Important Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence
Channel: Ibrahim Nuhu
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So, as you know we are studying
this book of little accounts written by our little affection written by a Madonna and democracy right, one of the great scholars of Shafi Humberto Maliki Hanafi rice, one of the greatest scholars in in the family must have lost power to Allah. So these are like the student of what the sharpener have right? Because the Walkman is one of the best student of Anoma Shafi equalizer, all of them are out there, look at the way the student are fighting each other.
Malik taught Chavez. Chavez taught him our
mother hated it.
And then the student who learned they come and fight each other, which the past did not do that in the last month of grantors. hikma in learning. So last time, if I'm not mistaken according to shake Ahmed, we were done with the with the topic of MMR right. So now the next
important lesson is about selection marry my right case. So we go as an all except that I will not ask you in the first was harmless. Even the thing we did yesterday, somehow is forgotten so will not embarrass myself. Let me go and teach and then we come back to the questions in Charlottetown shekhawat problem
to go to Cimarron tomorrow
came smilla rahmanir rahim
Allah Allahu Allah, Baba
Salatu the marine
this chapter is going to talk about 100 other
those people who have excuse Islam, Salah has principles, methods, widely bad pillars sunan and adapt.
Those who are divided and the pillars, a person must do them in the prayer for it to be accepted by Allah subhanho wa Taala
there might be circumstances where a person cannot do one of these things. Then the gaida Islam who says Alma Shaka to tragedy with AC This is one of the greatest collide in Islam. We have how many collides a lot but they divided them into collide Cobra, who acquired the silver knees coin Cobra these are the greatest legal Maxim's based on the resources shalyah where the scholars extracted the judgment or the legal ruling of activities. To be honest with you, one of the best knowledge is for a student of knowledge to master is a knowledge of acquired effect here. Actually, we can not succeed in knowledge. Without this knowledge is a very strong and powerful discipline that helps you
to remember issues in Islam. If I asked you to memorize the issues that Islam discuss, you will never be able to do so. How many issues come into existence on a daily basis? A lot. You're studying business in this university, you know, every day, new things are coming. How do we judge them? How's it possible the scholars they can talk about almost everything. What helps them is this knowledge acquired effect here because what it does is a combined combined for you a lot in one phrase. So what they do they look into the muscles of cheriya
tracted phrases and sentences which can be used to govern 1000s of issues
to an idea, so they have this kinda I don't want to go into the detail for the writers scholars, some of them said five, some of them said no, it's only one some of them said no even not even one half of one of these collide is more than enough
to get it Allah Haddad has a very nice approach in this regard. But the best opinion is the one that says looking at the nature of the Shelia and the things that and the issues that are taking place in the life of humankind. We can have five corridor minimum coil actually accorded fit here. You get we call them Islamic legal Maxim's legal maizing that governs the Islamic jurisprudence this
they have five The first one is no more be more qasida
Alamo Viva casita.
What does that mean? It means actions and matches are based on the intention very strong and powerful Qaeda which deals with everything you're doing in this life.
Everything you do, this neon intention goes in. So the recognition in Islam is based on what you have intended. They took this from the scene of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam in
actions are judged based on what the attention when nomadic liberal in Manoa This is Misa Amman, Al kulu, Allahu Akbar, Allah will accept or reject the recognition for the actions or rejection of the action in Islam is based on what you have intended. If you have good intention, Allah will accept it. If you have bad intention, Allah smarter will reject it. If you intend something, you get it, you don't intend it, you don't get it. That's Islam.
