66 – The significance of Muharram
Channel: Faaik Gamieldien
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Who want to start you know who wants
to be on a token rally? When all the Billa haematuria and fusina amin say, Marina
de la philomel Allahu Allah, Allah.
Allah Allah Allah Allahu la sharika when a shadow Anna Mohammed and I we do our sullo Salvator obihiro salam O Allah he was he was heavy woman Darby that what he did?
Because brothers and sisters in Islam Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh allows vahagn who Allah speaks in the Holy Quran, Allah says ignite that asurion de la is natural shahara fakie tabula. Yo mahalo has some Allah to mean arbeiten
we think allows Karnataka for
gathering us on this day of Juma in his Masjid
to celebrate His praises
and to honor his messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
allows Muhammad Allah tala
speaks in the Holy Quran allows father speaks about the Muslim calendar, the Islamic months and allows for analysis in that asurion de la
Ashura, Shahada that the number of months by allows berhanu tala a 12 months
fee cutter Billa This is confirmed in the book of Allah subhanaw taala yo mahalo Kasama LA to LA. And these 12 months have been established by Allah subhanaw taala the day that allows for handler created the heavens and the earth. So the 12 months was not an afterthought. No, it was part of the great clan of Allah subhanho wa Taala mean
and allows for huddle immediately tells us that all these 12 months which allows for hantera created, four of them are prohibited months. Four of them are asked for on the forum forum comes from the word haram means and haraam of course as you as you know means that which is prohibited by our laws.
So, the word home doesn't mean sacred many people say the four sacred months, no all the months of Islam are sacred.
But these four months particularly operators, why why what is the prohibition in these months allows Mahabharata Allah tells us from the beginning that in these months these are months of total absolute peace fighting these prohibited in these months fighting shall not take place in these paths. Muslims unless they are attacked, shall not enter into war with anybody and these four months are Ville Canada will hija Muharram which is three consecutive months. First we have Ramadan then
then suffer No no no. First we have Ramadan dinner.
So while then you have
then the hija then Mahara. So you see Ramadan inshallah, then comes the month of Hajj, chawan is a month of Hajj, the guidance amount of Hajj, there hijas amount of Hajj. And then of course comes Muharram then there is one month which is alone, one of the rabid monks stands alone and that month is
is Raja Raja is the fourth month. So Islam from the very beginning, the emphasis on is in Islam, he is on
the prohibition of war.
Not the making of war. Allows founder first prohibits war. War is a part of the agenda of Islam.
But if it comes to war, even means that Muslims have to defend themselves against the enemies of Islam, then allows for Allah prescribes war. And we know that the first war that was taken, that was that took place was taken place in the month of of Ramadan. And that was the great battle of the great battle of butter.
Now the subject months is of course first Muharram
Because of the fact that
war is prohibited in this month
and then we'll we'll talk about the 10th of Muharram. Later the Shalini sofar.
This is when
the Arabs used to go out
to search for food to fold in.
Countries with food It was a soft means void. It is not a su wh er, we seem to have turned the month into a an English month. People all really die to suffer man who suffer man is a suara man. Many don't get married in the month of suffer don't travel in the month of suffer don't all nonsense. It's all fairy tales. There is no such thing as
suffered being a matter of heaviness upon massive snow then is reviewed oh well Robbie Of course mean spring in the Northern Hemisphere in Saudi Arabia with an emphasis on was born rabil was the first month of spring that two months of spring with the Arab Spring. Robbie was tiny rebel own abuse is our is the first month of spring and abuse and he's the second month of spring. Then comes Gemma dill Ola, the first month of the parks land that is
for beginning of summer. Then the second month of course is the supplements jam I do a study then Roger month of respect again the month in which allows for 100 forbidden ineffective
income chabanne the scattered month. This is the month when the error is to go out and find water to search for water in the month of shaba. Ramadan is the scorch month Rama means the stones when it when the sun eats it up. That way the month of Ramadan comes from and it is the most venerated mountain in the calendar of Islam. Because it is a month in which allows for hydro Tada. It revealed the Quran to Muhammad wa sallam. And of course it is the month in which the visa Salaam was granted his prophethood he became a prophet in the month of Ramadan when jabril came to him in the car era, the cable era. Then there's Roca or the month of truce again, meaning month in which no fighting
will take place. Then they'll hija which is the month of pilgrimage again a month of non belief nonbelligerent see a month in which no fighting shall take place and of course it is also the month of Hajj one of the greatest
occasions that Muslims of course celebrate.
there is a new
celebration now that is being invented by some people
called mojarra mobarak.
