Umar Farooq – The Four Caliphs – part 5

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Bashar Shala

Channel: Bashar Shala

Series:

Episode Notes

Dr Bashar details the lives of the four greatest men who lived after the Prophet Muhammad (Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him), the Caliphs of Islam, the rulers of the Islamic Empire that swept across Arabia, Asia, Africa and even so far as Southern Europe.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.

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lm shaytaan

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Rahim

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al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen Hamza die daddy is Karina shaqiri Hamza us in Yama, Hawaii Kathy zita Welcome to select your destiny Allah sabena Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi Hmm. on Long Island NEMA and found out finally Valentina, was it nine min confit denio bellami. Allah Jim Anna has a German or Houma with a farrakhan and in da de la Suma

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shocky, and voila, moto Roman yo Bella alameen. And

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we continue sha Allah on the legacy of Alfonso Amaro Maha pub, the second successor after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and I beg your pardon about my voice,

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which inshallah will not fail me. But if it does, then I, I get your apology for that.

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We spoke off the legacy of fermata pub, and we started with one of the most important attributes of this Muslim of this student of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, if you will, and that is His justice, and his equality for people. And we studied last time how he was just and fair, even with people of his own family, like his son, the pious, the known scholar, I blog neuroma. And that's a quick correction of some of that story that I mentioned last time when he had some cattle that he was minding outside Medina. And Omar felt that that cattle was getting more attention than the cattle of flaming of the rest of the people. And he ordered his son Omar about the law of nermark,

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to sell it and to keep his capital make no profit out of that, and everything extra goes back to the Treasury to bacon med. And we continue inshallah, on the legacy of Bob, one of his most important attributes, and things that are more dead than in the Muslim state. And that establishing phase was freedom was to guarantee human rights to guarantee the freedom for the human being. And we will see how that was for Muslims and non Muslims together.

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The time when a lot of pop and Islam was spreading, and in Persia in the area that the Persian Persian Empire and the Byzantine Empire, there was no democracy in these two empires. It was totalitarian empires of that sort. And they used to have

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oppression against their own people,

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especially that was seen in design him, the official religion of the Byzantine Empire was calculus, calculus ism. And there was some people that that had the Orthodox or at that time known as the Jacobean and Jacobi, and they were oppressed by the, by the the Byzantine Empire by heraclius. And those people used to be tormented, and be forced to follow certain Christian denominations that they did not believe in. And

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in Islam, we know that a lot of kind of what I said like cry has a dean, there is no compulsion in religion and religion is you cannot force anyone to believe what they want to believe. But you have to make sure that you lift the oppression so people are free to choose what they feel is the right thing to believe in.

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And one time as the stones that narrated of Omar Abu Qatada is a Christian woman came to him, and she was an elderly Christian woman, and she came to him for something to give her so she was asking for some type of help and aid from a lot of Nepal. And Omar looked at that Christian, elderly women and he said eslami testimony in Allahabad, so Mohammedan will, that become a Muslim and you will be safe, you will be delivered, you will be saved.

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And a lot of Canada to Allah and His Messenger Mohammed was the rightful message. He's trying to invite her to Islam. So she said and I use an cavea Well, Motu in a club. She said, I am an older woman, I am closer to death, and I don't want to change my religion. So

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gave her the aid that she's looking for and supplied what she wanted. And then after that, he continued to ask a lot for forgiveness. So those around him they said, What are you what are you so concerned about them? or Why are you asking for forgiveness this that much, he said a law firm in the shed to Accra. He said, I was only giving guidance, and I was not trying to make her not trying to, to give her a compulsion to come into Islam he felt like because she needed him. And he was taken advantage of that he felt like he knew be taken advantage of that needy woman, and often in Islam, and the state of lead where she would respond because of that need, and maybe she would be

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forced to come into Islam by that way. And he was asking Allah, Allah forgiveness, and and apologizing to Allah subhana wa tada that he was only given her guidance and not compulsion.

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He had a slave called Ashok. And Ashok was a Christian slave, a former servant of his, and this is narrated from Asher conserve, and Amar came to him, he says esslyn, heptane, sustainer.

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Yamaha, Elena and Mr. inala will reconvene and a Seminole ama came to him and he said, become a Muslim, because I want to use you in certain paths and certain things made these Academy the other things that only Muslim people can do. Only Muslim people can do these missions. And I should have said that.

