Channel: Bashar Shala
Series: Bashar Shala - The Four Caliphs
Dr Bashar details the lives of the four greatest men who lived after the Prophet Muhammad (Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him), the Caliphs of Islam, the rulers of the Islamic Empire that swept across Arabia, Asia, Africa and even so far as Southern Europe.
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hamdu lillahi hamdulillah while Belo Salatu automata simi Allah say Dena Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi Germain
We ask Allah Subhana Allah to
teach us the things that we don't know for our religion and to perfect and complete our knowledge in Islam, and to make us of those who hear the best of guidance and follow that guidance in sha Allah. We continue on our journey and our study sessions in studying the life of the companions of Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam. This is inshallah the second session in the life of one of the foremost and closest companions to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the first successor of the Prophet sallallahu, wasallam, and the brightest star in the sky of Islam. And that is a boubakeur, a subject may Allah be pleased with him.
And the last session studied how was the life of Rebecca before Islam, who he was how he looked like. He started his life at the beginning of that hour at the beginning of Islam, and how supportive he was to Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam and how he put his life, his family and his money, and sacrificed all of that for the sake of this religion that he believed in without hesitation, and how he believed the Prophet sallallahu wasallam at critical times, when everybody rejected the belief and he was given the title of the believer, when he believed us lasallian Salama the story of facade.
We go on and and Sharma today go over some of the events that happened after that. And one of the most important events in the history of Islam is the event of Elijah of the integration of the profit of muscle muscle and maliau sell them to from Mecca to Medina. And the companion of Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam that he chose on almost panel with Allah chose for him to accompany him on this important journey in this critical incidents in Islam was not nobody none but Abu Bakar a Sunday, May Allah be pleased with him.
On the authority of Al Buhari, narrated in his book and Buhari that Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam said to the Muslims that I have seen
the place where you immigrate to between the two holla and they knew that that was in Medina, and after the second pledge of Aqaba, the greater pledge of appa the Battle of el cobre, the Sahaba started one after the other and then migrating from Medina from Mecca to El Medina starting with Musab in Romania, and then the Sahaba started following one after the other.
And Allah muscle
orbit his companions he said in the La Jolla comic one and without them a new Navy has less current Allah has given you brothers and a place to settle where you will have safety you will have a commendation for you. And then a sudden loss a lot of them stayed in luck and his companion started one after the other, going to Medina and immigration.
And the only people that were left behind are the ones who were jailed who are captured and who are prevented from leaving. By the pagans, the kuffaar of luck, except for three people Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
his companion aboubaker Sadiq and his cousin Ali in every thought
and every day for us to come to Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam asking him permission to follow and go join his brothers in Islam in Medina and he would come to us in Lausanne aligning the salon for that and Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam would say let Arjun La La La Jolla joglekar Sahaba do not hurry, do not rush to not haste and into immigration yet. May Allah send you a companion May Allah send you somebody to accompany you on this journey. And then in one other time Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam hinted to Abu Bakar and he said for me or do you generally I hope that Allah will give me the permission to also wa salatu wa sallam to leave
his eyes open and he was happy and he said a lot of Jews alleycat us will alive Yeah, the N Tell me do you really hurt
For that, you really think that Allah will give you the permission to leave Mecca. And he felt that he wanted to be the companion. Augustine lost a lot to sell them on that important journey, as he loved us a lot, a lot to sell. And we'll see how he just was yearning and either to protect the Prophet sallallahu wasallam wanted to make sure that nothing would happen to His Beloved Prophet on that dangerous journey. So what he did abubaker got two camels, strong camels, and he starts feeding those camels, the best feed that he can find, and it is
now that he gave him the certain leaves known as the leaves of summer, which is still available in Arabian, it's good food for camels. And he did that for four months taking care of these camels, just preparing them for a very important journey. And then
on the authority of Aisha, daughter of Abu Bakar, the mother of believers, may Allah be pleased whether she said, this important Hadees that describes the events that accompany that were around the the the immigration of Abu Bakar Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, she said,
can allow us to Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam at a beta at the bakery and had a profane ha in the crock and Mattia that she said that Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam almost always that he would always come to our house and the house of double decker, either in the morning or at night. He would come either in the morning time earlier or late at night. Until the boy when he had the permission of Phaedra hat that was in the lobby Phaedra Well, hello, Jimmy Naka, Attorney fee. No.
He came right at the time of Zenith, right at the peak of heat and lucketts time that he usually does not get out of the house. Usually there is nobody in the streets because it's extremely hot, and there is not much activity going outside. And then
abubaker said when Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam came in this unusual town he said fidella who are below me that he
said what's wrong what's going on with with with what's the matter in Java he had he said it now. It's must be something important that I bought or sold last summer Mohali or sell them at this time and at this hour.
So she continues our show the longer answer continues narration for garrison line Salalah Honey, you send them after the holla for Callie epi bekkering Bridgman in duck in suva Salatu was Salam Cain, and he sat down with Abu Bakar and it was only in the room of Rebecca, and her and Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her. And he told abubaker let everybody get out of this room. He wants to be alone with Rebecca and that's also an instruction that if Muslims have an affair that is important, then have to end if secrecy is needed, then secrecy has to be followed this important matters and that is Hadeeth Rasul Allah sallallahu Sallam said with our new Allah cowboy hijack the company could man
that help each other fulfilling your problems or your missions with secrecy. It's man, so here's what he did, and also lots of ideas send them but Rebecca qualicum Sela and Rebecca said, can never be IBM Tara Salalah. It was only your wife here, which I had already the contract of nikka Honda sola salon in Salem. However, she was not in his house yet, but they were already married he they're already married by the contract of newcath. So Rebecca said this is only your wife. I said lots of money you send them Saracen masala is lm let her stay. So Pamela she witnessed what happened and that kind of conversation and she's and he said to Rebecca is in early adulthood Allah has given me
the permission to leave Mecca and migrate to Medina. Abu Bakr said a better the better, brb and para su Mama, is it companionship? Am I going to be your companion on this trip? We are a civil law and Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam said now? Yes, then you will be my companion on this journey. Now this is what he was hoping for. I mean for four months. He was just preparing everything although he did not have the word from Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam and now his dream is coming true. And I should have said, Masha, Allah Delica hadn't your p&l for a
decade in yet key Hina and in Allahu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. I just said I did not even know that some
You can cry out of joy, that tears can come out of happiness until I saw aboubaker crying on that moment when he heard that he would be the companion of Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam on that journey, and then said, Be Abby and Tara Salalah hope. Let's say you had to take one of these camels and he brought the better ones the better one of the two camels that he was preparing. And he gave it to us a lot a lot. He said, let me just he was over the moon was just learning with happiness. And he said, look at feedback. Everyone take it thrived on it. Yes. And Allah Azza wa salatu salam
ala Tenley. Sadly, I would not ride on a camel that doesn't belong to me. And members who have to take it it's yours. I'm giving it to you. It's a prison and lesson lesson lesson and said no, no, I will not take it when I can be feminine and let the tattoo heavy, but I will give you the price that you paid for it. So I will buy it from you. So with the insistence of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam Abu Bakar said well I bought it for such and such and he sold that camel to the profits on them on how to send them so the profit can ride on that camp.