This is new this is new maybe first time I heard about it was was this year, Mahara mobarak where this comes from only allows father knows, nobody else knows.
And translated Of course
it probably translates into New Year. It probably translates into
Happy New Year. That's probably the translation.
It is probably
an attempt on the part of some people
to fit in with what the Christians and the Jews celebrate, particularly the Christians. So they have a new year. So now we're also going to have a new year where the first of Muharram as a new year. There is no such celebration, there's no muhammara like there is no hatch mobarak we do not say to each other on the first of the ledger, Hydra robotic. Why not? Because hatch has its own day on which we celebrate. And that is the 10th day of the ledger we don't celebrate Hajj on the first day of Hajj. Similarly, in the month of Muharram we do not celebrate the first of Mahara, we fast, slow celebration in Mahatma it's not a celebration. It's a fast episode. Didn't say you must celebrate
the 10th of Muharram. Nabil arisa salam said we must fast on the 10th day of Mahatma so we find that in Islam when we look at our celebrations
When you look at the celebrations in Islam, we first recognize that our need for example, aid aid
for a durable Juma our aid, our weekly need, the aid of Juba is celebrated. Not because somebody was born on this day or somebody died on this day, or some worldly thing happened on this day, we celebrated because it was on this day that allows Mahatma created Amanita Swami and so many great things happen on this day. And of course, it is the day the celebrated because it is the day in which Muslims gather in the house of Allah subhanaw taala to celebrate the praises of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So in Islam, then we never celebrate the birth or the death of a person. We never celebrate any worldly occasion, which may have happened if that was so they would have been no
differences of opinion concerning the celebration of the greatest creation of Allah Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam if it was that a man would have been celebrated, that allows the hydro tala would have commanded clearly in the Quran, to celebrate the birthday of Mohammed, Salah Salah. But neither did Mohammed celebrate his own birthday. Notice as a habit celebrated after him, because this is not part of the philosophy, nor the nature of Islam. If it was that we would have celebrated any occasion worldly occasion, then certainly the biggest word we occasionally have been the day that Mohammed received his proper dude.
That is not a day of celebration,
if a day of celebration has been granted have been the day when Muslims were victorious at the Battle of brother, because that was a turning point in the history of Islam, but that is not celebrated. Fact hamaca the day that Muslims conquered Makkah and change the whole world.
What is not celebrated?
To celebrate providences celebrate Potomac, Nan is a celebrate, but neither is celebrated. So none of these things are celebrated. And no man Why not? Why don't we celebrate great men in Islam? Why not? Because
celebration of personalities are things that lasts only for the time
when the people have passed on who knew that person
and the support of the supporters of that person's all passed away, the celebration also passed away.
So what are we celebrating? So in Islam, we celebrate the oneness of Allah loves.
every occasion that we celebrate Islam is to celebrate, everything comes down to the tawheed of Allah subhanho wa Taala. We celebrate the result. After a lengthy period of what of celebrating the oneness of Allah subhanaw taala it is the culmination of the lead. It is a celebration of our submission in fasting to allow Sanatana we celebrate the reign of ha, why do we celebrate that because it is a combination of our Ibadan have had
the heat of a loss.
And of course,
the heart also has other significance for us.
It is also a celebration of the mercy of Allah subhanaw taala to to NaVi Rahim Allah says medicine is my
it also connects us
to the strong iron chain
of prophets that allows rather than saying to the world a lot of times or tells us that we should celebrate
and make the corbon because we are part of a history of tawheed that started with our demolish ratusan We are not a Christian faith or a Hindu faith or a Jewish faith. No, we are a faith that started in Ghana. And those who follow this Deen will end in Jannah chama
that is Islam. And that is the celebrations that allows father tells us we should have in Islam. So everything we do, and that's why the verse in Psalm 81 usuki wah wah ma t de la hora blah we say Allah says Omaha Mataram say
Really my tray and my sacrifice and my life and my death is for Allah was hard.
