Fiqh and Sunnah

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Bilal Philips

Channel: Bilal Philips

Topics: Fiqh

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah, Karim, Allah Allah He was after he commanded standard vicinity alone within our prayers to do to learn the law of Peace and blessings, he and his last prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and then all those follow the path of righteousness until the last day.

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In this session, the third session,

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inshallah, we'll try to cover

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both

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Hadees.

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And

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though they're both two fairly extensive topics, you know, because of the fact that we had set this over a three day period, we'll try to cover most of these topics in this session. And as I said, it will just be an introduction, giving you a kind of a foundation to how to understand hobbies and how to understand

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now,

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the first of the two hobbies, because we said that a nice really represents the sooner

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and that we took the sooner before we took second, because the sooner combined with what we spoke of in the last session with tafsir this is what makes up shediac divine revelation, and its interpretation and application is what we call

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the Islamic law, right. So

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first thing to understand concerning hobbies, is that

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first thing we should understand concerning hobbies

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is that the term hobbies itself have its term hobbies. It means speech. When you use it as a noun, it means speech.

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Talking.

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And when is used as an adjective, it means something new. They describe something as being hobbies, it means that it is new.

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But in the Islamic context, when we're speaking of Hadith, or we're talking about

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is

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the sayings and actions and approvals of the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam

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which were conveyed to us,

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by his companions,

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generations of students and recorded in texts which we call the books of nice, as what we mean when we refer to the term.

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Now, such a definition includes

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most authentic

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IDs, which are generally outside

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as well as

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inauthentic IDs, which are generally called life.

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two basic categories. Now,

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in relationship to the sooner

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hobbies represents also, the vehicle in which the sooner was conveyed to us, the sunlight goes a little further,

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then we can say the sunlight goes into when we talk about solar, we talk about also things that departments and them did our good which will not necessarily have legal implications, and descriptions of the pattern of how this is included and sooner. When we talk about hobbies really, we're not really referring to descriptions of the

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law these descriptions are conveyed through hobbies, hobbies represents the vehicle by which the sun was conveyed to us, the cinema as well as things which occurred during the time of the Parthenon,

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which were even not conveyed by him also, these are these he called us are

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things which the companions did amongst themselves, or

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circumstances which occurred in the time of the problem of SLM which are not related directly to a statement or a practice of the partners I felt them but conveyed to us by the companions. These are called asar.

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Right and this is handed down in the same way in which hobbies were handed down. Okay. Now,

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concerning the sooner

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because said, when we talk about hobbies we're really talking about the sooner

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we have to understand that

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the government

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was first and foremost an example

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of

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what a Muslim was supposed to be in

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Valide wished he could have revealed the plan without a messenger, a book of Revelation coming, no messenger.

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But he chose each time that he sent books a revelation that he sent a messenger along with those books, to show the people how to apply those books are a living example. This is why we have in Surah, verse 21, where Allah says, knock on Canada confu rasulillah, he was within half an hour early, there is a large messenger, a good example for you, and for whoever wishes for a law and the last day and remember is the law often.

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The choir also commands us

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to obey the Prophet, Muhammad Salah, for example, in Surah, Al Harshad, verse 73, a lot says, My takamura sold for Hulu, mahakam, Hulu, Phantom, whatever the Prophet commands you do it, and whatever he prohibits, you leave it.

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And there are many, many verses of that nature were alive telling us to obey the Prophet.

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Now, how do we obey the Prophet today he is not amongst we are made through the commands, which came to us through the Hadees the Sunnah, which has been conveyed to us by the Hadees. We also know that

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Allah stated that when we have to resolve any issues which arise amongst us, because Islam

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is a system not only for an individual, but for our community, because it delivers, ultimately are supposed to be a community.

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For us to be able to establish Islam in the fullest sense, we need to do so on a community level, it was very difficult to do it on an individual level. I mean, of course, it doesn't mean that you cannot be a Muslim, you cannot be a practicing Muslim ikenson you cannot be a practicing Muslim unless you know you are in a complete community, no

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one can practice Islam, to a large degree as an individual, however, the complete practice

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will depend on the establishment of Islam as on a community level

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for certain things that you need to do, you know, if if a Muslim dies,

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you have selasa janaza, the washing of the body These are things which you die, you can do it for yourself. So for that to be fulfilled, you need other Muslims.

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Right? So at the gym, we have a congregational prayer, number of them eat etc, etc. This, you know, you cannot perform it by yourself. So it means that if you aren't on your own, then you know there are certain aspects of Islam really you cannot apply.

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That doesn't mean that that takes you out of Islam. No, you do according to what you're able. However, Islam was ultimately geared to a community, nation type level, because ultimately, man is a social being.

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He always functions with other people.

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He cannot exist by himself.

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He needs to be with other people his needs to live, he has to depend on other people to to make shoes that he wears, you know, to make a car that he drives to build the house he lives in, produce the food in one way or another that he eats. He depends on other people. So the laws of Islam have come to suit the norm of human existence and that is as a community.

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So, when people live as a community, there will be differences of opinion, problems will arise and these problems have to be resolved. And what Allah has said is that these problems must be resolved by going back to the Quran and the Sunnah, Sunnah is your basis for resolving issues. So we find in Surah, Nisa, verse 65, Allah says, No, by your Lord, they do not truly believe until they make you Mohammed salam, the judge between them in their disputes, without finding within themselves uneasiness, but instead accepting it in total submission. So not only are we enjoined to follow what departments as Alan has said,

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in terms of resolving our disputes, but that we must also accept what he has commanded, in a way, which is a complete acceptance. Well, we don't have like we do it. We say all somebody brings you says, you know, lm said you shouldn't do this. And you are doing as you said,

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Okay, I've stopped doing it. But it's like you've been pressured into stop doing it. You're not stopping it, where you just Oh, Allah said not to do it, you know, I'm giving it up totally, totally right from your heart. You know, you're giving it up right from your heart. That's the way it has to be. That's the basis of belief. In a way you do it grudgingly. You know, because the brothers are looking at you. And you know, you still want to do this thing. But, you know, they said, the pastor Sam said, don't do it. So you don't do it. You know, you're submitting, but you're not really from your heart. This is not true belief.