Allahu Allah, Allah Allah allow them it is because that but that's unless I said I've had more than one and hustla is narrated, but in that particular heavy booth and it was in Bahati that the name of that camel was not narrated. So I cannot
tell you that. When when they decided to leave at that time.
Abubakar was given the time and date, the exact night when the pagans were conspiring to kill us all muscle allowed to sell him this 40 young people of courage that would come to murder the Prophet sallallahu wasallam while he's asleep, Rebecca got out of his house from a back door as it is described, and the only person that knew what was going on was a boubakeur, Alibaba, Vitaly, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
the prophet as we remember from studying the Sierra has given me the mission to stay in his house and sleep in his bed. So the people of Christ would think that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam was still in there. And he was also given the mission to give back whatever people has given us a loss of a lot have we been received lots of money and sell them before, like all the things that they trusted us almost annoyed that I was given the mission to give it back to its own to the owners.
And then the sub masala want to sell and as we learned from Sierra, and I will not dwell on that he walked out of the house and he put the dust on the faces of those who were surrounding his house, and they did not feel his exit. And then he looked at MCC and he said in NEC Isla de la la, we're in akeelah hub water de la la isla La Paloma and lucky junie minkee Maharaj still, that he looked at me, and he said you are the most beloved
land on earth to me and your most beloved city, most beloved town to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And if not, that your people has expelled me from here, I would not have left.
Our Becker has prepared the journey and he was in charge of this logistically. So Rebecca took the over to prepare this mission from Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam. Then he got busy preparing the logistics for that journey. So what he did is he gave himself Mr. marchetta. Now, number one, he already once he had the hint, he prepared the camels. Well, then he started preparing the plan about what they were going to do and how he's going to cover them. And here's what Abu Bakr did, he first prepare the food he gave his daughter a snack, then I'd be back home he Allah be pleased with her he gave her money and he asked her to buy bread and meat and he said Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam
loves the bread and loves the meat. So
he also prepared that his son at the law will be the the messenger he will be the courier if you will, that will take this food and supply the prophet and himself aboubaker with sustenance during their stay there hiding in the cave of salt and we remember from studying the Sierra that Medina is up north and the Cave of cythera is down south. So it was the exact opposite
direction where they should be heading. And they plan to stay there until this wave of searching for them calms down and then they can get on with their journey so perfectly prepared on South Africa, South south, so instead of them heading from Mecca up north to Medina, because that's when we put the posse and people that are chasing and that's what they're going ahead. So they went south, and they hit in an area of coal, a lot of feller, the cable fell. And a smell mission was to prepare the food and the mission of Abdullah his son. So this is the families of the back were heavily involved in this whole situation. So his son mission was to prove the news and what's going on in Medina and
to bring the food up to them and the Cave of felt. So as Matt was cooking the slate, and she hears the knockin heavy knocking on the door. And then she said, I took the lamp or the lamp is the candle that they had. And it is always with all its little lips with tar, so it has that smell. So I said I wanted the smell of the store to cover the smell of the lead, so that people don't know what I'm doing in there. And she opened the door. And there is a bhujette there is the arch enemy of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and his companion, and he lists he knew that Russell masala audience and landscape, his plan, a flood and remember he was the one that plotted to move it so lasagna sent him
so he knew that Russia was a very sad landscape. And he knew that there was only a few Muslims left and who's the closest one Abu Bakr. So he had directly to the house of Abu Bakar. And he knocked on the door and went out to him and he and he said, I boopie Where's your father?
And she said, I'm busy working in the house, and I don't know my father is. And then she said he took his hand, and he slapped me on the face from a company called de la palma de la Matan Torah having her that her earrings fell down. So he bled, made her bleed from just that he slapped her on the face. And then he left.
And they started chasing the Prophet sallallahu wasallam.
You see the family of how I'm just going to go into some details to see how much aboubaker had to deal with to deal with all of this. Now look, I had a servant. And then that works as a shepherd, his name was O'Hara.
Now Rebecca knew that as they were walking out of his house and from the house of the Prophet that the land is the same D vironment and they would leave traces. So how would they hide this traces he ordered his servant, his Shepherd, honor to take this herd of sheep, and let the sheep walk over the traces. So they will just erase every trace of the Prophet and him and that's exactly what I've been for her. I mean, Allah be pleased with him did. And then he prepared a guide. And that guide was Abdullah light, as we studied from and he was not a Muslim, but he was an honest and he was a strict man.
So and he was very smart, very intelligent guide that we all knew all the ways to get from Mecca to Medina.
