Bani Umayyah 3
Channel: Bashar Shala
Series: Bashar Shala - Bani Umayyah
File Size: 61.70MB
hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa sallahu wa salatu automata see me Allah say ina Muhammad Anwar early yo sabe H Marine.
Allahu Molina and I have found Elephantine island Tana was in Ireland was a confit De Niro but I mean, love my gym and the gym and Mahoma water for recommending the heat for komatsuna while SHL phenol Anna Anna chakra jangala muthoot and olam Houma Aloha Mr. Hawley No, they seek medical Shalina Grace Kinetica or bulanan.
Slash Nana Rahim. We continue Sharla on our historical study of the Omega Dynasty and the events that transpired during the reign of this dynasty. And just a quick review for the brothers that were not with us in the last session. We went through the filler file for malaria in Abu Sufyan two sessions ago, and how the Halacha was transferred to his son Yazeed of in malaria, and then the events, the sad events of Karbala and the fitna that took place after that, and then you see died and transferred to tilaka to his son, or how do you ascertain him? Are you the second who is the son of his eid
and more Aria,
son, son of yours, he refused to take the Khilafah and he gave it back to the Muslims. And at that time, there was the events of Abdullah who was there the session secession in Makkah, and he was He has declared he left and going back to the event to the shura, and going back to the ways of the Sahaba at that time, and the entire Muslim Ummah, gave back to Abdullah who is considered a Khalifa by the most accounts.
However, the as we know, as Marwan al Hakim was on his way to give his day iCloud belovedness to their events transpired where the people are familiar declared miroir HECM as their own Khalifa. And we went through the events after that, where the people are familiar struggled against Abdullah, who was there to put the government back in the hands of Benny omega. These events last few years, and ended up with the killing of Abdullah Hamza there on the hands of the army of a head judge of a new set of sarcophagi down in the sanctuary in the Haram in Mecca. And after the after Abdullah was there was murdered and after he was killed, then I believe medic of another one was declared Khalifa
and that was the year 70 theory after the HiDrive the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. The Muslim world, as we said, was in major disarray. There was a lot of tribulation, a lot of bloodshed and the Khilafah Abdul Malik of in Milan, which lasted from 73 After the Hijra to the year 86. After Hijra very long, relatively long philosophy it's only
third to the philosophy sham have been Abdul Malik, his brother and the Khilafah of my area of NAB Sofia is this the third longest train during the dynasty a familia lasted about 13 years. Of course he was gave he was given they were Khilafah from the people of familia. At the time when Mattawan and Hakim died. However, the scholars of this ummah do not recognize his kidnapper till after the death of Abdullah Hiddens there are the Allahu Anhu and EBI at the Melaka been Marwan was considered one of the people that restored order into the Muslim Allah He is considered for tattooing because he studied under many of us are harbor under a flan have been a fan under Abu Hurayrah the Allahu
under on selama Menominee Radi Allahu Ana. I will say the Hibari and Abdullah have no MA and we know he had a lot of knowledge growing up in Medina, where his father Marwan al Hakim was a governor.
That's his birth. He was born on the 26th year after the Hijra of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam died on the 86 year of the hijab, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he lived 60 years.
So he received a lot of knowledge growing up in Medina, and he was interested in being a scholar of Islam and
After that the events transpired where he became Khalifa in a very turbulent, very disturbing times of our Muslim history. His stuff and like we said was the theme of his philosophy was to restore order to restore order into the Muslim ummah. And one of his tools in restoring orders was the man that
took it upon himself to lead an army that no other people wanted to lead to fight Abdullah and his Avira for the Allahu ion
and that was an hedgehog driven use of a sock coffee and and her judgment Musa for coffee. After defeating the army of Abdullah Ibiza there in Makkah, he became a governor over the over Medina, however in and that was for two years 73 After and 275 of the Hedgehog, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
And after that the area that was most turbulent under the reign of Abdul Malik bin Marwan was an Iraq and he sent his strongest man there who was at head judge of the new Surface Sakaki to Iraq. And we stopped a little bit on the events when I hijacked the use of a cell copy went to an Iraq and he went to El Kufa, which was the center of tribulation he was the center of tribulation, because it had the largest followers the largest concentration of the followers of angiology, Allahu Allah and the share of annual the Allahu Han and they did never gave their full allegiance to the Omega dynasty. And as a judge went there, and wanted to subdue these people and put them under the command
of the Khalifa and Debashish and Damascus. And one of the things that we mentioned, was his famous speech when he walked into the masjid of Al Kufa and he started his speech by saying the famous words Yeah, hello confetti, and Neela Oosten Kadena wahana, Qatar for her. Well, in the last four Hebrew her were in the Oval Isla de la even in Atlanta in your Lucha, he said, I see heads that are ripe and ready to be harvested. And I can see the blood between the beard and between the beans and the turbans.
And then he said to our handler off to the people of Iraq, he said, Well Allah He loves you men that come Hasma selama What are other than Lacan Barabara Allah He made a vow, he said, If you do not obey the orders of the Khalifa, then you will be beaten, like the beasts of animals is beaten away and you will be tied up likely tied up the harvest.
And now as the theme of the Royal Hotel had judged in Yusef Assa coffee over the people of Iraq, and how Jeju uses the Sakai outlived the Khalifa that appointed him. The Khalifa that appointed him was Abdul Malik had been Marwan who died at six years after the Hijra of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and had judge lived through the Khilafah fell Walid Ibn Abdul Malik had been Marwan, and he died in the 95th year after the airdrop.