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further added to that we have in souillac 36, Allah says, it is not fitting for a believer, man or woman, when a matter has been decreed by Allah and His Messenger, to have any choice in their affairs. If anyone disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he is indeed clear and he is indeed clearly astray.

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So when we receive information that this was the decision of align His Messenger,

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we don't have we don't feel within ourselves that we have a choice, follow it or not follow. Once we have found out that this is the way what is commanded, then we accept this wholeheartedly. We keep on this is a sign of true belief.

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If we do watching the AMA saying that

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you don't just means you don't have any belief at all. But it just means your belief is still in that minor stage it has not grown properly. A proper belief is one which accepts the commandments of the government of Allah wholeheartedly.

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And the reason why Allah has put so much stress on obedience to the Prophet Moses, Allah.

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And because of the fact that

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what he commanded,

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was based on revelation.

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What he commanded was based on Revelation, this is why our declaration of faith lie Mullah Mohammed or sooner Allah, Muhammad Rasulullah. This aspect, you know of accepting Mohammed Salah as the Messenger of Allah, this is linked to our belief in Allah.

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Because what he conveyed to us was also revelation.

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And the last dates in the climb.

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And so imagine verse four,

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lions

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in who are in law, Washington, you have, he does not speak from his desire, it's very, it is divinely revealed revelation.

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This is why we are so committed to following the way

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because what he gave us what he conveyed to us was revelation. So in other words, if for us revelation came in two forms, we have revelation which was direct word of Allah, Revelation, direct quote of the words of Allah, this is the plan.

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And then the other indirect revelation were problems that are either paraphrased words of Allah put you the words in his own words. Or he conveyed to us things which are based on divine inspiration. But it's all based on ultimately from Allah revelation. And this is why we are commanded to obey because obey the partners as Allah is obeying a law or the law said, made up of Rasul Allah

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and Allah, that is, whoever obeys the messenger has obeyed a law. This is Sue and this adverse at whoever obeys the messenger has obeyed a lot.

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And the covenants I sell them, you know, emphasize this, himself in his own statements, and it is collected in Buhari, he stated one obeys me obey the law.

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And whoever disobeys me, disobeyed Allah.

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So,

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obedience to Allah, submission to Allah This is what Islam is. Islam is defined as submission of one's will, to the will of Allah. This submission

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means submission to whatever law is commanded in the Quran, or has commanded through the Messenger of Allah.

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So submissions were the protocol Salam was commanded in submission to Allah.

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And if we seek to worship Allah, we can only do so through the way

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departments as well.

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As properties did say, as Christians like to claim

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that he did

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that no one comes to the Father except by me.

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You know, when we tried to explain to them that they shouldn't worship,

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because he was a man or whatever, they will come back and say, but it says in the Gospel there, no one comes to the Father except by me.

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And this by me, if we're, if Jesus did say this,

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how it would be understood is that no one can come to the worship of God, except by the way of the Messenger of God.

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Correct worship is only in accordance with the way which was brought by the Messenger of Allah.

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So we that's the same thing we're faced with. We cannot worship Allah properly. We cannot love Allah. We cannot submit to Allah prophets properly, except by doing it through the way the Prophet Moses lm has provided. And it doesn't mean that we worship Allah. No, this is sick.

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It means that we must do the coding according to the way that he wrote for us. And a lot of said and so on Allium, run for 31 say, if you love a lot, follow me. All the dominoes are set up to say this right? If you love a law, follow me that is the Messenger of Allah, and the law will love you and forgive you your sin. For a lot of forgiving, Most Merciful, so the love of Allah for Allah to love us. We have to obey the messenger of Allah.

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I say in

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the love of Allah, except by submitting our will, to that

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do the commandments of the Messenger of Allah.

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And

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as soon as they This is in the crime itself.

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And mysap verse 13, and 14, a law has

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played the reward for being the Prophet as

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and disobedience to him as help.

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whoever obeys Allah and His messenger will be placed in gardens with rivers flowing beneath them to do out there in forever. That is the greatest achievement while those who disobey Allah His Messenger, and transgress the limits which he has set will be placed in the fire, to dwell therein forever and have a humiliating punishment. So that's the bottom line.

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And as you all say, at the end of the day, this is where it comes to.

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Those who obey Allah and His Messenger, follow the way of the sun.

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I think

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those who do not are headed for help.

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occasion partners last element said, all of my nation will enter Paradise except those who refuse

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when he said that the compiler is often confused,

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causes us to enterprise.

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As Alan said, Whoever disobeys me has refused.

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This is inside Buhari

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whoever disobeys me as a person, when he disobeys the Messenger of Allah, He is in fact saying I don't want to go to Paradise, I want help.

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This is these are the kind of concepts that we have to try to bring across to say family members, you know, some of you brothers mentioned, you know, your family members who have neglected

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and are caught up in,

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in the cultural innovations which have been handed down from generation and generation, you know,

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the way to try to bring them to this kind of a consciousness is to, to bring these kind of verses to them, you know, get them back to the class, to see what the law has said, concerning obedience to the messenger, doing more, making one life be in accordance with the way of the messenger, you know, hopefully the verses of the Quran if they read it, and hear it, you know, it would maybe start to soften their hearts to start to realize that they have to follow the way of the process and then having realized

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That, then you bring them the homies statements of employment, which confirm that and and, and and and affirm that they must follow his way.

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And of course you know as you mentioned in the first session

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one of the importance of the Sun now is to understand the quad.

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To properly understand the Quran we stated The second method of interpretation of the Quran was Tafseer of the Quran by similar so we cannot properly understand the Quran, all of the Quran without going to the sun. So, not only is the cylinder vital for us in terms of application of Islam on a general level, resolution of our disputes, etc. It is also essential for us to

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follow the quality the Sunnah in order to understand the very revelation direct revelation of Allah to us.

