Ali ibn Abi Talib – The Four Caliphs – part 1

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Bashar Shala

Channel: Bashar Shala

Series:

Episode Notes

Dr Bashar details the lives of the four greatest men who lived after the Prophet Muhammad (Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him), the Caliphs of Islam, the rulers of the Islamic Empire that swept across Arabia, Asia, Africa and even so far as Southern Europe.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen hum diabetic is a Kareena shaker in Hamden, us in Yama, Hawaii capital. Merci de Sala Allahumma salli ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi h nine. What balangan Jimena Sahaba to attend a momento de

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la Loma de Bella Elena Elena Valentina, Alina in Santa Santa in Arlington,

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Virginia bellami

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Sharla we continue on our study is alive of lives of the Sahaba of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the

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life that was filled with lessons and with

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opportunity for those behind them for those after them to learn from what they went through, and the lessons that they took from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and we started with a Boudicca Sylvia, probably Allahu, and then we went on to study the life of Bob, and Hamdulillah, we finished the life of our family a lot line. And it's noteworthy to say and it's important to say that during those brief sessions, that we do have the Sahaba we're really not covering all the aspects of their lives, or all the incidents or all the lessons that can be obtained of their life and it's just a store for us to go on and trying to learn some of the things that that they left behind for us to

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learn.

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Today in sha Allah we start the life of the fourth halifa after the Prophet from Allah Holly he or send them and we start the life learning about the life of Aliya Oliver of the law and karma law, which

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whose name is Ali, son of Abu Khalid son of Abdulmutallab who is the grandfather of the Prophet from Allah Allah, He will send them which makes him the first cousin of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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and he also is a son of Fatima into acid, who is also from the people of Hashem, who is a cousin of our pilot herself. That makes it bloody solid Hashimi from the clan of Hashem from both parents from both his father's side and his mother's side, and he was the first Hashimi to become a halifa. He was the first person from the people of passion to take the position of the successor of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. His father Abu Talib was well known of his protection of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and we know that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam after his grandfather Abdulmutallab passed, he went on and he was given his custody given to the to the uncle

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of college, so he was raised, and the house of I will call him the same house that alley, you know, the power level of your loved one who was born out. So this is as much closeness that he had to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam However, this relationship between the father and the Prophet was actually more strong than than that. I butanna was a man of honor was one of the elite honorable people of Polish, but he was not a wealthy man. So when people realize that I will call him who had four sons, he had pilot, we don't know much actually about the life of pilot and there is no accounts whether he became a Muslim or not. Then the second son of Abu Talib was, how clean I could

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not be falling, who also became a Muslim, and he became a Muslim later in his life after people said, after the Battle of the robiola, and then Jaffa in Parliament, and we studied the life of Jafar and Vitaly, he was one of the first people to migrate your headship. And then he came from a habit at the time of high bar, and then he was martyred. And the Battle of WhatsApp and Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam said about Jafar of Navy pilot, I saw him with wings flying in heaven and he is known in Islamic history as Jaffa and the fourth son of Abu Talib was Olive navitat him and people realize that I will call it has many children. He also has two daughters. Mohammed is one of them

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and she is a Sahaba.

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And they said that he has too many children and he is a poor man. He's not a wealthy man. And each one of his relatives came and took one of his children in custody. So I bested in Abdullah Pollock took Jaffa and Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam took Allium Navistar live so I live now Vitaly was raised in the house of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and that was before birth and at the time of birth,

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Vitaly says, boy Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Yo man his name so masala to sell him was given the reseller on the on Monday we know that and on the night of elkader and he said what Islam to Matthew Lhasa and I became a Muslim, a Muslim on Tuesday. So and then he said I was the third to be a Muslim after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and Khadija or the Allahu adhan so I need to be tolerant became a Muslim and his childhood and he according to most scholars accounts, he was either eight or 10 years old. So he was in his early childhood, and to visit slam, there's a beautiful story that he walked into the room of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam and he found him in

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worship with Khadija who became the first Muslim. And he said mega Fatima, what are you doing? And Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, We are worshipping Allah, as Allah subhanho wa Taala sent me with his message to mankind.

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So he said, Yeah, Lee, I invite you to become with us to worship Allah subhanho wa Taala with us. So I leave the 10 years old said, this is something I did not learn in the house of my father. I don't know about this. This is something new. So let me go ask my father. He's a normal response for an eight or nine year old said, Let me ask my dad, what he wants me to do. So to send them said Allah Subhana Allah, Allah did not ask me to review this. This was the period of a demo where that was a secret here. It was not revealed to anyone. So he said, Yeah, Lee esslyn out don't either become a Muslim, or keep that as a secret. So I leave now Vitaly said, Well, let me think about it to the

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next day. But the next day he comes to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he said,

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I will become a Muslim. And I will keep this a secret among you. And this is one of the stories that was narrated about the Islam of alienor be thought

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and there is no really conflict that alley, even though there is no conflict among scholars that he was one of the early Muslim, he was the first child that to embrace Islam in history of this doubt.

