Methodology Of Tafseer

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Bilal Philips

Channel: Bilal Philips

Topics: Tafsir

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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salatu salam ala rasulillah

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I'll pray for you to Oman Allah Peace and blessings in the life

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savings topic

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is about

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the methodology of last year

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was the correct principles to be applied in explaining the meaning of the meanings of the Quran.

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And in relationship to the our is, of course, something of great importance. Because

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the foundation of Islam is

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the foundation of our Dawa is from the plan.

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And if we are not

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extracting from the Quran, the meanings

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as they were intended,

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then it means that our

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our invocation to Islam will be distorted,

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will not be able to effectively convey the message of Islam to people.

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In fact, we become a source of misguidance rather than a source of guidance.

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And this, of course, is of utmost importance, especially here in North America.

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Where it is common for people to sit down and

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pick up a use of family

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and read a few verses and

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get into the discussions as to what strikes them and what doesn't.

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And this is a particular

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danger.

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There are fundamental meanings of the Quran which doesn't require anybody to clarify for us.

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But the aspects of the

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watch do require us to depend on those

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who have knowledge, knowledge of the language, knowledge of the heavy

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knowledge of the sciences of fear, to give us clarity,

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situations

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is something which Allah Subhana Allah

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has created for us deliberately.

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We should understand

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that

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the areas under fire,

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where the meaning is not clear for us,

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in which we require we need help from the knowlegeable to get clarity

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deliberately done by Allah subhanaw taala because if Allah had wished,

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he could have made the meanings of the

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words such

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conciseness of meaning

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that we will not need to ask anyone

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if he had wished,

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but it wasn't his wish.

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Allah has deliberately put in the

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lottery

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which

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forced us

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to turn to other sources to gain understanding if we actually delivers

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now allow

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that recollection of the crime

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is the responsibility

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and its explanation

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for Marlena

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is with a lawful

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collection.

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Its transmission safely and its explanation. Allah has taken that responsibility upon

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himself

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making the

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unique among the books of revelation

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in that it's been preserved, as none of the previous books were.

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Because it was to be the last revelation.

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And for it to be,

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and for Islam to be

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a logical and reasonable choice in the minds

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of people until the last day

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they

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had to be preserved.

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Now,

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a lot of

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the truck the responsibility of this clarification,

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though he has said that he has taken it upon himself to do so, with regards to us

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to the rest of mankind.

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The job of clarification was given to Prophet Mohammed Samira Salaam

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as was mentioned in verse 64.

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When we have revealed the reminder

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to you,

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Delilah him

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to Mohammed Coronavirus Allah, so that you may explain to the pupil what was revealed, for them,

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to heal for them.

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And it was the responsibility of Prophet Muhammad wa salam. To clarify to them.

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Yes, the plan was revealed in the language of the people.

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It was not in a different language as

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in the hands of most Arabs, today, my

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mother speak

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Arabic

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And as such, the language of the crime is somewhat foreign to him or her.

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Mum was fine.

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But at the time of His revelation,

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everybody spoke that language.

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However,

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as I mentioned before Allah subhanaw taala, locked in

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certain phrases, certain verses, certain words, certain letters, which would still cause the companions of the Prophet Muhammad SAW some of them

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was revealed in their language, they would be obliged to turn back and ask,

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what does this mean?

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For example,

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in

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verse 82,

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the live related the windows verse, those who believe do not cover their face with transgressions.

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the companions of the Prophet Mohammed bin Salman became very distressed

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because it's an attraction wrongdoing. They knew each and every one of them had

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an error.

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Describe

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the true believers as those who do not

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cover their face with wrongdoing.

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And where does it leave them?

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distress. So they came back to me and they asked him about it and said, it is not as you all think,

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do you not recall what

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look man said to his son? Verily, shirt is the greatest form of fashion.

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In the Shaka Lalu NaVi. He said, this is

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this is what ally is referring to in that previous verse.

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Removing the doubt

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this is what the intent was.

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If Allah had well in that first verse, the one and so on, and he could have said those who believe do not cover their face, which

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would not have been easy

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But the point is,

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Allah did not do it in order to oblige the companions to turn back to the Prophet Muhammad Rasul and for clarification

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because he said that it is his duty.

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It was his duty to make clear to the people.

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They had to be trained in turning back to him to get that clarity.

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So this is deliberate

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on the path of Allah, Allah to train that early generation in dependency on the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

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because

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salvation

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guidance depends on that dependency.

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I've heard of boots in Pakistan is fairly large movement in Pakistan today that

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only follow the plan.

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They say they only follow the plan, and in other parts of the world you find it.

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But

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what it results in is that

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there will not follow a straight path because it is then left up to the individual, the founder of the group or the leading figure of the group, to interpret for the people what it means.

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And of course, every human being

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can come up with a different interpretation.

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The Quran would then become like the Bible in the hands of the Christians.

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Each Christian sect will take the same verse

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and create a whole new movement.

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Each verse has so many different meanings.

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Whereas last month, Allah not only preserves the Koran in the textual form, that no matter

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has been changed in the Quran. He also preserved the meaning

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that is most critical, preserving the letters without the meaning is still delivers in a state of

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division and chaos.

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Approaching.

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So Allah not only preserves

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the text of the Quran, he preserved its meaning through the Sunnah of the Prophet samama mamajuana

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This is why I said I left to do two things. If you hold on firmly to them, you will never go straight.