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And I said no. Then Omar said like raha Deen, there is no compulsion in religion. And when he after Omar was stabbed, and he was dying, he called upon me and he said, Go free and go, who wherever you want to go. And he gave him his freedom at the time of his death. And in the treaty when I'm out of no copy, no, Jerusalem and goodness, me Allah returned to return that back to the Muslims. When I'm on a cane and conquered that, that that city he can peacefully the city surrendered only to Omar, and he wrote, he wrote a treaty he wrote a pledge to the people of Jerusalem, which was called India at that time, and he said Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim.

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Li Li.

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I like to see him while I'm wearing him, wrestle Danny him, what can I see him he said for the people of India, that is Jerusalem, they have safety they have, they have to they have full guarantees, on their answers, on their money on their belongings, and on their cross sector classes that they glorify they nobody shall touch that nobody shall break across in Jerusalem and churches.

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And under glass also, he conquered the Christian territory in Egypt. And he wrote also a pledge and treaty for the people of Egypt Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. Have them

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to see him when you see him while I'm wearing him. What can you see him? What's the movie him? What about him? Well battery him.

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And he's confirmed that and I'll translate it in a second sha Allah Modi has and kitabi I don't lie within within Metro Sula. Within Metro Manila to me, many, many, many Mr. Ross wrote a similar truth to the people of Egypt, giving them complete guarantees for their own freedom for their own souls, for their own churches, for their crosses, and for belongings, and for the water, the water that they own denial, and that all shall not be taken away from them. And then he said, this is the, this is the vow of loss of kind of with Allah, His Prophet, his successor, and the rest of the believers. So if this was not a freedom of religion, for those who say that Islam was spread by the sword, die

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by the sword and Islam, actually obligated other people to follow the religion of Islam, here's how we can respond to that. And here is the history stand, testifying that Islam was a religion of freedom, and not a religion of compulsion.

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One of our mottos dealing with it with the people of the mouth, the Christians and Jews that he in the book of Apple are basically dead and well, Bob said

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that he was passing by people and there was a blind, elderly man at the door. And Omar came closer to him and asked him in a Nikita the end for him which of the People of the Book are you? Are you a Christian? He's asking them are you

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Christian or a Jew? And the men said, I'm a Jew Am I am I am, I said no. yahoodi and then Omar said, What are you doing at this door? And he said, I'm asking for money. He's begging for money. And I'm not fit for me and jack a law. He said, Why are you doing this while you begin at the doors? And the man said,

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well hedge with our sin. He said, I am making money so I can pay you jizya can pay the tax that does he have protection that Muslims collect from the people of the books to protect them. And then he said, and Hadji, also I am an EDI person, so I don't have an income. And I am elderly as well. And I'm I took them by the hand and took them to the Treasury, aka de la isla Manzini, they first come to his house for other

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lenses, so he gave him food from his own house. Then he took him to the treasury of the Muslims from the Hagia hula. Has anybody seen that? For Karla war has

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fallen mahina and Sapna in a better manner. in that home.

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He took him to the Treasury. And he came to the treasurer, and he said, Look, look for this guy. And look for those like him, the elderly people of the people of the vote, he said for bandhu jizya, do not tax them anymore, do not take money from them anymore. He said, we are not fair to them to take that from them when they're young, and they're working when they are able to work, and then don't take care of them when they become elderly. I mean, if this is not the Social Security system, and this is not the thing that 1500 years ago, we consider human rights and something that a civilized society should do, then I don't know what what is. And this is what their mob was doing, out of his

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own Islamic instinct. And out of the teaching of Islam and the prophets of Allah hottie he was setting them.

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And then another freedom that Allah was also concerned about, and he worked diligently for was freedom of opinion, freedom of speech, so to speak. And how was that?

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So a man that was asking for effect work. And before the man came to Omar, he passed by and he will be followed as a good method and ask them their opinion about the fat one who's the ruler of the Muslims, who is the one that has the ultimate say, so about the affairs of the Muslim is obviously the Khalifa.

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So this man comes to Omar and he said, I asked, Is IE and I asked, right, and they said such and such.

