Fiqh of Fasting

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Hatem al-Haj

Channel: Hatem al-Haj

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

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stellar a lot of companies,

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positions and

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our most valued position, positions within the vetting.

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We know that the Tamia hamanaka came after in order for them to buy 100 years he is considered, you know, the Imam of the, the more latter scholars of the Messiah. But the positions on innominate Emir

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are not the authentic positions of the combat he must have. Because, I mean, like other absolute monster heads, were not

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particularly observant of the stronger report or position within the mouth of the usually ventured out and took positions from other mazahub when they found them stronger. So the writings, you find people like giving notice to people like having to have the verb.

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In other words that have that have reached the level of an absolute monster had, their their writings are not valued inside the meth lab, as the most authentic, even though they are valued as individuals has great scholars and great amounts of this method. You know, no one would doubt the, you know, the greatness of the bird within the Maliki method,

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that birth position or have always a reflection of a stronger position within the medical method because he was an absolute metalhead. And he had the liberty to choose positions from outside of the nanopore data, even though he was in terms of his knowledge and absolute most that his writings were more basically

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consistent with the handling of the knowledge what he chose, in his writings. So most of the time, his choices are a reflection of the stronger position within the hungry mother. So this is the base that we're using and when are most of these issues will be agreed upon between them. When there are points of disagreement, I will try to point them out.

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So that people are aware of the source of this knowledge.

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Yeah, so last, at the end, we'll see on Ramadan adequately Muslim, invalid and Arkadin Cardinal, some passenger model is mandatory upon every scene often about banner, capable father,

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Muslim, Muslim father are some capable of fasting.

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So every Muslim should should observe the the fascinating and the month of Ramadan as long as he is better, you know, adults are sane, and

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capable.

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You know, capable, is

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usually very consequential and fasting and halogen. And Sokka. Capable is not that consequential in Salah because everybody is considered capable unless you are in coma, unless you're out unless you're unconscious. But in terms of what is required to be capable of praying, you just need to be present. You need to be here, you need to be conscious.

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If you're bedridden, you're still required to pray. And there is a way to pray. Even if you are quadriplegic, use them, you're still required to pray for someone who's quadriplegic, they would pray was that any

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basically indication that this is required and this is good, and if there cannot be any indication, not just entering the pray.

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So, prayer is there and the other part is is particularly consequential in Salah, see avanza and have

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the banner part the awkward part is always consequential in anything basically you have to be conscious and you have to be saying

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anything required of you the van part which is you know, the

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about about versus the child

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is also consequential in all of the requirements except to that in one of the positions of course

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Mr. Freeman, he consider the discerning child to be manana tech leaves meaning to be liable for the religious obligations he had most of the time was under him very much. The the go by ballot, and not more money is more money is is the discerning child that is a child who is about 10 years of age, who's really capable of discernment between right and wrong, and so on. So the arguments are that he will be liable. Even if he is not necessarily an adult and adult, we'll start at the age of 15, for the majority of the scholars and 17, and for the Hanafi scholars,

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for the girls and 18 for the boys. But for the majority of this Connors adulthood, that's Maliki sharp, I have somebody adulthood starts at the age of 15. Because that is when the prophet SAW Selim accepted our beloved Omar into the military, he returned him when he was 14, he accepted him when he was 15. So I'm gonna have that, as he said, when he heard that his report, this is the distinction between childhood and adulthood. So that is in terms of the age, but all of the scholars agree that if you reach puberty prior to this, then you are an adult, once you have reached puberty, and ejaculation, and the growth of hair in the private areas, and all of these things are at the science

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of reaching puberty. But if you did not reach puberty, if you're late, the so called Late Bloomer, you're on your adult when you reach the age of 15.

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So why don't want to be as severe as Papa the child should be commanded to fast when he can tolerate the child to be commanded, the faster he

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he can tolerate the outcome he has been commanded, even though he's not required.

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So, basically, this is a command for the parent, the caretaker to you know, to oblige the child or to command the child to order the child to task if he can, this is a matter of recognition that these things do require practice and training, and that our child should not be expected to basically switch you know, turn the switch on, once he reaches puberty. At that time, we will tell him, Well guess what this and this and that and all of these things are obligatory when we have not instructed him before beforehand, or have not trained them

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or having them practice. So this is a commandment for the caretaker or the parent, and the parent is required to commanded a child to pray hand too fast as the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, moreover, another from the Salafi the sub or the guru, Malian, only ask for Covino Maharajah commands your children to practice.

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Pray at age seven.

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Pottery boom, you could translate this as beat although it may sound a little bit too much. It means spanking.

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But literally, it could mean beat spank and so on. But we know that from from the implications, and the commentary of the scholars, the public boom here does not mean you know,

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disable them, it does not mean break their bones, it just means. So on reboot Mario they asked. They don't at age 10 verbatim from the data and separate between them and birth that is not separate between them in bedrooms, because they still could share a bedroom, but they don't share a bed.

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Okay, so so we're commanding them to pray. Although they're not. They're still not liable. They're not liable. What if they disobeyed? What if the child disobeyed parents one of the jobs or just outright disobeyed parents?

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Is no no sin on the child and there is no sin on the parent.

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No sin because the child is still not liable. He's just being commanded by his parents. He's not being commanded by God. That's a big difference. So that it is not a command of God to the child. It is the command. God is commanding the parent to command the child to pray. So the command of a command is not a command

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As a Sony principal, as a principal, no sort of job. So when I order you to order someone to do something, that is not a command to him to do it, unless you are only being a messenger. So I tell you go, Tim,

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you know, half Matt Hatton says,

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turn the lights on.

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In this case, it is a command to him. But if I tell you command akhmat, to turn the light on, it is not a direct event for me, this command from me to you.

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So you're liable. But if this obeyed us this obeying you is participating.

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This the in terms of Alaska announced it to the to the parents to command the children. That is uncomfortable. That is a command to command that is not an arm, that is not a command from a lot of the time. Yes.

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He's not liable.