When nomadic willingly, ma and the reward is based on what you have intended, you will not get the reward of something that you don't intend. So these are two different phrases the prophets Allah Hari sama talk about the issue and the result. You get the actions and the result of it. And then he says woman cut from on cannons hegira to in ally, waters fully featured to a libel suit as the application the example of this legal Maxim mentioned by the professor last, if you migration is for the sake of Allah and the Prophet Allah Allah yourself a hedgerow to Allah what a Sunni See, your hijra lies with the last mountain, it rests with Allah hotel. Your reward is the Oman karate Judo to
Julian you see baja in a Marathi and ke ha ha ha ha ha ha ha JD, if the intention concerning the hatred of a person is based on donia, or the most specific type of dunia, which is to marry a woman to get it, or hegira to who in Omaha gra
Hakata, you see the first one he said it Allahu Allah slowly but given this one, it doesn't even deserve to be mentioned. And also there are many because we have people making hegira for, for what business people will make in Asia for this people will make in Asia for this. A lot of things that can motivate a person to go and stay in a place we're talking about go into the land of the Muslims. What do you think if a person is going to stay in the land of the unbelievers the Alaska hotel are protected. So this is a very powerful legal Maxim and from it they extracted many sub legal Maxim's like
Liberty pillar according to Bill Maher carcinoma and lab bill alpha. Well, nobody very strong kind of that we have you here in this university actually. You've been busy, busy with business and money and fluids, fluids, fluids. It helps me a lot because it says Liberace Phil or Cody bill McAfee doorman lab, Bill Alphonse will move on to recognition in Islam concerning transactions, business dealings is based on meanings and what
based on what meaning and the intention and the cost,
the meaning and the cost level alpha yovani not based on phrases the phrase you use. That's why if I come to you, and I say to you, this is for you free of charge.
Let's be used the proper words in Arabic. I said this is Hallelujah Hallelujah.
This is for you as a gift. But you have to pay 3000 ingots
they do that I call it a gift but I asked you to pay 3000 ringgit. Honestly speaking what is a business proposition? In what sense in a form of hydeia and gift
is actually so what should you take from here if there is a conflict, let's say you refuse to give because I said business. So sorry. Let's say I think
Said I said business. I'm sorry, I said Howdy. And then I asked you to pay you refuse to pay. So, that is a conflict between me and you.
You get we go to the court of law, who will win the case?
I will win the case. Because the kadhi will just listen to what I said. As long as I you agree that I said you have to pay 3000 you must pay
that is an idea with
a very poor person will go to a rich man and give him a deal.
You get a scenario, former go into Bill Gates. It said this one kg of Apple from my good farm. I just want to bless you with it.
What is that? How do business?
But he This is a business he says Howdy. Luckily
for you Your excellence
isn't how do business?
If you look at it literally is what
if the rich person refused to give when they go to the court? The judge will force him to pay for that. That's what they call how do we lower?
Why did they do that?
This is the best way of getting money from the rich. Because usually those gates, gates gates, Bill Gates and others, why did they go and do shoppings big malls and all of these things, right? They don't go on buy from them and this unless if they want to see how it was and make it like a hobby or something like that. But usually they like to take their children to go to the big places we are told and then no one else is thrown out. There are some of the leaders every single day, an aeroplane has to stand up has to move to another country to buy bread for them to make a breakfast.
Every day, they say in some of those leaders aeroplane will have to go and buy bread for them and come back.
How much is the bread?
I don't know even if it is made in general.
You know the price of the bread, right? How much you spent for the petrol the pilot up and all of this, but just to show this in the original position, right? So if a poor person is going to take this fruit and go to the rich man and tell him these are the things I want you to buy them, what do you think he will tell him?
I'm sorry, I don't need it. Right. But if he tells him this is gift
culturally, it is inappropriate for you to reject gift.
So he will take and when he takes he knows that this is a poor guy. If I take this maybe this is the last thing he has in his house. That's why when he gave he will not go out he will stay there
waiting for the mercy to come. Right.
So sometimes it comes out and sometimes it doesn't come. They said lady from inside, visited Mr. Malik and Mr. Malik gave him a container of terminal of Medina. So what did he do? He removed the terminal and he filled the container with gold.
Get a demo Malik for sure he will be great. Why did he send this small container and next time if he comes he will send that big.
So that we go with the culture and the meaning of that transaction. We don't go with the phrases you get it you have a lot of transactions nowadays. The game is played based on the phrase this Islamic banking system that you see there are a lot of things they put inside which are not part of it. You get it but they just changed the name and phrase but a lot smarter doesn't look at the name. He look at the building and the meaning and the mcsa and objective behind it. They will arena by whatever rock VSP you that you see Sherry are saying they are wrong. They are based on this legal Maxim they are rejected based on this legal maximum. And the more the more qasida The second one is the kind
that consensus here and Masha cogitated with a
hardship begets facility
to get it hardship and difficulty,
bring ease in the malossi Yusra after every difficulty comes is a loss of our jealousies
Misha Katsutoshi, etc. hardship big begets facility.
Is that clear? So this is a very strong and powerful Qaeda and illegal mindset that we need and it governs a lot.