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To see Kuma moraine in Temasek from the Hema Lanza boo

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boo tabula rasa, the Book of Allah and

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these two cannot be separated.

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And this is also an expression of

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our belief that most of the emphasis is on revelation.

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Being a direct word of Allah, the Sunnah, being the indirect revelation coming to us.

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They are inseparable

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in following and looking at the methodology

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of the early generations of Muslims

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with regards to

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understanding the

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some scholars among them in Nicosia

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outlines a basic step by step approach to that.

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We're not inventing something which didn't exist. They were analyzing the methodology followed by the early generation, the Sahaba, and those who came after them. And from looking at their methodology the extracted principles, the step by step approach

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the first step

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is referred to as the Tafseer of the

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Bible.

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In that

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the plan has to be taken as a complete

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one cannot

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verses from one part and then develop meanings in such a format and ignore the rest.

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Otherwise, you can turn the meanings of the Quran upside down. If you do that, you take verses out of the class

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at random, without looking at the crime as a whole, then you can create havoc.

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You can start by saying for why alone,

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every one of us knows this.

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beyond those who pray

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if you turn that verse by 1000, you don't continue to do the rest of the verses is clarify wasn't intended here.

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You can conclude that it is

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plain what is the mean which people who are playing workers

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are loving

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it and

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those who are negligent in their prayer.

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Those who pray to be seen.

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These are the people who are cursed at everybody.

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Similarly, you can take the verse from the crime

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lab

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Don't come near

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a strong statement

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to clarify

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when you are in a state of intoxication

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but if you take this verse by itself

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don't come to prayer.

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This implies that when you don't have to

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have a shower

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now's the time you can get intoxicated

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after fabulous Oh boy, you got a long stretch.

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This is what it implies. If you take that verse, by itself.

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But there are other verses in the Quran where Allah says

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in the Malcolm

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well I'm terrible with

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gambling,

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divination, as well as the author's on which animals are slaughtered to pagan gods. All of this is

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from the work of Satan

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Don't come near it

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has to be taken as a whole

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whether it is in issues or

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as we just talked about,

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taking intoxicants

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already in issues of Akira

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where Allah describes himself

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as being

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closer than your jugular vein

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closer to you than a juggler then you can take that to mean a juggler journeys inside your neck someplace here that is right inside.

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right inside you are new anybody alive inside.

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But then, there are other verses in which Allah describes himself as

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a hero, okay, Bobby,

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being above, transcendent above his creation,

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you can take one and ignore the other. It has to be looked at as a whole to get the proper understanding.

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Consequently, as I said, the first step in

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understanding the plan is to understand it versus in the country.

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text on

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the second set is known as a subsidiary of

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by Suna.

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And the first step

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is really linked to the second step because we said before the plan and the hours

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linked together cannot be separated.

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So, if you want to see electrical let me say that the first step is a subsea

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look at this versus in the context of the ground. But we cannot,

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we cannot stop there, we still have to look at what the prophet

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had to say and had to do with regards to these verses

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clarifies for us

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the intended meaning

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whether it be

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like a

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hedge, all of the basic Pillars of Islam was were enjoined in the plan itself. It is from the Sunnah, that

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the details,

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maybe extracted,

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maybe in the form of statements which departments are talented.

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This is his way of clarifying or maybe in the form of an action.

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When I was asked about the character of Tottenham,

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she said that his character was

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he,

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in his lifestyle, demonstrated the character which the crime bill, the correct character

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in his actions,

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also,

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he explained by way of

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approving certain actions which were done in his presence

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in terms of things which were said, we have

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where he explained to his companions, the last verse of Surah Fatiha

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when

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we ask Allah to show us the straight path, the path of those who are blessed, and not the path of those on whom is a lot of anger. And

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those who have gone astray, he went on to explain and they're going home is a lot of anger are the Jews

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and those who have gone astray? The Christian,

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he explained this in words.

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So

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those people

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who have rejected the plan,

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will find themselves in a situation where they're going to be making up all kinds of practices on their own. An example is that of the movement started by Rashad Khalifa.

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The guy who came up with this 19, miraculous mathematical miracle of the class,

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dazzle people when he first came out with it in the 70s, MSA had him going all across the country giving lectures about the miracle of the 19 computer calculations of the Quran.

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Everybody was, you know, just lapping it up until he attended a conference in Morocco, in which he claimed that based on his 19 calculations, he was able to determine the exact date of Yama, Yama.

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At that point, people said, Wait a minute.

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Wait a minute. This will be the point we have to stop here. Now. You know, the knowlegeable couldn't accept this.

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But she had already gathered around himself, you know, certain followers, ignorant people who didn't have sufficient knowledge to know that this is just something you cannot make.

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Didn't know the exact date of Rama, Rama, when he was asked by jabril.

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When is the day of judgment and he said the one who was asked was no more than the one who was asking that even jabril does know he doesn't know

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how can somebody come up

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in the 20th century and claimed that you know the data

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from that? She went on to say that there was

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Some mistaken verses in the Quran some verses which were added to the Quran, which were not authentic in the beginning, when he first brought this 19 fingers, you see his claim, you know that this 19 proves that the Koran is 100% authentic. And that's it for chapter two people, you know, in our time wasn't a full week and you know, our faith is being shattered and the Western world is on top of us and technology. And here it is, the computer proves that the Quran is the miracle of Allah.

