Fiqh of Worship #1 – Ibn Qudamah’s Introduction
Channel: Hatem al-Haj
Series: Hatem al-Haj - Fiqh of Worship
File Size: 22.19MB
in order in order for us to finish on time and let's let's just go over a little bit of an introduction here and
I have a few points to talk about concerning lambda and concerning the combating metal happen along then second gen and so on. But I would love first as I did with an amendment hora de rahimullah I would love to start by reading the introduction of mmm Nakayama
to his book
is after all starting with a brand you know, praise of Allah subhanaw taala
is the best way to start a class.
And also, Humana Kodama will share with us just a few details. They didn't try to, you know, the sort of contemporary professional preface or introduction that we write nowadays the Explorer will explain everything about the methodology of the book and so on. The introductions used to be shorter than this.
But let's let's read the introduction
by mmm Kodama, that's probably long enough for them and Mark, they say his episode is more proper Dean.
And he is Mohammed,
Mohammed Abdullah, Mohammed.
Mark they say
in reference to beta knock this Jerusalem may a lot of reasons.
He said that lie ahead and handle almost any
Why should I lie in the law? Last Erica Shahada
via mahtab in FISA sallallahu alayhi wa sallam while he was off the matter as a harpoon, the word humara, the bamboo bar,
all forms of things and praise be too long.
The way these things and Praise, praise superior to all other types of praise like the superiority of Allah over all of his creation, I bear witness that nothing nothing deserves to be worshipped or adored except for our law, he is one with our partners, my witness being that one,
my witness being that of one who recognizes this, and establishes his right collage rate. I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and messenger without being doubtful about his truth, truthfulness may allow us to blessings on him, his family and his companions, as long as clouds bring about rain and thunder comes after lightning
you know, why did they write in prose? Why did they write in sort of poetic form that
why did they have to make the right things fried,
that was basically their way of entertaining the readership of making it more interesting, more palatable and more readable, you know, because when you write read things that try and you like become more interested in reading or
the flow of the words the music of the words in with encourage you to read more, do you
see how people like to hear songs, the rhymes, so, they made their work there without compromising the content and if there was compromise of the content, because at the end of the day, to be rational, these are not infallible human beings. If there was compromise of the content, then it was wrong. It was wrong give the How to compromise the conflict, but made basically did this credit the scholars like they were into this Do they even this credit art historians, they would this credit someone like me that theater because his writings right? And to them in this cannot be serious academic work, this cannot be serious.
You know, endeavor, documenting history, if you will have to make your historic and accounts trying to orient to this to this, like this, they can take they can, but our scholars used to do this. You know, as a bonus to the reader said you know, what,
we are going to add here to the authenticity of the content but
We will try to sort of encourage you incentivize you to read. So we will try to make our
work on the
style of our writings.
Okay. Then he said this is a book on jurisprudence, which I have summarized as much as possible, I have limited myself in it to one opinion and order, that becomes a reliable source of information for its readers. That means, what the reliable source that which you can be activated on and that you can rely on, and some
may be translated as the mainstay. That's a good translation. Also, if you will have to just
pick one word to translate it on the, you could say the mainstay is a good translation, I chose the reliable source.
But the mainstay may also be a very valid translation for a longer. So, he said, I have limited myself, in it to one opinion, that's my opinion within gambling.
And in the footnotes in my commentary high, basically included different positions of the different methods, I have included three other
handles that Harry must have as well, because they have their own unique perspective on
which is worth included.
I will explain later in life, I have time why I chose to have like a flavor of comparative in the commentary.
He said, I have limited myself in it to one opinion and order that it becomes a reliable source of information for others. And so that the correct opinion would not be confused because of differences between the opinions or opinions and the rate of bias collars after email, mouth mouth and those narrated directly by him or from him. Because he sometimes would have several opinions regarding the same matter up to eight different opinions regarding one issue. And he can you figure,
it may be hard to think how could you have a different opinions regarding one issue? If you know that the scholars have 20 different opinions about salon
that were recorded by 105 100. Daddy, you will be able to, you know, part of an argument for having eight opinions sometimes regarding one position. That reason is that he never shied away from free camp in his previous position.