As Abu Bakr left his father, the father of Abu Bakar, his name was as we move this man or his title was, hahaha, he heard that his son left, and he wanted to come to the house and check on his grandchildren, and see how they're doing. So he was a blind, elderly man who came to the house, he knocked on the door for a snap. So that was the older now we know Ayesha was around eight years old, as much as little older than her. And she opened the door and she saw her grandfather and he said,
Well, law he in the law can be nearly he commits a joke on Vanessa, how are you doing? I see that your father has not only sacrificed himself, he also sacrificed his money that he left you to starve without any sustenance. And Rebecca indeed, took all his money. That was him to help pursue loss and allottee or sell them on the journey and to help him settle in Medina. So I snapped a trick. And what she did is she took some rocks, and she put it in a bag, and she put the bag where her father usually put the bag of money since her grandfather was blind. She took his hand and she said, No, no grandfather, he left this this. She didn't tell him what that was. She didn't lie. She said you left
us that. And then he felt that the bag was filled. He said if he left you this, then he's doing all right. This is good.
Then and pony express the stance After further. The question is about the father of aboubaker. Was Here Muslim? No, not at that time he did not accept Islam till after the fact and in that if we digress a little bit, he was
Abubakar growth hunter also lost a son in law after he was a blind, elderly man. And actually he was an old man and he was an old man with a defective hand and he was an old man at the time of the electoral college and he died after Rebecca died. So he really lived a long, long life. So they brought him to us in Lhasa, Milan, he was lm and, and Rebecca said, here's my father, and I moved to Los Angeles and and said, What didn't you tell me then I would go to him, I would go to demand. And that's what I said, No, he is the one that should be coming to you. He is the one that needs to be coming to you. And then he accepted Islam. And on that day, suddenly, we know that I sort of lost a
lot. He was Selam Aleykum silymarin fly back at work, after three nights in waterfowl and with the help of a loss of cannon with the island and the support of the Abubakar and his family. See this all logistical extensive plan was done by Abu Bakar his his family and his servants. And then he left and we know he stopped at the 10th of that and I will not go much into that. One of the events that happened to them as we remember on the road from Mecca to Medina, as they will chase there is now a bounty. Whoever brings Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam dead or alive. We'll get 100 camel 100 camel at that time and then this time brothers is a wealth is a lot of senses a lot of money,
whoever owns 100 camel is a wealthy man. So
it's like having 510 million dollars in somebody's head these days. So whoever brings Mohammed and his companion alive will get 100 camel. So as they were passing Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam. In his and his companion, they were passing they were seen by by people
that are from the tribe of
Allah comes Salama has longer carrier. And then a man went back to the tribe of Kenan and he said I serve three people on the seaside. We know that they took the western road up north to to get to Mecca. So they also they were taken an unusual road. And I think that would be Mohammed and his companions. So a man was sitting down and his name was Soraka. Bin Malik. He was one of the people of Judah, which are a family in Canada. And he gave a signal to that man to hush, say Don't say no more. And then so if I told people No, I know that's not Mohamed, this are people I know they were going for an errand and and he made up a story to to cover for us colossal idea, send them not to
protect him, because he wanted to be the one to capture him and to give the bounty to get the 100 camels to be a man of wealth. So after people got busy, he said, I went out, got my sword, got my weapons, and I got on my horse and I was a good person. He was a good old horse rider. He knew how to ride horses. And he started going after a certain loss a lot to sell and Abubakar
was with us in loss of money and sell them and you know having the story so he would know how much abubaker cared and loved his profits on the line he was selling. He would one time wrote behind us who lost a lot he was in and then Russell mausoleum seen walking in front of him and then going to the back then going through the left. He said What's the matter? abubaker? Why are you walking this way? He said yeah, Russell was on the audience and then every time I remember that we may have an ambush waiting for us. I would work in front of you to make sure that there is nothing waiting for us. And then when I arrived there I remember the people that are chasing us so I go to walk behind
you so I can be the first to face those who are chasing us,
again are similar sallallahu Sallam would do nothing but wide and read the Quran on that way. And when a vaca sees this horseman coming from afar, is coming to capture and just knows that this is an armed man. It's just racing, very fast to get them and also lots of light is lm is reading the Quran and started being anxious is there going to be captured there's going to be somebody knows where they are. And what's the last
Adios lm is reading the Quran. And he's not turning anyway.
So Raka is the one that narrates the Hadith from then on
was reciting the Quran. Yes, Joseph unlocker the Raka.
Was there anything the this Hadeeth from then on. And he said, and I was, I was I saw them and I got to them. And then I said, Well, I'm gonna check and see if this would please the gods or not. And what they used to do is they have some cards of chips, and they will put them in a bag, and then one chip will they will write on it, do and another one don't do. And on one, they say this is beneficial. And one, they say this is harmful. So he said, I'm going to see what's the deal here. And he takes the chip and it says it's harmful, don't do it. Don't chase after the profit, say I did not like that. I put it back. So I took it in another time. And it's the same thing. There are three
times and the chips are saying to him that don't do this. So I wanted the cameras so bad that I threw the chips. And I raced after the profits of a lot to send them and I was racing and felt like my the hooves of my
horse stuck to the sand. And I felt off of it felt off the horseback. And I've never felt I never felt fallen off a horse before. So I said this is weird. And I got on the back of the horse and I chased after them again. And I fell again. And I chased after them again, the third time and I fell. Then I knew that there is no way I knew that there is something is guarding this man. And then I started hollering started crying out. I said, Yeah, Mohamed, yeah, Mohamed, and then only then Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam turned on to him. And he asked him, What do you want? And then he said, I am salop I answered our kabu Malik, talk to me, and I will not tell anybody that you are
here. Then vassula sallallahu Sallam said, Come on, come close. So he let him come close to him. And he said we want Yes, sir Rocco. nasaka knew that this is man of an extra ordinary
importance. This is a name guarded by a loss of Hannah, who without it. And he said I want to write me a letter. So that would be a sign between you and me. Now Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam does not know how to write he was an illiterate Somalia center. So he said Abu Bakar write him a letter. And then Soraka said he wrote me a letter that this is
between Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam and Soraka that Soraka will be safe with Muhammad, the bottom line of that letter, he said so I put the letter with me. And I use it later on. And then when I was reading Hamlet sallallahu wasallam asked me, How would you like it? Yes, sir. Ah, how would you like Soraka that she will be wearing the bracelets of kisara.
So rapa said the kisara mean, the king of Persia, and sallallahu wasallam said yes. How would you lie that you would wear the bracelets of Casa?