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But you see, you see gradually unraveling his original claim. So by the 1980s, early 80s, he was claiming they were false versus in the

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following that, the mid 80s

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latter part, he claims that he was a prophet of Allah

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attended in the first place, it was just a matter of time before it was coming. He claimed that he was a prophet of Allah, and his miracle was the 90.

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The point is,

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in the course of saying that they were far worse than the crime just prior to that. He said, a dissembler is awful.

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man made it up orientalist view that it was fabricated hundreds of years after the time of the Prophet myself. So it can't depend on the Sunnah

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actually said that before saying about the false verses.

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In his Masjid, or Shankar Masjid in his

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in Tucson, Arizona.

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His wife used to live sala

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de la the men are lined up men and women side by side.

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short dresses, no head coverings.

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Once you deny the salon, the validity of this will now send it up to the one who has made that claim and people are following what this means. What is Allah is now teaching

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hamdulillah in the latter part of the 80s before essentially the decade was over,

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Allah destined that he was assassinated. So the major aspect of his fitna was over,

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because he was proclaimed that he was a prophet of Allah, and no one to kill him, he would die naturally.

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Only to be stabbed to death in this kitchen.

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Okay.

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But the point here, as I said, is that

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himself and others like him who deny the Sunnah, and the role of the son and explaining the Quran, then will develop a series of activities practices, which will be

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against

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the teachings of Islam.

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The third step

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is

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by what is known as alpha,

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or the explanation given by the Sahaba.

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They are the ones who were alive at the time of Revelation.

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They are the ones who knew which verses were revealed before which verses

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They are the ones who knew what took place at the time when the verses were revealed. So they provide for us with this call, as Bible newzoo

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reasons for revelation because this now helps us in our application of diversity. So

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without this explanation given by the Sahaba

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then if we took the verses of the Quran, the one I mentioned before, about not coming to Salah when you're intoxicated, there was another verse which says that

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intoxicants are should avoid them altogether.

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And there's another verse, which Allah says that there is good in alcohol

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but the evil in it is greater than the girls. We have three main verses. There's another one actually to about the bees and from the honey people making intoxicating drinks from it. But these men

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As we look at these three verses,

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and we try to analyze, what is the order in which they came. And if we don't have the explanation of xaba

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somebody could argue that

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in the beginning

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when the Muslims you know, Islam first spread amongst the Muslims, people are attacking Islam in Mecca, because alcohol and so and so is so ingrained in the society etc. A law forbade it altogether, even Allah

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don't even come near it.

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But then as the man of the Sahaba,

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slam, a knowledge spread,

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then Allah gave them some concession.

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Don't forget when you have to pray,

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when you have to pray.

00:30:57--> 00:31:12

Then later on, you know, in Medina, when Islamic State is established, and everything is all in place, Allah just gave a a general recommendation, you know, those of you that feel to avoid it, it's better. There's good in it, but the evil in it is greater than the good.

00:31:14--> 00:31:16

better if you get a chance to Leave it, leave it,

00:31:17--> 00:31:18

somebody

00:31:19--> 00:31:21

and you do have people saying that

00:31:23--> 00:31:28

it is the Sahaba to explain to us that this is not the order that

00:31:29--> 00:31:30

they

00:31:31--> 00:31:33

came said there was good in it but the evil

00:31:36--> 00:31:44

and that some people gave up drinking at that time. Then later came the verses, you know, saying that he shouldn't come to

00:31:46--> 00:31:52

prayer when you're in a state of intoxicated. So more people gave it up, but they were still combined into drinking.

00:31:53--> 00:31:56

Then finally in Medina came the final verse.

00:31:57--> 00:32:04

And when the verse came, people who had the jugs in their hands, put it out, write it in their mouth, spat it out,

00:32:06--> 00:32:10

to even destroy the containers that they used to keep it in

00:32:14--> 00:32:18

a Muslim certain containers that he described, destroyed.

00:32:21--> 00:32:34

It is the Sahaba explaining the events which took place at the time of these verses revelations, which clarify for us today. Now, how do we apply these verses

00:32:35--> 00:32:36

critical.

00:32:38--> 00:32:48

This is why PacMan Sallam said, nasty, Ernie, the best of generations of people is my generation,

00:32:49--> 00:32:51

that we should have respect for them

00:32:53--> 00:33:04

and give precedence to their explanations over our own, because our desires will tell us to put it that way to reverse the order

00:33:06--> 00:33:07

to our desires.

00:33:09--> 00:33:10

Who amongst us

00:33:11--> 00:33:13

would keep himself from intoxication

00:33:15--> 00:33:16

If it were up to us,

00:33:22--> 00:33:24

the first level

00:33:25--> 00:33:31

of interpretation of the Quran is known as the Tafseer of the plan by language,

00:33:34--> 00:33:35

what language

00:33:36--> 00:33:42

the Arabic language as it was understood in the time of the Sahaba

00:33:44--> 00:33:45

This is the language

00:33:46--> 00:33:48

explaining the clan that way

00:33:52--> 00:34:08

can be taken from classical books, dictionaries, likely found a lot of rules and so on. So, classical dictionaries, where they gathered the early language and gave explanation of its meanings.

00:34:10--> 00:34:12

This is very important

00:34:14--> 00:34:17

in understanding the why, because

00:34:19--> 00:34:20

all languages

00:34:22--> 00:34:23

evolve.

00:34:25--> 00:34:31

And in the evolution of the use of any given language, meanings will change.