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He is he is.

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He is not liable for anything.

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The pen the pen has been lifted off of three people, half of them lifted completely. It is not frightened. There is no right.

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There is no writing of sins for an afternoon. How can I say the insane until he regains his sanity? When nothing compares pikers the asleep until he wakes up with some very happy outlook and the child until he reaches puberty? There is no pattern there is no right and, yes, so then what you're saying is that the child,

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the parents are supposed to have a child, then as far as the parents are concerned, they perform their duty. And as far as the child is concerned, the child is not liable for it until that child reaches adulthood and after that, if he continues to disobey the

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child.

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Now, now, all of this thing, there is one person that could be disobedient in one case, which is the parent not commending the child, then you will be disobedient of the prophet who said the moral of another from the sloppiness of command your children, that's a command from a prophet demand your children to pray at age seven spent to them if they don't teach them, if you as a parent, this obey document from the prophet in your lab, Central. But if you as a parent commanded a child to pray, and the child does not recommend the child too fast and the child does not fast, no one is liable here because you have done your part and the child is not liable whether or not he does what he's

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commanded to do. Because this is a pair brain command, not a divine command to the child. So allow the mercy to the child did not address the child with this command. Because a lot could have, right so I could have addressed children discerning children to pray or first the Prophet could have addressed to the certain children and told them you need to practice prayer first, then that DIRECT address would have made them liable but a lot of not wanting to make them liable. So Allah addressed you did not address them.

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Especially when you were saying about

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it, let's say for my

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Can you raise your voice and of the two sisters? Okay, the question is that how far would you go in so called physical spanking, so to speak? From my personal perspective, if I just take one small gesture and to me that spanking would that be acceptable?

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cause some pain or of course

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first, you know, usually I like to joke about this. usually used to psych consult your lawyers first.

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After you consult your lawyer

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then what what are the best mechanic to

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In this regard is that anything that could be done non violently should be done non violent. Because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said no oneohtrix Coffee shy in a lezana, the gentleness is never used or can regarding anything except that beautifies It is never used in any affair, except that it beautifies this affair. So the use of gentleness has always given precedence, now of gentleness did not work, and if exert face and did not work, and if rebuking had not work, and if abandonment did not work, and if withdrawal of privileges did not work, and if non physical punishment did not work, then you escalate this at the end to the physical punishment. If there is a child that is basically

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responsive to

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to facial gestures, or eye gestures, then you should not even talk to the child, you just look at them, it's there, it's done. So as a person that would spank a child, but that is a response that I just shared as a crazy, violent person. And that should be

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like,

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clear cut.

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You know, so if your child is responsive, to simple gestures, and you go ahead and do

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it yourself.

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I don't think that this is age seven, but to the age seven year basically instructing them in prayer, it is getting them ready.

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This continues to go up until age 10 is when you become more assertive.

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So to wake them up for a procedure at four o'clock in the morning at age seven is not required. But you're teaching them how to pray you're taking it easy, this is from seven to 10 this is room for us to get them to that point where we will tell them wake up perfect. And yes, it is to tell them to wake up perfect.

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Because that is a command that is basically commanded. Now, if they

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are resistant,

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then you do want to use a little bit of physical gesture, you know,

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study is, is all the way up to below but between 10 and below, there is another word that could also be used for the person which is more I have pre adolescent. Maura is pre adolescent that is used for people between 10 and puberty, but they are still subject until they reach the age of puberty. But at any rate, the in with regard to fasting in particular there is a heavy Surabaya oven tomorrow with probably a lemon. I love you pleased with her. in which she told us that on the morning of Ashoka the Prophet sallahu wa salam sent it to the villages of the answer to instruct them to fast

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proponent of someone or someone also Dr. Anna favor.

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No better.

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Cool.

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So Rebecca said we used to fast and make our kids fast. And if one of them became hungry, we used to make balls of wool for them to play with basically a matter of distraction until it is time for breaking the tracks.

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Next is

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then when did when do you start Ramadan, you start Ramadan according to this Hanbury position. In one of the cases the completion of 30 days of Chavez This is a matter of consensus, the sighting of the crescent on Ramadan. This is a matter of consensus or having clouds on the ninth of June.

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30th they have Chabad preventing a seitan. And I want you to forget that position because it's a weak position, a weak position within the Hanafi madhhab. It is not the Hanafi automatically. This is a peculiar position of the hungry mother that happened to be particularly weak. So only remember the first to the completion of 30 days of shabam, the sighting of the crescent of the lab. So why did you say are clouds on the land of the 30th day of shutdown, knowing the extreme adherence of Mr. mathema, to the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam?

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Because the prophet SAW Selim in one or in some of the generation sets of dourado, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in the narrations that find them Bukhari and Muslim and so on. about when to fast he said, sumoto at first when he cited or after all the reality and break your past when you cited for in one model a contract. So if it is cloudy,

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the word difficult Dola. Who could mean in Arabic? Is to me for it?

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It could mean in Arabic,

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huh?

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No Titan, it could mean can get it could mean calculate. could mean estimate calculate. Yeah, yeah. So it could mean doesn't mean that but it could also mean Titan for it.

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Because copper is the Titan.

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What does it mean here to Titan for it? You know, Matt, Matt understood this to mean to basically heightened shall ban or constrict, limit Sha venton 2929 days, because to him, he said, Well, I have doubt whether this is Ramadan or not, it's cloudy and I can't see. So to him, he said, fasting one day of Sha ban is better than breaking your fast on one day of Ramadan. Now it's condition of uncertainty I can see. So fast one day a shotgun is better than to break your fast on another on one day of Ramadan. But there are other reports in which the Prophet sallahu wa sallam explained what he meant by Abdullah who explained what he meant by factorial. And he said for our convenience, that a

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Serbian surrency can please complete the month of Sha ban up to 30 days. And there's a report called a Muslim form of your IRA as well. In addition to this, what what shows the weakness of this particular position which

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is the Hadith that is reported by sannan san Nobita would permit the Maasai Mara Nasser in which he said, Man Sentinel psalmody, Elma Levy, Youssef, Kofi Taka Dasa.