And so I said, Okay, and he left. He was so astonished. Now, here's a man who's excelled, chased, there was a bounty on his head. And he's promised me so it all caught the Arab, the debruyne the man that lives in the pins to wear the bracelets of the greatest King on Earth. Now at that time, that the Persians were victorious over the Roman there was this the absolute power, and in this earth, now he's promising me to wear the bracelet of that King. And here's what happened with the leather and here's what happened with the bracelets with this story.
on the plane Serato was on the wrong side. So our call was with the thief, and he was with the enemy with a lot of fat. So he was captured by the Muslims and he was defeated the prisoners and then as they were placed in the play school and jaren those of you who remember when we studied the the events of her name, he asked us a habit to take him to a loss of Milan, he
said, What do you want from a soul loss Alliance and he said I have to deal with the profit I have to deal with Russell was a lot just Take me to him. So he they took him to a loss and Alia send them and he said yeah, Rasul Allah. I am Soraka. And here is your book. Here's your letter. So he gave us an awful lot to sell and the letter
said, you're moving over fat. This is a day of your loyalty and trust. This is a day of fulfilling promises.
And then he said, bring them to me. So they brought him and he let them sit with him. And then he said,
and so I said, I started asking him about everything. And I even asked him a question I said, cameras sometimes come and drink from my pond, but I get a reward for that. And so lasala do sell and said frequently cabbage and rock bottom edge, and every healthy lover and every lover in every life means and everybody that has a life, there is a reward from Allah subhanho wa Taala. And then he said, I was given my freedom and Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam gave me the presence that day.
And then he became a Muslim. Now, what happened with the bracelets that in the days of Burma, when Persia felt when bourbon project fell to the Muslims, and the roots from Persia came to Medina, and a lot of pop he was brought the bracelets and the jewels of kissa of the king of Persia. And he almost said and knowing this head if he said Where is Soraka
and they brought Soraka boo Malik, and he let them wear the bracelets of kisara, the king of Persia and he let them walk the street of Medina, showing everybody that the promise and the prediction and and the prophecy of Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam has been fulfilled, even years and years after his death summon lohani.
One thing that happened with Abu Bakr Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam is as they walked into the cave,
it is narrated and the narration is and they say that Abu Bakr cetera sama sama Salim let me walk into the cave before you do Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam. So I want to check if there are any snakes, or scorpions or any of these things that are available in the desert, that may be harmful. Tobacco came in, and he was starting chicken, everything he put his hand or his foot and every hole and the cave to see if there is a snake or if there is any insect that may be harmful. And it is not only in an essay that he was stung. He was bit by something that caused him pain, but he did not tell Rasulullah sallallahu to sell them. So let's sell them napped. And then he woke up and he saw
the tears of pain on the face of Abu Bakar. He asked him What's wrong. And then he said I was bit
I was stung by an NDA. There's no narration when there is an insect or a snake, but he was stung by that. And he had also glossolalia cell and took his hand and he rubbed his feet. And Allah subhanaw taala cured him. Now on the authority of Oman, Qatar, that and it's an authority that this injury this when he was done, he said that this occurred on before his death, and it was this infection and this thing was why he died, why he had the fever. And it was the cause for the death of aboubaker salvia called the Allahu anhu and Allah knows best.
And the cave, they were followed by the pagans of kurush. Now, they, the people looked everywhere and there was only the place of the Cave of felt. Now freedom of desert and somebody is hiding and there is a cave, then chances are that the people if they are hiding this area, they will be in the escape. So they came to this cave, and abubaker started hearing their footsteps getting closer. And he started being sad and sold and stressed and started tearing and Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam asked him What's wrong and he said they are awesome Allah. If one of them looked underneath his feet, he will see us
and when they see us, obviously it's going to be certain depth. And then the Scylla samanya. Selim said this, an important Hadith he said, Yeah, Baba Quinn. Now one new cabbie naini Allah Sally Tahoma. What do you think about to that Allah subhanho wa Taala is the third Yeah, but couldn't, isn't in Allah Nana, to not be sad and to not be Soto Allah is with us. And Allah Subhana Allah is sort of a toga.
And in verse number 40, now so that's chapter nine.
of Shakeology. In that answer, Sarah, who is a lady
ladies room I feel hot. It is hot.
In nama Nana, that Allah subhanho wa Taala
hold on and in this is an honor a medal of honor on the chest of Abu Bakr, that he was titled sahibi he was the companion of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and yet even more honor that Allah Himself, Almighty will throw silver law and Abu Bakar in the Quran. Now if we compare this event and how Allah subhanho wa Taala described the seminal event for roses, roses, new Sally Salomon, the people of Israel,
they were followed, they were chased to be killed, seen similar situation by the soldiers of around affair. And then they see the see on one side, like they're trapped, as I said, last time was trapped in this cave. And then they see the soldiers coming on to them. And they looked at moose and they said, raccoon that we are captured,
brought us we are gonna get killed.
We will fulfill their lives.
In the same ad, they did not have the strong belief of a law as Rebecca did. They were panicking and they were telling Russa that they will be killed and you brought us here to be killed and it's all your fault and and what did you do to us? And Musa said, Allah is with me in Marissa, Robbie, say, Dean, if you contrast this to what Allah said about a Buddha and sallallahu sallam, he said in the law, her Nana, that along with a lot with us, the last month Allah did not put himself with the people of Israel, he, when they were chasing around he said Allah is with Musa but when it comes to Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam and Abu Bakr Allah said that I am with both of you. So this is an
honor. With that just simple, light, linguistic
change that Allah, Allah is telling you the difference between how much faith that Abu Bakr had and how much honor Allah has bestowed on the character of Abu Bakr and the difference between him and the follower of Mrs. of new Sally seller.
They went on
they had three cameras. And as soon as a lot to sell them was on one camel, and aboubaker was on another camel and it was on the third camel
and rasuna Becca was very light personnel that we talked about his his body is very thin, very light. So that's a muscle SLM will change the camel. So it would be fair for the camels that a normal person like us who lost a lot insulin who was new him build and the same person so the camels would not get tired so they would change camels.