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So Omar said, If I was for me, I would say differently, I would say this and that. And then the man said, Ben, would be what you would say, the man said, No. And the man said, Well, no, and I'm like that, why not? And you are the halifa, you are the new ruler. He said, My country lakita, the last person that you're assuming, when I came out to Kayla

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tarak, Alana Kala University, he said, If I was what I was telling you is from the book of Allah from the Quran, or from the singer, then I would insist that you follow that position, because that's what I think is the right thing to do. But what I told you is my opinion, and I'm not an ally, and say, they have also their opinion, and they are what they said what they said, and they are have the right to say what they say and you follow whatever you want to follow. So he did not obligates this man to follow his opinion, although he was the Khalifa over the opinion of the ohada saying that this is just an opinion and everybody is free to give their own opinion even in this

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fatwah as long as their does not contradict the book of Allah and the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam

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of his position on freedom of speech, he was on the pulpit one time given hope back. And then he said

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one more I knew configure, recharge and fill your COVID he said, All people who ever sees deviation from me, then let them straighten that deviation if you think that I'm doing the right the wrong thing, and I want you to let me know I want you to tell me and put me back on the right path. So then stood up and domestic. And he did not say oh, I'm yelling at me and you never make a mistake. Well, I mean, we love you know, he said he said we're lucky enough that we judge him now he'll be cellfina He said if we think you're deviating we will straighten you up with our swords

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there's no hypocrisy there. There is no oh you are the gray Khalifa we all love. You know, he said if we think that you're deviating from

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The Book of Allah will put you back by the sword. So what did Omar say say can take into the dungeon? No, he said Alhamdulillah Alhamdulillah he led to jail if he had he, menu COVID mo windrider amarante safey. He said, Alhamdulillah that made in this oma, whoever will straighten him up with his sword. So this, this is I mean, this is true. This is not a fiction story. This is not something that that this was a system of Islam, that was taken place. And this is how they conquered the world. And this is how they they got the justice of Islam all over this this known world at that time.

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One time a man came to Mr. Norman was among his own companions and in his own court, and he said, tequila, hi, Omar. He said, I recommend for you Omar, I recommend that you feel why Omar? So people got angry. Who are you to tell Mr. To feel Allah? Who are you to say that? And I'm I said La Jolla, rafiqul Islam Taku ha, wa rafina in la misma. Ha, he said, there is no good in you if you don't say that. And there is no good in us if we don't hear it from you, if we don't heed the words that you're saying.

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And then once on

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Omar came up to the member and he was wearing a new garment. And the garment was good and fully closing his body. And he started given the hook back and the man stopped his hook then he said

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and I'm I was saying it's not to listen and obey the man said less than our law. We're not gonna listen and we're not going to obey. So I'm not saying the law, why are you not gonna listen to me?

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He said, of these clothes that you're wearing, it was distributed to the people of Medina. And everybody got a piece of, of clothing that piece of of material of cloth, only to cover them right below the knee. And I see you have one that is fully goes down all the way down to your ankles. So what what kind of fairness and fairness is that you will not obey you, you are not

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going to listen to you anymore. So Omar said kamyab, the live Norma he said, stand up Abdullah Noma and tell them what you have done. So Abdullah Omar said, I have given my father my share of this material of this cloth. And now and he connected it to his short one. And remember when we talked about the physical attributes of armor, when when he would

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walk among people he would be like he's on a camel or or right because he was too tall. So that piece of cloth wouldn't even be enough for him to cover his knee. So he said I had to give him the whole thing. So he could make the garments. And then the man said, ln Assam our pa now we listen to you. Now after he's convinced that he's not stealing that piece of cloth from him. Now we listen to you. Yeah, I'm hearing what meaning and this is how the freedom of speech was one time I'm not gonna upon the member and he said, like as he do female voting, he said.

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He said do not make the mark the Dow Theory of women more than 30 or 40 ounces of either silver or gold he had he put a cap on it. He said there is a limit, don't make the the more they make the doc to too high. So that would make it difficult for people to get married.

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So he said, Fine, what you can add them to the kusa, he said, even if she was the daughter of the best of you, even if the richest 2% of you do not make it higher than that semenza de la to Seattle based in LA, whoever pays more than that, I will take the rest of it and put it back in the Treasury. So a woman came up, and she said mela nyvac Allah, no, that's not up to you.

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There were moments ago from the end of the rose token to the Khalifa. And she said, No, no, no, that's not up to you. And Omar said, Well, why not? And she said, a life of Hannah would die and I said, What date? What date?

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At the hula hoop.

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Latina, Allah Subhana Allah said, then, verse 20, that if you give one of them can talk. If contol is like a metric ton or something, it's a large quantity of something, do not take anything away from them, then you would be taking it in transgression and an unfairness.

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And then Omar paused and thought about it, and

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He said his famous saying, Mr. Atul saw that

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a woman was right, and Omar was wrong. And this is the freedom of speech. This is the oppression of women. As they claim in this lab, she stands up in front of everybody in the masjid, challenging the Mr. And effects what that he was given to everybody. And he declares that he was right. And he was wrong.

