Channel: Hussain Kamani
Method and Etiquette of Ritual Prayer
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You're listening to the Calum Institute podcast series, beginning of guidance by saying Kimani
To find out more information amongst the saints column course entitled the prophetic code, a study of prophetic manners and etiquette. Visit Olam institute.org slash prophetic code.
Hunger Allahu Akbar, Allah by the healing of Safa, Susana de seguro pseudo Hartman mb awana Alina ski I was having an affair I'm about
to do we are starting from a double Sala method and etiquette of ritual prayer. Yes, when you have finished purifying yourself and purifying your body, close in surroundings of any impurities in after you have covered your nakedness from your navel to your knees. Okay, so we're gonna stop right there. So
here, we're going to notice that in this chapter, because we're actually talking about Salah, there are going to be many issues that we're going to discuss. And as we know, Manzanita logically follows the chef or a school of thought, and another school of thought that I have studied, and for many years, for my teachers is the Hanafi school of thought. And many of us sitting here also follow the Hanafi school flood. So on the matters, where there is a difference of opinion, we will highlight those differences of opinion and provide the opinions on the other side as well. So the translation here actually has footnotes there, and we will be reading those footnotes up through the class
inshallah to highlight those differences of opinion. So, but before we go there, I wanted to highlight the first thing.
He says, He says that, when you have finished purifying yourself, purifying your body clothes and surrounding of any impurities, and after you have covered your nakedness from your navel to your knees, face the Qibla, and then he continues on. So remember, casati is saying these things is that before you start a salon, there are certain things you must take care of.
You can't just stand up and start praying, there are certain things you must do, which we refer to as the prerequisites of Salah without the prerequisites of salary cap presolar, Simone ghazali says, once you take care of these prerequisites, then we can go ahead and start Salaam. So what are those prerequisites? The scholars mentioned, there are eight prerequisites of salon, what are they?
to do, we'll do if one needs to do if you've broken your model, then you need to do to do a wholesale if one needs to do so you've, you're in the need of taking a bath, you need to go and take the bath. That's the second thing. The third thing to wear proper clothing that covers your body. What is that prop? What is that area, including the navel including the knee between the navel and the knees, that area there, including the navel, including the knee between the area the area between, amongst 100 of you scholars, there's a difference of opinion? Is the knee in itself included or not? So is it up to the knee? Or is it including the knee? the kneecap itself, the
Hanafi scholars differ in that. And also there's a difference of opinion amongst the Hanafi scholars to that is the naval included or not. We know we need the naval setup. But the naval itself is that subtle, or is that a is that a part of the body that must be covered. There are differences of opinion on this matter. The fourth thing, the area you're praying needs to also be clean. The fifth thing you need to be facing the correct direction in the direction of the dribbler. And we're going to talk about this one because only he discusses this. The sixth thing is you need to cover your private area between your navel and your knee as we had mentioned. And an earlier you know what I
was talking about to have the proper clothing on what I what I wanted to highlight there. Here we talk about covering the body there. The main thing is to make sure that your clothes are clean as well. So your body's clean, your clothes are clean, and the place or clean places clean these three things and then the intention of praying salah and also you must be praying at the proper time. So these eight things put together give you the prerequisites of sola once you've met each of these eight. Now we're ready to move forward to Salah. So here again even goes on he talks about the southern part of the body there must be covered in footnote Number Number 17. He discusses it, we'll
have that read in Sharla. So we can also benefit from those notes because this is the dreaded judicial condition for men and is the minimum requirement for the validity of the prayer. And it would be disliked to cover just from the navel to the knee. If one had close to cover the rest of the placing. That's the bare minimum. Because we're saying that you need to cover from your navel to the knee. It doesn't mean you should press a lot in shorts that cover your knee or you should pray somehow without a shirt on. Because your shorts are so long the covering from the navel until the knee that's the bare minimum what was on these things. It's you know the notes the footnotes here,
what we're learning is that it's inappropriate to place a lot in only that much if you have more clothing than that that's what we're studying. Yes.