00:34:38--> 00:34:38

A fire

00:34:42--> 00:34:43

in England

00:34:45--> 00:34:46

refers to

00:34:48--> 00:34:49

a cigarette butt.

00:34:51--> 00:34:54

In America, it refers to a homosexual

00:35:07--> 00:35:08

Similarly, in Arabic

00:35:10--> 00:35:12

words, has evolved

00:35:13--> 00:35:19

in terms of their usage, modern Arabic meanings of words have changed considerably.

00:35:23--> 00:35:24

If we don't

00:35:26--> 00:35:37

understand the core and according to the classical understanding, then we can draw meaning from the crime today which are false. The classical example of that

00:35:38--> 00:35:41

is found in the use of alley translation of

00:35:43--> 00:35:44

English

00:35:46--> 00:35:53

to translate the 85th chapter of the surah rouge as

00:35:54--> 00:35:55

the chapter

00:35:56--> 00:35:57

of the zodiac,

00:35:59--> 00:36:00

the zodiac signs

00:36:03--> 00:36:04

as the Zodiac

00:36:06--> 00:36:06

This is why

00:36:08--> 00:36:09

if you are trying to

00:36:11--> 00:36:20

explain to people that astrology is wrong, and they're depending on you to Valley, they will say no.

00:36:22--> 00:36:28

How can you say astrology is wrong? There's even a chapter named after the astrological principle of the zodiac.

00:36:31--> 00:36:34

Why? Because in modern Arabic

00:36:36--> 00:36:38

means the zodiacal sign.

00:36:40--> 00:36:41

But a classical Arabic

00:36:42--> 00:36:44

means the constellation

00:36:46--> 00:36:49

the star constellations are they are

00:36:50--> 00:37:00

not the signal of the archer and the lion and the whatever else which the Greeks and the Babylonians superimposed

00:37:01--> 00:37:03

on the star configuration.

00:37:07--> 00:37:08

Important.

00:37:09--> 00:37:10

I remember one time

00:37:12--> 00:37:13

visiting Jamaica

00:37:15--> 00:37:17

shortly after I became Muslim

00:37:18--> 00:37:20

and discussing with some

00:37:22--> 00:37:22

later

00:37:24--> 00:37:30

because when I went down to Jamaica, then there were hardly any Muslims there at all, in fact, my

00:37:31--> 00:37:37

family to try when I gone down there and met my cousins, they told me

00:37:40--> 00:37:42

to go to the mosque, it was a by temple

00:37:46--> 00:37:49

hamdulillah now in Kingston, we have a massive massive delay.

00:37:50--> 00:37:54

Anyway, the point is I came to Jamaica later on actually it was maybe in the 80s

00:37:55--> 00:38:01

mid early to mid 80s. And there were Islamic spreads by then.

00:38:03--> 00:38:11

And I met some Muslim Brothers I was discussing with them these are Muslim brothers who are still caught up in the rock Aryan culture

00:38:13--> 00:38:15

they were still still smoking ganja.

00:38:22--> 00:38:23

This is

00:38:27--> 00:38:30

a translation and they opened up and so on.

00:38:32--> 00:38:33

And they said what

00:38:34--> 00:38:38

is the verse they're talking about Buddha

00:38:40--> 00:38:43

and his people and what the law is set for them to eat

00:38:44--> 00:38:46

you know and it lists

00:38:47--> 00:38:57

translation I can read the exact restaurant anyway India and the verse it goes on to say you know that a lot of satisfied for you.

00:39:03--> 00:39:05

Yeah, the last one is the herbs.

00:39:06--> 00:39:23

Herbs right. And it was a Kasai how phumi How does he how you know, we know the lentils and then as he puts it as part herbs in reduce abolish as late as possible. Okay, so what is this

00:39:24--> 00:39:30

pot everybody knows pot means marijuana. And in Jamaica, when you say herb, you're talking about ganja

00:39:33--> 00:39:33

is

00:39:38--> 00:39:59

very, very important for us to realize that we can only understand the language of the Quran. As it was understood by the companions of the Prophet Muhammad wa sallam, the third generation that spoke that language that live that language. They understood and this is what we have to depend on.

00:40:01--> 00:40:02

Now,

00:40:04--> 00:40:05

lean

00:40:07--> 00:40:09

methods one by

00:40:10--> 00:40:13

one by Suna by the alpha,

00:40:14--> 00:40:21

this segment of the Sahaba. And by the language these are all referred to as tafsir of the Quran

00:40:23--> 00:40:25

by narrated

00:40:26--> 00:40:34

information, the information that we have, it is narrated to us from the early sources.

00:40:36--> 00:40:37

The last category

00:40:38--> 00:40:41

is referred to as the fear of the fan

00:40:43--> 00:40:47

or by understanding by opinion

00:40:49--> 00:40:53

meaning that after having understood

00:40:54--> 00:40:55

the Quran

00:40:57--> 00:41:12

so these first four steps, understood in this context, what to say about what the Sahaba explained the language after we understood, what is the saying, we now have to apply it in our daily lives

00:41:13--> 00:41:17

is now the place for human reason.

00:41:19--> 00:41:19

This is the place

00:41:21--> 00:41:23

human reason now is in its application.

00:41:26--> 00:41:29

So, we're not saying that we're just robots, there's no place for human

00:41:30--> 00:41:33

input. When it comes to application, this is the place

00:41:35--> 00:41:37

and on the basis of that

00:41:43--> 00:41:46

integration reported by Abu huraira

00:41:48--> 00:41:49

unauthenticated collected and

00:41:51--> 00:41:53

authenticated in the

00:41:57--> 00:42:00

opinion based arguments about the Koran is

00:42:01--> 00:42:02

disbelief.