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I need not be thought of is one of the 10 that are given the glad tidings of a generic black tanning of Paradise and he was given that from the profits from Omaha to sell them that is one of the honors of valued Navy solid, and we will Sharla go over those honors. He had a nickname and one of his nicknames was a bill hessen he was called as a bill Hudson. And because his first child who is also the child of fall, Freeman and one of the honors that perform lafalot II and send them give him Papa and marriage. We'll talk about that in Sharla. And his nickname is Abolhassan as he is the father of adolescent his first child from faulty model Viola and another title of the Talib Natalia was known

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off is Abu Musab, and this is not one of the very famous titles that he's known off. But he was that was one of the most beloved names that I leave, nobody fall in love to be called with. The reason is the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam COVID Abu Rob. Now, Rob in Arabic means dust or soil. It's the stuff that you see on on the ground. And one time the word the reason he was given this honor is the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam went to the house of Fatima and an alien he wanted to talk to Allah. And he knocks on the door and Fatima comes out and he asked what is your husband or Sally? And she said, Well, he's upset with me and he went to the masjid. Now the house of Allah even though

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the thought even Fatima just like any other house, they had the domestic conflicts, they had arguments and they're just normal human being. So Fatima said that he got angry and he went to the masjid. So the Prophet didn't ask why he did. He just wanted to make sure that they they have peace in their house. They said well, he went to the masjid to see and even every pilot and he saw him sleeping and it coordinated and listed and unlisted, we know did not have carpets or rugs that we have today. It was just Sandy floor. So I live in avatar it was Steve and the prophets a lot to send them woke him up and he said engineers engineer said he when he set up his back was full of dust the

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prophets a lot of sellers starting cleaning the dust away from me says interest about two odd judges is the one with the dust and that was the title that I loved the most is what sarasu lasallian send them called them was jokingly with him trying to smooth things out. So Pamela between him and for them.

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And the third title that is known history of Allina Vitali this Haider. The word Haider in Arabic means lion

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heart and that was he was called hadal by his mother Falcon. They've been to us

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And he was known with his braveness and courage. So he was called that as also a sign of his courage and his his strength will be a lot.

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Also, when we mentioned the name of Alibaba the thought of it's probably noticeable in Islamic history that when we say about the long run we also say cut them a lot which may Allah honor his face and that is one of the signs because his face although he become a Muslim became a Muslim in the term of Julian Thomas ignorance when people worship idols, but he became a Muslim without worshipping any idols ever in his entire life. And he never has faced never supplicated to idol or any Gods but last time I saw Muslim gala honored his face with that and that's when when we say common law, which

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is color is is if Islam when they mentioned him, they would say common law which had the last time data honored on his face.

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One of the things that Talib Nabi told him his life with the Prophet and the Prophet hood house and the house of the Prophet sallahu wa sallam, he was close to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he would go as a prophet goes and he would be with the prophets as somebody who was raised in his house, so his knowledge of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam was vast and enormous, and he knew a lot of details of the prophets, Allah Mohali, usnm and some of the things that he got from the Prophet sallallahu wasallam is the wisdom and we know that Caliban IV thought it was well known in Islamic history for his wisdom, and many of his words that he would say the words became a book proverbs in Arabic

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became words saying, that are very famous that went on into history, and we will study Sharla some of that. The other thing is, he knew justice from the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and he was, as

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Bob said, A cabana and he the better judge best judge among us is an evening Vitaly property of Lahore. And

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during his life as a Muslim in America, he went through what every Muslim went through, through the suffering and the persecution of the people of Croatia who was a young person, but the the example of his

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dedication to the religion of Islam and his sincerity was a loss of Hannah with Allah prevailed and we came very obvious on the day of Elijah, as we know a full muscle aloha to Salaam was given the permission for his run, he was asked to prepare for the Hydra. And Croatia at the same time, was plotting to murder the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and they chose 40 young people of courage to come to the house of the Prophet from Allah send them on that particular night to murder the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in his bed, and also lasallian seldom was given this revelation of Allah Subhana Allah Allah

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chose Alina Vitaly to be in the bed of the Prophet from money to send them and refill masala Leah Selim chose me to sleep in his bed. Now, if you think about this, this is a major sacrifice in the way of Allah subhanho wa Taala as these angry 40 minutes, if they don't find their target, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they will get angry and they will more likely kill the person who was chosen to sleep in his bed that evening.

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And he accepted that mission without hesitation. And that night he slipped into an a bed of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and we saw how Allah subhanaw taala protected the prophets. And he went on on his hedra and protected Alina Vitaly who was not harmed that night. Another thing that former solando seller trusted him was that night is to give the things that Christ trusted Russell muscle money and send them with what's called and what that quraish Trust, although Christ would know that they're announcing animosity against the prophets Allah to send them that they know he was I mean, he was trustworthy. So they would keep things that they want to hide with the profits on the

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money or send them they will keep the treasures of the profits of money and sell them. And when the Prophet sallallaahu Selim had these things he has to leave now because he trusted this young man and even a pilot who was around 2018 to 20 years old at the time of fidra. To give this back to the people that trusted Russell mussel Omaha to sell them with.

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Alibaba Talib immigrated after that to a Medina after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was the rest of the family of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. Yes

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trust anyone else

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because they wouldn't even trust their own family sometimes with these things. I mean, it was a society of ignorance. And sometimes there are things that are dealing in merchandise and money and all right, and they would want to keep it with the Prophet salani and send them because they know that whenever they asked the Prophet for law to sell them, it will be given back to them and the Prophet sallallahu wasallam was the most trustworthy person.