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Whoever fasts the day of doubt, which is, you know, in this case, the 30th day of Chabad where there is doubt clouds and we can cite the moon has this obeyed of a person, the Prophet sallallahu eurosender.

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So, forget about this particular position, this position is is weak and it is not the position of the majority of this cars. These first two are by consensus all of them event I have to say the completion of 30 days of sharp BAM the same thing at the Christmas the promo bar. That is when we are commanded to start the fest

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then, yeah,

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no, it was the 30th night. Oh, there's 30. The 30 is night of shock. The 30 is night have chavan is the 29th.

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The 30th night of Shabbat is the 29th of shaba. So on the 29th of Chabad in the evening, that is the 30th night of Shabbat

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because the night precedes the day.

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This particular issue with caffeine is just like a big ordeal, but what we'll cover in just a second so so what

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Musab if he sees the question alone. He should fast. Okay, they can have done some unnecessary Cody what I have

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to complain what I was doing that I wonder if he's trustworthy too fast based on his statement, but you're not being there fast at the end of Ramadan except from testimony of two, he should not break his status based on his cycling alone. So at the end of Ramadan, two are required in the beginning of Ramadan, one is required. Is this a position of agreement between the scholars?

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No.

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Why is it not a position of agreement between the scholars, this is the position of the majority. This is the position of the majority. But according to the Hanafi scholars,

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they wouldn't agree here with fasting based on the testimony of one if it is a cloudy day, because they say if it is a cloudy day and someone saw it, then he has, you know, like better visual acuity and,

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and it is cloudy. So it is very possible that the rest of the people did not see it because it was not clear to them. But if the day is not cloudy, the Hanafi scholars would require

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holography, a larger group of people to have cited the moon in order for this sighting to be a valid sighting to them. So what is it Gemma t, then they have another disagreement over the definition of a coffee. Some of them said two or more. And some said more than this. And

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then the prevalent position is that whatever number of people that when give the judge that will make the decree whether to fast or not the ruler, the judge, that is in charge of this will give him certainty that they did that see our site, the more

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so the majority of the scholars who have accepted that this morning have one person Why would they accepted that testimonial one person when we know that when Islam usually is two people that are required for the testimony because of the love now Homer has people that would report the site to the moon, when not when the rest of the people did not say that he came to the prophet SAW seven and said and I cited the moon so the prophet SAW Mohammed on NASA sia so the Prophet fasted and commanded the people too fast. In another report,

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the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam it was a bit one man. In this case a bit when man came to the prophet SAW Solomon said to him, I cited the moon. So the prophet SAW some sense and then asked him one question. And this shows you the beauty of Islam. He says to him, attach to Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah. So back to you testify that there is the level on chromosome la camisa. Yes, I do. And the prophets are so on, set the beloved, come in the nest, they assume you know that COVID lab, go and declare to the people to fast tomorrow.

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The beauty of fasting on the basis of the testimony of one when it is possible because we're not looking for the moon on the 28th shot down because that is not possible. We're just talking about the 29th, which is the night of the 30th of Chavez and the beauty of fasting on the basis of the testimony of one is it that it it gives enormous

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power for the individual. It it honors the Muslim as an individual, it makes the oma follow the testimony of one Muslim and the only criterion is at a similar level on Passover is bedwin is not known to them. veterans who have less knowledge, the they have less many things.

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But despite that, the prophet SAW said him and his companions and passed it on the basis of his testimony, which honors that individual, that Muslim as an individual, have chose the value of the Muslim individual to the rest of the

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day. This is like giving a silent you know the given asylum and Islam is given to individuals. Certainly, you know, things are more complicated nowadays, countries will not accept this and so on. However, with the way we could make this justifiable nowadays, is to say that we should honor the

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Which of the Muslim

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if there is no reason to refuse asylum, but it will have to go through, you know, the due process and he will have to apply to the authorities given asylum like you know,

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someone a non Muslim from outside of the length of Islam, this right has been given to individual Muslims islamically that is because of the value of the each Muslim, as an individual and a member of this society, the whole society honors your work as an individual. Now, don't say that we will do away with this, we don't need to do away with this, there is a way always to apply. There is a way to honor those teachings without causing chaos. And then we should say that this individual should tell the authorities that I wish to give a silent to this person the authorities should grant asylum to this person, if they do not see arm from us. That's as simple as that anyway, but the fact that

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we that we start the fasting on the basis of the individual testimony by one person shows you the value of each individual in this society as long as they yes when Allah Allah Allah, Allah Muhammad Rasul Allah, they make they have the Academy, okay.

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So he said that Mahaffey position is not a large number of people will will need to see it. If we want to tighten that criteria and we use the hanafy position, then that is a legitimate position of illegitimate must have had in this case, in order it

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to avoid making up your own opinions, which stick I think that one that is a valid school

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and their opinion,

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whether it you think it is the stronger opinion, but in these matters that require unity and that weren't compromised for unity, then a valid opinion from one of the most recognized mishaps within Sunni Islam

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should be an acceptable compromise. You just you're saying that it will be a little too much if we let if we take this morning of anyone anywhere from anytime. That's okay. If you want to take a hanafy position, I will disagree here, I will tell you that I don't believe that this is the strongest position yet I will yield and I will compromise because that is a very executable compromise in the sight of the Sharia, because it is the position of much stats, much that it matters. And when it comes to the position of the majority members, there is a unanimous agreement between the scholars that the positions of the majority man should not be condemned by anonymous

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and should not be basically disapproved of by non much times. The public. Okay.

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Next.

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This is a little bit of a technicality here, but we will move to the next.

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Some people.