From say, No, I was wrong. You know, the correct position seems to be this. And then later, a couple of years later, or a couple of months later, or maybe a week later, he hears something different. And he gets convinced that he wouldn't then never shy away, or be too embarrassed to say, Well, I told you such and such that was wrong. Here is the new position, my new position.
Okay, so some of my brothers asked me, once again, it's just like an internship at Holloway law with Amazon, the same thing. He says some of my brothers asked me to summarize it, to make it more accessible to those who wish to learn and easier to memorize for the Knowledge Seekers easier to memorize for the knowledge seekers. One additional reason why they made them rain, so that we can memorize them, or those of us who are capable of that would memorize them.
I honestly think that you don't need to memorize the loose books, at least in our times, just focus on grammar points. And then and then if you if you memorize the gravity memorize a good portion of this and now you're good, you're great, excellent.
the end of the day during their times,
scarcity of books, you know, in order for you to buy a manuscript, you have to pay a lot of money, because they have to be handwritten for you.
So it is what it was, you know, and I'm not saying that memorization is a bad thing, but it was particularly more important in their times to merit to memorize those books.
Some of my brothers asked me to summarize it to make it more accessible to those who wish to learn and easier to memorize for nodded further Knowledge Seekers
Before I answer that this requests relying on a lot to make my intention sincere and only for his face, in other words solely seeking to please Him. And to help me to attain his great pleasure, he is sufficient for us and the best Disposer of affairs. I included in it authentic narrations for their blessings and authority. I chose them from the authentic collections in order to avoid the need to reference them. So he said that whatever I have here is from the Bukhari and Muslim or one of them, so that I don't need to reference them I don't need to tell you here and this is correct, this is authentic and so on.
So, that is
to his book, and
he said that what what he did in this work is he basically told you only one position of the Hanbury method and he overlooked all the other positions he kept them out. So to simplify things to simplify things, and he only included a few IDs for their blessings and for their blessings and further authority. But this is not a this is the type of book that would use what do you not have any answer I have, this is the type of the book that is usually called mapping manual and they took out the F and D from those books to for summarization for brevity and they would leave the F and the Hadees for the Subaru, the commentaries that will be written and the how actually the footnotes in the side
notes that will be added after the commentaries are written and we will go over this in some more detail inshallah.
Okay, so I have a few points here that I wanted to
discuss in the next 15 minutes.
This class will be on and inshallah we embark on finishing the entire commentary on lambda, we ask Allah to help us to finish it all.
And we ask Allah subhanaw taala to benefit us also from this knowledge and to make this whole endeavor for me and you one that is intended solely for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala and for his good pleasure.
This is going to be a class on fat and fat means understanding fat plain Arabic means understand that in Islamic terminology, it's the understanding of the religion. The prophet SAW Selim said maturity level, the higher the deen the smiley or the
Mojave reported this from the prophet SAW Salah maturity level, the higher you factor with the flow once good for someone, he will give him a good understanding of the religion, he will grant him a good understanding of the religion he will give him fecundity, the prophets of Salaam, the Sahaba that have been the righteous predecessors did not limit to the practical laws of Sharia. The fact to them meant just the general understanding of the deed whether it is personal conduct, you know, interpersonal leading Sati the
scale anything, the dean and Jenner Terada community most of you know he prescribed for you in matter of the religion that could have prescribed for new So, the deen in general
the good understanding of the deen in general was referred to as by the prophet SAW some of them and the early Muslims later on when things have to be classified, categorized, and you know sorted out for simplification.
The scholars started to use the terminology to give the different terms to different disciplines and to be more sensitive.
If I say precise that would be impolite
torture us he wanted no accurate would be impolite. We're talking about comparing them to the Prophet than the companions.
They want to be more
To break this to break things down for people like us who are a little bit who need help,
So simplify things. So, so that So, they gave the term to the practical loss, just the practical loss. So they took out this care, he took care of it that those two major disciplines are out now, and pertains now to the law,
practical laws of Islam.