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So Alibaba be thought, after him, he immigrated to Al Madina, munawwara he says the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam making who was making one Prophet, one for hobby, one companion, a brother to another companion, and I leave the family was left

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without being joined with a brother without having who have someone and then he came to the rescue glossolalia send them with teary eyes and he said, Yeah rasulillah a height of a novice harvick Well, I'm to activate new Urbina had he said you you made your companions brothers to each other and you made me brother to none you didn't make me he made chose anybody to become my brother. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told me the same as this, he said and

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he said, You are my brother, you are my brother, I saved you for me Ali, you are my brother in this life and you are my brother and here after a gentleman inshallah.

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And the aliveness of his life in El Medina was filled with struggle like the life of the Sahaba and who witnessed and he became a part of every major battle in the way from loss of Hannah to Allah and the battles of a jihad, in bedroom, in a herd, and in every battle except one battle, which is the Battle of the book, which is the the year of the of the hardship and the reason for that is the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam made of his, his successor, he made him his,

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the one that to run the affairs of Medina, during the absence of the prophets, Allah lohani or send them so and even at the pilot came to the prophets of Allah, Holly or send them and he was said, and he said, You're a fool Allah to cliff and he said he was to be, you leave me with women and children. He wants to go out. He wants to struggle and fight in the way for was handed to Allah. So we see the wisdom of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and how he dealt with his Sahaba and he said, Ms. thoughtbot and takuna beanie finanzielle at homonymy Musa Lyra and the hula via daddy. He said, Don't you like to be a fleet like Harun with Moosa? Like when Musa went to alayhis salam went to

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meet Allah subhanho wa Taala and talk to all of us to Allah on the mountain he left Harun with with the people of Israel. And he said, Now I'm going through in Jihad and I'm leaving you in Medina. So don't you like to your position to be a fleet like Harun was of Musa alayhis salam, but there will be no prophet so people wouldn't misunderstand that an Eve that I live now Vitaly is actually a prophet or some sort of

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other than the Sahaba then Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam said, there is no profit there is no nibi after me there is no messenger of Allah subhanaw taala after me.

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One of the things that are also known as back alley is what happened on the day of Haifa, we know and hybridize we studied the Battle of Haifa, one fortress after another, and then we got to the hardest fortress and peva and Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam every day would give it the banner to the leadership of the fighting force to one sahadi and he would give it to one after the other. And that siege lasted for 14 days on the 13th day gave the banner to aboubaker. And the fortress was not conquered. And then the 14th day he gave it to him up and the fortress was not comfortable with having a little bit depressed and and they got stressed is what what is this a loss of hello and

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this are we being defeated? And then Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said,

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Now, Reuters and Roger uhland Yes, the Allahu Allah de la how Rasulullah Allahu Allah, Allah Azza wa salam to send them said, I will give the banner to a man tomorrow, that Allah Subhana Allah to Allah will give the victory to us with with that man, and that man loves Allah and His Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and a lot of his prophets love that man. So I might have said now had difficulty in f7 Mr. Nadella can let him kelela he said that did not love to become in a position of charge, be in charge except that night because this is a man that loves Allah and His Prophet and a lot of this prophet loves him. I mean, this is the best that the Sahaba

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wanted and then the next morning there are some awesome olalia seldom gets up and he said a gnarly human avatar for his alley every night we thought. So they said the alley is sick. The Sahaba said alley is sick and he has a disease in his eye. He has problem with his eyes. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said Bring him to me. So he brings alumina Vitaly and he puts his saliva on his ears and he wipes his face. And with a miracle of Allah subhanho wa Taala it is cured. And he leads the Muslim army and play button that day. And of his fighting, he goes and he pulls out the gate of that fortress with his hands, and he makes it a shield. And he finds with that door. And then with that

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gate, I was the fortress. And then when he when the battle is over,

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he puts the the gates on the ground and an eight men tried to take it out and he couldn't this was the the power of inand the power of faith that was infused an alley of Navy colleagues at that day.

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One of the honors of Allium na vitalant, as as well known is his marriage to faultiness. It'll be a lot more unhappy the daughter of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Fatima was the the youngest daughter of the Prophet salallahu usnm she was so beloved to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam when she was born, he says it's almost all it said about her. by Hannah Tony Schumacher is like a flower that I would, I would smell the scent off. He loved her so much. And the Sahaba noticed the love that Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam had for Fatima and when Fawlty met became of age he became a young woman. The Sahaba wanted to get closer to Russell Memorial seminary, Mary Fatima.

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So Abubakar comes to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam with an offer of marriage to Fatima and Omar comes to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam with an offer to marry Faustina and Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam said she's young, she's too young, for both of them who were

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older men. So the one of the servants in the house of Brussel muscle ladies and then she goes to Ali, or one of the servants in general, come comes goes to Ali and she asked him Ali, why don't you propose? Why don't you come and ask the prophets Allah? How do you send them to give you Fatuma in marriage? And

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he said, let me I can't they certainly metazoa I have nothing. I have nothing to offer. Faustina I have nothing to offer the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to marry somebody in the stashes of faultiness I'll be a lot more unhappy. And then that seven says he doesn't have to even know do use a widget, if you go through the process a lot to sell and He will give you his daughter sola salatu salam loves you alley and he will not find anybody more qualified than you are to marry his daughter FOSS in it. So the story goes that the alley of Natalia went to the house of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. And he sat in front of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam to ask,

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to ask for him to ask for the hand of Fatima and marriage. But he with all respect to the prophets, a lot of them could not speak. He could not say a word he could not say the Prophet sallallahu Sallam I came here to ask to marry your daughter and I have nothing. He couldn't say these words. So the Prophet smiles at him and he said that that became Ali. What What brought you here ali ali didn't answer. And then the Prophet smile. He said lol like Fatima. Did you? Did you come to ask for fortnight for engagement? And then Ali said Bella, yes. Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, that's what brought me and Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam said and deca Matata What up? Do you have something to

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offer for Fatima? and Elise a lot of the Allah who I knew. He said no lie. No lie. I have nothing. I don't have anything to offer you for helping them. And azula salatu salam said Elisa indicador, don't you have a shield? You fight more? Don't you have that shield that you have with you? And as you said, Yes, I have my shield. Yes, I'm dee da, well, I can no lie.