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That freedom of speech, had some limitation to Armand, if people want to deviate, other Muslims are guided away from the religion, especially those in the new territory, where Islam was not really fully into the hearts of people. He would put, he would put a limit to that and he would punish people for opinions that are intentionally misleading people. There is the story about a man and Sham in the, in the greater Syria that

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Omar was given about when he was in the areas of Palestine. And he was saying Rama, usually LAO, Lao fella, howdy Allah, whatever a lot misguides there is, nobody can guide this is what the remember, men manual. fella had Yella, and the man said Allah does not misguide anybody. So I wanted to challenge the word and he's trying to bring up the matter the philosophy of faith, and whoever is misguided and is misguided by faith. And if people and he started trying to get this philosophy going, so people will start thinking and start having this doubt about their religion. And he said, You say it again and you're dead. I'm afraid that if you try to bake this fitna again this Serbia

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thing, then you will lose your neck.

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Another example of how I might put limitation is Elijah. Now poetry in Arabia, as we said before, was the media was the tool of was the television, the newspaper and the radio, it was the poetry. So if somebody wants to get someone, then they would have some poetry called hijab. And he does a poetry trying to nail someone and trying to look to describe them as bad people, stingy or other Otherwise, there is a famous poet at that time and he was at papaya. Now this papaya is had some so funny stories that he had to have poetry about someone to demeaning poetry about someone every day, one morning, the hope I got up and he found nobody to say poetry about and demeaning poetry, and he

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said, his reflection in the water. And he said he's famous for poetry.

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Allahu Akbar, Allahu

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Akbar, Hassan. II

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is own self because he didn't find anybody to attack. And alphapay

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made poetry against a man called zebra can't do better. And this man came to Omar and said, This is what I say about knees in the poetry and In short, was describing this man as a broken as a woman that sits in the house doesn't take care of the guests. And it was very demeaning poetry. So a lot of papaya in jail, because he said, and he said, if you do it again, then you will go back to jail. So He punished people this is not freedom of opinion, if it's demeaning or attacking other people.

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And another opinions are from our pub.

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A pub was not an innovator was not a muqtada. Indeed, but he was a mujtahid. He would give rulings on things, and he would have some circumstances and backing and explanation about what he does things. And one of the issues that Omar mouffetard made a ruling during his own time, and we will see about that is marrying People of the Book marry men, Muslim men marrying Christian or Jewish woman and Mr. forbade that I'm going to stop that practice. And here's how the story goes.

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That they said Louisiana and the famous Sahaba data the man married a Jewish woman. So Omar wrote him a letter honey sebelah he said divorce that woman let her go. So Jose fat, sends a letter back to Omar and he said attach the ammo and her arm on the only sad let her know this is how Sahaba discuss and address with each other. He said these these are you claiming the distance How is this Alaskan some dollars Montana for beds, so I will divorce her. Then Omar said No, I do not claim that this is how long when I can make a profit off of it. He said he mean when he said but I'm afraid

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A few that you will marry promiscuous people, promiscuous woman, that will not take care of your own houses. And then he said in the action and said that loosely, Matt, what Thank you when he said, he said, I'm afraid that you will leave the Muslim woman, not marry the Muslim woman and go marry the other, and especially the Byzantine, this untrim was basically conquered.

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And there are people was going over there and they will see women that may be more beautiful than then the women of Arabia and they would have this fitna, they would like that, that beauty and they would go on and marry Christian woman. And there were many Muslim women that are left with that marriage. And I'm I said, That's why I'm saying do not do it.

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So that is also also an example about how would the freedom of speech and how his opinions and his rulings were subject to argument and and also some there is a backing from the book of Allah subhanaw taala, that Mr. would listen to other opinion.

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One of the things that are not apart is his organization of the Muslim state of the government of the Muslim state. Now, we know that most of the two years that Abu Bakar, may Allah be pleased with him spent, he was spending defending the foundation of Islam against a route that

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was in a different stage that the Muslim government has to become very well organized, because the territory now spread wide, to the borders of China on one hand, and across Africa, Northern Africa on the other. So there has to be a very organized and structured government. And one of the first thing that I'm update is his own is organizing the government from within Medina. And the the concept of having a salary for Khalifa started on the day of Abu Bakar. And he was something of, of narrow debate. So I did not want to ask anybody for anything. And one time, the Sahaba saw him taken stuff, and he's in the soup. He is in the market, buying and selling and he's the Khalifa and trying

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to make some money in trading.