Why? Because he's been he's Lord of the Universe, luxury color. He has no partner will be there to earn a one. And Mohammed Salah was commanded by Allah to say,
I have been commanded
with this submission to Allah and I am the first to submit himself to Allah subhanho wa Taala.
in authority that is why it is the opening door is when we make the greatest submission to Allah which is in the Salah.
So Mohammed then there is no celebration of Mahatma Why not? Because Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam did not celebrate mahalo. We do not celebrate New Year Why not? Because Allah didn't tell us to do it Nana did his messenger Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam tell us to do. And if we do it, we're creating an innovation in Islam, a bita which is condemned by Muhammad Rasul. In akula. Dottie Malala every innovation in the deen
like creating a new year in Islam. That is an innovation in the deen Why is it innovation in the deep? Because a lot of founders mentioned the 12 months and say four of them are prohibited month and Allah stop thing. And what do we do? We say no, the IRS should have continued unless you'd have said we should celebrate New Year and celebrate the birthday of so and so and so and so and so and so and so and so no allows or didn't say that.
So, every true believer
when he celebrates he celebrates for a long time. When you fast, fast follow. When he plays he plays for Allah, everything he does must be lillahi Rabbil alameen must be reliable Rob Ilana so this Deen of Allah is unique.
This Deen of Islam is unique in that everything that we do, we do entirely based on the commandments of allows Allah or based on the commandments of His Prophet Mohammed Salalah Harrison, and really my dear brothers and sisters, if we follow this
our lives will be completely uncomplicated. We will not have complications in our lives, we will not lose our focus. And our focus is to please allow us
to do everything which Allah subhanaw taala wants us to do. So we must believe
that every act that we do,
every evil we prevent every good word that we say. Everything allows hodler rewards provided it comes from Allah subhanho wa Taala Surah Tauba verse 120 allows Hamlet says, if we suffer thirst or fatigue or hunger in the cause of Allah, or we drove past to raise the ire we we do things which raises the ire raises the anger of the non believers. And Allah says in the Quran landtag the uncle yahood wala nosara Hata
Tanya Midleton Allah says, you know, we can please the Christians and the Jews with a greater or New Year. So now the Christians will say Oh, what is this you celebrating? Mohammed? Say now you see this is our new year? No, no, no, no. Everything that we do, we do for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So, Allah we do not do things to follow the other groups and the other religions, which may we will be fine on the dunya. And Allah says, He will not if we follow the law, as we should easily award for the good that we do will always be there for us. Anything we spend great or small in the path of Allah, Allah, they created will be given to us and allows for how the law will repay us with
what we do with the greatest possible reward from Allah subhanho wa Taala.
Coming back to the month of Muharram
and the significance of the month of May.
So we learned then that Muharram is not there is no celebration of a new year called the first.
But what is significant about
the two things that are significant about Mahatma first
Then it was Amara acaba de la
they're established Muharram to be the first month of the Muslim calendar. Allah says they are 12 months.
But which one was the first one there was confusion about where the calendar started, and are even hotter. hottub called a meeting of all the Sahaba nalli kurama lava just said that he believes that the greatest happening that changed the world of Islam was when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam made aedra was commanded by laws to make hegira from muckety muck,
and all this harbor greed to make that occasion
the beginning of the Muslim calendar, although the hegira did not take place in Mahara.
The aegir took place historically, in the year 622
in the month of Safa, not in the month of March.
But there's a harbor found that that was such an important occasion that they backdated the hegira to the first of Mahara to stop the Muslim year with that very important occasion.
and of course, this was established in the year 658 16 years.
After the hegira of the Nabi sallallahu sallam, in the reign of Amr in hakab Allah Allah tala, which is about maybe three years, three years or so after the death of the Nabi sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So this calendar did not exist, or rather this beginning of the year calendar for the month within the time with an ABR is Islam, but bahara was established as the first month in time of cinema in hottub radi Allahu taala in the 638 after the heater
the most significant occasion in Amanda Muharram is the 10th of Muharram which will be next Thursday inshallah. I think it's next Thursday, is it correct?
me my boss tells us
the cousin of the Navy Elisa Salaam said that when the Navy sallallahu wasallam came to Medina
the Jews were fasting on the 10th of May.
But we also know that the Nabi sallallahu alayhi salam used to fast the 10th of the Haram as I found fast before the heater in my case too fast.