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to him. He said it's not worth 400 docam, which is not really a fortune, that that you offer for the daughter of the prophets a lot he or send them but this is a lesson that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam wanted to teach this and that is that's not how you measure men, with how much they're worth and how much they have and how much money they can offer you he knew what's in it. And that is more a lot more than $400 him that he could offer for fulfillment and a whole lot to say wasallam smiled at him and he said was a widow Kirby. I will give you Fatima with that motto shield. Now this shield of course will stay I mean what is stopping is going to do with this year.

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Nothing's gonna give it to her husband is he's gonna use that shields. So basically that's the lesson that the prophet SAW mama Holly, you send them and there is nobody more honorable and there is nobody more worthy of anything than faulty man. So it is in teach. It's a lesson for those people who want to give their daughters in marriage to understand that it's not how much people offer money wise monetary, although it is the right for the woman to be honored with that. But that's not the whole story. And that's not what Allah Subhana Allah has ordained with allow her to be

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with questions question was coming through that at the marriage came either after vendor or after HUD and the scholar said it was either the second or third year after hidrive. So it wasn't in Medina. And it was either the second or third year after the hidrive the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam there is no human is no unanimous opinion was that I was in the early years of digital.

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And he was in his early 20s and faulting. I was in her late teens, late teens. It's not exactly known he was either 1718 or 19. And it was 20 to 23 years old at that time.

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So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam continues to teach Muslim and the marriage of alio falls into how a Muslim house should be. And even on the day of wedding on the night of their marriage, Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came to their house. And Ali and Fatima were sitting there and he made will do Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and he put the water of his will on their faces. And then he said to actually take your hand and put her on her forehead. So I Li put his hand on the forehead of Fatima and he taught him this to have an heiress of laylat lattice and he said, say Allah Hamas, Luca, Hydra, Hydra Niger Delta Halle, who became the Sharia, or shall we measure

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Delta la? He said, ask Allah Subhana Allah to give you her blessing, the good out of her and whatever good he created her for and to take refuge in Allah subhanaw taala for evil that may come and and all the evil that that may she may be created with Subhan Allah and then he says so Leah katene he taught him how to do the sinner, the two Raka have a notice of the night of fellows how they pray to Allah subhanaw taala together alley and force him out of your mind.

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And also or narrated that way, they went to the house of family on the night of flooding to prepare the house of family and they found that piece of calcium calcium is basically a rug made a straw. So very rough rock to sit on. And a pillow filled with leaf which is also a rough material that the pillars are made and that was the entire furniture of Faustina probably an ad of no be thought of Khurana law which

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I need not be thought of married, actually other women after false and then we know false in law. The law one had died six months after the super Somalia asylum and he lived many years after that. We know how to be tall it lived about about 30 years after the death of faulty model villafana so he had more marriages. And one of the women that he married was a smile been to amaze has never been to amaze Hanalei. This lady of Islam she married is one of the some of the big Sahaba she married first she was married to his brother Jaffa they've been that'd be taller than Jafar was killed in the Battle of

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water and she married Abubakar sodium. She was in a wife to aboubaker of sodium and she stayed with him until he died as a halifa. And then after that she married olive oil about the Allahu I

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think, if not the Polish history books, reports that he has 14 children 14 nails and 19 females so even though the Father has many children, and there are no but obviously the most famous are the ones that are the four of him and faulty model the a lot more unhappy. And those are on Hassan Al Hussein robiola who I'm home and Xena and Omar consume of the law on him Jamia and but his other children is not that he has named and the names of the children of Alli are very interesting and they are actually in evidence against those who say that alieve Navy pilot had a problem with this hobby and that's a hobby so just listen to the names of the children, the family of Navy pilot and

00:29:49--> 00:30:00

you will know what I'm talking about. I will Becker is one of his children. Roma is another one of his children. This man is the third one of his children. Mohammed Mohammed Allah

00:30:00--> 00:30:33

Sup to Mohammed says that he has Jafar, yeah. And many other children, he has Khadija maimunah, musella and fortina. He had the names of the wives of the Prophet sallallahu, Alayhi, wasallam, all of them so that also is an evident that he had love. I mean, he gave his daughter who consumed him in marriage to her maternal kabob and named one of his children after a lot of milk a bomb. So, there is no way that these men were not in brotherly love with each other.

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Just

00:30:42--> 00:30:42

some,

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consume vincelli and Fatima, the youngest daughter of Ali and Fawlty model, viola, who was married to a model.

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There was a big age difference. Yes. But yes, yes, he gave his daughter in marriage to a lot of property a lot one.

00:31:06--> 00:31:06

No,

00:31:08--> 00:31:08

no, that.