One of the events that transpired during the reign of Al Hijazi the use of soccer field Sara Lee Rock is one of his commander Allah Al Jazeera, Musa photography was interested in two things, was interested in subduing areas that Iraq and everything Eastern Iraq was a province that followed the command in Iraq, meaning everything that is in today's Iran, Persia, and eastward was all under the command of El Hijo driven use of photography. They really had a vast province that he had an EMR over, he had the government over. And he was interested in two things, number one, making sure that these people have allegiance to the people of Somalia, and His ways of achieving that were ruthless,
and he was an absolute tyrant. When it comes to not obeying the orders of the Khalifa Manuel Mejia, we will see that the politics of a hedgehog of a new set of coffee actually is what put the seeds of the revolution in these territories and these seeds went on to actually unseat the people of Romania, and to finish their dynasty, the people, the dynasty of Benny abas we will see that in shoreline in more details when we studied the dynasty of how they started their revolt.
against Omaha from hurrah sun, from the areas east of the reign of El Hijo. It was all places under the government of a hedgehog where people resented the ruthlessness of a hedgehog through the use of photography and they had in their hearts animosity towards the house of omega and thoughts, especially the house of Mattawan and anarock as well, and we will see how the events transpired after that and the entire dynasty of venue Omega were unseeded from the Khilafah in the Muslim world except in Al Andalus accepting and then you see and stain where they continued on for several 100 years as sha Allah we will see later on
the second thing that hijab Musa coffee was interested in as actually a very positive thing he was interested in extending the reign and spending the the Muslim territory and to go ahead and spread Islam further east. And we will see how that actually did not happen during the Filatov Abdul Malik bin Marwan because the first order of business was to restore order first thing that they did is to subdue the whatever the the beniwal mania to subdue the enemies of mania mania within the Muslim world. However, after that, during the collapse, our fellow leader bin Abdul Malik, he expanded the armies and he sent his armies way out east to expand the Muslim
At the time of Adam delicate in Marwan was a time of restoring order. It was time of rebuilding. It was a great time of rebuilding because of all the destruction that happened during the war, the the almost 10 year war between Abdullah who was there for the Allahu Anhu and Eddie and the armies of Abdul Malik and Marwan and during this fighting and Canada was destroyed. And a big one this is where we do the kava for the first time and we mentioned how we build it. According to the description of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told I shall have the Allahu anha who is the aunt of Abdullah who was there yeah issue Lola and Nicole Mackay had been BJ he is in LA to be national character to a caller ID Ibrahim. Welcome to the health vigil when
they get fundamentalism and NAS waffle Jimena. Hell come on, come upon alayhi salatu salam, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told Aisha that if it's not that people are close to the time of Jackie Leah, I would have rebuild the cat that the prophet is speaking. And I would, he would put it down to the basis the foundation of Ibrahim alayhi salam and the doors with God that will be put down to the level of the grounds and then he will include the edge of his knife which is the half circular area in front of the car that day, which is part of the initial car that that Ibrahim Ali Salem builds, and then he would make two bores Salalah he will send them what I believed was a bit
annoying this Hadith from Aisha of the Allah. He did that he revealed the character that way. However, during the last siege, where he doesn't use a soft coffee, siege to the sanctuary and haram and he catapulted he threw the catapult stones on the Haram and the kava was destroyed, and then was retold by the people of Somalia. But however it was rebuild, like it was at the time of course, like we know it today, whereas picture is not part of the Canada whereas the doors are with one door is actually higher up you can actually walk into the cabinet, and later on the canal wanted to rebuild it again, like the Prophet sallallahu wasallam described and Imam Malik probably Allah and advise
the Khalifa not to do the Khalifa not to do that. And he said don't make the Canada a toy and the hands of politicians and the head of the Khalifa. They just did change the kava, according to their own desires and they own Caprice and they left it as it is until today. Other things that were starting brewery building at the time of Abdullah bellick in Milan was addressed to the lochsa who needed to be rebuild, and he started building Mr. The Sahara and if you go at which is the Dome of the Rock, and you will see in the books of history two accounts saying that at the Melaka the number one is the danger of mystery of Nigeria the saga saga of the Dome of the Rock which is the most
accounts that he started the building, at least he started the building of that masjid, however it is also documented by even kisi that NYU
Even Abdul Malik is the one that actually put the dome on top. So it is conceivable that the work and imagery of the Saqqara was started at the time of medical marijuana and mostly finished probably during the time of Abdul Malik had been Marwan because when you go to Mr sakharine Inshallah, return to the hands of Muslim, you will see that it is engraved that it was built during the reign of Abdul Malik ibn Marwan, however, it is also documented that the Dome of the Rock was built during the time of invalidity when Abdul Malik and Allah knows best.
Yes, most of the oxides different from the Dome of the Rock. The last is the entire sanctuary. And it is very important to know and understand that, that this is how I could see it how up saw is a vast area. It's not only that one part where do you see the golden dome of the Dome of the Rock, it's actually a large area, it's a lot bigger than that. The other thing that many people wanted is the place the Islamic men's and this is the first time that actually the coins the currency and the Muslim world carries the words of la ilaha illAllah Muhammad Rasul Allah, and before that people use currency that was engraved, and at the time of the Byzantine and the Persians. And then he started
writing the Muslim archives for the first time in Arabic And before that, it was written in Latin and in Persian.