We're women the condition is to cover the whole body except the face and the hands and according to some of the fields, according to the honeybee school of thought the women do not have to cover their feet. However, according to some schools, women do have to cover their feet as well. However their face and hands and feet all three of these can be kept uncovered. Yes. And during the sentence, basic you've lost standing with your feet apart now face the fibula hearing man was added until it highlights one of the other ones
Other prerequisites of sola which is standing in the direction of the Qibla the Crim law is to face the direction of the Kaaba, according to the Hanafi school of thought, if a person is
in a part of the world that is outside the harm area, so there are three parts of there are three separate areas that I want you to think of. The first is the ruling for the person who is standing in the vicinity of the Kaaba. The second is the ruling of the person who lives in Makkah and is in the vicinity of the atom atom is referred to as that motion. And the third is the rest of the world. So the Hanafi scholars mentioned, the one who lives far away from Africa. his responsibility is to face the city of Mecca. He doesn't have to worry about the exact location of the Kaaba, the one who's praying inside Makka Moo karma, he doesn't have to worry about the exact location of the
Kaaba, then he needs to focus on facing the masjid, the one who's inside the masjid, he needs to make sure he's facing the exact direction of the Kaaba, you guys understand that? So the one that's in the honeymoon phase, the Kaaba, the one who's in Morocco of wasta Masjid, and those outside Mercado, Canada will focus on facing mahkamah karma, those who are closer to the outer borders of Morocco, Morocco, the scholars mentioned, they should also focus on facing the masjid, to make sure that there is a line there with a Facebook Qibla. The idea is that the reason why we talk about these three things is because people shouldn't become paranoid with the direction of the table, that
I missed it by a degree or it's this exact place where I have to get a sophisticated compass to tell me where were the coordinates of the khobar and match it up perfectly, there's no need to go above and beyond we have an idea where the country is where the city is, try your best to face that direction. And according to many scholars as well, especially in the Hanafi school, but even if a person is off a few degrees to the right or left of the direction of the Qibla that's also forgiven because at the end of the day, we have to remember the verse of the Quran. Now you can live long enough sun allows that Allah subhanaw taala does not hold a person responsible. What's beyond their
ability that's beyond the ability that's not a person who's responsible.
If you pray towards the Qibla you made an effort to pray in a direction because you thought that was the Qibla you checked east and west and you did your bearings and you face the direction later on you found out you are wrong You do not need to repeat that prayer. Yes, basically was standing with your feet apart not touching each other standard Street and resigned sued on us seeking protection within from shutdown you're cursed. So we're outside Salah by the way Mr. kozar is preparing us for Salah. So he's saying before you even start set up, read surah on us so that you asking Allah to protect you from shaitaan Yes, make your heart president empty of yourself of other thoughts
considered before whom you are standing and upon whom you are calling. And you should be ashamed to enter into intimate discourse with your master with a heart that is heedless and a restful of thoughts of this world and the dross of love, love lowly desires. Know that our law most high is as observing your inner self and be holding your heart. Truly, Allah Almighty accepts your prayer based on only on the degree of your all humility, surrender and submissive entreaty. So your salon. If a person Priscilla without sincerity, is that Salah accepted or not? legally, it is accepted as long as you meet all the conditions of Salah. So the prerequisites of Sol RMS are met, the five of Salaam
at the lodge event of salaat are met. As long as you meet these three things. If a person prays a lot, and they aren't focusing, technically that's solid counts, you guys understand that? You won't sit there repeated again and again and again. because technically the silicones however, the reward you gain from that salon is dependent on your sincerity Now, some people gain rewards, some people do not get reward, and other people are actually punished for that summer, because they weren't focusing in their salon, or they may have been showing off. So that's a secondary issue. They're showing off or for some reason they have pride while they're playing sulla. So this issue right here
now will come against them. So here's his argument that it highlights there are four things that you need to be focused on when doing your solar who shoot the water, Hulu and tomorrow. He uses four different statements here. He says qu the other Hulu interval and the scholars they mentioned that there are four important branches of Salah what are the four important branches of Salah the first thing they say hello to the Latin who are nuts. And then Hello Erica. These are the four things when put together they give you the four different branches of Salah. And if you put these four branches together, then you have the true sincerity that is required while praying to Allah subhanaw taala
what are the four things The first thing
is to make sure your heart is it's present when you're standing in front of Allah subhanaw taala making sure your heart is also praying sola with you. So when you're doing arriba remember that a Baba is not only done with that body, it's actually also done with the heart. And this is a principle for every bother. Anything bother you do. Always remember there is no arriva in the dean, which does not involve the heart as well because understand that
Everybody, even when you're giving your Zakat, there should be an emotion that you're feeling there should be a sincerity that you're experiencing at that time. Many people have no idea of that because it's not commonly discussed. But this is a reality. Even when you're giving Zakat, there should be a spirituality that even when you're doing Whoo, there should be like a spiritual connection there. Even when you're putting your garments on, there should be a presence of the heart, your heart should always be present with whatever you're doing. So it's alive as well. The second thing is show who they are, which means intellectually, you're present as well. You know what
you're doing right and wrong, you know, you're making those decisions, decisions, who are know, your heart is its present. Now. First, we talked about the heartbeat and present here Hello. ringnecks means that you remove the shaitaan from you. You remove the distractions, you remove the whispers of shaitaan from you, so you've negated anything wrong out of you. And hula Lacan and you have prayed your saliva no matter where you are calm while praying it. You know the narration of a person who came in the mosque of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he praised Salah.