00:42:04--> 00:42:07

opinion based arguments about the Klan is

00:42:10--> 00:42:10

watching

00:42:14--> 00:42:15

and watch your ignorance

00:42:16--> 00:42:27

refer to one who knows, isn't the instructions in this regard? opinion based arguments about the crime is crucial. What is it referring to

00:42:29--> 00:42:31

opinion after you've understood

00:42:32--> 00:42:36

the narrative information about the crime? No, it's when you start

00:42:37--> 00:42:49

to explain the crime from your own head. You're not looking at the crime in its context or from the sun now what the Sahaba to say you don't have the language you don't care about the language, you're just going from your own head.

00:42:51--> 00:42:58

And then you get into arguments with other people about it, you start to present and try to push your way of thought just

00:42:59--> 00:43:00

referred to as

00:43:03--> 00:43:08

a warning away from tampering with the meanings of the class.

00:43:10--> 00:43:13

And what you find consistently

00:43:14--> 00:43:23

that all of the deviant groups, all of the groups which deviated from the plan, what they do is

00:43:24--> 00:43:25

they do not follow these steps.

00:43:27--> 00:43:33

Either they just go straight in according to opinion or they take the language and they use modern understandings of the language

00:43:34--> 00:43:42

or they use parts of the project in other parts, but not according to how it was understood by the compiler.

00:43:45--> 00:43:46

So you find for example,

00:43:47--> 00:43:48

each group

00:43:49--> 00:44:00

because they cancel the Sunnah, and most of the deviant groups are they do in order to to cut people off from the shoot, they cancel out the Sunnah

00:44:01--> 00:44:03

or they put their people in between

00:44:05--> 00:44:10

the people and the law they will be intermediaries from whom they will get their knowledge.

00:44:13--> 00:44:23

Once they come out from the sun, the only thing left and then then other ones will interpret the crowd. And you'll find each group will interpret the crime to suit their

00:44:25--> 00:44:30

the way in which they have bent the way in which they deviated for example, in the case of

00:44:32--> 00:44:35

some of the mistakes, extremely picks,

00:44:36--> 00:44:37

Sophie's

00:44:39--> 00:44:42

you will find interpretation required when they take the verse.

00:44:43--> 00:44:44

So I know the

00:44:45--> 00:44:45

law says,

00:44:47--> 00:44:54

Go to Pharaoh, for vetterli he transgresses in have elapsed around in nahu.

00:44:57--> 00:44:59

What do we understand from that? A lot

00:45:00--> 00:45:08

I was asked to go to Pharaoh and advise him give him explanation about the deen and column to Allah. They said,

00:45:11--> 00:45:11

actually,

00:45:13--> 00:45:15

Pharaoh is the heart.

00:45:17--> 00:45:19

He refers to Pharaoh is the heart

00:45:21--> 00:45:25

because it is transgression the human being when he transgresses it in the heart.

00:45:27--> 00:45:28

The natural Amara does

00:45:31--> 00:45:33

not switch commands is evil.

00:45:35--> 00:45:53

So, what alive actually telling here is to go to your heart and work on your heart. Why because that's their thing. You know, they're into Vicar, of course because a part of the deen but they have gone into it to such an extent that it becomes the most of the deen.

00:45:56--> 00:46:03

So, they make this kind of interpretation. Similarly, when a law tells Moosa to throw down your staff,

00:46:04--> 00:46:10

they say this means that a law was telling him to cast aside the material world.

00:46:11--> 00:46:18

Because when he asked him, What is this in your hand, he said, as fast Can I use it to, you know, shake the trees and guide my sheep?

00:46:21--> 00:46:25

Don't work, just beg people trust in our

00:46:27--> 00:46:29

approach. So, therefore,

00:46:31--> 00:46:36

you will find amongst the more centralized philosophers who

00:46:37--> 00:46:39

appear in the era

00:46:42--> 00:46:43

for them,

00:46:45--> 00:46:46

to call the rationalist

00:46:48--> 00:46:52

that they try to use their mind they put actually the mind over.

00:46:54--> 00:46:55

And the sooner

00:46:56--> 00:47:04

they, they judge right and wrong according to how the mind sees it. And they interpret the climate according to

00:47:05--> 00:47:18

what they consider to be logical and rational and reasonable. So when they came to the verse in the Quran, in which Allah said, and when Abraham said, My Lord, show me how you give life to the dead,

00:47:20--> 00:47:22

he Allah replied, do you not believe

00:47:23--> 00:47:28

he Brahim said yes. But I'm asking you in order that my heart may be addressed.

00:47:31--> 00:47:49

A prophet of Allah, saying he wants a lot to show him about the how he brings life to the dead, so that his heart might be addressed know, the prophets heart should be addressed. His face should be such that he doesn't need it. It's not logical, not rational.

00:47:50--> 00:47:52

So what do we do with it? Well,

00:47:53--> 00:47:54

they said, Well, actually,

00:47:55--> 00:48:00

Prophet Ibrahim had a friend, a close companion whose name was heart.

00:48:04--> 00:48:16

his friend's name was heart. So what he's saying here is that, you know, I just am asking you, I believe I'm just asking you so that my friend here by the name of heart, you know, he will have to be settled

00:48:22--> 00:48:25

for the Shiites, because their focus is on

00:48:26--> 00:48:28

Fatima Hassan for saying.