And then people have no way the law, send them on the way before they got to Medina, send them the white dresses to where before they got to Medina. So when they're all wearing the same dresses from the same source, and they were rockin, and they're coming to Medina, the people of Medina do not know them, and they had no TVs, they had no newspapers, they didn't know how Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam looked like. And they when they got off the camels, lots and lots of ice and them was sitting and Rebecca was standing so they started reading a Rebecca a subete thinking that he was the Prophet sallallahu wasallam.
So when the sun came up, and the sun got a little bit more heart and they were trying to get closer to that, to that to them. And then they saw that Abu Bakr took his his coat and he put it on head of muscle muscle money and sell them to give him shade from the sun and they knew who was the more important person they knew who was the leader of this small group and they came greeted us a lot. This is also showing how much he cared he would not want anything to hurt
them. Not not only the snakes and the insects, but even the heat of the sun. He would not let anything bother Russell muscle allowed to sell and this is how much love and faith Abu Bakar had with us to sell.
Polycom Sit down.
Now was the event of Phaedra after he died within one year.
Now, I mean the sacrifice if I will Becker was this hedra he left his children and nucca he left his daughters. He left us man he left he said
his son Abdullah he left them all and neck and then they followed with followed him with Abdullah around a year later. And with them they brought a mortal man who is the mother of Arusha, and within the first year after higit Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam married Ayesha Dada, of Abubakar may Allah be pleased with both of them. And then even the storm, the very strong relation became stronger as Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam became, became the son of law of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
Some of the events that followed the Hydra, Luna go over them a little bit fast as we studied in hamdulillah in details during their our Sierra study group, so we remember on the Battle of
the threshold Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when he was in his parish when he was in his small tent, who was the one with him, he was Abu Bakar.
I forgot his story that that he narrates that it is the first battle of Islam. It is the first battle when the only the 314 to 317 depending on the narrations. People are facing 1000 of the strongest fighters, of course, now this is a battle where they felt that the chances really favor the patrons of life.
So as he said, when he was how he felt he was I mean, he was among people talking, he said,
Who is the bravest of all people, men as Janice guru, do you think is the bravest? Lady about the Sahaba? Who do you think the bravest of us is? And they said, anti abuse? Are you are you are the bravest of the Sahaba. You are a very strong fighter. You remember how he would fight everybody? And he would take the gate of haidara and with his hand and he was a very strong, very, very fierce fighter. He said, No, there is a difference. And I didn't know about us, too. I had an enormous optimism. When I fight duel with everyone, everybody, I will get them on a good fighter. I'm not that's not what I'm asking. I'm asking who's the bravest of us? And he said the bravest is abubaker.
Why is that? He said on the day of whether we know the tent for Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam smoked and perish. And he said, who we asked each other who's going to be with the Prophet, so he will be his last defender. When the pagans get to him, they were thinking that the pagans will probably achieve victory, victory and get to the Prophet who's gonna be the last one to die before the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. And then it said for one why Madden? I mean, I had Well, why he nobody approached and got into the tent, except Abu Bakar. He took his sword, and he walked right into the Irish. Why are we the bravest person many we know a lot less strong. We know. We know, many, many
Sahaba were very strong. Now on the record was a fisherman. He was a man that is weak in the body built. He said that. And yet he would be the one that would put himself in the face of danger, and in grave danger to protect the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. It's easy to pick a fight or to pick on someone if you're strong and well built. But if you do that, and you know that you're not very well build than that is really bravery. And that's what it was was saying. And that was what happened in Denver.
And one of the events that happened in November, that's when Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam was praying and praying hard and Abu Bakr was with him, then abubaker felt
bad for muscle muscle a lot. He said that he was putting himself out and he was praying to a lot that if this group of people were killed, the fitness people were defeated, then a lot will not be worshipped men that knew the mission of Islam would fail if that did not turn out to be a victory for Muslims. And then Rebecca said cafe AutoSum Allah husavik enough Rasul Allah, you have,
you have tired if you have made yourself tired, you have run yourself out and a loss of kind of what Allah will fulfill his promise to you. And then it was descended on Russell masala to sunlamp the glad tidings and the first person to be told the glad tidings of the victory of beggar was none but Abubakar sobiech May Allah be pleased with him, so he was the first one when also Lhasa mamamia someone said, as noted in bizarre
doctrine, attackers will law floof be happy abubaker have the Bushra have the happiness have the black ID as
Loss of Hannah what that I will give us victory. And here is gibreel coming down on his horse from the heavens to help in the fighting with, with the angels
after the victory of whether there was the story of the prisoners of war, now here we're just getting a few flashes a few, a few stories that abubaker was involved in, in the Sierra. So after the defeat of the Trojans in better the prisoners, and they gathered the prisoners and Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam started asking the companions What do you think? What should we do with these prisoners of war?
And Mr. apob, may Allah be pleased with him, so I'll be back had suggested and he said, and I'd be a law how law eventually I'm Nicola, Sheila 21 They are our family, they are our cousins, they are people that we are relatives that we're fighting the people of thing you are on top of me that my opinion is to take the ransom take money from them, and let them go free
then the money that we take from them will be will make a stronger will make a wish richer by someone who
guides them. And of course, many of the captured people in beberg became companions themselves became Muslims like So hey, love Nam, and I bet, etc. So there will be supporters to us. And then Omar said, No, that's a lie. I don't see what you're
Welcome to McKinnon in in folarin, in Fall River onapa I see that you give me my uncle, my uncle, his uncle was captured. So let me kill him and to give Hamza, his brother, our best so he will kill his brother and give Valley his brother Ali so he can appeal. So he will be he will kill them. So we can show people that there is nothing before our faith and our loyalty to a loss of Hannah what to Allah and nothing else matters and we will teach these people the lesson that they need.