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And as I mentioned before in this session on tafsir, that

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cannot be separated from the Sunnah. And that whoever seeks to separate the art from the Sunnah seeks to deviate people, and this is a point of deviation, you will find the deviance commonly they will nullify the center, you know, like we read the books of the Shiites, generally speaking, they will go for the rest of the crime. And then they will say the man said the man did you know

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earlier than say, the Messenger of Allah said Did they cancel out the role of the singer. And it goes directly to

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the so called the mob and they attribute to them certain things, statements, etc, which now replaces the center because once you cancel the call, you must replace its interpretation which was the similar with something else, either it becomes the interpretation of the Imam

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or becomes the interpretation of the shape of the pier. You know, you read the books of the so called Sufi etc. You know the mystical writings, you find that you know, these people who receive the special insight and these are the ones who are not going to be explaining the rest of the cloud. You don't hear them mentioning, Prophet Mohammed Salim said this, or he said that companions did this did that.

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However, there is a very clear Hadith speaks of this, because of course,

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Allah knew

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that there would come a time when people would claim that they would only follow the plan. So that Allah was given that inspiration to make the statement.

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Let me not find one of you reclining on his couch and saying when he hears something regarding which I have commanded or forbidden, I don't know.

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That we have found in a large book we have followed.

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This is in Abu Dawood and attentive narration. And furthermore,

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he said, Indeed, I have brought the core Island something like it along with it.

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Yet the time is coming when a man was planning on his couch will say, keep to this.

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Once you find it to be permissible, treat as permissible once you find it prohibited, treat as prohibited.

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But what Allah messenger has prohibited is like what Allah has permitted the domestic donkey,

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carnivorous wild animals, last property belonging to an ally unless the owner does not want it are all not permissible to you.

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According to what is stated in the Quran, we are allowed to eat whatever is outside of those animals which were killed in the forbidden ways, by strangulation by going by clubbing etc. However, a large messenger is also prohibited the domesticated donkey domesticated donkey meaning, you know, if you take a donkey and you raise it, yourself, you can ride it and you know not a wild donkey, a domesticated donkey you cannot eat. But a wild donkey if you you know, catch a wild donkey that lives in the bush domesticated one way you can eat the flesh of that donkey.

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So he's the one who prohibited the domesticated dog. He also prohibited carnivorous animals, the Lion Tiger

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as he progresses, this is not in the choir. And this is what he pointed out. This you cannot separate the two because that's the vision that He gave His one it wasn't because he didn't like

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domesticated donkeys. Or he didn't like carnivorous animals that he prevented. No, this was based on revelation from Allah.

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We have a number of statements were in the problem as I sell them has informed us that

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my holding

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Launch firm to the client in the center. This is the way that people will stay on the correct path.

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When you spoke about the different sectors etc, you know, and he wanted to identify for the people what is the correct way, he referred to the one which was based on the Quran and Sunnah. He said, for example, in hobbies reported maharera

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collected in a more authentic, I've left with you two things, if you hold firmly on to them, you will never go astray a large book, and my sooner

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he drew he was sitting with the competitors, and he drew a line in the sand in the dust. And they drew a number of lines going off on either side. And he said to them, referring to the line which is down the middle, this is a loss path.

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And then in reference to the others going to the sides, he said these are the paths of misguidance.

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At the end of each one, there is a devil inviting people to follow it

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and recited the verse from the Koran

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from Suriname, verse 153, verily, this is my path leading straight. So follow it and do not follow the other paths, for they will scatter you about from a loss path that is commanded to you in order that you may be conscious of along.

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So, our guidance depends on following closely.

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And the sooner

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and as we mentioned earlier, it is required the sooner as understood by the companions of the Prophet Mohammed, salah and the early generation of righteous Muslim scholars. Because you may find somebody around today, say I'm following Quran and Sunnah. That's what they're doing in practice is quite different from what the client

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actually said, Oh, as it was understood by the early generation.

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But having said that,

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the sooner

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that is

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one of the promises Sallam said did descriptions of himself what he approved, should be divided into two categories. After we divided them into the first two categories of authentic and inauthentic we said fi and bife. Right, and to understand those two categories of fire and life,

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because of the time that we have, I really can't go into it in much detail. But this book Islamic Studies is broken down quite simply there, you know, what is the Hadith? What is the value for these, you know, and

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basically on pages 74 to 77 explained in simple terms, the difference between hobbies, and hobbies.

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That is the authentic and inauthentic when you're dealing with similar hobbies really, we have to be dealing ultimately with the authentic that which is correct. Because if we are if we are to build a ruling in Islam on the basis of what the patterns are Sallam said,

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or did, then we have to be sure that that ruling actually was said or done by the top number.

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And that's what

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that's what we mean when we say it is an authentic Halley's authentic sooner,

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we're sure that it actually came from him by not authentic means there is doubt as to whether it actually came from him. We don't build the practices that are religion, and we have to build them that which we are certain about.

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Now, you know, having set divided it into the dice and for him, we leave the dice aside fabricated and we go over to the side here.

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This can be divided into two categories,

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which we call the natural similar person

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and the legal from the or the similar fashion II

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and this division is necessary

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in order to ensure that what we are following is what was intended to be followed. Why? Because God Muhammad wa sallam was first and foremost a man

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he was

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a human beings

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not having divine qualities, you know as was asked about earlier, you know, this divine light in your mohammedi which has been

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attributed that he was supposed to have been created farm etc. Now this is saltford he was not a divine being, he was a human being.

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The difference between himself and ourselves is that he received revelation from Allah that elevated his status

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to a higher level of human being, but not to a supernatural being, someone who is now beyond human nature, no, he was a human being, he remained a human being

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a human being, in the eighth century,

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in Arabia,

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seventh century actually, seventh century, seventh century in Arabia.