00:48:31--> 00:48:33

They go to the verse in the Quran.

00:48:34--> 00:48:36

And this is one of many verses in the

00:48:38--> 00:48:43

Mirage, radial. He set forth the two seas and they need

00:48:46--> 00:48:47

further verse

00:48:50--> 00:48:57

coming from it, the pearls in the car all the same. What is this? What is the pros and the cons?

00:48:59--> 00:49:05

The normal understanding is that the two seas refer to the freshwater bodies and the saltwater bodies.

00:49:06--> 00:49:16

The Pearl and mccarl we know what our pros and cons but for the Shiites because they want to see Ali and Fatima Hassan and Hussein and everything they said the two seas

00:49:21--> 00:49:23

and the pearl and the coral has happened and Jose.

00:49:27--> 00:49:38

So, everything in the Quran then becomes you know, you read it and what you will understand they have another understanding altogether they will see Ali Hussein in all of this and versus

00:49:42--> 00:49:46

Indian Pakistan came Ghulam nerissa Ghulam,

00:49:48--> 00:49:48

the cardiologist.

00:49:50--> 00:49:51

Now, he said

00:49:53--> 00:49:55

the Prophet Muhammad wa sallam was not

00:49:57--> 00:49:59

the seal of the Prophet because he claimed you

00:50:02--> 00:50:09

So what is he going to do with the verse in which a lot says Mohammed is not the father of any of you? But He is Allah messenger

00:50:10--> 00:50:11

and the seal of the prophets.

00:50:16--> 00:50:16

He says,

00:50:17--> 00:50:19

Arabic language, what is hot?

00:50:21--> 00:50:23

It doesn't mean

00:50:24--> 00:50:25

the final

00:50:28--> 00:50:31

it means the superior.

00:50:32--> 00:50:34

No, as the ring

00:50:37--> 00:50:46

beautifies the hand makes the finger more superior Prophet Muhammad Salah was the beautification of that Prophet.

00:50:51--> 00:50:52

And of course

00:50:54--> 00:50:56

they claim the property didn't

00:50:57--> 00:51:00

die out sorry, they claim that he died.

00:51:01--> 00:51:07

They have a grave in Kashmir someplace with a claim with the grave of ERISA.

00:51:09--> 00:51:10

So

00:51:11--> 00:51:14

what do they do with a verse in which Allah says

00:51:16--> 00:51:17

well masala boo

00:51:18--> 00:51:22

they didn't crucify him. Omar Holloway they didn't kill him.

00:51:23--> 00:51:30

Well I can be Hello but it was made to see that they did. But Allah raised him up.

00:51:33--> 00:51:33

Rafa

00:51:38--> 00:51:39

Okay, what did what did they do with this first

00:51:40--> 00:51:45

they say well, you know, this raising up, Rafa

00:51:46--> 00:51:47

if we go

00:51:48--> 00:51:50

to Surah, Allah insha

00:51:52--> 00:51:53

Allah says there

00:51:54--> 00:51:55

were a hon Allah

00:51:57--> 00:51:59

and we raised for you,

00:52:00--> 00:52:01

your esteem.

00:52:03--> 00:52:05

So this is what is referred to here,

00:52:06--> 00:52:13

Allah in that verse there and he talks about raising the esteem of Prophet Muhammad Salah.

00:52:14--> 00:52:22

So when it is referred to here, that Allah raised him up, he thing is raised him up, the same thing raised him in esteem.

00:52:29--> 00:52:38

A person who is not familiar with Arabic grammar, etc. They can be deluded, they can be fooled. As a matter of fact, I remember sitting in

00:52:39--> 00:52:43

a gathering, which was held in University of Toronto.

00:52:44--> 00:52:47

This is shortly after I became Muslim, I was sitting there.

00:52:48--> 00:53:00

And some Muslim Brothers, one of the brothers, to the mom from both avenues from other Arab brothers, meeting with his audience, or having a debate or discussion. So I came along.

00:53:02--> 00:53:03

And they were debating back and

00:53:05--> 00:53:11

Andy Hardy, and he brought out these arguments seemed very logical and social.

00:53:12--> 00:53:21

And the brothers, you know, they were upset, they were shouting at him and you know, make him I had to come easy let the man speak.

00:53:25--> 00:53:49

So, you know, when we left the room, you know, you don't know what this man really believes. I will I didn't know he was on at the time. But what I could see was this man was very calm, is presenting his arguments very logical, very reasonable, you know, and the brothers were just jumping up and down emotion and all this you know, not really tackling the issues. So when I came out of there convinced that this qadiani was correct.

00:53:57--> 00:54:00

A person as I said, not familiar with the language can be duped.

00:54:03--> 00:54:07

Of course, there is a world of difference with

00:54:08--> 00:54:10

a foreigner like a duck

00:54:11--> 00:54:13

and Rafa hula Winnie.

00:54:14--> 00:54:32

One is a transitive usage of the verb, and what is the intransitive usage of the verb? I mean, maybe doesn't mean anything to you. But in Arabic. When it's used in a transitive verb, it means literally, when it's used in an enchanted a sense, it means metaphorically.

00:54:34--> 00:54:43

simple explanation, but the person not familiar with the difference. It sounds the same, it seems the same. They can be fooled.