So, then they define fork as modified,
So it is the recognition of the practical laws. Has the art deduced from there
detailed proofs from the detailed proofs? Why did they say that I came along a year
of study? Why did they say
the recognition of the practical laws as the art deduced,
or which are deduced from their detailed proofs because the P
is not the one who memorizes the rulings is the one who memorizes the rulings their proofs and knows the method of estimate, but the duction
he sets up His mind for
the recognition of the practical, practical laws or practical rulings, then the 14 would be anyone who memorizes it on them to memorize it. And that's it because you've known all the anomalies, the practical rulings. But that's not it. I mean, he is the one who knows the practical rulings, knows the detailed proofs because of the proofs of the brain and the sun, and the AST, and so on and so forth.
And knows how we got there, from you know, the statement of Allah subhanaw taala in the Quran, it was salam
salawa, Java or Scala is mandatory? How did we get from here to there. And this may be a very simple example and may as well, it's obvious how, because Allah commanded us to pray, but it's not always that simple. You know, when we, you know, discuss some of the other routings it will not be always that simple to get from their chemo salon to Salah is mandatory.
So when the prophet SAW Selim said if you go to the bathroom, take three stones with you, for they'll become they'll be sufficient.
Or ministers matter for you? If you clean yourself, do it odd number of times. That's another command, right? Do it an odd number of clients. So
357 people in yourself after using the laboratory, but this command does not translate into obligation? It's not like, it's not like, okay, masala translates into mandatory. So I'm going to start tomorrow for you. If you clean yourself, number of times, will not translate into doing that number of times is obligatory. It's not as simple as that. There is more to be considered. But certainly, you know, the default for commands is obligation. But that's why we say the default because it's not always the default.
is the defined as modified camellia
proxy layer or the detailed routines that are deduced from
there the team proofs.
The proofs, either absolute or relative that prove or proofs are either indisputable or disputable.
What are the three indisputable groups according to one's ama, three indisputable proofs according to how to submit for them by their consensus, whether they
Then the next this would be very close to this particular view and clear will be almost there is an analogy or you know ontological
reasoning, PS would be almost there. It's almost there, the wire is rejected PS, but there is a Piazza jelly where there is basically
delay is clear, but I'm trying to find like a better word.
Anyway, there is the clear PS, that clear analogy, which is the definitive and others, which is, it makes perfect sense, the Prophet would have never said otherwise. I mean, if he deemed it as Haram, then he must have been
that type of as the head is do not agree, do not disagree over this, they consider that to be part of them of whom part of the implication of the text, even if it is not the man,
even if it is not the explicit statement of the text, they consider it to be part of the mapu. So, at the end of the day, they believe in some form of BS so when the PS is clear and logical deduction or reasoning gets clear, it becomes almost like the indisputable proofs grants. And now, when we say indisputable proofs per answer nazmir we're talking about concepts we're not talking about, people are agreeing on all the details,
the core and
it will be only a different difference and understanding you know between one scar and the other is color,
there is no the difference over the transmission there is the difference over the authority there is
but when it comes to this and then we start to become to have some differences, but difference is not over the concept. Every nice color, you know, basically
means maintained, the authority of the son of the prophet SAW Selim over anything else.
Even when we say that medic give precedence to the ongoing
Ahmed or action of the people of Medina.
Malik felt that this is more indicative of the Sun than the Hadees
for the singular reports,
so we have to make that distinction between the Sunnah as the way of the Prophet sallallahu, wasallam.
particularly when it comes to single reports, do you think that Malik would give precedence to the action of the people of Medina over the sin? Now, he was given precedence over the singular reports to him. These were more indicative of the Sunnah
than the singular reports, or more telling of the sinner than the security forces. You think about hanifa How much money
do you think our hanifa would give precedence to analytical reasoning, his own and illogical reasoning over the sin of the profits?
Absolutely not. He is saying that, you know, Piazza asked, which is basically the foundation of PS
which is, you know, when you say that
it was forbidden because it's intoxicant cocaine must be forbidden because it's also intoxicating. That's called PS analogy, right. The answer is not based only on one ruling. They asked us
to remember honey fan to the herpes is based on multitudes approval.