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This meant that, at that period of time, there are certain things which affected human beings

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in Arabia,

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the environment affected them in a certain way, it made them want to dress a particular way,

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adopt certain habits, etc. likes and dislikes, being a human beings will have personal license.

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So now,

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when he received Revelation, Revelation,

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gave him guidance and commands

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for mankind until the day of judgment.

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But it didn't cancel out.

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The fact that he was a human being

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an Arab,

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in Arabia in the sixth century,

00:31:40--> 00:31:52

seventh century doesn't just last. So it means that there are some things that he's willing to do, because of his heart, as a human being the goatee be something that she likes

00:31:53--> 00:31:54

and dislikes,

00:31:55--> 00:31:58

which has nothing to do with revelation.

00:32:00--> 00:32:01

For example,

00:32:02--> 00:32:03

lizards meat

00:32:06--> 00:32:08

was commonly eaten in certain parts of Libya.

00:32:10--> 00:32:11

Even though in Riyadh

00:32:13--> 00:32:20

and by knob is that, like a desert iguanas, you know, big lizard like about this big,

00:32:21--> 00:32:24

fat body got filed on the back, you know,

00:32:26--> 00:32:33

usually they eat the tail. The tail is big and muscular as cryptographers like chicken

00:32:34--> 00:32:35

with it, but this is what I'm told.

00:32:37--> 00:32:38

But the point is that

00:32:39--> 00:32:43

people commonly ate this animal.

00:32:45--> 00:32:49

And, on one occasion, the wives of the Prophet, Allah was serving it to him.

00:32:52--> 00:32:56

And one of the wives asked, what was 70? Did you tell him that it was not?

00:32:59--> 00:33:03

In the heart, it was laid out in front of him and he was just about each film when she told me

00:33:06--> 00:33:09

now one of the compilers was sitting beside him.

00:33:10--> 00:33:11

And

00:33:13--> 00:33:21

he, when he saw the entity he asked me said, he said, Is this haram? forbidden? He said, No, it's just

00:33:22--> 00:33:28

it was not something common to the place where I grew up, and I don't like it. So the compiling went ahead ages and

00:33:31--> 00:33:43

so we know that here was personal dislike of the salon, but it has no relevance to us. In terms of legal Sunnah. This was his personal dislike.

00:33:44--> 00:33:56

So we are not in any way obliged to not eat that finish. No substratum didn't like it a lot did make us Haram, because he didn't like that is his personal

00:33:57--> 00:34:03

feeling. Okay. So it's important that we understand this why because if a person

00:34:05--> 00:34:34

got locked into the similar to the point where they thought, everything of the problems that we must follow, then he would now be forced to be molding his whole life to everything which was liked or disliked, which has nothing to do even with the legal aspects of Islam. And for sure, it was create some difficulties for him ultimately, because some of the things are suitable to that place that climate and may not be suitable elsewhere.

00:34:37--> 00:34:48

What you found, for example, Krav, maga Salim, he said was a man, and he was also living in Arabia. Arabia is the desert.

00:34:49--> 00:34:55

The sun is beating on your head all the time. So the people of Arabia wore turbans.

00:34:57--> 00:34:59

They wrapped turbans on their heads.

00:35:02--> 00:35:02

The pagans

00:35:04--> 00:35:06

as well as those who accepted Islam.

00:35:09--> 00:35:16

So, we say wearing a turban is from the sun now, but it is not from the legal sun now,

00:35:17--> 00:35:18

it is from the natural sun that is a lot

00:35:20--> 00:35:25

because that was the circumstances of the time. So, we are no way obliged with

00:35:29--> 00:35:35

that do not feel that in doing so, you are following the cinema in the sense that was intended

00:35:37--> 00:35:40

because there is no command with regards to when a turban

00:35:41--> 00:35:42

However,

00:35:44--> 00:35:45

if you were a turban

00:35:47--> 00:36:15

and said that for those wearing turbans, they should put wear caps underneath the turbans to distinguish them from the pagans. So, here is the legal aspect of wearing a turban. turban, when you should distinguish your turban from the turban of the pagans by wearing a cap underneath your turban, so that is the legal aspect of wearing a turban. But rather than allowing the chairman, this is up to you.

00:36:18--> 00:36:20

Similarly, on a personal level,

00:36:21--> 00:36:30

when he went to the marketplace to choose sandals to wear, he chose a particular kind of standard which he liked. One which had two stops

00:36:33--> 00:36:34

made in Yemen,

00:36:35--> 00:36:42

from Outlander, with the brownish red cow brother with the hair shaved off. This is this description of the Prophet

00:36:44--> 00:36:47

sandal he chose he went to the market he chose this he liked.

00:36:50--> 00:36:53

Now, this is his personal choice.

00:36:54--> 00:36:57

It doesn't mean that when we go to buy fellows, we have to buy this kind of thing.

00:37:00--> 00:37:04

However, some people who have become sort of

00:37:05--> 00:37:10

a distorted view of the center where they've just grabbed onto everything you find

00:37:12--> 00:37:36

it there's a book called semi legitimacy which is published in Lahore, but was not written by Mohammed Zachary Salman Academy It was written by this is Heidi scholar, Timothy in which he gathered these concerns, apartments or sub descriptions, etc. Now, this has been translated already on from the English along with a commentary. Now, when you read this commentary,

00:37:38--> 00:38:03

it may be available in bookstores, or you pick it up when you read it. And you read about the public on solid sandals. And in the commentary, you find the this commentator Mohammed Zakaria, he is saying that there are so many ballots in these kind of sandals. And if you even draw a picture of the sandals, you know, and you keep it in your room that is going to increase the quality of your life, you know, when you money and

00:38:07--> 00:38:09

gone out on the field.