Then Rasul masala tea was celebrated for why to come waited for the revelation and nothing Allah Subhana Allah for his own wisdom did not reveal anything and lifted decision to Rasul masala to celebrate his companions. So as soon as a Latina sanlam came up and said
that he Jalan fee a once upon a time Allah will soften the hearts of some people in his own sake and he will harden the hearts of some people make him hard like armor and his own sake as well. And then we looked at every worker and this is where the connection to our worker comes and he said, You are the worker your attitude your your your opinion, like Ibrahim and Ibrahim said and mentor Danny
Berman Asante sana Cava,
Brahim said, Whoever follows me that he is with me and those who disobey me then you are all merciful and forgiving. And then he said you're also like Isa, yeah, Abu Bakar you are like you have the attitude of Jesus and he said and he said, in the home thing, the home a bad
thing I can tell as easily Hakeem is a
judgmental self. If you terminate them, if you torture them, then they are your slaves and they committed the wrong but if you forgive them, then you are the Almighty, you are all wise. And when you looked at them, and he said, Yeah, you are like, you are like you have the attitude of when he said
letter, john cafaro, as Luke said, pray to Allah to leave no filters, no unbelievers on the face of the earth to to wipe them all out. So he said, You have that attitude. You also have the attitude of Moosa when he said, Miss Allah.
Allah Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah Allah.
So when Musa played against the people that did not believe in he said, may Allah make him poor, and they close their hearts, their wisdom, so they do not believe until they see the tournament and the torture of Allah. So there are he said, You both right. And you both have examples from the prophets before you. But then he said, I would like the opinion of Abu Bakar over I would like to forgiveness over punishment. So he let the ransom be the solution.
Then I might said after the next
I so I sort of lost a lot of insulin and aboubaker crying, and their beards are soaked with tears. And that just broke my heart. So I came to them and I said, Yeah, this little law telling you what is making you cry, that if it is something that I can cry for that I would cry with you. And then if it's not something I can cry and cry for, I will cry because you're crying when you tell me what is going on, and also loss of money or send them said, I was seen the torment that could have happened, had we open disobeyed the last panel with Allah. And then he recited McKenna, Nina de akuna Allahu Esra. That prophet should not have prisoners in position like that, have you seen as well?
So he can be wealthier and richer on this earth to redo an audible hierarchy. Do you like the wealth of this earth? law who read Allah? Allah subhanho wa Taala wants to hear after the law who is Eason Hakeem, Allah is all mighty, all wise. Lola keytab would mean Allah He said, If it's not that Allah Subhana Allah has given you the option before and we know that revelation before was in that men men, by the way, messy data that you have the option you can either let them go with the ransom, or you can let them go for forgiveness.
lemma second FEMA hazza madaba Navin and this is what they were crying. They were saying that had it not that Allah subhanaw taala has given you the choice before then you would have been tormented for that choice on the prisoners of better focu mean mouths and income Hello, Allah give him the forgiveness. And he said you can eat from the ransom you can benefit from that money that she took from that.
backer the other son of Abu Bakr was on the wrong side he was on the pagan sun he was not a Muslim yet. After he became a Muslim, he came to his father and he said remember
I saw you in front of me as a target
for reef tank, then I left you alone I did not come in and kill you my father. He was just to to tell his father that under further I was fighting and I saw you and I could have killed you. And I will work with said had I seen you I would have killed you at that if I've seen you that day and I could kill you then I would have killed you. And Allah subhanaw taala said and somebody like that, like that you do Coleman you mean una de la jolla when you are doing them and had de la hora Sula, who will own a home. A home. Why not home? Oh, I see. I see that faith. I mean, it's enormous. It's unbelievable. Somebody's son is like the dearest person for his life. And and what what Allah
subhanaw taala said that you will not see those men, those men that have the Luth and Allah subhanho wa Taala be friends with those who declare in animosity to Allah and His Prophet, even if they were their fathers, their sons, their brothers, or their tribe, their family. So that's what Rebecca is telling his son is as long as you are against Islam, and I will kill you if I see. And of course, that didn't happen because hamdulillah Abdur Rahman, son of Abu Bakar became a Muslim.
Another event that happened between the drought and the death of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam fessing away for so long Somalia, Selim was an event that went right to the heart and the house and the honor of abubaker. A Serbia Of course, it started in the house of Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam, which is the the event of lf
the lying that they accused wrongly, I said the wife of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, and the daughter of Abu Bakr, that she had committed a wrong act with Sahabi called software of Dunlop.
And this was a heart test for the Prophet sallallahu wasallam not less than an entire month, when there is no revelation to clarify this event. And also lasallian salam was greatly saddened and shaken by this test. And the house of the Abubakar was also greatly affected by the same problem as I was the daughter of abubaker. But most importantly, His Beloved Prophet was hurting and he was suffering during the time of death.
So at the end of the the Hadith, which is a long Hadith Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam comes to the house of aboubaker where Ayesha was sick, and she was sitting there and she knew about what was being said about her. And then Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam
asked, spoke to ash and he said that
If you had done anything wrong, then ask Allah Subhana Allah for forgiveness and repent. As a last point I'll accept those who repent.
And then she got more angry is how would they believe that she would do such
an act? So she looked at her father Abu Bakr and her mother, a modal man. And she said, You answer Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam and Abu Bakar, politely, in front of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam said, I have nothing to tell Rasulullah sallallahu salah and her mother said the same thing. I have nothing to tell her. So muscle mamani was send them and then she said, I felt that a loss of Hannah with Allah is the only one that can help me. I mean, her father, her husband, the prophet himself, so I'm allowed to send limbs and asking her for repentance. Her father cannot testify to her innocence. Her mother is not coming to her defense. And this young woman is standing there with the
hardest test that any honorable woman can be tested with. And then she said, I will say like what the father of UNICEF said subbrand Janine will long Stan,
I asked Allah, Allah for help, and I will take the beautiful patience.
And then she said, I did not feel like there will be a Qur'an coming for this event of effect because I felt like I'm smaller and, and I'm less important in the eyes of Allah, to withhold and give revelation to
to exonerate me from such a thing. But when she said Rasulullah sallallahu send them as he was receiving the revelation from Allah. And then of course, the,
the verses from Surah Noor came with an essence or fascia in the Latina gel will be if key or spectral mean come, etc, etc. And we went over that when we were studying Sierra Abubakar, of course, was very happy for the the exoneration of his daughter and for the happiness of Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam. But he said something that he himself has revealed for that words that he said, and he had to refuse to give a man called mazepa a poor man from quraish money he was given a loan every month as we know with help people, but this man's pandologic boubakeur support financially was one of the people that were speaking ill of the reputation of me Allah be pleased with her. So with
that said, I will not give this man his allowance again, I will not support this law ever again.
