Compilation Of The Qur’An
Channel: Bilal Philips
File Size: 12.66MB
hamdulillah salat wa salam ala rasulillah.
All Praise to Allah, Allah Peace and blessings beyond the last messenger of Oman.
In the last four session, we completed the topic of cow heat.
And in the next four sessions, we'll be looking at what is known as fear.
For latin word concerning
the Islamic concept of God.
We said the term used to refer to that concept is so he's. So he's meant
maintaining the unity of a law of God, the unity of God, in both our concept of God, as well as in our relationship with God in terms of worship, at everything we do, in the name of God.
For the sake of God,
acts of worship to God, all of them reflect a unity
a unique unit.
God's revelation to man
recorded in books of Revelation, from the time of Adam, until
the last prophet, Muhammad may God's peace and blessings be upon him.
The Scriptures which came before
as a Muslim, we all have to accept and recognize revelation was given to Adam.
Revelation was given to Abraham, to Moses, to David, to Jesus. And, finally, the last revelation was given to Prophet Muhammad may God's peace and blessings be upon all the properties. And there are other prophets who received revelation scriptures. Some of them we know about, they're mentioned in the Old Testament of the Bible. Some of them are mentioned in the Quran that mentioned in the in the Old Testament, and there are others of God says in the Quran, prophets, about whom God has not
given us information,
but he has informed us
not bad enough, equally omata Nakula was said to every nation, a messenger, messengers were sent to all nations. So revelation came to all
nations of mankind.
However, for us today,
to follow revelation,
and we know that it is necessary to follow revelation, because the human mind, if it is left, to decide what is good, and what is evil,
it will decide on what is convenient to itself.
This is the nature of human beings, we consider the things good, which are pleasing to us, and the things evil are bad, which are not pleasing to us. However, some of those things which are not pleasing to us, in fact, good, good for society. And some of those things which are pleasing to us are that bad for society. So, if we are left to judge good and evil,
corrupt society. And this is what God says, If judgment were left to man,
that there will be corruption throughout the land.
And the only way to avoid corruption is to judge by revelation. Because what God has revealed
It is not favoring any class in society or any other class
or any nation over any other nation, any race over any other age.
Males over females, whatever, no. The revelation,
the judgment of God, and the messengers of God is impartial.
It is based on the realities of men and society.
Know, the final revelation to go on.
Why Muslims hold on to that final revelation
And do not follow the previous revelation lies in the issue of authenticity,
what is authentic and what is not authentic?
the basis of the authenticity of the Koran, it is necessary for us to understand how it was revealed, how it was recorded, etc. So, basically, this is what we'll be looking at in the first
session, we'll be looking at the compilation
Now the term sub tier, which you mentioned here, that fear
And in specific, it refers to commentary on the bar.
It is a science amongst the Islamic sciences, the science of interpretation of the Quran, how does one interpret surprise? Is it just a situation where everybody is free to take it and understand it as how they treat
you know, or other
strict rules that have to be followed in its interpretation to ensure that the proper interpretation takes place.
This is what we'll be looking at when we go into the actual science of last year. But for now, what we're looking at
is basically the compile ation of the crime. Now, the first error to look at is the era of the Prophet Muhammad sutherlands.
His era of prophethood is from 609.
t to 632.
We use the term CE II and set up ad.
Ad comes from the Latin Anna Domini, which means in the year of our Lord,
in the year of our Lord.
That is believing that Jesus was God. You know, so we don't believe in God. So we don't use the term ad, we'll see Eazy E means Christian era
is more common in writing today Christian era, or sometimes they use it to mean common error.
This is the common error that people have agreed upon. Now, what started from zero, because zero in any case,
was not necessarily the time when Jesus was born. Even Western scholars, biblical scholars ever agree that, you know, zero what was thought to be the zero point was the credit card confirm is not the date, actually, on which Jesus was not even the century.
Now, during the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad, may God's peace and blessings be upon him.
And his profit codes
That's the period of profit.
was not revealed to him
all at once.
It was not a book. I scripture reveals to him at one instance.
But the revelation began.
We subtract 23 from here, get nine.
big revelation began 609. We're not saying he was born into
nothing. He was born in six or nine.
But this is the period when revelation began. He was 40 years old when the revolution began.
He died at the age of 63.