00:38:12--> 00:38:50

This is deviation actually. Because this is a process of elevating now the process so that the sandal that he wore now, it's like the it's like the Catholics, you know, they have pieces of the cross in on a piece of rope that was supposedly on Jesus when he was under, you know, this is a place where people come and take Baraka from. And of course, you find this in the Muslim world too. I know in Pakistan, a lava tube with a with the two schema prophesies, I was most knocked out in you know, and they have one two people with them. Every time his birthday comes around from the year they'll bring up the streets and people come you know, to make subsistence whatever, right. And the

00:38:50--> 00:38:58

point is that if you go to Turkey, you know, in the Topkapi Museum, they also have a Tuesday, Tuesday says the truth is came out, and he got

00:38:59--> 00:39:07

to the last one to go on the Muslim wall, you got enough to fill a hole, right? All these teeth, and people taking Baraka from the teeth.

00:39:08--> 00:39:21

And of course, even islamically speaking, we reject this, we reject it outright, because the only way we can accept that this truth is a truth teller is if you have a chain of narration right back to the Sahabi, who picked up the truth.

00:39:24--> 00:39:31

He gave it to his son who gave it down in the present and we have the chain all the way down to say this was the truth of the matter. You don't have any of these chains,

00:39:32--> 00:39:33

you know,

00:39:34--> 00:39:54

in Pakistan, India, and you know, in elsewhere, they have hears, supposedly, from the head, you know, and these years continue to grow, they claim, you know, I, again, you know, we reject all this stuff, besides the shuriken this thing which comes out of it people trying to take Baraka from these years and teases.

00:39:56--> 00:39:59

I mean, just the fact that there is no basis for authenticity because there's no

00:40:00--> 00:40:06

chain to do to assure that this in fact, was from the Prophet Mohammed Salah.

00:40:11--> 00:40:35

However, when a person wears a sandal, there is legal sin attached to wearing the sample, not going to tell the sandwich. But in the wearing of the sample itself. It said that whenever one of you puts on sandals, he should put on the right foot first. And when he takes them off, he should take off the left foot first

00:40:36--> 00:40:38

for the citizen and obviously the legals and when you put down

00:40:40--> 00:40:45

whenever you put on the right hand first, when you take on the sandal, you take off the left foot,

00:40:47--> 00:40:53

this is the correction that will put the issues in general practice down the right first take off the left. First.

00:40:55--> 00:40:58

This is a part of the the wicked says we

00:41:00--> 00:41:02

have a Muslim in wearing shoes.

00:41:05--> 00:41:08

Now, of course somebody would question Yes.

00:41:10--> 00:41:12

Who said when you go to the bathroom?

00:41:13--> 00:41:18

lesson. First, when you come out of the bathroom, step out with the right foot.

00:41:19--> 00:41:25

When you go into the masjid, you step in with the license first, you come out of the masjid you step out with the left,

00:41:30--> 00:41:33

to the right and the left and putting on the right and the left. Now

00:41:35--> 00:41:49

this in our kind of religion is this were you telling you what to put in here and out? For some people, especially in modern times, you know, people who tend to question coming out of a backhoe, Western type of background, why? Why do they have to work?

00:41:51--> 00:41:52

The point is that

00:41:54--> 00:42:10

went into this a little bit because it's important for us to sort of have a kind of a an understanding of this, because you will run into this and you should be able to give some kind of clarity to people, you know, why would Islam go to the point of telling you which foot to put on issues first on which foot to step in the bathroom with and stuff.

00:42:12--> 00:42:13

The point is that

00:42:15--> 00:42:17

when you observe animals,

00:42:20--> 00:42:22

they do things in a haphazard fashion.

00:42:24--> 00:42:31

That goes to you and he doesn't always lift is right for you. Sometimes lift is right to left, you know, however, it doesn't follow any particular pattern.

00:42:34--> 00:42:36

We are not animals.

00:42:39--> 00:42:43

What distinguishes ourselves from animals is that we have systems

00:42:45--> 00:42:55

we build a home, we drive a car, we run a business, all of these depend on systems where you have to do this first. And you do that after.

00:42:56--> 00:43:09

If you don't do this, first, it's not gonna work. You get in a car, you want to drive, just by turning the steering wheel, you're not going anywhere, you got to put the key in the ignition, there is a series of rituals that you have to go through to get that car going.

00:43:10--> 00:43:14

And to stop the car. If you don't follow them. The car doesn't work.

00:43:18--> 00:43:31

In the same way that we would we recognize the need for system in order in the outer world for things to be done. Why shouldn't we recognize the system in order for our so

00:43:33--> 00:43:38

we operate according to a system we are conscious of what we're doing

00:43:40--> 00:43:51

is just not doing it unconsciously. You just throw things on, keep moving and you know, but you're conscious of what you do. Because in the unconscious. When you are putting on the right foot first you're remembering the sun not

00:43:54--> 00:44:01

remembering the sinner remembering to submit to the commandments of Allah. And in doing so you're remembering a lot

00:44:02--> 00:44:06

and what is it that makes a person righteous remembrance of Allah.

00:44:09--> 00:44:11

When you remember a lot, then

00:44:13--> 00:44:13

you obey

00:44:14--> 00:44:15

when you forget Allah

00:44:16--> 00:44:17

disobey.

00:44:18--> 00:44:26

That's just the bottom line in terms of righteousness, good and evil. You will know the law you'll be I mean, why did Adam this or the

00:44:30--> 00:44:33

Satan caused him to forget

00:44:34--> 00:44:37

these things you know, which maybe

00:44:38--> 00:44:43

if he did this, you become that angel or become eternal and he forgot

00:44:44--> 00:44:47

Allah and the commands and so he disobeyed

00:44:49--> 00:44:59

which is good, the right is failing. Because when you put shoes on your foot, you are doing something good to your foot. Right. You are trying to step on gas whenever you can.

00:45:00--> 00:45:00

Get the

00:45:01--> 00:45:07

law you're protecting afford something good that you're doing. So you do the right foot first, then the law

00:45:14--> 00:45:15

says you do the right

00:45:18--> 00:45:19

thing on the left.

00:45:21--> 00:45:25

Now, what this also reminds us again, is the day of judgment

00:45:27--> 00:45:34

or judgment, we're going to paradise, we receive the book of good deeds, right and

00:45:37--> 00:45:40

receive it in the left hand behind their backs.