And he was leaving, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to him, it was young for suddenly for inoculum, to suddenly go back and pray because you didn't pray. Then he went and prayed a second time and the Prophet septum again home for suddenly for inoculum. Slowly save up and go and pray again, you didn't pray. And then at the end, he was showing how to pray properly. And the reason why he was told to repeat a salon again was because the way he was praying, it was too fast. It was too quick. He wasn't communist prayer. And the purpose of the lesson was teaching him that you have to be calm in your prayer. According to the Hanafi school of thought, calmness in prayer is
wajib. What is it? You have to have calmness in prayer? And what is the definition of calmness in prayer, ideally, comments and prayers, that you're relaxed, you're going slow, you're taking your breaks easily. And the legal minimum, the bare minimum that you must have when you're praying Salah is that every motion you go into your every limb should stop there for at least a second. You guys understand that. So it's not like a springboard where you go into the queue and pop right back up. You have to go there and stop at least for a second or two, you have to go there. Let's not let everything stop all your body parts should take a pause. And once they take the pause now you know
legally you fulfill that responsibility. This is the big issue usually in Salah when people sit between the two sides. That's Allahu Akbar, before they even do anything, they go back and it says that I can allow it but there is no there is no, there there is no deal or God as we call it. So that calmness in your, in your in your in your movements is also very important. Yes. worshiping in your prayer as if you see him or knowing that even though you do not see him he sees you. So again, we're talking about the spirituality and this is a reference to the hadith of gibreel where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he told the anonymous questioner, that True,
true excellence is that you pray to your Lord as if you can see him. That's how you feel for in London when Tara hufa in Iraq and even if you can see a lot, know that Allah can see you. So you first make the attempt to imagine that Allah is watching you, but you're praying in front of the line if you can't, alive still definitely watching you. So again, maintain your calmness internally and externally.
If your heart does not come to presence, this is due to a shortcoming in your prognosis of the magnificence of alomost high harryman because it says if you can't focus in Salah, this is a sign that you don't know Allah subhanho wa Taala you don't know he says here for for lm yada kullberg for ha De Luca sudima aliphatic ibj Allah Allah azza wa jal, it's because you don't know how great Allah is. If you knew how great Allah was, then you wouldn't look around, you wouldn't play around during your prayer, because you would know that you're actually standing in front of whom.
Allah subhanaw taala it's kind of like you walk inside it you walk inside school, the first day, you walk in there, you don't know who the principal is, you don't know who the janitor is, you go there, you punch the principal on the shoulders of Hey, what's up, then later on, someone tells you that's the principal, he said, Oh my god, you're sweating. That's the principal that punch the principal, everyone talks about it. So that's the respect tuition for a principle, then imagine a loss aversion. If you knew Allah subhanaw taala if you had the correct modifier of Allah, then you would not joke around during Salah. This would be one of the most serious things, you know, because Allah
He gives a diagnosis here he says that if you can focus on solid properly, it's actually due to you not knowing who Allah subhanaw taala is, okay. someone picks up your phone and tosses it across the room. He said, Brother, what are you doing that's a that's a new phone, I spent $500. He looks at and says, Oh, this thing, this junk Apple, this is junk, he throws it. He doesn't know the value of it. Because for him he doesn't see this any added value to this phone, he thinks is paperweight. But now the person who paid the money, he knows that I paid that much money, it has to be worth that much. You guys understand the point that I'm making. So the one who doesn't know he doesn't have
value for it. The one who knows he has value for it. And this is an every single thing. Whether it's a camera, someone someone who may put a $2,000 just for the lens of the camera. For the rest of us. We think these cat these lens come for 1520 bucks. We don't have no respect for it. But the one who knows what it is he has extra respect for it. So here he's teaching us that if you can't focus in Sala it's actually
Because you don't know Allah subhanho wa Taala properly, if you knew a lot of property, it would help you focus in your setup, which is another thing I'll just mention right now. One of the good things that we should always do. A very good habit to create is to always learn about the names and attributes of Allah Subhana Allah, you know, the 99 Names of Allah we keep referring to, it's good to always read them, discuss them, talk about them, reflect over them, ponder over them. This helps you gain closeness to Allah subhanaw taala Yes. So now you know, because it says that if you can't focus on Salah because of distractions and stuff, he gives us in this next line, a very good
solution. He says, try this. If you try this next thing, it will help you focus on Salah What does he say God. Therefore imagine that a pious man from among the respective people of your community is watching you to see how your prayer is. This Your heart will become president and your limbs peaceful because it says if you can't focus on Salah you're trying to pray you can't let us imagine for a second that some very big person is watching you're praying Salah some big God is watching you. Now if you knew that there's a big shift watching your praise Allah or the whole community is standing there in line watching you praying, how will your Salah Vina,
it will improve right? So monk was only thing you can try this? Is that a good idea or not? Right?