But when he came to Medina, he saw that
that was the first that was a law that made it far too fast on the 10th of mahana. Before the tsunami came to Medina, he saw that the Jews were fascinated why these Jews fasting, were they also fasting they fasting on the 10th
so the Navy salsa lamb instructed in the state of Oregon fathers only for Mohamed Salah when he came to Medina, he said not to be musalman home that we have a great claim to musala Salah, juicy they were fasting because Allah subhanho wa Taala had saved the Bernice raheel or the Jews from drowning in the Red Sea all open it for them and they will say from around because of this juice faster. There is a sunset but we are closer to moose and then we follow the Dean of moose or more and we follow the Torah the words the revelation of Allah more than the Jews or the prophets of Salaam commanded or say to the haba that the best fast after Ramadan is to fast on the 10th day Mahara.
COVID love to fast, not only on the 10th day Mahatma prophet love frosting during the month of March.
But he told us a habit of false on the 10th of Muharram. And then he added and he said if I should live next year, I will fast also on the ninth of Mahatma
whine because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
that we should not follow the kuffar in what they do.
Establishing the Muslim New Year would be falling too far.
There is not the objective of modern
and chosen IVR This is not even though he fostered on the 10th day, so it's not a celebration too fast.
Of course, we shall
At the end of the fast, but it's not the day of celebration. So they're fasting today of celebrating the heat of allows handler and the mercy of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And then fast next year if I'm alive, of course on the ninth and the 10th day why, so that it will distinguish the Muslims from the Jews.
So it is so not too fast about a prophet, of course died before the next year, the prophet didn't pass on the ninth, but it is sooner too fast on the 10th of Muharram, and those of us who wish to fast also of the ninth of Mahatma
but the basic to fast is the 10th is the 10th. Tomorrow, there are some people who say fast also have the limited number that isn't there's nothing in the sun that to say, you must fast also the level of the Mahatma may be selected.
Fast on the ninth of Muharram and fast on the 10th day of Mahatma. So we see then,
that these celebrate these days or days of fasting. The Navy As salam also said, the second thing he said was that one should be generous to your family during the month of Muharram. And particularly on the 10th. What did he mean by that? He meant that one should gather the family and be generous to them or even give them money or presents or whatever it may be. It is a day of generosity.
Today, generosity. So two things we can do. We can fast. We should fast on the 10th Mr. Graham, and we should be generous on the 10th day Mahatma generosity of course doesn't mean only to the family with all kinds of generosity. That is why the
capetonian Muslims used to give this occur in Muharram.
They were not very rich people.
Most of the Muslims for many years in South Africa were very ordinary, middle lower middle class people. And the only challenge is sometimes they have to give was there's a car which they paid. And because an IVR is Islam said they should be generous. Most of the Muslims, I would say in the 60s and before that even in the 70s before we had organizations creating Zakah Muslims used to
distribute these occur on the 10th of Muharram. People used to take this occur and give it in the form of rice, even bread. And they used to make food on the 10th of the Haram and is to make little packets of dates and sweets and put a five cent in there or to an offset in the end used to give it to the children
to the injunction and command of Mohammed sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Today I have Lila we've reached a stage where hamdullah most of the Muslims urbanized. Most of them
are middle class and upper middle class. And most of them can now afford to pay this guy in Ramadan as a suggested because of the reward. And also be generous throughout the year not only
we can afford to be generous, Mashallah, throughout the year, we can only increase our generosity. And those of you who wish to pay us a kind Amanda mahalo. Also very good one can pay and as we know now that it is not to pay your soccer in Mahara or Ramadan, or the hijab in Canada, you should pay your soccer when it becomes due upon you.
When your nisab when your money if you had it in your possession for 12 months, then your the car becomes due upon you. Yes, you can pay it in advance, but you can't pay it in arrears. For example, if you started work in January, and your car becomes payable, at the end of December,
you are not allowed to purchase a car in January again. I mean, in March, for example, in February, but you can pay us a car in December or in November, you are allowed to pay us a car in advance. But you cannot pay as a Canaria because if you pay us a kind rate, you should die then you're in trouble to pay the car, the car before the time, then pays the car after the time. So
these are all
the methodologies that Islam gives to us in order for us to show our gratitude to allows pantalla So remember, my dear brothers and sisters that Muharram
The day of it's also called the tender moment also called the day of Ashura.