00:54:44--> 00:54:45

And perhaps

00:54:48--> 00:54:48

one of the

00:54:51--> 00:54:53

more comical explanations

00:54:55--> 00:54:56

can be found in the

00:54:57--> 00:54:59

writings and statements of Elijah

00:55:00--> 00:55:00

Mohammed

00:55:03--> 00:55:05

who died in 1975

00:55:06--> 00:55:08

claim that he was a prophet of Allah.

00:55:11--> 00:55:16

And his message to the black man in America. He claimed he was a messenger of Allah.

00:55:17--> 00:55:19

Allah came to him in the person of Imam

00:55:21--> 00:55:25

Khalid Mohammed who taught him and then appointed him as prophet.

00:55:26--> 00:55:28

Because these guys are out of Islam totally.

00:55:30--> 00:55:32

farrakhan is the revival of his teachings.

00:55:34--> 00:55:37

So he is out of Islam as much

00:55:41--> 00:55:47

their basic, one of their basic teachings Is that why people are devils

00:55:50--> 00:55:52

and the colored people

00:55:53--> 00:56:07

are allowed to have like the law you know, we all knew that you know, there's only a lot you can pluraleyes which is explain to people the difference between Allah and God, God, you can have God goddesses and all these other things. They pluraleyes Allah,

00:56:09--> 00:56:09

Allah,

00:56:10--> 00:56:12

each colored person is an Allah.

00:56:16--> 00:56:20

What did they do? They went again to use a valid translation of the Quran.

00:56:23--> 00:56:24

in which it says

00:56:27--> 00:56:30

in Surah Taha, verse 102

00:56:31--> 00:56:37

on the day when the Trumpet is blown, we will gather the criminals, blue eyes,

00:56:41--> 00:56:41

blue eyes,

00:56:45--> 00:56:46

blue eyes here.

00:56:49--> 00:56:51

Gather disciplinary

00:56:53--> 00:56:54

evidence.

00:56:56--> 00:57:00

Now, of course, the term Yes, the term uses

00:57:02--> 00:57:03

the Arabic language.

00:57:06--> 00:57:16

But it refers to a state where the, where the cat is where the cornea becomes clouded and it's a sort of a grayish blue

00:57:17--> 00:57:34

space where the person where they're when their cornea is clouded like this, then everything becomes blurred. Really, the proper is blurry, blurry eyed, and Allah describes them and other versus being in a state of like intoxication. Again, this is the state that people will be on that day,

00:57:36--> 00:57:38

the fight will no longer be clear. And

00:57:39--> 00:57:52

unfortunately, our translator chose blue eyed. And Elijah Muhammad uses proof that European people, white people are devil. Okay, all of this

00:57:53--> 00:57:55

just goes to show us

00:57:56--> 00:57:57

that

00:57:58--> 00:58:00

the Quran is not interpreted

00:58:01--> 00:58:05

according to the methodology of the

00:58:06--> 00:58:08

early generations of Muslim scholars and

00:58:10--> 00:58:19

then it becomes a tool in the hands of those who have deviated to justify the deviation.

00:58:21--> 00:58:22

So,

00:58:23--> 00:58:26

in closing, I just like to remind you that,

00:58:30--> 00:58:32

as I said, Allah

00:58:34--> 00:58:41

in the Quran, certain things which required his own companion to have to turn back to him,

00:58:42--> 00:58:51

which require us to have to turn back to them for clarification, if he had wished, he could have made it all clear.

00:58:52--> 00:58:55

But he chose to leave things are unclear,

00:58:57--> 00:59:08

to make us realize that we must depend on the Messenger of Allah and his companions for the proper understanding of the Quran.

00:59:11--> 00:59:11

This

00:59:13--> 00:59:20

is the methodology that we have to apply if we are to effectively be involved in Dawa

00:59:21--> 00:59:30

promoting Islam. We can only understand the Quran properly, if we utilize this methodology.

00:59:32--> 00:59:40

So, I will stop here and give you an opportunity few minutes in minutes to ask some questions

00:59:41--> 00:59:42

of the written ones.

00:59:45--> 00:59:53

If you are reading the translation of the Quran for the first time, should you read the past year or just be aware not to always take into other meanings of the rotors

00:59:57--> 01:00:00

when you're reading the current translations of reality

01:00:00--> 01:00:15

Reading the translation of its meanings, you're really not reading a translation of the Quran, because the Quran cannot be translated, the meanings can be put in your language. And this is what you're reading of course, you should try to do is to get the best one,

01:00:16--> 01:00:18

there are some that are better than others,

01:00:19--> 01:00:29

perhaps one of the best ones available today, where the meanings have been clarified in the text itself is that known as the Nova

01:00:33--> 01:00:43

it may not be that comfortable reading you might find other translations you know, you know better reading, but in terms of accuracy of meaning, this is

01:00:44--> 01:00:46

the most accurate around today.

01:00:48--> 01:01:00

So, I would advise a person to get a good translation and they can rely on that until a later point in time when able to read Tafseer further classification explanation of the meanings

01:01:01--> 01:01:12

what would you recommend? Should we be aware of any tests here that have errors? Actually, all taxpayers are going to have some errors because they are the work of human beings

01:01:14--> 01:01:15

presently

01:01:20--> 01:01:21

available in English

01:01:22--> 01:01:24

as a complete task there

01:01:25--> 01:01:26

is

01:01:27--> 01:01:30

no there is no there is an error.