It's not a good idea at all. If that if that appeal there was it was interesting to you. Because it says there are some problems? Yes. Then ask yourself, are you not embarrassed in front of your Creator and master when you imagine being observed by one of his humble slaves who has no means to benefit or harm you your limbs become submissive in your prayer improved, you know that Allah is observing you and you do not humble yourself before his measurement goes on is saying that if one of the slaves of Allah can have such a big impact on you, and the master can have that impact on you? Where is your relationship with Allah to the man because this is a lot to study? Don't you have any?
Don't you have any higher? Don't you feel bad of yourself? Don't you have any shame on yourself that a human being can have such a profound impact that now your clothes is properly in your stance properly, your standards properly, and your recitation has become so much more beautiful and slow? such a such a profound impact they had? What about Allah subhanaw? taala? That didn't mean anything to you? Yes? Is he most high Lower, lower to you than one of his slaves? How great is your charity, how severe your ignorance and how greatly you run yourself. Treat your heart with with these remedies in the hope that he will be present with you in your prayer. For verily nothing of your
prayer counts except that in which you are mindful. As for the part that you performed with heedlessness, it is more in need of repentance and expiation. That's why after Salah is over, it was a it was a teaching of the purpose of the law of audio. So the first thing we say is a stuff with a lot of stuff or a lot suffer a lot. Are we saying I suffered a lot asking a lot for forgiveness for any lack of focus that we had during solani mistakes you mean whether in our actions or in our, in our spiritual attention that we were supposed to give? We're asking a lot for forgiveness immediately. Yes. Once your heart is present, do not omit the call to come. One more thing I'll
mention here. The prophets of Allah while he was still on teaches us something very important that after your follow up, make sure to pray and soon 911 because the prophets of Allah teaches us that any deficiencies within the forest within the obligation is fulfilled by the sooner and often. So if you have some deficiency of any sort, the sooner Noah can make up for that. Yes. Once you heard his president do not omit the call to commence even if you are alone, if you are waiting for a group of worshipers to be president make the call to prayer then the call to commence Once you have made the call to come in for the intention in your heart of performing the obligatory rock Azar Okay, now,
form the intention were in your heart. This idea of making intention with a tongue is good because it helps you know what's in your heart. But do you have to make an intention with your tongue that I'm praying for a cup or for the sake of Allah facing the Qibla in the masjid behind this Imam at this time, this location. You don't have to say all these things. It's a good thing to say I'm praying for Godzilla for the sake of a lot more Salah that's a good thing, but you don't have to verbally say it. Because intention is an internal matter it's to do with the heart.
This intention should be present in your heart as you make the opening have been and should not leave your heart before you finished.
After letting your head after letting your hands hang loose by your sides. Raise them to your shoulders when seeing the web with palms obeyed and fingers spread out. Do not burden yourself with trying to keep the fingers together or separate. Raise them such that your thumb is on a level with your ear low your fingertips with the tops of parts of your ears and your palms parallel with your shoulders. Once they have settled in this position, see that the beef then lower your hands gently in raising your hands or lowering them. Do not push them forward or backward nor shake them from side to side. Once you have let your hands go for no reason them toward your chest. Okay, now once
you have let your hands go, there's a footnote there. Raise them to your chest. Okay, let's read footnote number 19. In the Hanafi school, the preferred place to follow
The hands is below the navel. Similarly, the preferred opinion in the Shafi school is that the hands be dropped only to chest level, whereupon they are folded above the navel, under the right hand by placing it over the left, spread out the fingers of your right hand along the length of your left forearm, and hold on to your left hand at the wrist. After the WC Allah is Most Great, Praise be to Allah in abundance in Glory be to Allah morning and evening, then recite, I have turned my face to the one who created the heavens and earth. And again, this is according to the Hanafi. The Chava is qualified, because the shop is qualified after you say a lot but who are you beside is in neogen
torchiere illa de patatas savato Oh, the hanifa aluminum so he's he's reading this he's given the translation of that what I have turned my face to the one who created the heavens and earth in submission as a pure monotheist, and I am not one of those who associates others with him. Indeed, my prayer, my worship my life and my death are for Allah Most High Lord of the world who has no partner thus, thus have I been commanded in I am of those who submit footnote okay at the footnote 20 Yes.