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Some people wonder why is it so difficult to you know, why is it loaded with this much controversy, because it really is somewhat difficult to save the moon

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on, you know, the first day of Ramadan, the President would be very subtle, and it would be very hard to cite that we're talking about conjunction, this is this is conjunction. This is a point of conjunction which is called an Arabic para

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is when the moon which is here is right in the middle between the Sun and the Earth. This is the earth, this is the moon, this is the sun. So if you draw a line from the center of the earth, to the center of the sun, and this line goes to the center of the moon,

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straight line from the center of the Sun to the center of the earth, and this light goes through the center of the moon. That is the point of Hippotherapy or conjunction. This is when

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you can never see the

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apostles to see them.

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Because all of the reflection that is coming from the light of the sun is going back in just a direction. How do you see

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once the moon starts to move away from that line once the moon

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To move away, the slightest movement of the moon away from that line is called what we love to eat at the birth of the moon, the moon is bored, the President is bored, once it moves just a

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slightest distance away from that line offline, the moon is worth at a fixed fraction of a second be bored, because it's moved from that line, will you be able to see them? No, you can see

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how,

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you know, how much time would it take for the moon after the birth to be sizable, that is when astronomers disagree, and some people say

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way down to four hours 678-910-1114 and there is much disagreement, the most acceptable numbers by the majority of the astronomers will be anywhere from nine to 14.

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So, that is the birth and that is the cyclability which is important for you know, to understand that the controversy that will result from So, the moon goes around the Earth in about 49.5 days, during this cycle, there is a moment when it comes in line with the Sun and Earth. And between them, this moment is called human birth. This This moment is called conjunction of sorry, the new moon the new moon purpose is a second later, less than a second later, is that point exactly where it comes into center is conjunction, Tara can listen a second later birth with a at this moment, the sun light falling on the moon and outcome to the earth and the moon phase to the to the earth

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once it is born,

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then a few hours later it will become sizable. So now what are the various opinions concerning the beginning of Ramadan? So traditionally, traditionally, we have two opinions. And that is the habit of Matata on a

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mobile site is happening upon more than siphon is the length of mafada. What does that mean? If the hub of my blog, meaning that anyone who sees the moon anywhere on this planet is a Muslim?

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That is about citing for the rest of the Muslims on the planet as long as the share part of the night.

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As long as they give stadacona he doesn't need to lie, they share part of the night.

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Okay, that's reasonable rate very large. Because if you don't share practical night,

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then you know, so if you see them one in Hawaii,

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if you cite them one in Hawaii, how can people that backs them comes to the site, it is already like 10 o'clock in the morning for them. They don't share practically.

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So if you happen to MOBA is basically a global site and you

00:38:28--> 00:38:32

look at site. So what is the division of the event concerning?

00:38:34--> 00:38:43

First, where did the position come from? Where did the disagreement come from? The disagreement came from two episodes.

00:38:44--> 00:38:56

One of them is the statement of the province of Southern Sumatra, you have to you have to know you have to be fast when you set aside them and break your past what do you say the scholars who said

00:38:57--> 00:39:26

it is one sided for all of us Muslims on the planet, except the Prophet never addressed a particular instance, when he spoke and address plus, he addressed us Muslims. So who are those people that are being addressed here. So you must have passed us. So that is the position of those scholars they say that this is an address the Muslims that passed upon the site and by one Muslim.

00:39:29--> 00:39:34

This is the position of the majority tradition of the Bible. This is the position of the majority.

00:39:36--> 00:39:37

I will tell you what some of

00:39:40--> 00:39:46

the other hobbies that the other hobbies here as savitha Quran when he

00:39:47--> 00:39:51

was in the masters, and he started the fast thing

00:39:52--> 00:40:00

with him while we are the lower arm. So prior to that he wasn't the masters. He had the big

00:40:00--> 00:40:10

Give him give Ramadan he started the task earlier wasn't a holiday. So they were able to see the moon on the 29th of Chabad which is the night of the third.

00:40:11--> 00:40:43

So they they started the fasting, then right travel to my truck driver traveled to Mexico. And when he reached my cap, he found the plan to have them. They live by one day. So he was he was doing his, like 14th day of Ramadan. in Mecca, they were doing the 13th day of Ramadan, he walks up tabula now fast, you know, and he says to him, we passed it with Mahalia on Saturday,

00:40:45--> 00:41:02

and Abdullah best salesman, but we did not sign the moon. So, we would continue our fast and then we scientists were complete 30 days. So can I do some best to the site and damania has not been enough for you. And I have the love now best and this was like a little bit sensitive

00:41:04--> 00:41:06

history. So the Wagner pass said

00:41:08--> 00:41:10

no hacker,

00:41:12--> 00:41:16

does we have been commanded by the Messenger of Allah basically

00:41:18--> 00:41:19

to

00:41:20--> 00:41:35

pass through the sacred and break our past when we say so, how do so that would be an argument for people with local cycling. So loving our pets in Mecca is not taking me aside thinking the Masters so discover is that

00:41:37--> 00:41:50

you know, uphold the disposition of local cycling, this is clear cut, how do you run away from us? So, the scholars of Global Cycling they will say, have the

00:41:51--> 00:41:58

best known of Mahalia cycling before they start with Ramadan, you wouldn't have taken.

00:41:59--> 00:42:14

So, that the condition here is that you know it before you start from above, so, that is why they in in terms of their means, we sat in a radius of

00:42:15--> 00:42:23

what whatever our fast force cover overnight to tell the people within that circle.

00:42:24--> 00:42:46

So except that this hobbies is just telling us that if we did not know after sighted and we started Ramadan, then it would not apply to us breadfruit effectively, that said, it does not apply in retrospect. had he known that

00:42:49--> 00:42:52

prior to starting a wrongdoer would have taken the position of

00:42:54--> 00:43:20

so I support them a little bit slightly position. Does that mean I will not take that local scientists position Absolutely. In the in these matters, unity takes precedence over your favorable position. This is a position of staggering amounts. And this is another position of which the head emails as well. So who, who took that position of Global Cycling?