01:01:31--> 01:01:32

Modi

01:01:33--> 01:01:36

has used some wickedness in certain places etc.

01:01:39--> 01:01:41

But in terms of complete tapirs

01:01:42--> 01:01:52

it is the best one available today. Dr. ribnica here, only one section has been translated it is really the best one if it can be completed in

01:01:54--> 01:01:56

translation. So, whenever we read

01:01:57--> 01:02:00

these books, we should be careful

01:02:03--> 01:02:20

not to just take anything that is said there but to check things out. To ensure that the arguments being presented are supported by authentic Elisa. We should try to make our other references do other research. You know when we're studying these books.

01:02:23--> 01:02:26

I'll take a question from the floor. Anybody wants to raise your hand with

01:02:29--> 01:02:31

bestessay Radek? There are many

01:02:33--> 01:02:38

you know, Nicosia also is excellent. The tafsir have

01:02:40--> 01:02:44

to be excellent saffir, of Shakuni

01:02:46--> 01:02:47

is excellent.

01:02:48--> 01:02:49

Thanks so much

01:02:54--> 01:03:04

recovery that has been translated into English but unfortunately, not properly for the teacher. And he brought together so many narrations

01:03:06--> 01:03:06

without

01:03:08--> 01:03:15

favoring or clarified which is the most strong he leaves the reader in a state of confusion.

01:03:47--> 01:03:51

To say that somewhere in the Quran, Allah says that only he knows the meaning of the crime.

01:03:52--> 01:03:53

No.

01:03:57--> 01:03:58

Mitchell law says

01:04:00--> 01:04:00

What is it?

01:04:22--> 01:04:23

law refers to

01:04:26--> 01:04:26

the law

01:04:32--> 01:04:34

verses Allah describes

01:04:35--> 01:04:37

as the most common

01:04:42--> 01:04:43

The most commonly referred to as

01:04:44--> 01:04:59

the essence of what he has left certain things in the shabby hearts mentioned. There are certain things in the plan that we cannot give explanation for even, for example problems I fell in love no explanation like

01:05:00--> 01:05:04

The letter is at the beginning of the chapter.

01:05:11--> 01:05:30

And a certain other thing that a lot speaks about in gela, in Hellfire was full meaning, you don't know, is giving us what we can handle. We relate it to what we know. But the reality is that it is beyond our knowledge when you speak of things in paradise.

01:05:31--> 01:05:32

in paradise

01:05:33--> 01:05:41

are things which no is ever seen, no air has ever heard, noises even crossed the mind of anyone.

01:05:43--> 01:05:48

So the descriptions are among what they call them with a shabby hat.

01:06:12--> 01:06:14

It is in reference to

01:06:16--> 01:06:22

the book as a whole, the vast majority of the contents of the book is clear. It's

01:06:24--> 01:06:27

the majority of the contents of the Quran is classified as

01:06:29--> 01:06:44

clear. There is a minority of verses in the Quran, which need clarification from scholars and an even smaller minority where there is no clarification. So when Allah describes the book, as

01:06:46--> 01:07:02

he's describing it, according to the overall state of affairs, and this is very common in Arabic, when you're giving allowance to a group, Salam alikoum, they may be women amongst the group, but you use that general term,

01:07:03--> 01:07:19

and a comb comb, which includes them. When you refer to the sun and the moon, they refer to that as an amaron. Literally the two moons, but you're referring to the moon and the sun together. So using general terms to refer to

01:07:20--> 01:07:23

both aspects is a part of the language.

01:07:45--> 01:07:50

Explain to the companion about your Museum, or what will take place, then

01:07:52--> 01:07:52

the date of your

01:07:56--> 01:07:56

design?

01:08:05--> 01:08:06

Can we see the signs?

01:08:10--> 01:08:11

Maybe some Yes.

01:08:15--> 01:08:16

No problem.

01:08:30--> 01:08:31

As Arabic

01:08:33--> 01:08:34

don't call it,

01:08:35--> 01:08:38

you know, it's more a personal

01:08:39--> 01:08:44

reflection of this individuals who was not a scholar.

01:08:45--> 01:08:56

He was an activist, activist. And he expressed though he did gather a bit of material, you know, supporting a lot of what you said from etc, etc.

01:08:58--> 01:09:10

So, the Tafseer as a whole is a motivational book for people who are movement oriented, etc. It has some errors in it in terms of some concepts.

01:09:12--> 01:09:30

But the book as a whole is a book, which has, you know, been a driving force for Islamic movement in in much of the world. And I know there's a tendency today to want to run it down to the ground and consider the book which should be burned. But this is an extreme attitude.

01:09:32--> 01:09:32

There's

01:09:34--> 01:09:43

no no denying, but the overall thrust of the book and the concepts and so on. So let's say puto presented our Promised Land,

01:09:45--> 01:09:46

they have a place

01:09:48--> 01:09:58

but of course, we cannot neglect the rest of his lab and only focus on the aspects which are referred to in his explanation.

01:09:59--> 01:09:59

This is where it

01:10:00--> 01:10:03

invalid snow comes in and it can become dangerous

01:10:14--> 01:10:21

can open subsea meaning in terms of the application of the pride in our time. Right?

01:10:22--> 01:10:24

Not in terms of the

01:10:25--> 01:10:32

analysis of the verses and when they were revealed is not for you to come along and say no this verse was revealed then

01:10:34--> 01:10:42

that aspect has been worked out but in terms of application in our time in our context, there is still room. Sure there will always be room