And Father Bahama got upon him
He was part of a group of people in NACA, who used to
go out onto the desert, and reflect and to meditate. He had some youth rejected the worship of idols, which was common in Mecca at the time where he was born. And there are other people like him who used to do that used to go out in the desert, and meditate, pray to God, believing in one God but not having the benefit of revelation to know exactly how to pray and everything, but they used to go and pray and fast anyway.
They were a part of a group who are known as the the sandwich they used to refer to them.
I mean, I won't go into too much detail of this. I mean, this is really in the area of Tierra, the biography of Prophet Muhammad. But you know that when he was meditating in the cave of Hira,
the angel Gabriel came to him. And the process of revelation began.
When the first revelation began, at first he was fearful. He was not certain that is His revelation,
you will not threaten that maybe you know it, was it a trick or devilish trick on him, etc. So he himself
sought to find ways and means of determining whether, in fact, this was revelation or not. He asked his wife, he asked others he went even to there was the relative of his wife waterfox. He didn't know who was a Christian at the time reading the scriptures, and they related to him and what he experienced the Prophet that had a nofo confirm to him that yes, this was in fact, a revelation. It was not something devilish.
any case, the point is that revelation began at this point, when it first began.
Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, used to try to repeat whatever was related to him by Angel Gabriel,
he will try to repeat after him in order that he wouldn't forget it.
However, God revealed to him that there was no need for him to do this, that God would preserve it in its hearts.
And this is in chapter 75, verses 16 and 18. It is mentioned there in the Quran, God says there, do not move your tongue
hastily to learn it, surely, we are collected and recycled. So when we recite this follow is recycled
from this point,
Muhammad negotiation definitely upon him, you know,
submitted his affair to God completely, whatever was revealed to him remained imprinted in his heart, God caused this not to be forgotten.
Now, he then conveyed whatever was revealed to him, to his companions, those around him.
in turn recorded because Prophet Muhammad may got peace and blessings be upon him,
was illiterate, in the sense that he could neither read nor write. Literacy was not that common in Arabia at the time, there were some amongst them who were illiterate. But like in many parts of the world, there was only a small segment of any given society that were literate, know the prophets, they got used to finding was not literate. So what happened is that the message that he conveyed had to be
had to be recorded by those around him in one way or another.
he used to recite the portions of the scheme to him in congregational prayer, and you know, this is done aloud. So his companions would hear the portions of the crime recited aloud, and congregational prayer, and this would help them to remember it.
Whenever someone entered Islam,
they were also taught the prayer just as many of you are 100 Muslims, new Muslims when you first come into Islam, your thoughts about your house, your tribe from chapters from the Quran.
In the same way as to the same tradition, that was from the time of the Prophet. Whenever new people came into Islam, they were taught the basic prayers, and they were taught chapters from the plan to use in their prayers.
There are some amongst his companions, those who accepted Islam, who works scribes who are able to write, and he chose a number of them to be his personal scribes who would be with him throughout the rest of his life. Whenever revelation came, he would recite it to them, they would record it.
Furthermore, he encouraged his companions, saying that the best amongst them were those who learn to call and talk to others,
is a very common statement or habito problems or hydrocone, mantra, and among four for an Lama, the best of you are those who learn the Quran, and teach it to others.
So he encouraged his companions to learn the Quran and teaches so there are four basic methods by which the Koran was preserved in the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad.
They were preserved in the memory through recitation in congregational prayer one.
It was preserved by those who came into Islam having to learn portions of the crime, to dissolve and memory.
Three, he encouraged his companions to learn and to teach the Koran and four, there were scribes wrote down the Koran as it was revealed.
So the Koran
in the time of the problem, that alarm was recorded
in the memory,
and in writing,
is recorded in the memory and in writing.
And it's very important for us to understand the significance of memory in those days
in a society, which is what fundamentally an oral culture.
Their memories were very strong, that like us today, we depend on writing. And by depending on writing, our ability to memorize is weak.
But a society that doesn't, right.
All it does is convey things orally, then it means that their memory is very strong, it means from childhood. You see, you see our society from childhood, when parents want something, they tuck their children, they give them lists of things to do to go to the market to buy some clothes, they get, they're not writing it down on paper, like now when we want to send our kids to the market, we write down the things on purpose to buy something from the shop, exactly what we need, we have to write it all down. If it's more than two or three things, we got to write down a list for them. In those days, they just told the kid two or three times they told him, it was in his head he went but if you
didn't, you got a spanking whatever, you know, he was encouraged from the early ages, to retain whatever he heard, or she hurts to a society that goes like that. Naturally, their ability to hear and to to memorize is much greater than it isn't our time. However, the Koran was not only recorded in that method, it was also recorded, as I said, by the scribes, who were around the amount of time they recorded it in writing. Now, at that time, of course, writing materials were not readily available paper was not invented. You know, in Egypt, they were making pirates papers, read paper, but it was not available in Arabia.