00:43:23--> 00:43:47

manatees and valleys Yes, absolutely dramatic is only such as the only condition that dramatic is added to this position is that it does not apply to people who are too far away from each other like Cora salmon and others is contemporary Iran and none of his contemporaries fail. So, the metric itself does not apply to people who are too far away from each other like

00:43:49--> 00:43:53

those because the land they don't share part of the night.

00:43:56--> 00:43:58

So, this is the Manichaean temporary position.

00:43:59--> 00:44:06

This is the shaft value position local Cycling is the shaft a position where it is the hummocky position.

00:44:08--> 00:44:09

And is both

00:44:11--> 00:44:23

because the earlier happy scholars and that is the form of position affordable poverty in which is the verifying scholar of the latter hierarchies that earlier kind of his parents were

00:44:25--> 00:44:38

in support of this position global site like ematic ease and embellies so this was early on this was the position of the hierarchies Maliki's or companies and this was the position of the chef or his own.

00:44:41--> 00:44:59

Some of the earlier Hanafi scholars in that position, but that was not the dominant position within the Muslim then came in as a knight who is a big figure within the happy mother but from the Mallory generations and we adopted that position which has the position of local sight

00:45:00--> 00:45:11

Continue to leave the lesser position within the mesonet than the unpopular position within the method started to gain a little bit more

00:45:12--> 00:45:21

value because as a scholar of the public the size of society a lie, it

00:45:22--> 00:45:30

then came that that contemporary scholar hadn't had a few scholars from the subcontinent in particular,

00:45:31--> 00:45:43

not all of them, but a good number of them and the position of local site, some of them made it to

00:45:44--> 00:46:07

official positions within the respective countries. So, that became known as the priority position, when in fact, this was the position of the majority of the Hanafi scholars particularly the earlier generations, the first four or 500 years of Hanafi scholars.

00:46:09--> 00:46:18

So, so the division would be here man can come on buddy, airshaft, the Huskies will be both, and

00:46:20--> 00:46:35

some of them will be with mobile, some of them will be local, kind of depends on which kind of you will be talking to him, who are his teachers who are his, which books does he read, and things of that nature.

00:46:36--> 00:47:16

But at any rate, these are both traditional positions of monster head, emails, emails that reached the level of SDR, whichever position you favor, personally, is your favorite proposition. But this is not an individual practice. This is a collective practice of The Omen that will require unity. So you compromise your favorable position for the sake of unity, what ever there is another position by demands country to deliver knowledge. And this is another

00:47:18--> 00:47:57

universal application that the entire user needs to agree on a position and you compromise your position. Now, then we got into the issue of calculations and calculations to be used in two different ways supplemental to the same thing, or independent of the site. Some momentum is when you're dependent on the cited calculations will be used, basically, to better you where you can cite which angle at which angle you cited supplement.

00:47:59--> 00:48:15

In addition to this, in addition to this, some of the scholars earlier and lateral scholars approved of the use of calculations that deny the same thing that is impossible.

00:48:16--> 00:48:21

Basically, if you signed the moon before its birth,

00:48:22--> 00:48:29

is it possible? No, it's not even born this to be sizable.

00:48:32--> 00:48:37

So we, you know, it did not depart the throne, you know, the lioness conjunction?

00:48:39--> 00:48:41

You know, how would you say

00:48:42--> 00:48:44

it's impossible.

00:48:45--> 00:48:55

So, some of the rvr virus scanners and approve them using calculations to deny assign thing and that is impossible.

00:48:56--> 00:49:10

If the moon is not born, then the cycle was impossible by means of certainty. It isn't. It isn't possible, whatever you saw, this is not the moon, it was not born.

00:49:12--> 00:49:14

So then,

00:49:15--> 00:49:55

this was this, this became the position by the way, this use of calculations to deny the same thing to deny the same thing that isn't possible became the position of the assembly of the Organization of Islamic conference, that Phil has simply have the word Muslim Lee, the assembly of Muslim jurists in America, the European Council for federal research. So for large structural assemblies agreed to take that position. Basically they are using citing, but they're saying but it will be contingent upon

00:49:56--> 00:50:00

scientific possibility if it is scientifically

00:50:00--> 00:50:09

possible the moon is scientifically possible to be cited, then we will accept that system or not we will reject

00:50:10--> 00:50:15

now him amount of positioning to the slew of positions,

00:50:16--> 00:50:45

which is the independent use of calculations basically use calculations to establish the beginning of the month irrespective of the site. So, I could tell you that Ramadan in 2064 will be on this particular day, the document will make that possible later on, it will be calculated to project in a few 100 years in advance. So,

00:50:47--> 00:50:58

so, that position has been adopted by some of the contemporary scholars, some of the contemporary scholars, then so that you understand what's happening

00:50:59--> 00:51:08

is not adopted that position and the the various scholars adopted this position,

00:51:09--> 00:51:33

it is understandable that people from the west will be more inclined to the doctor in that position because of the convenience, because you will be able to tell the government for 50 or 500 years in advance. This is when Ramadan falls, this is when the ice falls, this is where Muslim kids could go out at school for the

00:51:34--> 00:51:49

vacation. And you could be able to tell the Muslims for 500 years, this is why we work this is when you need to apply for a vacation to celebrate it with the community etc.

00:51:50--> 00:52:12

So, because of all of these conveniences, everybody appreciates, and everybody knows the malware it's not valid at the acts they took that position. That problem was that position is that historically, traditionally, it has been rejected by orthodox

00:52:14--> 00:52:22

orthodox Islam. In fact, it is the position of one of metabolismo comrades, and it was set up more prominent

00:52:25--> 00:52:37

certainly except that the calculator not others may act upon his calculation, because he has certainty. In the beginning of the month, this position was later

00:52:38--> 00:52:39

basically

00:52:40--> 00:53:02

accepted by ethnobotanical peppiness aurania variety chapter is taller, because it was introduced into the shaft a man have some of the latter shafali sellers such as Suki have supported that. And then later on this position came back on the surface when a great Egyptian scholar

00:53:04--> 00:53:34

a great Egyptian have this wrote a book to support this position. His name was not much Jakob is the shadow son of my Messiah, there is no denial of his greatness, but his deposition is considered to be printed hundreds of bucks traditionally, it is counter to the formulas I have found, consensus has been reported by several scholars

00:53:36--> 00:53:37

to to basically

00:53:39--> 00:53:45

have this approve of that position and to confirm that same thing is

00:53:47--> 00:53:50

required and not calculations.