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And then he thought about it. And he said, this is taking too much of his time, away from the affairs of Muslims, which is the priority, which is what he was given the task to do. So he called upon the Sahaba. And he said,

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gotcha, well, let's see if we have an emery fan is the Holy Father. He said, I'm busy fully, I cannot do any trading anymore. And I'm fully busy in the managing the affairs of Muslims. So what do you think I should do? So as man said, come often, he said, You have to take some salary to feed your your children with

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and side to side and alley, you know, Abby, Paula, were there and Allie said the weather on Russia. He said you get two meals a day. And he said, that's all you should take two meals a day. And then Omar said that that will be it. And he said me and sent to me nephin in nalli, la hidden and Zenith media team. He said I will take the position of the people that take care of the orphans, the custodian of the orphan, the foster, the one that fosters orphans, orphan money, he said and is struggling to talk, when I'm rich, when I have money from other sources, I will not touch it. That means if I have income that come to me from other places, then I will even not even take that

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salary. And I will take it only if I'm poor if I needed to eat and it just occurred to lie I can come into the mouth.

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And then in another narration Omar said

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asking for a salary for him he said in shipping.

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I will tell you that I would think of the money of the Treasury and they said what he said no

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I want a ride to go make Hajj and Umrah and they he has given only one route one camel one value to go for Hajj and Umrah and he said why he latifi Cheetah and a garment for the winter wildlife his life and a garment for the summer. The food and the food for my children. What's that mean? What's the need for in Emma Anna rajala Mina, Muslim me and my share now we know the banana in the loop that the spirits that come from Persia and dissension get divided over all Muslims. And he said I want my share of that just like any other Muslims.

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One time about the abuse Ziad came to me.

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And he looked at him and he looked at his house and he saw I'm not sitting on a vehicle

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Rough rug. And there is nothing much not much in his house very reminiscent of the house of the prophets a lot to sell them in the house of aboubaker when we described them just nothing there loads of mud and and very harsh rug on the floor. And he said, Yeah, and the Euro Mini, he fell pity on Omar. He said, yeah, we need 100 cv for an inlay and we're marketing lesbian woman best in line. And he said you are the most worthy of a good place to live. And a good garments wear and good food to eat. I mean, this is the least that we that Muslims can do for you. And Omar had a leaf of a big leaf of palm within his hand god that's called and he hit him with it. It's not like he's just

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blaming him. He's just

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he said, American law Hema arakata behala This is not something you said asking the pleasure of Allah subhanho wa Taala now Octavia in karate. He said you saying that you want to come closer to me You want me to to love you. You want me to make you closer to me?

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Well Incandela Allah Allah Sabu and fee Kira, ye Hakka health every Metallica, Metallica, hula Dino, what are you talking about? You know, what is the assembly today of me and what you're talking about taking all this money in the food and, and he said woman, the telco or my fellow Han said, What is this similar to what he said? Um, I said,

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my home in South Florida, I've been supporting him ihlara juhlin. Home for Elena. So help

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surrounding her the shade, color layer and neon color. masala masala. Omar said, Dina, what is the assembly feud, which you're asking me about this Treasury all this money? He said, What is it? He said, like people going on a journey. So they had a little money. And they put the mother money together. And they gave it to one of them. And they said during this journey, you buy the food, you buy the requirement of the trip? Should that man spend that money on himself? And the man said no, of course, this is for everybody. And he said that's the Treasury. That's the treasury of Muslims, I cannot touch it. This is for everybody. This is the money of our journey to Allah subhanho wa Taala.

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And this is something that I will not touch except for what the Muslims will allow me to pick up.

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Another attribute another contribution of Omar

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is the Muslim calendar. Now we know one of his major actor, my main contribution during the time of Abu Bakar is the idea of collecting the Quran, Kenny, however, Omar in his time, it was a history was was being made at that time. And there would be this was one this feather and this conquest and this and that. And people felt like they need to have some type of a calendar. And even the trigger this is a man came to Oman with a check. Now by the way, the word check is an Arabic word. It's called suck. And it was written documents that will tell that I give the authority to Mohammed to collect that much money in that place at that date. And that used to be called Soc. And later on, he

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was converted to the word check. So a man wrote a check to Homer. And he said, The date is Shaban. So he said a shotgun, which had been shut down this year SHODAN of last year shut down to us ago.

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And when he called he gathered the Sahaba he gathered the companions and he said but only Nancy Shay and Yara funa this is getting too complicated. Let the people have some type of a system. So everybody started giving advice to Omar, why don't we take the calendar of the Persians? Why don't we take the calendar off the Christians? Why don't we take the calendar of the coop? Why don't we do the calendar of this and that. And then

00:34:13--> 00:34:20

Omar said let's have something of related to our own Islam. So I would

00:34:22--> 00:34:22

have said

00:34:24--> 00:34:59

let's write the calendar from the day that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam left the land of ignorance left Lang land of pagans, that is the hedgerow. And Omar said then that would be the way and that would be what needs to be. And multiple opinions were given about what event in Islam history should be the beginning of the calendar. But there was some controversy about the three things that were suggested the birth of the prophets and the Hydra or the death of the prophets.

00:35:00--> 00:35:06

A lot he was selling them. And Mr thought that the birth of the profits there were some controversy about it at that time.

00:35:07--> 00:35:35

And the death of the Prophet is too sad of an occasion. That should not be a start for the Muslim calendar and they chose the hedgehog. Now the hinges on what which months was the hinge Ryan, it was in Robbie Elwood. However, the profits started contemplating the Hydra in moharan. And Omar put the beginning of the Islamic calendar in the month of Muharram. And that was how the flaming calendar came about.

00:35:39--> 00:36:19

Another thing that happened in the time of Omar is the title of any mini now I'm the only one and he literally translate as Commander of the Faithful. And the way that Omar was called was the Abu Bakr was called halifa to Rasulullah. He was called the successor of the Prophet. So when Obama took over the government, he was called Khalifa to Holly fattier, Rasulullah, the successor of the successor of the Prophet. So it was going to go on the successor of the successor of the successor. So one time, two Sahaba. Were coming from Iraq. And those two Sahaba were libido or BF.

00:36:21--> 00:36:41

And they came from Iraq. And they were asking and they so I'm standing in Medina, and they said, Where is the remote meaning? Where is the Commander of the Faithful and under the last like that very much, and he walked into Omar and he said As salam alayka anuran me, he said, A salam o Alaikum.

00:36:42--> 00:37:19

And Omar said that at the high that he had, at least me and allows what is what is about this name? What is this new title? And he said, this is what happened. And I said to these two people from Iraq one to another law, he has up to mesna you will get the right title in Yahoo. Me, he is the commander, he commands over us, and we are the faithful one meaning for me, meaning and from that day on almost started signing his letters and his books as me, meaning instead of holly Fado, honey fattier, Rasulullah sallallahu, alayhi wasallam.

00:37:22--> 00:38:02

If there's any question or comment up to this point, inshallah, we'll open the floor for that. And we will go on after that, and some of the character character attributes of his own self, of who he was, as a man and what was known about him and his faith and his worship to Allah, his fear from Allah is kind of with that. Yes. Welcome Center. The two questions was number one was this titled carried on, it wasn't only exclusive to Omar, Amira, Mommy, actually, every Khalifa was called amirul momineen. From then on, until the very last Khalifa. And in 1920,

00:38:03--> 00:38:19

was any of the second question was any of the decisions out of the rules of the things that are not put in the foundation of the government reversed by other caliphates? A lot of that was changed. However, the rules the set, like we will talk about the system that is called.

00:38:20--> 00:39:02

And the closest thing I can translate that is Inspector General. He had some type of supervision in government over the government to make sure that things go on. And that continued to be and there are many things later on that were added because the Muslim government was getting bigger and the government was getting more complicated that we're not on the days of pharma. So it continued to be dynamic development. But many of the things that are not set in stone and set forth for the foundation of the Muslim government stayed for mostly at the time, and we still date with what Mr. Pop started dating with, and so forth.

00:39:04--> 00:39:06

Yes, bro. Monaco, Salah.

00:39:07--> 00:39:36

The question is, are there is there a separate book for fatawa pub or the ruling of amargosa? pub? The all of that is collected in multiple multiple books. I am not personally aware of that doesn't mean it doesn't exist. But I'm not personally aware of a single book that that contains only the change the ruling of out of Mahaprabhu, which may be a very good project, actually for someone to do but can you do the browser there is no a certain book that has only that, but there are multiple books that

00:39:37--> 00:39:54

you will see in the cart, you will see a lot of that in fact, hint body, you will see many of them in a book called phoslo. Cryptography theoretically, there are multiple books written about American pub, that I'm not aware of a book that has just the Tower of armor to support his brother.

00:39:55--> 00:39:59

And then challah edges are calaca. Yes, come Salah.

00:40:01--> 00:40:01

Designed to

00:40:05--> 00:40:47

print systems at that time to large empires, and everything else just basically roams around them. Like they would be sub, the printing, like, you know, provinces, but they would belong to certain Inbar like the area of Kuwait that was today it's called coffin at that time, and it belonged to a tribe called Muladhara. But they were subjects of Persia, although they were not Persians themselves. And the same thing in South Syria. There was people call them assassin. And they were subjects of Byzantine, although they were not Roman themselves. But there are two major systems, the Persian system and the Byzantine system. And that was it. Now, there was some certain cities like

00:40:47--> 00:40:59

dumating, jendela, and nl Hayao, etc, other places that they have their own rulers, but they were still subject to the larger Empire, whichever they chose to ally themselves with.

00:41:03--> 00:41:30

It was all based on the teachings of our last panel of data, the Book of Allah, and they would if they have a problem deciding something, they would send it to the Medina, they will send the controversial issues to a lot of pop and ask him, what does he think about something and we'll go over that in Sharla? There are certain stories that certain events that they sent to her mom, asking, what should we do? What do we do with this? What do we do with that? And he would give them back his opinion, his ruling about that? Yes, Prague.

00:41:31--> 00:42:15

The question Sharla was very new to putting restrictions on certain practices of other religions like, like, religious celebration or things and no, there is not nothing reported as such, the only restriction or put is on people trying to deviate or change the effect of Muslim changed the faith of Islam, or inflict injury on others by what they say. And there were the two exceptions to armar rule of freedom of speech, which still exist, I mean, freedom of speech stops anywhere, when when, like, you can take anybody to court for slander. And that's what it is, if somebody is using that, quote, right to freedom of speech to slander and and put down others, then that that's where their

00:42:15--> 00:42:19

freedom stops. And that's where where things stopped, the default is

00:42:20--> 00:42:21

separate.

00:42:23--> 00:42:44

A lot. I'm not I'm not aware of that. And I'm not aware of Christian judges, but may have multiple stories. And we will go into that. And because there will be a section about the judicial system and the term of pharma that some Jews and Christians would come to the quarter pharma, and there will be a Jew against Jews, and the court of law

00:42:45--> 00:42:58

and the court of Islam to step to make the judgment and the ruling on that. And they're also Muslims and Armada. And one of the famous stories is when I leave Nabil, Khalid was challenged by a Jewish man. And

00:43:00--> 00:43:23

the judge told garma Valley safety hazard, which was his title, and the other man called him by his name. And Ollie was angry, because how come he was getting preferential treatment being called by by a nickname, while the other guy by the name was being called by his own name? And that's how much I mean, that was how strict the scores were, and how fair they were.

00:43:32--> 00:43:43

Hello, Alan. Yes, I think unless somebody knows otherwise, yeah. They can either follow their own ruling, or they can come in and have their conflicts solved in Islamic law and Islamic court

00:43:46--> 00:43:49

has only come into the profits of a lawyer send them Isn't that right?

00:43:51--> 00:43:51

Right.

00:43:56--> 00:44:36

ports were the courts of Islam, the courts of the government itself was the course of our last kind of modality, the course of Islam. Now, whether they would like to come for that for their own conflicts or solve it in their own churches or synagogues. That would have been I think, that's up to them and up to their religious leaders. Because the treaty is clear that they will be given the freedom in their own churches and in freedom and safety and their crisis and all of that I mean, that's that was the the promise of our modern support to either the people of Egypt or the people of Jerusalem that they will have full freedom and what they do in their own religion

00:44:39--> 00:44:40

Yes.

00:44:42--> 00:44:42

Yeah.

00:44:45--> 00:44:55

Islam never forbade slavery, it was not illegal or and on Islamic to have that Islam continued to have the

00:44:56--> 00:44:59

the freeing slaves was the practice and he was

00:45:00--> 00:45:46

cafaro was something that you would do for many, many things. And and continue to recommend and enjoy bond people to treat their slaves like their own like, like have their own brothers and to feed them what they eat and treat them well and not to, to overwork them. And we will come to that the rights of slaves at the time of fermata, probably Allah be pleased with him. But it was a universal system at that time. And if Islam unilaterally forbade slavery at that time, then Muslims would be slaves in the in the Byzantine Empire, and there would be slaves in many other places. And there would be no and and the prisoners afforded that time from these other places would either set

00:45:46--> 00:45:53

free or, or not. I mean, you have to treat people equally, and to do the same.

00:45:55--> 00:45:55

Right.

00:45:57--> 00:46:11

I mean, the whole slavery issue, they had very strict rules governing what a slave needs, what a slave shower slave should be treated and what a slave it is. And and that never changed from the time of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam.

00:46:13--> 00:46:14

mentioned

00:46:16--> 00:46:16

the same

00:46:19--> 00:46:22

thing. Right, as much

00:46:24--> 00:46:26

as the western

00:46:27--> 00:46:30

canon, there's no doubt about that. About about that.

00:46:31--> 00:46:32

Let comes Sarah.

00:46:34--> 00:46:34

Well,

00:46:36--> 00:47:21

we we can spend a few minutes about how I'm not cared about the treasury of Muslims, and how I'm not cared about what belongs to Muslims. And we'll conclude with that, number one, whatever belongs to Muslims in general, he would not allow his family to benefit from or use. And it's the same thing that he mentioned to them. And it says if he has some money in his own custody for the people to spend, and he could not spend it on his own. And we remember that story. When I belong. There are a lot that I mentioned at the beginning, just had his own cattle being taken care of outside Medina. And Omar said that they were getting preferential treatment, and he would not allow his son to

00:47:21--> 00:47:25

benefit or profit from that particular situation.

00:47:26--> 00:47:54

Another story of Abdullah Omar, he said, I was in July. So it's a battle in Persia. And he said, I bought from the spores. So some soldiers had the right to buy from other soldiers. What their share of that battle. He said, I bought 30,000 the not worth of goods from that battle. And I brought that to my father to Mr. Malhotra. And Mr. Said,

00:47:55--> 00:47:56

our eternal,

00:47:58--> 00:48:04

steady, steady and he said when you when somebody wants to drag you to the Hellfire,

00:48:05--> 00:48:14

and they asked you to give this money away, and you will be saved from the Hellfire would you give this money away? And Abdullah said,

00:48:15--> 00:48:19

Yes, I would. But he said well, why he then in the

00:48:20--> 00:48:33

stadium? He came in? He said but I'm not doing anything wrong. And I'm I said Yes, you did. He said Khadija he didn't know Sakina tada Abdullah he boom up fahara su de la

00:48:35--> 00:48:38

wa humbleness era for kana and you

00:48:39--> 00:48:56

had the illusion mean a new value LA. He said when you are buying from people he would say who's buying Abdullah, son of Rama son of money, the delivered to the Prophet himself that they will give you these things in a cheaper price than in a higher price.

00:48:58--> 00:49:37

And he said when you cost him on his own, then I will give you your your fair share. And I will give you what a merchant or even more whether what a regular trade man would take out of this. And I will give you their hand for him. So you will take 100% profit. So he collected this 30,000 and I sold it for 400,000 400,000. So this is how much cheaper Abdullah was able to buy it for this 30,000 was, it was tenfold what it got. And he gave his son 80,000 and put the rest of it in the Treasury.

00:49:40--> 00:49:59

One time, my wife was the treasurer of Mr. Faron, and we saw him holding his son awesome. And he said what makes the guy some do. All right. And Allah has and he said when did Anson do? And he said he went to LA. And he told him he is the son of me. And he said

00:50:00--> 00:50:12

They gave him a gift. They gave him some gifts, take that and put it back in the treasury of Muslims, there are no gifts that are given to the son of enduring meaning because he is the son of an errand nominee.

00:50:13--> 00:51:04

And then I will conclude with this beautiful story. Attica, the wife of Omar, who is Daughter of zeta unified, Attica was Omar was brought Musk, the the perfume musk from aldehyde. And they wanted to raise it. And Africa said, I will lay it for you, let me raise this, and I am good at the scale. And I can tell you no way it and you can put it in a treasury, he said no, if you raise it, Musk, then that some of that perfume will get on you, and I will smell it. And you will my wife and you will have benefited from the money of the Muslims by having some tracing that perfume on you. He said well why he that he had that evident? No, you shall not get near to this. So this is how much

00:51:04--> 00:51:48

piety and fear of Allah and care for the affairs of Muslim he would not let the perfume smell given his wife was his the purview of Muslims because he would not let anybody benefit from what belongs to the Muslims. And we ask Allah Subhana Allah to help us learn about our religion, the things that will benefit us in sha Allah, and not to leave this in the books or in the halaqa and we take the lessons of these role models of Islam with us home to check to our family and learn from it ourselves and follow this as a beacon of guidance and light in our lives. I mean, what happened in in their horrible adenine former mahallesi Mohammed in Rolla and he was married