What they wrote on in those days were
the skin right animal skins,
is known as parchment. This is one of the most common
things that we use for writing materials in most parts of the world. They also wrote on
They wrote on tree bark,
and even the shoulder blades of sheep and camels
have a surface wide purpose they use this for writing.
So naturally the fur and during the lifetime of the problem was that it was recorded but on many different pieces of material. It was not in one complete text to say when the button class and I'm dying. You know here we have the text of the class.
No, it was memorized in its totality. However, it was not written all up as one step. But what was revealed was recorded on a variety of different materials.
up to the time of the Prophet when he died in 632
who has one closest companion, Abubakar, he took over for two years 630 to 634.
Now, during this period,
a revolt in Arabia during the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad, may God's peace and blessings be upon him. Islam spread over all over radio.
Most of them governors were over Yemen, in over this area, Bahrain, all over Arabia, Islam has spread there. But Islam has not reached all of the people in the sense that all the people became Muslim. But it was ruling Arabia at the time. However, when the Prophet lamp died,
there were some people who had submitted to the spread of Islam militarily.
They submitted and said, okay, we accept, you know, Islam,
because it was stronger, as a stronger society, stronger support. So they submitted and they became Muslims accepted Islam.
they were when they paid tax, well, they would pay them because we know we have this principle of zakkai, every Muslim is required to give 2.5% of his accumulated wealth to the poor, miss the cop, which was required of all Muslims, they were paying that thinking that they were paying, it's a tribute to Mohammed. You know, like when kings conqueror lands, the conquered peoples pay tribute to the conquerors. So they were looking at the calf, as
tribute, whereas it wasn't. So after the Prophet died, they decided that they don't want to pay it anymore. So we don't want to pay the guy anymore finished. in our pocket, Mom and his dad, no need to pay it anymore.
there was also
was formed behind
the false prophets,
known as musella,
from the tribe called the honeypot from net, which is close to this area, to the of the Eastern Region of Arabia, a prophet arose there one individually claimed he was a prophet, actually, during the lifetime of Prophet Mohammed, they got peace in that apartment, he had offered him a deal, that they would split Arabia between them, you know, he would rule in one part and the Prophet rejected this, you know, and and identified him as a false prophet.
There was also a false prophet
by the name of such as
from the samim tribe, and she joined up with with a llama. So we had false prophets in eastern Arabia. So Josh,
female prophet from Lake samim, Dr.
from the tribe known as the honey for tribes.
And there was also in the southern part of Arabia in the area called Niger on
the one of the prophets whose name was Edward Allah.
He is from the tribe of ants. This is in Nigeria, in South Western Arabia.
So these were the for profit and profit.
And we also had
those who rejected
rejected to pay the car
represented a fourth law which threaten
The center of Islam netqin Medina, they came militarily wanting to impose either their false teachings, the prophethood prophets, or impose their rights to reject the payment of the cow. So Muslims under the leadership of Abu Bakar, who became known as the first
the first Caliph,
Abu Bakr, he led Muslims in a struggle against the,
during the course of this struggle
within the first year of this struggle,
another Companion of the Prophet, his name was Omar
He came to Abu Bakar
and made a suggestion to him, the suggestion was that
the plan should be written together in one sec.
To avoid the possibility of it being blocked.
Why? Because he noticed
that many of the people were involved in the wars against these individuals, right?
Who are being killed.
on the front lines of the battle being killed, many of them were those who had memorized large portions of the class.
So for fear that the Quran may be lost, he suggested to our backers that he start the process have somebody responsible for recording the crime as one.
why so many of those with memorized plans were being killed. Why? Because they had absorbed the message of the client, God's revelation to men, and this has given them
and the commitment to go to the frontlines to die for the sake of Islam.
This is why they are in the forefront. The more I first learned of the Quran in those days, the more it motivated them to sacrifice to commit and submit themselves possibly to God. So the Quran had an effect on them. And as a result, they were in the frontlines of the battle, many of them were being killed. So when Omar suggested this to Abu Bakar abubaker first reaction was no
he didn't want to do it.