00:45:41--> 00:45:50

So choosing the right over the left favoring the lightness is also due to the system of recognizing righteousness and seeking to do righteousness.

00:45:51--> 00:45:53

To be amongst those who are going to address

00:45:56--> 00:46:00

a lot for us. This seems like just a simple little act.

00:46:02--> 00:46:05

So we follow the some of the patterns

00:46:07--> 00:46:17

that put you on our right foot first we're putting on and taking the next office when we take them off. And we further said,

00:46:18--> 00:46:28

No, one should work the same as the staff, several the sample breaks, you should not walk in one alone until you have the other repaired.

00:46:30--> 00:46:37

If you work, if you don't walk around with one shoe on one sandal on, and the other one off,

00:46:38--> 00:46:40

take them both off until you repair it.

00:46:41--> 00:46:50

Now, this one person may wonder well, why is that? Why is it that we shouldn't walk around with one sample on a one time loss.

00:46:52--> 00:46:57

Of course, there are a number of different things lm has told us to do.

00:46:58--> 00:46:59

Which

00:47:01--> 00:47:05

we may not be able to determine

00:47:06--> 00:47:08

the benefit in it for us.

00:47:11--> 00:47:12

or identify the harm.

00:47:16--> 00:47:30

We recognize fundamentally he told us to do this, by us doing that we are submitting to the center. And in that way we are submitting to Allah and worshiping Allah by doing that, that is obvious to us. There

00:47:31--> 00:47:33

will also be some other benefits,

00:47:34--> 00:47:42

which we are not able maybe at this point in time, maybe some time from now we'll be able to perceive. Because if he

00:47:44--> 00:47:45

have been pretty busy, they're not nearly

00:47:47--> 00:47:52

missions just because a large assault to prevent us from doing this perimeters from doing that for

00:47:53--> 00:47:54

missions.

00:47:55--> 00:47:58

were based on human needs.

00:47:59--> 00:48:00

Allah knows

00:48:01--> 00:48:05

makeup of men, what he needs, what is harmful

00:48:07--> 00:48:07

to the pig

00:48:11--> 00:48:14

because he knows the harm that exists in its format.

00:48:16--> 00:48:19

We will not be able to medically determine wave as harmless.

00:48:20--> 00:48:32

as Muslims, we submit to the commands of Allah believing that is harmful to us, we will seek to try to find out how it is for you know for further clarity for ourselves and for our purpose etc. But we do not

00:48:34--> 00:48:34

make

00:48:37--> 00:48:45

a command of a law depends on our understanding of the harm or the benefit in that command. No.

00:48:48--> 00:48:54

It's only in our time that we found out that trick gnosis is common in the big

00:48:56--> 00:48:56

disease.

00:48:58--> 00:49:01

devastates the human body doesn't kill you. It's devastating.

00:49:02--> 00:49:04

And it's common to

00:49:07--> 00:49:07

most

00:49:10--> 00:49:13

Muslims didn't wait 14 centuries to find out.

00:49:22--> 00:49:22

Similarly,

00:49:24--> 00:49:26

we have a statement of the problem.

00:49:38--> 00:49:42

While I was lying on my stomach, early morning, commands began to nudge me

00:49:44--> 00:49:47

then said this is a method of lying.

00:49:49--> 00:49:50

I looked up and saw that

00:50:10--> 00:50:11

This is the best of

00:50:18--> 00:50:19

the best.

00:50:25--> 00:50:26

There's another nourishing

00:50:40--> 00:50:41

the inhabitants of

00:50:45--> 00:50:46

Muslims.

00:50:53--> 00:50:54

And

00:50:55--> 00:50:58

I remember myself when I was traveling,

00:51:05--> 00:51:06

because they were

00:51:08--> 00:51:09

talking about

00:51:10--> 00:51:11

knowledge.

00:51:18--> 00:51:20

And whilst traveling with them remember

00:51:27--> 00:51:28

they gave some explanation, but

00:51:30--> 00:51:30

really wasn't that

00:51:49--> 00:51:50

what about women?

00:51:56--> 00:51:57

And I really never heard any

00:51:59--> 00:52:01

good explanation. And

00:52:02--> 00:52:04

years later when I was in Panama,

00:52:11--> 00:52:13

and this issue came up and people are getting

00:52:25--> 00:52:27

believing that there is harm.

00:52:28--> 00:52:30

And it was just a loss, we'll

00:52:31--> 00:52:32

find some animals

00:52:33--> 00:52:36

and off the plane, they had Time Magazine.

00:52:38--> 00:52:42

This issue of Time magazine was about back problems,

00:52:43--> 00:52:44

operations and

00:52:49--> 00:52:51

complex operations correct.

00:52:53--> 00:53:01

At Encino, and he describes all the different operation pictures and everything in the handout a list of doctors recommendations in the very first

00:53:02--> 00:53:07

number one for the posture is a short invitation to

00:53:09--> 00:53:23

use a firm mattress lie on the side to bend in the knees. Avoid lying on the belly position that increases the spine lumber curvature causing that familiar sagging

00:53:27--> 00:53:28

strike out to

00:53:30--> 00:53:31

July 14

00:53:45--> 00:53:48

I was reading an article newspapers were

00:53:50--> 00:53:52

studying the phenomenon of what is known as

00:53:53--> 00:53:54

a sudden death

00:53:56--> 00:54:00

the sense that children should not

00:54:03--> 00:54:03

because

00:54:05--> 00:54:05

the

00:54:07--> 00:54:07

mother goes away.

00:54:16--> 00:54:22

But by analyzing situations within which all these kids died, they found that one thing they had in common

00:54:26--> 00:54:26

so they

00:54:27--> 00:54:30

said that that children should not be

00:54:39--> 00:54:49

we don't have to wait you know, 1400 years to find out the cause of swayback and curvature of the spine. Kills babies. We don't know.

00:54:54--> 00:54:57

know we know medically speaking of course in childhood.