However, the lesson the greatness and really learn from the Halacha have been Melaka been Marwan. And to re emphasize that is the whole thing of consequences. And the very, very first time in Islamic history, Muslims actually started paying Jizya to the Byzantines, they started paying the protection tax that they usually take from the Byzantine people and other people that want to have peace with the Muslims. They started paying it to the Byzantine emperor, and it was about 1000 dinar every week to not find the Muslims. And that was a great sign of weakness within the Muslim world. Because of the infighting, it finally caught up with the Muslim ummah. And this is really the lesson
if we are to derive any lessons from history is if we start fighting each other If we have internal conflicts, that our enemies would prevail, and our enemies would take advantage of this issue of the situation that the Muslims were in. But Allah subhanaw taala didn't at that time, it was not didn't last long, the pain of enthusiasts and the Byzantine, and then Muslims went back on track, as we will see during the time, I'll send when either bin Abdul Malik of America Marwan died, and the 86 year after the age of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he gave the Khilafah to his son, Al Walid, then Abdul Malik.
And then even at the minute
he is one of the children of Abdul Malik of in Milan from the offsprings of Abdul Malik Vigna, Juan, for us, he his children, and two of his grandchildren's would become qualified. And we'll even add the Melek who is an Walid and oh, well, he is known as the first one eat, because there will be a second Walid after that, who is his nephew, the son of his Eid, so and when he didn't add the knowledge then followed by Suleiman and Abdul Malik, then there was a break where a lot of Nazis or the Allah who got the ColorFabb Suleiman as we will see sha Allah if we have time today, and then is even at the medic, and then he shines even at the medic. So
if we go back that the time actually the children of Abdel Malik ibn Marwan reigned was actually most of the time renamed of the Calaca dynasty. So the house of Abdul Malik had been Marwan was really the dominant house, governing most of the Omega dynasty. Then after that, after he Shamberg Abdul Malik and Walid Thani got the government from a hishammuddin Abdul Malik and he is the son of yours even Abdul Malik had been Marwan and then he has even medical but not one and then the last Khalifa was not from the house of how the medic was from his brothers Mohammed had been Milan and that was my Bwana bin Mohammed bin Laden and Al Hakim and he was the last Khalifa and the Omega
I've been given that the linic was born into the house of Romania and the year 50 After the HiDrive the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he died in 96 after the age of the Prophet Sall Allahu alayhi wa sallam at the age of 46 years old. His Khilafah lasted 10 years 10 years where annually Devon Abdul Malik was a Khalifa and he
died after 10 years of a reign that the theme of which was the internal rebuilding of the Philippines after restoring order. During the reign of his father, he took his time in two things rebuilding the Khilafah, rebuilding the nation, rebuilding the OMA and reviving the conquest and with bringing back vast territory, the sin the air, the areas of today's Pakistan, and way into Afghanistan, hurrah son and this is mostly in what is known today as the Muslim Soviet nations in Middle Asia, like
Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan, and also parts of Afghanistan, and then an endless and that we'll see, was conquered during the reign of sand Walid Ibn Abdul Malik, and then he they have fighting in Byzantium. And when he died, his brother Lesnar bin Abdul Malik was in a state of sieging, Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine, and we will Sharla talk in detail of these conquests, with the exception of Al Andalus, where on sha Allah I'm planning to dedicate a special session for that particular subject.
He was born to Abdul Malik
Marwan and his mother is well never been told abbess and lapsi has nothing, no relation to an ambassador and Talia Rajala who
we the internal rebuilding that and when either Ben Ben Melick
took the time to do was in building two great messages. And as we said, finishing the Dome of the Rock the two messages that he built and expanded the budget of the Medina, expanding the sanctuary of El Medina al haram never was Sharif. And that happened during two years of 87 and ad after the heads of the prophets of Allah Hatha usli.