Why? Because Prophet Muhammad may got decent messengers upon him had not done
the problem officer Salaam had warned his companions telling them man asked us of the marina malaise and then move forward. Whoever brings anything new in this religion
because rejected by God
that Islam was complete as the law said in the Quran, Allah Yama smell silicone. Lena Coombs was to LA Kumasi de la cama de la Medina today Allah says, I have completed for you your religion
and my faith were upon you.
And I'm pleased with Islam as your religion. So the religion was complete in the time of the Father.
So, taking those two principles together, the companions, the disciples of the Prophet Muhammad wa Salaam, were very reluctant to bring anything new to make any changes in the religion, from the way that the profit and losses. So avago was first reluctant. But Omar continues to discuss with him and reason with him, to show him that what the prophet SAW Selim was doing by having the scribe record what's to prevent it in writing, not just to depend on the memory, but to also preserve it in writing. And a law refers to the Quran in its text itself as a dialogical key tabula.
But this is the book in which there is no doubt,
to alarm impressed with as one checks. So therefore for us to put it in effect is not going against the way of the Prophet. The Prophet left the basic principle of recording and settle for preservation and writing. And it was up to them to do it in the best way possible.
So, our Walker became convinced. And he then instructed one of his companions, one of the companions of the Prophet, another one, by the name of David nisab it
to compile the code in one second. Now,
when folks have dated the fabric, and instructed him to do this, their first reaction was the same as give them a double bar. He said, How can I do something with apartments I didn't do.
So Abu Bakr and Omar had to discuss with him and reason with them to convince them to do the job.
He became one who took on the responsibility of compiling the Quran into one second. Now he was chosen for four basic reasons.
The first reason
was that he was one of the few who memorize the Quran in the lifetime of Fatima. And he
asked for the copy of the Quran from hospital.
He called JW Sabbath
make a transcription from this original copy
to a number of other copies.
a total of seven copies were made.
And these copies were sent.
So the main centers of Islamic design, one was sent to Mecca, once to Syria, one to Baccarat one to Kufa, one to Yemen, one to Bahrain and one was kept in Almudena.
now, at the same time, these copies were sent along with an official resizer of the client, someone from amongst the companions, who knew how to recite the Quran correctly, those is not just the text sent, when a recycle was sent along with it, to ensure that the recitation was correct.
And an instruction was also given that all other people had also made their own private copies. During this period, they had made their own private copies from their memories or
some magnets and gone and they transcriptions from aboubaker. But and pass on to others who made other transcriptions and so on. So, but it was not a controlled constraints kitchen. So there were errors in the writing, etc. Some people made put notes in the margin or whatever. And this, some people might have thought these are part of the text, but it was decided at that time, that all other copies of the Quran this area, all of the copies of the client were to be destroyed.
And new copies were only to be made from the official one, which came back from the time of Obamacare that was transcribed systematically and with quality controls to ensure that the sex was pure.
I am taking this process of writing the seven copies were made were completed by 646 within two years, after the time of
was man when he began to study for within three years of the drain, the seven copies were complete and sentences sentence.
what does this means a lie in chapter 15, that is soil hedger. Verse nine says, very neatly reveals the reminders requirements and various
We shall preserve it in national venom victress are in the hula havapoo that allow
this final revelation.
A lot deserved is not only in the memory of people, but it was also preserved pure,
pure from any kind of interpolation or change.
This was critical Why? Because Prophet Muhammad mega peace and blessings be upon him was the last of the prophets of God. Allah says in the Quran, that he was the seal of the Prophet, no prophets was to come after him.
So if he were to be the last prophet, then the revelation which he brought, had to be preserved for all time.
Otherwise, if it were going to be distorted, as what happened to the revelations which came before, then the message would be lost,
the purpose of this process would being the finality would be lost.
So because God chose him to be the final prophet, then the message which he brought had to be preserved unchanged, so that people up until the day of judgment, would have access to that final revelation, as it was revealed.
this check of the crime
has been scrutinized by Western orientalist,
seeking to find mistakes, to find contradictions, so that it may also be put in the same category as the Old and the New Testament. Because we know to the science of Scripture criticism developed by Western biblical scholars, scholars, it has been proven without a doubt that the New Testament what we know as the Gospels, and the writings of Paul, as well as the Old Testament has many, many
interpolations have taken place. This is why you will find for example, if you look at the King James version of the of the Bible, you'll see footnotes where verses have been dropped out from earlier translation, they will say these verses were not available in the earliest,
the earliest manuscripts, etc. So you will find when you pick up from Bible to Bible, the New Revised Standard Version and this version of that version, you'll find versus added and deleted and, you know, so much, even between the Catholic and the Protestant Bible, Catholic Bible has seven books which are not even found in the Protestant Bibles. You know. So, these kind of variations due to Scripture criticism, you know,
being proven to be
interpolation and changes.