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As far as I said, age difference at that time was not a big issue. But yet we know that that if there is if there would be an issue with the family, then the Prophet sallallahu wasallam would say that, like he said to Abu Bakr and Omar when they asked for, for marriage to fortina He said, No, the age difference is too big. So if that would be a problem in the marriage according it's all it's all depends on the situation and that would be also allowable. So this is all to teach us really how to deal with these things. And how not to

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make our daughters and our sisters marry into an

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equal marriage of any kind.

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Some of the known things about Alibaba before earlier probably a lot more and

00:32:03--> 00:32:04

his

00:32:05--> 00:32:23

his known his job he's he was known as the judge of Islam. He was a call but he was known with His justice and his knowledge of the the science of Kabbalah. And some of the history books report some incidents about how fair I don't even know if you thought it was. This is

00:32:25--> 00:33:12

no Papa Ronnie, in this story, and I found this study. Very nice, very interesting, you will need you to pay attention because there is some math involved some algebra issues involved in this judgment. Two main sets, sat to have dinner together, and one of them brought five loaves of bread. And the other person brought three loaves of bread. And they sat together to join their food and to have dinner. But then a third person came, who had no bread at all was and he had no food and he asked them, if he can share their food with them, and he will pay him for their food after that. So they sat all together, and they finished the eight loaves of bread. And they ate almost equally,

00:33:12--> 00:33:29

nobody ate more than the other. So the man that didn't have bread, took eight Durham's, there were eight loaves of bread, he took eight their hands, and he gave it to the two men and he said, divided amongst you, this is for what I ate with you, this is the price that I'm paying.

00:33:30--> 00:33:40

So the man that had the five loaves of bread, and abroad, the five loaves told the one that brought the three loves that we should I should take five, they're home, and you take three, there's

00:33:41--> 00:34:00

one Durham for each loaf of bread. The guy that had the three said, No, we share 5050, you take four and I think four. So they went to Olive nivetha live in judgment. So they said Dan, with Alice now before elevens, and they offer their complaints. So I even had the title of said,

00:34:02--> 00:34:04

the one that brought the

00:34:05--> 00:34:12

four, five loaves of bread should take seven from him. And the one that brought the three loaves of bread should take only one

00:34:14--> 00:34:53

was done. He he didn't he was he didn't accept free Durham and I and he went to it and he said you take only one, this is my judgment. So he's asked me how come How did you breach this judgment? He said, I don't see this this wisdom, this judgment and has fun a lot. He was not a he didn't have a high school diploma and learned algebra but he had the footmark the intelligence of a Muslim and coffee and the judge. He said there were three of you and there were eight loaves. So three by eight is what 24 so he said each lobe is three shares that was divided amongst you.

00:34:54--> 00:34:59

To make the math easier, he said this is how you do this each lova three shares

00:35:00--> 00:35:19

Each one of you, since you ate equally, must have eaten eight shares, ate one third of love. So eight by threes is 24 shares, you finished the 24 shares. And he says Amanda brought the four the three loaves, he said you brought the nine shares, and you ate,

00:35:21--> 00:35:54

says you only gave out one share. And the one that brought five shares also ate eight shares. But he wrote 13. So he wrote, excuse me, he wrote 15. So that five by three is 15 shares. So he said, out of the eight shares that that third man ate, and paid for, you brought on the one share, and the other one brought seven, to take ones that haven't the other one takes seven. And this is and the man says a lot, you don't eat a lot.

00:35:55--> 00:36:09

With this gentleman, this is fair. He wasn't he thought three was not fair. But when I explained it to him, he knew what one Burnham was only fair for him. But this just to give you an idea about how the judgment of value of nerve he thought it was.

00:36:10--> 00:36:42

Another thing that we thought it was known off is the knowledge of El bellava. And the language of Arabic, he knew the the Bella the and the language of Arabic literature, and he knew the grammar of Arabic. And if you go to read and study Arabic grammar or the science of a natural, one of the mean names that come out is not as a scientist is a scholar called what to do any. If you go into the roots of this

00:36:43--> 00:37:01

alien, and Arabic, the name of God and I will ask what came to me of NaVi polyp, and it is known that he said and this is narrative on the ground son of SWAT at Delhi. He said my grandfather said to us that he went to Germany.

00:37:03--> 00:37:50

And he said, I saw my great my grandfather said I saw a kneeling momineen thinking he was thinking and he was concerned about something. And he said female to South Korea and you know, meaning Are you thinking about it? And he said in the center to de Bella decom has Lana. Now, I will ask what was in Iraq. And he said I heard that the language and we know I during the events of his khilafah went from El Medina to El Kufa, Iraq. Now the people of Iraq were under Persia, not all of them were well versed in the language of Arabic. And yet they still had to read the Quran and learn the Quran and learn the Hadees and deal. And he said, I heard that there is a dialect evolving out there

00:37:50--> 00:38:36

dialect that is not known in Arabic, and he was afraid that this Arabic will will dissolve will will start changing shape like what happens to most languages, but it's very important for the Muslims to preserve our big four understanding of Quran. So he said set up to an archetype and feel sorry la v i wanted to put a book for the rules of the language. Now, Arabs before they didn't have rules. They didn't know what this is fine. And this is my ob they just knew that they knew how to speak by by just the way they learned it. And they would send their children to the desert to lingo with the tribes of Arabia and they come back to Mecca and Medina and they know Arabic. Well, they don't there

00:38:36--> 00:39:04

is no schools who say this are the rules and here's what there was nothing like that. But at least notice that there is a need for that later on said how to live that bad didn't happen. And I can assure you that Arabic speaking people in Arabic countries would know how to speak Arabic today. Because when when you grow up and an Arabic speaking country, you really have to learn grammar, because otherwise you will not really know how to interpret and understand what you're reading.