Why do I say these are important? Because any case that can be included under this legal magazine, you can use the legal magazine to justify it legal rulings.
Can a person prays seat
When he cannot stand, yes, why, lm Shaka, Zulu, etc.
If you travel, a lot smarter gives you ease. When you are in a state of traveling, how many locks you prefer
to show? What do you call that?
Pastor? Right Alaskans are granted the ability to pray counsel in the brace. Right? So do you pray to us and we pray to Margaret one and a half?
Isn't it? It's what we do.
I insist somebody say, Okay, well we'll take it as a fatwa from us. And
so mongering cannot be shouting, right? Why can can be Muslim can be shorter.
Why can't Why can't we make it one and a half? Because we cannot play one and a half right? Where do you stop the half?
The record the second record and the record and
then you miss it, how did you do have record got almost done and then come up go for one right. And then go for cannot write. But is that the reason why we can do? No? If this is the case, then we should shorten further?
Because fudging we can make it one.
But the real reason why we don't shorten Margaret, and without shorten a sharp, I'm sorry fudger. It is because the profits or losses are never short in Virginia who should and we just follow right? in your backyard, you cannot do anything. You just have to follow what was done by the professor normally.
But why suffer why when you travel you shut in the prayers.
Is it because of the machaca? Yes, the scholar said because of the machaca
Are you with me? But if there is no more Shaka what will be the situation?
No, if we say costal is justified because of the machaca in the server when you travel without machaca.
Boy, the masaka is gone.
The masaka is gone nowadays you're traveling in the European right? Have a call you have some of them also this precedent, kind of jet. How is it? I never went through one of them. But the way you see the pictures, you forget that you're on the air right? You think you are in a hotel or something like that? You get it? There is no shortcut. It's just like you are in your house according to
this radical notion. But that's wrong. That's why the scholars did not say because of machaca they said malvinder Timoshenko mobility masaka there is an expectation of you getting into trouble a lot smarter make it like that general ruling whether you are in my Shaka unit in Morocco, allows me to gratitude this gift. That's why when somebody asked Omar he said Allah in the Quran states can give to him if tilaka Medina cafaro if you are in a state of fear that you will be disturbed by the non believers, you can do the opposite. He said yeah, I'm even more meaning. Nowadays. There is new health. We are on top of them.
Can we still do causal? He said yes. Because I asked the professor so also the same question. But he said sort of got into Santa cola who we had a cockapoo sericata this is just a gift from Alaska hotel take take it and also this I just claim
is Emma Shaka and traveling with aeroplane. Yes, because how many masaka you have you have two types of Porsche car right? That is a spiritual type of masakan there is a physical one. Which one is worse? spiritual?
In those days, they have donkeys and horses. You get it? They face the physical type of masaka back in our days, yeah, you're on the air which means you have
you have an I mean, an air crash where people survive very little.
Whenever it happens us means must sell our right
Is that true? That's why these things we should just accept them in the way they are. Sometimes we say no. Some people they don't make custom when they travel with aeroplane they lost.
When the prophet SAW someone said this is a shoo in travel and this is a travel without Muharram they said India existed during the process on the nowadays it doesn't go
these are all philosopher from some people. Leave them aside. Go to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam and take directly from the Sunnah of the prophet Allah.
Do you get it and this new suits when they come in, just take them literally that's the best will lie. Otherwise we will suffer from the evil consequences of rejecting the literal definition of the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam
Somebody rejected one of our scholars and I read to us that there's a story of somebody who believes that this heresy is not applicable nowadays.
He said there is no machaca and suffer.
So, he goes to the aeroplane because he said now unless you go in the aeroplane which machaca is dead, so he goes on aeroplane, right? And then after a few minutes, the pilots announced to them
that now that Honestly speaking, we we cannot control the aeroplane anymore.
just like that the need to go to the toilet comes he wasn't there. You know, stoma goes around akarma cola and then to the toilet, do whatever he does. They said he said the first thing that came into his mind was the head with a Sephora kit or 2 million other. He agrees. So sometimes some people they learn the lesson in the hard way, right? That's why it's good to be a good believer who believes in the vain whatever last March I said, Yes. Whether you know the wisdom, he didn't know the wisdom. He just accepted. A moment no winner is somebody who rejected and these stories they call them motomachi rock they see them with their own eyes. You might say this is illogical it will
never happen by law coalition parties. He teaches people lessons and telling in the way you will never expect.