I'm the guy with a lot of cuts from going with islands it took a while. So here here the author the those who provided the footnotes, they're giving here the law that should be read according to the Hanafi school of thought Yes, glory, BG will lock in all preach to you bless it is your name elevated these are weakness in magnifying is your phrase
continuing on, then say the DA would anyone know what the word means?
That is the legal word we use to refer to the statement. Ooh Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim. So are all the will la? In short, how do I say it in Arabic?
say that I would I seek refuge in Allah from the Akasha
then recite the party I would always double consonants and make an effort to distinguish clearly between the letters dog and dog. So here because it is saying make sure you read the Fatiha properly. Read the Fatiha properly, make sure that readers right to isas make a difference between your Lord and VA. Because if you don't make the proper distinction between your letters and Arabic that affects the meaning. Okay, this assembly example we all read a little movie or lay him on a ball lean correct what of all lean wrong. Now some of us couldn't even tell the difference between the two. What's the difference there? ball lean with a void means Oh a lot did not make us from
those who are misguided. Avoid lean with a VA means Oh a lot do not make us from those who are shaded. Don't give a shade. We're supposed to be asking a lot for shade on the day of judgment and then see how everything will not volume and do not make us from those that are shaded. So there are tons of examples like this. Obviously, the VA is wrong. We're supposed to say what a VA lien and there are like I mentioned there are so many examples like this. Another very common example is in while setting salons and the purpose of the law it was to them. Were supposed to say Allahumma salli ala Muhammad Assad. Many people end up saying Allahumma salli Allah Muhammad Allahumma salli ala
Muhammad means Allah send your blessings upon masala hottie. Allahumma salli Allah Mohammed means Oh Allah withdraw your sword against Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Now you see how the meaning changes so drastically just by the pronunciation of a letter. Now, one thing I want to mention here, try your best. You know, many of us here are foreign to the language and it's very hard for us to be 100% of perfection. But at least try. Go to a scholar, go to a ship, go to a party, go to a heartbeat and try to work on yourself. Especially in today's world. We have access online to all these different shields that teach over Skype and on all the platforms that are out there.
Try your best to learn if after trying you fail, that's okay. But if you haven't even tried and you're failing, then you're held accountable for not even making that type. Yes. Then say amin answer your prayer without joining it immediately to your saying nor those who went astray. Well volley. resign allowed in your father Marbury Venetia for years, that is in the first root cause of each prayer unless you are a follower behind the Imam. It See I mean out loud footnote. Okay, going footnote. And if he's will say it silently say what silently? I mean. So the fact that I mean we have to find the awkward Holocaust quotes it says suddenly, according to the sharper the school of
thought you say it loud, yes. But according to the heart of your school of thought you still say it. Many hobbies after fact, you have the standard. Like there's no responsibility you're not supposed to say I mean, you're still supposed to see I mean, and you're supposed to say with your mouth, you're supposed to say it loud enough so you can hear yourself. So at least you can hear yourself, but not the standard quietly and not say it at all. That's wrong.
After the party have in the fudger prayer resigned from the longer move
to algo rouge and in Madrid from the shoulder
fossils, hurrahs, algae without illness. Any of us are in Asia from the medium of fossil surahs altantic tall by in a footnote, such as Alba rouge and those of similar lines in the fudger prayer when traveling recite other coffee to another class.
No, there is a difference of opinion about whether we're the muscle so let's begin. Number we consider the strongest opinion to be that it begins from Surah alpujarra but the details of their distribution, si mobarak aparece. For body under Chapter on what are their which has been transmitted on the recitation in the morning prayer, and God is near my family and the chapter on recitation in prayer, or karate quotes the distribution is mentioned above in the text as the opinion of the majority.