00:39:05--> 00:39:14

So he said, sent to us with a jolly paper he said write Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim al kalama to Islam.

00:39:15--> 00:39:30

He started putting the rules and even though the solid is the one that put the initial rules of grammar of the science of now he said words in Arabic are our noun, verb and a preface is what is half proposition.

00:39:31--> 00:39:59

And then he started defining them he said LS MoMA and the animal sembawang celluma and that hierarchy will have full member unless they enlist and his male friend he started defining goes to an s were to do early and he gave us very early the essence how to start this science of analogy. And he gave them that there are things that are a parenting and discipline and etc. Another one to say the whole thing but it's one of the

00:40:00--> 00:40:08

accomplishment of Allah subhanaw taala brought the law and established this now it's to establish the science of grammar in the Arabic language.

00:40:13--> 00:40:25

One of the things that was known of not be followed was has wisdom as we said, he would have words that are today in most

00:40:26--> 00:41:15

treasures of wisdom are used and referenced to be thought like words that are wanting to as as a proverb, he would say around the lawn I don't feel hydrocolloid was no, Luca hydro Corinne, while APU hydro saw head while edible hydro Mira, while I do mean Elijah, he said a tofield is given the fear of a loss of Hannah like that is given the guidance of Allah subhana wa Taala to do the right thing is the best leader is the best leader into action. And while hustling khalaq and good manners is your best friend, if you want to make friends, if you want to attract people to be your friend, this B have good manners. That's what it means. Well, Akron, Ohio far have been your best companion

00:41:15--> 00:41:33

is your intellect is your as your mind is to have a pure mind and good mind while at the Pyro miraz. And the best thing that you give an inheritance that basically is good manners is adept at that is how to deal with people, and politely and respectfully.

00:41:34--> 00:42:18

As he said, there is no loneliness more than arrogance, that arrogant people will have no friends, no real friends. And that that is the loneliness of them. And this is one of the wisdom of family if not be bothered. And then he was asked what is generosity. Tell us about generosity. And he said McKenna, I mean, hopefully that the Mr. McKenna and Miss eleftheria on what he said generosity is not when people come and ask you for something and you give it to them. That's not being generous. This just sometimes being embarrassed not to give. And it is some sort of good manners. But he said the real generosity is to give before you're asked, When you see someone in need is to give them

00:42:18--> 00:42:21

before he even asked you. And this is how he defined generosity.

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And then other things that he said, he said, desert will matsuya and wonderfully bad, that the punishment for sin for the Muslims is to be lacks. And their worship, is they don't when they when a Muslim Nixon and and is punished by our lives, they don't worship as as good as they used to do. And what the ecofin Asia is they will become global poorer, will not suffer less that is they don't enjoy things. And he said they said what is that they don't enjoy things. He said lay and Lucia wahala in Nigeria.

00:42:57--> 00:43:15

He said, when they are when Muslims living in the state of sin, then whenever he wants to do something, even Helen and to enjoy something Hillel, then something come and disrupt it and and spoil it for him. And the cure for that is to avoid sin and to stay in obedience of Allah Subhana what that.

00:43:19--> 00:43:43

And then one of the things that are narrated of him is he was given the recommendation for a lesson on his bed of death. And he said to enhance an yagoona of an autobahn for autobahn, I'm gonna give you four and four recommendations keep it for me, memorize them, and it hasn't said one or the other. He said

00:43:45--> 00:44:01

the best richness The best thing that will make you rich is your Apple is your mind is your intellect. Well academic and hammock. The worst thing that will make you very poor is that idiocy is the ignorance.

00:44:02--> 00:44:20

Well, actually Russia again, this same recommendation and he said the most thing that will make you more lonely is arrogance. So don't be arrogant. Well, a common current personal holiday. And the best of generosity is to be good and manners to other people feel good to people.

00:44:21--> 00:44:31

And he said what the other four recommendations, he said, four, don't be friends. Don't be friends with these four types of people and

00:44:32--> 00:44:59

the idiot, the stupid person. They know who you really do any unfalsifiable work, they will even if they want to benefit you they will harm you because they're just don't have it. And then what is that? And the liar, don't be friend to a liar. They know who you currently are and they kill their ego. your ankle carried the lion will bring people that are not really truly truthful to you. They'll bring them closer to you and those who are around you that love you will send them away from you with the lying

00:45:00--> 00:45:01

And then he says

00:45:02--> 00:45:05

Don't be friends who miser or a stingy person.

00:45:07--> 00:45:08

And then he said for in

00:45:09--> 00:45:30

our genetic UI then the minute that you are in most need for that friend he will be away from you. What yeah come on saw that happen fair Joe and don't be afraid to attach to the center to the presser for in the huya Bureau Kevin data he will sell you out the the center. So that was one of the things that he had.

00:45:31--> 00:46:16

And at the ranch reporter narrates the story of Alabama, the parliaments very famous. We know that there was a main there was a famous judge in the time of marble hop and his name was Shara rihel kabhi. He was a judge that I was appointed initially by Mr. Malhotra but he remained in his post until until nine and then leave NaVi parlin became a mere nominee. And the story goes in the reference of a garage that after Safin after the Battle of Safina leave Nairobi pilot Mr. Shield and when he went back to a Kufa he saw that that there was a Jewish person that has the shield his shield, that he knows that that belongs to him.