The Prophet salallahu alaihe salam are set
in a state called article Minami he fell
in a hot iron Silla fella will not be satisfied for in the haidakhan library Anna Bhattacharya who he said whoever wakes up from the sleep he should have put his hand in the container when you make although in those days, they have the continuous smoke continuously in equal to write the profit of what was the size of the water he uses for will do one hand of water.
What is the size of the water we use nowadays?
From far distance, I'm telling you if you approach the toilets, you will hear
it's like somebody who's taking shower. When you come you see one person they can do this water that you spent before. Before you finish a lot of words are finished. I'm telling is enough for somebody takes shout 10 people actually, without exaggeration, sometimes the quantity of the water we use in will do so much. And you know the province that Allah Halim server said, Love to serve it at all but tefillah 234 Incandela Naharin Jerry
and kuntala heringer when he says when you will make it although Don't exaggerate on the wastewater, he said even if you're making although in a river, be moderate, take that which you need and leave the rest.
Exactly. So the province of Alaska in those days is what they do they have a size with some containers, small containers here honkala they use it to make Hulu.
That's good till you get it. So he said don't put your hand if you wake up from the sleep because you don't know where was your hand. When you are sleeping? Somebody says come on.
We know I said how can you say that you didn't know where I was you had when you sleep?
You're sleeping on the bed you're doing this and that and you're sleeping in a clean area of course, you know where your hand is. So this hedis is not applicable nowadays, Zama you know what this call is mentioned?
And they mentioned this and
you rejected you denied but to them is a fact that happened. He woke up from one of his sleep. He found his hand from this until the end of the virar he got it he brought it out from the annelle part where the motion comes from a call law. The first thing that comes to his mind is a nahoko Library Ayana Bhattacharya Who was he aware when the hand was going to that space he was
you also didn't know where was your hand when you're sleeping?
And that's why it's always good when you sleep you sleep alone right in a place where nobody sees you right?
Nowadays they have this job they take pictures of their brothers sleeping How is it
the best jokes of the because when you sleep you relax you do everything either No, you say every watch either. No. That's why last time I asked people when they come to you they say what Salam and take permission. It shouldn't come to a person when he sleeps. Because you might see something which is inappropriate and the man was okay and as he is because he is sleeping the professor last time I said Raphael column one fella thing.
And image noon he had terrific wine so we had to tell him while in Napa in hotels tech is a sleeping person. Sometimes he sees himself Doing what? committing one of the biggest sin
Am I saying this was a lot? Yes. How did you have these wet dreams and all of these things. Sometimes you see yourself playing with a woman that is not helpful for you. Right or these sachets and it comes usually by the way my brother sisters if you sleep upon the Sunnah of the Prophet salallahu alaihe
Sella antenna you will law has to be very difficult for you to see these type of nonsense nuccio
you won't come because it is from Shut up. That's why some scholars mentioned that a prophet cannot have a wet dream at all because it comes from shadow.
But the question is he didn't sleep according to the sun, and you see all of these things which are great sins in Islam,
the angels next to you, are they writing? No forgiving and sometimes you say words people who are next to you, they will tell what happened.
You were talking, you get it you are saying words which may be covered. But you don't know by the last month that doesn't hold you accountable for it. So, I just want you to have this attitude of the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam which is to accept that which is mentioned by the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam whether they understand the wisdom or not as long as he said it semolina water how much oxygen etc. This is one of the legal Maxim's right you have a lot of publication for the single Maxim, whenever there is difficulty or last quarter will bring is you have a user of their own is a harm should be eliminated.
Whatsoever contains harm must be eliminated in Islam. Can somebody smoke cigarettes? What is it really? haram? halaal was it was to help?
No, there are there is somebody one of our scholars said somebody said it could be wise he was.
Somebody said it could be
altavilla when you live in this, in this time, he will see a lot of things.
Do you get idea? Say it could be watch telecaller he couldn't account? A Sharia watch it must have harroun MOBA
clear. Can somebody smoke cigarettes? No harar mohalla para what is the
just tell a person because in Islam there is a legal Maxim which says of dourado user harm should be eliminated. And by the confirmation of even Kfar you get it? This this cigarette cause the life of me
a lot 1000s of people to be taken it.