00:54:58--> 00:54:59

You may put the child in

00:55:00--> 00:55:03

birdwatcher presents itself to help guests to come up.

00:55:11--> 00:55:12

So,

00:55:13--> 00:55:14

looking back then

00:55:15--> 00:55:17

we see that

00:55:22--> 00:55:22

he

00:55:24--> 00:55:33

chose slides like things which were personal and then there are other things which he commands. Now, going back to the issue of the sample,

00:55:35--> 00:55:36

there may be

00:55:38--> 00:55:40

some factor which may be shown.

00:55:44--> 00:55:48

And if you walk outside with one sandal on one

00:55:53--> 00:55:54

foot with the size of touching the ground

00:55:56--> 00:55:57

without touching the

00:55:58--> 00:55:58

ground, it

00:56:00--> 00:56:01

means there's a difference

00:56:09--> 00:56:10

there may be

00:56:12--> 00:56:15

they may find that there is something

00:56:16--> 00:56:18

the system is affected in some way, because of

00:56:24--> 00:56:27

one foot being slightly higher than the other ones you walk it

00:56:28--> 00:56:30

could affect your posture in some ways.

00:56:31--> 00:56:33

But the point is we don't have to wait on two sides.

00:56:42--> 00:56:43

I should also mention here

00:56:45--> 00:56:48

that there is a very famous

00:56:50--> 00:56:51

collected

00:56:55--> 00:56:56

which is really the basis

00:57:04--> 00:57:05

for stage one

00:57:17--> 00:57:20

fighting the people of Medina artificially policy

00:57:26--> 00:57:27

male and female.

00:57:30--> 00:57:31

When

00:57:32--> 00:57:38

insects essentially carry the pollen from the male to the female,

00:57:39--> 00:57:41

call it cause to be

00:57:47--> 00:57:53

people of Medina they would artificially politic by taking a portion out of the mail. Like

00:57:55--> 00:57:56

when the prodigal son lamb came across,

00:57:58--> 00:57:58

he asked them

00:58:00--> 00:58:00

why they were doing

00:58:02--> 00:58:10

and they replied that it was their habit to do and we know we know it The sooner we can see so many things in the suddenness which point towards

00:58:11--> 00:58:13

dealing with things in a natural way.

00:58:14--> 00:58:16

Not plucking your eyebrows,

00:58:18--> 00:58:22

marking your face finding your teeth making customers these things have been

00:58:24--> 00:58:25

artificially

00:58:26--> 00:58:28

Mari way that a lot.

00:58:30--> 00:58:32

Find the general recommendations

00:58:34--> 00:58:40

going on a general recommendation. He when he asked him why are you doing this? He said we always did it in our portraits.

00:58:41--> 00:58:44

He said to them, perhaps if you did not do it.

00:58:51--> 00:58:52

The next year,

00:58:53--> 00:58:54

the following

00:58:56--> 00:59:01

the following year the crops that they received from the date tremendous. So the game the programs

00:59:05--> 00:59:05

are

00:59:14--> 00:59:18

when I issue any command to you regarding your religion

00:59:20--> 00:59:24

when I issue a command to you based on my own opinion,

00:59:31--> 00:59:32

he admitted

00:59:35--> 00:59:36

what happened

00:59:37--> 00:59:41

whenever he made a decision based on his opinion,

00:59:42--> 00:59:43

a lot of

00:59:46--> 00:59:55

what happened? Correct. But if a law did not correct this and let it be known to the people that this was your opinion of the property

00:59:56--> 00:59:59

then it would be prohibited for our discussion.

01:00:11--> 01:00:15

Because, by the way, you can on occasion,

01:00:17--> 01:00:20

but it's just that when you artificially pollinate guarantee

01:00:29--> 01:00:34

where we have things to buy his own personal we have

01:00:40--> 01:00:40

legal

01:00:43--> 01:00:46

no coming from the legal sooner

01:00:49--> 01:00:50

we can go into

01:00:51--> 01:00:52

something of

01:00:53--> 01:00:54

Islamic law

01:00:56--> 01:00:57

we're supposed to cover both

01:01:07--> 01:01:09

under the heading of the legal

01:01:11--> 01:01:18

which has come to us this has been defined divided commandments for efficient divide these five

01:01:24--> 01:01:25

what is known as

01:01:26--> 01:01:27

watching

01:01:33--> 01:01:35

what is known as Mandoo

01:01:37--> 01:01:37

also called

01:01:39--> 01:01:40

second category,

01:01:42--> 01:01:43

third category,

01:02:11--> 01:02:14

third category, fourth category is called

01:02:18--> 01:02:19

category

01:02:28--> 01:02:32

commandments and practices can divide them into

01:02:36--> 01:02:37

watching or

01:02:40--> 01:02:41

visually compulsive

01:02:48--> 01:02:49

or sooner

01:02:52--> 01:02:53

another term used here is

01:02:55--> 01:02:58

all of these three terms these mean recommend.

01:03:00--> 01:03:01

third category

01:03:04--> 01:03:04

means

01:03:06--> 01:03:07

allow

01:03:14--> 01:03:17

mcru means it's really disliked

01:03:22--> 01:03:24

these are terms here.

01:03:33--> 01:03:37

Now, this division of course was not made by the

01:03:46--> 01:03:49

scholars looking at the various commandments of the Prophet

01:03:52--> 01:04:00

they for the purpose of applying this principle from day to day to day life, they categorize

01:04:04--> 01:04:06

that which is compulsory

01:04:08--> 01:04:11

in the Hanafi madhhab they make a distinction between

01:04:13--> 01:04:16

majority of scholars the other schools are not

01:04:27--> 01:04:28

made compulsory by

01:04:30--> 01:04:30

whereas watching

01:04:37--> 01:04:39

for Georgia scholars watching

01:04:41--> 01:04:41

linguistics

01:04:45--> 01:04:46

both for an incident okay

01:04:49--> 01:04:50

revelation

01:04:57--> 01:04:59

So, first category compulsory

01:05:00--> 01:05:00

This

01:05:02--> 01:05:03

is looked at as

01:05:05--> 01:05:07

any commandments which was given by the

01:05:11--> 01:05:14

wherein, he made no exceptions

01:05:17--> 01:05:19

commanded us to do something, and there are no

01:05:21--> 01:05:26

exceptions, as if by his practice or by statements or by companions of the

01:05:28--> 01:05:30

processing of doing things in his presence.