00:46:17--> 00:46:20

So he said to the Jewish man, he said that

00:46:22--> 00:46:49

I didn't sell you this and and they didn't give you this as a gift. This is my shield, give it back to me. And the Jewish man. He said he was God. It is my feeling. It's in my house. It's in my hand. And I leave live before live sets in. So let's go to the judge. Let's complain to the juggler. He's an internal meaning. I mean, he is the the governor is the one in charge of that still, but there's a conflict then they have to both go and sit in front of the judge.

00:46:50--> 00:47:16

So they went to the judge Hawaii and Hawaii said and in one narration said polyanionic meaning and in another set Kalia bell has a say I will hasten or say me many. So I will have some an earring. Khomeini's said this is my shield and this man is Jewish man took it and he I didn't sell it to him. Give it to him.

00:47:17--> 00:47:22

And the Jewish man, he said he Takuya hoody, what do you say you Jewish man?

00:47:23--> 00:47:50

And the man said, the Jewish man said this is my my shield. And it's in my possession. Buffy Yeti Wi Fi. So she looked at me and he said, Alex Sabina, Do you have evidence albena to Allah money dad is the rule of law, that if you are claiming something, then you have to present the evidence while the amino element anchor and then if you deny it, then you have to give the me the oath.

00:47:51--> 00:47:55

And an even more meaning it said yes. Compound will has an

00:47:57--> 00:48:22

armbar is his servant, and it has on his his son. He said my servant and my son will come and witness now this is a son of an alley as a witness. I mean, the love of the prophets on the law to send them social rights said Shahada to be led to us when the sun cannot witness for his father, because they will be abayas testimony. No, that is rejected. So said

00:48:24--> 00:48:26

that he is arguing. He said

00:48:31--> 00:49:05

portion of Paradise, you know us and you're denying his testimony. And should I have said this is what it is and the judgment is against me and the shield stays with was that man and Ollie became angry? So should I said Why are you angry? Yeah. But has and you know what I did was the right thing. You know what I did? He said, I'm not angry because you just I guess me? I'm angry because you were not fair. When you called me up when hesson and ameerul momineen. And you call this man the Jewish man.

00:49:06--> 00:49:22

This is when you went wrong. It's not when because your judgment was against me. So that Jewish man was standing there and listening to this conversation and seeing this judgment. And he said and he wrote many, many Illa Kabhi wakatobi he

00:49:23--> 00:49:52

he said this is me and he takes me to his job. And then his judge judged against him. I said ash had to endure hair that will help I witness this is the right thing. This is these people are not normal. This is not something that people normal people do. He said go ahead to La la vida Muhammad Rasul Allah, one Madeira draka Lee and shad. He became a Muslim and said this shield is indeed your shield. Yeah, that you've never thought of

00:50:00--> 00:50:44

Do you know the polyp said? And one of his famous words? He said, I thought he was trying to define who is He Who is the one that has knowledge in Islam and religion? He said, I'll tell you who couldn't have been them, you know, us and Iraq matenda. While I'm euro Islam, Tina arcilla. Well, I'm you Amina amin, as Abdullah, he said, Those who are real have real focus in Islam. Those who do not make people despair of the mercy of Allah don't just everytime said you're going to hell, you're going to hell, you're going to hell and, and there is no hope. And no, I said this is not proper. And the other thing he said and the same time, they don't make the disobedience to Allah Subhana

00:50:44--> 00:51:13

Allah to Allah as something that is allowable, they have to explain to people, what is not allowed in the dose of obedience of Allah, when I'm you I'm in harmony, as I believe that and don't tell people that they will not the punishment of Allah will not reach them or they are exonerated from the punishment of health. So that to keep that balance that the Sahaba knew that there is the paradise and you have always hoped for it. And there is the fire and you always escape from it, and trying to avoid it.

00:51:15--> 00:51:29

And while I'm here there is an arrow button and hula and they don't leave the car and go to another source of judgment and another source of spiritual help the Buddha hierarchy back in

00:51:30--> 00:51:50

worship without knowledge is not good. Well, I even left my map and knowledge without understanding is not good. Without a lot in let the dub raffia and reciting of Quran that you don't understand that you don't heed the meaning of what Allah Subhana Allah is telling you is also not good.

00:51:51--> 00:52:30

And then he also said in a second that is narrated on a second man are the annual sickness and enough sick fellowship Bella who may say, who wants to be fair with people and this is when we hear the echoes that and what had he said, this is an echo for Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. He said those who wants to be fair with people, they have to deal due to like for people with their life for themselves. This is something that Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, let me know how to come after him. He said that nobody will become faithful are for Muslim unless they love for their brothers or sisters, what they love for themselves.

00:52:32--> 00:52:38

So this introduction is for the life of an evening ob father,

00:52:39--> 00:52:42

and some of the virtues of alieve Navy pilot.

00:52:43--> 00:52:52

And the laughter of aliveness polyp happened after the death of us magnetron after the murder of a smell of not fun, probably a long line.

00:52:54--> 00:53:14

And we studied that in the last session. So Pamela, how have men had been a son was murdered, and how he was killed. And the year of that is 35 years after the head job. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam I leave not be followed was given the day after that in Medina.