What happened at that time is he gave a lot of bin Abdulaziz, the government's over. Almudena at the amount of inaccuracies of your long run became a nearly Medina and during the reign of annually, Devon Abdul Malik ibn Marwan, and that was one of the great pluses that and when he did the NAM Abdul Malik had, and at the amount of naturalizes, rectified great deal the affairs of the people of hijas in Mecca and Medina after they were somewhat oppressed because of their revolt against the people of familia during the earlier times. And I might have been Abdulazeez during the 87 and 8080 of Hydra was in charge of expanding the masjid expanding the sanctuary of the Prophet sallallahu
alayhi wa sallam
and to expand the masjid, the there as we know there is a lot of the prophets of Allah Allah he was sending mentioned and saw written Herat and what is these 100 These are small rooms these are the rooms of the Manhattan Momineen the Mothers of the Believers, the wives of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and they were all around and the only the only room the only house that you see today that is left is direct Aisha Radi Allahu anha
and to expand the masjid, there is no way around, knocking down those who do rock. So many of the people of Medina they said this cannot be done. How do you not down here down the house of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, this is unexcusable this cannot be done. And, and the only living Abdul Malik consulted with Omar Abdulaziz
to do that and they said well, Ursula solo and later on after the samosa Melania send them past I might have been Barbara the Allahu expanded, and haram and Mackay extended the sanctuary around the Kaaba and they had to destroy many of the relics of the Sahaba at that time, so it is allowable it is permissible to actually destroy the house of the Prophet salAllahu alayhi wasallam for greater benefit for the greater benefit. And Mr. Han Ola is to really expand the masjid expand a mosque of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
and what and what needed an idyllic did is he sent the believers from a sham because the people have a sham here
I mostly learned under the reign of the Byzantine. They had great experience in building and building shrines where the people of Arabia had no experience in building tribes. So and when even Abdul Malik sent his builders from Dinesh from Medina from Damascus to El Medina, and the started knocking down the house of the prophets and the lady was salam and the Federal Art of the Mothers of the Believers and Omar Abdulaziz himself for the Allahu Allah and contributed in this rebuilding action and they expanded the messenger of the prophets of Allah and he was send them with one exception. Now, the Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam was not buried inside his message it Rasulullah
sallallahu wasallam was buried inside the house inside his house inside where he died. Salatu was Salam, which was the HiDrive Aisha the room of Aisha Radi Allahu anha. And later on, Abu Bakr Siddiq was very white next to him and then later on Omar no kebab after the Permission was given from Aisha Radi Allahu anha, was buried next to them. So now I'll sue Lawson Melania was salam, Abu Bakr and Omar are all very inaccurate Aisha. And it is not customary. It's actually not permissible for Muslims to bury inside the masajid you do not agree inside the masjid or you do not
construct an escape around the tube. These two are not permissible in Islam. However, this was an exception because the nested itself expanded to include the headlock fascia and as the Allahu anha. Well, the first big ah, the first innovation and we saw how early that started during the time of Aluma Yean. As people, when when you walk into the lizard of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, you can actually put the grave the tomb of the prophets on the line he was selling between you and the Qibla. So people started praying right behind a great Aisha putting the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam in front of them as a cobbler. So we put them between us and this is a
great innovation, this is not permissible. So and you'll even Abdulmalik and based on the opinion of Amara bin Abdulaziz, they came up with a great solution to this problem is instead of leaving the Hydra in a square shape, like it is, they took the wall that faces north, and which is the wall that people actually stood before and started praying. And they made it into a into in an angle shape. So you cannot actually pray and face a wall
in the masjid in the shadow of the Allah on that time, and he needed and the shape of the Pentagon instead of being a square, and the angle of that Pentagon that is facing north is actually facing the people that are trying to pray and they went around this problem and that was the idea of for Omar Abdulaziz or the Allahu
the second Masjid the second one of the greatest masajid one of the biggest masajid in the Muslim world today. And
one of the relics of unbelievable Abdul Malik is the great Masjid of Damascus, the Masjid Dinesh and it is known as an Masjid Al Nabawi.
And he also used the builders that were available in Damascus. And they started rebuilding a great shrine of Islam, and a great Masjid who became more of a place of learning. And education is one of the earliest Islamic universities in the Muslim world. And they all for the first time started decorating the misogyny is actually one of the bigger one of the innovations, but they decorated the masjid and Omari with mosaic. And this was the first Masjid that is being decorated that way and it was fancy and grand. And I will show you some pictures of the mosaics that actually were placed at the time of the dynasty of familia, the time of unbelievable had been Melek. So we're talking about
these mosaics and you see the beauty of that on the slides that this was both and constructed and placed during the reign of Al Walid bin Abdul Malik and that was great more than 1300 years ago. This was in the year 88 After the headrow of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
They are this is these are new pictures right? And this is the main entrance and use
either mosaic of the grand trees and the cities and you see the absence of the human figures, which was the constant of the Byzantine at that time.
And this is the Masjid. This is the Omega Masjid in Damascus from the inside this really a ground structure. And it's really amazing how they were able to construct such grand, beautiful places at that time. But that was one of the achievements of Al Walid Ibn Abdul Malik. And then as half of urban kefir narrated, he placed the dome on the top of the of the masjid of Iraq, of Sacra. He put the dam on top of Masjid Asakura. And
this was also one of the largest domes known at that time in the Muslim world. And we ask Allah subhana wa taala, to return it to the safety of the Muslims.
One of the corrections that annually the bin Abdul Malik did during his reign is to start the issue of quarantine, the quarantine the people that have diseases that are known to be contagious,
like the people will call leprosy and that was starting in the Muslim ummah at that time, and he quarantined the people that have that disease,
one of the things and so early in the Muslim ummah, that you see that is taking care of the handicapped, he had a policy it was a state policy, that every handicap would be given a servant by the order of the Khalifa. And that servant is paid for by the Treasury of Muslims, because the handicapped person cannot take care of his or her own affairs. So this was really so early on in our history, you see this humanitarian part and you see how the application of the of the Islamic tradition of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
and every blind man during the reign or woman during the reign of lead have not been Melek they were given the guide and that guide, take them around with paid for also by the treasury of the Muslims. So we see this great humanitarian aspect of his reign.
He one of the stories that he was also good to the people. The change of the relationship between the dynasty of Romania between the people of Romania and the public ageneral really started during the time of Al Walid Ibn Abdul Malik and reached its peak during the time of Omar bin Abdulaziz Ravi Allah and as we will see, and he made Hajj and when he didn't have the Melek made his head to Mecca and then for and the 91st year after the Hydra of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and at that time Omar bin Abdulaziz was and El Al Medina he was the governor of Medina and in Medina was cited in the Savior who we studied his life one of the Great's of the one of the great scholars. And
as the Khalifa walked into the masjid that he constructed, so proud off he expanded, and he as he walked, the guard started getting people out of the masjid for the safety of the Khalifa and those who did not get out, they walked out themselves out of respect of the Khalifa Emmerian what me mean?