01:05:32--> 01:05:35

None of this exists, we understand that commands

01:05:40--> 01:05:41

Allah,

01:05:43--> 01:05:43

Allah

01:05:45--> 01:05:45

commanded to me,

01:05:47--> 01:05:47

there are no

01:05:49--> 01:05:49

exceptions

01:05:56--> 01:05:57

growing the beard

01:06:02--> 01:06:03

commanded us

01:06:09--> 01:06:09

to

01:06:11--> 01:06:11

watch

01:06:14--> 01:06:15

though some people refer to

01:06:17--> 01:06:17

recommend,

01:06:21--> 01:06:22

clear command with

01:06:30--> 01:06:32

the prophet SAW some of them is a being a law,

01:06:35--> 01:06:35

English

01:06:42--> 01:06:51

second category that was recommended, this is things which problems are seldom encouraged us to do,

01:06:53--> 01:06:57

or which he did most often.

01:07:02--> 01:07:04

For example, among the recommended things, we have

01:07:05--> 01:07:06

to pray for

01:07:09--> 01:07:10

volunteer prayers recommend

01:07:18--> 01:07:18

recommend

01:07:23--> 01:07:24

a compulsory

01:07:25--> 01:07:26

record recommend

01:07:28--> 01:07:29

this also includes

01:07:30--> 01:07:34

a category of things where the process commanded us to do something

01:07:35--> 01:07:36

and then he

01:07:38--> 01:07:42

has modified that command by his own practice

01:07:49--> 01:07:50

praying

01:07:51--> 01:07:54

five daily prayers

01:07:55--> 01:07:56

in their time.

01:07:58--> 01:08:00

This is a commandment in the

01:08:03--> 01:08:06

commandments from the center. However, from

01:08:09--> 01:08:12

a Muslim, he prays

01:08:15--> 01:08:16

together,

01:08:17--> 01:08:19

Margaret Asia to get

01:08:21--> 01:08:26

when there was no rain, no sickness, nothing to

01:08:27--> 01:08:33

say, Well, this is the reason why he did when he was asked about he said that you didn't

01:08:34--> 01:08:35

remove

01:08:39--> 01:08:41

given a circumstance where

01:08:42--> 01:08:43

difficult for us

01:08:44--> 01:08:45

jobs

01:08:46--> 01:08:48

or tiredness because

01:08:50--> 01:08:52

tired, go to sleep.

01:08:55--> 01:08:57

Stand up there and maybe

01:09:03--> 01:09:04

you don't have any concentration.

01:09:05--> 01:09:07

But the books deep wake up.

01:09:09--> 01:09:18

Without attention don't mean that Santa's praying you know, delay, delay, delay, eventually. time of prayer. You do it that way you're committed.

01:09:19--> 01:09:22

But if you because of your circumstances,

01:09:23--> 01:09:28

and you know you're sleeping, so you make the intention of praying door along with your options.

01:09:34--> 01:09:35

food is served

01:09:36--> 01:09:38

from a subset when food is served.

01:09:39--> 01:09:40

There's no prayer.

01:09:43--> 01:09:47

For times coming, you know it's going to take time to eat your meal. So you make the intention to break

01:09:53--> 01:09:56

you're likely to miss that time of prayer.

01:10:06--> 01:10:08

From the sooner we've understood that

01:10:09--> 01:10:10

this is something

01:10:12--> 01:10:14

highly recommended,

01:10:18--> 01:10:22

but it is not compulsory to the point that if you didn't do so, as in the case, when you join

01:10:23--> 01:10:43

or you know, we know that when you're traveling or other circumstances, some sickness women who are bleeding continuously he told him to join the prayer. So, we know that there are variety of circumstances where you are allowed join those prayers, we know that the praying on the time then is general recommendation

01:10:45--> 01:10:47

not a compulsory state we become sinful

01:10:50--> 01:10:51

The idea was

01:10:53--> 01:11:01

something can be understood the recommended by the process of commanding something, then modifying the command by an action or by

01:11:03--> 01:11:05

the category of what this

01:11:06--> 01:11:11

this is something wherein there is no command or for efficient

01:11:18--> 01:11:19

an example of that would be like

01:11:21--> 01:11:21

thinking about

01:11:30--> 01:11:31

nothing

01:11:33--> 01:11:36

told you in any way shape or form that you should

01:11:38--> 01:11:39

take that bath, because

01:11:45--> 01:11:51

the fourth category is referred to as mcru which means like

01:11:52--> 01:11:55

and this category represents

01:11:56--> 01:11:57

the category of things which

01:11:59--> 01:12:00

are identified as being

01:12:01--> 01:12:03

like I gave you the example of

01:12:17--> 01:12:29

also it is a category of things which are solid for example, for bass sponsor, but laser in his option or statement reduce the prohibition to

01:12:31--> 01:12:34

being disliked. For example,

01:12:35--> 01:12:37

if any of you find yourself drinking,

01:12:46--> 01:12:47

if you took that alone

01:12:50--> 01:12:52

however, companion said they saw

01:12:58--> 01:13:00

So, we know from that

01:13:02--> 01:13:04

no no thumbs up and

01:13:06--> 01:13:09

we know from that, that the command

01:13:11--> 01:13:14

was here, one indicating dislike

01:13:15--> 01:13:17

dislike drinking

01:13:18--> 01:13:19

was that it is

01:13:26--> 01:13:27

last category

01:13:31--> 01:13:32

and we know something

01:13:34--> 01:13:35

without any

01:13:38--> 01:13:39

any normal