00:53:51--> 00:53:56

Just one second, the Muslims in general, what do Muslims in general need to do?

00:53:58--> 00:54:51

First of all, I invite you to appreciate recognize and appreciate the beauty of the whole discourse, because the whole discourse is a sign on our reference for Ramadan on our glorification of a lot and is simply the fact that we go through all of this and the fact that we disagree and we argue when we did it, what does it indicate it indicates that we are wrong or that is concerned with its religious commitment. We are an owner that is committed to what is right. We are a company that is committed to the Orthodox practice of its lead whether you're on this side or that side. If you are if you're in the same calculations if you're using st anything, but you are basically

00:54:52--> 00:54:59

in you're invested in your in in supporting your position it just indicates that you care

00:55:00--> 00:55:18

You have concern for the, for the deed for this for the glorified, a lot of you will never find this symbol and Misha, so recognize this and enjoy it and appreciate and don't let the mother escalate or, you know,

00:55:21--> 00:55:22

control.

00:55:23--> 00:55:33

So the Muslims in general, this is an issue of political will, the Organization of Islamic conference can

00:55:35--> 00:56:02

work on this collectively to figure out like, something for all of us. It is a it's political will, it is nothing that you could do as an individual. This is for the hierarchies. In all honesty, this is not an individual practice, this is collective practice. So this hat for the Muslims in general, I think Oregon is sort of a second conference, wouldn't be interested with this.

00:56:04--> 00:56:24

And another organization, it's not a conference, the presidents and the kids talking about their parent or something as they have an assembly that belongs to the IC, or organization of a sonic conference. Because if you're interested the kings and presidents with this, you'll be in big trouble. The Muslims in the West, what should we do?

00:56:25--> 00:56:33

Basically, we should try to decrease that controversy by

00:56:35--> 00:56:47

limiting the controversy to big recognized national organizations, and having those national organizations agreed to agree or agree to disagree.

00:56:48--> 00:56:53

And whether they agree to agree or agree to disagree, it will be fine.

00:56:54--> 00:57:09

And then lo can massage it will track what they want to do and sticking to the issue. Just to contain the note and massage, it should follow some national organizations.

00:57:11--> 00:57:21

You follow and they follow the law committee, you follow a plan follow pigment does not have a particular position, they decided to basically

00:57:23--> 00:57:29

tactically and strategically he chose to have no position so that they don't get into the

00:57:31--> 00:57:49

helicopter and the district refer their respective communities, to the local authorities. But we didn't purge it and we let the national organizations agree on agree or disagree.

00:57:51--> 00:58:04

for you as an individual just waiting for a declaration of cancer from your community, wait for the declaration that comes from your own union unity, if you're with a person

00:58:06--> 00:58:15

when a person waiter declaration comes permissive within a certain way and MC and J and mC mC.

00:58:16--> 00:58:16

And

00:58:18--> 00:58:46

these are some services right Brunswick, they decided to have a community so that central jersey would be large with the carve out the unify which is a good thing if that the declaration promises that you you are apart, but that is basically where the controversy is coming from. And I know that I won't pass my time. So I'll just stop here to speak about some of the other issues.

00:58:55--> 00:58:58

minutes will be on my time because everybody can

00:59:08--> 00:59:09

continue to the next speaker shows up.

00:59:18--> 00:59:21

The last position of the last position

00:59:30--> 00:59:33

basically the band on the band.

00:59:35--> 00:59:39

Brothers, a man is asking how to reconcile the last position

00:59:40--> 00:59:45

which he said first when you sign them and break their past when you say

00:59:47--> 00:59:59

they say that wrong country, us in terms of certainty policy that rokeya here you will be

01:00:00--> 01:00:08

Part of the from the obvious implication of the word raw, because raw raw means to see

01:00:10--> 01:00:12

physically physical sight it

01:00:15--> 01:00:20

could also mean but that is not the PC,

01:00:22--> 01:00:33

which is the obvious explicit implication from RA, but the of the abstract meanings of Ra is to become certain of

01:00:34--> 01:00:41

can they say that the calculations make will make us certain of the beginning of a loss.

01:00:42--> 01:00:44

So, it will be like we try to

01:00:49--> 01:00:57

keep in mind that I did not deny that greatness other scholars that accepted that position. I just said that the position itself

01:00:59--> 01:01:26

if you basically examine it historically, traditionally, within Islamic scholarship, orthodox Islamic scholarship is an esoteric position that we have it's mouse he pointed against it and or consensus report that against them separate ones and report them against them from different event, and it is a position

01:01:27--> 01:01:32

as very small minority. No Congress is

01:01:34--> 01:01:45

is what it is like 200,000 times greater than me. But we're just talking about the position, you know, in new surroundings is one of the greatest

01:01:46--> 01:01:59

of the earlier generations because we're just talking about the position. He said that my chakra brought him out of LA, Alabama chakra was a great hub. This is the shape of my vagina.

01:02:01--> 01:02:13

His Greatness is unquestionable, but I'm just talking about this deposition. And I leave the position in terms of its strength and weakness, if you put it on the scale,

01:02:17--> 01:02:20

it will it will be very difficult to

01:02:21--> 01:02:22

support.

01:02:25--> 01:03:00

The one thing that I just wanted to cover is this particular arm because a lot of you a lot of people they ask about it, there is a lot of controversy over it. So I just wanted to cover this and please you have any other questions, you can go back. But this particular position here The third type of people that can bring their customer a lot of pregnant women and one breastfeeding at the fear for themselves the medical trust and makeup of the here for the fetus, they break the trust and makeup and the one for the for the visual.

01:03:02--> 01:03:04

This is the Hungarian position.