Except say that when you say it, the guards knew who said he didn't say it was and he was the greatest of the scholars within Medina and they did not dare to bother. So he didn't say during his prayer. So at 11am Malik walks into the masjid, and he sees the masjid empty like he expected it to be except for that one person who is standing in the corner of the masjid and he is making his Salah and making his worship.
So this is narrated, the story is narrated by Omar bin Abdulaziz. So a lot of an advice is said for John to add even more need for John and Leila even had their cool. Amara gases feared for say that when we say that if the Khalifa saw him he will get angry because they refuse to leave. That's what he would think so he started taking and when he's in a corner with his kids so he cannot see say that when we say it.
For Hannah, it's meant
for Columbine Valley can jealous who was showing who said he didn't say you need notice that man and he said Is this safe to say if he heard of saving and saved but he never met him? And I must say man Yeah, and many women highly, though it might be mechanical Acoma for Salah Mahalik Vasa
versus trying to protect say that when we say if he said if say you were here, he would come and greet you, He will give you this. But he his vision is bad. He has been ready we can see you. Of course, that was not the case. But I might have not been Aziz was making that excuse for say, the Messiah fearing for his safety.
So So and when he said cut that into halau I know his condition. When de facto Salam O Allah, he said I go to him. So that shows you who I am in Melek had a different really outward towards people in this caller is then some of his predecessor especially some of the governors of Medina like El Hijo to the use of he said, we go to him, I've got to say didn't even say it and our greet him. So he came to St. Lucia. Then he asked him K for enter your shape. He's how are you? Our chef
did not stand up. Say it was sitting. And he didn't greet the Khalifa standing up. He said, Because I'm handling the case. I mean, he said, How was that nearly moment in a moment. He said, Hold on What hamdulillah and he left. And then he turned and when he'd have not Melek turned to a lot of member Jazziz who was fearing that now he's and when he would be really angry, he thought then annually told them what he said had to NAS he is the remaining he is the relics meaning he is the error of the tradition of the sahaba. It seems that he was said that out of great respect to say the blue Musa and then Omar said, Omar Abdullah, as he said, agenda and Iran many what has occurred even
when there is so Pon man Yachty for the mutiny, then haka home, he said a few of the people of authority know the station and know the rights of site of the museum.
And this story just illustrates the respect that and while even Abdul Malik had for the scholars, and therefore the tampereen that present that were present during his reign. But one of the good things that also narrated the pluses and when he didn't Abdul Malik is
taken care of Omar Abdul Aziz and listening to the opinion of formula C's and given Omar Abdullah Aziz, the Imara, the governorship of Medina and Omar Abdullah as he's at that time was 25 years old when he was the governor of Medina and the 88 year after the age of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as we will see Inshallah, during his life. He was 25 years old.
When Omar Ibn Abdul Aziz came to El Medina, he made his console his Shura Council, the great scholars of El Medina, he had a council of 10 great scholars that he learned from and he interacted with, and we will see that was great training time for the healer file from Oregon Atlas is Radi Allahu Han.
Omar bin Abdulaziz was made to step down from the Ivara from being the governor of El Medina, because of her hijab and use of coffee as it was narrated because when Mr. advisees was in Medina, the affairs of Medina became better and the people of Medina became safer and secure. And they feared not the turning of governments. And so people started migrating from Iraq to El Medina and of hijab send a complaint to Al Khalifa. He said, Iraq would be empty if you keep Mr. Abdul Aziz and people will go back to it just because most of the Arabs that actually were there to tab in and many of them were from and he just said people will go back as long as you keep a lot of Abdulazeez. So
the amount of disease was made to step down based on that complaint from Nigerian Yousef as
we speak now as the conquests that were resumed during the Khilafah fell Walid bin Abdul Malik ibn Marwan, and we start first with the conquest of ascend, ASCEND is the province of what mostly today known as in Pakistan.
And the man that was giving the nation to go to ascend was a youngster, known as Mohammed admitted costs him a photocopy. Bahama admin costs in Ithaca. He was born in 72, year after the Hijra of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he was born in the city of a five which still stands today. But this was the place where the people of peace came from the tribe of Socrative.
And the year of 75, as we know all hijabs was asked he was was B
appointed in general and near the general commander, General Governor overall Iraq, and everything is turned off Iraq, all the provinces all the territory that is eased off and Iraq.
So I've had Jad brought his uncle, as cost him.
I'll call him a soccer fee big and he brought him in he made him a governor overall possible. And then, without cost him cane, his younger sister, his little son, Mohammed, who was only about three years old, when his father became the governor of a bustle. Then his father costs him a stock off the move through the city of Watson's the city, a force that was constructed by the head judge, and he was in military city. It was a city went on hijabs had this was his military headquarter. And he had the armies that he was preparing to either subdue the Muslim territories that revolted against Romania, or to prepare armies to resume the conquest in the East. And the territories that he had,
by that expanding the territories of his governments and expanding the territory of Romania and becomes even more important to the people of Romania
and enlasa, Mohamed Carson, he was raised. So he was raised in a military environments in the city of wasa
when he was 17, and had judge appointed this young man, as a governor and ascend as a governor and a sin. And at that time of the entire province, that later on was conquered by
Mohammed in Newcastle mythography. They had only a small area, a small province called called the province of Macron.