So Allah subhanho wa Taala said, Well, I'll tell you who will forgive income WhatsApp, and you know,
what about my Sakina Sakina? One more mohajir enough, he said he de la la la
la la la. La la hora Rahim, Allah subhanaw taala said those who have wealth should not hold the wealth from those who are related to them, and those who are poor, and those who immigrated and the word of Allah subhanho wa Taala and let them forgive and let them
ask Allah Subhana Allah Allah for forgiveness, don't you do like that Allah will forgive you that if you forgive others, a lot kind of data will forgive you. And once Abu Bakar heard that he said yes of love, that Allah subhana wa tada would forgive me below him by your fear, Allahu Lee, and he said, I will never prevent my help, and I will never hold my support from Muslim ever again. So even the man that spoke ill of his daughter, and he went ahead and continued to support him financially, and and his faith, conquered his anger about the laquan.
Few events also we will just stressing on that are important before the death of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam was that Rebecca was the commander of El Hajj on the ninth year of Hydra. Now he made Hajj before Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam made his Hydra so masala Salah mythos had on the 10th year of Hydra, but the commander of Hajj the year of Hajj on the ninth year of Hydra, first Emil was Abubakar of Soviet Saracen loss of audience and entrusted him with leaving the hedge. So he sent him with the Muslims after Mecca to make hedge the first hedge of Islam and he was the mirror on that hedge and on the way the the
Revelation the revealing of
It was Bara acromion ally or asuna. To clarify what's going to happen after the conquest of McCann, how is the relationship in Arabia Ruby, and hirasawa salani was lm sent it
to follow our backer and to give him the revelation so he can tell people about sort of Bara. So me followed Abu Bakar.
And Abu Bakr saw, he was praying, he was praying a bucket of silver for the federal prayer. And he heard the camel the sound of the camel of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam while he was about to pray.
So, I mean, he loved that. He can recognize the the sound that the camel makes upon a lot. So he heard he stopped, he did not start the prayer. And he waited. He said that is either Rasulullah sallallahu, ala or somebody that was in the Salah Samson. So he saw it coming from afar and he waited until he reached and he said, I sulan and me, are you a messenger? Or are you the new me or the new commander and see how is deviance from a supply follower? olalia seldom was that they when he heard that he said maybe my mission is over maybe Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam wanted somebody else to take command. So he said, No I am or a suit. I am just a messenger. Then I will lead the
prayer. And he was given the the verse of Bara, the verses of Surah Surah. And during the Hajj, Abu Bakr was the teacher for people, but how to perform their hedge and what they should do. And on and on the three occasions he would ask Ali to come up to the member and recite surah Bara and see the ruling of Arabia after the conquest of Mecca.
One time asuma sallallahu wasallam
there are people fighting and having quarrel of Muslims, among them in Medina sola sola sola Salaam wanted to go and intercede between the two fighting factions. So he asked me that he said, If I don't come back on time for us, or then let Abu Bakar leave the prayer.
So as the time came, and also la salatu salam was not back. So I will be like told Abu Bakar Watashi wa salatu salam told him and asked him to do and command him to do and he started, I went back and started leading the prayer. As he was leading the prayer, muscle muscle olalia SLM arise, arrived. So
when people saw us in less than one he was LMC, started making some noises, to bring the attention of Abu Bakr to what's going on now. Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam is here. So I will Becker when he was praying, he would focus and concentrate in healthcare. Sure he would not until they made too much noise. Then he turned and he sold us lots of money and sell them. Then he started coming back to let Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam become the Imam
and then Rasulullah sallallahu ala send them
give him a signal to stay yet Abu Bakar was already backing out and Ursula salatu salam came forward and he led the prayer. Well after repair Abu Salim said yeah back in Manama, NACA is Alma de la can let akuna mobike but what what why didn't you not stay since I gave you the signal to stay? He said let me econia kochava and Yama Rasul Allah, the son of Alberto halfa cannot be Eman over Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam then Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam said to the people that were there that he want to say something in your prayer if you're a man, then they say Suppan a lot than you if you want to bring the attention of the man for anything you just say Subhan Allah and for women to make
the sound of pasta to do this sound of clapping on your on your hand.
I'd like to stop now and then we shall law with
the next session, we will study the events that surrounded the death of Russell Russell Milan he was sent in the days before how important the role of Abu Bakar now we will be studying some of the events that we already as we already did in the Sierra, but we will focusing on all of that from abubaker point of view and what is related to this great companion. And then after the next session, it will be all after the passing of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam he will all be new history in sha Allah that we as a group have not studied before.
But as we get into the events that surrounded
And we're accompany the death of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam. That very important position that Abubakar took the three major
events that abubaker has great credit for was that his position has spanned the day that Russell lasallian salaam died at his death bed death, when people started getting confused about the Dracula Somalis and and really died or not, then his position when selecting his successor to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and that was the potential to the breaking of this on that. And the third great event was when the rebellions decided to reject Islam after the death of Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam inshallah, we will study these events, one at a time. So inshallah we'll open the floor for any questions, comments, or other information or anything that you would like inshallah to see to
Yeah, the question is just a clarification here when Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam consulted with his companions and he was given two opinions, the opinion of Abu Bakar was to release the prisoners and think ransom and the other opinion a farmer was to kill the prisoners.
glossolalia Salim chose the opinion of Abu Bakar over the opinion of pharma however, I lost contact with Allah revealed that he would he favored Allah subhanaw taala the opinion of Allah over the opinion of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and Abu Bakar. And the revelation was for such however, there was no sin committed at that time, because Allah subhanaw taala revealed this only after the this happened.