01:03:06--> 01:03:37

When do the where do the other mcgaha disagree with this position regarding this last part of the here for the peoples. So the mannequins are kind of these are having these amenities that if you want to think about how to manage the position, don't look at this one. read everything above and this will be the happy and radical position can only be done through this shot when you read this,

01:03:38--> 01:03:59

but so the honeybees are Maliki's they do not distinguish between have pregnant woman that is breaking the fast out of fear for her own health or feats whether this without the homies Iraqis would say you bring the past and you make up

01:04:02--> 01:04:15

the salaries of combat yourself if you're afraid for yourself, you break the past and make up if you're afraid for your fetus, you break the past and makeup and feed one poor person each day that you grow. The fact

01:04:19--> 01:04:26

that we don't have something that is traceable all the way to the profit concerning this issue. Otherwise, we will disagree right.

01:04:28--> 01:04:31

If you have something as three are traceable all the way across the cylinder would be normal.

01:04:33--> 01:04:36

But we don't have this. We don't have that taken from

01:04:39--> 01:04:45

the parameters. I'm talking about the height on the model. But that's for an talk about the six

01:04:47--> 01:04:48

videos in policy

01:04:50--> 01:04:58

and all those that that good staff however with hardship that is the meaning of you to put on a task that would cause them harm.

01:05:00--> 01:05:07

The round the extension is to feed one more person, an average, your average.

01:05:10--> 01:05:11

So

01:05:12--> 01:05:19

according to the formula for each pregnant woman a rescue the woman will need to make up.

01:05:21--> 01:06:22

Because the former version of the South Florida venuti code and this became applicable to people that have prion disease, that is not expected to get better to go away, or senile people, elders all day, because it is not expected that you will get younger. So in this case, you know, you feed and you don't make up. Because when you make if you're like 75 years old, and you can't fast does your CIO, next year, I'll be 76, you'll not be 74. So you just need one per person for every day that you break your fasting, and there is no makeup for you, if you have a terminal does not care about disease, but chronic disease unexpected to improve or get better when you're like us in our purse.

01:06:22--> 01:07:16

But if you have a transient sickness, then it is the agreement of all these colors. It's a matter of consensus for those who have a transient sickness, that they may break their crafts of the wellpath to break to make up for the days that the broker shops. All of this is consensus, consensus consensus. Now, how does this particular issue of the hammer more about the pregnant and breastfeeding woman and the four m&ms or the form of that head, they cheated her as someone with a transience sickness, as someone with a frenzy and sickness, so, they said that she was raped, and then that she will break and make up because she will not be having for forever or she will not be

01:07:16--> 01:07:17

breastfeeding for

01:07:20--> 01:07:21

However,

01:07:22--> 01:07:24

there is outside the form of

01:07:25--> 01:07:36

there is a position that has been reported from our beloved our vessel of love and a hallmark that they do not need to make up for the need to do is to see

01:07:38--> 01:07:44

one core individual for each day they broke the fast This is the position.

01:07:49--> 01:07:51

Keep in mind

01:07:52--> 01:07:58

that the our scholars that that said that he would have to make them knew of that position.

01:08:00--> 01:08:01

How do they justify

01:08:03--> 01:08:12

Japanese and money set up dilemma personal dilemma Homer, it is reported on me they would love to have this fella in America.

01:08:14--> 01:08:19

If they they break the fast they should feed

01:08:21--> 01:08:23

afford individual for each set.

01:08:25--> 01:08:31

So they say that he said that we agreed what he meant in addition to make.

01:08:33--> 01:08:45

So they say that he meant in addition to the makeup, they need to copy this work. So if you want to be on the safe side, if you want to be on the safe side.

01:08:47--> 01:08:49

To begin with, if you want to be on the safe side,

01:08:51--> 01:09:03

you need to first figure out if you need to break across the knot. Because not every pregnant woman needs to break fast, particularly in shorter days, particularly in

01:09:05--> 01:09:07

you know, agreeable climates.

01:09:10--> 01:09:59

She doesn't have any problem and she's she has basically she's well nourished, then she will not have a problem with trust. In this case, if she does not experience hardship, beyond the ordinary hardship of plastic, she does not experience any extraordinary hardship and she has not been advised against that by the physicians. Then she should and that was by the agreement was covered. So having a lot of the you know pregnancy and breastfeeding is not an automatic license the breaker fast. It is basically your hand on the marble and you need to break your fast whether it is because of some hardship that you were

01:10:00--> 01:10:04

Any experience or some hardship that is

01:10:06--> 01:10:14

anticipated that you were told about by your physicians that you should not be fasting because of this or that or

01:10:16--> 01:10:33

some purpose that was communicated to you by your physician. So that was the first thing when it was decided that you will need to break your fasting, and you broke your fasting, and you want to be on the safe side. And that is the safest position.

01:10:34--> 01:10:37

Because all of the scars on this case, why not?

01:10:38--> 01:10:48

Because either because of Linux and Mac, makeup, and in addition to make an app up one poor person per day, you know, have to be obsessed with more medical,

01:10:49--> 01:10:51

because all they ask of you is to make up

01:10:52--> 01:10:59

if you do this, and in addition to this, if he's one poor person, everybody will like.

01:11:02--> 01:11:03

But

01:11:04--> 01:11:09

if it's becomes such a hardship for you,

01:11:10--> 01:11:26

which one to watch is not really unexpected. Because particularly it was more of a Muslim woman, Muslim Muslim woman, they, they will have a few gifts in their course.

01:11:28--> 01:11:38

30 years 30 some years. And if you have like four kids, within that time period, just forget what I'm talking about.

01:11:39--> 01:11:40

Some

01:11:41--> 01:11:42

record numbers.