Continuing on, do not join the end of the surah would that be of the following rather pause between there for as long as it takes to say subhana wa glorie reachable so for example, while also the Intel Inside lfu who said lol Edina Amano, I'm going to solve the heart, but also will have they will also have a server locker know what also will help you with the loss of Southern
Oh, Allahu Akbar. So he's saying don't join the to give a little break enough for enough time to say so. You don't need to say somehow Allah, but just that period, and then you go into the coup after that, yes, full time that you are standing, keep your head lower in your geese on your prayer. This is the key to focusing in Salah if you're if you're struggling to focus on Salah. One easy principle is when you start your salon, find a place that you're going to look. Find one place, you're going to keep your eyes locked. And then don't move your eyes from there until your salon is finished. You understand that? The more you look around, the more distracted are going to be find one spot and
just lock your eyes there like it's like, like a target. And don't move your eyes from now until the end of the slot. Yes, keep your gaze on your prayer. This provides for greater concentration and encourages more The intention is of your heart. You are cautioned not to glance right or left in your prayer, then see that before bowing, raising your hands as described earlier footnote
and prolong the beat until you reach the bottom faster.
Reading the footnote in the Hanafi school The hands are not raised for any posture after the initial appeal. Yes. Put your hands on your knees with your fingers for now. So this is not real quick. Grab your knees and have your fingers a little spread. Yes, keep your knees straight your your bag head and neck should be level in one line. So the idea here is your knees should be straight your back your head and your was a lot was a third thing. Your neck all three and should be one straight line. And there are narrations that the way that they were test this during the time with us hava is that they would put a cup of water on someone's back and see if it would fall or not. That's how straight
your back should be when when doing. And you know, I realized most people in our communities, they can't do this. They can't do their ruku properly. I mean, it's permissible what the Likud are doing is accepted. But it's not straight, that's straight back the straight neck, the straight head that you're supposed to have, we should try to focus on that, as someone maybe look at look at mitoku as a straight or not. This is for men, by the way, yes, your elbows should be kept apart from your sides. A woman does not need to do does not do this, but keeps her limbs close together. Because for women, the idea is to be to be closed in for the sake of modesty to close their body close together,
rather than spreading the elbow out and expanding the body. Then say Glory be to Allah the mighty Subhana vilavi three times if you are praying alone, and we'd like to do more repeated seven or 10 times, but know where it is worth virtuous to do so. Using the footnote in the Hanafi school, it is recommended to say this prayer and the prayer in frustration mentioned below an odd number of times. So you can see some how to not be allowed in any odd number of times you can say three times five times seven times 911 13 1517 like this. But again, the ruling here is when you're praying
alone. If you're praying in Jamaat and if you're the Imam and how many times are you supposed to say it? Three? That's it. Not more than that at all three times and then move on. Because the principle is that in follow ngema keep it short. If you're praying alone, then you can keep it as long as you want. There's no problem with that. Yes. Then returned to the position of raising your hands and saying a lot his heart The one who has praised him.
When you are completely upright safe, Oh our Lord to you is presuming the heavens and earth, including whatever you will
mention that yes. If you are praying by yourself in your prayer, then recite the supplication in footnote in the second record when setting up from the second. Okay, so according to the Shafi squat, when you're praying for salah and if you're praying alone, when you get it from the record from the second record you read in how according to the Hanafi school thought record and witness
A lot who may not know Costa Rica accorded the Shafi school of thought you read it in fudger after the second ruku and after the second record and getting up, that's what the footnote there is yes. This application referred to here is one transmitted through an authenticated chain on the authority of the minister of the use of heaven hustle in early you learn from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
And the color theorist Allahumma howdini female had a funny female athlete with a wall and a few months later, baroclinic barbarically female Joaquin Shara mapa de la casa de la, la la la la la wallet while Isla de trabajo de la Sarita narrative tenemos la la translation, oh my lord, guide me amongst those who have died in gravely well being among those to whom you have granted well being, and take care of me among those whom you take care of, and bless me in what you have given me and protect me from the evil of what you have ordained for truly you decree and no one decrees over you, and barely the one is never debased, and the one you hold in enmity will never be honored, hallowed
we you are fathered our Lord and exalted excuse me, our Lord and exalted.
Then go into frustration, saying that they'll be with me the second footnote to 26.