Can somebody drink wine? No. Other Elisa? Can it? Can somebody eat more than enough? No other user? Can somebody take poison no abdolreza whatsoever contain harm in Islam must be eliminated. So you can see this guy that can combine 1000s of millions of issues. You don't need to memorize a lot because these cover it they cannot be extracted. A car either cannot be establish unless if there is news from shalyah to back it up. So they combine this was that's why when the Kyla is established you don't need to ask for the nurse to the deli. Because there is the D
Is that clear? Okay, I I'm a surgeon, I want to cut the person. How do I do it?
Take a knife, tell him just sit down relax while law condition
and then get it with knife right? He will punch you and punch your face right?
So what do you do? You get this up the rotten tomatoes comes under this guy that adorable user, then these type of drugs validated by many scholars because they can't for them to save you alive, they have to do this surgery. And if they are going to cut you you might die before they reached the illness. So to drop the place so that they can do it and make you think that they are not doing anything. He says okay, why is that? Why are masakatsu limitations?
Is that clear? Clear in sha Allah, you have suffered or examination or you're the surgeon as I said, if you go into the operation, before you finish, the prayer time will arrive. I am going to say when the model makes an Allahu Akbar, even the guy there, bleeding, go pray and then come back.
We'll never be like that Islam is simple religion. It will tell you keep on going finish and then come and pray as long as the time is still still the same in his life is far greater than reaching the time.
These are priorities. That is a very great knowledge. So after our user, and you have if you're hungry Haram is halal for you.
For you to remove the hunger, you can take everything except wine because wine cannot satisfy a person. It increases the possibility of your death. That's why many scholars rejected if you are in a situation whereby you have to eat something. You can take everything to survive and to save your life except in the case of warming
up is a very big kind of
Get it Alia catalyzer wishek certainty cannot be removed. Without this one, we need it so much. We need it in almost everything alakina has will be shared
amongst you, I want to have a an interview with one of you if I can get one.
Is there any one amongst you? Who never get confused in his prayer? Whether he prayed two or three rockets? Can you afford a car?
You never have this situation? Oh, I guess
we should invite the TV station and all of these people to come in. Because you will be this most special person. I'm telling you this religion.
You can call it the real value of the era. And
is there anyone Honestly speaking, is there any one of us who prayed and never found himself into this circumstance?
I think I never come across a person who never gets himself into this situation.
Is that clear? Sometimes you pray, and you you're confused, is it 234? or five? No, there is no five actually. But still also can sometimes you're thinking maybe it is for maybe already This is number five, either No, five or six? No, it doesn't come because when you reach five or six, that means you're going beyond the limit right?
But how to fix the prayer, you have two ways I know you forgot. So refresh your mind for that. You divide the doubt into how many categories to
doubt there is 5050 then you go for something which they call a totality.
If the doubt is 5050, you go for 200 what is the Hadley?
Hadley is to think deeply and to try to get among these two situations which one is the closest to the truth, you must have one that you think inshallah is one is closer, you go for that. And then after prayer before I mean, after you say the salon, you do to salute
or if the doubt is like this, not half half, you go for you go for a key, which one is the key? The key is to in the in the controversies between two and three, two seconds, because you're sure you prayed. Number two, but you're not sure about the third one, then you you just based on two and bring two more a car to complete your overhaul. And then after you finished before you say the salon, you mix the jute cobley.
Does the application of an Aikido last check you made will do from you coming to the Muslim by the time he reached the masjid. Some thing tells you that you lost your will do.
What is that you will make another one? No eliakim realize you will be shocked.
If it is just the doubts that arise. Again, if you don't pay attention to it. And paying attention to this kind of this kind of doubt, I'm telling you is very dangerous. Because you're opening the door for the shaytan to come and play with you in everything we see in our brains. If you don't see I see a lot. A person will be praying next to you. And then after a few minutes you go make the
cut of the prayer go make Google and come back again. Kind of the prayer maker though sometimes until the end of the prayer that he will be trying to catch up, though he doesn't want to get established.
You get it and also some of them have to and some of the people or whatever they have to feel lost power to Allah.
If there is no evidence for something please you don't tell that to people
will line up at some of them Saleen he comes to the masjid next to you be distracted. Also, somebody told him that the intention has to coincide with what the tech community has to go in accordance to the tech. What do you call this on the heart? The recitation of the intention in the heart.