Basically, mislead will mislead or compensating for fungible by fungible or non fungible fungible mythri is fungible.
compensating for the fungible by funds votes,
fungible directly things that are that
are substitutable basically, you know, two
pounds of rice, tangibles You know, one piece of furniture, particularly during their times the IKEA furniture, probably from the books
because they're substitutable, but like a piece of furniture that's considered non fungible.
But two pounds of rice principles are not permitted.
Because you could always find two pounds of reps. So, if I if I
leave two pounds of rice with you, and you
have negligence lose my rice, how do you make me up for the my two pounds of rice
by me two pounds of rice. So that is myth urbanicity scanpro compensate the front of the front of boats by friends or books. So a member hanifa would say that this concept, I have come up with this concept on the basis of my sort of inductive reading of the entire son of the Prophet.
This is the son of the Prophet.
If I have a hadith that would contradicted this, I will not take that hubbies because, to me, this concept is more indicative of the Sunnah of the Prophet saws. Keep in mind that every time I talk about a scholar, I try to defend them to the best of my ability even though I may not agree.
Like, I don't have Hanbury. I take the singularity portal over the past Hello, Sue. So I take her ether Massara, I take you know the Hadith where the prophet SAW Selim instructed that when you take like
when you buy a goat, and you find the dollar was tied, and then you figure out that you were cheated, because the other of the goat was tied to look like produces too much milk. And then after you milk it for a couple of days, it's not producing that much milk anymore, you can return it and return with it slam and return with it.
Once after of this, we will talk about so I said no. You took the milk, Lisa frangible to return milk.
You don't return this
fungible fungible method, even misty, well, I'm buddy and then the American Enterprise also agree on this issue with embeds or I should say companies agreed with the shaft
on this on this issues on this issue. But so essentially, it is not my point to prove who's right and who's wrong. But my point is to show you where he normally is coming from.
I will when you know when we come to this issue, I will tell you why I believe that the hobbies
make sense, and you return it with one soft thumb in my belief, but that does not detract from the fact that, you know, hanifa was not trying to defy the sun. It's not conceivable, he you know, now it's not imaginable. He's trying to say that this is also the I base it on 200 hobbies, I'm not gonna leave it now, for one singular report.
So the certain that, you know, it's it's not disputable in the sense, but the disputation is over the dispute is over the details of, you know, his son, single report much who or what's the position of this versus that to the sun and the brand and the interplay between the two when there is a conflict and the the magnitude of the parameters because it certainly does not qualify the absolute of the plan? To what extent does it specify the Jenner, things of that nature, they disagree over the details, but they don't disagree over the concept, which is the authority of the son of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, then, after those four, I want you to consider analogy to be one of them,
because like I told you, even before Harry's would accept the clear analogy, so I want you to consider PS to be one of them, but but make this thin faint line, thin faint line between the grandson and the PS and then put like a darker, wider clear line after that, and then you will have his this whole presumption of continuity, you will have Masonic Masada consideration of public interest, you will have something blocking the means you have the legislation's of those before us and have multitudes of other sources of proofs that they disagreed over.
Oftentimes, in theory, not in practice, because they ended up agreeing and practice you know, so blocking the means the evil, they ended up all agreeing to the concept itself, even though they disputed the theory, you know, consideration
Public Interest Masonic masala the whole ended up doing this you know pretty much the same thing
pretty much the same way not exactly, but the the disputed the theory itself whether this should be a source of proofs or not
and then I would have covered the meaning
and the definition of the science
and the proofs the rest of this talk is addressed in the books have also done so, we will not go back to this discussion. Next time inshallah, we will start from the divisions
and the legal values, we'll discuss the legal values, we will discuss the jurists work in deduction, we will discuss the
main sources the proofs in
compiling the math have
some terms and how many must have and then we will talk about the book itself from that
my work in the book before we proceed to
the hora or the
physical and ritual purification protocol the others to provide
a lens to clinical