In the hundreds of Golden Oldies recited after standing up from bowing in the second rip out of the fudger prayer when calamity befalls Muslims, the hands are to be kept to the sides and not raised. So there's something called Palutena Zilla when Muslims across the rolls are facing difficulty, what we do is in further Salah after the second recall, we also do note is all it is done generally in Jamaat, it doesn't happen all the times, but it happens at times when we have experienced this a few times in our life, or have been present there. According to the Hanafi school of thought. If you are involved in the pollute and the notice taking place, do you raise your hands or keep them by your
You keep them by your sight, you don't raise them. Yes. Then go into frustration. Seeing the turkey without raising your hands. First, put your knees on the ground, followed by hands, then your forehead which should be uncovered, the nose should touch the ground along with the forehead. And you should keep your elbows away from your size and your stomach separate from your thighs. The woman should not do this. Place your hands on the ground level with your shoulders. But do not lay your forearms on the ground. Say Glory to the Lord Most High. So hang out or be at three, seven or 10 times if you're by yourself, then raise then rise from the frustration while saying the best view
until you are sitting upright. Sit on your left leg and foot and keep your right foot erect. Put your hands on your thighs with your fingers spread out and see when your hands are on your thighs. One common mistake people make people make is that they grab their niece or nephew, grab her knees while your hands are on your thighs. Which direction with your fingers be facing down? And which direction should they be facing the Qibla. So you need to pull your hands back just a little bit and make sure they're on the thighs. If they're on the thighs, they'll be facing the Qibla. If you're holding your knees, they're going to be facing downwards. Yes. Put your hands on your thighs with
your fingers for an hour and say, Oh Lord, forgive me and have mercy on me. provide for me and guide me heal me greatly while being a part of you, Bill fairly well.
Jeannie was born in one country the second time in the same manner. In every rock in which there is no Tasha who would sit up straight for a moment to rest, then stand placing your hands on the ground but not putting one of your legs before the other while writing begins. It has been when you are near the end of the sitting for rest position and prolong it until you reach halfway to the standing position Hurry, man because it says when you're getting up from the second record, and you're going upwards, there's two things you mentioned. The first thing you mentioned is this. So you're you just finished the first record off, he did the second sentence. And now you're standing up for the second
record. He says when you get up from the second stanza, before you stand up, sit down for a second. take a little break, then put your hands on the ground and push up and then stand up for the second record. You guys understand that? So after the first record after the second sentence that what did he say you do?
According to the halevi school of thought, what do we do? Straight up no break in the middle. So we don't take any break from the second such that you go straight up and you're up. According to the Shafi school of thought before you stand up, you take a little break, you sit down for a second, you put pressure on your hands like this, and from there you stand up. Okay, this will be called Joseph Lister Aha. So he's going to address this here. And the second thing that he mentioned that we're going to address them the footnote 27. But before we get to the other thing that he mentioned is that when you're getting up from there and you're standing up, you're supposed to say Allahu Akbar,
right? He says pro long beard can be a stretch it until you're almost up. So when you get it from such that don't just say Allahu Akbar. If you're standing up, you should stretch or stretch your law until you're close to standing up. So that way there's a differentiation. If anyone's following you. They know that you're standing up for the second record. Yes.
This sitting should be brief as if it were snatched footnote in the Hanafi school one stands out from the frustration without sitting for rest, as this was not established as agreed as a regular practice of a law's messenger. So not only the honeybees say this idea of sitting after the second says that before standing up and using your knuckles to get up, this is what the prophet said a lot while he was sitting did when he became old. When he became old before standing up, he used to take a little break, put his foot his pressure on his knuckles and then push himself up. However, when he said a lot while it was said it was younger, there are many narrations, this habit said he would
stand up directly, when he was older than he would take support and stand up when he was younger, he was sent out directly. So we say we follow the opinion that the narrations that support what the prophecy blossoms did when he was younger, yes, then perform the second record as you did the first and repeat that.
Repeat that are with at the beginning of it again, according to the shafali school of thought and the Hanafi school of thought you only read that I was once in the salon. And that's right at the beginning. What was the I would remember, I would have been like him in a shadow regime. You only read that once at the beginning, you don't read it again, none of the second record, not at the third record, not on the fourth record. Yes. Then sit in the second record for the first posture hood and put your right hand on your right thigh with the fingers closed, except for the index finger index finger and the thumb which are left spread out. point with your right forefinger when
you say except a law law. Not when you say there is no god law law. Please your left hand with the fingers extended on your left side footnote in the Hanafi school poms are placed placed on the thighs with the fingers outstretched. Then, during the test invocation of faith Shahada with the right hand one holds a little finger and the ring finger forms a circle with the middle finger and thumb and raises the index finger during the negation. There is no God and lower lower degree. So in the Hanafi school of thought, when you're sitting down, both palms are flat on the thighs. Okay while doing that here.
Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato sermorelin. Allah, Allah saw a shadow. Now when you come here, immediately you take your middle finger and your thumb and you make a circle, the other two fingers, you wrap them in, and now when you say a shadow, what do you say la ilaha. What do you do? You raise your finger, and when you say ilala, you lower it down, and then you keep it lower down and you keep your head in that position till the end of the slot. Yes, point with your right forefinger when you say except a law in the law. Now when you say there is no guideline, please your left hand with the fingers extending on your left side, sit on your left leg in this city, just as
between the two partitions. In the final Tushar hoods sit on your left hands with your left foot going out from under you and keep the right foot direct. So according to the Shafi squad, when you're sitting in the final sitting of Salah in the final sitting of Salah, what you do is you know how we normally sit with your you're sitting on your left foot, you have your right foot erect with your toes facing the Qibla. What you do is you lift yourself up, you pull your left foot out, and you slide it underneath your right foot and you sit down on your bottom Actually, this is called the water how women generally sit in Sala Okay, so you're sitting on your bottom and your left foot is
actually sliding and your right foot is still erected, still standing up. So this sitting is called the waterworks. Imam Shafi Allahu Allah says, In the final setting, this is how you sit. Why is that? Because if someone's coming to Salah he can tell how the mom is sitting and no other using the second or God the fourth or God. You guys understand when he comes into the door, that's a fourth or third there because look at the way he's sitting. And if he's sitting on his leg, not on his bottom, that means you know what is it? It's a second record? Yes.
In the Hanafi school, if the rush position is used by men from all settings of the prayer, this is the position mentioned earlier for sitting in between the frustrations
complete the transmitted well known supplication after sending blessings on the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
After completing this say peace in our laws, mercy be upon you allow more legal more law, one to eat. Okay, but where did the Salam end assalamu aleikum wa rahmatullah letter. You don't read after that? Well, Barakatuh not the Prophet of Allah, someone he gives Salaam he would say. Salaam Alaikum wa rahmatullah wa salam aleikum. wa rahmatullah. Yes. Once you eat side serving so that your cheek can be seen by whoever is to your side behind you. So you're turning yourself just so that your cheek can be seen. That's it, and then turn yourself until your cheek can be seen. While you're turning your eyes are focused on your shoulders. Okay, you're not looking at the crowd behind you or
to your side, you're keeping your eyes focused on shoulder in my readings peace towards those angels and Muslims who are on so when you're saying I said I'm on a cobra Mottola. Again I told you guys earlier with every action there is a involvement of 100
And what's the involvement of the heart when you're doing a ceremony going to LA? When you're saying here you're looking you're thinking yourself I'm saying Salaam to all the Muslims on this side and also to all the angels and a salaam aleikum, wa rahmatullah to all the Muslims and the angels. The scholars say, why is it that we end our cinema setup? Why is it that we end our prayer with a salaam aleikum? wa rahmatullah?
You understand the question? Why because Salam is a greeting that you initiate with, not that you end with
when he says Salaam Alaikum. It's you and with the two but the idea is that you initiate your conversation with that, why is it that you're ending your Salah with the Solomonic or some scholars mentioned? The reason is because that this assalamu aleikum wa rahmatullah is taking you out of that special realm of Salah. And now you're grilling the Muslims back saying, I'm back, everyone, I'm back, everyone.
I'm back with you. I said, I'm back with you. And I've left that special realm that I was with while I was in Salah. That's a very powerful meaning if you focus on that, yes, this is the method of a prayer for one performing in alone. The Pillars of the prayer art, humility and presence of heart together with the recitation of the Quran in the remembrance of Allah with comprehension. turnovers fee, may Allah Most High Have mercy on him said, every prayer in which the heart is not present is more likely to receive punishment than reward. So it says every prayer in which the heart is not present, it's more likely to receive punishment than reward, it's more likely to receive punishment
than reward. And the reason is because it's a violation of the honor of Allah subhanaw taala. So we should focus on developing that focus in our salon Yes, allows messengers to allow the
very least the sleeve of a law performance of prayer and not even a sixth or a 10th of it is recorded for him barely only as much of a slave's prayer as he is conscious of is recorded for him. Okay, so that the chapter ends inshallah next chapter leading prayer and being a follower insula will cover the next week. I pray that Allah subhanaw taala gives us the tofu to act on what has been said, or said Allahu taala psyllium Hamad Laila Ali wasabi drain salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa Taala