So the heart is reading the intention. There's a first question actually who says the heart has to read the intention yet but somebody told them look at the difficulty this person is facing. He will see Him He will come along trying to connect that
go go go go move and then the middle of the day they'll cut because it doesn't it doesn't match. One of them is faster than the other one can align some of them until they mom is going to cool. He's still trying to connect. Yeah, he wasn't doing
a deal. Simple. For like what kind of deal is this when you face this kind of difficulty and you're praying and you know what the scholars mentioned concerning this intention. They say when you when you're making
policy in your mind to pray, which prayer
is or ossama read right? You already know that. When you come to the masjid, on the way which prayer you're coming for
When he gets into the masjid, which pray, you're planning to pray though, and then right before you place it, I will start to bring thoughts to you. That's why the scholar said, these thoughts, they should be eliminated.
Sometimes shape I will bring another prayer into your heart.
Right after you finished Allahu Akbar, then you say no praying over not acid, and the heart was going for ourselves. That's okay. Just ignore and continue
paying attention to that
will bring you into trouble and will open the door for the shutdown to keep on playing with you. They said as long as you know the prayer, you're going to pray that itself is intentional. Is it possible to fast without making intention for somebody who took the Shahada at night?
Is that possible? No.
Because when you wake up at night to eat,
you are eating for
ticket area. Where do you wake up to eat?
too fast? Right? They said this is intention.
And that's true. That's why you will never find from the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam where the professor last summer stop and make all of these things that we talk we tell our people to do it. And he akinola Zulu, the Shakira, let me ask you the last question, the last two questions
if let's say you come to your house
and then your wife tells you let me make this worse scenario right doesn't exist but let's just say it and your wife tells you that your child pee in your cloth
and she realized that the pee goes to around three or four of them
but unfortunately she couldn't she mix them
over the boy mix them with the clean one
you don't know which one is done
and there is no any other cloth cloth in the house has also was destroyed.
Again it's and you are the only one who is living in that place. How would you play
you have 20 pieces of cloth only five are affected how would you play
no can ask in this book that we studied that's why I said you forgot in his book they said what sunlight the other generous was that a skeleton so you have four or five pieces of cloth that are affected with the by the URI you pray for sh five to pray five times the wood five times pray finish and where the other cloth pray again and remove them where the other one pray again and the moment while other one praying five times and add one more. Because five are affected there is one which is not affected. So if you pray five, you might be praying in the next one. But when you add one more for sure that is one prayer which is done in a good and clean clothes, right?
This happens when you have four and you have 20 but let's say in the house we have 100 pieces of cloth
and 90 are affected. How many plays you weigh 91 right. So if you start praying from Time magazine will come you're still trying to catch the hole right?
So are we going to use the Akilah as will be Shaq here because they are going for the epi yaquina is to make sure that you reach this situation where you don't have any doubt but the best opinion here this caller said what safe mentioned that you just do the heavy thing deeply which one looks cleaner. And even afterwards when you realize that you are praying in the next one. Your prayers intact.
You ate at night. You thought you're eating in the night. But then right after you finished eating the amount says Assalamualaikum warahmatullah he thought you're still in night.
But unfortunately, this is the Imam that prolonged the Tisha hood. You get it? So after you finish eating you heard the salon from the from the Imam in the masjid. What does that mean? For you? It was long ago passed right?
What happened to the fast
the fastest okay. Basically accumulators will be shaky, because Alia clean will be highly Kahu Baka only
because Lael is the US us labor cow laid it out.
for you when you are 18. You thought this is still nice, but unfortunately his budget. Likewise, when you break your fast in the same manner, is that clear? I borrow money from Ahmed.
I claim that I paid the money. And Ahmed said no. Who is right. He's right. And the kingdom will be shocked because I agree
I took the loan from him that's your key
and there is a doubt concerning the payment the return we go for this as well as we'll be shocked the last one is allowed to hakama last legal maximum among those big legal Maxim's is allowed to be
allowed is is a custom is an arbiter or is a means to justify a legal ruling we can use the cultural practices report to justify something
okay in cases where there is no illness, these are legal issues legal matters usually we go for the cultural practice of the people is that clear? You and your wife that you inshallah, but somebody has a wife and then he divorced the wife, the furnaces in the house, who owns that the wife or the husband?