The secondary colors try to put the same
data on the Quran. And they gathered by escaped from Russia, Tashkent, in Russia, where they have some early manuscripts from this early period.
From the time of
time, actually, there was many copies made some of the copies, copies, which were made from the seven copies, ended up in Tashkent, ended up in Turkey, in Egypt during the Library of Congress there in London. So they gathered these manuscripts. And they compared them to go this is how you know when interpolation is taking place, right? If you compare two manuscripts of the same text, and you find differences in the text, one which is earlier than the other,
then you can assume that what is in the second, the late effects has been added.
However, when they compared manuscripts, whether they pick them up in Indonesia, you know, in India, or in Spain, in Algeria, or in Tashkent in Russia, they found no difference in the text, the text was the same. So a difference in the style of writing,
but the text, same, no difference,
which is a
has not been changed.
And this is the basis of
the Scripture final scripture, which has been remained has remained unchanged, unchanged, and recorded preserved not only in writing, but in the memories of
from the time of
if one was destroyed,
one was invent a bomb, which would explode in the world today and only destroy paper, paper bombs.
The only religious check scripture that could be rewritten word for word without a single change is the class.
The length of it is like the length of the New Testament.
We know we have schools here, right here in Mrs. We have schools all over the world where children are put through courses, three year courses when they're seven years old or nine years old. They put through three year courses. And within the three year time, they complete the memorization of the whole Quran, memorization, to the degree that all you have to do is to open anywhere in the book.
And you start to recite from one verse, they will complete that verse.
Because you have different levels of memorization, but this is exact memorization. They have competitions in Mecca, they have competitions in Malaysia and Indonesia every year, which we are amongst women amongst men, for memorization qualities in the Philippines, they have competitions like this competitions in Mindanao, between those who had memorized the whole file
that is required, preserved as no other book no other scripture in the world can we say, has that level of preservation.
And, as I said, the significance of all this was one, that
was the last
check which he brought had to be preserved until for all time. So I thought it would add significance to
his main miracle. Now he had miracles as other prophets had similar different from others from them, similar to others. During his lifetime, which proves to the people have decided that he was a prophet, but
because he wants to be the last of the Prophet, his miracle
had to be available to you today.
if somebody were to ask you, do you believe that Jesus brought the dead back to life?
Okay, as Muslims, we believe.
Christians believe somebody said to you, can you prove to me that Jesus was dead back to life, you cannot prove it. It is something you have taken on faith because you read it in the Scripture, and you accept that scripture. And the artist is mentioned that Jesus brought the dead back to life. That's why would you leave?
If you are to ask the Lord,
if you're asked to prove that Moses caused the Red Sea to be separated God's miracle for Moses, when he was separated, and Moses went across, could you prove that you cannot prove it?
It is something that you have accepted on faith, we believe it because it's in the Quran.
But those miracles
were not to prove to you and if today that those were prophets of God, because in miracles membrane miracle is revealed to a prophet, to tools to his people, that he is a prophet of God.
Because they will see that miracles drawn towards Moses, when they saw the Red Sea separated and they were both do you think they had any doubt that Moses was a prophet of God? That's the evidence, though, that God Jesus had the dead come back to life? Do you think they had any doubt that Jesus was a prophet of God? No, that would be evidence to them. But that's not evidence for us.
We know about the prophets of old
by the prophets that came to us and informed us about them. So since Prophet Muhammad, Allah wants to be the last of the prophets, then he had to have a miracle, which would last till today, last till the end of time.
That would stand up to that he was a prophet of God. And that miracle is the
when we go in future sessions, we will look in more detail about the miracle of the
miracle not only in its preservation, the fact that it can be preserved as deserve a miracle from a scientific point of view. Miracle as a literary miracle is a variety of different angles, that it is a miracle.