00:53:16--> 00:53:44

And his sealaska lasted about four years and nine months. You're in in the sea levels. And even like the pilot, it was a time of turmoil, and tribulation. And it was some of the most difficult times in Islamic history that we sold the Sahaba facing each other on battlefield, and the Muslims lost many of the name for harder around the Prophet from Omaha to send them.

00:53:46--> 00:53:55

And in that there was many different opinions of scholars about what to do and the studying of those particular events.

00:53:57--> 00:54:28

Now, during the time of madness, and as we study, it was a little bit although it was very hard and very heavy on our hearts to hear what happened to Halifax mme. Not fun. But it was mostly agitators and people outside the circle of the Sahaba that understand the stature of man of the affection and the rank of the other Sahaba. And they have total misunderstanding of the events that happened during the life of

00:54:31--> 00:54:40

the life that the events that happened during the Philadelphia family evening I'll be talking about a little different because many of the great Sahaba were involved in that.

00:54:41--> 00:54:59

Most of the scholars, the true scholars of this religion that that they followed the what Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he said either look at us howdy sensical when my Sahaba when my companions are being mentioned in an improper way

00:55:00--> 00:55:26

And harm harmful weigh in, don't say, don't participate in that. So and when you see in the books like, I've been sad in the book of Abubakar that the entire events affect fitness is mentioned in about half a page, because they don't want to get involved. And two details that number one are useless. They don't.

00:55:28--> 00:55:49

They don't benefit us and in many ways, but most of the scholars would mentioned some of the things and some of the misconceptions, because they have to clarify those as and to rebut to answer back some of the accusations that would give an improperly so the Sahaba

00:55:50--> 00:56:43

and was shallaki pray for me. What I learned to do is not to go over these events, and details about what happened and how went was and who did what and why the Sahaba it's to just clarify some of the misconceptions about this fitna and some of the attacks that are unjustified against some of the main Sahaba and some of these issues, inshallah will be clarified in the next session, and then inshallah we will move on in our study of, of the Sahaba. And this fitna, and just to always try to, to benefit from the study and take the bright view and the light that we really in most need to follow. We are not in need. Now our need is not to go over the conflicts and try to find out who's

00:56:43--> 00:56:54

right and who's wrong, because the prophets allottee or send them said about an Hessian said they were both mini and he was asked those who are fighting you are they

00:56:56--> 00:56:57

are they kuffaar? And he said,

00:56:59--> 00:57:28

No, they are not careful. And then the man asked and he said Are they will ask your team? Are they hypocrites? And and he said No, they are not separate. They are believers. They said what are they the men if they're not Kaffir Amen. So why are we finding them? And he said one Baba Valena. They are our brothers who transgress the funds and Rasul Allah subhana wa tada said that this can happen because he gave me a solution for it by invoice attorney.

00:57:30--> 00:57:32

Because he simply had that

00:57:34--> 00:58:12

one group of believers can transgress against another group of believers, but they are both believers. And they are both with testified for by belief in electronic data. And we know that Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam said about the hesson who finally solve this problem of the thickness, and he said in abney has a useless Allahu baina use the hula hoop v Bay, Nepal 13. in need. He was talking about her husband and he said with this son of mine and hesson, Allah Subhana Allah, Allah will bring peace between two groups of the moment.

00:58:13--> 00:58:59

So they're both our moment, and the eyes of Rasulullah, Somalia's center. And it is not our position to to speak about this and to mention any of ohada with Han, because on a full muscle it was lm explained that all of them are better in status, and in rank than anybody that would follow them. Especially when you speak of events like in general as the Battle of intimate one on one side, you have two people that are given the glissading of Paradise as they have been falling out of more of a dilemma. The other side, you have nearly got it. How all these people are promised paradise. Unfortunately, we are not. If we think ill of any party. I don't think we're in a position of

00:58:59--> 00:59:07

judgment and but there is some misconceptions about some of these battles that inshallah we'll clarify next session, and we'll go on

00:59:12--> 00:59:29

and has an alley Yes, has an alley, who is by the way, the fifth can defend Islam. Now many people when they come to halifa, they will say Abubakar Omar Osman Ali Mahalia and they skipped six months, whereas Hudson Valley was the fifth Khalifa and in this in this Islam,

00:59:36--> 00:59:48

but he is and he will complete that that he left obviously. So anyway, inshallah we will go into some of the events next week because we were running out of time, just open the locker and if you have any questions or comments, it is

00:59:49--> 00:59:49

okay.

00:59:55--> 00:59:59

Right. And this is a very important comment to understand. We'll go over that more that

01:00:00--> 01:00:28

They both saw the same problem, but they came up with two different solutions to it. And they each one made initially had about how to approach this problem, you will see that the main issue really resulted from the murder of a semantic dolphin and how to retaliate for that murder and that's the initial four and and I only had one position and the rest of the some of the other Sahaba had a different position and and both of them had

01:00:30--> 01:00:53

very right opinions and very good arguments about what they presented but soprano law that's what the people that tried to take advantage and we will see how that happened very clearly, especially in Nevada like a gentleman that they can put that poison and fuel the fire and and create a problem that is not to the extent that it that it should go to

01:00:54--> 01:00:55

Yes.

01:01:07--> 01:01:37

By the way means to give the most meaning with the fewest words. That is really what bilello means. It means to give the most possible array of meaning and wisdom in the fewest possible words and he was a master of that throughout the outline, you had an announcement brother, so inshallah we will conclude with that subtonic urbanicity Vanessa dmlc fumar cell how analemma cirino hamdulillahi Rabbil alameen