And that was where Mohammed bin al Carson, he was stationed, and events happened that actually started the conquest of Muhammad Abdul Qasim, Buffy. In the year 88, there was a Muslim family that lived in Ceylon or Sarah Lanka.
And this Muslim family had, there were women in their family that were cared for by a Muslim merchant that resided in Ceylon or Sri Lanka.
And he died. So he puts his daughters and the women of his house the people put the women of his house, put them on a ship. And that ship was to sail back to the Muslim territories because these women now have no custodian have nobody to take care of them. And this ship was to pass by the shore of assembly.
And at that time, there was great there's a known port, it's called the port of Davao. And and that is where Karachi is today. That is the area of the city of Karachi.
Yes, in sha Allah and the second.
It's right there. But I just didn't want to go back before I show you the authority, but this is the city of Karachi, and it is close to the delta of the Indus River. So this city as the city was sailing back to the Persian Gulf, to go back to the Muslim territory, it was interrupted by pirates, that we're from the area of Babel.
And they were under the
the influence of a person called daha, or rifle buyer, and the he was in charge of a synth. So this ship was taken, and the women became prisoners in the area of a synth
party. Of course, their religion at that time was the Hindu religion. So
the hijab, use of soccer he heard that this happened that the ship was interrupted near Davao, and the women are captured. So he said to buy her a leather asking him to return the women and to return the properties that they had. And whatever they had on the ship. They are called senses. They're adapted hijab, and he said, they were kidnapped by pirates. They were kidnapped by thieves. And I have no authority over thieves in my territory. So I had God's rights back. He said, if you're in charge, you're in charge, then you are responsible for the safety of these women. You have to get them out of the hands of the thief and send them back to me safe and by her
I refused to like hijack you have been used at McAfee since two armies to fight back. And the First Army was by under the commander ship of obey the law had been at hand sent me from the people of Benny Celada. And that army was defeated. So he sends another army under the leadership of Boudin and visually, and then the other commander was also killed. And the expedition failed. So now two armies that have had jet sent to subdue Baja and to bring the Muslim woman back failed. And the two commanders that he sent died. So he started looking, who should he send to subdue this area and to bring her back to justice. And he chose his cousin. He chose Mohamed Carson, I saw kofi, who was who
had the the commander shipped over the province of Macron. And who was 17 years old, who was 17 years old at that time, and he gave them 6000 fighters, out of his armies in Iraq. And from the same from the territories that were under the Muslims. They could gather another 6000 fighters. So the entire army of Mohammad had no cost and the coffee was 12,000 people and he marched to a Davao. Is that how you say it? Babel, okay. Because I just don't want to ruin the pronunciation here. So there was an Muhammad of Newcastle coffee march to a table with the 12,000 people that he had, and that was in the year 93, after the hydro of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and alleged abuse of
the coffee was the governor in Iraq, and Al Walid bin Abdul Malik was the Khalifa. And that time
and the seeds of that they both started at that time, it was the year of 93. And he besieged the city from the ground area from the shore. However, they Muslims came with another way and
higher on the bill Amaryl Murray, brought a fluid flow brought a small fleet and they besieged Davao from the sea. So now the city was besieged from both land and sea and the fighting started in Davao. And they use the ladders over the the fortresses of that port city, where as we said, Karachi is today and the governor of table was killed who was a
follower of daha of serratia, Bihar and Davao became under the commander ship of Muhammad bin Qasim, McAfee, and that was in the year of 93, after the hedge of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
After that, Muhammad Abdul causes customers to coffee, continued his march into the rest of the territory, to subdue by her and to bring the Muslims back to safety. And they went into a place called Sudan and then went into a city called neon. And this is where Hyderabad is today the city of Hyderabad in Pakistan, and he also conquered that place. Then he crossed the river and the river of Indians and at that time, by her, marched with an army from Matan to face, Mohammad Qasim at Sokka coffee, and they faced off in a place, white by the river of the induce, or a bridge, and the bar of that time brought his elephants with him to find the Muslims who did not have a great experience in
fighting with elephants. And we know that was almost like the secret weapon that people would use against the Muslim armies, because the Muslim army at that time did not have elephants, and the same thing happened during the Battle of Al qadisiya. However, the fighting started between medical passive coffee and via and by her was killed. And Mohamed middle class and coffee and his soldiers were victorious with the grace of Allah subhanho wa taala. And the entire province of Sindh was now open after buyer was killed. And his army was defeated. And they went on to his capital Mulsanne, which is still I think called meltdown until today, and that was in the province of Punjab which you
is obviously a very well known area in Pakistan. And then from there, the armies went to subdue the rest of Mossad. And that was at the time where the news came to Mohammed didn't pass in the coffee that Al Walid bin Abdul Malik is dead, and he was called back by his, the new Khalifa, who was still a man and Abdul Malik, two and a half judge we know died in the year 95 After the Hydra. After the conquest of Mulsanne, Muhammad Qasim, the Ducati subdue basically conquered the rest of the Punjab. But then it was 96 year after the Hedgehog, the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. And he was called back because Suleiman Ibn Abdul Malik was angry against that hedgehog driven use of psychopathy, and
anybody that will hijack the use of coffee used, or allies of Alhaji Musa photography. And one of the people that were, according to many historian wrongly
mistreated by Suleiman Abdul Malik was this great conqueror of Islam, who was Muhammad at no cost and the coffee, may Allah reward him for all the Muslims. And we know in Pakistan today, I mean, in one way or the other. This was the beginning of spreading Islam into eastern of the Indus River, because as we know a lot of new hubbub, draw a line that people should not pass the river, and he did not want us to spread the armies too thin. And this was not really completely achieved until the time of Muhammad had no cost and the coffee May Allah reward him.