You have a ha
Oh nobody marries so then he doesn't even know
who owns that the furnitures in the house, the wife according to chef necessity
and somebody will say the husband
who buys the furnitures
husband Oh, that's what I was looking for. But here here here, here who buys the furnitures husband or the wife?
It depends also I bought this husband.
Yeah, I thought he has a husband right. In many places the husband will do the job right. There are countries so he usually is the husband right? That the why but you have in some of the countries the wife will be the one who provide everything, the job of the husband is to provide the house, but things inside the house, the wife will bring from her family. So who owns it after the divorce, she owns it, but in case the husband bought it and then there is a divorce, who owns it.
If the culture says whatever comes to the house automatically goes to the ownership of the wife. And after the divorce she takes it
again if an attitude had come up, if I hire a taxi from here to KL, how much you pay for that?
Average the how much is that?
6070 right, these are around this amount. Let's say you take a taxi from here to kale and the right after you reach kale. You get it you see the meter a try 200 ringlets.
The guy in a taxi driver says
you asked him how much is that said see.
They get it. What can you do here? You give him the money? No.
You can raise the case to the authority
and the authority looking at the cultural practice of the people here that it costs only 70 ringgit, he has to accept 70 ringgit based on the culture, you are better than him in this in this regard.
Is that clear? So these are five legal Maxim's that I really, really, really want you to remember that. If we don't do anything except this, this is the lesson for you, ah, get it. It's a very important very important lesson, if you can remember them and remember the way they should be, they should be applied.
So, this is the application this topic itself is the application of this liberal Maxim admission cottage to TCU. So take just one part of it and then we start the class in Sharla. Carla well Marie Marie, the cyber as somebody who has an excuse in our Colonel Kamiya z to female de sala janissa an ill person a sick man, if standing and praying standing can increase in the illness. Then he prays what he prays seated
Masha cottage with tayseer
you know if you pray standing you will be in trouble because of the unless Islam says please seated failed me you take Salah Jambi if he cannot do that he lie lies down. Nicola Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam an Iranian say suddenly caught him and failed him to study for Qaeda because of the statement of the prophets that Allahu Allah in cinema for Iran even saying, he said when he complained an illness bossier. He said ers will not have this problem. So it will be very difficult for me to pray stand in the province of Allahu alayhi salam I said pray seated. If you cannot proceed it, he said for Caden.
He said Sunday firemen pray standing if you cannot stand he said he didn't sit down and pray for him testify legend been if you cannot do that the province that Allahu Allah if someone said lie on your right side
The Qibla and pray like that you can see the ease of Sharia.
We cannot do this move to the second option. Shadow only has has this. So sometimes we'll move move to another alternative. Some people will say no, this is a violation of the first one No, both are Sharia.
Do you get idea? Both actually somebody says we cannot apply Sharia in these days. Why? Because there was a time Armand also jeopardize the application of Sharia law. And this is a lie against Amara the alarm. He never did that.
Omar was applying Sharia in the day in the year of majha. Sharia says, What did you ever do? He did not care of the hand of somebody who's who stole something. But why did he do what he did not cat? Did he reject the application of the law that says the hands should be cut off? No. Because initially, there is a law that says if somebody is in Mombasa last March, this is familiar enough. massagin if you're in a state of hunger, via Metallica, lithophane the law of all Rahim Allah justify you taking the Haram to save yourself from death.
You are hungry, if you don't eat, you will die. And you see food that belongs in a city.
Can you eat it?
Is it healthy? We're not asking you for what we're asking the one who is hungry, is it helpful for him to eat it?
Actually, not only halon it is watching for him to take it. What a blessing have been refused to give Can he fights him fight him and get it by force. But be very careful
to the idea so he never jeopardize the application of shalya he moves to another show which says at this moment you cannot apply the law because Allah was the one who gave him permission to go on and take it.
Is that clear? So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam I said for electricity for Allah Giambi for in Shaka Li salovaara
so if he cannot pray on the side cannot lie on the side salovaara hE hE preys on his back most Tolkien How is that you put you back to the ground and your face face the Monaco the sky and then you pray like that.
So that's the first person to be discussed or the first issue to be discussed concerning the prayer of married somebody who's sick. So in sha Allah if Allah subhanaw taala Wish we will come back if Allah smarter wish that we could come back again to continue with the light Allah will continue from where stopped inshallah. So I was taught here
Baraka low FICO, panic alarm or shadow light