01:11:43--> 01:12:37

But if you have four kids, that is 12 years. If you're going by the book, and you're breastfeeding for two years for every child, you're not going by the book, if you're not on our go to go by the American Academy of Pediatrics, you're feeding for one year, which by the way revised us and they sell up to two years is a curse. But if he if you're going by the all of the classical teaching of one year proceeding, that is eight years, eight times 30 is 240 days that you will need to make up if that becomes an issue and causes hardship and you decided to take the position that has been reported by Apple blah, blah blah and that's you the chief could see only and that you're not

01:12:37--> 01:12:44

required to make up then it is hoped that you will be fine. It is often that

01:12:45--> 01:12:49

it will be acceptable for you to take it out position.

01:12:51--> 01:12:52

Any questions from assessors about

01:13:03--> 01:13:04

and

01:13:06--> 01:13:09

then 90 seconds.

01:13:14--> 01:13:16

This word

01:13:17--> 01:13:18

for types of exemptions

01:13:26--> 01:13:26

for

01:13:29--> 01:13:30

women

01:13:38--> 01:13:57

Okay, basically okay. So breaking the fox phenomenon is permissible for four types of people. The first is the person who would be harmed by plastic. The second is the traveler was permitted to start with a prayer for them breaking the fastest preferable and they should make up and every facet it will be that

01:13:58--> 01:14:02

this is a consensus. This is consensus.

01:14:03--> 01:14:10

So if you're if you're traveling by agreement, you will be bringing the fastest

01:14:11--> 01:14:17

rate in the past is permissible and preferable to take the exemption that I gave you.

01:14:19--> 01:14:25

However, that's preferable here is not a matter of consensus permissible is an often says discoverable,

01:14:26--> 01:14:27

controversial

01:14:29--> 01:14:47

position seems to be the strongest, he said it fasting causes you hardship and it is preferable to break the past. If fasting does not cause you hardship in your travel, then it is preferable to fast.

01:14:51--> 01:14:59

Okay, now, the second time the menstruating woman and one having postpartum bleeding, they break

01:15:00--> 01:15:11

Ask and make up and if they fasted it would not be valid and would be haram because they would be this available and that is consensus also. So,

01:15:13--> 01:15:30

by agreement and there is no disagreement over the height seven is reading and one was was part of reading needing to make up all of them say she will need to make up they will need to make up

01:15:31--> 01:15:36

the feed is not acceptable for those to feed only is not acceptable.

01:15:37--> 01:15:43

And the third we spoke about how we were more about the mother pregnant and breastfeeding

01:15:45--> 01:16:01

and number four, which is the fourth type is the morning capable of testing for old age or an incurable disease then he or she should feed one for individual per day that is also why I agree

01:16:03--> 01:16:11

what if you do not make up what if you know what is one of your this person here?

01:16:12--> 01:16:18

This person Yeah, you're in or traveling and you break your fast and you do not make up

01:16:20--> 01:16:25

then you'll add to the makeup that have you not make up until next time Oh god.

01:16:27--> 01:16:35

So you pay him to do makeup from here until next time, I love him and so more than a year he does not make them

01:16:36--> 01:16:40

do the makeup that you will need to do after the next Ramadan

01:16:42--> 01:16:51

which is expiation, which is feeding one more person for every day but in favor of makeup within the year. Within a year.

01:16:52--> 01:16:53

What if you die

01:16:55--> 01:16:59

if you die before the next Milan

01:17:01--> 01:17:10

used to define themselves as long as you're when you are intending to make up if you die after the next Paragon There

01:17:11--> 01:17:22

is also more than a year past from the time you broke the fast and you did not make up Can you die. If you die in this case, then

01:17:25--> 01:17:41

then we look at why you defer to the makeup. If you defer to the makeup because of incapacity such as disease or some other reasons incapacity or inability to makeup, then you're forgiven nothing.

01:17:43--> 01:17:44

If you

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fail to make up

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despite the fact that he is you're able to then you're when I say you're LDF you're you know

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pairs will feed on your behalf and also will fast on your feet and fast on your feet and

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what if you break the fast and Ramadan without an excuse intention we have weaker hobbies in this regard to that, you know, to weaker hobbies industry are one heavy set of government Some are in solid then he has his fasting will never be accepted afterwards. This is because the political macabre omaka repentance erases all the previous sins. So if you are tempted if you ask about forgive you and you repented from breaking the fast on this day, where you have no excuse, then inshallah you're fasting afterwards will be accepted. But should you make up

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for that day, that is when the scholars disagree, because there is another Hadith in which the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said

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fear Allah

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lumea etc GCM whoever breaks the tops for the day of Ramadan without an excuse.

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The fasting of the entire his entire lifespan will not make up for passing throughout his life customers will not make up for this homies is stronger than the previous one. Because this is not talking about your classes will not be accepted afterwards. It is talking about like fasting will not make up for that day because that day is gone and it will never come back. It's got

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so

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some of the scholars said that you send makeup, you still do the makeup and some of the scholars said that don't worry about makeup because he ruined

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The hobbies and Maliki's added to the makeup, the hobbies that make up the cost of having intercourse in Ramadan. So even if you break the fast eating or drinking for the holiday season Maliki's your compiler will be like a father of having sexual intercourse in Ramadan. What is that?

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The last 60 days, you have two months

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in a row. And if you if you can't do this because you're incapable physically incapable of doing it, then you hit 60. But the Japanese company said this applies only to breaking the fast by the men are having sexual relations. And what what did the prophet SAW? So I'm saying this and why is this there?

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It's like offense, because the love desire is more compelling for the average person than the desire to eat and drink.

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Right is more compelling. So in order for you to be scared away from breaking or violating the sacredness of Ramadan, not to be scared away from this, this fence was erected for you, then you will know that if you do this, you will have to past 60 days.

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And for most people, that is enough deter. As we said before, and Hadoop in general. We seven introduced in general, the Hadoop for the punishments and stuff are not meant for punishment as much as they are meant for eaters. That is why there is no half before eating poor.

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Because then you don't need that much liters. It doesn't smell that good anyway. So but there is hot for fornication because you need deterrence because of the compelling or overbearing desire. So you need to be so that do not use for punishment that are not used for punishment. They're used more for deterrence. That's

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critical.