Why prisoners in weather should have been killed and not ransomed is this is the first battle, as I've said, this is the first time that we are victorious over the pagans, and we should show them our strength and our might. And we should not let them given the chance to come back, ransom them, release them and let them come and fight us again. Because they're the weaker party. I mean, the Muslims are the less numbers less equipped. So let's, let's win when we get them, let's get rid of them. And that will be a lesson for those who are not fine or are looking to see what happened. They will be more fearful to come and find us. I will try not only correlation, we saw how much threat
was around Muslims are at that time in Arabia. So people that are fighting Muslims would think twice and three and four times before they come and fight Muslims and they know their might their strength, and how civility they punish those who transgress against them. And that was the opinion of pharma. On the other hand also, that Allah subhanaw taala said that showing that is better than ransom better what's what money you can get out of that because you are out not for money, you are not out to get the the prisoners and then get the bounty for them. You are out to raise the word of Allah and spread the word of Allah and the lion. And that would be by killing those who fight you
and get them out of your way because they chose to prevent you from delivering the word of Allah subhana wa
colosse It is very well said I mean, it's a matter of battle of existence, the Battle of life and death for Muslims. And they were in total self defense at that point. Yes.
The poor prisoners that did not have money to ransom sell themselves and get their free wrestlers, to sell them offer them to teach them Muslims how to read and write and then they could be free. And then that was also I think that was one lasallian cell and emphasizing the importance of literacy and knowledge. It's
important point to actually bring out because people may think oh, that's really harsh killing prisoners of war. That was the rule. There was no exception to that rule. You get prisoners you kill them all you sell them as slaves. I mean, that was the only thing that we will do with the prisoners of war. And and and slam came with this forgiveness and ransoming and if you educate people you need set free and that's what was masala Selim chose. So that was not unheard of. That was unheard of at that time. Yes.
Yeah, a little man was. Now he had four wives. I went back I did have four wives. And the the
First one, there are became Muslims at the end. But the one that that was his wife at that time was Latina. It was a middle man and cathedra two eyes in Mecca and Medina was a Muslim. The when he got to Medina actually when he first got to Medina, he married a woman called as Matt bento mace from Medina. And she was in a place called and senate and that's what he went to her house on the day because almost all of them died. So he wasn't around. But then he had also fourth wife later on and her name was Habiba.
Been to Florida. And she he had a daughter from her as well. She's from Medina. So he had two wives. And she had to and you
know, that's not right. Right, the mother of Esma and the mother of Ayesha, I'm not saying they're two different women.
Right. If you follow the story of the Hendra, you know that he was Willow alum in not in the house of a middle man, not in the house of worship. He was in the house of the other woman, who is the mother of Abdullah on this map, because you see, all the people that were participating in preparation feature was ismat. And Abdullah, and we were our brothers and sister from the same mother. So they were in that house when when aboubaker left that particular house, although when he met Russell muscle, he said that he was in a house, a former man, when I witnessed what happened. So Allah Allah knows best, you don't know. Yes.
That's an important question is that a thorough ruling that prisoners of war war in every position should be killed? The answer the scholars answered that not me was no, the answer is not is you match what your enemy is doing. And you respect the laws of the time. So that's why slavery for slave everything, Islam's against slavery, whatever you do, you have to free slave. Yet, when your enemy takes your prisoners and make them slaves, then your enemy when you take their prisoners, you make them slaves, you just have to match and equate with your enemy. And at that time, Allah Subhana Allah said very clearly, in a food coma, coma akula Kannada and that if they catch you that the pig
is they will clean
the other way around, they will not let you go. I mean, they're out just to kill you. So how are you setting them free. So the ruling scholars took is you should not bowed down and not do something less and take, take the high ground where it will kill you, if you do it, see what what I'm saying, take the higher moral ground if it will be harmful and detrimental. And as burgener for this, it was a life and death matter. And if they were captured by the pagans did believe me, there will be no Muslims ever left. So how come the other way when you capture them, you're gonna let them free so they can come back and fight you. And that happened. I mean, some of them came back and forth in
against Muslims, and up and in many other battles, but again, some of them became Muslims. But but the ruling, the important question, the ruling is that you don't kill every prisoner of war. Except if the situation from the enemy or the situation of the battle was so
are taken as slaves. That was it. And you have to buy him.
Only the fighters Yeah, don't not the civilians, not the women, not the children, those fighters. And then we saw when when he had the prisoners of her name, that he killed them, I mean, to follow with the same scholarly football. Now if that was a rule, then he would have killed the prisoners of honey. That he did not. Because it was a whole different situation after her name. It was after the conquest of Mecca. Now he was the upper hand and he just wants to bring him to Islam. There was no immediate threat to the Muslim on at that time. So forgiveness would go a longer way. And that's exactly what happened. Sutcliffe came and declared Islam and then became Muslim. So it always net
it's a flexible thing. And it is up to the government. But But if the Muslims were weak, and the Muslims would be killed, if they're captured, then it's an obligation to kill your enemy. If you capture them. You have to treat them the way they treat you.
The the only example was and and what happened in coryza. But that was a treason that was a whole different situation. But other than that, no, no.
Right? There, just repeat the questions for the sisters in the back the what was the role of the Muslims that were left behind?
We mentioned the Hamdulillah, that the only Muslims that have left after us last alladia send them was mostly Olive, olive, and just very few, but the ones that were leftwards, the weak ones, the Muslim backfeed, the ones that either could not migrate, emigrate, and the ones that were held by the pagans, and the ones that were jailed by pagans that every Muslim, that could go was already gone, except for it was given that role. So everybody else could go. And then of course, Abdullah, bin, Abu Bakar, and all that all of these people just followed later on the ones that the families of the main Muslims that just followed on later on within the first year of Hydra, and then the new
Muslims started coming one after the other until the time of Arabia, when they had the treaty. And then Allah Subhana, Allah says that before Mecca, that there are some Muslims that are weak in the land, and then lots of kind of what Allah would not let you go during the day via to to into Mecca. So you would not be killing these people.
Just like a walker, we have to really close and Sharla without and we ask Allah, Allah to help us learn more about these stars in the sky of Islam about these, these Sahaba the heroes the true heroes of our religion, we need Sharla to know and love