

Regardless,

00:52:56--> 00:53:04

it's prohibited to pray. And it's prohibited to sit without praying. What do you do you stay standing for?

00:53:06--> 00:53:07

Yes.

00:53:22--> 00:53:24

Yes, very good.

00:53:28--> 00:53:29

You pray as soon as

00:53:32--> 00:53:50

well a few comments Sit down. You violated and you sat down while the prophet SAW Sam said you don't sit down what dreams that said is correct. Here we have two issues. It's also an issue and it will come with us inshallah next year. There is a general ruling but you flip them. The general ruling is prohibition.

00:53:52--> 00:53:54

At this time you don't pray.

00:53:55--> 00:53:57

And there is a specific ruling.

00:53:58--> 00:54:07

When you enter the masjid you pray. So we say in general you don't pray. Once you entered the masjid you pray. Now of course that's the sharpest score of third opinion.

00:54:08--> 00:54:12

Other scholars they said prohibition takes precedence so you don't pray.

00:54:14--> 00:54:15

You don't pray.

00:54:19--> 00:54:25

So in the Shafi school of thought, they say you pray What if you perform Lulu

00:54:27--> 00:54:29

do you pray to Raka the sooner they will do?

00:54:33--> 00:54:37

Yes you do. What if you were reciting the Quran and the past by

00:54:39--> 00:54:43

prostration for the recitation due to our Do you

00:54:44--> 00:54:53

the prostrate yourself and the surface school of thought they say yes, they say kulu sala de la sala has about Fulham certain okati had to manage them.

00:54:55--> 00:54:59

If there is no reason for your prayer, then you don't pray but if there is a reason you pray

00:55:00--> 00:55:02

janaza prayer funeral prayer

00:55:03--> 00:55:24

prayer of the masjid you come to the masjid you pray to allow us to do to our you you make this duty now this is the Chaffee school of thought. They said in all these cases they are specific cases while the prohibition is general, so the specific takes precedence. We say in general you don't pray. And here in this specific situation you pray

00:55:27--> 00:55:30

out they had to manage them in the

00:55:31--> 00:55:35

moonwalk, Tila de la jolla Shamsi and Dilip Tada.

00:55:40--> 00:55:44

So in the Shafi school of thought you pray and these timings

00:55:46--> 00:55:48

now, we're moving to another issue.

00:55:49--> 00:55:52

How you are considered a follower of the Imam.

00:55:59--> 00:56:00

What do we mean by that?

00:56:02--> 00:56:08

You're watching TV. Or you have a laptop and you see the prayer of the harem

00:56:09--> 00:56:12

in the masjid Can you follow the man

00:56:20--> 00:56:25

can you follow the amount of harm you see him? you hear him? He met frustration and you

00:56:26--> 00:56:27

prayed?

00:56:32--> 00:56:39

Yeah, they are praying. Now it's actually now Yeah, almost Now it's time there can you pray with them?

00:56:43--> 00:56:45

It has to be in the location.

00:56:47--> 00:56:56

What if they are broadcasting the prayer from South Zone Masjid? It's in the same area the same city but it's like six miles away, you could see them

00:57:00--> 00:57:01

CAN YOU ARE YOU CAN'T

00:57:05--> 00:57:05

Why?

00:57:09--> 00:57:17

You have to be placed within a certain distance from the male you have to be on the same place with a certain distance.

00:57:20--> 00:57:22

Beyond the distance you have to perform.

00:57:25--> 00:57:25

Why?

00:57:32--> 00:57:36

How you are considered follower of the Imam when can you follow and when you cannot follow the man.

00:57:42--> 00:57:59

We have two cases. We have two cases. Whether you are inside the masjid or outside the masjid. I break it down simply like that. Don't look at the details. Maybe it will confuse you to cases whether you are inside the masjid or outside the masjid.

00:58:00--> 00:58:04

If you're inside the masjid, as long as you could hear the Imam or see him

00:58:06--> 00:58:16

your follower of the man even if he's there, and you have like five lines gap between you and him as long as you're inside the Imam. Why?

00:58:17--> 00:58:21

What's the evidence? Abubakar Accra of the law Juan.

00:58:24--> 00:58:41

He performed the coup in the back of the masjid. And he walked like that, to catch the rock out with the messenger sallallahu sallam. prophets Arsenal did not tell him repeat the prayer because you miss the Raka. He just told him don't do it again. But the record was correct.

00:58:43--> 00:58:54

So as long as you're in the masjid, if you hear the Imam you see the man, you follow him. If you're outside the masjid, the lines have to be connected.

00:58:55--> 00:58:57

The lines have to be connected.

00:58:58--> 00:59:10

Why if they are not connected, then you are not following the map. There is a gap why in the masjid is forgiven because in the masjid, you are invested you're following the Nam and there is no evidence.

00:59:11--> 00:59:17

The prophet SAW Selim said the Nam is only assigned to be followed. So you have to follow the man.

00:59:18--> 00:59:19

Without this you don't follow the Imam.

00:59:23--> 00:59:30

That's how you're considered a follower of the Imam. Whether you're inside the masjid or outside the message if you're inside the masjid.

00:59:32--> 00:59:46

You hear him You can hear him or see him. You're following the man outside the masjid the lines have to be continuous. Even if the message is small and you are two miles away from the masjid. The lines are continuous the prayer is correct

00:59:50--> 00:59:50

only

00:59:53--> 00:59:54

Okay

00:59:58--> 01:00:00

I will end with this will

01:00:00--> 01:00:14

The questions afterwards. What if someone does not pray? Now, I asked you to write something about the virtues of the prayer. At least five things and you're not good things and hamdulillah What if someone does not pray? What's the ruling?

01:00:16--> 01:00:19

Mata is Kaffir Mashallah.

01:00:21--> 01:00:21

Yes?

01:00:26--> 01:00:32

Yeah, they say they say it's obligatory. They say we have to pray but I'm lazy. I'm too lazy to pray.

01:00:36--> 01:00:40

Many people, they are rich and they say we don't want to pay this account.

01:00:41--> 01:00:42

What do you think?

01:00:45--> 01:00:47

What's the ruling on the one who does not pray?

01:00:49--> 01:00:52

majority of scholars said he's still Muslim, but he should be killed

01:00:54--> 01:00:57

is given three days to repent or he should be killed.

01:00:58--> 01:01:25

One opinion of Mammon Rahim Allah He said the one who does not pray his gaffer because of the numerous Hadith of the messenger cisilion this is your assignment. You don't have to turn it in. But you have to find out the opinions of these scholars, especially Imam Shafi Rahim Allah on the prayer, the one who does not pray, what's the ruling? What's the punishment? With this we will conclude our session about Salalah Solomon and Ramadan sacrilege man Salaam Alaikum.