And she, of course, also have a celebration
of the day of Ashura, and the celebration of the of the day of Ashura is to celebrate the depth of satana saying, read the aloud, which is not part of the calendar of the listener. Well, Gemma, why not? Because it came after Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam. And if we should be celebrating the deaths of all the great people who came after the Navy saw Salah, we'd be doing nothing else than celebrating the deaths of A, B and C. Yes, Hassan, saying they were the grandsons of Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, but if it was that we should have celebrated the martyrdom of a great
person of the ideal weight.
Then we should What about the death of say the hassle for the deaths of feet of altitude? Or the death of armor? Or the death of abubaker?
Who was in the cave with an IBM at the day of hegira? manufacture? Why do we not celebrate him? Abubakar silica de la
about my law founder says Poseidon isn't mentioned in the Quran. abubaker is mentioned in Allah. Allah, Allah says
in terms of law
Los Angeles is
talks about abubaker and he's sojourn in the cave for the Navy or Islam and allows for Allah says that they will do in the cave. If Connolly saw heavy
when the one say to the other one, meaning the Prophet setubal Walker, our Abubakar Do not be scared and do not be afraid.
When Abu Bakr say to the Natty Salaam era surah Allah, the Quran is outside the door of the cave, if they look down, will see my feet. And if they see my feet, they will know we are here and they'll kill us. And then Abby sasaram said,
and he said, someone said like,
do not be afraid of abubaker Wow, how could Why did they never say wasn't afraid? Because he was 100 camels on the heads. If they were taken prisoner that day. The reward was 100 camels 100. camels today will be equal to the value of 100 Mercedes Benz so it was a lot of money.
And I'm saying Lakha has an intellectual
property. Don't be afraid of a backer. A loss of a hotel is with us
is a great honor for a man to in the cavemen who was the third one allows
allows for him to accompany armor and abubaker on the hegira because Allah always wasn't me so solo but the Allah says, I am here with you Don't be afraid. That was the honor which all of this is bestowed upon him. And we don't celebrate neither death nor the greatness of this great miracle. Bukhara siddig ultra about him. So many things have been said. He was the greatest friend of the Navy and his Islam. When I when Abby was asked in Arizona law,
man who do you love the most?
and he said about about women he said his daughter
when the nanny saw salon when he when an obese alum on the deaf kiama Nagisa said, the reservoir will say will send to the door and no one will say we will be setting the child up to enter and who are you Who are you and eventually, maybe some someone will come and he will say I was commanded not to open this door except to one man first his name would be Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, and then the Sahaba
were going after you and he said after me, we'll enter our bucket D of the Allahu taala and the name Siddique or truthfulness was given to him by allows harmattan similarities allow father changed his name to the Navy Sasabe to give to our bucket that was called a bucket a studied abubaker
and is no celebration at all about our bucket acidic are the most beloved men
after Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, and the best Muslim of all the Muslims after about
Hamad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam all those things are created from the beginning of time until the end of time.
If the man have a buckler to put on one side of the scale, and the man of the oma Mohammed Salah, everybody put him in an alley, and all of us until the end of time, we'll put on the other side of the scale. The man of abubaker would weigh heavier than the ban of
every single system, yet we don't celebrate him. Why not? Because the Sahaba didn't celebrate because Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam didn't celebrate him. And he was a you know, abubaker if you were to compare his physique to the physique of Allah, Allah was a big man, maybe a six foot or maybe a wide shoulders. rocker is a scrawny man,
described him as a man with a long beard, thin men, but it's hard to say because it's so Islam doesn't judge men by the way they look, Islam judges men, by the commitment to Allah subhanho wa Taala. So May Allah give inshallah, that we see our deed in perspective, and as I said, when we did some of the Tafseer of the Quran, we said that one of the issues about Islam is that Allah emphasizes is the absolute uniqueness of this faith.
That when you compare Islam to the other friends, you will see them not not even in our celebrations. Do we follow the other facts?
Or in the philosophy of our celebrations? No, our celebrations our D is entirely different from all the other facts which allows panatela created and it has to be so because we have a unique Prophet Mohammed salam, and our medical is unique.
Our medical is not something which will have magic with his hands. Our medical is that which allows have a higher mortality reveal to hit the miracle of
the miracle of the book. And therefore if we attach ourselves to this book, Allah subhanaw taala will give us lives that will be miraculous and allows give us a baby Charla the reward of Jenna without Allah Allah salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa Taala.