And of course, you know, this is, of course, particularly significant Richard also, because of the fact that
this is confirming that Mohammed Hassan was not only to the people of Arabia do not send to the Arab,
just to the Arab, he was raised amongst them. That message came in Arabic, but he was sent as a loss it in the blind, as a messenger to all of mankind,
the all of the previous prophets, they were sent to particular people in particular places for particular periods of time.
And that is why God did not preserve their revelation, because they were only meant for their time.
So the fact that the Quran is dissolved as it is preserved, it's also confirming, the prophet.
This is the confirmation of the Prophet, and that that Prophethood was to all of mankind, and not limited to the time in which the prophet
SAW Allah was
here on the compilation of
the preservation of the Quran took place from the time of Prophet Muhammad.
He preserved this in his own memory,
in the memory of his companions, by reciting it in prayer by teaching all the new Muslims to recite it by encouraging his compilers to learn and teach it. And also was preserved in writing. He had scribes around him who wrote to crime, he did not stop, right. That's why people say, Oh, this is a product of mom and mom, his book is scripture. No, it's not his. He didn't like
he only conveyed to the people what was revealed to him, and it was revealed over a period of 23 years, and we're gonna look into that, the significance of that later.
Afternoon his death within a year after his death, abubaker instructed them the Sabbath,
on the recommendation of Omar Abdel Kasab to record it in one text to bring all the pieces together and make one official text.
And this was done by reading the savage because he was one of those who had memorized the whole Quran. He was one of the scribes, the Prophet Muhammad SAW Salaam, and he was one of those who was with him in the last Ramadan of his life in which he recited the whole Koran completely two times, usually is resizes one time in his life in Ramadan, and that Ramadan he recited it two times, and he was with him.
We said that when Abu Bakr died, he gave that recorded text to Omar kebab, who was assassinated and 644 before he died, he gave it to his sister haha.
Wait a minute.
But what is your daughter?
Let me confirm that.
My mind is slipping, it
Okay, his daughter, who was one of the wives of Prophet Muhammad, they got to the best of your finding. Now,
after chatted with her.
One of the wives It
was not enough fun
was the third challenge, right. during his reign within the first year or so, they detected some problems in the reputation of crime and incorrect lighting. So official copies were made. By the second year of his reign, several official copies which were sent to the major centers of Islam, and all of the other unofficial copies were destroyed. So all copies from 646 onwards were made from that original seven, which were made from the original one made in the time of level marker. So that was the method by which it was ensured that one text
unchanged in writing would be handed down. And all the texts that we have today, they're all traceable back to that original text, no change in plan, whether you're in Indonesia or you're in Algeria, whether you're in Britain or you're in America, we only have one slide.
We said the significance of that summary was that problems I send them was the loss of the profit. There
His description which came to him has to be preserved until the last day available to all mankind as of the last day, it was his main miracle, it has to be the proof of prophethood that he was a prophet for all mankind. And because of the fact that he was not sent only to the people amongst whom he was raised with all of mankind, its preservation also confirm his the finality of his profit.
hashima died six months after some of them died. So she wasn't even alive when it was written.
Okay, when the final copy was made in the time of arrival, baugher fakuma was already dead.
910 You know what, this is? Greg Laurie. And if you go by hijra, you know, because it was lunar calendars, right? As they count in the database, all of these different dynasties say nine, it could be 910 632, it could be one to 631 to 32 approximation.
To see if money is donated for a particular purpose, is not permissible for it to be used for any other purpose unless permission is gotten from the person who donated it.
If I donate money to build a machine,
you are not allowed to say well, okay, we have some people will make a smaller, massive, and I'll use this extra money and give it to the poor people. No, you're not say that's not a bad idea. If the people in the sound, for example, you're going to build a mattress, they don't need a mattress so big, they could make it smaller. And this other money could use to build a school, for example, they need a school or some other function that the society needs. But you must get permission from the one who has donated before you do that you cannot do it on your own. Unless the person that's giving you the money instead, do what you think is that
they give you that work in the in the in that
form, then yes, you can, you know, adjust. But if they're giving you specifically for building a masterpiece is not allowed for you to use any of that money for any other purpose.
for a person who is in need of money to take a loan from the bank, is what you're asking about. Is this permissible?
If your life or your limb is threatened, because there are circumstances any plan when you are permitted to do
what is normally considered forbidden
areas whose harm does not go beyond yourself
based on the verse in which God describes the forbidden food, including pigs, and then he said that if your life is threatened, and you eat,
you are not held to account. you're starving to death as a Muslim though we are not allowed to eat pork or drink alcohol.