Right. And actually, this is a very important comment, that when that the character the piety, and the humbleness and the the manners, the behavior of Muhammad at no cost and coffee, were very influential in the area, and many of the Hindus came to Islam. And when Muhammad at no cost and coffee was demoted by Sulaiman Ibn Abdul Malik, it was all recorded in history, that the Hindus, even the ones that did not convert, they were crying, and they told the 100 new customers Ducati, if you don't go back, if you refuse, we will support you. We will fight with you against this Khalifa that wants to make you step down, that he insisted on obeying the orders of the Khalifa and his
soldiers, not them. And they said if you want to dissent will dissent with you. They have given him an option to actually have a coup against the Khalifa. And he absolutely refused. And by the time he came back from Iraq, he was put in shackles, and he was taken to Damascus in shackles. We will see that actually we'll talk about that in a little bit during the collapse of shelling out of Melek. But that was the character of Muhammad no Carson Takafumi Allah reward him for his Jihad and his spreading of Islam in these areas.
The second conqueror that we will talk about today is somebody who's really no less and not less important than Muhammad, no cost and a coffee, the reign of what he did not Maluku. He was great time for conquest really revived the tradition of Amara power of the Allahu Akbar, and Cote W Muslim was forwarded to perasaan. Now, the reign of the Omiya at that time, as we know after the there are many expeditions before Maria into many of the territories in this area, but the after the recession and the stopping of the conquest, the province of Horizont ended at the city of Monroe, which is known today as Maori. And at that time, at Hijazi have a new set of coffee placed cultiva every
Muslim in the year 86 After they drop the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as a governor in model or marry.
And he, when he got there, Cote, Durban, Muslim, he was known to be a very pious man, and he has gave a speech to the people of Corizon. And he said in my Wahaca, handler, calm had hon do zudena, who was in babbacombe, and in Haryana and why is he that the common man is the father? Well, I do your work then? Well, rather than a de Mestral the Hadith and sod father Wakita the Norfolk Bacala to Allah, O Allah de or Salah Sula, who Bill Buddha, what do you need? How can you throw Allah Jeanne couldn't carry hand machico He said to the teacher when he was given his inauguration speech and model he said Allah subhanaw taala placed you here. So there is a reason why you place on the
front. Now these people were on the front seat
You as known as a civil war, the defense fortresses of the Muslim ummah, they said, Allah subhanaw taala puts you in this place for a purpose. This is his during his inaugural speech, he said then that is to elevate the religion of Allah subhana wa taala. And to defend the sanctity of this Muslim on that, and to increase the fortune of the Muslims, and to increase the tribulation over the enemies of the Muslims, and to achieve and to fulfill the promise that Allah subhanaw taala promised in his book when he said, Oh, I love your Salah Sula, who will who will help he is the one that sent His Prophet with the guidance and the religion of truth, to make it apparent and to make it
victorious over the rest of religion, even of the unbelievers dislike that. And then he reminded them with the word that ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada. Prepare prepared for those who carry his word and struggle in the world of ALLAH SubhanA wa Taala and he said letter seven AlLadhina opido visa vie de la he and Watsa even if you are killed in the way of Allah subhanaw taala do not think he recited the sewer, or the I will f7 or Latina cote, Luffy Sevilla and whatever here on Endor behaviors are cool, they are indeed alive. Don't think that the ones who are killed in the way of Allah are dead, they are indeed alive with their Lord, and they are giving the bounty and the sustenance. Now, not
always today in the country known as Turkey, Turkmenistan used to be a Soviet province and now it's an independent country of Turkmenistan. And that's where the days of Muhammad of Punjab and Muslim Now we will see potato the Muslim had a different strategy in conquering areas that it completely unknown to Muslims, these areas called Nowra, and Narain, Amara and now the area behind the river or beyond the river. They knew nothing while was behind the river of what is known in Arabic literature as Jae Hoon I know today this is river is known as amo Daria, and the other river is se Hoon, who's known as Sir Daria and today
River the river right and amo and sit right. The reality is that Calaca Yeah, my pronunciation
but it's really known in the if you go to the references of Morphometry it's known as se han and J. Han. And this area was completely unknown to the Muslims at that time.
His his strategy in conquering these areas would look different from the strategy of Mohammed Casa Muhammad Qasim March and he would go one city after the other until he subdued the entire province. Potato the Muslim would have a base and he would go subdue a province. Come back, regroup, go back again at it and subdue another province and go back to bottle or Marian Sue she's in Turkmenistan today, and his first expedition was to an area called beacons, and which was the first city closer to the
Ahmed area or the river of Jehan
amphitheatre the Muslim and Bailey conquered that city and after that the second expedition was to a city beyond the river known as Bukhara. And he went to Bukhara and that was in the year 90 of after the Hijrah, of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he put a siege over Bahara and there was a great battle and Allah subhanaw taala conquered Bukhara for the Muslims. So now, the first time the Muslim crossed the river and had the first great city and now it's really one of the great cities of Islam. And if the name Buhari, if the name and Buhari means anything to you, then we have word about where he came from. And we see how the people when they expand the religion and spread
it, what good can come out of that and and Buhari radula line was the one that actually came out of that Congress in Bihar today is one of the Muslim cities that is still there today. The third expedition or one of the one of the expeditions that he led was also in 93, after the Hydra of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and he sent it to summer camp. And also there was ALLAH spent Allah gave summer condoms and conquest to cote Durban Muslim. Now this area between the two rivers was also known as colorism and Arabic literature at that time and from an cote Didymus Muslims spent most of the 93 year 93rd year after their job the Prophet sallallahu wasallam in conquering the area
of how arisen and from there Kamal, how RZ a
colorism is one of the great mathematicians that is known in the world. I mean, the whole world algorithm is actually came from the name of Valhalla. izany. And logo written in French as well and a lot of advances in mathematics came to the Muslim ummah and to the world, from these conquests.
Then after that, and in 94, he went on and and went to a CD called for Ghana, for Ghana is still available actually, this is still today, this is an is bookscan and the country of Uzbekistan. And for the first time, it was also conquered for the Muslim Africa ashcan and then for Ghana, and these two cities in Afghanistan.
And the 96 that we see the conquest of Catania took years and years, he would go back, regroup the days and go at it again. But the advantage of that strategy that he lost none of the territory, he lost none of the territory that he conquered for Islam, may Allah reward him for that. And then something happened. He started for the very first time, invading a new kingdom, the Emperor the empire of China, and he wants to invade the first Chinese city, and unknown as in history as Kashi. And Allah knows best this may be cached here, which is a city in China today. And right, and this is now in China, and Cote Durban, Mr. Linda Healy, a potato, the Muslim and Doheny invaded that and
conquered that during the 96 after the hedge fund.
So the emperor of China and China now got the attention. They got their attention. Now the Muslims are knocking on the doors of China. And according to the experience of history, that whenever they start doing that they knew what happened to Persia, when Islam were knocking on the doors of Persia, so he sent a letter to Patel that in Islam, the emperor of China, and he said, Let's go Teva. I give him a warning, to go back to his base, because I know how afraid he is. And I know how small of an army he has. Otherwise, I will offend somebody that will make him perish him and his army. The Messenger of potato was very wrong.
shamrock who was one of the leaders of the army of potato? And he told the king of China, he said, you said that we are only few. How can we all be we be few? If the front of our horses is in China, and the end of it is in Damascus? How can we be you? If our army can extend from China to Damascus? Meaning I mean, what are you threatening to us? We have a lot of people behind us. And then he said, How do you say that kotoba is afraid came from a coma? How do you son? Men? Holika Julia Chodron. Allah Yeah, how was that? He said, a person who doesn't care for the dunya is never poor, and he's never afraid of facing death. He said today they can have all the luxury he wants, but he preferred
to come and fight you. And then he said You are threatening us with death. And matter who's to cut Jana, Bill cotton fell in Elena agilan.
Hubbard occur crummy fella and a half of who Alana Cracow. He said, You are threatening us with death. We have limited time in this life. We have a belief that when it's our time, then it's our time. And the best thing that we can do is to join the way of Allah subhanaw taala when it is our time. So the emperor of China said this I have a quote with satisfy cultiva How would you convince cote that to go back he stopped threatening, now he wants to negotiate. And he said he made a vow that they made a vow that he would not go back until he stepped on your on your, on your soul and to subdue your kings, and he will be given the taxation he will be given the jizya he said the Emperor
of China, he said, We will build him a soil from China and let him step on it. And if that is the vow that he gave, and then I will give him the praises of China and he can subdue him. And then and then I will pay him the jizya. Now by paying the jizya, then that is actually one of the conditions where the Muslims will stop as long as they consider that France is safe, because some of the one of the reasons to fight against the Chinese is the threat of the Chinese emperor and when he got the safety and when he got the security from that front hotel that had been Muslim accepted that and he went back to his capital. However, he was also called by Suleiman and Abdul Malik because he was one
of the leaders that were appointed by a hijab and Youssef and all the anger against the hijab up
Yusef unfortunately reflected la against those great leaders of them was cultiva been Muslim and Baggallini Allah reward him.
And then and when he dies and at that time and as we said Patidar been Muslim was called back to Damascus and then this will inshallah dedicated a special session but Musa Messiah was the the commander that was giving the orders to expand and to go into the conquest of Andela sia and his sub commander is one of the his commanders was taught up at INSEAD, who was well known and the mountain at the Strait of Gibraltar, which is the the twisting of the tongue of the word devil caught up the mountain of Fatah is named after him, one of the other commanders was studied, and also the port of freefall is also in that area. There will also conquest and fighting against the Byzantine, and that
was led by the brother of the Khalifa himself Muslim Ibn Abdul Malik, and the time when Al Walid died, Mr. Melaka qui mentioned was besieging the custom Syria. After a while he died, his brothers who live and live in Abdul Malik Gaddafi Khilafah and that was from 96 to 99. I had the limited disliked the governors of a hijab and some of his first actions were against the leaders of hijab and use of coffee and fell victim to that was 100 admin costs and coffee and potato I've been Muslim and also Musa have been Slayer himself was Miss treated by Selena and I've not done Malik for different reasons. But that is the three moves to the Philadelphia of Omar bin Abdulaziz Radi Allahu
I'm and in sha Allah Allah next session we will either continue on the conquest of N Delos or start with the Khilafah of Amara and Abdulaziz. And we're out of time for solid Asia so Giselle Kamala her Subhanallah because obesity MLC phone was salmonella and mousseline, our hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen